Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Cygnus. [Редактировать]

Грузовой космический корабль весом около 4 тонн. Состоит из двух модулей - служебного, в котором расположена энергетическая установка, и грузового, созданного на основе оборудования, использовавшегося ранее совместно с американскими шаттлами. Запланированная на 22 сентября стыковка американского грузового корабля с МКС не состоялась, формат данных навигационной системы Cygnus не соответствовал тому, который существует на аналогичной системе МКС. После внесения поправок в бортовое программное обеспечение корабля 29 сентября Cygnus подошёл к МКС и с помощью манипулятора «Canadarm» был пристыкован к модулю «Harmony». Космический корабль доставил на МКС около 700 кг груза, в том числе одежду, продукты, предметы первой необходимости и материалы для научных экспериментов. Всего «Cygnus» пробудет в стыковке с МКС почти месяц, после чего его загрузят мусором и сожгут в атмосфере Земли. NASA уже заключило с Orbital Sciences контракт на сумму 1,9 млрд. долларов, в соответствии с которым корабли «Cygnus» совершат до конца 2016 года восемь полетов к МКС. За это время они должны доставить туда примерно 10 тонн грузов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
139258НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна производитель - США
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12013-10-22. Аппарат окончил свое существование.
CYGNUS – американский частный транспортный грузовой корабль, разработанный компанией Orbital Sciences Corporation, массой (сухой) ~1,5 т, размерами 3,66×3,07 м, выведенный на орбиту 18.09.2013 ракетой-носителем «Antares» с космодрома на острове Уоллопс (шт. Вирджиния, США). 22.10.2013 в 14:00 по московскому времени CYGNUS был отстыкован от американского модуля Harmony МКС, 23.10.2013 в 21:41 МСК двигатели корабля были включены на торможение, после чего он вошел в плотные слои атмосферы и сгорел над водами Тихого океана.Тэги: Cygnus

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4100
2Масса (сухая), кг1500
3Габариты, метра3,66×3,07
4Масса спускаемого груза (до), кг1100
5Объем грузового отсека, куб. метров18.9
6Масса доставляемого груза (до), кг2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-051A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Уоллопс
2Дата пуска2013-09-18 at 14:58:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xCygnus
4Ракета-носитель 1xАнтарес 110

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Cygnus». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.03/5
...’ Antares 120 launch of the Cygnus commercial cargo capsule to the... missions. One CRS mission of a Cygnus cargo spacecraft launched by an... to the ISS by the Cygnus, Dragon, and Progress spacecraft and... during a failed launch attempt of a Cygnus cargo spacecraft to the ISS... launch. Orbital launched two successful Cygnus resupply missions to the ISS... and the loss of the Cygnus spacecraft and the cargo it... satellites (56) were carried aboard Cygnus cargo modules launched by the... to low Earth orbit (LEO), Cygnus cargo modules to the International... NASA. An Orbital Sciences Corporation Cygnus used for the 2014 Orb... for an Atlas V to carry a Cygnus cargo module to ISS in... V2 (crew) Falcon 9 Orbital Cygnus (Standard) Antares Cygnus (Enhanced) Boeing CST-100... ~2017 CYGNUS Orbital Sciences Corp. Orbital Sciences Corporation offers the Cygnus, an... selected Orbital to develop the Cygnus under the agency’s Commercial Crew... resupply missions to the ISS. Cygnus The Cygnus system consists of a service... Operations Began 2013 Once the Cygnus undocks from the ISS, it... to reenter. According to orbital, Cygnus has hosted payload and nanosatellite.... Following the loss of the Cygnus Orb 3 mission in October 2014... have one, and perhaps two, Cygnus modules launched to ISS aboard... Propellant Power, kW (peak) Standard Cygnus Enhanced Cygnus 5.7 (18.7) 6.9 (22.6) Cargo, expendable... and Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Crew Transportation Services3 Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus... satellites were stored within the Cygnus cargo transfer vehicle that berthed.... Orbital Sciences Corporation developed the Cygnus spacecraft and Figure 19. NASA... on April 21, 2013, carrying a Cygnus mass simulator. The company conducted... September 2013, featuring a fully operational Cygnus that berthed with the ISS... K-1 COTS 2008 $288 million Orbital Cygnus CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon... flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital Cygnus (8 flights) CCDev 2010 $20 million... Upper Stage (DUUS) and a modified Cygnus module into LEO. The SLS... being developed by NASA. The Cygnus module is provided by Orbital..., such as the HTV and Cygnus. In the United States, the... the ISS, delivered by the Cygnus CRS-1 mission in early 2014...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-31
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
...’s cargo capsule, (Fourth photo) the Cygnus, that berthed with the ISS... named the ISS visiting vehicle Cygnus, a swan that would fly to... in Turin, Italy, built the Cygnus cargo modules for Orbital Sciences... Corp. autographed a section of the Cygnus mass simulator which later flew... activities for the first two Cygnus Service Modules at the company...-scale poster of a fully assembled Cygnus on the wall illustrates the... into the structure of the Cygnus Service Module. This Service Module... The Antares test flight launched a Cygnus mass simulator, designed with the... helped collect information to ensure Cygnus would be able to handle... 10 minutes after launch the Cygnus mass simulator was deployed and....”351 In addition to the Cygnus mass simulator, Antares also deployed... this facility. The Antares deployed a Cygnus mass simulator and three experimental... Space Station with a fully-operational Cygnus as its payload. The company... 11:08 Eastern time, the Cygnus capsule separated from the second... to low-Earth orbit.354 Cygnus successfully performed its first on... flight engineers, monitored the approaching Cygnus spacecraft as it neared the... C H A P T E R 5 – C O M M E R C I A L PA R T N E R S Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls Cygnus Demo Mission NASA Administrator Charles... the navigation software used by Cygnus and ISS. The team decided... on Sunday, September 29, 2013, Cygnus began its approach toward the... Sciences Corp. cargo module. The Cygnus remained at the ISS for... Space Station. As planned the Cygnus spacecraft destructively reentered the Earth... course of Orbital’s Antares and Cygnus development programs, the company’s demonstration... cargo. On October 23, 2013, Cygnus completed its three-week stay... Group, provided details about the Cygnus demonstration mission at a press conference... the go-ahead for the Cygnus to rendezvous and berth with... a medium-class launch vehicle, the Cygnus capsule, as well as the... rocket (shown above) with the Cygnus cargo capsule filled with crew... the C H A P T E R 6 – C O L L A B O R AT I O N 83 Dragon and Cygnus spacecraft to the management of... as planned. now Dragon and Cygnus. Further complicating matters was the... seen possibilities for using the Cygnus capsule to sell “hosted payloads... scientists. (In its current form, Cygnus can only send data back... to use components of the Cygnus capsule for “adjacent markets,” for.... launched its Antares rocket and Cygnus cargo spacecraft towards the International... September 18, 2013 with the Cygnus cargo capsule that moved into... Program Director COTS/CRS Program (Cygnus) Antares Space Launch Vehicle, Managers...; Karl Tate, “Private Antares Rocket & Cygnus Spacecraft Explained (Infographic),” Space. com....space.com/20526-antares-rocket-cygnus-spacecraftexplained.html. 320 “Fact Sheet... To Build Solar Arrays for Cygnus,” SpaceNews, November 12, 2009, accessed.../ dutch-space-build-solar-arrays-cygnus#.UcCzY_nVA1I. In August 2013, Orbital..., the enhanced version of the Cygnus PCM would instead utilize solar... Arrays Still Set to Power Cygnus,” SpaceNews, August 1, 2013, accessed September..., “Orbital Sciences Primed for First Cygnus Cargo Mission to Space Station... 15, 2008. 354 Dan Leone, “Cygnus on Way to Station, Orbital..., “A Beautiful Swan Came Calling: Orbital’s Cygnus Cargo Ship Arrives at Space.... See also Chris Bergen, “Orbital’s Cygnus successfully berthed on the ISS.../09/ cygnus-second-attempt-berth-iss/ and Jonathan Amos, “Orbital’s Cygnus freighter... Television, “Recapping the Flight of Cygnus” (Press Conference, Johnson Space Center... Television, “Recapping the Flight of Cygnus.” 360 Orbital Sciences Corp., An...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.13/5
... American Communications, Inc. (RCA), Cygnus Satellite Corp. (Cygnus), and Pan American Satellite... Notice of Inquiry, supra, at 5. Cygnus' proposed system would also consist... one ground spare. Application of Cygnus Satellite Corp., CSS No. 84... satellite system) [hereinafter cited as Cygnus Application]. Its signals would cover... Communications, Inc. (RCA), and Cygnus Satellite Corporation (Cygnus), which have proposed new... ON COMPETITION A. The Applicants Orion, Cygnus, RCA, ISI, and PanAmSat assert..., supra note 5, at 11-13; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 52... note 5, at 32-33. 73. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 52... the space segment. Id. 74. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 31..., supra note 5, at 26-27; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 31... the Fordham InternationalLaw Journal). 77. Cygnus Application, supra note 6, at 40... generally PanAmSat Application, supra note 5; Cygnus Application, supra note 5; RCA Application... of the proposed systems). 82. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 43..., supra note 5, at 27-28; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 48... satellite field is attributed by Cygnus to the FCC's commitment to... flexibility in regulating satellite carriers. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 48...'L L. 66, 82-83 (1971). 85. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 46..., supra note 5, at 37. 86. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53... note 5, at 36-37. 87. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53...; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53-55. Moreover, according to Cygnus, use... communications facilities of foreign administrations. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 54..., supra note 5, at 46-53; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58.... PanAmSat Application, supra note 5, at 1; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58..., supra note 5, at 1-5 through 1-6. 92. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... PanAmSat Application, supra note 5, at 1; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... authorization). 95. 47 U.S.C. § 701(d). 96. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... Application, supra note 5, at 37; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58..., supra note 5, at 40-43; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 68...." 12 The primary market for Cygnus' proposal, for example, is in..., supra note 5, at 40-43; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 69..., supra note 5, at 1-8 through 1-9. 109. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 69... generally PanAmSat Application, supra note 5; Cygnus Application, supra note 5; RCA Application... 5 (mentioning these arguments throughout). 113. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 71... ANNUAL REPORT 29 (1983). 115. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 70... fourteen to be emphasized by Cygnus,1 16 accounted 1 17 percent of... the State and Commerce De116. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 70...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.14/5
.... Âîêàëèçàöèþ ñàìöà ñëûøàëè 28 ìàÿ íà çàáîëî÷åííîì ïîáåðåæüå îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå. Íà ãíåçäîâàíèå ýòîãî âèäà çäåñü óêàçûâàþò Ã. Â. Áîéêî è È. Å. Ëåáåäåâà (1999). ×åðíûé àèñò Ciconia nigra. Åãåðü Êåòü-Êàññêîãî çàêàçíèêà À. Â. Äóáèíåö îêîëî 10 ëåò íàçàä íàøåë æèëîå ãíåçäî è çàòåì â òå÷åíèå òðåõ ñåçîíîâ íàáëþäàë âîçëå íåãî âçðîñëûõ ïòèö. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Íà îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå âèäåëè â ìàå è èþíå ñîîòâåòñòâåííî 3 è 2 ïòèö. Åãåðü çàêàçíèêà âñòðå÷àë çäåñü ìîëîäûõ ëåáåäåé ñåðîãî öâåòà, òàê ÷òî ãíåçäîâàíèå âïîëíå âîçìîæíî. Ñ ìåæäóðå÷íîãî îç. Ëèíåâîå 16 èþíÿ ïîäíÿëèñü 2 ïòèöû è, ïðîëåòåâ íàä îëèãîòðîôíûì âåðõîâûì áîëîòîì, îïóñòèëèñü íà ìî÷àæèíó. Íå èñêëþ÷åíî ãíåçäîâàíèå èõ è íà ýòîì îçåðå. Êðÿêâà Anas platyrhynchos. Íåìíîãî÷èñëåííàÿ óòêà, âñòðå÷àâøàÿñÿ íà òàåæíûõ ðå÷êàõ è îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå.  ìàéñêèõ ñêîïëåíèÿõ ãóñåîáðàçíûõ íà ýòîì îçåðå ñîñòàâëÿëà ïî îáèëèþ îêîëî 5 %. Øèëîõâîñòü A. acuta. Îòíîñèòåëüíî ðåäêà. Íåáîëüøèå òàáóíêè îòìå÷àëèñü â ìàå–èþíå òîëüêî íà îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå.  âåðõîâüÿõ ð. Äåðåâÿííàÿ âèäåëè ìàëåíüêèõ ïóõîâè÷êîâ (Áîéêî, Ëåáåäåâà, 1999..., 2003; è äð.). Ðóññêèå è ëàòèíñêèå íàçâàíèÿ ïòèö, à òàêæå ïîðÿäîê ïåðå÷èñëåíèÿ âèäîâ çàèìñòâîâàíû èç «Ñïèñêà ïòèö Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè» (Êîáëèê è äð., 2006). ×åðíîçîáàÿ ãàãàðà Gavia arctica. Ëåòÿùóþ íà âîñòîê îäèíî÷íóþ ïòèöó îòìåòèë 30 èþíÿ â ïîñ. Ñàéãàòèíî. Åùå îäíà âñòðå÷à — 6 èþëÿ: ãàãàðà êîðìèëàñü íà çàâîäè ð. Áîë. Êó÷èìèíñêàÿ. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ãðóïïà èç 5 îñîáåé ïðîëåòàëà íàä ïîñåëêîì 17 èþíÿ. Äâóõ ëåáåäåé, ëåòÿùèõ â þæíîì íàïðàâëåíèè, íàáëþäàë ðàííèì óòðîì 19 èþíÿ â 4 êì ê ñåâåðî-âîñòîêó îò ïîñåëêà. Ëåáåäè-êëèêóíû, íåñîìíåííî, ãíåçäÿòñÿ íà ðàññìàòðèâàåìîé øèðîòå. Ñèñòåìà îçåð è ïðîòîê ïîéìû Îáè, ïåðåìåæàþùèåñÿ ñ çàëèâíûìè ëóãàìè, ñîçäàåò áëàãîïðèÿòíûå óñëîâèÿ äëÿ ãíåçäîâàíèÿ âèäà. Î ðåãóëÿðíî ðåãèñòðèðóåìîé â 1997 è 1998 ãã. â îêðåñòíîñòÿõ Íåôòåþãàíñêà ïàðå ïèøåò Ì. Ï. Ñóëüäèí (2003... ì. Ðÿäîì ðàñïîëàãàëàñü ñôàãíîâî-ïóøèöåâàÿ ñïëàâèíà.  ãíåçäå 11 èþíÿ íàõîäèëîñü 1 íåíàñèæåííîå ÿéöî, 22 èþíÿ — 2 ñëàáî íàñèæåííûõ ÿéöà. Áåëîëîáûé ãóñü Anser albifrons. Èç-çà ïîçäíèõ ñðîêîâ ïðîâåäåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé ìû íå çàñòàëè ïðîëåòà äàííîãî âèäà. Áåçóñëîâíî, ñðåäè ãóñåé áåëîëîáûå, êàê ñàìûå ìíîãî÷èñëåííûå íà ïðîëåòå, ÿâëÿþòñÿ è íàèáîëåå îòñòðåëèâàåìûìè îõîòíèêàìè. Ýòî òàêæå ïîäòâåðæäàåòñÿ îáðàáîòêîé èìåííûõ îõîòíè÷üèõ ëèöåíçèé èç Ïóðîâñêîãî è Ïðèóðàëüñêîãî ðàéîíîâ ßÍÀÎ (Áëîõèí, 2004). Ìû íåîäíîêðàòíî íàõîäèëè ïðèïðÿòàííûå íà âåðõîâûõ áîëîòàõ ïðîôèëè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé ðàñêðàñêè è ãèëüçû. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ñèñòåìàòè÷åñêè ðåãèñòðèðîâàëè îäèíî÷íûõ ïòèö, ïàðû èëè ñòàè äî 21 îñîáè. Ïî-âèäèìîìó, ýòî áûëè ëåòóþùèå ïòèöû, ïîñêîëüêó íå çàäåðæèâàëèñü íà îïðåäåëåííîì ó÷àñòêå ñêîëüêî-íèáóäü äëèòåëüíîå âðåìÿ. Ó æèëîé íîðû ëèñèöû 10 èþíÿ îáíàðóæèëè ïåðüÿ, ëàïó è êðûëî âçðîñëîãî ëåáåäÿ-êëèêóíà. Ëþáîïûòíî, ÷òî êîæà è ïåðüÿ ëîïàòî÷íîé îáëàñòè ñïèíû îêàçàëèñü âèñÿùèìè íà ñîñåäíåé ñîñíå íà âûñîòå 2 ì. ×èðîê-ñâèñòóíîê Anas crecca. Îáû÷íûé, íåñîìíåííî, ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ âèä. ×èðêè-ñâèñòóíêè âñòðå÷àëèñü íà îòêðûòûõ âåðõîâûõ áîëîòàõ, ð. Õàðàìïóð è åå ïðèòîêàõ, ëåñíûõ âîäîåìàõ. Íà îêðàèíå êåäðîâîñîñíîâîãî ñ áåðåçîé ëåñà ó ðó÷üÿ 19... ã. íåñêîëüêî äåñÿòêîâ îñîáåé îáîèõ âèäîâ íàáëþäàëè â áèíîêëü 29 è 30 ìàÿ íà îñòðîâàõ â öåíòðàëüíîé ÷àñòè îç. Ìàë. Äîíêè. Ïîçäíåå, âïëîòü äî 16 èþíÿ, ïî áåðåãàì îçåðà è íà íåáîëüøèõ îêðåñòíûõ âîäîåìàõ íàáëþäàëè îäèíî÷íûõ ïåëèêàíîâ è ñòàè äî 23 ïòèö, ñðåäè êîòîðûõ âñòðå÷àëèñü êàê ìîëîäûå, òàê è âçðîñëûå. Íàä îç. Êóëèêîâî ó ñ. Ìîêðóøèíî 12 èþíÿ ïðîëåòåëè 4 ïåëèêàíà, íà îñòðîâå îçåðà â áèíîêëü âèäåëè íåñêîëüêî äåñÿòêîâ ïåëèêàíîâ è áàêëàíîâ. Íåïîíÿòíî, áûëè ëè ýòî íåïîëîâîçðåëûå èëè âçðîñëûå ðàçìíîæàâøèåñÿ ïòèöû. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus.  2008 ã. 3 ïòèö íàáëþäàëè 9 èþíÿ íà îç. Ãîðüêîå ó ñ. Êàìûøíîå, ïàðó ñ 5 ïóõîâûìè ïòåíöàìè — 12 èþíÿ íà áåçûìÿííîì îçåðå ó ñ. Ñóíãóðîâî íà þãå Ìîêðîóñîâñêîãî ð-íà. Åùå Ìàòåðèàëû ê ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèþ ïòèö... 139 ïàðà êëèêóíîâ ñ 8 ïóõîâûìè ïòåíöàìè îòìå÷åíà 11 èþíÿ 2009....  ïóáëèêàöèè ïî âåñëîíîãèì Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáë. (Ñàìèãóëëèí è äð., 1995) â ðÿäó ïåðå÷èñëåíèé âñåõ èçâåñòíûõ àâòîðàì âñòðå÷ ïåëèêàíîâ óêàçàíî, ÷òî ñ 3 ìàÿ äî êîí- 232 Ðåöåíçèÿ öà àâãóñòà 1994 ã. ãðóïïà ïòèö èç 6 îñîáåé ïîñòîÿííî âñòðå÷àëàñü íà îç. Æåòûêîëü â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå, ïîñåùàÿ ïðè ýòîì ñîñåäíèå îçåðà. È äàæå óòî÷íåíî, ÷òî ýòî áûëè íåãíåçäÿùèåñÿ êî÷óþùèå ïòèöû. Áîëüøå íè÷åãî ïðî âñòðå÷è ïåëèêàíîâ â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå íå ñêàçàíî. Îäíàêî â ðàáîòå ïî ðåäêèì ïòèöàì Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáë., âûøåäøåé ãîäîì ïîçæå (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1996), íàõîäèì, ÷òî â 1994 ã. íà ñîñåäíåì îç. Îáàëûêîëü îáíàðóæåíû 3 ãíåçäà. Êàêèì äàííûì âåðèòü? Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus.  ñâîèõ ðàáîòàõ (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1996, 1998à) Ã. Ì. îòìå÷àåò, ÷òî êëèêóíû íà÷àëè ãíåçäèòüñÿ «â Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáëàñòè ñ 1992 ã. íà îçåðàõ Óðàëî-Òîáîëüñêîãî ïëàòî â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå è Êóìàêñêîì âîäîõðàíèëèùå â ßñíåíñêîì ð-íå». Íî â àâòîðåôåðàòå åãî êàíäèäàòñêîé äèññåðòàöèè, ïîñâÿùåííîé ãóñåîáðàçíûì (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1993), âèä â êà÷åñòâå ãíåçäÿùåãîñÿ íå óêàçàí. Áîëåå òîãî, Ã. Ì., ïîõîæå, íå çíàåò, ÷òî ãíåçäîâàíèå êëèêóíà íà îçåðàõ Îðåíáóðãñêîãî Çàóðàëüÿ èçâåñòíî óæå áîëåå ñòà ëåò (Ìèëüêîâ, 1949...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.26/5
... pratensis Coturnix coturnix Coturnix coturnix Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Teal Teal Wigeon Pink-Footed... bird bird bird bird bird Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Cygnus cygnus Delichon urbica Delichon urbica Delichon... Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus columbianus Cygnus...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.12/5
... the four, nearby active galaxies Cygnus A, NCC 4374, Centaurus A and M 82... the galaxies. The observations of Cygnus A constrained the galaxy's cold dust... of the cold dust in Cygnus A is dominated by high-energy... two major hotspots (A and D) in Cygnus A showed that their mm to..., the submm continuum observations of Cygnus A, NGC 4374, CentaurusA and M 82... the Core and Hotspots of Cygnus A 34 3.1 Introduction ...................................34 3.2 Observations 3.3 Results... Component .........................44 3.3.3 Cold Dust in Cygnus A ........................45 Summary ....................................48 4 SCUBA Observations... iterations ..........33 3.1 SCUBA Fluxes of Cygnus A's Core and Hotspots ..............38 4.1 Submillimetre... 96 vu List of Figures 1.1 Cygnus A plumes, jet and hotspots as... of Cygnus A at 850pm ............39 3.2 The hotspots and central core of Cygnus A at 750 pm ............40 3.3 The hotspots and central core of Cygnus... D in Cygnus A . . . . 42 3.5 The spectral energydistribution of the central core in Cygnus A ......45 3.6 The continuum spectrum of the core in Cygnus A that... wavelengths other than the submm. Cygnus A, NGC 4374 and Centaurus A have... and lobes • .. 1 ::c:1r' '' • - : '0 I • . -. .: •, I I •_%LI_ - H" .z - Figure 1.1: Cygnus A plumes, jet and hotspots as.... The goal with the current Cygnus A observations was to investigate suggestions... the Core and Hotspots of Cygnus A 3.1 Introduction Cygnus A is locally the most... z = 0.0562 (Stockton et al., 1994), Cygnus A lies at a distance of 227... shape of the core of Cygnus A is much less well determined.... For the imaging observations of Cygnus A, the 64point jiggle mapping mode... been determined in different ways. Cygnus A has alow galactic latitude (b = 6°), and... is dominant and the true Cygnus A flux at 100pm cannot be... circles) and D (solid circles) in Cygnus A. The SCUBA data points are... suspect the radio-core of Cygnus A to be a severely misaligned jet... of two. 3.3.3 Cold Dust in Cygnus A 104 io I >' Wavelength (microns) 1000... of the central core in Cygnus A. The SCUBA data points are... of the central core in Cygnus A that includes recent ISO observations... to 52K dust masses in Cygnus A are remarkably close to this..., though only a tantalising hint, suggests Cygnus A core properties are similar to... to the dust mass for Cygnus A is considerably higher than the... moved to the distance of Cygnus A, the emission would be unresolved... for the dust mass in Cygnus A obtained from the submm data... upper dust mass limits for Cygnus A are, respectively, comparable to the... and the radio core of Cygnus A have been made. The spectral... heating of warm dust in Cygnus A is dominated by the active... distribution of synchrotron electrons in Cygnus A and the cold dust outflows... and submm continuum observations of Cygnus A: The cool dust temperature in...-IR) to submm emission in Cygnus A, and perhaps other AGN of... of the warm dust in Cygnus A is dominated by active star... the two major hotspots (A & D) in Cygnus A showed that their spectral index... the double-lobed radio galaxy Cygnus A, and showing morphological and spectral... continuum from the cores of Cygnus A and NOC 4374 have in..., P. D. 1996, A&A Rev., 7, 1 Carilli, C. L. & Harris, D. E. 1996, Cygnus A - Study of a Radio Galaxy (Cambridge...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
Скачать перевод
Посмотреть билингву
0.1/5
.... The scientific investigations on the Cygnus will challenge and inspire future... and on the human body. Cygnus will spend more than a month... with increasing independence of Earth. CYGNUS CARGO TOTAL CARGO:  Science Investigations... through separation of Cygnus at its initial orbit. Cygnus will remain in... Barry Wilmore will be operating. Cygnus will carry 4,883 pounds (2,215... Day 1 (Launch): Antares will launch Cygnus into orbit in a nine and... Island. After separation from Antares, Cygnus will deploy its solar arrays... propulsion system for maneuvers. As Cygnus orbits Earth, it will increase... to the space station. The Cygnus team will conduct a series of.... Flight Day 2 to Nov. 1, 2014: Cygnus will continue its ascent toward... a “go” for Cygnus to berth with the station. Cygnus will approach to... stop below the space station. Cygnus will be commanded to “free... require extreme precision as both Cygnus and station will be orbiting... open Cygnus’ hatch, unload the payloads and cargo and fill Cygnus with..., Cygnus will be unberthed and depart from the station. The Cygnus will... additional period of autonomous flight, Cygnus will be guided to a safe... Readiness to Initiate Propellant Loading Cygnus switched to Internal Power Poll....5 ft. (9.9 meter) fairing to protect Cygnus from atmospheric heating as it... mission. Page 10 of 15 CYGNUS SPACECRAFT Cygnus is a free-flying spacecraft..., guidance, computation, and communications for Cygnus. Pressurized Cargo Module Developed by... of power. Communications Communication between Cygnus and the ISS is provided... station crew commands Cygnus using the Hardware Control Panel. Cygnus can also... System Astronauts will enter Cygnus to remove cargo. Cygnus provides a habitable cabin.... Safety Page 11 of 15 Cygnus meets NASA’s high standards for... berthing to the space station. Cygnus successfully completed NASA’s 3 Phase safety... and its crews. In addition, Cygnus met all 425 requirements necessary.... Power Video Grapple Fixture The Cygnus Service Module includes a Power Video... Cygnus and the Space Station Robotic Arm (SSRMS). The PVGF allows Cygnus... the time sensitivity of berthing Cygnus after it is grappled by... and commanding systems, ensuring that Cygnus will safely and successfully complete... mission to the space station. Cygnus includes a four computer real time... stringent safety requirements imposed on Cygnus by NASA. Guidance and Navigation... CRS-3 Mission The Orbital CRS-3 Cygnus spacecraft includes a major updates for... of the station to determine Cygnus’ relative position and attitude. TriDAR... on three space shuttle missions. Cygnus will employ two TriDAR units... two TriDARs and one LIDAR. Cygnus will also employ the same...-Espanã radio used on previous Cygnus missions. Page 12 of 15...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... ruficolis), а также малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii) и кликун (C. cygnus) составляют оставшиеся 5-10% общей...). Обычен на гнездовье лебедь-кликун (Cygnus cygnus). Гнездящиеся кулики представлены следующими видами...), пискулька (Anser erythropus), малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii), беркут (Aquila chrysaetus) и сапсан... аист (Ciconia nigra), малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii), пискулька (Anser erythropus), краснозобая... держится более 1% популяции лебедя-кликуна (Cygnus cygnus). Фото А. Салемгареева Фото А. Салемгареева НЕГАТИВНЫЕ... (Cygnus cygnus), не менее Фото Е. Брагина 5% сибирско-каспийской популяции малых лебедей (Cygnus bewickii... (A. strepera) и кряква (A. platyrhynchos) и лебедей-шипунов (Cygnus olor) (Ауэзов, 1974). В большом числе...) – 40-60 тыс., лебеди-шипуны (Cygnus olor) – 45 тыс. (не менее... нырок (Netta rufina), лебедь-шипун (Cygnus olor), лысуха (Fulica atra). Дельта... массовый пролет лебедей шипуна (Cygnus olor) и кликуна (C. cygnus), значительная часть которых в теплые... erythropus) (27 в 1996 г.), лебедь-кликун (Cygnus сygnus), черный гриф (Aegypius monachus... гуся (Anser albifrons), лебедя-кликуна (Cygnus сygnus) и серой утки (Anas streperа....). Владивосток: 166-167. Карамзин А.Н. 1912. Cygnus bewickii Yarr и Grus leucogeranus Pallas...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.11/5
...), а также малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii) и лебедь-кликун (C. cygnus) составляют оставшиеся 5-10% общей...). Обычен на гнездовье лебедь-кликун (Cygnus cygnus). Гнездящиеся кулики представлены следующими видами...), пискулька (Anser erythropus), малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii), беркут (Aquila chrysaetos) и сапсан... аист (Ciconia nigra), малый лебедь (Cygnus bewickii), пискулька (Anser erythropus), краснозобая... держится более 1% популяции лебедя-кликуна (Cygnus cygnus). Фото А. Салемгареева Фото А. Салемгареева НЕГАТИВНЫЕ... 7% черноморско-каспийской популяции лебедей-кликунов (Cygnus cygnus), не менее 34 Фото Е. Брагина... 5% сибирско-каспийской популяции малых лебедей (Cygnus bewickii), до 2,5% западной популяции пискулек... (A. strepera), крякв (A. platyrhynchos) и лебедей-шипунов (Cygnus olor) (Ауэзов, 1974). В большом числе...) – 40-60 тыс., лебедь-шипун (Cygnus olor) – 45 тыс. (не менее... нырок (Netta rufina), лебедь-шипун (Cygnus olor), лысуха (Fulica atra). Дельта... массовый пролет лебедей – шипуна (Cygnus olor) и кликуна (C. cygnus), значительная часть которых в теплые... erythropus) (27 в 1996 г.), лебедь-кликун (Cygnus сygnus), черный гриф (Aegypius monachus... гуся (Anser albifrons), лебедя-кликуна (Cygnus сygnus) и серой утки (Anas streperа....). Владивосток: 166-167. Карамзин А.Н. 1912. Cygnus bewickii Yarr и Grus leucogeranus Pallas...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.12/5
.... Âñòðå÷àåòñÿ íà ïðîëåòå. Ìíå èçâåñòíû 3 ôàêòà ñëó÷àéíîé äîáû÷è êàçàðêè îõîòíèêàìè â ðàçíûå ãîäû â ìàå è íà÷àëå îêòÿáðÿ, ÷òî ïîçâîëÿåò ãîâîðèòü î íàëè÷èè ïîñòîÿííîãî ïðîëåòíîãî ïóòè êàçàðêè âäîëü ïîéìû Òîáîëà. Ýòî îòìå÷àë è Â. È. Àçàðîâ (1996). Ñåðûé ãóñü Anser anser. Íåìíîãî÷èñëåííûé ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ, îáû÷íûé ïðîëåòíûé âèä. Áåëîëîáûé ãóñü A. albifrons. Ìíîãî÷èñëåííûé ïðîëåòíûé âèä. Ìàòåðèàëû ê ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèþ ïòèö... 15 Âäîëü Òîáîëà ïðîëåò ïðîèñõîäèò ìàññîâî, íåðåäêî ñòàè è îäèíî÷íûå ïòèöû îñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ íà ïîëÿõ è ïîéìåííûõ ëóãàõ. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ãíåçäèòñÿ íà êðóïíûõ îçåðàõ, ÷àñòî íàáëþäàþòñÿ ïðîëåòíûå ñòàè, ìíîãèå èç íèõ îñòàíàâëèâàþòñÿ âî âðåìÿ ìèãðàöèé. ×àñòî íàáëþäàþòñÿ â ïîéìå ð. Òîáîë. Âåñíîé 2000 ã. ñòàÿ äî 16 ïòèö äîëãî äåðæàëàñü íà çàëèòîé çàñåÿííîé ïàøíå âîçëå ä. Ùåòêîâîé, êîðìÿñü, âèäèìî, çåðíîì, ïîñëå ÷åãî íåñêîëüêî ïòèö ïîãèáëè. Øèëîõâîñòü Anas acuta. Íåìíîãî÷èñëåííûé ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ âèä. Êëàäêè âñòðå÷àþòñÿ ñ ïåðâûõ ÷èñåë ìàÿ. Áîëåå ìíîãî÷èñëåííû âî âðåìÿ ìèãðàöèé. Ñâèÿçü A. penelope... ëàíäøàôòíûõ óðî÷èùàõ ïðîâîäèëèñü óòðåííèå ó÷åòû ïòèö íà ìàðøðóòàõ è ýêñêóðñèè ïî âûÿâëåíèþ ôàóíû. Ïðîâåäåíî òàêæå äâà íî÷íûõ ïðîñëóøèâàíèÿ ïòèö ñ ñóìåðå÷íûì è íî÷íûì òèïàìè àêòèâíîñòè ñ òî÷å÷íûõ íàáëþäàòåëüíûõ ïóíêòîâ. Êðîìå òîãî, îñóùåñòâëÿëèñü îïðîñû ìåñòíûõ îõîòíèêîâ, è èõ ñâåäåíèÿ ïðèíèìàëèñü âî âíèìàíèå ïðè áåçîøèáî÷íîì îïèñàíèè èìè ïòèöû.  èòîãå ñîñòàâëåí îáùèé ôàóíèñòè÷åñêèé ñïèñîê, âêëþ÷àþùèé 129 âèäîâ. Ãíåçäÿùèìèñÿ íàçâàíû âèäû, ó êîòîðûõ îáíàðóæåíû ãíåçäà, âûâîäêè èëè áåñïîêîÿùèåñÿ ðîäèòåëè ñ êîðìîì. ×åðíîçîáàÿ ãàãàðà Gavia arctica. Äâóõ îäèíî÷íûõ ïòèö, ïåðåëåòà- 28 Ò. Ê. Áëèíîâà þùèõ ñ êðèêàìè ìåæäó äâóìÿ ìåæäóðå÷íûìè îçåðàìè, íàáëþäàëè 29 èþíÿ. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus.  îêðåñòíîñòÿõ Íàïàñà ñ âåðòîëåòà âèäåëè 20 èþíÿ ïî 2 ïàðû íà ðàçíûõ îçåðàõ è íàä îäíèì èç íèõ — 4 ëåòÿùèõ ïòèö. Äíåì 1 èþëÿ 5 ïòèö ïðîëåòåëè íàä Íàïàñîì. Îõîòíèêè óòâåðæäàþò, ÷òî ëåáåäè çäåñü ðàçìíîæàþòñÿ — âçðîñëûõ ïòèö âñòðå÷àëè ñ ïòåíöàìè. Øèëîõâîñòü Anas acuta. Íåñïîñîáíîãî ëåòàòü ñàìöà ñ ïîâðåæäåííûì êðûëîì âèäåëè íà ïðèòîêå Òûìà ð. Áàêòàò 8 èþëÿ; îí áûë åùå â áðà÷íîì íàðÿäå. Ãîãîëü Bucephala clangula.... Ïðîëåòíûé âèä.  2006 ã. îõîòíèêàìè äîáûòî 2–3 áåëîëîáûõ ãóñÿ. Ïèñêóëüêà A. erythropus. Îòìå÷àåòñÿ íà ïðîëåòå. Îõîòíèêè îòìå÷àþò âñòðå÷è ïèñêóëüêè â ðàéîíå, íàïðèìåð, 3 ïòèöû íà îç. Ëÿïóíèõà 12 îêòÿáðÿ 2006 ã. Ìàòåðèàëû ê ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèþ ïòèö... 127 Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Âî âðåìÿ âåñåííèõ ïðîëåòîâ âñòðå÷àåòñÿ íà îçåðàõ Øóáà, Áåëåíüêîå, Ñâåòëåíüêîå, Ãîðüêîå, à òàêæå íà îçåðàõ Òàíàòàð, Ðóáëåâî Ìèõàéëîâñêîãî ð-íà, íà Áû÷üåì è Ëåáÿæüåì Âîë÷èõèíñêîãî ð-íà.  àïðåëå 2006 ã. íà ýòèõ îçåðàõ íàáëþäàëîñü ìàññîâîå ñêîïëåíèå ëåáåäåé — äî 200 îäíîâðåìåííî íà îäíîì îçåðå. Ãíåçäÿòñÿ íà îçåðàõ Âàëîâîå, Ñòåïíîå, Ëàïóøíîå, Ëÿïóíèõà ïî÷òè åæåãîäíî, íî â íåáîëüøîì ÷èñëå (1–3 ïàðû). Ïåãàíêà Tadorna tadorna. Ãíåçäèòñÿ íà òåððèòîðèè ðàéîíà åæåãîäíî, îáû÷íàÿ ïòèöà ãîðüêî-ñîëåíûõ îçåð Ãîðüêîå, Áåëåíüêîå, Òàññîð è äð. ×èñëåííîñòü ïåãàíêè íåâûñîêàÿ, äîáû÷åé îõîòíèêîâ ñòàíîâèòñÿ íå ÷àñòî. ×èñëåííîñòü ïåãàíêè ïî ðåçóëüòàòàì ó÷åòîâ ñîñòàâëÿëà: â 2002... îñîáåé îòìå÷àëèñü íà Ìàëîé Îáè â ðàéîíå ïîñ. Ìóæè. Ñòàÿ èç 25 îñîáåé 20 èþëÿ ïðîëåòåëà ó ïîñ. Ãîðêè â ñòîðîíó Äâóîáüÿ. Ñî âòîðîé ïîëîâèíû àâãóñòà îòìå÷àëèñü ñòàè ïî 6–40 îñîáåé, ëåòÿùèå âäîëü Îáè â þãî-çàïàäíîì íàïðàâëåíèè. Áåëûé ãóñü Chen caerulescens. Â. Â. Õàçèí è À. È. Êî÷åðãèí ñîîáùèëè î ñëó÷àÿõ îñòàíîâîê ñòàé áåëûõ ãóñåé íà ð. Ñûíÿ âî âðåìÿ âåñåííåãî ïðîëåòà. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ îáû÷íûé âèä. Ïðåäïî÷èòàþò òðóäíîäîñòóïíûå ïîéìåííûå îçåðà è áîëîòà ñðåäè ëåñîâ. Íà îòêðûòûõ ïðîñòðàíñòâàõ — êðóïíûå ìåëêîâîäíûå îçåðà ñ ãóñòîé îêîëîâîäíîé ðàñòèòåëüíîñòüþ. Íà÷èíàþò ãíåçäèòüñÿ â òðåòüåé äåêàäå ìàÿ — ïåðâîé äåêàäå èþíÿ. Ãíåçäà óñòðàèâàþò íà îñòðîâàõ èëè ïîëóîñòðîâàõ íà îçåðàõ ñ ãóñòîé îêîëîâîäíîé ðàñòèòåëüíîñòüþ è êî÷êîâàòûìè áåðåãàìè è íà ìî÷àæèíàõ òðóäíîäîñòóïíûõ áîëîò. Ïòåíöû ïîÿâëÿþòñÿ â íà÷àëå èþëÿ.  âûâîäêàõ áûëî îò 1 äî 6 ïòåíöîâ (3.2, n = 9). Ïî ñîîáùåíèþ Þ. Â. Øåñòàêîâà, â êîíöå ëåòà íà Êóíîâàòñêîì ñîðó îáðàçóþòñÿ ñêîïëåíèÿ äî 1000 ïòèö. Ñêîïëåíèå ïðèìåðíî èç 120 ïòèö îòìå÷åíî 17 èþíÿ íà ïðîòîêàõ íàïðîòèâ ïîñ. Ìóæè, 20 èþíÿ îêîëî 250... âèäîâ ïòèö, ïî ðÿäó âèäîâ ïîëó÷åíû êîëè÷åñòâåííûå äàííûå ïëîòíîñòè íàñåëåíèÿ íà ïåðèîä íàáëþäåíèé. Ïðèâîäèìóþ èíôîðìàöèþ ñëåäóåò ðàññìàòðèâàòü êàê óòî÷íåíèå èìåþùåéñÿ ôàóíèñòè÷åñêîé ñâîäêè ïî Ïàâëîäàðñêîé îáëàñòè (Ñîëîìàòèí, Øàéìàðäàíîâ, 2005). Ñåðîùåêàÿ ïîãàíêà Podiceps grisegena. Òðè ïàðû âñòðå÷åíû íà èñêóññòâåííîì âîäîåìå íà þãî-âîñòî÷íîì áåðåãó îç. Ñåëåòû-Òåíãèç. Ñåðûé ãóñü Anser anser. Âñòðå÷åí âîñòî÷íåå îç. Ñåëåòû-Òåíãèç. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ðåãóëÿðíî âñòðå÷àåòñÿ íà îçåðàõ ñåâåðà Ïàâëîäàðñêîé è Àêìîëèíñêîé îáëàñòåé Êàçàõñòàíà, ãäå, âèäèìî, îáû÷åí. Îãàðü Tadorna ferruginea. Ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ âèä Áàÿíàóëà (îáû÷åí) è ïðåäãîðèé; îáû÷íû âñòðå÷è íà îçåðàõ ×àëäàÿ. Ïåãàíêà T. tadorna. Îáû÷íû âñòðå÷è íà ñîëåíûõ ñòåïíûõ îçåðàõ (íàïðèìåð, Êóäàéêîëü, îçåðà â îêðåñòíîñòÿõ ï. ×àëäàé, íà âîñòî÷íîì áåðåãó îç. Ñåëåòû-Òåíãèç). Êðÿêâà Anas platyrhynchos...