Спутник технологический. Commercial Servicing Vehicle. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12016-04-13. Orbital ATK и Intelsat подписали соглашение в области орбитального обслуживания.
12 апреля 2016 года Orbital ATK, Inc. (NYSE: OA), анонсировала подписание с компанией Intelsat контракта на оказание услуг по продлению срока активного существования космических аппаратов. Согласно контракту Орбитал осуществит производство, тестирование и запуск первого аппарата (Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV)) который должен будет продемонстрировать возможность коммерческой эксплуатации логистических космических систем. В рамках общего проекта (текущее наименование Mission Extension Vehicle-1 (MEV-1)) аппарат выполнит ряд орбитальных операций по отработке новой технологии, а затем в 2019 году попытается продлить срок активного существования космических аппаратов спутникового оператора. В части технико-экономических аспектов создаваемой системы компания Orbital обнародовала следующую информацию:
1. Платформой обслуживающего аппарата будет выступать GEOStar.
2. Аппарат будет обладать возможностью стыковки с уже существующими изделиями.
3. САС аппарата составит около 15 лет.
4. Изделие будет ориентировано на выполнение операций по корректировке орбиты аппаратов.
5. Спутник сможет подсоединяться к другим аппаратам несколько раз.
6. Первой операцией аппарата будет перемещение спутника связи компании Intelsat.
7. Intelsat получит право на приоритетный дозаказ дополнительных обслуживающих аппаратов. Тэги: Orbital ATKIntelsatCommercial Servicing Vehicle

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... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ MIT Enterprise Forum Arab..., Scott Gegenheimer, and Group Chief Commercial Officer, Duncan Howard who have... an important factor in driving commercial success. Retaining customers is vital... speeds that are supported on commercial terminals globally. Combining this speed... industrial as they are not commercial importers and telecom equipment imported... merger to the Director General Commercial Affairs, PTA Headquarters, F-5/1, Islamabad. Comments... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... with regard to launch of commercial practices and telecommunication promotional schemes.... • Under the amended law, all commercial activities which are against law... to inform PTA before launching commercial practices. • It’s binding on operators... commercial campaign. • PTA may alter, restrict, suspend or impose of any commercial... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and their telecom promotional... equipment, with the launch of commercial 4G services expected to take... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... with regard to launch of commercial practices or telecommunication promotional schemes... ahead of launching any new commercial schemes. The operators are now... or impose sanction on any commercial activity or telecommunication service promotional... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and telecom promotional schemes... of the National Industrial and Commercial Investment Limited (NICIL) – the government... spectrum in the band for commercial use in telecoms and broadcasting..., Palermo and Padua. Thanks to a commercial agreement with Vodafone and Wind..., and allows Chorus to develop commercial variants for specific user groups... – that a period of restrictions on commercial mobile operations in the ‘digital... the USO builds on existing commercial and community networks, rather than... that can be used by commercial cellular providers. Analysts predict the... have seen a downward trend in commercial transmission prices in recent years... parallel,” Fahad Al Hassawi, chief commercial officer at du, said in... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ Wi-Fi Capacity Doubled... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... owners’ actual driving patterns, connected vehicle networks that can share information.... Eutelsat plans to launch new commercial services in the region in... to assess which technologies and commercial models are best suited to... retaining the service on a normal commercial basis following the end of... but aging satellites in both commercial and government markets. Backed by... getting started in expanding our Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV) fleet to provide a diverse... a fleet of servicing vehicles that can address the diverse servicing needs of.... Intelsat Announces FiveYear In-Orbit Servicing Agreement with Orbital ATK Boeing... using the company’s Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV). Orbital ATK will manufacture... launch the first Mission Extension Vehicle, MEV 1, based on the GEOStar... have actively supported in-orbit servicing from its inception, and are... and attitude control functions. The vehicle has a 15-year page_75 Boeing... playing catch-up with the commercial sector. U.S. startups, universities and other.... George Nield, associate administrator of commercial space transportation at the Federal..., but some oversight of the commercial industry has fallen on their... take on responsibility for overseeing commercial activities in space that are... of this, representatives of new commercial operators said they have borne... connectivity solutions in China’s fastgrowing commercial aviation market. The companies expect... of the world’s fastest-growing commercial aviation markets and when the... in 2015 and a heritage space vehicle, proven to operate in Medium...



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... being funded to compete with commercial,” Shapiro said. A senior NASA official... December, by Imaginova Corp., 6883 Commercial Dr., Springfield, Va. 22159-0500... on relying on an emerging commercial space sector for launching astronauts... as the crew transportation for commercial.” Rather than canceling the Orion... whether to compete for NASA commercial crew development funding with a variant... a fixed-price contracting vehicle that is typical of commercial procurements. He said..., director of the Washington-based Commercial Spaceflight Federation, said the plan... could ease requirements for wouldbe commercial crew providers such as Hawthorne... requirements and technical complexity on commercial crew vehicles.” But Obama’s revised... losing bidders for the Navy’s Commercial Broadband Satellite Program (CBSP), potentially.... Twenty years after its first commercial launch — a U.S.-built telecommunications satellite — and... its participation in the international commercial launch market was sharply curtailed... March 3C versions that deliver commercial telecommunications spacecraft to geostationary transfer... NEWS I N T E R NAT I O NAL two dominant commercial launch vehicles — Europe’s Ariane 5 rocket..., in April 1990, of a U.S.-built commercial satellite — the AsiaSat 1 manufactured by..., the U.S. government, concerned that China’s commercial launch business was benefiting China.... Comments: tbrinton@spacenews.com ___________ Commercial Firms Press Case for More... DEBRA WERNER, COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. Commercial firms are poised to offer... I O NAL ington. In the future, commercial firms may offer additional services... frequencies. An increasing reliance on commercial firms also would free up... new launch vehicles under the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program. The... also awarded the two companies Commercial Resupply Services contracts with a combined... the government’s strong support of commercial launch providers, industry officials said... $600 million a year to purchase commercial satellite bandwidth on the spot... for greater government reliance on commercial products and services, the panelists... ground-based telecommunications networks, the commercial firms that make up the... combined the company’s government and commercial programs. Marshall Byrd, who previously... Newtown, Pa.-based Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems, is retiring this... orbital information sharing consortium of commercial satellite operators, has contracted with... the way it contracts for commercial satellite communications services. The new... contracts for everything from pure commercial bandwidth to managed network services... Numbers, Gains 2 Corporate Members The Commercial Spaceflight Federation (CSF) released results... commissioned showing that the NASA Commercial Crew and Cargo Program proposed... on commercial crew and an additional $312 million on commercial cargo between 2011 and 2015. Brett Alexander, president of the Commercial... a pair of separate announcements, the Commercial Spaceflight Federation announced that Raytheon..., while Jacob’s Lon Miller called commercial human spaceflight “an exciting, rapidly... Aviation Administration (FAA) Office of Commercial Space Transportation granted April 7 the... Nield, FAA associate administrator for commercial space transportation, said in a statement... space regulations on U.S. activities — civil, commercial and government. The event will... capsule next spring under NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program... through 2015 under a separate $1.9 billion Commercial Resupply Services contract. The additional... cost and capability of a commercial crew vehicle until the company knows how... launch of the Astra 3B commercial direct-broadcast television satellite, owned... Defense Ministry in partnership with a commercial consortium made up of Astrium... systems to a variety of government, commercial and academic customers. The company... more business from government and commercial customers, Lorenzini said. The company....” Comments: aklamper@spacenews.com ____________ Commercial Spaceflight Seen as a Potentially Lucrative..., SAN FRANCISCO A flurry of new commercial space activity is attracting interest... years to seed development of commercial vehicles capable of taking astronauts... create a competitive market with multiple commercial firms offering space transportation, he... its useful life. Surely there’s a commercial operator — and perhaps the U.S. Defense...: 1 (703) 658-8424 Washington 6883 Commercial Drive Springfield, VA 22159-0500... to $5 billion development, a highorbit satellite servicing capability for a still lower development.... He is chairman of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation’s Suborbital Applications Researchers... space regulations on U.S. activities — civil, commercial and government. The event will... you include funding to purchase commercial communications capacity in the 2012... the horizon through a government or commercial satellite. That’s all a part of... as they progress through NASA’s Commercial Orbital Transportation Services program. I don...



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... on ISS. NASA will demonstrate commercial cargo transport systems by completing... by NASA, other agencies, and commercial partners. The Space Flight and... in processing Boeing’s CST-1000 commercial crew vehicle. NASA also nearly completed... customer base for providers of commercial crew and cargo systems. Both... 2013 Activities that directly support commercial crew and cargo transportation have... Directorate activities, including ISS and commercial resupply services. No formal recommendations.... However, activities that directly support commercial crew and cargo transportation have... perform satellite refueling and other servicing tasks in orbit following commands... the foundation for future robotic servicing missions, which could also include... to track visiting vehicle approaching station, reduce visiting vehicle integration cost and... integration activities to demonstrate that commercial crew vehicles can successfully dock..., space radiation environment, and satellite servicing. NASA will complete the flame... device, transported to ISS by commercial cargo carrier. The experiments enabled... may be adversely impacted. If: A commercial cargo transportation doesn’t become operational... provide cargo transportation to ISS. Commercial partners are making significant progress... contracts as well as remaining Commercial Orbital Transportation System (COTS) milestones... and the COTS program support commercial cargo development activities including providing... provided by international partners and commercial providers. NASA has contracted with... December 23, 2008, NASA awarded commercial resupply services (CRS) contracts to... Commercial Crew program (funded in the Exploration account, see the Commercial Crew...’s efforts to assist in developing U.S. commercial cargo and crew vehicles represents... 2013 Activities that directly support commercial crew and cargo transportation have... make significant progress towards achieving commercial cargo transportation services. Orbital completed... SpX-4; Vehicle baseline review and mission integration review for SpX-5; Vehicle baseline review for SpX-6; Authority to proceed and vehicle baseline... partnership. Acquisition Strategy NASA awarded commercial cargo transportation services to SpaceX...: CRS does not become operational, Commercial partners are making significant progress... and the COTS program support commercial cargo development activities cargo transportation... support to promote success. If: Commercial crew does not become operational... provide crew transportation to ISS. Commercial partners are incentivized to work..., NASA plans to support multiple commercial providers, thereby insulating the Agency... be fully supportive of the commercial development activities, providing technical assistance... by NASA, other agencies, and commercial partners. The Human Space Flight... NASA, other government agencies, and commercial industry. This program is funded... Vehicle Crew Vehicle Development MPCV Program Integration and Support M ulti-Purpose Crew Vehicle Crew Vehicle... payload processing; manufacturing; laboratory/testing; servicing/hazardous operations; and recovery. In... hazardous processing of Government or commercial spacecraft or payloads, including the...-use emergency egress systems, RP-1 servicing capability and environmental control The... programs, as well as potential commercial and other government users. These... aimed at understanding government and commercial ground processing, launch and range... NASA, other government agencies, and commercial industry. This single-program approach..., maintenance, and operation of servicing and de-servicing facilities and equipment. It..., and will provide support to commercial crew providers and NASA’s Orion... Network will also support future commercial crew and Orion missions. The... Network also purchases services from commercial providers in Alaska, Hawaii, Norway... Information Officer manages NISN as a commercial service framework providing pointto-point.... Spectrum demand for use by commercial wireless devices and their associated.... Reallocating additional spectrum for new commercial networks, while maintaining spectrum integrity... to reevaluate attrition rates and commercial crew transport scenarios as well... cost-effective services in the commercial arena to satisfy Agency-wide... on-ramp proposals from other commercial providers for additional launch vehicles... launch services from commercial suppliers consistent with the Commercial Space Act. The... period expired in June 2010. Commercial payload processing facilities and services... stands. When NASA, DoD, and commercial partners use RPTsupported test stands... in support of NASA programs, commercial partners, and the DoD, while..., the Missile Defense Agency, and commercial test customers seeking support from... for NASA programs, DoD, or commercial customers are scheduled for this... program supports NASA, USAF, and commercial testing. J2-X Testing 2012 Blue...



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... 54 ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle ConeXpress Doug Caswell Telecommunication Department.... The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle is a novel spacecraft that will... A Commercial Service for Communications Satellites The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle (CX... it is the only commercial on-orbit servicing project in advanced development... 54 ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle ConeXpress Doug Caswell Telecommunication Department.... The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle is a novel spacecraft that will... A Commercial Service for Communications Satellites The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension Vehicle (CX... it is the only commercial on-orbit servicing project in advanced development...-pointing mechanism. The idea of servicing and extending the lives of... 1970s; ESA studied a Geostationary Service Vehicle in the 1990s; The GermanJapanese...: DART and XSS11. Further orbital servicing efforts are under way at... to research and development. The commercial servicing envisaged by ORL is unprecedented... CX-OLEV. It considers only commercial communications satellite clients of high... military applications. More than 60 commercial telecommunications satellites will reach their...-pointing mechanism. The idea of servicing and extending the lives of... 1970s; ESA studied a Geostationary Service Vehicle in the 1990s; The GermanJapanese...: DART and XSS11. Further orbital servicing efforts are under way at... to research and development. The commercial servicing envisaged by ORL is unprecedented... CX-OLEV. It considers only commercial communications satellite clients of high... military applications. More than 60 commercial telecommunications satellites will reach their.... It is a pioneer in commercial orbital servicing. In the future, there will... Ariane-5 payload stack, filling the vehicle’s spare capacity after accommodation of... in more advanced future automated servicing scenarios. For example, docking is.... It is a pioneer in commercial orbital servicing. In the future, there will... Ariane-5 payload stack, filling the vehicle’s spare capacity after accommodation of... in more advanced future automated servicing scenarios. For example, docking is... to align with the mated vehicle’s centre of gravity to allow... a range of applications beyond these servicing missions. Under investigation are optical... by ESA in the Geostationary Servicing Vehicle study (Bulletin 78, May 1994... sophisticated telepresence software for the servicing missions. Kayser-Threde is responsible... goal is for an initial servicing mission in 2010. If successful... to align with the mated vehicle’s centre of gravity to allow... a range of applications beyond these servicing missions. Under investigation are optical... by ESA in the Geostationary Servicing Vehicle study (Bulletin 78, May 1994... goal is for an initial servicing mission in 2010. If successful... sophisticated telepresence software for the servicing missions. Kayser-Threde is responsible...



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.... Other than the potential for commercial crew and cargo service to... to Mars. PRINCIPAL U.S. GOVERNMENT AND COMMERCIAL FACILITIES CONTRIBUTING TO THE CONSTELLATION... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) Commercial Facilities Alliant Techsystems-Launch Systems... Statement Commercial Crew/Cargo Crew/Cargo for for ISS* ISS* Commercial Final... EVA systems (spacesuits, tools, and servicing and support equipment) to support... for vehicle processing (i.e., final assembly and test) and launch (i.e., ground servicing equipment... addition to other U.S. Government and commercial personnel and facilities. Figure 2-2 provides... primary U.S. Government facilities, along with commercial facilities where potential significant environmental... engine (J-2X) Ground Operations Project • Vehicle integration • Vehicle processing • Ares I First Stage... Centers although other U.S. Government and commercial facilities may also be used... Reaction Control System would provide vehicle control, using a gaseousoxygen and gaseous... on the Space Shuttle and commercial spacecraft (NASA 2005e). The Constellation... Crew Launch Vehicle), and the Ares V (the Cargo Launch Vehicle). The Ares... current planning concept, the ultimate vehicle requirements and configuration would be... Launch Vehicle Program. Project Ares would test increasingly flight-like vehicle configurations... ARC, MSFC, LaRC, and potential commercial facilities. Vibration and inertial testing... Launch Vehicle The Ares I would be a two-stage launch vehicle with interfaces... Launch Vehicle 2.1.3.2.1 Description of the Ares V Launch Vehicle The Ares V launch vehicle would provide heavy lift capability (see Figure 2-12). The vehicle would... Orion spacecraft, the Ares I launch vehicle, and processing facilities. This would... processing (e.g., ordnance installation and propellant servicing) would be performed in a hazardous... to transporting the integrated vehicle to the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB). However... vehicle on a new mobile launcher developed expressly for the Ares I launch vehicle. The Orion spacecraft, when integrated with the Ares I launch vehicle, forms... launch pad. Hazardous and nonhazardous servicing and processing and final stowage... the vehicle that would need to be shipped separately from the vehicle... Ares V launch vehicle. Hazardous processing (e.g., ordnance installation and propellant servicing) would be performed prior to transportation of the integrated vehicle... pad. Hazardous and nonhazardous commodity servicing and final stowage of cargo... vehicle and mobile launcher are verified, the integrated Ares V launch vehicle would... the Launch Complex for launch servicing requirements and contingencies within acceptable...-Bay platforms for Ares launch vehicle configurations • Refurbishment of the existing... include: • • • Constellation Training Facility Space Vehicle Mockup Facility Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory... existing facilities, including the Space Vehicle Mockup Facility (located within JSC... identified other government facilities or commercial organizations that would be involved... NASA Centers as well as commercial, academic, and government entities would... rehabilitation of facility Ares V launch vehicle elements. structures, features, and systems... vehicle lightning strike protection Launch control Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) (Building K6- Vehicle... control of the launch vehicle (starting with a vehicle similar to the integrated..., including destruction of the vehicle, if the vehicle’s trajectory indicates a flight malfunction... trajectory of the launch vehicle. If the vehicle is found to be... Crew Module would descend through commercial air space in a near-vertical... Earth orbit. The opportunity for commercial entities in the U.S. to provide.... Other than the potential for commercial crew and cargo service to...” (Pub. L. 109-155). 2.3.3 Crew Exploration Vehicle Designs Designs and configurations for... volumetric efficiency, 2) problems with launch vehicle integration, 3) high lunar return heating... heavy-lift launch vehicle Atlas Phase 2 Atlas-based launch vehicle with a new Core Stage Atlas Phase X Atlas-based launch vehicle... were not selected; however, commercial launch vehicle providers continue to pursue human... Environmental Impact Statement 2.3.5 Cargo Launch Vehicle Candidates A summary of CaLV (since... which utilize common launch components. vehicle elements. A requirement for four or... considered were of two configurations: 1) a vehicle configured much like the Space... Orion spacecraft and Ares launch vehicle processing, retrieval, and refurbishment of... would be no impact on commercial air traffic. The launch of.... Other than the potential for commercial crew and cargo service to... generate waste streams from propellant servicing, and launch and recovery operations.... Environmental Justice Not Applicable for commercial sites. No Action Alternative All... (e.g., engineering development, testing, research, and vehicle assembly) implies that the primary...



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Basic information regarding commercial vehicles that is also included... commercial vehicle workshop. 26 Circuit diagrams Maintenance Diagnostics Important functions for the commercial vehicle... service for commercial vehicles and buses Tire service for commercial vehicles can... tires For tire service on commercial vehicles, buses and construction and... for commercial vehicles and buses For fast, simple tire service on commercial... dynamic balancing  Two programs for commercial vehicle tires and five alloy programs... case for commercial vehicles Three-arm flange for light commercial vehicles Variable quick plates – (4-hole rims) 29 Brake dynamometers for commercial vehicles: Superior technology from Bosch Braking system analysis for commercial vehicles Bosch brake dynamometers for commercial vehicles combine... remote control, the test routine, commercial vehicle brake diagnosis and tractor/ trailer...



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... Exploration Vehicle for missions beyond Earth orbit; and pursuing commercial and international... growth in the global commercial space industry – The commercial space sector, including... 60 percent of 2003 commercial space revenues. Major commercial satellite telecommunications companies... commercial space activities. Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space – Commercial... of high-resolution commercial satellite imagery. There were 20 commercial space assets... growth, combined with increasing military-commercial interdependence, would underscore the importance... vulnerabilities of commercial space assets and the minimal incentives for commercial actors... reconnaissance capabilities. Japan operates the commercial Superbird satellite, which also provides... commercial satellites, in 2002, the US General Accounting Office recommended that “commercial... the commercial sector by 2008, to free up space for commercial thirdgeneration... a competition over Canada’s existing dominant commercial satellite services provider Telesat Canada... a framework necessary for the sustainable commercial uses of space. International institutions... Exploration vehicle for missions beyond Earth orbit; and pursuing commercial and international... encourages a viable domestic commercial space transportation industry, including commercial human spaceflight.77... the joint development of a commercial launch vehicle planned for launch in 2007... Commercial Space 4 Commercial Space This chapter assesses trends and developments in the commercial... of commercial space access and a corresponding increase in the number of commercial actors accessing space. Governments play a central role in commercial space... and radio frequency spectrum allocations. Commercial actors could undercut international regulations... making commercial space assets the potential target of military attacks. 64 Commercial... commercial space industry The telecommunications industry has long been a driver of commercial uses of space. The first commercial satellite was the... global commercial space sector continues Overall growth in the global commercial space... the commercial space industry. Net assessment This continued growth of the commercial... commercial space sector remains dependent upon the telecommunications sector, while the commercial... 4.2: Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space Commercial space launches... the commercial launch sector, with Russia launching the most satellites, both commercial and overall.24 Commercial space launches began to... commercial launches more as a means to offset operating expenses than a viable commercial venture. European and Russian companies chose to pursue commercial launches... of commercial payloads on the Space Shuttle, further encouraged commercial launcher competition... commercial market due to “reliability and export control issues.”26 Japanese commercial... Launch Vehicle (ASLV) performed the country’s first Low Earth Orbit (LEO) commercial... builds a cheaper launcher US commercial launch vehicle builder Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX... the commercial launcher market by showing that “cheaper, more efficient launch vehicle... fragility of independent and sustainable commercial space access. TREND 4.3: Government subsidies... 2004 Commercial space systems as critical infrastructure Space systems, including commercial systems... advantage of the commercial industry’s overcapacity by employing commercial satellite systems for... year on commercial satellite services.78 This growing dependence upon commercial services... distorted the commercial space market and made legitimate transnational commercial partnership more... growth, combined with increasing military-commercial interdependence, would underscore the importance... vulnerabilities of commercial space assets and the minimal incentives for commercial actors... combine existing military and commercial technologies with new commercial launch systems providing... dependent upon commercial space assets for many applications. Many commercial space systems... that “commercial satellites be identified as critical infrastructure” (see Commercial Space).17... commercial space assets. It emphasized that the key threats to the commercial... launch. Commercial satellites are, however, increasingly exploiting slack in the commercial telecommunications.... 33Tim Bonds et al., Employing Commercial Satellite Communications: Wideband Investment Options.... 59Tim Bonds et al., Employing Commercial Satellite Communications: Wideband Investment Options..., “Space Launch Vehicles: Government Activities, Commercial Competition, and Satellite Exports,” Issue....pdf; US Federal Aviation Administration, “Commercial Space Transportation Quarterly Launch Report... Accounting Office, “Critical Infrastructure Protection: Commercial Satellite Security Should Be More...’s Robotics Technologies for On-Orbit Servicing,” submitted to Advanced Robotics, Special...



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Commercial Space Activities at Goddard Space ... Center Commercial Space at Goddard • Goddard has been involved in Commercial Space... launch vehicle. – Rapid Spacecraft Development Office – Commercial Utilization of Integration & Test Facilities – Commercial Payload Partnerships/Rideshares – Technology Infusion to Industry • Technology Transfer • Satellite Servicing... & Validation facilities also involved in commercial activities that expand upon involvement... procurement process that leveraged industry’s commercial practices and processes • Brief summary... – Commercial-like Acquisition – Firm Fixed Price – Indefinite Delivery/Indefinite Quantity – Commercial-like... – Commercial Acquisition – Firm Fixed Price – Indefinite Delivery – Indefinite Quantity – Fully commercial acquisition... – Indefinite Delivery – Indefinite Quantity – Leverage commercial practices and processes when possible..., and engineering ‘Best Practices’ requirements Commercial Utilization of Facilities • The NASA... Integration and Test Facilities to commercial (non-NASA) customers. • Main objective... their flight hardware qualification programs. Commercial Payload Partnerships/Rideshares With increasing... resources, Goddard is looking at commercial partnerships for science and technology... commercial service. Ultimately, NASA chose to negotiate out the commercial services. Commercial Payload Partnerships/Rideshares (cont’d) – Recent Commercial Collaborations • On... communications relay demonstration (LCRD) on a commercial satellite to be launched in... and Spacecraft Test(ASIST) for commercial applications and Space Link ExtensionReturn...-Servicing Activities: Enhancing Flexibility for Government and Industry • • Multiple government and commercial entities have expressed the need for satellite-servicing in geosynchronous Earth orbit For commercial robotic satellite servicing to... of a domestic and commercial capability in robotic satellite servicing by infusing technology... close the business case Notional Servicing Vehicle Refueling a Customer Satellite Robotic Refueling... by a space robot Houses several commercial interfaces that are directly applicable... built and operated in the commercial sector including a launch adapter interface... vehicles. Also several models of commercial spacecraft fill/drain valves that... continuing through 2013 and beyond Commercial Space at Wallops Flight Facility... an extended history of supporting commercial space and aviation dating from... more in queue – Support of commercial aviation testing since the 1980... Instrumentation services – Nanoracks: Discussions concerning commercial use of WFF lab for... companies. Areas of Support to Commercial Aviation & Space Launch Industry at... Supporting Commercial Space at Wallops • Consort 1, the very first FAA-licensed commercial... services supported six additional Starfire 1 commercial missions for Space Services Inc...’s to incubate the commercial launch industry Supporting Commercial Space at Wallops • Wallops served as lead-range for six commercial... NASA initiative to incubate the commercial space industry – A precedent-setting Space... to develop a commercial launch complex on NASA property Supporting Commercial Space at... different commercial space companies over the last two decades – Principally vehicle developers... Spacecraft Corporation AMROC Commercial Airfield Support • Water Ingestion Testing – Commercial aircraft certification... 1980’s • Airfield also supports other commercial-use research (e.g., landing systems, tire... – Facilities able to support commercial reusable launch vehicle companies (e.g., XCOR, Virgin Galactic... performing – Commercial aircraft modifications – Unmanned aerial systems development – Launch vehicle & spacecraft development... airfield Wallops Partnership with VA Commercial Space Flight Authority • In 1992... for commercial space launches – Coalition led to formation of the Virginia Commercial...-NASA investment to establish two commercial launch complexes at Wallops – Agreements.../NASA services at Wallops for commercial users – VCSFA capabilities also enable... NASA/Wallops & VCSFA were key – Commercial Antares missions (e.g. COTS/CRS) conducted... – Expected to also support non-commercial NASA/DoD missions • Orbital’s selection... benefit many government & commercial range users NASA IV&V’s Commercial and Non-Traditional... for up to 3 to 5 years. • Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) missions... assess the effectiveness of the commercial software IV&V services provided to... the project is to foster a commercial source for a qualified, commercially available... a long history of involvement with commercial space, and we continue to...? BACKUP Integration and Test Facility Commercial Customers Type Number of Tests... •Boeing Commercial Servicing Technology Developments Commercial Service Remote survey Goddard Technology Development Commercial Benefit...



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... 89 Chapter 5: Commercial Space: This chapter examines the commercial space sector, including.... Indicator 5.1: Growth in commercial space industry Indicator 5.2: Commercial sector support for increased... space capability. Commercial Space INDICATOR 5.1: Growth in commercial space industry — Commercial space revenues... and commercial assets tend to be less well protected. Many commercial space... on-orbit servicing spacecraft, known as the Space Infrastructure Servicing (SIS) vehicle.100..., including government and military officials, commercial representatives, and nongovernmental organizations.35... interactions between commercial operators and the public sector. The commercial space sector... in commercial demand combined to depress the cost of commercial space launches... military on commercial services. Governments play a central role in commercial space activities... of the commercial market. There is also evidence that commercial actors are... FIVE Commercial Space Space Security Impact The role that the commercial space... attacks. Indicator 5.1: Growth in commercial space industry Commercial space revenues have steadily... a driver of commercial uses of space. The first commercial satellite was the... markets, but substantial orders for commercial geostationary-orbiting telecommunications satellites kept... military frequencies.35 92 Commercial Space Figure 5.2: Worldwide commercial launch revenue. 2007... Commercial launch market continues to expand In 2011 China performed two commercial... commercial launch sector, with Russia launching the most satellites annually, both commercial... a viable commercial venture. European and Russian companies chose to pursue commercial launches... Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle performed the country’s first LEO commercial launch, placing... Zenit rockets dominate the commercial launch market. Top commercial launch providers include Boeing Launch Services and Lockheed Martin Commercial Launch... Space Transportation, and Arianespace. Commercial launch vehicle builders such as Space Exploration... core revenues for the commercial satellite positioning industry. Commercial users first outpaced... the U.S. Congress passed the “Commercial 96 Commercial Space Space Launch Amendments Act... for Commercial Human Spaceflight” to support the emergence of a European commercial space transportation industry.76 The market for commercial space transportation... level of indemnification for commercial launchers, the commercial sector assumes most of... on-orbit servicing of Intelsat’s satellites via a space-based service vehicle to... tenant for MDA’s Space Infrastructure Servicing (SIS) vehicle, expected to be in... inaugural mission.101 98 Commercial Space The SIS vehicle was envisioned to act as a service station for commercial and... the commercial sector often involves mixing national security considerations with private commercial....134 Commercial space systems as critical infrastructure Space systems, including commercial systems... be considered for commercial launches.146 102 Commercial Space Figure 5.3: Commercial payloads launched... and commercial technologies such as remote sensing and communications with new commercial... dependent on commercial space assets for a variety of applications. Many commercial space... and commercial technologies such as imaging and communications with new commercial launch... Launch Vehicle, which is not anticipated before 2015.46 The commercial space... and supporting commercial companies. Germany is developing the Deutsche Orbitale Servicing Mission... Infrastructure Servicing vehicle proposed by the MDA for satellite on-orbit servicing.) 2011... Commercial Communications USA Ariane 5 GEO 2011016B 4/22/2011 Yahsat-1A Military/ Commercial...-2 Commercial Communications Singapore/ Taiwan Ariane 5 GEO 2011021A 5/20/2011 Telstar 14R Commercial... Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033A 7/13/2011 Globalstar M083 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033D 7/13/2011 Globalstar M085 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033B 7/13/2011 Globalstar M088 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033F 7/13/2011 Globalstar M089 Commercial Communications USA Soyuz 2.1a LEO 2011033C 7/13/2011 Globalstar M091 Commercial... KazSat-2 Commercial Communications Kazakhstan Proton-M GEO 2011035A 7/15/2011 SES-3 Commercial Communications USA Proton M GEO 2011036A 7/16/2011 USA 232 Military/ Commercial... Function Owner Launch Vehicle Orbit 2011044F 8/17/2011 AprizeSat 6 Commercial Communications USA... 18 Commercial Communications USA Zenit GEO 2011057A 10/7/2011 Eutelsat W-C3 Commercial... Owner Launch Vehicle Orbit 2011059A 10/19/2011 ViaSat-1 Commercial Communications USA...-Orbit Servicing,” SpaceRef Canada, 15 March 2011, online: http://spaceref.ca/commercial-space/mda/mda-signs-anchortenant-for-on-orbit-servicing-service..., Commercial Space Transportation: 1999 Year in Review, Associate Administrator for Commercial Space...



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... was launched. Most were either commercial or DOD payloads and had... launch services should largely be commercial enterprises.3 One joint U.S.-French launch... NASA to purchase them from commercial providers whenever possible. Policy and... experimental RLVs. 4 A Bill to Facilitate Commercial Access to Space, and for....htm (accessed March 1, 2005); NSPD-3, “U.S. Commercial Space Policy Guidelines,” February 11.... 6 National Space Policy Directive, NSPD-2, “Commercial Space Launch Policy,” September 5, 1990... acquire space transportation services from commercial providers, except when there was... able to acquire licenses for commercial space launches; but the licenses... ELV services became more of a commercial function. Management of Space Shuttle... (accessed March 15, 2005). 10 Commercial Space Act of 1998, 105th... it with the Office of Commercial Programs (Code C), creating a reformulated Code... Bekey; Launch Vehicles, Charles Gunn; Commercial Development, Robert Norwood; Space Systems... expendable launch services from the commercial sector. The main focus of... for its primary payloads from commercial providers. This legislation quickly opened... carried either DOD or commercial payloads. Launch vehicle performance is shown in... a NASA scientific spacecraft and one a commercial launch. The remaining launches were... were either DOD satellites or commercial communications satellites. 1991 Twelve satellites... satellites were either DOD or commercial spacecraft. One Atlas launch failed.... The others were DOD or commercial payloads. One Atlas launch failed... the rest were DOD or commercial payloads. Both Titan launches failed... the remainder either DOD or commercial satellites. There was one Pegasus..., and the remainder DOD or commercial satellites. The Athena I, Conestoga, and.... The rest were DOD or commercial satellites. One Pegasus XL launch.... The remainders were DOD or commercial satellites. One Delta launch failed.... The rest were DOD or commercial satellites. One Titan and one... had a Castor 120 first stage, a commercial motor made by Thiokol derived... commercial sector took over launch services in June 1987. The first commercial... began using the Atlas for commercial launches in the late 1980s... successful. 37 “The Evolution of Commercial Launch Vehicles,” Fourth Quarter 2001...) Conestoga Launch Vehicle The Conestoga was a solid-propellant commercial launch vehicle that attempted... originally known as COMET for Commercial Experiment Transporter into low-Earth... was the first to obtain a commercial launch license, in 1985 receiving... Eastern Shore of Virginia, as a commercial launch site.39 In November...-orbit microgravity experiments that advanced commercial applications of materials processing and... the University of Tennessee (the commercial center that had proposed the..., “Special Report: U.S. Small Launch Vehicles,” Commercial Space Transportation Quarterly Launch Report... vehicles for its civilian and commercial launches from McDonnell Douglas, which... would stop carrying commercial payloads. 42 Andrew Butrica, “The Commercial Launch Industry... NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK The commercial Delta era began in January... first U.S. government agency to procure commercial launch services.45 The first... customer needs for a higher capacity commercial launch service.48 With a payload... agreement in support of Orbital’s commercial launch vehicle programs. This agreement allowed..., 1994 for a DOD mission. The commercial Taurus, developed after the successful... space needs and actively consider commercial space requirements; costs would be... rather than on the commercial potential of the vehicle. NASA awarded the... accordance with Section 6 of the Commercial Space Launch Act Amendments of...,400 In accordance with the Commercial Space Launch Act Amendments of... launch services for eligible satellites. Commercial Space Launch Act Amendments of... Communications Systems (DSCS) III satellite. Commercial communications satellite. NASA HISTORICAL DATA... Space Agency space science mission. Commercial communications satellite. Indonesian communications satellite.... Commercial communications satellite. European communications satellite. Communications satellite. Japanese communications satellite. Commercial... Aviation Administration, “The Evolution of Commercial Launch Vehicles,” Fourth Quarter 2001... for British Satellite Broadcasting. First commercial licensed NASA U.S. space launch. Fourth... II/7925 Delta II/7925 Commercial communications satellite. Twenty-sixth Block... satellites. 1) Student Nitric Oxide Explorer. 2) Commercial communications satellite. Transition Region and... satellite/Japanese communications satellite. First commercial Titan III launch. International communications... redeployed First Hubble servicing mission. German Spacelab D-2. Also commercial SPACEHAB laboratory. LAUNCH... satellite. USMP-3. Docked with Mir. Commercial SPACEHAB mission. Life and Microgravity... strongly supported the economics of commercial RLVs over continued use of... guarantees to support development of commercial RLVs. databk7_collected.book Page 184...