Спутник связи. EDRS-C. [Редактировать]

Аппарат создается в рамках государственно-частного партнерства с ЕКА. Основной полезной нагрузкой будет HYLAS-3, лазерный коммуникационный комплекс. Также на аппарат будет установлен Ka ретранслятор который будет работать на территории Западной Африки и Ближнем Востоке. Аппарат будет использовать 3 узконаправленные антенны. Планируется, что аппарат будет получать данные от низкоорбитальных группировок и перенаправлять информацию на Землю. Данная особенность позволит существенно удешевить стоимость создания наземной космической инфраструктуры для операторов ДЗЗ. 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-01. Airbus Defense and Space ведут переговоры со SpaceX относительно запуска аппарата в конце 2016 года.Тэги: EDRS-CAirbus GroupSpaceXAvanti Communications
22014-12-12. Французский сенатор публично раскритиковал Airbus Defence and Space за решение купить пусковые услуги у SpaceX. По его мнению решение тем более недопустимо поскольку на запуск будут потрачены средства Европейского космического агентства. Кроме этого, на последнем совещании в ЕКА было принято решение о приоритетности Европейских продуктов и услуг.Тэги: EDRS-CAirbus GroupSpaceXЕвропейское космическое агентство
32015-03-19. Arianespace получила заказ на запуск геостационарного аппарата.
Airbus Defence and Space и Arianespace достигли соглашения о запуске космического аппарата EDRS-C в паре с геостационарным аппаратом SpaceDataHighway. Пуск запланирован на первый квартал 2017 года. Тэги: Airbus GroupArianespaceEDRS-C
42016-09-20. Компания Avanti получила новый контракт от ЕКА и продолжила поиск стратегического инвестора.
Avanti Communications Оператор спутниковой связи Avanti получил 10.7 млн. евро на разработку и размещение экологически чистой Wi-Fi сети. Согласно сообщению компании речь идет о размещении на территории стран Африки точек доступа в Интернет, которые должны будут использовать солнечную энергию для своего функционирования. Новым оборудованием планируется оснастить около 1400 точек. При этом, за наземное оборудование в новом проекте будет отвечать компания Newtec. В случае успеха проекта компания рассчитывает получить более крупный заказ от государственных структур стран Южной Африки.
Помимо этого сегодня компания сообщила о том, что компании срочно необходимо получить около 32.25 млн. долл. наличными поскольку до первого октября ей необходимо осуществить текущие выплаты по взятым ранее под 10 процентов годовых кредитам. Всего компания заняла на рынке:
1. 370 млн. долл. (в 2013 году).
2. 150 млн. долл. (в 2014 году).
3. 125 млн. долл. (в 2015 году).
В Avanti также отметили что им удалось договориться об отсрочке платежа в размере 39 млн. долл., которые она должна была выплатить за космический аппарат Hylas 4 американской Orbital ATK. Относительно КА Hylas 3 (EDRS-C) подобные меры не потребовались поскольку компании удалось заручиться поддержкой неназванного экспортного агентства.
Вместе с тем, для инвесторов компании эти сообщения не сулят ничего хорошего поскольку вместо обещанного в июле 50 процентного роста объема продаж Avanti констатировала, что ее выручка снизится на 2.2 млн. долл. и достигнет в 2016 году показателя в размере 83 млн. долл. (в 2015 этот показатель был равен 85.2 млн. долл.). При этом, затраты компании на осуществление своей деятельности в 2016 году должны будут составить около 96 млн. долл.Тэги: Avanti CommunicationsHylas 4EDRS-C

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3350
2Масса (полезной нагрузки), кг300
3Платформа 1xSmallGeo(FAST)
4Скорость (передачи информации по лазерному комплексу на расстояние 45000 км), Мбит/с1800
5Мощность, Вт4000
6Емкость (Ka группы стволов), ГГц4
7Химическая двигательная установка
8Тяга (апогейного двигателя), Ньютон400
9Масса (сухая), кг160
10Масса (MMH/MON), кг1900
11Количество (10 ньютоновых двигателей коррекции), шт.10

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год15
2Время (перемещения с ГПО на ГСО), недели1-2

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (лазерного коммуникационного оборудования), млн. долл.119
2Стоимость (радиоретранслятора и платформы аппарата), млн. долл.163
3Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.282
4Производитель EADS Astrium Satellites

Найдено 520 документов по запросу «EDRS-C». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
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... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) is planned to start after... commissioning of its first node EDRS-A, to be launched in the... two geostationary nodes (EDRSA and EDRS-C) which will provide data relay... provide an overview of the EDRS status and its future plans... of its first node. Keywords—EDRS, European Data Relay System, LCT... The European Data Relay System (EDRS) is designed to provide data... nodes. The first node, called EDRS-A, is embarked as a hosted payload... satellite. The second node, called EDRS-C, is a dedicated satellite also hosting... be received either at dedicated EDRS Ground Stations or - upon the... to the user premises. The EDRS ground coverage area, within the.... SPACE SEGMENT The first node, EDRS-A, is hosted on Eutelsat’s EB9B... product family. The second node, EDRS-C, is designed as a dedicated satellite... prime contractor for the complete EDRS payload on both nodes is... link down to ground. The EDRS system therefore is fully redundant... optical inter-satellite service. The EDRS-A node is, in addition, equipped... user. The different types of EDRS services are described below, while... presented in [5]. The first node, EDRS-A, is currently under manufacturing and... spring 2015. Start of the EDRS service is expected mid 2015... commissioning of the spacecraft, the EDRS payload and the service commissioning... 9 degrees East. The second node, EDRS-C, is undergoing its Critical Design... LINKS The heart of the EDRS system is the optical inter... and real time services via EDRS. The most innovative part of... 45000km. The terminals used by EDRS – as well as by its... HDGS, Harwell, United Kingdom). The EDRS-C related Ground Segment consists of... link availability required for the EDRS system (99.6 %), the system is... network. In addition to the EDRS data receiving stations, the user... and security services can use EDRS to gain much faster access... time is of the essence. EDRS will provide 4 different services, 2 based... from the ground to either EDRS-A or EDRS-C and from there to... and (multiple) user interfaces, the EDRS Ground Segment is defined as... the planning constraints of the EDRS and the user satellite are... to EDRS-A or the one related to EDRS-C (see figure 1). The EDRS-A related... preparing the commands for the EDRS payload hosted on Eutelsat’s Copyright... Rights Reserved. SERVICE CONCEPT The EDRS initial anchor customer, Sentinel, makes... the Sentinel satellites and the EDRS with up to 20min per... one year from launch the EDRS is on schedule with respect... steps for the extension on EDRS towards a fully global system are...,France, October 9-12 (2012) ESA EDRS Program, http://telecom.esa.int..., F. Curreli, J.P. Cousty, B.M. Folio, A. Murrell, “The EDRS-A and EDRSC Data Relay Payloads... conference, Florence Oct. 2013 www.edrs-spacedatahighway.com Copyright (C) ICSOS2014. All... 600 Mbit/s or 1.8 Gbit/s EDRS-A, EDRS-C 500 bit/s EDRS-A Optical ISL forward service Ground→GEO→LEO 4 kbit/s EDRS-C Ka...→LEO 1 Mbit/s EDRS-A Table 1: EDRS Services Figure 1: Overview of the EDRS System Copyright...



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...   4.2   EDR Product Types.................................................................................................... 35   4.2.1 Image EDRs................................................................................................ 35   4.2.1.1  Standard Image EDR ........................................................................ 35...   4.2.1.3.4   “Thumbnail” EDR .......................................................................... 36   4.2.2 Image Support EDRs ................................................................................. 37   4.2.2.1  “Row Summation” EDR ..................................................................... 37...” EDR ............................................................................... 37   4.2.3 Spectroscopy EDRs .................................................................................. 37   4.2.3.1  “Spectrum” EDR ................................................................................ 37   4.2.4 Engineering EDRs ..................................................................................... 37   4.2.4.1  “State... estimated volume of image EDRs and spectrum EDRs over the course of... coverage area. 4.2.1.3.3 “Downsampled” EDR Downsampled EDRs contain a smaller version of the...-SIS-SCI006-MSL 4.2.2 Image Support EDRs 4.2.2.1 “Row Summation” EDR A row summation... Engineering Camera instrument suite. 4.2.3 Spectroscopy EDRs 4.2.3.1 “Spectrum” EDR The spectrum EDR... the ChemCam LIBS instrument. 4.2.4 Engineering EDRs 4.2.4.1 “State-of-Health” (SOH) EDR... formats across all image EDRs and spectrum EDRs. The various EDR formats... below. 5.1.1.1.1 Geometrically Corrected Images (Linearization) EDRs and single-frame RDRs are... EDRs and RDRs and “.DAT” for spectrum EDRs and state-of-health EDRs... from a stereo pair of input EDRs, applying a 1-D correlator (fast). • MARSCOR3 – Generates... from a stereo pair of input EDRs, applying a 2-D correlator (more robust). • MARSXYZ... mosaic from a list of input EDRs. • MARSTIE – Generates pointing corrections (tiepoint... IMAGE (Object) Valid Values • For EDRs … - 1 band: “RAW_BAYER” - 3 bands: “ONBOARD_COLOR” • For.... Applies to RDRs only, not EDRs. Units n/a Type n/a Location DERIVED_IMAGE_PARMS (Group... order as specified by ROVER_MOTION_COUNTER_NAME. • EDRs will always contain all 10... in RDRs. CONTACT_SENSOR_STATE. Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Units n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... coordinate system. Valid Values • For EDRs … 1) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 3) “RSM_HEAD_FRAME” 4) a. “ARM_TURRET_FRAME” b. “ARM_DRILL_FRAME” c. “ARM_DRT_FRAME...” Type string Units n/a Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 4) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... OBSERVATION_REQUEST_PARMS (Group) Valid Values • “Operations” EDRs “MSL-M-HAZCAM-2-EDR-V1.0”, “MSL... IDENTIFICATION (Class) Valid Values • “Operations” EDRs "MSL MARS HAZARD AVOIDANCE CAMERA.... Applies to RDRs only, not EDRs. Units n/a Type n/a Location DERIVED_IMAGE_PARMS (Group... Name in Appendix E) Location • For EDRs … c. ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) d. RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) e. ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... Name in Appendix E) Location • For EDRs … 3) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) Given a vector expressed... Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... azimuthal reference Location plane. • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) A value of “UP... Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Type n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Ops Keyword PROCESSING_INFO... order as specified by ROVER_MOTION_COUNTER_NAME. • EDRs will contain 1 or 10, depending... E), Calculation Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 2) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... as for COORDINATE_SYSTEM_FRAME. For MSL, EDRs use a standard, predefined frame name... as #7 above Valid Values • For EDRs … 1) “SITE_FRAME” 2) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 3) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 4) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME” 5) “ROVER_NAV_FRAME...(20) Type n/a Units n/a Location • For EDRs … 1) ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 2) RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) 3) ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... Keyword Valid Values SAMPLE_BIT_MASK • For EDRs … - Eng. Cameras PDS Keyword “2#11111111... Cameras “ :image_id_data:comp_companding_mode” NOTES: • For EDRs …. - Eng. Cameras: a. If scale = 0, value... software Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Type n/a Ops Keyword.... Units n/a Field as “ :[ ]:[ ]: ” n/a Location • For EDRs … - MSLEDRGEN_HISTORY_PARMS (Group) Ops Keyword SOLAR_AZIMUTH... string Type n/a Units n/a Location • For EDRs … - ROVER_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - RSM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM (Group) - ARM_COORDINATE_SYSTEM... SURFACE_MODEL_PARMS (Group) Valid Values For EDRs … Value “MARS”, “CALIBRATION” Mode Calculation...



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... called environmental data records (EDR). EDRs range from atmospheric products detailing... and numerical weather prediction models EDRs can be either images or quantitative data products. Image EDRs provide graphical depictions of the... 10 GAO-02-684T Quantitative EDRs are specialized weather products that... to derive other products. These EDRs can also be depicted graphically... a product that was derived from EDRs is provided in figure 10... based on sea surface temperature EDRs from polar-orbiting satellites. Figure... produce 55 environmental data records (EDRs), including atmospheric vertical temperature profile... ozone profile. Some of these EDRs are comparable to existing products... by four sensors4—as key EDRs, and noted that failure to... 4 The four sensors supporting key EDRs are (1) the advanced technology microwave... half of the required 55 EDRs while reducing the risk of... technology needed to support various EDRs. • NPOESS preparatory project: This is... about half of the NPOESS EDRs and about 80 percent of... support any of the NPOESS EDRs that they expect to use... support 82 percent of the EDRs it expects to use; and... support 27 percent of the EDRs that it will use. As... be able to use some EDRs after only minor changes to... comparable to current products. Other EDRs, however, involve new data and... heaviest planned users of NPOESS EDRs reported that about 45 percent of the EDRs they plan to use would... all six of the key EDRs, including atmospheric vertical temperature profile.... Table 4 lists the number of EDRs each of the processing centers... those EDRs require major science changes. Appendix II identifies the EDRs that... Oceanographic Office Number of NPOESS EDRs each center plans to use 55 38 Number of NPOESS EDRs requiring major scientific changes 26... their ability to use NPOESS EDRs in their models and products...’ views differ on over 30 EDRs. For example, in the case... processing centers’ views of which EDRs require major scientific advancements in... centers’ differing uses for these EDRs or their varying customers’ needs.... In addition to coordinating on EDRs determined to pose scientific challenges... needed to effectively incorporate NPOESS EDRs in their respective models and...-684T for addressing the specific EDRs that require major scientific advancements... for addressing challenges in using EDRs. Given the years it takes... Centers’ Views of Which NPOESS EDRs Require Major Scientific Advancements Data...



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... access to X-Band stations ........................... 19 4.4.6. EDRS .......................................................................................... 20 4.5. Data production..................................................................................... 20 4.5.1. General... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) - the Sentinel-5 Precursor operations - the... availability of the EDRS system, concurrent use of the EDRS system by... -2B satellites, simultaneous downlink via EDRS and Xband. b) Data acquisition strategy... the use of the EDRS system. The EDRS system will complement the... a six months basis). 4.4.6. EDRS a) Operations constraints for EDRS use The high level... to the use of the EDRS system by the Sentinel-1 and... others: - number and location of EDRS satellites - available data rates / channels... with memory data downlink through EDRS - conflicts related to concurrent access... and an EDRS satellite. b) Strategy for EDRS use The use of EDRS for...-1). Further close coordination with the EDRS system management is required to establish the use of the EDRS service for the Sentinel-1 and... agreement on pre-defined available EDRS time slots at static times... Chapter 4 (satellite, instrument, ground segment, EDRS) and the ESA Sentinel HLOP... the European Data Relay System (EDRS) to improve the data download... in South America (west coast). EDRS Ka-Band collaborative stations: Oberpfaffenhofe...



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... records, sensor data records, and EDRs, when applicable, to produce CDRs... a variety of ways. NOAA’s satellite EDRs, for example are selected via... of Real-Time CDRs from EDRs ................................................8 2.2.2 NOAA/NASA Collaborations ................................................................................15 2.2.3 Production...–Real- Time CDRs Produced from EDRs .......................................... 9 NOAA DMSP SSM/I Climate Products... to the Environmental Data Records (EDRs) that are planned for NPOESS... NPOESS processing system will produce EDRs, not CDRs. The production of... Data Records (EDRs) used to predict weather. Characteristics of EDRs include a tight... of Real-Time CDRs from EDRs NOAA currently produces climate data... purposes to produce EDRs. The instantaneous point measurements from EDRs are averaged... hoc techniques to adjust the EDRs for systematic errors due to...–Real-Time CDRs Produced from EDRs Climate Product Satellite/ Instrument Earth... provides instrument level data and EDRs to external researchers who process... produce CDRs from related NPOESS EDRs. A second NPP science team will... records, sensor data records, and EDRs to produce CDRs and science... how do they differ from EDRs? How does a CDR become a community... various ways. For NOAA’s satellite EDRs, inhouse Product Oversight Panels evaluate...



Дата загрузки: 2016-10-31
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... ........................................................................................... 8 3 DEMOGRAPHICS ................................................................................ 9 3.1 Overview of the NT EDRS sample............................................................... 9 4 CONSUMPTION PATTERN RESULTS ..............................................11... ................................................................................ 89 Problematic alcohol use among EDRS participants................................ 91 Ecstasy dependence ................................................................................. 92... 8.1 8.2 8.3 Reports of criminal activity among EDRS participants ........................... 93 Arrests ........................................................................................................ 94 Perceptions... price changes as reported by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 57 Table 15... various methamphetamine forms purchased by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 63 Table 16... and bush cannabis purchased by EDRS participants, NT ....................................................................................... 72 Table 19... ecstasy was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 19 Figure 3: Location... methamphetamine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 25 Figure 6: Last... methamphetamine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 25 Figure 7: Last... methamphetamine use by form among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 26 Figure 8: Percentage... cocaine was purchased from among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 30 Figure 11... cannabis were purchased from among EDRS participants, NT .......................................................................... 39 Figure 17... and bush cannabis use among EDRS participants, NT ..................................................................................... 40 Figure 19... ......................................................................................................... 43 Figure 21: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ................................................................................................. 44 Figure 22: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent........................................................................... 45 Figure 23: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ......................................................................... 46 Figure 24: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent... ......................................................................................................... 47 Figure 26: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime and recent...) investigated by the EDRS ............ 50 Figure 28: EDRS participants’ reports of current... months, NT ...................................................................................... 60 Figure 33: EDRS participants’ reports of current methamphetamine... forms, NT .............................................................................................. 65 Figure 37: EDRS participants’ reports of current purity... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 73 Figure 44: EDRS participants’ reports of current potency... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 73 Figure 45: EDRS participants’ reports of change in... cannabis, NT ......................................................................................... 75 Figure 48: EDRS participants’ reports of change in... .................................................................. 80 Figure 52: Proportion of EDRS participants who recently accessed a medical... not using protective barriers among EDRS participants, NT ......................................................................................................... 90 Figure 60... six months. % EDRS participants Figure 22: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... months. 45 % EDRS participants Figure 23: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... 2014. 46 % EDRS participants Figure 24: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... (Figure 25). % EDRS participants Figure 25: Proportion of EDRS participants reporting lifetime... activity among EDRS participants Almost one-fifth (18%) of EDRS participants interviewed...



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... Data Recorders (EDRs) in cars or commercial transport vehicles. EDRs are devices... 3.6 eCall 34 4. EXISTING IMPLEMENTATION OF EDRS 37 4.1 Introduction 37 4.2 The take-up of EDRs 37 4.3 Technical features of EDRs 43 4.4 EDRs data ownership... and usefulness of EDRs devices 59 5.3 The contribution of EDRs to the... be recorded by EDRs – VERONICA 28 Table 2 Provisions on EDRs for selected... 3 Overview of existing implementation of EDRs 54 Table 4 Expected impacts of... Italy, UK, Switzerland and US. EDRs have different technical specifications in... of the existing implementation of EDRs for different purposes, including their... framework accelerating the adoption of EDRs by Governments and stakeholders. Special... accident purposes. Event Data Recorders (EDRs) allow the monitoring of vehicle... taxi fleets. 3.2.5 The use of EDRs EDRs are an important tool for... a series of technical requirements for EDRs. These included a minimum storage capacity... parameters to be recorded by EDRs - VERONICA N Recorded data 1 Collision Speed... Union-wide adoption of EDRs. They clarified that EDRs recording only specific... ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.4 The potential benefits of EDRs: an overview An assessment of... potential benefits of EDRs. Figure 7 : The potential benefits of EDRs Source: SDG... Safety Policy ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 3.4.2 Contribution of EDRs to legal security and litigation... incorrect load distribution. 3.4.3 Benefits of EDRs on the insurance market Insurance... issue also relevant to EDRs. Also relevant to EDRs is the issue... Policy ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 4. EXISTING IMPLEMENTATION OF EDRS 4.1 Introduction A number of different public.... Following technological developments that made EDRs more affordable to producers, and... a crash, the Italian insurance-based EDRs normally send a signal automatically to... Sachsen-Anhalt have recently included EDRs in the technical specifications for... vehicles financed through their budget. EDRs were first implemented in Austrian... now fitted with EDRs. In recent years in Italy EDRs, and specifically... based on evidence extracted from EDRs, mostly to establish a vehicle's speed... features of EDRs 4.3.1 Examples of technical characteristics of existing EDRs EDR devices.... 4.3.2 Examples of national regulation on EDRs technical standards In August 2006... all vehicle manufacturers voluntarily installing EDRs complied with certain EDR standards... notification”. Box 4: Mandatory installation of EDRs for light vehicles In a notice... proposed to mandate installation of EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... data recorded and collected from EDRs nationally and obliges manufacturers to.... According to this proposed regulation, EDRs should record both distance data... definition of technical standards for EDRs. Given its experience, the Centre.... Table 2: State Arkansas Provisions on EDRs for selected US States Ownership... data that EDRs can collect. Thanks to new technologies, EDRs can now... have any specific legislation covering EDRs. However, the Association of British... introduction of EDRs in private vehicles. The use of EDRs data for..., insurance companies have been introducing EDRs to improve their screening and... Overview of existing implementation of EDRs UK Italy x x x x x x x x x x Fleet optimisation Insurance... of deployment Future perspective High EDRs diffusion could reach a coverage of... Medium Future perspective EDRs diffusion stable is Low EDRs usage is expected....  As a result, the specifications of EDRs vary considerably from country to... section 4.3.1, the technical specifications of EDRs vary considerably from country to.... 5.2.1 Crash reconstruction and vehicle design EDRs are essential to gathering information... collected through widespread installation of EDRs have been useful in enhancing... the airbags are deployed, the EDRs automatically alert emergency services through... private users, especially young drivers. EDRs can also facilitate court proceedings... that introduction of a regulation making EDRs compulsory for new vehicles sold... the distributional implications of making EDRs compulsory, setting out global cost... maintenance and replacement costs of EDRs and related technological infrastructure. A fuller... response and public transport vehicles).  EDRs can also reduce uncertainty and... categorised and reducing overall premia.  EDRs can also facilitate actions such.... Privacy of data processed from EDRs remains a concern, as different national... scale of deployment of EDRs Wider deployment of EDRs in the EU... private users, especially young drivers. EDRs could also speed court proceedings... it remained constant for motorcycles). EDRs could potentially be installed on... fleets. VEDRs (EDRs equipped with video recording) improve basic EDRs devices and..., to deploy them. Manufacturers of EDRs, customers associations, and public and... interest in the installation of EDRs. Policy options and timescales suggested...



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... NOTE AVAILABLE FROM PUB TYPE EDRS PRICE DESCRIPTORS Okun, Barbara F. Marriage... abstracts. (JAC) *********************************************************************** Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can... Author of Document Date Published EDRS Price * Abstract of Document Descriptors... copy. when not available from EDRS. 214 E0225081 CG016429 Commitment: A Variable... orders). EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language..., Washington, August 23-27, 1982). EDRS Price - MFOI/Pc01 Plus Postage... Association (62nd, April 7-11, 1982). EDRS Price - MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage... Agency: Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, D.C. EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage... Psychological Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.... (1980 MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type..., Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... John and Florence Schumann Foundation. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychological Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. EDRS Price - MF01/PC05 Plus Postage..., Montreal, Quebec, Canada, September 1-5, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychiatry. EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language... (60th, Honolulu, HI, May 5-9, 1980). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 6-9, 1979). MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English CLASSROOM MATERIAL..., New York, NY, September 1-5. 1979). EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Psychological Association (87th, September 1-5, 1979) EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., New York, NY, September 1-5, 1979) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 5-8, 1978) MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type..., D.C. Contract No.: J-LEAA-023-77 EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage..., California, February 18-21, 1979) EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., postage) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: English Document Type: BDDK... Association (Toronto. Ontario. August. 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. EDRS Price Language: English Document Type....00) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: English Document Type: BOOK... (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage.... of Mental Health Services Program. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., California, October 12-15, 1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Guidance and Adult Clinic, Mich. EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage..., Scotland, June 25 July 1, 1978) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., George W.. Jr.; McCann, Thomas W. iip. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... marginal Nov 1977 26p.; legibility EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC..., Warren J. (1974 and Marital iip. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Association (72nd, Chicago, September 5-9,'1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage..., 1977); due to marginal legibility EDRS Price - MF01 Plus Postage. PC Not Available from EDRS. Language. ENGLISH Document Type: BIBLIOGRAPHY... Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, Md. EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., New York, N.Y. ) Best copy available EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., West Lafayette, Indiana, February 7-8, 1977) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage..., Beverly Hills, California, May 3, 1975) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 17p. MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Ago U,4 Document.../OE), Bureau of School Washington, D.C. EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... 1975 32p.; Doctoral Honors Seminar EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage.... (1973 MF01/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Document Type....25) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Document Type: RESEARCH... (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 1974) EDRS Price - MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Association Drive, Reston, Virginia 22091 EDRS Price - MF01/PC03 Plus Postage... Virginia, Morgantown, West Virginia 26505 EDRS Price MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... Association meeting, (Washington, D. C., May 3-5, 1973) EDRS Price MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage..., 1973) MFOI/PC01 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... Association Annual Convention, Chicago, Illinois EDRS Price MF01/PC01 Plus Postage... Kansas Univ., Lawrence. 197 1 38p. EDRS Price - MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage....50) Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIEJUN71... Development. MF01/PC07 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, Md. EDRS Price MF01/PCO2 Plus Postage... 94306 Document Not Available fro' EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIFJUL70... ($7.95). Document Not Available from EDRS. Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement: RIEDEC69...-100 MF01/PC06 Plus Postage. EDRS Price Language: ENGLISH Journal Announcement... State Coll., Calif. APR1965 331P. EDRS Price - MF02/PC14 Plus Postage... Development, Inc., Mass. JUN1961 85P. EDRS Price - MF01/PC04 Plus Poste.... OTHER ERIC COLLECTIONS AVAILABLE FROM EDRS STANDING ORDERS Subscription orders of...



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... Rulemaking 1. Early Agency Efforts on EDRs 2. The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking... Relating to NHTSA’s Consideration of EDRs C. Petitions for Rulemaking D. III. IV... Comments 1. Whether NHTSA Should Require EDRs 2. EDR Data Elements a. Number and... and more effective safety regulations. EDRs have experienced dramatic changes in... technical capabilities and fleet penetration. EDRs today demonstrate a range of features... recommendations related to EDRs in 1999 (i.e., suggesting that EDRs be installed in... rulemaking (NPRM) proposing requirements for EDRs voluntarily installed by light vehicle... deliberation and our belief that EDRs represent a significant technological safety innovation... establish a regulation for voluntarily-installed EDRs in 12 order to standardize... light vehicles voluntarily equipped with EDRs, including the collection, storage, and..., each vehicle manufacturer that installs EDRs must ensure by licensing agreement... manufacturers which have already incorporated EDRs in a large proportion of their... II as “if equipped,” a manufacturer’s EDRs must record the specified information... and standardized data set for EDRs will increase the compatibility, comparability... capture vehicle crash information.4 Basic EDRs capture only vehicle acceleration/deceleration... manufacturers to read approximately 40 EDRs. Starting around 2000, the collection... “pursue crash information gathering using EDRs.” NTSB recommended that the agency... already equipped with EDRs and that standardization of installed EDRs is the... these petitions, NHTSA acknowledged that EDRs could provide valuable information useful... safety benefits of EDRs (with most commenters suggesting EDRs will improve vehicle... EDRs, NHTSA’s role in the future of EDRs, and public perception of EDRs... standardization requirements for voluntarily-installed EDRs. However, GM, Ford, some industry... Citizen urged mandatory installation of EDRs. Arguments for why installation should..., that standardization requirements for voluntaryinstalled EDRs will discourage EDR installation, and... memory and microprocessing capability of EDRs; (3) the potential to inhibit collection... and local regulations related to EDRs. Automobile manufacturers were concerned about... establish a regulation for voluntarily-installed EDRs in order to standardize EDR... paragraph 563.8(a), Table III). ● For EDRs that record acceleration, the longitudinal..., each vehicle manufacturer that installs EDRs must ensure by licensing agreement... to remove EDRs from product lines currently equipped with EDRs or would discourage manufacturers from installing EDRs in new... supported the proposal’s position that EDRs should include minimum standards for... such a reference would effectively mandate EDRs for all applicable vehicles, contrary... effectively require manufacturers to install EDRs. Porsche argued that a vehicle might...’s voluntary development and installation of EDRs, combined with the standardization requirements... growing population of vehicles with EDRs, collected and compositely analyzed, will... the installation of EDRs will induce manufacturers to remove EDRs from the... voluntarily made significant investments in EDRs and are already recording several... microprocessing and memory capabilities of EDRs and increase potential record times... of technological development with their EDRs. Some manufacturers have made greater... by manufacturers that have installed EDRs. These manufacturers further commented that... survivability requirements, such as requiring EDRs to survive extreme crashes, fire... comments regarding the survivability of EDRs. EPIC commented that EDR reliability... deficiency, Public Citizen suggested that EDRs should be subjected to a rollover... EDR survivability by requiring that EDRs meet specified requirements in accordance... use of EDRs, to ensure that the use of EDRs remains voluntary... manufacturers of vehicles equipped with EDRs to include a standardized statement in... perceived public misunderstanding related to EDRs. 8. Owner’s Manual Disclosure Statement In... about EDRs, i.e., to inform consumers about the circumstances under which EDRs record.... Regarding Mr. Funderburg’s comments that EDRs should be optional equipment that... EDRs, modifying vehicle systems and components that feed into EDRs, and integrating EDRs... their EDRs, modifying related vehicle systems and components, and integrating EDRs into... rule 140 should not “preclude EDRs and similar vehicle technology (i.e., intelligent..., or alternatively, it would force EDRs to continuously record information. Either... proposed dynamic testing requirements for EDRs, which the commenters asserted would... requirements for vehicles equipped with EDRs. Proposed section 563.1 also required... develop a global technical regulation for EDRs. We have carefully considered the... vehicles are already equipped with EDRs. As discussed earlier, vehicle manufacturers... several consensus standards related to EDRs, most notably those standards published... equipped with event data recorders (EDRs) concerning the collection, storage, and...



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... survivability for event data recorders (EDRs) installed in light vehicles. The... 1, 2012, and are equipped with EDRs. However, the regulation does not... standard mandating the installation of EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... or after September 1, 2014. The EDRs in wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD... specifications in the regulation for EDRs voluntarily installed between September 1, 2012..., and data crash survivability for EDRs. The requirements apply to light... that are voluntarily equipped with EDRs. This notice of proposed rulemaking... standard mandating the installation of EDRs for all light vehicles that... we believe that, without a regulation, EDRs will remain absent from the... to require the installation of EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... the requirements or specifications for EDRs voluntarily installed between September 1, 2012..., but do not currently have EDRs. Technological improvements account for the... information obtained by manufacturers from EDRs aids them in improving vehicle... figure. For manufacturers that install EDRs in most light vehicles on... other light vehicles equipped with EDRs. In response to petitions for... studies were exclusively based on EDRs produced by General Motors. The... technical papers 28 have incorporated EDRs from other vehicle manufacturers, such... as more vehicle manufacturers incorporate EDRs into the fleet. Furthermore, the agency continues to emphasize that EDRs provide one valuable piece of... a crash, and a deceleration trace. The EDRs in Toyota vehicles examined by... complaints were equipped with EDRs or had EDRs capable of capturing pre... expanded or the capabilities of EDRs should be increased. NHTSA plans... would mandate the installation of EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... vehicle contain the statement regarding EDRs required by § 563.11. A key... voluntarily installed Part 563 compliant EDRs. Accordingly, we are not now... voluntary development and installation of EDRs and alleviating costs on automobile... or hampering future improvements to EDRs. * * * * * wreier-aviles on DSK5TPTVN1PROD with... Dec 12, 2012 Jkt 229001 EDRs, combined with the standardization requirements... eventually be voluntarily equipped with EDRs. * * * We believe that the current... to require the installation of EDRs, but remained open to considering... voluntarily equipped with EDRs has steadily increased as anticipated, EDRs remain absent... levels of voluntary installation of EDRs may be sufficient to generate... to require the installation of EDRs would impose unnecessary burdens on... or hamper future improvements to EDRs given that vehicle electronics on... vehicle contain the statement regarding EDRs required by section 563.11... the requirements for voluntarily-installed EDRs should be placed in a regulation... to develop a general regulation for EDRs rather than a Federal motor vehicle... provisions, because the benefits of EDRs are expected to be derivative... to mandate the installation of EDRs. Our experience in addressing unintended... elements in Part 563? Because EDRs, unlike other safety equipment, do... long and under what circumstances EDRs capture and permanently store data... arose from the misconceptions that EDRs record data for prolonged intervals... immediately before and during a crash). EDRs compliant with Part 563 requirements... do occur, EDRs only capture data for a few seconds. EDRs do not... with Mandating the installation of EDRs in light vehicles required to... who chose to voluntarily install EDRs. This would expand and, therefore... the general benefits related to EDRs. EDR data improve crash investigation... manufacturers are able to utilize EDRs in improving vehicle designs and... less that do not have EDRs. Technological improvements account for the... vehicles are already equipped with EDRs. As discussed earlier, vehicle manufacturers have provided EDRs in their vehicles by adding... such as air bags or EDRs. Therefore, multistage manufacturers and alterers... EDR technical requirements requiring that EDRs record specific data elements, and/or requiring EDRs to meet specific technical performance...’s manual, for vehicles equipped with EDRs. In proposing to establish FMVSS... common law tort judgments concerning EDRs that could create any actual... require vehicle manufacturers to install EDRs in most light vehicles manufactured... forth requirements for voluntarily-installed EDRs. This proposal would also require... vehicle contain a specified statement regarding EDRs. 53 As noted earlier in... are already voluntarily installing compliant EDRs and are already voluntarily collecting... manufacturers are able to utilize EDRs in improving vehicle designs and.... Moreover, this proposal to mandate EDRs across the entire light vehicle... or report information gathered by EDRs because the devices themselves continuously... the costs of installing compliant EDRs on all applicable vehicles, even... that are currently equipped with EDRs. Accordingly, the annual total costs... several consensus standards related to EDRs, most notably those standards published...