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Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (сухая), кг.4864
2Масса, кг.5190
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMOPITT
4Полезная нагрузка 1xMODIS
5Полезная нагрузка 1xMISR
6Полезная нагрузка 1xCERES
7Полезная нагрузка 1xASTER
8Мощность, Вт2530

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «EOS-Terra». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... Overview Applications and Targeted Areas 7 7 7 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 EOS Data Requirements Approach Data Type... Instrument Types 9 9 10 11 14 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 EOS Data Supply Heritage Introduction Low... Sets and Requirements set by EOS Experts 92 Page 1 © Spatial Information... of Earth Observations from Space (EOS). These requirements were derived from... the socioeconomic value of different EOS data applications. The case studies... assessment, it appears that the EOS data requirements can be addressed... Public Good Data Streams − Australian EOS data requirements tend to reflect.... − The collaborative relationship with Japanese EOS data providers appears likely to... new non-meteorological applications. − China’s EOS programme is actively working on..., and has a broad and deep EOS programme under development (by a multitude...) assessing the socioeconomic value of EOS applications; - consultants (Symbios) studying the... sight between the applications of EOS data and their benefits, along... the Earth Observations from Space (EOS) data supply for Australian operational... different scenarios. In this case, EOS does not include airborne and... analysis. Section 3 describes the main EOS data requirements associated with each... the nation. Section 4 considers the EOS data supply heritage for each... assessing the value of different EOS data applications was performed by... Agriculture considers the application of EOS data nationally, regionally, and at... accuracy and reliability of forecasts. EOS data has been instrumental in... and insurance benefits significantly from EOS data through improved national-scale... explored. Mining and petroleum uses EOS data in a number of areas... Gas (CSG) well activities. Page 8 3 EOS Data Requirements 3.1 Approach A wide range... with the specification of the EOS data type requirements associated with... in the report, including “Other EOS” which groups four others. Data... (Suomi-NPP) and MODIS (EOS-Aqua and EOS-Terra) Medium Resolution Optical Optical... and identifying atmospheric discontinuities Other EOS − − − − Poseidon-3 (JASON-2), SIRAL Radar altimetry Microwave imaging radiometry (CryoSat-2), AMSR-E (EOS-Aqua), CPR Cloud and precipitation... will be considered as “Other EOS”. These are summarised in Table... preserving the link between specific EOS data, how they are used... of the applications. The priority EOS data types supporting these applications... Altimeter packages (i.e. SAR altimeters) Other EOS: Microwave Imaging radiometry (scatterometer) Radar... (GEO VIS and IR) Other EOS: Radar Altimetry Atmospheric temperature and... Optical (TIR) SAR (Interferrometry) Other EOS: Hyperspectral Imagers VNIR-SWIR (at airborne resolutions) LiDAR Altimetry Other EOS: Microwave Radiometry (passive and active... GRO ✔ Total Types 4 5 7 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ 3 2 2 2 2 ✔ ✔ 1 1 ✔ ✔ 1 1 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ 7 4 3 6 35 Table 5 - EOS data types by case study... open cut mines. Page 17 4 EOS Data Supply Heritage 4.1 Introduction Supply..., and currently flies on the Terra and Aqua missions. Both are... Assessment 5.1 Introduction Requirements for Australian EOS data usage were derived from.... 3. Uncertainty has characterised the Japanese EOS programme since the sudden change... is promising. Continuity of Japanese EOS programs is likely to remain... for the development of new EOS data applications as public good... SPOT-7. Figure 7 – High Resolution Optical EOS Market Split (Credit: SSTL) The... equivalent competition good for net EOS U.S. sources tied to the national... general uncertainty around the Japanese EOS programme. Argentina’s SAOCOM programme may... uncertainty currently surrounds the Japanese EOS programme with ALOS the key... and Chinese Data Streams Russian EOS has a long heritage, and including... data finer than 30m. China’s EOS program is broad and ambitious... space debris tracking, and supporting EOS Space Systems in the delivery... of requirements for Australian operational EOS applications. These requirements were derived... the socioeconomic value of different EOS data applications. This study was... of different instrument types. The EOS data requirements identified are summarised..., it appears as though the EOS data requirements can be addressed... study has observed that Australian EOS data requirements basically tend to.... The collaborative relationship with Japanese EOS data providers appears likely to... are investing heavily in their EOS programs, have achieved some success... a mission-by-mission basis. China’s EOS programme is actively working on..., and has a broad and deep EOS programme under development (by a multitude... estimated annual Australian spend for EOS data in the 2011 CEODA... Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation EOS Earth observations from space EC... MODerate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (Aqua, Terra) GOES (NOAA) Geostationary Operational MSI... Sets and Requirements set by EOS Experts This Appendix contains the... stream gauges rather than satellite EOS. In general BoM works to.... Others No current optical satellite EOS sources Streams available but not... legislated environmental regulations based on EOS data will depend on assured...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-10
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...’s EOS Satellite Series .......................................................................................................................101 F. Specific EOS-Terra Research Instruments ..................................................................................................102 1. EOS-Terra.....................................................................................................................................................102 2. EOS-Terra/CERES .......................................................................................................................................103 3. EOS-Terra/MODIS.......................................................................................................................................104 4. EOS-Terra/ASTER.......................................................................................................................................104 5. EOS-Terra/MISR..........................................................................................................................................105 6. EOS-Terra/MOPITT... ..................................................................................................................................................106 2. Jason-1..........................................................................................................................................................106 3. EOS-Aqua.....................................................................................................................................................106 4. SeaWinds......................................................................................................................................................107 5. EOS-ICESat..................................................................................................................................................107 ix... observations about global change after EOS-Terra and EOS Aqua. It will supply... (ACRIM) for measuring solar irradiance; (2) EOS-Terra; (3) QuickSCAT; (4) the Sea-viewing Wide... key observations between the EOS series of satellites (Terra and Aqua) and... observations for global change after Terra and Aqua. The primary mission... observations about global change after EOS-Terra and EOS Aqua. It is an... the EOS-series began in 1999 with the launch of EOS-Terra. It... by EOS-Aura. The key instrument developed to fly on Terra and.... F. Specific EOS-Terra Research Instruments 1. EOS-Terra With an AM equatorial crossing, EOS-Terra was launched on December 18, 1999, by NASA. Terra houses... and methane) observed by MOPITT. Terra will provide, for the first... bands of CO and CH4. EOS-Terra instruments are described in the... a significant achievement in international collaboration. 2. EOS-Terra/CERES CERES is based on... radiometric measurement precision and accuracy. Terra/CERES will carry two identical... and TRMM missions, while the Terra-CERES Monthly Global biaxial mode... enhance extended-range weather predictions. 3. EOS-Terra/MODIS MODIS views the entire... over all regions of the Terra/MODIS True Color Image of... body, and a space view port. 4. EOS-Terra/ASTER Developed and built by... 60 km swath width. It Terra/ASTER Image of Mount St... highest spatial resolution instrument on EOS-Terra and the only one that... balance. 5. EOS-Terra/MISR MISR is a new instrument on board EOS-Terra, which will... on Systematic Observations, August 2001 6. EOS-Terra/MOPITT MOPITT, developed by the... a PM equatorial crossing time, complementing EOS-Terra (AM crossing). The instrument suite...: MODIS (also on Terra), CERES (also on Terra), The Advanced Scanning Microwave... with the identical instruments on Terra (AM crossing). AIRS will fly... launch in June 2003, EOS-Aura (previously EOS-CHEM) will comprehensively measure... passive instruments in formation with EOS-Terra to obtain coincident observations of... DoD USGS All Open None EOS-Terra [MODIS, CERES, ASTER, MISR, MOPITT... Demonstrate advanced technology. Bridge between EOS-Terra/Aqua and NPOESS Extensive Open... & Compliance With GCOS Principles NASA/EOS-Terra-CERES (Also flown on TRMM...-board calibration. Compliance: Excellent NASA/EOS-Terra-MODIS (Vis & IR w/high spectral... board calibration. Compliance: Excellent NASA/EOS-Terra-ASTER (w/MITI-Japan) (Vis., Near... & Compliance With GCOS Principles NASA/EOS-Terra-MOPITT (w/ Canada) (Scanning radiometer using... demand for data products from EOS-Terra, EOS-Aqua, and other satellite missions...



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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Terra: Flagship of the Earth Observing... Release…………………………………………………………………... 3 Media Services Information……………………………………………………..... 6 Terra Quick Facts…………………………………………………………………... 7 Terra: The Earth Observing System... Planned Terra Research ...........................................................14 Atlas IIAS and Centaur Overview...................................................................20 EOS Terra Launch Configuration................................................................... 21 Terra Launch Profile……………………………………………………............. 22 Program/Project Management………………………………………………….. 25 Terra Science Team Members……………………………………………......... 26 2 Release No. 99-120 TERRA SPACECRAFT... the Planet. The Terra spacecraft, formerly known as “EOS AM-1,” is scheduled for launch Dec. 16, 1999. Terra begins..., NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC. “The Terra mission has nearly unlimited potential... changes on the global environment. Terra will use this unique perspective... water and nutrients on Earth. “Terra will simultaneously study clouds, water... Dr. Yoram Kaufman, Terra project scientist. “Moreover, Terra will observe changes in...,” he said. A polar-orbiting spacecraft, Terra is scheduled for launch aboard... equator at 10:30 a.m. Because Terra emphasizes observations of terrestrial surface... policy impacts. Every 1 to 2 days Terra instruments will collect data over... Earth’s environment before they occur. Terra will collect and archive an... environment. The Terra Project Office, located at Goddard, manages Terra development for... a Mission Operations Center at Goddard. Terra is part of a global research... knowledge and data derived from Terra have significant practical value to... Release 5 Media Services Information for Terra’s Launch NASA Television Transmission NASA... schedule for television transmissions for Terra will be available on the... Information Extensive information on the Terra mission, including an electronic copy... the Terra World Wide Web home page at http://terra.nasa.gov/. 6 Terra Quick Facts The Terra spacecraft consists... + 14 minutes First Acquisition of Terra Signal: 7 minutes after launch and... approximately $120 million.) 7 TERRA THE EARTH OBSERVING SYSTEM (EOS) AM-1 Earth System... system continues with the Terra spacecraft (originally called EOS AM-1), representing a key... Program. Terra is the flagship in a series of EOS spacecraft. Terra carries five... oceans, lands, atmosphere, and biosphere. Terra simultaneously will study clouds, water... Martin assembled and tested the Terra spacecraft at its production facility..., Calif. Synchronized with the sun, Terra’s descending orbit will cross the... surface warms, creating updrafts; hence, Terra’s morning view will provide clearer..., thus complementing and extending Terra’s measurement capabilities. Terra is a joint project between... Astronautics, Denver. Goddard will operate Terra via the Tracking and Data... global change research objectives using Terra data. Goals and Objectives NASA... budget. The specific objectives of Terra include: • providing the first global... and interannual weather predictions using Terra data; 10 • developing methods for... environment. Data Processing and Distribution Terra will provide the first major... components distributed throughout the U.S. The Terra data will be processed, archived... EOS Program. A New Perspective Complemented by aircraft and ground-based measurements, Terra... spacecraft, access the Terra Project Homepage at http://eos-am.gsfc.nasa....gov. 11 Terra Science Objectives The launch of Terra marks the beginning... platform. Data from the five Terra instruments will create continuous, long... atmospheric ozone. Observations by the Terra instruments will: • provide the first... and environmental change. The five Terra instruments, listed below, operate by... support. 13 Examples of Planned Terra Research Vegetation: Landscape Changes Cutting... By combining information from three Terra sensors, scientists will be able... and Centaur Overview 20 EOS Terra Launch Configuration 21 Terra Launch Profile ORIENT... approximately 438 miles (705 kilometers). Terra will have a Sunsynchronous 98-degree... primary communication link between the Terra spacecraft and Earth Observing System... United States, will communicate with Terra, control all spacecraft and instrument...- and post-launch periods of Terra, EOS instrument team members and interdisciplinary... energy budgets. Validation of the Terra science data products encompasses measurements... Group for the Terra Platform (SWAMP) validation data. The EOS Project Science....nasa.gov/ validation/) includes the Terra Instrument science team validation plans... the EOS Validation program. 24 Program/Project Management NASA developed Terra and... Kevin Grady, Terra Project Manager Dr. Yoram Kaufman, Terra Project Scientist Canadian..., Japan 25 Terra Science Team Members Yoram Kaufman Terra Project Scientist Code...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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EOS Data Products Handbook Volume 1 TRMM • Terra Data Assimilation System EOS Data Products Handbook Volume 1 TRMM CERES LIS PR TMI VIRS Terra ASTER CERES MISR MODIS MOPITT Data Assimilation System EOS Data... Mission (TRMM), the Terra mission (formerly named EOS AM-1), and the Data.... The document, EOS Data Products Handbook, Volume 1, TRMM and Terra, has been... on the Terra and TRMM products available through the EOS Data and...), the Earth Observing System (EOS) satellite, Terra, and the Data Assimilation System... - Volume 1 3 Mission TRMM TRMM & Terra TRMM & Terra 4 Instrument Data Set Proc. Level... Radiance and Imagery Products 66 Terra Terra Data Set List of Data... Occurrence, and Volcanic Effects 154 Terra Terra Terra 6 Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 95..., Phytoplankton and Organic Matter 184 Terra Terra List of Data Products (Organized..., Fire Occurrence, and Volcanic Effects Terra Terra Terra 8 Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 Page...) satellite, the Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra satellite (formerly AM-1), as well... and Terra instruments, and information on the EOSDIS and the EOS Distributed... with the MODIS instrument on EOS Terra and the AIRS, AMSU, and... is backward compatible with the EOS Terra mission. With a five-year design... past the planned lifetime of EOS Terra and EOS Aqua and through the...:40 a.m. Terraʼs sibling satellite, Aqua (described in Volume 2 of the EOS Data... Terra and Aqua, the repeat cycle is roughly nine days. EOS Validation EOS... the EOS Senior Project Scientist. Each EOS instrument team for the Terra and... VIRS Terra ASTER CERES MISR MODIS MOPITT 21 Overview The EOS system... a Facility Instrument provided for the EOS Terra platform by the Japanese Ministry... - Volume 1 Terra / ASTER • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission channels... Overviews • Terra / ASTER Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 31 TRMM & Terra Missions CERES... on Terra and Aqua; for more information about Aqua, see EOS Data... two CERES instruments on the EOS Terra spacecraft have performed nominally since... the CERES/Terra instruments, may cause errors in the CERES/Terra Daytime... and Terra / CERES • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews TRMM & Terra Missions... and Terra / CERES • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission MISR... - Volume 1 Terra / MISR • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MODIS is an EOS... Data Processing Overviews • Terra / MODIS concurrent with the Terra MODIS schedule and... the MODIS instrument on the EOS Terra spacecraft in December 1999 the... - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission Primary... - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission L2... Processing Overviews • Terra / Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 41 Terra Mission Level 0 MODIS... - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission Level... Processing Overviews • Terra / MODIS Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 43 Terra Mission Level... both Terra and Aqua MODIS sensor data. In addition, a merged Terra/Aqua... - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Instrument Descriptions and Data Processing Overviews Terra Mission MOPITT.../home.html www.eos.ucar.edu/mopitt Launched on Terra December 18... Team Contacts: V. V. Salomonson, R. E. Wolfe, A. J. Fleig Terra / MODIS • Radiance and Imagery Products..., Atmospheric Humidity and Atmospheric Temperatures • Terra / MODIS Data Products Handbook - Volume..., Atmospheric Humidity and Atmospheric Temperatures • Terra / MODIS Data Products Handbook - Volume... Atmospheric Radiation Measurement-Cloud and Terra / MODIS • Precipitation, Atmospheric Humidity and..., Atmospheric Humidity and Atmospheric Temperatures • Terra / MODIS Data Products Handbook - Volume... Science Team Contacts: W. P. Menzel, S. A. Ackerman Terra / MODIS • Cloud and Aerosol Properties... surface-reflectance data from EOS MODIS instruments on Terra and Aqua to.... 180 Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Ocean Primary Productivity, Phytoplankton... Science Team Contacts: M. Abbott, R. Letelier Terra / MODIS • Ocean Primary Productivity, Phytoplankton... Ocean Primary Productivity product (MOD27). Terra / MODIS • Ocean Primary Productivity, Phytoplankton.... 186 Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Ocean Primary Productivity, Phytoplankton.... 188 Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 Terra / MODIS • Ocean Primary Productivity, Phytoplankton... Matter • Terra / MODIS Data Products Handbook - Volume 1 191 Chapter 12 Terra Snow...: Radiative transfer modeling for the EOS Terra satellite Measurement of Pollution in... Terra: Mission and Data Processing Status, SWAMP, Nov. 2002 (presentation), www.eos..., R. M. Letelier, W. E Esaias, 2003: Validation of Terra-MODIS phytoplankton chlorophyll fluorescence line...-surface temperature products retrieved from Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data...



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... EOSDIS DAACs Terra Payload U.S. and International Partner Earth Observing Missions EOS Program... — ICESat — PM — Terra — Landsat 7 Spacecraft Earth Observing System (EOS) — IDS Mgmt. — Program... land surface (joint with USGS) Terra (1999) Earth Observing System Morning... Terra/SAGE III Validation Program Peer Review Process 1997-98 Table 4. EOS... Working Group for the AM (Terra) Platform] PM Working Group Cryosphere... instrument * EOS AM (or EOS AM-1) has recently been renamed Terra. 1999 EOS Reference... of the lifetime of the Terra mission • the tri-agency NPOESS... that AM-1 has been renamed Terra; the recommended split of altimetry... ASTER MOPITT CERES (2) MISR MODIS Terra (11/99) ACRIM III • Solar... 1999 Landsat 7 5 yrs ETM+ 1999 Terra 6 yrs MODIS • MISR • CERES (2) • MOPITT... Terra AIRS 17.848 Mbps ALI Landsat 7 12.963 Mbps AMSR-E EOS... operating after the launch of Terra in 1999 when the following missions overlap: TRMM (1 CERES) and Terra (2 CERES). (See Figure 3.) 3. The average... Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and Terra satellites. It highlights the significance... from the EOS instruments on TRMM, from some of the Terra instruments...-critical functions needed to support Terra. These functions include: Spacecraft command... sets with the Landsat 7, Terra, and EOS PM instrument data sets. Beyond... will be launched on the Terra satellite. The inflight calibration will... providing MOPITT for flight on Terra, with a reflight possible on a flight... Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) for the Terra platform, scheduled for launch in...; PIs MOPITT Canada Instrument on Terra spacecraft Radarsat-1 Canada SAR instrument... Instrument on EOS PM ASTER Japan Instrument on Terra spacecraft TRMM Japan...:50 AM October 1999 ACRIMSAT Terra MOPITT CERES (2) ASTER MISR MODIS... 84 NPP 84 1999 EOS Reference Handbook Figure 7. Terra Platform and Payload.... Terra http://terra.nasa.gov/ Planned for launch in 1999, the Terra flight... scanner), MISR, MODIS, and MOPITT. Terra will have a descending equatorial crossing... is provided by Japan. The Terra spacecraft design (see Figure 7 on... measurements to be made by Terra. The objective is to benefit... observations made by the Terra mission. The Terra spacecraft will also include... the Direct Downlink (DDL) subsystem. Terra data will be recorded and... Terra writeup), with the DB subsystem transmitting all instrument data. The EOS... (12.5 Mbps peak). As with Terra, follow-on missions are planned... the follow-on missions (beyond Terra, PM-1, and Chemistry). Key characteristics... (after the end of the Terra mission). This Workshop was held... beyond the Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and PM missions. In this... proposed mission bridges between the EOS Terra and PM missions, and the.../SeaWinds ACRIM Earth Observing System Terra Meteor 3M 3/SAGE III Jason... Raw Data International Space Station Terra EOS PM ESA Canada Japan Russia... Facts Selected for flight on Terra Heritage: JERS-1 OPS and Landsat... for further flights other than Terra Japan (MITI) to provide the... 102 • EOS Instruments ASTER is a facility instrument provided for the Terra platform... Selected for flight on TRMM, Terra, and EOS PM Heritage: ERBE Two... November 1997) Dual scanners on Terra (1999), EOS PM-1 (2000), and single... (VIRS on TRMM, MODIS on Terra/EOS PM) to produce cloud properties... allow Landsat 7 to precede the Terra satellite by 30 minutes along... ETM+. The common orbit with Terra offers additional opportunities for data... Facts Selected for flight on Terra Heritage: GLL, Wide-Field/Planetary... Facts Selected for flight on Terra and EOS PM Heritage: AVHRR, HIRS.... Slated for both the Terra and EOS PM satellites, the instrument will... will fly on both the Terra and EOS PM satellites to maximize... Facts Selected for flight on Terra Heritage: Pressure-modulated cell elements... of the Earth Observing System’s Terra platform from an ATLAS II... at http://terra.nasa.gov/ 1999 ESE Reference Handbook EOS Instruments • 155... fly on the Terra as well as the EOS PM spacecraft. The... scheduled for flight on Terra and EOS PM. 156 • EOS Instruments 1999 ESE... causation. The research will employ Terra and other remote-sensing data... series can be measured by EOS Terra and other spacecraft. Very large... albedo, LAI, and NDVI) from EOS Terra instruments (especially MODIS and MISR... instruments such as those on Terra (MODIS and CERES visible and... make strong use of the Terra and EOS PM platform data. MODIS.... After the launch of the Terra satellite we will use MOPITT... to the launch of the EOS Terra platform, model results will be... parameters. With the launch of Terra, data from MODIS and CERES... simulations. Similarly, after Terra launch, MOPITT 1999 EOS Reference Handbook Interdisciplinary Science... Atlanta area. Data from the Terra platform, particularly from MODIS and... near-surface meteorological conditions. The Terra system will be used to... carry out initial studies. Once Terra is launched, data from the... TRMM and using MODIS on Terra and EOS PM. The cloud properties...@climate.gsfc.nasa.gov EOS Missions and Platforms Terra Landsat 7 Yoram J. Kaufman...



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... Mission (TRMM), the Terra mission (formerly named EOS AM-1), and the Data... of EOS platforms, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and Terra (formerly... (DAO). The instruments on board Terra are the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal... fly on three missions, TRMM, Terra, and Aqua, with the intent... Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), Terra (formerly named EOS AM-1), and the Data... (MODIS), are on both the Terra and Aqua missions, with CERES... and MODIS images from the Terra and TRMM missions, something that... prior to the TRMM and Terra satellite launches. 12 Data Products... Terra data products and additional background on the objectives of the EOS... CERES were launched on the Terra satellite in December 1999; and... was launched on board the Terra satellite in December 1999, and... (i.e., VIRS on TRMM, MODIS on Terra and Aqua). A second major advance... Selected for flight on TRMM, Terra, and Aqua Heritage: ERBE Broadband... days. Slated for both the Terra and Aqua satellites, the instrument... that is concurrent with the Terra MODIS schedule and run in... Facts Selected for flight on Terra and Aqua missions Heritage: AVHRR... both Terra and Aqua MODIS sensor data. In addition, a merged Terra/Aqua... allows Landsat 7 to precede the Terra satellite by 30 minutes along... ETM+. The common orbit with Terra offers additional opportunities for data... ERB, ERBE, CERES/TRMM, CERES/Terra DORIS DORIS/SPOT-2, DORIS/ TOPEX... lidars MODIS AVHRR, CZCS, MODIS/Terra Poseidon-2 GEOSAT, ERS-1, TOPEX/Poseidon... from the CERES instrument on Terra on February 28, 2000. 56... of the MODIS instrument on Terra. Radiance/Reflectance and Irradiance Products... will be continued using the Terra and Aqua MODIS instruments. This... Columnar Atmospheric Water Vapor from Terra MODIS data from the vicinity..., from the MODIS instrument on Terra. 84 Data Products Handbook - Volume... be operating on the TRMM, Terra, and Aqua platforms and will... TRMM), MODIS and MISR (on Terra), and MODIS and AMSRE (on...). Similarly, the MODIS instruments on Terra and Aqua will complement each..., and ASTER instruments on the EOS Terra platform (see Volume 1), and the... from MODIS and MISR on Terra, will provide new information on... Energy Fluxes program. As with Terra, starting 6 months after the launch... first 24 months after the Terra and Aqua launches will be... from the CERES instrument on Terra on February 28, 2000. 96... are from data from the Terra CERES. 98 Data Products Handbook...) on TRMM or MODIS on Terra and Aqua. Scene identification and... on TRMM. For the corresponding Terra and Aqua CERES images, the... CERES simultaneously in orbit (TRMM, Terra, and Aqua) provide up to...., 1996. Tanré, D. et al., 1997. Terra MODIS Image of a Massive Sandstorm... Images from MODIS data on Terra, collected over South America on... visible and 2.1-µm channels on the Terra MODIS instrument. 114 Data Products... day of MODIS data on Terra (February 25, 2000). The 8-day... from the MODIS instrument on Terra. 116 Data Products Handbook - Volume... NOAA operational instruments and, possibly, Terra instruments such as ASTER (see... aerosols. Other EOS sensors like MODIS and MISR (on Terra) require SAGE... will be available in the Terra/Aqua timeframe. The SAGE III..., HIRS, Landsat, CZCS, and the Terra instruments, contributing to a large, long... product is similar to the Terra MOD11 product (see p. 191 in... the combination of Aqua and Terra MODIS data. The MOD11comb surface... applications than an Aqua or Terra product alone. In the early... Airborne Simulator (MAS) data and Terra MODIS data. Suggested Reading Justice... EOS interdisciplinary studies. Sample MOD 11 Level-2 LST Image generated from Terra... data sets. The combination of Terra and Aqua data will provide... from the MODIS instrument on Terra. Sea Surface Temperature off the... of the MODIS instrument on Terra. This is a Level 2, 1-km resolution... the latest version of the Terra MODIS product. Suggested Reading Vermote... months following launch of the Terra and Aqua platforms. In the... the MODIS instruments on both Terra and Aqua. The algorithm will... will use as input MODIS Terra and Aqua surface reflectances, corrected... could be extended by MODIS Terra and Aqua data to provide... operational monitoring studies. The MODIS Terra and Aqua data set can... of vegetation activity. When both Terra and Aqua data are combined... America, from data of the Terra MODIS instrument for April 22... America, from data of the Terra MODIS instrument for March 5 - March... resolution is also provided. Both Terra and Aqua data are merged...-reflectance data from EOS MODIS and MISR (on Terra) instruments to produce... algorithm using data from the Terra MODIS near-infrared channel (Band...+ on Landsat 7 and ASTER on Terra (see Volume 1) to assist in... orbit and planned in the EOS Terra/ Aqua era (1999-2005) require... MODIS instrument, on both the Terra and Aqua satellites. They are... 20) as measured from the Terra MODIS instrument on March 1, 2000... all available sensors, including the Terra and Aqua MODIS instruments, will... for May 7, 2000, generated from Terra MODIS band 2 (0.85 µm) data at...



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... Mission (TRMM), the Terra mission (formerly named EOS AM-1), and the Data... of EOS platforms, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) and Terra (formerly... (DAO). The instruments on board Terra are the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal... fly on three missions, TRMM, Terra, and Aqua, with the intent... Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), Terra (formerly named EOS AM-1), and the Data... (MODIS), are on both the Terra and Aqua missions, with CERES... and MODIS images from the Terra and TRMM missions, something that... prior to the TRMM and Terra satellite launches. 20 Data Products... Terra data products and additional background on the objectives of the EOS... CERES were launched on the Terra satellite in December 1999; and... was launched on board the Terra satellite in December 1999, and... (i.e., VIRS on TRMM, MODIS on Terra and Aqua). A second major advance... Selected for flight on TRMM, Terra, and Aqua Heritage: ERBE Broadband... days. Slated for both the Terra and Aqua satellites, the instrument... that is concurrent with the Terra MODIS schedule and run in... Facts Selected for flight on Terra and Aqua missions Heritage: AVHRR... both Terra and Aqua MODIS sensor data. In addition, a merged Terra/Aqua... allows Landsat 7 to precede the Terra satellite by 30 minutes along... ETM+. The common orbit with Terra offers additional opportunities for data... ERB, ERBE, CERES/TRMM, CERES/Terra DORIS DORIS/SPOT-2, DORIS/ TOPEX... lidars MODIS AVHRR, CZCS, MODIS/Terra Poseidon-2 GEOSAT, ERS-1, TOPEX/Poseidon... from the CERES instrument on Terra on February 28, 2000. 56... of the MODIS instrument on Terra. Radiance/Reflectance and Irradiance Products... will be continued using the Terra and Aqua MODIS instruments. This... Columnar Atmospheric Water Vapor from Terra MODIS data from the vicinity..., from the MODIS instrument on Terra. 84 Data Products Handbook - Volume... be operating on the TRMM, Terra, and Aqua platforms and will... TRMM), MODIS and MISR (on Terra), and MODIS and AMSR-E (on...). Similarly, the MODIS instruments on Terra and Aqua will complement each..., and ASTER instruments on the EOS Terra platform (see Volume 1), and the... from MODIS and MISR on Terra, will provide new information on... Energy Fluxes program. As with Terra, starting 6 months after the launch... first 24 months after the Terra and Aqua launches will be... from the CERES instrument on Terra on February 28, 2000. 96... are from data from the Terra CERES. 98 Data Products Handbook...) on TRMM or MODIS on Terra and Aqua. Scene identification and... on TRMM. For the corresponding Terra and Aqua CERES images, the... CERES simultaneously in orbit (TRMM, Terra, and Aqua) provide up to...., 1996. Tanré, D. et al., 1997. Terra MODIS Image of a Massive Sandstorm... Images from MODIS data on Terra, collected over South America on... visible and 2.1-µm channels on the Terra MODIS instrument. 114 Data Products... day of MODIS data on Terra (February 25, 2000). The 8-day... from the MODIS instrument on Terra. 116 Data Products Handbook - Volume... NOAA operational instruments and, possibly, Terra instruments such as ASTER (see... aerosols. Other EOS sensors like MODIS and MISR (on Terra) require SAGE... will be available in the Terra/Aqua timeframe. The SAGE III..., HIRS, Landsat, CZCS, and the Terra instruments, contributing to a large, long... product is similar to the Terra MOD11 product (see p. 191 in... the combination of Aqua and Terra MODIS data. The MOD11comb surface... applications than an Aqua or Terra product alone. In the early... Airborne Simulator (MAS) data and Terra MODIS data. Suggested Reading Justice... EOS interdisciplinary studies. Sample MOD 11 Level-2 LST Image generated from Terra... data sets. The combination of Terra and Aqua data will provide... from the MODIS instrument on Terra. Sea Surface Temperature off the... of the MODIS instrument on Terra. This is a Level 2, 1-km resolution... the latest version of the Terra MODIS product. Suggested Reading Vermote... months following launch of the Terra and Aqua platforms. In the... the MODIS instruments on both Terra and Aqua. The algorithm will... will use as input MODIS Terra and Aqua surface reflectances, corrected... operational monitoring studies. The MODIS Terra and Aqua data set can... of vegetation activity. When both Terra and Aqua data are combined... Terra and Aqua data separately, plus an 8-day product for combined Terra... America, from data of the Terra MODIS instrument for April 22... America, from data of the Terra MODIS instrument for March 5 - March... resolution is also provided. Both Terra and Aqua data are merged...-reflectance data from EOS MODIS and MISR (on Terra) instruments to produce... algorithm using data from the Terra MODIS near-infrared channel (Band...+ on Landsat 7 and ASTER on Terra (see Volume 1) to assist in... orbit and planned in the EOS Terra/Aqua era (1999-2005) require... MODIS instrument, on both the Terra and Aqua satellites. They are... 20) as measured from the Terra MODIS instrument on March 1, 2000... all available sensors, including the Terra and Aqua / MODIS • Phytoplankton and... for May 7, 2000, generated from Terra MODIS band 2 (0.85 µm) data at...



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...) sensor, a key instrument aboard NASA's Terra (EOS AM-1) satellite, which also is... passive microwave systems, Radarsat, and EOS Terra and post-ENVISAT systems to... and B2 MODIS/EOS-Terra/1030 VIIRS/NPP MODIS/EOS/AQUA SEAWIFS/SEASTAR... MODIS sensor on the EOS Terra (2000–2005) and EOS Aqua (2002–2007... ATSR-2/ERS-2 AATSR/ENVISAT MODIS/EOS-Terra MOS/IRS-P3 VIIRS/0530.../NPP AMSR/GLI/ADEOS-2 MODIS/EOS/AQUA HY-1 GODAE SGLI/GCOM.../NOAA and SSMI/DMSP AMSR-E/EOS-AQUA In Orbit Approved NPP... provided by Japan on the EOS Aqua mission and operational satellite... ADEOS-II/AMSR ALOS/PALSAR EOS-Aqua/AMSR-E GCOM-B1/AlphaSCAT... TOPEX-POSEIDON QuickSCAT Aqua-MODIS Terra-ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT... ICESAT GRACE Modelling/Data Assimilation EOS Data Information System (EOSDIS) Salinity...) sensor, a key instrument aboard NASA's Terra (EOS AM-1) satellite, which also is...



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... 7 MODIS EOS • MODIS • MODIS On-orbit Calibration – On both Terra and Aqua... (Moon) Pitch (only applied to Terra) Space View BB: quarterly Moon... dn ∑ dn(b, d , x) Terra SRCA Band 3 400 dn x(b, d ) = ∑ dn(b, d , x) ⋅ x Terra SRCA Band 3 400... step -> θ Page 12 Instrument Operations EOSTerra MODIS Configurations – A-side: launch to... 83K Page 13 EOS Instrument and FPA Temperatures (Terra MODIS) Instrument ~3.5K... Temperatures EOS Excellent BB temperature stability: short- and long-term Terra MODIS... (I) EOS • Both instruments continue to operate normally – Over 10 years for Terra... to provide their designed functions – Terra MODIS SD door fixed at... for Aqua MODIS, 2006 for Terra MODIS) – BB temperatures remain extremely... for Aqua MODIS over 7.5 years – Terra MODIS Cold FPA temperature stably... pairs meet design requirements for Terra MODIS; large BBR offsets in... Open Page 24 Recent Events (Terra) EOS • Spacecraft Events – SFE-A (2008-252... new events Page 26 Terra MODIS OBC Operations EOS Activity PL to... EOSTerra – 299 SRCA Calibrations • Aqua – 174 SRCA Calibrations Lamp Power Lamp # Terra... present Total Design Lifetime % Used Terra* 2146 0 2146 3022 71 Aqua... in collection 5 since 2005 (5 for Terra MODIS and 4 for Aqua MODIS...: Year Terra Code Versions Terra LUTs C2 Terra LUTs C3 Terra LUTs C4 Terra LUTs...) Code Versions 2.3.2 2.4.2 2.4.3 2.4.4 2.5.4 2.5.5 3.0.0 Production Start (2000171) Terra Forward Processing 1- 4 1- 25 1 1- 8 1-9, 11-58... Changes to Collection 5 MOD_PR02 TERRA L1B Code EOS PGE02 Version Forward Processing... also included in Collection 5 for Terra after Jan. 1, 2009 and Aqua... MODIS RSB Noisy & Inoperable Detectors EOS Terra Day/Year 055/2000 160... Collection 5 after Jan. 1, 2009 for Terra and after March 1, 2009 for... Averaged EOS A Side A Side B Side Mirror side differences are small in Terra NIR and SWIR bands Page 47 MODIS RSB Response Trending EOS... Averaged EOS Page 51 MODIS RSB RVS Trending Detector Averaged EOS Terra band... launch Page 53 Terra MODIS Band 8 RVS Trending EOS The RVS detector difference can be as large as 2.5% for Terra band 8. Page 54 Terra MODIS Band 8 EV Radiance Detector Difference Trending EOS... from EV radiance. Page 55 EOS Terra MODIS Band 8 EV Radiance Detector... an accumulated 1.3% and 0.3% correction for Terra and Aqua Vis/Nir bands... V6 LUTs EOS Page 59 Summary of RSB overall Performance EOSTerra MODIS... 61 EOS MODIS TEB Calibration Performance • MODIS TEB Calibration Algorithm • Terra and... 64 EOS MODIS TEB Calibration Performance • MODIS TEB Calibration Algorithm • Terra and...-scan Page 65 Terra BB Short-term Stability EOS Temperatures from 12... 0.027 Page 66 Terra BB On-Orbit & Lifetime Performance EOS One orbit... 69 EOS MODIS TEB Calibration Performance • MODIS TEB Calibration Algorithm • Terra and... Concern Page 70 Terra b1 Short-term Stability EOS 2003/295 2009...-term Stability EOS 2002/266 2009/349 Page 72 Terra MODIS TEB MWIR Response Trend EOS Day (Epoch 2000) Day (Epoch 2000) Page 73 Terra MODIS TEB LWIR Response Trend EOS Day (Epoch...  NEdT @ typical temperature 0 1 2 3 Days Terra band 20 Terra band 31 Aqua band... d d d LCAL (W / m 2 − µm − sr ) LCAL (W / m 2 − µm − sr ) Terra band 20 Terra band 36 Aqua band... 77 NEdT @ Typical Temperature EOS Aqua NEdT (K) Terra Band + Detector (Product Order... Spec Inoperable Terra 1 2 27 3 6 8 1 28 8 9 10 29 6 1 2 30 3 5 8 33 1 34 5 6 7 – Terra PV... than Terra TEB 8 36 all 27 3 Aqua 29 2 8 36 5 Page 78 EOS MODIS TEB Calibration Performance • MODIS TEB Calibration Algorithm • Terra and... Concern Page 79 Terra MODIS Noisy Detector History EOS Detectors in Product... 81 EOS MODIS TEB Calibration Performance • MODIS TEB Calibration Algorithm • Terra and...-orbit Performance Summary EOS – BB temperatures remain stable (Terra 290K and Aqua... changes and instrument reset events) – Terra PV band detectors on LWIR... & track Positions EOS 500 500 Terra SRCA Band 3 400 Terra SRCA Band 3 400... Right opening Page 90 Terra MODIS Spectral Performance EOS Band 2 not recoverable... 20W configuration Page 92 Terra MODIS Spatial Performance EOS Cold FPA Cold... FPA Page 94 EOS Performance Summary • SRCA Spectral Mode – Terra and Aqua... Lamp Status EOS • As of 1-8-2010 Lamp Power Lamp # Terra Aqua 10W... Page 98 Introduction EOS • MODIS Collection History – – – – – Collection 2: Terra Launch – June 2001... Terra MODIS Science Team Meeting – Calibration Page 104 RSB V6 LUT EOS... LUT – L1B Impact EOS V6 Expected Impact on L1B* Terra: ± 2% Aqua: ± 1% *Actual... TEB V6 LUT Impact – Terra B20-28 EOS ∆T = V6 – V5 EV Radiance... TEB V6 LUT Impact – Terra B29-36 EOS ∆T = V6 – V5 EV Radiance... for inoperable detectors Collection 6 Collection 5 Terra Band 29 MODIS Science Team... subframe level. – New QA LUT – Terra Band 2 Detectors 29 & 30 Subframe... Status EOS • V6 LUTs latest updates – Aqua V6.1.7.9 (12/17/09) – Terra... • V6 L1B data currently available – Terra: Jan 1-16, 2003 – Aqua: Jan... V6 L1B (Jan. 2003 L1B) – Terra & Aqua – Land – Aqua only – Atmosphere...



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... and costly. Solutions: • MOPITT (http://terra.nasa.gov/Gallery/MOPITT/) will... as the FLUXNET tower sites, EOS core test sites, the GTOS... in the future (e.g. MOPITT; http://terra.nasa.gov/Gallery/MOPITT/). Section... the long (1983-) AVHRR series, EOS/MODIS will greatly improve the... (the nominal lifetime of the Terra satellite). Lack of consistency in... of experimental data sets (e.g. EOS Terra; http://terra.nasa.gov/) but in situ... provides additional information MOPITT on Terra 3 3 3 Soil organic carbon content Precipitation... successful launch of MOPITT on Terra in December 1999. The need... are underway as part of EOS and other satellite programmes. Tower... period to direct evaluation of EOS and other carbon products at..., flask sampling, ecosystem modeling and EOS satellite data. Remote Sensing of... Fax: 1 603 862 3874 kathyh@eos.sr.unh.edu Dr. Tamotsu... the MODIS sensor on the Terra satellite) and model development. Background... DIC DIS DMSP DOC ECMWF EOS ERS ESA ETM FACE FAO...