Спутник ДЗЗ. FSW 22. [Редактировать]
В официальном сообщении агентства Синьхуа приведена стандартная формулировка задач, решаемых спутниками серии FSW: «Спутник предназначен, главным образом, для научных исследований, картографирования и описания Земли, исследования космического пространства и других экспериментальных задач». Однако давно не является секретом, что основной задачей спутников серии FSW, периодически запускаемых с 1975 г., является картографическая съемка и видовая разведка в интересах Генерального штаба НОАК.
# | Наименования | Поиск в новостях | Поиск в документах |
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1 | FSW-3 5 | Найти | Найти |
2 | 28824 | Найти | Найти |
# | Наименования |
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1 | Тип орбиты - НОО |
2 | Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай |
3 | Страна производитель - Китай |
4 | Тип оператора(владельца) - военные |
5 | Все спутники ДЗЗ |
# | Характеристика | Значение |
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1 | Дата (сведения с орбиты) | 2005-10-17 |
# | Характеристика | Значение |
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1 | Код NSSDC | 2005-033A |
# | Характеристика | Значение |
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1 | Дата пуска | 2005-08-29 at 00:00:00 UTC |
2 | Полезная нагрузка | 1xFSW 22 |
3 | Ракета-носитель | 1xВеликий поход 2 |
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...) . . . . ..9-26 CNS Oxygen Toxicity (40 fsw Chamber Stop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..9-28 Repetitive Dives... Oxygen at 30 fsw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-5 14-3.9 30 fsw and 20 fsw Water Stops...-3.10 Ascent from the 20 fsw Water Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-6 14-3.11....1 Decompression Sickness Deeper than 30 fsw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14-20 14-4.18.2 Decompression... fsw. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18-26 Deeper than 20 fsw. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18-28 Deeper than 20 fsw.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 9-4 Sea Level Equivalent Depth (fsw). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-43 9-5 Repetitive Groups Associated with... Depths Between 350 and 1,500 fsw.* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-10 15-2 Personnel Requirements... 30 days at 36 fsw and 90 fsw with excursion dives to... reach the submarine in 102 fsw, 22 hours after the sinking, exchanged... diving to 5,000 fsw and rescues to 2,500 fsw. Three additional significant... using atmospheres absolute: Depth fsw + 33 fsw P ata = --------------------------------------------------33 fsw or psig + 14... pressure (P2) at 99 fsw: 99 fsw + 33 fsw P 2 = ----------------------------------------33 fsw = 4ata 3. Substitute known... at depth (P2): fsw + 33 fswP 2 = 130 --------------------------------------------33 fsw = 4.93 ata 2. Convert... Measured in ata D + 33 fsw %V pp = ---------------------------- × ----------------33 fsw 100 % Partial Pressure Measured... for N2O2 Diving Measured in fsw ( 1.0 ∠ O 2 % ) ( D + 33 ) EAD = -------------------------------------------------------- ∠ 33 .79 Equivalent... Location __________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ Depth ________ fsw Visibility _________ ft. Current ___________... Reduction Table. Step 7. Depth (FSW) Reduction (dB) Depth (FSW) Reduction (dB) 9 1 98...) . . . . . .9-26 CNS Oxygen Toxicity (40 fsw Chamber Stop) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9-28 Repetitive Dives.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11 9-4 Sea Level Equivalent Depth (fsw). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-43 9-5 Repetitive Groups Associated with... working limit: 130 fsw Operational necessity: 190 fsw SURFACE-SUPPLIED GEAR (MK... Principal Applications: 1. 2. 3. Normal 130 fsw Maximum 190 fsw with Commanding Officer or... fsw 90* 135 165 61-130 fsw 135 135 165 131-190 fsw... fsw. 1. Determine the bottom pressure at 175 fsw: Bottom pressure at 175 fsw... scf required = ---------------- × 1.4 × N × T 33 Where: D = 1.4 = N = T = Depth (fsw) Consumption rate in acfm needed... minute. 130 average depth = --------- = 65 fsw 2 65 + 33 scf required = ------------------ × 1.4 × 3 × 5 33... use to 190 fsw with air and 140 fsw with nitrox. An... of 60 fsw in configuration 1, 130 fsw in configuration 2, and 190 fsw in... Factor 0-100 fsw +1 fsw 101-200 +2 fsw 201-300 +4 fsw 301-400 +7 fsw U.S. Navy Diving... to ascend from 113 fsw to 30 fsw. The difference between what... fsw, stop, then breathe oxygen at 20 fsw for twice the 40 fsw chamber stop time. Ascend to 10 fsw... fsw (30 x 0.1), 6 minutes at 30 fsw (30 x 0.2), and 21 minutes at 20 fsw... Level (mb) Equivalent Depth (fsw) = Altitude Depth (fsw) × ---------------------------------------------------------------Pressure at Altitude (mb...: 1013 mb Equivalent Depth (fsw) = 60 fsw × --------------------- = 72.1 fsw 843 mb 9-12.1.2 Correction...) Altitude Stop Depth (fsw) = Sea Level Stop Depth (fsw) × ---------------------------------------------------------------Pressure at Sea... mb Altitude Stop Depth (fsw) = 20 fsw × --------------------- = 16.6 fsw 1013 mb To simplify... Level Equivalent Depth (fsw). Actual Depth Altitude (feet) (fsw) 1000 2000 3000... Depths (fsw) 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21... fsw dive is 130 fsw. From Table 9-8, residual nitrogen time for a 130 fsw... fsw fsw / min 20 fsw fsw / min 30 fsw fsw / min 40 fsw fsw / min* 50 fsw fsw min 60 fsw fsw... is taken at a depth of 22 fsw. The chamber stop is taken... of 40 fsw. CHAPTER 9 — Air Decompression 9-47 Figure 9-22 shows the filled... second dive is 80 fsw (79 fsw plus a 1 fsw pneumofathometer correction). Table 9-4 is... fsw fsw min 20 fsw fsw min 30 fsw 22 fsw 4 min 39 40 fsw fsw 50 fsw fsw min 60 fsw fsw... D O2 will be at 40 fsw. Figure 9-22. Completed Worksheet for Diving... fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes minutes* fsw minutes minutes fsw... Time fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes fsw minutes fsw minutes minutes fsw minutes... found in air at 50 fsw. 50 fsw is the Equivalent Air... depth on air (fsw) D = diving depth on mixture (fsw) O2% = oxygen concentration... 61.8 = ---------- ∠ 33 0.79 = 78.22 ∠ 33 = 45.2 fsw Note that with NITROX... |
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...% 0% 0 100 200 300 400 Depth (fsw) Figure 8. Maximum Voluntary Ventilation (MVV... to 90 fsw of oxygen, and 50% developed symptoms by 22 min...” (18). (a) Survival curve at 90 fsw for dry, resting divers. (b) Survival... min at 50 fsw to 5 min at 100 fsw. The 50% survival... 100 fsw. Immersion decreased the 50% survival time by half, from 22 to 11 min, for resting divers at 90 fsw. The... for divers resting at 50 fsw. This effect was probably underestimated... Central Nervous System Oxygen Toxicity fsw for which the estimated risk... 2% 3% 4% 6% 20 Definite Symptoms 8% Depth (fsw) Depth (fsw) 7 Convulsions 50 50 30 0% 20... (min) (a) 60 20 1% 2% 3% 4% 6 Depth (fsw) Depth (fsw) 40 30 120 140 (b) 7 Convulsions... the 0% symptom threshold was 20 fsw. A still more conservative approach results... 0% threshold for symptoms is 16 fsw, near Donald’s recommendation of 15... diaphragmatic contractions at 20 fsw and 70 fsw on 50% nitrox (both... was conducted at 20 fsw and 10 fsw on 100% O2 where... air (0.59 atm) at 60 fsw. Intermittency has been demonstrated experimentally... symptoms are common at 100 fsw with a wide individual variability and... showed little deterioration. At 300 fsw, however, the narcosis was severe... compressed air narcosis to 400 fsw Individual Differences and Variations in... individual, for example, experiencing 300 fsw narcosis for the first time... all, can compensate for 200 fsw during extended sojourns (74). Adaptation... normoxic nitrogen at 4 ata (100 fsw) were slightly narcotic initially but... experiments in Tarrytown at 120 fsw (45). The adaptation effect, however... scientific divers holding the 200 fsw certification have to make 6 such... 400 and 500 fsw at a rate of 500 fsw in 20 seconds... choice reaction times at 500 fsw. One subject reported a hallucination of... later escape trials from 600 fsw, subjects reported “an overwhelming wave... compressing subjects from 400 fsw to 450 fsw with non-narcotic oxygen... pressure at a depth of 100 fsw. The results (Figure 3) showed a significant.... (4) found that 7 divers at 300 fsw breathing 96% nitrogen and 4% oxygen... pressure of 140 ata (4,480 fsw) (Fig. 4). Technical Diving Conference Proceedings... to depths of 600 fsw and 800 fsw for 4 hrs. Based on... compressed at 100 fsw/min to 600 fsw and 800 fsw breathing oxygen... subjects compressed at 100 fsw/min to 600 fsw for 4 hr. Psychomotor... dives which exceeded 1000 fsw to 1189 fsw with compression time of... 50 ats (1650 fsw) (24) and so 1200 fsw was suggested as... 9. Tremors during a dive to 1500 fsw at RNPL. A similar individual susceptibility... to 600 m (2132 fsw) in Germany (21, 22) divers beforehand were compressed to 100 ft/min to 600 fsw... depth of 1,189 fsw with severe HPNS to 1,500 fsw (22, 23). The...-helium saturation diving to 1,000 fsw. Nevertheless, in recent years a number...) included a 3½ hr compression to 1200 fsw which produced serious HPNS signs... excursions to 1,706 fsw and one to 1,739 fsw with 26 hr... the region of 30 fsw/min to 1000 fsw with 5 or 10... 5% nitrogen-heliox involved 15 fsw/min to 600 fsw a 2 hr stage, and compression from 600 fsw to 768 fsw at 10 fsw/min, 6 hr at 768 fsw and compression to 1,000 fsw at 5 fsw... 66-100 fsw / minute to 33 fsw / minute for a 1,000 fsw dive would... oxygen-helium dive to 1500 fsw. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol 31:383... air temperatures (15). Following a 30-fsw subsaturation dry chamber dive, VGE... on decompression requirement for 100 fsw for 60-minute dives breathing.... A representative result is the 100 fsw Technical Diving Conference Proceedings 125... with inspired air at 170 fsw. When starting decompression from a depth... Decompression Workshop Depth (fsw) SAD, 5 fsw/min SAD, 60 fsw/min Deep Stops..., 60 fsw/min PTtot, 60 fsw/min Pressure, 5 fsw/min PTtot, 5 fsw/min 0 20... increases required decompression time. (170 fsw/30 min air; T½ = 80 min... fsw/min Depth (fsw) 160 Pressure, 60 fsw/min 140 PTtot, 60 fsw/min 120 Pressure, 5 fsw/min 100 PTtot, 5 fsw/min 80 60 40 SAD, 5 fsw/min...-N2 at the 42 fsw dive depth (50 fsw equivalent air depth... stops at 10 fsw intervals starting at 90 fsw (left panel), and... published decompression schedules for a 200 fsw, 20 min dive (24). “What... PO2 (atm) Depth (fsw) Several of the 500 fsw tests are relevant... partial pressure. Upon reaching 130 fsw, the divers switched from helium... was changed from 130 fsw to 100 fsw for schedule 500 Lima... depth of 343 fsw (range of 296-380 fsw) and mean dive... as a blow-up from 400 fsw, we needed healthcare professionals Technical... depth intervals to gain a 130 fsw depth authorization (see AAUS Standards... ratings, with both a 150 fsw and 190 fsw level available for standard... 8 dives between 30 and 130 fsw. After training, another 4 working dives..., sometimes at depths exceeding 20 fsw/6 msw. I have several concerns with... |
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... dives to less than 30 fsw (feet of seawater / 9 meters of... depth of at least 30 fsw • Headache, dizziness, anxiety, general weakness.... The shallowest depth reported was 5 fsw (1.5 msw), for AGE; the deepest was 350 fsw (105 msw). The median depth... 90 fsw (27 msw). The median depth for AGE was 75 fsw (22... for DCS I (90 fsw) or DCS II (92 fsw). The difference in... Maximum depth in series (fsw) Figure 22 shows the maximum depth of... Maximum Depth of Last Dive (fsw) DAN’s Report on Decompression Illness... of the last dive was 5 fsw (1.5 msw); the deepest was 350 fsw (105 msw). The median depth ... dive in series was 72 fsw (22 msw). Ten percent of the... occurred after dives to 30 fsw (9 msw) or shallower. The pattern... Maximum Depth of Last Dive (fsw) In 219 of the cases... all dive fatalities was 75.6 fsw (26.2 msw), and 31.2 percent... went no deeper than 30 fsw (9 msw). 35 30 % of Fatalities... -8 9 9 -5 30 02 9 0 Maximum Dive Depth (fsw) DAN’s Report on Decompression Illness... depth was less than 30 fsw (9 msw). In 5 percent of the..., it was greater than 120 fsw (36 msw). Fig 77 The... 151-180 181-270 Depth (fsw) DAN’s Report on Decompression Illness... divers went deeper than 90 fsw (27 msw), and 21 percent dived deeper than 120 fsw (36 msw) at least on... 151-180 181-270 Depth (fsw) Towards the end of the... 151-180 181-270 Depth (fsw) 76 DAN’s Report on Decompression... (Scapa Flow) diving group — 88 fsw (26.5 msw). Half (50 percent... group were deeper than 90 fsw (27 msw). Dive professionals made... range of 30 to 90 fsw (9 to 27 msw); however, they... attained depths deeper than 120 fsw (36 msw) in approximately 2 percent... was to 289 fsw (90 msw). The 289 fsw dive was made... 180 280 380 -20 Depth (fsw) -40 -60 Fig 91 Profile... relief. Time (hours) 0 0 -20 Depth (fsw) -40 -60 -80 24 48.... Mean Maximum Depth in Series (fsw) 120 103.9 100 93.9 91... Maximum Depth of Last Dive (fsw) 90 80 70 60 50... Fatalities 200 Mean Maximum Depth (fsw) Fig 110 Mean maximum dive... made it down to 28 fsw (8.4 msw) and surfaced three minutes... decedent made a dive to 25 fsw (7.6 msw) and made a witnessed rapid... a few minutes (maximum depth 17 fsw / 5 msw). Once on the surface... completed a wreck dive to 91 fsw (27.7 msw) for 15 minutes... is unknown. After making a 140-fsw (42.6-msw) dive to a wreck..., without a dive buddy, to 100 fsw (30 msw) for 20 minutes...). After completing a dive to 40 fsw (12 msw) for 20 minutes... previous dive was to 100 fsw (30 msw) and was uneventful... in an dive to 105 fsw / 32 msw, without an assigned... fins be fine at 40 fsw / 12 msw, but was later... decedent made a dive to 40 fsw (12 msw) for 35 minutes... and made a dive to 85 fsw (25.5 msw) for 30 minutes... a shore entry dive to 10 fsw (3 msw) with a buddy and they... diver made a dive to 32 fsw (9.6 msw) for 45 min- with... in the dive to 40 fsw (12 msw) to collect sea.... Resuscitation efforts were to 145 fsw (43.5 msw) for 15 minutes... and rapidly descended to 166 fsw (49.8 msw). His body was... made two dives to 70 fsw (21 msw) in rough seas... class. After a dive to 30 fsw (9 msw), she was vomiting, choking... shore entry dive to 70 fsw (21 msw) for 15 minutes.... He made a dive to 40 fsw (12 msw) with a group of.... She made a 30-minute, 103-fsw (31-msw) dive down to... to be drowning. An air fsw (80.4 msw) using a trimix rebreather... making a planned dive to 50 fsw (15 msw) in a drysuit and... wife made a dive to 60 fsw (18 msw) for 20 minutes.... She made a dive to 70 fsw (21 msw) using 32 percent... an additional dive to 200 fsw (60 msw) to search for... Diver with cardiac disease separated fsw (18 msw). The two divers... not recovered together to 40 fsw (12 msw), and the decedent... a buddy made a dive to 130 fsw (39 msw) and became separated... from ascent at approximately 25 fsw (7.5 msw). The buddies and ascended... a dive to 75 fsw master attempted personal depth record, (22.5 msw) in... a personal depth record of 320 fsw (96 msw). He and another... a technical diver dive to 260 fsw (78 msw). The decedent then... his dive descended below 300 fsw (90 msw). He was buddy.... arranged maximum depth of 233 fsw (70 01-09 Certified diver... buddy planned a dive to 50 fsw (15 msw), but as they... decedent continued past the 150 fsw (45 msw) mark. Her dive... her up from the 200 fsw (60 msw) bottom. The rescue... dive to deeper than 120 fsw (36 msw) with his dive... became separated at approximately 60 fsw (18 msw). The decedent’s buddy went down to 180 fsw (54 msw) trying to locate... dive was planned to 270 fsw (81 msw), and he may... dive buddy descended to 374 fsw (112.2 msw) searching for the... made a deep dive to 109 fsw (32.7 msw) for 18 minutes... made a controlled ascent to 40 fsw (12 msw), then panicked and... a shore entry dive to 300 fsw (90 msw) and encountered buoyancy... dives to greater than 165 fsw (49.5 msw). He had computer... fourth dive was to 165 fsw (49.5 msw). He had a surface... descending to a depth of 180 fsw (54 msw). The diver was... completed a dive to 60 fsw (18 This 22-year-old male had.... Contributing faced buddy to 112 fsw (33.6 msw). tors/significant diagnoses... |
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... dives were deeper than 90 fsw/27 msw (Figure 2.4-4), and the... from 73 fsw (22 msw) on the first day to 19 fsw (6 msw... dives were deeper than 90 fsw (27 msw) whereas only 10... 120-149 150-179 Depth (fsw) Figure 2.4-4 Maximum depths of PDE... 120-149 150-179 Depth (fsw) Figure 2.4-7 Distribution of dive depths... a problem-free dive to 80 fsw/24 msw (Figure 2.5.2-1; PDCS=0.37...) with a second dive to 45 fsw/13 msw (Figure 2.5.3-1). She had... first dive was to 110 fsw (34 msw). After a three hour... made another dive to 62 fsw/19 msw (Figure 2.5.4-4). The estimated... females (Table 3.3-4). Table 3.3-3 Maximum depth (fsw) of last dive by diagnosis... 4 149 Median (fsw) 28 36 19 22 Table 3.3-4 Maximum depth (fsw) of the... gender. Gender Male Female Mean (fsw) 46 39 N 354 126 Median... occurred at deeper than 200 fsw (61 msw). Percent of Fatalities... 100 + Depth of Last Dive (fsw) Figure 4.3-4 Maximum dive depth (n=59... beach, had a flooded mask at 8 fsw (2 msw), panicked, and drowned. ● A diver... immediately upon descent to 117 fsw (36 msw) and drowned. Examination... spearfishing on a wreck at 196 fsw (60 msw) made a rapid ascent to 80 fsw (25 msw), and found convulsing at 150 fsw (46 msw) where he drowned...-old experienced diver completed a 100 fsw (30 msw) dive and collapsed... diver made a dive to 296 fsw (90 msw) and lost consciousness at 107 fsw (33 msw) during an apparently... was inconclusive. ● A diver at 110 fsw (34 msw) on a wreck in... from as deep as 85 fsw (26 msw) (Figure 5.2-3). Annual Diving...-79 80-99 Recovery Depth (fsw) Figure 5.2-3 Recovery depth of body..., and a second dive to 30 fsw (9 msw) for about 30 minutes... a 2 minutes safety stop at 15 fsw (5 msw). After a 5.5 hour surface interval..., he again dived to 50 fsw (15 msw) for approximately 30... a brief safety stop at 15 fsw (5 msw). Upon exiting the water... swim, they descended to 160 fsw (49 msw) where they remained... 4 minutes before descending to 200 fsw (61 msw). They surfaced after... did a 4 minute stop at 15 fsw (5 msw) with followed by a long... with a maximum depth of 82 fsw (25 msw) and a last dive depth of 62 fsw (19 msw). He dived according... with a maximum depth of 128 fsw (39 msw) and a last dive... received two treatments at 33 fsw (10 msw) for two hours.... Her maximum depth was 120 fsw (37 msw), and her dives... retrieve an anchor in 17 fsw (5 msw). He surfaced in distress... a 40-minute dive to 40 fsw (12 msw), and lost consciousness... a wreck, which was at 110 fsw (34 msw). After 10 minutes... his buddy ascended to 80 fsw (24 msw) where they became... a boat and descended to 33 fsw (10 msw). The decedent used... a solo descent to approximately 40 fsw (12 msw) to check the.... She stayed in approximately 15 fsw (5 msw), making numerous excursions to... a seizure while ascending from 51 fsw (16 msw). The problem seemed to occur at approximately 30 fsw (10 msw). He was brought... two uneventful dives to 30 fsw (10 msw) and a night dive... surfaced from a dive to 89 fsw (27 msw) and rapidly lost... was making a dive to 90 fsw (30 msw) with a buddy when... original descent was to 192 fsw (60 msw). The diver then ascended to 80 fsw (24 msw) before heading back... dive, at a depth of 160 fsw (49 msw), the student stopped... spent 25 minutes at 90 fsw (27 msw), completed a safety stop... a shore entry dive to 50 fsw (15 msw) with a large group... 30 minutes at approximately 60 fsw (18 msw). The divers became... made a rapid descent to 55 fsw (17 msw), spent 30 minutes... and then rapidly ascended to 4 fsw (1 msw) before heading back to... then saw the decedent 10 fsw (3 msw) above him and entangled... at a maximum depth of 71 fsw (22 msw), she unexpectedly made a rapid...), then he descended to 120 fsw (37 msw), resisting his buddy... was pulled up from 113 fsw (34 msw) unconscious and resuscitation... of his boat in 10 fsw (3 msw) using surface supplied air... to a maximum depth of 262 fsw (80 msw). According to the... a relatively normal ascent to 101 fsw (31 msw) where she stopped... one hour later at 107 fsw (33 msw). The autopsy showed... the descent line at 80 fsw (24 msw) before being found... a witnessed seizure at approximately 80 fsw (24 msw). He was brought... fsw (3 msw) below the boat. His body was never recovered. 04-22... to a wreck sitting at 80 fsw (24 msw). After the diver... last seen at approximately 20 fsw (6 msw) and never returned to... was apparently uneventful, with a 47 fsw Annual Diving Report: 2006 Edition... a shore entry dive to 26 fsw (8 msw) for 44 minutes, practicing... made a safety stop at 15 fsw (5 msw) then ascended to the... first dive was to 17 fsw (5 msw) for 10 minutes, during... Report: 2006 Edition A P P E N D I X B . D I V E F A T A L I T Y C A S E R E P O R T S at 15 fsw (5 msw) when she panicked and descended to 29 fsw (9 msw). The instructor brought the.... After making 3 excursions to 60 fsw (18 msw), he did not... recovered shortly after in 15 fsw (5 msw). An autopsy confirmed that... stop during decompression from 82 fsw (25 m) significantly reduces bubbles and... |
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... depth was less than 90 fsw (feet of sea water / 27... depth was greater than 120 fsw / 40 msw in less than...-149 150-179 >180 Depth (fsw) DAN’s Report on Decompression Illness... than 90 fsw, and 22 percent dived deeper than 120 fsw at least... 150-179 180-360 Depth (fsw) Towards the end of the... 150-179 180-360 Depth (fsw) 36 DAN’s Report on Decompression... to three minutes at 10 fsw. 44 DAN’s Report on Decompression... 2002 (N=16,452). 120+ Depth (fsw) In summary, as PDE continues... dives to shallower than 30 fsw / 9 msw and symptoms that could... depth of at least 30 fsw / 9 msw; (b) Headache, dizziness, anxiety, general... was from 20 fsw / 6 msw (air) to 477 fsw / 145.3 msw (trimix). The median depth was 90 fsw / 27.4 msw and the mean... median depth for AGE (75 fsw / 22.8 msw) was shallower than the... either DCS I (90 fsw) or DCS II (92 fsw). DAN’s Report on... >180 Maximum Depth in Series (fsw) Figure 3.6-4 shows the maximum depth... 18 fsw / 6 msw to 477 fsw / 145 msw. The median was 72 fsw / 22 msw, and the mean was 77 fsw / 23 msw... Maximum Depth of Last Dive (fsw) 62 DAN’s Report on Decompression... having dived deeper than 150 fsw / 45.7 msw. 248 Males 98... + Maxium Depth of Last Dive (fsw) Problems Fifty-three percent of... in depths less than 90 fsw / 27 msw. There were no female fatalities reported beyond 120 fsw / 36.5 msw. % of Fatalities by... -8 9 30 -5 9 029 0 Maximum Dive Depth (fsw) DAN’s Report on Decompression Illness... depth has been 86-100 fsw (26-30 msw) without trend... mean maximum depth was about 5 fsw (1.5 msw) less for women than... divers varied from 81-104 fsw (24.3-31.2 msw), about 10... dived an average of 10 fsw deeper than did injured women...-2002. Mean Maximum Dive Depth (fsw) 120 100 80 60 40... Mean Maximum Depth in Series (fsw) Figure 6.2-2 Comparison of mean maximum... two years. Mean Maximum Depth (fsw) 250 Air Nitrox Heliox & Trimix....5 msw); next was to 70 fsw (21 msw); the final dive was to 73 fsw (21.9 msw). These were all... was to 85 fsw (25.5 msw), followed by a 65-fsw (19.5msw... made a night dive to 40 fsw / 12 msw for 30 minutes... difficulty with breathing at 15 fsw / 4.5 msw and then again on... dive from a boat to 70 fsw / 21 msw. After nearly exhausting... feet / 8.5 off a boat to 74 fsw / 22.5 msw for 24 minutes. meters... making a planned dive to 100 fsw / 30 msw, but had a problem... early. The ascent to 15 fsw / 4.5 msw appeared to be uneventful... remember.” They descended to 200 fsw / 60 msw together, but the decedent continued down past 300 fsw / 90 msw. The divers used... decedent had ascended from 300 fsw directly to the surface in... a series of dives to 55 fsw / ful. The autopsy disclosed abundant... first dive was to 102 fsw / 30.6 msw for 29 minutes... second dive was to 98 fsw / 29.4 msw for 45 minutes... spearfishing during a dive to 65 fsw / 19.5 msw. The decedent signaled... a 45-minute dive to 45 fsw / 15 msw. The decedent reported... decedent made a dive to 81 fsw / 24.3 msw from a boat in... buddy made a dive to 120 fsw / 36 msw on a wreck to... a dive from a boat to 80 fsw / 24 msw water diver with... coronary atherosclerosis dive to 80 fsw / 24 msw to take pictures... Inexperienced and poorly conditioned 65 fsw / 19.5 msw to videotape marine... poor health, minutes at 40 fsw / 12 msw, the decedent lost... diver made a dive to 70 fsw / 21 msw for 15 minutes... spending some time at 15 fsw / 4.5 msw, he surfaced and complained... had descended to approximately 30 fsw / 9 msw. The decedent made a safety..., spending 25 minutes at 25 fsw / Cardiac 7.5 msw. After surfacing from... diver with alcohol to 60 fsw / 18 msw for 53 minutes... first dive was to 101 fsw / 30.3 msw for 30 minutes... an uneventful dive to 55 fsw / 16.5 msw from a boat with.... He made a dive to 130 fsw / 39 msw from a boat with... loss of consciousness at 40 fsw / 12 msw. Two autopsies were... a shore entry dive to 30 fsw / 9 msw under instruction but became... planning to go to 130 fsw / 39 msw for eight minutes... certification made a dive to 90 fsw / 27 msw from a boat down... years of experience. He 52 fsw / 15.6 msw, with his regulator.... After five minutes at 30 fsw / 9 msw, coronary artery disease or... an unknown amount mately 40 fsw / 12 msw. At the completion... on the bottom in 30 fsw / 9 msw, unconscious and with the... a planned decompression dive to 125 fsw / 37.5 msw. The decedent signaled...-22 Diver with unknown experience level dive to deeper than 100 fsw... erratically drop down to 120 fsw / 36 This 59-year-old... to a safety stop at 15 fsw / water certification and an unknown... a dive to sonal effects. 80 fsw / 24 msw for 14 minutes... made a night dive to 30 fsw / 9 msw for 20 embolism is.... After 30 minutes at 248 fsw / 74.4 msw, he ascended, out... DAN collect data for PDE. FSW (feet of sea water) A unit... salt water. Thirty-three (33) fsw is equal to approximately one... at the same depth. Therefore, fsw must be distinguished from the... (feet of fresh water). The fsw term is traditionally used by... (meters of sea water) - See FSW Multiday Diving Dives spread out... for 3-5 minutes at 10-20 fsw / 3-6 msw) intended to reduce risk... |
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... infection estimate by sub population .......................................22 Table 4: Cumulative reported cases from 1988 to Dec 2009..........................22 Table 5: HIV prevalence among MARPs... among MARPS ...................................40 Figure 19: FSW reached (programme data) ................................................42 Figure 20: FSW: Knowledge, behaviour and condom use... and condom use ........................44 Figure 22: Correct Knowledge among MARPs ..............................................46... EHCS EQAS FHI FNCCI FP FSW GFATM HIV HMIS HP HSCB..., FSWs and MSWs, clients of FSW and seasonal male labour migrants... knowledge level of clients of FSW (truckers) has decreased significantly, to... (14% in Pokhara, 26.7% in 22 Terai highway districts). Condom use... 6 200 7 200 FSW (prevention coverage) IDU (prevention coverage) FSW (HIV prevalence) IDU....7% in Kathmandu; MSM, 3.8% in Kathmandu; FSW, 2.3% in Terai Highway Districts; Truckers... 1: HIV prevalence among MARPS (%) 2002 FSW (Kathmandu) 2005 2006 2.0 MSW (Kathmandu... 51.7 MSM (Kathmandu) 3.9 Clients of FSW (Terai high way) 1.7 Returned migrants..., FSWs and MSWs, clients of FSW and seasonal male labour migrants... main sites as follows: Kathmandu (FSW, MSW, IDU, MSM); Terai Highway... West (Migrants) IMPACT Indicators Indicator 22: Young women and men aged... relevant Subject matter not relevant FSW - 2.2%: FSW- 1.4% MSW- 2.9% IDU- 34.7% MSM- 3.2% <25... Nepal 2010 Page Clients of FSW (Truckers)-1.0% MigrantsWest – 1.1% (16 of 77... main sites as follows: Kathmandu (FSW, MSW, IDU, MSM); Terai Highway....3; >25 6.8 Far West – 2.8% Clients of FSW (Truckers)-0%3 Indicator 24: Adults and... relevant Subject matter not relevant FSW - 32.4% FSW- 36.8% MSW- 51.8% IDU... 23.3 MSM - 42.0% Clients of FSW (Truckers)- 11.1% Migrants- 3.2% <25 35.7; >25 50 Clients of FSW (Truckers) - 13.80% MigrantsWestern: 3.34... main sites as follows: Kathmandu (FSW, MSW, IDU, MSM); Terai Highway... reached with HIV prevention programmes FSW - (40.8% <25 37.1; >25 46....6; >25 60 MSM - 77.25% FSW- 38.6% MSW- 55.56% IDU... 5% MSM- 46.75% Clients of FSW (Truckers)-48.5% Migrants- 13.9% <25 71.9; >25 84.1 Clients of FSW (Truckers) - 14.0% Indicator 10: Orphan...: 45.3% 20-24 yrs: 41.1% FSW- 36.4% 25 35.3; >25 38... 64.4; >25 70.6 MSM- 64.3% FSW- 30.2% MSW- 40.7% IDU- 66% MSM- 44.5% Clients of FSW(Truckers)-50.5% Migrants- 19.2% 25 58.9; >25 71 Clients of FSW (Truckers)- 25.8% Migrants West: 17... main sites as follows: Kathmandu (FSW, MSW, IDU, MSM); Terai Highway... relevant Subject matter not relevant FSW- 75.0% FSW- 77.2% <25 77.5; >25... Progress Report Nepal 2010 Page (22 of 77) UNGASS Country Progress... migrants* Former IDUs Former FSW Former Clients of FSW Former Migrants* Former... 23) MARP FSWs Client of FSW (Truckers) IDUs MSM MSW Migrants... of migrants Location Kathmandu Pokhara 22 Terai Districts 2002 2003 Terai... and social services (excluding OVC) 0.22% ASC.04 Programme management and.... Figure 13: MARPs reached (Indicator 9) FSW (Ktm) 2006 MSW (Ktm) 2007... IBBS conducted among FSWs in 22 Terai districts shows a twice-as... 6% IDUs 2% MSM 4% ANC 0% Client of FSW 19% Other 69% Source: Routine... 30 600 0 2007 40 20 22 22 10 12 11.7 2003 2005... know their result (Indicator 8) FSW (Kathmandu) FSW (Pokhara) FSW (22 Terai Highway Districts) MSW... (Ktm) MSW IDU (Ktm) (Ktm) FSW (Ktm) Indicator 14: MARPs with... MARPs. The main components of FSW interventions in Nepal are peer.... Of the total size of FSW (30,000) more than 46... FSWs. Figure 19: FSW reached (programme data) FSW Reached by epidemic zone (Routine data 2009) FSW reached by development zone (routine... for FSW. Figure 20: FSW: Knowledge, behaviour and condom use 90 FSW knowledge... the level of programmes for FSW will remain a challenge when considering... and actions Female sex workers (FSW) are one the Most-At... rapidly. For more than decades FSW are facing the problems of... consideration in policy and programmes. FSW lack comprehensive programs for themselves..., are working for issues of FSW. Also the loose network Jagriti... knowledge level of clients of FSW (truckers) has decreased significantly, to... group on the highways (Figure 22). Comprehensive knowledge has well increased... Pokhara, 26.7% in 22 Terai highway districts). Figure 22: Correct Knowledge among... West Clients of FSW (Trucker) MSM IDU MSW FSW 0 10 20 30... 22 Terai districts (IBBS 2006, 2008). In Kathmandu condom use amongst FSW.... Condom use amongst clients of FSW (truckers) is as high as....5 MSW 82.4 93 FSW (Terai) 84.8 77.2 0 50 FSW data (77.2) source...) (IBBS 2007, 2009 and for FSW IBBS 2006). Disaggregated data reveals... committees of specific MARP groups (FSW, MSM and IDU), which would... and agreed on definitions of FSW and MSM (6th Nov 2009... of AIDS (16th Feb 2010). 22.Internal Progress Update Meeting with... Civil Society - NANGAN MSM - FSGMN FSW - Jagriti Nepal Bishnu Sharma - Recovering... - NANGAN o Representative - MSM - FSGMN o Representative - FSW - Jagriti Nepal o Representative - PLHIV - NAP... |
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... process called friction stir welding (FSW) is attracting academia since last decade. Currently, FSW is gradually finding its applicability.... Many researchers have experimented on FSW and reported its process conditions... a need to comprehensively review the FSW process in terms of different... of modeling and optimization of FSW process. This paper presents a comprehensive... of the experimental studies on FSW process. The review suggests that... development of Friction Stir Welding (FSW) at Welding Institute TWI Cambridge... exhibit different complex phenomenon. [34]. FSW process causes the material to... mechanical properties. And therefore, currently FSW is being considered as a most... joined. Figure 1: Principle of FSW operation FSW has some important metallurgical advantages... by fasteners. Besides metallurgical benefits, FSW also has some notable environmental... applicability of the idea of FSW researchers and engineers across the..., the review of literature of FSW on similar and dissimilar materials... machine(s), tools, materials used for FSW process modeling and optimization is... and optimization techniques adopted for FSW process with different process parameters... on joining different materials using FSW Some important recent findings of.... R. Karthikeyan and V. Balasubramanian [27], studied FSW parameters such as tool rotational... model for friction stir welding (FSW) that allowed partial sliding between... parameters of friction stir welding (FSW) of 6061 aluminum alloy, using... optimization. C. Blignault, et al., [3] developed FSW model using different tool pin... model was developed incorporating the FSW process parameters to predict the... 6061 aluminum alloys successfully. Thus FSW has the potential for joining...] demonstrated that friction stir welding (FSW) is a feasible route for joining... Lin [59] conducted a study on FSW for joining dissimilar materials. They... steel, by friction stir welding (FSW). The qualities of dissimilar metals... examine several important aspects of FSW tools such as tool material... tools for commercial application of FSW to engineering alloys. Ratnesh Kumar... experimental study, a butt joint of FSW were modified by optimizing rotational.... Machines – tools – materials used for FSW process modeling and optimization In... were successfully joined together using FSW are presented. The various efforts... to ascertain the popular FSW machine tool, FSW tool profile employed for... material and profile of the FSW tool required for joining different... materials], specimen materials used for FSW process modeling and optimization Machine... workpiece. The ‘‘heat efficiency’’ in FSW is thus 95%. SMARC vertical... Box manufactured AA6061 Indigenously developed FSW Machine Tool speed up to.../min An indigenously developed CNC FSW 22, 6 T kW, 4 000 r/min, M2 steel... cases An indigenously developed CNC FSW 22, 6 –T, kW, 4000 rpm Milwaukee #2K... [10] Friction stir welding machine FSW tool AA6061-T6. [45] Vertical... LEGIOTM 3UL FSW machine Stainless steel grade 310 tool D= 22/19/16 d= 8/7/6 FSP consumable rod for coating as a tool [33] FSW machine (FSWRL31-010, Beijing FSW Tech. Co., China... 7075-T651 [14] Indigenously designed FSW equip- ment. Tool Profile: TT... 1600 rpm was preferable during FSW of dissimilar Al alloys. Proceedingsofthe2014...] Vertical milling machine, Cu [32] FSW-3LM-003 NRSAFSW [6] Commercial three... and optimization techniques used for FSW process optimization In this section... or suboptimal process parameters of FSW process. This section also presents... ISAM USA. 8 elongation etc, of FSW. The following tabulation of efforts... Algorithm (PSA) for optimization of FSW processes. Table 2: Modeling and optimization techniques adopted for FSW process with different process parameters... on literature review of FSW This review of FSW literature reveals that... suggest that they employed different FSW tools (such as Scrolled Shouldered... may be necessary to optimize FSW process parameters and geometry simultaneously... productivity. Shape and material of FSW tool are also important factors... like metal matrix composites using FSW tool wear becomes a critical issue... or intuitive tool designs for FSW there are a necessity of computational... near optimal design parameters of FSW tools. The appropriate selection of... different independent process parameters of FSW to join similar and dissimilar... as meta-modeling techniques for FSW process. Proceedingsofthe2014 ICAM, International Conference... As regard to the optimization FSW process largely researchers applied only... highly complex, nonlinear and dynamic FSW process environments. More particularly, as... Process Parameters [4] Ciliberto, S., Astarit, A, Squillace, A.: FSW of T joints in overlap configuration... and Mechanical Properties of Dissimilar FSW Between Al2017 and Mg AZ31... in T6 condition produced by FSW, S. N. FratturaedIntegritàStrutturale, 24 (2013) 151...-Bang Lin: A Prime Study On FSW Joint Of Dissimilar Metals, Proceedings... Harsh. P., Tool Design Effects for FSW of AA7039[Gan13]Gandraa J.,Pereirab... |
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... among high risk group population (FSW, MSM, IDU, Migrants and Truckers... High Risk Groups – IDU (7.2%), MSM (7.4%), FSW (5.1%) & STD clinic attendees (3.6%) and low... >5% HIV prevalence among FSW, which also include FSW sites in low prevalence... West Bengal, Bihar and Gujarat. FSW sites in Pune, Mumbai and... shown > 30% HIV prevalence among FSW. Among FSW, there is a decline in... clinic attendees, Female Sex Workers (FSW), Men who have Sex with... MSM - - 3 3 3 9 15 18 31 40 FSW 1 1 2 2 2 32 42 83 138 137... high risk group sites (STD/ FSW/ MSM/ IDU) with greater than... sites among STD clinic attendees. FSW sites are established in 25... 25 25 25 0 2 1 1 1 14 25 3 22 13 Haryana 20 19 12... 20 73 12 23 18 22 Manipur 9 9 9 4 14 4 5 8 23 Meghalya 7 6 6 4 7 1 6 1 24... High Risk Groups – IDU (7.2%), MSM (7.4%), FSW (5.1%) & STD clinic attendees (3.6%) and low... 3 2 1 0.48 0 ANC STD IDU MSM FSW Migrants Truckers Trends among different... among ANC clinic attendees and FSW are showing a clear decline. Stable... 12.0 11.0 10.0 9.0 8.0 7.0 6.0 2003-05 FSW 2004-06 MSM 2005-07... Consistent Sites: IDU – 13, MSM – 7, FSW – 22. 11 HIV Sentinel Surveillance and....9%), Manipur (13.1%), Andhra Pradesh (9.7%), among FSW Nagaland (8.9%), Mizoram (7.2%), Gujarat (6.5%), West Bengal... of 129 districts with FSW sites prevalence among FSW Number of Districts with >15% HIV 8 (FSW sites in... > 30% prevalence among FSW HIV prevalence among FSW) Female Sex Workers At... HIV prevalence greater than 5% among FSW. Table 4 shows state-wise HIV... greater than 5% HIV prevalence among FSW which includes 7 sites in West... in Delhi, Mizoram and Nagaland. FSW sites in Pune, Mumbai and... shown > 30% HIV prevalence among FSW. HIV Sentinel Surveillance and HIV Estimation 2007: A Technical Brief Among FSW, there is a decline in South.... Figure 4 depicts HIV trends among FSW in different regions of India... Positivity 12 Figure 4: Trends among FSW, Groups of States, 2003-07...%) and Uttar Pradesh (1.29%). Overall, 22 districts (24 sites) have shown... prevalence greater than 15% among FSW, MSM and IDU. HIV Epidemic...) 17.54 Hyderabad(MSM) 41.22 Krishna(MSM) 15.45 Chennai... Mumbai(FSW) 42.40 Churachandpur(FSW) 19.60 Kolhapur(FSW) 18.00 Thane(FSW) 32.40 Pune(FSW) 59.20 Khammam(FSW) 15.60 WestGodavari(FSW) 16.47 EastGodavari(FSW... HIV Prevalence among IDU, MSM & FSW, 2003-2007 Mean Prevalence_IDU SN... 20 Madhya Pradesh 21 Maharashtra 22.89 29.20 12.80....60 11.80 54.29 22 Manipur 24.47 21.00... 3.05 7.53 25 Nagaland 8.43 3.22 4.51 2.39 1.91 26 Orissa....40 17.60 7.86 9.20 22.80 0.00 0.00 2.86 2.14... 39.92 0.50 2006 1.60 5.22 63.81 2005 0.00 0.40... 0.28 1.44 1.30 4.80 0.00 1.22 2.31 3.72 1.36 2.55 0.65... 1.00 21.47 16.40 22.80 24.40 17.20....0 10.8 12.8 10.0 11.62 22 Manipur 1.00 1.38 1.00 1.25... 0.25 0.00 2.45 5.74 4.22 4.03 3.22 28 Punjab 0.00 0.25 0.13... men (MSM), female sex workers (FSW), long distance truckers and the... well as Spectrum Package. 21 22 HIV Sentinel Surveillance and HIV... Bihar 0.15 0.17 2006 2007 0.22 0.18 Orissa Haryana 0.27 0.2 Kerala... 0.12 0.13 0.20 0.11 0.12 0.22 0.19 0.12 0.10 0.17 0.19... 0.11 0.30 0.26 0.12 0.11 0.22 0.18 0.13 0.10 0.17 0.16... |
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.../* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-204/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-205/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-304/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-305/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-306/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-405/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-406/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-407/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-504/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-505/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-506/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-605/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-606/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-607/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-651/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-656/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-657/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-705/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-706/* ……………………………C-22 (H) A-707/* ……………………………C-22... (F) FSW-21 ……………………………B-74 (F) FSW-22 ……………………………B-74 (F) FSW-30 ……………………………B-72 (F) FSW-31 ……………………………B-72 (F) FSW-32 ……………………………B-72 (F) FSW-40 ……………………………B-74 (F) FSW-41 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-42 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-43 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-50 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-51 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-52 ……………………………B-73 (F) FSW-112R-A ………………………B-67 (F) FSW-118 ……………………B-66, B-67 (F) FSW-118-A2 ………………………B-66 (F) FSW-118-D2 ………………………B-66 (F) FSW-119 …………………………B-68 (F) FSW-119-A2 ………………………B-68 (F) FSW-119... |
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... 2 (FSW-21) and August 29 (FSW-22) from the Jiuquan Launch Center. The FSW-21 mission returned on August 29, the same day the FSW-22... take 28 images per day.22 9 China is currently developing a FY... Tenth Fiveyear Plan, the Chinasat-22 in November 2003 and the... China 2005 26 12 5 5 2004 22 16 3 8 2003 21 23 4 6 2002 25 17 12 6 2001 23 22 8 1 Totals 117 90 32 26... of a unipolar international system that 22 the United States dominates. It... News) [online], October 20, 2004. 22. Xiao Hao, “Woguo diyike yewu... Than U.S.,” People’s Daily [online], May 22, 2002. 25. Craig Covault, “China... Out,” People’s Daily [online], July 22, 2003. 39. European Space Agency.../n717840/n717862/49413html, on March 22, 2006. 53. China’s Space Activities... Disaster,” People’s Daily [online], August 22, 2006. 55. “COSTIND Issues Our... Experimental Stages”), Spacechina.com, March 22, 2007. 73. Xie Tao, “‘Shen...&ti=0&sc=400 on November 22, 2006. 93. Renae Merle, “Rocket...: A Geotechnological Balancer,” Space Policy, Vol. 22, 2006, p. 13. 96. See, for... |