Спутник ФКИ. CloudSat. [Редактировать]

CloudSat — американо-канадский исследовательский спутник, запущенный 28 апреля 2006 с космодрома Ванденберг с помощью ракеты-носителя Дельта-2 7420-10C вместе с другим исследовательским спутником CALIPSO. Спутники запущены в рамках программы НАСА EOS (Earth Observing System (Система наблюдения Земли)) и предназначены для изучения облачного покрова Земли. CloudSat расшифровывается как Cloud Satellite, CALIPSO — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation.
Оба спутника решают общие задачи: получение трёхмерных изображений облаков и атмосферных аэрозолей; исследование того, как формируются и «развиваются» облака, как они влияют на погоду, климат, качество воздуха и количество осадков. Для этого на CloudSat установлен очень чувствительный радар с миллиметровой длиной волны (который более чем в тысячу раз чувствительнее обычного гидрометеорологического радара), а на CALIPSO — поляризационный лазерный локатор, который позволяет отличить в толще облаков водяной пар и кристаллы льда, жидкие и твёрдые частицы атмосферных аэрозолей. Кроме того, на CALIPSO имеется камера и инфракрасный радиометр. Спутники выведены на солнечно-синхронную круговую орбиту высотой 705 км.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
12006-016АНайтиНайти
229107НайтиНайти
3CloudSatНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Франция
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Тип орбиты - НОО
5Страна производитель - Франция

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг.847
2Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг.255
3Масса (платформы), кг.516
4Масса (топлива), кг.76
5Емкость запоминающего устройства (для научных данных), ГБит2.2
6Емкость запоминающего устройства (для телеметрии), мБит256
7Платформа 1xBCP-2000
8Мощность солнечных батарей (конец жизни), Вт1228
9Габариты, метра2,54 x 2,03 x 2,29
10Скорость (работы полезной нагрузки), мБит в секунду1
11Полезная нагрузка 1xCPR
12Мощность (требуемая), Вт571
13Мощность (предоставляемая), Вт822
14Мощность (полезная нагрузка), Вт346
15Емкость (аккумулятора), ампер часов40
16Точность (определения позиции), град<0.02
17Точность (управления), град<0.02
18Точность (позиционирования), метра<30

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.2
2Апогей, км710.8
3Перигей, км708.5
4Период, минут98.8
5САС, месяц22
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7080

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2006-04-28
3Код NSSDC2006-016B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.185
2Разработчик NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
3Оператор Космическое агентство США
4Стоимость программы , млн. долл.2006-01-01217
5Производитель Ball Aerospace

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2006-04-28 at 11:02:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xCALIPSO
3Полезная нагрузка 1xCloudSat
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 767 документов по запросу «CloudSat». [Перейти к поиску]


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CloudSat &CALIPSO National Aeronautics and Space ... the naked eye or the CloudSat radar. A layer of desert dust... and how much precipitation falls. CloudSat and CALIPSO should help us... Afternoon ‘A-Train’ CALIPSO PARASOL Aura CloudSat Aqua OCO The Afternoon Train... Earth and its atmosphere. Besides CloudSat and CALIPSO, other members of... the amount of clouds globally. CloudSat and CALIPSO give us valuable... of hurricanes) might be changing. CloudSat & CALIPSO Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid... change. Combining data from the CloudSat and CALIPSO missions with observations... understanding of global climate change. CloudSat’s radar sends a series of short... observed by a radar, similar to CloudSat’s, flown on an aircraft above... blue, red and orange. What CloudSat Does and Why Clouds are... whether it will produce precipitation. CloudSat flies a first-of-a-kind radar... sensitive than any weather radar. CloudSat provides a never-before-seen perspective... tiny cloud particles to precipitation. CloudSat observations will also allow us... predictions of climate change. From CloudSat observations we will be able..., CloudSat, or the A-Train: www.nasa.gov/calipso www.nasa.gov/cloudsat...



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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CloudSat-CALIPSO Launch Press Kit October....gov Colorado Role - CloudSat Louis Michon Canada Role - CloudSat Canadian Space Agency... ........................................................................................................ 5 Quick Facts ................................................................................................................................. 6 Mission Overview ....................................................................................................................... 7 CloudSat Satellite ..................................................................................................................... 18 CloudSat Science Objectives ................................................................................................... 25 CALIPSO..., climate, weather and air quality. CloudSat and CALIPSO employ revolutionary tools... precipitation. "The new information from CloudSat will answer basic questions about...'s climate," said Dr. Graeme Stephens, CloudSat principal investigator at Colorado State... weather forecasting and climate prediction. CloudSat is managed by NASA's Jet... schedule for television transmissions for CloudSat-CALIPSO activities is available on... Information More information on the CloudSat-CALIPSO missions, including an electronic....gov/cloudsat and http://www.nasa.gov/calipso. 5 Quick Facts CloudSat Dimensions... (U.S. $75 million, estimated) 6 Mission Overview CloudSat and CALIPSO were selected under... from current satellite measurement systems. CloudSat's primary mission is scheduled to... 62 minutes after liftoff, and CloudSat will separate approximately 97 minutes...) above Earth. First acquisition of CloudSat's signal occurs approximately 97 minutes... 45 days for CloudSat. Formation Flying Formation flying enables CloudSat to track... the CloudSat satellite in formation with CALIPSO and following Aqua. The CloudSat orbit will be adjusted and monitored to hold the CloudSat satellite... CloudSat radar trails Aqua by an average of about 60 seconds. CloudSat... is in the rear. CloudSat Satellite Operations CloudSat mission data are transmitted..., Hampton, Va. 12 CloudSat Data Products The CloudSat Data Processing Center is... mapped to the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar profile locations. CloudSat's standard data... CALIPSO. CloudSat standard data products are produced at each CloudSat profile location... 2.5 kilometers (1.6 miles) long. A "granule" of CloudSat data is defined as one... the CloudSat Data Processing Center website at http://cloudsat.cira.colostate.edu. CloudSat... CloudSat's measurements. In addition to these standard and auxiliary products, the CloudSat... under development by the current CloudSat team are precipitation estimates including... all altitudes. CloudSat Data Access During the operations phase, CloudSat data will... facilities. CloudSat Outreach The CloudSat Education Network is part of CloudSat education and... the CALIPSO mission. 17 CloudSat Satellite The CloudSat payload consists of a 94... parameters and subsystem configurations for CloudSat are nearly identical to those... arm Radar antenna Star trackers CloudSat satellite Thrusters Telemetry, tracking and... cloud-detection capabilities to achieve CloudSat's mission objectives but also enables... telemetry control. Spacecraft Bus The CloudSat spacecraft bus, developed by Ball... missions, that incorporates a number of CloudSat-specific modifications. The spacecraft structure... between the instrument and the CloudSat spacecraft bus. The subsystem receives... selected surface finishes. 24 CloudSat Science Objectives CloudSat and CALIPSO will provide... the cloud-climate feedback problem. CloudSat seeks to overcome shortcomings in... affect clouds and precipitation. 25 CloudSat Science Team Graeme Stephens, Colorado... Winker, NASA's Langley Research Center CloudSat Applications Advisory Group Gerald Schmidt... Earth's 32 surface. CALIPSO and CloudSat will provide comprehensive observations of.... Concurrent cloud observations from CALIPSO, CloudSat and other satellites will provide..., potentially saving lives and money. CloudSat will also help scientists determine... persist in the atmosphere? CALIPSO, CloudSat's sister mission, will take direct... a number of important scientific firsts: CloudSat and CALIPSO will provide the... vertical distribution of atmospheric warming. CloudSat will provide the first global.... CloudSat will provide the first ability to detect snowfall from space. CloudSat... System Science Pathfinder program, the CloudSat and CALIPSO satellites will fly... in formation, with CloudSat closely tracking CALIPSO. Adjustments to CloudSat's orbit are... convective regions. What Will CloudSat Do? CloudSat will provide the first global... effects on possible climate change. CloudSat's cloud profiling radar will "see... weather. Other potential uses of CloudSat's cloud-profiling radar data include... in numerical weather prediction models. CloudSat measurements used together with other... is the CloudSat project manager. Dr. Deborah Vane is the CloudSat deputy...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... and Informatics Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites 2010 Peter... and Informatics Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites Bachelor’s Thesis...: Slovenský Názov: Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites Cieľ pr... spracovanie údajov z meteorologických družíc Cloudsat a CALIPSO. Vedúci: Mgr. Ivan...ácia dát zo satelitov CloudSat a CALIPSO Súhrn práce CloudSat a CALIPSO sú satelity obiehaj..., P., 2010: Vizualizácia dát zo satelitov CloudSat a CALIPSO. Univerzita Komenského, Bratislava...ógie. 77pp. Školiteľ: Bašták Ďurán, I. CloudSat a CALIPSO sú pozemské satelity obiehajúce...ľko dátových zostáv z produktov CloudSat 2BGEOPROF, CALIPSO Lidar L1B Profiles... kompatibilnou BSD licenciou. Kĺúčové slová: CloudSat, CALIPSO, MODIS, A-Train, HDF4, HDF... Kuma, P., 2010: Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites. Comenius University... Meteorology. 77pp. Mentor: Bašták Ďurán, I. CloudSat and CALIPSO are NASA, resp... polar-orbiting Earth observation satellites. CloudSat carries a millimetre-wave radar for...-source-compatible BSD license. Keywords: CloudSat, CALIPSO, MODIS, A-Train, HDF4, HDF... 14 Acknowledgements 15 1. Introduction 1.1 Goals 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites 17 17... 2. A-Train 2.1 CALIPSO 2.1.1 CALIOP 2.1.2 Data Products 2.2 CloudSat 2.2.1 Data Products 2.3 Aqua 2.3.1 MODIS 2.3.2 Level...-EOS2 4.2.1 Dimension Mapping CALIPSO Products CloudSat Products Aqua MODIS Level 1B... development tools. 15 Chapter 1 Introduction CloudSat and CALIPSO are Earth observation..., Integrated Attenuated Backscatter 1064 nm – CloudSat: Radar Reflectivity Factor – MODIS Level... programs and scripts. 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites The CloudSat and CALIPSO missions... any ground or air operations. CloudSat is a satellite equipped with a millimetre.... The primary products coming from CloudSat are two-dimensional vertical cross... atmosphere similar to those of CloudSat. Because CloudSat and CALIPSO fly in... time continuity of the measurements CloudSat and CALIPSO provide a great potential... ∎ ∎ ∎ Chapter 1. Introduction explains what the CloudSat and CALIPSO satellites are, and... physical quantities suitable for visualisation. 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ 19 Chapter... http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cloudsat/multimedia/a-train. html.] The satellites... particles): β′ Bλ = 2 λ 2 (2.7) Tm,λ TO3 ,λ A-Train 26 CloudSat trajectory 240­m­heigh bin 30.... 2.2 CloudSat CloudSat is a NASA ESSP mission administered by the Colorado State University. CloudSat.... Number of products are available (CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook, 2008... ordering systems: ∎ CloudSat. CloudSat products can be ordered from the CloudSat DPC upon.... In CloudSat products, these are called factor and offset. d In CloudSat products... a) b) c) Figure 4.3 | File naming conventions. a, CALIPSO, b, CloudSat, c, MODIS (based on http://modis... of other fields. 4.4 CloudSat Products Data from the CloudSat mission are commonly... covered by the granule. Other CloudSat products resemble a similar structure. Comprehensive... found on the CloudSat DPC web site [http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate... Catalog (2007) ∎ CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook (2008) ∎ ∎ CloudSat DPC web product documentation at http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate... 4.5 | CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF HDF-EOS2 diagram. This is the structure a typical CloudSat... Level 1B product. Chapter 5 Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 5.1 Introducing ccplot... set ccplot name CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF Radar Reflectivity Factor cloudsat-reflec Total... MODIS MODIS radiance and reflectance; CloudSat L1B, CloudSat, and CALIPSO trajectory CALIPSO... products (Fig. 2.2), and 240 m for CloudSat products (Section 2.2). The vertical cut... ry = ⌈ 2000 m h × DPI⌉ y m − y0 Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 48 Table... the layer mapping algorithm. Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 50 # Implementation... -i $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf Type: CloudSat Time: 2006-08-12 18..., enter: $ ccplot -o cloudsat1.pdf -x 0..1000 cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf.... The one suitable for cloudsat-reflec is cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap. Let us.../cmap/cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf 6.1 Tutorial 53 CloudSat... -c /usr/share/ccplot/cmap/cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01... a) b) cloudsat­reflectivity.cmap calipso­temperature.cmap modis­temperature.cmap Suitability: cloudsat-reflec... the first 1000 rays of CloudSat reflectivity profile from 2006224184641_01550_CS_2B1GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf... CAL_LID_L11Prov1V2101.2006107106T19150151ZN.hdf SEE ALSO CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook, April....01.html. CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook (2008). CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook. http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate.... Gutro, R. et al. (2005). CALIPSO, CloudSat, GRACE Science Writer’s Guide. Technical...



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... aerosol optical depth 39 29 CloudSat/CALIPSO pairing. 40 v FIG. No... NASA Langley, respectively. CALIPSO and CloudSat were on the most recent.... 39 CC-VEx The CALIPSO-CloudSat Validation Experiment (CCVEx) was conducted... new satellite missions: CALIPSO and CloudSat. These missions provide valuable new... placed in formation Fig. 29: CloudSat and CALIPSO pairing set a new..., and a wide field-ofview camera. CloudSat is a partnership between NASA, the... validation studies, both CALIPSO and CloudSat needed measurements of layers of... characteristics similar to CALIPSO and CloudSat. The Learjet carried a suite of... the quality of CALIPSO and CloudSat data products released in late... the Earth’s atmosphere. Engineers designed CloudSat and CALIPSO to deliver the..., interest had risen from the CloudSat and CALIPSO satellite teams to... Services Cloud Absorption Radiometer CALIPSO-CloudSat Validation Experiment Collaborative Decision Environment...



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... (активной) в полосе частот 94 ГГц CloudSat и результаты для Атакамской большой антенной... с миллиметровыми и субмиллиметровыми длинами волн в мире. CloudSat – спутниковый бортовой радар с нижним обзором... волн. Задача радара карты облаков CloudSat – первый бортовой радар для использования..., большинство из которых (в отличие от CloudSat) пассивные спутники обнаружения. Эти спутники..., Aqua и Aura уже на орбите, CloudSat на настоящий момент должен быть... времени. Детали научной задачи следующие: CloudSat – экспериментальный спутник, разработанный для измерения... облаков из космоса. После запуска CloudSat будет вращаться в образовании как часть... поляриметр (PARASOL). Уникальная функция, которую CloudSat привносит в эту группировку, способность двигаться..., позволяющей перекрываться секторам обзора радара CloudSat с зоной охвата лазерного радара CALIPSO.... Свойства вертикальных профилей облака, предоставляемые CloudSat в глобальном масштабе, заполняют важный пробел... CloudSat с данными от других активных и пассивных сенсоров группировки. Технические подробности CloudSat Радар CloudSat... радара около 25 Вт. Антенна CloudSat – параболическая, со смещенным облучателем, ширина... расположения. Это маловероятное событие. Луч CloudSat будет иногда направлен в сторону от... стать проблемой для ALMA. Орбита CloudSat Так как луч радара направлен..., конечно, количеством восходящих и нисходящих проходов. CloudSat будет иметь орбиту, похожую на... параметры AQUA как представляющие будущий CloudSat. Эти параметры AQUA, вероятно, останутся... могут не соответствовать точной орбите CloudSat. Орбитальные параметры для AQUA (26... 16 дней. Окончательные земные траектории CloudSat будут похожими, но не идентичными...; земная траектория для конечной орбиты CloudSat может пройти ближе или дальше... не точно соответствовать конечной орбите CloudSat, статистика позиций спутника будет очень... четыре класса связи между радаром CloudSat и лепестками антенны ALMA: Класс 1: Взаимодействие... расстояния 705 км (орбитальная высота CloudSat) и 94 ГГц потери на распространение... ГГц. Угловое уклонение, необходимое между CloudSat и ALMA 1 Повреждение приемника Антенны ALMA... CloudSat. Какая дистанция уклонения требуется между антеннами ALMA и главным лепестком антенны CloudSat.... При условии худшего случая, когда CloudSat пролетает непосредственно над ALMA, это...°. – Большая погрешность в потенциальной ошибке наведения CloudSat; луч радара может отклоняться от... даже для худшего случая прохождения CloudSat непосредственно над ALMA, при обеспечении... ALMA не должны направляться на CloudSat в любой момент, когда он находится... чрезмерных помех. Какое удаление от CloudSat достаточно для снижения помех до... антенны ALMA на боковые лепестки CloudSat, принимаемая мощность составляет –76,4 дБВт... теплового шума приемника –119,6 дБВт; т. е. CloudSat на (119,6 – 76,4) = 43 дБ... частоты CloudSat, антенны ALMA не должны подходить ближе, чем ±10° к CloudSat всякий... наблюдения в полосе 90 ГГц, когда CloudSat проходит в пределах 10° от поля...,1 ГГц и 282,15 ГГц) передатчика CloudSat неизвестны, но можно логично предположить... гармоники, хотя маловероятно, что антенна CloudSat будет оптимально излучать на частотах... боковым лепесткам передатчика. Обеспечив ненаведение CloudSat в пределах главного лепестка антенны ALMA..., в пределах 0,02°), помехи от гармоник CloudSat могут стать проблемой строго лишь... наведения ALMA так близко к движущемуся CloudSat очень мала, и такие помехи могут... обеспечением должно быть проверено местонахождение CloudSat перед тем, как позволить слежение... направлены в пределах 10° от спутника CloudSat, любые данные, собранные по крайней... значения. Возможны гармонические помехи, если CloudSat проходит в пределах 0,02° от поля... периодами времени, когда CloudSat находится ниже горизонта. Заключение CloudSat – первый из серии..., невозможно ли прохождение земной траектории CloudSat близко к ALMA. Помехи через дальние... 13 На протяжении эксплуатационного ресурса CloudSat обсерватория ALMA будет запрашивать сведения...



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..., M. A. Vaughan, and B. A. Wielicki CALIPSO, with CloudSat, provides the first multiyear global... cloud properties, which CALIPSO and CloudSat can now provide. First, CALIPSO... now includes Aqua, Aura, CALIPSO, CloudSat, and PARASOL (Stephens et al... satellite, and the orbit of CloudSat is controlled to maintain close...). CALIPSO was launched together with CloudSat into the A-train orbit in... observations, and particularly the CALIPSO–CloudSat observations, are paving the way... heights obtained from CALIPSO and CloudSat as given in the merged...–lidar cloud geometrical profile product CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF-lidar, combined with... and stratocumulus from CALIPSO and CloudSat is linearly correlated with the... heights determined from merged CALIPSO–CloudSat observations and uniformity based on... uniformity flag around each CALIPSO–CloudSat footprint. The relative humidity profiles..., as deduced from merged CALIPSO, CloudSat, and MODIS observations. Moist static...” for more information), while the CloudSat cloud profiling radar has a much... cloud observations from CALIPSO and CloudSat (see “What is the difference... used to produce a merged CALIPSO–CloudSat cloud dataset, providing the first... applications of the merged CALIPSO–CloudSat cloud product was the assessment... by precipitation. The CPR on CloudSat uses microwaves with wavelengths on... of the CALIOP (top) and CloudSat order of a few millimeters CPR... has much higher vertical resolution CloudSat CPR and can observe tenuous... clouds and (30 m) than the CloudSat CPR (500 m) and is able... the CPR loses ible to CloudSat. On the other hand, the... CloudSat radar. Feldman et al. (2008) used data from CALIOP and CloudSat... CALIOP but not observed by CloudSat lowered the estimated level of... profile of clouds. CALIOP and CloudSat profiles are now being combined.... 2008). Recent work combining CALIOP, CloudSat, and passive microwave measurements points... in GCMs: A global analysis using CloudSat and CALIPSO data. J. Geophys. Res... depth from combined CALIPSO and CloudSat ocean surface echoes. Geophys. Res...: Cloud type comparisons of AIRS, CloudSat, and CALIPSO cloud height and... the first year of merged Cloudsat and CALIPSO data. J. Geophys. Res.... Stephens, G. L., and Coauthors, 2002: The CloudSat mission and the A-train: A new... AIRS, 1228 | september 2010 MODIS, CloudSat a nd CA LIPSO cloud top...



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... profiling radar (CPR) on board CloudSat (Stephens et al. 2002), the... those instruments. Active instruments: CloudSat and CALIPSO. CloudSat and CALIPSO provide vertical information on clouds and aerosols. CloudSat CPR... cloud fraction Total cloud fraction CloudSat Radar reflectivity Height–reflectivity histograms... fraction undetected by CloudSat Total cloud fraction from CloudSat and CALIPSO 4 | august... track. We use the level 2 CloudSat geometric profile (2B-GEOPROF) dataset... clouds. For the simulation of CloudSat radar reflectivities, COSP uses QuickBeam... ground-based radars. At the CloudSat radar frequencies, the attenuation by... CALIPSO provide a complementary perspective to CloudSat (Delanoë and Hogan 2010). Figure... region (40°–60°N,160°E–125°W): (a) CloudSat radar reflectivity histogram as a function... correspond to missing data. For CloudSat, the missing data are caused... x–y bin in adimensional units (0 to 1). CloudSat/CALIPSO histograms are normalized level... intercomparison for selected COSP diagnostics. CloudSat reflectivities. The models’ histograms of... some characteristics similar to the CloudSat observations, but there are many... cloud. In addition to this, CloudSat simulations (Fig. 3e) show a nearly... models in a transparent way. The CloudSat radar has the capability of... precipitation microphysics. Frequency histograms of CloudSat radar reflectivity as a function of...) that go undetected by the CloudSat radar. Because of its visible... complementary to that provided by CloudSat (Delanoë and Hogan 2010). Frequency.... CloudSat data were obtained from the CloudSat Data Processing Center (http://cloudsat.cira... profiles 18 | august 2011 in CloudSat observations over the oceans. J. Geophys... global forecast model using simulated CloudSat radar reflectivities. J. Geophys. Res., 113...: Cloud profiling radar for the CloudSat mission. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron... G. L. Stephens, 2008: Hydrometeor detection using Cloudsat—An earth-orbiting 94-GHz... framework global climate model with CloudSat cloud radar observations. J. Geophys. Res...–3765. —, and Coauthors, 2002: The CloudSat mission and the A-Train. Bull... Community Atmosphere Model version 3 using CloudSat and CALIPSO data. J. Geophys. Res...