Спутник технологический. Commercial Servicing Vehicle. [Редактировать]

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#Новостная лента.
12016-04-13. Orbital ATK и Intelsat подписали соглашение в области орбитального обслуживания.
12 апреля 2016 года Orbital ATK, Inc. (NYSE: OA), анонсировала подписание с компанией Intelsat контракта на оказание услуг по продлению срока активного существования космических аппаратов. Согласно контракту Орбитал осуществит производство, тестирование и запуск первого аппарата (Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV)) который должен будет продемонстрировать возможность коммерческой эксплуатации логистических космических систем. В рамках общего проекта (текущее наименование Mission Extension Vehicle-1 (MEV-1)) аппарат выполнит ряд орбитальных операций по отработке новой технологии, а затем в 2019 году попытается продлить срок активного существования космических аппаратов спутникового оператора. В части технико-экономических аспектов создаваемой системы компания Orbital обнародовала следующую информацию:
1. Платформой обслуживающего аппарата будет выступать GEOStar.
2. Аппарат будет обладать возможностью стыковки с уже существующими изделиями.
3. САС аппарата составит около 15 лет.
4. Изделие будет ориентировано на выполнение операций по корректировке орбиты аппаратов.
5. Спутник сможет подсоединяться к другим аппаратам несколько раз.
6. Первой операцией аппарата будет перемещение спутника связи компании Intelsat.
7. Intelsat получит право на приоритетный дозаказ дополнительных обслуживающих аппаратов. Тэги: Orbital ATKIntelsatCommercial Servicing Vehicle

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0.13/5
... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ MIT Enterprise Forum Arab..., Scott Gegenheimer, and Group Chief Commercial Officer, Duncan Howard who have... an important factor in driving commercial success. Retaining customers is vital... speeds that are supported on commercial terminals globally. Combining this speed... industrial as they are not commercial importers and telecom equipment imported... merger to the Director General Commercial Affairs, PTA Headquarters, F-5/1, Islamabad. Comments... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... with regard to launch of commercial practices and telecommunication promotional schemes.... • Under the amended law, all commercial activities which are against law... to inform PTA before launching commercial practices. • It’s binding on operators... commercial campaign. • PTA may alter, restrict, suspend or impose of any commercial... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and their telecom promotional... equipment, with the launch of commercial 4G services expected to take... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... be free to negotiate reasonable commercial terms and conditions with a requesting... with regard to launch of commercial practices or telecommunication promotional schemes... ahead of launching any new commercial schemes. The operators are now... or impose sanction on any commercial activity or telecommunication service promotional... provide an undertaking that the commercial practice and telecom promotional schemes... of the National Industrial and Commercial Investment Limited (NICIL) – the government... spectrum in the band for commercial use in telecoms and broadcasting..., Palermo and Padua. Thanks to a commercial agreement with Vodafone and Wind..., and allows Chorus to develop commercial variants for specific user groups... – that a period of restrictions on commercial mobile operations in the ‘digital... the USO builds on existing commercial and community networks, rather than... that can be used by commercial cellular providers. Analysts predict the... have seen a downward trend in commercial transmission prices in recent years... parallel,” Fahad Al Hassawi, chief commercial officer at du, said in... for the eventual introduction of commercial 5G services. The MoU will... this technology and to accelerate commercial use.’ Wi-Fi Capacity Doubled... PyeongChang, South Korea, using KT’s commercial mobile network infrastructure. KT aims... owners’ actual driving patterns, connected vehicle networks that can share information.... Eutelsat plans to launch new commercial services in the region in... to assess which technologies and commercial models are best suited to... retaining the service on a normal commercial basis following the end of... but aging satellites in both commercial and government markets. Backed by... getting started in expanding our Commercial Servicing Vehicle (CSV) fleet to provide a diverse... a fleet of servicing vehicles that can address the diverse servicing needs of.... Intelsat Announces FiveYear In-Orbit Servicing Agreement with Orbital ATK Boeing... using the company’s Mission Extension Vehicle (MEV). Orbital ATK will manufacture... launch the first Mission Extension Vehicle, MEV 1, based on the GEOStar... have actively supported in-orbit servicing from its inception, and are... and attitude control functions. The vehicle has a 15-year page_75 Boeing... playing catch-up with the commercial sector. U.S. startups, universities and other.... George Nield, associate administrator of commercial space transportation at the Federal..., but some oversight of the commercial industry has fallen on their... take on responsibility for overseeing commercial activities in space that are... of this, representatives of new commercial operators said they have borne... connectivity solutions in China’s fastgrowing commercial aviation market. The companies expect... of the world’s fastest-growing commercial aviation markets and when the... in 2015 and a heritage space vehicle, proven to operate in Medium...



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0.14/5
... for the emplacement and subsequent servicing of the polar platforms (PP... the total mass of the vehicle. If the mass of propellant... satellite to 240 km for servicing by another Shuttle mission. The... Station The necessity, desirability and commercial viability of the manned space... attention to the "distincentives" to commercial involvement in space, e.g. patent rights... money out of MPS. The commercial viability of MPS depends upon... to materials processing in space [ 1 6] : "Commercial use of space is truly.... 84- 1 40, (June 1 984). ' First Commercial Product from Space,' Science, 224...­ ment for IOC. 5) Orbit Manoeuvring Vehicle (OM V): For local manoeuvring and... USA development for IOC. 9) Satellite Servicing Facility: Canadian contribution for IOC.../or USA for IOC. 1 3) Unmanned Servicing Vehicle: Was a Columbus contributiolJ now cancelled... (+ Facilities): Space based Orbital Transfer Vehicle. USA development post IOC. 1 8) Logistics... Volume Pressurised _Module: Capable of servicing large systems in a shirt sleeve... of film, samples etc. between servicing flights. 5) Escape/Rescue Vehicles: To... Servicing Launch System: Hermes possible post IOC contri­ bution. 28) Manned Servicing Vehicles: For servicing missions in LEO. Was.... 4) Advanced Launch System: e.g. HOTOL, Transatmospheric Vehicle. 5) High Pow,er System: Providing... LEO orbits. 1 1 ) Lightweight Workstation: For servicing and experimentation at non LEO... depend upon the Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) which is anticipated as... development of the Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) which should offer very...'s Achilles heel with regards to commercial competitiveness. If developed it is... be Shuttle serviceable although later servicing is likely to be based.... 4. Orbital Transfers Vehicle (OTV). 3.1 Orbital Transfer Vehicle The Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) is... is intended to be a reusable vehicle based at the Space Station... will almost certainly be a cryogenic vehicle utilising one of the advance.... The problem is that such a vehicle would not be able to... as HOTOL are ideal for servicing and support of Space Stations... as an on-orbit shirtsleeve servicing and con­ struction facility. To...-government financed projects where reasonable commercial returns can be expected. Secondly... to offer a launch service for commercial communications satellites. This differs from... relationship between NASA and the commercial suppliers of launch services as...:s in. their political attitudes towards commercial responsibility, risk-taking and profit... pure and applied research and commercial activity on the same spacecraft...­ ible of the responsibility to commercial organis­ ations. All these redl... to make the Space Station's commercial environment attractive to industry, particularly.... It is particularly inappropriate where commercial interests are involved - not only... but · also where there is a commercial supplier of operating services, as...-observa tion products offered as a commercial service by EOSAT, Spot I mage... there are both governmental and commercial satellite­ operating organisations and, in... of Symphony for cross-border commercial traffic (a condition imposed by the... more difficult commercial environ­ ment for business and commercial broadcasting in Europe... the lack of an established commercial demand for its services. However..., and over the last decade commercial added-value agencies have appeared... already stopped one proposed European commercial mission (using SPj'\8) and one... solutions applying to the more commercial or even nationally-interesting technological... access to it on a straightforward commercial basis. Provision of Navigation Services... on platform syste� flight dynamics; servicing simulations: to simulate the removal... efficiency of servicing visits (likely to be three days servicing period per... platform, enhanced by on-orbit servicing will hopefully lead to lower... operations, particularly during bi­ annual servicing periods. Payload instrument design may... presents new possibilities for the commercial use of space. In the... economic reality. 1. INTRODUCfiON Traditionally, the commercial use of space has involved... in the form of routine commercial processing [ 3 ] . Such industries can be... space station [5, 6] . Indeed, already one commercial product in the form of... research, the potential for the commercial use of space in the... to assess the opportunities for commercial biotechnology in space amid the... to appreciate the possibility of commercial biotech­ nology in space it...



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0.08/5
.../Operational Support Staffing Workload Indicators Commercial Space Transportation (AST) Summary Table... for commercial space integration into the NAS and that will allow commercial... and research activities related to commercial space transportation, administrative expenses for... & Management ..................................................... 0004 Regulation & Certification ................................................. 0005 Commercial Space Transportation ...................................... 0006 Security & Hazardous... research program; Regulation of the commercial space transportation industry; Administration of... (UAS) Integration Hazard Tracking Tool Commercial Space Transportation (CST) Operational Management... Staff Offices Associate Administrator for Commercial Space Transportation Assistant Administrator for... Flight Instructor Refresher Courses and Commercial Flight Instructor/Designated Pilot Examiner... Flight Instructor Refresher Courses and Commercial Flight Instructor/Designated Pilot Examiner... Flight Instructor Refresher Courses and Commercial Flight Instructor/Designated Pilot Examiner... Operations – Aviation Safety Organization (AVS) COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION (AST) INSERT TAB... Commercial Space Transportation (CST) Operational Management Staff FY 2017 Request Operations – Commercial... (Page Intentionally Left Blank) 2 Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) Federal Aviation... President’s Budget Submission Executive Summary: Commercial Space Transportation (AST) What Is... commercial launch or reentry activities, and to encourage, facilitate, and promote U.S. commercial... or permitted 290 commercial space launches and reentries. Commercial space transportation operations... vehicles, systems, and operations. Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) 3 Federal Aviation... President’s Budget Submission Budget Summary Commercial Space Transportation (AST) ($000) Program... Adjustments 4 Amount 723 $723 Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) Federal Aviation... President’s Budget Submission Detailed Summary - Commercial Space Transportation (AST) What Is... commercial launch or reentry activities, and to encourage, facilitate, and promote U.S. commercial... learned and best practices. Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) 5 Federal Aviation... U.S.-licensed commercial launches. The increasing pace of growth in commercial space transportation... commercial orbital servicing and commercial space stations, as well as the dawn of commercial human spaceflight operations. Function/Office Commercial Space • • • • • FY... growth of the U.S. commercial space transportation industry. Commercial space transportation activities are... promote U.S. commercial space transportation. The AST office has supported licensed commercial launches... President’s Budget Submission Function/Office Commercial Space • • • • • FY 2017 Anticipated Accomplishments... environment keeps pace with 8 Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) Federal Aviation... public and their property. Operations – Commercial Space Organization (AST) 9 Federal Aviation... and supplies. Discretionary Adjustments $723 7 Commercial Space Transportation (CST) Operational 723..., and airspace integration efforts for commercial space transportation. Additional operational management... initiatives, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commercial space entrants, runway safety, airport... initiatives, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), commercial space entrants, runway safety, airport... NextGen development, and compliance with commercial and fiscal requirements. Airports capacity... Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST) supported 22 commercial launches and reentries... enhancements. B. Commercial Space Integration into the NAS Funding for the Commercial Space...:           NOAA National Weather Service (NWS) Commercial Aviation, General Aviation, and the... general aviation’s capability to navigate, commercial aviation Flight Management System performance... loss of normal commercial utility-supplied power. When commercial power outages occur... a broad range of aviation communities (e.g., commercial, general aviation, helicopters, Unmanned Aircraft... a broad range of aviation communities (e.g., commercial, general aviation, rotorcraft, UAS). ASIAS... commercial jet fleet as indicated in the Boeing Annual Summary of Commercial... Summary of Commercial Jet Airplane Accidents Aviation Safety, Boeing Commercial Airplanes, August... commercial launch and reentry operations. Additionally, AST encourages, facilitates, and promotes commercial... published best practices associated with commercial human spaceflight: • Developing a deeper understanding... commercial aviation alternative fuels initiative (CAAFI) to focus the efforts of commercial... UAS in the NAS, and commercial space vehicle research. • Achieve a fully integrated... d. NextGen - Information Security 0 0 1,000 1,000 e. Commercial Space Transportation Safety 0 2,000 0 0 37... for Airports, Airport Technology (T) D. Operations E. Commercial Space Transportation Safety TOTAL FAA...



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0.04/5
... Vehicle ESMD-29 Ground Operations ESMD-34 Mission Operations ESMD-37 Commercial... new commercial cargo and crew transportation capabilities, the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle... space and promote international and commercial participation to further scientific, security... a cost recovery operation based upon commercial services. SMD-129 Mission Directorate... space and promote international and commercial participation to further scientific, security... cargo transportation capabilities for potential commercial servicing of the International Space Station... a Commercial Cargo Crew Capability. This project is executed out of the Commercial... vehicle (Orion), an expendable launch vehicle (Ares I), a heavy-lift cargo launch vehicle (Ares... International Space Station (ISS), should commercial transport services be unavailable. The... private space sector to provide Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) to... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Goal 6: Establish a lunar... emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.2 By 2010, demonstrate one or more commercial... office responsibility for managing NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Projects... soliciting proposals for the initial commercial ISS transportation demonstration phase, and... these services from domestic commercial providers. The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS... through International Partner purchases and Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) is... mobility aids, EVA-specific vehicle interfaces, EVA servicing equipment, suit avionics, individual... trips to Mars. Commercial Cargo Crew Capabilities The Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project (C4P) supports demonstration of Commercial Space Transportation Services from domestic companies. NASA's Commercial Orbital... Constellation Systems Constellation Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Budget / Life... Operations Mission Directorate (SOMD). The Commercial Orbital Transportation Service development effort... The Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project (C4P) supports demonstration of Commercial Space Transportation Services from domestic companies. NASA's Commercial Orbital... stimulate the commercial space sector. Project Parameters Phase I of the Commercial Cargo... Constellation Systems Constellation Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project Commitments... Systems Program Commercial Cargo Crew Capability Project Management The Commercial Cargo Crew... SpaceX and RocketplaneKistler Acquisition Strategy Commercial Cargo Crew Capability: in FY... purchasing services from the emerging commercial space sector; and Partnership Development..., resulting in public benefit through commercial application. IPP invites and facilitates... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through mechanisms... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Specifically, IPP will... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through licensing... technology providers including the emerging commercial space sector. Quality Program Assessment... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Specifically, IPP will... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through licensing... technology providers including the emerging commercial space sector. CASP-40 Mission... purchasing services from the emerging commercial space sector; and Partnership development... international partners or preferably from commercial providers, is transferred from the... these areas for improvement. The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Project..., Oklahoma, to develop and demonstrate Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) that... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Goal 6: Establish a lunar... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... of Defense, other U.S. government agencies, commercial companies, and foreign space agencies... communications among NASA Centers utilizing commercial service backbones. - SCP Crosscutting Functions... (LSP) provides the acquisition of commercial services using primarily domestic Launch... service contracts, and contracts for commercial Payload Processing Facilities' (PPFs), ensuring... Deep Space Communication Complex to Commercial Power (JPL) Infrastructure Improvements for... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through such... appropriate partnerships with the emerging commercial space sector. Outcome 5.1 Develop and... technology transfer agreements with the commercial and academic community through mechanisms... and Systems Vulnerability Mitigation COTS Commercial Orbital Transportation Services Assembly, Test...



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0.04/5
... to support scientific and commercial satellite placement, maintenance, servicing, retrieval and return... commercial uses. The Space Shuttle system will consist of a reusable orbiter vehicle... Launch Vehicle Needs A. Identify, and assess the future needs for defense, commercial... only c. Future launch vehicle needs for defense, commercial, and scientific purposes In... posed by interested commercial organizations. PART C — FUTURE LAUNCH VEHICLE NEEDS ASSESSMENT The.... The Space Shuttle as a Commercial Launch Vehicle In 1972, and for almost..., supervise, and/or regulate U.S. commercial expendable launch vehicle operations only to the... its national ranges for U.S. commercial expendable launch vehicle operations. . . . [T]he U.S. Government will... goal of encouraging viable commercial expendable launch vehicle launch activities. The U.S. Government... Executive Order 12465 on “Commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle Activities.” Later that year... the Space Shuttle as a commercial launch vehicle, the advocates of ELV commercialization... encourage viable commercial launch vehicle activities. While much of the Commercial Space Initiative... factor commercial space launch industry needs into their decisions on launch vehicle... try to market the vehicle in the commercial marketplace. The company believed... Douglas began to seek commercial customers for the vehicle in 1987. Although... commercial launch market in 2000 or soon after with its H-IIA vehicle... retains title. 10. Any commercial launch vehicle operator should be required to... launch vehicle companies the opportunity to compete more effectively for commercial and... market the Delta launch vehicle in the commercial market, Transpace Carriers, Inc... international commercial space transportation by ensuring continued research in launch vehicle component technology and development. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. Section 4 of the Commercial... competition in commercial space activities. [H.R. 4399-8] SEC. 10. LAUNCH VEHICLE RESEARCH AND... launch vehicle technologies and systems available for the launch of commercial and... longer competing for commercial satellite launches, America’s commercial launch vehicle industry has made... interests associated with a competitive U.S. commercial launch vehicle industry. With a strong ELV industrial... a variant of its Titan launch vehicle as a commercial launcher. He also served... now procuring commercial launch services, as opposed to launch vehicle hardware. Procurement... a total vehicle, would develop key advanced component technologies. The commercial ELV industry... private commercial launch activities that are currently being proposed: commercial expendable launch vehicle... viewpoint to replace a commercial payload on a launch vehicle with a government payload. Moreover... the U.S. government to remove a commercial launch vehicle from a launch pad in order... its Long March space launch vehicle as a commercial space launcher in 1985... circumstances, second successful commercial launch of a new launch vehicle. In this regard... April 1, 1985. COMMERCIAL SPACE PROGRAM – Encourage commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle activities. The U.S. will encourage and facilitate commercial expendable launch vehicle operations. U.S. Government policies will promote competitive opportunities for commercial expendable launch vehicle... Executive Order 12465 on Commercial Expendable Launch Vehicle Activities. [4] Appropriate agencies will..., servicing of satellites and platforms at low and geostationary altitudes, commercial use... 1. Foreign Commercial Launch Service Competition Figure 2 illustrates international launch vehicle competitiveness. If... launch vehicle manufacturers under government contracts, which is uncontrolled in commercial contracts... already “commercial” to some degree. Virtually every U.S. space launch vehicle launching satellites into Earth’s orbit is built by a U.S. commercial firm... the U.S. launch vehicle manufacturers more competitive in the commercial world market. Excess... a vehicle and believes that almost all of the government and commercial space..., DoD, and commercial users. The new space launch vehicle program, to be... space launch vehicle has been demonstrated. The Spacelifter vehicle will establish U.S. commercial competitiveness... appropriate commercial practices to the development and operation of the new vehicle... a monopoly by commercial satellite customers. New foreign space launch vehicle players have... support (cargo, personnel) satellite/vehicle on-orbit servicing Personnel Launch System (PLS... is shown in figure 4. Vehicle Class NASA Commercial DOD Pegasus/Taurus Class... THE UNKNOWN 591 [6] Vehicle NASA Plus DOD Commercial All Pegasus/Taurus Delta... civil and commercial sector, should evolve satellite, payload, and launch vehicle designs...



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0.21/5
Supporting Commercial Space Development Supporting Commercial Space Development Part 1: Support Alternatives ... COMMERCIAL SPACE AND SATELLITE DEALS ................................................................88 5.1.1 SIGNIFICANT COMMERCIAL SATELLITE FINANCINGS 88 5.1.2 SIGNIFICANT COMMERCIAL... businesses and commercial aerospace projects focused on creating new commercial markets in... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 1.3 Definition of “Commercial Space” For the....” However, whereas the commercial satellite industry is certainly commercial in every sense... and competitive commercial space industry could be equally important. The commercial satellite... made in other commercial activities into bold new commercial space projects, often... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development Market Risks: • Commercial space market opportunities... Supporting Commercial Space Development • • • first satellite was able to get into commercial... of commercial business before venturing into the government market, for commercial space... has had similar commercial groups before (i.e. Office of Commercial Programs, Space Product... any in-orbit servicing application or new LCRATS developed vehicle. In the Futron study mentioned Part 1 30 of 228 Supporting Commercial... several proposed new commercial space markets, initial commercial demand may be weak... the commercial remote sensing industry once it became apparent that commercial demand... the billions, before commercial service even commences. Commercial space and satellite businesses... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development rapidly once commercial operations commence, so... apply to commercial space. 3.5.1 Government policy & space budgets Since many commercial space... Supporting Commercial Space Development New commercial space applications such as in-orbit servicing... of new commercial space ventures: Part 1 57 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... made money in commercial space without substantial government support; Commercial space is... Supporting Commercial Space Development 5 Investments 5.1 Select commercial space and satellite deals 5.1.1 Significant Commercial... time. ConeXpress, the Orbital Recovery servicing vehicle NASA or government involvement, if.../battery replacement to commercial Part 1 94 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... as a commercial Mission of Opportunity. This was significant because Commercial Missions of... technology demonstrator for a proposed commercial launch vehicle called VentureStar to be developed... launch vehicle to carry shuttle sized payloads to LEO as a commercial service... vehicle for its Hylas 1 satellite. As a consequence, SpaceX’s ability to win commercial... 9, the real commercial objective. Part 1 113 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... of the K-1 vehicle. Part 1 116 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development (3) U.S. Launch... a commercial middeck augmentation module in cooperation with NASA’s Centers for Commercial Development... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development changing priorities, and relationship with commercial entities... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development there would not have been a commercial remote... the commercial space industry, including: 1. Importance of government contracts when commercial market... to support a commercial space industry the development of the commercial remote sensing... to commercial prospects, and that have 147 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 6.3 Funded studies Overview: Commercial space companies... toward commercial interests. A funds matching scheme, in addition to reducing commercial risk... the ISS, commercial and government satellites (through hosted payloads), commercial orbital transportation... a commercial entity. Part 1 172 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development 6.13 Commercial Crew and Cargo Program Office (C3PO) Overview: The Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program and the Commercial Crew and... for commercial cargo transportation demonstrations and is investing $50 million towards commercial crew development initiatives. Additional budget for commercial crew has... of the commercial airline industry. As with that industry, commercial crew must... stand-alone commercial spaceflight service. Part 1 177 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development Other, more challenging, applications like commercial crew... in-orbit servicing capability has been successfully demonstrated, and commercial demand has... reusable launch vehicle projects. Part 1 185 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development... and the commercial satellite industry. Part 1 191 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space... 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development • • • • • Focus on companies with commercial overlap (i.e. they... 227 of 228 Supporting Commercial Space Development servicing solutions. However, verification, liability... to develop in-orbit servicing missions for commercial geostationary satellites. We believe...



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0.06/5
... growth in the global commercial space industry The commercial space sector, including... of commercial suborbital spacecraft and equipment to be deployed in commercial space.... Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space Commercial space launches... high-resolution commercial satellite imagery. In 2005 there were 17 commercial launches, an increase over 2004. Commercial space revenues.... Twenty new commercial satellites were launched. Providers of commercial space services had... single largest commercial space client. At the same time, commercial space actors... of FCC commercial spectrum license policy In accordance with the Commercial Spectrum... Orbit Commercial Space A healthy space industry will tend to increase commercial competition... a driver of commercial uses of space. The first commercial satellite was the... of commercial payloads on the Space Shuttle, further encouraged commercial launcher competition... a viable commercial venture. European and Russian companies chose to pursue commercial launches....”12 TREND 4.2: Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space... this global market, new commercial launch vehicle builders such Space Exploration Technologies... efficient launch vehicle designs focusing on reusability. Japanese commercial efforts have suffered from technical difficulties and its H-2 launch vehicle was... Launch Vehicle performed the country’s first Low Earth Orbit (LEO) commercial launch... square kilometer FIGURE 4.3: Commercial satellite imagery providers FIGURE 4.2: Commercial space launch revenues... in some way by the commercial sector. Commercial Space Chinese Long March.... Certain commercial space sectors, such as remote sensing or commercial launch industries... military-commercial interdependence will continue to underwrite growth in the commercial space... Guiana. 85 Commercial Space 86 Finally, because certain commercial satellite imagery can... year on commercial satellite services.55 This growing dependence upon commercial services... commercial space.57 Commercial space systems as critical infrastructure Space systems, including commercial... advantage of the commercial industry’s overcapacity by employing commercial satellite systems for... percent of which was commercial.54 87 Commercial Space 88 Developments and... increase in commercial satellite sales and relatively high number of commercial launches... in satellite manufacturing and commercial space launch, commercial space revenues are predicted... growth in commercial space industry Overall growth in the global commercial space... of 10-15 commercial satellite orders with 20 new commercial satellites, up... growth in commercial launch and manufacturing sectors.82 89 Commercial Space 90... for commercial launchers remained relatively flat in 2005, with 17 commercial launches... eight commercial launches, there was only one commercial launch using a US vehicle in... profits. TREND 4.2: Declining commercial launch costs support increased commercial access to space... meet emerging commercial market demand for launching medium weight commercial satellites.120... the commercial market, there is currently no completely US-built commercial launch vehicle... of commercial suborbital spacecraft and equipment to be deployed in commercial space... enter the commercial launch market with its Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle, capable... DOD remains single largest commercial space client Military-commercial interdependence continued in 2005 with new contracts between commercial service... growth for commercial space would be US DOD and commercial mobile communications... 1 percent of total commercial revenues for the global commercial space industry in... combining existing military and commercial technologies with new commercial launch systems to... dependent upon commercial space assets for a variety of applications. Many commercial space... that “commercial satellites be identified as critical infrastructure” (see Commercial Space ).20... launch. Commercial satellites are, however, increasingly exploiting slack in the commercial telecommunications... for a servicing mission in October 2005.112 2005: Strengthening of commercial actors... 18 2 4. Commercial Space Overall, how have developments related to commercial space in... Database. “Commercial Space Transportation: 2005 Year in Review,” p. 7. “China eyes commercial space... of the 2005 worldwide commercial market share for commercial orbital launches. However... Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation; “Commercial Space Transportation: 2005 Year...,” p. 6. 7 “2005 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts,” Federal Aviation Administration and the Commercial Space... and Commercial Status,” Futron Satellite Manufacturing Report, January 2006. 59 “U.S. Commercial Remote... commercial communications satellite was part of a dual-launch by the Ariane 5 vehicle... the commercial launch industry,” p. 8.. “The declining US role in the commercial launch...



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0.1/5
... availability and military utility of commercial technology for other clients as... on-orbit maneuverability • On-orbit servicing capabilities – to extend space system... which may have or develop commercial application as well; however, the... the joint investment into their commercial market segments and strategic plans... leverage government applications from a broader commercial base. Continue to miniaturize components... and civil agencies and by commercial interests worldwide. This DoD Space..., surveys industry views, presents selected commercial/ industrial space initiatives, and highlights... military needs, or for which commercial markets offer no equivalent. Those... for which little or no commercial market is available — constitute the... sponsorship/support – I.e., whether government or commercial sources could best assure the... private sector as lead (where commercial uses would predominate). These categories... investment needed and no nearterm commercial market projected (i.e., no "good business... (at least until commercial demand emerges) Private Sector • A commercial market already exists... – Government can leverage or tailor commercial products to meet national security..., servicing, maintenance, repositioning, and recovery. The DoD employs both military and commercial... be as many as 500 commercial launches worldwide over the next... and successful results. In addition, commercial initiatives may also be leveraged... additionally augmented by on-orbit servicing and replenishment functions (see Section... transfer • On-orbit repositioning and servicing Supporting Capabilities Reusable into-orbit... (repositioning and potentially on-orbit servicing or retrieval) • Increased tactical missile... of future national security and commercial space programs. For thermal protection... on orbit ON-ORBIT SERVICING On-Orbit Servicing Vehicle For spacecraft diagnostics and... ranging from servicing to weapons management. On-orbit refueling and servicing of... change orbits more readily. Onorbit servicing would involve replacement of components... control Routine on-orbit satellite servicing Autonomous, fault-tolerant, gracefully degradable... On-orbit servicing, rendezvous, proximity functioning ca pabilities On-orbit servicing, mu... a servicing micr o-vehicle permanently on or bit DARPA – Objective is a space vehicle tha t will condu ct refueling and servicing operatio ns... source to military, civil and commercial users worldwide, 24 hours a day... by a growing number of civil, commercial and scientific users throughout the... sale on the commercial market. The vulnerability of commercial receivers to jamming... operations. Nevertheless, the highly competitive commercial marketplace has introduced forward-leaning... RF Nets Communications Wireless Comm Commercial Defense Information Fiber Systems Network... infrastructure with commercial industry (e.g., the NRO is already using a commercial bus for... learned from mass manufacturing of commercial satellites will benefit both government... architectures. Meanwhile DoD, civil and commercial systems need to be integrated... commercial space capabilities. In the area of commercial remote sensing, NIMA acquires commercial... unclassified imagery from new highresolution commercial remote sensing systems with enhanced... SBR system and similar anticipated commercial systems may result in a very.... Here, the DoD should use commercial industry’s influence in the international... rely on defense, civil and commercial space capabilities. The government both... a host of other civil and commercial organizations. This mission area includes... forces and by civil and commercial customers alike. 9-1 Environmental Monitoring Mission... among several agencies. Federal and commercial agencies use each other’s R&D and... cross-cueing On-orbit maneuvering, servicing, and maintenance On orbit diagnostics... well as work with commercial and foreign entities. Commercial systems and technologies... Launch Vehicles (e.g., SOV) – On-orbit servicing (e.g., SMV) Utility a ssessment of space... or niche capabilities • On-orbit servicing: repair, replenishment • Constellations; hub and... monitoring, and Earth sciences • Satellite servicing to include visual and broadspectrum... Critical requirements for on-orbit servicing are autonomous navigation, close proximity.... On-Orbit Servicing (Inspection, Supply, and Repair) Capable servicing microsatellites could inspect... slots in a personal computer. The servicing microsatellite would autonomously dock with... manufacturing of all microsat classes. Commercial satellite constellations such as Iridium... desk and a decade of exploding commercial internet functions. Similarly, we have... capabilities, such as on-orbit servicing, spacecraft inspection and troubleshooting, and... that is increasingly moving both commercial and military functions to space... which may have or develop commercial application as Key Enabling Technologies... the joint investment into their commercial market segments and strategic plans... leverage government applications from a broader commercial base. Continue to miniaturize components...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.1/5
..., Eff. Oct. 1, 2000. 257.7 “Commercial vehicle” defined. Sec. 7. “Commercial vehicle” includes all motor vehicles....7a “Commercial motor vehicle” defined. Sec. 7a. “Commercial motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle designed to... 100 to 199. A commercial motor vehicle does not include a vehicle used exclusively to... legal title of a commercial vehicle and who leases the commercial vehicle under a lease or... the 2 axles. (2) “Tank vehicle” means any commercial motor vehicle that is designed to... a commercial motor vehicle. (g) Operating a commercial motor vehicle when the person is disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle. (h) Causing any fatality through the negligent operation of a commercial motor vehicle... last day of February: (a) A commercial vehicle except for a commercial vehicle issued a registration under the... commercial vehicle tires or the sale of regrooved or recut commercial vehicle tires or commercial vehicles equipped with such commercial vehicle tires which... (2) does not apply to a commercial vehicle or to a vehicle that is owned or... infraction. However, if the vehicle is a commercial vehicle which is required to be... operating a commercial motor vehicle who is not disqualified from operating a commercial motor vehicle and who holds a commercial..., before operating a commercial motor vehicle, shall obtain the required vehicle group designation as... a commercial motor vehicle equipped with air brakes. (5) A person, before operating a commercial motor vehicle, shall obtain required vehicle indorsements as follows: (a) A person, before operating a commercial motor vehicle... operating a commercial motor vehicle that is a tank vehicle, shall procure the appropriate vehicle group.... (d) A person, before operating a commercial motor vehicle that is a tank vehicle carrying hazardous material... prohibiting issuance of commercial learner's permit, vehicle group designation, or vehicle indorsement; cancellation... period. (c) The commercial motor vehicle for which the seasonal restricted vehicle group designation... commercial motor vehicle does not require the H, N, P, S, T, or X vehicle indorsement. (3) A seasonal restricted vehicle group... not issue a commercial learner's permit, a vehicle group designation, or a vehicle indorsement to an... a commercial motor vehicle or any violation for a commercial driver license holder regardless of vehicle....11 while operating a commercial motor vehicle other than a vehicle covered under subparagraph (iii... vehicle manslaughter, motor vehicle homicide, and negligent homicide. (vii) A violation of commercial motor vehicle... closely. (vi) Operating a commercial motor vehicle without obtaining any vehicle group designation on...; "commercial motor vehicle" defined. Sec. 319f. (1) A person shall not operate a commercial motor vehicle in....11 while operating a commercial motor vehicle other than a vehicle covered under subdivision (b), (c), or... a commercial motor vehicle when a vehicle group designation is required to operate that vehicle. History... a commercial motor vehicle or was licensed as a commercial driver while operating a noncommercial motor vehicle... to operate a commercial motor vehicle, or a person who operates a commercial motor vehicle without a license to operate that vehicle... a commercial motor vehicle when a vehicle group designation is required to operate that vehicle. History... person was operating a vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle, suspend or deny the... person was operating a vehicle other than a commercial motor vehicle, suspend or deny issuance...; penalty; impoundment of motor vehicle; liability; insurance; servicing. Sec. 625l. (1) The manufacturer....legislature.mi.gov (5) A commercial motor vehicle, other than a commercial motor vehicle in transit from... in this section: (a) "Commercial snow removal vehicle" means a vehicle equipped with a plow or... operator of the recreational vehicle has a group commercial motor vehicle designation on his... violation and, if the vehicle is a commercial motor vehicle, that vehicle's group designation. (e) The... a commercial motor vehicle or for a conviction of a person licensed as a commercial motor vehicle driver... operating a commercial motor vehicle or by a person licensed to drive a commercial motor vehicle while... is operating a commercial motor vehicle, the citation shall contain a vehicle group designation and... of labor. (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include a commercial motor vehicle. (c) "Recreation passport fee..., vehicle certificate of title, vehicle registration, vehicle inspection, self-insurance, personal information, or commercial...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
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... Satellite Concept for On-Orbit Servicing of Spacecraft Pat Malaviarachchi, Timothy... two billion dollars worth of commercial, civil, and military satellites have... are not designed for robotic servicing. Challenges include docking with an... provides a definition of the Smallsat servicing system concept. It discusses rendezvous... can successfully dock with current commercial spacecraft that are not equipped... of conditions. Introduction On-orbit servicing has been the subject of... not taken hold in the commercial space market; the closest example... an economic proposition. The primary commercial space market is the communications... is hardly a selling point. Another servicing model that is considered frequently... spacecraft that have no special servicing features generally are seen as... economically viable technical baseline for servicing existing geostationary communications spacecraft. The... supplies, supporting astronaut EVA, and servicing ORU’s. Canadarm2 is capable of... program, the potential for onorbit servicing was explored on missions to... criticisms leveled at on-orbit servicing concepts is that the cost... Robotic Systems for On-Orbit Servicing Canadarm and Canadarm2 Over the... on-orbit servicing missions such as payload/satellite deployment, maneuvering, servicing and...) astronaut assist, shuttle inspection and servicing, Orbit Replaceable Unit (ORU) manipulation... Palapa-B2, Westar and Hubble servicing missions, Canadarm has been involved... Canadarm2, which were built for servicing existing infrastructure in space, the... for robotics and on-orbit servicing technologies [2]. ETS-VII was launched... Small Satellites Emerging On-Orbit Servicing Concepts Commercial Orbital Recovery Corporation (ORC..., D.C., has been developing on-orbit servicing concepts to extend the life... The Experimental Servicing Satellite (ESS) is a GEO satellite servicing concept being developed... for on-orbit satellite servicing. An on-orbit servicing demonstration is planned..., Sinclair 3 satellites: an unmanned servicer vehicle, ASTRO, and a surrogate serviceable satellite... development of a non-proprietary satellite servicing interface standard that can be... of Satellite Servicing The economics associated with satellite servicing have been the... a servicing vehicle of sorts, working in conjunction with the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle and... problem with most on-orbit servicing studies. Another strategy is to... of the intangible on-orbit servicing benefits such as the ability... circumstances under which on-orbit servicing is beneficial can be easily..., production and deployment of the servicing system, and Cspares is 17th... parts. The economic case for servicing can be examined by dividing... ⋅ 1 + N ⋅ C satellite    L C  + 1 − S  spares   LC  C satellite (3) For servicing to be economically beneficial, this... candidates for an on-orbit servicing strategy as these are simple... and on-orbit failures of commercial, civil, and military satellites. Over... significant aspects of on-orbit servicing: refueling, replacement of a failed component... the propulsion pack case, the servicing operation consists of deploying stationkeeping... the flight segment of the servicing system should be kept as..., the servicer vehicle is first launched into a transfer orbit by a commercial booster... Geostationary orbit Circularization into NGEO Servicing Orbit Figure 4. High Inclination Maneuvers... rendezvous. Raising/Lowering Client into Servicing Orbit At the request of... the client satellite into the servicing orbit, the fine orbit phasing... the client spacecraft. rented from a commercial provider. It is also possible..., coverage will be rented from a commercial TT&C provider. Since the initial... communicate with the spacecraft. The commercial network will provide the use... of any on-orbit servicing mission. Most servicing missions could not proceed... the nominal docking axis. Client Vehicle Servicer Vehicle Granite Tables Figure 5. Docking... servicer vehicle. A prototype docking mechanism was mounted forward of the vehicle consisting... visual targets mounted on each vehicle. Each vehicle was instrumented with strain... misalignment conditions for each vehicle were set. Each vehicle used a multi-beam... inertia of each vehicle Position and orientation of each vehicle Relative linear... dynamics for any on-orbit servicing opportunity. The combination of simulation... operations for any on-orbit servicing opportunity. Future Work Figure 11... provided useful information to both commercial and scientific users in the... designers for use by the servicing spacecraft operators. These procedures, although... currently in place, an onorbit servicing approach to solve Radarsat-1’s attitude..., W. Oesterlin, R. Hartmann, K. Landzettel, "The Experimental Servicing Satellite ESS." Proceedings of the... and the Value of OnOrbit Servicing: A New Customer-centric Perspective”, Proceedings.... Conclusion This paper demonstrates that servicing existing spacecraft with a smallsat is... entirely possible. References 1. King, D., “Space Servicing: Past, Present and Future.” Proceedings...