Спутник ДЗЗ. GOES 12. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат является представителем второго поколения геостационарных метеорологических КА США. Он изготовлен американской компанией Space Systems/Loral. Заказчиком выступила NOAA, а в качестве координатора работ традиционно выступило НАСА. 
Конструктивно аппарат состоит из корпуса габаритами 2.43x2.18x2.62 метра, двухсекционной солнечной батареи размером 4.81x2.68 м с прикрепреленной к ней балансировочной пластины размером 1.30x1.16 м, солнечный парус в форме усеченного конуса высотой 3.27 м, смонтированный на конце штанги длиной 14.44 м, штангу длиной 2.03 м с прикрепленными к ней антеннами телеметрической и командной радиолиний, а также развертываемую штангу длиной около 3 м с установленными на ней магнитометрами.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
126871НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - США
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
4Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12007-12-04. Трех дневная потеря ориентации после выполнения операции по корректировке орбитыТэги: GOES 12
22008-12-14. Отказ после проблем с ускорителями Тэги: GOES 12
32009-01-06. Восстановлен Тэги: GOES 12
42012-08-16. Выведен из эксплуатации и отправлен на орбиту захоронения.Тэги: GOES 12

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2279
2Платформа 1xLS-1300

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град4.1
2Апогей, км36131.4
3Перигей, км36096.0
4Период, минут1452.5
5САС (планируемый ), год5
6САС (достигнутый), год12
7САС5 (planned)
12 (achieved)
8Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42484

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2001-031A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
2Оператор Космическое агентство США
3Производитель Space Systems Loral

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2001-07-23 at 07:23:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGOES 12
3Ракета-носитель 1xАтлас 2 A

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «GOES 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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... в г. Люнебург (Германия, 2012 г.), 11 на 12-й международной конференции по суббурям в г. Исэ..., как на поверхности Земли, так 12 и в космосе. В разделе 1.4 описана интерпретационная модель... эффектов SCW на геостационарных спутниках GOES с реальными наблюдениями вариаций магнитной компоненты... эффектов SCW на геостационарных спутниках GOES с помощью однопетлевой модели FW. Описаны..., наблюдаемых радиальной цепочкой спутников THEMIS и GOES внутри азимутального сектора SCW (в области... события, в которых радиально сопряженные спутники GOES и THEMIS в период с 2008 по 2010... поля, используя данные геостационарных спутников GOES 2 и 3. Автор показал, что в периоды изолированных... синхронно с магнитными бухтами, регистрируемыми спутником GOES-2, который находился на близком с наземными.... Авторы показали, что два спутника GOES-2 и SCATHA, находящихся внутри оценѐнного... начала взрывной фазы суббури, а спутник GOES-3, находящийся на западном крае вне... и бездисперсными инжекциями плазмы, регистрируемыми спутниками GOES и LANL на геосинхронной орбите. Авторы... магнитных вариаций на геостационарных спутниках GOES-11 и GOES-12; АЕ-индекс; среднеширотные H-и D-компоненты... Geotail двигался в азимутальном направлении на X ~ 12 Re (Южное полушарие), а спутники Cluster в радиальном направлении X ~ -8–12 Re (Северное полушарие), находясь в течение...) не видна на магнитограммах Geotail и GOES-11, так как оба спутника...) не было видно на спутнике GOES-12, расположенном восточнее сектора токового клина... обусловлен тем, что геостационарные спутники GOES расположены на расстоянии R = 6.6 Re вблизи... токов. Данные со спутников GOES-10, GOES-11 и GOES-12 были использованы для анализа... величины HMOD в точках нахождения спутников GOES. Предсказываемые моделью и наблюдаемые спутником значения...) магнитного поля на геостационарном спутнике GOES. Вертикальные пунктирные линии отмечают моменты... суммарный магнитный эффект, наблюдаемый спутниками GOES, является результатом частичного подавления эффекта... в Hкомпоненту магнитного поля на спутниках GOES, другими словами, эффекты петель складываются... разностный эффект обеих петель, а спутник GOES суммарный, следовательно, HOBS/HMOD > 1 (см.../HMOD ~ 1). 76 станциях и на спутниках GOES. Таким образом уравнивается интенсивность тока... события, в течение которых несколько спутников GOES и THEMIS были расположены вдоль радиального... 8 Апреля 2009 г. радиальной цепочкой спутников GOES и THEMIS. (сверху вниз): Траектории спутников... и Hкомпонента возмущений на геостационарном спутнике GOES-11 (G-11) и наземной станции UKIA...-A (THA, P1). 95 геостационарном спутнике GOES-11 (G-11) и наземной станции UKIA... из плазменных и магнитных наблюдений спутников GOES и THEMIS. 3.5 Статистическое сравнение амплитуд диполизаций... интенсивности I1. Что касается спутников GOES, то в периоды слабых активизаций фронт...., 1973b). Амплитуды диполизаций на спутниках GOES (ΔBZG) чувствительны к положению экваториального тока...). Также, величина BZ на спутнике GOES (BZ0) в момент начала взрывной фазы... были радиально сопряжены с геостационарными спутниками GOES. Азимутальное различие положений спутников в SM... выбирались те, в которых связка спутников GOES-THEMIS находилась внутри азимутального сектора... 3.5.1. Пример обработки наблюдаемых на спутниках GOES и THEMIS диполизаций, когда спутники радиально... от величин BZ0 на спутниках GOES непосредственно перед началом взрывной фазы... конфигурацией хвоста, когда оба спутника GOES и THEMIS находятся между двух токовых... модельные амплитуды ΔBZmod1 на спутниках GOES и THEMIS, которые затем сравнивались с наблюдаемыми... диполизаций на радиально сопряженных спутниках GOES и THEMIS (в логарифмическом масштабе) в зависимости от величины BZ0 на спутнике GOES в момент начала взрывной фазы суббури... диполизации BZ, наблюдаемых на спутниках GOES и THEMIS (ΔBZOBS) ких модельным значениям... отношения ΔBZ/ΔBZmod1 ~ 1 для спутников GOES при больших значениях BZ0 на... хвостового тока в ближнем хвосте магнитосферы (r < 12 Re). Также целью являлось протестировать... амплитуды диполизации на геостационарных спутниках GOES (ΔBZTH ∕ ΔBZG > 2) указывает на события..., когда фоновое поле на спутниках GOES превышает значение 80 нТл и приближается... ограничивается областью лежащей ближе к Земле (<12 Re). В области замкнутых магнитных петель..., расположенных у проекций продольных токов в промежутке 7–12 Re по координате X. В совокупности, перечисленные... амплитуд диполизации на спутниках THEMIS и GOES от BZ0 (по сути, RCF..., с хорошим магнитосферным покрытием четырьмя спутниками GOES, которые осуществляли наблюдения в ночной области... Марта 2010 Четыре геостационарных спутника GOES в этих событиях покрывали область у полуночного... геостационарной орбите (рис. 3.5.2 и 3.6.1). На спутнике G-12 перед началом события #1 величина BZ... информацией о широтах ионосферных проекций спутников G-12, G-14 и P5, спроецированных по силовым... 4.3.10. (а) азимутальное положение спутников THEMIS и GOES, станций KUUJ и SNAP по отношению... substorm. Planetary and Space Science 12, 273 (1964). [3] Akasofu, S.-I., Dynamic morphology...



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... Fires in the Western Hemisphere GOES-8 Wildfire ABBA Composite Fire Product... from over 15,000 halfhourly GOES-8 images. The composite shows a much... Menzel started development of the GOES Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA... then. Initially the WFABBA supported GOES-8/-10. • Support has been added for other GOES over time and now includes GOES-8 through GOES-15 and the next generation satellite GOES-R (GOES16... do we address that challenge? GOES-12 composite for 8 September 2010 showing... the South American forest. All GOES WFABBA fire detects over Northern... or less Gaussian function (for GOES, at least) that creates unique..., using ABI as an example GOES-R ABI 3.9 µm pixels A fire cluster is... applied. Darker represents hotter pixels. GOES-R ABI 3.9 µm pixels A1 A2 A3..., 4 km footprint (similar to current GOES 4 µm band) FRP: Calculated using radiance... stabilized geostationary satellites, however on GOES it is minimized. For MTSAT... projection. WFABBA and GOES-R • GOES-R is the next generation GOES • The Advanced Baseline... Block-out Zone Processed Region GOES-11 2007 Oct. Southern California..., 2 km imagery • Fires initialized from GOES-12 WFABBA fire product • “Alphablended” imagery..., 2 km imagery • Fires initialized from GOES-12 WFABBA fire product • Fires are... data The charts depict the GOES-R Fire Detection Algorithm fire detection... with clouds High Frequency GOES Data • Operational GOES satellites may be run... Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) • SRSOR is a special mode... continuously • It was employed with GOES-14, the Operational backup, in....ssec.wisc.edu/goes/srsor2013/800x1000_GOES_B1_RIM_FIRE_animated_2013234_150000_182_2013234_20 0000_182_X.mp4 Ex 1: GOES-14/-15... FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged over fire... it was clear from the GOES-15 data (normal operational schedule... Blue Marble Next Generation with GOES visible (and in next version... FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged over fire... FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged over fire... of intensification captured by GOES-14 that GOES-15 missed is likely... areas on different schedules • Current GOES covers the full disk once... compare detection rates? Typical GOES-East coverage frequency. GOES-8 28 August 1995... the first three years of GOES-8. The arc of deforestation shows... the first three years of GOES-8. The arc of deforestation shows... the first three years of GOES-8. The arc of deforestation shows... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 1998 GOES-8 data. Central America had a busy... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 1999 GOES-8 data. Brazil had a busy year... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2000 GOES-8 data. Central America heats up... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2001 GOES-8 data. Large fires in the... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2002 GOES-8 and GOES-12 data. The arc of... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2003 GOES-12 data. A hot spot of activity... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2004 GOES-12 data. An active year in... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2005 GOES-12 data. Increased activity in Quebec...: 2006 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2007 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2008 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2009 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2010 GOES-12 and GOES-13 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2011 GOES-13... at Equator (at 750 K) (hectares) GOES-E/-W Imager (75ºW / 135ºW) 1 visible 3.9 and...) ~340 K (G-11) ~340 K (G-13) 0.15 GOES-12 Imager (60ºW) 1 visible 3.9 and 10... Version 6.5 supports: • GOES-8/-9/-10/-11/-12/-13/-14/-15 (US; GOES-13 is stationed at 75W, GOES-15 at 135W, and • • • GOES-14...) Meteosat-8/-9 (Eumetsat) MTSAT-1R/-2 (Japan) GOES-R ABI (US) Version 6.5 support is... WFABBA fires GOES-West Positioned over the Pacific, GOES-West (GOES-11 in this image, currently GOES-15) sees... September 2011 WFABBA fires GOES-East GOES-East (currently GOES-13) provides the... September 2011 WFABBA fires GOES-SA GOES-SA (currently GOES-12) provides additional coverage for South America using an older GOES satellite... different, even within a series like GOES or Meteosat Second Generation. And... are more similar than others: – – – – – – – – – – GOES, INSAT-3D, COMS, MTSAT-2 are... aperture scanning imagers modeled after GOES-8 MSG (Met-8/-9) are spin-scan...-2D, and beyond (China) are GOES-like in apparent spectral coverage... not implemented at this time. GOES-12 is the oldest geostationary satellite... to correct for high inclination. GOES-13 and beyond employ improved... than we see with current GOES. GOES-9/-10 and MTSAT-1R have... in mind for fire detection. GOES has 4 km resolution, 4 km N/S spacing... where we can compare GOES and MSG (specifically GOES-12/-13 and Met... a green visible band… Ozone from GOES and Potential Vorticity A tropopause fold...



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... γ -êâàíòà ñ àòîìîì èëè ÿäðîì âîçìîæíî îáðàçîâàíèå ýëåêòðîí-ïîçèòðîííîé ïàðû, êîòîðûå íà÷èíàþò äâèãàòüñÿ â ñðåäå è âçàèìîäåéñòâîâàòü ñ äðóãèìè ÷àñòèöàìè è Ñîâîêóïíîñòü ýòèõ ïðîöåññîâ ïðèâîäèò ê îáðàçîâàíèÿ óñëîâíàÿ ñõåìà êîòîðîé ïðåäñòàâëåíà íà ðèñ. V-12-2 è V-12-3. 163 γ -êâàíòàìè. ýëåêòðîìàãíèòíûõ ëàâèí, Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëó÷è Íåêîòîðûå ïðèáîðû äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé  íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ ñîçäàíî áîëüøîå ðàçíîîáðàçèå ïðèáîðîâ, êîòîðûå èñïîëüçóþòñÿ äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè ÷àñòèö. Îäíàêî èõ îñíîâó ñîñòàâëÿþò ïðèáîðû, ïðåäñòàâëÿþùèå ðàçëè÷íûå âàðèàíòû ïðîñòåéøèõ ïðèáîðîâ, êîòîðûå ìû çäåñü îïèøåì. A. Ãàçîíàïîëíåííûé äåòåêòîð. Ñ÷åò÷èê Ãåéãåðà-Ìþëëåðà. Ðèñ. V-12-7. Ãàçîíàïîëíåííûé äåòåêòîð äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé Íà ðèñ. äåòåêòîðà. V-12-8 ïðåäñòàâëåíà Îïèñàíèå îòäåëüíûõ âîëüò-àìïåðíàÿ ó÷àñòêîâ äàííîé õàðàêòåðèñòèêà çàâèñèìîñòè ãàçîíàïîëíåííîãî òîêà îò íàïðÿæåíèÿ ïðèâåäåíî íèæå. A - âåëè÷èíà íàïðÿæåíèÿ òàêîâà, ÷òî ÷àñòü ýëåêòðîíîâ, ïîÿâèâøèõñÿ â ðåçóëüòàòå èîíèçàöèè àòîìîâ âíîâü ñîåäèíÿþòñÿ ñ èîíàìè. Òàêîé ïðîöåññ íàçûâàåòñÿ ðåêîìáèíàöèåé. B - íàïðÿæåíèå äîñòàòî÷íî âåëèêî, ÷òî áû ïî÷òè âñå ýëåêòðîíû óñïåëè äîñòèãíóòü àíîäà. Ïðîöåññ ðåêîìáèíàöèè íå çíà÷èòåëåí. C - ðàáî÷àÿ îáëàñòü . Ýëåêòðîíû, äâèãàÿñü ê àíîäó ïðèîáðåòàþò ýíåðãèþ, äîñòàòî÷íóþ, ÷òîáû èîíèçèðîâàòü íîâûå àòîìû.  ðåçóëüòàòå òîê ìíîãîêðàòíî âîçðàñòàåò, îñòàâàÿñü ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíûì ÷èñëó ïåðâè÷íûõ ÷àñòèö, âûçâàâøèõ èîíèçàöèþ. Äàò÷èêè, ðàáîòàþùèå â ýòîé îáëàñòè íàïðÿæåíèé íàçûâàþòñÿ ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíûìè äåòåêòîðàìè. D - íàïðÿæåíèå íà ñòîëüêî âåëèêî, ÷òî ÷èñëî âòîðè÷íûõ ýëåêòðîíîâ ïåðåñòàåò áûòü ïðîïîðöèîíàëüíûì ÷èñëó ïåðâè÷íûõ ÷àñòèö. 164 Ôèçèêà îêîëîçåìíîãî êîñìè÷åñêîãî ïðîñòðàíñòâà E - íàïðÿæåíèå íà ñòîëüêî âåëèêî, ÷òî ëþáàÿ ÷àñòèöà, ñïîñîáíàÿ èîíèçèðîâàòü àòîì, âûçûâàåò áîëüøîé èìïóëüñ òîêà. Ýòîò ðåæèì, íàçûâàåòñÿ ðåæèìîì íàñûùåíèÿ. Ñ÷åò÷èêîì Ãåéãåðà íàçûâàåòñÿ ãàçîíàïîëíåííûé äåòåêòîð, ðàáîòàþùèé â ðåæèìå íàñûùåíèÿ. Ðèñ. V-12-8. Âîëüò-àìïåðíàÿ õàðàêòåðèñòèêà ãàçîíàïîëíåííîãî äàò÷èêà. B. Ïîëóïðîâîäíèêîâûé äåòåêòîð  òâåðäûõ òåëàõ çàðÿæåííûå ÷àñòèöû êàê è â ãàçå ïðèâîäÿò ê îáðàçîâàíèþ âòîðè÷íûõ çàðÿæåííûõ ÷àñòèö, êîòîðûå ìîæíî ñîáðàòü ñ ïîìîùüþ ýëåêòðè÷åñêèõ ïîëåé è ñäåëàòü îöåíêó õàðàêòåðèñòèê ÷àñòèöû, êîòîðàÿ èîíèçèðîâàëà òâåðäîå òåëî. Îäíàêî â îòëè÷èå îò ãàçîâ â òâåðäîì òåëå ïîä äåéñòâèåì êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé îáðàçóþòñÿ íå ýëåêòðîíû è èîíû, à ýëåêòðîíû è äûðêè. Åñòü åùå îäíî îòëè÷èå, êîòîðîå ñîñòîèò â òîì, ÷òî íà îáðàçîâàíèå îäíîé ïàðû ýëåêòðîí-äûðêà çàòðà÷èâàåòñÿ ãîðàçäî ìåíüøå ýíåðãèè, ÷åì â ãàçå. Ïîýòîìó òî÷íîñòü ïîëóïðîâîäíèêîâûõ ïðèáîðîâ ðåãèñòðàöèè îêàçûâàåòñÿ âûøå ïðèìåðíî â 10 ðàç, ÷åì ãàçîíàïîëíåííûõ. Åùå îäíèì ïðåèìóùåñòâîì ïîëóïðîâîäíèêîâûõ äåòåêòîðîâ 165 Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëó÷è ÿâëÿåòñÿ èõ êîìïàêòíîñòü, ÷òî ïîçâîëÿåò èõ èñïîëüçîâàòü íà êîñìè÷åñêèõ àïïàðàòàõ, ïðåäïî÷èòàÿ èõ ãàçîíàïîëíåííûì. Òèïè÷íûé âèä òàêèõ ïðèáîðîâ ïðåäñòàâëåí íà ðèñ. V-12-9. Ðèñ. V-12-9. Ïîëóïðîâîäíèêîâûé äåòåêòîð äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé Ñ. Ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûé äåòåêòîð Ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûå äåòåêòîðû ÿâëÿþòñÿ îäíèìè èç ïåðâûõ ïðèáîðîâ, êîòîðûå èñïîëüçîâàëèñü äëÿ ôèêñèðîâàíèÿ çàðÿæåííûõ ÷àñòèö. Òàêèìè ïðèáîðàìè ïîëüçîâàëñÿ Ðåçåðôîðä âî âðåìÿ ñâîåãî çíàìåíèòîãî ýêñïåðèìåíòà ïî ðàññåÿíèþ α-÷àñòèö íà çîëîòîé ôîëüãå, â êîòîðîì áûëî ïðîäåìîíñòðèðîâàíî íàëè÷èå ïîëîæèòåëüíî çàðÿæåííûõ ÿäåð ó àòîìîâ çîëîòà. Ïîñêîëüêó ÊÏÄ ïðåîáðàçîâàíèÿ ýíåðãèè ÷àñòèö â ñâåò â ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûõ êðèñòàëëàõ, ñîñòàâëÿþùèõ îñíîâó òàêèõ äåòåêòîðîâ ìàë (îêîëî 5%), òî èõ ýôôåêòèâíîñòü çàâèñèò îò âîçìîæíîñòè óñèëèòü ñâåòîâîé ñèãíàë îò ýòèõ êðèñòàëëîâ.  íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ òàêèå äåòåêòîðû èñïîëüçóþòñÿ â ñî÷åòàíèè ñ ôîòîóìíîæèòåëÿìè. Îáùèé âèä òàêîãî ïðèáîðà ïðåäñòàâëåí íà ðèñ. V-12-10. 166 Ôèçèêà îêîëîçåìíîãî êîñìè÷åñêîãî ïðîñòðàíñòâà Ðèñ. V-12-10. Ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûé äåòåêòîð äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé Ê ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûì äåòåêòîðàì ìîæíî îòíåñòè è äàò÷èêè, â êîòîðûõ ñâåò âîçáóæäàåòñÿ íå çà ñ÷åò ñòîëêíîâåíèÿ ñ àòîìàìè ñðåäû, à çà ñ÷åò òîãî, ÷òî ñêîðîñòü çàðÿæåííûõ ÷àñòèö ìîæåò îêàçàòüñÿ áîëüøå ñêîðîñòè ñâåòà â ñðåäå äàò÷èêà.  ýòîì ñëó÷àå âîçíèêàåò òàê íàçûâàåìîå ÷åðåíêîâñêîå èçëó÷åíèå èëè èçëó÷åíèå Âàâèëîâà×åðåíêîâà. Òàêèå äàò÷èêè íàçûâàþò ÷åðåíêîâñêèìè äàò÷èêàìè. Îáùèé èõ âèä àíàëîãè÷åí äðóãèì òèïàì ñöèíòèëëÿöèîííûõ äåòåêòîðîâ. D. Òåëåñêîï Ïðèíöèï äåéñòâèÿ òåëåñêîïîâ äëÿ ðåãèñòðàöèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ ëó÷åé è íàïðàâëåíèÿ èõ ïðèõîäà ñîñòîèò â òîì, ÷òî êîñìè÷åñêèå ëó÷è ïðîõîäÿò ÷åðåç íåñêîëüêî ðàçíîòèïíûõ äåòåêòîðîâ, êîòîðûå ÷óâñòâèòåëüíû ê ðàçëè÷íûì òèïàì ÷àñòèö. Çàòåì òèï ÷àñòèöû îïðåäåëÿåòñÿ ïî òîìó, ñîïðîâîæäàåòñÿ èëè íåò ñèãíàë îäíîãî äåòåêòîðà ñèãíàëàìè äðóãèõ. Òàêàÿ çàäà÷à îñóùåñòâèìà áëàãîäàðÿ ñîâðåìåííûì ýëåêòðîííûì ñõåìàì, êîòîðûå êîíñòðóèðóþòñÿ ñ òàêèì ðàñ÷åòîì, ÷òî íà âûõîäå ñèãíàë íå ðåãèñòðèðóåòñÿ, åñëè ñîáûòèå íå èìååò íóæíîãî ïðèçíàêà. Çàòåì äàííûå ñ ðàçëè÷íûõ äåòåêòîðîâ çàïîìèíàþòñÿ â îïåðàòèâíîé ïàìÿòè áîðòîâîãî êîìïüþòåðà è âî âðåìÿ ñåàíñà ñâÿçè ïåðåäàþòñÿ íà Çåìëþ ïî òåëåìåòðè÷åñêèì êàíàëàì ñâÿçè.  êà÷åñòâå ïðèìåðà òàêîãî òåëåñêîïà íà ðèñ. VI-12-11 γ -òåëåñêîïà, óñòàíîâëåííîãî íà ñïóòíèêå IMP....7 GOES Ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûå âîêðóã Çåìëè ñïóòíèêè ïî íàáëþäåíèÿ ãåîñèíõðîííîé çà îðáèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñî ñðåäîé ñêîðîñòüþ, (GOES) âðàùàþòñÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé ñêîðîñòè âðàùåíèÿ Çåìëè. Ýòî ïîçâîëÿåò èì íåïðåðûâíî íàáëþäàòü çà îäíîé è òîé æå ïîçèöèåé íà ïîâåðõíîñòè Çåìëè. Íàõîäÿñü íà âûñîòå 35800 êèëîìåòðîâ (22,300 ìèëü) íàä Çåìëåé ñïóòíèêè GOES-8 è GOES-9 îáåñïå÷èâàþò 194 èíôîðìàöèåé î ñîñòîÿíèè ïîâåðõíîñòè Ôèçèêà îêîëîçåìíîãî êîñìè÷åñêîãî ïðîñòðàíñòâà Çåìëè è îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÷åðåç êàæäûå ïîë÷àñà. Ñïóòíèêè GOES âûâîäÿòñÿ íà ãåîñòàöèîíàðíóþ îðáèòó ñ êîñìîäðîìà íà ìûñå Êàíàâåðàë.  äàííûé ìîìåíò ýêñïëóàòèðóþòñÿ äàííûå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè: GOES-11 (L) Çàïóñê: 07:07 03.05.2000 GOES-12 (M) Çàïóñê: 07:23 23.07.2001 GOES-13 (N) Çàïóñê: 22:11 24.05.2006 GOES-14 (O) Çàïóñê: 22:51 27.06.2009 GOES-15 (P) Çàïóñê: 23:57 04.03.2010 (òåñòèðóåòñÿ) Ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè GOES çàïóñêàþòñÿ NASA ñ 1975 ãîäà.  íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ ÑØÀ ïîääåðæèâàåò æèçíåäåÿòåëüíîñòü ñïóòíèêîâ GOES-10 è GOES-12. (GOES-9, ðàáîòàåò ëèøü ÷àñòè÷íî è èñïîëüçóåòñÿ Ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèì Àãåíñòâîì ßïîíèè â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû èõ ñïóòíèêà, êîòîðûé ïðåêðàòèë ñâîå ñóùåñòâîâàíèå). GOES-11 ñîõðàíÿåòñÿ íà îðáèòå â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû äëÿ GOES-12 èëè GOES-10 â ñëó÷àå ñáîÿ â èõ ðàáîòå. 24 Ìàÿ 2006 íà îðáèòó çàïóùåí ñïóòíèê GOES-13, êîòîðûé â íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ íàõîäèòñÿ â ñòàäèè ïðîâåðîê è áóäåò çàêîíñåðâèðîâàí.. GOES-10 è GOES-12 Ðèñ. VI-13-7. Ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèå ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè GOES (ÑØÀ) Êàæäûé èç ýòèõ ñïóòíèêîâ âèäèò ïî÷òè òðåòü ïîâåðõíîñòè Çåìëè: îäèí èç íèõ íàáëþäàåò çà Ñåâåðíîé è Þæíîé Àìåðèêîé è ïî÷òè âñåì Àòëàíòè÷åñêèì îêåàíîì, à äðóãîé çà îñòàâøåéñÿ ÷àñòüþ Ñåâåðíîé Àìåðèêè è Òèõèì îêåàíîì. 195 Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè Îñíîâíûìè èíñòðóìåíòàìè íàáëþäåíèÿ íà GOES ÿâëÿþòñÿ ïðèáîðû Imager è Sounder. Imager ïðåäñòàâëÿåò ñîáîé ìíîãîêàíàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò, ðåãèñòðèðóþùèé îòðàæåííóþ àòìîñôåðîé è ïîâåðõíîñòüþ Çåìëè ñîëíå÷íóþ ðàäèàöèþ. Sounder ñîáèðàåò äàííûå äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ âåðòèêàëüíûõ ïðîôèëåé òåìïåðàòóðû è âîäÿíîãî ïàðà (âëàæíîñòè) â àòìîñôåðå, à òàêæå òåìïåðàòóðû íà óðîâíå îáëàêîâ è ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ îçîíà. Ñïóòíèê GOES-N (óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé GOES) ðàçìåðàìè 4,2x4,2x6,2 ì è ñòàðòîâûì âåñîì 3300 êã ïðåäíàçíà÷åí äëÿ ðàáîòû íà ãåîñòàöèîíàðíîé îðáèòå âûñîòîé 35600 êì. Íà ñïóòíèêå, âûïîëíåííîì íà áàçå ïëàòôîðìû BSS-601, óñòàíîâëåíà îäíà ïàíåëü ñîëíå÷íûõ áàòàðåé íà îñíîâå àðñåíèäà ãàëëèÿ, ðàññ÷èòàííàÿ íà âûðàáîòêó 2,3 êÂò (2 êÂò ê êîíöó ðàñ÷åòíîãî ñðîêà ýêñïëóàòàöèè). Âûâåäåí íà îðáèòó ðàêåòîíîñèòåëåì Delta IV ïðîèçâîäñòâà Boeing. Çàïóñê ïîñëåäíåãî íà äàííûé ìîìåíò ñïóòíèêà ñåðèè GOES ñîñòîÿëñÿ 4 ìàðòà 2010 ãîäà â 18:57 ñ ïëîùàäêè SLC-37B ñòàíöèè ÂÂÑ ÑØÀ Ìûñ Êàíàâåðàë¾ Ïàðàìåòðû îðáèòû ñïóòíèêà ïîñëå îòäåëåíèÿ ñîñòàâèëè (â ñêîáêàõ ðàñ÷åòíûå): 1.3 Íàêëîíåíèå ãðàä 12.01(12) Âûñîòà â ïåðèãåå,êì 6638(6623...



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... 143,167 (29,214) (2,021) (12,078) 0 53 63,787 20... FY2010 Estimate 12,764 FY2011 Estimate 12,764 FY2012 Estimate 12,764 FY2013 Estimate 12,764 NOAA... such as advanced weather satellites (GOES-R, NPOESS), Advanced Numerical Weather Prediction... Funding Requirements (BA in Thousands) GOES-N GOES-R GOES Total FY2009 FY 2010 Estimate...,201 Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES): NOAA requests a net increase of... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) to fund GOES-N and GOES-R series satellites which... and 0 FTE for the GOES-N Series. The GOES-N Series is nearing the... remaining satellites to be launched; GOES-O is being prepared for launch in 2008 and GOES-P is currently in stor4-8 National... currently under review. The NOAA GOES program continues the development, procurement, and launch of the GOES-N series of satellites. The spacecraft contract for the GOES–N series is a firm fixed price contract. The GOES-N series program also includes separate...,000 and 0 FTE for the GOES-R Series. The FY2009 request continues... 2028 The launch date for GOES-R will be delayed up to... delay to the launch of GOES-R will increase the potential risk to the overall continuity of GOES data coverage in the event... a failure of one either GOES-O or GOES-P. The reduction also impacted the... basins. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) provide critical atmospheric, oceanic, climatic... public and private transportation. The GOES satellites also provide a platform for... communications services that provide for GOES data rebroadcast, data collection platform... satellite aided search and rescue. GOES-R is a collaborative development and acquisition... Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD. The GOES-R program acquisition and management strategy... will be performed by the GOES-R Program Office. As a result of... procedures to apply to the GOES-R program in order to meet... NOAA’s oversight of the entire GOES-R program, including the Flight Project... expertise over the Flight Project. • GOES observations allow continuous monitoring of... to complement the two operational GOES satellites. This on-orbit spare... spare to operational status. • The GOES-R series satellites will not only... in support of an initial GOES-R launch date in 2015. The... and ground system. Continuity of GOES Operational Satellite Program CY 2004... 2020 GOES 10 Backup GOES 11 GOES West GOES 12 GOES East GOES 13 On-orbit Spare * GOES O * GOES P GOES R * GOES... currently under review for GOES-O, P and GOES-R On-orbit GOES storage Operational Polar... observations of the Earth’s radia4-12 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration... 0 0 0 NOAA requests an increase of $12,072,000 and 0 FTE for...



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... поля. На основе анализа циклов 12-23 установлено соотношения между кумулятивной... параметров корональных петель рассмотренных в работе. 12 НАБЛЮДЕНИЯ ВСПЫШЕК ЖЕСТКОГО РЕНТГЕНОВСКОГО ИЗЛУЧЕНИЯ... во вспышках баллов В и С по классификации GOES. Некоторые из таких вспышек с излучением... одной полосы зебры в явлении 14.12.2006 с помощью системы FASR (Chen... миллисекундных спайков, что наблюдалось 01.12.2004. О ТОНКОЙ СТРУКТУРЕ СПЕКТРА СОЛНЕЧНОГО... the NoRH, NoRP, RHESSI, and GOES observations. The spectral indexes of... – 22 СЦ) к эпохам «пониженной» СА (12 – 16 и 24 и последующие 4 СЦ) и, наоборот... будет низким, похожим на СЦ 12, и знаменует собой наступление II эпохи..., г. Троицк, Россия По данным телескопов GOES-12/SXI и SDO/AIA были отобраны... требуемые изгибы нейтральной поверхности вызывают 12 среднеширотных и 2 полярных источника. В период низкой... 0069 с помощью орбитальных станций КОРОНАС-Ф и GOES, а также наземной службы Солнца RSTN.... [3]. Сообщение геофизики Интернет от 18. 12. 2013г. СВЯЗЬ ХАРАКТЕРА МАГНИТНОГО ПОЛЯ... выполнена при поддержке грантов РФФИ 12-02-00513-а, 13-02-00957... антеннах в дневные часы (LT=11-12) при максимальной мощности передатчика (3.6 МВт... при финансовой поддержке гранта РФФИ №12-05-31217 и Программы 22 РАН... учитывают с помощью скользящих средних за 12 месяцев значений Ap-индекса. Такой... при финансовой поддержке гранта РФФИ №12-05-31217 и Программы 22 РАН.... Диапазон измеряемых прибором ККЭП токов 1 ÷ 12 нА (площадь зонда 6.25 см2...ётки, состоящей из серии от 12 до 15-ти электротермальных структур... при финансовой поддержке гранта РФФИ №12-05-31217 и Программы 22 РАН... круглая неоднородность в концентрации имела диаметр 12λDe, и состояла из примерно круглого... равна 0.01, 0.08, 0.32 and 5.12 с соответственно. При этом для концентрации... системы»; при поддержки РФФИ (проект № 12-0200270-а), а также гранта Президента Российской... г.: КА Метеор-М №1, Электро-Л1, GOES-13, GOES-15, ACE, SDO, каталоги геомагнитных... спектров (256 каналов). Рабочий диапазон 1,5-12,4 кэВ, соответствует диапазону прибора XRS... излучения на американских метеорологических аппаратах GOES на протяжении последних 30 лет... ДАВЛЕНИЯ В ЭКВАТОРИАЛЬНОЙ ПЛОСКОСТИ (от 6 до 12 RE) ПРИ НЕВОЗМУЩЕННЫХ ГЕОМАГНИТНЫХ УСЛОВИЯХ... на геоцентрических расстояниях от 6 до 12 RE. Плазменное давление рассчитывалось по... примерно 2-3 минуты по данным спутников GOES, THEMIS, ETS. Данные пульсации возбуждались.... Кросс-корреляционный анализ между спутниками GOES-10, GOES-12 показывает, что данным Pg....1.4., Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований (проект 12-02-00367), программы 15 ОФН... UT 11.11.2004 и 09-12 UT 11.11.2004. В период... в виде почти вертикальных полос. В период с 12 по 14.11.2004 наблюдалось... периоды соответствуют данным с геосинхронной орбиты (GOES), а в некоторые – нет. Пользуясь соотношением Тверской... при частичной поддержке РФФИ, проект № 12-02-00553а, и Программой фундаментальных исследований... Российским фондом фундаментальных исследований, проект № 12-02-00553а, и Программой фундаментальных исследований... уровнем моря в 7-8 км (максимальная составила 12 км). В ряде последних научных работах... г. советские аппараты ВЕНЕРА-11 и ВЕНЕРА-12 опустились на поверхность Венеры. Среди...



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... Integrated method to improve the GOES Imager visible Radiometric Calibration Accuracy... and Limit Monitoring Algorithm for GOES-R ABI Radiometric Parameters by Zhenping... Publication Image taken by the GOES-12 visible band Sentinel-2A launched... Integrated method to Improve the GOES Imager Visible Radiometric Calibration Accuracy... at NOAA/NESDIS/STAR for GOES Imager visible data using various... Quarterly: Summer issue 2015 For GOES Imager visible data, the trending... removal of outliers, is 0.6% for GOES-12, improved from each individual one... reference targets with Equation 2. For GOES-12, DCC and the Sonoran desert... be useful to validate the GOES-R ABI onboard radiometric calibration accuracy... integrated method to improve the GOES Imager visible radiometric calibration accuracy.... 9218, 921809, doi:10.1117/12.2060143. Miller, S. et al., 2013... and Limit Monitoring Algorithm for GOES-R ABI Radiometric Parameters By Zhenping... parameters are critical aspects of GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) operations.... Given that radiometric parameters for GOES imagers typically exhibit a diurnal behavior... σe for the bias parameter in GOES Imager may provide the insight.... 2 2015 Figure 2 The errors for GOES 13 channel 4 detector 2. The blue... be potentially very useful in GOES Imager data calibration process. For... be implemented in the forthcoming GOES-R ABI Radiometric Trending and Data...(WMO), Kim Doheyong(KMA), Kenneth 12 Return to Page 1 Holmlund(EUMETSAT...



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...: 10.85, temperature, cloud cover, 12µm aerosols, vegetation, Spatial resolution: IR... Land surface temperature: 0.1K (relative) GOES-R Approved Imaging multispectral radiometers (vis... (type, amount, storm features) The GOES-R Project is in the formulation..., and 1.6µm, SWIR-TIR: 1.6, 3.7, 11 and 12µm, Microwave: 23.8, 36.5GHz (bandwidth... frames programmable Accuracy: 3 channels: 0.3-5 µm, 0.3 100 µm, 8-12 µm, UV-FIR Spatial resolution: 20km... Swath width: Accuracy: SWIR: 3.5µm, 6µm, TIR: 8µm, 12.7µm Spatial resolution: Vert 2.8km, Horiz... (NOAA) GOES-9, Data Collection System GOES-10, (NOAA) GOES-11, GOES-12, NOAA GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R DCS (ROSHYDROMET... attracting masses of the Earth. GOES-R Approved Space Environment Space particle detection The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... imagery for land applications Waveband: GOES-R Approved Other Solar EUV radiation... will measure this radiation The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... Environment Space environment monitoring Waveband: GOES-R Approved USGS EUVS Extreme Ultraviolet... and thermal gradient winds The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... Swath width: Accuracy: Emitted radiation: 0.12-1.3 W/m2, Reflectance: 1% Elektro-L Magnetic field...-L1 VIS-TIR: 8 channels: 0.45-12.5µm, Panchromatic channel: VIS 0.5-0.9µm Spatial resolution... (vis/IR) & Ocean colour instruments GOES-R GLM GEO Lightning Mapper Approved..., Ice and snow cover: 5% The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... satellites Data communication only. GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R Prototype Communications SAC-C Operational...: NEDT 0.5 K - 1.0 K JAXA (JMA) GOES Comms Communications package on GOES NOAA GOLPE GPS...%: Temperature: 3-5K, Aerosol Extinction: < 30% GOES-R Approved Imaging multi-spectral radiometers... Earth surface and oceans The GOES-R Project is in the formulation...%, Temparature: 1K, Ozone: 10% NOAA-12, NOAA-14 Operational Atmospheric temperature... budget radiometer TIR: 8.7, 10.5, and 12.0 µm (08.µm resolution) Spatial resolution: 1km...: Accuracy: ROSKOSMOS Imager NOAA GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R Operational Imaging multi-spectral... width: Accuracy: GOES 8-12; N,O,P: VIS: 1 channel (8 detectors), IR: 4 channels: 3.9, 6.7, 10.7 and 12µm, GOES 12-Q: VIS...µm, MWIR-TIR: 3.5-4µm, 6.5-7µm, 10.5-11.3µm, 11.5-12.5µm Visible: 1km, TIR: 4km Full...-TIR: 0.55-0.9, 10.3-11.3, 11.5-12.5, 6.5-7.0, 3.5-4.0µm (5 channels) Spatial resolution: 1.4km, 5km... surface temperature Waveband: TIR: 10.5-12.5µm Spatial resolution: 0.45km x 0.9km Swath... of the ozone layer Waveband: GOES-R Approved Magnetic field Measures magnitude... region of the magnetosphere The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... (4km layers): 10%, Methane column: 1% GOES-R Approved Space Environment Studies of... upset of satellite systems The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... resolution: Swath width: Accuracy: NOAA-12, NOAA-14 Operational Atmospheric temperature...µm, TIR: 5.77.0, 8-8.7, 9.7, 10.2-11.2, 11.2-12.5µm Spatial resolution: 1km (at SSP...-NIR: 0.5-0.9µm, TIR: 5.7-7.1µm (water vapour), 10.5-12.5µm Visible: 2.5km, Water vapour: 5km... ash Waveband: 3.5-4.5µm, 10.5-11.5µ, 11.5-12.5µm Spatial resolution: 150m Swath width... Diademe 1&2 CNES S&R (GOES) Search and Rescue NOAA GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R TIMED NASA... width: Accuracy: 3dB UV: 0.16-0.4µm (12 channels) Waveband: Spatial resolution: 170km... 2003 Swath width: Accuracy: GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R Operational Space Environment Used...: 0.2-50µm, Thermal window channel: 10.5-12.5µm Spatial resolution: 60km Swath width... ESA SeaWinds NASA (JAXA) SEM (GOES) Space Environment Monitor NOAA SEM... Solar and Galactic Proton Sensor GOES-R Approved Space Environment Studies natural... upset of satellite systems The GOES-R Project is in the formulation... resolution: Swath width: Accuracy: 1% GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R Operational Atmospheric temperature and...: 160nm plus Lyman alpha detector GOES 8-12; N,O,P: VIS-TIR: 19 channels Spatial... solar UV spectrum Waveband: UV: 0.12-0.4µm Spatial resolution: Not applicable Spectral... characteristics SXI Solar X-ray Imager GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-P, GOES-R Prototype Space Environment Obtains data... of sun and filaments Waveband: GOES-R Approved Space Environment Studies of... upset of satellite systems. The GOES-R Project is in the formulation...-X X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar DLR GOES 12,N,P: X-Ray 0.6-6.0nm bandpass Spatial resolution...-0.75µm, emitted radiation in 10.5-12.5µm range Waveband: NPOESS-1, VIIRS Visible... and Cloud coverage Waveband: GOES-9, GOES-10, GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-N, GOES-O, GOES-P, GOES-R Operational Communications Weather Facsimile... Imager CAST (INPE) VIS - TIR: 0.4-12.5µm (22 channels) Spatial resolution: 400m...: 0.55-0.9µm, TIR: 6.5-7, 10.5-11.5, 11.5-12.5µm Spatial resolution: Visible: 1.25km, TIR...: 0.55-0.75µm, NIR: 5.7-7.1µm, TIR: 10.5-12.5µm Spatial resolution: 2km in visible...



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..., Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-Series (GOES-R), is now scheduled for launch... may temporarily be without a backup GOES satellite in orbit for the... for these programs, including JPSS, GOES-R, and the Constellation Observing System..., the United States GOES-13 image. Credit: NASA/NOAA GOES Project, Dennis...-orbiting Operational Environmental The GOES-O satellite, later renamed GOES-14, is shown...-orbit backup for Environmental Satellite (GOES) systems. A new generation the U.S. geostationary... operates two GOES satellites at all times—GOES East and GOES West—to... fails. 16 FIGURE 1: Approximate GOES Geographic Coverage GOES-West Sources: GAO-10...), MapArt (map) GOES-East The primary function of the GOES system is... storms.17 The ability of GOES to continuously monitor one area... storms continuously over a large area. GOES is able to observe and... on the acquisition plan for GOES-R, the current programs are in... next-generation geostationary weather satellite, GOES-R, is now scheduled for launch... fails, or if a problem with GOES-R occurs, the United States may... Environment — SPACE FOUNDATION 12 Challenges in Development: GOES-R Like the polar-orbiting... scope from early expectations. The GOES-R system was originally estimated to... removed completely, which significantly decreased GOES-R cost estimates and reduced the... challenges currently faced by the GOES-R program include gaps in data... This delayed launch schedule of GOES-R could leave NOAA without a backup... GOES-R Scope The GOES-R system represents the first major technological advance in GOES instrumentation since 1994.70 GOES-R series satellites will... the GOES-R satellite series, will improve every product the current GOES imager... every product that the current GOES imager produces as well as... weather-monitoring instrument on the GOES-R series is the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM). No previous GOES satellite has included a sensor to....72 Despite these impressive improvements, GOES-R does not include the full... atmospheric sounder instrument on the GOES satellites currently in orbit.73... the highest priority instrument on GOES, and studies showed that it... not essential to the traditional GOES weather-monitoring mission.75 NOAA... currently available products based on GOES data using the Advanced Baseline... mission of the GOES program. With respect to GOES-R, reductions occurred not... currently produced using the existing GOES system but will not be... for these programs, including JPSS, GOES-R, and the Constellation Observing System... capabilities, and later launch dates. GOES-R began as a $6 billion program in..., so this action to reduce GOES-R program costs would likely lead... FOUNDATION 15 FIGURE 5: NPOESS/JPSS, GOES and COSMIC-2 Budgets NPOESS/JPSS... 20 12 Appropriation GOES-R 1000 800 600 400 Request Appropriation 16 14 12... and property at risk.81 GOES-R has also repeatedly received lower... levels than requested, and the GOES-R program office lists program funding... (NOAA) GOES-12 NOAA-15 GOES-13 NOAA-16 GOES-14 NOAA-18 GOES-15...; for example, Europe’s Meteosat-3 replaced GOES-7 in order to continue monitoring the Atlantic region, and GOES-9 was moved westwards over the... of the loss of a GOES-East or GOES-West satellite. The international... from commercial sources would supplement GOES-R and JPSS. After an initial... Environmental Suite (HES) removed from GOES-R, GeoMetWatch’s instrument would offer a valuable... originally planned for inclusion on GOES-R would have, in combination with... earlier, insistence by Congress that GOES-R keep costs down led to... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... System. Washington: n.p., 1998. Print. 8 “The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental... for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES): A Report to NOAA’s National Climatic... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27.... Web. 28 June 2013. . 16 “GOES Project.” Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites.... Web. 28 June 2013. . NOAA GOES-N,O,P – The Next Generation. N.p.: n.p., n.d. NASA, NOAA.... 28 June 2013. . 17 “ The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental.... 28 June 2013. . 19 “ The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... “Lockheed Martin Tapped for 2 More GOES Satellites.” Space News. N.p., 15 May.... . 71 “Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI).” GOES-R. NOAA and NASA, n.d. Web. 28.... . 72 “Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM).” GOES-R. NOAA and NASA, n.d. Web. 28... Li, and Wayne F. Feltz. “The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager and the... Li, and Wayne F. Feltz. “The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager and the... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, Series R (GOES-R) Independent Review Team (IRT) Report...



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...: • Fluxes of E > 2 MeV electrons at GOES West factor of about 2.5 higher... at geosynchronous orbit: Analysis of GOES E > 2 MeV electrons Nigel P. Meredith1, Richard... at geosynchronous orbit: Analysis of GOES E > 2 MeV electrons, Space Weather, 13... the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) during the 19.5 year period...−1 , respectively. The corresponding fluxes at GOES East are 6.53 × 104 , 1.98... seen by satellites at GOES West and GOES East. The extreme value... (NOAA) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) to determine the number of...]. The dome detectors on GOES 8, 9, 11, and 12 are mounted such that... Data Used in Study Dates GOES East GOES 8 GOES 12 GOES 13 18 Feb 1995... 1 May 2010 to date GOES West GOES 9 GOES 10 GOES 11 GOES 15 2 Apr 1996... E > 2 MeV electrons observed by the GOES satellites. However, at the highest... GOES 13–15 dead time correction is also valid for the GOES 8–12... longitudes, referred to as GOES West and GOES East, located at 135...fferent magnetic latitudes with GOES West and GOES East located roughly 4◦ and... generally outward near geosynchronous orbit, GOES West will typically measure larger... for the satellites at GOES West and GOES East separately. For this... of E > 2 MeV electrons at GOES West and GOES East, are tabulated in...]. We also exclude data from GOES 12 collected in September 2003 due... GOES 12 in May 2003 is automatically excluded from the analysis since GOES 12... flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES West location as a function... good quality data points at GOES East, corresponding to approximately 16... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES West location. MEREDITH... observed by satellites at GOES West and GOES East are tabulated in... flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES East location as a function... coded to denote the GOES the satellite at GOES West and the... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES East location (black... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES West location are... at GOES East were made by GOES 12 and those at GOES West by GOES... two highest energy proton channels, GOES 12 data were not used to... interval were provided by GOES 10 and GOES 11 which was located... Fluxes Observed at GOES West and GOES East GOES West Flux (cm−2 s−1 sr... electron flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES West location. (a) Probability... electron flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES East location. (a) Probability... time-corrected fluxes at GOES West and GOES East. The quantile plots... 17 and 29 at GOES West and GOES East, respectively, illustrating the....1002/2014SW001143 the exceedances at GOES West. The exceedance probability of... a function of N, for the declustered GOES West E > 2 MeV electron flux is... for modeling the exceedances at GOES East. The exceedance probability of... to the fact that GOES West and GOES East, which operate at... generally outward near geosynchronous orbit, GOES West will typically measure larger... averaged fluxes measured at GOES West and GOES East, with the larger... differences between GOES 5, 6, and 7 than those on GOES 8 and beyond [Su... and 0.16 ± 0.23 for GOES West and GOES East, respectively. The shape... years 1 in 150 years GOES West (cm−2 s−1 sr−1 ) GOES East (cm−2 s−1 sr... × 105 cm−2 s−1 sr−1 for GOES West and GOES East, respectively. The largest...−1 , was recorded by GOES 10 operating at the GOES West position on... return plots for the GOES West and GOES East data, shown in... flux levels experienced at GOES East and GOES West is about the... quality operational data at GOES West and GOES East, respectively. Our principal... that measured at GOES East because the satellite at GOES West is... seen by satellites at GOES West and GOES East. The extreme value...]. Appendix A: Cross Comparisons of the GOES E > 2 MeV Relativistic Electron Channel The... observed ratios of the GOES West to the GOES East fluxes needs... al. [2004] to compare the GOES 8 and GOES 9 E > 2 MeV electron fluxes. This... of situations in which two GOES satellites are separated by approximately... of Cross Comparisons of the GOES E 2 (E > 2 MeV) Relativistic Electron Channel, for... a factor A1 . The comparison between GOES 8 and 9 is expanded from 3 days... also used for the GOES 12 versus 10 and GOES 13 versus 15... looking GOES 13 detector and both GOES 15 detectors. For the remaining GOES East versus West comparisons (8 versus 10 and 12 versus... from GOES 10 to 9 to 8 and from GOES 11 to 10 to 12. At the end of June 1998, GOES... al. [2004]. Since GOES 10 was east of GOES 9 during June 1998....5% discrepancy (A1 = 0.6845) between GOES 10 and GOES 9, the largest observed in... a 29% underestimate (GOES 11 to 12) to a 23% overestimate (GOES 15 to 13... factor of ∼2.5 between the GOES West and GOES East fluxes. References Adams....ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/goes/documentation.html.] Heffernan, J. E., A. G. Stephenson... uses of the GOES energetic particle detectors, in GOES-8 and beyond, Proc...), Intercalibration of GOES 8–15 solar proton detectors, Space Weather, 12, 92–109...