Спутник связи. Chinasat 12. [Редактировать]

Строительство КА с первоначальным названием Apstar-7B было заказано компанией APT Satellites (Гонконг) в 2010 году на случай, если запуск КА с названием Apstar-7 оказался бы неудачным. Однако 31 марта 2012 года КА Apstar-7 был успешно выведен на орбиту и в соответствии с соглашением между компаниями APT Satellites и «Великая стена» (КНР) КА Apstar-7B был передан государственному предприятию КНР China Satcom и переименован в Zongxing-12. Есть и третье название спутника Chinasat-12/SuprimeSat-1. Он заменит в орбитальной позиции 81,5є в.д. КА Zongxing-5A (Chinasat-5A). На КА Zongxing-12 установлена двигательная система S400. КА Zongxing-12 обеспечит связь и передачу данных на страны Восточной и Южной Азии, Среднего Востока, Африки, Австралии, Тихоокеанского побережья КНР и стран бассейна Индийского океана. Эксплуатация части полезного груза (его пропускная способность) на КА Zongxing-12, названного Supremesat-1, передана в аренду новой компании SupremeSat (Шри-Ланка). С этой страной китайские корпорации «Великая стена» CGWIC (China Great Wall Industry Corp.) и CSCC (China Satellites Communications Corp.) заключили соглашение, предусматривающее совместную разработку, изготовление и запуск связного КА Supremesat-2, который может быть запущен в ОП 98 градусов в.д. с помощью РН CZ-3B/E в середине 2013 года. К 2015 году в КНР планируется построить КА Supremesat-3, который будет передан в полное владение компании Supremesat и эксплуатироваться в ОП 50 градусов в.д. КНР выделила Шри-Ланке 320 млн долларов на проект Supremesat, включая строительство космической академии (Space Academy).

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - ГСО
2Страна производитель - Европа
3Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
4Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг5051
2Платформа 1xSpacebus-4000C2
3Количество (C стволов), шт.24
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.23
5Мощность, Вт9500

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год12

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Сичан
2Дата пуска2012-11-27
3Полезная нагрузка 1xChinasat 12
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 3B (G2)

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... 4. Estimated 2014 Commercial Launch Revenues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 5. FAA-licensed Orbital Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... Activity in 2014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Table 12. Other FAA Commercial Space Transportation... ed Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Table 13... 2.1b Europe O3b 09-12 MEO Success 12/27/14 Proton M Russia... launch site in French Guiana. • 12 • Commercial Space Transportation 2014 Year... of Commercial Space Transportation 12 10 Launches 8 12 6 4 2 0 7 5 4 1 2010 2011 2012 2013... United States U.S. launch vehicles provided 12 U.S. government launches and 11 commercial... (26,980) CCAFS, VAFB 2002 12/12 100% 3/3 100% 0 3 Delta IV Medium... Scaled Composites Experimental Permit (EP 12-007) 1/10/14 SpaceShipTwo SpaceX... Standard Fairing Diameter, m (ft) 9.9 (32.5) 3.9 (12.8) Mass, kg (lb) 530,000...: 4.17 (13.7) 30XL: 5.99 (19.7) 2 (6.6) 1.8 (5.9) 3.9 (12.8) 2.34 (7.7) 1.2 (3.9) 1.7 (5.6) Manufacturer KB Yuzhnoye ATK.../532 Large Payload Fairing 12 (39.4) 4.2 (13.8) 12.9 (42.3) 4.2 (13.8) 13.8 (45... 32.5 (106.6) 20 (65.6) 12.7 (41.7) 12.7 (41.7) 3.8 (12.5) 1.6 (5.2) 3.1 (10.2) 3.1 (10.2) ULA Aerojet....7 (153.2) 15. 8 (52) 10.4 (34) 12.2 (40) 5 (16.4) 1.6 (5.3) 4 (13.1) 5 (16.4) ULA... Stage 42.6 (139.8) 12.6 (41.3) Diameter, m (ft) 3.7 (12) 3.7 (12) Manufacturer SpaceX SpaceX LOX...) Diameter, m (ft) 8.9 (29) 3.4 (11) 8.9 (29) 3.7 (12) 8.9 (29) 4 (13) 8.9 (29) 4.2 (13.8) Launch....3 (50.2) 16.1 (52.8) 11.3 (37.1) 12.9 (42.3) 12.4 (40.7) 3.4 (11.2) 3.4 (11.2) 2.3 (7.5) 2.3 (7.5) 3.4 (11... Stage Breeze-KM 17.2 (56.4) 3.9 (12.8) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) OKB-52 (Khrunichev) OKB-52... Length, m (ft) Diameter, m (ft) 7.7 (25.3) 3.7 (12.1) Year of first launch 2013...) 10.4 (34) 4.9 (16.1) Diameter, m (ft) 3.9 (12.8) 3.9 (12.8) 3.7 (12.1) Manufacturer Yuzhnoye Yuzhnoye RSC Energia....6 (11,600) 4 x XR5K18 4 x XR5K18 12.9 (2,900) 12.9 (2,900) XCOR • 53 • XCOR 2015... and Space Port Length, m (ft) 3.6 (12) Engine Manufacturer Master Space Systems... to an altitude of approximately 12 kilometers (7.5 miles) for launch. Booster....4) 4.6 (15.1) 4 x thruster units (service module) 12 x thrusters (command module) 4 x RS-88... Dragon V2 Crewed, reusable 7 6.1 (20) 3.7 (12.1) 3,310 (7,300) 2,500 (5,500) 10... Shephard Falcon 9R SpaceShipTwo Table 12. Other FAA Commercial Space Transportation... Vehicle Launch Date 4/12/2005 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 6B China Satcom Long March 7/5/2007 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat... 3/31/2012 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 12 China Satcom Long March 11... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation; emerging commercial... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne ORBCOMM... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems System/ Operator ORBCOMM... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne • 143... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD OmniEarth OmniEarth... support its initial constellation of 12 satellites, and the successful launch... also planned before the company’s 12-satellite polar-orbiting constellation begins... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... 2 (3%) Vega 4 (4%) 3 (3%) Delta II Atlas V 3 (3%) 11 (12%) PSLV 10 (11%) Taurus 1 (2%) M-V 201... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 138 13.8 Total Satellites... Launch 4 Ariane 4 Amazonas Proton M AMC 12 Ariane 5 Eutelsat W3A Proton M AMC... Proton K/DM Gals 2 Proton K/DM Chinasat 7 Gals-1 Proton K/DM Express 2 Gorizont... 2 LM-4B Chinasat 6B LM-3B Chinasat 9 LM-3B Chinasat 22A LM-3A... AM33 3 Spacecraft 2012 8 3 ChinaSat 6A LM-3B GSAT 8 ChinaSat 20A LM-3A Insat 4D GSLV Apstar 7 LM-3B Chinasat 10 LM-3B Chinasat 2A LM-3B Chinasat 1A LM-3B Chinasat 12... 1 Chinasat 6 LM-3A 1 Express AM11 DM1 Yamal 202 Proton K/DM Chinasat 20... Express A3 Gorizont 45 SESAT 1 Chinasat 22 2004 2003 1 1 5 3 Express A1... Proton K/DM 2002 1997 4 8 Chinasat 15 Chinasat M Express AT1 Express AT2 Express... Total Payloads Commercial Telecommunication 2 0 0 8 6 2 6 14 1 12 51 Commercial Remote Sensing 0 1 1 3 8 1 1 2 0 8 25...-Heavy Vehicles 1 0 2 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 21 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 62 Total Launches...) Summary Market Segment 28 Satellites 12 Telecommunication 8 Remote Sensing 2 Transportation 6 Other... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium...-2013) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other.../06 Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot... Communications S S Cosmos 2498 (Strela 3M 12) LEO Russian Aerospace Defence Forces...



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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term Demand Forecast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14... Identified Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... NGSO launches per year. Only 12 percent (approximately 5 launches per year... 2019 2020 2021 2022 6 2 3 5 8 7 3 10 12 11 12 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 91 9.1 40% 4 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 46... satellites for ABS and Satmex. • 12 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... 6 APT Long March 4/12/2005 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 6B China Satcom Long March 7/5/2007 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat... 3/31/2012 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 12 China Satcom Long March 11... NGSO launchers per year. Only 12 percent of these launches (approximately... Test and Demo 2% Commercial Telecommunications 12% • 35 • Medium-to-Heavy Launch... launch market. Telecommunications satellites comprise 12 percent of the launch market... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation and telecommunications... 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13... ! 20 21 ! 20 22 ! Launches! 12! • 36 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation... Plans 5! 3! 4! 2! 4! 3! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2013 0! 20 11 ! 20 12 ! 20 13 ! 20 14 ! 20... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems Satellites System/ Operator... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... satellites before 2019 to maintain a 12-satellite constellation. This includes two... 16 communications satellites for O3b; 12 are currently under construction. O3b...” with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 8/12/2004 License originally issued to... Dove-4. California Polytechnic State University 12/4/2012 License issued for operation... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD QuickBird DigitalGlobe... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... near term (2013-2016) includes 12 manifested basic and applied scientific... application of a forecasting method projects 12 basic and applied scientific research... Projected Launch Plans 7! 6! Launches! 5! 4! 3! 6! 6! 6! 5! 3! 1! 1! 11 ! 12 2! 2! 2! 2! ! 3! 2! 22 3! 21 3! 2! ! 3! 1! 4! 20 4! ! 2! 2! ASNARO 1 - Dnepr...: 5% Minotaur 1: 4% Long March: 6% NANOSATELLITES Cosmos: 12% • 68 • M-V: 2% Minotaur IV: 2% Minotaur 1: 4% Long... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... 15 28 32 20 0 0 0 0 0 120 12.0 Commercial Remote Sensing 1 2 3 2 5 3 0 1 0 0 17 1.7 Commercial... Amazonas 2 DM2 NSS 12 Terrestar 1 Intelsat 14 DirecTV 12 Eutelsat W2A Eutelsat...) (Continued) 2011 2012 Total Launches 12 12 Total Satellites 15 21 Over... 1997 1998 1999 1 2 2 Launches Spacecraft 1 Chinasat 6 2 Long March 3A ChinaStar 1 Sinosat... K/DM Sinosat 2 Long March 4B Chinasat 22A Long March 3A Insat... Yamal 201 DM1 Yamal 202 Chinasat 20 2007 2005 Launches Spacecraft... 1 Chinasat 22 2004 Proton K/DM Proton K/DM Proton K/DM 2002 Sinosat 3 Chinasat 6B Nigcomsat 1 Insat 4CR 2011 10 GSAT 8 Chinasat 10 Chinasat 1A... K/DM Proton K/DM 2008 3 3 Venesat 1 Chinasat 9 Express AM33 Long March 3B... DM2 DM1 DM2 8 Apstar 7 Chinasat 2A Chinasat 12 Express MD2 Luch 5B Telkom... Long March 3A 2 8 3 ChinaSat 6A Long March 3B ChinaSat 20A Long March... 2001 Ekran M DMC Telecom 2D Chinasat 7 Express 2 Gorizont 43 Gorizont 44... 1 1 3 6 3 1 2 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 8 7 7 3 13 6 7 6 4 1 62 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 4 9 9 8 5 25 19 12 15 20 4 126 Medium-to... Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites Total... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium... Remote Sensing Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2012) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other...-Heavy 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Egyptsat SaudiComsat 3-7 Saudisat 3 AGILE... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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...’s Mace Weapons ........................................................... 11 Space Warfare................................................................................................................................ 12 Space-based C4ISR ......................................................................................................................... 14 Counterspace... Commercial Launches 2007 NigComSat-1 ChinaSat-6B 2008 VeneSat-1 ChinaSat-9 2009 PALAPA-D 2010...-2 VRSS-1 GÖKTÜRK-2 APSTAR-VII ChinaSat-12 2013 3U ISIPOD TKSAT-1 Country... Share, Futron (%) Nigeria ChinaSat, CH 20 5.0 Venezuela ChinaSat, CH 26 3.85 Indonesia... Luxembourg Venezuela Turkey Hong Kong ChinaSat, CH Netherland Bolivia PRC Share...’ Communication Satellite, Express Tribune, August 12, 2011, http://tribune.com.pk...,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 12, 2001. 227 Zhang Ke, “’北斗’今起照耀亚太区 中国版 GPS... Moment], 中国航天报 [China Space News], November 12, 2003, 2. 267 “Shenzhou Expert Reveals..., http://mil.gmw.cn/2012-12/27/content_6162317.htm. 382 “走近我国首颗传输型立体测绘卫星天绘一号” [Taking... Satellites (Part 1)], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2008/12, 15. 388 “我国成功发射’资源’三号卫星” [Our Country Successfully...], 航 天返回与遥感 [Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing], 2012/6, 12. 68 Fengyun Meteorological Satellites China... China’s Meteorological Satellites (Part 1),” 11‒12. 396 “FY-2 Program,” National Satellite.... The China Satellite Communications Company (Chinasat), a subsidiary of the China Aerospace..., operates 13 satellites under the Chinasat and Apstar series (Table 9). Several... satellites are not claimed by Chinasat and are suspected of being... the military. These include the Chinasat-1A, 2A, 20, 20A, 22... panels and was lost.420 Chinasat-6A, launched in 2010, suffered... 9 ChinaSat 6 1997 NA 10 ChinaSat 20 2003 NA 11 ChinaSat 22A 2006 NA 12... NigcomSat-1R 2011 NA 19 ChinaSat-11 2013 NA 20 TKSAT....gov.cn/english/official/2011-12/29/content_2033200.htm. 491 “中国代表在联合国外空委法律小组委员会第 52... a series of maneuvers the Shijian-12 (SJ-12) satellite had most likely.../10-18/1416679.shtml. 598 “俄媒评中国鹰击 12 导弹:配冲压发动机速度极快” [Russian Media Comments on China... UNK 7/21/94 7/3/96 4/12/05 3/31/12 3/21/99 Communications Communications.../11 Communications GEO 15 Sinosat-6 (Chinasat-6A, XN-6) 9/4/10 APT Satellite... Satellite, Han Byul) COMMERCIAL/GOVERNMENT ChinaSat 6B (Zhong Xing 6B) 3/13... GEO 3 Fengyun 2F (FY-2F) 1/12/12 Earth Science GEO 3 Fengyun 3A...-11-05) 7/15/13 Shijian 12 (SJ-12) 6/15/10 Shijian 15... 3 (TL-1-03, CTDRS) 7/25/12 Tiantuo 1 5/10/12 Xinyan 1 (XY-1) 11/18...) Zhongxing 10 (XZ-10, Chinasat 10) 12/1/08 12/15/08 People's Liberation... (C41) Remote Sensing LEO UNK 12/9/09 12/15/09 3/5/10 3/5/10... (Chinasat 11) 5/1/13 Communications GEO 15 Zhongxing 12 (Chinasat 12, ZX-12) 11/27/12 Communications GEO 15 Zhongxing 9 (Chinasat 9, Chinastar 9) 6/9/08 Communications GEO 15 Ziyuan 1-02C 12/22/11 Earth Observation LEO 3 Ziyuan 3 (ZY-3) 1/9/12 People's Liberation Army (C41) People... (CONT.) Compass M3 (Beidou 2-12) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M4.../29/11 5/10/12 5/29/12 11/25/12 Chinese Academy of Space... Remote Sensing 11/25/12 11/25/12 9/1/13 People's Liberation Army... Reconnaissance LEO UNK Zhongxing 1A (Chinasat 1A, Fenghuo 2) Zhongxing 20A Zhongxing... 8 8 MILITARY/GOVERNMENT Zhongxing 2A (Chinasat 2A) 5/26/12 People's Liberation Army (C41... University of New York Satellite-1) 12/6/2013 CUSat-1 (Cornell University Satellite... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 Firebird-B (Focused Investigations of... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 O/OREOS (Organism/Organic Exposure... Communications GEO AMC-9 (Americom 9, GE-12) 6/7/2003 Communications GEO AsiaStar 3/21... DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-12 12/29/2009 DirecTV, Inc. Communications... Technologies, LLC Communications GEO Echostar 12 (Rainbow-1) 7/17/2003 Echostar Technologies... (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-12 4/9/2003 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications... Intelsat 25 (IS-25, Protostar 1, Chinasat 8) 7/7/2008 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO... Purpose Orbit COMMERCIAL (CONT.) WildBlue 1 12/8/2006 WildBlue Communications Communications GEO... Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5A 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5B 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development..., Inc. Technology Development LEO Genesis-1 7/12/2006 Bigelow Aerospace Technology Development... Globalstar M089 (Globalstar 89, Globalstar 2-12) 7/13/2011 Globalstar Communications LEO.... Communications LEO ORBCOMM FM-12 (ORBCOMM A4) 12/23/1997 ORBCOMM Inc... IPEX (Intelligent Payload Experiment, CalPoly 8) 12/6/2013 IRIS (Interface Region Imaging... • Energetics and Dynamics) GOVERNMENT/COMMERCIAL 12/7/2001 Astrophysics LEO TDRS-5 (Tracking... 3/13/2008 8/31/2004 12/10/2007 5/12/1996 9/27/2011 1/9/1990.../NOAA LEO 4/4/1997 DoD/NOAA 12/12/1999 DoD/NOAA 10/18... Force Technology Development LEO 9/8/2001 12/2/2003 12/2/2003 2/3/2005 2/3/2005 6/15...



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... percent of China’s imports and 12 percent of China’s exports. ’ The...’s imports in 1986, Hong Kong 12.7 percent,, and the United States... 9 328 19 122 43 0 a 224 12 19 9 123 10 25 16... 234 46 189 514 87 12 152 228 23 370 65... 910 29 196 23 141 12 54 67 1,958 88 482... 51 102 190 98 16 12 18 26 44 32 21... 129 5 8 3,598 4 8 2,902 5 16 2,165 4 12 2,992 8 27 3,835 5 28 1,764... 109 25 4 44 9 19 4 59 8 12 5 58 9 21 5 77 6 32 6 75... [The Nineties] in Chinese, No. 12, Dec. 1, 1985, Hong Kong, pp... km of Railways XINHUA, Apr. 12, 1986 or “Modernization of GuangzhouShenzhen... train failures within their first 12,500 miles. The Chinese are... Air Show which starts (June 12, 198’7 in I,eBourget, France. This... Xian FT-7 fighters, the Harbin Y-12 twin-turboprop utility transport, and..., reported in JPRS-CEA-85-1 12, Dec. 20, 1985. ● 87 sized... “The East is Red. ” 1971 Chinasat 2. March 3.221 kg. Experimental-scientific... Long March 2—launch failure. 1975 Chinasat 3, July 26. 1750 kg. Scientific... are successful. Chinasat 5. December 16. 1750 kg. Meteorological satellite. 1976 Chinasat 6, 7. China... Center for space research, 1978 Chinasat 8. January 26. Conducted scientific experiments... grounds of “economic readjustment “ 1981 Chinasat 9, 10, 11. China (CAST) begins... technology exchanges. 1982 Chinasat 12. September 9. Scientific experiment. 1983 Chinasat 13. August 19... ground station finally approved. 1984 Chinasat 14. January 29. First successful... new spaceport in Sichuan Province. Chinasat 15. April 8, Successful launching of... CZ-3, Geosynchronous equatorial orbit. Chinasat 16. September 12. United States sends “presidential... sat satellite for educational T.V. 1986 Chinasat 18. February 1. CZ-3 launch of... at 14 GHz uplink and 12 GHz downlink (1 GHz =91 billion... have the capability to launch 6-12 geosynchronous satellites a year by the... Review, September-October 1986, pp. 12-15. “(’ Phillip M. Boffey, “Science to... the Paris Air Show, June 12-21,1987. China has been...@Re\iew, vol. 30, No. 2, Jan. 12, 1987, pp. 6-7, ) ● 105 to return... industrial and commercial tax. Article 12. Enterprises with foreign investment may...: Annexes and dates: Annex June 12, 1979, Joint Committee Reports 1979...: Chinese State Seismological Bureau Ch. 12. Agreement: Date signed: Date extended...



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... Identified Primary Payloads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Figure 9. Comparison of Annual Forecasts... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... Forecast GSO Launch Actual •2• 55.8 12.4 30.1 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... (including dual-manifested addressable + unaddressable) • 12 • Satellites 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... 6 APT Long March 4/12/2005 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 6B China Satcom Long March 7/5/2007 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat... 3/31/2012 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 12 China Satcom Long March 11... classes, with an average of 12.4 medium-toheavy vehicle launches per... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation; emerging commercial... annually. Number of Launches Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne ORBCOMM... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at freqencies below 1GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems System/ Operator ORBCOMM... and its crewmembers. 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with... orbit in 2010, the next 12 launched in 2011, and the... 9 vehicles in 2014. Between 8 and 12 satellites will be launched in... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne • 47... Development CICERO GeoOptics TBD CICERO 1-12 TBD TBD TBD 2017 Deimos... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD OmniEarth OmniEarth... support its initial constellation of 12 satellites, and the successful launch... a service life of up to 12 years. DigitalGlobe’s two other satellites... current plan is to launch 12 satellites by • 53 • Federal Aviation... Space Station (ISS) on January 12. Once attached to the ISS... also planned before the company’s 12-satellite polarorbiting constellation begins deploying... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... application of a forecasting method projects 12 launches for an average of... 3 (3%) PSLV 10 (11%) M-V Atlas V 11 (12%) 3 (3%) Taurus 1 (2%) 201 1 (2%) Delta II Cubesats... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 14 1.4 Total Satellites Total... place on small vehicles and 12.4 launches on medium-to-heavy... 2001 2002 Total Launches 20 12 20 Total Satellites 24 14...) 2003 200 4 2005 Total Launches 12 13 15 Total Satellites 15... 5 Intelsat 907 4 4 Amazonas Proton M AMC 12 Proton M Ariane 5 Eutelsat W3A Proton... Galaxy 15 Ariane 5 DM1 Galaxy 12 Ariane 5 Amos 2 Galaxy 14 Soyuz... 2007 2008 Total Launches 15 12 18 Total Satellites 19 18... 2011 Total Launches 18 14 12 Total Satellites 22 20 15... Eutelsat W3B Ariane 5 DM2 NSS 12 Ariane 5 Arabsat 5B Proton M Quetzsat... Atlas V Echostar 15 Proton M DirecTV 12 Proton M KA-Sat Proton M Eutelsat... (5,510 - 9,260 lbm) 6 DM4 JCSat 12 Ariane 5 DM5 Hylas Ariane 5 DM2...) (Continued) 2012 2013 Total Launches 12 13 Total Satellites 21 16... Proton K/DM Gals 2 Proton K/DM Chinasat 7 Gals-1 Proton K/DM Express 2 Gorizont... Express A3 Gorizont 45 SESAT 1 Chinasat 22 2004 4 Express A4 Proton... Express AM22 DM1 Yamal 201 1 Chinasat 6 LM-3A 2001 2000 3 Express... DM1 Yamal 202 Proton K/DM Chinasat 20 LM-3A 2007 2008... 1 LM-3B Chinasat 6B LM-3B Chinasat 9 LM-3B Chinasat 22A LM-3A... 2010 2011 2012 3 8 6 3 ChinaSat 6A LM-3B ChinaSat LM-3A 20A Insat...-3B Chinasat 10 LM-3B Chinasat 2A LM-3B Chinasat 1A LM-3B Chinasat 12... Express AM4 DMA Kazsat 2 GSAT 12 LM-3B Proton M Proton M Proton... 51 Payloads Commercial Telecommunication 2 0 0 8 6 2 6 14 1 12 Commercial Remote Sensing 0 1 1 3 8 1 1 2 0 8 25 Commercial... Vehicles 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 8 41 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 Total Satellites Total...) Summary Market Segment 28 Satellites 12 Telecommunication 8 Remote Sensing 2 Transportation 6 Other... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium...-to-Heavy Telecommunication 7/13/11 12/28/11 Remote Sensing Other Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2013) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other... 13 Other 1 Test and Demo 12 Launches 10 Medium-to-Heavy... Sensing 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 TerraSAR-X WorldView 1 RADARSAT.../07 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Test and Demo 5 Satellites... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...-Heavy Small Test and Demo 7/12/06 Genesis 1 Soyuz 2 1B Medium... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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... 5.11. TCP Window Size ................................................................................................ 43 5.12. Anomalies ............................................................................................................ 44 5.13. Clusters ................................................................................................................ 45... AS Path Edit Distance .......................................................................... 70 6.12. Average AS Path Edit Distance... Update Message Attributes.................................................. 48 Table 12. Statistics for Number of Announcements.../tick, scale = 10. ..................... 25 Figure 12. Flow Graph of Collected Traffic... BGP CAIDA CANARIE CDF CDPD ChinaSat CIDR CRM DAG DANTE DSM...:24:46:88 on June 12, 1998. Long-range dependence is... China Telecommunications Broadcast Satellite Corporation (ChinaSat) [11] dealt with analyzing the... billing records and tcpdump traces [12]. ChinaSat provides Internet access through DirecPC... related to DirecPC traffic in ChinaSat network. Wireshark and tcptrace were... using four types of messages [12]: • Open: After a TCP connection is... update and keepalive message attributes. 12 Figure 2. Snippet of Captured Data... traffic is shown in Figure 12. It includes the source address... the data exchange again. Figure 12. Flow Graph of Collected Traffic... anomalies are discussed in Sections 5.12 and 5.13 of this Chapter... 20 15 10 5 0 Dec,20. 12:00PM Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Time (h) Figure 14. Network... Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,22. 6:00PM Time... Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AMDec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,23. 12:00AM Time (h) Figure 17... keepalive messages comprise less than 12.5% of the total BGP update... Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,22. 6:00PM Time... Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,22. 6:00PM Time... Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,22. 6:00PM Time... 300 200 100 0 Dec,20. 12:00PM Dec,20. 6:00PM Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 6:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,21. 6:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 6:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec,23. 12:00AM Time (h) Figure 26... Dec,21. 12:00AM Dec,21. 12:00PM Dec,22. 12:00AM Dec,22. 12:00PM Dec... BCNET Traffic for 200 Samples. 5.12. Anomalies The BGP update message.... Attribute Definition Category 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14-24 24-33....9, and NLRI size is of 12 bytes. The details for one... 2, 2011 is shown in Table 12. However, the standard deviation on... on December 2, 2011. 51 Table 12. Statistics for Number of Announcements... 16 Average AS path 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1000 1500 Time... 16 Average AS path 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1000 1500 Time... 16 Average AS path 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1000 1500 Time... unique AS path 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 500 1000 1500 Time... unique AS path 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 500 1000 1500 Time... unique AS path 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 500 1000 1500 Time..., as shown in Figure 62. 12 October 2, 2011 Maximum edit distance... 0 11 3.08 4 2.25 924 71 12 November 2, 2011 Maximum edit distance... Edit Distance on November 2, 2011. 12 December 2, 2011 Maximum edit distance... Edit Distance on December 2, 2011. 6.12. Average AS Path Edit Distance.... [11] Chinasat [Online]: Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinasat. [12] S. Lau and... && x.date.Hour==22 && x.date.Minute==12) item.time = x.date; if (PINS....Round(PINS[i].MaxASPath) 103 == == == == == 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) ? ? ? ? ? "1" "1" "1" "1" "1" : : : : : "0"); "0"); "0"); "0"); "0"); string string... output33 = ((Math.Round(PINS[i].maximumAsPathEditDistnace * 1.0) == 12) ? "1" : "0"); string output34 = ((Math.Round(PINS... PINS[i].AvgUniqueASPath + " " +//11 PINS[i].duplicateBGPAnnouncements + " " + //12 PINS[i].implicitWithdrawals + " " +//13 PINS[i].duplicateBGPWithdrawls... PINS[i].AvgUniqueASPath + " " +//11 PINS[i].duplicateBGPAnnouncements + " " + //12 PINS[i].implicitWithdrawals + " " +//13 PINS[i].duplicateBGPWithdrawls...[i].duplicateBGPWithdrawls + " 11:" +//10 PINS[i].maximumAsPathEditDistnace + " 12:" +//11 ((1 / (60.0 / Math.Ceiling(PINS....Count * 1.0))).ToString()+"000").Substring(0,3) + " 13:" +//12 PINS[i].averageAsPathEditDistnace+" 14:"+//13 PINS...



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0.03/5
..., 11-12/14 GHz) China (People’s Republic of) CHINASAT (CHINASAT-4) (CHINASAT-11) (CHINASAT-12) Satellite network... domestic telecommunications services. (4/6 GHz, 11-12/14 GHz) USGCSS (USGCSS P3B... d active galactic nuclei. (2 G H z) * Non-geostationary. 12 N otifying A dm inistration System o r netw... d neigh­ bou rin g countries. (2 G H z, 11-12/14 Ghz) S 80-1* Satellite n etw... will provide Fixed-satellite services. (12/14 G H z) N-STAR (N-STAR-A) (N-STAR-B) Satellite...-satellite and M obile-satellite services. (2.5/2.6 G H z, 4 /6 G H z, 12/14 G H z, 2 0 /3 0 G H z) SJC (SJC-1) (SJC-2) Satellite... an d private co rresp o n ­ dence. (12/14 G H z) A STR O -D * Satellite n etw ork... PC d a ta transm ission. (4 /6 G H z, 11-12/14 G H z) M alta (Republic of) * Non... w ithin the Fixedsatellite service. (4 /6 G H z, 11-12/14 G H z) Tonga (K ingdom of) TONGASAT... services w ithin th e Fixedsatellite service. (12/14 G H z) * Non-geostationary. 15 Notifying... (RR1042, RR1060, RR1488-1491) (31.12.1991) Orbital position Frequency bands GHz Space station 0 1 2 11 12 6 11 12 INTELSAT5 183E 6 11 INTELSAT5A 183E... 5 * 20 14 14 14 12 14 6 6 14 12 20 * * 20 * * 6 6 13 15... 0 19 20 * C20 C* 20 * 1 6 12 14 2 6 5 6 C2 0 12 17 6 6 12 14 1 7 8 7 8 145.00... >20 >30 >40 * 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 132.00 W C USA... 128.00 W N USA ACS-1 4 6 12 14 12 14 20 * 20 * C20 C* 20... 4 6 C4 C6 MORELOS 1 4 6 12 ANIKE-B 4 6 12 14 12 14 12 14 A Only advance publication... W C USA WESTAR 6-S Cl 6 4 6 4 6 7 8 11 12 13 11 12 14 13 17 18... 12 4 6 4 6 4 6 4 6 * 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 Cl 19 0 0 2 1 2 5 4 7 8 7 8 6 12 14 12 14 14 12 14 12 14 USASAT-16A 12 14 USASAT-9A 12... 15 14 12 2 1 0 4 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 20 Frequency... 0 12 13 14 12 14 12 14 13 14 15 14 15 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 12 14 17... RR 1060 N Notified 15 12 14 12 14 12 14 6 6 21 O rbital position... W C USA USASAT-25G 11 12 14 11 12 14 4 6 58.00 W C USA... 4 6 12 14 14 14 15 * * 14 12 14 12 14 20 • * 11 12 14 11 12 14 • * 11... 12 14 11 12 14 11 12 14 12 14 12 14 18 19 0 11 12 14 11 12... 11 4 19 13 1 4 * 18 6 7 4 * C14 12 31.00 W C A O n ly a d v a n c e p u b lic a tio....50 W N URS POTOK-1 4 F ESA HIPPARCOS 12.00 W N 0 0 2 11 1 1 0 1 4 6 4 6 20 > 20 > 30... 8 7 8 17 13 17 17 13 12 17 12 17 19 18 6 1 4 6 CO... * * 14 20 11 0 14 12 * 14 14 12 14 20 C* C20 c* 20... N Notified 19 14 11 'U SA c 12 12 12.00 W N 11. 00 W 18 2 20... CONT4 11 12 14 12 14 C ll C12 C14 8 12 14 8 12 14 4 6 7 8 2 4 6 7 8 1 2 2 17... 3.00E N F TELECOM-1C 2 4 6 7 8 12 3.00 E C F TELECOM-2C 2 4 6 7 8 12 14 4.00 E A F EUT EUTELSAT... 0 C ll C12 C14 12 14 11 7 12.00 E N URS PROGNOZ-2 12.00 E C URS... 18 19 20 * 20 * C14 12 14 12 14 * C* 20 * 19 20... 11 2 11 14 12 14 20 18 2 7 12 14 2 11 12 14 0 C2...-4 2 C12 C14 11 12 14 11 12 14 2 11 12 TOR-21 F EUT... 11 0 15 8 6 1 1 6 11 12 14 2 11 11 7 4 5 * * 14 12 14 8 6 * 0 0 7 1 4 6 4 6 * 8 11 14... E 66.00 E c 1 2 Cl 8 11 12 13 12 6 11 6 11 4 6 11 C4 C6... E N USA FLTSATCOM IN D O C 0 7 8 7 8 12 14 11 12 14 11 12 14 14 11....00 E C 7 2 1 2 8 7 8 20 7 8 20 * 7 8 20 * 11 12 13 14 * 28 Orbital position... VOLNA-5M 87.50 E C CHN CHINASAT-1 6 c CHN DFH-3-0C 6 90.00... 11 14 6 1 6 1 C2 6 C4 CHN CHINASAT-3 6 99.00 E A URS EXPRESS-13... E N J BSE 2 12 14 110.00 E A J N-SAT-110 110.50 E C CHN CHINASAT-2 4 6 113....00E A 1 14 SCS-1B 12 14 J SJC-1 12 14 125.00 E C CHN... VOLNA-9M 130.00 E A CHN CHINASAT-4 130.00 E N J ETS-2 130.00... C/KU-1 4 6 URS GALS-5 0 1 2 * 11 12 7 14 8 2 0 12 14 18 19 17 18... RR 1060 N Notified 0 1 2 • C20 12 14 12 14 12 14 17 20 • * * 30... 12 14 12 14 11 14 11 14 6 5 12 14 C12 C14 12 14 12... C14 12 14 12 14 2 * 20 1 1 12 14 12 14 12 * 13 14 12 14 C12 C14 AUSSAT B1 12 14... d 15 1 1 12 14 12 14 C17 C18 C19 C* C17 C18 C19 c* 12 12 0 13... E C USAIT INTELSAT5A PAC1 4 6 4 6 166.00 E 1 12 12 4 11 Cl 5 4 2 7 8 7 8 11 USAIT INTELSAT7... INTELSAT7 180E 4 6 11 14 14 12 14 6 1 C2 1 6 INMARSAT POR-I 1 6 INMARSAT3... time signals). A new Study Group 12 (Interservice sharing and compatibility) took... measurement o f frequency propagation behaviour at 12, 20 and 30 GHz with... switchboard capable to manage automatically 12 000 telephone circuits in function... the end o f 1990, there were 12 permanent and 3 occasional television channels... C-band transponder on the Intelsat V-A (F-12) satellite has been purchased for...-band transponders on the Intelsat V-A (F-12) satellite. The purchased transponders are... SCPC 5 21 6 2 12 6 15 12 5 46 0 17 5 9 0 0 3 9 22 9 12 19 4 5 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 5 0 0 0 5 28 6 2 12 7 16 14... transponders than the Gorizont satellites (12 instead o f 7). The possibility of remote...



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... essai 2014 du New Shepard 12. Petits satellites/Technologie/Incubation : Verhaert... -, avec un conseil d’administration de 12 personnes, flanqué d’une demi-douzaine... l’Astronautique, qui commémore chaque 12 avril le vol historique du... satellites plus WEI n°79 2015-2 - 12 WALLONIE ESPACE INFOS n°79 mars... Rutan (Scaled Composites), doit emmener à 12.000 m d’altitude, puis larguer une... la masse peut varier de 12 à 100 kg. Elle propose le... et de la Communication) - quelque 12.500 participants de 70 pays... réservoirs plus petits. Ainsi, SES-12 qui est réalisé par Airbus...-1 [2016], Eutelsat-172B [2017], SES-12 [2017], SES-14 [2017] Hispasat...-C [2017], Electra [2018?] Apstar-7 (2012), Chinasat-12/Apstar-7B (2012), Eutelsat-21B... (2012), TL1D [2015?] DFH-4 ST-2/Chinasat-2A (2012), TKSat/Tupac Katari...-1 [2016?], Laosat-1 [2016?], Supremesat-3 [2016], Chinasat/ZX-9A [2017?], -11 (2013... nouveau lanceur Vulcan. 12. Petits satellites/Technologie/Incubation 12.1. Verhaert Innovation : le... l’ESA pour le Grand duché. 12.2. Des Cubesats européens au..., TimeLink microsystems à Angleur-Liège); 12. les éléments complexes de fine... de Vega, prévu le 12 juin, avec SABCA comme sous... International Planetary Probe Workshop (IPPW-12), au Hyatt Regency, Cologne, organis... nouvelles perspectives en climatologie spatiale. (*) 12-16 octobre 2015: 66th IAC..., l’accès pour l’avenir de l’humanité). 12-16 octobre : Conference « Exploring the... PROBA-3B INGENIO-SEOSAT SES-12 SENTINEL-6/CRYOSAT- 2016 2016 TBD...-2 & -3 (CMMB Vision/Hong Kong) O3b/12 (O3b Networks/Jersey) TBD (L-band...) 105°W (Ku- & Ka-bands) SES-12 (SES/Luxembourg) 95°E (Ku- & Ka.... 16 satellites in construction, with 12 to be launched by Soyuz... June 2012 by PSN-V, the Chinasat-5B, in inclined orbit, sold... 2012 with leased capacity onboard Chinasat-12 (2015) TBD (Ku- & Ka-bands..., in order to replace Telstar-12. Spotbeams for maritime mobile services...



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.... Tourisme spatial : 2015, année décisive ! 12. Petits satellites/Technologie/Incubation : Le... la Belgique dans l’espace Le 12 novembre, la Secrétaire d’Etat... 300 618.8 68.31 84,12 259 1,074. 210.08 93... que l’ESA WEI n°77 2014-6 - 12 WALLONIE ESPACE INFOS n°77 novembre... moins d’1,5 t (3 kW de puissance) avec 12 répéteurs à bord. De tels satellites... qui déploie une constellation de 12 satellites-relais haut débit en... Infos se trouvait à Darmstadt le 12 novembre 2014. Il s’agit désormais... orbite à l’horizon 2020. 12. Petits satellites/Technologie/Incubation 12.1. PROBA-3 à l’heure belgo... scientifique à bord du satellite CSC. 12.2. Un PROBA placé au Point... instrument EUV (Extreme Ultra Violet). 12.3. Table of nanosat systems manufacturers... ADLERSHOF GMBH, Albert Einstein Str.12, D-12489 Berlin, Germany (www.astrofein... Spaziale Italiana (2012). Development of 12.5-kg ALMASat-EO/Earth Observations.../INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS IN SPACE, Molengraffsingel 12-14, NL-2629 JD, Delft... sol du système Galileo. 12. CALENDRIER 2014-2015 D'"EVENEMENTS SPATIAUX... nouvelles perspectives en climatologie spatiale. (*) 12-16 octobre 2015: 66th IAC... commerciaux NAME CYGNUS CRS-3 O3B 9-12 ASTRA-2G IXV Suborbital TURKSAT...-A3 MEASAT-3B NEXSTAR-1 & -2 O3B (12 satellites) PERUSAT-1 SGDC-1 TELSTAR-12R... transferred to China Satcom as Chinasat-12/Supremesat-1. Launch with Long March... to replace APstar-2R; Apstar7B/Chinasat-12 launched in November 2012) WEI..., 2015) Heavy geosynchronous satellite with 12-m aperture antenna for mobile services...-band) NIGCOMSAT-2 & -3 (Nigcomsat/Nigeria) O3b/12 (O3b Networks/Jersey) 42.5° East.... 16 satellites in construction, with 12 to be launched by Soyuz... June 2012 by PSN-V, the Chinasat-5B, in inclined orbit, sold...) SES-11 (SES/Luxembourg) SES-12 (SES/Luxembourg) SGDC BRSat (AEB... 2012 with leased capacity onboard Chinasat-12 (2015) TBD (Ku- & Ka-bands..., in order to replace Telstar-12. Spotbeams for maritime mobile services...



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0.17/5
... Rocket ...................................................................................................................... 4 Altitude and Re-entry .......................................................................................................... 12 ASAT Weapons Testing in Space... also I am known.” – 1 Corinthians 13:12, King James Version On May... 3B Enhanced (LM-3B/E) carrying Chinasat-12 to geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO... 27, 2012, a LM-3B/E carrying Chinasat-11 to GTO on May... the LM-3B/E used for Chinasat-11. If this is the... only twelve days between the Chinasat-1 launch on May 1 and the... in Space March 17, 2014 12 of this article, we will... maximum horizontal range of only 12,000 kilometers (7,500 miles) with... the ground airbrushed out, Figure 12 shows an image of it... placing a payload into LEO. Figure 12. Image of the Kuaizhou launch... they spend most of their 12-hour orbital period “hanging” over... activities of the Chinese SJ-12 satellite, there is no publicly... of Trackable Debris Created Notes 12/17/1962 None Nike Zeus...-orbital 0 Engine and maneuvering test 4/12/1964 None Polyot 2 co-orbital... Cosmos 404 (IS) co-orbital 0 12/3/1971 Cosmos 459 Cosmos 462... Cosmos 843 (IS) co-orbital 0 12/17/1976 Cosmos 880 Cosmos... Cosmos 961 (IS) co-orbital 0 12/21/1977 Cosmos 967 Cosmos... twice: Cosmos 803 on Feb 12 and Cosmos 804 on Feb...