Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Cygnus. [Редактировать]

Грузовой космический корабль весом около 4 тонн. Состоит из двух модулей - служебного, в котором расположена энергетическая установка, и грузового, созданного на основе оборудования, использовавшегося ранее совместно с американскими шаттлами. Запланированная на 22 сентября стыковка американского грузового корабля с МКС не состоялась, формат данных навигационной системы Cygnus не соответствовал тому, который существует на аналогичной системе МКС. После внесения поправок в бортовое программное обеспечение корабля 29 сентября Cygnus подошёл к МКС и с помощью манипулятора «Canadarm» был пристыкован к модулю «Harmony». Космический корабль доставил на МКС около 700 кг груза, в том числе одежду, продукты, предметы первой необходимости и материалы для научных экспериментов. Всего «Cygnus» пробудет в стыковке с МКС почти месяц, после чего его загрузят мусором и сожгут в атмосфере Земли. NASA уже заключило с Orbital Sciences контракт на сумму 1,9 млрд. долларов, в соответствии с которым корабли «Cygnus» совершат до конца 2016 года восемь полетов к МКС. За это время они должны доставить туда примерно 10 тонн грузов.

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна производитель - США
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12013-10-22. Аппарат окончил свое существование.
CYGNUS – американский частный транспортный грузовой корабль, разработанный компанией Orbital Sciences Corporation, массой (сухой) ~1,5 т, размерами 3,66×3,07 м, выведенный на орбиту 18.09.2013 ракетой-носителем «Antares» с космодрома на острове Уоллопс (шт. Вирджиния, США). 22.10.2013 в 14:00 по московскому времени CYGNUS был отстыкован от американского модуля Harmony МКС, 23.10.2013 в 21:41 МСК двигатели корабля были включены на торможение, после чего он вошел в плотные слои атмосферы и сгорел над водами Тихого океана.Тэги: Cygnus

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4100
2Масса (сухая), кг1500
3Габариты, метра3,66×3,07
4Масса спускаемого груза (до), кг1100
5Объем грузового отсека, куб. метров18.9
6Масса доставляемого груза (до), кг2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-051A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Уоллопс
2Дата пуска2013-09-18 at 14:58:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xCygnus
4Ракета-носитель 1xАнтарес 110

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Cygnus». [Перейти к поиску]


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... NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL CYGNUS SOLUTIONS BE LIABLE FOR ANY... IN THE SOFTWARE. ######################### Copyright (c) 1998 Cygnus Solutions Copyright (c) 2004 Simon Posnjak... Junio C Hamano ######################### Copyright (c) 1995-2002 Cygnus Support ######################### The following text was..., 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Cygnus Support The authors hereby grant... Eye Software. Changes contributed by Cygnus Support are in the public... Eye Software. Changes contributed by Cygnus Support are in the public...



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.... The scientific payloads on the Cygnus spacecraft include a group of small... effects of microgravity on oxidation. Cygnus will spend approximately one month... upon reentry into Earth’s atmosphere. CYGNUS CARGO TOTAL CARGO Crew Supplies... Antares liftoff through separation of Cygnus at its initial orbit. When... orbiting laboratory four days later, Cygnus will be grappled by Expedition... the station’s arm to rotate Cygnus around and install it on... Day 1 (Launch): Antares will launch Cygnus into orbit in a 10-minute... sequence. After separation from Antares, Cygnus will deploy its solar arrays... propulsion system for maneuvers. As Cygnus orbits the Earth, it will... to the space station. The Cygnus team will conduct a series of... the space station. Flight Day 2 & 3: Cygnus will continue its ascent toward... a “go” for Cygnus to berth with the station. Cygnus will approach to... below the space station autonomously. Cygnus will be commanded by the... require extreme precision as both Cygnus and station will be orbiting... open Cygnus’ hatch, unload the payloads and cargo and fill Cygnus with... it has completed its mission, Cygnus will be detached from the... from the orbiting laboratory. The Cygnus spacecraft will fly up to... of that free flight period, Cygnus will perform a series of engine... Readiness to Initiate Propellant Loading Cygnus switched to Internal Power Poll....5 ft. (9.9 meter) fairing to protect Cygnus from atmospheric heating as it...-2 mission. Page 11 of 16 CYGNUS SPACECRAFT Cygnus is a free-flying spacecraft..., guidance, computation, and communications for Cygnus. Pressurized Cargo Module Developed by... of power Communications Communication between Cygnus and the ISS is provided... station crew commands Cygnus using the Hardware Control Panel. Cygnus can also... System Astronauts will enter Cygnus to remove cargo. Cygnus provides a habitable cabin..., pressure and temperature monitoring. Safety Cygnus meets NASA’s high standards for... berthing to the space station. Cygnus successfully completed NASA’s 3 Phase safety... and its crews. In addition, Cygnus met all 425 requirements necessary.... Power Video Grapple Fixture The Cygnus Service Module includes a Power Video... Cygnus and the Space Station Robotic Arm (SSRMS). The PVGF allows Cygnus... the time sensitivity of berthing Cygnus after it is grappled by... and commanding systems, ensuring that Cygnus will safely and successfully complete... mission to the space station. Cygnus includes a four computer real time... stringent safety requirements imposed on Cygnus by NASA. Guidance and Navigation... on Orb-2 Mission The Orb-2 Cygnus spacecraft includes two major updates... of the station to determine Cygnus’ relative position and attitude. TriDAR... on three Space Shuttle missions. Cygnus will employ one TriDAR unit... LIDAR. For the Orb-2 mission Cygnus will also employ a new Quasonix... S-band radio used in previous Cygnus missions. Page 13 of 16...



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... ECOLOGY AND DISTRIBUTION Лебедь-кликун Cygnus cygnys L На Северо-Востоке Азии... птице у некоторых народов. Малый лебедь Cygnus bewickii Yarrell Восточный малый (тундряный...-кликуна [Кречмар, 19826]. Американский лебедь Cygnus columbianus (Ord) Американский лебедь на... районе встрече­ на смешанная пара Cygnus bewickii и С. columbianus с 4 пуховыми птенцами того... и случаи гнездования, следует относить к виду Cygnus columbianus. В Анадырской низменности о случайных зал... / Fledling age period, days Cygnus cygnyus Cygnus bewickii Anser fabalis Anser albifrons... наглядно, что такая широко рас­ 6,4 Cygnus cygnus пространённая утка, как средний... 5,9 ареала почти в 2 раза изменяет это 5,7 Cygnus bewickii соотношение за счёт сокращения... представитель гусеобразных региона - лебедь-кликун (Cygnus cygnus) - распространён в регионе достаточно широко, населяя.... особей. Малый, или тундровый, лебедь (Cygnus bewickii) в пределах региона обитает в основном.... Близкий к малому лебедю американский лебедь (Cygnus columbianus) захватыва­ ет крайний северо... адаптации в раннем эмбриогенезе лебедя-шипуна (Cygnus olor) // Зоол. журн. - 1976. - Т. 55... Р. И. Гнездование американского тундро­ вого лебедя (Cygnus columbianus) в Советском Союзе // Зоол. журн.... Кондратьев А. Я. Миграции восточносибирских тундровых лебедей {Cygnus bewickii Jankowskii) и их зимовки в Японии.... Кондратьев А. Я. Биология размножения тундрового лебедя Cygnus bewickii на за­ падной Чукотке.... Кондратьева JI. Ф. Питание тундрового лебедя (Cygnus bewickii) на гнездовых тер­ риториях.... Кречмар А. В. Экология насиживания лебедя-кликуна (Cygnus cygnus) на крайнем Северо-Востоке ареала... use of the Whooper swan, Cygnus c. cygnus II Riistatieteellisia julkaisuja 36 finish...-кликун Cygnus cygnus L................................................................. 28 Малый лебедь Cygnus bewickii Yarrell...................................................... 49 Американский лебедь Cygnus columbianus...



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... disabled Wybron Cygnus 6500 Master Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus 6500 Master Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus 6500 RGBW Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus 6500 RGBW Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus Incite Master Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus Incite Master Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus Incite RGBW Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus Incite RGBW Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus MF200 Master Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus MF200 Master Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus MF200 RGBW Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus MF200 RGBW Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus VN100 Master Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus VN100 Master Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus VN100 RGBW Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus VN100 RGBW Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus VN200 Master Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus VN200 Master Mode 8 bit Wybron Cygnus VN200 RGBW Mode 16 bit Wybron Cygnus VN200 RGBW...



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... (now successfully launched) and the Cygnus Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS... launch vehicle, Falcon Heavy; the Cygnus COTS Demo to the ISS... Other Commercially Launched Satellites Cygnus COTS Demo Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares... Test Flight - TBD Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Crew... CRS Flight Falcon 9 Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Crew... CRS Flight Falcon 9 Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Dragon... Falcon 9 Dragon CRS Flight Falcon 9 Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Dragon CRS... test flight and subsequently the Cygnus COTS demo. For the mid... Dragon spacecraft. Orbital developed the Cygnus spacecraft and the medium Antares... K-1 COTS 2008 $288 million Orbital Cygnus CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon... flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital Cygnus (8 flights) CCDev 2010 $20 million...



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...’ Antares 120 launch of the Cygnus commercial cargo capsule to the... missions. One CRS mission of a Cygnus cargo spacecraft launched by an... to the ISS by the Cygnus, Dragon, and Progress spacecraft and... during a failed launch attempt of a Cygnus cargo spacecraft to the ISS... launch. Orbital launched two successful Cygnus resupply missions to the ISS... and the loss of the Cygnus spacecraft and the cargo it... satellites (56) were carried aboard Cygnus cargo modules launched by the... to low Earth orbit (LEO), Cygnus cargo modules to the International... NASA. An Orbital Sciences Corporation Cygnus used for the 2014 Orb... for an Atlas V to carry a Cygnus cargo module to ISS in... V2 (crew) Falcon 9 Orbital Cygnus (Standard) Antares Cygnus (Enhanced) Boeing CST-100... ~2017 CYGNUS Orbital Sciences Corp. Orbital Sciences Corporation offers the Cygnus, an... selected Orbital to develop the Cygnus under the agency’s Commercial Crew... resupply missions to the ISS. Cygnus The Cygnus system consists of a service... Operations Began 2013 Once the Cygnus undocks from the ISS, it... to reenter. According to orbital, Cygnus has hosted payload and nanosatellite.... Following the loss of the Cygnus Orb 3 mission in October 2014... have one, and perhaps two, Cygnus modules launched to ISS aboard... Propellant Power, kW (peak) Standard Cygnus Enhanced Cygnus 5.7 (18.7) 6.9 (22.6) Cargo, expendable... and Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Crew Transportation Services3 Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus CRS Flight Antares Cygnus... satellites were stored within the Cygnus cargo transfer vehicle that berthed.... Orbital Sciences Corporation developed the Cygnus spacecraft and Figure 19. NASA... on April 21, 2013, carrying a Cygnus mass simulator. The company conducted... September 2013, featuring a fully operational Cygnus that berthed with the ISS... K-1 COTS 2008 $288 million Orbital Cygnus CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon... flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital Cygnus (8 flights) CCDev 2010 $20 million... Upper Stage (DUUS) and a modified Cygnus module into LEO. The SLS... being developed by NASA. The Cygnus module is provided by Orbital..., such as the HTV and Cygnus. In the United States, the... the ISS, delivered by the Cygnus CRS-1 mission in early 2014...



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Cygnus OA-6 Mission ™ Cargo Delivery Spacecraft for the International Space Station (ISS) FACT SHEET Overview The Cygnus spacecraft is a flight proven system, having successfully delivered cargo to the ISS on four previous missions. Cygnus is used to carry crew supplies, spare equipment and scientific experiments to the ISS. For the OA-6 mission, Orbital ATK is using the Enhanced Cygnus to deliver cargo to the International Space Station (ISS). The cargo capability of the Enhanced Cygnus is more than 3500 kg (7700 lbs) versus the maximum capability of 2300 kg (5070 lbs) on the Standard version. The Service Module utilizes flight proven avionics and communication systems, and incorporates UltraFlex™ solar arrays as well as an optimized propulsion system and structure. The Enhanced Pressurized Cargo Module is based on the standard PCM, developed by Thales Alenia Space for the Cygnus spacecraft. The Enhanced PCM has increased volume capability by approximately 50%, as well as an improved secondary structure allowing for more densely packed cargo. For the OA-6 mission Cygnus will carry the Saffire payload experiment to study combustion behavior in the microgravity environment. The experiment will be conducted after Cygnus departs the ISS. The results will be downloaded via telemetry prior to reentry. The OA-6 mission will be the second Cygnus mission utilizing the Atlas V launch system, providing increased performance and flexibility to the Orbital ATK cargo delivery service. This mission will again utilize the Kennedy Space Center and launch from the Cape Canaveral Air Force base in Cape Canaveral, Florida. FAC T S AT A G L A N C E Mission Partners Orbital ATK Prime contractor; engineering and development; Cygnus Service Module, mission and cargo operations Thales Alenia Space Pressurized cargo module Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (MELCO) Proximity link system Draper Laboratory Guidance, navigation and fault tolerant computer support United Launch Alliance Atlas V 401 launch vehicle delivery service JAMSS America, Inc. Operations support Kennedy Space Center Spacecraft processing facilities and services Cygnus OA-6 Mission Specifications Pressurized Cargo Module Mission Overview Space Vehicle: Cygnus Height: 5.1 m Launch Vehicle: Atlas V 401 Diameter: 3.05 m Cygnus Launch Mass: 7,492 kg Heritage: Multi-Purpose Logistics Module Propellant Mass: Total Cargo Mass: 3,513 kg 828 kg Ascent Cargo Mass: 3,513 kg Pressurized Volume: 27 m3 Descent Cargo Mass: 1854 kg Berthing at ISS: Mission Duration: 4 days ascent & phasing up to 60 days berthed Up to 2 weeks descent & reentry Common Berthing Mechanism (CBM), Node-1 nadir or Node-2 nadir Service Module Heritage: GEOStar, LEOStar Height: 1.29 m Max Diameter: 3.23 m Power Generation: 2 fixed wing "UltraFlex™" solar arrays, ZTJ Gallium Arsenide cells Power Output: 3.5 kW (sun-pointed) Propulsion: 32 x 7 lbf REA 1 x 100 lbf DVE Propellant: Dual-mode N2H4/MON-3 or N2H4 Mission Profile NASA cargo loaded in Cygnus Pressurized Cargo Module Launch from Kennedy Space Center Rendezvous and berthing with ISS Destructive reentry above the Pacific Ocean Key Contacts Frank DeMauro Robert T. Richards Vice President, Advanced Programs Vice President, Business Development Space Systems Group Space Systems Group (703) 948-8766 (703) 406-5221 frank.demauro@orbitalatk.com bob.richards@orbitalatk.com OrbitalATK.com ©2016 Orbital ATK. All Rights Reserved. FS032_15_OA_6375



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...’s cargo capsule, (Fourth photo) the Cygnus, that berthed with the ISS... named the ISS visiting vehicle Cygnus, a swan that would fly to... in Turin, Italy, built the Cygnus cargo modules for Orbital Sciences... Corp. autographed a section of the Cygnus mass simulator which later flew... activities for the first two Cygnus Service Modules at the company...-scale poster of a fully assembled Cygnus on the wall illustrates the... into the structure of the Cygnus Service Module. This Service Module... The Antares test flight launched a Cygnus mass simulator, designed with the... helped collect information to ensure Cygnus would be able to handle... 10 minutes after launch the Cygnus mass simulator was deployed and....”351 In addition to the Cygnus mass simulator, Antares also deployed... this facility. The Antares deployed a Cygnus mass simulator and three experimental... Space Station with a fully-operational Cygnus as its payload. The company... 11:08 Eastern time, the Cygnus capsule separated from the second... to low-Earth orbit.354 Cygnus successfully performed its first on... flight engineers, monitored the approaching Cygnus spacecraft as it neared the... C H A P T E R 5 – C O M M E R C I A L PA R T N E R S Credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls Cygnus Demo Mission NASA Administrator Charles... the navigation software used by Cygnus and ISS. The team decided... on Sunday, September 29, 2013, Cygnus began its approach toward the... Sciences Corp. cargo module. The Cygnus remained at the ISS for... Space Station. As planned the Cygnus spacecraft destructively reentered the Earth... course of Orbital’s Antares and Cygnus development programs, the company’s demonstration... cargo. On October 23, 2013, Cygnus completed its three-week stay... Group, provided details about the Cygnus demonstration mission at a press conference... the go-ahead for the Cygnus to rendezvous and berth with... a medium-class launch vehicle, the Cygnus capsule, as well as the... rocket (shown above) with the Cygnus cargo capsule filled with crew... the C H A P T E R 6 – C O L L A B O R AT I O N 83 Dragon and Cygnus spacecraft to the management of... as planned. now Dragon and Cygnus. Further complicating matters was the... seen possibilities for using the Cygnus capsule to sell “hosted payloads... scientists. (In its current form, Cygnus can only send data back... to use components of the Cygnus capsule for “adjacent markets,” for.... launched its Antares rocket and Cygnus cargo spacecraft towards the International... September 18, 2013 with the Cygnus cargo capsule that moved into... Program Director COTS/CRS Program (Cygnus) Antares Space Launch Vehicle, Managers...; Karl Tate, “Private Antares Rocket & Cygnus Spacecraft Explained (Infographic),” Space. com....space.com/20526-antares-rocket-cygnus-spacecraftexplained.html. 320 “Fact Sheet... To Build Solar Arrays for Cygnus,” SpaceNews, November 12, 2009, accessed.../ dutch-space-build-solar-arrays-cygnus#.UcCzY_nVA1I. In August 2013, Orbital..., the enhanced version of the Cygnus PCM would instead utilize solar... Arrays Still Set to Power Cygnus,” SpaceNews, August 1, 2013, accessed September..., “Orbital Sciences Primed for First Cygnus Cargo Mission to Space Station... 15, 2008. 354 Dan Leone, “Cygnus on Way to Station, Orbital..., “A Beautiful Swan Came Calling: Orbital’s Cygnus Cargo Ship Arrives at Space.... See also Chris Bergen, “Orbital’s Cygnus successfully berthed on the ISS.../09/ cygnus-second-attempt-berth-iss/ and Jonathan Amos, “Orbital’s Cygnus freighter... Television, “Recapping the Flight of Cygnus” (Press Conference, Johnson Space Center... Television, “Recapping the Flight of Cygnus.” 360 Orbital Sciences Corp., An...



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... American Communications, Inc. (RCA), Cygnus Satellite Corp. (Cygnus), and Pan American Satellite... Notice of Inquiry, supra, at 5. Cygnus' proposed system would also consist... one ground spare. Application of Cygnus Satellite Corp., CSS No. 84... satellite system) [hereinafter cited as Cygnus Application]. Its signals would cover... Communications, Inc. (RCA), and Cygnus Satellite Corporation (Cygnus), which have proposed new... ON COMPETITION A. The Applicants Orion, Cygnus, RCA, ISI, and PanAmSat assert..., supra note 5, at 11-13; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 52... note 5, at 32-33. 73. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 52... the space segment. Id. 74. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 31..., supra note 5, at 26-27; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 31... the Fordham InternationalLaw Journal). 77. Cygnus Application, supra note 6, at 40... generally PanAmSat Application, supra note 5; Cygnus Application, supra note 5; RCA Application... of the proposed systems). 82. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 43..., supra note 5, at 27-28; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 48... satellite field is attributed by Cygnus to the FCC's commitment to... flexibility in regulating satellite carriers. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 48...'L L. 66, 82-83 (1971). 85. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 46..., supra note 5, at 37. 86. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53... note 5, at 36-37. 87. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53...; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 53-55. Moreover, according to Cygnus, use... communications facilities of foreign administrations. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 54..., supra note 5, at 46-53; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58.... PanAmSat Application, supra note 5, at 1; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58..., supra note 5, at 1-5 through 1-6. 92. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... PanAmSat Application, supra note 5, at 1; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... authorization). 95. 47 U.S.C. § 701(d). 96. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58... Application, supra note 5, at 37; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 58..., supra note 5, at 40-43; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 68...." 12 The primary market for Cygnus' proposal, for example, is in..., supra note 5, at 40-43; Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 69..., supra note 5, at 1-8 through 1-9. 109. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 69... generally PanAmSat Application, supra note 5; Cygnus Application, supra note 5; RCA Application... 5 (mentioning these arguments throughout). 113. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 71... ANNUAL REPORT 29 (1983). 115. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 70... fourteen to be emphasized by Cygnus,1 16 accounted 1 17 percent of... the State and Commerce De116. Cygnus Application, supra note 5, at 70...



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.... Âîêàëèçàöèþ ñàìöà ñëûøàëè 28 ìàÿ íà çàáîëî÷åííîì ïîáåðåæüå îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå. Íà ãíåçäîâàíèå ýòîãî âèäà çäåñü óêàçûâàþò Ã. Â. Áîéêî è È. Å. Ëåáåäåâà (1999). ×åðíûé àèñò Ciconia nigra. Åãåðü Êåòü-Êàññêîãî çàêàçíèêà À. Â. Äóáèíåö îêîëî 10 ëåò íàçàä íàøåë æèëîå ãíåçäî è çàòåì â òå÷åíèå òðåõ ñåçîíîâ íàáëþäàë âîçëå íåãî âçðîñëûõ ïòèö. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Íà îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå âèäåëè â ìàå è èþíå ñîîòâåòñòâåííî 3 è 2 ïòèö. Åãåðü çàêàçíèêà âñòðå÷àë çäåñü ìîëîäûõ ëåáåäåé ñåðîãî öâåòà, òàê ÷òî ãíåçäîâàíèå âïîëíå âîçìîæíî. Ñ ìåæäóðå÷íîãî îç. Ëèíåâîå 16 èþíÿ ïîäíÿëèñü 2 ïòèöû è, ïðîëåòåâ íàä îëèãîòðîôíûì âåðõîâûì áîëîòîì, îïóñòèëèñü íà ìî÷àæèíó. Íå èñêëþ÷åíî ãíåçäîâàíèå èõ è íà ýòîì îçåðå. Êðÿêâà Anas platyrhynchos. Íåìíîãî÷èñëåííàÿ óòêà, âñòðå÷àâøàÿñÿ íà òàåæíûõ ðå÷êàõ è îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå.  ìàéñêèõ ñêîïëåíèÿõ ãóñåîáðàçíûõ íà ýòîì îçåðå ñîñòàâëÿëà ïî îáèëèþ îêîëî 5 %. Øèëîõâîñòü A. acuta. Îòíîñèòåëüíî ðåäêà. Íåáîëüøèå òàáóíêè îòìå÷àëèñü â ìàå–èþíå òîëüêî íà îç. Âîäîðàçäåëüíîå.  âåðõîâüÿõ ð. Äåðåâÿííàÿ âèäåëè ìàëåíüêèõ ïóõîâè÷êîâ (Áîéêî, Ëåáåäåâà, 1999..., 2003; è äð.). Ðóññêèå è ëàòèíñêèå íàçâàíèÿ ïòèö, à òàêæå ïîðÿäîê ïåðå÷èñëåíèÿ âèäîâ çàèìñòâîâàíû èç «Ñïèñêà ïòèö Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè» (Êîáëèê è äð., 2006). ×åðíîçîáàÿ ãàãàðà Gavia arctica. Ëåòÿùóþ íà âîñòîê îäèíî÷íóþ ïòèöó îòìåòèë 30 èþíÿ â ïîñ. Ñàéãàòèíî. Åùå îäíà âñòðå÷à — 6 èþëÿ: ãàãàðà êîðìèëàñü íà çàâîäè ð. Áîë. Êó÷èìèíñêàÿ. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ãðóïïà èç 5 îñîáåé ïðîëåòàëà íàä ïîñåëêîì 17 èþíÿ. Äâóõ ëåáåäåé, ëåòÿùèõ â þæíîì íàïðàâëåíèè, íàáëþäàë ðàííèì óòðîì 19 èþíÿ â 4 êì ê ñåâåðî-âîñòîêó îò ïîñåëêà. Ëåáåäè-êëèêóíû, íåñîìíåííî, ãíåçäÿòñÿ íà ðàññìàòðèâàåìîé øèðîòå. Ñèñòåìà îçåð è ïðîòîê ïîéìû Îáè, ïåðåìåæàþùèåñÿ ñ çàëèâíûìè ëóãàìè, ñîçäàåò áëàãîïðèÿòíûå óñëîâèÿ äëÿ ãíåçäîâàíèÿ âèäà. Î ðåãóëÿðíî ðåãèñòðèðóåìîé â 1997 è 1998 ãã. â îêðåñòíîñòÿõ Íåôòåþãàíñêà ïàðå ïèøåò Ì. Ï. Ñóëüäèí (2003... ì. Ðÿäîì ðàñïîëàãàëàñü ñôàãíîâî-ïóøèöåâàÿ ñïëàâèíà.  ãíåçäå 11 èþíÿ íàõîäèëîñü 1 íåíàñèæåííîå ÿéöî, 22 èþíÿ — 2 ñëàáî íàñèæåííûõ ÿéöà. Áåëîëîáûé ãóñü Anser albifrons. Èç-çà ïîçäíèõ ñðîêîâ ïðîâåäåíèÿ èññëåäîâàíèé ìû íå çàñòàëè ïðîëåòà äàííîãî âèäà. Áåçóñëîâíî, ñðåäè ãóñåé áåëîëîáûå, êàê ñàìûå ìíîãî÷èñëåííûå íà ïðîëåòå, ÿâëÿþòñÿ è íàèáîëåå îòñòðåëèâàåìûìè îõîòíèêàìè. Ýòî òàêæå ïîäòâåðæäàåòñÿ îáðàáîòêîé èìåííûõ îõîòíè÷üèõ ëèöåíçèé èç Ïóðîâñêîãî è Ïðèóðàëüñêîãî ðàéîíîâ ßÍÀÎ (Áëîõèí, 2004). Ìû íåîäíîêðàòíî íàõîäèëè ïðèïðÿòàííûå íà âåðõîâûõ áîëîòàõ ïðîôèëè ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé ðàñêðàñêè è ãèëüçû. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus. Ñèñòåìàòè÷åñêè ðåãèñòðèðîâàëè îäèíî÷íûõ ïòèö, ïàðû èëè ñòàè äî 21 îñîáè. Ïî-âèäèìîìó, ýòî áûëè ëåòóþùèå ïòèöû, ïîñêîëüêó íå çàäåðæèâàëèñü íà îïðåäåëåííîì ó÷àñòêå ñêîëüêî-íèáóäü äëèòåëüíîå âðåìÿ. Ó æèëîé íîðû ëèñèöû 10 èþíÿ îáíàðóæèëè ïåðüÿ, ëàïó è êðûëî âçðîñëîãî ëåáåäÿ-êëèêóíà. Ëþáîïûòíî, ÷òî êîæà è ïåðüÿ ëîïàòî÷íîé îáëàñòè ñïèíû îêàçàëèñü âèñÿùèìè íà ñîñåäíåé ñîñíå íà âûñîòå 2 ì. ×èðîê-ñâèñòóíîê Anas crecca. Îáû÷íûé, íåñîìíåííî, ãíåçäÿùèéñÿ âèä. ×èðêè-ñâèñòóíêè âñòðå÷àëèñü íà îòêðûòûõ âåðõîâûõ áîëîòàõ, ð. Õàðàìïóð è åå ïðèòîêàõ, ëåñíûõ âîäîåìàõ. Íà îêðàèíå êåäðîâîñîñíîâîãî ñ áåðåçîé ëåñà ó ðó÷üÿ 19... ã. íåñêîëüêî äåñÿòêîâ îñîáåé îáîèõ âèäîâ íàáëþäàëè â áèíîêëü 29 è 30 ìàÿ íà îñòðîâàõ â öåíòðàëüíîé ÷àñòè îç. Ìàë. Äîíêè. Ïîçäíåå, âïëîòü äî 16 èþíÿ, ïî áåðåãàì îçåðà è íà íåáîëüøèõ îêðåñòíûõ âîäîåìàõ íàáëþäàëè îäèíî÷íûõ ïåëèêàíîâ è ñòàè äî 23 ïòèö, ñðåäè êîòîðûõ âñòðå÷àëèñü êàê ìîëîäûå, òàê è âçðîñëûå. Íàä îç. Êóëèêîâî ó ñ. Ìîêðóøèíî 12 èþíÿ ïðîëåòåëè 4 ïåëèêàíà, íà îñòðîâå îçåðà â áèíîêëü âèäåëè íåñêîëüêî äåñÿòêîâ ïåëèêàíîâ è áàêëàíîâ. Íåïîíÿòíî, áûëè ëè ýòî íåïîëîâîçðåëûå èëè âçðîñëûå ðàçìíîæàâøèåñÿ ïòèöû. Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus.  2008 ã. 3 ïòèö íàáëþäàëè 9 èþíÿ íà îç. Ãîðüêîå ó ñ. Êàìûøíîå, ïàðó ñ 5 ïóõîâûìè ïòåíöàìè — 12 èþíÿ íà áåçûìÿííîì îçåðå ó ñ. Ñóíãóðîâî íà þãå Ìîêðîóñîâñêîãî ð-íà. Åùå Ìàòåðèàëû ê ðàñïðîñòðàíåíèþ ïòèö... 139 ïàðà êëèêóíîâ ñ 8 ïóõîâûìè ïòåíöàìè îòìå÷åíà 11 èþíÿ 2009....  ïóáëèêàöèè ïî âåñëîíîãèì Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáë. (Ñàìèãóëëèí è äð., 1995) â ðÿäó ïåðå÷èñëåíèé âñåõ èçâåñòíûõ àâòîðàì âñòðå÷ ïåëèêàíîâ óêàçàíî, ÷òî ñ 3 ìàÿ äî êîí- 232 Ðåöåíçèÿ öà àâãóñòà 1994 ã. ãðóïïà ïòèö èç 6 îñîáåé ïîñòîÿííî âñòðå÷àëàñü íà îç. Æåòûêîëü â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå, ïîñåùàÿ ïðè ýòîì ñîñåäíèå îçåðà. È äàæå óòî÷íåíî, ÷òî ýòî áûëè íåãíåçäÿùèåñÿ êî÷óþùèå ïòèöû. Áîëüøå íè÷åãî ïðî âñòðå÷è ïåëèêàíîâ â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå íå ñêàçàíî. Îäíàêî â ðàáîòå ïî ðåäêèì ïòèöàì Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáë., âûøåäøåé ãîäîì ïîçæå (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1996), íàõîäèì, ÷òî â 1994 ã. íà ñîñåäíåì îç. Îáàëûêîëü îáíàðóæåíû 3 ãíåçäà. Êàêèì äàííûì âåðèòü? Ëåáåäü-êëèêóí Cygnus cygnus.  ñâîèõ ðàáîòàõ (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1996, 1998à) Ã. Ì. îòìå÷àåò, ÷òî êëèêóíû íà÷àëè ãíåçäèòüñÿ «â Îðåíáóðãñêîé îáëàñòè ñ 1992 ã. íà îçåðàõ Óðàëî-Òîáîëüñêîãî ïëàòî â Ñâåòëèíñêîì ð-íå è Êóìàêñêîì âîäîõðàíèëèùå â ßñíåíñêîì ð-íå». Íî â àâòîðåôåðàòå åãî êàíäèäàòñêîé äèññåðòàöèè, ïîñâÿùåííîé ãóñåîáðàçíûì (Ñàìèãóëëèí, 1993), âèä â êà÷åñòâå ãíåçäÿùåãîñÿ íå óêàçàí. Áîëåå òîãî, Ã. Ì., ïîõîæå, íå çíàåò, ÷òî ãíåçäîâàíèå êëèêóíà íà îçåðàõ Îðåíáóðãñêîãî Çàóðàëüÿ èçâåñòíî óæå áîëåå ñòà ëåò (Ìèëüêîâ, 1949...