Спутник ФКИ. Change 2. [Редактировать]

КА Change-2 был запасным вариантом спутника Change-1, который был успешно запущен в октябре 2007 года. После технической реконструкции он будет запущен в рамках второй очереди программы изучения Луны. Главная задача Change-2 - проведение более тщательного исследования Луны для осуществления в будущем безопасной посадки на ее поверхность. В связи с этим на нем будет установлен новый лазерный альтиметр, который способен одновременно совершать измерения в пяти точках. Кроме этого, Change-2 будет совершать облет вокруг Луны на орбите высотой 100 км, а не как Change-1, который находился на окололунной орбите высотой 200 км, объяснил ученый.

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Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Change 2». [Перейти к поиску]


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..., Climate Change and Climatic Variability (Fundamental Definitions) 14 2.2. Climate Change Observed During... 2.3. Climate Change Estimates Kokorin, A. O. (ed.). 2011. Assessment Report: Climate change and its...: current and predicted climate change, prognosis for change in plant communities and water resources, and impact of climate change... developed to allow climate change prediction. 3. Climate Change Influence on Ecosystems and... change 102 6.3. Ecosystem Services in the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion under Climate Change... required climate change adaptation measures 128 6.4.2. Institutional solutions for climate change adaptation in the ASE 128 6.4.3. Complex solutions for climate change... climate (Climate Change, 2011). An analysis of climate change and its impact... climate change. Despite the large quantity of fundamental research on climate change... for managing the climate change problem. Firstly, climate change mitigation. Primarily it... stability change scenarios. Secondly, there are no estimates of climate change in... factor driving climate change is the human-indused change in atmospheric chemistry... ecosystems adapt to climate change. 2.1. CLIMATE, CLIMATE CHANGE AND CLIMATIC VARIABILITY (FUNDAMENTAL... situation due to observed climate change. 14 Change and Its Impact on... change in the Russian Portion of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion Change and...). 2.2.2. Recent climate change according to climate records Climate change can be estimated... their value exceeds change estimate error. As a climate change intensity measure for... change in conditions at the stage of cyclone initiation can change the... predicted climate change scenario of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC.../ % Phytomass, С, M tonnes Area change, km2/ % Phytomass, С, M tonnes Area change, km2/ % Phytomass, С, M tonnes... balance ∑bn ; 3 – cumulative change of glacier length ∑∆L 3. Climate Change Influence on Ecosystems... 4. Indicators of Climate Change Impact • Include climate change in national curriculum • Insurance...-to-forest change; 2 is forest-to-steppe change; and 3 is no change Fig.5.2. The 2080 forest-to-steppe change (yellow) and tundra-to-forest change (green) hot... A2 climate change scenario. The vegetation that will not change in extent... Water Resource Vulnerability to Climate Change Change and Its Impact on Ecosystems... Water Resource Vulnerability to Climate Change Change and Its Impact on Ecosystems... to Climate Change 93 6. Adaptation Actions: Observed and Forecasted Climate Change Impacts... CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION MEASURES IN THE RUSSIAN CONTEXT Global climate change entails... of climate change raises no doubts. In particular, climate change is referred... assistance in adaptation to climate change. 94 Change and Its Impact on... climate change); 2) describing the observed and potential impacts of climate change broken... considering climate change impacts on specific phenomena. In particular, climate change induced... intrusion aggravated by climate change. As under climate change saline intrusion presents... climate change impacts on population, economy and ecosystem services 99 100 Change... climate change Table 6.1 6.2. POPULATION AND ECONOMY OF THE ASE UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE 101 The ASE development trends and climate change adaptation... not to climate change as a more complicated process. 102 Change and Its... climate change adaptation measures 6.3. ECOSYSTEM SERVICES IN THE ASE UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE... the processes of climate change adaptation. 108 Change and Its Impact on... of climate change can incur significant damage (Table 6.4). Table 6.4 Climate change impacts... climate change impacts on the service. Results of observations and climate change... change impacts on population, economy and ecosystem services 113 Table 6.5 Climate change impacts on fire hazards in the ASE Climate change related... and potential climate change impacts on the service. Climate change has both... 6.6 Climate change impacts on agricultural ecosystems in the ASE Climate change related..., climate change can act as a catalyst of emergency situations. Change and Its... and potential climate change impacts on the service. Climate change has both... change impacts on natural habitats for biodiversity in the ASE Climate change... climate change (Dudley et al). 6. Adaptation actions: observed and forecasted climate change... climate change impacts, the ASE’s vulnerability could increase significantly. Therefore climate change adaptation measures in the region require mainstreaming of climate change... change adaptation strategy it is necessary to: ● integrate information about climate change... change. It can be an important step in assessing global (climate) change... future climate change. 2008. In: Assessment Report on climate change and its... boreal forest change: Predictions versus current observations. Global and Planetary Change. 56: 274–296. Solomon, A.M. and Leemans, R. 1990. Climatic change and...



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... results of change ............................................................206 8.3.2.2.1 Theme 5: Perceptual aspects of change on influencing the... prerequisites of change,Chapter 7investigates the differences between patients who change their... general – lifestyle change and this partially explains why people change their diets... habitual change (Chapman and Ogden, 2009) and thus people who change their... be associated with behavioural change and behavioural change interventions and it is... to change. The Transtheoretical Model (Prochaska and DiClemente, 1982) conceives change in... in behavioural change (pre-contemplation), consider change (contemplation), plan the change (preparation), adopt... of behaviour change a step forward. They propose a conceptualization of behaviour change as... processes of change and identify the societal role in change. 2.9 Other Theoretical... dietary behaviour change (Chapter 6)  Investigate the predictors of dietary behaviour change after... to change their diet after diagnosis. Even those who did not change... (N=73) Lifestyle change (diet) Lifestyle change (exercise) Lifestyle change (smoking) Lifestyle change (alcohol consumption... control Lifestyle change (diet) _ Lifestyle change (exercise) 682** _ .482** .622** _ Lifestyle change (alcohol... behavioural change. After diagnosis participants were more interested in health behaviour change... the relationship between change to diet after cancer and change to HRQOL.... The relationship between dietary change and change in HRQOL is found to... or the behavioural change itself. The mechanisms of behavioural change are important for an understanding of why some patients change... the relationship between change in diet after cancer and change in HRQOL... dietary behaviour change but not confidence in the ability to change dietary... information 4 New Dietary change post-diagnosis 1 New Dietary change post-therapy 1 New... diagnosis and after therapy (“Change” and “No change”). An independent samples t-test... after diagnosis (N = 95) Positive change Negative Change No Change Diagnosis Therapy Diagnosis Therapy... and change to diet after diagnosis – diagnosis model (Table 7.6) – and change to... change in diet after diagnosis and therapy and marital status (N = 95) Change... (N = 75) Change (post-therapy) 14 (73.7) 44 (58.7) No Change (post-therapy) 5 (26.3) 31 (41.3) Change (post-diagnosis) 16 (84.2) 50 (66.7) No change (post-diagnosis... change to diet after diagnosis and therapy and educational level (N = 95) Change... (N = 13) Change (post-therapy) 18 (54.5) 31 (64.6) 9 (69.2) No change (post-therapy) 15 (45.5) 17 (35.4) 4 (30.8) Change (post-diagnosis 17 (48.5) 38 (79.2) 11 (84.6) No change (post... behavioural change, since dyspnoea is higher for patients who do not change... change. Furthermore,future studies can distinguish between habitual and voluntary behavioural change... how people change their diet and they concluded that dietary change may... active path and imposed change and seamless change in line with the... determinants of dietary change” and “perceived results of dietary change”. The reason... explained determinants of change and “the perceptual aspects of change towards influencing... of change Action on Diet Superordinate Theme 2 Perceived results of change Theme 5 The perceptual aspects of change on influencing the... change towards the relationship with food, and the maintenance of behaviour change focusing on the change’s evidence. The participants... behaviour change or not is how they evaluate the benefits of change... change in the process of making sense of their dietary changes. Change..., change triggers feelings and the participants seem to react to change; this may be an indication that change in any... their health behaviour change they need evidence that the change has enhanced... of dietary behaviour change; and generally how men who change their diets... behaviour change. In this Thesis cognitive functioning was a strong predictor of change... can explain change whereas physical subscales constitute an outcome of change. 224... non-change) can significantly affect the initiation of dietary behavior change. In... the change. It is suggested that evaluating the results of a behaviour change... dietary behaviour change to decide whether they would maintain the change. This... of change or a predictor (Chapman and Ogden, 2009). Overall dietary behaviour change... dietary behaviour change is the underlying behavioural theory of lifestyle change. This... contribute to dietary behaviour change or change when patients change their diet. To... people change their diets? An exploration into mechanisms of dietary change. Journal... behaviour change wheel: A new method for characterising and designing behaviour change interventions... Change Consortium: setting the stage for a new century of health behavior-change...



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... Challenge.  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   2  Forward Climate Change and the... Change and the Micronesia Challenge   4  Executive Summary The workshop Climate Change and...  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   8  Acknowledgments Micronesia Challenge  Climate Change Workshop... ways forward in climate change adaptation  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge...  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   10  1.0 Introduction Climate change has become... Schils, “Climate Change in Guam,” April 14, 2009.  Climate Change and the... of climate change in Micro‐ nesia,” April 15, 2009.  Climate Change and... islands to survive  extreme change.      Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   23... climate change?  • What determines the type and severity of climate change impacts... to climate change  • How to assess the physical climate change hazards threatening your island  Climate Change and the... change adaptation strategy:  • Making plans to prepare for climate change  • Linking climate change...’ vulnerability to climate change, climate variability and sea level change, and to... change, including climate  variability. The APF is designed to link climate change... change by rec‐ ommending a detailed, easy‐to‐understand process for climate change preparedness. Preparing for climate  change is considered a matter... to climate change impacts? How do  you identify your climate change priority... societies affected by climate change impacts.  Climate  change can aggravate existing economic... agents of change.  In the conventions related to cli‐ mate change, women... planning and climate change adaptation funding.      3.4   Mainstreaming Climate Change into Policy, Plans... Climate Change in Micronesia   Umiich Sengebau, The Nature Con‐ servancy    Climate Change... of climate  change in Micronesia,” April 15, 2009.  Climate Change and the... Publication  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   36  4.0 Climate Change Adaptation Strategies... for climate change adaptation?   2) What are the opportunities for climate change adaptation... for cli‐ mate change adaptation funding;   11) climate change draws attention to... for climate  change impacts and trends • Establish a climate change working group among... climate change efforts, e.g. education and outreach  • Streamline activities for climate change adaptation by ensuring collaboration and reduction of redundant  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   38  activities  Mainstream climate variability and change... implement a national climate change policy • Increase support for climate change adaptation activities... Change, which is an important document  that identifies needs for climate change... National Communication on  Climate Change. Incorporate climate change adaptation lens into existing... climate change lens in looking at existing project Incorporate climate change adaptation... a Climate Change network with a hired coordinating staff. Guam Create a Climate Change network... limit extent of climate  change.   Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   45... adaptation to climate change and disaster  risk reduction.  • Climate change will require... ecological risks from climate  change.   • Climate change planning, both mitigation and adaptation... to  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   46  • • climate change.  Use interaction...‐ tive climate change adaptation policies and programs.   Climate Change and the Micronesia... the California Climate Change Center.  IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical... Climate Change in Small Islands: a Guidebook. Tyndall Centre for  Climate Change Research...  U.S. Global Climate Change Research Program (USGCRP). 2009. Global Climate Change Impacts in..., 2009. Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   51  Climate Change & the Micronesia... Change and the Micronesia Challenge   53      LUNCH    TOOLS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION: (Continued)    Mainstreaming Climate Change into Policy, Plans... Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   57  WELCOME REMARKS Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   58  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   59  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   60  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   61  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   62  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   63  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   64  Climate Change and the... Con‐ vention on Climate Change.  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   69... Change Coordinator mainly focus  on stocktaking exercises of all related climate change... Sheet Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   89  Climate Change and the Micronesia Challenge   90  Climate Change and the...



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... Voices and Discursive ‘Change’.............. 134 5.4 Conclusion: Perceived ‘Change’ and Cognitive Spaces of... of‘Crises’ of Change and Cooperation.................................................................................................................. 225 7.4.1 ‘Change’ Narratives: ‘Evolutionary Change’ and ‘Business...-2000 ........................................................................ 137 Table 7.1 ‘Change’ Narratives Compared .............................................................................. 203 Table 7.2 ‘Change’ Narratives of Interest... 13 [A]ll innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes innovation (J-A Johannessen... perceptions of industry-regional change or change narratives can inform or compete... that all innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes innovation, which... from mere change’ […] ‘because all innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes... that ‘all innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes innovation’, Johannessen... in processes of ‘newness-change’. Furthermore, change is inextricably linked to innovation... distinguished from mere change, emphases on solely identifying ‘change’ as a function of...) and innovation-driven change as distinct from ‘mere change’. But 41 the... that ‘all innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes innovation’ (Johannessen... that ‘all innovation presupposes change, but not all change presupposes innovation’ (Johannessen... REGULATION 9. ‘Change ’- brief characterization of ‘change’ in the leather footwear sector CHANGE Source... 192274 2006 1 479552 217833 (% change) 2004 (% change) Table 5.12 Total Registered Unemployment... chapter discussions, ‘innovation requires change, but change is not necessarily innovative’ (Jones... industry transformation and institutional change hereafter referred as change narratives. Lastly, many... its contributions to behavioural change. It [behavioural change] is the key […] of... in the students seeds of change; change, in technical-professional preparation terms... different dimensions of change used to articulate interviewees’ change narratives in Chapter... and their reasoning of change. 202 Table 7.1 ‘Change’ Narratives Compared Narratives “Disjointed... ‘change’. “Natural evolution”/ “Environment of fear” Evolutionary ‘change’ . “Constant innovation” Necessary ‘change’ argued... of the anchor concept of change (CHANGE) with its respective MDS output... reasoning of change (CHANGE), which reinforces their handwritten accounts of change at the... bounded perceptions of change. Interviewees’ differing perceptions of change reflect the self...’ maps of their reasoning of change (CHANGE). Unlike the training programmes of... perception of change (CHANGE), confirmed 216 by the organization’s placement of CHANGE ‘statement... better working conditions, relative to change (CHANGE), varies. For instance, it is... express through ‘crises’ of change narratives of ‘evolutionary change’ and ‘environment of..., whilst FESETE/SOCIAL’s reasoning of change (CHANGE) positively has recognized improvements in... institutions and businesses (LEARNING) to change (CHANGE) and the other remaining MDS... this chapter in Section 7.5. 7.4.1 ‘Change’ Narratives: ‘Evolutionary Change’ and ‘Business as Usual... of change, which have been evidenced in their change narratives of ‘evolutionary change... these bounded perceptions of change. The following two change narratives offer an... institutions and businesses (LEARNING) and change (CHANGE, cf. Figures 7.5 and 7.9a). Though... of change. FIRM 2, on the contrary, has suggested a negative reasoning of change (CHANGE... of change. However unlike FIRM 1 and FIRM 2, FIRMS 3 and 4 have associated change (CHANGE... and FIRM 4 has not reasoned change (CHANGE) albeit positively with greater ‘functional... a recognized need for progressive change or 'evolutionary change', and the support of... industry: Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector... ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector: Increased process of change... of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector: Change reflected in... Norte region Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear... of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector: Change in the... FESETE) Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector...: 29 Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector... (Porto) Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector... industry: ? Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector...: 15 Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector... firm) Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector...: 13 Definition of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector... of ‘Change’: brief characterization of ‘Change’ in the footwear sector: A profound change in...



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... ................................................................................................................5 C. Key concepts related to climate change ..................................................................................................... 5 Module 1. Conceptual framework: gender issues... change issues in agriculture and food security ............................. 19 A. What is climate change... climate change mitigation, agriculture must reduce its contribution to climate change. This... change in rural communities.  A gender-sensitive approach to responding to climate change... climate change, prepare for future climate risks and impacts of climate change, or modify agricultural practices to reduce contributions to climate change... change. To gain a greater understanding of the physical science of climate change... climate change In carrying out research on gender and climate change in... of climate change. Other Definitions: Outside of the climate change discourse, natural... of climate change. Other Definitions: Note that outside the climate change discourse... change, the word mitigation refers to reducing the causes of climate change... and the risk from climate change. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and... climate change. Furthermore, as an intervention coming from the outside, climate change... of climate change adaptation and mitigation activities. Participation in climate change solutions..., food security and climate change. A. What is climate change?1 You are probably... disrupt production cycles and change seasonality. Climate change impacts on the availability... change have been established, which have also shaped the way climate change... climate change by reducing vulnerability). However, the end result of climate change... management and change management play roles in adaptation to climate change. Disaster... make a decision to change their practices, whether the change is a modification in... considered when agricultural practices change? How might a change in the household energy... of climate change adaptation. MODULE 2. Concepts: gender and climate change issues in... the change. Process: Explain that you now want to understand how a change... made to make the change and how the change was carried out. Then, ask the participants whether the change... the change that was made? Who decided to make the change, women... the change, women or men? What was needed to make the change... to make the change? And/or was the change based on a revival of traditional knowledge systems? If the change... after this change, or better or worse food? Did the change create... analysis of the change(s). TRAINING GUIDE - GENDER AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH IN... your household change their farming activities? Questions related to climate change events... possible, climate change. 82 TRAINING GUIDE - GENDER AND CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH IN... made to make the change and how the change was carried out. Then ask about how the change has... was the change that was made? Why was this change made? Who decided to make the change, women or... the change, women or men? What was needed to make the change... needed to make the change? If the change required new technology, who... 113 Change 5 Change 4 Change 3 Change 2 Change 1 Practice change Who has changed their behaviour? What was the change... helped this change come about? Who decided to make the change? How... factors or change and/or problems created by the change Who was.../gende Change 5 Change 4 Change 3 Change 2 Change 1 Practice change Who has changed their behaviour? What was the change... helped this change come about? Who decided to make the change? How... factors or change and/or problems created by the change Who was... of climate change. Other definitions: Outside of the climate change discourse, natural... climate system (Source: 7). Climate change Climate change refers to a statistically significant variation... on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in its Article 1, defines “climate change” as: “a change of... of climate change. Other definitions: Note that outside the climate change discourse... change, the word mitigation refers to reducing the causes of climate change... to environmental change The vulnerability of a food system to environmental change is... and the risk from climate change. Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and... (October 2009) Climate Change Connections – Gender and Climate Change Resource Kit. WWW... Climate change adaptation resources Planning for Community Based Adaptation to Climate Change... and climate change resources Angula, H. (2010) Gender and Climate Change: Namibia Case... systems for global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change 18(1):234-245... Response to Climate Change. Rome, Italy. FAO. 2008a. Climate Change and Disaster...: The Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation...), Washington; Climate change 1995, The science of climate change, contribution of working...



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... whether it desires a change. Major change desired Minor change desired Satisfactory Policy on... Major change desired Minor change desired Satisfactory Percentage Total Major change desired Minor change... Major change desired Minor change desired Satisfactory Percentage Major change desired Total Minor change... 1,2,3,4,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired Lower Lower Minor change desired... change desired .. .. Minor change desired Raise Lower Major change desired Lower Lower Major change... change desired .. .. Minor change desired No intervention No intervention Minor change desired .. .. Major change... 1,2,3,4,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... 1,2,3,4,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. 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Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... 1,2,3,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... 1,2,3,4,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired .. .. Major change desired... change desired Lower Lower Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change... change desired .. .. Minor change desired Lower Lower Minor change desired Lower Lower Major change... change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired Lower Lower Major change... change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired Lower Lower Major change... 1,2,3,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired...ª Major concern 1,2,3,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower... urban agglomerations ---- Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired No intervention... 1,2,3,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. Lower Minor change desired .. Lower... concern 1,2,3,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower... 1,2,3,4,6 Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired Lower Lower Minor change desired... concern 1,2,3,4,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired No... 1,2,3,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... change desired No intervention No intervention Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change... 1,2,3,4,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... 1,2,3,5,6 Major change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Minor change desired Lower Lower Major change desired... urban agglomerations ---- Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. .. Minor change desired .. ..ª International migration... 1,2,3,5,6 Minor change desired .. .. Major change desired .. .. Major change desired Lower Lower Major change desired...



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LTSN Generic Centre Change Thinking, Change Practices A guide to change for Heads of... and Teaching Support Network Preface Change Thinking, Change Practices is part of... 2 Section 1. Change thinking 4 1.1 Suggestions 3 1.2 LTSN Generic Centre resources 5 1.3 Change cultures and change communities... of change 13 2.2 Change foci 13 2.3 Sources of change, control and power 14 2.4 Change... of change; the foci of terms of change. Pro-Vice Chancellors and change; the sources of change, control... about and evaluation of change. practising of change not least in working... is that change involves change: that initial plans and visions themselves change as... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices Key Points The premise... deconstructive literature (summary: change systematic approach to change, in this case intentions... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices American Association for Higher... three expert views of educational change: a. Dissemination: a change theory approach by Professor... change in HE. assumptions about change. He suggests Notice the view that change... New Meaning of Educational Change. Forthcoming is Change Forces with a Vengeance (2002). LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 5 Change Thinking, Change Practices which includes the remark that ‘You can’t change and... may be attracted to change theory 5 (stimulating change processes), recognising that The..., for successful good monitoring change? Who are the change champions? Central resource... 5. Models using complexity Change Thinking, Change Practices 7 Change Thinking, Change Practices Unfortunately, the results...-fits-all’ theory of change, we encourage change agents to appreciate the... Change Thinking, Change Practices We understand this to reinforce the idea that change... engagement and the capacity. 1.3 Change cultures and change communities Hannan and Silver... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices help higher education enhance... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices This takes us to... are embedded in inescapable change is institutional change. This has routines (see... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices thinking to bear on... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices may need to affect... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices defined and in a tightly... practices model for understanding change are: • Successful change involves inputs from both... Generic Centre – January 2003 15 Change Thinking, Change Practices • A subtle understanding of... for change and pushes the possibility of change to centre stage. 2.4 Change processes... a change in routine practices LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices... of the change process is where the change moves to a change in practices... LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices 2. Developing programme objectives... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices The consequences of this... the social practice model of change and change management, success is defined... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices Any or all of... all programmes for change have underlying ‘theories of change’ that have influenced... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices Focusing intractable problems with... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices almost all teachers to... Centre – January 2003 23 Change Thinking, Change Practices international, credit system which... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices were defensive, believing themselves... LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices 2. The specifics of... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices were much less prominent... Change Thinking, Change Practices formative or summative and that outcomes appropriately. A simple change... Change Thinking, Change Practices policy commitment to Technology has made the professors change... element for change. 29 LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices... of an external driver for change change to community health teaching which... Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices The change problems confronting the team..., a lack of institutional 1. Change processes are often imperfect: change is the art... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices You are likely to... LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices 4.2 Working priorities: a conclusion... Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices We will pass by... LTSN Generic Centre – January 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices 4. Some commentators argue... 2003 Change Thinking, Change Practices Land, R. (2001) Agency, context and change in academic... LTSN Generic Centre Change Thinking, Change Practices A guide to change for Heads of...



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... PANEL ON CLIMATE CHANGE © Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2015 First published... IPCC: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis; Climate Change 2014: Impacts... Vulnerability; and Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. The SYR also... Concern Regarding Climate Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 2.4 Air temperature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Climate change beyond 2100... decision-making about climate change. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 3.2 Climate change risks reduced by adaptation... of climate change Filled symbols = Major contribution of climate change Figure SPM... Figure SPM.7 | Change in average surface temperature (a) and change in average precipitation... of climate change sufficient to trigger abrupt and irreversible change remain uncertain... for Policymakers Climate change poses risks for food production (a) Change in maximum... risks of climate change at regional scales. {2.3.2} SPM Climate change is projected... about climate change Effective decision-making to limit climate change and its... relationship between risks from climate change, temperature change, cumulative carbon dioxide (CO2... to climate change (very high confidence). {4.1} Vulnerability to climate change, GHG emissions... causal factors to an observed change Change in annual CO2 emissions by... attribution to climate change Observed impacts attributed to climate change for Physical... of climate change Filled symbols = Major contribution of climate change (c) Mean Standard... yet to climate change (high confidence), natural global climate change at rates... impacts to climate change. The role of climate change can be major... some aspects of climate change and climate change impacts, uncertainty about future... consecutive years). (d) Change in global mean sea level. (e) Change in ocean surface...) scenarios for (a) change in annual mean surface temperature and (b) change in annual... combined effect of climate change and land use change. {WGI SPM E.7, 6.4.2, 6.4.3} Year... of climate change sufficient to trigger abrupt and irreversible change remain uncertain... and global temperature change.). A large fraction of anthropogenic climate change resulting from... risk due to climate change (see Box 2.4) Change in annual GHG emissions... relationship between risks from climate change, temperature change, cumulative carbon dioxide (CO2... emissions, limit temperature change and adapt to climate change. Near-term choices... Assessment of Climate Change Risks A subset of climate change risks and impacts... 100 years Temperature change after 20 years Temperature change after 100 years... resilience to climate change (very high confidence). Innovation and change can expand... particularly vulnerable to climate change and climate change policies. Economic development and...). II Abrupt change/abrupt climate change Abrupt change refers to a change that is substantially faster than the rate of change... a system. Abrupt climate change refers to a large-scale change in the climate... as future climate change. Climate change Climate change refers to a change in the state... on Climate Change (UNFCCC), in its Article 1, defines climate change as: ‘a change of... climate quantity causes a change in a second and the change in the second... providing a reason for that change. An identified change is detected in observations... Global Temperature change Potential (GTP) An index measuring the change in global...} Land-use change (LUC) Land-use change refers to a change in the use...). Indirect land-use change (iLUC) Indirect land-use change refers to shifts..., 1996: Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... pp. Annex II Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... Assessment Report Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change Contribution of Working... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Climate Change 1995: Synthesis of Scientific... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Climate Change 1992: The Supplementary Report... Assessment Report Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change Contribution of Working... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Climate Change: The Scientific Assessment Report... to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX) 2012 Climate Change 2001: Mitigation Contribution... Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN) 2011 Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report... Report VI Climate Change 1995: Science of Climate Change Contribution of Working... on Climate Change Climate Change 1994: Radiative Forcing of Climate Change and an... Impacts of Climate Change 1992 Technical Papers Climate Change and Water IPCC...



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... Woerdekom, Sidestone Press Challenging climate change Competition and cooperation among pastoralists... bc climate change hypothesis 1.3 Studying human responses to climate change: methodological considerations... northern Mesopotamia 2.3.6 Reconstructing climate change 2.3.7 Synthesis of climate change 2.3.8 Evidence for drought... 3 Theorizing social responses to environmental change 33 3.1 Introduction 33 3.2 Defining the... to environmental change 34 3.4 Maintaining alternative social responses to environmental change 36 3.5 Modelling social responses to environmental change 3.5.1 Territoriality, social... on Climate Change (IPCC) in their reports on current climate change. This... change. This observation justifies a study of past human responses to environmental change... societal change will be referred to as the Leilan Climate Change Model (LCCM) (see Section 2.3.5 for further discussion). Advocating climate change as an explanation for socio-cultural change goes back...-)introducing climate change as an important variable of socio-cultural change (Akkermans and Schwartz 2003: 283). 1.3 Studying human responses to climate change... between climate variability and climate change. Climate variability represents ‘variations in...), whereas climate Challenging Climate Change change is a ‘change in the state of the..., abrupt climate change can be understood as climate change where the involved... climate change in a given region, (b) presenting archaeological evidence for synchronic change in... the socio-cultural change was a response to environmental change at all. In... climate change was the critical factor in the observed socio-cultural change... belief that environmental change cannot cause socio-cultural change, or only in... evidence for climate change and contemporaneous socio-cultural change is insufficient to... to environmental change. Decisions on how to respond to environmental change are... was a period of significant environmental change (see Section 2.3.7), changing social relations... abandonments, Khabur hiatus 1 abrupt climate change (phase 1: tephra; phase 2: marked aridity... vegetation to climate change, so that deducing regional climate change from localized... environmental change, and legitimizes the investigation of other responses to environmental change... 3 Theorizing social responses to environmental change 3.1 Introduction Section 2.3.7 has shown that... a feedback mechanism between environmental change and socio-cultural change, and (c) the consideration.... 3.3 Ordering social responses to environmental change Every environment presents its inhabitants... responses to environmental change If social responses to environmental change are hierarchically... responses to environmental change Many responses to environmental change can be carried... to environmental change, the interdependence of social structures and environmental change will... Theorizing social responses to environmental change with similar subsistence strategies experience... change’ (1982: 508), Rautman (1996) proposed a more specific correlation between environmental change.... 3.5.3 Hypothesizing social responses to environmental change Summarizing, the present discussion has... between culture change and other diachronic processes, for example climate change (Plog... combination is subject to change, and once significant change has occurred, it... change in a given settlement is conditionally related to the probabilities of change... the settlement 65 Challenging Climate Change R A L I P M D B Q N O S K E H U T F C G V J 2000+ m 1500-2000 m 1000-1500...   1.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1   0.1 0.1   1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.6 0.3 1.4 0.6 0.6 1.6 Table 5.6: Continued. 79 Challenging Climate Change N 330 280 282 0 km 5 281... Challenging Climate Change economy that existed previously, but with a change in the... 8.3). 137 8 Social responses to environmental change 8.1 Introduction The palaeoenvironmental data presented... aridity. Nevertheless, a correlation between climate change and the settlement development in... Climate Change If these developments and the evidence for climate change at... climate change scenarios, as for example presented in the Leilan Climate Change... 6/2, 149–88. 155 Challenging Climate Change Costanza, R., L. Graumlich, W. Steffen, C. Crumley, J. Dearing... change. In H.N. Dalfes, G. Kukla, and H. Weiss (eds.): Third millennium BC climate change..., and J.C. Tibby 1999: Holocene environmental change in southwest Turkey: a palaeoecological record... on Climate Change. Geneva. Issar, A.S. and M. Zohar 2004: Climate change. Environment and.... Kouchoukos, N.T. 1998: Landscape and social change in late prehistoric Mesopotamia. Dissertation.../5551, 2532–5. 163 Challenging Climate Change Manning, S.W., C.B. Ramsey, W. Kutschera, T. Higham, B. Kromer... religion. Berkeley. 167 Challenging Climate Change Rautman, A.E. 1996: Risk, reciprocity, and... Archaeology. Cambridge. 171 Challenging Climate Change Tainter, J.A. and B.B. Tainter (eds.) 1996...



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... climate change concerns ................................................................... 14 2. Increase resilience of food systems to climate change... insecurity and climate change ................................................................. 28 1.2.1 Food systems and climate change ................................................................................... 31 1.2.2 Role... change on crops, livestock and agricultural systems .......... 34 1.2.4 Evidence of climate change effects on agricultural production ........................................ 36 1.2.5 Climate change effects and... change and livelihoods ........................................................................................ 38 1.3 2 Policy messages .................................................................................................................... 39 ASSESSING IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE... change? ................................................................ 55 3.5 How to support food producers to adapt to climate change .................................................. 56 3.5.1 Undertake regular assessments of climate change risks and... to climate-change enhanced water availability risks ... 59 3.5.9 Climate change and water in coastal areas ..................................................................... 60 3.6 Climate-change adaptation in... change .................................................................................. 69 4.4 Mitigation options and food security ...................................................................................... 70 4.4.1 Reduce land use change... of climate change. Principal observations 1. Food security vulnerability to climate change begins... to climate change Even without the threats from climate change, meeting food... manage climate change. Knowledge systems with regard to climate change are dynamic... systems to climate change Adverse effects of climate change are already apparent... increasing climate change resilience have multiple benefits. 3 a) Reduce land use change for agriculture Land use change from systems with... of climate change on food security. Regional programs on climate change and... and climate change. 6. Recommendations for the CFS 6 a) Include climate change recommendations in... for climate change and food security The consequences of climate change cross... food security and climate change challenges (Chapter 5). Climate change impacts food security... and those affected by climate change. Climate change adds to the challenges... and climate change An important aspect of how climate change affects food... climate-change-specific activities to women. 1.2.3 Biological effects of climate change on... vulnerability to climate change. - The biophysical effects of climate change on plant... affected by climate change. 40 2 ASSESSING IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FOOD..., ecosystem change, food production, distribution, utilization; general socioeconomic development, institutional change and... climate change. Vulnerability of food and nutrition security to climate change is... to climate change Periodically, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issues... climate change framework agreements”. 2.3.4 Urbanization Urbanization will change the nature of climate change... climate change. Quantitative scenario exercises of the effects of climate change have... to climate change has several unique features. First, climate change will affect... eventually be challenged by climate change. Climate-change adaptation starts from an... in adaptation to climate change. But climate change will bring its own... to climate change. Nevertheless it is important to consider climate-change adaptation... vulnerability to climate change. 3.5.1 Undertake regular assessments of climate change risks and vulnerability Anticipatory adaptation to climate change requires... as an adaptation to climate change Climate change will alter the types... will need to change to cope with climate change and research is.... 4.4.1 Reduce land use change for agriculture Land use change from systems with.... Climate change is one of the factors that might change how we... of climate change. 5.2.4 Capacity building Assessing vulnerabilities to climate change (including proper... manage climate change. Knowledge systems with regard to climate change are dynamic... for climate change and food security. The consequences of climate change cross... of climate change. Copenhagen: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and... the global ocean under climate change.” Global Change Biology 16 (1): 24-35... of climate change and food insecurity in the global tropics. Change. Copenhagen... Panel on Climate Change. Change. Geneva, Switzerland. IPCC. (2007e). Climate Change 2007: Impacts... Programme on Global Environmental Change. Global Environmental Change 16 (3) (August): 237-239...). US agriculture and climate change: new results. Climatic Change 57 (1): 43-67...