Спутник ФКИ. CloudSat. [Редактировать]

CloudSat — американо-канадский исследовательский спутник, запущенный 28 апреля 2006 с космодрома Ванденберг с помощью ракеты-носителя Дельта-2 7420-10C вместе с другим исследовательским спутником CALIPSO. Спутники запущены в рамках программы НАСА EOS (Earth Observing System (Система наблюдения Земли)) и предназначены для изучения облачного покрова Земли. CloudSat расшифровывается как Cloud Satellite, CALIPSO — Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation.
Оба спутника решают общие задачи: получение трёхмерных изображений облаков и атмосферных аэрозолей; исследование того, как формируются и «развиваются» облака, как они влияют на погоду, климат, качество воздуха и количество осадков. Для этого на CloudSat установлен очень чувствительный радар с миллиметровой длиной волны (который более чем в тысячу раз чувствительнее обычного гидрометеорологического радара), а на CALIPSO — поляризационный лазерный локатор, который позволяет отличить в толще облаков водяной пар и кристаллы льда, жидкие и твёрдые частицы атмосферных аэрозолей. Кроме того, на CALIPSO имеется камера и инфракрасный радиометр. Спутники выведены на солнечно-синхронную круговую орбиту высотой 705 км.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
12006-016АНайтиНайти
229107НайтиНайти
3CloudSatНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Франция
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Тип орбиты - НОО
5Страна производитель - Франция

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг.847
2Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг.255
3Масса (платформы), кг.516
4Масса (топлива), кг.76
5Емкость запоминающего устройства (для научных данных), ГБит2.2
6Емкость запоминающего устройства (для телеметрии), мБит256
7Платформа 1xBCP-2000
8Мощность солнечных батарей (конец жизни), Вт1228
9Габариты, метра2,54 x 2,03 x 2,29
10Скорость (работы полезной нагрузки), мБит в секунду1
11Полезная нагрузка 1xCPR
12Мощность (требуемая), Вт571
13Мощность (предоставляемая), Вт822
14Мощность (полезная нагрузка), Вт346
15Емкость (аккумулятора), ампер часов40
16Точность (определения позиции), град<0.02
17Точность (управления), град<0.02
18Точность (позиционирования), метра<30

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град98.2
2Апогей, км710.8
3Перигей, км708.5
4Период, минут98.8
5САС, месяц22
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7080

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2006-04-28
3Код NSSDC2006-016B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.185
2Разработчик NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory
3Оператор Космическое агентство США
4Стоимость программы , млн. долл.2006-01-01217
5Производитель Ball Aerospace

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2006-04-28 at 11:02:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xCALIPSO
3Полезная нагрузка 1xCloudSat
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 824 документов по запросу «CloudSat». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
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...
Rainfall
Climatology.................................................................................................................... 9
 2.
 Science Goals ........................................................................................... 11
 2.1
 CloudSat
Algorithm
Evaluation
and
Improvement ...................................................................... 11... comparisons of rainfall products from CloudSat, Aqua, and the Tropical Rainfall... to characterize the ability of CloudSat, the Global Precipitation Measurement mission... imagers and sounders and the CloudSat CPR and assist in the... the cloud and rain field. CloudSat’s precipitation algorithms will also be... be used as input to CloudSat’s precipitation algorithms allowing the physical... LPVEx is a collaborative effort between CloudSat, the GPM Ground Validation (GV... the University of Helsinki (UH). CloudSat will lead the overall coordination... analysis and archival of results. CloudSat will support a majority of the.... Upon completion of field operations, CloudSat will oversee all subsequent data... are archived in a timely fashion. CloudSat will also coordinate with the... PMW imagers and sounders, the CloudSat CPR, and GPM’s GMI and... drive the synergisms between the CloudSat and GPM programs. 5 Draft 3/3/10...) (Kummerow et al, 1998) and CloudSat’s Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR) (Stephens...(s) and the retrieved intensity. While CloudSat exhibits a much smaller FOV than... rainfall estimates from co-located CloudSat and AMSR-E observations in the... Fig. 2 Reflectivity-altitude histogram of CloudSat CPR observations in the Gulf... characterize the ability of the CloudSat CPR, GPM DPR, and PMW... signatures for future algorithm development. 2.1 CloudSat Algorithm Evaluation and Improvement 2.1.1 Detection... detectable signal of -30 dBZ, CloudSat is, in principle, capable of... algorithms for detecting rainfall from CloudSat employ a hybrid approach that uses... precipitation. However, identifying rainfall with CloudSat requires that the ratio of... reflectivity at 720m, the lowest CloudSat range bin for which ground... at the surface? 2.1.2 Intensity Estimation CloudSat rainfall intensity estimates are very..., and multi-frequency radar observations. CloudSat’s precipitation algorithms will also be... radars at the time of CloudSat overpasses. Figure 5 shows an example... a snowfall scene observed by both CloudSat and the Kerava Cband radar..., respectively (discussed in Section 5). Fig. 5 CloudSat W-band and Kerava C-band radar... along the CloudSat ground track from 3D volume scans since CloudSat does..., rainfall and snowfall estimates from CloudSat, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer... range, and radar reflectivities at W (CloudSat) and Ka-Ku bands (GPM... global oceans? The perspective from CloudSat, Geophys. Res. Letters 36, doi..., J. Kay, A. Gettelman, Z. Wang, 2008. The CloudSat Mission: Performance and early science... CloudSat/GPM CloudSat/GPM 1 1 Liquid water Particle size distribution and type CloudSat/GPM CloudSat... etc. (oceanic) Parsivel MRR Satellite CloudSat/GPM Small-precip to large... Canada/Andy H. 15 micron version CloudSat/GPM Environment Canada Wyoming Space... permitting FMI 20-25.9.2010 CloudSat CloudSat 1 MODIS 1 AMSR-E 1 AMSU-B 1 Model Analysis... experiment CloudSat Data Processing Center? CloudSat Data Processing Center? CloudSat Data Processing Center? CloudSat Data Processing Center? FMI/GPM/CloudSat FMI GPM CloudSat Distributed Atmosphere GSFC Group/SSM CloudSat 28



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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..., 2013 Synergies and complementarities of CloudSat-CALIPSO snow observations A. Battaglia1 and...–2010) of colocated 94 GHz CloudSat radar reflectivities and 532...¨ (2013), Synergies and complementarities of CloudSat-CALIPSO snow observations, J. Geophys. Res... been clearly demonstrated by the CloudSat mission [Stephens et al., 2008... footprint of about 1.4 Â 1.7 km2. The CloudSat radar does not scan, but.... 2011]. 721 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS [4] On the... product of colocated CALIPSO and CloudSat measurements to investigate global distributions...., 2007] and the 94 GHz CloudSat radar in snow observations. The... for such a study because: (1) the CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF product and the... in the CloudSat footprint; (2) a target categorization, which refines the CloudSat [Sassen... on the 2CPRECIP-COLUMN CloudSat product (http://www.cloudsat. cira.colostate.edu... –15 dBZ in the five CloudSat bins above the near surface...) space-borne lidar and the CloudSat and CALIOP combination, respectively. The... 722 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS CloudSat reflectivity [dBZ] Synergy... the Arctic Ocean. (top panels) CloudSat reflectivity and CALIOP backscattering... black dashed lines mark the CloudSat confident detection boundaries while... set. 723 0 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS detecting very... is presented in Figure 1. Because CloudSat reflectivity is only marginally... the 724 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS lack of... counts. 725 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS can be... height (as identified by CloudSat). Both distributions peak around zero... height. 726 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS function of... and/or inhomogeneity of the CloudSat footprint and/or clutter CPR... (as identified by the CloudSat radar) where the lidar signal... layer. 727 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS [1997]). Because... (right). 728 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS highlighted the... Future Work [27] The combined CloudSat-CALIOP data set offers an... snow-precipitating clouds: while the CloudSat radar represents a unique snow detector.... [32] Snow products derived from CloudSat CPR should make full use... respect, 729 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS e.g., by providing...). Delanoë, J. and R. Hogan, (2010), Combined CloudSat-CALIPSO-MODIS retrievals of the... R. Bennartz, (2011), Uncertainty analysis for CloudSat snowfall retrievals, J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol...), Deriving snow cloud characteristics from CloudSat observations, J. Geophys. Res., 113(D00A09... the first year of merged CloudSat and CALIPSO data, J. Geophys. Res...fluence of multiple scattering on CloudSat measurements in snow: a model study... around the globe with the CloudSat radar: 1-year of results, Geophys...–1058. Stephens, G. L., et al., (2008), CloudSat mission: Performance and early science.../2008JD009982. 730 BATTAGLIA AND DELANOË: CLOUDSAT-CALIPSO SNOW OBSERVATIONS Surussavadee, C. and..., P. Partain, J. Haynes, and R. Marchand, (2008), Cloudsat’s cloud profiling radar after... phase partition from CALIPSO and CloudSat measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 115(D00H13...



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... evolution of the very successful CloudSat (Stephens et al. 2008) and... 2006 in a 705-km orbit. CloudSat’s 94-GHz cloud radar and... of 1 m –1 sr –1) signals along the CloudSat orbit (white line) on 18... sensitivity (a factor of 5) compared with CloudSat will enable it to better..., a nd nonuniform bea m filling (NUBF). CloudSat is calibrated by periodically pointing... track. In addition, as for CloudSat, the precise antenna beam pattern... Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program with CloudSat. The CPR antenna is shown... et al. 2007, 2008) and CloudSat (Hagihara et al. 2010), uses... been developed using data from CloudSat, CALIOP, and MODIS (e.g., Nakajima et... has since been applied to CloudSat and CALIPSO (Delanoë and Hogan...) that have been applied to CloudSat and CALIOP using optimal-estimation... the operational CloudSat and CALIPSO synergy algorithm to produce the CloudSat 2C... algorithm inherits directly from the CloudSat–CALIOP–MODIS algorithm of Delano... for the same scene. The CloudSat and CALIOP signals are shown... 10 km (colder than –30°C), CloudSat detected 66% of the clouds... see for a nighttime A-Train case: (a) CloudSat radar reflectivity factor at the... approaches as was done for CloudSat (Protat et al. 2010) and... intercomparisons with satellites—such as CloudSat, CALIPSO, Aqua, Terra, National Polar..., these have proper aspect ratios. (b) CloudSat–CALIPSO–CERES (C3M) cloud mask... (11 km)2 centered on the CloudSat–CALIPSO cross section. (d) Difference ΔF in.... 3) With 7 dB more sensitivity than CloudSat, we expect the CPR will... et al. 2010) gained from CloudSat on convective motions and entrainment..., A. Protat, and J. Pelon, 2013: From CloudSat-CALIPSO to EarthCare: Evolution of... UK Met Office models using CloudSat and CALIPSO data. Quart. J. Roy... cirrus cloud profiling retrieval using CloudSat radar and CALIPSO lidar. J. Geophys... cloud microphysics from NICAM against CloudSat and CALIPSO. J. Geophys. Res., 118... 1D + 4D-Var assimilation of CloudSat observations. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc...: Deriving snow cloud characteristics from CloudSat observations. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D00A09... estimates of rainfall rate from CloudSat. Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L05817... analysis of ice microphysics from CloudSat and CALIPSO: Incorporation of specular... T. S. L’Ecuyer, 2010: The evaluation of CloudSat and CALIPSO ice microphysica l products....003716. Stephens, G. L., and Coauthors, 2008: CloudSat mission: Performance and early science... clouds as inferred from joint CloudSat and MODIS observations. J. Atmos. Sci... phase partition from CALISPO and CloudSat measurements. J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H13...



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0.18/5
... use collocations to train with CloudSat CPR 2C-ICE as a reference... (solar, terrestrial infrared, microwave), the CloudSat radar, and the CALIPSO lidar... al. [2010] introduce collocations between CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar (CPR...] use radar reflectivities from CloudSat CPR as a proxy reference for... as reported by the official CloudSat product 2C-ICE [Deng et...., 2010] as distributed by the CloudSat Data Processing Center (CDPC). Then...: Atmospheres HIRS/4 MHS AVHRR/3 GAC CloudSat Kiruna 0 km 10.1002/2013JD020759... considered. 2.1.3. Radar and Lidar The CloudSat CPR is a 94 GHz radar... CALIPSO, which is smaller than CloudSat and falls mostly within the... and has a footprint of 70 m. CloudSat and CALIPSO fly close to each...] and published as an official CloudSat HOLL ET AL. ©2014. American... the A-Train (the constellation including CloudSat, CALIPSO, and other satellites), collocations... sensors on NOAA 18 and CloudSat occur globally. The collocation algorithm... 18 MHS (the primary) with CloudSat CPR (the secondary). To this... > 10 g/m2 . Even when the CloudSat ground track passes exactly through... collocating NOAA 18 with the CloudSat 2C-ICE IWP product, we... first author. Thanks to the CloudSat team for making available the... cloud microphysical parameters using the CloudSat millimeter-wave radar and temperature.... Delanoë, J., and R. J. Hogan (2010), Combined CloudSat-CALIPSO-MODIS retrievals of the... cloud profiling retrieval using CloudSat radar and CALIPSO lidar, J. Geophys...–1049. Gong, J., and D. L. Wu (2013), CloudSat-constrained cloud ice water path... the first years of merged Cloudsat and CALIPSO data, J. Geophys. Res....1. Stephens, G. L., et al. (2002), The CloudSat mission and the A-train, Bull...–1790. Stephens, G. L., et al. (2008), CloudSat mission: Performance and early science...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-04
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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION CloudSat-CALIPSO Launch Press Kit October....gov Colorado Role - CloudSat Louis Michon Canada Role - CloudSat Canadian Space Agency... ........................................................................................................ 5 Quick Facts ................................................................................................................................. 6 Mission Overview ....................................................................................................................... 7 CloudSat Satellite ..................................................................................................................... 18 CloudSat Science Objectives ................................................................................................... 25 CALIPSO..., climate, weather and air quality. CloudSat and CALIPSO employ revolutionary tools... precipitation. "The new information from CloudSat will answer basic questions about...'s climate," said Dr. Graeme Stephens, CloudSat principal investigator at Colorado State... weather forecasting and climate prediction. CloudSat is managed by NASA's Jet... schedule for television transmissions for CloudSat-CALIPSO activities is available on... Information More information on the CloudSat-CALIPSO missions, including an electronic....gov/cloudsat and http://www.nasa.gov/calipso. 5 Quick Facts CloudSat Dimensions... (U.S. $75 million, estimated) 6 Mission Overview CloudSat and CALIPSO were selected under... from current satellite measurement systems. CloudSat's primary mission is scheduled to... 62 minutes after liftoff, and CloudSat will separate approximately 97 minutes...) above Earth. First acquisition of CloudSat's signal occurs approximately 97 minutes... 45 days for CloudSat. Formation Flying Formation flying enables CloudSat to track... the CloudSat satellite in formation with CALIPSO and following Aqua. The CloudSat orbit will be adjusted and monitored to hold the CloudSat satellite... CloudSat radar trails Aqua by an average of about 60 seconds. CloudSat... is in the rear. CloudSat Satellite Operations CloudSat mission data are transmitted..., Hampton, Va. 12 CloudSat Data Products The CloudSat Data Processing Center is... mapped to the CloudSat Cloud Profiling Radar profile locations. CloudSat's standard data... CALIPSO. CloudSat standard data products are produced at each CloudSat profile location... 2.5 kilometers (1.6 miles) long. A "granule" of CloudSat data is defined as one... the CloudSat Data Processing Center website at http://cloudsat.cira.colostate.edu. CloudSat... CloudSat's measurements. In addition to these standard and auxiliary products, the CloudSat... under development by the current CloudSat team are precipitation estimates including... all altitudes. CloudSat Data Access During the operations phase, CloudSat data will... facilities. CloudSat Outreach The CloudSat Education Network is part of CloudSat education and... the CALIPSO mission. 17 CloudSat Satellite The CloudSat payload consists of a 94... parameters and subsystem configurations for CloudSat are nearly identical to those... arm Radar antenna Star trackers CloudSat satellite Thrusters Telemetry, tracking and... cloud-detection capabilities to achieve CloudSat's mission objectives but also enables... telemetry control. Spacecraft Bus The CloudSat spacecraft bus, developed by Ball... missions, that incorporates a number of CloudSat-specific modifications. The spacecraft structure... between the instrument and the CloudSat spacecraft bus. The subsystem receives... selected surface finishes. 24 CloudSat Science Objectives CloudSat and CALIPSO will provide... the cloud-climate feedback problem. CloudSat seeks to overcome shortcomings in... affect clouds and precipitation. 25 CloudSat Science Team Graeme Stephens, Colorado... Winker, NASA's Langley Research Center CloudSat Applications Advisory Group Gerald Schmidt... Earth's 32 surface. CALIPSO and CloudSat will provide comprehensive observations of.... Concurrent cloud observations from CALIPSO, CloudSat and other satellites will provide..., potentially saving lives and money. CloudSat will also help scientists determine... persist in the atmosphere? CALIPSO, CloudSat's sister mission, will take direct... a number of important scientific firsts: CloudSat and CALIPSO will provide the... vertical distribution of atmospheric warming. CloudSat will provide the first global.... CloudSat will provide the first ability to detect snowfall from space. CloudSat... System Science Pathfinder program, the CloudSat and CALIPSO satellites will fly... in formation, with CloudSat closely tracking CALIPSO. Adjustments to CloudSat's orbit are... convective regions. What Will CloudSat Do? CloudSat will provide the first global... effects on possible climate change. CloudSat's cloud profiling radar will "see... weather. Other potential uses of CloudSat's cloud-profiling radar data include... in numerical weather prediction models. CloudSat measurements used together with other... is the CloudSat project manager. Dr. Deborah Vane is the CloudSat deputy...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... Aeronautics and Space Administration CALIPSO CloudSat GRACE SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE A guide... Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. (CloudSat Section) Alan Ward, Science Systems... Introduction CALIPSO Quick Reference Guide CloudSat Quick Reference Guide GRACE Quick... ESSP Mission Summaries CALIPSO and CloudSat Catch the “A-Train””With Other... to CloudSat 21 22 23 24 25 28 Q&A on CloudSat Instrument on CloudSat CloudSat Feature 1: Improving Weather Forecasts CloudSat Feature 2: Improving Climate Prediction Accuracy Who is on the CloudSat... PROGRAM (ESSP) SATELLITES The CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE missions WHAT IS...@nasa.gov CALIPSO RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat / CALIPSO BROCHURE: http://www-cali... SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat Quick Reference Guide CloudSat will provide the first...-1237 TO ANSWER CLOUDSAT MISSION AND SCIENCE QUESTIONS: CloudSat Princi pal Investigator...-8541 stephens@atmos.colostate.edu CloudSat Project Manager Thomas Livermore NASA... Thomas.R.Livermore@jpl.nasa.gov CloudSat Deputy Princi pal Investigator Deborah...@jpl.nasa.gov CLOUDSAT RELATED PUBLICATIONS: CloudSat Brochure: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/data/general/brochure_final.pdf CloudSat/CALIPSO....gov CLOUDSAT Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos...: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/instrument/instrument.html Outreach: http://cloudsat.atmos.../300.1-56P CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTION LINKS: Cloud Classification: http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate...://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu/CloudCulture.html Story of Clouds: http://cloudsat.atmos... satellites of the ESSP: CALIPSO, CloudSat, and GRACE will help unravel...://www.nasa.gov/cali pso CloudSat - CloudSat is a satellite designed to provide...: http://www.nasa.gov/cloudsat and http://cloudsat.atmos.colostate.edu Gravity... 6 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CALIPSO & CLOUDSAT CATCH THE “A-TRAIN” WITH OTHER... group is Aqua, followed by CloudSat, CALIPSO, PARASOL, and lastly Aura... instruments. In 2005, CALIPSO and CloudSat will share a single launch vehicle... tight formation between CALIPSO and CloudSat enables complementary measurements between the... time between successive measurements. The CloudSat data processing system has already... sets of CloudSat, CALIPSO, and Aqua/MODIS, and the CloudSat data products... serves as the PI of CloudSat. Didier D. Tanré, Co-Investigator, Laboratoire... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping to understand... MISSION DIRECTORATE WHAT IS CLOUDSAT’S PURPOSE AND MISSION? CloudSat seeks to overcome... and weather forecast models. The CloudSat Mission will provide the first... advance over present observing capabilities. CLOUDSAT’S SCIENCE GOAL To improve our... cloud formation and cloud processes. CLOUDSAT’S PRIMARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: 1. Quantitatively evaluate... systems, especially Earth Observing Systems. CLOUDSAT SECONDARY SCIENCE OBJECTIVES: Improve our... cloud processes. WHAT QUESTIONS WILL CLOUDSAT ANSWER? THE FEATURE SECTION OF... PREVIOUS MISSION DOES CLOUDSAT CONTINUE AND IMPROVE ON? CloudSat is unique. All... radar. WHOM DO I CONTACT ABOUT CLOUDSAT SCIENCE QUESTIONS? Deborah Vane, NASA... WHAT ORGANIZATIONS ARE INVOLVED IN CLOUDSAT? The CloudSat Mission is a partnershi p between... Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurements Program. CloudSat is managed for NASA by.... SCIENCE WRITER’S GUIDE TO CLOUDSAT Q&A on the CloudSat Mission 21 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE The Instrument on CloudSat The CloudSat... CloudSat into a higher orbit for formation flying. (RIGHT: Technicians inspect the CloudSat... SeaWinds. ORBIT AND SPACECRAFT The CloudSat mission was designed with a two...-synchronous, 705 km altitude orbit. CloudSat is designed around the Ball... by more traditional atmospheric instruments. CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 1 CloudSat: Improving Weather Forecasts Today..., and how their structure varies. CloudSat will provide a never-before-seen... it forms and evolves. Additionally, CloudSat will give information on the... applications, especially in weather forecasting. CloudSat will also give new details... resource management. 23 CLOUDSAT FEATURES: 2 NASA SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Improving Climate... depends on many factors that CloudSat will help scientists investigate, including... greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. CloudSat is an exciting and timely... understanding of this important issue. CloudSat’s powerful radar will “see” into..., and affect weather and climate. CloudSat will also give global measurements... new information provided courtesy of CloudSat will ultimately be incorporated into... pitation and the atmosphere. 25 CloudSat Science Team NASA SCIENCE MISSION... Education and Public Outreach activities. CloudSat Science Team Please call the... combinations of CERES, CALIPSO, and Cloudsat data in helping understand ways... MISSION DIRECTORATE CloudSat: Cloud Glossary Source: Colorado State University http://cloudsat.atmos...



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... D) 2. Remote sensing validation C3VP(2006) CLOUDSAT satellite validation GPEX(2012) radar..., and  thermodynamical profiles Satellite validation - CloudSat CloudSat reflectivity product during one the... CloudSat • • • Detection by CloudSat of the aircraft  downward pointing W‐band radar  beam (CloudSat.../21  times at doing so. CloudSat GEOPROF Validation: geolocating measurements from... panels: cloud boundaries (CPR on  CloudSat, CALIOP lidar on CALIPSO,  aircraft...  CloudSat CWC product and the aircraft  in‐situ sensors.  Result: CloudSat underestimated...’s global prediction models.  Satellite support • CloudSat: focused on validation under cold...



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... and Informatics Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites 2010 Peter... and Informatics Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites Bachelor’s Thesis...: Slovenský Názov: Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites Cieľ pr... spracovanie údajov z meteorologických družíc Cloudsat a CALIPSO. Vedúci: Mgr. Ivan...ácia dát zo satelitov CloudSat a CALIPSO Súhrn práce CloudSat a CALIPSO sú satelity obiehaj..., P., 2010: Vizualizácia dát zo satelitov CloudSat a CALIPSO. Univerzita Komenského, Bratislava...ógie. 77pp. Školiteľ: Bašták Ďurán, I. CloudSat a CALIPSO sú pozemské satelity obiehajúce...ľko dátových zostáv z produktov CloudSat 2BGEOPROF, CALIPSO Lidar L1B Profiles... kompatibilnou BSD licenciou. Kĺúčové slová: CloudSat, CALIPSO, MODIS, A-Train, HDF4, HDF... Kuma, P., 2010: Visualising Data from CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites. Comenius University... Meteorology. 77pp. Mentor: Bašták Ďurán, I. CloudSat and CALIPSO are NASA, resp... polar-orbiting Earth observation satellites. CloudSat carries a millimetre-wave radar for...-source-compatible BSD license. Keywords: CloudSat, CALIPSO, MODIS, A-Train, HDF4, HDF... 14 Acknowledgements 15 1. Introduction 1.1 Goals 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites 17 17... 2. A-Train 2.1 CALIPSO 2.1.1 CALIOP 2.1.2 Data Products 2.2 CloudSat 2.2.1 Data Products 2.3 Aqua 2.3.1 MODIS 2.3.2 Level...-EOS2 4.2.1 Dimension Mapping CALIPSO Products CloudSat Products Aqua MODIS Level 1B... development tools. 15 Chapter 1 Introduction CloudSat and CALIPSO are Earth observation..., Integrated Attenuated Backscatter 1064 nm – CloudSat: Radar Reflectivity Factor – MODIS Level... programs and scripts. 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites The CloudSat and CALIPSO missions... any ground or air operations. CloudSat is a satellite equipped with a millimetre.... The primary products coming from CloudSat are two-dimensional vertical cross... atmosphere similar to those of CloudSat. Because CloudSat and CALIPSO fly in... time continuity of the measurements CloudSat and CALIPSO provide a great potential... ∎ ∎ ∎ Chapter 1. Introduction explains what the CloudSat and CALIPSO satellites are, and... physical quantities suitable for visualisation. 1.2 CloudSat and CALIPSO Satellites ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ ∎ 19 Chapter... http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cloudsat/multimedia/a-train. html.] The satellites... particles): β′ Bλ = 2 λ 2 (2.7) Tm,λ TO3 ,λ A-Train 26 CloudSat trajectory 240­m­heigh bin 30.... 2.2 CloudSat CloudSat is a NASA ESSP mission administered by the Colorado State University. CloudSat.... Number of products are available (CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook, 2008... ordering systems: ∎ CloudSat. CloudSat products can be ordered from the CloudSat DPC upon.... In CloudSat products, these are called factor and offset. d In CloudSat products... a) b) c) Figure 4.3 | File naming conventions. a, CALIPSO, b, CloudSat, c, MODIS (based on http://modis... of other fields. 4.4 CloudSat Products Data from the CloudSat mission are commonly... covered by the granule. Other CloudSat products resemble a similar structure. Comprehensive... found on the CloudSat DPC web site [http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate... Catalog (2007) ∎ CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook (2008) ∎ ∎ CloudSat DPC web product documentation at http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate... 4.5 | CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF HDF-EOS2 diagram. This is the structure a typical CloudSat... Level 1B product. Chapter 5 Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 5.1 Introducing ccplot... set ccplot name CloudSat 2B-GEOPROF Radar Reflectivity Factor cloudsat-reflec Total... MODIS MODIS radiance and reflectance; CloudSat L1B, CloudSat, and CALIPSO trajectory CALIPSO... products (Fig. 2.2), and 240 m for CloudSat products (Section 2.2). The vertical cut... ry = ⌈ 2000 m h × DPI⌉ y m − y0 Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 48 Table... the layer mapping algorithm. Visualising CloudSat and CALIPSO Data 50 # Implementation... -i $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf Type: CloudSat Time: 2006-08-12 18..., enter: $ ccplot -o cloudsat1.pdf -x 0..1000 cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf.... The one suitable for cloudsat-reflec is cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap. Let us.../cmap/cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf 6.1 Tutorial 53 CloudSat... -c /usr/share/ccplot/cmap/cloudsat-reflectivity.cmap cloudsat-reflec $HDF/2006224184641_01550_CS_2B-GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01... a) b) cloudsat­reflectivity.cmap calipso­temperature.cmap modis­temperature.cmap Suitability: cloudsat-reflec... the first 1000 rays of CloudSat reflectivity profile from 2006224184641_01550_CS_2B1GEOPROF_GRANULE_P_R03_E01.hdf... CAL_LID_L11Prov1V2101.2006107106T19150151ZN.hdf SEE ALSO CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook, April....01.html. CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook (2008). CloudSat Standard Data Products Handbook. http://www.cloudsat.cira.colostate.... Gutro, R. et al. (2005). CALIPSO, CloudSat, GRACE Science Writer’s Guide. Technical...