Грузовые/пилотируемые корабль. Cygnus. [Редактировать]

Грузовой космический корабль весом около 4 тонн. Состоит из двух модулей - служебного, в котором расположена энергетическая установка, и грузового, созданного на основе оборудования, использовавшегося ранее совместно с американскими шаттлами. Запланированная на 22 сентября стыковка американского грузового корабля с МКС не состоялась, формат данных навигационной системы Cygnus не соответствовал тому, который существует на аналогичной системе МКС. После внесения поправок в бортовое программное обеспечение корабля 29 сентября Cygnus подошёл к МКС и с помощью манипулятора «Canadarm» был пристыкован к модулю «Harmony». Космический корабль доставил на МКС около 700 кг груза, в том числе одежду, продукты, предметы первой необходимости и материалы для научных экспериментов. Всего «Cygnus» пробудет в стыковке с МКС почти месяц, после чего его загрузят мусором и сожгут в атмосфере Земли. NASA уже заключило с Orbital Sciences контракт на сумму 1,9 млрд. долларов, в соответствии с которым корабли «Cygnus» совершат до конца 2016 года восемь полетов к МКС. За это время они должны доставить туда примерно 10 тонн грузов.

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна производитель - США
3Страна оператор(владелец) - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12013-10-22. Аппарат окончил свое существование.
CYGNUS – американский частный транспортный грузовой корабль, разработанный компанией Orbital Sciences Corporation, массой (сухой) ~1,5 т, размерами 3,66×3,07 м, выведенный на орбиту 18.09.2013 ракетой-носителем «Antares» с космодрома на острове Уоллопс (шт. Вирджиния, США). 22.10.2013 в 14:00 по московскому времени CYGNUS был отстыкован от американского модуля Harmony МКС, 23.10.2013 в 21:41 МСК двигатели корабля были включены на торможение, после чего он вошел в плотные слои атмосферы и сгорел над водами Тихого океана.Тэги: Cygnus

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4100
2Масса (сухая), кг1500
3Габариты, метра3,66×3,07
4Масса спускаемого груза (до), кг1100
5Объем грузового отсека, куб. метров18.9
6Масса доставляемого груза (до), кг2000

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-051A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Уоллопс
2Дата пуска2013-09-18 at 14:58:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xCygnus
4Ракета-носитель 1xАнтарес 110

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....02.2014 Космический грузовой корабль Cygnus отстыкован от МКС Глава космодрома... на станцию грузовым кораблем Cygnus в январе. Сам Cygnus 18 февраля отстыкован от....02.2014 Космический грузовой корабль Cygnus отстыкован от МКС Астронавт NASA... Canadarm. Частный космический грузовой корабль Cygnus, прибывший на Международную космическую станцию... корабль с помощью манипулятора Canadarm. Корабль Cygnus ("Лебедь"), созданный компанией Orbital Sciences... двигатели будут включены на торможение, и Cygnus сгорит в плотных слоях атмосферы над... доставлены на станцию грузовым кораблем Cygnus в январе нынешнего года. Запуски были...



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... April 2013 (Mk4 Cygnus 2 Gauges with OLED Display) Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc QUALITY POLICY STATEMENT “Cygnus... measurement instruments. Cygnus is dedicated to customer satisfaction. Cygnus will always provide...-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual Contents 1. Introduction...................................................................... 5 Cygnus 2 Thickness Gauge. ..................................................... 5 Multiple Echo Measurements. ................................................... 6 Triple Echo Verification. ........................................................ 6 Cygnus Instruments............................................ 26 Display Brightness Setting ..................................................... 26 3 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2...-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 1. Introduction Cygnus 2 Thickness Gauge. The Cygnus 2 Multiple... the features of the Gauge. 5 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... Verification. 6 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus Instruments. Cygnus Instruments... products specifically for each application. Cygnus Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges are designed... 269960 www.cygnus-instruments.com sales@cygnus-instruments.com CYGNUS Instruments Inc. CYGNUS Singapore... www.cygnus-instruments.sg sales@cygnusinstruments.com sales@cygnus-instruments.sg 7 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Gauge Kit Contents 3 5 2 7 6 1 4 1. Cygnus 2 Gauge 2. Protective Silicone Sleeve 3. Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual... pockets. 8 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 2. Gauge Preparation... requires 2 x AA/LR6/UM3 Batteries. Cygnus supplies and recommends Duracell Procell... reduce the specified operating time. 9 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... 10 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual Fitting the... 12 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 3. Gauge Operation... Increase Value Battery Cover 13 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... 14 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual Taking a Thickness... 1/3 full Battery Level Gauge 16 ▼ Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... then turn off automatically. 17 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... Soft-Faced probes supplied by Cygnus Instruments. Cygnus Soft-Faced probes are.... 18 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual Changing the... Frequency Identification The frequency of Cygnus probes is indicated by colour... side reflections prevent measurement. 20 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... the new calibration. SET 23 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... the current Resolution setting 25 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 3. Use the... change the Brightness setting: 26 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... 3.5 MHz Probe 5.0 MHz Probe 27 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2.... 28 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 7. Troubleshooting The.... 30 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual 9. Care and.... Only use leak-proof batteries, Cygnus recommend Duracell Procell batteries. Environmental... by Cygnus Instruments or by an Authorised Cygnus Service dealer. 31 Cygnus 2 Operating...’s Factory Service is available from Cygnus Instruments. The Complete Kit should... Deep Coat mode consult Cygnus Instruments Ltd. 33 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual... change for product improvement. 34 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... 0.2229 0.956 Material Copper 35 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... Table of Sound Velocities 36 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... for correct probe selection. 37 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2... keeping the Cygnus 2 on the surface. Alternatively please visit: www.cygnus-instruments.com/english/cygnus1uw.html for full details on the Cygnus.... 38 M41-CYG2-M-01_Iss3.doc Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual Probe Spares... – Cygnus 2,3 or 4 Gauge consisting of 1 x Standard Membranes (20pk) & Membrane Couplant 39 Cygnus... Part No. Description 002-7173/4 Cygnus 2 Mk4 electronics body only Miscellaneous... 002-4834/4 Cygnus 2/4 Mk 4 carry case with foam 002-4835/4 Cygnus 2/4 Mk 4 silicone instrument sleeve with belt clip stud 002-4836/4 Cygnus 2/4 Mk 4 belt clip 002-4837/4 Cygnus 2/4 Mk 4 fabric accessories pouch 40 Cygnus.... EU Declaration of Conformity Manufacturer Cygnus Instruments Ltd. Address 30 Prince..., Dorchester, Dorset. DT1 1PW. Equipment Cygnus 2 - Digital Ultrasonic Thickness Gauge (Mk4... listed directives. Managing Director 41 Cygnus 2 Operating & Accessories Manual M41-CYG2...



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..., when calibrated in accordance with Cygnus Instruments calibration procedure Resolution Multiple...) CYGNUS REGIONAL OFFICES *Specifications are subject to change Cygnus Headquarters Cygnus USA Cygnus UAE Cygnus Singapore Cygnus Instruments Ltd Cygnus House 30... Kingdom Cygnus Instruments Inc. PO Box 6417 Annapolis MD 21401 USA Cygnus... Free Zone (JAFZA) Dubai UAE Cygnus Instruments (S) Pte Ltd 63 Jalan... (0) 1305 265 533 E: sales@cygnus-instruments.com W: www.cygnus-instruments.com T: +1 (410...@cygnus-instruments.com W: www.cygnus-instruments.com T: +65 6252 5909 E: sales@cygnus-instruments.sg W: www.cygnus-instruments.sg CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Manufactured in the UK CB22US ISS 3 Cygnus... Single-Echo measuring modes NEW CYGNUS 2+ HANDS FREE MULTI-MODE THICKNESS... KEY FEATURES MULTI-MEASURING MODE CYGNUS PROBES AND CABLES Ÿ Multiple-Echo... (and no probe zero required). Cygnus Stainless Steel INOX Probes (Single... by Classification Societies The NEW Cygnus 2+ is a simple to use, multi... IP67 – US MIL STD 810G Ÿ Cygnus echo strength bars to assist... Cygnus thickness gauges are supplied with a 3 YEAR Cygnus Gauge Warranty as standard CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Cygnus Multiple-Echo... back wall corrosion and pitting. Cygnus Stainless Steel INOX Probes (Twin... Probe MEASUREMENT STABILITY INDICATOR (MSI™) Cygnus Cables This feature helps ensure.... T7A Probe STANDARD KIT CONTENTS Cygnus 2+ ultrasonic thickness gauge; padded carry... optional Krusell® belt clip. NEW CYGNUS 2+ HANDS FREE MULTI-MODE THICKNESS... KEY FEATURES MULTI-MEASURING MODE CYGNUS PROBES AND CABLES Ÿ Multiple-Echo... (and no probe zero required). Cygnus Stainless Steel INOX Probes (Single... by Classification Societies The NEW Cygnus 2+ is a simple to use, multi... IP67 – US MIL STD 810G Ÿ Cygnus echo strength bars to assist... Cygnus thickness gauges are supplied with a 3 YEAR Cygnus Gauge Warranty as standard CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Cygnus Multiple-Echo... back wall corrosion and pitting. Cygnus Stainless Steel INOX Probes (Twin... Probe MEASUREMENT STABILITY INDICATOR (MSI™) Cygnus Cables This feature helps ensure.... T7A Probe STANDARD KIT CONTENTS Cygnus 2+ ultrasonic thickness gauge; padded carry..., when calibrated in accordance with Cygnus Instruments calibration procedure Resolution Multiple...) CYGNUS REGIONAL OFFICES *Specifications are subject to change Cygnus Headquarters Cygnus USA Cygnus UAE Cygnus Singapore Cygnus Instruments Ltd Cygnus House 30... Kingdom Cygnus Instruments Inc. PO Box 6417 Annapolis MD 21401 USA Cygnus... Free Zone (JAFZA) Dubai UAE Cygnus Instruments (S) Pte Ltd 63 Jalan... (0) 1305 265 533 E: sales@cygnus-instruments.com W: www.cygnus-instruments.com T: +1 (410...@cygnus-instruments.com W: www.cygnus-instruments.com T: +65 6252 5909 E: sales@cygnus-instruments.sg W: www.cygnus-instruments.sg CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Manufactured in the UK CB22US ISS 3 Cygnus...



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... several time-sensitive payloads and Cygnus’ first powered payload, the Commercial..., the Cygnus spacecraft, and a fairing that encloses and protects the Cygnus spacecraft during ascent. Continued on Next Page Mission Overview, Cont. Cygnus™ The Cygnus spacecraft is composed of two... mechanical interface to the ISS. Cygnus will also be used to... Operations During the Orb-1 mission, Cygnus will perform a series of maneuvers..., and perform grapple/berthing operations. Cygnus will be monitored and controlled...) flight controllers will also support Cygnus rendezvous, berthing and departure operations... command and data exchange between Cygnus and the ISS. CRS Orb... Highlights During the Orb-1 mission, Cygnus must successfully perform a series of...’s Antares rocket will launch the Cygnus spacecraft into orbit from the... Facility. After separation from Antares, Cygnus will deploy its solar arrays... propulsion system for maneuvers. As Cygnus orbits the Earth, it increases... closer to the space station. Cygnus systems will be subject to... berthing with the ISS. Day 2: Cygnus will continue its ascent toward... a “Go” for Cygnus to berth with the station. Cygnus will approach to... stop below the ISS autonomously. Cygnus will then be commanded to... require extreme precision as both Cygnus and station will be orbiting... open Cygnus’ hatch, unload the payloads and cargo and fill Cygnus with... its mission at the ISS, Cygnus will be detached from the... from the Wallops Flight Facility, Cygnus will begin its journey to... over 10 minutes after launch, Cygnus will reach its preliminary orbit... of approach to the station, Cygnus will perform an engine burn... Control Houston team to allow Cygnus to perform a set of thruster... completion of ADV-2, and then Cygnus will perform another series of... a “go” from MCC Houston, the Cygnus flight control team in Dulles... flight control teams is completed, Cygnus will proceed to the 12... they are “go” to capture Cygnus. At that point, Expedition 37... reach out and grapple the Cygnus spacecraft, and with the help... crew member Koichi Wakata, guide Cygnus to the bottom, Earth-facing... and Cygnus testing runs long, Mission Control could elect to leave Cygnus... to scale CRS Orb-1 Mission Cygnus Mission Profile Phasing Operations - ~2 days... Field Rendezvous) CRS Orb-1 Mission Cygnus Mission Timeline Phasing Operations - ~2 days... Wallops Separation Cygnus separation from Antares stage 2 Solar Array Deploy Cygnus deploys...) below ISS CRS Orb-1 Mission Cygnus Mission Profile Joint Operations (JOPS... ISS robotic arm and captures Cygnus CRS Orb-1 Mission Post Berthing... will open the hatch between Cygnus and the station the day... the cargo. On this mission, Cygnus will transport 1465 kg (3,217... (2,866 lb.) of disposal cargo. Cygnus will spend up to 43... then will ungrapple the vehicle. Cygnus will perform a series of engine... Houston will then confirm that Cygnus is on a safe path away... complex. Approximately two days after Cygnus leaves the station, it will... take about 30 minutes for Cygnus to re-enter the Earth... Pacific Ocean. CRS Orb-1 Mission Cygnus Cargo Manifest Bag Title Bag...-1 Payloads On the Orb-1 mission, Cygnus will be carrying a number of... the science payloads flying on Cygnus: • NLP Vaccine-21 (Antibiotic Effectiveness...



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Cygnus 2 Hands Free Multiple-Echo Ultrasonic ... protective coatings Cygnus Regional Offices Cygnus Headquarters Cygnus USA Cygnus Singapore Cygnus Instruments Ltd Cygnus House... Kingdom Cygnus Instruments Inc. PO Box 6417 Annapolis MD 21401 USA Cygnus... 960 Email: sales@cygnus-instruments.com Website: www.cygnus-instruments.com Tel...@cygnus-instruments.sg Website: www.cygnus-instruments.sg Manufactured in the UK CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY CB21US ISS 1 NEW CYGNUS 2 HANDS FREE MULTIPLE-ECHO THICKNESS GAUGE The NEW Cygnus 2, with..., when calibrated in accordance with Cygnus Instruments calibration procedure Resolution 0.1 mm... sealing to IP67 - MIL STD810G ŸCygnus echo-strength bars assist thickness... subject to change CYGNUS PROBES AND CABLES CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Cygnus Stainless Steel... using 3 return echoes to give Cygnus Cables repeatable, reliable results ŸAccepted... T2 = T3). STANDARD KIT CONTENTS Cygnus ultrasonic thickness gauge; padded carry.... NEW CYGNUS 2 HANDS FREE MULTIPLE-ECHO THICKNESS GAUGE The NEW Cygnus 2, with..., when calibrated in accordance with Cygnus Instruments calibration procedure Resolution 0.1 mm... sealing to IP67 - MIL STD810G ŸCygnus echo-strength bars assist thickness... subject to change CYGNUS PROBES AND CABLES CYGNUS GAUGE WARRANTY Cygnus Stainless Steel... using 3 return echoes to give Cygnus Cables repeatable, reliable results ŸAccepted... T2 = T3). STANDARD KIT CONTENTS Cygnus ultrasonic thickness gauge; padded carry...® belt clip and attachments accessory. Cygnus 2 Hands Free Multiple-Echo Ultrasonic... protective coatings Cygnus Regional Offices Cygnus Headquarters Cygnus USA Cygnus Singapore Cygnus Instruments Ltd Cygnus House... Kingdom Cygnus Instruments Inc. PO Box 6417 Annapolis MD 21401 USA Cygnus... 960 Email: sales@cygnus-instruments.com Website: www.cygnus-instruments.com Tel...@cygnus-instruments.sg Website: www.cygnus-instruments.sg Manufactured in the UK CYGNUS...



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... Luminosity on Environment in the Cygnus-X Star-Forming Complex E. Kryukova1 , S. T. Megeath1...,5 , Howard A. Smith2 , F. Motte7 ABSTRACT The Cygnus-X star-forming complex is one...-sur-Yvette Cedex, France –2– 1. Introduction Cygnus-X is a highly obscured area of... OB associations, including the massive Cygnus OB2 association which hosts 65... regions within Cygnus-X, it has been long debated whether Cygnus-X is a superposition... view that Cygnus-X is mostly a single complex surrounding the Cygnus OB2 association... primary molecular gas clouds in Cygnus-X: the CygXNorth cloud, which contains... contained massive protostars. The Spitzer Cygnus-X Program (P.I. Hora) mapped a 24 deg... Spitzer-identified protostars in the Cygnus-X region. We employ the methodology... regions studied in KMG12, the Cygnus-X cloud complex provides a much richer..., we compare different regions within Cygnus-X to search for variations in... the protostellar luminosity function in Cygnus-X depends on the environment in... Photometry The Cygnus-X complex was the target of the Cygnus-X Spitzer Legacy... to identify protostars in the Cygnus-X point source catalog. These criteria... resolution at the distance of Cygnus-X. Future, higher resolution near-IR... in separate file). Table 2: Cygnus-X YSOs Cygnus-X CygX-North CygX-South Area... the protostellar luminosity function in Cygnus-X, we must first estimate bolometric... slope of Cygnus-X protostar candidates is 0.75, and 90% of Cygnus-X protostar... for the protostar candidates in Cygnus-X extends from 0.1 L⊙ to 3370 L⊙ , with...% of the protostar candidates in Cygnus-X. The corresponding cutoff luminosity is... Cyg OB2 association and that Cygnus-X is mostly a coherent complex rather... formation are currently operating in Cygnus-X. 3.1. Protostellar Luminosity Functions of CygX... toward lower luminosity, though the Cygnus-X and CygX-North luminosity functions... the Cygnus-X or CygX-South luminosity functions. Above Lcut = 2.16, the Cygnus... luminosity function of the entire Cygnus-X sample with both the individual... luminosity function to the entire Cygnus-X cloud luminosity function are listed... the entire Cygnus-X cloud luminosity function. In comparison, the Cygnus-X luminosity function... they are both associated with Cygnus-X. The degree of contamination from... to the dissimilarity between the Cygnus-X and CygX-North luminosity functions...-North and the Cygnus-X regions. Table 3: K-S Test probabilities Region Cygnus-X CygX-North... luminous protostar candidate in the Cygnus-X sample). This trend is particularly... distance, denoted Dc , for the Cygnus-X cloud nebulosity filtered sample. This... low stellar density regions in Cygnus-X, which is optimal for statistical... density environments for the entire Cygnus-X region. Based on the K-S test... protostellar luminosity functions of the Cygnus-X star formation complex compare with... that used to determine the Cygnus-X protostellar luminosity function, these two... functions. The luminosity functions for Cygnus-X, CygX-North, CygX-South, and... toward our completeness limit for Cygnus-X, Lcut = 2.16 L⊙ , and has a tail... function also rises toward our Cygnus-X completeness limit, Lcut = 2.16 L⊙ , but... the luminosity functions of the Cygnus-X, CygXNorth, and CygX-South protostar... are given in Table 3. The Cygnus-X luminosity function has a higher median... HMSFC luminosity function. Neither the Cygnus-X nor the CygX-South protostellar... of protostars in Cygnus-X and within sub-regions of Cygnus-X vary across... star formation are operating in Cygnus-X. We observe not only morphological... the luminosity functions found in Cygnus-X are similar to the luminosity... high stellar density regions in Cygnus-X likely contain higher column density... 1800 protostar candidates in the Cygnus-X star-forming cloud complex. These... of molecular clouds observed towards Cygnus-X. We estimate luminosities for these.... • We find that the entire Cygnus-X protostar sample luminosity function increases... filamentary structures. • We compare the Cygnus-X, CygX-North, and CygX-South... the CygX-South or full Cygnus-X protostar sample luminosity function. We... out the possibility that the Cygnus-X and CygX-South protostar luminosity... show a low probability that the Cygnus-X or CygX-South luminosity function... these tests cannot statistically distinguish Cygnus-X or CygX-South luminosity functions... stellar density environments for each Cygnus-X, CygX-North, and CygX-South... from Herschel surveys of the Cygnus-X region. By extending the photometry... more robust luminosities for the Cygnus-X protostars, detect protostars not identified..., located near [4.5] - [24] = 6. – 29 – Fig. 3.— Cygnus-X AV map with IRAC and... the salmon boxes. – 30 – Fig. 4.— Cygnus-X 13 CO J = 1→0 velocity integrated intensity... background galaxies removed for the Cygnus-X sample (left), CygX-North sample.... nn4 distance for the entire Cygnus-X protostar candidate sample (left), CygX... density environments in the entire Cygnus-X cloud sample (left), CygX-North... – Fig. 16.— Luminosity functions for Cygnus-X, CygX-North, CygX-South (top...



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... 15.09.2013 Частный грузовик Cygnus готов к запуску к МКС Космический дайджест... ракеты «Antares» / «Антарес» / с космическим грузовиком «Cygnus» /«Лебедь»/. Новое окно запуска назначено.... Новые ракета «Antares» и космический грузовик «Cygnus» разработаны в Орбитальной научной корпорации /ОНК... космический грузовик Cygnus назван в честь астронавта Лоу Грузовой космический корабль Cygnus, который... году умер от рака. Грузовик Cygnus («Лебедь»), разработанный Orbital Sciences в рамках... на острове Уоллопс и выведет корабль Cygnus на орбиту. Во время самостоятельного... систем. Как ожидается, 22 сентября Cygnus приблизится к МКС, где будет захвачен... оценивают вероятность хорошей погоды для Cygnus в 75% Метеорологи дают благоприятный прогноз... ракеты «Антарес» с частным грузовым кораблем Cygnus с космодрома на острове Уоллопс на... проблем с этим не будет. Грузовик Cygnus («Лебедь»), разработанный Orbital Sciences в рамках... космический грузовик Cygnus впервые отправится к МКС Частный космический грузовик Cygnus впервые полетит... Sciences — разработчик и ракеты, и корабля. Грузовик Cygnus («Лебедь»), разработанный Orbital Sciences в рамках... «Антарес» с частным грузовым космическим кораблем Cygnus в 18.58 мск успешно стартовала... он должен раскрыть солнечные батареи. Cygnus («Лебедь»), разработанный Orbital Sciences в рамках... тестовый полет с моделью корабля, выведет Cygnus на орбиту с наклонением 51,6 градуса... систем. Как ожидается, 22 сентября Cygnus приблизится к МКС, где он будет... грузовик Cygnus отправился в первый полет к МКС Частный грузовой космический корабль Cygnus отправился...», — заявил глава НАСА Чарльз Болден. Cygnus («Лебедь»), разработанный Orbital Sciences в рамках... орбиту высотой около 300 километров. Cygnus благополучно отделился от второй ступени... 18.09.2013 Dragon VS Cygnus: конкуренты или напарники… У зарекомендовавшей себя... Dragon, появился конкурент Запуск корабля Cygnus, принадлежащего другой частной космической компании... на этой неделе. Причем задачи Cygnus, на первый взгляд мало чем..., конкурентами или партнерами станут Dragon и Cygnus. Большинство специалистов космической отрасли, склонны... МКС более тяжелые грузы, чем Cygnus. Однако Cygnus в свою очередь, благодаря своей... результаты экспериментов. В то же время Cygnus, сгорающий в плотных слоях атмосферы, способен...



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... timing nature of the microquasar Cygnus X-3 Karri I. I. Koljonen A doctoral dissertation completed... timing nature of the microquasar Cygnus X-3 Publisher School of Electrical Engineering... besides the disk. Keywords Microquasars, Cygnus X-3, spectroscopy, time series, X-rays, radio... I. I. Koljonen Väitöskirjan nimi Mikrokvasaari Cygnus X-3:n spektri- ja aikasarjaominaisuudet Julkaisija Sähk... tutkijoille vielä tuntemattoman prosessin kautta. Cygnus X-3 on yksi kirkkaimmista mikrokvasaareista. Sen...öitä, joita ainutlaatuiset olosuhteet aiheuttavat Cygnus X-3:ssa, varsinkin kohteesta havaittujen voimakkaiden... röntgen- ja radiohavainnoilla. Tulosten pohjalta Cygnus X-3:sta pystyttiin erottamaan uusi "hyperpehme...- ja gammasäteilyjaksoihin. Hiukkassuihkujen syntyminen Cygnus X-3:ssa näyttäisi tapahtuvan eri... yleisemmin röntgentähtitieteessä. Avainsanat Mikrokvasaarit, Cygnus X-3, spektroskopia, aikasarja-analyysi, röntgen-, radio... 1. Introduction 1 1.1 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1.1 X-ray binaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.1.2 Microquasars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.1.3 Cygnus X-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.2 Objective and scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.3 Dissertation structure... spectral states of Cygnus X-3 . . . . . . . . . . . 23 2.2.2 X-ray timing properties of Cygnus X-3 . . . . . . . . . 23 v Contents... major radio flares in Cygnus X-3 . . 26 2.3.2 γ-rays in Cygnus X-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 3. Materials and... particle acceleration in the microquasar Cygnus X-3” The author analyzed and discussed... connection in the enigmatic microquasar Cygnus X-3” The author’s main responsibility was... X-1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 2.6 X-ray spectral states of Cygnus X-3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 2.7 A schematic diagram depicting the.... However, the true nature of Cygnus X-3 remains a mystery despite extensive multiwavelength... they were found: Scorpius X-1, Cygnus X-1, Cygnus X-2 and Cygnus X-3. To this date tens of... being Cygnus X-1, GRS 1915+105, GX 339-4, SS 433 and Cygnus X-3. 1.1.3 Cygnus X-3 One of the most peculiar sources amongst microquasars is Cygnus... outbursts as observed from Cygnus X-3. The distance to Cygnus X-3 is rather poorly... in Cygnus X-3. The classification of the different spectral states of Cygnus... of conditions in Cygnus X-3. The X-ray timing properties of Cygnus X-3 are remarkably... with the stellar wind in Cygnus X-3. Cygnus X-3 displays unique properties in the... system. 2.2.1 X-ray spectral states of Cygnus X-3 Cygnus X-3 displays multiple X-ray states, including..., Publication I). Thus, it appears that Cygnus X-3 is Comptonization dominated. The peculiar... of Cygnus X-3 produces unique spectral features. 2.2.2 X-ray timing properties of Cygnus X-3 The PDS of Cygnus X-3 was studied in... radio flares in Cygnus X-3 Unlike most other XRBs, Cygnus X-3 is relatively bright... another major flare. 2.3.2 γ -rays in Cygnus X-3 Cygnus X-3 has been detected by various... the Cygnus region is a very complicated area at γ-ray energies. Cygnus X-3 has... for producing the emission from Cygnus X-3 throughout the electromagnetic spectrum have... set of multiwavelength observations of Cygnus X-3 from groundand space-based observatories...–30 GHz. Monitoring data from Cygnus X-3 in seven frequency bands (1.0, 2.3, 4.8, 7.7, 11... the jet 43 Results . / &,-% & -% ) * ) " #$% $&" '$ ( ! &" # & + Figure 4.1. Cygnus X-3 hardness-intensity diagram with the... wavelengths throughout the electromagnetic spectrum, Cygnus X-3 still has a few surprises up... to Cygnus X-3. A note should be made about possible neutrino emission from Cygnus X-3. It has been estimated by Distefano et al. (2002) that Cygnus... to Cygnus X-3 with the aid of the underlying X-ray emission. While Cygnus... K. Pottschmidt. A giant radio flare from Cygnus X-3 with associated γ-ray emission. MNRAS... G. G. Pooley. Infrared spectroscopic variability of Cygnus X-3 in outburst and quiescence. MNRAS..., and D. C. Hannikainen. Spectral variability in Cygnus X-3. MNRAS, 392:251–263, January... R. C. Lamb, C. P. Godfrey, W. A. Wheaton, and T. Tumer. Cygnus X-3 observed at photon energies above... E. Valtaoja. Synchrotron flaring behaviour of Cygnus X-3 during the February-March 1994..., P. V. Ramanamurthy, E. Schneid, P. Sreekumar, and D. J. Thompson. Cygnus X-3 and EGRET Gamma-Ray Observations..., R. Giacconi, and A. C. Brinkman. Observations of Cygnus X-3 by Uhuru. Nature Physical Science... F. Verrecchia. The AGILE monitoring of Cygnus X-3: transient gammaray emission and spectral..., and P. Lachowicz. RXTE observations of Cygnus X-3. In P. Kaaret, F. K. Lamb, and J. H. Swank... G. G. Pooley. Quenched millimetre emission from Cygnus X-1 in a soft X-ray state. MNRAS... N. J. Westergaard. First INTEGRAL observations of Cygnus X-3. A&A, 411:L405–L410, November 2003... F. D. Ghigo. Quenched radio emission in Cygnus X-3. Astronomical Journal, 112:2690–2698...



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... Cygnus CATALOGUE Surface Thickness Gauges Cygnus 2 Hands Free Cygnus 4 General Purpose Cygnus 4+ General Purpose Cygnus 1 Intrinsically Safe ATEX Cygnus 2+ Hands Free Cygnus 6+ PRO Cygnus Heavy Duty Subsea Thickness Gauges Cygnus DIVE Cygnus ROV Mountable 2000 m / 4000 m Cygnus Underwater Cygnus MINI ROV... & Leads Cygnus 2 HANDS FREE Cygnus 2+ HANDS FREE Cygnus 4 GENERAL PURPOSE Cygnus 4+ GENERAL PURPOSE Cygnus 6+ PRO Cygnus 1 INTRINSICALLY SAFE ATEX Cygnus HEAVY DUTY 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Subsea Thickness Gauges, Probes & Leads Cygnus DIVE Mk2 9-11 Cygnus UNDERWATER 12 Cygnus ROV Mountable 2/4 km 13-14 Cygnus... Cygnus Gauges 24 Hatch Sure - Hatch Cover Leak Detector Cygnus HATCH SURE 1 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus 2 HANDS FREE... other frequencies please contact Cygnus) Accessories for Cygnus 2 HANDS FREE Order Code... & Membranes page 18 2 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) + Cygnus 2 HANDS FREE Multi... & Membranes page 18 3 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus 4 GENERAL PURPOSE Multiple... other frequencies please contact Cygnus) Accessories for Cygnus 4 GENERAL PURPOSE Order Code... & Membranes page 18 4 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) + Cygnus 4 GENERAL PURPOSE Multi... Twin Crystal probes Cygnus 4 + GENERAL PURPOSE Kit Order Code Cygnus 4+ GENERAL PURPOSE... & Membranes page 18 5 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) + Cygnus 6 PRO Multi-Mode... is sold separately) Cygnus 6 + PRO Kit Order Code Cygnus 6+ PRO Mk5 Ultrasonic... & Membranes page 18 6 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus 1 INTRINSICALLY SAFE ATEX... for Cygnus Products page 21-22 7 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus HEAVY... & Membranes page 18 8 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus DIVE Wrist-Mountable... from list below 9 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus DIVE Wrist-Mountable... for CygLink 10 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus DIVE Wrist-Mountable... with OSD Cygnus DIVE (Fischer)-(9-way D) topside umbilical connectors Cygnus DIVE Battery Battery Charger for Cygnus DIVE (UK... for Cygnus DIVE Replacement Lanyard for Cygnus DIVE Operation Manual for Cygnus DIVE... page 18 11 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus UNDERWATER Diver-Held... Cygnus UNDERWATER with Remote Probe Umbilical Cable Cygnus UNDERWATER with Remote Probe Cygnus... with 2 rechargeable batteries. Cygnus UNDERWATER Kits Order Code Cygnus UNDERWATER UTG Upgradeable... 19mm(3/4") for Cygnus Underwater Probe S3C 3.5MHz 13mm(1/2") for Cygnus Underwater Probe S5C 5.0MHz 13mm(1/2") for Cygnus Underwater Probe... page 18 12 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus ROV MOUNTABLE 2/4 km... Cygnus ROV MOUNTABLE with Remote Probe Cygnus ROV MOUNTABLE with Remote Probe Cygnus... next page 13 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus ROV MOUNTABLE 2/4 km... Cygnus Supported Products page 20-21 14 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus... 15 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus Probes for use with Cygnus Ultrasonic... Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus Probe Leads for use with Cygnus Ultrasonic... (only) Leads for use with Cygnus 2 & 4 Mk5 & Cygnus 3 Mk4 Gauges Order Code... 004-0412 17 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus Spare Membranes & Knurled... ring assembly 18 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus Accessories Couplant Order... Cygnus Supported Products for use with Cygnus Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges Probes for Cygnus... other frequencies please contact Cygnus) Probes for Cygnus Intrinsically Safe Mk 1/2 up... Cygnus Supported Products for use with Cygnus Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges Probes for Cygnus... Spare Parts for Cygnus Products for use with Cygnus Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges... Code Battery for Cygnus Underwater Gauges (Mk1,2) Lanyard for Cygnus UNDERWATER Molykote... Connector Cygnus TOPSIDE REPEATER (Instrument Body) Cygnus HEAVY DUTY Gauge Body only Cygnus... for Cygnus 2/3/4 Mk4 Gauges Neck strap for use with Cygnus 2/3/4 Mk4 Cygnus 2/3 Mk3 Leather Case Leather Case for Cygnus 4 Mk 3 Carry Case for Cygnus... 001-0415 22 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus HATCH SURE Ultrasonic.... 500 24 Cygnus Catalogue (Iss.1 January 2016) Cygnus Instruments Ltd Cygnus House 30... 269900 Email: sales@cygnus-instruments.com www.cygnus-instruments.com All prices...



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Small Wonders: Cygnus A monthly sky guide for the ... 1: Widefield Map 2/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus Target List Object α (alpha) Cygni....3s Dec 30 31' 45" Cygnus ygnus is a spectacular summer constellation.... There’s a little of everything in Cygnus and I could spend the next... start with the constellation itself. Cygnus is (amazingly enough) a constellation that... in ancient Greco-Roman mythology. Cygnus, is really the god Zeus... and the tail respectively. Alpha Cygnus (Deneb) marks the tail of... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 3/16 components of the Summer... blocks our view of the Cygnus arm. The area just south... of Cygnus. There’s a plethora of wonderful telescopic deep sky targets in Cygnus... Tom Trusock 4/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus NGC 7000 and IC 5070... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 5/16 Three degrees almost directly... Tom Trusock 6/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus target so low powers and... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 7/16 filter is an UHC... years ago, a supergiant star in Cygnus (at least 8 times the mass... Tom Trusock 8/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus Figure 8: The Veil (DSS) There... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 9/16 broom on the southern... takes something larger. Messiers in Cygnus - M29 and M39 reminiscent of... constellation Crater), the goblet of Cygnus if you will, and find... the plethora of objects in Cygnus, only two were recorded by... Trusock 10/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus Figure 12: M29 Sketch contributed... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 11/16 easier. In my... Trusock 12/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus NGC 6826 – The Blinking Planetary... objects in the night sky. Cygnus is particularly blessed with these... 10-Aug-2005 Small Wonders: Cygnus 13/16 planetary and viewing... Trusock 14/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus Visually, it does not look...’re talking planetary nebula and Cygnus, you might want to take... Wonders: Cygnus 15/16 Figure 23: NGC 6946 (DSS) Cygnus truly has... the far northern border of Cygnus we find the spiral galaxy... Objects both place it in Cygnus, but the Night Sky Users... Trusock 16/16 Small Wonders: Cygnus Whatever it is, it bears...