Спутник навигационных систем. Beidou M1. [Редактировать]

BD 2M (Beidou 2M) и BD 2I (Beidou 2I) - это космические аппараты которые располагаются на средней и геостационарной орбите и составляют второй этап развития китайской клобальной навигационной системы. Условно данные аппараты разделены на две группировки одна из которых носит наименование Compass-M, а вторая Compass-I. Аппараты построены на основе платформы DFH-3 и оснащены как фазированной антенной для передачи сигналов так и лазерными рефлекторами.

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
3Тип орбиты - ГПО
4Страна производитель - Китай

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град53.5
2Апогей, км22464.6
3Перигей, км22454.3
4Период, минут812.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км28830

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2007-011A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2007-04-13 at 20:11:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xBeidou M1
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 3A

Найдено 80 документов по запросу «Beidou M1». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... be profitable. Satellite Navigation China’s Beidou satellite navigation system is planned... differential Beidou, accuracy will be improved to one meter. Unlike GPS, Beidou... sent to other Beidou receivers. Similar to GPS, Beidou is first and..., including the mandatory installation of Beidou receivers on certain vehicles, to... their respective satellite navigation systems, Beidou and the Global Navigation Satellite... over China’s intentions with its Beidou satellite navigation system, the strategic... be limited.” Funding for the Beidou satellite navigation systems, however, appears..., 2001. 227 Zhang Ke, “’北斗’今起照耀亚太区 中国版 GPS 年创产值超千亿” [‘Beidou’ Begins to Cover Asia China...) in a Beidou industrial park.229 These funding figures suggest Beidou is one... the development of Beidou technologies to 2020. Like GPS, Beidou is fundamentally a military-run program with civilian applications. Beidou’s architecture... 8. Beidou launches Spacecraft Beidou-1A Beidou-1B Beidou-1C Beidou-1D Beidou-2 Compass-M1 Beidou-2 Compass-G2 Beidou-2 Compass-G1 Beidou-2 Compass-G3 Beidou-2 Compass-IGSO1 Beidou-2 Compass-G4 Beidou-2 Compass-IGSO2 Beidou-2 Compass-IGSO3 Beidou-2 Compass-IGSO4 Beidou-2 Compass-IGSO5 Beidou-2 Compass-G5 Beidou-2 Compass-M3 Beidou-2 Compass-M4 Beidou-2 Compass-M5 Beidou-2 Compass-M6 Beidou... GEO Like other programs, China’s Beidou navigation satellite program has followed... regional system, Beidou-1, in 2000 that became operational in 2003. Beidou-1 uses..., Beidou-2 also provides a short message service that allows communication between Beidou receivers. Military Use As Beidou’s capabilities improve, the... the GPS and Beidou signals. 411 Tu Yun, “BeiDou Has Better Accuracy... Liu Yanping, “探秘中国北斗导航卫星: 最高机密到民用历时 20 年” [Exploring China’s Beidou Navigation Satellite System: Top Secret...-06/20/c_121557752.htm. 413 “北斗副总师:没先进定位手段曾是心中说不出的痛” [Beidou Deputy Chief Designer: Not Having... Main Station Devoting Itself to Beidou], 新华 [Xinhua], Nov. 9, 2013. 415 “南京军区”使命行动 2013....htm. 417 “长剑-10 导弹配合北斗系统可毁万吨巡洋舰” [Missile Incorporates Beidou System and Can Destroy a 10... adoption of Beidou technologies. These include requiring the installation of Beidou receivers... semitrucks to have factory-installed Beidou receivers.418 Communication Satellites China... 423 “天链一号星和第四颗北斗导航试验卫星交付使用” [Tianlian-1 and the Fourth Beidou Navigation Satellite Handed Over for... on the Development of the BeiDou Satellite Navigation System (Version 2.2),” December... market.603 定位精确度达到 2.5 米” [The Fourth Generation Beidou High-performance Chip Positioning Accuracy... example, the designation of China’s Beidou satellite navigation system as “national... G-1 (Beidou G1) 1/16/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-10 (Beidou ISGO-5) 12/1/11 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-11 (Beidou G5) 2/24/12 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-3 (Beidou G3) 6/2/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-4 (Beidou G4) 10/31/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-5 (Beidou IGSO-1) 7/31/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-6 (Beidou 2-16) 10/25/12 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-7 (Beidou IGSO-2) 12/17/10 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-8 (Beidou IGSO-3) 4/9/11 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass G-9 (Beidou ISGO-4) 7/26/11 Chinese Defense Ministry GEO 8 Compass M1 (Beidou M1) 4/14... M3 (Beidou 2-12) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M4 (Beidou 2-13) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M5 (Beidou 2-14) 9/18/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M6 (Beidou 2-15...



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...-constellation signal [16–18]. The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) is... [17]. Table 1. Constellation of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite (BDS) regional system... BEIDOU M1 BEIDOU G2 BEIDOU G1 BEIDOU G3 BEIDOU G4 BEIDOU IGSO 1 BEIDOU IGSO 2 BEIDOU IGSO 3 BEIDOU IGSO 4 BEIDOU IGSO 5 BEIDOU G5 BEIDOU M3 BEIDOU M4 BEIDOU M5 BEIDOU M6 BEIDOU G6 BEIDOU I1-S BDS M1-S BDS M2-S BDS I2-S BDS M3-S BEIDOU IGSO 6 BEIDOU...: BeiDou Navigation Satellite System; GLONASS: Globalnaya Navigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya PPP. BDS: BeiDou Navigation...-time precise positioning: GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou, and Galileo. J. Geod. 2015, 89... systems: GPS, GLONASS, Galileo and BeiDou. Sci. Rep. 2015, 5. [CrossRef] [PubMed..., J. Precise point positioning using combined BeiDou and GPS observations. In China..., X. Precise point positioning with the BeiDou navigation satellite system. Sensors 2014... using GPS, Glonass, Galileo and BeiDou. J. Geod. Sci. 2014, 4. [CrossRef] ISPRS... positioning with quad-constellations: GPS, BeiDou, GLONASS and Galileo. Adv. Space... the positioning performance analysis of BeiDou in Hong Kong. Surv. Rev...



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... Date (UTC) Launch Time (UTC) BeiDou BeiDou GEO Xichang 12 June 2016... (SP); Around 1.246 GHz (SP) BeiDou China CDMA 35 (5 GEO, 30...-018A 38250 Beidou 2-12 (Compass M3) 2012-018B 38251 Beidou 2-13 (Compass.../04/2012 2012-050A 38774 Beidou 2-14 (Compass M5) China Chinese.../09/2012 2012-050B 38775 Beidou 2-15 (Compass M6) China Chinese.../09/2012 2012-059A 38953 Beidou 2-16 (Compass G-6) China Chinese Defense.../10/2012 2016-037A 41586 Beidou 2-23 (Compass G-7) China Chinese Defense.../06/2016 2015-019A 40549 Beidou 3I-1S China Chinese Defense.../03/2015 2015-053A 40938 Beidou 3I-2S China Chinese Defense.../09/2015 2015-037A 40748 Beidou 3M-1S China Chinese Defense.../07/2015 2015-037B 40749 Beidou 3M-2S China Chinese Defense.../07/2015 2016-006A 41315 Beidou 3M-3S China Chinese Defense... 1/02/2016 2010-001A 36287 Beidou G1 (Compass G-1) China Chinese Defense.../01/2010 2010-024A 36590 Beidou G3 (Compass G-3) China Chinese Defense... 2/06/2010 2010-057A 37210 Beidou G4 (Compass G-4) China Chinese Defense.../10/2010 2012-008A 38091 Beidou G5 (Compass G-11) China Chinese.../02/2012 2010-036A 36828 Beidou IGSO-1 (Compass G-5) China Chinese Defense.../07/2010 2010-068A 37256 Beidou IGSO-2 (Compass G-7) China Chinese Defense.../12/2010 2011-013A 37384 Beidou IGSO-3 (Compass G-8) China Chinese Defense... 9/04/2011 2011-038A 37763 Beidou IGSO-4 (Compass G-9) China Chinese Defense.../07/2011 2011-073A 37948 Beidou IGSO-5 (Compass G-10) China Chinese... 1/12/2011 2016-021A 41434 Beidou IGSO-6 China Chinese Defense Ministry.../03/2016 2007-011A 31115 Beidou M1 (Compass M1) China Chinese Defense Ministry...



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... GPS ............................................................................................................... 24 1.5.4 Сигналы СРНС Galileo и Beidou ............................................................................................ 27 1.5.5 Сигналы QZSS и IRNSS ......................................................................................................... 29... ЦУ ЧМ ЭВМ ЭП AltBOC Beidou BOC BPSK CDMA FDMA Galileo... СРНС – европейской системы Galileo, китайской BeiDou и др. Ожидается, что новые системы... система BeiDou (ранее Compass) в будущем заменит экспериментальную региональную навигационную систему Beidou на... как остальные системы (GPS, Galileo, Beidou и др.) основаны на кодовом разделении... немодулированной несущей. 1.5.4 Сигналы СРНС Galileo и Beidou В рассматриваемых системах применяется кодовое разделение... сигналов Galileo, Beidou, GPS и ГЛОНАСС в диапазоне L1 В системе Beidou применяются бинарные и квадратурные... гражданских сигналов Beidou приведены в таблице 1.2. Таблица 1.2 – Параметры гражданских сигналов Beidou Параметры B1... ,im cl ,(i m) 0 0 . (2.3) i0 переменные i  i1 N i  i 2 , m  m1 N i  m2 , вида где i1 , m1  0,1, ... , N ov  1; i2 , m2... ,i2 и соотношения  i1 N i  i2   (i1  m1 ) N i  i2  m 2   i2  m2     i1 ,    (i1  m1 )   . Ni  Ni     Ni  Тогда выражение (2.3) ... bl ,i2 m2 cl ,( i1  m1 ) (i2 m2 )0 . (2.4) i1  0 i 2  0 Заметим, что... (m)  1 N Nov 1 N i 1  ck ,i1 cl ,i1 m1  bk ,i2 bl ,i2 m2... m2 1  ck ,i1 cl ,i1m11  bk ,i2 bl ,i2 m2... ,i m , m  0. i 0 Nov 1  ck ,i1 cl ,i1 m1 и  ck ,i cl ,i m 1 i1 0 i1 0 1 1 1 после... 1  ck ,i cl ,i  m N ov i  0 (2.7) для сдвигов m  m1 и m  m1  1 , соответственно. В итоге периодическая ВКФ (2.5) каскадных... (m2 )   cp,kl (m1  1)ba,kl (m2  N i ) , (2.8) где m  m1 N i  m 2 , 0  m1  N ov  1, 0  m2  N i  1 . Отметим... сдвигах, кратных периоду внутреннего кода m  m1 N i ( m2  0 ), значения ВКФ (2.8) есть kl (m1 Ni )  cp, kl (m1 )bp, kl (0) , (2.9) так... приходятся на сдвиги, кратные N i , т.е. m  m1 N i , при значениях m1 , соответствующих заметным боковым выбросам... же оверлейную компоненту: K K   kk (m)  K cp (m1 ), m2  0;   kk (m)  0, m2  0 , k 1 k 1 K   2kk (m) K   2  cp...  0; k 1   2kk (m)  0, m2  0 , k 1 где  cp (m1 ) – нормированная периодическая АКФ оверлейного кода. В ... как  2rms 1  N N ov 1    cp (m1 ) 2 . (2.12) m1  0 Как видно из (2.12), малый... АКФ общей оверлейной компоненты, т.е. при m1  0 , значение ВКФ двух каскадных кодов....net/index.php/Galileo_Space_Segment 10. Beidou navigation satellite system. Signal in...



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... of aviation receivers. 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) has... service is available. 2. PROGRESS OF BEIDOU SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 2.1 On December 27th... Office (CNSO) officially released the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal In... Signal (ICD Version 2.0) and the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Open Service... in various applications. 3. PROGRESS OF BEIDOU SARPs DEVELOPMENT 3.1 An initial draft... the Development of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (Version 2.2) Attachment 2: BeiDou Navigation Satellite... Open Service Signal (Version 2.0) Attachment 3: BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Open Service... Report on the Development of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (Version 2.2) China... people used the Big Dipper (Beidou) for identifying directions dating back... of world civilization. Nowadays, the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) will... China’s conditions. In 2000, the BeiDou Navigation Satellite Demonstration System was.... The user segment encompasses various BeiDou user terminals, including those compatible..., with details as follows: Step I: BeiDou Navigation Satellite Demonstration System. In... of BeiDou Navigation Satellite Demonstration System. In 2000, the first 2 BeiDou navigation... system. In 2003, the third BeiDou navigation experiment satellite was launched... enhanced the system performance. The BeiDou Navigation Satellite Demonstration System consists... and performance specifications of the BeiDou Navigation Satellite Demonstration System are..., China initiated the construction of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System. By the... the worldwide scope. Approximately 40 BeiDou navigation satellites in total will... By October 25th, 2012, 16 BeiDou navigation satellites have been launched... Satellite Navigation Office published the “BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal-In... December 27th, 2012, and the “BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Open Service... (version 1.0)” as well as the “BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal-In... available on BeiDou official website (www.beidou.gov.cn). The “BeiDou Navigation Satellite... characteristics and specifications, etc. The “BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal-In... of weather forecasting, a series of BeiDou terminal equipments have been developed... Service for OS (iGMAS) and BeiDou/GNSS Application Demonstration & Experience Campaign... “BeiDou Asia-Pacific Tour” in Pakistan, Korea and other countries. The “BeiDou... 1st BeiDou navigation experiment satellite. l December 21, 2000, launch of 2nd BeiDou navigation experiment satellite. l May 25, 2003, launch of the 3rd BeiDou navigation experiment satellite. l February 3, 2007, launch of the 4th BeiDou navigation experiment satellite. l April 14, 2007, launch of the 1st BeiDou navigation satellite. l April 15, 2009, launch of the 2nd Beidou navigation satellite. l January 17, 2010, launch of the 3rd BeiDou navigation satellite. l June 2, 2010, launch of the 4th BeiDou navigation satellite. l August 1, 2010, launch of the 5th BeiDou navigation satellite. 17 l November 1, 2010, launch of the 6th BeiDou navigation satellite. l December 18, 2010, launch of the 7th BeiDou navigation satellite. l April 10, 2011, launch of the 8th BeiDou navigation satellite. l July 27, 2011, launch of the 9th BeiDou navigation satellite. l December 2, 2011, launch of the 10th BeiDou navigation satellite. l February 25, 2012, launch of the 11th BeiDou... of the 12th and 13th BeiDou navigation satellites. l September 19, 2012... 15th BeiDou navigation satellites. l October 25, 2012, launch of the 16th BeiDou navigation satellites. 18 BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal... Navigation Office Content 1 Statement ........................................................................................... 1 2 Scope ................................................................................................. 1 3 BeiDou System Overview .................................................................. 1 3.1 Space Constellation .................................................................... 1 3.2 Coordinate... China Satellite Navigation Office 1 Statement BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal-In.... 3 BeiDou System Overview 3.1 Space Constellation BeiDou Navigation Satellite System is called BeiDou System... 23 604792 s A 32 2-19 8192 m1/2 e 32 2-33 0.5 — ω 32* 2-31 1 π Δn 16... Office 6 Acronyms BDS BeiDou Navigation Satellite System BDT BeiDou Navigation Satellite System... BDS-SIS-ICD-2.0 2013-12 BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Open Service... Foreword The space constellation of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) will... Office 2 References BDS-SIS-ICD-2.0 "BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Signal In... Acronyms 3.1 Terms and Definitions The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Open Service... this document: BDS - BeiDou Navigation Satellite System; BDT - BeiDou Navigation Satellite System...



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..., and has deployed a pair of Beidou navigation satellites to ensure its... navigation systems.43 The Chinese Beidou system has been under development... additional ground stations for operation. Beidou has the capacity to serve... in and around China.44 Beidou-2, the second generation Chinese satellite.... It will be interoperable with Beidou-1 and will consist of four... research on how to optimize Beidou’s satellite constellation orbital positioning.127... China also operates a pair of Beidou navigational satellites designed to augment... Programs and Global Utilities).67 Beidou may also improve the accuracy... LEO US Navstar GPS IIR-M1 Delta 7925-9.5 Navigation MEO US... EU Galileo system, the Chinese Beidou constellation, or the Japanese Quazi.../2004 Beidou 3 Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation GEO 24/05/2003 Beidou Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation GEO 20/12/2000 Beidou.../07/1991 Navstar GPS IIR-M1 Delta 7925-9.5 US Navigation MEO...://www.astronautix.com/, 43 “The Beidou system,” presentation to the Union...



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... Success GEO Feb 1 Soyuz Progress M1-1 Success LEO Feb 12 Proton... GEO Oct 15 Soyuz Progress M1-3 Success LEO Oct 21 Proton... to GEO, as was two Beidou spacecraft for navigation. The remaining... OPAL SSDL Soyuz Baikonur Progress M1-1 RKK Energia ü Atlas 2AS CCAFS... 2A * Galaxy 4R PanAmSat * Progress M1-2 MirCorp GOES L NOAA 1/26/00... M1-3 DSCS III 3-12 * GE 6 * Thuraya 1 * Europe Star 1 ISS 2R Beidou 1A... Ldrex 12/21/00 Xichang Beidou 1B NASA Sirius Satellite Radio...



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... such navigation systems as China’s Beidou, India’s IRNSS, and the EU... Galileo Navigation System and China’s Beidou Navigation System. Galileo is designed... law enforcement.164 The Chinese Beidou system is experimental and limited... will extend Beidou into a global system called Compass or Beidou-2 for military... and 30 in MEO. While Beidou will initially provide only regional... continue to evolve The Chinese Beidou (Compass) system is expected to... Russia’s GLONASS.61 China’s regional Beidou system will also be available... in 200939 Satellite Operator Raduga 1-M1 (Cosmos 2450) Function Orbit Launch....143 China also operates the Beidou regional navigation system that is... in times of conflict.144 Beidou may also improve the accuracy... of upgrading Beidou to a global satellite navigation system – the Beidou-2 or Compass... China launched the first Compass-M1 test satellite into MEO in... service. The second-generation Chinese Beidou 135 Space Security 2010 (Compass....206 While China’s first-generation Beidou satellite navigation constellation provides coverage... second satellite for the nextgeneration Beidou (Compass) satellite navigation system, with... EU Galileo system, the Chinese Beidou constellation, and the Japanese Quazi... 2009-010A 2/28/2009 Raduga 1-M1 (Cosmos 2450) Military Communications Russia...-049A 9/17/2009 Meteor-M (Meteor-M1) Government Meteorology Russia Soyuz 2-1b.../programme/services_en.htm. 164 “The Beidou System,” Presentation to the Union...



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... [10] 1.3 BeiDou - Regional satellite navigation system of China Implementation of BeiDou (BeiDou Navigation... be performed in three stages. BeiDou is the Chinese term for... stage BeiDou-1 and BeiDou-2 coverage [5] The first stage of the program - BeiDou-1, was... stage of the program - COMPASS (BeiDou-2), was completed in year 2012... the satellite navigation system COMPASS (BeiDou-2). The most important basic parameters..., Initial Assessment of the Compass/BeiDou-2 regional Navigation satellite System, 2012... nondimensional form 2 •• -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7 -0.8 W ⋅ GM ξ ϕ , ω 0= , τ = ω 0 t, β = , I Iω0 ϕV f 0= M0 I ω 02 ϕ V , f 1= M1 I ω 02 ϕ V ,ω = Ω 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 1 Figure 1 Bifurcation diagram The... volume for both zones kg m1 + m2 = ms V1 + V2 = VS... calculated as follows: af  Q (ϕ) af  m1(ϕ) = mair,1(ϕ) + mfuel(φ) = mfuel(ϕ) ⋅  stoic +1 = chem..., temperatures and the cylinder pressure: m1 R1T1 PS , m RT V2 = 2 2 2 ps... ∫ [ ps (ϕ) − pmot(ϕ)]m1(ϕ)dϕ − ∫[ ps (ϕ) − pmot(ϕ)]m1(ϕ)dϕ B(ϕ) = ϕSOC ϕSOC ϕEVO ∫[ p (ϕ) − p s (ϕ)]m1(ϕ)dϕ mot ϕSOC A∗ Is...



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..., and has deployed a pair of Beidou navigation satellites to ensure access... km; 98.7° 2,600 2,300 Long Beidou PRC 2 Feb 195 km x 41... navigation systems.130 The Chinese Beidou system, designed for regional use... a global system called Compass or Beidou-2 for military, civilian, and commercial... satellites in 2007: an experimental Beidou navigation satellite into GEO on... 13 April 2007.164 The Beidou system, currently composed of four... is intended to build on Beidou and gradually become a global system... Russia’s GLONASS.139 China’s regional Beidou system may also be available....138 China also operates four Beidou regional navigational satellites designed to... in times of conflict.139 Beidou may also improve the accuracy... a global satellite navigation system, the Beidou-2 or “Compass” system, expanding on... capabilities. China launched the Compass-M1 test satellite into MEO in... a Beidou Test System satellite into GEO on 2 February 2007.197 The Beidou... China. Unlike other navigation systems, Beidou is composed of four satellites... intended to build on the Beidou Test System, first by providing...-003A 2/3/07 Chang Zheng 3A Beidou 4 China China Navigation CAST GEO... 4/14/07 Chang Zheng 3A Beidou 5 China China Navigation CAST MEO... EU Galileo system, the Chinese Beidou constellation, and the Japanese Quazi... 13 April 2007. The Compass-M1 was successfully launched onboard a Long... Center.77 The previous four Beidou satellites were all placed in.../2002 Beidou 5 Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation MEO 13/04/2007 Beidou 4 Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation GEO 02/02/2007 Beidou 3 Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation GEO 24/05/2003 Beidou Chang Zheng 3A China Navigation GEO 20/12/2000 Beidou.../09/2006 Navstar GPS IIR-M1 Delta 7925-9.5 US Navigation MEO...