Спутник связи. DirecTV 12. [Редактировать]

Kкосмический аппарат DirecTV 12 – новый телекоммуникационный спутник компании DIRECTV Inc. Спутник стартовой массой 6060 кг создан компанией Boeing на базе платформы Boeing 702. После выхода на геостационарную орбиту он займет на ней точку стояния над 101 град. з.д.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
136131НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг6060
2Масса (сухая), кг3556
3Платформа 1xBSS-702HP
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.32
5Количество (Ka-стволов), шт.55
6Мощность, Вт18000

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35795.1
3Перигей, км35792.3
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-075A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор DirecTV, Inc.
2Производитель BOEING COMPANY
3Срок (производства), месяц60

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2009-12-29 at 00:22:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xDirecTV 12
4Ракета-носитель 1xПротон-М с РБ «Бриз-М»

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «DirecTV 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term Demand Forecast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14... Identified Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... NGSO launches per year. Only 12 percent (approximately 5 launches per year... 2019 2020 2021 2022 6 2 3 5 8 7 3 10 12 11 12 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 91 9.1 40% 4 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 46... satellites for ABS and Satmex. • 12 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... and United Airlines with their DirecTV service to passengers, rental car... 17) satellite. Both EchoStar and DirecTV have strong capital investment programs... NGSO launchers per year. Only 12 percent of these launches (approximately... Test and Demo 2% Commercial Telecommunications 12% • 35 • Medium-to-Heavy Launch... launch market. Telecommunications satellites comprise 12 percent of the launch market... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation and telecommunications... 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13... ! 20 21 ! 20 22 ! Launches! 12! • 36 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation... Plans 5! 3! 4! 2! 4! 3! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2013 0! 20 11 ! 20 12 ! 20 13 ! 20 14 ! 20... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at frequencies below 1 GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems Satellites System/ Operator... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... satellites before 2019 to maintain a 12-satellite constellation. This includes two... 16 communications satellites for O3b; 12 are currently under construction. O3b...” with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 8/12/2004 License originally issued to... Dove-4. California Polytechnic State University 12/4/2012 License issued for operation... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD QuickBird DigitalGlobe... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... near term (2013-2016) includes 12 manifested basic and applied scientific... application of a forecasting method projects 12 basic and applied scientific research... Projected Launch Plans 7! 6! Launches! 5! 4! 3! 6! 6! 6! 5! 3! 1! 1! 11 ! 12 2! 2! 2! 2! ! 3! 2! 22 3! 21 3! 2! ! 3! 1! 4! 20 4! ! 2! 2! ASNARO 1 - Dnepr...: 5% Minotaur 1: 4% Long March: 6% NANOSATELLITES Cosmos: 12% • 68 • M-V: 2% Minotaur IV: 2% Minotaur 1: 4% Long... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... 15 28 32 20 0 0 0 0 0 120 12.0 Commercial Remote Sensing 1 2 3 2 5 3 0 1 0 0 17 1.7 Commercial... 3 Atlas II AMC 3 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II EchoStar 3 Long March... Astra 1H LMI 1 Nimiq Telstar 6 DirecTV 1R 1 DM1 Skynet 4E 4 Ariane... K/DM Proton K/DM Sea Launch 5 DirecTV 4S Intelsat 901 Intelsat 902... 1D Echostar 7 Hotbird 6 Eutelsat W5 DirecTV 5 Nimiq 2 2 Astra 3A NSTAR c 5 Ariane... K/M Sea Launch Anik F2 Intelsat X DirecTV 7S Ariane 5 Proton M Sea Launch...) 3 Insat 4A DMU XTAR-EUR DirecTV 8 Below 2,500 kg (<5,510 lbm... Sea Launch 2 DM2 Satmex 6 DM3 DirecTV 9S 9 Proton M DM4 Wildblue 1 Proton... Ariane 5 Ariane 5 3 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch... lbm) 5 ICO G-1 Ciel 2 Inmarsat 4F3 DirecTV 11 Echostar 11 4,200 - 5,400... Amazonas 2 DM2 NSS 12 Terrestar 1 Intelsat 14 DirecTV 12 Eutelsat W2A Eutelsat W7...) (Continued) 2011 2012 Total Launches 12 12 Total Satellites 15 21 Over... 1 1 3 6 3 1 2 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 8 7 7 3 13 6 7 6 4 1 62 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 4 9 9 8 5 25 19 12 15 20 4 126 Medium-to... Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites Total... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium... Remote Sensing Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2012) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other...-Heavy 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Egyptsat SaudiComsat 3-7 Saudisat 3 AGILE... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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... 4. Estimated 2014 Commercial Launch Revenues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 5. FAA-licensed Orbital Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... Activity in 2014 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 Table 12. Other FAA Commercial Space Transportation... ed Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136 Table 13... Success 12/6/14 Ariane 5 ECA Europe DirecTV 14 GEO Success 12/18/14 Soyuz 2.1b Europe O3b 09-12 MEO Success 12/27/14 Proton M Russia... launch site in French Guiana. • 12 • Commercial Space Transportation 2014 Year... of Commercial Space Transportation 12 10 Launches 8 12 6 4 2 0 7 5 4 1 2010 2011 2012 2013... United States U.S. launch vehicles provided 12 U.S. government launches and 11 commercial... (26,980) CCAFS, VAFB 2002 12/12 100% 3/3 100% 0 3 Delta IV Medium...: 4.17 (13.7) 30XL: 5.99 (19.7) 2 (6.6) 1.8 (5.9) 3.9 (12.8) 2.34 (7.7) 1.2 (3.9) 1.7 (5.6) Manufacturer KB Yuzhnoye ATK.../532 Large Payload Fairing 12 (39.4) 4.2 (13.8) 12.9 (42.3) 4.2 (13.8) 13.8 (45... 32.5 (106.6) 20 (65.6) 12.7 (41.7) 12.7 (41.7) 3.8 (12.5) 1.6 (5.2) 3.1 (10.2) 3.1 (10.2) ULA Aerojet....7 (153.2) 15. 8 (52) 10.4 (34) 12.2 (40) 5 (16.4) 1.6 (5.3) 4 (13.1) 5 (16.4) ULA... Stage 42.6 (139.8) 12.6 (41.3) Diameter, m (ft) 3.7 (12) 3.7 (12) Manufacturer SpaceX SpaceX LOX...) Diameter, m (ft) 8.9 (29) 3.4 (11) 8.9 (29) 3.7 (12) 8.9 (29) 4 (13) 8.9 (29) 4.2 (13.8) Launch....3 (50.2) 16.1 (52.8) 11.3 (37.1) 12.9 (42.3) 12.4 (40.7) 3.4 (11.2) 3.4 (11.2) 2.3 (7.5) 2.3 (7.5) 3.4 (11... Stage Breeze-KM 17.2 (56.4) 3.9 (12.8) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) 2.5 (8.2) OKB-52 (Khrunichev) OKB-52... Length, m (ft) Diameter, m (ft) 7.7 (25.3) 3.7 (12.1) Year of first launch 2013...) 10.4 (34) 4.9 (16.1) Diameter, m (ft) 3.9 (12.8) 3.9 (12.8) 3.7 (12.1) Manufacturer Yuzhnoye Yuzhnoye RSC Energia....6 (11,600) 4 x XR5K18 4 x XR5K18 12.9 (2,900) 12.9 (2,900) XCOR • 53 • XCOR 2015... and Space Port Length, m (ft) 3.6 (12) Engine Manufacturer Master Space Systems....4) 4.6 (15.1) 4 x thruster units (service module) 12 x thrusters (command module) 4 x RS-88... Dragon V2 Crewed, reusable 7 6.1 (20) 3.7 (12.1) 3,310 (7,300) 2,500 (5,500) 10... Shephard Falcon 9R SpaceShipTwo Table 12. Other FAA Commercial Space Transportation... 5B MEASAT 3B Intelsat 30 DirecTV 14 Eutelsat 3B Astra 2G... DM DM DM DM BADR 7 DirecTV 15 Eutelsat 8WB NBN 1A... JetBlue and United Airlines with DirecTV service for their passengers, rental... 17) satellite. Both EchoStar and DirecTV have strong capital investment programs..., direct-to-home television services (DirecTV and Dish in the US... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation; emerging commercial... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne ORBCOMM... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems System/ Operator ORBCOMM... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne • 143... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD OmniEarth OmniEarth... also planned before the company’s 12-satellite polar-orbiting constellation begins... 2 (3%) Vega 4 (4%) 3 (3%) Delta II Atlas V 3 (3%) 11 (12%) PSLV 10 (11%) Taurus 1 (2%) M-V 201... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 138 13.8 Total Satellites... Atlas II JCSat 6 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II Galaxy 10 Delta... Agila II LM-3B Telstar 6 DirecTV 1R Proton K/DM Sea Launch... - 11,905 lbm) 12 0 0 0 4 5 9 Anik F1 Ariane 4 DirecTV 4S Ariane 4 Intelsat 904... IV Hispasat 1C Atlas II DirecTV 5 Proton K/DM Eutelsat W4 Atlas... 2,500 kg (<5,510 lbm) Ariane 5 DirecTV 7S Sea Launch 5 2,500 - 4,200... 4A Ariane 5 DMU XTAR-EUR DirecTV 8 2 Ariane 5 Proton M 3 DM2 Bsat 2C... 6 Ariane 5 DM3 DirecTV 9S Ariane 5 5 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch ICO G-1 Atlas V Ciel 2 Inmarsat 4F3 DirecTV... 14 Atlas V Echostar 15 Proton M DirecTV 12 Proton M KA-Sat Proton M Eutelsat... Total Payloads Commercial Telecommunication 2 0 0 8 6 2 6 14 1 12 51 Commercial Remote Sensing 0 1 1 3 8 1 1 2 0 8 25...-Heavy Vehicles 1 0 2 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 21 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 62 Total Launches...) Summary Market Segment 28 Satellites 12 Telecommunication 8 Remote Sensing 2 Transportation 6 Other... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium...-2013) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other.../06 Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot... Communications S S Cosmos 2498 (Strela 3M 12) LEO Russian Aerospace Defence Forces... 1 LEO NASA Lockheed Martin GEO DirecTV Space Systems Loral Communications GEO... 5 ECA Tanegashima CCAFS Guiana Space * DirecTV 14 Center * GSAT 16 Development...



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... Competing Dailies 1920 42.6% 1940 12.7% 1960 1986 1994 4.2% 1.9% 2.1% 1998 1.3% 2000...% 29% 20% 36% 22% 12% 12% 15% 16% 12% 26% 20% 1994 24... (2009) Business 18.2% All Else 2.8% 12.9% Human/Community Interest Accidents/Disasters....0% 4.0% County Government 0.6% Regional Government 4.1% Education 12.2% 32.4% Crimes/Courts Source: Data... Citizen Journalism City Government 24.5% 12.9% 16.6% 16.5% County Government 2.0% 4.0% 5.7% 6.1% Regional....8% 32.4% 29.3% 14.6% Accident/Disasters 4.1% 12.2% 9.9% 3.3% Human/Community Interest 24.1% 13... DBS downlink operations in the 12.2 to 12.7 GHz band and uplink... huge. On June 17, 1994, DirecTV began providing high-power DBS...-per-view programming. Within a year, DirecTV had sold over a million systems... designated markets in the U.S. and DirecTV to 175 of them. Local... Television and Radio.) Current State DirecTV, the largest DBS provider and... DBS operators reported strong profits. DirecTV netted $2.198 billion, up from... general welfare subordinate and incidental.”12 A coalition of noncommercial stations pressed... All Other 6% 14% CPB Appropriation 8% 12% Foundations State Governments 8% 3% Businesses 3% 18... major DBS providers in the U.S., DirecTV and DISH Network list the... channels in their public files. DirecTV has reserved 23 chanseven percent...,371 per month. Similarly, for DirecTV, five public interest programmers have... each pay $6,350 per month.5 DirecTV and DISH Network have a two... channels are religion-based. Of DirecTV’s 23 set-aside channels, 11... provides educational programming for K–12 students.12 The Northern Arizona University House.... C-SPAN is carried on both DirecTV and DISH Network. Free Speech... News.18 MHz Worldview on DirecTV similarly offers programming from such... general, both DISH Network and DirecTV group their public interest channels... occupying channel 260.20 On DirecTV, most public interest programmers are... Representatives of DISH Network and DirecTV say: 181 “[F]or more than... more than 210 markets, and DirecTV offered such service in 175... aside for educational programming by DirecTV go to religious stations and... incorporated into basic K–12 educational curricula. But few K–12 educational leaders are... Japanese programming.39 DISH and DirecTV provide Asian-focused channels on... U.S. spends $560 billion a year on K–12 schools,8 with increasingly discouraging results... service in 175 markets and DirecTV offered such service in all... and noncommercial television broadcast service.”12 This includes transmitting “educational, cultural...://www.inlandpress.org/articles/2010/12/08/about/press_releases/doc4a5665832e7d9957638950. txt....com/article/453826-Local_Broadcasters_Bullish_at_SNL_Kagan_Conference.php. 12 Sterling & Kittross, Stay Tuned at...). 2 96 DirecTV, Annual Report (Form 10-K) for Fiscal Year Ended 12/31/10, at 2 (Jan. 2011) (DirecTV 2010 Annual.../2010/09/12/americans-spending-more-time-following-thenews/. 2 99 DirecTV 2010..., http://www.newsobserver.com/2008/12/12/58379/probation-bunglesraise-alarm.html... for Communications Democracy Comments at 12. 89 Alliance for Communications Democracy..., 2011). 34 Shellenbarger/Wareham Interview. 12 Connecticut Network, Supreme Court Arguments... Network, and Trinity Broadcasting Network. DirecTV carries many of the same... Jewish Life TV. DISH and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10. 8 Brigham... NASA TV. See DISH and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10, Appendix... L.L.C, and Stacy Fuller, V.P., Regulatory Affairs, DIRECTV, Inc., to Marlene H. Dortch, Secretary... Aug. 19, 2010) (DISH and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10), available... and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10. 410 6 DISH and DIRECTV Ex Parte.... 18, 2011). 21 DIRECTV, The Guide, http://www.directv.com/entertainment/guide... and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10. 23 See DISH and DIRECTV Ex... and DIRECTV Ex Parte 8/19/10 at 1, 2. 29 DISH and DIRECTV Ex... Network, www.dishnetwork.com and DirecTV, www.directv. com. 32 Operators send... or to replace old ones. DirecTV has launched thirteen satellites since... year or two. The newest DirecTV satellite, “DIRECTV 12,” was launched on December... of 12 satellites, starting with “EchoStar 1” on December 28, 1995. Like DirecTV..., radio, mobile devices, highway signs). 12 M. Marion Mustoe, Commentary: Reconsidering Minot....org/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/Digital_and_Media_Literacy_A_Plan_of_Action.pdf. 2 Seb Chan, Siva... treated.” See, e.g., 47 C.F.R. § 73.3526(e)(12); and 47 C.F.R. § 73.3527(e)(8)(i) (containing... 47 C.F.R. §§ 73.3526(e)(1)(i), 73.3526(e)(12)). 148 Localism NOI (citing Standardized...). 10 See DISH Network and DirecTV Filings for 2007, 2008 and....comscore.com/Press_Events/ Press_Releases/2010/12/comScore_Releases_November_2010_U.S._ Search_Engine_Rankings. 23 See Consumer...(d)(1)(i)-(iii). 11 47 C.F.R. § 73.3555(d)(3). 12 2006 Quadrennial Regulatory Review—Review... television spectrum is approximately $8.9 to $12.2 billion; (2) the value of broadcast... Spectrum 7 453 (2010) (calculating the $8.9-$12.2 valuation of OTA broadcast television....yale. edu/intellectuallife/09mediapapers.htm. 12 Testimony of Laura Malone, Associate...



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... 1 HUGHES PROPRIETARY Hughes в России / СНГ • 12 стран в Регионе • Региональный офис в Москве... country challenges to be overcome 12 HUGHES PROPRIETARY HTS Satellites Launched... 2.5 Gbps 111° W DirecTV DirecTV-14 6 Gbps 99° W DirecTV DirecTV-11 6 Gbps 99° W DirecTV Spaceway-2 10...-3 10 Gbps 95° W DirecTV Spaceway-1 10 Gbps 103° W DirecTV DirecTV-10 6 Gbps 103° W SES Ciel-2 3 Gbps 129° W DirecTV DirecTV-12 6 Gbps 103° W DirecTV DirecTV-15... 119° W DirecTV DirecTV-14 6 Gbps 99° W Visiona Brazil SGDC DirecTV 80 Gbps DirecTV-11 75° W 6 Gbps 99° W DirecTV Spaceway-2 10...° W Echostar Echostar 10 1.5 Gbps 110° W DirecTV DirecTV-10 6 Gbps 103° W SES Ciel... 19 150 Gbps 109° W DirecTV DirecTV-12 6 Gbps 103° W DirecTV DirecTV-15 6 Gbps 103° W 14...° W Hughes Spaceway-3 10 Gbps 95° W DirecTV Spaceway-1 10 Gbps 103° W Eutelsat... Gbps 119.5° E SES - Ka SES-12 4 Gbps 95° E SES - Ku SES-12 25 Gbps 95° E NBN NBN-...‐S2X FM‐TDMA up to 12 Msps ‐ OQPSK modulation HT2000 Model...‐S2X FM‐TDMA up to 12 Msps o OQPSK or 8PSK modulation...-S2X FM-TDMA up to 12 Msps o OQPSK or 8PSK modulation...-S2X FM-TDMA up to 12 Msps o OQPSK or 8PSK modulation...



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...’s Mace Weapons ........................................................... 11 Space Warfare................................................................................................................................ 12 Space-based C4ISR ......................................................................................................................... 14 Counterspace...’ Communication Satellite, Express Tribune, August 12, 2011, http://tribune.com.pk...,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 12, 2001. 227 Zhang Ke, “’北斗’今起照耀亚太区 中国版 GPS...,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 12, 2001. 46 Table 4. Comparison of... Moment], 中国航天报 [China Space News], November 12, 2003, 2. 267 “Shenzhou Expert Reveals..., http://mil.gmw.cn/2012-12/27/content_6162317.htm. 382 “走近我国首颗传输型立体测绘卫星天绘一号” [Taking... Satellites (Part 1)], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2008/12, 15. 388 “我国成功发射’资源’三号卫星” [Our Country Successfully...], 航 天返回与遥感 [Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing], 2012/6, 12. 68 Fengyun Meteorological Satellites China... China’s Meteorological Satellites (Part 1),” 11‒12. 396 “FY-2 Program,” National Satellite....gov.cn/english/official/2011-12/29/content_2033200.htm. 491 “中国代表在联合国外空委法律小组委员会第 52... a series of maneuvers the Shijian-12 (SJ-12) satellite had most likely.../10-18/1416679.shtml. 598 “俄媒评中国鹰击 12 导弹:配冲压发动机速度极快” [Russian Media Comments on China... UNK 7/21/94 7/3/96 4/12/05 3/31/12 3/21/99 Communications Communications... GEO 3 Fengyun 2F (FY-2F) 1/12/12 Earth Science GEO 3 Fengyun 3A...-11-05) 7/15/13 Shijian 12 (SJ-12) 6/15/10 Shijian 15... 3 (TL-1-03, CTDRS) 7/25/12 Tiantuo 1 5/10/12 Xinyan 1 (XY-1) 11/18... (XZ-10, Chinasat 10) 12/1/08 12/15/08 People's Liberation Army... (C41) Remote Sensing LEO UNK 12/9/09 12/15/09 3/5/10 3/5/10... GEO 15 Zhongxing 12 (Chinasat 12, ZX-12) 11/27/12 Communications GEO 15... Earth Observation LEO 3 Ziyuan 3 (ZY-3) 1/9/12 People's Liberation Army (C41) People... (CONT.) Compass M3 (Beidou 2-12) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M4.../29/11 5/10/12 5/29/12 11/25/12 Chinese Academy of Space... Remote Sensing 11/25/12 11/25/12 9/1/13 People's Liberation Army... Zhongxing 2A (Chinasat 2A) 5/26/12 People's Liberation Army (C41) Communications... University of New York Satellite-1) 12/6/2013 CUSat-1 (Cornell University Satellite... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 Firebird-B (Focused Investigations of... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 O/OREOS (Organism/Organic Exposure... Communications GEO AMC-9 (Americom 9, GE-12) 6/7/2003 Communications GEO AsiaStar 3/21... GEO DirecTV-10 7/7/2007 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-11 3/19/2008 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-12 12/29/2009 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-4S 11/27/2001 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-5 (Tempo 1) 5/7/2002 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-7S 5/4/2004 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-8 5/22/2005 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-9S 10/13/2006 DirecTV... Technologies, LLC Communications GEO Echostar 12 (Rainbow-1) 7/17/2003 Echostar Technologies... (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-12 4/9/2003 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications.../2005 DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO Spaceway F2 11/16/2005 DirecTV, Inc... Purpose Orbit COMMERCIAL (CONT.) WildBlue 1 12/8/2006 WildBlue Communications Communications GEO... Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5A 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5B 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development..., Inc. Technology Development LEO Genesis-1 7/12/2006 Bigelow Aerospace Technology Development... Globalstar M089 (Globalstar 89, Globalstar 2-12) 7/13/2011 Globalstar Communications LEO.... Communications LEO ORBCOMM FM-12 (ORBCOMM A4) 12/23/1997 ORBCOMM Inc... IPEX (Intelligent Payload Experiment, CalPoly 8) 12/6/2013 IRIS (Interface Region Imaging... • Energetics and Dynamics) GOVERNMENT/COMMERCIAL 12/7/2001 Astrophysics LEO TDRS-5 (Tracking... 3/13/2008 8/31/2004 12/10/2007 5/12/1996 9/27/2011 1/9/1990.../NOAA LEO 4/4/1997 DoD/NOAA 12/12/1999 DoD/NOAA 10/18... Technology Development LEO SMDC-ONE 2.4 12/6/2013 Technology Development LEO SNaP... Force Technology Development LEO 9/8/2001 12/2/2003 12/2/2003 2/3/2005 2/3/2005 6/15...



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... (Proton) and Eutelsat W7 (Zenit). DirecTV 12 (Proton) followed in December 2009... launch dates, and vehicles were: 12 November 2009 - Shijan 11-01... 3C; 15 June 2010 - Shijian 12, Long March 2C; 31 July... from Baikonur: Intelsat 16 on 12 February 2010, Echostar 14 on.... >> The commercial television broadcast satellite DirecTV 12 was launched from Baikonur on... ILS Proton mission on 2009. DIRECTV 12 is intended to boost high... microgravity research modules on a hectic 12-minute space voyage. >> On 8 April... Falcon-9 launch vehicle. Then, on 12 August, SpaceX completed a drop test... geostationary orbit last week. >> On 12 July 2010, the ISRO Polar... of Russian-French cooperation. >> An - 12 - Ariane 5 from Arianespace lifted off... also orbited Intelsat 17. >> >> On 12 December 2010, Brazil successfully launched... U.S. previously provided by EchoStar 3 and 12. Both new satellites were built... 8 for Satmex of Mexico and DirecTV 14. China Great Wall Industry... capacity at Ku-band with 12 transponders for Anik F1 also... port on the ISS on 12 November. Poisk will serve as... crowded the previous week with 12 astronauts onboard, reduced to a crew... Earth on 26 May after a 12-day flight. >> >> >> >> Finishing the expedition... station and other missions. >> By 12 December 2010, ESA's experimental ship..., partnered to provide three to 12 UAE engineering students each year...) partnered to provide three to 12 UAE engineering students each year... almost 100 participants coming from 12 nations. ESOC is located at... Sea Launch with up to $12.5 million in debtor-in- possession... the ISS on a minimum of 12 flights starting in 2011. SpaceX... document A/AC.105/C.2/2010/CRP.12. The 53rd session COPUOS took... programmes climbed to $32 billion, a 12 percent increase compared to 2008... their spending to $32 billion, a 12 percent increase over 2008. International... earthquake that hit on January 12, international agencies requested satellite data... services. Insat-4B carries 12 Ku-band and 12 C-band transponders, and...-1 was to have a lifespan of 12.5 years. It was equipped with 12 active transponders, including four for ... Ariane 5 by 20 percent to 12 metric tons following the development... ISIC is being supported by a 12 million pound ($18 million) investment... plans to use a constellation of 12 satellites to provide mobile satellite... DirecTV Latin America: a $604.8 million cash for stock transaction which increases DirecTV...-TV operator announced Dec. 16. DirecTV, which previously held a 74 percent... opportunity for MDA to supply 12 additional units, and is a part... the deal, valued at about $12 million, Gilat will provide services... the magnitude 7 earthquake on Tuesday 12 January. New satellite images released... policy changes over the past 12 months. U.S. government space policy shifts... policy changes over the past 12 months. NASA S. Neil Hosenball, 84... 3-axis, servo-controlled, capacitive accelerometers, a 12-channel dual-frequency GPS receiver... orbit insertion is scheduled for 12:48 UTC 18 March 2011... materials. It was launched on 12 January 2005, and delivered a 370... data. Using four infrared bands (3.4, 4.6, 12 and 22 m), WISE’s all sky... surface. Images taken below about 12 km altitude show the surface... 28 June 2010, Voyager 2 completed 12,000 days of continuous operations... from the ground takes about 12.8 hours to reach the spacecraft.... SOHO’s scientific payload consists of 12 instruments, including six built by... - 220 - takes one image every 12 minutes. All three missions have... of a number of 10 m and 12 m diameter balloons while several fully... circum-navigating the Earth. These 12 m spherical balloons were launched from... (SSN) catalogue, has increased from 12,850 at the beginning of... 1,822 catalogue fragments to date (12% of the catalogue). Both, the... geostationary (GEO) ring in 2009, 12 were raised into a graveyard orbit... focused on the so-called K-12 (primary to secondary education), public... managed by the NASA centers. K-12 education from NASA and its... in Europe also aim at K-12 education. The first European Space... JAXA which focuses on the K-12 range. The International Conference on... JB2008 JEREMI JPL JspOC JWST K K-12 KARI KATE KBO keV Kr.../SXS NIRS NO NOAA NOAA-12 NOVA NRC NRL NRLEUV NRLMSIS...



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... Identified Primary Payloads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Figure 9. Comparison of Annual Forecasts... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... Forecast GSO Launch Actual •2• 55.8 12.4 30.1 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... (including dual-manifested addressable + unaddressable) • 12 • Satellites 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... 5B MEASAT 3B Intelsat 30 DirecTV 14 Eutelsat 3B Astra 2G... DM DM DM DM BADR 7 DirecTV 15 Eutelsat 8WB NBN 1A... JetBlue and United Airlines with DirecTV service for their passengers, rental... 17) satellite. Both EchoStar and DirecTV have strong capital investment programs..., direct-to-home television services (DirecTV and Dish in the US... Model Apstar 6 APT Long March 4/12/2005 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat.../2012 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 12 China Satcom Long March 11... classes, with an average of 12.4 medium-toheavy vehicle launches per... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation; emerging commercial... annually. Number of Launches Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne ORBCOMM... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at freqencies below 1GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems System/ Operator ORBCOMM... and its crewmembers. 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with... 9 vehicles in 2014. Between 8 and 12 satellites will be launched in... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne • 47... Development CICERO GeoOptics TBD CICERO 1-12 TBD TBD TBD 2017 Deimos... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD OmniEarth OmniEarth... support its initial constellation of 12 satellites, and the successful launch... a service life of up to 12 years. DigitalGlobe’s two other satellites... current plan is to launch 12 satellites by • 53 • Federal Aviation... Space Station (ISS) on January 12. Once attached to the ISS... also planned before the company’s 12-satellite polarorbiting constellation begins deploying... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... application of a forecasting method projects 12 launches for an average of... 3 (3%) PSLV 10 (11%) M-V Atlas V 11 (12%) 3 (3%) Taurus 1 (2%) 201 1 (2%) Delta II Cubesats... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 14 1.4 Total Satellites Total... place on small vehicles and 12.4 launches on medium-to-heavy... Atlas II JCSat 6 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II Galaxy 10 Delta... Agila II LM-3B Telstar 6 DirecTV 1R Proton K/DM Sea Launch...,905 lbm) Anik F1 Ariane 4 DirecTV 4S Ariane 4 Intelsat 904 Ariane... IV Hispasat 1C Atlas II DirecTV 5 Proton K/DM Eutelsat W4 Atlas...) 2003 200 4 2005 Total Launches 12 13 15 Total Satellites 15... Ariane 5 Intelsat X Proton M Thaicom 4 Ariane 5 DirecTV 7S Sea Launch Inmarsat 4F1... 5 Intelsat 907 4 4 Amazonas Proton M AMC 12 Proton M Ariane 5 Eutelsat W3A Proton... 4A Ariane 5 DMU XTAR-EUR DirecTV 8 2 Ariane 5 Proton M 3 DM2 Bsat 2C... Galaxy 15 Ariane 5 DM1 Galaxy 12 Ariane 5 Amos 2 Galaxy 14 Soyuz... 6 Ariane 5 DM3 DirecTV 9S Ariane 5 DM3 Spaceway 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS 8 Sea Launch ICO G-1 Atlas V Ciel 2 Inmarsat 4F3 DirecTV... Eutelsat W3B Ariane 5 DM2 NSS 12 Ariane 5 Arabsat 5B Proton M Quetzsat... 14 Atlas V Echostar 15 Proton M DirecTV 12 Proton M KA-Sat Proton M Eutelsat... (5,510 - 9,260 lbm) 6 DM4 JCSat 12 Ariane 5 DM5 Hylas Ariane 5 DM2...) (Continued) 2012 2013 Total Launches 12 13 Total Satellites 21 16... Express AM4 DMA Kazsat 2 GSAT 12 LM-3B Proton M Proton M Proton... 51 Payloads Commercial Telecommunication 2 0 0 8 6 2 6 14 1 12 Commercial Remote Sensing 0 1 1 3 8 1 1 2 0 8 25 Commercial... Vehicles 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 8 41 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 Total Satellites Total...) Summary Market Segment 28 Satellites 12 Telecommunication 8 Remote Sensing 2 Transportation 6 Other... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium...-to-Heavy Telecommunication 7/13/11 12/28/11 Remote Sensing Other Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2013) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other... Sensing 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 TerraSAR-X WorldView 1 RADARSAT... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...-Heavy Small Test and Demo 7/12/06 Genesis 1 Soyuz 2 1B Medium... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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... Demand Forecast Results . . . . . . . .12 Near-Term Demand Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Satellite Launch Forecast... 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term Manifest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Table 5. Trends in GSO Satellite.... Commercially Competed Launches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Table 12. NOAA Remote Sensing Licenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41... Mass per Satellite . . . . . . . . . . 26 Figure 12. Satellite Forecast . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Figure 13... 74 22 26 48 20 12 32 GSO Medium-to-Heavy... 60 20 36 56 20 12 32 19 10 29 208... 468 20.8 26.0 46.8 14 12 2 28 15 11 2 28 15....7 LAUNCH DEMAND 15 8 3 26 15 12 2 29 Table 1. Commercial Space Transportation... Insat 4G Intelsat 15 JCSat 12 NSS-9 Optus D3 Palapa D Protostar... 8 2 9 Amazonas 2 DirecTV 12 Eutelsat W2A Eutelsat W7 Intelsat 14 NSS-12 Sirius FM... 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term Manifest • 12 • TBD Proton TBD Sea Launch... 20 10 20 11 20 12 20 13 20 14 20... single core version and over 12,000 kilograms to GTO in... 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i Below 2,500... K/DM Proton K/DM Nimiq Telstar 6 DirecTV 1R Proton K/DM Proton K/DM...’d 2001 2002 2003 2004 12 14 0 20 22 0 12 15 0 13 13... lbm) Anik F2 Intelsat X DirecTV 7S 5 DirecTV 4S Intelsat 901 Intelsat 902... V 401 Eutelsat W5 Delta IV M+ (4,2) DirecTV 5 Proton K/DM Nimiq 2 Proton M/M 3 DM1... 2008 15 16 6 15 19 2 12 18 3 18 23 5 Total Launches... Sea Launch DM2 Satmex 6 DM3 DirecTV 9S Proton M/M Proton M/M Proton M/M Sea... 9 Galaxy 16 Koreasat 5 XM-4 4 AMC-12 Anik F1R AMC-23 XM... 2,500 kg (<5,510 lbm) Spaceway 3 DirecTV 10 NSS-8 Ariane 5G+ Proton... Optus D1 Inmarsat 4F3 Proton M DirecTV 11 Sea Launch Ariane 5ECA...) DMN XTAR-EUR Insat 4A DirecTV 8 Ariane 5ECA Ariane 5ECA AMOS... est. 19 18 9 4 4 4 2 3 5 12 10 8 19 18 20 12 20 13 13 15 15 12 18 21 38... licenses is presented in Table 12. The commercial remote sensing sector... 11/21/2000 DigitalGlobe 12/6/2000 DigitalGlobe 12/14/2000 TransOrbital 3/6/2002... (d/b/a GeoEye) Technica 2/20/2004 8/12/2004 12/8/2005 ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 1/10/2006... for low-resolution images. Table 12. NOAA Remote Sensing Licenses • 41... deployed on 14 launches, including 12 on medium-to-heavy vehicles... and February 2000. An additional 12 satellites were launched on a Zenit... launching 72 satellites on approximately 12 launches of 6 spacecraft each. Those... ISS. The SpaceX contract includes 12 flights that will contain a combination... decrease. Table 18 and Figures 12 and 13 show the satellites... LEO Telecom Commercial Remote Sensing 2 6 0 2 12 18 8 0 6 0 8 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 24 0 2 0 24 0 7 0 24 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 20... Satellites 8 19 12 53 9 26 8 12 7 14 6 37 6 41 6 36 6 12 6 10 74 260 7.4 26 12 2 14 12 2 14 11 2 13... 2012 2013 2014 2015 Figure 12. Satellite Forecast • 60 • 2016 2017... and service satellites account for 12 percent of the 2009 forecast... (>2,268 kg LEO) 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2009 2010 2011 2012... Percent of Total 6 2 11 2 21 12 4 27 6 49 7 1 10 4 22 0 0 1 6 7 25... of Commercial Remote Sensing 18 2 12 14 small launches. Commercial remote... 27 83 110 launch on 12 medium-to-heavy launch vehicles... Total Launches 0 2 2 13 19 18 9 4 4 4 2 3 5 12 10 107 Table 21. Historical... Remote Sensing Int’l Science Other 12 Launches Big LEO 5/30/07.../07 TerraSAR-X 9/18/07 WorldView 1 12/14/07 RADARSAT 2 Dnepr Delta... 6/28/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Remote Sensing 4/25/06 International Science 7/28/06 Kompsat 2 12/27/06 Corot Rockot Soyuz... Medium-to-Heavy Other 7/12/06 Genesis 1 12/19/06 SAR Lupe.../02 6/20/02 Little LEO 12/20/02 LatinSat (2 sats)** Dnepr... 3/17/02 GRACE (2 sats) Rockot 12/20/02 SaudiSat 1C Dnepr...-Heavy 11/21/00 QuickBird 1 12/5/00 EROS A1 CosmosF START...-to-Heavy Big LEO 2/8/00 3/12/00 Remote Sensing International Science... (4 sats) Globalstar (4 sats) Little LEO 12/4/99 ORBCOMM (7 sats) Pegasus Small... Small Small Formosat 1 UoSat 12 Abrixas MegSat 0 12/21/99 Kompsat 1998... 9/8/98 9/10/98 11/6/98 12/19/98 Iridium (5 sats) Iridium (2 sats) Iridium (5 sats) Globalstar (12 sats) Iridium (5 sats) Iridium (2 sats.../97 9/26/97 11/8/97 12/8/97 12/20/97 Little LEO 12/23/97 ORBCOMM (8 sats) Pegasus Small Remote Sensing 8/1/97 OrbView 2 12/24/97 EarlyBird 1 Pegasus START...



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... Launched (1993–2011). . . . . . 29 Table 12. Historical Unaddressable Commercial GSO Satellites... 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Figure 9. Comparison of Annual Forecasts... Launch Industry Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Figure 12. Number of Payloads Seeking Launch... 16.3 commercial GSO launches and 12.8 NGSO launches for 2012 through... Medium-to-Heavy 10 12 13 15 12 16 11 10 11 10 120 12.0 NGSO Small Total Launches 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 0.8 30... market projects an average of 12.8 launches per year from 2012... 10 years. An average of 12.0 launches per year are on... 18 16 14 Launches Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2012 2013 2014 2015... 20 14 20 13 20 12 20 20 11 20 10... 20 14 20 13 20 12 20 11 20 10 20... in the heaviest mass class. • 12 • 2012 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... Astra 2F Astra 5B ABS 2 DirecTV 14 Amazonas 3 Eutelsat 25B Astra... DM DM DM DM DM DirecTV 15 Intelsat 30 Measat 3B... 20 14 20 13 20 12 20 11 20 10 09... Factor 0 14 20 13 20 12 20 11 20 • 16 • 10... airline operator JetBlue with its DirecTV service to passengers, rental car... 17) satellite. Both EchoStar and DirecTV have strong capital investment programs... effective GTO payload capability to 12,000 kg by 2018 through... boost its launch rate to 12-14 launches per year for... Long March Proton Long March 4/12/2005 7/5/2007 6/9/2008 8/31/2009... Launches 24 19 18 20 12 Total Satellites 28 23 19... 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i JCSat 4 Superbird... LMI 1 Proton K/DM Nimiq Telstar 6 DirecTV 1R Ariane 4 Ariane 4 Ariane 4 Ariane... Ariane Ariane Ariane Ariane Ariane 5 5 5 4 5 4 5 DirecTV 4S Ariane 4 Intelsat 901 Ariane... 2005 2006 Total Launches 20 12 13 15 15 Total Satellites... 7 Hispasat 1D Hotbird 6 Eutelsat W5 DirecTV 5 Nimiq 2 2 Astra 3A N-Star c 5 Ariane... 5 Amos 2 Soyuz Anik F2 Intelsat X DirecTV 7S Ariane 5 Proton M Sea Launch...-12 Anik F1R AMC-23 XM-3 3 DMU XTAR-EUR Insat 4A DirecTV... Launch 2 DM2 Satmex 6 Ariane 5 DM3 DirecTV 9S Ariane 5 9 Proton M DM4 Wildblue... 2010 2011 Total Launches 12 18 18 14 12 Total Satellites 18... 3 Ariane 5 DirecTV 10 Proton M NSS-8 Sea Launch 5 Inmarsat 4F3 DirecTV 11 ICO... 2 Proton M DM2 NSS-12 Intelsat 14 Eutelsat W7 DirecTV 12 4,200 - 5,400 kg... Turksat 3A Ariane 5 DM4 JCSat 12 DM4 StarOne C2 Ariane 5 Palap... Forecasts: COMSTAC GSO Forecast Table 12. Historical Unaddressable Commercial GSO Satellites... Express AM4 DMA Kazsat 2 GSAT 12 = Launch Failure DM# = Dual-manifested... projects an average demand of 12.8 launches per year worldwide during... classes, with an average of 12.0 medium- to heavy-class vehicle... heavy-class launches increased. Figure 12 depicts the distribution of satellites... (50%) 11 (9%) 14 (11%) 6 (5%) 6 (2%) Figure 12. Number of Payloads Seeking Launch... Forecast 18   16   Launches   14   12   10   8   6   4   2021   2020   2019   2018... (22) • 41 • LEO 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with... in 2010 and the next 12 launched in 2011. All launches... ISS resupply mission. Eight to 12 satellites will launch in 2013... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... satellites before 2019 to maintain a 12-satellite constellation. This includes two... for a commercial SAR system. DigitalGlobe 12/6/2000 First license issued to... for a 0.5-meter resolution system. DigitalGlobe 12/14/2000 License issued for...” with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 8/12/2004 License originally issued to..., for OrbView-5, now GeoEye-1. Technica 12/8/2005 License issued for four... a service life of up to 12 years. DigitalGlobe’s two other satellites... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital...** CRS 2008 $1.5 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... 18 16 14 Launches Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2012 2013 2014 2015...-to-Heavy Vehicles 10 12 13 15 12 16 11 10 11 10 120 12.0 Small Vehicles 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 0.8 11 13 13 15 13 17 12 11 12 11 128 12.8 Total Launches Fifty... Transportation 18 16 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2012 2013 2014 2015... a small-class launch vehicle and 12.0 launches annually on medium- to... kg LEO) 16 Launches 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2012 2013 2014 2015... 2 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 32 Small Vehicles 2 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 24 4 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 56 Total Satellites Launches... 7/13/11 Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 (6 sats) Soyuz 2 Medium-to-Heavy AprizeStar 5-6 (2 sats)1 12/28/11 Globalstar 2nd Gen...-to-Heavy 11/5/10 Transportation 12/8/10 2009 11 Satellites 2 Telecommunication... 3 Remote Sensing 14 Science & Engineering 12 Launches 10 Medium-to-Heavy... Sensing 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 TerraSAR-X WorldView 1 RADARSAT... 6/28/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 2006 5 Satellites 1 Remote Sensing... & Engineering 7/28/06 12/27/06 7/12/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot... Small Science & Engineering 3/17/02 12/20/02 GRACE (2 Sats) SaudiSat.... It has a mass of about 12 kilograms (26 pounds). Students from...



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... on board a Proton Launch Vehicle • DirecTV-12 launched into orbit in December... the U.S. DirecTV, El Segundo, California, is a DBS unit of The DirecTV Group..., is an independent provider of DirecTV services. It primarily operates in... Sciences Star-2 satellite buses. Both DirecTV and EchoStar satellites operate in... owned by DirecTV operate in the Ka-band. The DirecTV 4-S satellite uses... AMC-16 DirecTV-1 DirecTV-1R DirecTV-2 DirecTV-4S DirecTV-5 (Tempo-1) DirecTV-6 (Tempo-2) DirecTV 7-S DirecTV-8 DirecTV -9S DirecTV-10 DirecTV-11 DirecTV-12 EchoStar.../Transponders A2100AX/24 Ku-band/12 Ka-band A2100X/24 Ku... major players: The DirecTV Group (previously Hughes Electronics' DirecTV) and EchoStar. Together... money and signal transmission quality. DirecTV reached the 10-million-customer... at that time. DirecTV Begins DBS Service in 1994 DirecTV's first satellite...° W after the 1999 arrival of DirecTV-1R, a Boeing-601HP model providing... market its DBS service, until DirecTV bought the firm in December...), switched it to a Proton. Redesignated DirecTV-5, the 8,025-pound satellite was... American subscribers. DirecTV Employs Spot-Beam on 4S Spacecraft DirecTV ordered a Boeing... late 2001, DirecTV 4-S became the first spacecraft in the DirecTV fleet to... technology. The new satellite enabled DirecTV to add 300 more local... the redundancy of the fleet. DirecTV selected Space Systems/Loral in...-band spacecraft, DirecTV 7-S, which would also feature spot beams. DirecTV 7-S was to..., DirecTV stated that all of its satellites would be named "DirecTV" followed...-3 were renamed DirecTV-1, DirecTV-2, and DirecTV-3; Tempo-1 and Tempo-2 became DirecTV-5 and DirecTV-6. The DirecTV-3 spacecraft... transferred to the other satellites. DirecTV again chose Space Systems/Loral.... The satellites, known as DirecTV-8 and DirecTV-9S, are expected to produce... construction revenue exceeding $200 million. DirecTV-8 was launched in May 2005... also able to operate from DirecTV's orbital slots at 110° and... 18-inch satellite dish. The DirecTV-9S was launched in October... 9S serves as backup for DirecTV's 4S and 7S satellites and... name would change to "The DirecTV Group Inc." In addition, the... Satellites Ordered by DirecTV. In September 2004, DirecTV chose Boeing Satellite Systems to build three spacecraft for the DirecTV... DirecTV-10 and DirecTV-11 satellites, plus the construction of a ground spare. DirecTV-10 and DirecTV-11 were delivered in 2007 and 2008, respectively. A third satellite, DirecTV-12...; SS/L has also built five DirecTV spacecraft. In January 2007, Space... currently operates Rainbow-1 as EchoStar 12. EchoStar and Hughes Attempt a Merger... buy DirecTV after General Motors, the owner of Hughes and DirecTV, again extended the deadline for DirecTV CEO Charlie... with a bid to pick up DirecTV for $23.65 billion. ©2010..., and the merger of Hughes DirecTV with EchoStar. The companies' attempts... all Americans. DBS Must Share 12-GHz Frequency. In 2002, the... Service (MVDDS) access to the 12-GHz band used by U.S. DBS... in Europe. SES-Astra provides 12 direct broadcast satellites from which... between orbital positions used by DirecTV and EchoStar at 101° and... satellites use frequencies in the 12.2- to 12.7-GHz range, which is... operations from the 105° W location. DirecTV and EchoStar claim that the..., Texas, and Virginia. EchoStar and DirecTV have been the most vociferous... unconstitutional nature of those taxes. DirecTV Sells HNS Stake SkyTerra Communications... Apollo Management, purchased from the DirecTV Group the 50 percent of... percent managing interest in The DirecTV Group to John Malone's Liberty... plan Launch of first DirecTV satellite Start of DirecTV satellite service DBS... of DirecTV) EchoStar 3 launched on Atlas IIAS EchoStar 4 launched on Proton DirecTV acquires USSB DirecTV acquires Primestar EchoStar acquires... EchoStar 5 launched on Atlas IIAS DirecTV-1R launched on Sea Launch... merge DirecTV-4S launched on Ariane EchoStar 7 launched on Atlas IIIB DirecTV... 2009 2010 2010 Major Development DirecTV-3 removed from service, relegated to... on Sea Launch Zenit 3SL DirecTV-7S launched on Sea Launch... DirecTV-8 on Proton M/Breeze M EchoStar X launched on Sea Launch Zenit 3SL DirecTV-9S launched on Ariane 5 ECA DirecTV-10 launched on Proton-M DirecTV... on Sea Launch Zenit 3SL DirecTV-12 launched on Proton EchoStar 14... of EchoStar 15 Forecast Rationale DirecTV and DISH Network continue to... satellite (DBS) market. In 2009, DirecTV reported revenues of $21.6 billion....5 billion for the DISH Network. DirecTV had approximately 18.5 million customers... DirecTV and DISH Network are actively expanding into Latin America. leaving DirecTV... primary DBS operators in the U.S.: DirecTV and the DISH Network. A growing... 2019 Total MFR Not Selected DIRECTV Follow-Ons 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 1 5 Subtotal 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 3 2 2 0 1 6 11 Total...