Спутник ФКИ. Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission. [Редактировать]

Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) - это космическая миссия замысел которой состоит в том, чтобы попытаться переместить астероид на лунную орбиту, что должно существенно облегчить его изучение. ARRM и планируемый затем пилотируемый полет должен будет помочь НАСА отработать технологии которые потребуются при будущем полете к Марсу. 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1ARRMНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - США
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12017-05-18. GAO обнародовало данные о состоянии процесса разработки миссии Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission.
Согласно отчету GAO, в августе 2016 проект (Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission) ARRM прошел этап предварительной проработки дизайна и технологий. В результате этого стоимость шестилетней миссии увеличились, в основном из-за однолетней задержки даты пуска, которая была вызвана краткосрочными ограничениями финансирования. К основным техническим проблемам проекта была отнесена технология захвата части астероида. Также GAO отметило, что Президентский проект бюджета на 2018 год предложил отменить этот проект. Прогнозная стоимость проекта составляет от $1.672 до $1.822 млрд (включая ракету-носитель, но исключая операционные расходы). Тэги: Космическое агентство СШАСерия РН СЛСИзделия серии OrionAsteroid Redirect Robotic Mission

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (проекта, предварительная), млрд. долл.2016-02-011.72
2Стоимость (проекта включая ракету-носитель, но исключая операционные расходы), млн. долл.2017-05-181672 - 1822

Найдено 462 документов по запросу «Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2018-04-17
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0.06/5
... for both the human and robotic exploration mission sets in order to... missions, such as near-Earth asteroid and Mars missions, ablative materials..., as required by human, robotic, and human/robotic mission concepts. TA 9 .3 .4 Large Body... before mission infusion. Exoatmospheric: Push technologies include on-orbit component robotic construction... of the type of mission (crewed versus robotic) and its overall risk... Avoidance Technology Angle of Attack Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Automated Transfer Vehicle Computational Fluid... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Into the Solar System: DRM 5 Asteroid Redirect – Crewed in DRO Enabling 2022... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Into the Solar System: DRM 5 Asteroid Redirect – Crewed in DRO Enhancing 2022... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Into the Solar System: DRM 5 Asteroid Redirect – Crewed in DRO Enhancing 2022... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Into the Solar System: DRM 5 Asteroid Redirect – Crewed in DRO Enabling 2022... Comet Surface Sample Return (CSSR), Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM), and human Mars pinpoint... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class.... Dust accumulation on sensor for asteroid navigation under performance-based navigation... the spacecraft in a small body (asteroid, comet) fixed frame with an... Following NASA Mission Class and Design Reference Mission Enabling or Enhancing Mission Class... Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) planning asteroid proximity operations and landing. Parameter... all cases, mission-specific. Convective heating uncertainty (%): 25% for robotic missions, 15... and large robotic missions. Technology Needed for the Following NASA Mission Class...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
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0.09/5
... Laboratory The proposed Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) hopes to nudge a small asteroid into orbit... capabilities to execute the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). The ARM mission requirements result in... Abstracts ASTEROID REDIRECTION SYSTEMS   A change to the stated target of the Asteroid Redirect Mission... full life cycle of asteroid robotic and manned missions, redirect and deflection missions... Asteroid Redirect Mission scenario and to support EVA activities during the human mission for asteroid... of technologies for the Asteroid Redirect Mission and other future robotic and human spaceflight.... Benjamin B. Reed, NASA-GSFC The Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) requires not only the... presented and correlated to an asteroid redirect mission. LM has a long history of... and robotic exploration. ASTEROID REDIRECT VEHICLE WITH SOLAR ELECTRIC PROPULSION AND ROBOTIC MANIPULATOR NASA Asteroid... ASTEROID REDIRECTION SYSTEMS   Adam Maher, Space Systems/Loral, LLC An integrated Asteroid Redirect... rendezvous, and dexterous robotic systems. This highly capable Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV) can... Abstracts ASTEROID DEFLECTION DEMONSTRATIONS   John Brophy, Jet Propulsion Laboratory The Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM... small near-Earth asteroid. This system can redirect an asteroid with a mass of... the robotic asteroid redirect robotic vehicle (ARRV) must capture, detumble and despin the asteroid before... interaction. CONCEPTS FOR ASTEROID TRAJECTORY DEFLECTING USING AN ASTEROID REDIRECT VEHICLE David B. Smith, The Boeing Company Boeing’s submittal focuses on asteroid deflection methods that are conducive to a 702 MP based Asteroid Redirect... spacecraft similar to the proposed Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission spacecraft could either use something... of an asteroid using the robotic Asteroid Redirection Vehicle (ARV). The proposed asteroid deflection... as 100 days of thrusting. ASTEROID REDIRECT VEHICLE FLIGHT DEMONSTRATION CONCEPTS FOR... the mission feasibility of using a robotic ARV to capture and transport a small asteroid... to present concepts for the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Capture Bag in response... is solidly coupled to the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV). EXTENDABLE/RETRACTABLE BOOM... encapsulated asteroid against the spacecraft for the redirect portion of the mission. SELF...’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). The ARM Initiative to capture, de-tumble, and redirect a 1000... on the Asteroid Redirect Mission. MOMENTUM EXCHANGE TETHER TO DE-SPIN ASTEROID Harold Gerrish... mission duration and providing more utilization options and tools for the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Orion mission capability will be stretched to the limit by asteroid... asteroid operations, Orion missions to the asteroid and new missions beyond the asteroid. ROBOTIC SYSTEMS CONCEPT SUPPORTING ASTEROID REDIRECT MISSION EVA... Space Exploration endeavors, including NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). Specifically, MDA has a wide...’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). These range from lightweight extravehicular robotics (EVR) to robotic and... System to support the proposed Asteroid Redirect Mission consists of: 1) a telescoping boom assembly... GSFC technologies relevant to the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) and at a state of..., OUR ROBOTIC CAPABILITIES ENABLE AND ENHANCE CREW OPERATIONS DURING THE ASTEROID REDIRECT MISSION John Lymer, Space Systems/Loral, LLC NASA Asteroid Initiative... advanced space robotic solutions, are pleased to present to the Asteroid Redirect Initiative a comprehensive suite of man-rated robotic technologies to aid the crew during their asteroid prospecting mission. With... Asteroid Initiative comprises an Asteroid Mission plus a Grand Challenge. The Mission itself consists of a robotic mission to capture and redirect an asteroid followed by a crewed mission to that asteroid. The... Michael O’Hara, Aerojet Rocketdyne The Asteroid Redirect Mission and NASA’s initiative to assess... ambitious schedule proposed for the Asteroid Redirect Mission, it is important that all... its Asteroid Initiative, it has two main areas of interest: 1) the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) and 2) defending our planet against the threat of catastrophic asteroid.... Asteroid mission simulation movies visualize mission spacecraft, trajectories, position, orientation, instruments, internal NASA Asteroid... asteroid observations and asteroid mission simulations. The Asteroid-AMP pipeline is a paradigm shift in asteroid.... Asteroid-AMP creates 3D stereoscopic movies from asteroid observations and mission simulations. ASTEROID INITIATIVE...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.12/5
... integrated SLS/Orion systems – Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1) – no later than November... development, including robotic and crewed missions to an asteroid in the early... request proposing cancellation of the Asteroid Redirect Mission and the Agency issuing a document... NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate to study the feasibility... Mars and providing technical and mission support to Space Exploration Technologies... ......................................................................................... 47 Appendix E: Journey to Mars Mission Planning ...................................................................................... 50 Appendix F: Key Systems... Systems Critical Design Review Exploration Mission-1 Exploration Mission-2 European Space Agency Exploration... Operations Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate International Space Station Jet... Space Launch System Space Technology Mission Directorate Vehicle Assembly Building NASA... asteroid in 2026 to test several exploration capabilities needed for a Mars mission (the Asteroid Redirect Mission), flying a 1-year “shakedown cruise... U.S. lawmakers have proposed cancelling the Asteroid Redirect Mission to focus on missions targeting... NASA’s Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate to study the possibility... whether the cost of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission is worth the expected technological... mission opportunities with a defined cadence of compelling and integrated human and robotic... minimizing unique developments, with each mission leaving something behind to support... a significant exploration activity or transition mission to demarcate completion of one... to an asteroid – the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission in 2021 and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission in 2026 – during which the Agency would use robotic means to retrieve and return a large boulder from an asteroid... Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate (HEOMD) mission planning through the 2040s... with the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission, for which NASA has approved a baseline mission design, budget... 1 (cislunar orbit; early 2020s) Asteroid Redirect Robotic Vehicle The robotic vehicle will demonstrate solar... systems to land on an asteroid and capture and return a boulder... Asteroid Redirect Crewed Systems Mission unique systems to support crewed Orion docking with robotic vehicle in cislunar orbit to collect and return asteroid samples... Exploration Extravehicular Activities (spacewalks) Human/Robotic and Autonomous Operations Native Resource... conducted for STMD briefings. Note: Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), Commercial Crew Program (CCP..., verification, production, launch/deployment, prime mission operation, maintenance, support, and disposal... initiated the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission as an early proving ground mission to demonstrate solar... 2017. c For budgeting purposes, the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission’s (ARRM) funding is included within... Orion system with a crewed asteroid retrieval mission scheduled no earlier than 2026... Planning Phase objectivesa Mission-specific requirementsb Phase Transition mission Phase goal Phase... EM-2 Undefined Undefined Undefined Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission 1-year crewed shakedown cruise Undefined.... b Mission specific requirements or flight test objectives are specific to each mission... capabilities during the mission. As shown in Table 6, detailed mission requirements, including... This could include establishing the mission requirements and system architecture for... are not required for a crewed asteroid mission in 2026, so these capabilities...-017 36 Dragon” mission to Mars. This uncrewed mission is designed to... mission. Although NASA has agreed to support the first Red Dragon mission... Science Directorate, AES Division, Exploration Mission Planning Office, and the ISS...’s Space Exploration Initiative developed a Mars mission architecture that was also not... and determine the phase transition mission architecture. Table 9: Phase 0 (Current) Objectives... Earth orbit. Demonstrate human and robotic mission operations. Evaluate technologies that may... and uncrewed operations. Demonstrate human/robotic interactions in deep space. Demonstrate... to Mars Mission Planning Source: NASA OIG analysis of HEOMD mission planning... Phase 1 are (1) SLS, (2) Orion, (3) GSDO, (4) Asteroid Redirect Mission, and (5) a cislunar habitation module. Space... 53 Appendix F Asteroid Redirect Mission The Asteroid Redirect Mission has two segments – one robotic and one crewed – designed to capture part of an asteroid and... asteroid, capturing a boulder, and returning it to cislunar orbit. The Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission planned for 2026 will send a crewed Orion spacecraft with unique mission kits to dock with the robotic vehicle in... crewed mission has not been decided but some architectures keep the mission...



Дата загрузки: 2018-04-17
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0.1/5
... SLS will enable spacecraft and mission architecture flexibility not achievable with... environments in preparation for a human mission to Mars. Recent work in... as demonstrating SEP on the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) mission and potential SEP or... for future missions. The ARM mission provides a good test of both... in DRO. Fig. 1: NASA’s Split Mission Approach for Human Mars Missions... 1B planned for the Exploration Mission 2 in the early 2020s, and..., which supports the human exploration mission objectives of reaching the vicinity... 2030s. Depending on the first mission to the vicinity of Mars... Block 1B for the first mission and transition to SLS Block...) and also results in a lower mission life cycle cost or sustained... overall mass required for a given mission. For the remaining 85% of... much as 60% of total mission costs [4]. For these Mars cargo... xenon load required for the mission, thermal control and attitude control... design of the human exploration mission in terms of total mass... 40-50kW SEP modules creates mission extensibility where these modules can... verification of non-time critical mission elements. 2. Maximize commonality for all... stages to optimize launched mass, mission flexibility, and commonality across customers... SLS and Orion. 5. Phase the mission order to enable critical demonstrations... variations in mission one-way transit time, and reduces overall mission risk... for the defense and commercial mission was extremely difficult. Not only... on SEP systems and commercial mission capabilities has been studied since... and science enables exploration, leveraging robotic expertise for human exploration of... mission opportunities with a defined cadence of compelling and integrated human and robotic... unique major developments, with each mission leaving something behind to support... the 100 kW SEP cargo mission with a transit time of less... evaluations. Fig. 6: Earth- Mars Cargo Mission in 2028 Using Copernicus Analytical... higher initial orbits as the mission delta-V and trip time decrease... three years. If the same mission trades were run with an... the 2030’s are ARM and a mission to cis-lunar space using... to launch of the crewed mission. The habitat module would first... in an Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) first, and then in an Asteroid Redirect Crew Mission (ARCM) [19]. NASA plans to begin the ARRM launching the Asteroid Redirect... with the ARV and attached asteroid mass and the astronauts’ Extra... for the addition of ARCM mission kits which will extend the... DEEP SPACE HABITAT LOGISTICS Previous mission analysis results from Aerojet Rocketdyne.... An initial look at this mission indicates that it could be..., CA. [13] NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate, “Advanced Solar Array Systems...-20553, May 21, 2010. [19] Asteroid Redirect Mission Fact Sheet", NASA website, http...-ARMFS-508.pdf [20] M. Gates, "Asteroid Redirect Mission Status", Update to the NASA..., et al., Extensibility of Human Asteroid Mission to Mars and Other Destinations...] C. Moore, "Technology Development for NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission", IAC-14-D2.8-A5.4.1, 2014...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
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NASA/TM–2016-219011 Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support ...-2199 NASA/TM–2016-219011 Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support...-2199 Fax: 757-864-6500 Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support.......................................................................................................................................... 3 FAST Overview ............................................................................................................................................ 14 Purpose ................................................................................................................................................... 14 Asteroid Redirect Mission Background ................................................................................................... 14 Study Request.......................................................................................................................................... 16... Photometric Models of the ARM Mission Asteroid Target 2008 EV5 ...... 89 Appendix... Support Team (FAST) for the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) was a two-month effort... inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements... two mission segments: 1) the ARRM, which will be the first robotic mission to visit a large (greater than ~100 m diameter) near-Earth asteroid... the Moon; and 2) the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM), in which astronauts will... originally proposed a robotic mission concept to capture an entire small asteroid (4-10 m in... from a large asteroid was also proposed. NASA evaluated both mission approaches to... the spatial scale of the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV) contact pads (~1 m) requires... relevant witness samples during the robotic mission to influence the choice of... Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) was chartered by NASA to provide timely inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements...’s final product for the ARM. Asteroid Redirect Mission Background ARM is part of... human and robotic missions. ARM includes ARRM and the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM), along with leveraging the global asteroid-observation... originally proposed a robotic mission concept to capture an entire small asteroid (4-10 m in... from a large asteroid was also proposed. NASA evaluated both mission approaches to... the robotic segment of ARM. ARRM will be the first robotic mission to visit a large (greater than ~100 m diameter) near-Earth asteroid... the asteroid 2008 EV5 as the reference target for ARRM mission planning... of Near-Earth Asteroid 2008 EV5: Potential Target for Robotic and Human... of the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) mission, and Lutetia, the ~100... phases of the mission ranging from the target asteroid to cis-lunar... relevant witness samples during the robotic mission to influence ultimate choice of... future robotic and crewed missions. Small Body Seismic Network on Asteroid (2): Deploy... 5 Techniques Micro-g Mobility Demo 6 (Robotic & Crewed) Asteroid Surface 7 Interaction Dust/Particulate Mitigation... Based Observations: As with any asteroid mission, an important scientific goal will... for any mission that aims at interacting directly with a small asteroid, either... it is the first mission to the target asteroid, but it does... ARRM mission would need to spend more time at the asteroid (with a timeline more similar to the OSIRIS-REx mission) or... Terry Fong (2013). “Human and Robotic Mission to Small Bodies: Mapping, Planning... is a candidate target for NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM). It is not only... of near-Earth Asteroid 2008 EV5: Potential Target for Robotic and Human... Photometric Models of the ARM Mission Asteroid Target 2008 EV5 The reflectance... quantities, relevant to the ARM mission asteroid target 2008 EV5, and how... Rosetta mission (Table 17). Hayabusa2 will arrive at the C-type asteroid Ryugu... – Asteroid Grand Challenge APXS – Alpha particle X-ray Spectrometry ARCM – Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission ARM – Asteroid Redirect Mission ARRM – Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission ARV – Asteroid Redirect Vehicle AU – Astronomical... AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support.... SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Formulation Assessment and Support... inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements... the ARM. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Asteroid Redirect Mission; Boulder distribution size; Boulder handling...; Engineering design; Mission requirement formulation; Surface geotechnical properties; Target asteroid 16. SECURITY...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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0.17/5
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) Status Briefing to Small... 2 A Sustainable Exploration Approach Mars Split Mission Concept 3 3 ARM Objectives in Support... solar electric propulsion Integrated crewed/robotic vehicle operations in deep space... Rendezvous Sensors & Docking Capabilities 5 5 Asteroid Redirect Mission Progress Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Capture Mission downselection Dec 2014  Capture... a multi-ton boulder from a large asteroid  Transport the multi-ton asteroidal... mid-2020’s  Planetary defense demonstration Robotic Mission Concept Review and Formulation Authorization... 2015 Acquisition Strategy Decisions for Robotic Mission Aug 2015 Formulation Assessment and....nasa.gov/feature/arm-fast Robotic mission requirements technical interchange meeting Dec... inputs for mission requirement formulation in support of the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) Requirements... an initial list of potential mission investigations and provide input on... and non-NASA participants, plus Mission Investigator, Deputy Investigator, and Analysis...) 2 Organization NASA Langley Research Center (Mission Investigator) NASA Johnson Space Center... on the nature of the asteroid target and boulders • Provided ideas... ARM through mission formulation, mission design and vehicle development, and mission implementation. – Assist with the definition and support of mission investigations... with potential interest in the mission! 11 Current Candidate Parent Asteroids... Target 12 Capture Phase Overview Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Approach Characterization 14 days 85...) based spacecraft for the agency's Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission – Align with U.S. commercial spacecraft industry... 2016 Capture System Prototyping/Testing Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Prototype contact and restraint system... completed and tested with surrogate asteroid material 7-DOF Robot “Capture” Arm... Modified ACES Suit Feasibility Testing Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Adjustable portable foot restraint... • March 2014: NASA issued the Asteroid Redirect Mission Broad Agency Announcement (BAA), soliciting... including asteroid capture systems, rendezvous sensors, adapting commercial spacecraft for the Asteroid Redirect Mission... secondary payloads and the crewed mission. – In June 2014, NASA announced... Concepts to Support the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission and In-Space Robotic Servicing – Additional information... FAST – Toward Investigation Team for mission 22 Small Bodies Assessment Group... the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) and the extent to which modifications in mission design.... In particular, the reference target asteroid 2008 EV5 offers well-documented...’s MacroPolo-R candidate mission. SBAG encourages continued engagement between mission planners and the small bodies community as the mission moves... joint NASA-ESA Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission, which will... impactor on a moon of a binary asteroid, and NASA’s test of the... proposed Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), which would utilize a boulder from the target asteroid to... about capabilities to move an asteroid in a controlled way. Both of... 24 ARRM Alternate Target List Asteroid 2008 EV5 (reference) H (mag) 20... Opportunity Next Goldstone Radar Opportunity Asteroid returned mass (t)* ~ 400m 0.958 0.94... mass, 50% duty cycle on asteroid approach Pre-decisional, for planning...



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...-07T10:42:27+00:00Z Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission: Robotic Boulder Capture Option Overview Daniel... studying an option for the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM) that would capture a multi... human and robotic exploration. This alternative mission approach, designated the Robotic Boulder Capture Option (Option B), has been investigated to determine the mission... has been designated the Small Asteroid Capture Option (Option A). Compared to... Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Asteroid Initiative is the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM). Following the 2011... in size) Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) and redirect it to cislunar space... mission approach, which is depicted in Fig. 1, has been designated the Robotic... designated the Small Asteroid Capture Option (Option A). This mission approach provides NASA... of the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). The second component is the Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM...) will rendezvous with the returned asteroid or boulder in a Lunar Distant... a kinetic impact technique, utilizing the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV) as an observer... or disrupt an Earth-impacting asteroid or comet. Science community interest... opportunities for mission enhancements to support science objectives, including: robotic arm sample... enable more capable future robotic missions. The mission option offers important benefits... required for Mission Module and SEP Module on the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV... mass returnable from the selected asteroid. Currently, there are no target... to accommodate larger boulders Figure 2. Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (Stowed Configuration) Comparison with... in the Mission Module). During the asteroid proximity operations phase, the Mission Module... perform the onboard asteroid-relative and boulderrelative navigation, asteroid surface interaction, boulder... Mission Design Characterization of a candidate NEA is a critical aspect of the asteroid... by robotic spacecraft, three could be potential targets for the ARRM mission... (visited by NASA’s Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR)-Shoemaker spacecraft in... proximity operations to characterize the asteroid, collect the boulder, and conduct... time required for a previously characterized asteroid such as Itokawa. The time... and collisional interactions within the asteroid main belt, and range from... is a rubble-pile asteroid.9 Images from the Hayabusa mission, as shown in Fig. 7, indicate that ~20% of the asteroid... functions: 1) asteroid and boulder characterization; 2) onboard asteroid- and boulder-relative navigation; 3) asteroid surface... maintaining continuous contact with the asteroid surface. The capture arm(s) are... provide high-resolution mapping during asteroid flybys and extended horizon views... the proximity operations for other robotic asteroid missions (e.g., OSIRIS-REx and Hayabusa... demonstrate a measureable deflection of an asteroid using a slow-push/pull technique... the target is a previously unvisited asteroid with only ground-based information... 0.1 m/s. Targeting different areas of the asteroid and different lighting conditions, the... asteroid to prevent pluming contamination and debris creation. For a slow spinning asteroid...-safe trajectory away from the asteroid. Prior to any significant maneuvers... period to refine the postinteraction asteroid orbit prior to the planetary... uses a halo orbit around the asteroid’s orbital velocity vector (‫ݒ‬റ) with the... extended proximity operations near the asteroid. Figure 16. Enhanced Gravity Tractor... This Asteroid Redirect Mission includes aspects of extensibility related to both the robotic and... future robotic or human missions which require significantly increased capabilities. A robotic mission to... routines with fault tolerance for asteroid surface contact and boulder collection... (Image Credit: NASA/AMA, Inc.). C. Asteroid Resource Utilization Water is a critical... Work The Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission is a critical component of NASA's Asteroid Initiative. The mission option... instrumental in advancing the fledgling asteroid mining industry. Work on the... Astronautics References 1 Brophy, J. R., et al., “Asteroid Retrieval Feasibility Study,” Keck Institute... al., “Overview of Mission Design for NASA Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Concept,” 33rd International Electric.... 3 Mazanek, D. D., Brophy, J. R., and Merrill, R. G., “Asteroid Retrieval Mission Concept – Trailblazing Our Future in..., C., “Interplanetary Trajectory Design for the Asteroid Robotic Redirect Mission Alternative Approach Trade Study,” AIAA...., “Regolith Migration and Sorting on Asteroid Itokawa,” Science, Vol. 316, p. 1011... Distribution on Itokawa: Implications for Asteroid Surface Evolution,” Abstract 1587, 45th... System Design Options for the Asteroid Robotic Redirect Mission Alternate Approach Trade Study,” AIAA... Operations for the Robotic Boulder Capture Option for the Asteroid Redirect Mission,” AIAA SPACE..., M. A., et al., “Extensibility of Human Asteroid Mission to Mars and Other Destinations...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
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....elsevier.com/locate/actaastro The Asteroid Redirect Mission and sustainable human exploration$ Michele... present the importance of the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) in the context of... drivers for both the robotic and crewed mission segments. Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of IAA. Keywords: Asteroid Redirect Mission Human Space Exploration Human exploration 1. Introduction The Asteroid Redirect Mission will utilize... deep space human mission is also discussed. The crewed mission in the...; and crewed/robotic vehicle integrated stack operations [1]. The preceding robotic mission will demonstrate... targets [1]. 2. Overall mission description The ARM robotic mission will ‘capture’ and redirect a cohesive asteroidal... distant retrograde orbit (DRO) [2]. The asteroid mass is primarily dependent upon... rendezvous with the Near Earth Asteroid (NEA) and return the captured... approach, capture option A, for this robotic mission is to rendezvous with a small... 1000 metric tons. The target asteroid will be captured and redirected... being examined. 3. Robotic mission concepts and trades NASA's ARM robotic mission (ARRM) concept includes a conceptual design used for mission pre-formulation... conceptual design for the spacecraft, Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV) in this work... both mission options. The CM implementation is dependent upon the mission capture... sensor suite for the robotic mission and crewed mission. The sensors will facilitate... about 4500 kg. 3.1. Mission capture options Fig. 1. Asteroid Redirect Vehicle (ARV) modules. Capture option A focuses on redirecting an asteroid of... the velocity change (ΔV) required to redirect it to the desired lunar... currently known asteroid targets during current potential launch dates, the mission concept.... 2. Robotic mission option A—small asteroid capture option (Credit: NASA/JPL). Fig. 3. Robotic mission option B—robotic boulder... asteroid. For capture option B, the CM performs the following key functions: 1) asteroid and boulder characterization; 2) onboard asteroid- and boulder-relative navigation; 3) asteroid surface... Earth [4]. 13 4. Crewed mission concept 15 The Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM) consists of... hardware to accomplish the crewed mission objectives. Initial analysis of a representative... for conducting this mission. The current reference conceptual crewed mission will last... in which the robotic SEP ARV and redirected asteroid are located. In... observation and sample collection of asteroid material by humans operating in.... Upon completion of the EVAs, asteroid samples will be labeled and... the integrity of the collected asteroid samples they will remain in... electric propulsion (SEP); integrated crewed/robotic vehicle stack operations in deep... test with robotic spacecraft, and joint robotic spacecraft and crewed mission operations. A few... ARM to maneuver the target asteroid through a trajectory similar to interplanetary... technology for mission purposes best suited for the technology. Crewed mission segments inherently call for mission durations to be as short as possible. Reducing mission duration... favored for mission segments requiring delivery of astronauts. Conversely, mission segments targeting.... 6.2. Phobos base mission conceptual architecture The notional Phobos based mission discussed herein... has components derived from the Asteroid Redirect Mission. The Common Automated Rendezvous and... B robotic capture concept also provides specific technologies applicable to a Phobos mission. The.... 6. Architecture characteristics of a Notional Phobos Mission. M. Gates et al. / Acta Astronautica... and propulsion stages. 6.3. Integrated crewed/robotic vehicle operations The ARCM will... Phobos mission just discussed. Once docked, the crewed vehicle and robotic vehicle... status for ARM robotic and crewed mission concepts, including robotic mission modular design, SEP..., systems, and operations by the Asteroid Redirect Mission will provide a critical step in... system. References [1] Asteroid Initiative Opportunities Forum, Update on Asteroid Redirect Mission, 〈http://www.nasa.gov/ asteroidforum〉. [2] Muirhead, B., Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Overview, presentation.../1030_Wed_Muirhead_AR M_OptionA.pdf〉, July 2014. [3] Asteroid Redirect Mission Broad Agency Announcement, 〈http://go... system design options for the asteroid robotic redirect mission alternate approach trade study, in... Diego, CA, August 2014. [5] Stich, S. Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Overview, presentation to the Small.../sbag/ meetings/jul2014/presentations/1030_Wed_Stitch_ARM_Crewed_ Mission.pdf〉, July 2014. [6] NASA Fact..., M. A., et al., Extensibility of Human Asteroid Mission to Mars and Other Destinations...



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0.14/5
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Asteroid Redirect Mission Update NAC Human Exploration and... external engagement and feedback 2 Asteroid Redirect Mission Progress ü Robotic Mission Concept Review and Formulation Authorization... 2015 ü Acquisition Strategy Decisions for Robotic Mission Aug 2015 ü Formulation Assessment and.../arm-fast ü Robotic mission requirements technical interchange meeting Dec 2015 ü Robotic spacecraft early... Approach Mars Split Mission Concept 4 4 ARM: An Early Mission in the Proving... Level 1 requirements Target robotic mission launch date Dec 2021 •  Robotic mission cost cap $1.25B not including launch vehicle and mission operations (Phase E) •  Target crewed mission launch date by... refined as the mission proceeds through formula2on. Asteroid Redirect Mission Alignment Strategy 2014... 2022 2023 2024 2025-2026 Asteroid Iden2fica2on Segment NEO PS... Final target selec2on Asteroid Redirect Robo2c Mission (ARRM) Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission (ARCM) Mission launch & SEP demo... Orion test beyond the Moon Asteroid Planetary rendezvous Defense & capture Demo... the Moon Asteroid redirected to lunar vicinity EM: Crew to Asteroid Collaborative... on the nature of the asteroid target and boulders •  Provided ideas...-R candidate sample return mission (not selected). •  Largest asteroid with lowest mission ΔV (6.3 km/s) of... asteroid provides representative target for planetary defense demonstration. 2008 EV5 Minimum Mission ΔV for 2015-2040. 13 ARM Robotic Mission (ARRM) 14...) based spacecraft for the agency's Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission –  Align with U.S. commercial spacecraft industry... Spring 2016 Capture Phase Overview Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Approach Characteriza2on 14 days 85... 17 Capture System Prototyping/Testing Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission Prototype contact and restraint system... completed and tested with surrogate asteroid material 7-DOF Robot “Capture” Arm... GSFC 18 ARM Crew Mission (ARCM) 19 Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Summary Launch 1 day... the ARCM mission kits. •  Rendezvous and dock with the robotic spacecraft in... to observe, document and collect asteroid samples. •  Orion performs 20˚ yaw... with mission kits to enable crewed explora(on of the returned asteroid... Crewed Mission Integrated Analysis •  Orion/Robotic Vehicle Integrated Analysis –  Deliverables synced with robotic mission...) - for Orion/robotic vehicle mission phases –  Early loads analysis informs robotic vehicle requirements... and link margins for joint mission communications –  Robotic vehicle and Orion space-to-ground comm coverage during critical mission phases. Early analysis will inform robotic vehicle antenna... EVA operations •  Crewed Mission Trajectory –  Design reference mission including Orion nominal, abort... with ARRM project to examine robotic mission DRO phasing. Integrated Docking and... bodies science communities regarding the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM). The 100 applications for... SMPAG Statement on Asteroid Orbit Deflection Demos •  Statement on Asteroid Orbit Deflection Demonstrations – agreed at the 6th Space Mission Planning... degree of international interest in asteroid research and awareness of the... taken of opportunities to investigate asteroid deflection physics, techniques and effects... proposed technique to deflect an asteroid from an impact trajectory. Therefore... most technologically mature method of asteroid deflection. SMPAG also supports the... technology planned to visit an asteroid. SMPAG also encourages the investigation... •  March 2014: NASA issued the Asteroid Redirect Mission Broad Agency Announcement (BAA), soliciting... including asteroid capture systems, rendezvous sensors, adapting commercial spacecraft for the Asteroid Redirect Mission... Concepts to Support the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission and In-Space Robotic Servicing –  Additional information... the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) and the extent to which modifications in mission design.... In particular, the reference target asteroid 2008 EV5 offers well-documented... joint NASA-ESA Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) mission, which will... impactor on a moon of a binary asteroid, and NASA’s test of the... proposed Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), which would utilize a boulder from the target asteroid to... about capabilities to move an asteroid in a controlled way. Both of... 32 ARRM Alternate Target List Asteroid 2008 EV5 (reference) H (mag) 20... Opportunity Next Goldstone Radar Opportunity Asteroid returned mass (t)* ~ 400m 0.958 0.94... mass, 50% duty cycle on asteroid approach Pre-decisional, for planning... extent of 6 m from a near-Earth asteroid. 4 ARRM shall be capable of... at least 20 t of acquired asteroid material in a crewaccessible orbit in... capable of redirec2ng the acquired asteroid boulder to a final, stable lunar... of a “slow push” planetary defense asteroid deflec2on technique. 7 ARRM shall...



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... orbit • Initial definition of the Asteroid Redirect Mission 2 What Are HEO’s Biggest Challenges... module on track • Take ARM Mission into formulation • Launch TDRS-L successfully... 3 Asteroid Redirect Mission and The Future of Human Spaceflight Leveraging Capabilities for an Asteroid Mission... Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorates – – – – – Asteroid identification and characterization efforts High... own right for human and robotic exploration • We are working to... these activities to – Identify and redirect a small asteroid to a stable orbit in... overall potential mission. 5 Asteroid Redirect Mission Identify Redirect Notional Explore Notional Asteroid Identification: Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission: Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission: Ground and space based near Earth asteroid (NEA... solar electric propulsion (SEP) based robotic asteroid redirect to lunar distant retrograde orbit... crewed rendezvous and sampling mission to the relocated asteroid Leveraging On-Going... Capability 6 Alignment Strategy for a Mission 2013 Asteroid Identify Segment SST 2014 PS... development Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission 2018 THIS SEGMENT TIMELINE NOTIONAL- BASED ON REFERENCE MISSION Final target selection Mission launch & SEP demo Asteroid rendezvous & capture Asteroid maneuver to lunar vicinity Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission... the Moon (to asteroid depending upon timeline of asteroid redirect) 7 Capture Mechanism Placeholder... spring 2014. 8 Asteroid Redirect Crewed Mission Overview Attached Orion to robotic spacecraft Deliver crew... retrieve asteroid samples Return crew safely to Earth with asteroid samples in... Tests • Synergy between crewed and robotic mission sensors EARTH Return Flight Time... • Docking System for Orion and Robotic Spacecraft leverages development of International... Orion Active Docking Mechanism (extended) Robotic Spacecraft Passive Docking Mechanism • International.../Other Destinations Mission Mars Destination Capabilities Sequence Current ISS Mission Asteroid Redirect Mission Long Stay... Reliability Life Support * X X X X Autonomous Assembly * X X X X Asteroid Initiative Extensibility for future Deep... accommodates Mars) • Follow-on Asteroid Utilization mission can provide more capable micro... capability required for Mars • Robotic ARM mission 50kW vehicle components prepare for... for Deep Space and Mars • Asteroid Initiative in cis-lunar space... Communications and Navigation Update LLCD Mission Architecture LLGT UPLINK: 4 x 10 W 1.55...’s White Sands Complex (WSC) LADEE Mission Ops Center at ARC (LLOT... Lunar Lasercom Ops Center (LLOC) & Mission Analysis Center at MIT/LL...