Спутник ФКИ. Change 5-T1. [Редактировать]

5-T1 Chang'e, экспериментальная лунная миссия. Основной задачей является проведение тестов по возврату с орбиты Луны. Как заключительная часть Лунной исследовательской программы будет являться типовым решением для дальнейших миссий. Конструктивно состоит подобен аппарату типа Chang'e 2, но содержит возвращаемую капсулу. Капсула несет микроорганизмы и бактерии на которых должно быть определено влияние космической радиации на живые существа.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - Китай
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-10-31. Аппарат успешно облетел вокруг Луны и возвратил капсулу на Землю. Приземление состоялось во внутренней Монголии.Тэги: Change 5-T1

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Платформа 1xDFH-3

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Космическое агентство Китая
2Производитель China Academy of Space Technology

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Сичан
2Дата пуска2014-10-23
3Полезная нагрузка 1x4M
4Полезная нагрузка 1xChange 5-T1
5Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 3C

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... 0 -4 -8 -12 -16 -20 25 Change in RDEL Change in CDEL Net welfare....3 79.9 77.2 74.7 0.2 1.3 0.9 1.4 2.6 2.9 3.4 Change in nominal GDP 1 Change in cash level of net debt 0.2 0.1 1.7 -0.5 November forecast March forecast Change... borrowing 0.4 0.2 0.0 Per cent of GDP -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 -1.0 -1.2 Change since November -1.4 November forecast -1.6 March... borrowing Lower GDP Higher borrowing 2.0 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 Change in nominal GDP forecast Source... hour) Annual 2008Q1 Annual change: relative to change: whole 1994Q1 to 2008Q1... migration Participation rate: natural change Population: natural change Total 8 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 Q1 Q2 2016... for actual productivity growth 3.0 Percentage change on a year earlier 2.5 November 2015... 3.2: Potential output growth forecast Percentage change on a year earlier, unless otherwise... forecast 11.4 -1.0 -0.1 3.7 March forecast 10.1 -1.0 -0.4 3.8 Change -1.3 0.0 -0.2 0.0 of which: 2015 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 of which....3 -0.8 August 2010 15.4 -0.6 January 2016 Change -8.9 0.2 1 -1.8 0.0 1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 5.8 6.7 0.9 24.1 20.6 -3.5 -3.0 -5.6 -2.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 9.5 10.6 1.1 30.8 20... Q1 0.6 0.6 0.0 2014 Q2 Q3 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6 -0.1 0.0 Percentage change on previous quarter 2015 Q4... Business investment Dwellings investment1 Government2 Change in inventories Net trade Outturn... inflation 6 Forecast November forecast Percentage change on a year earlier 5 March forecast... forecast March forecast Forecast Percentage change on a year earlier 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 2010 2011... real consumption 6 Forecast Annual percentage change 4 2 0 -2 Real consumption per employee -4 Real... Investment Government consumption Exports Stocks Change in import intensity Imports 1998... real GDP since November Percentage change between forecast levels 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 -1.0 OECD revision... 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.02 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.01 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.01 0.9 0.5 0.0 -0.5 0.1 0.6 -0.7 -0.8 2.1 -0.2 -0.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.6 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0 1 Per cent change since November. Includes households and... surplus 8 29 4 ££billion billion 0 Change in RDEL Change in CDEL Net welfare...) 1.6 Change due to effective tax rate 1.4 Change due to tax base 1.2 Total change in share of GDP Percentage point change 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 NICs Source... duty 3.2 3.1 3.2 Insurance premium tax 3.0 3.6 4.6 Climate change levy 1.6 1.8 2.1 6.6 7.1 7.0 Other HMRC taxes4 5.9 5.6 5.5 Vehicle... duty 0.0 0.0 0.0 Insurance premium tax 0.0 0.1 -0.1 Climate change levy 0.0 -0.3 -0.4 0.0 0.2 0.1 Other HMRC taxes4 Vehicle... change to the receipts forecast since November November forecast March forecast Change Total change to underlying forecast of... November November forecast March forecast Change Total (by economic determinant) Average... forecast Change PSGI in CDEL (actual spending) November forecast March forecast Change... November 2015 Change from previous forecast (£ billion) 6 July 2015 Total change 4 2 0 -2 -4 Source... point change as a share of GDP 0.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 -1.0 Change due to average award -1.2 Change due... -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 Change due to average award -1.0 Change due to caseload -1.2 Not decomposed -1.4 Total change -1.6 Total change in Personal... forecast Change of which: Economic determinants Estimating/modelling changes Classification change Budget... forecast March forecast Change Expenditure November forecast March forecast Change of which...) Change November forecast (gross of APF) March forecast (gross of APF) Change... borrowing 0.4 0.2 0.0 Per cent of GDP -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 -0.8 -1.0 -1.2 Change since November -1.4 November forecast -1.6 March... forecast March forecast Change of which: Change in nominal GDP 1 Change in cash....3 3.4 -2.6 2.0 1.9 1.9 40.6 24.5 81.9 80.8 2.7 1.8 0.3 -0.4 Natural change -6.1 78.3 1.9 -1.8 -5.2 76.1 2.2 -2.1 1.7 1.7 1.7 27.7 81.8 0.8 -0.2 -1.6 79... not change by a significant amount in response to such a small levy change... nominal GDP forecasts Percentage point change in cumulative growth 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 Average (-0.9 per... nominal GDP forecasts Percentage point change in cumulative growth 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 Other Whole... GDP Higher borrowing 2.0 -6 Source: OBR -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 Change in nominal GDP forecast Modelling... forecast revisions Chart B.6: Sources of change in borrowing forecasts 2.0 Higher borrowing... 4.7: Change to current receipts since November ................................................ 112 Table 4.8: Sources of change to... changes since November ........................... 139 Chart 4.5: Change in real RDEL from 2015... revisions...................... 239 Chart B.6: Sources of change in borrowing forecasts ................................................... 242 Chart... ............................................ 246 Chart B.8: Year-on-year change in RDEL in 2016-17...



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...) 405 Identifying barriers to institutional change in disability services (number 41... institutional change that accompanies globalisation. Their results indicate that institutional change associated... technological change. Katz and Autor (1999) identify skill-biased technological change as... in globalisation, migration, ageing, technological change, revised patterns of work, shifting... by identifying barriers to institutional change in European welfare systems. The... the particular challenges of institutional change under the conditions of Southern... uncertainties involved in farreaching institutional change. Interestingly, trust in European institutions..., M. (2011), Reform Processes and Policy Change. Veto-Players and Decision-Making..., B. (2013), Identifying barriers to institutional change in disability services, WWWforEurope Working... change, because the marginal productivity of skilled and unskilled labor cannot change if their composition in production does not change. In..., 1960-2010 Eastern countries. The change in the intergenerational education mobility... Lutz (2010). Countries ordered by change in the intergenerational education mobility... 3 – Projected change in migration to EU15 tion to climate change. These scenarios..., J. (2013): “Income Projections for Climate Change Research: A Framework Based on Human... change analysis: A new approach based on shared socioeconomic pathways,” Global Environmental Change... will require a change in the reallocation of resources. This change has to be accommodated by a change in the age.... 48 Identifying barriers to institutional change in disability services Working Paper... Váradi 2 Identifying barriers to institutional change in disability services 2013-09... by identifying barriers to institutional change in European welfare systems within... contribute to change but also the mechanisms leading to change. This approach... identified as most resistant to change in early comparative studies (e.g. Esping...: „… the literature on welfare state change also remains somewhat inconclusive, because... order change and the later proliferation of related notions, e.g. institutional change, paradigmatic change..., to contributing to accelerating technological change. But, as Myles and Quadagno... putative policy change can and do explain social welfare policy change. This... against the political parties implementing change (Galasso and Profeta 2002 enumerate... a broad consensus is necessary for change are underlined as particularly important... Beside global technological and economic change itself, a number of other structural... activation and effective communication help change (Lack of) trust in implementing... and especially across countries. Evaluating change over time within a single country... 2 Variation in the magnitude of change in legislation, implementation and impact... cluster. The differences in legislative change are largest between Denmark, the.... Nygård, M. (2006) Welfare-Ideological Change in Scandinavia: A Comparative Analysis of... Press. Palier, Bruno (2010) Ordering change: Understanding the ‘Bismarckian’ Welfare Reform..., the bureaucracy is usually implementing change, too Tompson (2009), OECD (2010... window Can help change path dependence Can hinder change trust in politicians makes it easier to make stakeholders accept change... costly measures of integration demographic change a growing proportion of old age... (2009), OECD (2010) globalisation, technological change multiple effects, the direction is... = replacement rate. 27 Table A3a Change in legislation affecting disabled employment... A2a. Standard deviations calculated for change in the compensation and integration... the particular challenges of institutional change under the conditions of Southern... change in utility associated with a loss is larger than the absolute change... not selfish but forced to change institutions. activates positive reciprocity. can... dimensions of institutional and societal change. 32 Heinemann and Grigoriadis – Reform... involved in far-reaching institutional change. Interestingly, trust in European institutions... globalization, de-industrialization, and demographic change on the one hand, and... with (formal) institutional barriers to change, i.e. on the political supply side... risks from globalization, deindustrialization, demographic change and changes in labor conditions... powerful political players. Successful policy change is frequently attributed to a crisis... interpreted as assessment of desired change, i.e., whether income equality should be... directly whether respondents answered to a 'change' or a 'level'question. Indirectly one... instead of a desired direction of change. Competition attitude (question e039) The... in administration (confadmin, 4) does not change results. Again, both governance quality...-73. North, D.C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change, and economic performance. Cambridge, Massachusetts...-ecological transition Abstract Europe needs change. The financial crisis has exposed...



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... Geology Germanic Studies Global Climate Change Global Studies History International Relations... to change your driver’s license or vehicle registration, you must change them... concentrations include “California” and “Climate Change/Sustainability.” Details about these concentrations... was Incomplete); 3) the change does not involve a change in the grading basis... the California Concentration, the Climate Change/Sustainability Concentration, or the Ecology... (4) 5. POSC 198-I (4) 6. HASS 190 (4) B. Climate Change/Sustainability Concentration (Total units: 40... catalog. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. B.S. Geophysics option B.S. Global Climate Change option B.S. Geophysics B.S. Geoscience Education B.A. Entomology... Environmental Sciences Geology 1 Global Climate Change Mathematics Neuroscience Physics Plant Biology... laboratory scientist. Prerequisites for entry change periodically, so interested students should... to change from one major to another by filing a Major Change Petition... California Concentration or the Climate Change/Sustainability Concentration listed below. One... (4) 5. POSC 198-I (4) 6. HASS 190 (4) B. Climate Change/Sustainability Concentration (Total units: 40... crop improvement by biotechnology, climate change, pollution, resource use, and nutrition... may change from year to year. Course is repeatable as topics change... languages. E. Historical Linguistics; F. Dialectology; G. Language Change; I. Sociolinguistics. LING 162 Language and... software evolution. Includes migration strategies, change patterns, software maintenance, legacy system....D. level. Global Climate Change Option The Global Climate Change option offers earth... Education. Change of Major and Continuation Criteria Students wishing to change into... substitution. GEO 011 Global Climate Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite... GEO 011H Honors Global Climate Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite... systems. GEO 160 Global Climate Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; discussion, 1 hour. Prerequisite... Earth. GEO 161 Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Change (4) Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; two.... Examines geological evidence of environmental change throughout Quaternary times (“Ice Age... understanding natural environmental change and for predicting future change. GEO 162 Geomorphology... areas of biogeochemistry, global climate change, geomicrobiology, earth surface processes, and... countries. Topics examined include technical change, sharecropping and interlinked factor markets... the innovation, (b) specific strategies of change, and (c) contemporary educational innovations. EDUC... areas of biogeochemistry, global climate change, geomicrobiology, earth surface processes, and... Ethnic Politics: Practicum in Political Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; practicum, 3 hours. Prerequisite... of modern science; continuity and change in agrarian societies; industrialism; imperialism... of modern science; continuity and change in agrarian societies; industrialism; imperialism... workers, including governmental policies, technological change, globalization, neoliberalism, and alternative models.... MGT 222 Organization Development and Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MGT 200... management strategy. Topics include leadership, change, value creation, and innovations in...). Topics include citizenship, community, political change, and human flourishing. POSC 010... addressed include responses to historical change, ecological worldviews, moral systems, and... 6. Political Economy and Global Social Change 7. Race and Class Inequality 8. Sociological... of patterns of social change, resistance to change, and change-producing processes and... organization. Explores social networks, societal change, the transition from food collecting... Political Economy and Global Social Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours... to Change Degree Objective Some students can petition to change their degree... Awards................................................... 37 Chancellor’s Scholarship................................................................. 37 Change of Major............................................................................. 56, 72, 78...–185, 205, 208, 288 Climate Change/Sustainability Concentration (College Breadth Requirements... Global Climate Change minor.......................................... 71, 217–219 Global Climate Change option (see... appeal...................................................................... 41, 43, 47–48 change of................................................................................... 43 In Progress........................................................................... 42...–58, 86, 315–316 Major change of................................................................. 65, 72, 78, 82... Undergraduate Studies.............................................................. 54-56 major change.............................................................................. 56 major requirements..................................................................... 56 Unit...



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... change in the East and South marine plan areas ................................................................................ 10 3. Climate change... offshore protected areas .................................................................................................... 61 5. Climate change adaptation and mitigation and specific... England..................................................................... 8 Figure 2: Annual mean salinity change projections in the East marine... adapt to climate change are discussed. A number of climate change adaptation recommendations... promote specific policies regarding climate change adaptation should be explored. 4. Proactive... of climate change. 14. Information from the forthcoming Marine Climate Change Impacts... climate change mitigation and adaption, and facilitate the implementation of climate change... climate change impacts. Marine plans must contain information about overarching climate change policies and will need to consider appropriate climate change mitigation... Climate Change Risk Assessment 20124 provide a wealth of information on climate change... climate change in the South and East marine plan areas 3. Climate change... risks and benefits of climate change are:                Oil and Gas Offshore... sectors were elucidated. The climate change drivers considered were:       Sea level... Climate Change (IPCC). 31 of 136 Potential spatial effects of climate change... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... a number of climate change factors including sea temperature change, sea level rise... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Sea level... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Sea temperature... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Sea temperature... distribution of fishing activities may change through “autonomous adaptation” (see section... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... climate change in the South and East marine plan areas Climate change... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Sea temperature.../localities may benefit from climate change. Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Proximity Confidence... due to impact of climate change Climate change impact Score Sea level... spring mean sea surface temperature change projections  Monitored bathing and aquaculture... summer mean sea surface temperature change projections  Monitored bathing and aquaculture... annual mean sea surface temperature change projections Commercial and recreational shipping... climate change in the South and East marine plan areas 5. Climate change... climate change; however, the level of knowledge concerning marine climate change impacts... Climate Change Act, the government is required to conduct a Climate Change Risk... change on marine industries and which maximise the opportunities which climate change... change around the UK and Ireland. Section 5.3 provides more detailed climate change... to opportunities created by climate change (i.e. “autonomous adaptation”), but a number of... to change if they become unsuitable or ineffective due to climate change. 77 Potential spatial effects of climate change in the... a change in marine planning. 80 Potential spatial effects of climate change in... Climate Change (IPCC) published in 2000 produced four different climate change scenarios of how our climate might change following new... Climate Change Impacts Partnership (MCCIP): The United Kingdom Marine Climate Change Impacts... change impacts around our coast and in our seas. Marine Climate Change... Climate Change Risk Assessment, which analysed the potential effects of climate change... Climate Change: Technical report (068). 105. Gillingham P (2013) Implications of Climate Change for SSSIs and other Protected Areas. Terrestrial biodiversity Climate change... Sea benefited from climate change and overfishing? Global Change Biology, 17: 767–782. MCCIP (2012). Marine climate change impacts... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea... (2013). Marine Management Organisation Climate Change Adaptation Reporting - Feeder Report A report... Climate Change: 10.1038. Wright P (2013). Impacts of climate change on ports... annual mean sea surface temperature change projections.  4.2 - Annual sea surface temperature... annual mean sea surface temperature change projections o Commercial and recreational shipping... surface temperature change projections. 95 Potential spatial effects of climate change in...



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... communities experiencing rapid growth and change. UC Riverside Washington Academic Program... to change your driver’s license or vehicle registration, you must change them... laboratory scientist. Prerequisites for entry change periodically, so interested students should... Change Petition with the Office of Student Academic Affairs. Major Change criteria... 149. Gender, Kinship, and Social Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours... interactions in adaptation and evolutionary change. BIOL 119. Introduction to Genomics... processes, human impacts, and global change. BIOL 168. Developmental Biology (4) Lecture... crop improvement by biotechnology, climate change, pollution, resource use, and nutrition... functional management practices, and implementing change. Includes exercises, case studies, and... may change from year to year. Course is repeatable as topics change... languages. E. Historical Linguistics; F. Dialectology; G. Language Change; I. Sociolinguistics. LING 167. Structural/Descriptive... software evolution. Includes migration strategies, change patterns, software maintenance, legacy system... handling. GEO 161. Quaternary Paleoenvironmental Change (4) Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory, 2 hours; two.... Examines geological evidence of environmental change throughout Quaternary times (“Ice Age... understanding natural environmental change and for predicting future change. GEO 162. Geomorphology... presentations. GEO 260. Global Climate Change (4) Seminar, 3 hours; term paper, 3 hours... areas of biogeochemistry, global climate change, geomicrobiology, earth surface processes, and... countries. Topics examined include technical change, sharecropping and interlinked factor markets... have disabilities. EDUC 227. Educational Change and Innovation (4) Lecture, 3 hours; outside... the innovation, (b) specific strategies of change, and (c) contemporary educational innovations. EDUC... areas of biogeochemistry, global climate change, geomicrobiology, earth surface processes, and.... Ethnic Politics: Practicum in Political Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; practicum, 3 hours. Prerequisite... health and disease, and environmental change and sustainability. Students are grounded... of modern science; continuity and change in agrarian societies; industrialism; imperialism... of modern science; continuity and change in agrarian societies; industrialism; imperialism..., and the U.S. government. Considers cultural change, creativity, and continuity in the... their interdisciplinary program. Every subsequent change in the student’s initial program... workers, including governmental policies, technological change, globalization, neoliberalism, and alternative models.... MGT 222. Organization Development and Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours. Prerequisite(s): MGT 200... management strategy. Topics include leadership, change, value creation, and innovations in... condensation, general aspects of phase change, mass transfer principles, multimode heat... can include citizenship, community, political change, and human flourishing. Credit is... psychosocial impact of puberty, cognitive change, and socioemotional adjustment during adolescence...). Course is repeatable as topics change. PSYC 262. Developmental Biopsychology (3) Lecture... addressed include responses to historical change, ecological worldviews, moral systems, and... former activists. SOC 122. Social Change (5) Lecture, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours... of patterns of social change, resistance to change, and change-producing processes and... Political Economy and Global Social Change (4) Seminar, 3 hours; extra reading, 3 hours.... Political Economy and Global Social Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; outside research, 3 hours.... THEA 122. Theatre for Social Change (4) Lecture, 4 hours. Prerequisite(s): upper-division... 149. Gender, Kinship, and Social Change (4) Lecture, 3 hours; individual study, 3 hours... Awards ..................................................33 Chancellor’s Scholarship ................................................................33 Change of Major ............................................................................48 CHASS F1RST... ..................................................................................37 Grades ..........................................................................................37 appeal ........................................................................................38 change of ..................................................................................38 In Progress ................................................................................37... (see Management) ............................................................303-307 Major change of ................................................................48, 56, 62, 67... Undergraduate Study ................................................................46-48 major change ............................................................................48 major requirements ....................................................................48 University...



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... concepts of globalization, global environmental change, and sustainability in the 1990s... of climate change response. Influential urban institutions are making climate change a core... fartherreaching processes and pathways of change. I employ different scalar lenses to... of ecosystem preservation and climate change mitigation – carbon offsets, payments for... a proposed green economy. In climate change policy discussions, these delimitations show... a geographical “prisoner’s dilemma” in climate change policy. In Chapter 7, “Financialization and... production and socionatural transformation, a characteristic change in San Francisco and similar..., green software, and other climate change-relevant innovation. Continuing a long legacy... elite is dividing over climate change and cleantech, ideologically and geographically... a broader issue afflicting urban climate change mitigation: the “urbanization” of a carbon... regulation would advance its climate change mitigation commitments, a legally binding greenhouse... energy efficiency targets and climate change mitigation commitments without dramatically expanding... grow ever larger. Global climate change and other looming environmental destabilizations... proposing massive investments in climate change mitigation and resilience. Thus, the...” of climate change mitigation. McKinsey released its first climate change report in... as a consultant in their climate change mitigation programs. These specific critiques... energy efficiency and urban climate change mitigation (e.g., World Bank, 2010; Merk... mounting concerns over anthropogenic climate change. Efficiency advocates have worked for.... Energy Efficiency as a Climate Change Solution Climate change framings have also been..., inconspicuous, and hard to change.34 Climate change mitigation programs and green... within them, mark a departure. Climate change mitigation discussions had been dominated... continue to contribute to climate change throughout their operational lifetimes. Life... histories of intervention and landscape change since original construction. These questions... like high performance and phase-change windows (e.g., see IPCCC, 2007): potentially... years to overcome these climate change impacts through subsequent efficient operations... behaviors.2 Companies’ specific business/behavioral change models often included alternate reporting... important insights into bids to change energy consumption behavior. Critically, they... this development as a 98       secular change, versus a manifestation of a recurrent pattern... energy use and anthropogenic climate change has become increasingly clear. Unsurprisingly... Change Advisors (DBCCA) (2010) exemplifies the financial perspective on these climate change... a geographically partial way, because climate change is a systemic problem that demands... arguments about climate change – i.e., that if national climate change mitigation policy sets... market value rooted in environmental change mitigation and resilience.7 Protectionist interests... accumulation possibilities offered by climate change, in both green economic development... attributes of importance include climate change’s economically pervasive and myriad drivers... transformation required for significant climate change response, either mitigation or adaptation... of multiple geographies of environmental change. These additional phenomena include perturbations... the scalar problem climate change represents. What climate change’s global scaling means...-emitting countries like Bangladesh. Climate change’s systemic nature is a serious challenge..., influential mainstream scholarship on climate change mitigation policy has long questioned... emissions governance, pointing to climate change’s global systemic nature. Myriad anthropogenic... make attributing responsibility for climate change technically and politically difficult. Greenhouse... observers have argued that climate change creates a natural “prisoner’s dilemma.” The... – may founder without strong climate change mitigation regulation; i.e., greenhouse gas emissions... power by successfully addressing climate change. Challenges include mustering the major... Obama Administration’s commitment to climate change mitigation has been challenged by... (2011) suggests that this institutional change does not necessarily imply meaningful... drivers of climate change and sites for generating climate change solutions by a wave of global urban climate change activism... movements, despite these problems. Climate Change Mitigation in “Creative Cities” Although... truly deep and transformative climate change policies. Undertaking changes large enough... which noncompliance with stated climate change mitigation promises was implicitly endemic... cities unprepared to make climate change pronouncements avenues for energy efficiency...-first century environmental transformations. Climate change and other large systemic socio...% House scenario,” Special Issue: Climate Change: National Building Stocks, Building Research... Betsill, M.M. (2003) Cities and Climate Change: Urban sustainability and global environmental...



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... Climate Change Investment and growth in the time of climate change Economics... dangerous climate change. The goal of preventing dangerous climate change recognises that some degree of climate change is inevitable.... 1.2 The economics of climate change Climate change raises profound public policy choices... extent of climate change.14 As the climate-change vulnerability differs... benefit from climate change depending on the climate-change scenario. Northern Europe is the sole net winner from climate change... adaptation”, Wiley interdisciplinary reviews: climate change, (1:1), 23–30. Helm, D. and Hepburn... financial flows to address climate change, Climate Change Secretariat, Bonn, Germany UNDP... change. These are illustrated using findings from economic models of climate change... climate change 2.1 Introduction According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth... climate change policy aimed at reducing the risks of climate change to... change impacts on humans and the environment. Economic models of climate change... vulnerable to climate change. The main impacts of climate change on this... adverse climate-change scenarios. The main impacts of climate change on health... of climate change whereas mitigation aims at limiting climate change itself. For... – climate change. Like other negative externalities, human-induced climate change arises because... climate change from most other externalities is its global nature. Climate change... change. Arguments that adaptation and mitigation are complements permeate the climate-change... of climate change Building on the economics of climate change introduced in... change with the cost of adapting to or enduring this climate change... for developed countries. 2.3.4 International climate-change cooperation, catastrophic climate risk, and... time of climate change 2.3.4.1 The effect of international climate-change cooperation on... climate change and sensitivity to this exposure jointly determine climate change impacts... change on a society, one needs to evaluate the society’s sensitivity to change... mix to address climate change. Thus, if climate change is smooth and... in the time of climate change climate change. This is mainly due... can prevent irreversible climate change or climate change that would demand drastic... of climate change Fankhauser, S., Smith, J. B. and Tol, R. (1999) “Weathering climate change. Some... on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge IPCC (2007b) “Climate change 2007... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “Chapter 18: Interrelationships between adaptation... of adaptation to climate change and variability”, Climatic Change, (45:1), 223-251 Stern (2007) Stern Review: Economics of climate change... at climate-change mitigation and at adaptation to climate change. Investment in... climate change essence, behavioural failures in the realm of climate change might lead people to opt for less climate-change mitigation... time of climate change 3.2 Reasons for underinvestment in climate-change mitigation and..., environmental externalities – including the climate-change externality – can be considered a primary... environmental externalities, notably the climate-change externality of greenhouse-gas emissions... use, land-use change, and forestry – LULUCF in climate-change jargon – can... climate change jargon – hold considerable potential for costeffective climate change mitigation... innovative endeavours unrelated to climate change. Second, ocean sequestration, while capturing...-change impacts might make people underinvest in adaptation. Information on climate-change... against anticipated climate change as opposed to climate change already experienced. Interestingly... environmental externalities, notably the climate-change externality of greenhouse-gas emissions... dedicated to protecting against climate-change impacts – i.e. public adaptation investment. There... effective international agreement on climate-change mitigation: Table 3 indicates ‘frameworks’ as... will change between today and tomorrow. However, the extent of climate change... climate change is 350 (up from 300) and small climate change is... change in uncertainty has been chosen so that the expected climate change... climate change damages of 100 from t = 1 onwards. As before, climate change uncertainty resolves in t = 1 and the climate change is either... cost of future climate change Arguably, avoided climate change costs are the... time of climate change address extreme events. If climate change is characterised... change is not an irrevocable fate. All Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change... a possible change of mind in the time of climate change. The first common theme is that climate change poses... a possible change of mind in the time of climate change, it is... exploration of climate change, Mike Hulme distinguishes between climate change per se... Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: http://unfccc.int/essential_background/convention...



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... Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), responses to address climate change have fallen... on Climate Change LULCC Land-Use and Land-Cover Change NPP Net... response options to anthropogenic climate change? .................................................................................... 61 4.2 What ‘imaginaries’ of science... Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), responses to address climate change have fallen... global climate change, the very latest scientific evidence on climate change provides... climate change since the midnineteenth century was concomitant with an unprecedented change... use change have been dominated by deforestation and other land use change... al. (eds) Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... impacts of climate change and other responses to climate change such as... of social change that would come with effective climate change policy, and... Climate Change Mitigation. Science 320: 1456-1457. Caney S. (2011) Climate change, energy...’ engagement. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change: n/a-n/a. Crutzen PJ. (2006) Albedo enhancement... Press. Global Environmental Change Programmes. (2001) Global Change and the Earth System... Climate Change: An Exploratory Study. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B., V.R. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea.... IPCC. (2014b) Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... implications for governance. Global Environmental Change. Magnani L. (2009) Abductive Cognition. The... to address climate change? In: Robinson C (ed) Climate Change Policy: Challenging the... climate change in the next few decades: an editorial essay. Climatic Change... al. (eds) Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working.... The Global Environmental Change Programmes. (2011) Global Change and the Earth System... anthropogenic climate change. Keywords: Climate Engineering, Geoengineering Debates, Climate Change, Narrative Inquiry... engineering." Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change no. 1 (6):891-897. Boucher, O., N. Gruber.... "Ethics and Intentional Climate Change." Climatic Change no. 33:323-36. Jasanoff... Parker, J. (Eds.) Interdisciplinarity and Climate Change: Transforming knowledge and practice for... of climate geoengineering proposals. Climatic Change, 2011. 105: p. 1–46. Keith, D.W., Geoengineering... Climate Change. Climatic Change, 1996. 33: p. 323–336. 33. Morton, O. (2007) Climate change... Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), responses to address climate change have until... the Context of Application: Methodological Change, Conceptual Transformation, Cultural Reorientation.” In... geoengineering.” Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change no. 2 (5):712–727. Rockström, Johan... response to climate change.” In Interdisciplinarity and climate change: transforming knowledge and.... 1978. “Climatic Change and Human Affairs.” In Climatic Change, edited by John... 4 The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses __________________________________________________________________________ Towards.... Keywords: Geoengineering, Ethical Framework, Climate Change, Earth System Science, Epochal Break... impact of climate change; or iii) to anticipate climate change and implement... Climate Change: Oxford University Press. Global Environmental Change Programmes. 2011. "Global Change and.... "Ethics and Intentional Climate Change." Climatic Change no. 33:323-336. Jensen... response to climate change" In Interdisciplinarity and Climate Change: Transforming knowledge and... responses to climate change. The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and... Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), responses to address climate change have until... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Metz, B., Davidson, O.R., Bosch, P.R., Dave, R. and... Thompson, J.M.T. (Eds.): Geo-Engineering Climate Change – Environmental Necessity or Pandora’s Box... to address climate change?’, in Robinson, C. (Ed.): Climate Change Policy: Challenging the... impacts of climate change and other responses to climate change, rather than... the Context of Application: Methodological Change, Conceptual Transformation, Cultural Reorientation." In... Press. Global Environmental Change Programmes. 2001. "Global Change and the Earth System... (eds.)]." In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Working Group III... detail)." In Climate Change 2014, Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... detail)." In Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... Policymakers." In Climate Change 2014, Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working... the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, edited by O. Edenhofer, R. PichsMadruga, Y. Sokona.... "Ethics and Intentional Climate Change." Climatic Change 33:323-336. Jamieson, Dale... Uncertainties: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Mastrandrea, Michael D., Katharine J. Mach.... The Global Environmental Change Programmes. 2011. "Global Change and the Earth System...



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... in the face of climate change Co n t e n t s Executive summary ...................................................................................... vii–xii... 3.2.2 Soil degradation 3.3 Vulnerability to climate change C H A P T E R 4 ...................................................................................... 35–68 Adaptive policy case... research 6.2.3 Implications of future climate change 6.2.4 Evidence of the current adaptive... review 9.3.3 Policy adaptability versus policy change or substitution 9.3.4 Policy rigidity 9.3.5 Addressing... of climate change Phase 1 research report Weathering uncertainty Climate change introduces tremendous... change. Preety Bhandari Director, Policy Analysis Division, T E R I John Drexhage Director, Climate Change.... Box 1.1 Climate change as a good example of uncertainty, change, and surprise A good.... The physical manifestations of climate change include change in temperature or precipitation... characterized by variability, uncertainty, and change, conventional planning scenarios provide little... is a general recognition that surprise, change, and uncertainty are inherent characteristics... Climate Change [Presentation made at the Indo-UK workshop on climate change... context of variability, uncertainty, and change [Synthesis paper] Kathmandu, Nepal; Colorado... change in the context of sustainable development and equity In Climate Change... change is actually occurring. If this institution has the discretion to change... learning and change literature A large literature on learning for policy change seems... social learning, and to institutional change. 2.2.5 Insights from the institutional learning... Sustainable development Theory of adaptive change Community-level resilience building Sustainability... Power: three models of organizational change in international organizations Berkeley and... Press Panayotou T. 1998 Instruments of Change: motivating and financing sustainable development... to climate change Designing policies in a world of uncertainty, change, and surprise... T E R I (2006) 3.3 Vulnerability to climate change Climate change is expected to disproportionately impact... Climate Change) in 2004, describes the potential impact of climate change. Climate... change on Indian agriculture are presented in Table 3.7. In addition, climate change... on Climate Change) points out that the impact of climate change is... the projected climate change scenarios. Climate change is likely to change the volume... potentially severe implications of climate change. Specific recommendations include the need... of climate change alone. Studied the impact of climate change on water..., change, and surprise 47 Figure 3.4 Vulnerability of Indian agriculture to climate change... enhance adaptive capacity to climate change. Alternately, factors that reduce vulnerability... (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2001 Climate Change 2001: impacts, adaptation and... Environmental Change 11(2): 147–154 Lal M and Harasawa H. 2001 Future climate change... traditional insurance. P When weather trends change, including climatic variability and occurrence... improvement unpredictable P Feedback from climate change engagement of local while maintaining... year MSP Per cent change Common Per cent change Fine Super fine... research 6.2.3 Implications of future climate change 6.2.4 Evidence of the current adaptive... the projected impacts of climate change. 6.2 Prairie hydrology, hydrologic variability, and... uncertainty, change, and surprise 85 6.2.3 Implications of future climate change The potential for climate change as the result... of uncertainty, change, and surprise 89 export, climate change and water resource... climate change: a prairie perspective, Appendix A In Responding to Global Climate Change in... Opportunities from Climate Change [Position paper on climate change, impact, and adaptation... given climate change projections. To date, two relevant climate change impact studies... management theory and conventional climate change adaptation theory, individual producers should... of uncertainty, change, and surprise 107 7.3.1 Period of policy change (1897–1925... change, and the one most interesting in this analysis was the change... variability and change: crop diversification in the Canadian prairies Climate Change 67... the change. In this case, the legislation was a firm barrier to change... change in the context of sustainable development and equity In Climate Change...–906 [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press TAEM... review 9.3.3 Policy adaptability versus policy change or substitution 9.3.4 Policy rigidity 9.3.5 Addressing... review P Policy adaptability versus policy change or substitution P Policy rigidity P Addressing... automatic response to unpredictable climate change while maintaining simplicity and transparency... would tend only to change when underlying politics change. For example, in... feature. 9.3.3 Policy adaptability versus policy change or substitution Another reason why..., change, and surprise 171 172 IISD–T E R I–IDRC Adaptive Policies Project Climate change...



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...-development. Negligible Very little change from baseline conditions. Change not material, distinguishable or indistinguishable, approximating to a ‘no change’ situation... development. 4.1.59 Policy NW24: Climate Change & Sustainable Design and Construction advises... reducing emissions and stabilising climate change, taking into account unavoidable consequences...; • protect areas particularly sensitive to change; • resolve conflicting objectives in areas... No or very little change from baseline conditions. Change not material, barely... deprivation; Respond to sustainability/climate change challenges; Promote good urban design... to change, a thorough understanding of the development proposals, the magnitude of change... of change leading to assessment of potential effect; Analysis of any change... Landscape Sensitivity to Change 6.3.7 The sensitivity of a landscape to change varies according... the proposed change. The assessment of the landscape sensitivity to change remains... its components to accommodate the change proposed. 6.3.8 GLVIA recommends evaluating quality... valued characteristics reasonably tolerant of change of the type proposed; A relatively... substantial change of the type proposed. Assessment of Magnitude of Change on... Low Negligible Criteria Extensive, noticeable change, affecting many notable characteristics and... of some uncharacteristic elements. Small change in landscape components, affecting some... are not uncharacteristic. Little perceptible change. Landscape Significance of Effect Criteria.... No or very little change from baseline conditions. Change not material, barely... to change and be considerably diminished in quality. 6.3.17 Landscape effects change... would change the composition of the existing view (magnitude of change) and the sensitivity to change based on the.... Visual Magnitude of Change 6.3.42 Magnitude of change considers the extent of... to change is considered to be medium the magnitude of change would.... Magnitude of change 6.10.21 The magnitude of change for lighting effects... magnitude of change is a measure of the degree of change for a new... magnitude of change Magnitude of Change Example Criteria Negligible No perceptible change, barely noticeable Low Small change... High Extensive, unmistakable, noticeable intrusive change to a lighting condition affecting the... Development Receptor Sensitivity to Change Magnitude of Change Significance of Effect Residential... Effect Type Sensitivity to Change 2026 Magnitude of Change In line with... Typology Sensitivity to Change 2014 2026 Magnitude of Change In line with... Typology Sensitivity to Change 2014 2026 Magnitude of Change In line with... to Change 2014 2026 Magnitude of Change Significance of Impacts Magnitude of Change... the magnitude of change Magnitude of change Description of change The development would... of change (Table 9.3). Table 9.3: Establishing the significance of effect Magnitude of change... magnitude of the change upon it. Magnitude of change is a function of... Assessing Magnitude of Change on Receptors 1 Magnitude of Change Definition High (Adverse... Cultural Heritage Very little change from baseline conditions. Change not material, barely distinguishable or indistinguishable, or no change, i.e. no direct effect on heritage assets, no observable change in setting or ambience of heritage asset. Negligible Land use change... balances this change in context. Negligible The magnitude of change to these... change used in this Environmental Statement. 14.2.39 The magnitude of a change... to experience a perceptible change, the effect of the change on local air... resources:  CIR.U.0104 NW24: Climate Change & Sustainable Design and Construction 1) ‘Development... change. 16.1.1 The Phase 2 Water Cycle Strategy confirms that no consent change... Statement 1 Supplement: Planning and Climate Change 16.2.3 In December 2007, a supplement... Planning Policy 1 specifically addressing Climate Change was published. This required regional... Action Plan  Policy NW24: Climate Change & Sustainable Design and Construction 1. Development... magnitude of the change upon it. Magnitude of change is a function of... Assessing Magnitude of Change on Receptors Magnitude of Change Definition High adverse... baseline. Negligible No change from baseline arrangements. Change will be barely distinguishable... Statement 1 Supplement: Planning and Climate Change  Communities and Local Government (August... Context The Climate Change Act (2008) 17.2.1 The Climate Change Act sets... Climate Change is an independent body established under the Climate Change Act... Government on preparing for Climate Change, and in particular, developing recommendations... Assessing Magnitude of Change on the Receptor Magnitude of Change Definition Degree... considered negligible due to a negligible change and a negligible sensitivity. Construction effects...