Спутник ФКИ. Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. [Редактировать]

GLAST (Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope), впоследствии названный Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, — космическая обсерватория для изучения, с низкой земной орбиты, больших областей космоса в диапазоне гамма-излучения. С его помощью астрономы намерены исследовать астрофизические и космологические процессы, происходящие в активных ядрах галактик, пульсарах и других высокоэнергетических источниках; также будут изучаться гамма-всплески, вестись поиски тёмной материи.

Научные приборы

  • LAT — гамма-телескоп предназначен для наблюдений в диапазоне энергий от нескольких десятков МэВ до сотен ГэВ. Чувствительность на энергии 100 МэВ в 50 раз выше, чем у его предшественника EGRET Комптоновской обсерватории. При этом LAT будет получать гораздо более чёткие изображения и лучше определять координаты источников.
  • Fermi GBM — прибор для регистрации гамма-всплесков. Ожидается, что он будет регистрировать около 200 событий в год. Это немного, но задача простого увеличения числа известных всплесков перед ним и не ставится. Интереснее детально разобраться с тем, как гамма-всплески светят в жёстком гамма-диапазоне, на энергиях порядка ГэВ. Комптоновская обсерватория увидела несколько очень жёстких всплесков, но вопросов осталось больше, чем ответов.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Gamma-ray Large Area Space TelescopeНайтиНайти
2GLASTНайтиНайти
333053НайтиНайти
4Gamma-ray Large Area Space TelescopeНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4303
2Платформа 1xLEOStar-3
3Диапазон, Гэв0.1-300
4Спектральное разрешение, процентов10
5Угловое разрешение, угл. минут10
6Чувствительность, фотон/см^2xс3E-9
7Эффективная площадь, сантиметров в квадрате9500

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2008-029A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор NASA, United States Department of Energy, with significant contributions by government agencies in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, and Sweden.
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-01723.3
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0197.4
4Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01403.3
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-01222.5
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-01774.5
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-0198.7
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2008-12-01423.0
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2008-12-01252.8

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2008-06-11 at 16:05:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xFermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 688 документов по запросу «Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Southwest Research Institute 409 Space Science Institute 521 Space Telescope Science Institute 200... Large Webb Space Telescope Maryland 2 National Harbor 10 Synoptic Survey Telescope, and Transient... Space Mission, 6:30pm-8:00pm, National Harbor 10 341 Wide Field InfraRed Space Telescope... S.1, 9; Sembach, Kenneth1; Weinberg, David H.10 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.UCO... the Gamma Cygni region: the first variable gamma-ray pulsar seen by the Fermi Large Area Telescope Razzano, Massimiliano1...: Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration 140.07 Discovery of the radio and gamma-ray..., Jennifer2; Koekemoer, Anton M.1; Salvato, Mara3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Los...’s University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom. 5. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 6.National... Searching for Millisecond Pulsars in Fermi Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources Cromartie, H. Thankful1; Camilo....02 The Second Fermi Large Area Telescope Catalog of Gamma-ray Pulsars Johnson, Tyrel.... 2.Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 3.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 4.Pennsylvania..., Pierre1; Green, Elizabeth M.2; Fontaine, Gilles3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Steward... C.2, 4 1 .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 3.Steward... the Disk-Jet Connection in Fermi Gamma-Ray Bright Blazars Isler, Jedidah1; Urry..., Roeland P.1; Norman, Colin A.2, 1; Nakamura, Masanori3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Johns.... Contributing teams: Fermi Large Area Telescope 240.02 The Pulsing Gamma-ray Sky Romani... Galaxies Tumlinson, Jason1; Bordoloi, Rongmon1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. Contributing.... 3.Univeristy of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. 4. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 5.University..., Canada. 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 4.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore... discovery currently enabled by the Fermi gamma-ray telescope. NICER exploits established infrastructure on... G.1, 2 1.Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. Contributing... Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC. 3.Space Telescope...(s): Susana Deustua, Space Telescope Science Institute Organizer(s): Susana Deustua, Space Telescope Science Institute 304...(s): Jason Kalirai, Space Telescope Science Institute Organizer(s): Jason Kalirai, Space Telescope Science Institute 314..., NM. 5.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 6.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore...-Günter2; Steffen, Matthias3; Freytag, Bernd4 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Zentrum..., Maurizio3; Ferraro, Ivan4; Valenti, Jeff A.1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Osservatorio... James Webb Space Telescope will be the most powerful telescope that astronomers have... Webb Space Telescope Batalha, Natasha1, 3; Kalirai, Jason S.1; Lunine, Jonathan I.2; Mandell, Avi4 1. Space Telescope Science..., Tracy L.1; Furlan, Elise4; Gutermuth, Robert A.5 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Wesleyan..., CA. 346.34 The Fermi bubbles: gamma-ray, microwave and polarization signatures of..., John T.1 1. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore..., Sasha3; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand1; Veicht, Aaron2 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.AMNH... Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. 3. Space Telescope Science... Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 4.California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. 5.Space Telescope....03 The Future of Fermi-LAT Gamma-ray Burst Studies with Improved Event...: Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration POSTERS WEDNESDAY 352.04 Chasing short duration gamma-ray... Gamma-Ray Burst Rate with Trigger Simulations of the Swift Burst Alert Telescope... the Fermi-Large Area Telescope Collaboration 352.08 Modeling the Afterglows of Gamma Ray..., Andrea1, 2; Meyer, Michael2; Pontoppidan, Klaus1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.ETH..., Germany. 8. Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands. 9.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 10..., Anthony1; Wallace, Geoff1; White, Richard L.1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Million..., Saida M.2; Walborn, Nolan R.1; Crowther, Paul A.2 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.University..., Bradley C.1; Chandar, Rupali2; Larsen, Soeren S.3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.University..., Susana E.1; Ros, Rosa M.2; Garcia, Beatriz3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Universitat... - Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia. 7.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 8.Northrop...; Sabbi, Elena2 1. Space Science Dept, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, Netherlands. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute...



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.... Using NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility and the W. M. Keck telescope at Mauna Kea... were Prism, an expandable refracting telescope designed to observe Earth as... measurements collected by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), to determine the amount..., a mission that required maintaining the telescope’s three instruments at -456°F (-271... coolant had finally depleted. The telescope would remain cold, at -404...); NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Spitzer Space Telescope Mission Status,” JPL news release... Great Observatories—Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), and Chandra X-ray Observatory—to... announced that its Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had captured the first gamma-ray burst (GRB) ever... Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had detected the blast on 15 September 2008, and the Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor aboard the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had recorded the... in seven wavelengths, using the Gamma-Ray Burst Optical/Near-Infrared Detector...) on the 2.2-meter (7.22-foot) telescope at the European Southern Observatory... 23 NASA, “NASA’s Fermi Telescope Sees Most Extreme Gamma-Ray Blast Yet,” news release... Off, on Age-Old Quest: Space Telescope Seeks To Find Other Earths... sent an ultraviolet-detecting telescope to orbit aboard Space Shuttle Columbia; the... content using the WorldWide Telescope, Microsoft’s online virtual telescope for exploring the universe. Online since 2008, WorldWide Telescope combined images from ground- and space-based telescopes to... terabytes of data, which WorldWide Telescope would incorporate later in 2009... those images in the WorldWide Telescope project. The agreement built on...-067_Microsoft_WorldWide_ Telescope.html (accessed 4 May 2011); Agence France-Presse, “Microsoft’s WorldWide Telescope... NASA announced that the Kepler telescope, which NASA had launched in... afterglow using the Gemini South telescope in Chili, the event marked... April 2009. 60 NASA, “New Gamma-Ray Burst Smashes Cosmic Distance Record... ESA launched its far-infrared space telescope Herschel and its cosmic background...-5 rocket carried the largest telescope ever launched into space. The two spacecraft... arm, K. Megan McArthur captured the telescope at 1:14 p.m. (EDT), on her... arm, McArthur successfully secured the telescope in its berth at the..., a mission that required maintaining the telescope’s three instruments at -456°F (-271... coolant had finally depleted. The telescope would remain cold, at -404...); NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Spitzer Space Telescope Mission Status,” JPL news release... the gyroscopes that kept the telescope pointed in the correct direction... batteries. Working from inside the telescope, Good and Massimino had difficulty... replace worn insulation on the telescope. To fix the spectrograph, Massimino... mission. They successfully renewed the telescope’s batteries, which provide 69 Dennis... Hubble Telescope One Last Hug,” Space.com, 18 May 2009, http://www.space.com/6714-astronauts-give-hubble-telescope-hug.html (accessed... HST’s successor, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), 1.5 million kilometers (0.93 million... IRIS mission would use a solar telescope and spectrograph to explore the...-secrets-space-blobs-revealed.html (accessed 8 August 2011); Seth Borenstein, “Telescope Finds Space... NASA announced that its Kepler space telescope had detected the atmosphere of... analysis showed that Kepler’s onboard telescope and light-detecting instruments were...-built 2.5-meter (100-inch) infrared telescope. Mounted in a cavity in the... modified Boeing-747SP jetliner, the telescope had scientific instruments capable of... flight-test support for the telescope-cavity-door-open flight tests... Rodger E. Doxsey, head of the Space Telescope Science Institute’s (STScI’s) HST Mission... the daily operations of the telescope. He had been responsible for... Doxsey “knew everything about the space telescope, from the smallest anomaly to... extraordinary science delivered by the telescope.” Doxsey had worked with HST... D. Roylance, “Rodger Doxsey, One of Space Telescope Team’s First Leaders, Dies at...) infrared telescope. During one test in a series of four, the telescope’s doors... of the plane carrying the telescope and allowing engineers to observe... flowed in and around the telescope. NASA had conducted flight tests... Unique Jumbo Jet; Plane’s Airborne Telescope Will Be Used To Unlock... Climate Experiment gamma-ray burst Gamma-Ray Burst Optical/Near-Infrared Detector Goddard Space Flight... Detection System Experiment Payload Hubble Space Telescope High Thrust H-2 Transfer Vehicle Hypersonic... Jet Propulsion Laboratory Johnson Space Center James Webb Space Telescope 74 Aeronautics and... Space Exploration Technologies Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver Stennis Space Center Spitzer Space Telescope Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) Space Telescope...



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Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope: High-Energy Results from the ...@scipp.ucsc.edu Abstract The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) was launched on June 11... Large Area Telescope (LAT), a wide field-ofview pair-conversion telescope covering the... obtained with the LAT, the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) complements the... the high-energy emission of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) that have been... with the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi) during the first year... August 2008.1 High-energy γ-ray observations with Fermi were preceded by observations... the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory. The key improvements of the Fermi LAT, compared... Fermi observations. For an overview of ground-based, very high-energy γ-ray... addressed by Fermi 3. Description of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope 4. First year of Fermi observations 4.1 Galactic... searches 4.5 Cosmic-ray electrons and positrons 5. Summary: What next from Fermi                                                                                                                           1  at... addressed by Fermi Before launch, it was anticipated that Fermi would address...-energy γ-ray radiation. In the first year of operations, Fermi has triggered...-304 that covered optical, X-ray, high-energy (Fermi LAT) and very high... year Fermi LAT observations have increased the number of known γ-ray pulsars... and X-ray pulsars. Detection of a 3     large number of pulsars by Fermi, yielding... the high-energy behavior of Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) and transients. GRBs... GRBs. The combination of the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) and the... Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (Fermi), shown in figure 1, has two instruments: (i) the Large Area Telescope (LAT), the primary instrument, is a wide field-of-view imaging telescope... et al 2009); (ii) the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) is sensitive... information about Fermi can be found at the Fermi Science Support Center Web site, http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/. A high-energy γ-ray cannot be reflected... LAT therefore is a pair-conversion telescope with a precision converter-tracker section... 1. The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope and its two instruments. The Large Area Telescope (LAT) images... than 300 GeV while the Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) complements the... γ-ray emission with the LAT. Table 1. Performance characteristics of the Fermi LAT2... the γ−ray sky above 200 MeV as seen by Fermi from one... γ-ray sky that is discussed in the following sections. The Fermi LAT..., the Fermi LAT collaboration reported on measurements of the diffuse γ-ray emission... an X-ray point source RX J00070+7302. Figure 5. Left: The Fermi LAT... distribution of the γ-ray pulsars detected by the Fermi LAT during the... all of the 46 Fermi high-confidence γ-ray pulsars. The characteristic age.... Of the 8 millisecond γ-ray pulsars detected by Fermi, most are just a few... general. 13     Figure 7. Left: Fermi LAT γ-ray image (200 MeV to 10... the location of the Fermi source. The γ-ray source coincides with the...: The Fermi LAT Collaboration has reported the detections of highenergy γ-ray emission... γ-ray emission. Indeed, all of the middle-aged remnants detected by Fermi... observed by Fermi. Figure 8. Left: Power spectrum of LS I +61o303 γ-ray light....) 20     Interestingly, Fermi LAT observations have also revealed γ-ray emission from four... γ-ray window opened up by the Fermi LAT. 4.2.3 Large Magellanic Cloud: Cosmic-ray... γ-ray luminosity of starburst galaxies made well before the launch of Fermi suggested that Fermi LAT should detect them... objects. 4.2.5 Gamma-Ray Bursts: During the past decade the study of X-ray, optical...; ARR; z = 1.82 Table 2. Gamma-ray bursts detected by the Fermi LAT between August...-energy solar flare events, Fermi has detected γ–ray emission from the quiescent... the Fermi LAT as well (Giglietto 2009). Unlike the cosmic-ray interactions... important objective of the Fermi mission. The γ-ray flux from dark matter... Fermi LAT data; the Fornax Cluster and the Coma Cluster. No γ-ray...-ray electrons and positrons: Although designed as a high-sensitivity γ-ray telescope, the Fermi LAT... course Fermi cannot directly distinguish electrons and positrons. The Fermi LAT results...). 31     Figure 16. The Fermi LAT cosmic-ray electron-positron spectrum (red...-energy cosmic-ray electrons. The Pamela results along with the Fermi and... Galactic γ-ray radiation, and in particular the GeV excess? Fermi does not...  from  the  Fermi  Science  Support  Center  at   http://fermi.gsfc.nasa.gov/ssc/   33     and γ-ray emission region... and dedication of the entire Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope team and the sustained support... Council, and National Space Board in Sweden. The Fermi GBM Collaboration is... behalf of the Fermi LAT Collaboration at the Fermi International Science Symposium... Proc 558 463, High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, F A Aharonian & H J Völk (Ed) (New...



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.../PUBLICATIONS/APSNEWS HAWC Charts the Gamma-Ray Sky By Gabriel Popkin By... High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory unveiled a new map of... never been seen before in gamma rays with energies above a few... Mexico’s Volcán Sierra Negra, sees gamma rays from the entire Northern... most previous gamma-ray survey instruments, such as NASA’s Fermi Gammaray Space Telescope, are limited... a uniquely broad view in both space and time. The observatory consists... detected a power-packed 60-TeV gamma ray — a photon more than four times... is a supernova remnant and a known gamma-ray source. And new data will... Michelle Hui of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama... sensitivity, to capture even more gamma rays at the high end... scientist for the Fermi telescope at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt... provide a more complete picture of gamma-ray sources than either can on...’ll be able to combine Fermi data and HAWC data on... W Sky map of high-energy gamma rays observed by HAWC. Many... not gamma rays themselves, but showers of particles released when gamma rays... HAWC map includes some known gamma-ray sources such as certain galaxies... even three distinct gamma ray sources. HAWC also observed gamma rays from the... don’t really know [where the] gamma rays are coming from,” said... not appear in previous TeV gamma-ray searches. Likely candidates include distant... at a point, and indeed, as Fermi later showed, it can be... mergers per cubic gigaparsec of space per year (one gigaparsec equals... update within a month or two. Gamma-ray intrigue Those new results could... full moons. Scientists with NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope then found in their data... LIGO signal began. Though the gamma-ray signal has a 2 in 1,000 chance... far less than a 5-sigma event — Fermi scientists published it in February... arXiv. The possible coincidence of a gamma ray signal with GW150914 is intriguing... radiation. Within days of the Fermi team’s announcement, theorists had posted... arXiv proposing explanations for the gamma rays. But scientists are remaining... European Space Agency’s (ESA’s) Integral satellite, which also looks for gamma rays... LIGO, and a big blob from Fermi,” Texas Tech’s Corsi said. “I’m personally... [gravitational wave and gammaray] associations.” Fermi team members are also remaining... Adam Goldstein of the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama... than 25 times as much space as they did in the..., proposed under the name “Einstein Telescope.” Syracuse University’s Stefan Ballmer noted... pretty far ahead.” Going into space Amid the celebrations, astrophysicist Neil... plans for the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA), which would orbit... shorten the wait for a functioning space-based observatory. ESA’s LISA Pathfinder... altered. When Galileo turned his telescope toward Jupiter in 1609, he... of relativity (which implies that space itself responds to the presence..., disturbances in the fabric of space propagate out at the speed.... As these gravitational waves traverse space they will literally cause distances..., it does. The oscillations in space caused by gravitational waves are...



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... paradigm for cosmic ray origin and its connection with gamma ray astronomy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.1 Hadronic or leptonic? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2 The role of Fermi and of the Cherenkov Telescope Array . . . 1.3 Molecular clouds as cosmic ray... . 6.2 Solution of the transport equation . . . . 6.3 Gamma ray spectra . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.4 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Conclusions and future... paradigm for cosmic ray origin and its connection with gamma ray astronomy In... between CR studies and gamma ray astronomy, since gamma rays are produced in... in gamma ray astronomy. If, from the one side, hadronic TeV gamma rays... predictions with the observed X-ray and TeV gamma ray spectra. While hadronic models... generally fit quite satisfactorily both X-ray and gamma ray data (for RX J1713... role of Fermi and of the Cherenkov Telescope Array The Fermi gamma ray space telescope is currently... operation of gamma ray detectors both from space (the above mentioned Fermi but also... of the gamma ray emission. This is because the GeV gamma ray emission from... on gamma ray emission from molecular clouds and their role as cosmic ray... based instruments and Fermi. The shape of the gamma-ray spectrum is naturally... energy cutoff at E∗ . The corresponding gamma-ray spectrum exhibits a prominent peak at... of TeV gamma rays due to inverse 45 Figure 3.3: Gamma ray (thick lines... of gamma ray and neutrino emission is illustrated in Fig. 3.3, where gamma ray (thick... now estabilished gamma ray sources (Aharonian et al. 2006b, 2008a). Their gamma ray emission... X– and gamma–rays respectively. The peak observable at ∼ TeV gamma ray energies is... be. In the hard X-ray/soft gamma ray region of the spectrum (from... morphological features of the hadronic gamma-ray emission surrounding the candidate CR.... (2010a), we compute the expected gamma-ray emissivity from hadronic interactions of... sites and produce there gamma-ray photons. This enhanced gamma ray emission, once detected, can reveal the presence of the cosmic ray accelerator. This is why studies of the gamma-ray emission... gamma ray observations of RX J1713.7-3946, which show a cutoff in the gamma ray... the gamma ray background. One would expect the excess (over the gamma ray background) in the diffuse gamma-ray emission around the... which one observes the hadronic gamma-ray emission. The different spatial distribution... band fit to the gamma ray emission detected by FERMI and HESS from... to the broad band gamma ray spectrum measured from FERMI and HESS. The... cosmic ray barometers? In the previous Chapters we computed the expected gamma ray... gamma rays, thin lines: Bremsstrahlung gamma rays. RIGHT PANEL: Thick lines: gamma ray emission... of secondaries. 6.3 Gamma ray spectra Fig. 6.2 (left panel) shows the gamma ray spectra for... the contribution to the total gamma ray emission from π 0 –decay (calculated following... for Fermi observations of MCs. In particular, the observation of gamma ray spectra... of the Cherenkov telescope. In this case the resulting gamma ray spectrum strongly... of gamma rays. This explains why a higher level of the gamma ray emission... this respect, searching for gamma ray signatures of cosmic ray acceleration (and disentangling... this gamma ray glows around supernova remnants a very strong indication for cosmic ray... on ... ) will necessarily require the gamma ray observations envisaged above. More theoretical... gamma ray based approach developed in Chapters 3, 4, and 5 to constrain the cosmic ray... ray physics – where do cosmic rays come from? 96 Chapter 8 Addendum: gamma ray... a number of potential sources, including gamma ray bursts, active galactic nuclei, large... sources of UHECRs based on gamma ray observations. Gamma ray telescopes have a much better...γ surrounding the accelerator, the resulting gamma ray source would appear point-like... that Cherenkov telescope arrays are powerful instruments to image extended gamma ray sources... ray propagation in molecular clouds and related gamma ray emission”, Workshop on diffuse gamma rays, LPTA, Montpellier, France, 13-14 November 2008 113 7. “Gamma ray emission associated with Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray sources”, The... 8. “GeV and TeV gamma ray Astronomy”, 21st European Cosmic Ray Symposium, Kosice, Slovakia... the cosmic ray diffusion coefficient in the W28 region from gamma-ray observations”, sf2a, Marseille, 21-24 June 2010 2. “Gamma ray emission..., Montpellier, 31 May-1 June 2010 4. “Gamma ray emission from molecular clouds”, Atelier...: constraints from very high energy gamma ray observations”, Astropart. Phys. 30, 180...”, Astrophys. Space Sci. 309, 365 (2007) 6. S. Gabici & F.A. Aharonian, “Pointlike Gamma Ray Sources as..., 579 (2004) 9. S. Gabici & P. Blasi, “The gamma ray background from large scale structure...



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... Review GoddardView National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov Volume... was created as NASA’s first space flight Center to pioneer technologies...: Earth science, astrophysics, heliophysics, exploration, space operations, communications, and planetary science... official publication of the Goddard Space of our most exciting and... 2009. Rob Strain Director, Goddard Space Flight Center GoddardView http://www... but will be published as space allows. All submissions are subject... Steele GLAST Blasts into Space, Now As Fermi, Gives Fabulous Findings Mars... ensure mission success. The relative Gamma-ray Large Area positions of Earth... to Mars only a few weeks Space Telescope, or every two years. The... 06 Caption: GLAST, now the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, lifts off aboard a Delta II... Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment the U.S. Air Force Communication/Navigation Outage Forecast System Telescope (EGRET) instrument on the Compton Gamma-ray Observatory. (C/NOFS... observatory, the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope—dedicated to Italian physicist, Enrico Fermi. NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has recently discovered 12 new gamma-ray-only pulsars and has detected gamma-ray.... Image credit: U.S. Air Force NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission is an astrophysics and... more on Fermi ’s latest discovery, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/fermi. Caption... Positioning System (GPS). flood the space around Earth. CINDI will simultaneously... Force Research Laboratory and the Space and Missile Command Explorers spacecraft... world-class scientific investigations from space 2008, but delays have postponed... solar system. Surveys and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. Astronauts will also... Origins Spectrograph—and upgrade the telescope with new batteries, impacts on... into the gas of interstellar space. This region is important to... Edited by John Putman Goddard Space Flight Center Featured on WETA... achievements in space flight, explored the ins and outs of a space requirements... of mankind’s first foray into space and the first innovation in... Web through Space Shuttle flight, Goddard teamed with the Space Generation Advisory... Goddard Council to host a world space party on April 12. Shorts... downloads. Goddard’s major milestones in space history, and the current and... and Space Museum This year’s ninth annual National Air and Space Museum reception, sponsored by the Maryland Space Business Roundtable... at the National Air and Space Museum. LaunchFest Thousands converged on... as part of a NASA-Discovery Space Act Agreement to celebrate NASA... participant on their knowledge of space-related themes and activities. Volume... helping establish a partnership with United Space Alliance, as well as secure.... This collaboration will foster new, space-based remote sensing instruments with... and Joseph Ensor sign the Space Act Agreement. Volume 4, Issue 22... Honor Award engineer for the Space Technology 8 Project Thermal Loop Technology... in developing a new class of space flight technology called the were..., and ranging receivers on all space lidar instruments developed at Each... and Lindsay Memorial Award for Space Science. Centrella and Baker received... Boldt family Robert Jastrow—February 8 Space Studies (GISS), and its head...



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... to Development Pg 3 James Webb Space Telescope… Smashingly Cold Pg 8 i am goddard... Johnson goddardview National Aeronautics and Space Administration Pg 12 www.nasa... technologies created for aeronautics and space missions that are used here... in Medical Imaging – 6 Two Goddard Fermi Telescope Scientists Win Lindsay Awards – 7 from... to eighth grade. James Webb Space Telescope…Smashingly Cold – 8 Each student, or... by Image credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center. December 31. The... PRIME Spinoff Award at the Space Goddard View is an official publication of the Goddard Space Foundation’s National Space Symposium in 2011. The... but will be published as space allows. All submissions are subject... the role that escape to space has played is required to... the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of.... The University of California-Berkeley Space Sciences Laboratory will also build... provide navigation support, the Deep Space Network, and the Electra telecommunications... (CNRS)-Ecole Polytechnique-L’université Pierre space—but even this isn’t the... been completely Now, the European Space Agency (ESA)/NASA Cluster mission... can survive the launch, deep space flight, and conditions on Mars... 11 October 2010 Two Goddard Fermi Telescope Scientists Win Lindsay Awards By... on the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission employed Julie McEnery is the Fermi Project Scientist.... working in high-energy gamma-ray and cosmic-ray astrophysics. She has David... for the Fermi Large Area Telescope and is responsible for coordinating gamma-ray burst... Sciences and Exploration Directorate at Fermi mission. Goddard, was the emcee... In addition to working on Fermi, she continues her involvement in... to see this ground-based gamma-ray observatories Whipple, Very Energetic Radiation... with Goddard’s highest award.” Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS), Milagro, and... center on active galaxies and gamma-ray bursts, but she also explores... the first two years of Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope, and is exciting to think... the gamma-ray sky: Small Astronomy Satellite (SAS-2), Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, and Fermi Gamma-ray Space The John C. Lindsay Memorial Award for Space Science is an annual Telescope. He is currently a Deputy Project Scientist for the Fermi project, award, and is the highest space science award... Multiwavelength Coordinator for the Fermi Large Area Telescope, and a named for Dr... as Associate Chief of the Space Sciences to the satellites, he... Observatory project and was the gamma-ray pulsars and blazars. David is... missions. Thompson commented, “Having the Fermi gamma-ray astronomy results The Lindsay Award... area of space science. The award map of the gamma-ray sky came.... For more information about the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, visit: Both McEnery and Thompson... http://www.nasa.gov/fermi. with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. Both noted that they... worked on Fermi. mission_pages/GLAST/team/Julie_Mc_Enery-bio.html. Gamma rays, the.../team/thompson-bio.html. n the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has surveyed the entire sky... October 2010 GoddardView James Webb Space Telescope…Smashingly Cold By Rob Gutro... that’s where the James Webb Space Telescope is going. A recent NASA demonstration... Webb Space Telescope, which is currently being built. Testing pieces of the telescope... space. The Webb Telescope is the next-generation premier space observatory, exploring deep space... planets and stars. The Webb Telescope will give scientists clues about... cold place where the Webb Telescope will orbit is called a “Lagrange... Straughn demonstrates how cold outer space is by immersing a piece of... fun,” said Straughn, a NASA Postdoctoral space. The four scientists were Amber... and Lead Scientist for Webb Telescope Education and Public and Paul... whom are on the Webb Telescope team at Goddard. Outreach at... how NASA engineers are building a telescope using D.C., Phoenix, Ariz., Seattle, Wash... to recreate the temperatures in space. In each case, the cup... information about the James Webb Space Telescope, the cup was going through... more information about the Webb Telescope ’s orbit, visit: perature and is... contact http://www.the Webb Telescope.nasa.gov/orbit.html. with... using nitrogen in its webb-space-telescope-100710. n liquid form because as... seeing a test model of of space exploration with plans to major...



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... on the earth and in space. The most massive objects in... high resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope. Some two decades later, observations... the speed of light. Since space effectively expands at the speed... excluded most of the parameter space (in terms of the mass...-02) on board the International Space Station. This experiment recently reported... earlier 2008 report from another space-based experiment, an Italian-Russian... of a gamma ray excess from the Galactic Center by the Fermi satellite gamma ray telescope in... of data on diffuse gamma ray emission from the Fermi gamma ray space telescope revealed a possible line... one intriguing result from the Fermi satellite has stood the test... for dark matter. The Fermi telescope observes gamma rays from 100 MeV to... addition however, Fermi has reported a diffuse glow of gamma rays extending up... are other contributions to diffuse gamma rays, most notably from the... gamma ray emission is subtracted from the observed flux, a diffuse excess of gamma... if the dark matter produces gamma rays by annihilations between dark... the spectrum of the excess gamma rays resembles exactly what is..., that of thousands of weak gamma ray sources in the central region... the fluctuations in the diffuse gamma ray emission favours many sources over... field at TeV gamma ray energies is the HESS Gamma ray telescope, a Cerenkov array in... telling us that the gamma rays at Fermi and HESS energies come from novel sources of cosmic ray... optimistically for dark matter, the gamma ray signals might incorporate a blend from... infrared and optical photons to gamma ray energies. Only improved observations will.... A new array of gamma ray telescopes, called the Cerenkov Telescope Array, will be... decode the mysteries of the gamma ray sky. The ambiguity and uncertainty... squeezing the regions of parameter space available to hide the dark...



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... office and laboratory space for computational sciences application, collaborative space, and data...-efficient, combined scientific computing space  Sufficient office space and a large auditorium to... and improve research space. Our capacity to renovate space with overhead dollars... such as Gammasphere (the national gamma-ray facility), HELIOS (a helical orbit spectrometer... the third-generation South Pole Telescope experiment to measure cosmic microwave... parent nuclide for the vital gamma-ray-imaging medical isotope technetium-99m... be pursued for most space types, but unique space for a magnet receiving... ($6M IGPP – Space Rehabilitation Program – Bldg. 362) In-house space for computer..., storage, and staging space Lack of available space would result in the... Area to renovated space in 200 Area ($8.5M IGPP – Space Rehabilitation Program... Laboratory Space rehabilitation program - Bldg. 362 (a) Space rehabilitation program - Bldg. 223 (b) Space rehabilitation program - Bldg. 222 (c) Space rehabilitation... (DUNE) and Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST), which is under construction... experience with the construction of gamma ray spectrometers, neutron imaging and directional... most of the space is 1960s vintage computing space that has major... Plans 73 Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 1. Mission and Overview Fermi National Accelerator... laboratory Contractor: Fermi Research Alliance, LLC Responsible Site Office: Fermi Site Office... involvement with the South Pole Telescope will ensure continued U.S. leadership in... and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope. The Lab also developed detectors...) measurements, including the South Pole Telescope and POLARBEAR. The POLARBEAR project... or the heaviest masses. For gamma-ray spectroscopy, the Lab conceived and... CD-0 for the next-generation gamma-ray tracking array (GRETA), with anticipated... advanced instrumentation; compact neutron and gamma-ray sources for active interrogation; nuclear... positionsensitive and low-noise systems, gamma-ray imaging using coded aperture masks... of critical space-based electronic components by the National Security Space Community.... Berkeley Lab collects high-quality gamma-ray background data in urban and... plans to fully characterize the gamma-ray background based on data collected... incident gamma rays. Berkeley Lab is also obtaining and evaluating background gamma-ray... storage, analysis and dissemination of gamma-ray background data, including detailed annotation... gsf of UC space on the UC Berkeley campus. Space Utilization Summary... the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) deep space probes, including New... reactions relevant to astrophysics, and gamma-ray spectroscopy. ORNL leads aspects of... excess space increases operational costs. Insufficient general wet/dry space for geomechanics... and general purpose space. Inadequate prepared, outdoor testbed space for conducting larger... federally owned office space to optimize campus continuity. Insufficient space to enable..., Safe Laboratory Space for Small and Medium Experiment "People Space" that Facilitates..., Safe Laboratory Space for Small and Medium Experiment "People Space" that Facilitates... for the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), a joint DOE-National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA... of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). FY 2016 Science and... the state-of-theart Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT), which launched in June 2008 on the FGST, a major space... a decade-long program of space-based gamma-ray observations, which are transforming our... feet of space. This additional space combined with the renovated existing space, also... experimental assembly space. Integral to the new facility is configurable space that... for a space effects chamber to test the James Webb telescope. Prior to... leased storage space totaling 74,267 SF of leased space. The Lab... other functions occupying the space Permanent warehouse space is over-utilized Shipping.... Inclusion of meeting space along with office space is the proposed SLI... SF of leased space while providing the needed meeting space to support... high bay fabrication space as well as provides swing space required to... 256 Optimize space and land use decisions – Strategically target space and INL... office space congestion there and elsewhere through paradigm shifts in space management... aging modular office space and adding modern office space [e.g., effective professional, viable... resolve office space congestion. MFC priorities for collaboration and office space are... to MFC, office space congestion and underutilized space on the REC campus... treatment facilities. Optimize Space and Land Use Decisions Space and land use... space plan that will include initiatives to optimize available space while forecasting space needs. Walk-downs of space at MFC... limits of time, space, and energy resolution through x-ray, neutron, and electron...



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... From Space NuSTAR Educator’s Guide X-rays on Earth and from Space National Aeronautics and Space Administration http://www...? - page 29 Article 4: NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead Star... science of NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). Summaries of the...-energy X-ray photons pass directly through most materials requiring special telescope designs..., because light can travel through space, it cannot be a matter wave... wavelength electromagnetic radiation (ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) can ionize atoms and... focusing X-ray telescopes, hence “Telescope Array.” As well as making focused X-ray images... the universe. NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, NuSTAR, is opening a new.... What is the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR)? About NuSTAR Components... ATK Goleta, which specializes in space-based deployable structures. They have... have flown on the International Space Station, on Mars landers, and... scale that flew on the Space Shuttle Endeavor in February 2000... recording and communicating data from space. This includes radio communications, electrical... crystal shields register high-energy gamma-rays and cosmic rays which... can maintain its orientation in space during an observation. One of... light but less energetic than gamma rays. Fig. 1 NuSTAR can only... objects are emitting X-ray photons and the telescope is just catching them... X-rays, X-ray astronomy is always done from instruments in space. Fig. 2 A supernova... increase the photon energy to X-ray energies. e Synchrotron Radiation e Charged particles...-energy X-ray photons pass directly through most materials requiring special telescope designs... observations with his home-made telescope in 1609. Light behaves in... patch of sky. Fig. 2 NuSTAR’s telescope consists of two sections of... total collecting area of the telescope shrinks for higher energy photons... many nested mirrors? Fig.4 NuSTAR’s telescope consists of two sections of... your full mast. In the space below, jot down each idea...-mass black hole). NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead Star... University, Baltimore, and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. These... done with the Chandra X-ray Observatory (at lower X-ray energies). Other quoted...étologie, using NuSTAR. NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead Star... of X-ray eyes in the sky, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR..., its state-of-the-art telescope is picking up X-rays emitted... June 13, is the only telescope capable of producing focused images... two days in July, the telescope teamed up with other observatories... included NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory, which sees lowerenergy X-ray light; and the..., but NuSTAR is the first telescope with sufficient sensitivity to actually.../JPL-Caltech NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, has captured... short. NuSTAR is the first telescope to be able to focus...’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), which sees higher-energy X-ray light, has... University, Baltimore, and NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md. “Periodic... image from NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). The NuSTAR data... accreting material. NuSTAR launched into space in June of 2012. Washington... size medium? NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR, is busy... but also with the European Space Agency’s XMM-Newton satellite. Archival... NASA’s Chandra, Swift and Spitzer space telescopes as well as Japan... Article 4: October 8, 2014 NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Dead Star... made with NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array, or NuSTAR. ULXs are... waves to ultra-high-energy gamma rays. As the star spins... dead stars. NuSTAR, a relatively small telescope, has thrown a big loop into... a diverse array of telescopes in space means that they can help... division in Washington. “When one telescope makes a discovery, others with complementary... Radiograph CT Scan Source X-ray tube Rotating X-ray tube Detector Film, plate... quality images. Terminology and X-ray Production X-ray Tube An X-ray tube is a vacuum... value of the applied X-ray tube voltage during X-ray production. This controls...: • Energy • Frequency • Wavelength • Number of X-ray photons produced • Penetrability Increasing kVp... (Table 1). For example, a conventional abdominal X-ray examination results in a dose to... leaves Computerized tomography: a form of X-ray imaging where a computer collects slices... E Milliamperage second: a common X-ray imaging setting; the total X-ray current measured in... in volts X-ray dose: the amount of X-ray radiation absorbed X-ray: a form of...; X-ray photons have more energy than ultraviolet light, but less than gamma.... Active Galaxy Education Unit http://fermi.sonoma.edu/teachers/agn.php... unit was developed for the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Education and Public Outreach program... our nearest star’s fate. NASA’s Space Place http://spaceplace.nasa.gov... Propulsion Laboratory (2014). “NASA’s NuSTAR Telescope Discovers Shockingly Bright Bead Star...