Спутник технологический. BLITS. [Редактировать]

Cпутник-ретрорефлектор «Блиц» предназначен для исследования научных проблем в области геофизики, геодинамики, теории относительности, а также для решения задач высокоточного измерения и долгосрочного прогнозирования орбит специализированных навигационно-геодезических космических аппаратов. Оптическая схема наноспутника выполнена на основе оптической линзы Люнеберга и конструктивно состоит из двух полусфер одной марки стекла и шаровой линзы из стекла другой марки. Полусферы наклеены на шаровую линзу, причем на наружную поверхность одной из них нанесено отражающее зеркальное покрытие. Сферические поверхности концентрические. Спутник массой 7,53 кг представляет собой шар диаметром 170,32 мм.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
135871НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
2Страна производитель - Россия
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг7.53

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.5
2Апогей, км828.6
3Перигей, км825.0
4Период, минут101.3
5САС (планируемый ), год5
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7197

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-049G

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Государственная корпорация Роскосмос
2Оператор Goddard Space Flight Center
3Производитель АО НПК СПП

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2009-09-17 at 15:55:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xМетеор М1
3Полезная нагрузка 1xSterkh 2
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFregat/IRIS
5Полезная нагрузка 1xTatiana 2
6Полезная нагрузка 1xUGATUSAT
7Полезная нагрузка 1xSumbandila
8Полезная нагрузка 1xBLITS
9Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-2.1б

Найдено 150 документов по запросу «BLITS». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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1.33/5
... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. TMMning asosiy... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 9. Statika, kinematika... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 13. Kuchning... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 19. Harakat... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 22. Harakat... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 25. Kuchlanish... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Maktab fizikasidan... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Suyuqliklarda molekulalar... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlantirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Silindrik va... O’qitish usullari Axborotli ma’ruza, blits-so’rov, texnika-insert O’qitish... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. 2. 3. 4. Massa deganda... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Massa deganda... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 4. 5. 6. 7. Ichki kuchlar... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Koordinatalarni markaz... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 4. 5. 6. 7. Ichki kuchlar... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 8. Kuchlanish deganda... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. 2. 3. 4. Urinma kuchlanish... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 5. Harakat miqdori... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 9. Bosim nima... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Bosim nima... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 12. Bosim... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 1. Kuchlanish vektori... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 5. 6. 7. 8. Dekart koordinatalari... - 1 ball 2-ilova Mavzuni jonlashtirish uchun blits so’rov savollari . 9. Dekart koordinatalari...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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0.17/5
What Happened to BLITS? An Analysis of the 2013 ... Space Operations Center ABSTRACT The BLITS retroreflector satellite was launched 2009... without a breakup of BLITS or a collision of BLITS with another object. The... a piece of debris associated with BLITS supports these hypotheses. This paper... of the event. 1. BACKGROUND The BLITS (Ball Lens in The Space... and Instruments” (OJSC RPC “PSI”), BLITS is a composite spherical retroreflector with... 7.5 kg. As seen in Fig. 1, BLITS consists of two outer hemispheres... coating protected by a varnish layer. BLITS was launched 2009 Sep 17... International Laser Ranging Networks tracked BLITS for 40 months following its... 22, Changchun Station, China tracked BLITS from 01:20:51–01... and Yarragadee Station, Australia tracked BLITS from 01:40:06–01... subsequent attempts to laser range BLITS were unsuccessful. Within a day, NORAD... in the orbital period for BLITS (see Fig. 2). By Jan 26... decreased by 127–142 m. Since BLITS had no propulsion or attitude... cause this change. Fig. 1. BLITS Satellite Fig. 2. BLITS Nodal Period History 2. DETERMINING... in orbit would be that BLITS was struck by a piece of... were any close approaches with BLITS around the time they determined..., our initial conclusion was that BLITS might have been struck by... for the change in the BLITS orbit. While working to refine... a piece of debris associated with BLITS. The initial assessment by the... a collision. Given the construction of BLITS, it was hypothesized that the... a zero cross-track distance from BLITS. Previous analysis of collisions (FengYun... best post-event TLEs for BLITS (Element Sets 630, 631, 637... the BLITS pre-event SP orbit and the BLITS post-event and BLITS... what might have happened to BLITS requires an in-depth analysis of the hypothesis that BLITS came apart due to a mechanical... extensive observations to determine the BLITS spin rate and spin axis.... 3. BLITS Pre-Event Photometric Data from 2012 Sep 11 Fig. 4. BLITS Post... Given the simple design of BLITS, it was possible to perform... be identical to the intact BLITS satellite prior to the breakup... BLITS orbit, as shown in Fig. 6. Fig. 5. BLITS Mechanical Failure Hypothesis Fig. 6. BLITS... piece. Calculating the state for BLITS (Element Set 623) at the.... 7, the measured RCS values for BLITS have been very stable, with... value of 0.0018 for the BLITS debris—a factor of almost 7 smaller... sphere at 10.7 cm). Fig. 7. BLITS RCS History 4. ANALYSIS OF COLLISION... hypothesis to examine is whether BLITS could have been struck by... perform these calculations in the BLITS pre-event frame, the equations... kinetic energy] where M is the BLITS mass (7.53 kg), m is the..., and v is the change in BLITS velocity, which yields: v  2m M v v or... the opposite direction in the BLITS orbit, then the relative velocity... g. Assuming a density the same as BLITS, this would equate to a sphere... the same orbital speed as BLITS, it is possible to repeat... with the same density as BLITS and a diameter of 1.86 cm... off the piece of observed BLITS debris. In addition, the collision... axis and spin rate for BLITS—a satellite with no propulsion system... came within 20 km of BLITS on Jan 22 had any... a simple mechanical failure hypothesis where BLITS might have come apart along... in an orbit similar to BLITS showed that most encounter geometries...– 213. International Laser Ranging Service, “BLITS General Information,” http://ilrs.gsfc....html. ILRS Summary Report for BLITS for 2013 January, ftp://cddis....gov/pub/slr/data/npt_crd/blits/2013/sum/blits_201301.sum. Cefola... results on spin determination of BLITS from High Repetition Rate SLR...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-01
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0.12/5
... 2008 1 67 Al GOCE (ЕSА) BLITS 2009 (Russia) 295 832 2009... radiation. 5. Glass spherical satellites of BLITS type – absolute correspondence of measurements... 835 0.04…0.2 0.5 BLITS 835 0.1 0.1 LARES 1450 2…4 ? 3 Spherical glass nanosatellite «BLITS» The spacecraft "Meteor-M" with a spherical glass nanosatellite «BLITS» on... basic parameters of the nanosatellite «BLITS»: - diameter……………………………………………..170 mm - weight………………………………….……...……..7.5 kg... мкм Spherical satellite «BLITS» non-assembled Spherical satellite «BLITS» weighing 7.5 kg, Ø 170 mm 4 Spherical glass nanosatellite «BLITS-M» Expected target parameters of the nanosatellite «BLITS-М» goal error... развала – 3” 16 Статистика наблюдений наноспутника «BLITS» станциями Международной службы лазерной дальнометрии... BLITS Lviv 1831 25-Sep-2009 25-Sep-2009 1 3 26 83 BLITS... 03-Jan-2012 28 113 BLITS McDonald 7080 11-Oct-2009...-Mar-2010 11-Mar-2010 1 3 BLITS Monument Peak 7110 07-Oct... 07-Feb-2012 597 2,868 BLITS Mount Stromlo 7825 30-Sep... 31-Jan-2012 11 44 BLITS Potsdam 7841 25-Sep-2009... BLITS Grasse 7845 28-Oct-2009 06-Dec-2011 136 1,133 BLITS Riga 1884 02-Oct-2009 26-Oct-2011 102 555 BLITS Graz 7839 26-Sep-2009 08-Feb-2012 665 4,748 BLITS Riyadh 7832 26-Apr-2010 25-Aug-2010 10 58 BLITS Greenbelt 7105 30-Sep-2009 07-Feb-2012 290 2,316 BLITS... 01-Feb-2012 22 50 BLITS Haleakala 7119 03-Dec-2009 05-Feb-2012 125 647 BLITS San Juan 7406 24-May... 09-Feb-2012 95 680 BLITS Hartebeesthoek 7501 02-Nov-2009 11-Jan-2012 149 796 BLITS Shanghai 7821 06-Oct-2009 31-Jan-2012 136 669 BLITS Simeiz 1873 24-Sep-2009 25-Sep-2011 56 336 BLITS Herstmonceux 7840 25-Sep-2009... BLITS Tahiti 7124 03-Dec-2009 27-Jan-2012 85 530 BLITS Katzively 1893 26-Sep-2009 23-Sep-2011 35 158 BLITS Tanegashima 7358 28-Oct-2009 14-Nov-2011 30 155 BLITS Kiev 1824 28-Sep-2009 16-Nov-2011 51 206 BLITS Wettzell 8834 30-Sep-2009 08-Feb-2012 163 638 BLITS Koganei 7308 15-Oct-2009 02-Feb-2012 100 688 BLITS Yarragadee 7090 26-Sep-2009 08-Feb-2012 1,312 8,905 BLITS... 12-Oct-2011 65 416 BLITS Zimmerwald 7810 30-Sep-2009... Date No. No. Points Passes BLITS Altay 1879 24-Sep-2009... 192 BLITS Arequipa 7403 12-Apr-2010 07-Oct-2011 BLITS Beijing 7249 03-Oct-2010 BLITS Borowiec 7811 BLITS Changchun BLITS No...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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0.13/5
... their respective companies. 23 En Blits SB-400 Bruksanvisning ■ Forberedelse • • • • • • For... ...........................................................................13 ■ Tilgjengelige blitsmodi • Sakte-synkronisert blits/Reduksjon av røde øyne/Reduksjon... bruk av blits • Sprettblits.......................................................................................................15 • Merknader om avbøyd blits ............................................................................16 ■ Referanseinformasjon... skade på eiendom/inventar. ADVARSLER for blits 1 2 3 2 Hvis det lekker ut etsende.... 4 Merknader av typen FORSIKTIG for blits 1 2 3 4 5 Du må ikke berøre blitsenheten...), gjør det mulig å bruke i-TTL-blits i kombinasjon med CLS-kompatible kameraer... bruker blitsenheten i modusen for gjentatt blits. Strømmen fra batteriet returnerer... stativ anbefalt. No Sakte-synkronisert blits Blitsen reguleres ved lave lukkerhastigheter... innstilling. 14 Effektiv bruk av blits Når SB-400 er montert på kameraets..., kalles bruk av avbøyd blits. Denne teknikken gir følgende fordeler... Effektiv bruk av blits Merknader om avbøyd blits No En enkel teknikk med avbøyd blits er.... • Ved fotografering med avbøyd blits gjør du objektivets blenderåpning...å for manuell blits: M1/1, M1/2 15 Effektnivå for manuell blits: M1/4 til...-400 taes av kameraet når må bruke blits. En merknad om mikrodatamaskinkontrollerte blitser.... • For fotografering med avbøyd blits tar du bildet uten endringer... 1 Hz. Kroppstemperaturen blir høy pga. gjentatt blits eller en annen årsak. • Vent... synkronisering, synkronisering av bakgardinblits, blits med FV-lås, manuell blits Mulighet for å bøye...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-22
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0.22/5
...BLITS” MISSION ILRS SLR SUPPORT REQUEST ...: General Information: Satellite Name: “BLITS” (The “BLITS” passive laser retroreflector satellite will... Engineering Objectives of Mission: The BLITS (Ball Lens In The Space...: 1-st phase: Identification of the BLITS satellite immediately after launching and... comments on tracking restrictions: The BLITS satellite is designed for laser... out on the array: The BLITS satellite has been tested for..., humidity). Optical parameters of the BLITS satellite (including the far field... on the following missions: The BLITS nanosatellite consists of two outer... system provides spinning of the BLITS satellite after its separation from... retroreflector cross-section of the BLITS satellite is approximately 100 000...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
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0.37/5
... funksjoner 2. Andre opptaksfunksjoner 3. Fotografering med blits 4. Ta opp og vise filmer... (s. 37) Q-knapp (s. 22, 23) I (Høyre)/# (Blits)knapp (s. 59) Navn på deler og... m ........................s. 97 dLock............................................s. 82 Fokallengde ..................................s. 100 Blits .................................................s. 59 (blinker: lading pågår, lyser opp... Kabel for fjernkontroll Fotografering med blits Gradation (Picture Mode) Bulb-fotografering... telekonverter) ................58 Fotografering med blits 59 Bruk av blits (blitsfotografering) ....................59 Justere... under vann For fotografering med blits Velg når et hvitt eller gr... er ikke tilgjengelig når du bruker blits. # Forsiktig • Lukkerhastigheten og blenderverdien blinker... ramme. 58 NO 3 Fotografering med blits Blitsen kan stilles inn manuelt... til å fotografere med blits i flere ulike fotograferingsforhold. Bruk av blits (blitsfotografering) 1 Fest... #FULL, #1/4 osv. 4 Automatisk blits Fill-in flash Blits av Blits for rødøyereduksjon Sakte synkronisering (1. gardin) Sakte synkronisering (1. gardin)/blits... dårlig opplyste bakgrunner. Fotografering med blits 2 3 Sakte synkronisering kombineres med rødøyereduksjon... (FL-eksponering)» (s. 58) Fotografering med blits # Forsiktig • Denne innstillingen har ingen...-følsomheten eller blenderverdien. • Bruk en blits med en lysvinkel som passer...]: Reduserer rødøyefenomenet under fotografering med blits. [P]: Bruk reguleringshjulet til å velge st... Velg den mest langsomme lukkerhastigheten når blits brukes. Innstilling WB All > W Keep...ødelampelys. Juster hvitbalansen for å bruke blits. Du kan velge hvordan fargene... Normal blits/Super FP-blits • Veksle mellom normal blits og Super FP-blits. A Mode... for mørkt. • Øk ISO-følsomheten. • Bruk blits. 4000 F22 Motivet er for... P/A #AUTO Automatisk blits ! Automatisk blits (rødøyereduksjon) # Fill-in flash $ Blits av ! SLOW Sakte... (rødøyereduksjon) 1. gardin Alltid utløsning $ Blits av k k k # Fill-in flash/Sake... kameraet, baklys og avgir en blits lengre enn normalt. • #AUTO, $ kan... vignetteffekten oppstår på 1,0 m 0,25 m 1,0 m Blits kan ikke brukes • Ekstern blits kan brukes til... tilgjengelige ved bruk av ekstern blits Alternativ blits GN (ledetall) (ISO100) TTL...øsningstid: 12 sek., 2 sek. Ekstern blits Sync speed 1/160 sek. eller...-AUTO (TTL modus forutgående blits) Ekstern kontakt Multikontakt (USB-kontakt...-36R FL-300R Elektronisk blits Elektronisk blits Elektronisk blits Elektronisk blits SRF-11 STF... Blenderverdi ............................14, 51, 53 Blits ......................................................59 Blits av $............................................59 Blits for rødøyereduksjon ! .............59...) #SLOW ..........................................59 Sakte synkronisering (1. gardin)/ Blits for rødøyereduksjon !SLOW .......................................59 Sakte...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.2/5
.... Enable System to Video Stretch Blits When checked, this enables system... conduct system-to-video stretch blits, but the default filtering used... System to Video Memory stretch blits are not natively supported on...” enables system-to-video stretch blits, as described above, while a value... all system to video stretch blits to the emulator provided by... to conduct system-tovideo stretch blits, but the default filtering used...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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0.15/5
.... Enable System to Video Stretch Blits When checked, this enables system... conduct system-to-video stretch blits, but the default filtering used... System to Video Memory stretch blits are not natively supported on...” enables system-to-video stretch blits, as described above, while a value... all system to video stretch blits to the emulator provided by... to conduct system-tovideo stretch blits, but the default filtering used...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
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0.16/5
... Cases of interest: DA14 and BLITS EMI/RFI mitigation support (Smith... INTEREST: BLITS EVENT T.S. KELSO Approved for public release 84 84 BLITS Event  Ball Lens In The Space (BLITS) – Russian laser... for public release 85 85 BLITS Event  Unable to laser range... for public release 86 86 BLITS Event  Review of SOCRATES archives... collision likely  Without external input, BLITS could not maneuver or change... for public release 87 87 BLITS Event  Alternative hypotheses under examination... rate seems to refute breakup – BLITS debris seems too small (~3 cm...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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0.09/5
... collision caused a change in the BLITS orbit parameters as well as... and spin axis orientation. The BLITS optical retroreflector cross-section value... external diameter relative to the BLITS. The primary goal of the... autonomous ball-lens satellite. The BLITS nanosatellite is a passive spacecraft made... NORAD number is 35871. Figure 1. BLITS nanosatellite design Traditionally, the satellites... design and size). For the BLITS nanosatellite, having a full central symmetry... the Luneberg lens principle [2]. The BLITS satellite was included in the... BLITS spacecraft during 40 months for high-accuracy ranging. Last successful BLITS... to get return signals from BLITS, starting from January 22, 2013... an express analysis of the BLITS orbit evolution, made with use... an abrupt decrease of the BLITS orbit major semiaxis by 120.... At the same time, the BLITS orbiting period and velocity were... Figure 2) and 0.067 m/s correspondingly. Figure 2.BLITS nodal period history The most... an abrupt change in the BLITS orbit parameters could be a collision... object near the new BLITS orbit classified as a BLITS fragment (NORAD number... 40 times less than the BLITS radar cross-section. It should be noted that the BLITS radar cross-sectionhas practically remained... force was applied to the BLITS satellite at the moment of... of collision. 1. Using TLE data, a BLITS orbit parameter determination updating is... is determined between the predicted BLITS positions calculated from the orbit... the cause of collision with BLITS has been found from the..., the obtained estimation of the BLITS orbit change moment may be... interval a collision was possible between BLITS and a fragment of the Chinese..., 2013, to a close approach with BLITS (at distance of about 2.5 km... 81 deg, i.e. the fragment approached BLITS from the side. The approach... is shown in Figure 3. The BLITS path is here in the... 3. Geometry of close approach between BLITS and fragment of Chinese satellite... size and mass than BLITS. To confirm the BLITS collision with the... a collision because the orbit of BLITS (which is comparable to the... any definite facts confirming the BLITS collision with the Fengyun 1C... are presented relatively to the BLITS spacecraft, in a moving satellite coordinate... take the minimum distance between BLITS and the Fengyun 1C fragment... the BLITS track Figure 5. Catalogized space object flux relative to BLITS From... probable event is a collision of BLITS with a small uncatalogized space debris... the collision we take the BLITS velocity variation estimated value -0.067... changes in BLITS orbit parameters may be caused by BLITS collision with... radars or optical sensors. The BLITS orbit having a height of ∼800... and height To check the BLITS collision hypothesis and to estimate... current state, several sessions of BLITS photometric observations have been taken... an abrupt decrease of the BLITS brightness variation period relative to... example, in Figures 7 and 8 typical BLITS brightness variation during its normal... results are presented taken during a BLITS pass on September 11, 2012... a part of this pass. The BLITS spin period was the ∼5.6 seconds... the curve. Photometric data for BLITS before break-up(11.09... 400 Observation time, sec Figure7. BLITS brightness variation curve prior to... observation interval) Photometric data for BLITS before break-up(11.09... 180 Observation time, sec Figure 8.BLITS brightness variation curve prior to..., the results are presented of BLITS photometric observations made after January... of BLITS destruction as a result of collision. Photometric data for BLITS after... 45 Observation time, sec Figure 9. BLITS brightness variation curve after destruction... observation interval) Photometric data for BLITS after break-up (16.02... Observation time, sec Figure 10. BLITS brightness variation curve after destruction... an opportunity to determine the BLITS optical radar (lidar) crosssection after... to its initial value. The BLITS nanosatellite is no more a retroreflector... reflected laser radiation. Therefore, the BLITS observation campaign has been canceled on March 5, 2013. The BLITS accident is another demonstration of... is also evident that further BLITS-type nanosatellites should be launched... axis and spin rate for BLITS—a satellite with no propulsion system... came within 20 km of BLITS on Jan 22 had any... mechanical failure hypothesis [10] where BLITS might have come apart along... in an orbit similar to BLITS showed that most encounter geometries... external diameter relative to the BLITS. A schematic drawing of the improved...-M” Expected target parameters of the “BLITS-M” nanosatellite Target error no more... et al, What Happened to BLITS? An Analysis of the 2013...