Спутник связи. EDRS-C. [Редактировать]

Аппарат создается в рамках государственно-частного партнерства с ЕКА. Основной полезной нагрузкой будет HYLAS-3, лазерный коммуникационный комплекс. Также на аппарат будет установлен Ka ретранслятор который будет работать на территории Западной Африки и Ближнем Востоке. Аппарат будет использовать 3 узконаправленные антенны. Планируется, что аппарат будет получать данные от низкоорбитальных группировок и перенаправлять информацию на Землю. Данная особенность позволит существенно удешевить стоимость создания наземной космической инфраструктуры для операторов ДЗЗ. 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-01. Airbus Defense and Space ведут переговоры со SpaceX относительно запуска аппарата в конце 2016 года.Тэги: EDRS-CAirbus GroupSpaceXAvanti Communications
22014-12-12. Французский сенатор публично раскритиковал Airbus Defence and Space за решение купить пусковые услуги у SpaceX. По его мнению решение тем более недопустимо поскольку на запуск будут потрачены средства Европейского космического агентства. Кроме этого, на последнем совещании в ЕКА было принято решение о приоритетности Европейских продуктов и услуг.Тэги: EDRS-CAirbus GroupSpaceXЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-03-19. Arianespace получила заказ на запуск геостационарного аппарата.
Airbus Defence and Space и Arianespace достигли соглашения о запуске космического аппарата EDRS-C в паре с геостационарным аппаратом SpaceDataHighway. Пуск запланирован на первый квартал 2017 года. Тэги: Airbus GroupArianespaceEDRS-C
42016-09-20. Компания Avanti получила новый контракт от ЕКА и продолжила поиск стратегического инвестора.
Avanti Communications Оператор спутниковой связи Avanti получил 10.7 млн. евро на разработку и размещение экологически чистой Wi-Fi сети. Согласно сообщению компании речь идет о размещении на территории стран Африки точек доступа в Интернет, которые должны будут использовать солнечную энергию для своего функционирования. Новым оборудованием планируется оснастить около 1400 точек. При этом, за наземное оборудование в новом проекте будет отвечать компания Newtec. В случае успеха проекта компания рассчитывает получить более крупный заказ от государственных структур стран Южной Африки.
Помимо этого сегодня компания сообщила о том, что компании срочно необходимо получить около 32.25 млн. долл. наличными поскольку до первого октября ей необходимо осуществить текущие выплаты по взятым ранее под 10 процентов годовых кредитам. Всего компания заняла на рынке:
1. 370 млн. долл. (в 2013 году).
2. 150 млн. долл. (в 2014 году).
3. 125 млн. долл. (в 2015 году).
В Avanti также отметили что им удалось договориться об отсрочке платежа в размере 39 млн. долл., которые она должна была выплатить за космический аппарат Hylas 4 американской Orbital ATK. Относительно КА Hylas 3 (EDRS-C) подобные меры не потребовались поскольку компании удалось заручиться поддержкой неназванного экспортного агентства.
Вместе с тем, для инвесторов компании эти сообщения не сулят ничего хорошего поскольку вместо обещанного в июле 50 процентного роста объема продаж Avanti констатировала, что ее выручка снизится на 2.2 млн. долл. и достигнет в 2016 году показателя в размере 83 млн. долл. (в 2015 этот показатель был равен 85.2 млн. долл.). При этом, затраты компании на осуществление своей деятельности в 2016 году должны будут составить около 96 млн. долл.Тэги: Avanti CommunicationsHylas 4EDRS-C

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3350
2Масса (полезной нагрузки), кг300
3Платформа 1xSmallGeo(FAST)
4Скорость (передачи информации по лазерному комплексу на расстояние 45000 км), Мбит/с1800
5Мощность, Вт4000
6Емкость (Ka группы стволов), ГГц4
7Химическая двигательная установка
8Тяга (апогейного двигателя), Ньютон400
9Масса (сухая), кг160
10Масса (MMH/MON), кг1900
11Количество (10 ньютоновых двигателей коррекции), шт.10

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год15
2Время (перемещения с ГПО на ГСО), недели1-2

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (лазерного коммуникационного оборудования), млн. долл.119
2Стоимость (радиоретранслятора и платформы аппарата), млн. долл.163
3Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.282
4Производитель EADS Astrium Satellites

Найдено 824 документов по запросу «EDRS-C». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
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0.08/5
...   4.2   EDR Product Types.................................................................................................... 35   4.2.1 Image EDRs................................................................................................ 35   4.2.1.1  Standard Image EDR ........................................................................ 35...   4.2.1.3.4   “Thumbnail” EDR .......................................................................... 36   4.2.2 Image Support EDRs ................................................................................. 37   4.2.2.1  “Row Summation” EDR ..................................................................... 37...” EDR ............................................................................... 37   4.2.3 Spectroscopy EDRs .................................................................................. 37   4.2.3.1  “Spectrum” EDR ................................................................................ 37   4.2.4 Engineering EDRs ..................................................................................... 37   4.2.4.1  “State... estimated volume of image EDRs and spectrum EDRs over the course of... coverage area. 4.2.1.3.3 “Downsampled” EDR Downsampled EDRs contain a smaller version of the...-SIS-SCI006-MSL 4.2.2 Image Support EDRs 4.2.2.1 “Row Summation” EDR A row summation... Engineering Camera instrument suite. 4.2.3 Spectroscopy EDRs 4.2.3.1 “Spectrum” EDR The spectrum EDR... the ChemCam LIBS instrument. 4.2.4 Engineering EDRs 4.2.4.1 “State-of-Health” (SOH) EDR... formats across all image EDRs and spectrum EDRs. The various EDR formats... below. 5.1.1.1.1 Geometrically Corrected Images (Linearization) EDRs and single-frame RDRs are... EDRs and RDRs and “.DAT” for spectrum EDRs and state-of-health EDRs... from a stereo pair of input EDRs, applying a 1-D correlator (fast). • MARSCOR3 – Generates... from a stereo pair of input EDRs, applying a 2-D correlator (more robust). • MARSXYZ... mosaic from a list of input EDRs. • MARSTIE – Generates pointing corrections (tiepoint... IMAGE (Object) Valid Values • For EDRs … - 1 band: “RAW_BAYER” - 3 bands: “ONBOARD_COLOR” • For.... Applies to RDRs only, not EDRs. Units n/a Type n/a Location DERIVED_IMAGE_PARMS (Group... order as specified by ROVER_MOTION_COUNTER_NAME. • EDRs will always contain all 10... in RDRs. CONTACT_SENSOR_STATE. Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Units n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... coordinate system. Valid Values • For EDRs … 1) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 3) “RSM_HEAD_FRAME” 4) a. “ARM_TURRET_FRAME” b. “ARM_DRILL_FRAME” c. “ARM_DRT_FRAME...” Type string Units n/a Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 4) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... OBSERVATION_REQUEST_PARMS (Group) Valid Values • “Operations” EDRs “MSL-M-HAZCAM-2-EDR-V1.0”, “MSL... IDENTIFICATION (Class) Valid Values • “Operations” EDRs "MSL MARS HAZARD AVOIDANCE CAMERA.... Applies to RDRs only, not EDRs. Units n/a Type n/a Location DERIVED_IMAGE_PARMS (Group... Name in Appendix E) Location • For EDRs … c. ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) d. RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) e. ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... Name in Appendix E) Location • For EDRs … 3) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) Given a vector expressed... Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... azimuthal reference Location plane. • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) A value of “UP... Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Ops Keyword PROCESSING_INFO... order as specified by ROVER_MOTION_COUNTER_NAME. • EDRs will contain 1 or 10, depending... E), Calculation Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 2) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... as for COORDINATE_SYSTEM_FRAME. For MSL, EDRs use a standard, predefined frame name... as #7 above Valid Values • For EDRs … 1) “SITE_FRAME” 2) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 3) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 4) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 5) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME...(20) Type n/a Units n/a Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 2) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... Keyword Valid Values SAMPLE_BIT_MASK • For EDRs … - Eng. Cameras PDS Keyword “2#11111111... Cameras “ :image_id_data:comp_companding_mode” NOTES: • For EDRs …. - Eng. Cameras: a. If scale = 0, value... software Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Type n/a Ops Keyword.... Units n/a Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Ops Keyword SOLAR_AZIMUTH... string Type n/a Units n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... SURFACE_MODEL_PARMS (Group) Valid Values For EDRs … Value “MARS”, “CALIBRATION” Mode Calculation...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.18/5
... called environmental data records (EDR). EDRs range from atmospheric products detailing... and numerical weather prediction models EDRs can be either images or quantitative data products. Image EDRs provide graphical depictions of the... 10 GAO-02-684T Quantitative EDRs are specialized weather products that... to derive other products. These EDRs can also be depicted graphically... a product that was derived from EDRs is provided in figure 10... based on sea surface temperature EDRs from polar-orbiting satellites. Figure... produce 55 environmental data records (EDRs), including atmospheric vertical temperature profile... ozone profile. Some of these EDRs are comparable to existing products... by four sensors4—as key EDRs, and noted that failure to... 4 The four sensors supporting key EDRs are (1) the advanced technology microwave... half of the required 55 EDRs while reducing the risk of... technology needed to support various EDRs. • NPOESS preparatory project: This is... about half of the NPOESS EDRs and about 80 percent of... support any of the NPOESS EDRs that they expect to use... support 82 percent of the EDRs it expects to use; and... support 27 percent of the EDRs that it will use. As... be able to use some EDRs after only minor changes to... comparable to current products. Other EDRs, however, involve new data and... heaviest planned users of NPOESS EDRs reported that about 45 percent of the EDRs they plan to use would... all six of the key EDRs, including atmospheric vertical temperature profile.... Table 4 lists the number of EDRs each of the processing centers... those EDRs require major science changes. Appendix II identifies the EDRs that... Oceanographic Office Number of NPOESS EDRs each center plans to use 55 38 Number of NPOESS EDRs requiring major scientific changes 26... their ability to use NPOESS EDRs in their models and products...’ views differ on over 30 EDRs. For example, in the case... processing centers’ views of which EDRs require major scientific advancements in... centers’ differing uses for these EDRs or their varying customers’ needs.... In addition to coordinating on EDRs determined to pose scientific challenges... needed to effectively incorporate NPOESS EDRs in their respective models and...-684T for addressing the specific EDRs that require major scientific advancements... for addressing challenges in using EDRs. Given the years it takes... Centers’ Views of Which NPOESS EDRs Require Major Scientific Advancements Data...



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0.09/5
... access to X-Band stations ........................... 19 4.4.6. EDRS .......................................................................................... 20 4.5. Data production..................................................................................... 20 4.5.1. General... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) - the Sentinel-5 Precursor operations - the... availability of the EDRS system, concurrent use of the EDRS system by... -2B satellites, simultaneous downlink via EDRS and Xband. b) Data acquisition strategy... the use of the EDRS system. The EDRS system will complement the... a six months basis). 4.4.6. EDRS a) Operations constraints for EDRS use The high level... to the use of the EDRS system by the Sentinel-1 and... others: - number and location of EDRS satellites - available data rates / channels... with memory data downlink through EDRS - conflicts related to concurrent access... and an EDRS satellite. b) Strategy for EDRS use The use of EDRS for...-1). Further close coordination with the EDRS system management is required to establish the use of the EDRS service for the Sentinel-1 and... agreement on pre-defined available EDRS time slots at static times... Chapter 4 (satellite, instrument, ground segment, EDRS) and the ESA Sentinel HLOP... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) to improve the data download... in South America (west coast). EDRS Ka-Band collaborative stations: Oberpfaffenhofe...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-10
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0.1/5
... records, sensor data records, and EDRs, when applicable, to produce CDRs... a variety of ways. NOAA’s satellite EDRs, for example are selected via... of Real-Time CDRs from EDRs ................................................8 2.2.2 NOAA/NASA Collaborations ................................................................................15 2.2.3 Production...–Real- Time CDRs Produced from EDRs .......................................... 9 NOAA DMSP SSM/I Climate Products... to the Environmental Data Records (EDRs) that are planned for NPOESS... NPOESS processing system will produce EDRs, not CDRs. The production of... Data Records (EDRs) used to predict weather. Characteristics of EDRs include a tight... of Real-Time CDRs from EDRs NOAA currently produces climate data... purposes to produce EDRs. The instantaneous point measurements from EDRs are averaged... hoc techniques to adjust the EDRs for systematic errors due to...–Real-Time CDRs Produced from EDRs Climate Product Satellite/ Instrument Earth... provides instrument level data and EDRs to external researchers who process... produce CDRs from related NPOESS EDRs. A second NPP science team will... records, sensor data records, and EDRs to produce CDRs and science... how do they differ from EDRs? How does a CDR become a community... various ways. For NOAA’s satellite EDRs, inhouse Product Oversight Panels evaluate...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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0.13/5
... and Related Drug Reporting System (EDRS; N=359) used purposive sampling. Participants... the Kessler 10 in the EDRS and the Hospital Anxiety Depression... and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS), a drug monitoring system that uses... and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS) is a national annual monitoring study..., Breen, Kaye, & Darke, 2004) The EDRS surveys a ‘sentinel’ population of regular... users participated in the 2009 EDRS, and there were 359 participants... at w least weekly use. The EDRS collected number of days of... Distress Scale (K10) in the EDRS and the Hospital Anxiety Depression...-relevant societal commitments among the EDRS compared to the NHS participants. In particular, EDRS participants were less likely than... constraints of studying). Additionally, male EDRS participants were considerably less likely....9%) than females (40.1%) in the EDRS. ie TABLE 1 ABOUT HERE Drug... Page 8 of 20 proportion of EDRS participants had commenced Ecstasy use... nonexistent in both samples. The EDRS participants were more likely to... K10 was used in the EDRS and the HADS was used....7%) and females (11.1%) in the EDRS met the cut-off for... the NHS but not the EDRS. In regard to frequent drug... predictor of PD in the EDRS. The unadjusted effects of early... was considerably greater in the EDRS compared to the NHS. Model... of association stronger in the EDRS. The only early initiation variable... Ecstasy use, observed in the EDRS, was attenuated with the inclusion... analyses showed that, within the EDRS, those who commenced Ecstasy use..., adolescent Ecstasy initiation in the EDRS and ly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12..., the findings from the purposive (EDRS) and population (NHS) samples provide... (Orlando, et al., 2001). The EDRS findings indicate that, compared to... participants, including those like the EDRS which collect data for monitoring... use behavior. Sampling in the EDRS is selective and targets volunteers... initiation are broadly consistent. The EDRS involves a sample of more frequent... daily tobacco smokers in the EDRS was higher than the ie... whereas the EDRS is a national study. Nonetheless, in the EDRS there was... the K10 used in the EDRS and the HADS in the... and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS): Sydney, N.S.W. National Drug and Alcohol... Age (SD)c Male Natural History EDRS 172 215 20.9 (1.2) 20.7 (1.4) 9.9 2.3** 66.9 47.9*** Female Natural History EDRS 167 144 20.7 (1.1) 21.0 (1.4) 24... (1.00-6.28) 1.98 (0.70-5.58) EDRS (N=359) Early initiationb Early Ecstasy... using K10 in NDSHS and EDRS, and HADS in NHS. b Early...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-16
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0.07/5
... on EDRS-A/C and Sentinel 1B/2B via the ESA program EDRS and... developments (Alphasat, Sentinel satellites, and EDRS) are shown in purple and... a European Data Relay Satellite System (EDRS) based on an optical service... qualification of the LCTs for EDRS is based on this development..., Sentinel 1A and 2A and EDRS) 1.8 Gbps (duplex communication) > 45,000... as the precursor mission for EDRS [5]. The GEO-to-LEO link... a European Data Relay Satellite System (EDRS) based on an optical service... an early validation platform towards EDRS [11][12]. The Alphasat LCT... chosen for the Alphasat and EDRS implementation. The data of the... (DFD). For EDRS a similar concept is implemented, but EDRS will provide a user... European Data Relay Satellite System (EDRS) in ESA’s Advanced Research in... reached at that time. The EDRS is implemented as a private public... the Airbus Defense & Space Group. EDRS will be an operational constellation... stations on the other hand. EDRS will allow almost full-time... visibility from any ground station. EDRS is envisaged to significantly improve...). Fig. 10. Sketch of the EDRS System (courtesy of ESA). Proc...) The EDRS space segment is composed of two elements:   The EDRS-A payload... data rate of 1.8Gbps. The EDRS-A payload will be placed as... and will be positioned at 9°E. EDRS-C is a dedicated satellite, which is... the OHB SmallGEO platform. The EDRS-C payload includes an LCT for...’s HYLAS3 as a hosted payload. The EDRS-C satellite is planned to be... of the EDRS ground network. The ground infrastructure of EDRS will comprehend... data ground stations for the EDRS-A satellite in Weilheim (Germany) and... feeder link ground stations for EDRS-C in Weilheim (Germany), and its... center for EDRS-A and the satellite control center for EDRS-C in Oberpfaffenhofen (Germany). The core operational service of EDRS will... qualification of the LCT for EDRS on behalf of ESA. The qualification of the LCT for EDRS is based on the LCT... qualification of the LCT for EDRS is based on an extensive... of the industrialized product. The EDRS program according to DLR Copyright... looks forward to see the EDRS service becoming operational in 2015... operational lifetime of the satellites. EDRS itself, due to the Proc... Alphasat and the advent of EDRS, Europe, as J. Dordain, Director General... of these future users of EDRS in 2014 and 2015. Step by step EDRS is becoming a reality and start... currently discussed to develop the EDRS service for the benefit of... users. The EDRS partners consider to add one additional EDRS relay payload... the fundamental design of the EDRS LCT. Based on the experience... verification, the operational experience of EDRS and user requirements an evolutionary... Sentinel 1A, Sentinel 2A and EDRS projects is acknowledged. As an...



Дата загрузки: 2016-10-31
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0.08/5
... ........................................................................................... 8 3 DEMOGRAPHICS ................................................................................ 9 3.1 Overview of the NT EDRS sample............................................................... 9 4 CONSUMPTION PATTERN RESULTS ..............................................11... ................................................................................ 89 Problematic alcohol use among EDRS participants................................ 91 Ecstasy dependence ................................................................................. 92... 8.1 8.2 8.3 Reports of criminal activity among EDRS participants ........................... 93 Arrests ........................................................................................................ 94 Perceptions... price changes as reported by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 57 Table 15... various methamphetamine forms purchased by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 63 Table 16... and bush cannabis purchased by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 72 Table 19... ecstasy was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 19 Figure 3: Location... methamphetamine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 25 Figure 6: Last... methamphetamine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 25 Figure 7: Last... methamphetamine use by form among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 26 Figure 8: Percentage... cocaine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 30 Figure 11... cannabis were purchased from among EDRS participants, NT .......................................................................... 39 Figure 17... and bush cannabis use among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 40 Figure 19... ......................................................................................................... 43 Figure 21: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ................................................................................................. 44 Figure 22: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent........................................................................... 45 Figure 23: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ......................................................................... 46 Figure 24: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ......................................................................................................... 47 Figure 26: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent...) investigated by the EDRS ............ 50 Figure 28: EDRS participants’ reports of current... months, NT ...................................................................................... 60 Figure 33: EDRS participants’ reports of current methamphetamine... forms, NT .............................................................................................. 65 Figure 37: EDRS participants’ reports of current purity... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 73 Figure 44: EDRS participants’ reports of current potency... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 73 Figure 45: EDRS participants’ reports of change in... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 75 Figure 48: EDRS participants’ reports of change in... .................................................................. 80 Figure 52: Proportion of EDRS participants who recently accessed a medical... not using protective barriers among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 90 Figure 60... six months. % EDRS participants Figure 22: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... months. 45 % EDRS participants Figure 23: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... 2014. 46 % EDRS participants Figure 24: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... (Figure 25). % EDRS participants Figure 25: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... activity among EDRS participants Almost one-fifth (18%) of EDRS participants interviewed...



Дата загрузки: 2016-11-23
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0.15/5
... Data Recorders (EDRs) in cars or commercial transport vehicles. EDRs are devices... 3.6 eCall 34 4. EXISTING IMPLEMENTATION OF EDRS 37 4.1 Introduction 37 4.2 The take-up of EDRs 37 4.3 Technical features of EDRs 43 4.4 EDRs data ownership... and usefulness of EDRs devices 59 5.3 The contribution of EDRs to the... be recorded by EDRs – VERONICA 28 Table 2 Provisions on EDRs for selected... 3 Overview of existing implementation of EDRs 54 Table 4 Expected impacts of... Italy, UK, Switzerland and US. EDRs have different technical specifications in... of the existing implementation of EDRs for different purposes, including their... framework accelerating the adoption of EDRs by Governments and stakeholders. Special... accident purposes. Event Data Recorders (EDRs) allow the monitoring of vehicle... taxi fleets. 3.2.5 The use of EDRs EDRs are an important tool for... a series of technical requirements for EDRs. These included a minimum storage capacity... parameters to be recorded by EDRs - VERONICA N Recorded data 1 Collision Speed... Union-wide adoption of EDRs. They clarified that EDRs recording only specific... ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.4 The potential benefits of EDRs: an overview An assessment of... potential benefits of EDRs. Figure 7 : The potential benefits of EDRs Source: SDG... Safety Policy ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.4.2 Contribution of EDRs to legal security and litigation... incorrect load distribution. 3.4.3 Benefits of EDRs on the insurance market Insurance... issue also relevant to EDRs. Also relevant to EDRs is the issue... Policy ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. EXISTING IMPLEMENTATION OF EDRS 4.1 Introduction A number of different public.... Following technological developments that made EDRs more affordable to producers, and... a crash, the Italian insurance-based EDRs normally send a signal automatically to... Sachsen-Anhalt have recently included EDRs in the technical specifications for... vehicles financed through their budget. EDRs were first implemented in Austrian... now fitted with EDRs. In recent years in Italy EDRs, and specifically... based on evidence extracted from EDRs, mostly to establish a vehicle's speed... features of EDRs 4.3.1 Examples of technical characteristics of existing EDRs EDR devices.... 4.3.2 Examples of national regulation on EDRs technical standards In August 2006... all vehicle manufacturers voluntarily installing EDRs complied with certain EDR standards... notification”. Box 4: Mandatory installation of EDRs for light vehicles In a notice... proposed to mandate installation of EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... data recorded and collected from EDRs nationally and obliges manufacturers to.... According to this proposed regulation, EDRs should record both distance data... definition of technical standards for EDRs. Given its experience, the Centre.... Table 2: State Arkansas Provisions on EDRs for selected US States Ownership... data that EDRs can collect. Thanks to new technologies, EDRs can now... have any specific legislation covering EDRs. However, the Association of British... introduction of EDRs in private vehicles. The use of EDRs data for..., insurance companies have been introducing EDRs to improve their screening and... Overview of existing implementation of EDRs UK Italy x x x x x x x x x x Fleet optimisation Insurance... of deployment Future perspective High EDRs diffusion could reach a coverage of... Medium Future perspective EDRs diffusion stable is Low EDRs usage is expected....  As a result, the specifications of EDRs vary considerably from country to... section 4.3.1, the technical specifications of EDRs vary considerably from country to.... 5.2.1 Crash reconstruction and vehicle design EDRs are essential to gathering information... collected through widespread installation of EDRs have been useful in enhancing... the airbags are deployed, the EDRs automatically alert emergency services through... private users, especially young drivers. EDRs can also facilitate court proceedings... that introduction of a regulation making EDRs compulsory for new vehicles sold... the distributional implications of making EDRs compulsory, setting out global cost... maintenance and replacement costs of EDRs and related technological infrastructure. A fuller... response and public transport vehicles).  EDRs can also reduce uncertainty and... categorised and reducing overall premia.  EDRs can also facilitate actions such.... Privacy of data processed from EDRs remains a concern, as different national... scale of deployment of EDRs Wider deployment of EDRs in the EU... private users, especially young drivers. EDRs could also speed court proceedings... it remained constant for motorcycles). EDRs could potentially be installed on... fleets. VEDRs (EDRs equipped with video recording) improve basic EDRs devices and..., to deploy them. Manufacturers of EDRs, customers associations, and public and... interest in the installation of EDRs. Policy options and timescales suggested...



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... NOTE AVAILABLE FROM PUB TYPE EDRS PRICE DESCRIPTORS Okun, Barbara F. Marriage... abstracts. (JAC) *********************************************************************** Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can... Author of Document Date Published EDRS Price * Abstract of Document Descriptors... copy. when not available from EDRS. 214 E0225081 CG016429 Commitment: A Variable... orders). EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language..., Washington, August 23-27, 1982). EDRS Price - MFOI/Pc01 Plus Postage... Association (62nd, April 7-11, 1982). EDRS Price - MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage... Agency: Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, D.C. EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage... Psychological Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.... (1980 MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type..., Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... John and Florence Schumann Foundation. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychological Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. EDRS Price - MF01/PC05 Plus Postage..., Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychiatry. EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language... (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 6-9, 1979). MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English CLASSROOM MATERIAL..., New York, NY, September 1-5. 1979). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychological Association (87th, September 1-5, 1979) EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 5-8, 1978) MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type..., D.C. Contract No.: J-LEAA-023-77 EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage..., California, February 18-21, 1979) EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., postage) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: English Document Type: BDDK... Association (Toronto. Ontario. August. 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type....00) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: English Document Type: BOOK... (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.... of Mental Health Services Program. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., California, October 12-15, 1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Guidance and Adult Clinic, Mich. EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage..., Scotland, June 25 July 1, 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., George W.. Jr.; McCann, Thomas W. iip. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... marginal Nov 1977 26p.; legibility EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC..., Warren J. (1974 and Marital iip. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Association (72nd, Chicago, September 5-9,'1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage..., 1977); due to marginal legibility EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language. ENGLISH Document Type: BIBLIOGRAPHY... Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, Md. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., New York, N.Y. ) Best copy available EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., West Lafayette, Indiana, February 7-8, 1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., Beverly Hills, California, May 3, 1975) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 17p. MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Ago U,4 Document.../OE), Bureau of School Washington, D.C. EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 1975 32p.; Doctoral Honors Seminar EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage.... (1973 MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Document Type....25) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Document Type: RESEARCH... (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 1974) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Association Drive, Reston, Virginia 22091 EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage... Virginia, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505 EDRS Price MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Association meeting, (Washington, D. C., May 3-5, 1973) EDRS Price MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage..., 1973) MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... Association Annual Convention, Chicago, Illinois EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Kansas Univ., Lawrence. 197 1 38p. EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage....50) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIEJUN71... Development. MF01/PC07 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, Md. EDRS Price MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... 94306 Document Not Available fro' EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIFJUL70... ($7.95). Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIEDEC69...-100 MF01/PC06 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... State Coll., Calif. APR1965 331P. EDRS Price - MF02/PC14 Plus Postage... Development, Inc., Mass. JUN1961 85P. EDRS Price - MF01/PC04 Plus Poste.... OTHER ERIC COLLECTIONS AVAILABLE FROM EDRS STANDING ORDERS Subscription orders of...



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... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) is planned to start after... commissioning of its first node EDRS-A, to be launched in the... two geostationary nodes (EDRSA and EDRS-C) which will provide data relay... provide an overview of the EDRS status and its future plans... of its first node. Keywords—EDRS, European Data Relay System, LCT... The European Data Relay System (EDRS) is designed to provide data... nodes. The first node, called EDRS-A, is embarked as a hosted payload... satellite. The second node, called EDRS-C, is a dedicated satellite also hosting... be received either at dedicated EDRS Ground Stations or - upon the... to the user premises. The EDRS ground coverage area, within the.... SPACE SEGMENT The first node, EDRS-A, is hosted on Eutelsat’s EB9B... product family. The second node, EDRS-C, is designed as a dedicated satellite... prime contractor for the complete EDRS payload on both nodes is... link down to ground. The EDRS system therefore is fully redundant... optical inter-satellite service. The EDRS-A node is, in addition, equipped... user. The different types of EDRS services are described below, while... presented in [5]. The first node, EDRS-A, is currently under manufacturing and... spring 2015. Start of the EDRS service is expected mid 2015... commissioning of the spacecraft, the EDRS payload and the service commissioning... 9 degrees East. The second node, EDRS-C, is undergoing its Critical Design... LINKS The heart of the EDRS system is the optical inter... and real time services via EDRS. The most innovative part of... 45000km. The terminals used by EDRS – as well as by its... HDGS, Harwell, United Kingdom). The EDRS-C related Ground Segment consists of... link availability required for the EDRS system (99.6 %), the system is... network. In addition to the EDRS data receiving stations, the user... and security services can use EDRS to gain much faster access... time is of the essence. EDRS will provide 4 different services, 2 based... from the ground to either EDRS-A or EDRS-C and from there to... and (multiple) user interfaces, the EDRS Ground Segment is defined as... the planning constraints of the EDRS and the user satellite are... to EDRS-A or the one related to EDRS-C (see figure 1). The EDRS-A related... preparing the commands for the EDRS payload hosted on Eutelsat’s Copyright... Rights Reserved. SERVICE CONCEPT The EDRS initial anchor customer, Sentinel, makes... the Sentinel satellites and the EDRS with up to 20min per... one year from launch the EDRS is on schedule with respect... steps for the extension on EDRS towards a fully global system are...,France, October 9-12 (2012) ESA EDRS Program, http://telecom.esa.int..., F. Curreli, J.P. Cousty, B.M. Folio, A. Murrell, “The EDRS-A and EDRSC Data Relay Payloads... conference, Florence Oct. 2013 www.edrs-spacedatahighway.com Copyright (C) ICSOS2014. All... 600 Mbit/s or 1.8 Gbit/s EDRS-A, EDRS-C 500 bit/s EDRS-A Optical ISL forward service Ground→GEO→LEO 4 kbit/s EDRS-C Ka...→LEO 1 Mbit/s EDRS-A Table 1: EDRS Services Figure 1: Overview of the EDRS System Copyright...