Спутник технологический. Ariane 4 Rocket Body. [Редактировать]

Ariane 4 Rocket Body представляет собой третью ступень ракеты Ариан 4 на которой установлены два микроспутника.

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Франция
3Страна производитель - Франция

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2002-021B

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2002-05-04 at 00:31:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xSpot-5
3Полезная нагрузка 1xAriane 4 Rocket Body
4Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 42P

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Дата загрузки: 2017-02-18
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0.06/5
... The Royal Aerospace Establishment R/B Rocket Body or Rocket Booster RORSAT Radar Ocean Reconnaissance... disassociation of an orbital payload, rocket body, or structure, often with a wide... 1986 fragmentation of the Ariane SPOT-1/Viking rocket body, the 2000 fragmentation of the Long March 4 CBERS-1/SACI-1 rocket body... practices such as the Delta rocket body failures. 10 9 Annual Number of... that a rocket body breakup should be classified under the "Propulsion" category, rocket body events... for that rocket body design and is associated with a given rocket body event. battery... for Cosmos 57, but the rocket body elements are provided above. The... the first developed for the rocket body and are about 4 hours after.... The main remnant of the rocket body was recently identified as Satellite... book had identified the main rocket body remnant as Satellite No. 1640... the last available for the rocket body. Debris cataloging began on 21... June to 4 July with the rocket body officially decaying on 22 June...-5 into a slightly lower orbit. This rocket body successfully completed its mission and... object believed to be the rocket body was found on 27 March... the debris cloud is the rocket body. No object was found in... developed for the rocket body about 1 day after the event. Rocket body may later.... Four days later, before the rocket body had been cataloged, a large fragmentation... the largest piece of the rocket body was found in the orbit... is presumed to be the rocket body remnant. 74 NIMBUS 4 R/B 1970-025C...-116. “Analysis of the Nimbus 4 Rocket Body Breakup and Subsequent Debris Anomalies... in an overpressurization of the rocket body, causing this fragmentation. After this... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 16... The Fragmentation of the Nimbus 6 Rocket Body, D. J. Nauer and N. L. Johnson, Technical Report... 1991. Nimbus 6 Delta Upper Stage Rocket Body Breakup Report, E. L. Jenkins and H. V. Reynolds... the day of launch. This rocket body did perform its mission successfully... set above is for the rocket body after burn termination. REFERENCE DOCUMENT... the first Ariane Rocket Body fragmentation that is attributed to France. Previous Ariane Stages... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body CIS 22... occurred approximately 9 months after the rocket body had successfully deployed the SPOT... 1988 involved the Cosmos 1045 rocket body at a higher altitude. In both... initial published values for the rocket body but are after the event... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 18... ΔI: 2.1 min 0.3 deg COMMENTS The Delta 2 rocket body had been passivated and dormant... 97 Period (min) Cosmos 2053 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... event (Cosmos 61-63 R/B), this rocket body successfully completed its multiple payload...). REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body (U), Fragmentation and Breakup Report (U), E.L. Jenkins... of the Kosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body, N.L. Johnson, Technical Report CS91TR-JSC... Beach, CA. 1992. Space News, "Ariane Rocket Flies After Electrical Glitch Delay... of the Astra 1B/MOP 2 (1) Rocket Body, I. W. Grissom and D. J. Nauer, TBE Technical... Period (min) Cosmos 2157-2162 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... be correlated with the rocket body element set. The rocket body was the closest... piece. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2227 Rocket Body Fragmentation Event, E. L. Jenkins, et. al... of the Soyuz final stage rocket body, it was actually the payload... The Fragmentation of the Clementine Rocket Body, TBE Technical Report CS94-LKD... November 1986, when ESA's SPOT 1 rocket body broke up into nearly 500... cataloged by late 2007. The rocket body associated with this payload (1999... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body Japan 24... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body CIS 28... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body Japan 11... objects were detected. However, the rocket body experienced a second fragmentation event on... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 4.58... cataloged from this event. The rocket body did not see any performance... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body US 6 December 1965 26 Cylinder... of objects during 1978 among rocket body and debris. One fragment lost... pieces is not conclusive. The rocket body associated with the launch of... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body CIS 27 February 1990 1434...: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Ariane 40 Rocket Body France 17 July 1991 1720... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body CIS 25 March 1993 200... have been cataloged from this rocket body, starting in late 2002 through.... The payload associated with this rocket body, START-1, also experienced an anomalous..., 1961-015C was an Ablestar rocket body, which broke up. The mission... were not associated with the rocket body explosion. Those two objects are...



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0.06/5
... System The Royal Aerospace Establishment Rocket Body or Rocket Booster Radar Ocean Reconnaissance... disassociation of an orbital payload, rocket body, or structure, often with a wide..., and the recategorization of all Ariane rocket bodies launched since the 1984... 1986 fragmentation of the Ariane SPOT-1/Viking rocket body and the 2000 fragmentation of the Long March 4 CBERS-1/SACI-1 rocket body... practices such as the Delta rocket body failures. 10 9 Annual Number of... that a rocket body breakup should be classified under the "Propulsion" category, rocket body events... for that rocket body design and is associated with a given rocket body event. Sixteen “Unknown” events (all rocket bodies) were recatagorized... for Cosmos 57, but the rocket body elements are provided above. The... the first developed for the rocket body and are about 4 hours after... next mission in December 1965. Rocket body not officially identified; main remnant... the last available for the rocket body. Debris cataloging began on 21... June to 4 July with the rocket body officially decaying on 22 June...-5 into a slightly lower orbit. This rocket body successfully completed its mission and... object believed to be the rocket body was found on 27 March... the debris cloud is the rocket body. No object was found in... for the rocket body about one day after the event. Rocket body may later.... Four days later, before the rocket body had been cataloged, a large fragmentation... the largest piece of the rocket body was found in the orbit... is presumed to be the rocket body remnant. 69 JSC 62530 NIMBUS...-116. “Analysis of the Nimbus 4 Rocket Body Breakup and Subsequent Debris Anomalies... an over-pressurization of the rocket body, causing this fragmentation. After this... The Fragmentation of the Nimbus 6 Rocket Body, D. J. Nauer and N. L. Johnson, Technical Report... 1991. Nimbus 6 Delta Upper Stage Rocket Body Breakup Report, E. L. Jenkins and H. V. Reynolds... the day of launch. This rocket body did perform its mission successfully... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 1 Third Stage... set above is for the rocket body after burn termination. REFERENCE DOCUMENT... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 3 Final Stage... the first Ariane Rocket Body fragmentation which is attributed to France. Previous Ariane Stages... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 1 Third Stage... approximately nine months after the rocket body had successfully deployed the SPOT... 1988 involved the Cosmos 1045 rocket body at a higher altitude. In both... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 3 Third Stage... initial published values for the rocket body but are after the event... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 2 Third Stage... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 H-10 Third... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 2 third stage... 97 Period (min) Cosmos 2053 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 H-10 Third... event (Cosmos 61-63 R/B), this rocket body successfully completed its multiple payload...). REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body (U), Fragmentation and Breakup Report (U), E.L. Jenkins... of the Kosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body, N.L. Johnson, Technical Report CS91-TR... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 H10 Third... Beach, CA. 1992. Space News, "Ariane Rocket Flies After Electrical Glitch Delay... of the Astra 1B/MOP 2 (1) Rocket Body, I. W. Grissom and D. J. Nauer, TBE Technical... Period (min) Cosmos 2157-2162 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 Third Stage... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 H10+ Third... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Ariane 4 H10 Final... be correlated with the rocket body element set. The rocket body was the closest... piece. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2227 Rocket Body Fragmentation Event, E. L. Jenkins, et. al... of the Soyuz final stage rocket body, it was actually the payload... The Fragmentation of the Clementine Rocket Body, TBE Technical Report CS94-LKD... November 1986, when ESA's SPOT 1 rocket body broke-up into nearly 500.... Repeated mistaging during 1978 among rocket body and debris. One fragment lost... SATELLITE DATA TYPE: OWNER: Ariane 40 Rocket Body France LAUNCH DATE: 17 July.../4e HOOSF/4e HOOSF/4e; rocket body has since fragmented—see Section...-3/LES-3, -4/OSCAR 4 R/B (Titan IIIC Transtage) Ariane 1 R/B Ariane 1 R/B Ariane 3 R/B Ariane 2 R/B Ariane 2 R/B Proton-K DM SOZ ullage motor... example, 1961015C was an Ablestar rocket body which broke up. The mission... were not associated with the rocket body explosion. Those two objects are...



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0.15/5
... Shepherd rode his Mercury-Redstone rocket from Launch Complex 5 at Cape... by a rocket to land on the moon, or by a rocket to go... to it. NASA rocket scientist, and former SS rocket scientist, Wernher von... United States lacked the monster rocket required for such a mission, the... Agency, built the Ariane I, a threestage, liquid fueled expendable rocket that came on... Shuttle. They then announced that Ariane would compete with US rockets... business.17 The arrival of Ariane on the scene accelerated the... competitive Ariane I flying and plans in the works for heavier-lift Ariane II and Ariane III versions. Still, involvement... was launched by a Russian Proton rocket in 1998 and the outpost... America’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and Orion spacecraft (also called... Apollo program and the military rocket programs (such as the Minuteman... competition between the Shuttle and Ariane, Hubble’s successor, the James Webb... Agency and Arianespace atop an Ariane 5 ECA booster from the ESA..., far more than any other rocket currently in service.62 For... Saturn V being the first. The rocket in its various forms will... its rocket program altogether and instead use the Falcon 9 Heavy rocket that... in order to develop the rocket.64 It seems unlikely that.... Getting NASA out of the rocket business would truly gut the... are Skylon’s two Synergetic AirBreathing Rocket Engines (SABREs), which could be... from air-breathing flight to rocket flight is one aspect of... launch atop their own Falcon 9 rocket; and Boeing plans to launch... ISS in 2012 atop a Falcon 9 rocket, the first-ever commercial freighter... Sciences is developing its Antares rocket and automated Cygnus freighter for... SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket and NASA’s monstrous Space Launch System rocket should both... immense. To start with, no rocket booster built since the giant... Photo*credit:*German*Federal*Archive V+2*rocket*at*Peenemünde,*1943. 6 SPACE... for the world's first ballistic rocket, the Vergeltungswaffe 2 (V-2). That October day... Paperclip. Paperclip snagged jet and rocket technology, but most important it... of troubling failures in Russia’s rocket boosters relate to internal domestic... versions of the huge Saturn V rocket, then assembled on orbit--a staggering... Nixon had scrapped the Saturn rocket program, once a space station project... booster, the SLS is just a rocket. It is part of no... continuing development of a heavy-lift rocket or the Orion capsule, either... LEO initial version of the rocket) is that we are perilously... short. Just after liftoff, the rocket began to zig-zag, made... since 2010, along with a Soyuz-2 rocket failure in 2011 that led... 74 flights, well behind ESA’s Ariane 5 with a 94 percent reliability over... Proton only other heavy-lift rocket to suffer any failures in... ten flights is Russia’s Zenit rocket. Russia’s long spaceflight history and... for this version of the rocket. On July 18, Roscosmos said...-down, which ultimately caused the rocket to initiate an emergency shut... part used in the Proton rocket upper stage (made in China... 17, 2009, a Soyuz-2.1b/Fregat rocket lit the sky over the... from an Ariane rocket booster, launched in 1986. The spent Ariane booster had... July 1996, debris from the Ariane rocket body slammed into CERISE at a combined.... 15 July 2013. 63."Proton-M Rocket Downed by Reversed Sensors – Roscosmos.... "Space Launch System: NASA's Giant Rocket Explained (Infographic)." Space.com. N.p., 14... the Disposal of the Centaur Rocket Body after Use. By Humphrey Bohan..., Space Launch System: NASA's Giant Rocket Explained 64 Sullivan interview 65..., p. 55 126 Ria Novosti, Proton-M Rocket Downed by Reversed Sensors – Roscosmos...



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0.04/5
... The Royal Aerospace Establishment R/B Rocket Body or Rocket Booster RORSAT Radar Ocean Reconnaissance... disassociation of an orbital payload, rocket body, or structure, often with a wide... 1986 fragmentation of the Ariane SPOT-1/Viking rocket body, the 2000 fragmentation of the Long March 4 CBERS-1/SACI-1 rocket body... practices such as the Delta rocket body failures. 10 9 Annual Number of... that a rocket body breakup should be classified under the "Propulsion" category, rocket body events... for that rocket body design and is associated with a given rocket body event. battery... for Cosmos 57, but the rocket body elements are provided above. The... the first developed for the rocket body and are about 4 hours after.... The main remnant of the rocket body was recently identified as Satellite... book had identified the main rocket body remnant as Satellite No. 1640... the last available for the rocket body. Debris cataloging began on 21... June to 4 July with the rocket body officially decaying on 22 June...-5 into a slightly lower orbit. This rocket body successfully completed its mission and... object believed to be the rocket body was found on 27 March... the debris cloud is the rocket body. No object was found in... developed for the rocket body about 1 day after the event. Rocket body may later.... Four days later, before the rocket body had been cataloged, a large fragmentation... the largest piece of the rocket body was found in the orbit... is presumed to be the rocket body remnant. 75 NIMBUS 4 R/B 1970-025C...-116. “Analysis of the Nimbus 4 Rocket Body Breakup and Subsequent Debris Anomalies... in an overpressurization of the rocket body, causing this fragmentation. After this... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 16... The Fragmentation of the Nimbus 6 Rocket Body, D. J. Nauer and N. L. Johnson, Technical Report... 1991. Nimbus 6 Delta Upper Stage Rocket Body Breakup Report, E. L. Jenkins and H. V. Reynolds... the day of launch. This rocket body did perform its mission successfully... set above is for the rocket body after burn termination. REFERENCE DOCUMENT... the first Ariane Rocket Body fragmentation that is attributed to France. Previous Ariane Stages... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body CIS 22... occurred approximately 9 months after the rocket body had successfully deployed the SPOT... 1988 involved the Cosmos 1045 rocket body at a higher altitude. In both... initial published values for the rocket body but are after the event... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 18... ΔI: 2.1 min 0.3 deg COMMENTS The Delta 2 rocket body had been passivated and dormant... 97 Period (min) Cosmos 2053 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... event (Cosmos 61-63 R/B), this rocket body successfully completed its multiple payload...). REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body (U), Fragmentation and Breakup Report (U), E.L. Jenkins... of the Kosmos 2125-2132 Rocket Body, N.L. Johnson, Technical Report CS91-TR... Beach, CA. 1992. Space News, "Ariane Rocket Flies After Electrical Glitch Delay... of the Astra 1B/MOP 2 (1) Rocket Body, I. W. Grissom and D. J. Nauer, TBE Technical... Period (min) Cosmos 2157-2162 rocket body debris cloud of 31 fragments... be correlated with the rocket body element set. The rocket body was the closest... piece. REFERENCE DOCUMENTS Cosmos 2227 Rocket Body Fragmentation Event, E. L. Jenkins, et. al... of the Soyuz final stage rocket body, it was actually the payload... The Fragmentation of the Clementine Rocket Body, TBE Technical Report CS94-LKD... November 1986, when ESA's SPOT 1 rocket body broke up into nearly 500... cataloged by late 2007. The rocket body associated with this payload (1999... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body Japan 24... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body CIS 28... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body Japan 11... objects were detected. However, the rocket body experienced a second fragmentation event on... (KG): MAIN BODY: MAJOR APPENDAGES: ATTITUDE CONTROL: ENERGY SOURCES: Rocket Body US 4.58... cataloged from this event. The rocket body did not see any performance... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body US 6 December 1965 26 Cylinder... of objects during 1978 among rocket body and debris. One fragment lost... pieces is not conclusive. The rocket body associated with the launch of... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body CIS 27 February 1990 1434...: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Ariane 40 Rocket Body France 17 July 1991 1720... DATE: DRY MASS (KG): MAIN BODY: Rocket Body CIS 25 March 1993 200... have been cataloged from this rocket body, starting in late 2002 through.... The payload associated with this rocket body, START-1, also experienced an anomalous..., 1961-015C was an Ablestar rocket body, which broke up. The mission... were not associated with the rocket body explosion. Those two objects are...



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0.13/5
... Marko Jankovic Juan Romero THE ROCKET BODY PROBLEM 2 Liou, et al., 2010... FUTURE THE ROCKET BODY PROBLEM Distribution of rocket bodies in GTO & MEO Rocket body LEO GTO & MEO HEO Ariane-5 2 61 1 Ariane... Demonstrate technologies to remove an Ariane rocket body using active detumbling based on.../s] ± 0.1 Linear velocity [deg/s] ± 0.005 Multi-body dynamics simulation 9 PUSHING THE BOUNDARIES...



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0.17/5
... the capital of Riyadh. Solid rocket motor (SRM) slag. Aluminum oxide... a test firing of a Shuttle solid rocket booster. South Africa Reentry, April... Robertson Remnants of a Delta II Rocket found near Cape Town Another... from Ariane rocket body (1996) − Final stage of a US Thor Burner 2A rocket, launched... Space Photographer Ray Palmer • Russian rocket stage explosion 19 February 2007... possible contamination from the hazardous rocket fuel on board”, NYTimes, Feb... • Once separated from the parent body, debris follows new trajectory • Debris... Issues • Legitimacy of STM organizational body to implement and enforce rules...



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0.19/5
... t „ „ „ „ Debris from exploded satellites and rocket stages D d satellites Dead t llit Debris... from Ariane rocket body (1996) „ Final stage g of a US Thor Burner 2A rocket,, launched... 1500 fragments, 200km ≤H ≤4,800km † Russian rocket stage explosion 19 February 2007... Once separated from the parent body, debris follows new trajectory Debris...



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0.21/5
... . The resulting triply transformed four body oblate Earth dynamical system is...) e (2.20) As in the four body problem, Hujsak averages the potential... variational equations or by a two-body analytic approximation. Ephemeris output is... Vinti analytie theories. 62 central body or to specified noncentral bodies... to nonsphericity of the central body gravitational potential. coefficient 3. (21 x 21... sm all perturbations from two-body motion 70 .- can be considered... of a recursive double averaged third-body point mass model that is... of a weak time dependent third body short-periodie model based on... and true right ascensions of a body on the equator [71] . 79... true of date coordinates to body-fixed coordinates. Specifically: NORAO has... mean motion via the two body formula. - The current iteration Keplerian..., (3.10) Differentiation of the two body relation (3.11 ) yields (3.12) Similarly... the ealeulation of the two body partial derivatives: ( a L(t) , .Y(t) ( ose) a a.(t) ( ose) I J There... which yields the required two body partial derivatives. Finally, the partial...



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0.12/5
... CERISE damaged by fragment from Ariane rocket body – Collision severed stabilizing boom on... of a US Thor Burner 2A rocket collided with fragment from upper...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
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0.14/5
... and its escape tower, the rocket would stand 1 25 metres tall..., NASA BIS Visit Royal Ordnance Rocket Motors Division Westcott The Society... to Royal Ordnance Rocket M otors Divis i o n , Westcott, form e rly t h e Rocket Propulsion Establishment... a visit to the Exhibition of Rocket Motor Hardware. Complimentary Lunch and... launches, had a previously scheduled Delta rocket launch scheduled on the night... March 21 , however, the Delta rocket was u nable to launch on... it turned out the Delta rocket also missed its March 1 9 opportunity... catalogue to date. 1 992-046A Ariane-5 Booster Test Initial analysis of... solid­ propellant booster for ESA's Ariane-5 launcher has confirmed that all..., using the European Space Agency's Ariane rocket in J u ly 1 992. Of the... high chamber pressure Lox/hydrogen rocket engine for upper stage and..., represents a development of aircraft and rocket tech nology, while the SABRE... a development of gas turbine and rocket engine technology. Such an approach... during the rocket ascent by co l l ective g i m b a l l i n g of the rocket SPACEFLIGHT, Vol... this feature with an i ntegrated rocket ass isted take-off u nit... the 1 960s have shown t h at rocket powe red ball i stic S STO... exponential depend­ ence of the rocket mass ratio on the mission... powered aircraft first stage and a rocket upper stage. The TSTO loses... to integrate air-breathing and rocket engi n e components i nto a s i n g l e set of... rocket function as an extra capability. This resu lts in low rocket... l i q u i d-air-cycl e e n g i n e (LA C E) m ai ntains h i g h rocket performance and employs a simple air... may be pumped into the rocket chamber. However, Its spe­ cific... th e gains relative to a pure rocket vehicle are marg i n a l . T h e solution chosen... SABRE (Synergetlc Air-Breathing and Rocket Engine). The RB545 In HOTOL... its start tran­ sient in rocket mode, transferring to air-breathing... the rocket ascent. At this point, the engine tran­ sitions to rocket... are closed on transition to rocket operation and remain closed throughout... Characteristics Launch RATO cut-off Rocket Transition Transfer Orbit 275 T 262... Thrust Max Gross Rocket Thrust 300 T 300 T Air-Breathing/Rocket Transition Transfer... placed with Ariane 4 holding the strongest single market position and Ariane 5 well... such a noti o n . Looking further ahead, Ariane 5 has a long-term future from... ramjet propu lsion , t h e second has rocket propulsion. Present work con­ centrates... are used to investigate: reusabl e rocket launchers using near-term technology... air-breathing launchers 0 advanced reusable rocket launch­ ers and the associated... sought to use the basic Ariane 5 con­ cept, but with reusable... t h e n ear-term techn ology reusable rocket launcher concept has been abandoned... a radical de­ parture from the Ariane 5 base. Winged lau nchers are... that comprises an air ejector rocket BY NORMAN LONGDON ESTEC/ ESA... ramj et (s cramjet) , and a final rocket engine. A study of such a con... reference concepts: the TSTO reusable rocket: a pos­ sible near term solution...; 0 the TSTO reusable air-breathing/ rocket, such as Sanger; a possible solution... unknown economy; 0 the reusable SSTO rocket, such as Delta Clipper/Beta... airbreathing mode. Showing main RB545 rocket engines, the hydrogen dump and...­ tation that outlined the Hermes/Ariane 5 route forward for Europe. The... reached. Above this speed a separate rocket engine would be required to... ns; "tur­ bojets, have (in rocket terms) very h i g h specific i m pulses, but... i nto a rocket chamber, which later can be used as a pure rocket. This... another engine is needed (either a rocket or turbo-ramjet) to get... as rocket/ramjet/scramj et/ rocket or turbo-ramjet/scramjet/ rocket combi nations... point for the switch to rocket propulsion In the Mach 1 3 - 1 5 range... combustion chamber (1 50 bar in a rocket engine compared with 8-1 0 bar in... rocket for most of the flight," Alan replied. "I began with a good rocket... two modes (airbreathing and pure rocket) and it is easiest to... used as a coolant for the rocket m otor c o m b u stion chamber before being... is injected straight into the rocket combustion chamber where it Is... rocket at about 340 kN. The Rocket Cycle The transition to a pure rocket... the rocket provides per kilogram of propellant) drops below a pure rocket engine. Another factor o n deciding the tran­ sition to rocket mode... 5 to 6 re­ gion. C o nvertin g to rocket m o d e obvi­ ously involves switching out... engine. LOX Pump Open in Rocket mode Liquid Hydrogen Dump Turbines...): * 1 72 Nett, i.e. ignoring momentum drag. Rocket (Vacu u m) 735 1 50 3400 23... pumping ary 24 the carrier rocket with Soyuz TM-1 6 was successfully... Com12_etition L unar habitation facility and Ariane 5 launch­ ers to boost the... to spacecraft control and flexible body interaction . The fifth and final... Ordnance Rocket Motors Division Westcott A one-day visit to Royal Ordnance Rocket Motors Division Westcott, formerly the Rocket Propul­ sion... a visit to the Exhibition of Rocket Motor Hardware . Pre-registration is...