Спутник ФКИ. Foton-M No. 4. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат «Фотон-М» №4 (далее по тексту – КА «Фотон-М» №4), со-стоит из спускаемого аппарата (СА), приборного отсека (ПО), агрегатного отсека (АО), платформы средств отделения (ПСО), солнечной батареи и других элементов общей сбор-ки КА. СА и ПО являются герметичными отсеками.

Возвращаемая научная аппаратура (НА) устанавливается внутри СА и на наружной поверхности СА. Общая масса возвращаемой научной аппаратуры, устанавливаемой внутри СА и на наружной поверхности СА, составляет примерно 430 кг.

Сбор, преобразование, запоминание и передача на наземные приемные средства значений телеметрических параметров научной аппаратуры осуществляется радиотелеметрической системой КА, которая обеспечивает контроль состояния и работоспособности научной аппаратуры в режимах запоминания информации с последующим воспроизведением её в сеансах связи (от 2-3 раз до 6 раз в сутки) и в режиме непосредственной передачи информации (радиолиния в S-диапазоне частот со скоростью 512 кбит/с). В ЦУП проводится оперативная обработка телеметрической информации и передача её участникам проведения научных экспериментов. Каналы, предназначенные для сбора телеметрической информации научной аппаратуры, опрашиваются с частотой: 100 Гц - в режиме непосредственной передачи;  3 Гц - в режиме запоминания.

Состав научной аппаратуры и программа проведения космических экспериментов на борту КА «Фотон-М» №4 сформированы в результате анализа заявок российских и зарубежных организаций, выполненного Советом РАН по космосу, и утверждена Совместным Решением Совета РАН по космосу и Роскосмоса. Всего на борту «Фотон-М» №4  размещено 22 типа различной научной аппаратуры, часть из которой прошла апробацию с положительными результатами на борту КА «Бион-М» №1 (здесь подразумеваются следующие наименования научной аппаратуры: ГК-01, летавшая в составе НА МЛЖ-01; БИОКОНТ-Б; БЕЛКА; ДОЗИМЕТР-РДЗ; ППН и МЕТЕОРИТ).

За 60 суток нахождения на орбите космическому аппарату «Фотон-М» №4 предстоит выполнить обширную научную программу, которая включает, по уточнённым данным, 130 экспериментов в следующих областях:

  • космическое материаловедение (12 космических экспериментов),
  • кристаллизация белков (36 космических экспериментов),
  • физики экстремального состояния вещества в условиях микрогравитации (30 космических экспериментов),
  • изучение фазовых переходов эвтектических сплавов (2 космических эксперимента),
  • физика микрогравитации, эксперименты по контролю и управлению уровнем остаточных микроускорений на борту КА (13 космических экспериментов),
  • космические биология, физиология и биотехнология (35 космических экспериментов),
  • контроль космической радиации, а также технический эксперимент апробации нового метода температурного контроля (2 космических эксперимента).
   

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
3Страна производитель - Россия
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-09-01. Временная потеря контроля за аппаратом.Тэги: Foton-M No. 4

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг6120
2Масса (полезная нагрузки), кг430
3Полезная нагрузка 1xКБТС15
4Полезная нагрузка 1xВИБРОКОН-ФМ
5Полезная нагрузка 1xСВС-ФМ
6Полезная нагрузка 1xГК-04
7Полезная нагрузка 1xБИОКУЛЬТИВАТОР
8Полезная нагрузка 1xБИОКОНТ-ФЭ
9Полезная нагрузка 1xИМ-ФМ
10Полезная нагрузка 1xКАЛИБР
11Полезная нагрузка 1xВИБРОЗАЩИТА
12Полезная нагрузка 1xКСКМ
13Полезная нагрузка 1xБЕЛКА
14Полезная нагрузка 1xКРИСТАЛЛ
15Полезная нагрузка 1xБИОКОНТ-Б2
16Полезная нагрузка 1xФЛЮОР-П
17Полезная нагрузка 1xМТЭ
18Полезная нагрузка 1xСПД
19Полезная нагрузка 1xДОЗИМЕТР РДЗ-Б3
20Полезная нагрузка 1xББ-1Ф
21Полезная нагрузка 1xМРТ
22Полезная нагрузка 1xСИГМА
23Полезная нагрузка 1xППН-Ф
24Полезная нагрузка 1xМЕТЕОРИТ
25Cреднесуточное электропотребление обеспечивающей аппаратуры (до), Вт500
26Предполагаемый уровень квазистационарных микроускорений в зоне размещения научной аппаратуры, g10E-5 − 10E-6
27Срок активного существования, сутки60 суток и 1 резервные
28Среднесуточное электропотребление научной аппаратуры (до), Вт900

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2014-041A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2014-07-18 at 20:50:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xFoton-M No. 4
4Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-2.1а

Найдено 235 документов по запросу «Foton-M No. 4». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-01-04
Скачать документ
0.14/5
... plants on space vehicle ”Bion-M” no. 1. Vestnik SamGU [Vestnik of SamSU ], 2013, no. 9/1(110), pp. 140–150 [in... ”Carbon” on space vehicle ”Bion-M” no. 1. Izvestiia SNTs RAN [Proceedings of..., no. 6, pp. 210–217 [in Russian]. [4] Scientific and technological space vehicle ”FOTON... (01.09.2014): Space vehicle ”FOTON-M” no. 4 came down to earth. Retrived... on board of space vehicle ”FOTON-M” no. 4. Obozrenie prikladnoi i promyshl. matematiki [Survey... of space vehicles ”Bion-M” and ”FOTON-M”. Obozrenie prikladnoi i promyshl. matematiki [Survey... of RAS ], 2012, Vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 240–243 [in Russian...], 2013, Issue 3, pp. 5–9 [in Russian]. no. 4. Retrieved from: 152 Л.В. Курганская L.V. Kurganskaya... SCIENTIFIC GEAR MRT ON SPACECRAFT ”FOTON-M” № 4 The short description of scienti... daily flight of a space vehicle ”FOTON-M” № 4 are presented. It is shown...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-10
Скачать документ
0/5
‫ﺍﻷﻣـﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤـﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫‪ST/SG/SER.E/529‬‬ ‫‪Distr.: General‬‬ ‫‪22 January 2008‬‬ ‫‪Arabic‬‬ ‫‪Original: English‬‬ ‫ﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻷﻏﺮﺍﺽ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺪ‪‬ﻣﺔ ﻭﻓﻘﺎ ﻻﺗﻔﺎﻗﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﻛﹼﺮﺓ ﺷﻔﻮﻳﺔ ﻣﺆﺭ‪‬ﺧﺔ ‪ ١٠‬ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‪/‬ﺩﻳﺴﻤﱪ ‪ ٢٠٠٧‬ﻣﻮﺟ‪‬ﻬﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻟﻼﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻲ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ )ﻓﻴﻴﻨﺎ(‬ ‫‪‬ـﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﻌـﺜﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤـﺔ ﻟﻼﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻲ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ )ﻓﻴﻴﻨﺎ( ﲢﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻣــﻢ ﺍﳌــﺘﺤﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﺘﺸـﺮ‪‬ﻑ ﺑــﺄﻥ ﲢــﻴﻞ ﺇﻟــﻴﻪ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓﻘــﺎ ﻟــﻠﻤﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟــﺮﺍﺑﻌﺔ ﻣــﻦ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗــﻴﺔ ﺗﺴــﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﻷﺟﺴــﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘـﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﻀـﺎﺀ ﺍﳋـﺎﺭﺟﻲ )ﻣـﺮﻓﻖ ﻗـﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﳉﻤﻌـﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣـﺔ ‪) ٣٢٣٥‬ﺩ‪ ،((٢٩-‬ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳌــﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﺴــﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻀــﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟــﱵ ﺃﻃﻠﻘﻬــﺎ ﺍﻻﲢــﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳــﻲ ﰲ ﺃﻳﻠــﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳــﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪ ٢٠٠٧‬ﻭﻛﺬﻟــﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺍﻧﺪﺛﺮﺕ ﺃﺛﻨﺎﺀ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ )ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﻓﻖ(‪.‬‬ ‫)‪V.08-50595 (A‬‬ ‫‪210208‬‬ ‫*‪*0850595‬‬ ‫‪2‬‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﺟﺴﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻃﻠﻘﻬﺎ ﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻲ ﰲ ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪*٢٠٠٧‬‬ ‫‪-١‬‬ ‫ﰲ ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﺃﹸﻃﻠﻖ ﺍﳉﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﺎﻥ ﻟﻼﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫ﺍﳋﺼﺎﺋﺺ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳉﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪٣٢٢٤‬‬ ‫‪Cosmos-2429‬‬ ‫)ﺃﹸﻃﻠﻖ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺥ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺯ ﻛﻮﺯﻣﻮﺱ‪ ٣-‬ﺇﻡ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﻠﻴﺴﺘﺴﻚ(‬ ‫‪٣٢٢٥‬‬ ‫‪Foton-M No. 3‬‬ ‫)ﹸﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺻﺎﺭﻭﺥ ﺣﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺯ ﺳﻮﻳﻮﺯ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ ﺑﺎﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺭ(‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻹﻃﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺝ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﺍﳊﻀﻴﺾ‬ ‫)ﻛﻢ(‬ ‫)ﻛﻢ(‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻴﻞ‬ ‫)ﺩﺭﺟﺔ(‬ ‫‪ ١١‬ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ‬ ‫‪١٠٢٠,٢٤‬‬ ‫‪٩٨٢,٨٢‬‬ ‫‪٨٢,٩٨‬‬ ‫‪ ١٤‬ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ‬ ‫‪٣٠٢,٠٠‬‬ ‫‪٢٦٣,٠٠‬‬ ‫‪٦٣,٠٠‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ‬ ‫)ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ(‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻲ‬ ‫‪ ١٠٤,٨١‬ﻳﻌﺘﺰﻡ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﲟﻬﺎﻡ ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﲢﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳﻲ‬ ‫‪٨٩,٩٠‬‬ ‫ﺃﲝﺎﺙ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮﺟﻴﺎ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺀ‪،‬‬ ‫ﲡﺎﺭﺏ ﺗﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎﺋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ -٢‬ﰲ ‪ ٦‬ﺃﻳﻠــﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳــﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﺃﻃﻠــﻖ ﺍﻻﲢــﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺳــﻲ ﺻــﺎﺭﻭﺥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀــﺎﺀ ‪ Proton-M/Breeze-M‬ﺣــﺎﻣﻼ ﺳــﺎﺗﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺗﺼـﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟـﻴﺎﺑﺎﱐ ‪ JCSat-11‬ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻮﻗـﻊ ﺍﻹﻃـﻼﻕ ﺑـﺎﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﺑﺴـﺒﺐ ﺇﺧﻔـﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﺭﻭﺥ ﺍﳊـﺎﻣﻞ ‪ Proton-M‬ﱂ ﻳﻮﺿﻊ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺗﻞ ﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺎﱐ ‪ JCSat-11‬ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﺭ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ -٣‬ﺍﳉﺴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﻀﺎﺋﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺛﺮﺍ ﰲ ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪ ،٢٠٠٧‬ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﻮﺩﺍ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻳﻦ ﰲ ﻣﺪﺍﺭ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ ‪ ٢٤/٠٠‬ﺑﺘﻮﻗﻴﺖ ﻣﻮﺳﻜﻮ ﻣﻦ ﻳﻮﻡ ‪ ٣٠‬ﺃﻳﻠﻮﻝ‪/‬ﺳﺒﺘﻤﱪ ‪:٢٠٠٧‬‬ ‫)‪2007-017A (Progress M-60‬‬ ‫)‪2007-040A (Foton-M‬‬ ‫_________‬ ‫*‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺴﺨﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﺑﻪ‪.‬‬ ‫‪ST/SG/SER.E/529‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺮﻓﻖ‬



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
Скачать документ
0.06/5
... passing through space Trend 8.1: While no space-based strike systems have..., however, and there has been no progress on space issues in... space Space security impact Although no new space civil space actors... elements of responsive space systems, no state currently has this capability...-Based Strike Systems Trend 8.1: While no space-based strike systems have... space programs. While there is no evidence to suggest that states... in 2007, although there is no evidence that states are developing... — about 1,800 kilometers per hour. No satellite can be reliably protected... of environmental hazards. There is no international space surveillance mechanism, but... other systems, but there is no sign of efforts to reach... customary international law.6 There is no widely accepted definition of the... the basis that there is no arms race in outer space... to space security, there is no indication of consensus on the... weapons, but there was still no consensus on a program of work... space exploration is a challenge that no one nation can do on... military modernization, although there is no express mention of the use... Zenit * France and the UK no longer conduct independent launches, but... space missions in 2007 Although no new actors gained access to... and Mars and will weigh no more than 100 kilograms.24... Space Security Impact 72 Although no new space civil space actors... these two figures, there is no reliable evidence.32 Nonetheless, China... space station, there are currently no plans in place.50 The... to $2-billion, although there is no reliable evidence.68 However, ongoing... the budget may be increasing. No notable new investments were observed... Chinese officials have indicated that no official plans exist.92 Other...) importance” and when projects have “no practical Civil Space Programs and... it is unstable, sometimes providing no reading at all.158 Russia... with the other systems, but no agreements have emerged.166 2007... 2007-040A 9/14/07 Soyuz-U Foton-M No. 3 Russia Russia Micro-gravity TsSKB....46 Moreover, because it uses no US components, China is marketing... kilogram in 2000. There was no clear pricing trend for 96... ‘ITAR free’ satellites that use no US components and thus avoid... from order,” but there are no specific launch plans.32 As... is also unstable, sometimes providing no reading at all.100 122..., JianBing-5,136 there is currently no evidence to suggest that it... NATO-1 Communications 1975 China FSW-0 No. 1 Remote sensing (optical) 1988 Israel... an attack. Nonetheless, there are no effective protections against the most... would constitute a significant protection capability, no space actor currently has this... satellites and negation efforts. While no actor has fully developed these... to have such capabilities, and no other actors are known to... fact that AIRSS is now no longer envisioned as a backup for... underway to enable rapid recovery, no actor currently has this capability...-cost, 200-pound satellite with no moving parts or propellants.123... ASAT programs53 System Actor Dates No. Intercepts Description of program Bold..., but it is most likely no longer operational.64 China has... threatening satellites and there are no plans to pursue exoatmospheric capabilities... in LEO.110 There is no public information emerged that such... satellite in GEO. There is no evidence to suggest that these... operational orbit,” with “little or no warning,” and include “advanced robotic... concept may be ongoing.1 While no space-based strike systems have... space security since actors would no longer enjoy freedom from space... access to space. Trend 8.1: While no space-based strike systems have... for its missile defense system No known integrated space-based strike... technologies, although the program has no direct relationship to MDA’s SBI... repeatedly stated that it has no plans to revive it. The... In summary, there have been no space-based strike systems tested... contend that there are currently no plans to develop such systems...-million, the US Congress allocated no funds for this program in... space programs. While there is no evidence to suggest that states... the US for the SBI. No other state is currently assessed... systems are behind schedule.37 No other states currently have space... average period between launches, but no state yet possesses a launch-on... Ocean Reconnaissance Satellites.45 While no other states have developed such... in 2007, although there is no evidence that states are developing... operational to in orbit but no longer operational. This list only... GEO 09/12/2007 Meridian No. 1 Soyuz-2-1A Russia Communications HEO...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-20
Скачать документ
0.23/5
...; (c) “Biological investigations onboard the Bion-M No. 1 and Foton-M No. 4 spacecraft” and “Search for...-based data at little or no cost. Those include remote sensing... the removal of space debris, no unilateral action should be taken... been assessed and there was no definite framework establishing responsibilities and... needed for some interplanetary missions, no justification existed for their use... whose activities had little or no impact on the sustainability of... proceed with its workplan, that no revision of the workplan had...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
Скачать документ
0.16/5
... reserved UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATIONS Sales No. GV.E.07.0.8 ISBN 978-92... states parties. However, there is no specific reference in this regard.... While military force alone can no longer be a solution, there is... countries. There might also be no discrimination between military and civilian... harmful activities. While there is no consensus within COPUOS to reopen... governments insist that there is no danger of weaponization of or..., and that therefore there is no need to negotiate a new legal... address these issues, they are no substitute for a legally binding PPW... responded that while there is no need necessarily for a new regime... satellites. Since there is currently no effective way to remove large... 1979, came to no conclusions as there was no agreement even on... Cold War, that there are no agreed definitions of space weapons... be constrained. These arguments command no consensus within the international community... inconsistent in their participation. Furthermore, no common protocols exist for exchanging... the fact that there is no systematic cooperation among different systems, there are no common standards, there is limited... has been that there is no clear delineation of what constitutes... of mankind’s everyday life. People no longer can do without telecommunications... plan to launch the Coronas‑Foton and Intergeliozond research spacecraft to... from the use of the Foton-M short‑life-cycle spacecraft to... Agency is participating in the Foton project. The realization of the.... At the moment, there are no national analogues of the proposed...-missile defence systems. There is no reason to go into detail... in their traditional forms could no longer be considered as vital... that that the treaty has no built-in system for consultations... regular interaction among its parties. No comprehensive reviews of the treaty... space-related treaties, there is no consensus within COPUOS to reopen... made safe when they are no longer required for mission operations... the developing countries that have no security umbrellas. History is replete... space activity is helpful but, no matter how those categories are... Integration”, Space and Defense, vol. 1, no. 1, 2006, pp. 29–51. Putting... in outer space which have “no direct destructive” capability are not... to prevent weaponization There are no easy solutions to the problem... during the Hezbollah–Israel conflict. No known effective defences against terrain... without saying that there are no easy solutions and approaches to... some governments insist there is no danger of weaponization or arms racing in outer space, hence no need to negotiate a new legal... which is realistic and practicable. No weapons are placed in outer... uses of outer space are no longer restricted to the superpowers... Local Space (ANGELS). There is no evidence to suggest that these... significantly. Current plans call for no more than three GEO SBIRS... the Bush Administration’s programme are no exception. It is likely that... the HASC mark-up provided no funding for test bed. Contentious... be balanced and it is no surprise that sophisticated conceptual models...”, Air Force Magazine, vol. 89, no. 7, July 2006, pp. 21–2. Congressional... Defence in Space?”, Disarmament Forum, no. 1, 2007, pp. 53–7; and Independent... Possible”, International Security, vol. 10, no. 4, 1986, pp. 46–98. Michael... satellites. Since there is currently no effective way to remove large... in a collision, and there is no effective shielding against such particles... imply that the satellite was no longer functioning. As a result, if... continue to increase even if no additional objects are launched into...-made object in orbit that no longer serves a useful purpose. See... Debris Quarterly News, vol. 11, no. 2, April 2007, . For a database of... Debris Quarterly News, vol. 11, no. 2, April 2007, . N.L. Johnson, P.H. Krisko, J.-C. Liou... Orbiting Debris”, Science, vol. 311, no. 5759, 20 January 2006, pp... lose indispensable satellites in warfare? No. We are now in the.... Indeed, without rules, there are no rule breakers; having rules helps... around the key element of “no 172 harmful interference” with space... what constitutes a space weapon. The “no harmful interference” injunction applies to... proposed key elements: there is no prohibition against space-based missile... worrisome. A Code of Conduct is no substitute for national means of... majority of active satellites have no manoeuvring capability and most others..., and space debris that has no value. • A space traffic management regime... high seas—and outer space— no territorial jurisdiction applies. Only personal... space activities as there is no territorial jurisdiction involved. The solution... eastward in the equatorial plane. • No systematic zoning (restriction of certain... Conference on Disarmament, there is no better candidate than the rising... catastrophic destruction, and there are no fast and ready remedies at... must be affirmative, if for no other reason than a nation that...—such as unilateral statements of “no first deployment” of weapons in..., separate declaration by states of “no first deployment” of space weapons...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
Скачать документ
0.23/5
... of the Council of Ministers No 1 from January 18, 2005 about... of national importance”, State Gazette No 6, 18. 01. 2005 Law for Geodesy and Cartography, State Gazette No 29, 07. 04. 2006 Decree of the Council of Ministers No 153 from July 29, 2010... N 60, 06. 08. 2010 Instruction No 2 from July 30, 2010 about... by the TWG in Resolution No 1 of the Symposium. Fig. 3. New..., initial benchmark of the network – No 000А2530/13600 (the Netherlands) with... using GAK-7T No 524 and GR/K2 No 1319 gravimeters. The... of the Council of Ministers No 153 from 29.07.2010 and Act No 2 from 30.07.2010 for... geological structure of the area. No earthquake signal can be found... Geodesy, Warsaw University of Technology, No 5(80), 2006, p. 549-564. Georgiev... the main order. EUREF Publication No. 16, Report on the Symposium... Geodasie, Band 42, EUREF Publication No 17, ISSN 1436-344; ISBN... health in urban areas”, Proj. No DO 02-193/2008, 20082012... and digital soil mapping”, Proj. No Do02-147/2009 Publications: Jordanova... Archaeological Institute with Museum, Contract No 803: “Archaeomagnetic investigation of burnt... Dragantzi village, Trakia highway, object No 36 and archaeomagnetic synchronization with..., J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., v. 71, No 1, pp. 61-74, 2009. Pancheva..., J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., v. 71, No 1, pp. 75-87, 2009. Mukhtarov... planetary waves, Ann. Geophys., v. 27, No 2, pp. 617-622, 2009. Pancheva... (2002-2007), Ann. Geophys., v. 27, No 2, pp. 687-703, 2009. Pancheva... 2004/2004, Ann. Geophys., v. 27, No 3, pp. 975-987, 2009. Pancheva... Correlations, FP7-PEOPLE-2009, project No. 246874 (2011-2013) Factors Determining... Sudden Warmings, Sun and Geosphere, v. 3, No.1, 10-17, 2008, ISSN: 1819... Polar Atmosphere, Sun and Geosphere, v.4, No.1, 79—84, 2009, ISSN: 1819... to geosynchronous heights, AOARD Contract No FA5209-09-P-0253 (2009). Selected... Dosimeters, Adv. Space Res., V 30, No 4, 917-925, 2002 doi:10... at International Space Station and Foton M2/M3 Satellites, Adv. Space... spectrum-dosimeters inside and outside Foton-M3 spacecraft, Radiation Measurements, V. 44... the BIOPAN 5 facility outside the FOTON M2 satellite, Adv. Space Res... health, Actа geophysica, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 125-140, 2009. DOI... Heliophysical Processes. Proceedings IAU Symposium No. 257, 2008, Cambridge University Press.... Acad. bulg. Sci., 2011, 64, No 9. Tonev P., and P.I.Y. Velinov, Model study.... Acad. bulg. Sci., 2011, 64, No 10. 90 Report of the.... Cybernetics and Information Technologies (CIT), v. 9, No 1, 2009. pp. 55-63. Bankov... [SPA.2010.2.103], Grant agreement no: 263240 International Association of Hydrological... European region (DAMSAFE) (Grant Agreement No. 070401/2010/579114/sub/C4... following characteristics: response time is no more than 1 s, the sensitivity is... European agriculture, IDŐJÁRÁS, Vol. 113, No. 1–2, January– June 2009, pp. 1–12.... Acad. bulg. Sci., 63, 2010, No 7, accepted. Tassev Y., S. Assenovski, E. Donev, D. Ivanov.... Acad. bulg. Sci., 63, 2010, No 8, accepted. GRIGORIEVA, V., N. KOLEV, E. DONEV, D. IVANOV... 2007, WMO/TD-No. 1442, JCOMM Technical Report No. 44, 2008 Stanev...-priority task in consideration that no tsunami early warning system is... (GB) – the coordinator of WP3. No Name of the area lat... geodynamica et geomaterialia, Prague, Vol. 4, No. 1 (145), 39-51. Košt’ák, B., S. Caco... Solid Earth, Moscow, Vol. 43, no. 6, 503-516. Добрев, Н., Р.Главчева, Б. Рангелов... Bulgaria. Acta Geodyn. Geomater., Vol. 8, No. 4 (164), 1–12. Publications related to.... 2007. New paleomagnetic data showing no post-Eocene rotation of the..., Karen Oud, Christian Panaiotu. 2008. No significant post-Eocene rotation of... population. International Project: JRC-Contract No 252334 “Identification and collection of...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
Скачать документ
0.03/5
... ISBN: 978-92-1-101161-6 Sales No. E.08.I.7 ST/SPACE/37 V.07..., 2008 UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION Sales No.: E.08.I.7 ISBN 978-92-1-101161... tonnes of toxic propellants there. No injuries or property damage were... as a demonstration, the Falcon-1 carried no satellite, but it did have... on 22 March said that no additional demonstration flight was needed... in 2012. According to Sweden, no new facilities will be required... the agreement, which stipulates that no funds will be transferred between...’s power subsystem, it had suffered no damage that would affect its... and launch the 4-tonne satellite no later than 31 March 2010... mission is planned for launch no sooner than July 2011. DigitalGlobe... expected to cost the network no more than $12-$25 million... oil tanker. The spacecraft has no moving parts; it carries 40... 2010. Although there will be no fee charged by NASA for... landing on 22 August revealed no further development of the small... a star into a black hole, leaving no visible residue, or a collision between... downlink from the Moon at no cost to the teams. The... and coast guard vessels. Russia’s Foton-M3 was launched into a 275... so that it would pose no future debris hazard. A camera mounted... after the event and pose no future hazard; the other ranging... as a “piggyback” payload aboard a Russian Foton-M3 capsule from the Baikonur... deployed downward 30 m from the Foton capsule by a Dyneema tether, like...%. BC stated that they had no plans to reduce Intelsat’s 2007... Scaled Composites people and making no changes in the company’s management... satellite should be in orbit no later than early 2009, when... shareholder. BSkyB said it had no intention of acquiring shares that... Selective Availability. The ability will no longer be present in GPS... for two years with no interest and no upfront charges. However, only... ISBN: 978-92-1-101161-6 Sales No. E.08.I.7 ST/SPACE/37 V.07...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
Скачать документ
0/5
... technicians lower YES2 onto the Foton-M3 spacecraft using a roof-mounted... Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Above, Foton-M3 is then placed inside... on board a Russian Foton-M3 spherical capsule. The Foton carried a microg ravity... on top of Foton-M3 had three components: – the Foton-located YES2... after landing. As there was no telemetry from Fotino to FLOYD... Fotino was found after landing. Foton-M3 was launched on 14... summary telemetry data obtained from Foton-M3 through the Russian ground... d . USSTRATCOM radar tracking dat a and Foton-M3 accelerometer data confirmed this... technicians lower YES2 onto the Foton-M3 spacecraft using a roof-mounted... Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Above, Foton-M3 is then placed inside... on board a Russian Foton-M3 spherical capsule. The Foton carried a microg ravity... on top of Foton-M3 had three components: – the Foton-located YES2... after landing. As there was no telemetry from Fotino to FLOYD... Fotino was found after landing. Foton-M3 was launched on 14... summary telemetry data obtained from Foton-M3 through the Russian ground... d . USSTRATCOM radar tracking dat a and Foton-M3 accelerometer data confirmed this... in the best case to no coverage at all for most... on-board emergency, there is no immediate access to the satellite... in the best case to no coverage at all for most... on-board emergency, there is no immediate access to the satellite...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
Скачать документ
0.12/5
... with basic utilisation information regarding Foton retrievable capsules. It begins with... to the Foton capsule. 6.1 6.1.1 Introduction to Foton Capsules What Are Foton Capsules? Foton capsules... resources investigation, respectively. The first Foton capsule was launched in 1985... was the spacecraft officially designated Foton (Foton-4). These capsules are launched into... lasting approximately 2 weeks. The earlier Foton missions were conceived primarily for... Foton programme began in 1991 with a protein crystallisation experiment on-board Foton... the Foton-M3 mission in September 2007. 6.1.2 What Do Foton Capsules Offer? Foton... scientific disciplines. 6.1.3 Why Use Foton Capsules? Foton capsules provide ideal conditions for..., Parabolic Flights, Sounding Rockets). The Foton environment gives users the opportunity... their experiments. In these cases, Foton capsules act as intermediate microgravity... re-entry studies. FOTON page 6-1 Figure 6-1: Schematic of Foton capsule (without protective... Foton spacecraft (with protective covers and blanketing) FOTON page 6-2 6.1.4 Principal Characteristics of a Foton Spacecraft Foton spacecraft (Figure... U (type 11A511U) rocket (see 6.1.4.4). Figure 6-3: Foton spacecraft structural layout 6.1.4.1 The Service... jettisoned. FOTON page 6-3 Figure 6-4: The service module of the Foton capsule (top... of the Foton capsule (top part is a cutaway view) FOTON page 6-4 6.1.4.3 The... Foton capsule (top part is a cutaway view) 6.1.4.4 The Launch Vehicle The Foton... summarised in the following table: FOTON page 6-5 Table 6-1: Soyuz U principal characteristics... FOTON page 6-6 6.1.5 Foton Mission Profile In the past, Foton capsules (including the failed Foton..., the upper section containing the Foton spacecraft is separated by springs... and 16 days long. FOTON page 6-7 Figure 6-9: FOTON launch and orbit insertion.... During its 2-week microgravity phase, Foton will orbit the Earth anywhere... daylight. FOTON page 6-8 Figure 6-10: Re-entry sequence of the Foton capsule Figure 6-11: Landing sequence of the Foton re-entry capsule FOTON...-9 (indicated by a 9 in a blue circle). FOTON page 6-11 Figure 6-14: Landing... for Baikonur launches (Image: R. Demets) FOTON page 6-12 6.2 Physical Environment The... environments, which are encountered during a Foton mission. 6.2.1 Internal Environment 6.2.1.1 Gravity Levels... create a residual gravity. During the Foton-12 mission (1999), different instruments... gaseous medium inside the pressurised Foton capsule consists of air, which... anywhere between –20 °C and +50 °C. FOTON page 6-13 6.2.2 External Environment 6.2.2.1 External.../cm2/day. 6.2.2.4 Cosmic Radiation During a Foton mission the following maximum external... into externally mounted payloads on Foton depends strongly on the spacecraft... FOTON SOLAR CONSTANT HOUR (SCh) PER DAY Foton-8 2.14 Foton-9 2.80 Foton-11 2.65 Foton-12 2.02 page 6-14 6.3 Scientific Research Suitable to Foton... experiments can be executed within Foton flight limitations. FLUID AND COMBUSTION... carried out on Foton capsules, based on past experiments FOTON page 6-15.... Figure 6-16: Foton payload envelope and orientation (Image: A. Verga) FOTON page 6-16....5 N/A 105.5 FOTON page 6-17 Figure 6-17: Type III container FOTON page 6-18 6.4.3 Mechanical Compatibility No standard specifications exist... 6-18: Landing shock (Image: A. Verga) FOTON page 6-20 6.4.5 Inspection Criteria ESA... experiments from that point on. FOTON page 6-21 6.5 Available Flight Resources...-10 in 1992, Foton-10 in 1995, Foton-11 in 1997 and..., including the 2 incubators and the Foton Interface Box, which controls power... facility before installation on Foton (Image: R. Demets) FOTON page 6-23 Figure 6-20... experiment envelope and mass PARAMETER FOTON VALUE Maximum height 2 x 25 mm... subsystem contains the following parts: FOTON page 6-28 Power unit; Battery... experimenters via Internet and FTP. Foton is ‘visible’ (i.e. possibility of uplink... telemetry distribution architecture for the Foton M2 mission (May-June 2005... requested to contact the Foton ESA Technical Officer: FOTON page 6-29 Antonio....int FOTON page 6-30 Figure 6-23: Foton M2 telemetry distribution architecture FOTON page... caused during operation or storage. FOTON page 6-33 6.7.1.2 Flammability Materials used..., the following requirements are applicable: FOTON page 6-34 Pressure vessels shall... milestones of an experiment for a Foton mission, beginning with the release... for a Foton mission FOTON page 6-37 6.9 Payload Documentation Development There is no standard... each experiment. FOTON page 6-38 6.10 Operational Cycle of a Foton Campaign The... during the operational cycle of a Foton campaign. Scientists should use this... during a Foton launch campaign. Table 6-8: Major events in the Foton operational cycle... ESA FOTON page 6-39 Figure 6-25: Schematic of the FOTON operational cycle FOTON... for further information regarding the Foton retrievable capsules and relative research...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
Скачать документ
0/5
...-defined GPS receiver known as FOTON being developed by the Radionavigation...-millimeter space debris particles. The FOTON dual-frequency GPS receiver will... tracker, Piezoelectric Dust Detector and FOTON dual-frequency GPS 19 receiver... their respective components so that no two components directly communicate with... by Baylor University and the FOTON GPS Receiver being developed by... assumption, the PDD, DRAGON and FOTON are not being built by... developing these devices, there is no associated development cost. Both the... have different masses since the FOTON and DRAGON hardware models are... within the SDL as: a. 100% : No changes need to be made... the mission at hand and no part of the document may... well as every component, as no donations have been made to... SW Engineering 3.2 HW Q&A 4.2 Science Team 5.2 FOTON 6.2 Bus Module 7.2 Ground Facilities 3.3 SW... integrators – NASA and AFRL – at no cost to the university. These... of different components leading to no standard CubeSat design. It is... Baylor 89 University, and the FOTON GPS Receiver, being developed in... the first comment, the PDD, FOTON, and DRAGON are not being... by Baylor University and the FOTON GPS receiver being developed in... ARMADILLO budget. However, should the FOTON GPS receiver be added to... Total (USD) PDD $0.00 1 $0.00 FOTON GPS $50,000.00 1 $50... the Piezoelectric Dust Detector (PDD), FOTON and DRAGON GPS receivers are....13%. Note that there is no cost for Mission Assurance (3.0) because... (4.0) is $0. Table 5.10 also shows no cost associated with Mission Operations... missions have not launched and no data is available. Once the... be tracked. Finally, there is no cost of Launch Systems (8.0) for... 5.1 Payload Management and Systems Engineering 5.2 FOTON GPS Receiver 5.3 Piezoelectric Dust Detector... element titled “Thruster”, there is no CER to help estimate the... by the integrator and at no cost to the university. For... proof of concept, but has no flight experience. 4. Technology has been... a lab/test environment, but has no flight experience. 5. Technology has experience... is 1.118 kg. o There are no large inert structures, thus model input is (2). which is no. o There are no significant deployables, thus model input is (2).  There is no thermal control aboard Bevo-2 or ARMADILLO.  There is no reaction control subsystem, instead the... kg. o TMI is (4) which is no flight experience but extensive testing... for GSE – ME/GSE.  Since no fee, contingency or vehicle level... out of date and 132 no contact was listed to whom... launch provider are arranged at no cost by the spacecraft integrators.... The Bevo-2 140 mission experienced no payload costs, as the primary... no cost as well – though in future non-UT missions, the FOTON... by Baylor University and the FOTON GPS Receiver being developed by... assumption, the PDD, DRAGON and FOTON are not being built by... developing these devices, there is no associated development cost. Both the... by Baylor University, and the FOTON GPS Receiver, being developed in... the first comment, the PDD, FOTON, and DRAGON are not being... Magnetic Torque Rods (2) 14 17 FOTON GPS Receiver 13 Flight 280....9805 252.4818 Magnetorquer Mounts FOTON Mount Electronic Stack Brackets (4) 5.00... shall…" S1 Have a mass of no more than 35 kg MR...-5 Contain stored chemical energy of no more than 100 Watt-Hours...-5 Contain stored chemical energy of no more than 100 Watt-Hours... EDU EIA EPS FASTRAC FCR FOTON G&A GPS GRA GS HW I&T IEEE... on Software Engineering. Vol. 20. No. 3. March 1994. [18] Krasner, H. Software...