Спутник ДЗЗ. EarthCARE. [Редактировать]

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1EarthCAREНайтиНайти
2Earth Clouds, Aerosol and Radiation ExplorerНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-05-22. Превышение сроков создания и цены на работу по созданию 2-ух аппаратов ЕКА привело к изменению процедуры работы.
Массовое отставание в сроках создания и превышения в цене на создание двух космических аппаратов, оснащенных лидарами, привело ЕКА к необходимости изменения контракта. Данные изменения учитывают проблемы в создании приборов и сроки запуска космических аппаратов. Кроме этого, агентство сказало что утвердит окончательную стоимость работ только после поставки полезной нагрузки. Также в Европейское агентство решило пересчитать уровень зрелости используемых в аппарате технологий с целью определения проблемных мест в процессе разработки.
В рамках прежних контрактов:
1. Цена ADM-Aeolus установлена была в 2003 году в размере 330 млн. долл., новая цена составляет 450 млн. евро. Срок запуска составлял 2007 год, новая дата 2017 год.
2. Цена EarthCare установлена была в 2008 году в размере 263 млн. евро. Срок запуска составлял 2013 год, новая дата 2018 год.Тэги: Европейское космическое агентствоADM-AeolusEarthCARE

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (сухая), кг.1546
2Масса, кг.1859
3Полезная нагрузка 1xMSI
4Полезная нагрузка 1xCPR (Earth-CARE)
5Полезная нагрузка 1xBBR
6Полезная нагрузка 1xATLID
7Мощность, Вт1130

Найдено 807 документов по запросу «EarthCARE». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.06/5
..., U. Wandinger, T. Wehr, and G.-J. van Zadelhoff EarthCARE, a joint ESA–JAXA satellite to... Clouds, Aerosol and Radiation Explorer (EarthCARE) satellite is a joint mission by... of 8 km, or better, when EarthCARE is launched. The remarkable ability... by Janisková et al. (2012). EarthCARE can be considered an evolution... discuss how the observations from EarthCARE may help to resolve some.... THE FOUR EARTHCARE INSTRUMENTS AND SINGLE-SENSOR ALGORITHMS. Overview. EarthCARE will carry.... Table 1 provides a brief summary of EarthCARE’s instruments; Fig. 3 describes instrument sampling... 1. The specifications of the four EarthCARE instruments and examples of the... and ice particle characteristics. The EarthCARE cloud profiling radar (CPR) will... compared to those derived from EarthCARE’s broadband radiometer (BBR). Simulations described... to help evaluate and improve EarthCARE products. These data will be... × 10 km resolution. To enable EarthCARE data to be assimilated into... the (known) sea surface return; EarthCARE CPR calibration will be slightly... as it overflies Japan (Horie EarthCARE, which will fly in a sun... accuracy of the pointing bias EarthCARE’s geophysical products (L2). To optimally... 94-GHz cloud profiling radar. EarthCARE will have depending on the... by the NUBF within the EarthCARE CPR footprint can be estimated... Fig. 6b. The simulated, uncorrected EarthCARE Doppler velocities at 1-km integration...-m integrated reflectivities simulated for the EarthCARE CPR and applies a NUBF c o r r e c t i o n [o f o r d e r CHALLENGES... - nm high - spec tral r e s o l u t i o n l i d a r. T he EarthCARE atmospheric lidar (ATLID) is a linearly... the copolar return from when EarthCARE is launched. Level 2a geophysical... the lidar component of the EarthCARE simulator (ECSIM) (Voors et al.... AUGUST 2015 | 1319 closure from EarthCARE observation in particular rely on.... 2013; Oikawa et al. 2013). EarthCARE will provide a level 2 aerosol-type... for each (10 km)2 scene. EarthCARE’s SW scene type-dependent ADMs... lidar and radar synergy within EarthCARE also incorporates the data streams...). The data processing chain of EarthCARE is being designed with sensor... effective use of the total EarthCARE instrument package. In the remainder... will be employed in the EarthCARE processing scheme. Target classification. Before... classification to be applied to EarthCARE borrows heavily from this work... cloud, aerosol, and precipitation retrievals. EarthCARE will deploy two synergistic algorithms... includes a simulation of what the EarthCARE radar and lidar would measure... model what EarthCARE would see. First, Fig. 9f depicts the EarthCARE radar... would be detected by the EarthCARE radar. In this case, for.... Doppler velocity is a key new EarthCARE variable. The vertical wind is... and Rayleigh channels of the EarthCARE lidar are shown in Figs... 1992), Fig. 9. Demonstration of what EarthCARE would see for a nighttime A-Train...; (f) simulated EarthCARE radar reflectivity factor from the retrievals; (g) simulated EarthCARE lidar attenuated... EarthCARE Doppler velocity averaged to 5-km along track; and (i) simulated EarthCARE backscatter... AUGUST 2015 | 1325 essence of EarthCARE radiative closure assessment. Nominally, if..., most would likely conclude that EarthCARE’s goal was achieved. Closure assessment... L I DAT I O N . Verification and validation of EarthCARE products requires correlative observations of...), can be used to validate EarthCARE products through statistical approaches as... (comparable to that expected for EarthCARE) so Monte Carlo noise was... EarthCARE CPR. Aircraft operating remote sensing instrumentation similar to the EarthCARE payload will underf ly the EarthCARE satellite to... cloud, aerosol, and precipitation processes. EarthCARE’s Doppler cloud profiling radar and... layers. Below we anticipate how EarthCARE should help to resolve these... CALIPSO’s it is anticipated that EarthCARE will extend and refine the.... The scientific exploitation of the EarthCARE mission is being prepared by... cloud construction algorithm for the EarthCARE satellite mission. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor... ice clouds for mitigating the EarthCARE Doppler radar mispointing. IEEE Trans..., 2013: From CloudSat-CALIPSO to EarthCare: Evolution of the DARDAR cloud... SW radiative f luxes for the EarthCARE mission. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote... Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explore (EarthCARE) thermal flux determination: Evaluation using..., and R. Meynart, 2007: The ESA EarthCARE mission: Results of the ATLID... for cloud profiling radar on EarthCARE. Proc. IGARSS 2012, Munich, Germany..., and A. Tatarevic, 2014: Evaluation of EarthCARE cloud profiling radar Doppler velocity... multispectral imager on board the EarthCARE spacecraft. Infrared Remote Sensing and..., F. Williamson, J. Delderfield, and D. Parker, 2010: EarthCARE BBR detectors performance characterization. Sensors..., and P. Kollias, 2014: Simulation of EarthCARE spaceborne Doppler radar products using...: ECSIM: The simulator framework for EarthCARE. Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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0.09/5
Proceedings EarthCARE Workshop 2009 Kyoto Royal Hotel, ...@nict.go.jp Toshiyoshi Kimura EarthCARE/CPR Project Team, Space Applications... EarthCARE challenge: Evaluation and improvement of climate and NWP models A. Illingworth EarthCARE... aspects R. Münzenmayer Development Status of EarthCARE CPR H. Nakatsuka, H. Horie, K. Okada, Y. Sakaide...-board model testing of the EarthCARE CPR K. Okada, H. Nakatsuka, H. Horie, Y. Sakaide..., Y. Ohno, K. Sato, N. Takahashi, and H. Kumagai EarthCARE CPR Level 1algorithm & Doppler measurement... for Cloud Profiling Radar on EarthCARE H. Horie, Y. Ohno, K. Sato, N. Takahashi, and... algorithm using 1α+1β+1δ data of ATLID/EarthCARE T. Nishizawa, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, B. Tatarov... A potential FeatureMask algorithm for the EarthCARE lidar G. van Zadelhoff and D. Donovan... The EARLINET contribution to the EarthCARE mission 91 G. Pappalardo, U. Wandinger, L. Mona..., and A. Petzold From A-Train to EARTHCARE: Calibration validation and assessment of... cloud phase techniques for future EarthCARE/MSI data 133 K. Bartfus and... of cloud properties by using EarthCARE/MSI 141 and active instruments... ADEOS-II / GLI data M. Kuji EarthCARE L2b retrieval algorithms: longwave instantaneous... and H.W.J.Russchenberg Realistic simulations of EarthCARE observations B. Mayer, F. Faure, L. Bugliaro, T. Zinner... EarthCARE Workshop 2009 Agenda 307 viii THE EARLINET CONTRIBUTION TO THE EARTHCARE... et al., 2006) and the EarthCARE (Earth Clouds Aerosols and Radiation... board. In particular for the EarthCARE mission that will involve a High...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.12/5
..., key professionals and stakeholders, and EarthCare community partners have been engaged... professionals, key community stakeholders and EarthCare community partners. In total, over... Council, City staff, key stakeholders, EarthCare Advisory Committee, and community partners... Coordinator, EarthCare, City of Thunder Bay Brad Doff, Sustainability Coordinator, EarthCare, City..., Climate Adaptation and Communication Coordinator, EarthCare, City of Thunder Bay Shelley... measures since 2007 through the EarthCare Sustainability Plan and has made... Program in October 2012, and EarthCare has been leading the development... professionals, key community stakeholders, and EarthCare community partners to ensure that... Services and Sustainability Solutions Group. EarthCare Sustainability Plan 2014-2020 The... for the City in the EarthCare Sustainability Plan 20142020 and as... stakeholder, 51 Moving Forward and EarthCare community partners. As a whole, the... and the community through the EarthCare Annual Report. The focus of... the Climate Adaptation Strategy. The EarthCare network and a dedicated Climate Adaptation... an adaptation lens. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare 2018 < 2 years / Ongoing $$ / $ 1.1 c † Universal Site... practices and information. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare Community/ Environmental Organizations Conservation Authorities... and community agencies. Infrastructure & Operations EarthCare ESTIMATED INITIAL / OPERATING COST (CTB... Community Social Service Agencies/ Organizations EarthCare Thunder Bay Economic Development Agencies... amongst community organizations. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare POTENTIAL PARTNERSHIPS & SECTORS ASSOCIATED PLANS... City-owned) infrastructure. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare POTENTIAL PARTNERSHIPS & SECTORS ASSOCIATED PLANS... to protect them. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare All City Departments City of... resiliency and recovery. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare All City Departments Community/ Environmental... planning and design. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare Identify and implement incentives to..., and institutional properties. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare POTENTIAL PARTNERSHIPS & SECTORS ASSOCIATED PLANS... Emergency Plan Current - 2016 Ongoing $$ / $$ EarthCare Thunder Bay Asset Management Current... City’s adaptation efforts. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare POTENTIAL PARTNERSHIPS & SECTORS ASSOCIATED PLANS... in the community. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare Corporate Communications & Strategic Initiatives Conservation... to increase resiliency. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare Corporate Communications & Strategic Initiatives ASSOCIATED... Manager’s Office – Corporate Strategic Services EarthCare Thunder Bay Community/ Environmental Organizations... of green infrastructure. Infrastructure & Operations – EarthCare Site Control Plan Sustainability Plan... people engaged in activities through EarthCare related to climate change adaptation... complement the Climate Adaptation Strategy: • EarthCare Sustainability Plan 2014-2020. Available.../Living/ Environment/images/2014-2020+EarthCare+Sustainability+Plan.pdf • Changing Climate... Bay (2014). Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca T: 807.625... Bay (2014). Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca T: 807.625... Final Report. Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca T: 807.625... Results, EarthCare Thunder Bay (2014). Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca... Plan (2015). Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca T: 807.625... Strategy (2015). Available from EarthCare Thunder Bay. E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca T: 807.625... APPENDIX G: END NOTES 1. 2. EarthCare Thunder Bay. (2014). EarthCare Sustainability Plan 2014-2020.../Earthwise+Assets/docs/ FINAL+DRAFT+EarthCare+Sustainability+Plan.pdf. Simon Fraser... Thunder Bay, Ontario. Prepared for EarthCare Thunder Bay, City of Thunder... Thunder Bay, Ontario. Prepared for EarthCare Thunder Bay, City of Thunder... Bay Climate Adaptation Strategy 112 EarthCare Thunder Bay Infrastructure & Operations Department....625.2411 F: 807.625.3588 E: earthcare@thunderbay.ca Victoriaville Civic Centre...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
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0.09/5
.... Conclusion / Questions 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... 1 Introduction Page 3 1 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD..., Aerosols and Radiation Explorer Mission (EarthCARE) has been approved for implementation... third Earth Explorer Core Mission. EarthCARE is a cooperative mission between ESA... the CPR data segment. The EarthCARE Mission will help in determining.../2009 Evaporation of Water Water EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... ASTRIUM SATELLITES 1 Introduction Mission Operations EarthCARE Satellite TC&TM This document... (X-Band) Ground Station Location: KIRUNA EarthCARE End-to-End Simulator (ECEESIM... EC Satellite System Simulator (ESSS) EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... Spacecraft SM Proto-Flight Model EarthCARE Spacecraft Model Philosophy Electrical Functional... Completion Software Test Bench STB EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... c BB R ATLID across track 1000 m EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.... Mission Name Page 21 Unit EarthCARE Mission Time 3 + 1 extension Launch Date.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE Procurement Administrative and Planning Status The EarthCARE Implementation Phase.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE Procurement Administrative and Planning Status EarthCARE Phase B, C/D, E1... not be disclosed. ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE Procurement Core TEAM / Industrial Consortium.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE... Astrium GmbH Tesat ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE Procurement Policy This document is... disclosed. The objectives of the EarthCARE procurement policy are in line.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE... not be disclosed. Within the EarthCARE Core Team the following companies.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE... Management Requirements 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... content shall not be disclosed. 4 EarthCARE Procurement Typical Process Duration Page... 1w 2w 1w ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE Procurement Process - Durations Real time.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE... rules laid down in the EarthCARE Sub-contractor Selection Procedure: This.../2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.SY.00003 ASTRIUM SATELLITES 4 EarthCARE... content shall not be disclosed. 4 EarthCARE Procurement Commonality Page 42 Commonality... procurement approach between Sentinel 2 and EarthCARE derived from: same performance / design...-2 and EarthCARE projects ESA will support commonality in GMES programmes & EarthCARE, where... ESA programmes (Sentinels / EarthCARE) 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO... disclosed. 4 EarthCARE Procurement Points of Contact Page 43 Astrium GmbH EarthCARE Project AED65 Earth Observation & Science D-88039 Friedrichshafen Germany EarthCARE Project Manager Uwe Slansky Tel.: +49 7545 8 4073 EarthCARE System...: Michael.Gotsmann@astrium.eads.net EarthCARE Industrial Development Wolfgang Rühe Tel... integration campaign 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD...: Attitude Manoeuvre (for CPR Calibration) EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... Interface Unit RW M TQ RCS X X X X X X EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.../06/2009 Pressurant Control Assembly EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... equipment/instrument 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... 0 -0.05 -0.1 -40 -0.15 -60 -80 -0.2 0 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... Transmission System - MMFU Page 64 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD.../06/2009 S-TRP S Band Transponder EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... Monostatic architecture Emit / receive telescope EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... Operations TM/TC Interface to EarthCARE High Spectral Resolution Etalon (HSRE... / observability management. 19/06/2009 EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... input data from the remaining EarthCARE instruments. The BBR observes the... content shall not be disclosed. EarthCARE is a cooperative mission between ESA... existing standard equipment Vibration + Acoustic EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... below shows EGSE building blocks) EarthCARE Industrial Day - EC.HO.ASD... the ESSS & ECGP EarthCARE End to End Simulator EarthCARE L-1 Ground Processors (ECGP... disclosed. EarthCARE Orbit/Platform Model (ESSS) * EarthCARE Instruments Simulator (ESSS) EarthCARE Scene Generator SIOVT – extension (archiving, visualisation, test trend, performance analysis) EarthCARE... following tables identify the present EarthCARE procurement items sorted by issuing...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.14/5
ICAP, ESRIN, Frascati EarthCARE Michael Eisinger, ESA Thorsten Fehr, ... 2012 Mission Summary Needs Techniques EarthCARE Instruments Aerosols: Vertical profiles of... ATLID vs. Calipso Parameter ATLID/EarthCARE Caliop/Calipso Satellite altitude 409..., Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE and A-TRAIN 1. EarthCARE: Selected elements of the... Scientists are part of the EarthCARE Mission Advisory Group 3. Basically all.../Clouds geophysical parameters produced by EarthCARE ICAP-4, ESRIN, Frascati, 17 May..., Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE: Community Approach 1. EarthCARE is a multi-sensor mission... discussion Vision for Phase E2: EarthCARE for Open Science ICAP-4, ESRIN...-4, ESRIN, Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE: Level 2 Strategy Three basic Level... breadboard upon review of ESA → EarthCARE Collaborative Product • Products generated by...-4, ESRIN, Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE: Communication Offensive Information • • • • Portal Key...-4, ESRIN, Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE: Breadboard and Workshops Algorithm Breadboard..., Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE: Level 2 Strategy ESA EarthCARE Products Development Portal... funding no ESA funding Annual EarthCARE Algorithm Science Workshops (could even...-4, ESRIN, Frascati, 17 May 2012 EarthCARE Status 1. EarthCARE Project in Phase C/D 2. Launcher..., 17 May 2012 Aeolus vs. EarthCARE vs. Calipso Parameter Aeolus/Aladin...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.18/5
... Secretary for Earthcare Job Description for SEYM Field Secretary for Earthcare (FSE..., 2016 The Field Secretary for Earthcare (FSE) is focused on assisting... Meetings in discernment of their Earthcare leadings, guiding monthly meeting youth... organizations, particularly with regard to Earthcare issues. Individual should have: • Sufficient... apply. SEYM  FIELD  SECRETARY  FOR  EARTHCARE   1   Duties of Position: Ÿ Provide focus... Youth of SEYM in their Earthcare projects, to be an inspiration... with national organizations including Quaker Earthcare Witness (QEW), Earth Quaker Action... as SEYM’s public presence for Earthcare. Ÿ To serve as a liaison with... at the direction of the Earthcare Committee of SEYM in concert... by the Executive Committee and Earthcare Committee of SEYM called the... for the Field Secretary for Earthcare. Two members of the Anchor...  FOR  EARTHCARE   Anchor Committee for the SEYM Field Secretary for Earthcare (FSE... spiritual Friends, including from the Earthcare Committee (2 members) and the Executive... clerks or designees of the Earthcare Committee) at each of the... annual SEYM  FIELD  SECRETARY  FOR  EARTHCARE   3   meetings of the Executive Committee.... for SEYM Field Secretary for Earthcare (FSE) Approved by Winter Interim... Executive Committee, two from the Earthcare Committee, and/or an officer... position. 4   SEYM  FIELD  SECRETARY  FOR  EARTHCARE  



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
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0.07/5
... (e.g. METOP, MTG, post-EPS, ADM, EARTHCARE, Sentinels)? Group 1 was chaired by... (E.G. METOP, MTG, Post-EPS, ADM, Earthcare, Sentinels)? . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 3.1 VAAC Requirements and... systems (e.g. METOP, MTG, postEPS, ADM, Earthcare, Sentinels)? Lead authors: A.J. Prata, Aminou.... —— Two primary ESA satellite missions (EarthCare and ADM-Aeolus) are likely... from future research missions (e.g. ADM, Earthcare) should be made available in... CTM CTT DLR DU EARLINET EarthCARE EC ECMWF EMEP EMPA 56... as they become available: —— ACE —— EarthCARE —— Doppler wind lidar – ADM/Aeolus... such as ADM-Aeolus and EarthCARE. Both these missions will have... nm form ADM-Aeolus and EarthCARE. At global scale, within the... Missions EarthCARE Objectives The Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer Mission (EarthCARE... interaction with clouds. In addition, EarthCARE will allow the observation of... motions within clouds. Instruments The EarthCARE mission objectives will be addressed... is a JAXA contribution to the EarthCARE mission. It is a high power... km ground spot. Orbit Parameters EarthCARE will be operated in a sun... altitude of 408 km. Products EarthCARE will provide a broad range of... the instruments. The list of EarthCARE Level 2 products is not consolidated... off-line processing of the EarthCARE products is foreseen. However, the.... The design lifetime of the EarthCARE mission 3+1 years. ADM-AEOLUS Objectives... 3 months commissioning phase. Fig. 3c1: EarthCARE observational concept Fig. 3c2: ADM...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-16
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0.23/5
... Plan . . . . . . . . . . . .1 4.2 EarthCare Sudbury Community Partnership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 1.2 Why a Local Action Plan? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 4.3 EarthCare Sudbury... 2.10 Food . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Appendix A: 2000 EarthCare Sudbury Declaration and 2.11 Pesticides... Eco-Procurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43 Appendix B: 2003 EarthCare Sudbury Declaration and 2.13 Economy... a comprehensive and integrated approach. The EarthCare Sudbury Local Action Plan addresses... a new Official Plan that incorporates EarthCare objectives and principles. • Develop Official... program, taking into consideration the EarthCare goals and objectives • improve infrastructure... North & Schools Public Education & Outreach EarthCare Partners will assemble a demonstration fleet.... Implement a Drive Clean Educational Program EarthCare Partners will develop a program to... commuter-friendly transit and carpooling EarthCare Partners will undertake a market analysis... carpooled vehicles. Encourage bicycle use EarthCare Partners will develop a City Cycling... under provincial or federal jurisdiction. EarthCare Partners will lobby senior governments... Vegetation Enhancement Technical Committee (VETAC), EarthCare Partners will continue using land... potential effects on receiving waters, EarthCare Partners will develop detailed subwatershed... purposes. Establish a Sudbury Biodiversity Partnership EarthCare Partners will establish a Biodiversity Partnership... sector organizations, including EarthCare Sudbury; and • encourage EarthCare Sudbury Partners to develop... a community-based water efficiency program EarthCare Partners will develop and implement... practice water conservation. Enhance fisheries EarthCare Partners will develop a strategy to... years. Establish Lake Stewardship Committees EarthCare Partners will establish Lake Stewardship... acidification and other industrial impacts EarthCare Partners will implement a watershed liming...- 40 Establish a permaculture design group EarthCare Partners will establish a permaculture design.... Create a Pesticide Reduction Steering Committee EarthCare Sudbury will establish a Pesticide Reduction... environmentally-friendly purchasing decisions by EarthCare Sudbury partner organizations and the... feature of economic development strategies EarthCare Partners will use Sudbury’s “quality... climate protection. Secure research funding EarthCare Partners will seek research funding... Network Potential Benefits • Attainment of EarthCare Sudbury environmental and economic targets... education and community involvement, the EarthCare Sudbury Partners will develop a “Youth... Policies & By-Laws EARTHCARE SUDBURY Institute Communications Earthcare Sudbury Initiatives Public Education & Outreach Community Partners’ Declaration 4 EarthCare Sudbury... this section, these include the EarthCare Sudbury Institute, a community-based partnership... evolution of EarthCare’s partners into a formal partnership organization, the EarthCare Sudbury Community... by the EarthCare Steering Committee. 56 Getting It Done 4.2 EarthCare Sudbury Community Partnership One of the reasons for EarthCare Sudbury’s success is that it is a partnership organization. The EarthCare... proposed that the EarthCare community partners create an EarthCare Sudbury Community Partnership..., accountability, management, funding of the EarthCare Sudbury Institute and its relationship... Getting It Done 4.3 EarthCare Sudbury Institute The EarthCare Sudbury Institute will be... will further community sustainability goals. EarthCare Sudbury will seek initial startup... FedNor, the Province of Ontario, EarthCare Sudbury Partners, foundations, professional organizations... Sudbury and other EarthCare Sudbury partners to implement the EarthCare Local Action... alternative energy opportunities identified in EarthCare Sudbury’s forthcoming Local Action Plan... sign a second declaration called the EarthCare Sudbury Community Partnership committing to.... EarthCare Sudbury will seek funds from various sources to develop the EarthCare... a communication plan With its partners, EarthCare Sudbury needs to develop a communication... inform people. EarthCare Sudbury proposes to develop an EarthCare Ecological 64 Other... a Smart Growth Development Centre. EarthCare Sudbury newsletter EarthCare Sudbury proposes to develop.... Become a Continuing EarthCare Sudbury Partner If you represent an EarthCare Sudbury Partner... needs. 71 Appendices Appendix A: 2000 EarthCare Sudbury Declaration and Community Partnership... Advisory Committee Appendices Appendix B: 2003 EarthCare Sudbury Declaration and Expanded Community... EarthCare Sudbury Community Partnership to initiate and sustain implementation of the EarthCare... sustainable community. ✔ Work with other EarthCare Sudbury Partners, community organizations and...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
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0.18/5
... (1) April 2004 1 EarthCARE - Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer EarthCARE SPECTRA WALES... SIX CANDIDATE EARTH EXPLORER MISSIONS EarthCARE – Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation... européenne ESA SP-1279(1) – EarthCARE – Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation... study, three of the candidates, EarthCARE, SPECTRA and WALES, were chosen... Report for Mission Selection for EarthCARE was prepared based on inputs... Report for Mission Selection for EarthCARE, together with those for the... the time of launch of EarthCARE, numerical weather forecasting models are... processes and cloud-aerosolradiation interactions. EarthCARE data products can be compared... and radar embarked on the EarthCARE satellite to provide global profiles... derived products. 3. Research Objectives The EarthCARE mission has been specifically defined... condensation and/or freezing nuclei. EarthCARE will meet these objectives by... all climate zones. More specifically, EarthCARE will measure: 1. Properties of aerosol... and Measurement Principle 4.1 Introduction The EarthCARE focus on aerosols and clouds... routine. Other expected applications for EarthCARE data include process studies in... provides two important links to EarthCARE. Firstly, by resolving explicitly more... basic footprint size of the EarthCARE instruments, enabling direct model-to... required for comparison of the EarthCARE products with models. However, the... of the EarthCARE mission. Figure 4.1: The scope of the EarthCARE mission. The... the geophysical quantities provided by EarthCARE and on sensitivity calculations which..., and calculations performed in earlier EarthCARE studies. Property Ice cloud top... provide closure, by using the EarthCARE cloud and aerosol properties, together.... 4.4 Space/Time Sampling Requirements The EarthCARE concept is motivated by the.... Although there are fewer instruments, EarthCARE essentially provides a space-borne ARM... obtained from other sources. The EarthCARE instrument combination must detect clouds... to estimate aerosol extinction. The EarthCARE lidar will separate the narrow... Estimation The observational requirements for EarthCARE place performance demands on each... tropical cirrus ice mass. The EarthCARE radar will oversample the return... in a co-ordinated fashion. The EarthCARE instruments have the following sampling... the multi-instrument data. Figure 5.2: EarthCARE instrument footprints and ‘worst-case... transfer effects. Aerosol Profiling The EarthCARE lidar will also allow boundary... conducted show that the combined EarthCARE sensors will enable the retrieval... important component of the envisaged EarthCARE retrieval procedures will be the... in Section 5.6, have demonstrated that EarthCARE will be able to provide... be achieved by inverting the EarthCARE measurements in a coherent fashion. TOA.... This capability will ensure that EarthCARE will deliver on its promise... further developed by the time EarthCARE is launched. The techniques that... employed in the analysis of EarthCARE data range from well established... larger than those using the EarthCARE algorithms. They show that although... unprecedented improvement in model reliability. EarthCARE will provide a unique set of... cloud and aerosol parameterisation schemes. EarthCARE is expected to yield new... vapour, convective motion and clouds. EarthCARE with its high horizontal and... then influence the dynamics. The EarthCARE instrument complement will have the... of in-cloud vertical velocities. EarthCARE will provide unique global access... unique validation capabilities for the EarthCARE mission. 7.3 Data Assimilation Pressure, temperature... profile information provided by the EarthCARE instruments in data assimilation systems.... Moreover, atmospheric analyses created with EarthCARE data will be the most.... Furthermore, the systematic comparison of EarthCARE products with shortrange model forecasts... active and passive instruments onboard EarthCARE will enable one to identify... forces and have proposed the EarthCARE mission described in this report... CloudSat and the proposed EarthCARE radar are: • The EarthCARE radar is almost... of radiatively significant clouds. • The EarthCARE radar will have additional Doppler... capability. The HSR lidar on EarthCARE will separate the Rayleigh (molecular... bed for EarthCARE algorithms and processing. Members of the EarthCARE science team... more advanced instruments are on EarthCARE. In addition, the Global Precipitation... 40 dB less than with EarthCARE. 8.2 Contribution to International Programmes The... energy within the Earth’s atmosphere. EarthCARE will also contribute to other... described in the previous chapters, EarthCARE measurements have great potential for.... The unique capability of the EarthCARE lidar to discriminate between different... of active and passive instruments. EarthCARE will provide unique observations for... gained with Cloudsat/CALIPSO and EarthCARE and possibly other missions, be... Agency, 2001: Reports for Assessment, EarthCARE – Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation... (1) April 2004 1 EarthCARE - Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation Explorer EarthCARE SPECTRA WALES...



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EarthCARE EarthCARE EarthCARE Earth Clouds, Aerosols and Radiation .../CNRS on behalf of the EarthCARE Joint Mission Advisory Group Earth... October 2001 1 Summary EarthCARE EarthCARE 1) Why do we need EarthCARE ? – scientific data needs 2) How do we satisfy these needs with EarthCARE... Meeting, 30-31 October 2001 2 EarthCARE EarthCARE The Challenge Forecasts of global... models (bars) shows model uncertainties 3 EarthCARE EarthCARE Importance, uncertainties and understanding of... properties 4 The Cloud Feedback Challenge EarthCARE EarthCARE Change in TOA fluxes in... α similar to IPCC external factors 5 EarthCARE EarthCARE Atmospheric Models Intercomparison Project – 14... present climate 6 The Challenge : Inconsistency EarthCARE EarthCARE of Model Projections of Regional... DJF JJA IPCC TAR 2001 7 EarthCARE EarthCARE The problem (or a major problem... life 8 SUN SPACE 102 342 EarthCARE EarthCARE 240 Parasol : 102 Air, Aerosols... Cycles 9 The challenge Required observations EarthCARE EarthCARE Clouds • Geometry (top, base, multiple... profiles 10 The mission Approach EarthCARE EarthCARE Requirement is to measure the... W m-2 11 The mission Active instruments EarthCARE EarthCARE Providing VERTICAL PROFILES • Lidar (ATLID.... 12 The mission Passive instruments EarthCARE EarthCARE • The Multi-Spectral Imager (MSI... clouds (and in clear air). EarthCARE will provide quantitative information on.... 13 The mission Geophysical requirements EarthCARE EarthCARE Requirement: to measure the vertical... ±10 W m-2 14 The instruments Lidar EarthCARE EarthCARE Requirements: Detect radiatively significant clouds... type 15 The instruments Radar (I) EarthCARE EarthCARE Requirements: Detect radiatively significant ice... The instruments Radar-Lidar Synergy EarthCARE EarthCARE Radiatively significant clouds Ice -38... 17 The instruments FTS & BBR EarthCARE EarthCARE Fourier Transform Spectrometer Requirements: Water... views 18 The instruments MSI EarthCARE EarthCARE Multi-Spectral Imager Requirements: Supply... 19 Synergy Footprints and sampling EarthCARE EarthCARE Signal power spectrum ∝ d2 even...: 10 km 20 Synergy Simulation EarthCARE EarthCARE “Flying” the instruments over clouds...) 650 m 21 Conclusions Delivered products EarthCARE EarthCARE Clouds • Geometry (top, base, multiple... 22 System Concept Mission Summary EarthCARE EarthCARE SPACE SEGMENT Payload • Backscatter Lidar... 23 System Concept Spacecraft Overview EarthCARE EarthCARE Five instruments accommodated on a single... System Concept Orbit and Lifetime EarthCARE EarthCARE • Sun-synchronous orbit • Two orbit... (apogee = GCOM-B1 altitude perigee = EarthCARE altitude) α Orbit correction individually by... Imager (MSI) Requirements and Performance EarthCARE EarthCARE SNR 300 250 200 150.... Perf. 0.2 0.1 TIR 3 TIR 2 TIR 1 0 26 EarthCARE EarthCARE Instantaneous Radiative Flux Products Needed... for instantaneous reflected SW. ? ? 27 EarthCARE EarthCARE 3-view BBR One Solution : As... complete synergetic EarthCARE data on the in-cloud properties. EarthCARE BBR Get... LW radiances and spectrum with EarthCARE observed SW and LW radiances... Broad Band Radiometer (BBR) Requirements EarthCARE EarthCARE Along track sampling: 3 telescopes Telescope... Band Radiometer (BBR) EarthCARE Design Concept and Performance EarthCARE Flux accuracy (SW... 30 Ground Segment TT&C Data EarthCARE EarthCARE Raw Data TT&C Data External... Data Centre 31 Programmatic Aspects EarthCARE EarthCARE • ESA / NASDA / CRL cooperation • Low... ScaRaB 32 Conclusions Final remarks EarthCARE EarthCARE • Uncertainties in predicting global warming...-aerosol interaction and cloud feedback • EarthCARE provides, in a radiatively consistent manner... profiles to 10 W/m2 TOA • EarthCARE will provide quantitative information on... modelling 33 Synergy Ice clouds EarthCARE EarthCARE Lidar-Radar-MSI Profiles of... other sources 34 Artist’s impression EarthCARE EarthCARE 35