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12014-11-23. После проведения более чем десятилетия в хранилище Deep Space Climate Observatory — доставлена во Флориду для интеграции с ракетой SpaceX. Полезная нагрузка аппарата была создана в 1990-ых годах. Впоследствии проект по запуску подобных аппаратов был отменен администрацией Барака Обамы. Тэги: Deep Space Climate Observatory

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... I. Space studies of the Earth’s surface, meteorology and climate.................................160 II. Space studies... the agency's Orbiting Carbon - 15 - Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard a Taurus... in Geostationary orbit (GEO). A huge deep space telescope is also included in... International Space Station as a platform to conduct research into global climate change. >> On 30 March, Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX... a contract with the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to provide science and operational... Japanese space programme and the mission scientists and engineers involved. Herschel Space Observatory Early in the reporting period, the European Space Agency released... science results from the Herschel Space Observatory. >> In January 2010, the Herschel... of Mercury. >> Planck The Planck space observatory - ESA's mission to study the... X-ray observatory, operated jointly by NASA and the Japanese space agency, to... Physics NASA's Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) made new observations about... most powerful X-ray observatory ever built and launched into space, marked its... completed its fifth and final deep-space manoeuvre of the mission, providing... space - 43 - aboard an Atlas booster in February, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory... record was held by NASA's Deep Space 1 mission. Dawn is on its... from low-Earth orbit to deep-space exploration missions. >> - 48 - VI.4 Materials... Space, heritage and climate change at the same time as the UN climate... and the other for space weather and climate studies. A joint satellite could... that tracks all of NASA's deep space missions. The new dishes would... the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory, closed on... growth in the current economic climate. Space is a proven economic enabler, which... a multi-purpose crew vehicle for deep space missions as called for in...'s best-known and loved observatory, the Hubble Space Telescope. The Columbia and...’s Glory climate monitoring spacecraft, will mark an important milestone for Kentucky Space... SPACE RESEARCH 2009-2010 I. SPACE STUDIES OF THE EARTH’S SURFACE, METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATE... the Earth’s surface, meteorology and climate from space. I.1 EO Initiatives and Development....ceos.org. ESA Climate Change Initiative The European Space Agency (ESA) has... products for climate research, that have been addressed to space agencies (e.g., via... space agencies, focuses on the sustained generation of long-term essential climate... to demonstrate electric propulsion in deep space. - 168 - The spacecraft carried a small... Space Science Institute (ISSI) initiated a workshop focused on modelling of Venus climate... be observed with a ‘Great Heliospheric Observatory’, a fleet of spacecraft designed and..., is a space-based observatory, viewing and investigating the Sun from its deep core... other demands for the 70 m Deep Space Network stations increased. Most importantly... terrestrial climate and the ability of astronauts to travel safely through space... size and complexity of large space-based observatory missions places a growing emphasis... and high throughput spectroscopy, these observatory missions continue to generate major... (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) observatory, launched in 2002, is now... survey mission. Spitzer (NASA) Observatory mission. Space Infrared Telescope Facility. IR telescope...) X-ray observatory. (ESA) Technology test mission for future Laser Interferometer Space Antenna... space; a fleet of advanced solar observatories, namely the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory... the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) are all currently in space, observing the... Air Force to launch the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR). The currently expected launch... space physicists will work together on the connection between Sun and climate... workshop was held in the Deep Space Exploration Research Center (DSRC) – a department... for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate Committee on Space Research COSPAR Commission C2... Radio-positioning Integrated by Satellite Deep Space Network Deep Space Climate Observatory Deep Space Exploration Research Center Dual Segmented Langmuir Probe European Accelerator-based space... Diffusion in Liquids International X-Ray Observatory Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism... Mössbauer Spectrometer Mars Climate Sounder Marangoni Experiment in Space Mars Exploration Joint... Climate Monitoring initiative Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics Solar Dynamics Observatory... Radar Altimeter Space Infra-Red Telescope Facility, now Spitzer Observatory (NASA) Satellite... Instrument Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Solar irradiance... Energy Programme Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Telescope Imaging Spectrometer - 275 - STP... Space Observation Programme (now Halca) Vacuum Ultra Violet Whole Atmosphere Community Climate...



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... needed for future missions to deep space, such S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 2 Expedition 42 crewmembers NASA... advance for astronauts traveling on deep space missions. Finally, Expedition 45 crewmembers...), and the Deep Space Network (DSN)—continued to meet the space communications needs, such as Earth monitoring and support of deep space...-meter deep space beam waveguide antenna in Canberra, Australia. The new Deep Space Station... will investigate the effects of deep space radiation on yeast DNA; the... of heat pipes in space-based applications. A c t i v i t i e s “microbial observatory” investigation of the... an integrated effort to achieve deep space exploraEarth’s orbit, launching astronauts in... Space Station–Rapid Scatterometer (ISS-RapidScat), the Magnetospheric Multiscale mission, the Deep Space Climate Observatory... observations and predictions on climate and extreme weather, space weather, and potentially... Orbiting Carbon Observatory  2 (OCO-2) to study carbon’s role in climate change and... decade. Orbiting Carbon Observatory 2 Studies Carbon Contribution to Climate Change OCO-2 prime... the Core Observatory satellite; data collected from the GPM Core Observatory serve... Observatory for Infrared Astronomy’s (SOFIA) continuing mission as Earth’s largest airborne observatory... Observatory of the universe. This year, the European Space Agency’s Laser Interferometer Space... arrived at Kennedy Space Center; and JAXA’s ASTRO-H observatory with NASA’s Soft... covered nearly every frontier in deep space astronomy: the expansion and acceleration... space-based gravitational wave detection observatory. Passing gravitational waves would ripple space and... motion of a future observatory’s ultrasensitive detectors. ASTRO-H Orbiting Observatory to Study Extreme... anticipation of its upcoming launch. Deep Space Climate Observatory Satellite Positioned to Monitor and... advancing NASA’s current and future deep space exploration missions. In Communications; 3) Advanced... and the National A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t Space Structures; 7) Deep Space Navigation; and 8) Space Observatory Systems. S p a c e o f P r e s i d e n t Space Technology Mission Directorate... for years, a capability needed for deep space exploration missions. Green Propellant Infusion... analysis. 53 A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 54 Deep Space Atomic Clock The Deep Space Atomic Clock (DSAC) project... the Ground-based Electro Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) Service sustainable components... Data Processing Group with modern, deep space tracking information. In addition, the... tracking near-Earth and deep space objects. Other Space Developments AFRL is working... for key space mission areas. A Falcon 9 rocket carrying the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) spacecraft... Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) mission on February 11, 2015. DSCOVR, NOAA’s first operational deep space... Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the Arecibo Observatory (AO), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory... Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate its collaborator, Taiwan’s National Space Organization (NSPO), designed... RPSs that have safely enabled deep space exploration and national security missions... the harsh conditions encountered in deep space or on the surfaces of... activities of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory 2 0 1 5 The Smithsonian Institution continued to... fourth and final space telescope in NASA’s Great Observatory series. Spitzer’s Infrared... popular monthly Observatory Night lectures and observing sessions. Begun by observatory director... 9 v1.1 Earth observation/space weather Lagrange Point 1 (L1) Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR), formerly known... Commercial Space Transportation Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate COnstellation... A c t i v i t i e s DAA Detect-and-Avoid DASC Deep Space Atomic Clock DASI Degree Angular... DRS Disturbance Reduction System DSCOVR Deep Space Climate Observatory DSN Deep Space Network DVE-M Degraded Visual... Geosciences Ground-based Electro Optical Deep Space Surveillance Geospace Facilities Geographic Information.../Xgal U/LDB Spectroscopic–Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 176 IfSAR InSight IOC ION... Observatory NSPO National Space Organization NSRL NASA Space Radiation Laboratory NSS national security space... space nuclear detonations NWP numerical weather prediction O OCO-2 ODNI Orbiting Carbon Observatory... Astrophysical Observatory Synthetic Aperture Radar Satellite Communications Small Business Innovation Research Space...-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey Small Diameter Bomb Solar Dynamics Observatory Solar Electric Propulsion Structure from Motion Space Network Ground... detector Space Optical Clock Special Operations Forces Exhibition and Conference Stratospheric Observatory...



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... crewed missions of exploration into deep space, including a proposed mission to send... a high speed characteristic of a returning deep space exploration mission. The test will... path to human deep space exploration. Because our commercial space partners continue to... on deep space exploration. Orion: In December 2012, NASA and the European Space... Article. In designing for challenging deep space missions, the Orion team will...-lift Space Launch System. This capability is critical to NASA’s deep space exploration...), and the Deep Space Network (DSN)—continued to meet the space communications needs, such as Earth monitoring and support of deep space... using the Deep Space Network, approximately 30 spacecraft using the Space Network, and... and early orbit phases. The Deep Space Network is an international network... K-Band Mission Concept Review. • The Deep Space Network Aperture Enhancement Project successfully... EM-1 mission in 2017. The deep space habitat project continued university engagement... address national issues such as climate change, space weather, and education. Earth.... LADEE also carried the Lunar deep space optical communications at rates of..., astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory disGalaxy is extraordinarily faint in... the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope, the JWST observatory will...). On August 27, 2013, the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) project, another JASD mission... program and competitively awarded the Deep Space Climate Observatory and Space Test Program-2 launch missions... agreement, ensuring continued space-based weather, water, and climate monitoring. At a ceremony... aspect of the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) and the... needed to understand observations from deep space. NASA partially funded this effort... instruments intended for the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy [SOFIA]). More... requires that the Alaska Volcano Observatory (AVO) use all available tools... California Volcano Observatory, Cascades Volcano Observatory, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, and Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. The... and continuing to protect the Deep Space Network earth station in Goldstone... Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the Arecibo Observatory (AO), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory... executive agency for the Gemini Observatory—an international partnership operating optical... microwave background (CMB) radiation. The observatory is located A c t i v i t i e s take place early... FY 2013. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory A c t i v i t i e s centers have reported that RO... to Earth. The IceCube Neutrino Observatory (jointly operated at the South... systems that have safely enabled deep space exploration and national security missions... the harsh conditions encountered in deep space. They have proven safe, reliable... activities of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Massachusetts, forms the Harvard-Smithsonian..., together with the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, 2 0 1 3 The Smithsonian Institution... fourth and final space telescope in NASA’s Great Observatory series. Spitzer’s Infrared... the universe. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory controls science and flight operations... study the A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t The Solar Dynamics Observatory provides better-than-HD-quality... monthly “Observatory Night” lectures and observing sessions. Begun by observatory director Harlow... science, I learned at the movies.” “Observatory Night” lectures, colloquia, and other... Aircraft Noise Prediction Program Arecibo Observatory Aerial Photography Field Office Ames... AVO AWiFS A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 168 Alaska Volcano Observatory Advanced Wide Field Sensor B BAER... Experiment Color-Infrared Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory Common Land Unit... Energy Department of the Interior Deep Space Climate Observatory Deep Space Network Dynamic Weather Routing F i s c a l DARPA... Committee on GNSS IceCube Neutrino Observatory Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Improved... Atmospheric Administration National Optical Astronomy Observatory Neptunium National Polar-orbiting Operational... Research Announcement National Radio Astronomy Observatory Natural Resources Conservation Service National... Inventory NASA Space Cancer Risk National Solar Observatory National Space Organization NASA Space Radiation Laboratory National Security Space National Space Weather...-Angle Neutron Scattering Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Surfing Aircraft Vortices for Energy... Office of Science Space Communications and Navigation Solar Dynamics Observatory Shallow Subsurface... Nanowire Single Photon Detectors Space Optical Clock Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOlar, Lunar for Absolute Reflectance Imaging Spectrometer Space...



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... development of the Virtual Heliophysics Observatory (VHO) that allows for more... part of the Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO). With its ample fuel... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Wind ’s Unique Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Heliophysics System Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Old Prioritized Science Goals 2.1 PSG... energetic particle release to interplanetary space. Wind is still the only... Prioritized Science Goals 1.4 Heliophysics System Observatory 4. Dust science Wind plays an... role in the Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO). Wind achieved many of... deployment of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO), the heliospheric portion of... the aim of developing reliable space weather forecasting capabilities. The program... Voyager spacecraft traveling into interstellar space. Another consequence of the current... solar cycle is extremely mild space weather conditions. Gopalswamy et al... the space age. Gopalswamy et al. [2014] explained the mild space weather... Goals Journal of Geophysical Research: Space view Physics erally weak. CME.... [2014]. Earth will advance the space weather e↵ort. 2.3.2 ICME Geometry Distortions...) are the main drivers of space weather. Therefore, a precise forecasting of... may have important implications for space weather forecasting because it will... adversely a↵ect the accuracy of space weather predictions. 2.4 PSG#4: Dust Science... spacecraft orbital ram direction. Paris Observatory/LESIA has used radio observations... actually escape to the interplanetary space during solar eruptive events. Since... actually escaped to the interplanetary space. This identification was crucial to... di↵erent heliospheric and planetary space missions (i.e., STEREO A & B, SOHO, SDO, Wind... are fundamental ingredients for improving space weather forecasts. In addition, working...-Earth spacecraft, making it a unique observatory for tests of kinetic theory... part of the Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO), Wind has been contributing..., multi-spacecraft studies. DSCOVR The Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) was launched on Feb... and SoHO operate) for NOAA space weather prediction purposes. DSCOVR will... plied the 1 AU baseline for deep space observations such With communications to... the associated phenomena related to space weather. The Data Center provides... data loss occurred when Wind Deep Space Network supports were released for... includes the use of the Deep Space Network apertures as well as... to be funded through the Observatory (VHO) that makes data queries..., in Astrophysics and Space Science Library, Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol... arrival model using quadrature observations, Space Weather, 11, 661–669, doi... at 1 AU in 1996-2010, J. Space Weather Space Climate, 3 (26), A12, doi:10... members of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO). The VHO provides a single... assigned events to construct phase space density distribution functions and corrects... ions in the instrument measurement space. Development of this system is... proton and alpha particle phase space density distribution functions for the... OMNIWeb-related Virtual Energetic Particle Observatory (VEPO) allows easy comparison of... made publicly available through NASAs Space Physics Data Facility (SPDF) at... development of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO) (http://vho.nasa.gov...↵usive Shock Acceleration DSCOVR . . . . . . . Deep Space Climate Observatory DSN . . . . . . . . . . Deep Space Network E/PO . . . . . . . . . Education and Public... on Wind ) ESA (agency) . . . . . European Space Agency ESW . . . . . . . . . . Electrostatic Solitary Wave... Space Flight Center HETE-2 . . . . . . . . High Energy Transient Explorer-2 HGO . . . . . . . . . . Heliophysics Great Observatory HI . . . . . . . . . . . Heliospheric Imagers HSO . . . . . . . . . . Heliophysics System Observatory HTR . . . . . . . . . . High... ISD . . . . . . . . . . Interstellar Dust ISS . . . . . . . . . . . International Space Station ISTP . . . . . . . . . . International Solar-Terrestrial... . . . . . . . . . . . Magnetic Cloud MESSENGER . . . . . Mercury Surface Space Environment Geochemistry and Ranging MeV... Enhancement NASA . . . . . . . . . National Aeronautics and Space Administration PESA . . . . . . . . . Ion Electrostatic Analyzer... Spectroscopic Imager SDO . . . . . . . . . . Solar Dynamics Observatory SECCHI . . . . . . . . Sun-Earth Connection Coronal... and Heliospheric Observatory SolO . . . . . . . . . . Solar Orbiter mission SPASE . . . . . . . . . Space Physics Archive Search... sps . . . . . . . . . . . samples per second SSMO . . . . . . . . . Space Science Mission Operations SSN . . . . . . . . . . Sun... /EPACT) STEREO . . . . . . . Solar-Terrestrial Relations Observatory STICS . . . . . . . . . SupraThermal Ion Composition Spectrometer... EXpress VHO . . . . . . . . . . Virtual Heliophysics Observatory VWO . . . . . . . . . Virtual Waves Observatory WYE . . . . . . . . . . Work Year...



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... in science, technology, aeronautics, and space exploration to enhance knowledge, Serve... growth of a vibrant American commercial space industry.  Builds on U.S. preeminence in... goals of sending humans to deep space destinations and returning benefits to... missions.  Funds the Space Launch System and Orion space crew vehicle to... gone before.  Invests in transformative space technologies, such as high powered... increase the Nation’s capabilities in space. 4 Highlights (continued)  Advances NASA’s first... these mysterious objects and building deep space capabilities needed for future missions... scientific discoveries and achievements in space, with science missions that will... understanding the Earth’s systems and climate and the dynamics between our... and in the future, including climate change, sea level rise, freshwater... progress toward our next Great Observatory as we develop and conduct... supporting cutting edge aeronautics and space technology innovations, education, research and... Redirect Mission: Hold Concept Review Space Tech: Transform technology with several... backplane support to the Goddard Space Flight Center. 8 Considerations  Out-year... Mission Directorate Space Operations Mission Directorate Cross-Agency Support Education Space Technology... Science Astrophysics James Webb Space Telescope Heliophysics Aeronautics Space Technology Exploration Exploration... Research and Development Space Operations Space Shuttle International Space Station Space and Flight Support... Science Astrophysics James Webb Space Telescope Heliophysics Aeronautics Space Technology Exploration Exploration.... Commercial Spaceflight Exploration R & D Space Operations Space Shuttle International Space Station Space and Flight Support... FY2015 $187.3 $43.9 Space Technology $100.0 Exploration $350.0 Space Operations $100.6 Education... Funding $187.3M Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO)-3 Pre-Aerosols, Carbon and... funding, Solar Radiation & Climate Experiment (SORCE), the President's Climate Action Plan, Big... Flight Testing Advancements Vertical Lift Space Technology 24 6 7.9 100M Closed Loop... Small Spacecraft Technology Demonstrations In-Space Assembled & Manufactured Structures NASA Innovative... Crew Space Launch System/Orion Space Operations 250 100 100.6M International Space... aboard the International Space Station Exploring Mars and other deep space destinations Traveling beyond low Earth orbit with the Space Launch... radiation budget.  Maintains weather and climate change modeling capabilities to enhance... instruments in collaboration with European Space Agency partner missions to Mercury... ensuring the success of critical space observations of the following reimbursable... Nation:     Solar Wind continuity mission, Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) refurbishment. Operations of geostationary... of 7 launches in 24 months:  Deep Space Atomic Clock for precise navigation... activities through SBIR/STTR awards, Space Technology Research Grants, Flight Opportunities... Space Technology); – Development of SLS rocket and Orion vehicle for human space... new technologies for exploration in deep space (in ISS and Exploration R&D). The... Enabling technologies Space Technology Exploration Technology Development/Technology Demonstration Missions Space Technology Agency Grand Challenge: Crosscutting Space Technology Development....  Continues modifications to the Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39-B, Vehicle...  Facilitates development of U.S. commercial crew space transportation capability with a goal of... Earth orbit and the International Space Station.  Regains American leadership and... the Science Mission Directorate and Space Technology Mission Directorate on robotic... spaceflight capabilities required to explore space in a more sustainable and affordable... with an asteroid. 29 International Space Station Outyears are notional ($M) 2015... developing public and private space market.  Funds space communication and navigation sustainment... capabilities necessary for advancing our space, air, and Earth-based activities... Global Navigation Satellite System DSCOVR: Deep Space Climate Observatory ECR: Environmental Compliance and Restoration... Stimulate Competitive Research ESA: European Space Agency ESD: Exploration Systems Development... Mission GRACE: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment HRP: Human Research Program... Region Imaging Spectrograph ISS: International Space Station JASD: Joint Agency Satellite... Satellite System JWST: James Webb Space Telescope • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • JUNO: Jupiter Uranus Neptune... Preparatory Project OCO: Orbiting Carbon Observatory OSIRIS-Rex: Origins Spectral Interpretation... SET: Space Environment Testbeds SFS: Space and Flight Support SLS: Space Launch System SMAP: Soil Moisture Active-Passive Mission SOFIA: Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy ST: Space Technology STEM: Science...



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... NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas December 1-3, 2015..................…………………………..………………………………….………….2 Welcome to the NASA Johnson Space Center……………………………….………………………………………..2 Remarks by NASA Administrator... Council Discussion………..………………………………………………………………………………………….15 NASA Johnson Space Center Early Career Presentations.……………………………………………………….…..15... NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas PUBLIC MEETING... proud partner to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Mars Orbiting... a “resounding success.” Under a non-reimbursable Space Act Agreement (SAA) with 20th... science community's understanding of Earth’s climate and how it changes. NASA... plankton in the ocean and climate change. NASA is now publishing... that is flying on the Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) spacecraft, located a million miles... whether NASA was concerned about space debris originating from the proliferation... for continuation of U.S. leadership in space and aeronautics. Mr. Bolden added... to space Safe and productive long-duration human spaceflight In-space transportation... Research Center (GRC) for NASA’s Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD). Mr... business base; Multi-use, evolvable space infrastructure, minimizing unique major developments... until it is executing human deep-space missions. In response to a question... that NASA is subsidizing commercial space by providing transportation and operating... reviewed a chart on the NASA Space Technology Mission Directorate (STMD) strategic... Barack Obama’s space policy speech at the NASA Kennedy Space Center. President... areas of: power and in-space propulsion, ECLSS, habitation, ISRU, communications... At a cadence that maintains U.S. human space leadership and U.S. public support Must... technology gaps (power and in-space propulsion, ECLSS, habitation, ISRU, communications... a technology program around cis-lunar space is disappointing and discouraging. It... an Earth-orbiting program and a deep space exploration program at the same... program indefinitely in parallel with a deep space exploration program. Mr. Young advised... should move on to the deep space exploration program as soon as... in Space (CASIS). Mr. Borghese advised that the commercialization of space should... cases for space commercialization do not require humans in space. Dr. Ballhaus... other. NASA’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) has discovered its 3000th... resolution observations from NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) indicate... AFGL 2591. Using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, astronomers have confirmed the... national preparedness for severe space weather events. A Space Weather Action Plan (SWAP... been developed to incorporate severe space weather events in Federal emergency... proving ground, as part of a deep space program leading to Mars. An... to be sufficient for robust deep space exploration and longterm maintenance of... space before the end of the 2020s, and the development of a deep space... A NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL NASA Johnson Space Center Gilruth Conference Center – Lone... Mr. Samuel Scimemi Director, International Space Station, Human Exploration and Operations.... Lester L. Lyles, Chair, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, National Academy of... (Ret.); Former Director, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center 1 NASA Advisory Council... C NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas December 1-3, 2015... Space Center NASA Headquarters NASA Headquarters NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Headquarters NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Headquarters NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Headquarters NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Johnson Space Center Other... Services ARS Technica Aviation Week & Space Technology [not affiliated] P B Frankel, LLC... NASA Johnson Space Center U.S. House of Representatives NASA Johnson Space Center [not... Headquarters Aviation Week NASA Johnson Space Center New York Times Ingenicomm... NASA Headquarters NASA Johnson Space Center NASA Johnson Space Center Lunar and Planetary Institute Orbital ATK [not affiliated] Universities Space... Skies Lockheed Martin Air and Space Magazine SETI Institute NASA Headquarters....com Lockheed Martin Space News U.S. House of Representatives Italian Space Agency KIMS... NASA Headquarters Contractor, NASA Kennedy Space Center NASA Headquarters Bigelow Aerospace... NASA ADVISORY COUNCIL NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX December 1-3, 2015...] Human Space Flight Transition from ISS to Cis-Lunar Space and Low... Committee Report [Peterson] NASA Johnson Space Center [Geyer] Other material distributed... Mars – Pioneering Next Steps in Space Exploration Public Input: Document submitted...



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... including the erection of temporary observatory buildings and lease of sites...,493 Regional Climate Data & Information Regional Climate Data & Information Subtotal, Regional Climate Data...,437 52,437 Climate Competitive Research Climate Competitive Research Subtotal, Climate Competitive Research... Climate Data Center’s Regional Climate Service Directors and Regional Climate Centers and the Climate... biological observatory (DBO). NPCREP provides information, assessments, and projections of climate-related... Programs and Services: Distributed Biological Observatory (Arctic) (Base Funding: $2,035,000... NMFS Climate Regimes & Ecosystem Productivity to implement a distributed biological observatory to detect climate... implement a distributed biological observatory (DBO) to detect climate and human-induced change....iarpccollaborations.org/teams/Distributed­ Biological-Observatory). The DBO leverages existing interagency....iarpccollaborations.org/teams/Distributed-Biological-Observatory "The Economic Value of the... within the station Distributed Biological Observatory, with periodically updated evaluations of...: Sampling of the Distributed Biological Observatory (DBO) since its pilot inception... Science and Management Distributed Biological Observatory (Arctic) FY 2016 11 11...'s climate, improves climate predictive capability from weeks to decades, and develops climate products... national/international climate assessments (e.g., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) to inform climate mitigation...’s Climate Mission Goal: “a climate-literate public that understands its vulnerabilities to a changing climate... U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit (toolkit.climate.gov), called for in the President’s Climate Action... newly redesigned “Climate Explorer” and “Climate Widget” applications in the Climate Resilience Toolkit... CLIMATE COMPETITIVE RESEARCH Climate Competitive Research funds high-priority mission-critical climate science.... More recently, the Trinidad Head Observatory has been identifying atmospheric pollutants... measurements at the Summit, Greenland, observatory to better monitor arctic processes... efforts to implement a distributed biological observatory to monitor biological response to... Programs and Services: Distributed Biological Observatory, p.57.) The proposed actions are... nodes for the Distributed Biological Observatory, the Russian-American Long-term... Chukchi Sea, the Distributed Biological Observatory adjacent to Arctic Alaska, a pan... and sentinel stations (e.g., Distributed Biological Observatory) With Increase FY 2014 Actual... stations for the Distributed Biological Observatory • Continue collection and analysis of... New Millennium Observatory/Ocean Observatories Initiative (NeMO/OOI) cabled observatory on Axial... NeMO and Ocean Observatory Initiative (OOI) seafloor observatory site in the Northeast... systems on the OOI cabled observatory at Axial Seamount and those... public, aviation, marine, fire weather, climate, space weather, river and flood forecasts... per day for weather, climate, ocean, river, and space-weather forecasts  AWIPS... Nation. AFS’ weather, water, climate and space weather forecasts and warnings are..., and space physicists. They monitor the weather, water, climate and space from our... of climate products and services related to climate monitoring, short-term climate outlooks... of space weather hazards, predicts tornadoes, provides outlooks for climate events and... fire, winter storm, climate variations, aviation, marine and space weather hazards;  Incorporate...-time for climate variations from weeks to years;  Improve space weather warning... maintenance (O&M) of the National Solar Observatory’s (NSO) Global Oscillation Network Group...  Continue GONG data processing and observatory support contract FY 2018  Implement...  Continue GONG data processing and observatory support contract FY 2019  Begin...  Continue GONG data processing and observatory support contract Deliverables:  Improved forecasts... national and global weather, water, climate and space weather guidance, forecasts, warnings... Irradiance Data and Rescue (SIDAR); • Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR); • COSMIC-2/Global Navigation Satellite..., ocean, and space weather observing networks; weather and climate model outputs; and... multiple time and space scales. Products include monthly U.S. climate reports, assessments of... quality weather (both Earth and space), climate, ocean, coastal, and geophysical data... the atmosphere, land, ocean, climate and space environment. NOAA’s National Ocean Service... the budget profile. NESDIS-31 DEEP SPACE CLIMATE OBSERVATORY (DSCOVR) The maintenance and operations... Program $0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 $0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (6,800) 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (6,800) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR): DSCOVR: (Base Funding: $21... of impending space weather storms. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) and Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) missions...



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... Atmospheric Processes Laboratory (Code 612) Climate and Radiation Laboratory (Code 613... Climate and Calibrations Algorithms  Validation of the CrIS Sensor Products for Climate... should provide scientists with a comprehensive climate quality data record.  Accomplishments in...  two  instruments  for  a  long  term  climate   record,  we  are  involved  in... records together for long­term climate monitoring.  We   are  presently  working...  be  preliminary  candidates  for  hyperspectral climate data records.  AIRS  will  soon...  important  component in the global climate models.  A  part  of  the  entire...  Climate  and  its  Societal  Impacts  in  the  Missouri  River  Basin with Climate...  surface  temperature  and  rainfall  from  climate  prediction  model  simulations  over  the...  Inter­comparison  Project  phase­5  (CMIP­5)  climate   models  (HadCAM3  and  MIROC5).  Furthermore...  Tool  (SWAT)  to  simulate  decadal  climate   variability  of   water  and  crop...  teach  a  class  on  ‘Weather  and  Climate’  in  the  department  of  Geography...–14  The  GPM  core  mission  observatory,  successfully  launched  in  February,  2014...  effects  of  carbonaceous  aerosols  on  climate  [Hsieh  et  al,  2013],  (2)  the...  of  size  distribution  is  undergoing.                                          Climate and Radiation Laboratory  (Code 613...­cloud­climate  interactions.  This  is  among the least  understood  aspects  of  climate...  interactions  among  aerosol,  cloud  and  climate.  Specifically,  how  aerosols  change  trade... : Collaboration on solar forcing of climate change (Sponsor: Robert Cahalan)  Task...  “Outstanding  Scientific  Support”,  by  NASA  climate  and  radiation  laboratory,  for  SORCE...  the  solar  impact  on  Earth’s  climate  using  a  variety  of  existing  satellite...­cloud  interactions  play  in  our  climate.  The  research  focuses  on  two... instrument on board the DSCOVR (Deep Space  Climate Observatory) satellite, lead the effort to...  tracers  affect  air  quality  and  climate.  To   pursue  scientific  objectives  of... Emissions, Atmospheric Composition, Clouds  and  Climate  Coupling  by  Regional  Surveys)  study... (Sponsor:  Thorsten Markus)  Task 373: Climate data record development for surface... Color Data Quality Toward  NASA Climate Data Record Continuity (NNH10ZDA001N)  NASA...  cycles  and  their  response  to  climate  change.  Kevin  Turpie  led  research...  ecosystem  function,  diversity  and  local  climate.  The  study  established  strong   relationship... predictions regarding the   effects of climate change.  The  EO1­Hyperion  data...  evaluate  future  consequences  to  accelerated  climate   warming.  (5)  Developed  an  EVi  proposal... of data and a stochastic model, J. Climate 9, 1251­1268.  Bell,  T.L.  and  P.K.  Kundu...  flux over the global oceans, J. Climate,  16, 637­656.  Hall,  F.G.,  Hilker... reanalysis­based estimates. Journal of Climate, 27, 893­913.   Journal Article... marine low clouds. Journal of Climate.     Remer, Lorraine A.   Journal Article, Professional..., Y., Chiang,  J. C., Shie, C.­l., Caldeira, K., Cao, L. (2013). Climate response due to carbonaceous  aerosols... of the Manitou Experimental Forest Observatory: site  description and selected science... Environmental Systems 311: Weather and Climate  Geography and Environmental Systems 481...  ASCENDS Mission  NASA     Advancing MODIS Climate Data  Records with Algorithm MAIAC... Southwest  Greenland  Adaptation to Decadal Climate  Variability for Sustainable Water, Food...  Studies  NASA  Chu, Allen     Pending  Climate Studies using Time Evolution of...­  Tangborn, Andy  Machado, Sergio  Awarded  Climate Trends Using Hyperspectral  Infrared Satellite...­cloud­precipitation processes in  global climate models using  observations from CloudSat... Metal Layers over the Arecibo Observatory”. He  joined  JCET   as  a  Research... a  broad  range  of  audiences  on  climate  science:  middle  and  high  schools...  to  climate  studies,  with particular emphasis on the sun­climate connections. She... observations to investigate solar activities, climate  variability   and   their  interconnections.  During... and their analysis to understand climate variability  Dr. William  Olson  received...  diabatic  heating  record  for  evaluating  climate   models  and  closing  the  atmosphere...  of  water  resources  management  and  climate  change,  program/project  evaluation, and...  the  study  of  aerosols  in  climate  processes,  how  aerosol  particles  affect....  She  has  contributed  to the  U.S.  Climate Change Science Change Program (US...,  aerosol­cloud  interactions,  aerosol­chemistry­climate  interactions.  Dr. Leonid  Yurganov  is...­Climate Model   CDPHE  CDR  Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment  Climate... Of Freedom for Signal  DSCOVR  Deep Space Climate Observatory  ECMWF   European Centre for Medium... 5  GEOSCCM  GMI and Goddard Chemistry Climate Model  GEP  Gross Ecosystem Production... Positioning System  GRACE  Gravity and Climate Recovery Experiment   GRIP  Genesis and...



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Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) Levell Requirements Document Version: 1.1 ... Service (NESDIS) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) DSCOVRJoint LlRD v l.I, Aug..., and schedule requirements for the Deep Space Climate Observatory (OSCOVR) project. These requirements (known... 11. The DSCOVR project addresses space weather-related objectives of the... 15: "Enhance weather, water, and climate reporting and forecasting." Specifically, this... DSCOVR project, supporting the desired space weather measurements of: the solar... to maintain the observations for space weather environmental monitoring. The DSCOVR... and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Implementation Phase... magnetic field measurements to enable space weather forecasting by NOAA. There... operate on a best-effort basis. Space weather is a critical service for... and accurate alerts and warnings, space weather events have demonstrated the... fly polar routes now include space weather as an integral part... fails. The high risk of space weather data unavailability is perhaps... most serious gaps in NOAA's space weather services. 2.2 Science Instrument Summary... for solar wind measurements enabling space weather forecasting can be found... Solar Wind Data on National Space Environmental Monitoring Capabilities" (January 2008... launched by the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC) launch services and... the primary mission requirements for space weather warning measurements. There are... that will provide mission critical space weather warning measurements and these... and archiving projects. c) NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) will perform..., product validation, quality assurance of space environmental measurements, and system lifetime... will be performed by NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC), NOAA.... j) NOAA SWPC will make the space weather products (Level 0, Level I, Level... and executing mission operations and space weather data record production outside... the entire mission including the space weather warning sensors and earth... mission that enables real-time space weather forecasting are: a) DSCOVR shall... necessary to accomplish the primary space weather objectives of the mission... mission that enables real-time space weather forecasting are: a) DSCOVR shall... Procedural Requirement (NPR) 7120.5, NASA Space Flight Program and Project Management... launch of the Observatory. e) DSCOVR mission shall create space weather data products... phase, excluding periods of planned Observatory and instrument calibration and orbit... gaps in the creation of space weather data products of more... duration during a Critical Space Weather day. Critical Space Weather days are declared... Technology Security Policy") for all space and ground components. These policies... NOAA Wallops and Fairbanks CDAS, Space Network, Deep Space Network (DSN), or Near... public. 4.5 Mission Data Requirements For space weather, the mission data requirements... meet NOAA's space environment products user accuracy requirements. b) Space weather data shall... as defined by the NOAA Space Weather Scale for Geomagnetic Storms...-MISSION NASA FACILITIES The NASA Space Network will be required to... there is evidence prior to Observatory delivery that the secondary instrument... primary mission objectives of providing space weather early warning. 8.0 PUBLIC OUTREACH...



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... development of the Virtual Heliophysics Observatory (VHO) that allows for more... part of the Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO). With its ample fuel... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.3 Wind ’s Unique Capabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4 Heliophysics System Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Recent Accomplishments 2.1 Heliophysics Objective #1: Fundamental... is the only sensor in space fully dedicated to providing measurements... the current distributed 1.4 Heliophysics System Observatory data repositories by a number of... downloading of the desired tem Observatory (HSO). Wind achieved many of... other of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO), the hespacecraft as described... the aim of developing reliable space weather forecastoutlines, this data environment... fundamental physical processes of the space environment from the Sun to... showing contours of constant phase space density (bulk flow frame) in... acceleration mechanism in astrophysical and space plasmas, but difficult to... and making space weather predictions. Time decorrelation imposes limits to space weather.... The association between electron phase space holes (EHs) and current sheets... rope yielding very good agreement deep inside the flux rope, but... implication on the accuracy of space weather predictions, namely that ICMEs... event for numerical and empirical space weather prediction models. 2.2.2 CIRs and... is measured at 4 points in space for which the distances to... the approach to its unusually deep minimum activity, while the power..., especially during the recent, unusually-deep solar minimum [McDonald et al... 2010 through the recent, unusually deep solar minimum [Kasper et al... opportunity in the history of space exploration to have full 360... part of the Heliophysics System Observatory (HSO), Wind has been contributing..., multi-spacecraft studies. DSCOVR The Deep Space Climate Observatory (DSCOVR) will be launched no... and SoHO operate) for NOAA space weather prediction purposes. DSCOVR will... supplied the 1 AU baseline for deep space observations such as those by... observed the IPN. in interplanetary space. These results were later confirmed... remains, which is Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) under equivalent of ∼110... data loss occurred when Wind Deep Space Network supports were released for... includes the use of the Deep Space Network apertures as well as... development of the Virtual Heliophysics Observatory (VHO) that will make data... Investigation on the Wind Spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 231–263... Investigation on the Wind Spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 79–124... Solar Flare and CME Characteristics, Space Sci. Rev., 171, 121–139... source regions, in In: Space Weather: The Space Radiation Environment, AIP Conf...), The Wind Magnetic Field Investigation, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 207–229... Investigation for the Wind Spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 125–153... rays at 1 AU over the deep solar minimum of cycle 23... Instrument and In-flight Calibration, Space Sci. Rev., 141, 277–302... Science Results and Performance Issues, Space Sci. Rev., 141, 477–508... Instrument for the Wind Spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 55–77... Sources of Solar Energetic Particles, Space Sci. Rev., pp. 1–40, doi... Regions in the Solar Wind, Space Sci. Rev., 111, 267–376... and implications for storm forecasting, Space Weather, 9, 7005, doi:10.1029...) investigation on the WIND spacecraft, Space Sci. Rev., 71, 155–206... members of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO). The VHO provides a single... GZip compression. Even though the deep archival of these data files... is completely described in the Space Science Review article Ogilvie et... site (http://web.mit.edu/space/www/wind/wind data.html... CDAWeb a http://web.mit.edu/space/www/wind/wind data.html... supplied by VEIS. The SWE Space Science Review article has been... assigned events to construct phase space density distribution functions and corrects... ions in the instrument measurement space. Development of this system is... proton and alpha particle phase space density distribution functions for the... development of the Virtual Heliospheric Observatory (VHO) (http://vho.nasa.gov...