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... HYDRAULICS LAURENT WISMER GENEVA 2014 DWSS – Part 1 Part 1 - Basics of Hydraulics... done for the basic level DWSS – Part 1 Part 1 - Basics of Hydraulics...-2 10-3 10-6 10-9 10-12 DWSS – Part 1 Part 1 - Basics of Hydraulics... design 5 Work implementation 6 Operation & maintenance DWSS – Part 1 Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... ethanol it is 0.789 Ch1 - 1/6 DWSS – Part 1 1.3. Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... in Stokes [St]. Ch1 - 2/6    Eq. 1-8 DWSS – Part 1 Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... diagram of water Ch1 - 3/6 374 DWSS – Part 1 Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... expansion coefficient [mm/m°K] ΔL  L  ΔT  α T Ch1 - 4/6 Eq. 1-9 L ΔL DWSS – Part 1 Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... edition, Douglas, Gasiorek, Swaffield Ch1 - 5/6 DWSS – Part 1 Ch1 - Properties of Fluids... ice & water vapour (area) Ch1 - 6/6 DWSS – Part 1 Chapter 2. Ch2 - Hydrostatics 11... water through piping systems. Ch2 - 1/7 DWSS – Part 1 2.2. Ch2 - Hydrostatics 11/02... two days in Goma Ch2 - 2/7 DWSS – Part 1 container Ch2 - Hydrostatics Vacuum... it is completely vaporised. Ch2 - 3/7 DWSS – Part 1 Ch2 - Hydrostatics 11/02... - 4/7 60 70 80 90 100 DWSS – Part 1 2.5. Ch2 - Hydrostatics 11/02... ranging from 3 to 5 bars. Ch2 - 5/7 DWSS – Part 1 Ch2 - Hydrostatics 2 bar 2 bar... keep the object afloat. Ch2 - 6/7 DWSS – Part 1 Ch2 - Hydrostatics 11/02... 20 m below water surface? Ch2 - 7/7 DWSS – Part 1 Chapter 3. Ch3 Hydrodynamics 11... velocity passing through it. Ch3 - 1/5 DWSS – Part 1 If there are junctions... applications of Bernoulli's Principle. Ch3 - 2/5 DWSS – Part 1 Ch3 Hydrodynamics For a large... growing Implosion of bubbles Ch3 - 3/5 DWSS – Part 1 Ch3 Hydrodynamics 11/02... [m/s] ν: kinematic viscosity Ch3 - 4/5 Re  Dv  Eq. 3-7 DWSS – Part 1 Ch3 Hydrodynamics Laminar flow... solved with integral calculations) Ch3 - 5/5 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... pipe series (S) accordingly: Ch4 - 1/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... with the supplier. Ch4 - 2/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... radiuses! Cf chapter 5 Ch4 - 3/15 DWSS – Part 1 4.3. Ch4 Flow in pipes... V=1m/s V=3m/s V=5m/s Diameter [mm] DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... vapour pressure level. Ch4 - 5/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... the system configuration. Ch4 - 6/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... due to enlargement Ch4 - 7/15 0.1 0.0 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... friciton loss coefficient. Ch4 - 8/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes...    L D v2 L hL    2g D Eq. 4-15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... D 3 k 0.309  Re   lg   7  2 Eq. 4-18 DWSS – Part 1 Ch4 Flow in pipes... 1 0,1 456 2 0,2 789 3 0,3 012 4 0,4 345 5 0,3 1000 DWSS – Part 1 11/02/2014 System... its diameter? Ch4 - 15/15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows Chapter... losses are quite important. Ch5 - 1/8 DWSS – Part 1 5.2. Ch5 Open flows 11... flow is very shallow. Ch5 - 2/8 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows 11... 0.025 0.035 0.035 0.060 0.15 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows 11... given in the annexes. Ch5 - 4/8 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows 11... to its slope erosion). Ch5 - 5/8 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows 11... have the correct h / Q curve. Ch5 - 6/8 DWSS – Part 1 Ch5 Open flows 11...  Flow Eq. 6-7 Ch6 - 11/17 2 4 2 DWSS – Part 1 Ch6 Pumps 11/02... used for radial centrifugal pumps. DWSS – Part 1 Ch6 Pumps 11/02... hactualt at Qcal Qactual Flow DWSS – Part 1 Ch6 Pumps The calculated... corresponding flow? Ch6 - 17/17 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer Chapter... as water hammer. Ch7 - 1/15 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer 11... as an overpressure. Ch7 - 2/15 -v L -v DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer Phase.... t0 L/c 2L/c 3L/c Reversed flow DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer 11... of the pipe: Ch7 - 5/15 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer c: velocity... (distance coord) [m] L red  Tc  c 2 Eq. 7-4 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer 11... next section. Ch7 - 10/15 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer 7.6. 11... water distribution Ch7 - 13/15 DWSS - Part 1 Ch7 Water hammer 11... some pipes .................................................................... 20 Annexes - 1/20 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe A. Length 1 centimetre... 802 1792 112 50.8 1.12 1 DWSS – Part 1 Speed meter p. sec knot....5 PN 4 PN 5 PN 6 emax ID DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe B. Annexes - 4/20...-e)/2e SDR=OD/e Tolérances DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Diameter for PVC....6 907.8 1009.0 1110.2 1212.4 1409.8 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe E. 11/02...° 0.7 Kp-e 30° 15° 0.6 8° 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 d/D Annexes - 7/20 0.4 0.3 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes 11/02/2014... Kp-o 10 1 0.1 0.01 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 d/D Annexes - 8/20 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes 11/02/2014... 00 000 20' 000 00 '0 =5 DWSS – Part 1 Annexe H. Annexes 11/02... friction losses Annexes - 12/20 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes 11/02/2014... Annexes - 13/20 100. % 1000. % DWSS – Part 1 Annexes 1000 11/02... Annexes - 14/20 100. % 1000. % DWSS – Part 1 Annexes 11/02/2014... Poportional depth [% full pipe] 70% DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe K. 11/02...] Annexes - 16/20 150 200 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe L. 11/02... the velocity: Annexes - 18/20 DWSS – Part 1 f 4  c  5 Annexes 1     2   cos     2  2  2g  h 5 / 2 4   0.4  5 11... be done. Annexes - 19/20 DWSS – Part 1 Annexes Annexe N. 11/02...



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... Staff composition of DWSS, 2010 166 Caste composition of DWSS staff 166... water sanitation budget and DWSS budget 173 DWSS budget as a percentage of... 2005/06 .......................................................................................................... 155 Classification of DWSS staff .............................................................................. 163 Educational background of... Chief Engineer/Director General of DWSS (1972-2006) ............................................................................................. 168 Project and staff transferred to DOLIDAR from DWSS, 2005 .......................... 179 District-wise responsibility..., RID .................................. 199 Staff composition at DWSS division office, Udayapur ...................................... 209 Annual budget and projects, Udayapur DWSS division office, 2004-05 ........... 212... of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS). 4 | Gendered Participation in Water Management... of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS). Chapter 7 and 8 analyse officers’ actions... of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS) employees was characterized by: 1) a focus... Both government departments - DOI and DWSS - had been established to construct... water quality.’ (Officer, Planning Section, DWSS, Kathmandu, Field note, 2006) The... staff of the DWSS The staff composition of the DWSS showed a dominance... the sanitary subgroup (DWSS 2004). Second, the DWSS had been restructured thrice... in 20052006. Table 6.4 Classification of DWSS staff Gazetted 1 Director General Deputy... staff recruitment detail, Administrative Division, DWSS 2010 Further analysis of staff... 58% Figure 6.8 Caste composition of DWSS staff Source: Nijamati Kitabkhana, 2010... from Indian universities (Table 6.5). The DWSS designed their piped water supply... inclination) with respect to what DWSS officers would do. Table 6.5 Educational... the hierarchical structure of the DWSS orientation already discussed. 6.3.4 Vision, mission... the Human Development Index. The DWSS was the government organization responsible... report about (see Box 6.1). Box 6.1 DWSS/ADB Directives for social preparation... budget of the DWSS, with the percentage that the DWSS used to... projects DWSS, 24 Small town projects DWSS ,5 RWSS Program DOLIDAR, 5 DWSS other projects... Corporation Source: Planning Section, DWSS 2011 Figure 6.12 DWSS budget as a percentage... bureaucracy - | 175 Field note, officer, DWSS, 2012, Kathmandu Before 1988, two...). To provide rural services, the DWSS expanded its organizational structure to... Board as a step-brother of DWSS.’ - Field note, personal communication, founder... completely wipe out DWSS.’ - Field note, personal communication, officer DWSS, 2010 Though... responsibility of women workers. Accordingly, DWSS did appoint women workers in... staff transferred to DOLIDAR from DWSS, 2005 Development Region Eastern Development... addressing gender questions within the DWSS is surrounded with complexities that..., DWSS, 2004 and verified with DWSS documents available on the web (DWSS 2013... changed the number of DWSS field offices. A DWSS officer remarked that there... reluctance among DWSS staff to reduce the number of DWSS offices at district level. Ultimately, the DWSS continued maintaining... Table 8.1. Table 8.1 Staff composition at DWSS division office, Udayapur Post Senior... cycle of the DWSS). That same year the DWSS remained without a Director... have remained idle.’ -Personal communication, DWSS Staff, Planning Section, Central Office... planning and implementation cycle of DWSS Source: DWSS, Planning Section 2005 | 211... our bosses.’ - Technician, Division Office, DWSS, Udayapur, 2004 7 During the study... project activities of the DWSS. I conclude that DWSS had come to accept... funders of the DWSS, including the ADB. Accordingly, the DWSS recruited one... were to encourage women’s participation (DWSS Doing Gender in a Drinking Water...: Organizational hierarchy As noted, the DWSS division office, Udayapur, as well... the national level database....’ DDG, DWSS, Biratnagar, 2005 Through his speech... organizational struggle for existence of DWSS discussed in section 6.3 in Chapter... observations indicate that within the DWSS was a rather strong hierarchical structure... work.’ - Personal communication, Director, Regional DWSS office, Dankuta, 2005 A female sociologist of the DWSS remarked: 222 | Gendered Participation in... the field more often.’ - Sociologist, DWSS, Kathmandu, 2006 These views showed... norms would be difficult. I found DWSS staff preoccupied with organizational uncertainties.... I joined a meeting conducted by the DWSS and SOPHEN on participatory decision... again, they had published the DWSS newsletter Darpan. Apparently, in a process... women are disempowered.’ - Senior engineer, DWSS, 2005 A male and a female sociologist... achieved through women’s involvement.’ - Sociologists, DWSS, 2005 Their view showed that... Water Supply and Sewerage, Nepal. DWSS. 2011. Nationwide coverage and functionality... Sewerage, Nepal Government. DWSS. 2013. Job description of DWSS employee. Department of...



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... Urban Development and Building Construction DWSS Department of Water Supply and... 4.1.6 International NGOs Rural Institutional Models 4.2.1 DWSS 4.2.2 DoLIDAR 4.2.3 Local Bodies 4.2.4 RWSS Fund... Supply Coverage in Districts Source: DWSS progress review, 2015 As shown... reached 81% of the population (DWSS annual progress review, 2015). Figure... Coverage in the Districts Source: DWSS progress review, 2015 Disparity in... a 2014b 2015c Set Targets (NMIP) (DWSS) MDG National 2015 2017 Proportion... Report, NPC, 2013 (b) NMIP, 2014 (c) DWSS annual review, 2015 Sector Convergence... Service Operators' Directives 2012: The DWSS is provided with the authority...'s Structure without prior approval of DWSS; Every service provider shall submit... updated particulars, to the WSSDO/DWSS. 42 Nepal Water Supply, Sanitation... Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS): Under MoWSS, DWSS is the lead agency...-divisional offices throughout 75 Districts, DWSS has strength of around 1700... sanitation sector projects with MoWSS/DWSS, MoUD/DUDBC);  World Bank (project... be grouped into five categories: (a) DWSS, (b) DoLIDAR, (c) Local Bodies, (d) RWSS Fund... modalities are, however, not uniform. 4.2.1 DWSS DWSS is implementing both regular and donor funded projects. DWSS uses its own technical standards... only 35-50% sanitation coverage (DWSS 2015). Strategic Actions • Based on... Definition of Functionality: NMIP under DWSS (2007 - 2011) had established a system... to federal setup of governance; DWSS will gradually delegate its implementation... the Department; Establish provincial level DWSS or other appropriate institution under... resource from the Provincial Department; DWSS as well as all Provincial... full-fledged federal governance system DWSS will devolve all small scale... sector regulatory authority. After then DWSS will involve itself only in... Ministry Looking WASH Sector (Provincial DWSS / WASH CC) District Assembly Coordination... Development Plan (2016-2030) • The DWSS will prepare the “Technical Design... them while designing the system. DWSS will further enhance these standards...-2030) service standards and equity. DWSS will have further responsibilities as... Authority” with the following features: • DWSS will be mandated as Water... a lead implementing agency for WaSH, DWSS will establish an institutional monitoring... (10185600) VDCs WSSDO (1) DWSS (2) 6.1 NA WSSDO DWSS 6.1 79110 DWSS, Boards, MoWSS NWSC, Others 6.1 All sector actors MoWSS 6.2 WSSDO DWSS 6.2 DWSS... promotion in institutions (Enabling environment, DWSS Awareness and Service level Access...) Promotion of behavior and communication DWSS change All sector actors MoWSS... federal governance setup is accomplished; (2) DWSS will be gradually transformed into... Agency Agency to SDG 2015 DWSS DWSS MoWSS MIS System with segregated...) WSSDO/ Provincial Offices MoWSS WSSDO DWSS All MoWSS implementers Milestones 2020... 2020 Milestones 2025 Milestones 2030 DWSS Asset evaluated for 30% existing... for 100% existing projects (123000) DWSS All existing projects in conditions... Responsible Key Agency Implementing Agency DWSS Bulk Water Production (1802500000 MoWSS... 2015 NA MoWSS Water Production DWSS Wastewater reuse (120000) Monitoring Agency... DWSS 6a None Large, Mega Project mgmt Project-Utility DWSS 6a None DWSS... WASH Gaunpalika Technicians (1200000) WSSDO DWSS 6a NA Gaunpalika WSSDO 6a... Agency Agency Agency to SDG DWSS Regulator DWSS MoWSS MoWSS Regulator 6.1 Baseline... Agency Relevance to SDG Transforming DWSS as the National Authority for... Standards Formulation (41000) MoWSS Regulator (DWSS) Regulator (1) (DWSS) 6.4 Regulation for Surface and... Regulator (DWSS) Regulator (DWSS) 6.4 Baseline 2015 Milestones 2020 Milestones 2025 DWSS transformed in to full-fledged DWSS delegated with... Regulatory Regulatory Authority during the DWSS as Authority, transition period implementer... Service Delivery compliance as per DWSS as Standards of utilities standards... Relevance to SDG DWSS/ Utility Utility Regulator (DWSS) Regulator (DWSS) MoWSS Milestones 2020... Utility MoH Assuring Water Safety DWSS/Utility (12112500) Compliance with design... SDG 6.3 DPHO/DOHS MoH 6.3 WSSDO DWSS 6.3 DWSS MoWSS Baseline 2015 Milestones 2020... registered auditor (45000) Standards Formulation DWSS MoWSS Guidelines available Design standards... production/ use of quality Producers & DWSS goods and Manufacturers construction materials...) MoWSS Note: (1) During the transition, DWSS will be delegated the both... 2015 6.1, 6.2 NA 6.1, 6.2 NA DWSS NA Local Administration/ WSSDO DWSS 6.1, 6.2 Negligible Milestones 2020... in other themes) (22000000) DWSS MoWSS DWSS MoWSS NA MoWSS Milestones 2025... 5) Cities are getting water stressed DWSS Milestones 2020 WaSH structures in... retrofitted (6892619) Mitigation WSSDO WSSDO DWSS NA Cross cutting (included in... and Implementers Entrepreneurs and Implementers DWSS 6b NA Gaupalika (where no entrepreneurs interested) Gaupalika (where no DWSS entrepreneurs interested) 6b NA Milestones...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
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... ATMS CERES CrIS DMSP DOD DWSS IDPS JPSS MetOp NASA NOAA... the Defense Weather Satellite System (DWSS), respectively. This report responds to... in the morning orbit— called DWSS. 5 GAO, Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental... support for NPP, JPSS, and DWSS; data communications for MetOp and.... 8 Alternatively, DOD planned that its DWSS program would be comprised of... system requirements review before finalizing DWSS functionality, cost, and schedule. Table...) JPSS: 2 (in addition to NPP) DWSS: 2 Number of orbits 3 (early morning... orbit data) JPSS: 1 (afternoon orbit ) DWSS: 1 (early morning orbit) (European satellites... of sensors JPSS: 1995-2024 DWSS: not determined a JPSS: $11.9 billion... fiscal year 2010 on NPOESS) DWSS: not determined JPSS: NPP –no...-2 (C3 equivalent) available in 2018 DWSS: no earlier than 2018 • NPP: 5 sensors c JPSS-1 and 2: 5 sensors DWSS: 3 sensors Source: GAO analysis of... within budget. DOD established its DWSS program office and modified its... Established and Subsequently Terminated Its DWSS Program After the February 2010.... Specifically, in 2010, DOD established a DWSS program office and started developing... satellite program would entail. The DWSS program office, located at the..., integration, and launch of the DWSS satellites. Because this is considered..., the agency determined that the DWSS program would include two satellites... program office had contracted for DWSS activities through the end of..., DOD decided to terminate the DWSS program because it still has... did not yet need the DWSS satellites. 16 In January 2012... year 2012, DOD terminated its DWSS program. While the agency has...



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... Area ICT Islamabad Capital Territory DWSS Drinking Water Supply Schemes ERD... 320 Drinking Water Supply Schemes (DWSS), 2,810 Irrigation Schemes, 1,591 Drainage... farmers. Drinking Water Supply Schemes: DWSS beneficiary households reported a greater increase... our sampled DWSS treatment households than amongst our sampled DWSS control households... of conventional CPI schemes specifically, DWSS, drainage, sanitation and irrigation by... to focus on outcomes from DWSS and sanitation schemes. It also... physical infrastructure which includes 320 DWSS, 2,810 Irrigation, 1,591 Drainage and... Conventional Projects by Sub-Category DWSS Irrigation Drainage & Sanitation Roads & Bridges...-II Drainage and Sanitation 1,983 DWSS 2,332 Flood Protection Works 120... under drinking water supply schemes (DWSS), 120 interventions were Flood Protection... Schemes: Drinking Water Supply Schemes (DWSS) include sub-projects initiated in... drinking water. Sub-projects under DWSS include hand-pumps, dug wells... like drinking water supply schemes (DWSS), irrigation infrastructure projects, water canal... projects within the subcategories of DWSS, drainage & sanitation and irrigation undertaken... 352 Drainage & Sanitation 149 60 DWSS 29 22 662 434 Total... Muzaffargarh NRSP, SAP-PK WSO DWSS, Irrigation Irrigation Rahimyar Khan NRSP... also accounted for data on DWSS. A closer look at the sampled... disaggregated data on employment for DWSS Drainage & Sanitation as well as... Table 3.4.1 Employment by Sector in DWSS and Drainage & Sanitation Sampled Households... with sampled households for Irrigation, DWSS, and Drainage & Sanitation combined. Interestingly... under Drinking Water Supply Schemes (DWSS) by upgrading and enhancing drinking... and its health effects for DWSS interventions undertaken by the CPI... percentage of households in our DWSS sample according to sources of... 5.2.1 Sources of Drinking Water for DWSS Households Control Treatment 2007 2009... of drinking water amongst our DWSS treatment households. 5.3 Health Effects: When analyzing health effects of DWSS interventions in treatment communities we... Major Diseases by Percentage of DWSS Households Control Treatment 2007 2009... percentage of households within the DWSS sample which reported the prevalence... our sampled DWSS treatment households than amongst our sampled DWSS control households...



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...—12050 REPORT ON DWSS REVIEW STRATEGIC PLANNING PROJECT FOR DWSS ASIAN DEVELOPMENT... Community Resources 2.4 Recommendations to Improve DWSS Community Liaison 9 [6 17 18 3. HANDOVEROF... Schemes 3.3 Recommendations 20 21 22 4. DWSS FASTRACK CREDIT PROGRAMMF 4.1 Background 4.2 Objectives... for O&M 5.8 DWSS O&M Support to the Community 6. DWSS ORGANIZATIONAL SETUP AND OPERATIONS 6.1 DWSS Organization... Cost Recovery 9.3 Financial Management of DWSS Municipal and Large S~?stems 9 4 Recommendations... C DWWS Organogram D DWSS 1-landover of Completed Schemes E Review of DWSS Management Information... completed schemes is essential to DWSS’ success. DWSS cannot afford to maintain... malfunctioning schemes in the DWSS database, • the DWSS database c~.verageestimates continue to... and staff developed by DWSS/FINNIDA. • that DWSS undertake an exercise of... period. 4 I I I Compilation of DWSS and NGOs Plans The DWSS prepares an annual... CHITAWAN.~ PARASI Boundary :~ MAKAWANPUW BARA’ o — — I I I~ ~ DWSS/Biiateral 8 NGO Scheme o DDC * Private...~ - ILAU IJOAYAPUR . •~SAPTARI ~ TERHATHUM~~-~ c 4.1”~’ J ~SARL4Hi ~ -.- DWSS Scheme 8 q:P/ SINDHULI Regional District PALANCHOK... Dhanicuta Ghorlikhark DWSS UNICEF Diyale GE 450 5 Morang Lakhantan DWSS/PS Labtoli... Kabre DWSS Kodare GF 0~ 2 Dolakha Kabre DWSS Hanumate GE 0* 2 Sindhupalchowk Bhotsipa DWSS UNICEF... DWSS Akamphedi GF 541 1 Ramechap Manthalee DWSS Macchedade GF 288 1 Sindhuli Dadegurc~e DWSS... 1 Argbakhanchi Sandhikhark DWSS Hulaka GF 6446 I Kapilbastu Bahadurgunj DWSS/PS Bahadurgunj Pump... Bardiya 1 DWSS PS Nimkotiya Bardiya Khirapur NRC DWSS/ PS Barthya Khirapur DWSS/PS Bardiya Gulanya DWSS/PS Bardiya Kalika NRD DWSS UNICEF PS Bankey Kamdi DWSS/PS... Bankey Chisapam Bajhang Heinantabada DWSS Bajhang Subeda DWSS UNICEF t—only 40% receiving... to undertake responsibility for O&M. I - In DWSS-alone projects community participation was... was absent in DWSS-alone projects In Bilateral/DWSS and NGOs projects... with which DWSS is. grappling. To succeed, not only DWSS will need... to flow to DWSS through normal channels for financing DWSS administrative and... Responsibilities Task Contractor/Retailer DWG DWSS Leading Agency Survey C) Area Pnontization... for final payment Repayment 0 30 0 0 I I 1 I I I I I 5. DWSS ARRANGEMIENTh FOR OPERATION & MAINTENANCE 5.1. Introduction Since its inception, DWSS has operated and maintained water... I Pmjects ,naintained by DWSS. In the case of DWSS managed projects, operation... amount. _____________ ___________ Table 5.3 Year * DWSS O&M Budget. No of completed Projects... Regional Directorates & DWSS. 5.7 Handover of completed projects for O&M DWSS plans to handover... health. I I 36 6. DWSS ORGANIZATIONAL SET-UP AND OPERATIONS 6.1 DWSS Organization The organizational chart for Central DWSS is presented... sustainability through community management. The DWSS has recently undergone reorganization. It... policy and organizational changes within DWSS. DWSS was also responsible for the... Bimonthly summary reports are prepared DWSS Trimester Progress Monitoring & Program Budgeting... Admmnistr a-tion section of DWSS & - Use Comments DWSS. reporting from districts is... reported upon - RDs & DWSS DIOs, Regional office & DWSS account section summanses financial... total monthly expenditure DWSS, MHPP Simple record keeping MHPP, DWSS & RDs - - - }‘i\’~t)s 43... analytical statements 4’ I DWSS Planning Unit prepares MHPP sets Department & DWSS 1 7Jan. provides... 5129 I I I Table 7.2 Geographic Distribution of DWSS SthJT Office Permanent Technical Adnirn... the success of the DWSS programme as a whole DWSS has been staffed... brought into DWSS at all levels must be found. • DWSS is shouldering... refining them specifically to tasks. I I I I 9. DWSS FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT AND COST RECOVERY... 9.1 Assessment of DWSS Financial Management System The assessment of DWSS fInancial management... disconnections are rare. I Legal Provisions DWSS are framed under Section 2 ~ Administrative... monitoring Outside DWSS Management Cost Recovery • As in the DWSS managed schemes... also been achieved by DWSS but less consistently. . DWSS Directives and Standards... constructed by DWSS and not handed over to WUC, DWSS is responsible... agreed upon institutional roles of DWSS. DWSS’ role as lead agency of... Ownership & O&M l’rivate Shallow Handpurnp Family DWSS should disengage from direct implementation... programs are based. A.l DWSS Coverage Estimates. The DWSS official coverage figures report... DWSS projects and NGOs working with DWSS are included. 3. In calculating the DWSS... District Total Population (Census) FINNIDA DWSS Coverage Ratio Population Covered % Covered... Jumla — — — 15. Dolpa — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — APPENI~1X D DWSS HANDC)VER OF COMPLETED SCHEMES... had to be returned to DWSS. The DWSS has established a policy of... Gravity Byas 20175 Gravity 23500 DWSS 11900 DWSS 6 7 8 Damak Dhanauiadi Dhaukutta 48149... to RDs and DWSS Critical irregularities are identified and DWSS instructs the...



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... FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC SITUATION IN DWSS SECTOR . 10 3. RESULTS OF MEETINGS... LEVEL ........................................... 14 1.1. SOME FACTORS INFLUENCING DWSS SYSTEMS STATUS ........................................................ 15 1.2. BURDEN ON... area of drinking water supply (DWSS).  The United Nations Development Programme... improvement of taxation system in DWSS and state support of the... burden in the area of DWSS was submitted. After joint analysis... benefits in the area of DWSS; 3. Recommendations on improvement of Tax... FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC SITUATION IN DWSS SECTOR  Total volume of revenues... №2: Arrears of economic entities in DWSS sector for 2008-2011 (in... taxation and state support of DWSS system on local level. Relevant... that are closely connected with DWSS taxation issues and directly influence... MoLRWR 14 1.1. Some factors influencing DWSS systems status Type of ownership... for agricultural purposes and (b) if DWSS for communal use is build... from the same properties of DWSS systems, i.e. two taxes are collected... of RT owner (operator) of DWSS systems may maintain records for.... This is very important for DWSS sector as currently this sector... to exempt DWSS systems from VAT.  As is known, DWSS enterprise cannot... of taxes and arrest of DWSS property. As practice shows there... entities).  Moreover, ineffective tariffs on DWSS affect the processes of operation... that set the tariffs for DWSS according to the agreement with... not operate which also affects DWSS systems.  Numerous taxes: In addition... the above listed burdens of DWSS system, there are many other... to the prime cost of DWSS system services. 1.3. Profitability of enterprises... mentioned Code, but loyalty of DWSS process participants towards the existing... also the suspension of particular DWSS systems. More details about this... national and 4 to local taxes. DWSS systems are payers of some... of taxes paid by the DWSS system: # 1. 2. 3. Type of tax 4. Income... tax for legal entities  If DWSS gross income per calendar year... exceeds 800,000 somoni, the DWSS enterprise is subject to tax... the provision of services for DWSS. This profit represents positive balance... the RT). Gross income of DWSS enterprise is defined according to... contribution is not considered.  As DWSS enterprises provide services on water... the RT) that might cover DWSS enterprise depending on the circumstances...: 1) If the DWSS enterprise is non-commercial organization. DWSS enterprises are not... RT any activity of the DWSS enterprises aimed to receive profit.... In this regard, if the DWSS enterprise would be included into... fees, donations received by the DWSS enterprises (as non-commercial organizations... for the non-commercial activity; 3) DWSS enterprises where during the reporting... needs of disabled people; 4) New DWSS enterprises in a year of state... of services, for example on DWSS. If the corresponding changes would... tax  The enterprise that provides DWSS services is subject to value... volume of taxable operations in DWSS enterprises for the previous year... VAT taxation, in this case DWSS services provided to the population... 18% from the DWSS turnover, including the cost of DWSS services.  According..., income and expenses of the DWSS enterprises are considered from the moment of DWSS services provision, but not the... only source of funding for DWSS system maintenance is payment for... basis. At the same time DWSS enterprises have no relevant financial... taxes; 2. Suspension of expenditures on DWSS bank accounts and other financial and credit institutions; 3. Arrest of DWSS enterprise property.  Accordingly in case... payment of taxes by the DWSS enterprise, tax bodies charge penalty... to cover the arrears of DWSS enterprise.  This problem should be... are responsible for provision of DWSS to population as the share... fund which is paid by DWSS enterprise. Submission of reports and... is paid by non-government DWSS enterprises that have land plots... (royalty)  Payers of royalty are DWSS enterprises carrying out underground water... enterprises in the sphere of DWSS.  Tax period, terms of payment... the reporting period. 22  If DWSS enterprise owns transportation means it... of expenses made by the DWSS enterprise. 2.7. Tax according to simplified...  If the gross income of DWSS enterprise for the calendar year... the gross income of the DWSS enterprise received for the reporting... earnings received from provision of DWSS services, as well as unused... account does not accept money DWSS cannot charge the taxes.  Also if the DWSS enterprise pays taxes according to.... 2.8. Minimal income tax  If the DWSS enterprise is the tax payer... result in suspension of some DWSS activity, particularly in rural areas... the condition of the existing DWSS systems, about the percentage ratio... in Tajikistan dozens of new DWSS systems have been built owning... to regulate the property issues, DWSS services tariffs, collection of funds... taxation in the sphere of DWSS may be conditionally split into... that is typical only for DWSS sector. 26 6. RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPROVE...



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... Annex 11: Change Management of DWSS .................................................................................. 99 Annex 12: Sector Background... costs as the sector institution (DWSS) moves from a construction-centric to.... Subcomponent 4(a) will also finance a 7 Source: DWSS January 2015. 5 program to support... overall project management with the DWSS, a government department under this ministry... delivery Responsible Institution DWSS of GOP SWSM, strengthened DWSS with skills in..., technical, sanitation, accounting, and administration. DWSS engineers will gradually reorient toward... the following paragraphs. 27. DWSS. Currently the DWSS, a state entity, is comprised... engineering consultants. Subsequently, when the DWSS engineers acquire required capabilities for... for proposed groundwater sources. The DWSS will also recruit consultants to... modules covering most aspects of DWSS water supply performance improvement operations... (Yes/No) Intermediate Results Indicator: DWSS organizational transition plan Zero for... are female. No description provided. DWSS MIS SC Beneficiaries Scheduled Caste... the society will be monitored DWSS MIS DWSS Villages receiving improved quality... supplying surface water. DWSS MIS - Water Quality DWSS Water Quality Quarterly Intermediate... Responsibility for Data Collection DWSS MIS DWSS provided through tanker trucks, or... water supply services enhanced. DWSS MIS DWSS New household sewer connections constructed... expected to be zero. DWSS MIS DWSS Improved latrines constructed under the... Sanitation cell of DWSS DWSS Sanitation MIS Sanitation Cell of DWSS People trained.../sanitation practices - female Quarterly DWSS MIS DWSS Sanitation team Intermediate Results Indicator... performance reports DWSS - Water Quality wing Intermediate Results Indicator: DWSS organizational transition... delivery approved and implemented The DWSS has agreed on a transition plan... service delivery. Reports of DWSS DWSS DWSS MIS DWSS GPWSCs that are managing Number... 891 3,922 28.67 Source: DWSS. 12. Subcomponent 3(a). Water quality monitoring... costs as the sector institution (DWSS) moves from a construction-centric to a service-delivery-oriented organization. The DWSS will also closely monitor the... to manage transformation of the DWSS into a service-oriented organization. In... office buildings as required under DWSS restructuring, and other equipment required... monitored by the DWSS and if needed, the DWSS will have the... appointing/ reappointing their operating staff. DWSS will implement project rules and... and water quality affected habitations. DWSS will progressively improve cost recovery... be in place after commissioning (DWSS to certify). 35. Subcomponent 2(b). Operational.... The ministry’s operational arm, the DWSS, is responsible for project implementation... development in the state. The DWSS’s mainstay was construction and maintenance... Figure 1. DWSS Structure - State Level - Head Office Principal Secretary, DWSS HR Manager... reorientation. 44 5. The Head, DWSS. The revamped DWSS will be responsible for... services. In the proposed restructured DWSS, there will be a Technical Unit... and Sanitation Policy 2014. The DWSS will also provide coordination support... the Principal Secretary, DWSS with Head of DWSS as the Member Secretary... with technical support from the DWSS. The DWSS will be responsible for... procurement under the project, the DWSS has developed a Procurement Manual in... will be constituted by the DWSS Substantial Contract management training to... built in the bidding community. DWSS’s complaint redress mechanism (SNK) will... project seeks to support the DWSS in restructuring from a construction-oriented... not integrated into the DWSS. Therefore, the DWSS has only limited capacity... be available with the DWSS. However, the DWSS needs to 66 expand... further strengthen and support the DWSS in this activity. 7. Fiduciary (Substantial... considerable support from the DWSS. While the DWSS has experience with traditional... of bid document under DBO b) DWSS will organize bidders’ conference/workshop... upgrading the M&E system at the DWSS. 4. Implementation supervision missions. Bank supervision... environmental expert to assist the DWSS in environment assessment and appraisal... be commensurate efforts to strengthen DWSS capacity to implement a participatory and...:  Implementing the ODF program through DWSS would require a clear agreement of... sector-wide approach implemented through DWSS. Dedicated units for rural sanitation...; and sanitation technology. Within the DWSS Head Office, a State Sanitation unit... Environment. Challenges Faced by the DWSS 8. The responsibility for providing adequate... challenges  Fragmented interface between the DWSS and GOP, with the Principal... headquarters. Change Management of the DWSS 15. Successful transformation begins with... piped water supply schemes. The DWSS has been conducting sustainability assessment... strengthened within the Technical Departments (DWSS). Similarly, social, IEC/BCC, and... sanitation activities involve various departments (DWSS, Rural Development and Panchayat, Water...



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... Program Effectiveness ............................................................................................... 30 Summary ..................................................................................................................................................... 35 DWSS and NHD Compliance with Joint... Agency DSM Demand Side Management DWSS Division of Welfare and Supportive... of Welfare and Supportive Services (DWSS) and the Nevada Housing Division... NRS 702.250.3, Deliverable 3.4.1] The DWSS receives money for energy assistance... to NHD Amount Distributed to DWSS Percentage of Amount Funds Disbursed... the FEAC funds distributed to DWSS? [Reference NRS 702.260.1 Deliverable... funds, were distributed to DWSS. 1.5 Did DWSS use no more than 5% of... natural gas and electricity. 4|P a g e 1.7 Did DWSS use FEAC funds (after the... costs? [Reference 702.260.6(b) Deliverable 3.4.5.1] DWSS developed eligibility tables based on... Eligibility Table 3. DWSS EAP eligibility tables for SFY 2012. DWSS developed benefit..., 2012 (following federal LIHEAP augmentation). DWSS adjusted the amount of assistance....260.8(a) Deliverable 3.4.7] Throughout the year, DWSS managers consulted with the Low... enabling legislation for the program. 6|P a g e DWSS and NHD coordinated programs that... funds. 1.11 EAP Efficacy: Did DWSS identify and implement appropriate delivery... from the Federal LIHEA Program. DWSS planned for a smaller program with..., which increased productivity. 1.12 Did DWSS coordinate with other federal, state... assistance services for the EAP. DWSS coordinated with several local agencies... alert them to this program. DWSS coordinated with other federal, state... low-income persons. 1.13 Did DWSS establish a process for evaluating EAP? [Reference 702.260.8(d) Deliverable 3.4.7.3] The DWSS and NHD jointly conducted an... EAP? [Reference 702.260.8(e) Deliverable 3.4.7.4] DWSS created two formal plans to... income standard. Throughout the year, DWSS established and used a formal process... NHD? [Reference 702.260.8(f) Deliverable 3.4.7.5] DWSS and NHD engaged in a series... for coordinated implementation. 1.16 Did DWSS distribute 25% of FEAC funds... encumbered? [Reference 702.275.1 Deliverable 3.4.9] DWSS submitted a report to the Director... FEAC spending figures submitted by DWSS to Director of the Legislative... than authorized. 10 | P a g e 1.18 Did DWSS distribute not more than 30..., by taking the following actions, DWSS implemented the program in compliance... money available for energy assistance.  DWSS coordinated the distribution of these... were eligible to receive subsidies.  DWSS provided emergency assistance to households... presence of a vulnerable household member.  DWSS sought advice from the NHD... EAP with the weatherization program.  DWSS established and carries out a process... and evaluation process with NHD. DWSS adopted regulations to carry out... OF PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS 1.20 Did DWSS determine eligibility of EAP households... Level)? [Reference 702.260.3 Deliverable 3.4.3] DWSS anticipated a 75% cut in federal... the legislature dated January 9, 2012, DWSS notes that “the total amount... the Federal LIHEA program funding) DWSS provided sufficient grants to reduce... defining legislation. Through the EAP, DWSS provided 22,981 households assistance... level than originally planned, and DWSS made appropriate workflow and eligibility... increased efficiencies in processing applications. DWSS worked within the requirements of... households to the state median. DWSS spent all available funds implementing...  When sufficient funds are available, DWSS should reinstate the EAP eligibility....  When sufficient funds are available, DWSS should strive to meet the... households. The evaluation team finds DWSS fully compliant with the requirements... to coordination specifically with DWSS, NHD and DWSS exchange client referrals. NHD... clients to DWSS/EAP. NHD also accepts referrals from DWSS and forwards... planning and evaluation processes with DWSS? [Reference: NRS 702.270.6(g); Deliverable... provisions of NRS 702. 35 | P a g e DWSS AND NHD COMPLIANCE WITH JOINT REQUIREMENTS 3.1 Did DWSS and NHD jointly establish an... and improve services. For example, DWSS significantly improved productivity by about... eligible households. Also during 2012, DWSS increased the number of cooperating... actions are as follows:  Recommendation 1: DWSS or the Advisory Group should... prevent termination of service.  Recommendation 2: DWSS, NHD, and the Advisory Group... decision has been reached.  Recommendation 4: DWSS or the Advisory Group should...% or 150%.  Action: Partially implemented. DWSS raised eligibility from 110% in...: NRS 702.280.2(a); Deliverable 3.6.2] The DWSS and NHD jointly conducted an....2(b); Deliverable 3.6.2.1] Yes. During SFY 2012, DWSS/NHD jointly solicited advice from... 3.6.2.2, 3.6.3 & 3.6.3.1 through 3.6.3.4] Yes. During SFY 2012, DWSS/NHD jointly prepared a report concerning... should increase funding for the DWSS Energy Assistance Program.  When possible... for NHD and DWSS joint compliance, NHD WAP and DWSS EAP were...



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... Effectiveness ......................................................................... 36 WAP Summary ...................................................................................................................... 41 DWSS and NHD Compliance with Joint... Grant DSM Demand Side Management DWSS Division of Welfare and Supportive... of Welfare and Supportive Services (DWSS) receives money for energy assistance... and Conservation is maintained by DWSS; funds are distributed according to... distribution of FEAC interest between DWSS and NHD. Interest was distributed... NHD $ 325 Amount Distributed to DWSS $4,293 1.3. Were FEAC funds distributed... distribution of FEAC funds between DWSS and NHD. Table 2. FEAC principal... to NHD Amount Distributed to DWSS Percentage of Funds Disbursed $9,751... the FEAC funds distributed to DWSS? [Reference NRS 702.260.1 Deliverable... funds, were distributed to DWSS. 1.5. Did DWSS use no more than 5% of... in Figure 1 and Table 3. 5 1.9. Did DWSS adjust the amount of assistance... costs? [Reference 702.260.6(b) Deliverable 3.4.5.1] DWSS developed eligibility tables based on... income and household size. Table 4. DWSS EAP eligibility tables Maximum Annual... Income Limit for 2013 Eligibility DWSS developed benefit caps which varied....260.8(a) Deliverable 3.4.7] Throughout the year, DWSS managers consulted with the Low... burden even after receiving a benefit. DWSS was also concerned about this difference based on internal analysis. DWSS responded by increasing the benefit... burden across all EAP recipients. DWSS and NHD coordinated programs that... in SFY 2013. 1.11. Did DWSS identify and implement appropriate delivery... FEAC? [Reference 702.260.8(b) Deliverable 3.4.7.1] DWSS distributed an average benefit of... 2013. While in SFY 2012, DWSS maintained average case processing times... screening services for the EAP. DWSS coordinated with several local agencies... to this program. 1.13. Did DWSS establish a process for evaluating EAP... NHD? [Reference 702.260.8(f) Deliverable 3.4.7.5] DWSS and NHD engaged in a series... FEAC spending amounts submitted by DWSS to Director of the Legislative..., by taking the following actions, DWSS implemented the program in compliance... money available for energy assistance.  DWSS coordinated the distribution of these... were eligible to receive subsidies.  DWSS provided emergency assistance to households... presence of a vulnerable household member.  DWSS sought advice from the NHD... EAP with the weatherization program.  DWSS established and carries out a process... been highly unpredictable. As a result, DWSS has been forced to reduce... funding shortages. We recommend that DWSS estimate the amount of annual... OF PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS 1.20. Did DWSS determine eligibility of EAP households... FPL? [Reference 702.260.3 Deliverable 3.4.3] DWSS anticipated that FY 2013 federal... somewhat greater than expected, permitting DWSS to increase the EAP benefit... for low-income energy assistance, DWSS has instituted benefit caps since... 702.260.2(a) Deliverable 3.4.2.2] 15 Recommendation: DWSS should take further steps to.... This presents an opportunity for DWSS to provide additional outreach to... defining legislation. Through the EAP, DWSS provided 26,088 households assistance... included, and $729 if included. DWSS greatly increased application processing efficiency... households to the state median. DWSS spent all available funds implementing... EAP The evaluation team finds DWSS fully compliant with the requirements... of Welfare and Supportive Services (DWSS) Energy Assistance Program (EAP) collaborated.... Did NHD solicit advice from DWSS and from other knowledgeable sources... to coordination specifically with DWSS, both NHD and DWSS exchange client referrals... clients to DWSS/EAP. NHD also accepts referrals from DWSS and forwards... planning and evaluation processes with DWSS? [Reference: NRS 702.270.6(g); Deliverable... COMPLIANCE WITH JOINT REQUIREMENTS 3.1 Did DWSS and NHD jointly establish an... of Welfare and Supportive Services (DWSS) and the Nevada Housing Division... (EAP) which is administered by DWSS and the FEAC Weatherization Assistance... the Subgrantee administrative manual, and DWSS adjusted energy assistance as funding... 1: When sufficient funds are available, DWSS should reinstate the EAP eligibility...,” and as the economy improves, DWSS has been gradually restoring eligibility... 2: When sufficient funds are available, DWSS should strive to meet the... Nevada households. o Action: Partially Completed. DWSS analyzed the situation and has... should increase funding for the DWSS Energy Assistance Program. o Action: Explored....2(b); Deliverable 3.6.2.1] Yes. During SFY 2013, DWSS/NHD jointly solicited advice from... 3.6.2.2, 3.6.3 & 3.6.3.1 through 3.6.3.4] Yes. During SFY 2013, DWSS/NHD jointly prepared a report concerning... [NRS 702 280.3(e)]. 46 RECOMMENDATIONS  DWSS should develop a plan to accumulate... energy burden of Nevada households. DWSS should develop and implement a plan... should increase funding for the DWSS Energy Assistance Program. SUMMARY With... for NHD and DWSS joint compliance, NHD WAP and DWSS EAP were...