Спутник ФКИ. Deep Impact/EPOXI. [Редактировать]

Дип Импакт — космический аппарат НАСА, предназначенный для изучения кометы Темпеля 1. Аппарат впервые в истории сбросил на комету зонд, который протаранил её поверхность (также сфотографировав её с близкого расстояния). Курировал проект астрофизик Майкл Ахерн. Название миссии схоже с названием кинофильма 1998 года Deep Impact, в котором комета поражает Землю. Учёные из миссии и создатели фильма разработали имя независимо друг от друга, примерно в одно и то же время.
Космический аппарат состоял из двух основных секций: отстреливаемого ударного устройства «Smart Impactor» («импактор»), который врезался в комету, и «Flyby» («Облёт»), который снимал комету с безопасного расстояния во время удара.
Секция «Облёт» размером около 3,2 метров в длину, 1,7 метров в ширину и 2,3 метров в высоту состояла из корпуса, двигательной установки, двух солнечных батарей, противопыльного экрана, пары телескопов оптической навигации и нескольких научных инструментов, в том числе фотокамеры высокого (HRI) и среднего (MRI) разрешения. HRI могла делать снимки не только в видимом, но и в инфракрасном свете (в её состав входил инфракрасный спектрометр «Spectral Imaging Module» или SIM).
370-килограмовый «импактор» (49 % меди по массе), также называемый «Cratering Mass», включал в себя ядро (payload) из 100 % меди, испарение которой не помешало бы измерению состава ядра кометы. Импактор был оборудован камерой, аналогичной MRI. При приближении к комете она позволила сделать снимки ядра кометы с разрешением 0.2 м (7.9 дюймов) на пиксель.
Аппарат был запущен 12 января 2005 года.
4 июля 2005 г. импактор столкнулся с кометой, вызвав выброс кометного вещества массой около 10 тыс. тонн; энергия столкновения была приблизительно эквивалентна взрыву пяти тонн динамита. Из-за выброса данного газопылевого облака яркость кометы кратковременно увеличилась в 6 раз.
При подлёте импактора к поверхности кометы камера сфотографировала её с высоким разрешением в режиме реального времени. Последний снимок был сделан за 3,7 секунды перед ударом, после чего импактор вместе с камерой были разрушены.
Анализ состава выброшенного вещества показал, что комета состоит из водяного льда, летучих фракций, карбонатов, полиядерных ароматических углеводородов, сульфидов и других компонентов. Химический состав оказался не соответствующим ранее принятым моделям. Некоторые из обнаруженных минералов образуются при температурах 1100—1200 К. В то же время, в составе были обнаружены летучие газы, которые стабильны лишь при температуре ниже 100 К. Это говорит о том, что комета содержит в себе смеси материалов, которые образовывались в разных условиях и, возможно, в разное время и в разных местах.
Последующие наблюдения обнаружили ударный кратер, образованный зондом: диаметр кратера составляет около 100 м при глубине около 30 м.
После пролёта кометы Темпеля орбитальная часть аппарата оставалась в работоспособном состоянии на орбите вокруг Солнца. НАСА приняло решение направить его к комете 103P/Хартли, пролёт мимо которой состоялся 4 ноября 2010 года.
Аппарат в самой близкой точке сблизился с кометой на расстояние около 700 километров. Ядро кометы 103P/Хартли самое маленькое из всех снятых в настоящее время (2010 год): в длину оно составляет всего около 2 километров.
При сближении с кометой 103P/Хартли бортовой аппаратуре удалось обнаружить необычные струи газа и пыли, срывающиеся с поверхности концов кометы. Некоторые частицы в составе струй достигали размеров баскетбольного мяча. По инфракрасному спектру ученые определили, что струя состоит из сублимирующего углекислого газа, подхватывающего и уносящего снег и льдинки.
Последний успешный сеанс связи с КА состоялся 8 августа 2013 года, после чего связь с ним была утеряна. 20 сентября 2013 года NASA объявила о завершении миссии. По предварительным оценкам, обрыв связи возник из-за потери ориентации аппарата в пространстве, вызванной сбоем в работе компьютерной программы зонда.
По одному из предположений, ошибка связана с переполнением счётчика времени в модуле защиты от сбоев. Если в нем для учета времени использовалось количество десятых секунды, прошедших с 1 января 2000 года, то 11 августа 2013 года счетчик достиг величины 2^32 и переполнился (сходная проблема ожидалась в 2000 году для обычных ПК). После переполнения счётчика модуль начал вызывать перезагрузки бортового компьютера.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1EPOXIНайтиНайти
2Deep ImpactНайтиНайти
328517НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг650
2Мощность, Вт620.0

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САСContact with probe lost, Mission canceled.

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2005-001A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2005-01-12 at 18:47:08 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xDeep Impact/EPOXI
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 212 документов по запросу «Deep Impact/EPOXI». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
Скачать перевод
Посмотреть билингву
0.05/5
... to the question of NEO impact mitigation. In a year of development... of the water at the impact site. In an advance in... to the question of NEO impact mitigation. >> In November 2010, it... of the water at the impact site. >> That same month, ISRO... 770 km above Earth. >> NASA's Deep Impact/EPOXI spacecraft flew past Earth. This... are likely to increase their impact in years to come, possibly... not expected to have an impact on Intelsat’s financial position or... of space regulations and their impact on the U.S. civil, commercial, and... is a plague that has an impact on pay-TV operators worldwide... piracy situation may have an impact on analogue cable TV operators... system in one market can impact markets around it. It can... University found an ancient meteor impact crater in a remote location of... the region. A date for the impact that caused the newly found... the centre would have a positive impact for the locals, especially in..., due to concerns about their impact on fishermen near the launch... its member states that could impact its work. There was even... in Romania with a minimum of impact for customers. This consolidation coincides... it will have a low environment impact. While the first Angara launch... availability of financing have on impact on satellite plans in a region... on-the-ground showed the impact of the earthquake in Haiti... the last two decades. One impact of this is a loss of... regulations have had a negative economic impact on US space industries. Nearly.... NASA officials are weighing the impact of appropriations legislation approved by... lander projects - doubling the potential impact of the $30 million Google... business, as well as the impact of domestic and foreign competition... SMART-1 mission ended with a controlled impact in the Lunar Lake of... and debris created by the impact in real time. Chang’e 1, the... to 50 km and a planned impact ended the mission on 10.... It also deployed the Moon Impact Probe to test technologies for... as well as of giant impact structures. It is scheduled for.../LCROSS impact experiment and lunar spectral data from three spacecraft, Chandrayaan-1, Deep Impact... from the LRO and LCROSS impact experiment as well as Earth..., new boulder tracks, recently-formed impact craters, and diminishing amounts of... extended mission to another target. Deep Impact, NASA’s Discovery-class mission, has... as well as from the Deep Impact spacecraft and ESA’s Rosetta spacecraft... strength. Spectra taken shortly after impact revealed emission lines of water... circular features thought to be impact craters. Small patches of water... EPOXI is a combination of proposals to use the re-tasked NASA Deep Impact... and Characterization) investigation and DIXI (Deep Impact eXtended Investigation of comets). The... with EPOXI, uses the re-tasked NASA Stardust spacecraft to visit Deep Impact... since Deep Impact’s visit in 2005 and may enable viewing of the impact crater left by Deep Impact’s projectile. - 180 - Rosetta... observation campaign that accompanied the Deep Impact event on July 2005, obtaining... Ceres, to search for possible impact features on its surface, the... - 181 - projectile released by the Deep Impact spacecraft and comet 9P/Tempel... around the world in the Deep Impact campaign, observing, with its infrared... surface, with only a few large impact craters detected. In addition to... lower ionosphere along with their impact on the region and coupling... on the region; understanding the impact of geomagnetic storms on the...; climatic impact of changes in trace constituents and solar input; impact of... atoms and molecules and 2) the impact ionization of neutral species by... of electron temperature, and the impact of precipitating electrons on the... to produce important results that impact the space science community. These.... This mission will have a huge impact on science, similar to that.... It also has a huge potential impact both on our economies and... or movement (e.g. selfsustained oscillations without impact of gravity), gene expression studies... future ISS studies is the impact of the retirement of the.... They also propose that multiple, impact-induced temperature anomalies could have... orbit planning led to a successful impact in the southern lunar crater... to provide further support to impact risk assessments of the space... the electric power infrastructure and impact numerous other space-based and... a more complete assessment of the impact of solar variability on the... the Panel in 2002. NASA’s Deep Impact/EPOXI mission (Category II) performed an... of the two telescopes on Deep Impact to search for Earth-sized... orbits, resulting in eventual lunar impact. These missions are: • JAXA’s SELenological... 14 November 2008, the Moon Impact Probe separated from the Chandrayaan... launching rocket’s upper stage to impact into the lunar surface near... a long-range traverse towards a large impact crater. Spirit, on the other... impacted by a projectile from the Deep Impact mission in July 2005. The... Experiment Dropping In Microgravity Environment Deep Impact Extended Investigation of comets Deutsches...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.17/5
Autonomous Navigation for Deep Space Missions Downloaded by 94...., USA Autonomous navigation (AutoNav) for deep space missions is a unique capability... the challenging aspects of flying deep space missions is navigation, that...). For the vast majority of deep space missions, this process is... to impact a small body (as in the case of the Deep Impact mission... it was used on the Deep Space 1 (DS1) mission will be... later. For the flyby or impact scenario (which forms the bulk... for the DS1, STARDUST, and Deep Impact (DI) missions will be provided... some accuracy. Analogous to the deep space cruise scenario described above... missile guidance, but for most deep space applications, this speed is... critical (such as for an impact), then just the two parameters... five missions: Deep Space 1, STARDUST, Deep Impact, EPOXI (the follow-on mission to Deep Impact), and.../Annefrank STARDUST/Wild 2 DI/Tempel 1 EPOXI/Hartley 2 STARDUST NExT/Tempel 1 Flyby... 150 72 62 86 82 D. Deep Space 1 DS1 was the first...; among them were the first deep space ion propulsion system, a low... | DOI: 10.2514/6.2012-1267135 F. Deep Impact DI, the eighth mission in... challenging use of AutoNav Figure 3. Impact points after each maneuver on... perform a Impactor spacecraft9. high speed impact of a comet with one spacecraft..., 2005 for a 6 month cruise to impact comet Tempel 1 on July 4, 2005... the dual spacecraft for the impact. Twenty-four hours before encounter... the flash resulting from the impact were sent to the ground... the hours prior to the impact event and had dual roles... comet nucleus, and bias the impact site towards the side where...: (1) “scene analysis” – selecting the actual impact site to be on a lit... of the nucleus, (2) time-of-impact and time-of-imaging updates... based on the Impactor’s expected impact time, and (3) autonomous coma cutoff... was critical to the Figure 4. Impact as viewed from DI Flyby... dust impacts through closest approach. G. EPOXI EPOXI was the follow-on mission... assumed that running AutoNav for EPOXI would be relatively simple since... 2 close approach image taken by EPOXI. Left panel shows the nucleus... at the same time as EPOXI. NExT’s purpose was to revisit... obscured a clear view of the impact site from the DI Flyby... 2 for Tempel 1. Because, unlike on EPOXI, the system was used in... resolution stereo images of the impact site. The former was a problem... asteroid well before its Earth impact. The DI mission demonstrated that... Determination Performance Evaluation of the Deep Space 1 Autonomous Navigation System”, AAS..., August 1997. 9 Kubitschek, D. G., et al, “Deep Impact Autonomous Navigation: The Trials of... Bhaskaran, S., Riedel, J. E., Synnott, S. P., Wang, T. C., “The Deep Space 1 Autonomous Navigation System: A Post..., N., et al, “Autonomous Navigation for Deep Impact”, AAS 06-177, AAS/AIAA... Design and Performance for the EPOXI Hartley 2 Flyby, SpaceOps 2012 Conference... 2012. 14 a’Hearn, M. F., et al, “EPOXI at Comet Hartley 2”, Science, Vol... Riedel, J. E., et al, “Configuring the Deep Impact AutoNav System for Lunar, Comet...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.18/5
Autonomous Navigation for Deep Space Missions Shyam Bhaskaran1 Jet ..., USA Autonomous navigation (AutoNav) for deep space missions is a unique capability... the challenging aspects of flying deep space missions is navigation, that...). For the vast majority of deep space missions, this process is... to impact a small body (as in the case of the Deep Impact mission... it was used on the Deep Space 1 (DS1) mission will be... later. For the flyby or impact scenario (which forms the bulk... for the DS1, STARDUST, and Deep Impact (DI) missions will be provided... some accuracy. Analogous to the deep space cruise scenario described above... missile guidance, but for most deep space applications, this speed is... critical (such as for an impact), then just the two parameters... five missions: Deep Space 1, STARDUST, Deep Impact, EPOXI (the follow-on mission to Deep Impact), and.../Annefrank STARDUST/Wild 2 DI/Tempel 1 EPOXI/Hartley 2 STARDUST NExT/Tempel 1 Flyby... 150 72 62 86 82 D. Deep Space 1 DS1 was the first...; among them were the first deep space ion propulsion system, a low... images surrounding closest approach. F. Deep Impact Figure 3. Impact points after each maneuver on... was to perform a high speed impact of a comet with one spacecraft..., 2005 for a 6 month cruise to impact comet Tempel 1 on July 4, 2005... the dual spacecraft for the impact. Twenty-four hours before encounter... the flash resulting from the impact were sent to the ground... the hours prior to the impact event and had dual roles... comet nucleus, and bias the impact site towards the side where...: (1) “scene analysis” – selecting the actual impact site to be on a lit... of the nucleus, (2) time-of-impact and time-of-imaging updates... based on the Impactor’s expected impact time, and (3) autonomous coma cutoff... the nucleus and not Figure 4. Impact as viewed from DI Flyby... dust impacts through closest approach. G. EPOXI EPOXI was the follow-on mission... assumed that running AutoNav for EPOXI would be relatively simple since... 2 close approach image taken by EPOXI. Left panel shows the nucleus... at the same time as EPOXI. NExT’s purpose was to revisit... obscured a clear view of the impact site from the DI Flyby... 2 for Tempel 1. Because, unlike on EPOXI, the system was used in... resolution stereo images of the impact site. The former was a problem... asteroid well before its Earth impact. The DI mission demonstrated that... Determination Performance Evaluation of the Deep Space 1 Autonomous Navigation System”, AAS..., August 1997. 9 Kubitschek, D. G., et al, “Deep Impact Autonomous Navigation: The Trials of... Bhaskaran, S., Riedel, J. E., Synnott, S. P., Wang, T. C., “The Deep Space 1 Autonomous Navigation System: A Post..., N., et al, “Autonomous Navigation for Deep Impact”, AAS 06-177, AAS/AIAA... Design and Performance for the EPOXI Hartley 2 Flyby, SpaceOps 2012 Conference... 2012. 14 a’Hearn, M. F., et al, “EPOXI at Comet Hartley 2”, Science, Vol... Riedel, J. E., et al, “Configuring the Deep Impact AutoNav System for Lunar, Comet...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-10
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
....Баумана полетит в космос через год EPOXI совершил пролет близ Земли 27... будут исследовать комету Хартли-2 Зонд Deep Impact в воскресенье поздно вечером сблизился с Землей... он встретится 4 ноября. Межпланетная станция Deep Impact отправилась в космос еще в январе 2005..., получившего приставку Epoxi к названию (Extrasolar Planet Observation and Deep Impact Extended Investigation). "Вторая... зонд к Хартли-2. На пути к цели Deep Impact/Epoxi должен был совершить целую серию... пяти месяцев", - сказал руководитель проекта Epoxi Тим Ларсон (Tim Larson). Уже.... EPOXI совершил пролет близ Земли Американский межпланетный зонд EPOXI (ранее назывался Deep Impact) совершил... to the Near-Earth Object Impact Threat" («Рекомендации по организации международного...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... actual geologic fragments generated from impact comminution. 105.05 Investigation of... A Numerical Investigation into Low-Speed Impact Cratering Events 1 1 2 - Stephen Schwartz , D. C. Richardson... impact history, surviving near fatal collisions that left global scars. Its impact... small-scale variations exposed by impact gardening. Elemental abundances have been....04 Observing Campaign for Potential Deep Impact Flyby Target 163249 (2002 GT... Technology, Johnson Space Center. The Deep Impact spacecraft is currently on course... cases of high-precision computations (impact monitoring, detection of non-gravitational... accretionary stage. The impact melt generated after an impact is mixed with... conditions are determined by the impact parameters (velocity, radius, angle, ...). We... Asteroids: Diopside, Magnesite, and Fayalite Impact Studies 1 2 3 4 5 6 - Susan M. Lederer , E. A. Jensen , D. H. Wooden... impact experiments were conducted in the Johnson Space Center Experimental Impact Laboratory using the vertical gun. Impact speeds ranged... impact processing that has occurred on small bodies. At the Experimental Impact... impactor densities, temperature, and additional impact velocities. Results on diopside, fayalite... extending around the equatorial region, impact basins, enigmatic dark material, and... surface alteration features (1). Two large impact basins, Veneneia (400km) underlying the... their formation (1,3). Numerous unusual asymmetric impact craters and ejecta indicate the... preferential ejecta distribution suggests an impact on a slope. Color properties of... to large impact basins on midsize icy satellites of Saturn. Impact melt... difficult to determine. Post-Rheasilvia impact craters are relatively pristine but... impact craters, extensive ejecta blankets, giant troughs around the equator, impact basins... ~3.4-4.1Gyr. Intriguingly, the overall HED impact age distribution shares several common... low average impact velocity (~5km/s). We suggest that the HED impact ages... which will provide unprecedented observations. Impact probabilities :IP_y refers to the... region. 210.12ATLAS: Asteroid Terrestrial-impact Last Alert System 1 1 1 2 3 4 1 5 - Robert Jedicke... evolution of the impact probability for objects on an impact trajectory as a function of time before impact for different... more precise estimation of terrestrial impact fluxes of sporadic micrometeoroids on... Atmospheric Volatiles At Mars Via Impact 1 1 - David Brain , B. Jakosky 1 LASP / University... impact rate at different epochs as a function of impactor size. This impact... agencies. 215.03 AIDA: Asteroid Impact & Deflection Assessment 1 1 2 2 3 1 - Andrew F. Cheng , A. Rivkin..., some of which impact the Earth. The impact of an object as... an impact trajectory that robustly intersects with the secondary surface. On impact...-1900 Ǻ) emissions arising from photoelectron impact and photofragmentation of molecular nitrogen... as the impact risk is increasingly “retired.” 305.09 Impact Hazard Assessment... Earth impact on 2040-Feb-05.2 with probability 0.2%. The 2040 potential impact... still a chance for eliminating the impact hazard through observations rather than...-bearing magmas. Bright deposits within impact craters host fresh-appearing, rimless... of extensional deformation that accompanied impact crater and basin 150 modification... the launcher to create the impact. Impact velocities are controlled by initial...-velocity impacts into regolith, including impact velocity, impactor mass, target shape... results from one-g and microgravity impact experiments. 312 Titan Wednesday, 3:30... observed in situ from the Deep Impact spacecraft on UT 2010 November... Extrasolar Planet Observation and Deep Impact Extended Investigation (EPOXI) spacecraft revealed that its... Volatiles as Observed by the Deep Impact HRI-IR Spectrometer 1 1 1 1 1 2 - Lori M. Feaga... Maryland, JPL. In 2012, the Deep Impact (DI) spacecraft observed comet C/2009... and Analysis of the LCROSS Impact Plume 1 2 2 2 3 4 - Paul D. Strycker , N. J. Chanover , C. Miller... analysis. 412.04 Jovian Impact Modeling: Impact Angle Variation and Remapping for... also preserves important impact characteristics, such as expanding impact shocks, during a remapping... observations. Selected results are: (1) Electron impact ionization and charge exchange conspire... emission after each impact. After the largest CME impact, we found the..., France, Planetary Science Institute. The Deep Impact eXtended Investigation (DIXI) to comet... Physics Laboratory. The Deep Impact eXtended Investigation (DIXI) redirected the Deep Impact Flyby (DI..., accepted for publication. 506.05 Deep Impact MRI Observations Of Comet Garradd... , L. M. Feaga 1 Univ. of Maryland. The Deep Impact spacecraft observed comet C/2009 P1... ratio. Given the differences in impact velocity and surface gravitational acceleration... depth effects. Recent space missions (e.g. Deep Impact & EPOXI) have provided spectra from comets... from macro-porosity (gravitational aggregates, impact fractures) and 272 micro-porosity...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.16/5
... ppm. Furthermore, EPOXI, NASA’s extended mission for the Deep Impact spacecraft, had been...). Prompted by the M3 discovery, EPOXI observed the Moon on its... [Sunshine et al., 2009]. These EPOXI observations were of the highest... metallic iron during local micrometeorite impact melting of the soil [Housley... Moon, shortly after the Giant Impact forming the Earth‐ Moon system... would be conspicuous. However, the impact velocity of these materials on... grains. This is accompanied by impact melting of the silicate soil... chemical changes. In addition, this impact‐induced comminution, with its instantaneous... with minute mass, have tremendous impact velocities (as high as ∼70..., it is this same micrometeorite impact force that has sufficient energy... and overturning the grains (impact gardening). This stochastic impact processing creates a chaotic... [22] Soil grains melted by impact may vaporize as a result of... glass pieces held together with impact‐generated melt, now present as.... This is due to micrometeorite impact and partial melting (Figure 3) and... particle radiation (Figure 4), all in deep vacuum (10−12 torr). The... actions of space weathering and impact gardening are capable of both... unsatisfied chemical bonds. Generally, an impact event provides a chemically reactive surface... created an autoreduction of the impact melt. The focus was on... region where M3, VIMS and EPOXI detected the features for the.... However, the proof of the impact‐induced vaporization and deposition by... for Temporal Variations From the Deep ImpactEPOXI Mission [68] An obvious answer... any future observational investigations. The EPOXI spacecraft spectrometer did cover the... E00G05 Figure 17. Examples of EPOXI observations of the 3 mm absorption... examples of our analysis of EPOXI observations [Sunshine et al., 2009... soil spectrum and 2.089 × the deep shadow spectrum (assumed to be... thought to come from the deep interior [e.g., Saal et al., 2008... ∼10 nm or 100 Angstroms deep – about 100 atomic layers [Starukhina... more: An overview of LCROSS impact results, Lunar Planet. Sci., 41st... 16 sample 66095: Origin by impact of a comet or a carbonaceous chondrite... by solar wind sputtering and impact vaporization, Bull. Am. Astron. Soc... hydration as observed by the Deep Impact spacecraft, Science, 326, 565–568...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.11/5
...-9 Ô ÀÒËÕÇÓÑÏ ÄÞÆÇÎËÎÂÔß ÅËÅÂÐÕÔÍÂâ àÐÇÓÅËâ ì 2Y5  1022 ¥É. £ ÐÑâÃÓÇ 2010 Å. ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Deep Impact ("¤ÎÖÃÑÍËÌ ÖÆÂÓ"), ÒÓÑÇÍÕ EPOXI (Extrasolar Planet Observation and deep impact eXtended Investigation) ¯ÂÙËÑÐÂÎßÐÑÅÑ ÂàÓÑÍÑÔÏËÚÇÔÍÑÅÑ ÂÅÇÐÕÔÕÄ (NASA...) ÍÏ 8,7 Hartley-2 (EPOXI) 5,5 ÍÏ ©Â ÒÓÑÛÇÆÛËÇ 17 ÎÇÕ ÒÑÔÎÇ ÔÕÑÎÍÐÑÄÇÐËâ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ SL-9 Ô ÀÒËÕÇÓÑÏ ÍÑÔÏËÚÇÔÍËÇ ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕÞ ÒÑÔÇÕËÎË ÒâÕß âÆÇÓ ÓÂÊÎËÚÐÞØ ÍÑÏÇÕ (ÓËÔ. 5) Ë ÒÑÊÄÑÎËÎË ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÕß ÏÐÑÅËÇ ÒÓÑËÔØÑÆâÜËÇ Ð ÐËØ âÄÎÇÐËâ. £ ÒÑÎÈÕÇ ÐÂØÑÆËÕÔâ ÇÜÈ ÐÇÔÍÑÎßÍÑ ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕÑÄ ÆÎâ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËâ ÍÑÏÇÕ, Ä ÚÂÔÕÐÑÔÕË ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ "²ÑÊÇÕÕÂ" [16] ¦ÄÓÑÒÇÌÔÍÑÅÑ ÍÑÔÏËÚÇÔÍÑÅÑ ÂÅÇÐÕÔÕÄÂ Ô ÑÚÇÐß ÔÎÑÉÐÑÌ ÒÓÑÅÓÂÏÏÑÌ ÒÓÇÆÔÕÑâÜÇÅÑ ÒÑÔÇÜÇÐËâ ÍÓÖÒÐÑÌ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ¹ÖÓáÏÑÄÂ ë ¤ÇÓÂÔËÏÇÐÍÑ Ä 2014 Å. ¯ÇÒÓÂÄËÎßÐÂâ ×ÑÓÏ âÆÓ ÒÓËÔÖÜ ÄÔÇÏ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐÐÞÏ ÍÑÏÇÕÂÏ. ³×ÇÓËÚÇÔÍÂâ ×ÑÓÏ ÏÑÉÇÕ ÄÑÊÐËÍÐÖÕß, ÕÑÎßÍÑ ÍÑÅÆ ÏÂÔÔ ÐÇÃÇÔÐÑÅÑ ÕÇΠÄÇÎËÍÂ,  ÏÂÔÔ ÄÔÇØ ËÊÄÇÔÕÐÞØ ÍÑÏÇÕÐÞØ âÆÇÓ ÐÇÊÐÂÚËÕÇÎßÐÂ. ªØ ×ÑÓÏÖ ËÎ- Borelly (Deep Space 1) ÍÏ 4. ¬ÑÏÇÕ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 9P/Tempel-1 (Deep Impact) 15... Ë ESA.) ÎáÔÕÓËÓÖÇÕ ÓËÔ. 5, РÍÑÕÑÓÑÏ ÒÓÇÆÔÕÂÄÎÇÐÞ ÄÔÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐÐÞÇ âÆÓÂ. ¡ÒÒÂÓÂÕÞ ÊÂÔÕÂÎË ËØ Ä ÓÂÊÐÞØ ×ÂÊÂØ ÂÍÕËÄÐÑÔÕË (РÓÂÊÐÑÏ ÖÆÂÎÇÐËË ÑÕ ³ÑÎÐÙÂ). ¯ÇÔÏÑÕÓâ ´. 182, å 2] ²¡©²µº¦¯ª¦ Á¥¦² ¬°®¦´ РÓÂÊÎËÚËÇ ÓÂÊÏÇÓÑÄ, ÆÄ âÆÓÂ, ¢ÑÓÇÎË Ë ·ÂÓÕÎË-2, ÒÑØÑÉË ÆÓÖŠРÆÓÖÅ ÔÄÑÇÌ ÄÞÕâÐÖÕÑÌ ×ÑÓÏÑÌ. ÁÆÓ ÑÃÞÚÐÑ ÒÑÍÓÞÕÞ ÑÚÇÐß ÕÈÏÐÑÌ ÍÑÓÍÑÌ, ÍÑÕÑÓÂâ ÑÔÕÂÈÕÔâ ÒÑÔÎÇ ËÔÒÂÓÇÐËâ ÎÇÕÖÚËØ ÄÇÜÇÔÕÄ. µ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2, ÐÂÒÓËÏÇÓ, ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕß ÑÕÓÂÉÂÇÕ ÏÇÐÇÇ 3 % ÒÂÆÂáÜËØ Ð ÐÇÈ ÔÑÎÐÇÚÐÞØ ÎÖÚÇÌ [17], ÒÑàÕÑÏÖ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕß ÔËÎßÐÑ ÐÂÅÓÇÄÂÇÕÔâ Ë ÕÇÒÎÑ ÒÓÑÐËÍÂÇÕ ÄÐÖÕÓß ÕÇÎÂ, ÚÕÑ ÖÔËÎËÄÂÇÕ ÄÞÃÓÑÔ ÎÇÕÖÚËØ Ä ÏÇÔÕÂØ ÓÂÊÓÖÛÇÐËâ ÍÑÓÍË. ÁÆÓÑ àÕÑÌ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÐÂÏÐÑÅÑ ÏÇÐßÛÇ âÆÇÓ ÓÂÐÇÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐÐÞØ ÍÑÏÇÕÐÞØ ÕÇÎ ì ÇÅÑ ÏÂÍÔËÏÂÎßÐÞÌ ÓÂÊÏÇÓ ÄÔÇÅÑ 2,2 ÍÏ [18]. ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ì àÕÑ ÄÕÑÓÂâ ÍÑÏÇÕÂ, Ô ÍÑÕÑÓÑÌ ÄÔÕÓÇÕËÎÔâ ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Deep Impact. ºÇÔÕß ÎÇÕ ÐÂÊÂÆ, Ä ËáÎÇ 2005 Å., Deep Impact ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÎ âÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ´ÇÏÒÇÎß-1 ì ÆÓÖÅÑÌ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÅÓÖÒÒÞ ÀÒËÕÇÓÂ, ÅÑÓÂÊÆÑ ÃÑÎßÛÇÌ, ÚÇÏ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2. ¥Îâ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËÌ ÃÞÎ ÄÞÃÓÂÐ ÏÇÕÑÆ ÔËÎßÐÑÅÑ ÖÆÂÓ [19]. ¯Â âÆÓÑ ÃÞΠÐÂÒÓÂÄÎÇРÏÂÔÔËÄÐÂâ (372 ÍÅ) ÏÇÆÐÂâ ÃÑÎÄÂÐÍÂ, ÆÄËÉÖÜÂâÔâ Ô ÃÑÎßÛÑÌ ÔÍÑÓÑÔÕßá, 10,2 ÍÏ ÔÀ1 . £ÞÆÇÎËÄÛÂâÔâ àÐÇÓÅËâ ÔÑÔÕÂÄËΠ2Â1010 ¥É. ±ÓË ÖÆÂÓÇ ÑÃÓÂÊÑÄÂÎÔâ ÍÓÂÕÇÓ ÆËÂÏÇÕÓÑÏ 100... Å ÔÏÀ3 . ÁÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÍÑÔÏËÚÇÔÍËÏË ÔÓÇÆÔÕÄÂÏË ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÎÑÔß ÆÄÂÉÆÞ. ¹ÇÓÇÊ ÛÇÔÕß ÎÇÕ ÒÑÔÎÇ ÏËÔÔËË Deep Impact, 15 ×ÇÄÓÂÎâ 2011 Å., ÐÑÄÞÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËâ âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ´ÇÏÒÇÎß-1 ÃÞÎË ÄÞÒÑÎÐÇÐÞ Ô ÒÑÏÑÜßá ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Stardust ("©ÄÈÊÆÐÂâ ÒÞÎß"; ÐÑÄÑÇ ËÏâ ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ ì NeXT (New Exploration of Tempel ì "¯ÑÄÞÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËâ ´ÇÏÒÇÎâ")). ±ÑÎÖÚÇÐÞ ÒÑÆÓÑÃÐÞÇ ÔÐËÏÍË ÍÓÂÕÇÓÂ, ÔÑÊÆÂÐÐÑÅÑ ÖÆÂÓÐËÍÑÏ; ÖÕÑÚÐÈÐÐÑÇ ÊÐÂÚÇÐËÇ ÆËÂÏÇÕÓ ÍÓÂÕÇÓ ÔÑÔÕÂÄËÎÑ 150 Ï. ³ ÊÂÄÇÓÛÇÐËÇÏ ÔÄÑÇÌ ÏËÔÔËË Ä 2005 Å. ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Deep Impact ÑÔÕÂÄÂÎÔâ ÓÂÃÑÕÑÔÒÑÔÑÃÐÞÏ. ¢ÞÎÑ ÓÇÛÇÐÑ ËÔÒÑÎßÊÑÄÂÕß ÇÅÑ Ä ÓÂÏÍÂØ ÒÓÑÅÓÂÏÏÞ ÒÑËÔÍ àÍÊÑÒÎÂÐÇÕ, Ë ÑÐ ÃÞÎ ÒÇÓÇËÏÇÐÑÄÂÐ Ä EPOCh (Extrasolar Planet Observation and Characterization ì "¯ÂÃÎáÆÇÐËâ Ë ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËâ ÄÐÇÔÑÎÐÇÚÐÞØ ÒÎÂÐÇÕ"). ®ËÔÔËâ Í ÍÑÏÇÕÇ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÃÞΠÒÓÑÆÑÎÉÇÐËÇÏ ÏËÔÔËË DIXI (Deep Impact eXtended Investigation ì "ªÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐËâ Ä ÒÓÑÆÎÈÐÐÑÏ ÒÓÑÇÍÕÇ Deep Impact") [25], ÚÕÑ ÑÕÓÂÊËÎÑÔß Ä ÇÜÈ ÑÆÐÑÏ ÑÃÝÇÆËÐâáÜÇÏ ÒÇÓÇËÏÇÐÑÄÂÐËË ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕÂ Ä EPOXI. ³ÃÎËÉÇÐËÇ ÑÍÂÊÂÎÑÔß ÖÔÒÇÛÐÞÏ Ë ÒÑÊÄÑÎËÎÑ ÒÑÎÖÚËÕß ÄÂÉÐÞÇ ÐÂÖÚÐÞÇ ÓÇÊÖÎßÕÂÕÞ. ¯Â ÓËÔÖÐÍÇ 6 âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕ ´ÇÏÒÇÎß-1 Ë ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÒÑÍÂÊÂÐÞ Ä ÑÆËÐÂÍÑÄÑÏ ÏÂÔÛÕÂÃÇ. ÁÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÊÐÂÚËÕÇÎßÐÑ ÏÇÐßÛÇ, ÐÑ ÂÍÕËÄÐÑÔÕß ÇÈ ÐÂÏÐÑÅÑ ÄÞÛÇ. £ ÐÑâÃÓÇ 2010 Å. ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Deep Impact/EPOXI ÔÃÎËÊËÎÔâ Ô âÆÓÑÏ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 Ë ÒÇÓÇÆÂÎ ÔÐËÏÍË àÕÑÅÑ ÐÇÃÑÎßÛÑÅÑ ÐÇÃÇÔÐÑÅÑ ÕÇÎÂ, ËÏÇáÜÇÅÑ ×ÑÓÏÖ ÅÂÐÕÇÎË Ô ÅÎÂÆÍÑÌ ÛÇÌÍÑÌ (ÓËÔ. 7). ±ÓË ÔÃÎËÉÇÐËË ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ Deep Impact Ô âÆÓÑÏ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÏËÐËÏÂÎßÐÑÇ ÓÂÔÔÕÑâÐËÇ ÏÇÉÆÖ ÐËÏË ÔÑÔÕÂÄËÎÑ 640 ÍÏ. ¯ÇÑÃÞÚÐÂâ ×ÑÓÏ âÆÓ ÒÓËÄÎÇÍΠÄÐËÏÂÐËÇ ÏÐÑÅËØ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÕÇÎÇÌ. ¡ÄÕÑÓ ÐÂÔÕÑâÜÇÌ ÔÕÂÕßË ÄÞÔÍÂÊÂÎ ÒÓÇÆÒÑÎÑÉÇÐËÇ, ÚÕÑ ÅÎÂÆÍÂâ ÛÇÌÍ ÑÃÓÂÊÑÄÂÎÂÔß ÒÑÆ ÆÇÌÔÕÄËÇÏ ÙÇÐÕÓÑÃÇÉÐÞØ ÔËÎ, Í ÄÑÊÐËÍÐÑÄÇÐËá ÍÑÕÑÓÞØ Hartley-2 151 Tempel-1 ²ËÔ. 6. ³ÓÂÄÐÇÐËÇ ÓÂÊÏÇÓÑÄ âÆÇÓ ÍÑÏÇÕ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 Ë ´ÇÏÒÇÎß-1, ÍÑÕÑÓÞÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÎËÔß ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕÑÏ Deep Impact ÔÑÑÕÄÇÕÔÕÄÇÐÐÑ Ä 2010... ²ËÔ. 8. ªÊÑÃÓÂÉÇÐËâ âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 Ä ÓÂÊÐÞØ ÒÑÎÑÉÇÐËâØ ÑÕÐÑÔËÕÇÎßÐÑ ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ ÒÑÍÂÊÞÄÂáÕ ÇÅÑ ÃÑÎÇÇ ËÎË ÏÇÐÇÇ ÔËÏÏÇÕÓËÚÐÖá ×ÑÓÏÖ, ÚÕÑ ÑÃÎÇÅÚÂÇÕ ÓÂÔÚÈÕÞ. ¯Â ÒÓÂÄÑÏ ÄÇÓØÐÇÏ ÔÐËÏÍÇ ÊÂÕÇÐÈÐÐÂâ ÚÂÔÕß ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÒÓÑÔÕÖÒÂÇÕ Ð ×ÑÐÇ ÅÂÊÑÄÞØ ÄÞÃÓÑÔÑÄ. (³ÐËÏÍË NASA.) ÒÓËÄÑÆËÕ ÄÓÂÜÇÐËÇ âÆÓÂ. ¢ÞÎË ÒÓÑÄÇÆÇÐÞ ÓÂÔÚÈÕÞ, ÍÑÕÑÓÞÇ ÆÑÎÉÐÞ ÃÞÎË ÒÑÍÂÊÂÕß, ÒÓÑËÔØÑÆËÕ ÎË ÏÇÆÎÇÐÐÑÇ ÖÆÎËÐÇÐËÇ ÛÇÌÍË ÅÂÐÕÇÎË Ë ÄÑÊÏÑÉÐÑ ÎË ÓÂÊÆÇÎÇÐËÇ âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ Ð ÚÂÔÕË. ÁÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÐÂÏÐÑÅÑ ÏÇÐßÛÇ ÓÂÐÇÇ ËÔÔÎÇÆÑÄÂÐÐÞØ ÍÑÏÇÕÐÞØ ÕÇÎ ì ÇÅÑ ÏÂÍÔËÏÂÎßÐÞÌ ÓÂÊÏÇÓ ÄÔÇÅÑ 2,2 ÍÏ. ÀÒËÕÇÓ ÄÎËâÇÕ Ð ÒÇÓËÑÆ ÑÃÓÂÜÇÐËâ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2, Ë ÖÉÇ ÐÇÔÍÑÎßÍÑ ÓÂÊ ÑÕÏÇÚÂÎÑÔß ËÊÏÇÐÇÐËÇ ÇÈ ÒÇÓËÑÆÂ, ÔÇÌÚÂÔ ÑÐ ÔÑÔÕÂÄÎâÇÕ 6,46 ÅÑÆÂ. ÁÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2, Ä ÑÕÎËÚËÇ ÑÕ âÆÇÓ ÆÓÖÅËØ ÍÑÏÇÕ, ÑÃÎÂÆÂÇÕ ÔÓÂÄÐËÕÇÎßÐÑ ÒÓÂÄËÎßÐÑÌ ×ÑÓÏÑÌ ÕËÒ ÅÂÐÕÇÎË Ô ÆÄÖÏâ ÐÇÑÆËÐÂÍÑÄÞÏË ÅÑÎÑÄÍÂÏË. ¥ÇÕÂÎË ÊÂÕÇÐÈÐÐÑÌ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÕÑÌ ÚÂÔÕË, ÍÑÕÑÓÂâ ÓÂÔÒÑÎÑÉÇÐÂ Ä ÄÇÓØÐÇÌ ÒÑÎÑÄËÐÇ ÓËÔ. 7, ÒÓËÄÇÆÇÐÞ Ð ÒÓÂÄÑÏ ÄÇÓØÐÇÏ ×ÓÂÅÏÇÐÕÇ ÓËÔ. 8. £ ÖÊÍÑÌ ÚÂÔÕË ÄÞÕâÐÖÕÑÌ ×ËÅÖÓÞ ÐÂØÑÆËÕÔâ ÔÓÂÄÐËÕÇÎßÐÑ ÅÎÂÆÍËÌ ÖÚÂÔÕÑÍ, ÒÑâÔÑÍ, ÓÇÊÍÑ ÑÕÎËÚÂáÜËÌÔâ ÑÕ ÆÓÖÅËØ ÚÂÔÕÇÌ àÕÑÅÑ ÐÇÃÇÔÐÑÅÑ ÕÇΠ(ÔÏ. ÓËÔ. 7, 8) ÏÇÎÍÑÌ ÔÕÓÖÍÕÖÓÑÌ ÒÑÍÓÞÄÂáÜÇÅÑ ÏÂÕÇÓËÂÎÂ. µÊÍÂâ ÚÂÔÕß ì ÛÇÌÍ ì ÒÑÚÕË ÐÇ ÐÇÔÈÕ Ð ÔÄÑÇÌ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÔÎÇÆÑÄ ÖÆÂÓÐÞØ ÔÑÃÞÕËÌ, ÚÕÑ ÏÑÉÐÑ ÓÂÔÔÏÂÕÓËÄÂÕß ÍÂÍ ÔÄËÆÇÕÇÎßÔÕÄÑ ÇÈ ÑÕÐÑÔËÕÇÎßÐÑÌ "ÏÑÎÑÆÑÔÕË". ±ÓË ÔÃÎËÉÇÐËË ÂÒÒÂÓÂÕ EPOXI 4 ÐÑâÃÓâ 2010 Å. Ô ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÖÆÂÎÑÔß ÒÑÎÖÚËÕß 199 ÔÐËÏÍÑÄ ÓÂÊÐÑÅÑ ÍÂÚÇÔÕÄÂ, РÍÑÕÑÓÞØ âÆÓÑ àÕÑÌ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÏÑÉÐÑ ÄËÆÇÕß Ä ÓÂÊÐÞØ ÒÑÎÑÉÇÐËâØ (ÔÏ. ÓËÔ. 8). ±ÓÑÕâÉÈÐÐÑÔÕß ÛÇÌÍË ÑÍÑÎÑ 400 Ï. ±ÑÐâÕËÇ ÏÑÎÑÆÑÔÕË ËÎË ÑÃÐÑÄÎÇÐËâ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÍÑÏÇÕÐÞØ âÆÇÓ, ÍÑÐÇÚÐÑ, ÖÔÎÑÄÐÑ. ¯Ñ РÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÛÇÌÍË ÐÇ ÊÂÏÇÕÐÞ ÖÆÂÓÐÞÇ ÍÓÂÕÇÓÞ, ÒÑâÄÎÇÐËÇ ÍÑÕÑÓÞØ Ê ÆÎËÕÇÎßÐÑÇ ÄÓÇÏâ ÐÇËÊÃÇÉÐÑ Ë ÍÑÕÑÓÞÇ ÄÔÇÅÆ ÄËÆÐÞ Ð ÒÑÆÑÃÐÞØ ÐÇÃÇÔÐÞØ ÕÇÎÂØ. ¡ ÊÆÇÔß ËØ ÒÓÂÍÕËÚÇÔÍË ÐÇÕ. ®ÇÉÆÖ ÕÇÏ ÍÓÂÕÇÓÞ ÆËÂÏÇÕÓÑÏ ÆÑ 100 ë 200 Ï Ë ÆÓÖÅËÇ ÐÇÓÑÄÐÑÔÕË Ä Ô×ÇÓËÚÇÔÍËØ ÚÂÔÕâØ ÅÂÐÕÇÎË ØÑÓÑÛÑ ÄËÆÐÞ. ³ ÆÓÖÅÑÌ ÔÕÑÓÑÐÞ, ÒÓË ÄÞÔÑÍÑÌ ÂÍÕËÄ- ÐÑÔÕË ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 Ê ÍÂÉÆÞÌ ÇÈ ÑÓÃËÕÂÎßÐÞÌ ÒÇÓËÑÆ (ÒÇÓËÅÇÎËÌ Ð ÖÓÑÄÐÇ ÑÓÃËÕÞ ©ÇÏÎË) Ô ÇÈ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ËÔÒÂÓâÇÕÔâ ÔÎÑÌ, ÔÑÔÕÂÄÎâáÜËÌ ÐÇÔÍÑÎßÍÑ ÆÇÙËÏÇÕÓÑÄ, ÚÕÑ ÆÑÎÉÐÑ ÍÂÍ-ÕÑ ÄÞÓÂÄÐËÄÂÕß ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕß. £ ÐÑâÃÓÇ 2010 Å. Ä ÔÃÎËÉÇÐËË EPOXI ÒÑÎÖÚÇÐÞ ÖÍÂÊÂÐËâ РÊÐÂÚËÕÇÎßÐÞÇ ÒÑÕÇÓË ÄÇÜÇÔÕÄ ÏÂÎÇÐßÍËÏ âÆÓÑÏ: ÑÐÑ ÄÞÃÓÂÔÞÄÂÇÕ ÔÕÑÎßÍÑ ÉÇ ÄÑÆÞ (Ä ÄËÆÇ ÄÑÆâÐÑÅÑ ÒÂÓÂ), ÔÍÑÎßÍÑ Ë Ä 10 ÓÂÊ ÃoÂÎßÛÂâ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕß âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ´ÇÏÒÇÎß-1, Ë Ä ÐÇÔÍÑÎßÍÑ ÓÂÊ ÃÑÎßÛÇ ÅÂÊÂ Ë ÒÞÎË. ¯Â ÔÐËÏÍÂØ Ô ÄÞÔÑÍËÏ ÓÂÊÓÇÛÇÐËÇÏ ÄËÆÐÞ ÏÐÑÅÑÚËÔÎÇÐÐÞÇ ÔÐÇÉËÐÍË Ë ÎßÆËÐÍË, ÒÑÍËÆÂáÜËÇ âÆÓÑ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ, Â Ä ÐÂÊÇÏÐÞØ ÐÂÃÎáÆÇÐËâØ ÃÞÎÑ ÊÂÓÇÅËÔÕÓËÓÑÄÂÐÑ ÓÇÊÍÑÇ ÖÄÇÎËÚÇÐËÇ ÄÞÃÓÑÔÑÄ ÙËÂÐËÆÑÄ (ÒÓÑËÊÄÑÆÐÞØ ÔËÐËÎßÐÑÌ ÍËÔÎÑÕÞ). ¬ÑÔÄÇÐÐÑ Ð ËÐÕÇÐÔËÄÐÞÇ ÒÑÕÇÓË ÎÇÕÖÚËØ Ä ËÔÕÑÓËË ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ÖÍÂÊÞÄÂÇÕ ÖÉÇ ÖÒÑÏËÐÂÄÛÂâÔâ ÚÓÇÊÄÞÚÂÌÐÑ ÐËÊÍÂâ ÑÕÓÂÉÂÕÇÎßÐÂâ ÔÒÑÔÑÃÐÑÔÕß ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË. £ÂÉÐÑ ÒÓÑÔÎÇÆËÕß, ÍÂÍ ÔÄâÊÂÐÞ ÅÇÑÏÇÕÓËÚÇÔÍËÇ ØÂÓÂÍÕÇÓËÔÕËÍË Ë ×ÑÓÏ âÆÓÂ Ô ÇÅÑ ÆËÐÂÏËÚÇÔÍÑÌ àÄÑÎáÙËÇÌ. ¬ÂÍ ÑÕÏÇÚÂÎÑÔß, ÑÕÎËÚËÇ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕË ÔÓÂÄÐËÕÇÎßÐÑ ÅÎÂÆÍÑÌ ÛÇÌÍË ÑÕ ÒÑÄÇÓØÐÑÔÕÇÌ ÑÔÕÂÎßÐÞØ ÚÂÔÕÇÌ âÆÓ ÒÑÊÄÑÎâÇÕ ÄÞÔÍÂÊÂÕß ÅËÒÑÕÇÊÖ Ñ ÕÑÏ, ÚÕÑ ×ÑÓÏ âÆÓ ÍÑÏÇÕÞ ·ÂÓÕÎË-2 ÖÍÂÊÞÄÂÇÕ Ð ÒÓÑËÔØÑÆâÜÇÇ Ä ÐÂÛË ÆÐË ÓÂÊÓÖÛÇÐËÇ àÕÑÅÑ ÐÇÃÇÔÐÑÅÑ ÕÇÎÂ. ÁÆÓÑ ÄÓÂÜÂÇÕÔâ ÄÑÍÓÖÅ ÑÔË, ÒÓÑØÑÆâÜÇÌ ÚÇÓÇÊ ÙÇÐÕÓ ÏÂÔÔ. £ÓÂÜÇÐËÇ ÒÓËÄÑÆËÕ Í ÄÑÊÐËÍÐÑÄÇÐËá ÙÇÐÕÓÑÃÇÉÐÞØ ÔËÎ. ®ÑÉÐÑ ÒÓÇÆÒÑÎÑÉËÕß, ÚÕÑ ÒÑÆ ÆÇÌÔÕÄËÇÏ ÙÇÐÕÓÑÃÇÉÐÞØ ÔËÎ ÒÓÑËÔØÑÆËÕ ÏÇÆÎÇÐÐÑÇ, ÐÑ ÐÇÒÓÇÓÞÄÐÑÇ ÖÆÎËÐÇÐËÇ ÛÇÌÍË, ÍÑÕÑÓÑÇ ÆÑÎÉÐÑ ÊÂÄÇÓÛËÕßÔâ ÓÂÊÆÇÎÇÐËÇÏ âÆÓÂ. ¿ÕÑÏÖ ÒÓÇÒâÕÔÕÄÖÇÕ ÒÓËÕâÉÇÐËÇ (ÅÓÂÄËÕÂÙËâ) ÏÇÉÆÖ ÚÂÔÕâÏË âÆÓÂ Ë ÒÑÔÕÇÒÇÐÐÑÇ ÊÂÏÇÆÎÇÐËÇ ÇÅÑ ÄÓÂÜÇÐËâ ËÊ-Ê ÖÆÎËÐÇÐËâ ÕÇÎÂ Ë ÒÑÕÇÓß Ð ÕÓÇÐËÇ Ä ÏÂÕÇÓËÂÎÇ ÛÇÌÍË. ±ÑÔÍÑÎßÍÖ ÓÂÊÏÇÓÞ âÆÓÂ Ë ÐÇÍÑÕÑÓÞÇ ÆÓÖÅËÇ ØÂÓÂÍÕÇÓËÔÕËÍË ËÊÏÇÓÇÐÞ, ÏÑÉÐÑ ÒÓÑÄÇÔÕË ÐÇÑÃØÑÆËÏÞÇ ´. 182...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... and Frequencies 14 Table 1 – NASA Deep Space (Earth-to-space) missions Table 2 – NASA Deep Space (space-to-Earth) missions... spectrum requirements, thus reducing the impact to the public purse. NASA... Ground Network (GN), and the Deep Space Network (DSN). The TDRSS... NASA MISSIONS AND FREQUENCIES NASA DEEP SPACE MISSIONS (Status as of... 7177.338735 E-S 33K0G2D In Orbit Deep Impact EPOXI 7155.377316 E-S 36K0G2D In Orbit... February 2011. In July 07, Deep Impact had new assignment after successfully... primary mission. Now known as EPOXI, it is on the way... available and sustainable 17 NASA DEEP SPACE MISSIONS (Status as of... 8432.654322 S-E 2M50G1D In Orbit Deep Impact EPOXI 8435.370372 S-E 800KG1D In Orbit... Study SIM S-E In July 07, Deep Impact had new assignment after successfully... primary mission. Now known as EPOXI, it is on the way... the atmosphere; study convection and deep wind profiles in the atmosphere... OPS (E->s)(s->s) 2110 2120 MHz SRS (E->s)(deep space) 2200 2290 MHz 2290... SRS (s->E)(s->s) EESS (s->E)(s->s) SPACE OPS (s->E)(s->s) SRS (s->E)(deep space) 7145 7190 7190 7235 MHz MHz SRS (E->s)(deep space) SRS (E->s) 8025 8175 8175... 32300 MHz SRS (deep space) (s->E) 34200 34700 MHz SRS (deep space) (E->s) SRS... highlighted in purple are for deep space communication use; • Allocations in... 2110-2120 MHz EESS (E-s) (s-s) SRS (deep space) (E-s) SRS (E-s) (s-s) SOS (E-s) (s-s) 5.392 2200... 2290-2300 MHz EESS (s-E) (s-s) SRS (deep space) (s-E) SRS (s-E) (s-s) SOS (s-E) (s-s) 5.392 2640... (active) 5650-5725 MHz srs (deep space) 6425-7145 MHz 7145... MHz 8450-8500 MHz SRS [(deep space)] (s-E) SRS (s-E) 5.465 8550-8650... 14.25-14.3 GHz srs (deep space) (s-E) EESS (active) EESS (active... 5.448C 5.448A 5.339 [srs] SRS (deep-space)(E-s) SRS (E-s) [srs] [srs (passive....6-17.1 GHz Radio Service srs (deep space) (E-s) Radio Service Radio Service... (passive) EESS (passive) SRS (deep space) (s-E) SRS (deep space) (s-E) INTER-SAT 5.544....7 GHz 34.7-35.2 GHz SRS (deep space) (E-s) srs 35.5-36 GHz... two factors. Firstly, future US deep space missions are predicted to... by NASA will enable future deep space missions to send science... existing 70m antennas in NASA’s Deep Space Network (DSN). This will... and higher data rates for deep space missions. They indicate that... bandwidth required to support future deep space missions will far exceed... the WRC-2015 Agenda Because deep space links generally require 99... located close to the existing deep space allocation at 31.8-32..., and will enable vegetation and deep soil penetration observations. Bandwidth Required...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.16/5
..., a variety of Mars orbiters, Spitzer, Deep Impact / EPOXI, and Cassini. These missions delivered... extending the mission further. Both Deep Impact / EPOXI and Stardust / NExT also met... to study entirely different comets (Deep Impact / EPOXI from Tempel-1 to Hartley-2 and... team could survive personnel losses. Deep Impact / EPOXI faced a significant challenge in losing... projects are sensitized to the impact of their luring away an... level of development resources applied deep into prime mission is not... motion compensation, upgrades to the Deep Space Network and resulting improvements... (Mars Exploration Rovers), Tim Larson (Deep Impact / EPOXI and Stardust/NeXT), and Jim...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.11/5
..., a variety of Mars orbiters, Spitzer, Deep Impact / EPOXI, and Cassini. These missions delivered... extending the mission further. Both Deep Impact / EPOXI and Stardust / NExT also met... to study entirely different comets (Deep Impact / EPOXI from Tempel-1 to Hartley-2 and... team could survive personnel losses. Deep Impact / EPOXI faced a significant challenge in losing... projects are sensitized to the impact of their luring away an... level of development resources applied deep into prime mission is not... motion compensation, upgrades to the Deep Space Network and resulting improvements... (Mars Exploration Rovers), Tim Larson (Deep Impact / EPOXI and Stardust/NeXT), and Jim...