Спутник ФКИ. Chandrayaan-2. [Редактировать]

Chandrayaan-2 («Лунный корабль») — вторая автоматическая межпланетная станция Индийской организации космических исследований (ISRO) для исследования Луны. Целью миссии является достичь орбиты спутника Земли и совершить мягкую посадку на лунную поверхность. Изначально, проект планировалось реализовать совместно с Российским космическим агентством. Однако, после неудачи с аппаратом Фобос-Грунт в 2011 году, Роскосмос выдвинул ряд дополнительных требований, в том числе по массе лунохода, после чего Индия решила запускать аппарат самостоятельно, а старт был перенесён с 2013 года на конец 2017 — начало 2018 года. Для запуска аппарата Индия планирует использовать собственную ракету-носитель GSLV. Станция «Чандраян-2» будет изучать Луну с орбиты. В состав миссии входит также небольшой автоматический луноход (ровер) весом от 30 до 100 кг, который планировалось доставить на Луну посадочным модулем российской станции «Луна-Ресурс». Предполагается, что он сможет проработать на Луне две—три недели. Район для посадки станции будет определён по результатам исследований поверхности со станции «Чандраян-1».

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-01-12. Второй индийский лунный зонд Chandrayaan-2 будет запущен в конце 2016 г. – начале 2017 г., сообщил в субботу президент Индийской организации космических исследований д-р К. Радхакришнан (K Radhakrishnan). Согласно предвари-тельным планам, посадочный модуль космического аппарата должен совершить мягкую посадку на поверхность Луны.Тэги: Chandrayaan-2
22017-05-24. ISRO запустит КА Chandrayaan 2 в первом квартале 2018 года.
Космическое агентство Индии объявило о том, что оно планирует осуществить в первом квартале 2018 года запуск космического аппарата Chandrayaan-2. В качестве средства выведения планируется использовать РН GSLV MKII.
Структурно космический аппарат будет состоять из трех частей орбитального модуля, посадочного модуля и лунохода. Планируется что посадочный модуль совершит мягкую посадку на планету, а ровер займется научными исследованиями.Тэги: Chandrayaan-2GSLV Mk IIКосмическое агентство Индии

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг800

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, месяц1

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость системы , млн. долл.48

Найдено 739 документов по запросу «Chandrayaan-2». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2016-12-01
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0.08/5
... a. Space Science Missions i. Chandrayaan – 1 1. Indian Payloads On Board Chandrayaan – 1 2. Scientific Instruments Selected... NASA, USA on board India’s Chandrayaan-1 and for India’s participation in... also be used for launching Chandrayaan-1, India’s first mission to moon... unmanned scientific mission to moon, Chandrayaan-1, during 2007-2008. ISRO and.... Thus, the scientific scope of Chandrayaan-1 mission has been greatly enhanced... be flown on board ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 mission. Agreements have been signed... for India’s mission to moon, Chandrayaan-1, is being established by ISTRAC...’s first spacecraft mission to moon, Chandrayaan-1, during 2008. The 44 m tall...’s first spacecraft mission to moon, Chandrayaan-1, during 2008. The 44 m tall...’s first spacecraft mission to moon, Chandrayaan-1, during 2008. In its standard..., IHY, etc. Space Science Missions Chandrayaan-1 Chandrayaan-1, scheduled during 2007-2008, is... Launch Vehicle, PSLV, will launch Chandrayaan-1 into a 240 km X 24,000... moon. Indian payloads on board Chandrayaan-1: A Terrain Mapping Camera (TMC), a Hyper... Spectral Imager payload models for Chandrayaan-1 ISRO and the National Aeronautics... India’s first mission to Moon, Chandrayaan-1. These instruments are - Mini Synthetic.... Scientific Instruments selected from ESA: Chandrayaan-1 Imaging X-Ray Spectrometer (CIXS) from... m diameter antenna set up for Chandrayaan-1 at IDSN (right) Indian Deep... 18 m diameter antenna for tracking Chandrayaan-1, a 32 m diameter antenna for supporting... at Bearslake, Russia for supporting Chandrayaan-1 mission is also under progress... of the scientific goals of Chandrayaan-1 and future planetary missions/exploration... (M3) Instrument on board ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 mission. The second Joint Working... solar system. This project, called Chandrayaan, will use a modified PSLV rocket... a mission to the Moon, named Chandrayaan-1. It will be India's first... apart from ISRO made instruments, Chandrayaan carries science instruments from NASA... (GSLV-III-D1). Launch of CHANDRAYAAN, ASTROSAT, RISAT-1, GSAT (MK III... the 2007-08 timeframe: Chandrayaan-1 and Astrosat: Chandrayaan-1 is India's first scientific... and possible human settlement. India's Chandrayaan-1 mission slated for 2007-08... the year towards moon mission Chandrayaan-1. Some of the important events... Agency, ESA, Sign Agreement on Chandrayaan-1 ISRO signed an agreement with...'s first scientific mission to Moon, Chandrayaan-1. The instruments are: a low energy... mission got further fillip with Chandrayaan-1 mission making substantial progress and... 9, 2006: ISRO-NASA MOU on Chandrayaan-1: ISRO and National Aeronautics and... US Scientific instruments on board Chandrayaan-1. These are in addition to... Indian scientific instruments on board Chandrayaan-1 include: Terrain Mapping Camera (TMC...) and Moon Impact Probe (MIP). Chandrayaan-1 is India’s first mission to... III) Tech Payloads SPACE SCIENCE CHANDRAYAAN ASTROSAT PSLV C7 C8 C9...



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... the operational part of the Chandrayaan-1 mission is over, the analysis... Part of the India-Russia Chandrayaan-II Mission http://www.spacetravel... sent proposals for instruments aboard Chandrayaan-2 and its two rovers. An... require. And looking at the Chandrayaan-I accomplishments, what are all the... India, the significance of the Chandrayaan-1 mission becomes ever greater. It... – Peter Kokh Mini-SAR on Chandrayaan-1 makes find Even more exciting... by a NASA instrument aboard India’s Chandrayaan-1 orbiter. The Miniature Synthetic Aperture... that moment, the main spacecraft, Chandrayaan-1 appeared over the Earth-facing... transmitted through the main spacecraft, Chandrayaan-1. At one point it flew... space scientists, seated at the Chandrayaan mission operations control room in... the 11 payloads on board Chandrayaan-1, which was at that moment... being prepared for launch aboard Chandrayaan-1. Note worker to left for... data,” he added. M3IQ Another Chandrayaan-1 instrument detects subsurface lunar lava... same report (on the 6th Chandrayaan-1 scientific meeting, organised by Physical... the high-resolution imagery of Chandrayaan-1’s indigenous terrain mapping camera (TMC... Commentary If this find by Chandrayaan-2’s TMC instrument is confirmed, it... Rocks Found by Chandrayaan-1 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Chandrayaan-1-alsofound-new... NASA instrument on board India’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter had found new... to making presentations on the Chandrayaan-I missions at the conference Dr... Moon including members of the Chandrayaan Science team including Dr. Carle... AMES LCROSS mission. Data-Mining, a Chandrayaan-1 “after mission” It is good... Institute. The information provided by Chandrayaan-I will be of importance long... for Chandrayaan-I’s data lode. Even as excitement about the forthcoming Chandrayaan-II... from the information provided by Chandrayaan-I. Even though the M3IQ is... a decade later, instruments aboard ISRO’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter and NASA’s Lunar... reserves of water ice. Indeed, Chandrayaan-1 found water and hydroxyl radicals... enthusiasm after the launch of Chandrayaan-1 lunar arbiter and the announcement... 2001-10 (SMART-1, Kaguya, Chang'e-I, Chandrayaan-I, and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter. The... Solving The Moon’s Water Puzzles Chandrayaan-1 Moon Mineralogy Mapper Photoset As... inner solar system. Three spacecraft, Chandrayaan-I (M3 Moon Mineralogy Mapper), VIMS... Lunar Prospector in 1998-9. The Chandrayaan-1 Moon Mineralogy Mapper showed a far... similar to that flown of Chandrayaan I and took data in strips...! Moon Specific Events Visionary India: Chandrayaan-2 Student Payloads Jayashree Sridhar This... own ideas for a payload for Chandrayaan-2. With Chandrayaan-1 completing 95% of its... fruit in the form of Chandrayaan-2 (two landers based on a Russian...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-13
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... A similar mission conducted by India, Chandrayaan-1, was considered successful, and it....62 ISRO plans to launch Chandrayaan-2 by 2013.63 The new... the success of the first Chandrayaan moon mission from October 2008...’s Change’e-1 lunar orbiter and India’s Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter. However, export controls... “Chandrayaan-1 mission completed one year,” Chandrayaan (26 November 2009), online: http:// www.chandrayaan-i.com/index.php/chandrayaan-1-updates/114-chandrayaan-i-mission-completedone-year.html. “Chandrayaan...-tech/chandrayaan-i-a-110-percent-successasserts-isro-chief_100252425.html. See also “Q&A: ‘Chandrayaan-2 Will.../home/opinion/edit-page/QA-Chandrayaan-2-will-try-to-get-details... is Chandrayaan-2?” Chandrayaan (11 September 2009), online: http://www.chandrayaan-i. com/index.php/chandrayaan-2.html. “Design of Chandrayaan-2 Ready,” PTI..., Russia Giving Final Shape to Chandrayaan-2,” Hindustan Times (30 October 2009.../bangalore/Final-shape-given-to-Chandrayaan-2/ Article1-347980.aspx. 66 67...



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... exploration programs (Smart1 lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter). Other contributing universities... provision of European instruments for Chandrayaan-1 India Renewed in January 2007..., NASA's Dawn asteroid mission, ISRO's Chandrayaan-1 Moon mission and JAXA's Planet... and possibly GEMS) and India (Chandrayaan-1) and has cooperation opportunities with... reputation. The robotic exploration program Chandrayaan is considered as a way to... the development and launch for CHandrayaan-1. However funding almost stopped entirely... the development and launch of Chandrayaan-2, whose cost was Euroconsult for... 2008 (Chandrayaan-1) and a mission in preparation, Chandrayaan-2, in cooperation with Russia. Chandrayaan-1 was... primary objectives. The cost of Chandrayaan-1 was reported at US$ 90... Indian mission to the Moon, Chandrayaan-2, was designed to maximize the... in the world scientific community. Chandrayaan-2 is led in cooperation with... million, the same amount as Chandrayaan-1. The launch of the spacecraft... that the lunar lander for Chandrayaan-2 incorporated technologies that had failed... the mission was required. Moreover, Chandrayaan-2 is supposed to be launched... experience Significant partial experience Comments Chandrayaan 1 and 2, demonstration of re-entry... collaborating on the development of Chandrayaan-2 and have reached an agreement... into its first lunar spacecraft, Chandrayaan-1. Euroconsult for the European Commission... provision of European instruments for Chandrayaan-1 Framework agreement General cooperation agreement... the cooperation framework for the Chandrayaan-2 mission USA February 1st, 2008... NASA scientific instruments on India’s Chandrayaan mission. Euroconsult for the European... dedicated the mission is unknown. Chandrayaan-2 (Lunar-Resurs) Russia and India...-D, Russian participations in BepiColombo and Chandrayaan-2). RKK Energia Krunichev NPO Energomash... on the program, and for Chandrayaan-2 for which Russia will provide... the cooperation framework for the Chandrayaan-2 mission Multilateral January 29, 1998... of scientific instruments (SMART-1, Rosetta, Chandrayaan-1 notably), but it also allowed... Lander 2008 Launched 2018 Planned Chandrayaan-1 ISRO Lunar orbiter Exomars ESA... Commission – July 2012 - 112 - C1XS (Chandrayaan-1 Imaging X-ray Spectrometer) PanCam (Panoramic... College London, …etc) Smart-1 and Chandrayaan-1 lunar orbiter instruments electric propulsion... agreement with India for the Chandrayaan-1 mission regarding the inclusion of... M3 instrument for the Indian Chandrayaan lunar mission or the STROFIO... Opportunity mission n.a. M3 (fitted in Chandrayaan-1) 2008 Opportunity mission n.a Grail 2011... Global Surveyor, mini-SAR for Chandrayaan 1 and Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, THEMIS... NASA scientific instruments on India’s Chandrayaan mission. Euroconsult for the European... the case of the Indian Chandrayaan-2 mission, which was initially planned... the Russian Lander planned for Chandrayaan-2 was supposed to use the... LADEE Luna Glob Moon Moon Chandrayaan-2 Lunar Lander (not approved) Lunokhod...’e-4 (not approved) Chang’e-6 Selene-X Selene-2 Chandrayaan-2 GEMS (not approved, in competition... the case with India for Chandrayaan-1) and in the end being... the South Pole Moon Lander Chandrayaan-2, 2016: Will relay to Earth... survey and living conditions assessment Chandrayaan-2, 2016: Lander which will release...: Demonstrate robotic sample collecting - 160 - Chandrayaan-2, 2016: pick up samples, perform... the lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 are unclear. The launch of Chandrayaan-2 was recently... before being used to launch Chandrayaan-2. India therefore changed its strategy... ISRO had with Russia for Chandrayaan-2: a joint capability-driven mission where... be dismissed. Moreover, following the Chandrayaan-1 experience, where Indian scientists felt... Russia.  However, current issues around Chandrayaan-2 and the refocus of Russia... rover, which was planned for Chandrayaan-2.  Short term: Develop participation of...



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0.11/5
... by the Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer (C1XS). The C1XS onboard the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft... regions. 1 Keywords: X-ray Fluorescence(XRF), Chandrayaan-1, C1XS, lunar surface chemistry 1 1. Introduction... Mineralogical Mapper (M3 ) on 16 Chandrayaan-1 (Bhandari, 2005). Elemental abundances can... et al., 2005) and 30 Chandrayaan-1 (2008) (Grande et al., 2009... of data from the 44 Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer (C1XS) experiment during...; Grande et al., 2009), onboard Chandrayaan- 98 1, was designed to map... mum that prevailed during the Chandrayaan-1 mission time-frame (Nov’08... et al., 2009) also onboard Chandrayaan-1. A 110 detailed description of C1XS... second mission to the Moon, Chandrayaan-2. 376 377 378 379 7. Acknowledgments...., 2009. Ground calibration of the Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Solar Monitor (XSM). Nucl... 392 from X-ray observations on Chandrayaan-1, Planet. Space Sci., 75, 188... for Chandrayaan-1, Planet. Space Sci., 89, 183-187. 393 Bhandari, N, 2005. Chandrayaan.... The C1XS X-ray Spectrometer on Chandrayaan-1. Planet. Space Sci., 57, 717...-69. Howe, C. J., et al., 2009. Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer (C1XS) instrument design... of the C1XS Instrument on Chandrayaan-1. Nucl. Instr. Meth. A, 621, 344... X-ray fluorescence observations by the Chandrayaan- 460 1 X-ray Spectrometer (C1XS): Results... Weider, S. Z., et al., 2012. The Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer : First results. Planet...



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0.18/5
... and Equipments held at Bengaluru 8 Chandrayaan-1 Mission Update 10 ISRO’s Workshop..., in addition to a of ISRO. Chandrayaan-1 Mission Update C1XS Catches First... sensitive C1XS 11 payloads onboard Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, instrument, it has been... an X-Ray Spectrometer that that Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft was launched from uses... orbit around the Moon, Chandrayaan-1 Imaging Chandrayaan-1 is the first lunar mission... and operationalisation of C1XS in Chandrayaan-1 between ISRO and RAL, UK... from C1XS are highly encouraging. Chandrayaan-1’s orbit raised After the successful... mission objectives, the orbit of Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, which was at a height..., all the 11 payloads onboard Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft were operationalised successfully and... interesting results have been obtained. Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft operations are being carried... Bangalore. The science data from Chandrayaan-1 is being archived and disseminated... at Byalalu. January- June 2009 Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft launched from Satish ISRO... India’s first mission to moon – Chandrayaan-1 – and the role played by... of the recent success of Chandrayaan-1. In his keynote address, Mr... 22, 2008, PSLV had successfully l a u n c h e d Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, which is now exploring... in successfully realising Chandrayaan-1, India’s Image sent by Chandrayaan-1’s Terrain Mapping Camera...



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0.04/5
... different spacecraft (Lunar Prospector, Chandrayaan-1, Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing...., 2005; Huixian et al., 2005); Chandrayaan-1 launched by India (ISRO) on...) has been documented by the Chandrayaan-1 mission (e.g., Pieters et al., 2009... Indian Space Research Organization’s (ISRO) Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft shows a very young lunar... Moon (SMART-1, European instruments on Chandrayaan-1). SMART-1, Europe first lunar mission... SARA) for the Indian lunar Chandrayaan-1 mission and a ground station control... Chang’E2 GRAIL LADEE ESMO Chandrayaan-2 Selene 2 Moon Landers and/or... in combination with the Indian Chandrayaan-2 orbiter and minirover), and the... new scientific programs and launched Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 to the Moon.... ISRO would contribute an orbiter – Chandrayaan-2 – and a mini-rover to the... 26, 185–188, 2010. Bhandari, N. Chandrayaan-1: science goals. J. Earth Syst. Sci.... Goswami J.N. An overview of the Chandrayaan-1 mission. in: 41st Lunar and... Moon Seen by M3 on Chandrayaan-1. Science 326, 568–572, 2009... the Moon from Mini-SAR, Chandrayaan-1 mission. Geophys. Res. Lett. 37...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
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0.15/5
Chandrayaan-1 Mission: An update Ben Bussey .../APL Indian Space Research Organization Chandrayaan-1 Mission Launch: Feb/March 2008... : 2 years Payload : 11 instruments Chandrayaan-1 Mission Mission Sequence: CHANDRAYAAN - I • Launch into 240..., polar • Two year primary mission Chandrayaan-1 Mission Understanding the origin and... (Water on Moon?) Chandrayaan-1 Mission Objectives of the Chandrayaan-1 Mission Understanding the... (using Pb-210 as tracer) CHANDRAYAAN-1 INDIA’S FIRST PLANETARY MISSION Baseline... Mineralogy Mapper (MMM), (0.7-3 micron),USA Chandrayaan-1 Mission PAY LOAD ACCOMMODATION SARA... (LLRI). 3. Moon mineralogy mapper (MMM); 4. Chandrayaan Imaging X-ray Spectrometer (CIXS); 5. High... is the canted solar array. Chandrayaan-1 Mission Terrain Mapping Camera (TMC... Linear Array Quantisation: 10 bits Chandrayaan-1 Mission Hyper Spectral Imager (HySI...: 32 Spectral Resolution: 15 nm Chandrayaan-1 Mission The Low Energy X-ray... Center, Bangalore Ca, Ti, Fe Chandrayaan-1 Mission High Energy X- γ Ray (HEX...; Wt.: 15 kg; Power: 23 W Chandrayaan-1 Mission Lunar Laser Ranging Instrument... for Electro-Optics System, Bangalore Chandrayaan-1 Mission Moon Impact Probe(MIP... Vikram Sarabhai Space Center, Thiruvananthapuram Chandrayaan-1 Mission A new era of International... Indian collaboration in all experiments Chandrayaan-1 Mission (AO Payloads) Moon Mineral... surface composition of the Moon Chandrayaan-1 Mission (AO Payloads) SARA: Sub... and radiation dose monitor SWIM Chandrayaan-1 Mission (AO Payloads) Mini-SAR...% of a pixel across detector FOV. Chandrayaan-1 Two-year mission plan: All...) and DoD. Mini-RF on Chandrayaan-1 is built by Raytheon with... Top-level Radar Overview Parameter Chandrayaan-1 LRO • • Frequency Polarization S-band S-band... km SAR SAR Mapping Mapping Chandrayaan-1 Chandrayaan-1 •• Mosaic Mosaicassembled assembledfrom fromaa sequence... gap Optimal Orbits Twice a month Chandrayaan-1 has a 91° orbit Orbit track... days days Lunar (Polar) Mapping Chandrayaan-1 data products • Initial products – Geolocated... archived to the NASA PDS. Chandrayaan-1 Mission The Present Status: f PDR... over. f The second meeting of Chandrayaan-1 Science Team (comprising of ALL... months time f Schedule launch of Chandrayaan-1 in early 2008 as planned... to receive and archive the Chandrayaan-1 data Data access for PI...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.32/5
... Japan” by Kai Matsui 18 “Chandrayaan-1 and Future Planetary Exploration Missions... Exploration Technology Office Kai Matsui Chandrayaan-1 and Future Planetary Exploration Missions... Research Organisation, namely Astrosat and Chandrayaan-1 space missions. In 2004, Indian... Canadian astronomers. Chandrayaan-1 (First Indian Mission to Moon) Chandrayaan in the ancient... geochronological aspects of lunar exploration. CHANDRAYAAN-1 will address some of these... instruments that will be on CHANDRAYAAN-1 and their characteristics. Payload Function...) USA As regards scientific objectives, CHANDRAYAAN-1 (Figure-2) will provide new information... launch of Chandrayaan-1, the planetary exploration group has proposed Chandrayaan-2 and a special mission to Mars. The expertise developed for Chandrayaan... missions. A. Chandrayaan-2 (Exploration of the Moon as a Follow-up of Chandrayaan-1, during 2009-2011): Chandrayaan-2 will carry out further... evolution with improved version of Chandrayaan-1 instruments for imaging, mineralogy and... Indian lunar mission, Chandrayaan-1. 3.1 International Cooperation Promoted by Chandrayaan: Chandrayaan-1 will be a forerunner... from Europe will fly on Chandrayaan namely Radiation Dose Monitor from.... Also, scientific data obtained by Chandrayaan mission will be released to... by the Canadian Space Agency. Chandrayaan-1, India’s first mission to the... planetary missions in the future. Chandrayaan-1 is equipped with 12 scientific... orbit. The instrument complement of Chandrayaan-1 has been developed in collaboration.... Chandrayaan-1 is scheduled to launch in 2008. Following the launch of Chandrayaan... has proposed a second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 in the timeframe 2009-2011... lunar programme. Building on the Chandrayaan-1 experience, India is also considering... about ISRO’s plans for the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft at the end of...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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0.31/5
... two Moon missions, SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1. Also the independent solar science... measurements for the SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 XSM instruments. I would also like... development of the XSM for Chandrayaan-1. Finally, I want to thank my... Astronomia X Beginning of Life Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Spectrometer Chandrayaan-1 Demonstration of a Compact Imaging... 5 In-flight operations 5.1 SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 mission time lines . . . . 5.2 Operation of... (Kosugi et al. 2007). The Chandrayaan-1 (Bhandari 2005) mission equipped with... obtained from the SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 missions. There are also at... area (at 1.5 keV) 14 cm2 Chandrayaan-1 200 eV 1.2-20 keV 5.5 kg... parameters of the SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 Moon fluorescence spectrometers. 16 Detector... µm 0.0177 cm2 52◦ 3.6 mm 2 mm Chandrayaan-1 500 µm 0.1 µm 13 µm 0.25 µm 0.60 µm 0.379... information of the SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 XSM detectors. Performance data SMART... 512 Nominal integration time 16 s Chandrayaan-1 200 eV 1.2-20 keV 3% 512... features of the SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 XSM detectors. 3.2 Performance of the... are also presented. 5.1 SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 mission time lines The ESA... strong variability of solar activity. Chandrayaan-1 was the first Indian lunar.... 7.5 Paper V Ground calibrations of the Chandrayaan-1 X-ray Solar Monitor (XSM). This... monitors on-board SMART-1 and Chandrayaan-1 In general, the SMART-1 mission.... The data obtained from the Chandrayaan-1 mission suffered from low signal..., P. (2009), ‘Ground calibration of the chandrayaan-1 x-ray solar monitor (xsm)’, Nuclear... the Pacific, p. 17. Bhandari, N. (2005), ‘Chandrayaan-1: Science goals’, Journal of Earth... c1xs x-ray spectrometer on india’s chandrayaan-1 mission to the moon’, Planetary...), ‘The c1xs x-ray spectrometer on chandrayaan-1’, Planetary and Space Science 57..., P., Huovelin, J., Smith, D. R., Gow, J., C., N. K. & d’Uston, L. (2009), ‘Chandrayaan-1 x-ray spectrometer (c1xs) instrument design...