Спутник технологический. Commercial Servicing Vehicle. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12016-04-13. Orbital ATK и Intelsat подписали соглашение в области орбитального обслуживания.
12 апреля 2016 года Orbital ATK, Inc. (NYSE: OA), анонсировала подписание с компанией Intelsat контракта на оказание услуг по продлению срока активного существования космических аппаратов. Согласно контракту Орбитал осуществит производство, тестирование и запуск первого аппарата (Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV)) который должен будет продемонстрировать возможность коммерческой эксплуатации логистических космических систем. В рамках общего проекта (текущее наименование Mission Extension Vehicle-1 (MEV-1)) аппарат выполнит ряд орбитальных операций по отработке новой технологии, а затем в 2019 году попытается продлить срок активного существования космических аппаратов спутникового оператора. В части технико-экономических аспектов создаваемой системы компания Orbital обнародовала следующую информацию:
1. Платформой обслуживающего аппарата будет выступать GEOStar.
2. Аппарат будет обладать возможностью стыковки с уже существующими изделиями.
3. САС аппарата составит около 15 лет.
4. Изделие будет ориентировано на выполнение операций по корректировке орбиты аппаратов.
5. Спутник сможет подсоединяться к другим аппаратам несколько раз.
6. Первой операцией аппарата будет перемещение спутника связи компании Intelsat.
7. Intelsat получит право на приоритетный дозаказ дополнительных обслуживающих аппаратов. Тэги: Orbital ATKIntelsatCommercial Servicing Vehicle

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0.12/5
... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ MIT Enterprise Forum Arab..., Scott Gegenheimer, and Group Chief Commercial Officer, Duncan Howard who have... an important factor in driving commercial success. Retaining customers is vital... speeds that are supported on commercial terminals globally. Combining this speed... industrial as they are not commercial importers and telecom equipment imported... merger to the Director General Commercial Affairs, PTA Headquarters, F-5/1, Islamabad. Comments... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... with regard to launch of commercial practices and telecommunication promotional schemes.... • Under the amended law, all commercial activities which are against law... to inform PTA before launching commercial practices. • It’s binding on operators... commercial campaign. • PTA may alter, restrict, suspend or impose of any commercial... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and their telecom promotional... equipment, with the launch of commercial 4G services expected to take... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... with regard to launch of commercial practices or telecommunication promotional schemes... ahead of launching any new commercial schemes. The operators are now... or impose sanction on any commercial activity or telecommunication service promotional... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and telecom promotional schemes... of the National Industrial and Commercial Investment Limited (NICIL) – the government... spectrum in the band for commercial use in telecoms and broadcasting..., Palermo and Padua. Thanks to a commercial agreement with Vodafone and Wind..., and allows Chorus to develop commercial variants for specific user groups... – that a period of restrictions on commercial mobile operations in the ‘digital... the USO builds on existing commercial and community networks, rather than... that can be used by commercial cellular providers. Analysts predict the... have seen a downward trend in commercial transmission prices in recent years... parallel,” Fahad Al Hassawi, chief commercial officer at du, said in... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ Wi-Fi Capacity Doubled... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... owners’ actual driving patterns, connected vehicle networks that can share information.... Eutelsat plans to launch new commercial services in the region in... to assess which technologies and commercial models are best suited to... retaining the service on a normal commercial basis following the end of... but aging satellites in both commercial and government markets. Backed by... getting started in expanding our Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV) fleet to provide a diverse... a fleet of servicing vehicles that can address the diverse servicing needs of.... Intelsat Announces FiveYear In-Orbit Servicing Agreement with Orbital ATK Boeing... using the company’s Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV). Orbital ATK will manufacture... launch the first Mission Extension Vehicle, MEV 1, based on the GEOStar... have actively supported in-orbit servicing from its inception, and are... and attitude control functions. The vehicle has a 15-year page_75 Boeing... playing catch-up with the commercial sector. U.S. startups, universities and other.... George Nield, associate administrator of commercial space transportation at the Federal..., but some oversight of the commercial industry has fallen on their... take on responsibility for overseeing commercial activities in space that are... of this, representatives of new commercial operators said they have borne... connectivity solutions in China’s fastgrowing commercial aviation market. The companies expect... of the world’s fastest-growing commercial aviation markets and when the... in 2015 and a heritage space vehicle, proven to operate in Medium...



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... to remaining competitive in the commercial telecommunications market it was decided... seen predominantly as a domain for commercial activity, not military adventures. The... US administration wanted was for commercial enterprises rather than Federal agencies... a pricing policy. The technical and commercial achievements of Arianespace are now..., European retrievable platform for both commercial and scientific experiments, Eureca was... not undertake programmes ready for commercial exploitation unless specifically asked, (b) users... budget. Practical objectives such as commercial telecommunications, air traffic control and... the new Agency. Economic and commercial interests, technological innovation and industrial... and considerable economic benefits". The commercial exploitation of Earth resources satellites... transform a good technology into a successful commercial product (such as a communications satellite... developing the Brasilsat satellite: "The commercial benefits of the Agency's programmes... in any operational activity or commercial undertaking: Where application satellites are... ESA's entry into the international commercial satellite market, confirming that government... developing, expanding and operating" on a commercial basis the Landsat Earth Resources... Soon after Early Bird introduced commercial telecommunication services across the Atlantic... provided by Intelsat, the global commercial communications satellite system which had... interested partners.1120 1. Ownership. Traditionally, commercial communications were provided by government... that the Government should "utilise commercial telecommunications facilities and services to... establishing interim arrangements for a global commercial communications satellite system is in... establishing interim arrangements for a global commercial communications satellite system, done in... had been the first American commercial corporation to contact European authorities... help reinforce Comsat's monopoly in commercial satellite management. While Comsat was... when discussing cooperative projects involving commercial satellites. On the one hand... the continued technological interest and commercial viability of a European conventional launcher... anyone wanted to launch a regional, commercial communication satellite system, as did... perceived as a domain for essentially commercial rather than military rivalry. Moreover..., their organisational consequences and the commercial concerns behind these developments; • the... and telecommunications satellites and, finally, commercial launchers; b) to induce the Americans... establishing interim arrangements for a global commercial communications satellite system is in... development of communications satellites for commercial purposes except for use in..., American willingness to launch European commercial satellites.1362 More generally, an... support development of a single global commercial communication satellite system to provide... continuing development of a single global commercial communications satellite system as embodied... willingness to supply launchers "on a commercial basis and without political conditions... extremely restrictive national policy on commercial satellites, aimed to establish and... foreign industries, see S. Krasner, "US commercial and monetary policy: unravelling the... should ideally have been a predominantly commercial matter became highly politicised, creating... would engage in financial and commercial operations (pre-financing, customer credit... Space Shuttle Pricing Policies for Commercial and Foreign Customers", J. of Parametrics... commercial users, they said, did not cover amortisation of the orbiter vehicle... establishing appropriate guidelines for the commercial launch industry". He was not... Kraft A. Ehricke Memorial Lecture on Commercial Launch Services", 43rd Congress of... the prospect of cooperation in commercial areas altogether. This limitation, which..., a first Shuttle Reimbursement Policy for commercial and foreign customers had been... by a commercial bank loan. The ESA Council initially guaranteed the commercial loan... retrievable platform systems for both commercial and scientific experiments.1853 It... 1970s. Practical objectives such as commercial telecommunications, air traffic control and...’s and ESA’s undertakings. Economic and commercial interests, technological innovation and industrial... to application fields with potential commercial implications, such as manufacturing and... system, i.e. a tele-operated service vehicle (TSV) or servicing element. The studies, completed... to establish effective contacts with commercial firms outside the established space... scientific and technological research and commercial manufacturing of critical materials and... both commercial and scientific terms. Ariane should improve its commercial competitiveness by... and servicing of a platform by means of an Orbit Transfer and Servicing Vehicle... 1980s a remarkable proportion of the commercial market for civilian launchers. • during..., transport, in-orbit infrastructure or commercial), while national governments care for...



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... of events for commercial and advertising purposes;Advertising and commercial information services...;Advisory services related to removals;Commercial furniture removals;Furniture removals;Household..., servicing and repair of vehicles; fitting, installing, maintaining, repairing and replacing vehicle..., servicing and repair of vehicles; fitting, installing, maintaining, repairing and replacing vehicle..., servicing and repair of vehicles; fitting, installing, maintaining, repairing and replacing vehicle...; matches. Class 37: Vehicle and engine maintenance, servicing and repair; maintenance and... reports relating to accounting information; commercial research; commercial information; company information; business... consultancy; business research; provision of commercial information; compilation of information into... statistics; economic forecasting; provision of commercial information; provision of business information... consultancy; business research; provision of commercial information; compilation of information into... statistics; economic forecasting; provision of commercial information; provision of business information...; management services for industrial and commercial buildings and property undertakings; personnel... services. Class 37: Construction services; commercial and residential property development; building... organization consultancy; commercial or industrial management assistance; commercial information agencies; commercial information and advice for consumers [consumer advice shop]; commercial... for commercial or advertising purposes; organization of trade fairs for commercial or... said goods. professional business consultancy; commercial or industrial management assistance; business... services, building design services, commercial design services, commercial interior design, computer aided... services, building design services, commercial design services, commercial interior design, computer aided... services, building design services, commercial design services, commercial interior design, computer aided...: Building construction; vehicle repair; vehicle installation services; garage services; vehicle servicing; vehicle cleaning and repair... and commercial GAP Insurance for cars Vehicle financing for cars. Class 37: Servicing... vehicles;Servicing of vehicles;Vehicle breakdown repair services;Vehicle cleaning;Vehicle greasing;Vehicle lubrication;Vehicle maintenance;Vehicle maintenance and repair;Vehicle repair and maintenance;Vehicle repair services;Vehicle servicing;Vehicle tuning;Vehicle tyre fitting and repair;Vehicle undercoating services;Vehicle valeting [cleaning] services;Vehicle... banking, financial, insurance and general commercial transactions, including those conducted online... development; development of sites for commercial and industrial purposes; infrastructure development... development; development of sites for commercial and industrial purposes; infrastructure development... purposes; Merchandising (sales promotion); Advertising; Commercial management of the licensing of... development; organisation of exhibitions for commercial and advertising purposes on environmental... exhibitions for commercial or advertising purposes;Price comparison services;Consumers (Commercial information and advice for -) [consumer advice shop];Commercial administration of..., research and efficiency expert services; commercial and industrial management assistance; consultancy... for commercial and industrial purposes; development of land for residential, commercial, industrial...; building project management; building of commercial properties, factories, hospitals, houses, industrial... and management matters;Coaching [training];Commercial training services;Computer assisted training... festivals for advertising, business and commercial purposes; secretarial services; arrangement and... commercial purposes;Exhibitions (conducting-) for business purposes;Exhibitions (conducting-) for commercial purposes... forecasting; e-commerce services, namely arranging commercial transactions, for others via online... management consultancy;Business administration consultancy;Commercial consultancy;Business advisory and consultancy...



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... Vehicle ESMD-29 Ground Operations ESMD-34 Mission Operations ESMD-37 Commercial... new commercial cargo and crew transportation capabilities, the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle... space and promote international and commercial participation to further scientific, security... a cost recovery operation based upon commercial services. SMD-129 Mission Directorate... space and promote international and commercial participation to further scientific, security... cargo transportation capabilities for potential commercial servicing of the International Space Station... a Commercial Cargo Crew Capability. This project is executed out of the Commercial... vehicle (Orion), an expendable launch vehicle (Ares I), a heavy-lift cargo launch vehicle (Ares... International Space Station (ISS), should commercial transport services be unavailable. The... private space sector to provide Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) to... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Goal 6: Establish a lunar... emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.2 By 2010, demonstrate one or more commercial... office responsibility for managing NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Projects... soliciting proposals for the initial commercial ISS transportation demonstration phase, and... these services from domestic commercial providers. The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS... through International Partner purchases and Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) is... mobility aids, EVA-specific vehicle interfaces, EVA servicing equipment, suit avionics, individual... trips to Mars. Commercial Cargo Crew Capabilities The Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project (C4P) supports demonstration of Commercial Space Transportation Services from domestic companies. NASA's Commercial Orbital... Constellation Systems Constellation Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Budget / Life... Operations Mission Directorate (SOMD). The Commercial Orbital Transportation Service development effort... The Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project (C4P) supports demonstration of Commercial Space Transportation Services from domestic companies. NASA's Commercial Orbital... stimulate the commercial space sector. Project Parameters Phase I of the Commercial Cargo... Constellation Systems Constellation Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project Commitments... Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project Management The Commercial Cargo Crew... SpaceX and RocketplaneKistler Acquisition Strategy Commercial Cargo Crew Capability: in FY... purchasing services from the emerging commercial space sector; and Partnership Development..., resulting in public benefit through commercial application. IPP invites and facilitates... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through mechanisms... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Specifically, IPP will... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through licensing... technology providers including the emerging commercial space sector. Quality Program Assessment... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Specifically, IPP will... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through licensing... technology providers including the emerging commercial space sector. CASP-40 Mission... purchasing services from the emerging commercial space sector; and Partnership development... international partners or preferably from commercial providers, is transferred from the... these areas for improvement. The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Project..., Oklahoma, to develop and demonstrate Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) that... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Goal 6: Establish a lunar... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... of Defense, other U.S. government agencies, commercial companies, and foreign space agencies... communications among NASA Centers utilizing commercial service backbones. - SCP Crosscutting Functions... (LSP) provides the acquisition of commercial services using primarily domestic Launch... service contracts, and contracts for commercial Payload Processing Facilities' (PPFs), ensuring... Deep Space Communication Complex to Commercial Power (JPL) Infrastructure Improvements for... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through such... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through mechanisms... and Systems Vulnerability Mitigation COTS Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Assembly, Test...



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... Development and Construction of Space Vehicle Launchers (ELDO). The Member States... Satellite 8 ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle 18 The Triumph of GIOVE... its Voyage of Discovery 54 A Commercial Service for Communications Satellites Doug... POES. POEM proved an inappropriate vehicle for an operational mission, and..., ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Launch vehicle problems halted three MetOp-A launch... POES. POEM proved an inappropriate vehicle for an operational mission, and..., ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands Launch vehicle problems halted three MetOp-A launch...; – selective encryption to meet the commercial and data-denial needs of...; – selective encryption to meet the commercial and data-denial needs of... structure interfacing with the launch vehicle and the PLM. Subsystems provide... structure interfacing with the launch vehicle and the PLM. Subsystems provide... used it for 16 successful commercial launches. Starsem is a European-Russian... used it for 16 successful commercial launches. Starsem is a European-Russian... inspection of the assembled launch vehicle revealed tiny pieces of insulation... inspection of the assembled launch vehicle revealed tiny pieces of insulation... cover three projects: – the Launch Vehicle, with ELV SpA (Colleferro, I) as... cover three projects: – the Launch Vehicle, with ELV SpA (Colleferro, I) as... (AVUM) offers great flexibility for servicing a variety of elliptical orbits. The... (AVUM) offers great flexibility for servicing a variety of elliptical orbits. The... mid-2007, integrating the launch vehicle and the ground segment components... ESA missions, to demonstrate the vehicle’s flexibility in various configurations and... ESA missions, to demonstrate the vehicle’s flexibility in various configurations and... 54 ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle ConeXpress Doug Caswell Telecommunication Department.... The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle is a novel spacecraft that will... A Commercial Service for Communications Satellites The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle (CX... it is the only commercial on-orbit servicing project in advanced development... 54 ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle ConeXpress Doug Caswell Telecommunication Department.... The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle is a novel spacecraft that will... A Commercial Service for Communications Satellites The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle (CX... it is the only commercial on-orbit servicing project in advanced development...-pointing mechanism. The idea of servicing and extending the lives of... 1970s; ESA studied a Geostationary Service Vehicle in the 1990s; The GermanJapanese...: DART and XSS11. Further orbital servicing efforts are under way at... to research and development. The commercial servicing envisaged by ORL is unprecedented... CX-OLEV. It considers only commercial communications satellite clients of high... military applications. More than 60 commercial telecommunications satellites will reach their...-pointing mechanism. The idea of servicing and extending the lives of... 1970s; ESA studied a Geostationary Service Vehicle in the 1990s; The GermanJapanese...: DART and XSS11. Further orbital servicing efforts are under way at... to research and development. The commercial servicing envisaged by ORL is unprecedented... CX-OLEV. It considers only commercial communications satellite clients of high... military applications. More than 60 commercial telecommunications satellites will reach their.... It is a pioneer in commercial orbital servicing. In the future, there will... Ariane-5 payload stack, filling the vehicle’s spare capacity after accommodation of... in more advanced future automated servicing scenarios. For example, docking is.... It is a pioneer in commercial orbital servicing. In the future, there will... Ariane-5 payload stack, filling the vehicle’s spare capacity after accommodation of... in more advanced future automated servicing scenarios. For example, docking is... a range of applications beyond these servicing missions. Under investigation are optical... by ESA in the Geostationary Servicing Vehicle study (Bulletin 78, May 1994... sophisticated telepresence software for the servicing missions. Kayser-Threde is responsible... goal is for an initial servicing mission in 2010. If successful... a range of applications beyond these servicing missions. Under investigation are optical... by ESA in the Geostationary Servicing Vehicle study (Bulletin 78, May 1994... goal is for an initial servicing mission in 2010. If successful... sophisticated telepresence software for the servicing missions. Kayser-Threde is responsible... satellite encapsulated and Soyuz launch vehicle 80 esa bulletin 127 - august... satellite encapsulated and Soyuz launch vehicle 80 esa bulletin 127 - august... for launch on Soyuz-13S. Commercial Activities ESA participated in the... presentation of system and experimental vehicle activities has been performed. The... for launch on Soyuz-13S. Commercial Activities ESA participated in the... presentation of system and experimental vehicle activities has been performed. The...



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... would have numerous medical and commercial applications, including improvements in drug... teach pilots how to fly commercial aircraft. The improved technological capabilities... NASA decided to reorganize, most commercial aerospace business had already reorganized... its established dominance in the commercial jetliner construction business, Rockwell left... the development of a reusable commercial launch vehicle to place smaller payloads in... had improved upon already available commercial-grade piezoelectric material, producing a more... development of technologies supporting supersonic commercial travel. The Boeing Company had... future. Aviation experts predicted that a commercial market for advanced supersonic transport... translate into substantial savings for commercial airlines as well. Researchers had... gather scientific data and provide commercial remote sensing. Project Manager Steven... the conceptual stage of planning, a commercial jetliner that would carry passengers... of agreement providing guidelines for commercial spaceports. The agreement was the... Center (MSFC) selected Scientific and Commercial Systems Corporation of Falls Church... commercial launches. Congress had banned the use of the Shuttle for commercial... technologies.416 11 February The Commercial Aviation Safety Strategy Team (CASST... Space Business Roundtable revealed that commercial satellite companies did not favor... into Israeli government computers and commercial and educational computer systems in... of Russia’s launching more foreign commercial satellites, with the condition that... Communications network scheduled to begin commercial service on 23 September 1998..., wireless telephone company scheduled its commercial service to begin four months...-2000 services for government and commercial space operations. Rick Stephens, the... commercial space arena.” Investors had incorporated SPACEHAB in 1984, to “develop a commercial... mission[s].” However, when the anticipated commercial market had failed to develop... plan focused on the company’s commercial airplane business, affecting those workers..., the nation’s third commercial spaceport. The Virginia Commercial Space Flight Authority, a collaborative... to Congress, identifying commercial opportunities and evaluating commercial interest in the development... twice the cruising altitude of commercial airliners, during a mission to measure... 19 aerospace firms. After surveying commercial launch companies and satellite manufacturers... States’ US$50 billion, in commercial satellite launches during 1998. Rosvooruzheniye... the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA’s) commercial space office approved the first...: A Chronology, 1996-2000 military and commercial launches from Cape Canaveral Air... the indemnification provisions of the Commercial Space Launch Act, because without... reconfigure a launch than convenient for commercial enterprises. He cited the export... take advantage of “low-cost commercial technology from the burgeoning spacecraft... used for government, civil, and commercial launches; acceptance processes for major... 3, the Multi-purpose Logistics Modules, commercial EXPRESS (EXpedite the PRocessing of... a potentially significant disruption to Russia’s commercial satellite launch program. Kazakhstan’s foreign... Space Frontier: SPACEHAB Buys First Commercial Rights Aboard International Space Station... commercial payload-processing services, participated in a Brazilian industry conference. Brazsat, a Brazilian commercial space company, hosted the Third Commercial Space Workshop, in..., the military, the commercial aerospace industry, and the commercial aircraft industry. NASA... France-based commercial space company that dominated the world’s commercial satellite-launching... John M. Grunsfeld completed the HST servicing mission, replacing a nonfunctioning radio transmitter... Low Dielectric Polyimide Thin Film. Commercial manufacturers could apply the thermoplastic... agreement was NASA’s first involving a commercial partner that would provide support... from the Commercial Space Act of 1998, enacted to increase commercial involvement... both Boeing and Lockheed Martin Commercial Launch Services Inc. indefinite delivery... Skies Satellites N.V. selected Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems (LMCSS) to build... use NASA’s bioreactor to develop commercial medical products. The bioreactor technology... September 2000. 984 NASA, “Landmark Commercial Agreement Gives Biotechnology Research a New... had launched the world’s first commercial communications satellite, Early Bird.996... “NASA’s flexibility to pursue a promising commercial habitation module” for the ISS... Satellite LLC would continue providing commercial satellite communication services to the.... 1051 “Lockheed Martin Adds Two Commercial Stations to CSOC Capability,” Aerospace... space station in orbit for commercial purposes, announced that, following a board... cargo spacecraft, and to explore commercial projects involving access to a future... Third Convection and Moisture Experiment Commercial Aviation Safety Strategy Team China...



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0.04/5
... to support scientific and commercial satellite placement, maintenance, servicing, retrieval and return... commercial uses. The Space Shuttle system will consist of a reusable orbiter vehicle... Launch Vehicle Needs A. Identify, and assess the future needs for defense, commercial... only c. Future launch vehicle needs for defense, commercial, and scientific purposes In... posed by interested commercial organizations. PART C — FUTURE LAUNCH VEHICLE NEEDS ASSESSMENT The.... The Space Shuttle as a Commercial Launch Vehicle In 1972, and for almost..., supervise, and/or regulate U.S. commercial expendable launch vehicle operations only to the... its national ranges for U.S. commercial expendable launch vehicle operations. . . . [T]he U.S. Government will... goal of encouraging viable commercial expendable launch vehicle launch activities. The U.S. Government... Executive Order 12465 on “Commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle Activities.” Later that year... the Space Shuttle as a commercial launch vehicle, the advocates of ELV commercialization... encourage viable commercial launch vehicle activities. While much of the Commercial Space Initiative... factor commercial space launch industry needs into their decisions on launch vehicle... try to market the vehicle in the commercial marketplace. The company believed... Douglas began to seek commercial customers for the vehicle in 1987. Although... commercial launch market in 2000 or soon after with its H-IIA vehicle... retains title. 10. Any commercial launch vehicle operator should be required to... launch vehicle companies the opportunity to compete more effectively for commercial and... market the Delta launch vehicle in the commercial market, Transpace Carriers, Inc... international commercial space transportation by ensuring continued research in launch vehicle component technology and development. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. Section 4 of the Commercial... competition in commercial space activities. [H.R. 4399-8] SEC. 10. LAUNCH VEHICLE RESEARCH AND... launch vehicle technologies and systems available for the launch of commercial and... longer competing for commercial satellite launches, America’s commercial launch vehicle industry has made... interests associated with a competitive U.S. commercial launch vehicle industry. With a strong ELV industrial... a variant of its Titan launch vehicle as a commercial launcher. He also served... now procuring commercial launch services, as opposed to launch vehicle hardware. Procurement... a total vehicle, would develop key advanced component technologies. The commercial ELV industry... private commercial launch activities that are currently being proposed: commercial expendable launch vehicle... viewpoint to replace a commercial payload on a launch vehicle with a government payload. Moreover... the U.S. government to remove a commercial launch vehicle from a launch pad in order... its Long March space launch vehicle as a commercial space launcher in 1985... circumstances, second successful commercial launch of a new launch vehicle. In this regard... April 1, 1985. COMMERCIAL SPACE PROGRAM – Encourage commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle activities. The U.S. will encourage and facilitate commercial expendable launch vehicle operations. U.S. Government policies will promote competitive opportunities for commercial expendable launch vehicle... Executive Order 12465 on Commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle Activities. [4] Appropriate agencies will..., servicing of satellites and platforms at low and geostationary altitudes, commercial use... 1. Foreign Commercial Launch Service Competition Figure 2 illustrates international launch vehicle competitiveness. If... launch vehicle manufacturers under government contracts, which is uncontrolled in commercial contracts... already “commercial” to some degree. Virtually every U.S. space launch vehicle launching satellites into Earth’s orbit is built by a U.S. commercial firm... the U.S. launch vehicle manufacturers more competitive in the commercial world market. Excess... a vehicle and believes that almost all of the government and commercial space..., DoD, and commercial users. The new space launch vehicle program, to be... space launch vehicle has been demonstrated. The Spacelifter vehicle will establish U.S. commercial competitiveness... appropriate commercial practices to the development and operation of the new vehicle... a monopoly by commercial satellite customers. New foreign space launch vehicle players have... support (cargo, personnel) satellite/vehicle on-orbit servicing Personnel Launch System (PLS... is shown in figure 4. Vehicle Class NASA Commercial DOD Pegasus/Taurus Class... THE UNKNOWN 591 [6] Vehicle NASA Plus DOD Commercial All Pegasus/Taurus Delta... civil and commercial sector, should evolve satellite, payload, and launch vehicle designs...



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Supporting Commercial Space Development Supporting Commercial Space Development Part 1: Support Alternatives ... COMMERCIAL SPACE AND SATELLITE DEALS ................................................................88 5.1.1 SIGNIFICANT COMMERCIAL SATELLITE FINANCINGS 88 5.1.2 SIGNIFICANT COMMERCIAL... businesses and commercial aerospace projects focused on creating new commercial markets in... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 1.3 Definition of “Commercial Space” For the....” However, whereas the commercial satellite industry is certainly commercial in every sense... and competitive commercial space industry could be equally important. The commercial satellite... made in other commercial activities into bold new commercial space projects, often... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development Market Risks: • Commercial space market opportunities... Supporting Commercial Space Development • • • first satellite was able to get into commercial... of commercial business before venturing into the government market, for commercial space... has had similar commercial groups before (i.e. Office of Commercial Programs, Space Product... any in-orbit servicing application or new LCRATS developed vehicle. In the Futron study mentioned Part 1 30 of 228 Supporting Commercial... several proposed new commercial space markets, initial commercial demand may be weak... the commercial remote sensing industry once it became apparent that commercial demand... the billions, before commercial service even commences. Commercial space and satellite businesses... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development rapidly once commercial operations commence, so... apply to commercial space. 3.5.1 Government policy & space budgets Since many commercial space... Supporting Commercial Space Development New commercial space applications such as in-orbit servicing... of new commercial space ventures: Part 1 57 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... made money in commercial space without substantial government support; Commercial space is... Supporting Commercial Space Development 5 Investments 5.1 Select commercial space and satellite deals 5.1.1 Significant Commercial... time. ConeXpress, the Orbital Recovery servicing vehicle NASA or government involvement, if.../battery replacement to commercial Part 1 94 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... as a commercial Mission of Opportunity. This was significant because Commercial Missions of... technology demonstrator for a proposed commercial launch vehicle called VentureStar to be developed... launch vehicle to carry shuttle sized payloads to LEO as a commercial service... vehicle for its Hylas 1 satellite. As a consequence, SpaceX’s ability to win commercial... 9, the real commercial objective. Part 1 113 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... of the K-1 vehicle. Part 1 116 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development (3) U.S. Launch... a commercial middeck augmentation module in cooperation with NASA’s Centers for Commercial Development... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development changing priorities, and relationship with commercial entities... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development there would not have been a commercial remote... the commercial space industry, including: 1. Importance of government contracts when commercial market... to support a commercial space industry the development of the commercial remote sensing... to commercial prospects, and that have 147 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 6.3 Funded studies Overview: Commercial space companies... toward commercial interests. A funds matching scheme, in addition to reducing commercial risk... the ISS, commercial and government satellites (through hosted payloads), commercial orbital transportation... a commercial entity. Part 1 172 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 6.13 Commercial Crew and Cargo Program Office (C3PO) Overview: The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program and the Commercial Crew and... for commercial cargo transportation demonstrations and is investing $50 million towards commercial crew development initiatives. Additional budget for commercial crew has... of the commercial airline industry. As with that industry, commercial crew must... stand-alone commercial spaceflight service. Part 1 177 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development Other, more challenging, applications like commercial crew... in-orbit servicing capability has been successfully demonstrated, and commercial demand has... reusable launch vehicle projects. Part 1 185 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... and the commercial satellite industry. Part 1 191 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development • • • • • Focus on companies with commercial overlap (i.e. they... 227 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development servicing solutions. However, verification, liability... to develop in-orbit servicing missions for commercial geostationary satellites. We believe...



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... growth in the global commercial space industry The commercial space sector, including... of commercial suborbital spacecraft and equipment to be deployed in commercial space.... Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space Commercial space launches... high-resolution commercial satellite imagery. In 2005 there were 17 commercial launches, an increase over 2004. Commercial space revenues.... Twenty new commercial satellites were launched. Providers of commercial space services had... single largest commercial space client. At the same time, commercial space actors... of FCC commercial spectrum license policy In accordance with the Commercial Spectrum... Orbit Commercial Space A healthy space industry will tend to increase commercial competition... a driver of commercial uses of space. The first commercial satellite was the... of commercial payloads on the Space Shuttle, further encouraged commercial launcher competition... a viable commercial venture. European and Russian companies chose to pursue commercial launches....”12 TREND 4.2: Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space... this global market, new commercial launch vehicle builders such Space Exploration Technologies... efficient launch vehicle designs focusing on reusability. Japanese commercial efforts have suffered from technical difficulties and its H-2 launch vehicle was... Launch Vehicle performed the country’s first Low Earth Orbit (LEO) commercial launch... square kilometer FIGURE 4.3: Commercial satellite imagery providers FIGURE 4.2: Commercial space launch revenues... in some way by the commercial sector. Commercial Space Chinese Long March.... Certain commercial space sectors, such as remote sensing or commercial launch industries... military-commercial interdependence will continue to underwrite growth in the commercial space... Guiana. 85 Commercial Space 86 Finally, because certain commercial satellite imagery can... year on commercial satellite services.55 This growing dependence upon commercial services... commercial space.57 Commercial space systems as critical infrastructure Space systems, including commercial... advantage of the commercial industry’s overcapacity by employing commercial satellite systems for... percent of which was commercial.54 87 Commercial Space 88 Developments and... increase in commercial satellite sales and relatively high number of commercial launches... in satellite manufacturing and commercial space launch, commercial space revenues are predicted... growth in commercial space industry Overall growth in the global commercial space... of 10-15 commercial satellite orders with 20 new commercial satellites, up... growth in commercial launch and manufacturing sectors.82 89 Commercial Space 90... for commercial launchers remained relatively flat in 2005, with 17 commercial launches... eight commercial launches, there was only one commercial launch using a US vehicle in... profits. TREND 4.2: Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space... meet emerging commercial market demand for launching medium weight commercial satellites.120... the commercial market, there is currently no completely US-built commercial launch vehicle... of commercial suborbital spacecraft and equipment to be deployed in commercial space... enter the commercial launch market with its Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle, capable... DOD remains single largest commercial space client Military-commercial interdependence continued in 2005 with new contracts between commercial service... growth for commercial space would be US DOD and commercial mobile communications... 1 percent of total commercial revenues for the global commercial space industry in... combining existing military and commercial technologies with new commercial launch systems to... dependent upon commercial space assets for a variety of applications. Many commercial space... that “commercial satellites be identified as critical infrastructure” (see Commercial Space ).20... launch. Commercial satellites are, however, increasingly exploiting slack in the commercial telecommunications... for a servicing mission in October 2005.112 2005: Strengthening of commercial actors... 18 2 4. Commercial Space Overall, how have developments related to commercial space in... Database. “Commercial Space Transportation: 2005 Year in Review,” p. 7. “China eyes commercial space... of the 2005 worldwide commercial market share for commercial orbital launches. However... Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation; “Commercial Space Transportation: 2005 Year...,” p. 6. 7 “2005 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts,” Federal Aviation Administration and the Commercial Space... and Commercial Status,” Futron Satellite Manufacturing Report, January 2006. 59 “U.S. Commercial Remote... commercial communications satellite was part of a dual-launch by the Ariane 5 vehicle... the commercial launch industry,” p. 8.. “The declining US role in the commercial launch...



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...-I Crew Launch Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . First stage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Second stage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ``Orion'' Crew Exploration Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . The... S1 Truss Mobile Segment Segment Servicing System Zarya Control Module P5... and faster than a commercial airliner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Soyuz-FG launch vehicle lifts o€ from Baikonur... these show an individual, usually a commercial space¯ight participant, who is... Soyuz crews in order to ¯y commercial space¯ight participants (SFPs), male... far steeper and faster that a commercial airliner. The next Shuttle launch... European Space Agency astronaut, or a commercial Space Flight Participant (more commonly... contracted to launch the ®rst commercial passenger, an American multi-millionaire... everything, Russia continued to o€er commercial ¯ights to ISS to anyone...-day taxi ¯ights, often with commercial occupants in the third couch... cosmonauts, their international partners, and commercial Space Flight Participants are trained..., Ontario, an engineering facility. Mobile Servicing System Operations Complex (MOC), Longueluil... worldwide commercial launch vehicle market. In 2007, two out of every three commercial... a commercial Space Flight Participant, it would be o€ered to ESA on a commercial... Shuttles and Russian spacecraft on a commercial basis. The ®rst ESA astronaut...-6 (NASA) Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) is a delivery vehicle for dry cargo, propellant... to promote awareness of the commercial possibilities of ISS within Europe... space on ISS allocated to commercial use rented through the Agency.... Morin and Ross transferred the Commercial Protein Crystal Growth High Density... 22. They also moved the Commercial Generic Bio-processing Apparatus (CGBA... inclusion of Space Flight Participants (commercial passengers or ``space tourists'') in..., would complete the Canadian Mobile Servicing System (MSS). When the assembly...) Crew Transfer Vehicle (CTV). The term Crew Return Vehicle was slowly being... now ¯y on Soyuz TMA3 under commercial contract with the Russians. He...-2 experiment. Lu worked in Destiny, servicing the experiment racks and preparing... that. He also activated the Commercial Bio-processing Apparatus for use... it was not ®lled by a commercial space¯ight participant. Duque would... making a 10-day ¯ight under a commercial contract with the Russians. A medical... and Olsen even ®lmed a television commercial for a Japanese company while on... of the media to describe commercial passengers on Soyuz taxi ¯ights... EVA both men spent time servicing the suits they had worn... for the Crew Launch Vehicle and HeavyLift Launch Vehicle . . . Thus, we are... spent a tour on Mir, was a commercial passenger ¯ying under contract to... following week was spent cleaning, servicing, and storing the suits they... a quest for commercial cargo access to ISS, the Commercial Orbital Transportation Service... would be nothing more than a commercial customer. Flight demonstrations would begin... Russia in attempts to develop commercial access to space. Following her... the Pirs docking compartment in a commercial ``experiment'' designed to result in... shot was paid for as a commercial venture by a Canadian golf company... and dock to it for servicing, in much the same way...õ a spent much of the day servicing the EMUs that the Expedition... crew. Sheikh Muszapher Shukor was a commercial customer of the Russian Federal... volume. ARES-I CREW LAUNCH VEHICLE The Crew Launch Vehicle (CLV) had been... the Ares-1 launch vehicle. ``Orion'' Crew Exploration Vehicle 341 Second stage The... employed on the Boeing-787 commercial jet liner. The spacecraft's main... a catastrophic launch vehicle failure during or ``Orion'' Crew Exploration Vehicle 345 just... both the international and the commercial sector . . . In the long run...) Autonomous Transfer Vehicle (European Space Agency) Automated Transfer Vehicle Control Centre Battery... Crew Exploration Vehicle Cycle Ergometer with Vibration Isolation System Commercial Generic Bio-processing Apparatus Crew Health Care System Crew Launch Vehicle... Committee On SPAce Research Commercial Orbital Transport System Commercial Protein Crystal Growth... Team Mass Memory Unit Mobile Servicing System Operations Complex Micro-PArticle... Centre Microgravity Science Glovebox Mobile Servicing System Mobile Transporter Moderate Temperature... (oxygen candle) Space Flight Participant (commercial crew member/not a professional astronaut... Automated Transfer Vehicle Control Center, Toulouse: 25 Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV): 25..., 287, 290, 291, 297, 302 Commercial Orbital Transportation Service (COTS): 240... Index Crew Exploration Vehicle: see Orion Spacecraft Crew Launch Vehicle: See Ares... H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV): 27, 187, 337 H-IIB launch vehicle: 27 Hill...-2, launch vehicle: 254 Soyuz Commander: 8, 135, 143 Soyuz FG Launch Vehicle: 11...