Спутник ДЗЗ. CBERS 2B. [Редактировать]

По данным агентства Синьхуа, 19 сентября в 11:26 по Пекинскому времени (03:26 UTC) в Китае выведен на орбиту третий спутник съемки Земли CBERS-2B, созданный по совместной китайско-бразильской программе. Запуск осуществлен с помощью ракеты-носителя «Великий Поход-4В» (CZ-4) с полигона ракетно-космического центра Тайюань в провинции Шаньси. Спутник успешно выведен на солнечно-синхронную орбиту. Бортовая аппаратура CBERS-2B работает штатном режиме. Разработкой спутника руководили Китайская академия космической техники (CAST - Chinese Academy of Space Technology) и бразильский институт INPE, где были осуществлены сборка и тестирование спутника перед отправкой на полигон в Китай.
Конструктивно новый спутник идентичен предшествующему космическому аппарату CBERS-2A , но оснащен новой камерой высокого разрешения HRC. Всего на спутнике установлены три взаимодополняющие оптико-электронные системы низкого, среднего и высокого пространственного разрешения, которые получили наименования WFI, CCD и HRC.
Двухканальная система WFI предназначена для получения интегральных характеристик состояния растительности с периодичностью раз в 5 суток, обеспечивает съемку с разрешением 260 метров в полосе шириной 890 км.
Пятиканальная камера CCD обеспечивает съемку с разрешением 20 метров в полосе шириной 113 км и может по командам отклоняться на угол до 32 градусов от надира.
Новая панхроматическая камера HRC детальной съемки впервые установлена на CBERS-2B вместо старой системы IRMSS и позволяет получать изображения с пространственным разрешением до 2,7 метров в кадре шириной 27 км.
По функциональности спутник CBERS-2B с тремя камерами различного пространственного разрешения приближается к известным спутникам IRS-P5 Resourcesat-1, IRS-1C/1D (Индия) и SPOT-5 (Франция).
Сочетание сканеров с различным разрешением и полосой съемки обеспечивает высокую оперативность наблюдения и позволяет расширить перечень решаемых задач: сельское и лесное хозяйство, рациональное природопользование, экологический и природоохранный мониторинг, планирование застройки и др.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite 2BНайтиНайти
232062НайтиНайти
3CBERS-2BНайтиНайти
4China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite - 2B (ZY-1 FM2B) НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Бразилия
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
3Страна производитель - Бразилия
4Страна производитель - Китай
5Тип орбиты - НОО
6Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
7Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1500
2Пространственное разрешение в надире (инфракрасный), м260
3Пространственное разрешение в надире (мультиспектральный), м20
4Пространственное разрешение в надире (панхроматический), м2.7
5Полоса захвата (инфракрасный), км890
6Полоса захвата (мультиспектральный), км113
7Полоса захвата (панхроматический), км27
8Платформа 1xPhoenix-Eye 1
9Полезная нагрузка 1xWFI
10Полезная нагрузка 1xHRPC
11Полезная нагрузка 1xHRCC
12Полезная нагрузка 1xDCS (CBERS)
13Мощность, Вт1100

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.3
2Апогей, км791.7
3Перигей, км744.9
4Период, минут100.1
5САС, год2
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7139

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2007-042A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость , млн. долл.90
2Оператор China Centre for Resources Satellite Data and Application
3Оператор Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2007-09-19 at 03:26:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xCBERS 2B
3Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4B

Найдено 241 документов по запросу «CBERS 2B». [Перейти к поиску]


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... B. For example, color composition of CBERS-2B image R3G4B2 (bands 3, 4, 2 displayed in... sensor CCD on board satellite CBERS-2B, covering an urban region of... HR on board the satellite CBERS-2B. A basic assumption in remote Sensing... band. As an example, camera CBERS-2B CCD [8] has 4 spectral bands from... AND HR ON BOARD SATELLITE CBERS-2B [8]. Spectral bands Field of view... data Image Analysis Supervised (b) Figure 4 - CBERS-2B CCD image of an urban..., São Paulo, Blucher, 2008, p.363. CBERS., Imaging CBERS-1, 2 and 2B Cameras, INPE, São José dos Campos, 2009. (E-mail: http://www.cbers...



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...-Launch Absolute Calibration of CCD/CBERS-2B Sensor Flávio Jorge Ponzoni... calibration coefficients for the CCD/CBERS-2B sensor have been calculated from... facilities to allow the CCD/CBERS-2B imagery of the entire sphere... comparison will permit the CCD/CBERS-2B monitoring and the frequently data... community. Keywords: Absolute calibration, CCD/CBERS-2B sensor, pre-launch calibration 1. Introduction... China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS), specially dedicated to environmental data..., the CBERS program included two remote sensing satellites (named CBERS-1 and CBERS-2) with... Infrared Multispectral Scanner (IRMSS). CBERS-1 and CBERS-2 were launched in October, 1999... in the CBERS program: CBERS-2B (2007), CBERS-3 (2009), CBERS-4 (2011), CBERS-5 (2013) and CBERS-6 (2015). Considering the four years between the end of CBERS-2 lifetime (2005) and CBERS-3 launching (2009) it was decided to launch the CBERS-2B satellite... monitoring programs in both countries. CBERS-2B payload is composed by the... for the first time onboard a CBERS satellite. In spite of the..., it is obvious that the CBERS program success is also dependent... the same strategy. The free CBERS-2 data access policy that has... is to describe the CCD/CBERS-2B pre-launch absolute calibration coefficients... Brazil. 2. CCD/CBERS-2B sensor short description The CCD/CBERS-2B sensor has the... its predecessor ones onboard of CBERS-1 and CBERS-2 satellites. It provides images... spectral response of the CCD/CBERS-2B bands. These curves were originated... comparison between bands. Figure 1. CCD/CBERS-2B normalized spectral response. Normalized Spectral... B5 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 Wavelenght (μm) Basically the CCD/CBERS-2B is composed by four pieces... (DN), i.e. it influences the CCD/CBERS-2B absolute calibration. It is possible... well. 3. Relative calibration The CCD/CBERS-2B raw images in each band... the CCD/CBERS-2B images. According to Figure 2, the CCD/CBERS-2B detector array.... During the radiometric measurements the CBERS-2B satellite was positioned upward (inverse... positioned on the CCD/CBRS-2B optic system in order to... 0 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 Wavelength(μm) Just before the CCD/CBERS-2B absolute calibration procedure, the integrating... well as in the CCD/CBERS-2B calibration. Figure 3 shows the spectral... effectively measured by the CCD/CBERS-2B camera (Lccdi) in each of... (W/m2.sr.μm) across the CCD/CBERS-2B camera bandpass i for the particular... response at wavelength λ in CCD/CBERS-2B spectral band i. (see Figure 1) At.../DNi, where “i” represents the CCD/CBERS-2B spectral band. Figure 5 shows an... correction codes for the CCD/CBERS-2B sensor configuration. It is also...-flight absolute calibration of IRMSS/CBERS-2 data. Int. J. Remote Sens. 2006...ção radiométrica de câmera CCD/CBERS-1. (INPE-10241-TDI/902). Disserta...



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0.09/5
... CALT CAS CASC CASIC CAST CBERS CCD CCP CEOS CFOSAT CGWIC...-Brazil Earth Remote Sensing Satellite (CBERS) jointly developed by the Chinese...-Brazil Earth Remote Sensing Satellite (CBERS).117 In 1988, China and... in the development of the CBERS-1 and CBERS-2 satellites, launched in 1999... Center.120 The development of CBERS-1 and 2 was followed by an... 2002 for two additional satellites, CBERS-3 and 4. These were equipped with... 1997, 157. 118 “History,” CBERS, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites... Cooperation,” 158. 120 “Control,” CBERS, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/control.php. 25 basis.121 CBERS-3 was launched in December 2013... the construction and launch of CBERS-2B, which was launched in 2007... This satellite was similar to CBERS-1 and 2. A CBERS-5 satellite is planned to... service and payload modules for CBERS-1, 2, and 2B (see Table 2). The service... Collection System.124 Table 2. CBERS-1, 2, and 2B service and payload module technology... Camera China IRMSS Camera (CBERS-1 and 2) and HRC (CBERS-2B) China WFI Camera... Source: Industrial Participation CBERS-1, 2 and 2B,” CBERS website, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/participation_industrial.php. 121 “CBERS 3 and 4 Launching,” CBERS, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/launching_cbers3_4.php. “CBERS 2B Launching,” http://www.cbers.... 124 “Industrial Participation CBERS-1, 2 and 2B,” CBERS, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites... in 2012 and involved the CBERS, Haiyang, and Huanjing series of.../资源/Resources) are based on the CBERS series of satellites built jointly... Brazil Earth Remote Sensing Satellite (CBERS) is a series of remote sensing... CBERS-01 and 02 and CBERS-03 (Table 7). CBERS-01 and 02 The CBERS... km Table 7. CBERS launches Satellite CBERS-01 CBERS-02 CBERS-02B CBERS-03 Launch Year... a resolution of 80 meters. CBERS-02B The CBERS-02B was launched in... was nearly identical to the CBERS-01 and 02. Instead of... a star sensor.407 CBERS-03 and 04 CBERS-03 was launched in... orbit due to a launch failure. CBERS-04 was launched in December... Scanner (IRMSS) carried by the CBERS-1 and 2 satellites. It can produce... imager (WFI) of the CBERS-1, 2, and 2B satellites. It can produce images... “CBERS-1, 2 and 2B Cameras,” Brazil National Institute for Space Research, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/cameras_cbers1_2_2b.php. 407 “CBERS-2B Launching,” Brazil National Institute for Space Research, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/launching_cbers2b.php. 408 “CBERS 3 and..., http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/launching_cbers3_4.php. 409 “CBERS 3 and... for Space Research, http://www.cbers.inpe.br/ingles/satellites/cameras_cbers3_4... center has operated six satellites: CBERS-01 and -02, -02B, operated... of the State Council, 552 “CBERS-01/02,” China Centre for.../n92066/n98575/index.html. 553 “CBERS-02B Data Processing System,” China... Bing 5-3, JB 5-3) Zhangguo Ziyuan 2B (ZY-2B, JB-3B) 8/9/10 9/22/10.../2013 Technology Development LEO Prometheus 2B 11/19/2013 Los Alamos...



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0.28/5
Enhancement of HRC and CCD images of the CBERS-2B Satellite Leila Fonseca Image Processing Division National Institute for Space Research – INPE Brazil JACIE March 29-31, 2011, Boulder, Colorado, USA Outline    CBERS-2B Radiometric problems: residual stripes and blurring effect Radiometric correction and enhancement techniques to improve CBERS-2B image quality Case study for evaluating hybrid CBERS-2B images: mapping remaining forest CBERS-2B CCD (Multispectral) B1: 0.45 – 0.52 m; B2: 0.52 – 0.59 m; B3: 0.63 – 0.69 m B4: 0.77 – 0.89 m; B5: 0.51 – 0.73 m Swath: 117Km; Resolution: 20m HRC (Panchromatic) B6: 0.45 – 0.85 m Swath: 27Km; Resolution: 2.7 m WFI B7: 0.63 – 0.69 m; B8: 0.77 – 0.89 m Swath: 890Km; Resolution: 260m JACIE 2011, Boulder, Colorado, USA CBERS-2B CCD  Relative calibration: residual stripes in the CCD images   instability of the CCD camera Blurring effect: CCD (band 4)  Defocus of the CCD camera Band 1 (blue) CBERS 2B CCD 3R4G2B (Level 2) CBERS-2B HRC: blurring effect lossy compression (1:8) and camera defocus PRISM – ALOS (2.5 m) 08/22/2008 CBERS 2B – HRC (2.7 m) 04/11/2008 CCD: Striping correction Median Filter Moment Matching filter: Adjust Mean and Directional Filter Standard Deviation Fourier filter: filter noise frequencies B1 B2 B3 Corrected CBERS-2B CCD Original CCD (3R4G2B) Corrected CCD (3R4G2B) Restoration Methods Richardson- Lucy Filter Modified Inverse Filter Bilateral Filter BLF ( g ) p  kp  1 kp  G  s pq  G  r g p  gq g q (1) q  G  s pq  G  r g p  gq  (2) q g image; p and q indicate spatial locations of pixel; Gσs and Gσr are gaussian functions, σs determines the spatial support and σr controls the sensitivity to edges. References: TOMASI, C., AND MANDUCHI, R. 1998. Bilateral filtering for gray and color images. In Proc. ICCV ’98, IEEE Computer Society, 839–846. L.M.G. Fonseca, G.S.S.D. Prasad, N.D.A. Mascarenhas, “Combined Interpolation-Restoration of Landsat Images Through a FIR Filter Design Technique”, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 14, no.13, pp. 2547-2561. 1993 W. H Richardson, Bayesian-based iterative method of image restoration. Journal of the Optical Society of America, v. 62, no. 1, p. 55–59, 1972. HRC: Restoration HRC Restored HRC HRC: Restoration HRC Restored HRC Enhancement: Bilateral Filter A parameter controls the level of enhancement Original CCD (3R4G2B) Filtered CCD (3R4G2B) Case study: Monitoring of remaining forest in the Ibitinga reservoir, located at São Paulo-state- Brazil Restored HRC Restored CCD 3R4G2B CBERS-2B Image Fusion Restored CCD PanSharpening PanSharpening PCA PCA IHS IHS QuickBird x Hybrid CBERS-2B QuickBird (3G4B2): 08/22/2008 2.4 m Fused CBERS 2B (R3G4B2): 09/01/2008 2.5 m Thematic Maps: QB and hybrid CBERS-2B Thematic Maps: a) image QB and (b) hybrid CBERS-2B image. Forest and nonforest are represented by green and beige colors, respectively. Thematic map Hybrid CBERS-2B QB Overall accuracy 0.93 0.93 Kappa 0.83 0.84 ALOS – AVNIR x Fused CBERS-2B ALOS AVNIR 2 (R3G4B2) Fused CBERS 2B (R3G4B2) 10 m 10 m Thematic Maps: AVNIR-2 and hybrid CBERS-2B Thematic Maps: a) image AVNIR-2 10 m and (b) hybrid image CBERS-2B, 10 m . Forest and non-forest are represented by green and beige colors, respectively. Thematic map Overall accuracy Kappa Hybrid CBERS-2B 0.91 0.79 AVNIR 2 0.92 0.81 Summary     Pos processing striping characterization and correction is required for CBERS-2B After radiometric correction and fusion process, hybrid CBERS-2B images showed similar results compared to QB (2.5 m) and AVNIR-2 (10 m) for mapping remaining forest It is expected that radiometric problems present in CBERS-2B be solved in the satellite CBERS-3 Automatic registration of HRC and CCD images is necessary to operationally produce fused products in the CBERS Image Processing station Enhancement of HRC and CCD images of the CBERS-2B Satellite Leila Fonseca {leila@dpi.inpe.br} Thanks! JACIE 2011, Boulder, Colorado, USA



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... CBERS-2B Data reception, archiving, processing, and distribution 1 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B... 720MHz IF Currently receiving Landsat-5, CBERS-2, CBERS-2B Aqua and Terra Radarsat-1 (eventually... CBERS-2B Ingestion and Archiving MS3 Multi Satellite Station System (KEPLER ES) CBERS-2 and 2B, Landsat-5 and 7, Radarsat-1, SPOT... Raw Data) format 21,744GB (CBERS-2), 5,004GB (CBERS-2B), 918GB (Landsat-1), 2,534GB (Landsat... (all satellites) GeoTIFF products 2,408GB (CBERS-2), 644GB (CBERS-2B), 695GB (Landsat-1/2/3), 19,381GB... are available for HTTP download CBERS-2/2B catalogued images are available for... download 9 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Processing Processing Facilities in Cachoeira... MS3 Processing System (KEPLER ES) CBERS-2 and 2B, Landsat-1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7 IBM-PC... 17 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Distribution Brazilian Research Network – RNP... to Landsat-1, 2, 3, 5, and 7, and CBERS-2 and 2B databases Based on open source... Distribution System CBERS-2/2B: over 10.000 scenes per month (CCD) CBERS-2B is... 30% of users requests for CBERS-2/2B and Landsat-1/2/3/4/5/7 data 2007: Less... users requests for CBERS-2 21 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Updates Star... 22 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Updates Acceptance tests for the... 23 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B in Africa Four ground stations..., USA CBERS-2B in Africa 25 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B in the... 2008, Fairfax, USA Look Ahead CBERS-3&4 Push-broom sensors: visible + NIR... 2008, Fairfax, USA Status of CBERS-2B Data reception, archiving, processing, and...



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... SYSTEMS IMAGES AQUIRED BY HR CBERS 2B SENSOR Carvalho, L.A.S., Fonseca, L.M.A. National Institute... are the images. Programs like CBERS (China Brasil Earth Resources Satellite... overcome these cost limitations. However, CBERS satellites are subjected to limitations... applied to a High Resolution (HR) CBERS-2B panchromatic image, acquired over the... nominal spatial resolution as HR CBERS-2B. The first step consisted in... original PRISM image with HR CBERS-2B Gaussian Point Spread function (PSF... CBERS-2B signal to noise ration [4], creating a “simulated HR CBERS-2B image”. Since HR CBERS-2B... the “simulated HR CBERS 2B image”, creating a “noisy HR CBERS 2B image”, in order... “simulated HR CBERS 2B” image and the “noisy HR CBERS 2B” image are shown...-2 Image, B - Simulated HR CBERS 2B Image C- Noisy HR CBERS 2B Image A1, B1, C1... fits the simulated HR CBERS 2B and noisy HR CBERS 2B image to the... was finally applied to HR CBERS 2B original image. 3. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS... for simulated HR CBERS 2B image and for noisy HR CBERS 2B image, Richardson... applied it to recover a HR CBERS-2B original image, with no geometrical... figure 2 show the original HR CBERS-2B and a RL deconvoluted image. B A Figure... das imagens do satélite CBERS-2B XIV Brazilian Simposium on Remote....,K. Benseeba,, Convex restriction sets for CBERS-2 satellite image restoration. International Journal...ção espacial efetiva da câmera HRC-CBERS-2B pelo método de espalhamento de...



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CBERS-2B Radiometric and Geometric Quality Assessment 1 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA Launch CBERS-2B... 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Characteristics Designed lifetime: 2 years CBERS-3 launch is scheduled... Orbit is 11 days behind CBERS-2 Three X-band downlink channels: two... 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B 4 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Orbit Height: 778Km...: 3 days 5 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Cameras Wide Field Imager Camera... Ratio SNR (dB) Camera CCD CBERS-2B Specification Measured (lab) Measured min... Ratio SNR (dB) Camera HR CBERS-2B 12 Band Specification (min) Measured... to Noise Ratio SNR (dB) CBERS-2B Camera WFI Specification Band Measured... 2008, Fairfax, USA MTF Performance CBERS-2B CCD Camera 1,00 B1 B2... Spectral bands curves: CCD camera CBERS-2B 70 60 B1 50 B2... Radiometric Quality CBERS-2B WFI has a better radiometric quality than CBERS-2 WFI CBERS-2B CCD has the same radiometric quality than CBERS-2 CCD CBERS-2B... selected manually on CBERS-2B and ortho-rectified (Landsat-7 and CBERS-2) image data... to investigate image registration possibilities CBERS processing system produces a report 31... comparison between control points coordinates CBERS processing system produces a report 33... 2008, Fairfax, USA SAA and CBERS-2B Star Sensor 38 JACIE 2008... Final Remarks on Geometric Quality CBERS-2B positioning accuracy lies within 300m... 43 JACIE 2008, Fairfax, USA CBERS-2B Radiometric and Geometric Quality Assessment...



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0.19/5
... Northeast): A GIS-based analysis of CBERS and SPOT images to aid... plan. Satellite images (SPOT 5 and CBERS 2B) of 2008 were processed and...). Additionally, more recently, images from CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite...-based analysis of satellite images (CBERS-2B and SPOT5) and in situ... and geoprocessing techniques Imagery from CBERS-2B, SPOT-5 and LANDSAT-7 (Table 1) were... (National Institute for Space Research). CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite... was used to register the CBERS images. All images were enhanced... produce an integrated product of CBERS-SPOT images, the data fusion...) transformation was carried out using CBERS green, red and near-infrared... rule (MAXVER) was performed using CBERS nearinfrared band and the first... component (PC) of CBERS images (Table 1). The CBERS near-infrared band was...ósta, 1992). Data from the CBERS-SPOT product were not used... Spatial resolution (m) HRG2/SPOT-5 CCD1/CBERS-2B PAN: 0.49e0.69 G: 0.52e0.59... image CBERS composite CBERS-SPOT product First, second, third PC of CBERS-SPOT product Composite of CBERS-SPOT product First, second, third PCs of CBERS Composite of CBERS... CBERS G, R, NIR SPOT PAN, CBERS G, R, NIR CBERS-SPOT product R, G and second PC of CBERS-SPOT product CBERS G, R, NIR First, second, third PCs CBERS CBERS NIR and first, second PC CBERS... of image processing. (a) Composite of CBERS PCs (first PC at red... in yellow/white). (b) Composite of CBERS-SPOT product (second PC at... the false colour composite of CBERS-SPOT product, which showed the... the study area using the CBERS-SPOT product. Classes of land... produced in this study. The CBERS PC composite (Fig. 2a) presented... visual discrimination was the CBERS-SPOT product (Fig. 2b) which showed the... visual interpretation of the CBERS-SPOT product (Figs. 2b and 4, Variable Small... in large scale in the CBERS-SPOT product (2.5 m of spatial resolution... study. Here, the fusion of CBERS and SPOT images produced an... available geospatial tools, such as CBERS images and SPRING GIS, which... this study, such as the CBERS-SPOT product and the integration... for the free download of CBERS-2B images and SPRING as well..., J.L., Ramos, A.L.A., 2009. Uso de imagens CBERS para avaliação da evolução da...



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0.2/5
... Northeast): A GIS-based analysis of CBERS and SPOT images to aid... plan. Satellite images (SPOT 5 and CBERS 2B) of 2008 were processed and...). Additionally, more recently, images from CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite...-based analysis of satellite images (CBERS-2B and SPOT5) and in situ... and geoprocessing techniques Imagery from CBERS-2B, SPOT-5 and LANDSAT-7 (Table 1) were... (National Institute for Space Research). CBERS (China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite... was used to register the CBERS images. All images were enhanced... produce an integrated product of CBERS-SPOT images, the data fusion...) transformation was carried out using CBERS green, red and near-infrared... rule (MAXVER) was performed using CBERS nearinfrared band and the first... component (PC) of CBERS images (Table 1). The CBERS near-infrared band was...ósta, 1992). Data from the CBERS-SPOT product were not used... Spatial resolution (m) HRG2/SPOT-5 CCD1/CBERS-2B PAN: 0.49e0.69 G: 0.52e0.59... image CBERS composite CBERS-SPOT product First, second, third PC of CBERS-SPOT product Composite of CBERS-SPOT product First, second, third PCs of CBERS Composite of CBERS... CBERS G, R, NIR SPOT PAN, CBERS G, R, NIR CBERS-SPOT product R, G and second PC of CBERS-SPOT product CBERS G, R, NIR First, second, third PCs CBERS CBERS NIR and first, second PC CBERS... of image processing. (a) Composite of CBERS PCs (first PC at red... in yellow/white). (b) Composite of CBERS-SPOT product (second PC at... the false colour composite of CBERS-SPOT product, which showed the... the study area using the CBERS-SPOT product. Classes of land... produced in this study. The CBERS PC composite (Fig. 2a) presented... visual discrimination was the CBERS-SPOT product (Fig. 2b) which showed the... visual interpretation of the CBERS-SPOT product (Figs. 2b and 4, Variable Small... in large scale in the CBERS-SPOT product (2.5 m of spatial resolution... study. Here, the fusion of CBERS and SPOT images produced an... available geospatial tools, such as CBERS images and SPRING GIS, which... this study, such as the CBERS-SPOT product and the integration... for the free download of CBERS-2B images and SPRING as well..., J.L., Ramos, A.L.A., 2009. Uso de imagens CBERS para avaliação da evolução da...



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... as planned. A. Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS Series) Under the spirit of... Earth Resources Satellites (CBERS) in 1988.8 The first CBERS was launched in.... CBERS-2 and CBERS-2B were launched in October 2003 and September 2007, respectively. CBERS-3 is expected to be launched in 2011.9 The CBERS program...-Brazilian Protocol on Distribution of CBERS Products, 31 J. SPACE L. 271 (2005... level. They are systems for CBERS, Meteorological satellites, Oceanic satellites, Beijing... proved to run successfully after CBERS-1 satellite was launched in October... archiving and distribution of the CBERS data in China. It distributes... (Japan), SPOT (France), Radarsat (Canada), CBERS (China and Brazil), and ENVISAT... i. Distribution of CBERS Data Products a. Policy for Distribution of CBERS Data Products... adopted the free of charge CBERS data distribution policy when data... March 17, 2006, that the CBERS-2 satellite data would be distributed... directly browse a quick view of CBERS-2 data and freely download the... on CBERS Domestic Produced Data (trial version) on November 23 CBERS Data... Distribution of CBERS Products, 31 (2) J. SPACE L. 281 (2005) [hereinafter CBERS Data Policy... Industry for National Defence Announced CBERS Data Free Distribution Policy], March... Id. 28 Administrative Regulation on CBERS Domestic Data, 15 November 2007..., storage, distribution, and service of CBERS-1/2/2B data. (1) The responsibility of CRESDA... Regulation, CRESDA is responsible for CBERS operational management and data receiving... encouraging domestic users to utilize CBERS data.30 Actually, CRESDA is... and backup all levels of CBERS-1/2/2B data and to get them... searching of the data, each CBERS-1/2/2B data product must contain a clear... Individuals or institutions that need CBERS data products must register with... have to clearly credit the CBERS data on their data application... level 1-5 data products generated from CBERS’ four payloads: CCD camera, infrared... access to level 1 and level 2 CBERS-2/2B data products shall be made... 1 and level 2 CBERS-1 data products in archive.37 CBERS-1/2/2B data products can... satellite imaging.39 b. Distribution of CBERS data at home As of..., among which 790,000 were CBERS scenes, 260,000 were environmental.... c. Distribution of CBERS Data Overseas Policy for distribution of CBERS data abroad... made by China and Brazil. CBERS imagery is distributed by 39.... at Clause 14. [Distribution of CBERS Data over One Million Scenes... to users. The licensing of CBERS data downlinks is charged on... process and distribute data from CBERS 02B to African states. “It... products with those countries. 41 CBERS Data Policy, supra note 23... of satellite data, users of CBERS data are very active, especially... the three main users of CBERS data and environmental satellite data... 10 thousand scenes of the CBERS-2B highresolution data in the second... period (2006-2010).”61 Also, CBERS data were used in the... and Application (CRESDA), [Distribution of CBERS Data over One Million Scenes... disaster area on 13 May. CBERS imaging of the disaster areas... disaster mitigation department.64 Using CBERS-2B data to monitor ice flood.... 64 [Achievement and Prospect of CBERS Data Application], 3S NEWS, Dec... policy for the dissemination of CBERS domestic-made data. Authorities in... China for the CBERS Application System. Under the framework, CBERS data is... Announces the End of the CBERS-2B Operations, May 12, 2010, http...