Спутник ФКИ. Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission. [Редактировать]

Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) - это космическая миссия замысел которой состоит в том, чтобы попытаться переместить астероид на лунную орбиту, что должно существенно облегчить его изучение. ARRM и планируемый затем пилотируемый полет должен будет помочь НАСА отработать технологии которые потребуются при будущем полете к Марсу. 

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#Наименования
1Страна производитель - США
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Экономические характеристики

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1Стоимость (проекта, предварительная), млрд. долл.2016-02-011.72

Найдено 262 документов по запросу «Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission». [Перейти к поиску]


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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Asteroid Redirect Mission Concept Overview Michele Gates 13th... Assessment Group June 29, 2015 Asteroid Redirect Mission: Three Main Segments IDENTIFY Ground... REDIRECT The Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) uses solar electric propulsion (SEP) based system to redirect asteroid... to redirected asteroid in Orion spacecraft to rendezvous with redirected asteroid, studies... space using SEP • Integrated crewed/robotic vehicle operations in lunar distant... sensor procurement for robotic vehicle and Orion • Integrates robotic mission and human space... test with robotic spacecraft – Joint robotic spacecraft and HSF mission operations 3 Asteroid Redirect Mission: 2015 Advancements IDENTIFYING CANDIDATE ASTEROIDS MISSION DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF CRITICAL MISSION... ELECTRIC PROPULSION Objectives of Asteroid Redirect Mission 1. Conduct a human spaceflight mission involving in-space... future deep-space human and robotic exploration with applicability to the... and enabling the mining of asteroid resources for commercial and exploration... • March 2014: NASA issued the Asteroid Redirect Mission Broad Agency Announcement (BAA), soliciting... including asteroid capture systems, rendezvous sensors, adapting commercial spacecraft for the Asteroid Redirect Mission... secondary payloads and the crewed mission. – In June 2014, NASA announced... Concepts to Support the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission and In-Space Robotic Servicing • June 2015... • Sept 2015: Community workshop 7 ARRM Mission Concept Overview 5) NEA Characterization and... Approach Note: Asteroid operations timeline varies depending on target asteroid. Times shown... option B • Draft Level 1 requirements • Target robotic mission launch date Dec 2020 • Cost... not including launch vehicle and mission operations (Phase E) • Internal and external... demonstration implementation approach • Target crewed mission launch date Dec 2025 NASA... Phase A Formulation for Robotic Mission 11 Pre-formulation of Crewed Mission • Will continue... Tool Box with tools Carry robotic systems which could have multiple... the robotic mission project manager, and early formulation of the crewed mission, concept of operation, mission requirements, partnerships development... 26, 2015 ARM: A Capability Demonstration Mission Solar Electric Propulsion High Efficiency... Module Extensibility Concept for Mars Asteroid Redirect Mission SEP/Chemical • 50-kW Solar... A Sustainable Exploration Approach Mars Split Mission Concept 17 17 18



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...’s funding for its “Asteroid Initiative,” which includes the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Those activities... that the President wants to redirect to NASA as part of...), Orion, commercial crew, and the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). These issues are explained.... Planetary Science and the Europa Mission Congress is a strong supporter of... been firmly rejected. One program – robotic exploration of Jupiter’s moon Europa... three years to initiate a Europa mission even though NASA had no... requested). NASA is working on a mission design for an orbiter that... FY2016; recommends against accelerating the mission from the late 2020s to... mission by 2022, but it is for NASA’s current orbiter mission, not.... Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) President Obama’s proposal to send astronauts to an asteroid by... is for a robotic probe to be sent to an asteroid, pick up... in an Orion spacecraft. This Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) has been controversial since... a robotic probe and capture system to pluck a boulder from an asteroid’s surface... two parts: the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM). ARRM must... the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) for ARRM in... to return a sample of an asteroid to Earth, but ARM should...’s OSIRIS-REx robotic mission that also will return an asteroid sample to Earth... has repeatedly stated that the robotic portion will cost no more... asteroids funded in the Science Mission Directorate. It is lukewarm, at... of moving part of an asteroid to lunar orbit where it... is specified for the PACE mission. © Space and Technology Policy Group... current spending. Support for a Europa mission is expressed, but no dollar... analysis for the New Horizons mission that flew by Pluto last... more than FY2016. Regarding the mission to Europa, the committee recommended... water resources to support future robotic and astronaut operations. Continued language... for education within the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) as a separate line... Table 4: Funding for the Asteroid Initiative, Including the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) (in $ millions... (see notes) ARM Formulation (HEOMD) Asteroid Grand Challenge and related activities...) Asteroid Detection (SMD) Solar Electric Propulsion (STMD) EVA Suits, In-Space Robotic... is specifically related to the Asteroid Initiative (which includes ARM) while... the Asteroid Initiative did not proceed. (3) HEOMD = Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. SMD = Science Mission Directorate. STMD = Space Technology Mission Directorate...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
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... deep space asteroid mission presented. See: http://www.space.com/news/asteroid-mission-plans... of a robotic precursor for a human visit to a near-Earth asteroid. The mission could..., "ESA asteroid mission studies: what have we learnt?" - S. Wagner, B. Wie, 2011, "Robotic and human exploration/deflection mission design for asteroid 99942 Apophis...-rendezvous mission, targeting NEAs, including sample-return. The proposed mission, Asteroid Sampling Mission (ASM), comprises flyby and remote sensing of a Q-type asteroid... complements NASA's recently announced mission to redirect an asteroid and send humans to...%2 0SBAG%2010July2010.pdf - W.H. Gerstenmaier, 2013, "Asteroid Redirect Mission and human exploration." See: http... characterizing candidate targets for the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM)." See: http://adsabs.harvard.../08_1330_J ohnson_NASA_Planetary_Defense_Update_SBAG.pdf - M. Gates, 2014, "Asteroid Redirect Mission update." See: http://www.lpi... Asteroid In-Situ Explorer Mission (BASiX): a mission concept to explore a binary Near Earth Asteroid.../0900_Wed _kessler_GrandChallenge.pdf - M. Gates, 2014, "Asteroid Redirect Mission update." See: http://www.lpi... meeting #46, #403.01, "NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission: the boulder capture option." See... mmert.pdf - L. Johnson, M. Gates, 2015, "Asteroid Redirect Mission update." See: http://www.lpi.../SBAG_AR M_update_Johnson.pdf - P. Chodas, 2015, "Asteroid Redirect Mission: candidate targets." See: http://www... for bouldersnatch concept in its Asteroid Redirect Mission." See: http://www.sciencemag.org.../nasa-opts-bouldersnatch-concept-its-asteroid-redirect-mission 2015, Mar 25 D.E. Steitz, 2015... Planetary Defense mission planning for asteroid 2015 PDC." - P. Abell, 2015, "Robotic missions to... Planetary Defense." - M. Gates, 2015, "NASA’s asteroid redirect mission leverages enhanced PHA detection and...", p.693. - M. Gates, L.N. Johnson, 2015, "NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission", p.535. - F.M. Jonas, F. Allahdadi, 2015, "Comet... asteroids - The archetypes of the Asteroid Redirect Mission targets." See: http://adsabs.harvard.../ Among the papers: - M. Gates, 2015, "Asteroid Redirect Mission concept overview". See: http://www.../Gates.pdf - B. Naasz, B. Cichy, 2015, "Asteroid Redirect Mission asteroid operations phase." See: http://www.../StichAbell.pdf - D. Mazanek, P. Abell, 2015, "Asteroid Redirect Mission goals and interests and SBAG..., Acta Astronautica, 111, 29, "The Asteroid Redirect Mission and sustainable human exploration." See..., B. Cichy, et al., 2015, p.279, "Asteroid Redirect Mission overview and potential science opportunities... Exploration. With references to the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission in 2021. See: http://www... meeting #47, #312.06, "NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)." See: http://adsabs.harvard... NASA draft report from the Asteroid Redirect Mission Formulation Assessment and Support Team...., 2015, Acta Astronautica, 117, 163, "Asteroid Redirect Mission concept: a bold approach for utilizing... #29, #2258515, "Overview of NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission concept." See: http://adsabs.harvard.../Tsuda_Yos hikawa.pdf - M. Gates, 2016, "Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) status." See: http://www... Contribution No. 1903, p.2217, "The Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)." See: http://adsabs.harvard... simulation benchmarking for the Double Asteroid Redirect Test (DART)." See: http://adsabs... the Asteroid Impact Mission (AIM): a component of the Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission.../johnson.pd f - M. Gates, D. Mazanek, 2016, "Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)." See: http://www.lpi... News, 15 August 2016, "NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission completes design milestone." See: http... (OSIRIS-REx), an asteroid sample return mission. Target asteroid 101955 (1999 RQ36 = Bennu...-nasa-asteroid-mission-dangerous-1999rq36.html http://www.space.com/11808-nasa-asteroid-mission... September 2016, "JPL seeks robotic spacecraft development for Asteroid Redirect Mission." See: http://www...-14.pdf/ - M. Gates, L. Johnson, 2016, "Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) overview." See: https://www...-10-14.pdf/ - D. Mazanek, 2016, " Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), planetary defense demonstration overview... and updated status of the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)." See: http://adsabs.harvard... Support Team (FAST) for the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)." See: http://adsabs.harvard... Spectrometer MIMOS II for the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM): quantitative iron mineralogy and..., 702, "Flight status of robotic asteroid sample return mission Hayabusa2." 538 See: http.../Carnelli.pd f - M. Gates, D. Mazanik, 2017, "Asteroid Redirect Mission update." See: http://www.lpi... 2021 Expected launch of NASA robotic spacecraft Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Potential targets: 2010... NASA Asteroid Radar Research http://echo.jpl.nasa.gov/ NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission http://www.nasa.gov/content/what-is-nasa-s-asteroid-redirect- mission https...



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...’s funding for its “Asteroid Initiative,” which includes the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Those activities... that the President wants to redirect to NASA as part of...), Orion, commercial crew, and the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). These issues are explained.... Planetary Science and the Europa Mission Congress is a strong supporter of... been firmly rejected. One program – robotic exploration of Jupiter’s moon Europa... three years to initiate a Europa mission even though NASA had no... requested). NASA is working on a mission design for an orbiter that... FY2016; recommends against accelerating the mission from the late 2020s to... mission by 2022, but it is for NASA’s current orbiter mission, not.... Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) President Obama’s proposal to send astronauts to an asteroid by... is for a robotic probe to be sent to an asteroid, pick up... Orion spacecraft by 2025. This Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) has been controversial since... electric propulsion (SEP) to developing a robotic probe (powered by SEP) and... to pluck a boulder from an asteroid’s surface and move it to... two parts: the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM). ARRM must... the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) for ARRM in... of humans interacting with an asteroid by 2025, although he will... asteroids funded in the Science Mission Directorate, but is lukewarm, at... of moving part of an asteroid to lunar orbit where it... to return a sample of an asteroid to Earth, but ARM should...’s OSIRIS-REx robotic mission that also will return an asteroid sample to Earth... is specified for the PACE mission. Approved $1.356 billion for planetary... current spending. Support for a Europa mission is expressed, but no dollar... analysis for the New Horizons mission that flew by Pluto last... more than FY2016. Regarding the mission to Europa, the committee recommended... water resources to support future robotic and astronaut operations. Continued language... for education within the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) as a separate line... Table 4: Funding for the Asteroid Initiative, Including the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) (in $ millions... (see notes) ARM Formulation (HEOMD) Asteroid Grand Challenge and related activities...) Asteroid Detection (SMD) Solar Electric Propulsion (STMD) EVA Suits, In-Space Robotic... is specifically related to the Asteroid Initiative (which includes ARM) while... the Asteroid Initiative did not proceed. (3) HEOMD = Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. SMD = Science Mission Directorate. STMD = Space Technology Mission Directorate...



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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Asteroid Redirect Mission Goals and Interests and SBAG..., 2015 Presentation Outline Objectives of Asteroid Redirect Mission Introduction Formulation Assessment and Support... 2 Objectives of Asteroid Redirect Mission 1. Conduct a human exploration mission to an asteroid in the mid... future deep-space human and robotic exploration with applicability to the... and enabling the mining of asteroid resources for commercial and exploration... important findings from the SBAG Asteroid Redirect Mission Special Action Team (ARM SAT... concept development portion of the mission. The science team should be... mission and its development, including target selection, scientific instrument development, the robotic asteroid encounter, and characterization and sampling by the crewed mission. The... can reduce complexity, cost, and mission risk. A science team, or science... optimal leveraging of the ARM mission for planetary defense studies. Involving... initial development phase of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) in support of the... as they relate to the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM). – provide input to... and non-NASA participants plus Mission Investigator, Deputy Investigator, and Analysis... – Provide a overview of the ARRM mission, with detailed descriptions of areas... will be given on the mission and system with details on.... – An overview of the ARCM mission will also be provided with... forum will be held with mission planners, with the intent to... provide further insight into the mission. • Workshop Products – Following the Workshop... as they pertain to the robotic and crewed segment objectives: – Science... of: – Mission formulation (e.g., concept development for robotic and crew segments) – Mission design and vehicle development (e.g., asteroid landing/capture system) – Mission... and Milestones • U.S. Membership – NASA appointed Mission Investigator, Deputy Investigator, and Analysis.... • Identify investigation opportunities within baseline mission capabilities and operations. – Utilization of... capabilities – Capture Restraint System (CRS), Robotic Subsystem, Microspine gripper/anchoring end..., dissemination, and archiving of asteroid-related mission science data. 13th Meeting of... 2) • Provide technical assistance in addressing mission risk areas and findings from... pre-capture characterization of the asteroid’s surface and candidate boulders. • Assist.... – Significant opportunities exist within baseline mission capabilities and operations. – Ongoing discussions... and deployable payloads on the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) spacecraft are currently planned.... • Potential partnerships during the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM) may be available in... for successful requirements formulation and mission development and implementation. 13th Meeting... following areas: – Science – Human Exploration – Asteroid Resources – Planetary Defense – Sample Collection... as they pertain to the robotic and crewed segment objectives: – Science.... – Significant opportunities exist within baseline mission capabilities and operations. – Ongoing discussions...



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... and is not export controlled. Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support... ....................................................................................................................................... 3 FAST Overview ............................................................................................................................................ 13 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................... 13 Asteroid Redirect Mission Background ................................................................................................... 13 Study Request.......................................................................................................................................... 15... Photometric Models of the ARM Mission Asteroid Target 2008 EV5 ...... 81 Appendix... and Support Team (FAST) for Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) was a two-month effort... inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements... consists of two mission segments: 1.) the ARRM, the first robotic mission to visit a large (greater than ~100 m diameter) near-Earth asteroid... the Moon; and 2.) the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM), in which astronauts will... originally proposed a robotic mission concept to capture an entire small asteroid (4–10 m in... from a large asteroid was also proposed. NASA evaluated both mission approaches, to...-dimensional images taken by the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV). If the boulder... geotechnical properties of the parent asteroid? The asteroid surface is more likely... relevant witness samples during the robotic mission to influence ultimate choice of... Kinetic Impact on Asteroid; Deploy Explosive Penetrator on Asteroid; Additional Planetary Defense... Printing with Asteroid Materials; Asteroid Material Manipulation Demo; Instrumented Drill on Asteroid and... spectrum to the sampled asteroid surface (ground truth), asteroid interior (through boulder... Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) was chartered by NASA to provide timely inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements...’s final product for the ARM. Asteroid Redirect Mission Background ARM is part of... human and robotic missions. ARM includes ARRM and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM), along with leveraging the global asteroid-observation... originally proposed a robotic mission concept to capture an entire small asteroid (4–10 m in... from a large asteroid was also proposed. NASA evaluated both mission approaches, to... the robotic segment of ARM. ARRM will be the first robotic mission to visit a large (greater than ~100 m diameter) near-Earth asteroid... of Near-Earth Asteroid 2008 EV5: Potential Target for Robotic and Human...-dimensional images taken by the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV). If the boulder... future robotic or human sampling of the boulder. The ARM mission team... phases of the mission ranging from the parent asteroid all the way... relevant witness samples during the robotic mission to influence ultimate choice of... gain asteroid surface property data that would be germane to future robotic... future robotic and crewed missions. Small Body Seismic Network on Asteroid (2): Deploy... an end-of-mission (EOM) use. High Velocity Asteroid Impactor (29): Conduct...-Space Printing with Asteroid Materials (50): Manipulate asteroid and/or boulder material... 5 Techniques Micro-g Mobility Demo 6 (Robotic & Crewed) Asteroid Surface 7 Interaction Dust/Particulate Mitigation... Kinetic Impact on Asteroid Deploy Explosive Penetrator on Asteroid Asteroid Free-flyer for... Based Observations: As with any asteroid mission, an important scientific goal will... spectrum to the sampled asteroid surface (ground truth), asteroid interior (through boulder..., is a candidate target for NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM). It is not only... asteroid, now known as Ryugu, is the target of JAXA’s Hayabusa2 mission... of near-Earth Asteroid 2008 EV5: Potential Target for Robotic and Human... Photometric Models of the ARM Mission Asteroid Target 2008 EV5 The reflectance... quantities, relevant to the ARM mission asteroid target 2008 EV5, and how... Rosetta mission (Table 15). Hayabusa2 will arrive at the C-type asteroid Ryugu... Rosetta mission (Table 15). Hayabusa2 will arrive at the C-type asteroid Ryugu... asteroid. Acta Astronautica AA_2015_93 (Submitted). MarcoPolo-R (2015) http://usmarcopolor.jhuapl.edu/mission... – Asteroid Grand Challenge APXS – Alpha particle X-ray Spectrometry ARCM – Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission ARM – Asteroid Redirect Mission ARRM – Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission ARV – Asteroid Redirect Vehicle AU – Astronomical...



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... Asteroid Redirection Technology Update on Asteroid Redirect Mission Michele Gates, Human Explorations and Operations Mission... th Independent Why an Asteroid Redirect Mission? • Bringing an asteroid to cis-lunar space... with SEP. 3 Asteroid Redirect Mission Objectives • Conduct a human exploration mission to an asteroid in the... asteroid resources for commercial and exploration needs. 4 Asteroid Redirect Mission Identify Redirect Explore Notional Notional Asteroid Identification: Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission: Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission: Ground and space based near Earth asteroid (NEA... solar electric propulsion (SEP) based robotic asteroid redirect to lunar distant retrograde orbit... and sampling mission to the relocated asteroid 5 Schedule Strategy 2014 PS-2 Asteroid Identify... Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Mission launch & SEP demo Asteroid rendezvous & capture Asteroid redirected to lunar vicinity Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission... Asteroid 6 NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission Internal Studies Completed Reference robotic mission concept • To redirect a small near Earth asteroid and potentially demonstrate asteroid deflection • Study led by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Alternate robotic mission concept • To redirect a boulder from a larger asteroid and potentially demonstrate asteroid deflection • Study led by the Langley Research Center Crewed Mission... away of NASA 300V PPU Robotic Mission Spacecraft Reference Configuration Key Features... selected 11 Robotic Mission Concept Options Small Asteroid Capture: Option A Larger Asteroid Boulder Capture... ~1 per year. 13 Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Whole Small Near-Earth Asteroid Concept (Option A) • Rendezvous... to the mission design and operations Ion Beam Deflector Asteroid size-independent... Fast (~<2 RPM), Tumbling 16 Larger Asteroid Mission Concept (Option B) • Rendezvous with a larger... to same lunar orbit • Candidate asteroid Itokawa 3 Capture Spaceframes 3 Contact Spaceframes... to DRO in 2025 (2019 robotic mission launch)* • Other targets to be... Small Asteroid (2009 BD) Date/Duration Xenon Use June 1, 2019 1.4 years Robotic... spherical extent 1.1 m Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Overview Orion Docks to Robotic Spacecraft Deliver crew... to retrieve asteroid samples Return crew safely to Earth with asteroid samples in Orion 23 Mission Kit Concept Enables Affordable Crewed Mission... inputs and recommendations from the Asteroid Initiative Ideas Synthesis Workshop. • Engage... – Asteroid Capture Systems: Concepts including using deployable structures and autonomous robotic manipulators... range of mission applications including automated rendezvous and docking, and asteroid characterization and proximity operations. – Adapting Commercial Spacecraft for Asteroid Redirect Vehicle... be adapted for development of Asteroid Redirect Vehicle. – Studies of Potential Future... for secondary payloads on either Asteroid Redirect Vehicle or Space Launch System... Future Partnership Opportunities for the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission: Areas such as advancing... in cis-lunar space. 25 Asteroid Redirect Mission Provides Capabilities For Deep Space... capability required for Mars • Robotic ARM mission 40kW vehicle components prepare for... a multi-mission capability needed for Deep Space and Mars • Asteroid Initiative in... NASA Internal Mission Concept Development Review Broad Area Announcement Release Asteroid Initiative... Asteroid Redirection Technology ARM Mission Design and Solar Electric Propulsion John Brophy Asteroid Redirect Mission... Flight System Deployed Configurations NASA Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum • #AskNASA 32... Comparison ARM ARM 33 Mission Option A Overview 5) Asteroid Operations: rendezvous, characterize, deploy... days) Asteroid Orbit 2) Separation & S/A Deployment 4) SEP low-thrust cruise to Asteroid ~3.8 km... heritage to prior robotic missions for 180 days. Mission unique operations 36... NASA Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum • #AskNASA 43 Future Use of ARM Robotic... Option A: Candidate Asteroids for Mission Design    Each asteroid’s return date is fixed... nominal launch Asteroid 2009 BD* 2011 MD* 2014 BA3 Asteroid Mass Est... Spaceframes 2 Capture Arms 51 NASA Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum • #AskNASA Award... Adapting Commercial Spacecraft for the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle $1.8M 4-6 $450,000 Studies... for the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission $0.2M 4 $50,000 Solicitation Topic Asteroid Capture Systems... mix, travel, and subcontracts. NASA Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum • #AskNASA 55...://www.nasa.gov/asteroidinitiative NASA Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum • #AskNASA 57...



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Asteroid Redirect Mission Mission Formulation Review Results and Status R. ..., 2013 Leveraging Capabilities for an Asteroid Mission •  NASA is aligning key ongoing... Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorates –  Asteroid identification and characterization efforts for... and return of the target asteroid –  Autonomous guidance and control for... Launch System (SLS) vehicles for asteroid rendezvous –  Technologies for astronaut extra... these activities to –  Identify and redirect a small asteroid to a stable orbit in... overall potential mission. Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 2 Overall Mission Consists of Three Main Segments Iden%fy   Redirect   No#onal   Explore   No#onal   Asteroid Identification Asteroid Robotic Redirection Mission Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Ground... Solar electric propulsion (SEP) based robotic asteroid redirect to trans-lunar space Orion... mission to the relocated asteroid 3 Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release The Vision (1) Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 4 The Vision (2) Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review... Mars and Other Destinations Mission             Sequence             Current ISS Mission Asteroid Redirect Mission Long Stay In... X X X X X Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 6 Alignment Strategy 2013 2014 2015 Asteroid... ON REFERENCE MISSION Mission launch & SEP demo Orion & SLS Crewed Asteroid Exploration Segment... & Initial candidates for further development Asteroid Redirect Segment 2018 2019 EM-1: Un... the Moon Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release Asteroid rendezvous & capture Asteroid maneuver... the Moon (to asteroid depending upon timeline of asteroid redirect) 7 Decision and Engagement Strategy FY2013 Studies & Trades Asteroid Identification Segment Asteroid Redirect Segment (Reference Mission Timeline) Orion & SLS Crewed Asteroid Exploration... & Trades Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 2017 2018 Mission Concept Baseline... 2016 Robotic Spacecraft Baseline First flight of Orion Robotic Mission Design Final Mission launch... both the asteroid target identification as well as the asteroid redirect mission segment –  Concept definition study, led by JSC, examining the asteroid crew rendezvous and sampling mission segment •  Target identification plan – Science Mission... Technology Mission Directorate) –  Capture mechanism (Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate/Advanced Exploration Systems) –  Alternative mission concepts (Science Mission Directorate) •  Review was conducted July 30 Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 9 Asteroid Initiative Request...: –  Asteroid Observation –  Asteroid Redirection Systems –  Asteroid Deflection Demonstrations –  Asteroid Capture Systems –  Crew Systems for Asteroid... to planning Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release 10 Mission Formulation Review... reference mission concept –  Identification of candidate targets for the reference mission –  Feasibility assessment of robotic redirection of a small near Earth asteroid (NEA) –  Feasibility assessment of astronaut exploration and sampling of the asteroid... the reference) –  Alternate approach to robotic mission – demonstrate planetary defense and retrieve...) –  Alternative Robotic Mission System trades •  Capture System •  Solar Electric Propulsion (SEP) Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation... Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Brian Muirhead, NASA JPL 11:45 Break 12:30 Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Steve Stich, NASA JSC 2:30 Alternate Approach to Robotic Mission..., NASA HQ 4:45 Board discussions Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release... criteria, launch date, and reference asteroid target assumptions. –  The options provided... robotic segment provided a promising mission option which responds to a broader set of mission... Outcomes –  The concept of an asteroid redirect mission can be both technically and... this mission would be conducted. All MFR objectives were met Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation... out. –  Mature alternate robotic approach –  Mature crewed mission segment risk assessment and... industry partnerships and participatory engagement Asteroid Redirect MissionMission Formulation Review • For Public Release...



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National Aeronautics and Space Administration Asteroid Redirect Mission Update SBAG Meeting 1/8/14 Exploration... HEOMD Leveraging Capabilities for an Asteroid Mission • NASA is leveraging key on... Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorates – – – – – Asteroid identification and characterization efforts High... these activities to – Identify and redirect a small asteroid to a stable orbit in... overall potential mission. 2 Asteroid Redirect Mission Identify Redirect Notional Explore Notional Asteroid Identification: Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission: Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission: Ground and space based near Earth asteroid (NEA... solar electric propulsion (SEP) based robotic asteroid redirect to lunar distant retrograde orbit... crewed rendezvous and sampling mission to the relocated asteroid Leveraging On-Going... Individual Capability 3 Alignment Strategy 2013 Asteroid Identify Segment SST 2014 PS... development Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission 2018 THIS SEGMENT TIMELINE NOTIONAL- BASED ON REFERENCE MISSION Final target selection Mission launch & SEP demo Asteroid rendezvous & capture Asteroid maneuver to lunar vicinity Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission... Moon (to asteroid depending upon timeline of asteroid redirect) 4 Preliminary Asteroid Redirect Mission Objectives for Option Integration • Primary Objectives – Human Exploration to an Asteroid... for Planetary Defense • Secondary Objectives – Asteroid Deflection Demonstration/Proof of Concept... 5 NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission Internal Studies Reference robotic mission concept • To redirect a small near Earth asteroid and potentially demonstrate asteroid deflection • Study led by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory Alternate robotic mission concept • To redirect a small mass from a larger asteroid and potentially demonstrate asteroid deflection • Study led by the Langley Research Center Crewed Mission... Robotic Concept Integration Team kicked off October 24 6 Reference and Alternate Robotic Mission... 7 Asteroid Initiative RFI & Ideas Synthesis Workshop • 402 responses received for Asteroid Initiative... + Grand Challenge (G/C): – Asteroid Observation - Crew Systems for Asteroid Exploration – Asteroid Redirection Systems - Partnerships and Participatory Engagement – Asteroid Deflection Demonstrations - Crowdsourcing and Citizen Science (G/C) – Asteroid Capture Systems... R Retrieve Boulder from Large Asteroid Redirect Whole Asteroid Mission Reference PoD Manipulator (Dual Spacecraft... or Alternate concepts Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) Population • 99% of Near... candidates for the Alternate Mission is: Target Typ e Asteroid V∞ (km/s) Earth Escape... case irregular shaped “rubble pile” asteroid with maximum dimension of up... range of asteroid size and mass properties 18 Alternate Robotic Mission Concept Proximity... 2 # Operations heritage to prior robotic missions # Mission unique operations 1 1 Characterization Flybys (4) Approach... Administration’s Space Policy involving an Asteroid in mid 2020s and Mars... and concluded that bringing an asteroid to cis-lunar space so... budget. 20 Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Overview Attached Orion to robotic spacecraft Deliver crew... retrieve asteroid samples Return crew safely to Earth with asteroid samples in... Station partnerships and commercial companies Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Leverages On-Going Work... Tests • Synergy between crewed and robotic mission sensors EARTH Return Flight Time.../Other Destinations Mission Mars Destination Capabilities Sequence Current ISS Mission Asteroid Redirect Mission Long Stay... Reliability Life Support * X X X X Autonomous Assembly * X X X X Asteroid Initiative Extensibility for future Deep... accommodates Mars) • Follow-on Asteroid Utilization mission can provide more capable micro... capability required for Mars • Robotic ARM mission 50kW vehicle components prepare for... a multi-mission capability needed for Deep Space and Mars • Asteroid Initiative in... clear [robotic mission] requirements and success criteria that demonstrate how the mission contributes... at the Asteroid Initiative Ideas Synthesis workshop Nov. 20. Mission requirements and... risks Suggested robotic precursor missions are part of the Asteroid Initiative Request... Mission Concept Updates Asteroid Observation Status Reference Robotic Mission Concept Updates Alternate Robotic Mission Concept Updates Robotic... • Friability of boulders for various asteroid types • Also, assessment of <10m... defense FOM assessment of the robotic mission 31 32



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...’s funding for its “Asteroid Initiative,” which includes the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Those activities... 1 that the President wants to redirect to NASA as part of...), Orion, commercial crew, and the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). These issues are explained.... Planetary Science and the Europa Mission Congress is a strong supporter of... been firmly rejected. One program – robotic exploration of Jupiter’s moon Europa... three years to initiate a Europa mission even though NASA had no... requested). NASA is working on a mission design for an orbiter that... FY2016; recommends against accelerating the mission from the late 2020s to... mission by 2022, but it is for NASA’s current orbiter mission, not... SLS. As with the Europa mission, it is more a matter of.... Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) President Obama’s proposal to send astronauts to an asteroid by... is for a robotic probe to be sent to an asteroid, pick up... Orion spacecraft by 2025. This Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) has been controversial since... electric propulsion (SEP) to developing a robotic probe (powered by SEP) and... to pluck a boulder from an asteroid’s surface and move it to... two parts: the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM). ARRM must... the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) for ARRM in... asteroids funded in the Science Mission Directorate, but is lukewarm, at... of moving part of an asteroid to lunar orbit where it... for education within the Science Mission Directorate (SMD) as a separate line... Table 4: Funding for the Asteroid Initiative, Including the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) (in $ millions... (see notes) ARM Formulation (HEOMD) Asteroid Grand Challenge and related activities...) Asteroid Detection (SMD) Solar Electric Propulsion (STMD) EVA Suits, In-Space Robotic... is specifically related to the Asteroid Initiative (which includes ARM) while... the Asteroid Initiative did not proceed. (3) HEOMD = Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate. SMD = Science Mission Directorate. STMD = Space Technology Mission Directorate...