Техника. Fregat. [Редактировать]

Данный разгонный блок использовался при проведении испытаний работы созданного в НПО им. С.А.Лавочкина РБ «Фрегат». В ходе испытаний РБ совместно с полезной нагрузкой был выведен на баллистическую траекторию с наклонением 64.9° с падением третьей ступени РН «Союз-У» в акваторию Охотского моря около Камчатки. На первом этапе полета разгонный блок выполнял маневрирование иммитирующее выведение полезной нагрузки. Во время второго этапа производилась попытка спасения блока при помощи расширяемой конструкции.

Особенности используемой конструкции:

Основным отличием тестируемой при выведении системы спасения ступени состоял в том, что вместо дорогих решений (например, системы посадки космическиой системы Спейс Шатл) в данном случае использовалась система надувного экрана. В ряде случае он позволяет обойтись без парашюта и может служить в качестве амортизатора при касании поверхности или поплавка при приводнении. Первоначально планировалось, что данное устройство будет использоваться в программе Марс-96, однако, в силу недостатка финансирования использовать эту систему не получилось.

Очередной этап развития данного направления произошел в марте 1999 г. когда было подписано соглашение между НПО им. С.А.Лавочкина, Международным научнотехническим центром (МНТЦ), Европейским космическим агентством (ЕКА) и концерном DASA относительно создания демонстратора технологии НТУ. На авиасалоне Ле Бурже летом 1999 г. между российским предприятием и DASA был подписано соглашение о долгосрочном сотрудничестве в этой области.

Спуск «Демонстратора» был разбит на два этапа: участок аэродинамического торможения и участок предпосадочного торможения.

На первом с помощью основного НТУ скорость снижалась с гиперзвуковой (М=18) до дозвуковой, с переходом зоны максимальных динамических и тепловых нагрузокРасчетная продолжительность участка составляла 130 сек. 

Второй участок должен был начаться на высоте 29–32 км при скорости спуска 215–236 м/с, после раскрытия дополни тельного НТУ, и завершиться приземлением «Демонстратора» со скоростью 13.3–14.6 м/с. Расчетное время спуска в атмосфере составляло около 16.5–17 мин. 

Циклограммы спуска РБФ и «Демонстратора» были близки, за исключением времени отработки команд. Развертывание до полнительного НТУ «Фрегата» должно было начаться через 130 сек после входа в атмосферу. Если бы все прошло штатно, посадка должна была состояться приблизительно через 1050 сек после входа в атмосферу. До момента входа в атмосферу программа спуска выполнялась штатно. В далнейшем, по данным НПО им. Лавочкина, произошле следующее: когда аппарат достаточно затормозился, пройдя пик перегрузок и теплового потока, на высоте около 30 км должен был наполниться второй каскад НТУ. Однако этого не произошло. Оболочка потеряла герметичность и дальнейший спуск продолжался с гораздо большей скоростью, чем рассчитывали. Аппарат упал на поверхность со скоростью порядка 60 м/с.Причины потери герметичности оболочки выясняются. Возможно, на ней были дефекты. Сейчас это однозначно определить трудно, поскольку произошло частичное разрушение оболочки, часть ее просто оторвало и найти сейчас эту часть невозможно. Что касается РБ, мы смогли косвенно установить, что там ситуация была лучше: есть подтверждения того, что второй каскад наполнился, как и должно было быть, в расчетной точке траектории.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
2Страна производитель - Россия
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2000-009B

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2000-02-08 at 00:00:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xDumsat
4Полезная нагрузка 1xFregat
5Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-У

Найдено 834 документов по запросу «Fregat». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-06-14
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0.28/5
... 2000 Artist view of the Fregat upper stage and two Cluster... ESA Cluster II spacecraft Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle Baikonur cosmodrome About... mission for ESA Mission overview Fregat upper stage flight The flight... commercial flight performed by a Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle. The subject of... one month after, the Soyuz-Fregat flight ST10 will inject the.... First Fregat burn Once separated from the Soyuz third stage, Fregat will inject the upper composite into a circular parking orbit. Fregat coast phase After the first Fregat burn, Fregat will provide... insure Cluster II thermal conditions. Fregat second burn Once the upper... reaches the appropriate orbital position, Fregat will inject it into the... validated during the previous Soyuz-Fregat flight ST08 with a special mock... separation After the second Fregat burn, Fregat will accurately align the upper... necessary separation attitude. Once aligned, Fregat will spin-up the upper.... Fregat deorbitation Soyuz launch vehicle flight Four hours after lift-off, Fregat... completion of the first Soyuz-Fregat Cluster II mission flight. 1 Baikonur... 2000 FLIGHT ST 09 Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle The Soyuz is...-Fregat is a key asset in Starsem's commercial launch service offering. Soyuz-Fregat... composite combining a Fregat upper stage and a fairing. Fairing Fregat upper stage The... The Fregat upper stage Using flight-proven technologies, the launcher's Fregat stage... engine functioned under extreme conditions. Fregat control system is also qualified... proven innovative design solutions, the Fregat upper stage offers compact design..., July 2000 FLIGHT ST 09 FREGAT upper stage’s main purposes 4 1) S5... 3 11 11) chemical battery. 1 Fregat attitude control FREGAT upper stage main characteristics.... 2 Propulsion system characteristics: Thrust mode FREGAT performances: Large thrust Dry mass... burn time* (s) Restart capability SOYUZ-FREGAT 0.677 x 0.838 x 1.028 Propellant Mixture... 2. Soyuz launch pad used for FREGAT 3. Soyuz launch vehicle préparation... Baikonur facilities adapted to Soyuz-Fregat missions Fregat upper stage in the... dedicated to serve new Soyuz-Fregat pre-launch processing procedures. At... and integration with IKAR or FREGAT upper stages, the ground cable... 40 with Fregat processing facility Soyuz-Fregat on the launch pad #6 Fregat bunker... be used for the SOYUZ-FREGAT launches: ● The Soyuz launch vehicle... and electrical preparation of the Fregat upper stage and was fully... launch operations with the SOYUZ-FREGAT rocket system. 10 In addition... control center; ● Dedicated offices for FREGAT flight monitoring with live tracking... orbital maneuvering capabilities of the Fregat upper stage, and validated the... spacecraft. Beyond Cluster II, Soyuz-Fregat will also be used for... the systematical use of the Fregat upper stage, the use of...



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0.12/5
... upper composite, which comprises the Fregat upper stage and the Hispasat... fall back into the sea. Fregat will perform an engine burn...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). It... on arianespace.com 5 SOYUZ 1 - Fairing 2 - Fregat upper stage 3 - Third stage 4 - Central.... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper... ensure high reliability for the Fregat stage from the outset, various... the lower three stages, as Fregat has its own guidance, navigation... stabilization of their spacecraft. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... Lavochkin manufactures and integrates the Fregat upper stage, and is responsible... facility November 9 to 26, 2016 Fregat upper stage preparation at the... 26, 2016 Transfer of the Fregat upper stage to the FCube... 28 to December 14, 2016 Fregat upper stage fueling operations in... 19, 2017 January 20, 2017 Fregat upper stage transfer to the... on the Fregat upper stage January 21, 2017 Fregat upper stage final.... 10 s Key on start - 5 min. Fregat transfer to onboard power supply... mn 23 s First Fregat burn + 28 mn 00 s Fregat shut-down and... THE THREE SOYUZ STAGES THE FREGAT MISSION PROFILE For more information... Fregat upper stage. It also coordinates Fregat propellant loading operations in the Fregat... integrates the satellite(s) on the Fregat stage in the S3B building...



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0.14/5
... third stage ➩ Fregat upper stage’s pre-burn acceleration start ➩ Fregat first burn start (transfer to the circular parking orbit) ➩ Fregat first... parking orbit ➩ Fregat second pre-burn acceleration start ➩ Fregat second burn start (transfer to the super GTO separation orbit) ➩ Fregat...) ➩ Fregat attitude maneuvers (orientation and three-axis stabilization) before S/C separation ➩ Fregat spin... vehicle ascent phase and during Fregat flight leading to injection and..., Starsem introduced the flexible, restartable Fregat upper stage with significantly more... for governmental and commercial missions. Fregat Upper Stage The Samara Space...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). Each.... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper...). In order to provide the Fregat with high initial reliability, several... a total lenght of 8.450 m. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... spacecraft to the adapter and Fregat upper stage, followed by encapsulation... L-8 days: Upper composite (spacecraft + adapter + Fregat + fairing) is transferred to assembly... the customer’s spacecraft and the Fregat upper stage L-10 hours: Final... L-5 hours: Systems checks begin on Fregat upper stage L-4 h20m: Launch vehicle..., and eventually mated to the Fregat upper stage and encapsulated in... (UCIF) Spacecraft mating with the Fregat upper stage is performed in...



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0.13/5
... Fregat upper stage and its Metop-B payload will occur, putting the Fregat... back down to Earth. The Fregat upper stage (which carries the.... After this first burn, the Fregat upper stage will control the... correct point on this orbit, Fregat will fire again, to reach..., Starsem introduced the flexible, restartable Fregat upper stage, thus opening up...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). Each.... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper...). In order to provide the Fregat with high initial reliability, several... 4.1 m and a length of 11.4 m. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... was then mated to the Fregat upper stage and together encapsulated...): L-7 days: Upper composite (spacecraft + adapter + Fregat + fairing) is transferred to assembly... the customer’s spacecraft and the Fregat upper stage L-10 hours: Final... L-5 hours: Systems checks begin on Fregat upper stage L-4 h20m: Launch vehicle..., and eventually mated to the Fregat upper stage and encapsulated in... (UCIF) Spacecraft mating with the Fregat upper stage is performed in...



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0.17/5
... the upper composite, comprising the Fregat upper stage and the Pl... back into the sea. The Fregat upper stage will ignite its... 55 minutes after liftoff. The Fregat stage will then fire its... synchronised sequence) -00:06:10 Fregat transfer to onboard power supply...:08:47 Fregat 1st burn +00:09:47 Fregat shut-down et beginning of ballistic phase +00:13:26 Fregat 2nd burn +00:41:56 Fregat shut-down... success, Starsem introduced the restartable Fregat upper stage, which offered the...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). It... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper... ensure high reliability for the Fregat stage right from the outset... the lower three stages, since Fregat has its own guidance, navigation... a length of 11.4 meters. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... Lavochkin manufactures and integrates the Fregat upper stage, and is responsible...



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0.17/5
... Fregat upper stage and its MetOp-A payload will occur, putting the Fregat... back down to Earth. The Fregat upper stage (which carries the.... After this first burn, the Fregat upper stage will control the... correct point on this orbit, Fregat will fire again, to reach..., Starsem introduced the flexible, restartable Fregat upper stage, thus opening up...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). Each... on www.starsem.com 4 Fairing Fregat Upper Stage Stage III Stage.... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper...). In order to provide the Fregat with high initial reliability, several... 4.1 m and a length of 11.4 m. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... spacecraft to the adapter and Fregat upper stage, followed by encapsulation... L-7 days: Upper composite (spacecraft + adapter + Fregat + fairing) is transferred to assembly... the customer’s spacecraft and the Fregat upper stage L-10 hours: Final... L-5 hours: Systems checks begin on Fregat upper stage L-4 h20m: Launch vehicle..., and eventually mated to the Fregat upper stage and encapsulated in... (UCIF) Spacecraft mating with the Fregat upper stage is performed in...



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0.14/5
... nose module, consisting of the Fregat upper stage, the satellite adapter... fall back to Earth. The Fregat upper stage will then fire.... After this first burn, the Fregat will perform a barbecue maneuver to... correct point on this orbit, Fregat will fire again, to reach..., Starsem introduced the flexible, restartable Fregat upper stage, thus opening up... governmental and commercial missions. Fairing Fregat Upper Stage Stage III Stage...), a third stage, and the restartable Fregat upper stage (fourth stage). Each.... FREGAT UPPER STAGE (FOURTH STAGE) Flight qualified in 2000, the Fregat upper...). In order to provide the Fregat with high initial reliability, several... of 3.7 m and a length of 7.7 m. The Fregat upper stage is encapsulated in... was then mated to the Fregat upper stage and together encapsulated...): L-5 days: Upper composite (satellite + dispenser + Fregat + fairing) is transferred to assembly... the customer’s spacecraft and the Fregat upper stage L-10 hours: Final... L-5 h10m: Systems checks begin on Fregat upper stage L-4 h20m: Launch vehicle..., and eventually mated to the Fregat upper stage and encapsulated in... (UCIF) Spacecraft mating with the Fregat upper stage is performed in...



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0.11/5
... • Combined launch on a single Soyuz/Fregat from Kourou • Launch stack consisting... spacecraft remains connected to the Fregat throughout the mission in order... consisting of Impactor spacecraft and Fregat under close supervision from Ground...   The composite spacecraft consisting of Fregat, Impactor spacecraft and Explorer spacecraft.... Figure 3: Composite spacecraft consisting of Fregat, Impactor and Explorer with deployed... an earth escape orbit the Fregat will be switched off and... / 498 kg  @Impact: 1309kg incl. Fregat 3.1m², 33% efficiency (BOL)  785.... The Impactor consists of the Fregat and of the Impactor S/C that... mounted on top of the Fregat. This composite is depicted in... to eight hardpoints of the Fregat. Intentionally no launcher adapter has... Impactor S/C from the Fregat. This direct interface between Fregat and spacecraft is... the Impactor spacecraft together with Fregat     The Impactor spacecraft carries no... NEO, the launcher upper stage (Fregat) remains connected to the Impactor... Impactor (mass 340 kg) and Fregat (mass 902 kg) crash into... wet mass of Impactor (without Fregat) and Explorer including all margins... 1238 kg, whilst the Soyuz-Fregat lift performance allows reaching Earth...



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0.06/5
... Starsem flight ST 09, Soyuz - Fregat - Cluster II, July 16, 2000... ESA Cluster II spacecraft Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle Baikonur cosmodrome About... Mission overview Flight of the Fregat upper stage Starsem's flight ST10... flights use the new Soyuz-Fregat launcher version developed by Starsem... km. First Fregat burn Once separated from Soyuz, the Fregat upper stage... orbit. Fregat coast phase After its first burn, the Fregat upper stage... for the Cluster II satellites. Fregat second burn Once the upper... reaches the appropriate initial orbit, Fregat will inject it into a highly... Baikonur Cosmodrome on Starsem's Soyuz-Fregat launcher, the Cluster II spacecraft... and launch of the Soyuz-Fregat vehicle with its Cluster II... stack. Payload separation After the Fregat's second burn, the upper stage... attitude. Once this is accomplished, Fregat will spin up the upper.... Fregat deorbit and reentry Launcher profile Four hours after liftoff, the Fregat... upper composite, consisting of the Fregat upper stage and its Cluster... 2000 FLIGHT ST 10 Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle The Soyuz is...-Fregat is a key asset in Starsem's commercial launch service offering. Soyuz-Fregat... composite combining a Fregat upper stage and a fairing. Fairing Fregat upper stage The... The Fregat upper stage Using flight-proven technologies, the launcher's Fregat stage... engine functioned under extreme conditions. Fregat control system is also qualified... proven innovative design solutions, the Fregat upper stage offers compact design..., August 2000 FLIGHT ST 10 FREGAT upper stage’s main purposes 4 1) S5... 3 11 11) chemical battery. 1 Fregat attitude control FREGAT upper stage main characteristics.... 2 Propulsion system characteristics: Thrust mode FREGAT performances: Large thrust Dry mass... burn time* (s) Restart capability SOYUZ-FREGAT 0.677 x 0.838 x 1.028 Propellant Mixture... 2. Soyuz launch pad used for FREGAT 3. Soyuz launch vehicle préparation... adapted to Soyuz-Fregat missions Cluster II spacecraft and Fregat upper stage... dedicated to serve new Soyuz-Fregat pre-launch processing procedures. At... and integration with IKAR or FREGAT upper stages, the ground cable... 40 with Fregat processing facility Soyuz-Fregat on the launch pad #6 Fregat bunker... be used for the SOYUZ-FREGAT launches: ● The Soyuz launch vehicle... and electrical preparation of the Fregat upper stage and was fully... launch operations with the SOYUZ-FREGAT rocket system. 10 In addition... control center; ● Dedicated offices for FREGAT flight monitoring with live tracking... validation flights for t he Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle configuration in February... orbital maneuvering capabilities of the Fregat upper stage, and validated the... the systematical use of the Fregat upper stage, the use of...



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0.1/5
... of Fregat upper stage and “DUMSAT” payload mock-up. Soyuz-Fregat launch... mission validation flight Soyuz-Fregat launch vehicle Fairing Fregat upper stage Third stage Second stage After the successful Fregat... for this month will mark Fregat second use on Soyuz. Designed...-Fregat is a key asset in STARSEM’s commercial launch service offering. Soyuz-Fregat... a Fregat upper stage and a fairing. Using flight-proven technologies, the launcher’s Fregat... engine functioned under extreme conditions. Fregat control system is also qualified... proven innovative design solutions, the Fregat upper stage offers compact design... spacecraft delivery. First stage boosters Fregat upper stage’s main purposes: spacecraft... of non-coplanar orbital maneuvers; ● Fregat collision avoidance maneuvers and deorbitation... Cluster II mission validation flight FREGAT upper stage main components 4 1) S5... 3 11 11) chemical battery. 1 Fregat attitude control FREGAT upper stage main characteristics.... 2 Propulsion system characteristics: Thrust mode FREGAT performances: Large thrust Dry mass... burn time* (s) Restart capability SOYUZ-FREGAT 0.677 x 0.838 x 1.028 Propellant Mixture... 08 Mission overview Fregat upper stage flight: The Soyuz-Fregat Cluster II... this mission to validate Fregat operations and Soyuz-Fregat environment. Starsem is... Fregat burn: After separation from the III-rd stage of Soyuz, Fregat... km ● Maximum height -226 km 2) Fregat coast phase of flight After... mission. During the coast phase Fregat provide the three-axis stabilized... 3) The second Fregat burn: After the coast phase Fregat will inject the... 2382kg. 4) Fregat spin-up: Before the payload separation imitation Fregat is turned... by Fregat's control system, but no physical separations are planned). The Fregat... successful completion of the Soyuz-Fregat Cluster II mission validation flight... Hα = 226 km i = 64,86° First Fregat burn. Injection into the circular...° Launch Payload separation imitation. Second Fregat burn. Injection into the high... 2. Soyuz launch pad used for FREGAT 3. Soyuz launch vehicle préparation... basement and launch bunker. Soyuz-Fregat Qualification flight Baikonur, February 9, 2000... Baikonur facilities adapted to Soyuz-Fregat missions Fregat upper stage in the... dedicated to serve new Soyuz-Fregat pre-launch processing procedures. At... and integration with IKAR or FREGAT upper stages, the ground cable... 40 with Fregat processing facility Soyuz-Fregat on the launch pad #6 Fregat bunker... be used for the SOYUZ-FREGAT launches: The Soyuz launch vehicle... and electrical preparation of the Fregat upper stage and was fully... launch operations with the SOYUZ-FREGAT rocket system. ● 10 In addition... control center; ● Dedicated offices for FREGAT flight monitoring with live tracking...