Спутник ДЗЗ. Biomass. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-05-03. Airbus выбрана головным исполнителем работ по новому аппарату.
Компания Airbus Defence and Space UK выбрана европейским космическим агентством в качестве головного исполнителя работ по космическому аппарату Biomass. Согласно предварительный данным масса аппарата будет составлять около 1250 кг., а датой запуска определен 2021 год. Отличительной особенностью аппарата будет являться то, что он будет оснащен Р-диапазонным радаром с диаметром антенны около 12 метров (производитель компания Harris). Общая стоимость проекта составляет около 420 млн. евро. Средством выведения выбран РН Вега. САС аппарата составляет 5 лет. Данный аппарат не будет входить в состав группировки Copernicus, однако его данные будут дополнять получаемые с КА Sentinel данные. Вместе с тем, европейцы так и не разъяснили то, что заявленные частоты 420-450 мГц, уже используются военными США в системах предупреждения о раннем ракетном нападении. Кроме этого многие страны ранее также обнародовали данные о том, что они собираются задействовать данный диапазон.Тэги: BiomassHarris corporationAirbus GroupЕвропейское космическое агентство
22016-07-29. Компания Harris заключила соглашение с Airbus.
Airbus Defence and Space выбрала компанию Harris в качестве поставщика 12-и метрового рефлектора космического аппарата Biomass, который предназначен для решения задачи слежения за состоянием экосистемы Земли.Срок запуска КА по прежнему обозначен 2021 годом. Источником финансирования выступает европейское космическое агенство, которое и заказало спутник радиолокационного наблюдения Земли в P диапазоне.Тэги: BiomassHarris corporationAirbus Group
32017-10-17. Thales Alenia Space выиграла контракт на поставку оборудования в интересах миссии Biomass.
Европейская Thales Alenia Space подписала контракт с Airbus Defence and Space GmbH на разработку системы подачи для антенного комплекса. Согласно сообщению компании основной особенностью оборудования будет являться повышенная надежность, что позволит гарантировать выход аппарата на полностью функциональный режим. Датой пуска аппарата назван 2021 год. В качестве технических характеристик в сообщении Thales указана возможность осуществлять измерение высоты лесного покрова Земли с разрешением до 200 метров, а мест без растительности с разрешающей способностью около 50 метров. К отличительным особенностям аппарата было отнесено использование P диапазонного радара (SAR, 435 Мгц). Тэги: BiomassThales Alenia Space
42018-05-12. Sener будет отвечать за производство оборудования для создания P диапазонного радиолокатора Biomass.
Компания Sener выбрана разработчиком и производителем устройств для тестирования космического аппарата Biomass. Кроме этого компания разработает все устройства для сборки конструкции аппарата, включая и систему вертикальной транспортировки, сборки-разборки панелей, а также оборудования для сборки радара.
Основной целью запуска космического аппарата станет получение 3Д карт лесных массивов с разрешением около 200 метров. Тэги: Biomass

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг.1170
2Диаметр (антенны), метра12
3Габариты, метра10 x 12 x 20

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость , млн. евро2016-04-03420

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Biomass». [Перейти к поиску]


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... forestry. Sources of biomass and sources of controversy Biomass for energy may... in defining biomass potential The methodologies used to estimate global biomass potentials... assumptions underpin estimates of biomass potential? Biomass potential studies can be broadly... biomass: sources of contention and essential context . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1 Controversies surrounding biomass potential estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Biomass... is meant by biomass potential? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 3.2 What sources of biomass are included... water for biomass production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 5.4 Other considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Energy from biomass: the... of global biomass potential studies . . . . . . . . . 65 6.4 The interplay between biomass and food scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 6.5 Using global biomass potentials to... focussed biomass potential assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Figure 3.2: A scheme for categorising global biomass potential... biomass potential estimates from different biomass sources and land classes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Figure 4.3: Biomass..., medium and low biomass potential estimates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Figure A1.1: Biomass potential estimates... and rewards of energy from biomass Using biomass to provide energy services... availability of biomass, but by the suitability of the biomass that is... discussion of biomass-for-energy potentials (hereafter referred to as biomass potentials... critiques of biomass potential assessments. These criticisms Energy from biomass: the size..., the biomass, and for the waste materials derived from the biomass (Berndes... 2.2: From biomass to bio-energy: conversion technologies and options Biomass resources include..., this chapter examines how biomass potentials and biomass resources have been defined... is meant by biomass potential? The availability of biomass is commonly described... made between biomass potentials and bioenergy potentials. In this report biomass potential... change. This biomass category is not useful for analysing biomass production, except as a comparator of biomass production vs... the technical biomass potential level, defined as follows: Technical biomass potential: the gross energy content of biomass that could... an inventory of biomass resources. Potential sources of biomass, and alternative schemes... use) or increase the biomass potential, (e.g. if biomass from landscape conservation activities... categories of biomass feedstocks Energy cropsa Primary residuesb,c Classification Biomass source Conventional... for a resourced focussed biomass potential assessment Information about biomass production and use... uptake of 18 Calculate biomass potential biomass to serve energy markets depends... used to calculate biomass resources for energy use; biomass demand is not... converted to biomass by photosynthesis, and the proportion of that biomass partitioned... the global potential of biomass for energy. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 119..., M. and Mozaffarian, H. (2008) Biomass assessment: assessment of global biomass potentials and their... contribution to biomass potentials from the different categories of biomass is described... contributions to global biomass potential estimates from different biomass sources and land... 400 Global biomass consumption 2008 200 0 Energy crops Wastes & residues Biomass source... potential (primary energy content of biomass) 1600 Biomass potential (Contribution to primary... contained in the biomass, we find that the biomass potential ranges from... high, medium and low biomass potential estimates Global biomass potential (EJ) • 1200... underpinning biomass potential estimates The assumptions contained in global biomass potential studies... high, medium and low biomass potential estimates Global biomass potential (EJ) • 1200... limitations of global biomass potential studies Energy from biomass: the size of... fact that: • Sustainable biomass may cost more than unsustainable biomass. • Global population... our interpretation of biomass potentials. These include: Relating global biomass potentials to... higher levels of biomass use. 69 70 Energy from biomass: the size...) Status of biomass resource assessments - version 1: a report for the Biomass Energy Europe... the global potential of biomass for energy. Biomass and Bioenergy, 25, 119... soil erosion potential associated with biomass crops. Biomass and Bioenergy, 14, 351... activities for biomass potential assessment in Europe. 17th European Biomass Conference and..., M. and MOZAFFARIAN, H. (2008) Biomass assessment: assessment of global biomass potentials and their.... Low demand, low biomass supply. Energy from biomass: the size of the...



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..., and objective estimations of forest biomass are essential to terrestrial ecosystem... data to estimate forest aboveground biomass (AGB) in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province... [2–4]. Forest biomass, accounting for 90% of the terrestrial vegetation biomass on the... [5]. Traditional methods for measuring forest biomass, such as field surveys that... level structure parameters for forest biomass estimation, but these parameters are... aboveground biomass (AGB). The accuracy of LiDAR-measured vegetation height and biomass... distribution and biomass estimation [16]. Therefore, to obtain forest biomass data at... of biomass derivation results. Lefsky et al. [18] estimated forest biomass by combining forest biomass extracted from airborne LiDAR... biomass estimation research. Studies have been conducted to estimate the forest biomass..., and sampled. A tropical seasonal rainforest biomass allometric equation is used to... were sampled. A tropical seasonal rainforest biomass allometric is used to estimate..., and average biomass data (Mg/ha) is calculated. the biomass data were... 2. The relationships of biomass and tree heights. (a) Original biomass model vs. tree heights Figure 2. The relationships of biomass and tree heights. (a) Original biomass model vs. tree heights and (b) modified biomass model vs. tree heights (n = 65). and (b) modified biomass model vs... using 1938 GLAS points [28]. 3.4. Biomass Modeling First, canopy heights generated..., and measured biomass were used to build a multivariate biomass estimation model. Considering... canopy height.biomass The results listedused in Table 2 (where biomass, xmodels 1 is... y is biomass, x 1 is canopy A total of 75 field measured biomass data were... estimate biomass, with a determination coefficient of 0.61 and F test The biomass estimation is shown Figurein6a. of 59.23. The biomass result estimation result in is shown Figure 6a. (a) (a) (b) (b) Figure 6. Biomass map of the Xishuangbanna forest area. (a) Canopy heights vs. biomass; and (b) Figure Biomass Xishuangbanna forest area. (a) Canopy heights vs. biomass; and (b) canopy 6. heights andmap LAIsofvs.the biomass. (a) (b) canopy heights and LAIs vs. biomass. Figure 6. Biomass map of the Xishuangbanna forest area. (a) Canopy heights vs. biomass; and (b) Figure 6. Biomass map of the Xishuangbanna forest area. (a) Canopy heights vs. biomass; and canopy heights and LAIs vs. biomass. (b) canopy heights and LAIs vs. biomass. ISPRS Int... 2. Regression models lists (Y represents the biomass. x1 represents canopy height and... represents LAI.). Parameters Height vs. Biomass Function Polynomial Power function Exponential... relation with continuous field measured biomass datacoefficient were also used to... biomass estimation result isforest shown in Figure 6b. As shown 6, the biomass...,307,820 Mg biomass (by the canopy height biomass model), and 110... andthe thecanopy analysis results areLAI-biomass listed in Table 3. TheBoth results... of the field-estimated biomass versus theThe estimated biomass at 21 field... determination for the univariate estimation biomass was 0.67calculate (RMSE =the 52... biomass model), and the combination treethe height and LAI can improve biomass... 18.0% and 11.7%, respectively. Table 3. Biomass accuracy analysisversus (n = 21). Figure 7 illustrates... the estimation field-estimated biomass the estimated biomass at 21 field-sampling.... Biomass (Mg/ha) 32.45 38.20 biomass estimation accuracy. (a) (b) Figure 7. Biomass validation results based on unused field-measured data. (a) Heights vs. biomass, Figure 7. Biomass validation results based on unused field-measured data. (a) Heights vs. biomass; and (b) heights and LAIs vs. biomass (n = 21). and (b) heights and LAIs vs. biomass (n = 21). 5. Discussion... may arise in the final biomass estimation. A biomass estimation model including all.... (In Chinese). Jingyun, F.; Guohua, L.; Songling, X. Biomass and net production of forest...–508. Nascimento, H.E.; Laurance, W.F. Total aboveground biomass in central Amazonian rainforests: A landscape.... [CrossRef] [PubMed] Feng, Z.W.; Wang, X.K.; Wu, G. Biomass and Production of Forest Ecosystems..., W.B. Combining lidar estimates of aboveground biomass and Landsat estimates of stand..., K.; Pang, Y.; Shu, Q.; Fu, T. Aboveground forest biomass estimation using ICESat GLAS in..., J.; He, Y.; Duan, W.; Song, J.; Xu, H.; Zhu, S. Biomass and its allocation in tropical...) Tang, J.W.; Pang, J.P.; Chen, M.Y.; Guo, X.M.; Zeng, R. Biomass and its estimation model of...



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... Fuel Stability Plan Application Redacted 1 5.7 Biomass............................................................................................................................. 54 2 5.8 Imports .............................................................................................................................. 55 3 5.9 US Dollar... ..................................................... 50 22 Figure 20 – CONFIDENTIAL Biomass Cost Comparison 2016-2019 ...................................................... 51....4) Solid Fuel $(43.6) $(3.0) Oil Wind $1.3 Biomass $2.4 Natural Gas $4.8 IPP $7.3 Imports $8.2 COMFIT... Maritime Link COMFIT IPP Oil Biomass Wind $(8.2) Solid Fuel $(8.8) Imports $(32... Gas Maritime Link Other Wind Biomass IPP COMFIT $(1.7) Oil Solid Fuel....3 $0.0 $1.0 13 Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Additives Maritime Link....1 $33.5 $0.0 1 $1.1 Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Additives Maritime Link....3 $109.7 $0.0 $1.1 Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Additives Maritime Link....8 $109.9 $0.0 $1.1 1 2 Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Additives Maritime Link....8% 55.8% 2 0.8% 0.0% 6.0% Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Renewables Purchased Power....2% 0.0% 53.0% 3 5.6% 0.9% 7.9% Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Renewables Purchased Power....5% 9.7% 7.3% 6.3% 52.9% 6.1% Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Renewables Purchased Power....4% 45.9% 9.0% 6.3% Solid Fuel Natural Gas Biomass Liquid Fuels* Renewables Purchased Power.... 23 24 Figure 20 – CONFIDENTIAL Biomass Cost Comparison 2016-2019 25... and IPP Other (which includes biomass, 7 biogas, hydro and tidal). COMFIT... and include generation 8 from wind, biomass, biogas, run-of-river hydro..., universities, combined heat & 13 power biomass facilities, community economic development investment.... 10 11 5.7 Biomass 12 13 The Port Hawkesbury Biomass Plant (PHB) opened... naturally occurs with freshly harvested biomass forest fibre. 19 Practices have... referenced in Appendix A OE-01F. Biomass procurement and management has evolved... must operate the Port Hawkesbury biomass power generation plant as a base... Board’s COS decision,49 purchased biomass power is classified 6 between fuel... applicable 7 to NS Power’s own biomass generation. The fuel component is... of purchases from wind and biomass generation sources, which are also..., heavy fuel oil, 5 natural gas, biomass), and by fuel supplier, for... of all units including 4 hydro, biomass and tidal, submitted as a Gantt... / Petcoke Petcoke / Coal Point Tupper Biomass Biomass Combustion Turbines Tufts Cove 4 Tufts... / Petcoke Petcoke / Coal Point Tupper Biomass Biomass Combustion Turbines Tufts Cove 4 Tufts... / Petcoke Petcoke / Coal Point Tupper Biomass Biomass Combustion Turbines Tufts Cove 4 Tufts... of 10 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR BIOMASS Biomass Fuel shall be delivered as... in length. The percentage of Biomass Fuel less than six (6) millimetres...%) of the total quantity. All Biomass Fuel shall be substantially free... during the unloading of the Biomass Fuel at the Designated Delivery... extraneous materials from the Biomass Fuel. All Biomass Fuel shall be comprised... physical properties of the materials. Biomass Fuel shall meet the following... requirements (wet basis): (i) Secondary forest biomass: (a) November to April deliveries: Monthly... percent (55%). (ii) Primary forest biomass (a) November to April deliveries: Monthly... exceeding fifty percent (50%). The Biomass Fuel shall not contain a level...), natural gas (commodity and transportation), biomass, oil (high-sulfur fuel oil... Biomass and Wind Maritime Link 13 19 R Fuel-related C o s t s f r o m C O S Purchased Power- Biomass...) Fuel costs before PP Purchased Biomass Generation Relative Share Bio-fuel... Purchased Power Regular bfr Biomass Purchased Power - Biomass Non-Wind Purchases February... Generation (NRIS) Wind Generation (ERIS) Biomass Generation Other Total Comfit $6,185... Total FAM related costs Purchased Biomass Generation BLT Fuel Costs GRLF....00% REDACTED Appendix G-1 Page 5 of 6 Biomass Calculations ($ in millions) 2017 Capital... 25 S T U Purchased Power other than Biomass and Wind Maritime Link R/C Ratios... 19 R Fuel-related C o s t s f r o m C O S Purchased Power- Biomass Energy Requirement 13 18 Q Cost...) Fuel costs before PP Purchased Biomass Generation Relative Share Bio-fuel... Purchased Power Regular bfr Biomass Purchased Power - Biomass Non-Wind Purchases $1,712... Generation (NRIS) Wind Generation (ERIS) Biomass Generation Other Total Comfit Imports....00% REDACTED Appendix G-2 Page 5 of 6 Biomass Calculations ($ in millions) 2017 Capital... Biomass and Wind Maritime Link 13 19 R Fuel-related C o s t s f r o m C O S Purchased Power- Biomass...,161 $41,965,537 Purchased Biomass Generation Relative Share Bio-fuel... Purchased Power Regular bfr Biomass Purchased Power - Biomass Non-Wind Purchases Wind... Generation (NRIS) Wind Generation (ERIS) Biomass Generation Other Total Comfit Imports....00% REDACTED Appendix G-3 Page 5 of 6 Biomass Calculations ($ in millions) 2019 Capital...



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... for example all kinds of biomass, water / wind / sun energy, soil... some trees for timber and biomass burning etc.). It's also ok... all away, collecting trash and biomass from the environment large-scale... head) with a lathe. Planting the biomass you burn. With heated clothing..., or an equivalent of other biomass. You can collect that for... plant an equivalent amount of biomass. For that, look up the... produced at least double the biomass you burnt. Instead of collecting...) available everywhere. Non-wood biomass. This is biomass that's not really fit... pretty much every kind of biomass), it's way more sustainable and... you want to store. Solid biomass. This is just storing the...: sources" (wood and all other biomass) in dry, raw form. This... / 0.5 m³ of biogas per kg of biomass (see "Methane Production Potential of... advantage is that the undigested biomass is way more compact, safe... (from algae farming and other biomass conversion) and even is a byproduct... step of wood (and other biomass) gasification, before the actual gasification.... Woodgas uses the carbon in biomass completely, unlike methane production – but.... A reformed variant of the "solid biomass" way of storage, for wood... from a wide range of dried biomass, including grass. No ethanol. Needed... in autarkic communities from fermenting biomass, and thus will not be... created form a wider range of biomass, so with using less plant..., kitchen mixer, drill, grinding stone, biomass shredder etc.. So where meaningfully... water / wastewater / thermal energy storage / biomass bulk storage These storage units... useful plants / construction wood / burnable biomass / fish / trash ○ For coordinating the... would use all kinds of biomass (incl. farmed algae) to produce... area should ● have some burnable biomass or trash to gather. Taking... can be created from abundant biomass in sufficient amount, and is... from the anaerobic digester and biomass gasifier used to power the... be powered by methane and a biomass gasifier, not by a pyrolysis burner... etc. ○ ● 4.21 energy: large ● ● ● 1 EA biomass dryer, for bike trailer transport... also be used to dry biomass before gasification. The generic applicability... a self-propelled vehicle, powered from biomass trash one can collect along... for heated clothing, connector for biomass dryer ○ This is a clever combination... economical and road-legal. 1 EA biomass gasifier control unit, automatic start... (15 times more oil per biomass; http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki... for transporting a stock of collected biomass as truck fuel when travelling... (like deserts). Such low-grade biomass (like gras etc.) has a large... for drying, since all other biomass goes through anaerobic digestion and... much less energy than shredding biomass to fine pieces (important as... the wood before burning. 1 EA biomass dryer, powered by thermal energy... is needed to prevent wet biomass from rotting, which is potentially... storage facility. 1 EA biomass pelletizer, for dried biomass, creating brick-shaped pellets... achieve compact storage of dried biomass, that is, increasing the fuel... 27 kg, while 1 m³ of stacked biomass pellets has about 1000 kg.... Note that collected and dried biomass such as hay has similar... later. ○ One batch run of biomass digestion takes about 12-20... requires a too large volume of biomass (esp. since the output is... other kind of biomass. Indeed, producing methane from algae biomass is possible... other things, for producing burnable biomass bricks from paper and sawdust... about growing food, but also biomass as a side product, which will...-demand with the variable-speed biomass digester, this storage is only... shredder, for biomass, containerized ○ For shredding burnable and digestable biomass to prepare...://opensourceecology.org/wiki/Chipper_Hammermill 1 EA biomass drying facility, using the hot... biomass which they cannot store in their own storage facilities. ○ Wood, biomass... burns well, and only dry biomass stays undigested until putting it... plant. 1 EA biomass storage facility, for dried digestable biomass, large volume ○ This... all groups to deposit excess biomass which they cannot store in... own storage facilities. ○ Storing the biomass in dry form is a simple... always be produced of burnig biomass, alongside heat). A second thermal energy... (20 - 95°C): ■ room heating ■ drying biomass and trash, before storing them... that one simply throws new biomass on top of the heap... summer can be used for biomass fuel drying etc.. The process... solvent and fuel. This uses biomass to produce ethanol. ○ Tip: Get... collection robots, for waste and biomass, autonomous ○ These robots collect waste... all kinds of non-rotten biomass like autumn leaves, wayside grass... can be produced from this biomass, and the humus can be... to extract wood / glas / paper / biomass / different types of plastic / different... land-based use only ○ Existing biomass waste (like from human consumption..., producing hydrogen is possible without biomass, so also in arctic and... refilled easily during voyage as biomass is rare on the sea...



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... of this element in the biomass. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230 Titov Sergey, Mikhelson Sergey... up to 20 kg of biomass/km and the long-eared... the trophic specificity and the biomass ratio of herpethofauna in studied... groups. The highest quantity of biomass removed annually from a hectare of... after the quantity of used biomass that serves for determining their... of an ecosystem. The annual biomass consumed by herpethofaunistic complex species... to 36,8 kg/ha of biomass. The concentration of nocturnal and... in the biomass at the early stages of action and biomass quantity... with xenobiotics, correlates with the biomass quantity at the end of... content in the biomass with the reduction of biomass accumulation (table 1) Table 1 The level of MDA and biomass quantity... and ZnS nanoparticles Monitoring indicator Biomass ,%M MDA, %M Biomass ,%M MDA, %M Concentration of ZnSe... of MDA content in porfidrium biomass after 6 hours of contact with... above, associates with a decrease of biomass quantity which accumulates at the... aims further increase of fish biomass without worsen interspecific trophic competition... scarce during investigation period: the biomass of total zooplankton oscillated between... winter period the density and biomass of zooplankton were almost equal... Axio Imager А.2 (Zeiss). The hydrobiont biomass has been determined via their... total biomass has varied from 0.006 g/m to 2971.764g/ m, the biomass without... 39000 ind./m. The density and biomass of benthic organisms have had... period, the chironomids increased in biomass, especially at the third sampling... components of microalgae and cyanobacteria biomass – donors of active functional groups... by the microalgae biomass component fractions. Thus, obtained prophyridium biomass in culture... the preventive oxidation application providing biomass accumulation of 95% of the....1% of copper (II). For Nostoc biomass, as well is characteristic a high... alkaline leaching of uranium, ensuring biomass accumulation of 85% from present...% of copper (II). The obtained biomass in terms of storage, since... phycological objects, offers through its biomass bioactive components, considered active functional... principle fraction obtained in fractioned biomass accumulation under different times of... exopolysaccharides from porphyridium and nostoc biomass present average levels of chrome... nostoc protein preparations obtained from biomass fractions can be characterized effective... of this element in the biomass Rudic Valeriu1, Djur Svetlana1, Cepoi... accumulation of this element in biomass. The object of study was... cell mas in g/l absolutely dry biomass. Selenium was determined by atomic... on the growth of spirulina biomass, in its cultivation in the.... Selenium accumulates in the spirulina biomass at its cultivation in the... accumulation level in the spirulina biomass was set for Fe3Se3O9∙6H2O... compounds containing selenium. Also, spirulina biomass with bio-transformed selenium content... obvious a classic correlation between the biomass of planktonic organisms (phytoplankton – zooplankton...-52,46 million cell/l with biomass 2,53-7,98 g/m in spring period...-40,19 million cell/l with biomass 5,60-14,50 g/m in summer...-54,45 million cell/l with biomass 2,14-21,63 g/m in autumn... to Cyanophyta, while in algal biomass formation – to Bacillariophyta. The maximum... followed by fluctuations of phytoplankton biomass values, successions of plankton algae...-time oscillations of number and biomass values, that stands out when... 29,58 mln.cel/l with biomass from 1,02 to 17,19... 29,36 mln.cel/l with biomass from 0,43 to 12,26... 24,96 mln.cel/l with biomass from 1,15 to 5,34 during... in the formation of phytoplankton biomass in both investigated stations, with... the seasonal fluctuations of phytoplankton biomass do not make corresponding changes... are noted high rates of a biomass at the expense of development...



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... и более клубней Khadyka O. N. DEVELOPMENT OF BIOMASS AND PLANT RHIZOSPHERE ZONE WHEN... UNGULATE POPULATIONS PRODUCTIVITY ON THEIR BIOMASS The analysis of the data... main part of the ungulate biomass. The biomass upbuilding at the expense... A. I., Poznyak S. S., Kuchur S. S., Butsko A. A. EFFICIENCY OF BIOMASS MARSH AND MEADOW VEGETATION ON... that increase and formation of biomass of marsh vegetation substantially depended... 1 LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY BIOMASS FROM REWETTED PEATLANDS Using a life... of the biomass. If hard coal is substituted by biomass from rewetted... substitution of hard coal by biomass from rewetted peatlands as fuel... grass (Poaceae) with an aboveground biomass up to 30 t ha–1 y–1. In... content (i.e. 39–59%) of reed biomass makes it a demanding source for... material for functional polymers. Reed biomass is converted into energy through... long distance transport. Still, reed biomass is pressed into bales, briquettes... the applications of harvested reed biomass, reed beds have the ability... Western Pomerania (NE Germany). Using biomass from rewetted fens as a renewable... the same time the growing biomass can serve as a renewable resource..., K and Na in the aboveground biomass. In this study we investigatedhow... weight of late-harvest reed biomass. The Cl contentsofbiomass from brackish... in chemical composition of reed biomass. The contents of less soluble... Ecology, Greifswald, Germany HARVESTING WETLAND BIOMASS: SPECIFYING COSTS AND BENEFITS ON... wet conditions. Furthermore, harvesting wetland biomass can also be appropriate to... combating invasive species. Thereby the biomass utilisation is hoped to ameliorate... respective utilisation of reed. The biomass was processed for energy generation... accountings were conducted to estimate biomass supply costs and compare the... the risk not to cover biomass supply costs. Harvesting reed for... the economic feasibility of wetland biomass harvest. This abstract has been... used for the production of biomass to replace fossil raw materials... of biomass on rewetted peatlands. Paludiculture is the cultivation of biomass on... Willows (Salix spec.). The plant biomass that can be cultivated after... over the world show that biomass from paludiculture can be used... OF WET PEATLANDS BIOMASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES The biomass from wet and... be substituted by bio-fuels (biomass pellets). However, for the practical... all, to provide machinery for biomass harvesting on the wet and... the proposed technological chains of biomass harvesting for its use for... Botany and Landscape Ecology, Germany BIOMASS CHARACTERISTICS OF WET FENS IN... range of use options for biomass from wet peatlands. Here, we... substituting peat as a fuel). The biomass potentials of selected wet peatlands... about 9.8–11.7 t of dry reed biomass per hectare and year were... and process management if the biomass is used in conventional combustion... proves that the utilisation of biomass from wetlands as a substitute for... of peat and peatland biomass and further investigates biomass characteristics. This abstract... W. LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF ENERGY BIOMASS FROM REWETTED PEATLANDS 267 Koebbing..., POLAND 268 Wichmann S. HARVESTING WETLAND BIOMASS: SPECIFYING COSTS AND BENEFITS ON... WET PEATLANDS BIOMASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES 270 Wichtmann W.,Tanneberger F. BIOMASS CHARACTERISTICS OF...



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... and environmental parameters ....................................................... 20  2.2.2.  MPB biomass, MPB pigment and microalgal composition... dominant group in terms of biomass (e.g. McIntire & Moore 1977, Admiraal 1984... dominate, both in abundance and biomass, many costal and estuarine diatom... been detected in terms of biomass (e.g. Jesus et al. 2005). Sediment... patterns of variability of MPB biomass (e.g. Brotas et al. 1995, Jesus... g C m-2 year-1) by Gameiro (2009). Microphytobenthos biomass proxies, like chlorophyll a concentration, have.... 1996). The bulk of MPB biomass is concentrated in the top... al. 2006a). Spatial patterns of biomass distribution seem to be quite... 2005, Jesus et al. 2009). Biomass was found to be positively... also clear indications that MPB biomass does not show any clear.... 2009), although seasonal variations in biomass may be present in sandflats... period. 2.2.2. MPB biomass, MPB pigment and microalgal composition Microphytobenthic biomass on the... pattern occurred with the other biomass proxies, NDVI and Fo15 (Figure... biomass distribution than sediment type (Jesus et al. 2009). Regarding the biomass... a common decrease in biomass in November 2003. Figure 6 – Microphytobenthos biomass proxy parameters...). 24 CHAPTER 2 – STUDY AREA Figure 7 – Biomass variation at the 6 sampling stations... of vegetation, its architecture or biomass structure and the growth forms... et al. 2004). High superficial biomass and small particle size produce... more important, when considering MPB biomass variations (Peletier 1996, Trites et... they can have very high biomass and productivity (MacIntyre et al.... 5.3.1. Epipsammon Considering the variation of biomass and Fucoxanthin/Chla ratios during..., in particular, variations in MPB biomass and summer peaks of cyanobacteria... greatly affected by fluctuations in biomass or by increasing interactions with... et al. 2007), even when biomass/cell numbers estimations detect spring... events that destroy and remove biomass and the MPB community (Miller... a whole and are responsible for biomass peaks and crashes or the... seasonal patterns in terms of biomass (Jesus et al. 2009) but... (Figure 19). A bi-modal annual biomass (or cell numbers) pattern, with.... 2000). A lack of seasonal MPB biomass patterns in other Tagus estuary... the perception of an epipelon biomass temporal pattern, although it did... in a more pronounced fluctuation in biomass and/or assemblage structure and... tide, MPB primary production and biomass is concentrated in a very narrow... in A1, the higher MPB biomass (Figure 6), as well as a larger... richness and identity on epipelic biomass (e.g. Vanelslander et al. 2009b) or...-temporal distribution of the microphytobenthic biomass in intertidal flats of Tagus... size effect on benthic microalgal biomass in shallow aquatic ecosystems. Marine... vertical distribution: modeling the productive biomass and improving ground truth measurements... fluorescence as a proxy for microphytobenthic biomass: alternatives to the current methodology... WK (2007) Linking benthic algal biomass to stream substratum. Journal of..., structure, and location on the biomass and community structure of colonizing... vertical distribution of benthic microalgal biomass in intertidal muddy sediments. Diatom...-term variations in the productive biomass of intertidal microphytobenthos. Marine Ecology... of mouth opening on the biomass and community structure of microphytobenthos... DB (2002) Factors affecting microphytobenthic biomass, species composition and production in... drive positive diversity effects on biomass production in experimental benthic diatom... R (2000) Seasonal dynamics of microphytobenthos biomass and photosynthetic characteristics in the...



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... the growth is attributed to biomass, municipal solid waste (MSW), and..., particularly in the cases of biomass and wind [18]. The legislation... on increased use of hydroelectricity, biomass, geothermal, solar, and waste-to... in Climate Change Policy Historically, biomass—including wood, charcoal, and agriculture... needs of the developing world. Biomass is generally considered a carbon-neutral... emissions from the combustion of biomass are largely balanced by transfers... from the atmosphere back into biomass as part of the global... cycle. If the use of biomass resources is not sustainable, however... Role of Biomass in Energy-Related Carbon Emissions Estimates Biomass, largely in... the supply and application of biomass energy varies widely by region... or unaffordable. Because data on biomass use in developing countries are... not explicitly include projections for biomass energy consumption or for carbon... 45 percent carbon by weight, biomass energy fuels can emit more... fuels, however, the burning of biomass for energy is not generally... absorbed during the growth of biomass crops as a part of the... use, where the harvest of biomass for fuel use is not... process of land conversion. Although biomass is generally considered a “carbonneutral” renewable... environmentally benign. Incomplete combustion of biomass can produce, in addition to..., unlike carbon dioxide emissions from biomass combustion, emissions of methane and... from biomass burning. Environment and health issues are particularly relevant to biomass energy use in developing countries, where low-quality biomass fuels... poor ventilation. The viability of biomass energy as an option for... Sources and Sinks Resulting From Biomass Production and Use in Developing... Proceedings from IEA Workshop on Biomass Energy: Data, Analysis and Trends... Fossil Fuel Substitution? A Sensitivity Analysis,” Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 13, No..., the sequestration of carbon in biomass and soils, as a cost-effective..., the sequestration of carbon in biomass and soils, as a cost-effective... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... coke and electricity generated from biomass in the United States. Totals... sources (hydroelectricity, geothermal, solar, wind, biomass, and other renewable sources). WEPS...



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... the experiment’s termination all aboveground biomass was harvested, sorted to species... to separate belowground biomass to species. We quantified biomass of the species... end of the experiment using biomass-based evenness. Seedbank colonizers were..., and we used total colonizer biomass and colonizer species richness to... also used per-morphospecies colonizer biomass to calculate Shannon-Wiener diversity... data on richness only. One biomass sample was misplaced, thus n = 119.... Seedling emergence and seedbank colonizer biomass were log10-transformed after adding... for community biomass, biomassbased evenness, and the proportion of community biomass made... Percent cover (%) Community biomass (g) Biomass-based evenness Proportion forb biomass Equal-abundance 39... equal-abundance treatments, n = 29 for biomass-based responses due to one... experiment in early April, total biomass of our communities was significantly... (Table 2; F3,116 = 9.0, p = .029), and biomass-based evenness was lowest in...,116 = 4.3, p = .007). The relatively low biomass-based evenness values we observed... significantly less dominant (based on biomass) in legume- versus forb-dominated... cover in November had low biomass-based evenness in April (Pearson... success Seedbank colonizer presence and biomass Seedbank colonizers were present in....3 %). Colonizer biomass in equalabundance communities was marginally lower than biomass averaged across... (contrasts: Z = 1.80, p = .071). The combined biomass of all seedbank colonizers was... communities (Table 4; Fig. 2a). Colonizer biomass in equal-abundance and grass... tests; see Fig. 2a). Colonizer biomass was not affected by November... a similar analysis using the combined biomass of our planted species at... in response to increasing community biomass, and this pattern did not...; community 9 biomass: v2 = 1.69, p = .64; community: v2 = 0.07, p = .99; biomass: v2 = 3.42..., the richness response to community biomass later in the experiment was... colonizer success (total biomass and colonizer richness) Source df Biomass v Community evenness... Fig. 2 A Non-Arabidopsis seedbank colonizer biomass differed among community evenness treatments... significantly different amounts of colonizer biomass (based on Tukey post hoc..., producing similar proportions of forb biomass and having similar effects on... a large percentage of total community biomass by the end of the...), but b declined with increasing April biomass in all community types communities... experienced rapid canopy closure and biomass accumulation, colonizer seedlings had shorter... legumes distributed much of their biomass vertically, whereas many of our... emergence, b non-Arabidopsis seedbank colonizer biomass and c non-Arabidopsis seedbank colonizer...



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... from all forms of biomass, including forest biomass" Mabee WE and Saddler... from large-scale production of biomass feedstocks, (iv) potential negative impacts... communities; (v) environmental impacts associated with biomass conversion processes; and (v) marketplace and... Strategies for Market Development of Biomass: an Asian-Pacific Perspective. In...-160, Gough C and Upham P. (2011) Biomass energy with carbon capture and... of biomass and biofuel production pathways involving numerous sources of biomass raw... advanced for CCS 35 with biomass energy systems and suggested the... from the 37 the following biomass-CCS routes: (i) biological processing with... to produce liquid fuels; (ii) biomass gasification with shift and CO2... to produce hydrogen; and (iii) biomass combustion to produce electricity with... and Parshotam, 2007; Read, 2008), a Biomass-Biosphere Carbon Stock Management (BCSM... of a strategic reserve stock of biomass raw material in new plantation... feedstocks, (ii) technological progress with biomass exhaust; and (iii) pre-combustion... analysis of biomass IGCC with carbon capture and storage. Biomass and Bioenergy... creation of a strategic reserve of biomass raw material through the development..., 2014a). • 5. Biochar and biomass burial methods - Sequestration of biomass and biochar have... facilities Gough C and Upham P. (2011) Biomass energy with carbon capture and... store a larger fraction of the biomass and biochar produced into ecosystem... Royal Society, 2009; IPCC, 2013b). Biomass has long been recognised as... et al., 1984). In addition, biomass can act as a means of... in terrestrial ecosystems. Indeed, feedstock biomass that otherwise would not be... (Bracmort et al., 2010). As biomass is one of the most..., a fundamental tension exists between utilising biomass for CDR and using it... addition, the methods involving burying biomass in the land or deep... reasons it is unlike that biomass for sequestration could make a large... organic material (in this case biomass) at high temperatures in the...). 42 In addition to plant biomass, there is a wide range of... of biochar and biomass, or the biochar and biomass burial methods here... sequestration of CO2 in terrestrial biomass (The Royal Society, 2009; Schuiling... Library. Gough C and Upham P. (2011) Biomass energy with carbon capture and... Strategies for Market Development of Biomass: an Asian-Pacific Perspective. In... analysis of biomass IGCC with carbon capture and storage. Biomass and Bioenergy... storage processes (e.g. afforestation and reforestation, biomass and biochar, ocean fertilisation methods...