Спутник ДЗЗ. GOES-15. [Редактировать]

Американский спутник GOES, предназначен для сбора метеорологических данных и наблюдения за космической погодой. Аппарат в качестве полезной нагрузки несет на своем борту два главных прибора: инфракрасную камеру и инструмент для измерения температур атмосферы.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1GOES-PНайтиНайти
236411НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина, метра8.2
2Тяга (апогейный двигатель), ньютон490
3Тяга (коррекции), ньютон12х9
4Масса, кг3175
5Масса (сухая), кг2180
6Платформа 1xBSS-601
7Ширина, метра2.25 x 3.37
8Мощность (начало жизни), Вт2300
9Мощность (конец жизни), Вт2000

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35797.9
3Перигей, км35787.7
4Период, минут1436.0
5САС, год10
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42163

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2010-008A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат и пуск), млн. долл.2010-03-01499
2Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2010-03-01329
3Оператор NOAA/NASA
4Производитель BOEING COMPANY
5Производитель ITT Corporation

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2010-03-04 at 23:57:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xGOES-15
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 4 средняя (4.2)

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «GOES-15». [Перейти к поиску]


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... (NOAA)’s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) program has made major progress... delays to the GOES-R launch date. As the GOES-R program approaches its... in Backup Satellite Coverage, the GOES-R Program Has Improved Contingency Plans... ABI CDR EVM FOR GLM GOES GOES-R MDR MOR NASA NOAA ORR... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite–R (GOES-R) series. The GOES-R series consists of four... request that we review NOAA’s GOES-R program. Specifically, our objectives were... 2013). Page 1 GAO-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites GOES-R program with respect.... 3 We also interviewed NOAA and GOES-R program officials regarding program status... operational geostationary satellite system, called GOES. Geostationary satellites can maintain a constant... Original GOES 1970-1987 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 GOES I-M 1985-2001 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 GOES-N 1998-2010 13, 14, 15, Q GOES-R 2008-2024 d R, S, T, U Source: GAO analysis of NOAA data. | GAO-15-60... satellites and GOES-1, (2) GOES-2 and -3, (3) GOES-4 through -6, and (4) GOES-G (failed on launch) and GOES-7. d NOAA... viable GOES satellites—GOES-13, GOES-14, and GOES-15—are currently in orbit. 4 Both GOES-13 and GOES-15 are operational satellites, with GOES-13 covering the eastern United States (GOES-East in Figure 1) and GOES-15 covering the western United States (GOESWest). GOES... GOES satellites in orbit, but they have been decommissioned. Page 5 GAO-15... Overview of the GOES-R Program NOAA established the GOES-R program to develop... of geostationary satellite observations. The GOES-R satellite series is designed to... improvements. NOAA expects that the GOES-R series will significantly increase the... quickly. Since its inception, the GOES-R program has undergone several changes... satellites in the series (called GOES-R and GOES-S) were expected to launch... the Page 6 GAO-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites GOES-R program because of... additional satellites in the GOES-R series—GOES-T and GOES-U. The program estimated that... four satellites in the GOES-R series—GOES-R, GOES-S, GOES-T, and GOES-U—would cost $10.86...-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites sequestration. Specifically, the launch of the GOES... for GOES-R and GOES-S GOES-R: September 2012 GOES-S: April 2014 GOES-R: December 2014 GOES-S: April 2016 GOES-R: by March 2016 GOES...) Hyperspectral Environmental Suite • • • • • • 81 GOES-R: September 2012 GOES-S: April 2014 Source: GAO analysis of NOAA data. | GAO-15-60 GOES-R: October 2015 GOES-S: February 2017 a Based..., GOES-R and GOES-S. The cost for the remaining two satellites— GOES-T and GOES-U—was... structure, while table 3 summarizes the GOES-R instruments and their planned capabilities... changes to several of the GOES-R requirements—including decreasing the accuracy... of NOAA data. | GAO-15-60 The GOES-R program has completed important... all planned products for the GOES-R satellite; • replacing and successfully demonstrating... experienced during development. Specifically, the GOES-R program is considering deferring functionality... and industry organizations. | GAO-15-60 The GOES-R program has sound defect.... ◐ NOAA established a schedule for the GOES-R program’s integration and testing phase... managing and reporting metrics: The GOES-R program affords its contractors and... schedule is “unrealistically aggressive.” The GOES-R program has chosen to compress... in Backup Satellite Coverage, the GOES-R Program Has Improved Contingency Plans Though Shortfalls Remain GOES satellite data are considered a mission... decommission dates of GOES satellites. Page 34 GAO-15-60 Geostationary Weather... of April 2014 a The GOES-R and GOES-S launch dates reflect the end... their expected lifespans, the current GOES satellites are operating with reduced.... Without a full complement of operational GOES satellites, the nation’s ability to... GAO-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Any delay to the GOES-R launch... encountered during testing and integration. GOES-R Satellite Contingency Plan Shows Improvement... receive GOES information in the event of a failure. Page 39 GAO-15...-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Appendix II: Defect Trends for Key GOES... Trends for Key GOES-R Components As noted earlier, the GOES-R program does... 2014 for the GOES-R ground system. Page 46 GAO-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Appendix II: Defect Trends for Key GOES...-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Appendix II: Defect Trends for Key GOES...-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Appendix II: Defect Trends for Key GOES...-15-60 Geostationary Weather Satellites Appendix II: Defect Trends for Key GOES...



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... main directory GOES Channel E data revised as follows: Data goes to summer... GOES 13 ........................................................................................................................... 12 A2. Tables for GOES 14 ........................................................................................................................... 12 A3. Tables for GOES 15... D. GOES EUVS hardware ............................................................................................................. 27 8 November 2016 2 1. Summary The geostationary orbiting GOES 13-15... rate and a requirement of <15% uncertainty. GOES 14 is unique in that... three satellites. Times of available GOES EUVS measurements are shown in.... Figure 1. Wavelength responses of the GOES EUV sensors for the A-E bands. Figure 2. Available EUV measurements from GOES satellites. So far, only Channel... Channel A of GOES-13, -14 and 15. Irradiances for GOES-14 Channel A' are... SOLSTICE Lyman-α band for GOES-13, 14 and -15 for version 4 data. Figure 4. Irradiances for Channel B of GOES-13, -14 and 15. Irradiances for GOES-14 Channel B' are.../satellite/goes/doc/ GOES_NOP_EUV_readme.pdf GOES EUVS readme file GOES_XRS_readme.pdf GOES XRS... for processed GOES EUVS data. sat ch version comments 15 A 15 B 15 E 2 2 4 corrected for....0 3.2 Channel E degradation and Lyman-α The GOES Channel E data is converted to... C and D on GOES 13 and 15.  Improve correction for GOES-13 Channel E data... extreme ultraviolet irradiance observations from GOES: design characteristics and initial performance.... Tables for GOES 13 Table 6. Correction factors for GOES 13. Gain and....8 Table 7. Flux conversion factors, C, for GOES-13 channels for solar minimum... A2. Tables for GOES 14 Table 8. Correction factors for GOES 14. Gain... Table 9. Flux conversion factors, C, for GOES-14 channels for solar minimum... A3. Tables for GOES 15 Table 10. Correction factors for GOES 15. Gain and... 11. Flux conversion factors, C, for GOES-15 channels for solar minimum and... of 4-6 C. Linear functions for GOES 13 and 15 are found by comparing... B1. Channel A temperature correction The GOES NOP EUV-A Channel data has... is less than 5 minutes. For GOES-15, the impact of the heater... were done for GOES 13 and 15 only, because on GOES-14, there... for the channels A, B and E for GOES-15 are shown in Figure 9 through... respect to SORCE SOLSTICE for GOES 15. For GOES 14, there are temperature... response*spectrum for Channel A on GOES 15. Figure 11. Same but for... Lyman-α, version 15. To compare the irradiance for the GOES Channels A and... A C.1.1 GOES-15 Figure 14. Comparison of the EVE MEGSA 'GOES-A' band with the 5-15 nm subset of the GOES-15 Channel A. Figure 15. Ratio of GOES-15 EUV-A to EVE GOES-A band. C.1.2 GOES-14 Channels A and A' Figure 16. Comparison of the EVE GOES-A band (derived from MEGS A for the 5 to 15 nm band) with a subset of the GOES-14 Channel A data from 5-15 nm. Figure 17. Comparison of the EVE GOES-A band (derived from MEGS A for the 5 to 15 nm band) with a subset of the GOES-14 Channel A' data from 5-15 nm. 8 November 2016 19 Figure 18. Ratio of GOES-14 EUV-A to EVE GOES-A band. Figure 19. Ratio of GOES-14 EUV-A' to EVE GOES-A band. C.1.3 GOES-13 Channel A Figure 20. Comparison of the EVE GOES-A band (derived from MEGS A for the 5 to 15 nm band) with a subset of the GOES-13 Channel A data from 5-15 nm. Figure 21. Ratio of GOES-13 EUV-A to EVE GOES-A band. 8 November 2016 20 C.2 Channel B C.2.1 GOES-15... subset of the GOES-15 Channel B data with the EVE 'GOES-B' band. Figure...-34 nm subset of the GOES-15 Channel B data with the SOHO... between GOES 15 EUVS-B, SDO EVE, and SOHO SEM 8 November 2016 21 C.2.2 GOES... of the EVE GOES-B' band with subset of the GOES-14 Channel... the EVE 'GOES-B' band with subset of the GOES-14 Channel B' data... SOHO SEM. 8 November 2016 22 C.2.3 GOES-13 Channel B Figure 31. Comparison... the EVE 'GOES-B' band with subset of the GOES-13 Channel B data.... C.3.2 GOES-15 Channel E Figure 35. Comparison of the scaled and degradationcorrected GOES-15 Channel... Lyman-α. Figure 36. Ratio of GOES-15 EUVS-E to the SOLSTICE elements.... The residual (green dots) is <±2%. C.3.3 GOES-14 Channel E The Channel E measurements... 26 Appendix D. GOES EUVS hardware The EUVS on GOES-13-15 were all... the grating spacing, For GOES 13 and 15, the first unit measure... angular effects. For all three GOES satellites, Channel E is measured on... for EUVS on GOES 13-15. Note that on GOES-14, the C and... B' on GOES-14), and one for E. Nominal wavelengths (nm) are: A: 5-15, B: 25...



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... for users Scaling factors: For GOES 8-15, the archived fluxes have had... are needed to use the GOES 8-15 fluxes to get the traditional.... original author Machol Machol Contents 1. GOES X-ray Sensor (XRS) ........................................................................................................................... 3 2. Data issues... of GOES satellites with XRS sensors ................................................................................................ 7 5. Contacts .................................................................................................................................................... 9 6. Status flags for GOES 8-12 ...................................................................................................................... 10 7. Calibration tables for GOES 13-15 .......................................................................................................... 11 References .................................................................................................................................................. 14 Acknowledgements..................................................................................................................................... 14 1. GOES X-ray Sensor (XRS) On each GOES...). Figure 1 shows primary and secondary GOES satellites for XRS data since... (thin lines) GOES satellites for XRS data since 1986. GOES-13 measurements... been stable since 2014. However GOES 13 is not considered a primary... thought to degrade. GOES 8-12 (GOES I-M series) and 13-15 (GOES NOP series) have... XRS detectors). A description of the GOES-8 instrument is given by Hanser... get GOES-8 to agree with GOES-7. GOES 7 was the last of the spinning GOES satellites while GOES 8 was.... The next generation of satellites, GOES-R (to launch in 2016) will.... To get true fluxes for GOES 8-15 XRS, users must remove the... are needed to use the GOES 8-15 fluxes to get the traditional... on the satellite generation. For GOES 13-15, the data accumulation time... delayed timestamp are indicated. For GOES 13-15, one minute averages are... the same way as for GOES 13-15. 2.3 Digitization As described by... channel saturated at X-5. On GOES 13-15, there has not been a solar... long (a) and short (b) channels on GOES-12 during a flare on 4 November... onward and is available for GOES 6-15 satellites. The data includes raw...: GOES 6-7 xl(long) xs(short) GOES 8-12 xs(short) xl(long) GOES 13-15 A(short) B(long) 4. Dates of GOES... is the secondary. Secondary satellite GOES XRS Data Readme 10 June... chronology of primary and secondary GOES satellites for XRS measurements since... date XRS data end date GOES-15 2010-03-04 2010 present... new 2s 1min GOES-13 GOES-12 GOES-11 GOES-10 GOES-9 GOES-8 GOES-7 2006-05-24...** GOES-5 GOES-4 GOES-3 GOES-2 GOES-1 SMS-2 SMS-1 1981-05-22 1980-09-09 1978-06-15... data for GOES 5 and 6 available beginning in 1986. *** GOES-13 data for... 13 15 13 14 13 13 13 None 15 GOES-14 None 15 None... 10 7 8 6 5 Remarks GOES-10 decommissioned GOES-11 XRS failure GOES-10 not tracked due to antenna problems GOES-10 not tracked due to antenna problems sem.goes@noaa... for updates on the GOES XRS data set. GOES XRS Data Readme... 7. Calibration tables for GOES 13-15 For GOES 13-15, the NOAA SWPC gets... a cadence of 2.048 s from the GOES satellites. The counts are converted... the G and C come from the GOES Data and Calibration Handbooks. The... conversion factors for GOES 14 and 15 XRS. GOES sat 15 15 14 14 13... spectral response calibration data for GOES-13. The tables and figures...(SN003). Table 6. Calibration data for GOES-13 Channel A. Wavelength (nm) 0.01...) Figure 7. Calibrated response for GOES-13 Channel A. GOES XRS Data Readme 10... 12 Table 7. Calibration data for GOES-13 Channel B. Wavelength (nm) 0.02...) Figure 8. Calibrated response for GOES-13 Channel B. GOES XRS Data Readme 10... NCEI GOES documentation webpage (http://ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/goes/documentation...), Temperature and emission measure from goes soft X-ray measurements, Solar Phys..., 275-308. GOES I-M DataBook, Revision 1, 31 August 1996. GOES P SEM Data and...), Design and calibration of the GOES-8 solar x-ray sensor: the XRS... band measurements for SOLRAD9 through GOES-12, Solar Phys. 272, 319... providing data and historical information. GOES XRS Data Readme 10 June...



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.../HRIT Prototype Solution for the GOES-R Transition October 10, 2009 Jeremy... Systems Implementation Subdivision Prepared for: GOES-R Program Office National Oceanic and.../HRIT Prototype Solution for the GOES-R Transition October 10, 2009 Jeremy... Systems Implementation Subdivision Prepared for: GOES-R Program Office National Oceanic and... Systems Implementation Subdivision Prepared for: GOES-R Program Office National Oceanic and... for the GOES-R Transition Approved by: M. Christian Wallisch, Systems Director GOES-R and... ............................................................................................ 39  5.1.2  Noise Performance Results.................................................................................... 45  5.1.3  GOES-R Frequency Plan Noise Performance Tests... Sampling Signal 2. ....................................................................................................... 11 Spectrum of GOES-R image using 48 MHz sampling... are interfering.......................................................................................................................... 12 Spectrum of GOES-R image using 64 MHz sampling... down-converter implementation. ................................................................ 15 Spectrum of live GOES-12 signal..................................................................................... 16 Overall... 8128 bits. ........................... 50 Diagram of GOES-R frequency emulation testing setup including.... Signals of Interest from NOAA’s GOES Satellites ............................................................ 1  AID Specifications .............................................................................................................. 4  AID List... ............................... 46  EMWIN-N FER Performance Over GOES-10 Live Feed and Signal... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-series (GOES-R) program [1] is a collaborative development and... of interest transmitted on the GOES satellite constellation [2]. This document focuses... Transmission (HRIT)] [5][6]. In the current GOES I-M era, EMWIN-I (FSK modulated) and... the GOES-11 (West) and GOES-12 (East) satellites (Table 1). In the GOES N-O-P era, the EMWIN-N signal will be transmitted on GOES-13 through GOES-15... LRIT (from the GOES N/O/P era) to HRIT1 in the GOES-R era. Table 1. Signals of Interest from NOAA’s GOES Satellites Spacecraft GOES-I (8) GOES-J (9) GOES-K (10) GOES-L (11) GOES-M (12) GOES-N (13) Launch... OQPSK / BPSK GOES-O (14) 2009 EMWIN-N / LRIT OQPSK / BPSK GOES-P (15) 2010 EMWIN-N / LRIT OQPSK / BPSK GOES-Q (16) GOES-R (17) 2014... the transmission off of GOES-R when the signal goes active, thus motivating... Hz 0.5 1 1.5 x 10 7 Figure 9. Spectrum of GOES-R image using 48 MHz sampling... 0.5 1 1.5 2 x 10 7 Figure 10. Spectrum of GOES-R image using 64 MHz sampling... Polynomial 4.4 Value GOES-11 (West), GOES-12 (East), GOES-13, GOES-14 BPSK 1691... full specifications of the future GOES broadcast signal are not completely... Polynomial Reed Solomon 4.6 Value GOES-13, GOES-14 OQPSK 1692.7 MHz 139... GOES-N broadcast requirements. The user data format is shown in Figure 15... FSK signal developed to satisfy GOES-I broadcast requirements in [22]. This... Header Randomizer Polynomial 4.9 Value GOES-11 (West), GOES-11 (East) FSK 1690... the running average, the data goes through a magnitude block which converts... KHz,PhNo=16) Signal Generator GOES-12 Live Feed -5 -6 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Eb/No.... Packet size is 8128 bits. 5.1.3 GOES-R Frequency Plan Noise Performance Tests... Generator Figure 33: Diagram of GOES-R frequency emulation testing setup including... of 0.5, however the latest official GOES-R IRD specifies a rolloff factor of... [1] The GOES-R Program Office, “GOES-R main website”, [Online] Available: http://www.goes-r.gov... (NOAA), “Geostationary operational environmental satellite (GOES),” [Online]. Available: http://www.oso.noaa.gov/goes [3] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration... – 66. [10] Avtec Systems, “NOAA/GOES Emergency Management Weather Information Network... directories inside the parent directory, C:\GOES Radio\. The following folders can... found in the parent directory GOES Radio\          \Common \Documents \EMWIN_I \EMWIN_N... board are available from the GOES-R program office. B.2 Aerospace IF Digitizer.... The drivers are located in GOES Radio\gnuradio\gnu_usrp_files\usrp.inf. When a user creates... is located. This directory is \GOES Radio\gnuradio\gnu-usrp\gnu_usrp_files\rev4. B.3.2 USB Controller Firmware... USB controller is located in GOES Radio\gnuradio\usrp\firmware\src\usrp2\usrp_main.c. Compilation of this file... is located in the directory GOES Radio\ gnuradio\usrp\fpga\toplevel\usrp_std\usrp_std.v. To alter the....vh, can be found in \GOES Radio \gnuradio\usrp\fpga\toplevel\include\. More specific configuration... USB interface to support the GOES-R application. It is strongly recommended...



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... 2009 - Intelsat 14 (Atlas V), Intelsat 15 (Proton) and Eutelsat W7 (Zenit... Intelsat 16, Echostar 14, Echostar 15, SES 1, Arabsat 5B, Kosmos 2464... Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C-15 carrying the remote sensing Cartosat... 2009 - Yaogan 7, Long March 2D; 15 December 2009 - Yaogan 8, Hope 1, Long... rocket launches during a calendar year (15 in 2010) for the first... Spain - Spanish engineers have spent 15 years developing the spacecraft's novel... 2009 included the Delta IV GOES-O launch for NASA/NOAA on... to small ground terminals. Intelsat 15 followed on November 30, launched... a Zenit 3SLB, from Baikonur. Intelsat 15 was built by Orbital Sciences.... Intelsat planned to locate Intelsat 15 at 85º E longitude, offering capacity.../NOAA Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-P (GOES-P) lifted off from Cape Canaveral... the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) system operated by the US... is the last of three GOES satellites to be based on... other BSS-601 GOES satellites; GOES 13 and GOES 14 were launched in... respectively. It was the sixteenth GOES satellite to be launched. >> Twelve... its launch, GOES-P reached its proper orbit -8- and was renamed GOES-15. The... should one of the operational GOES satellites degrade or exhaust their... Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle PSLV-C-15 carrying the remote sensing Cartosat... launch the agency's Orbiting Carbon - 15 - Observatory (OCO) replacement satellite aboard... and their existing equipment. >> Intelsat 15, which was built by Orbital... known as GOES-13 became the official GOES-EAST satellite. GOES-13 was... 2009, Boeing announced that GOES-14 (formerly GOES-O), the second satellite in... into service. NOAA will use GOES-14 to accurately predict storms... third Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) built by Boeing for NASA... Administration (NOAA). The satellite, GOES-15 (formerly GOES-P), was thus healthy and ready... its on-orbit test location. GOES-15 is a Boeing 601 satellite that... commons. In April, Intelsat's Galaxy 15 stopped communications with the ground... collision. >> >> >> Later in 2010, Galaxy 15 operation was recovered. A US Air... 1 December 2009, the Soyuz TMA-15 reentry module landed safely in... landed on 20 April after 15 days in space. >> >> A resupply mission... autonomous mission was completed on 15 November. >> Germany's first experiment in... end. On the evening of 15 November 2010, Russian cosmonauts Fyodor... to be launched on December 15. >> Expedition 25 ended on November...: a rescue operation in case something goes wrong during the last flights... in the Philippines from February 15-19, 2010. Experts were invited... their own rockets. The programme goes by the acronym STERN from...’s review is underway. The Intelsat 15 satellite was launched by Sea... satellite. Customers will use IS-15’s capacity to distribute in-demand... for DTH programming. Intelsat’s Galaxy 15 "zombie satellite," which had been...-Band capacity on the Intelsat 15 (IS-15) satellite. Etisalat will utilize..., retail and transport sectors. IS-15, launched in November, was expected... by the governments of all 15 countries participating in the project..., which reduced its lifespan from 15 years to three years. Arianespace... take capacity on the Intelsat 15 (IS-15) satellite, it was announced... industry is a big business and goes beyond just space travel. It... a cooperation and training programme for 15 Vietnamese engineers that will help... and ESA. >> Luxembourg Intelsat S.A. On 15 December 2009 Intelsat, Ltd. changed... degrees West Longitude, respectively, AMC-15 and AMC-16 can transmit... Tupac Katari (TK) Sat1satellite. On 15 December 2010, Bolivia and China... southern Canada. With a lifetime of 15 years, it offers new, cost... malfunctioned and broke apart into 15 pieces two years later. Mexico... these provisions appear in title 15 (Commerce and Trade), some in.... >> Federal Communications Commission (FCC) On 15 July, the Federal Communications Commission... has a designed service period of 15 years. - 157 - X. INDUSTRY X.1 Appointments Dr... its twin, TerraSAR-X (launched on 15 June 2007), TanDEM-X will survey..., became an artificial meteor on 15 January 2006 and successfully touched... of October 2010, at least 15 transiting planets had been confirmed... and above geosynchronous orbit, the GOES satellites at geosynchronous orbit monitor.... When SOHO was launched almost 15 years ago, understanding the solar... a distance of ~100 astronomical units (~15 billion km) by an interstellar... - 208 - Geosynchronous Operational Environmental Spacecraft (GOES), and ground-based investigations. Cluster... in 2004. Over a period of 15 minutes, the Cluster spacecraft detected... as anyone thought possible, crossing 15º of longitude in less than... took first light images on 15 December 2006. STEREO’s scientific objectives... meter on board the US GOES satellite, but with a special detector... Probes and Cellular Radiation Response (15-17 July 2010 in Darmstadt... analysis training were provided by 15 scientists from India, Europe and... GMT GNM GNSS GOCE GODAE GOES GOES GP-B GPID GPS GR GRACE...



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... series of satellites (called GOES-13, -14, and -15), which will likely... its Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series and made progress in... the two operational satellites (GOES-14 or -15) fail prematurely (see graphic... asked to evaluate GOES-R. GAO’s objectives were to (1) assess GOES-R progress and... program and contractor data, compared GOES-R schedules, requirements changes, and contingency....gov. Potential Gap in GOES Coverage While the GOES-R program has established... Affect Some Users NOAA Developed GOES-R Contingency Plans, but Weaknesses Increase... 15 29 GAO-13-597 Geostationary Weather Satellites Abbreviations CDR FOR GOES GOES... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite–R (GOES-R) series. The GOES-R series consists of four... that we review NOAA’s GOES-R series program (GOES-R program). Specifically, our objectives... adequacy of the GOES-R contingency plan, we compared the GOES-R contingency plan... operational geostationary satellite system, called GOES. Geostationary satellites can maintain a constant... b Original GOES 1970-1987 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 GOES I-M 1985-2001 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 GOES N 1998-2010 13, 14, 15, Q GOES-R 2008... satellites and GOES-1, (2) GOES-2 and -3, (3) GOES-4 through -6, and (4) GOES-G (failed on launch) and GOES-7. d NOAA... GOES satellites–GOES-12, GOES-13, GOES-14, and GOES-15– are currently in orbit. Both GOES-13 and GOES-15 are operational satellites with GOES-13 covering... satellites in the series (called GOES-R and GOES-S) are planned for launch... the launch dates for its GOES-R and GOES-S satellites to the second... Overview of the GOES-R Program NOAA established the GOES-R program to develop... observations. Since its inception, the GOES-R program has undergone several changes... additional satellites in the GOES-R series—GOES-T and GOES-U. The program estimates that... four satellites in the GOES-R series—GOES-R, GOES-S, GOES-T, and GOES-U—is to cost $10...) GOES-R: September 2012 GOES-S: April 2014 GOES-R: December 2014 GOES-S: April 2016 GOES-R: October 2015 GOES-S: February 2017 Estimated GOES-R: September 2012 launch dates for GOES-S: April 2014 GOES..., GOES-R and GOES-S. The cost for the remaining two satellites— GOES-T and GOES-U—was... satellite initialization. Table 3 summarizes the GOES-R instruments and their planned capabilities... changes. In February 2012, the GOES-R program developed a communications plan that... requires its flight projects, including GOES-R, to maintain contingency reserves during... NOAA has ultimate responsibility for GOES-R, NOAA shares program management responsibilities... Potential for a Delayed Launch The GOES-R program established programwide milestones, including... schedules provided by GOES-R, documents and information received from GOES-R officials. Key... a high-risk program like GOES-R. Delays in the GOES-R Launch Date Could... government and industry practices. The GOES-R program has a change management process... not satisfy one practice. Specifically, GOES-R has established a change management process... using a standard process Satisfied The GOES-R program has a requirements management plan... changes to requirements Satisfied The GOES-R program documents requirements changes in... to users Partially satisfied The GOES-R program generally communicates requirements changes... rely on GOES-R communication channels to obtain this data. GOES-R program officials... disseminated within the agencies. Further, GOES officials explained that one reason... users may receive information about GOES-R requirements changes from publically available...-13-597 Geostationary Weather Satellites GOES-R Program Has Undergone Multiple Changes... multiple system requirements on the GOES-R program. These changes involved strengthening... a product depicting lightning detection. The GOES-R program also documented NOAA’s earlier... significant, are listed in table 15. GOES-R program officials acknowledged that the... Geostationary Weather Satellites NOAA Developed GOES-R Contingency Plans, but Weaknesses Increase... its recovery objectives and prioritizes GOES instruments and products; however, the... quickly to a recent outage in a GOES satellite. However, the contingency strategies... its operational satellites. Specifically, when GOES-13 experienced problems in September... reserves to complete the GOES-R series. However, the GOES-R program does not... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R series (GOES-R) program and in addressing key... changes in requirements, we compared GOES-R practices for managing requirements changes... Technology governance framework. We assessed GOES-R practices as having satisfied, partially... and procedures for both GOES satellites and the GOES ground system against...



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... GOES-14 or GOES-15 fails prematurely (see graphic). Potential Gap in GOES Coverage GOES-13 GOES-14 GOES-15 GOES-R GOES-S GAO was asked to (1) determine the status of the GOES... Accountability Office Contents Letter 1 Background GOES-R Is in Development, but Delays... the Procurement History of GOES Table 2: Originally Planned GOES-R Series Instruments, as... Satellites Figure 2: Generic GOES Data Relay Pattern Figure 3: GOES-R Program Office Structure... Staffing Figure 4: Planned Schedule for GOES-R Program and Key Development Efforts... 6: Approximate Geographic Coverage in a Single GOES Configuration Figure 7: Nine Current Satellite... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series. The GOES-R series is to replace... (1) determine the status of the GOES-R acquisition, including cost, schedule, and... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites identify GOES data users, prioritize their data... the program’s status. To determine GOES-R acquisition status, we evaluated program... operations. Figure 1: Approximate GOES Geographic Coverage GOES-West GOES-East Sources: NOAA (data... History of GOES Procurement durationa Satellites Original GOES 1970-1987 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 GOES I-M 1985-2001 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 GOES-N 1998-2010 13, 14, 15, Qc GOES... satellites and GOES-1, (2) GOES-2 and -3, (3) GOES-4 through -6, and (4) GOES-G (failed on launch) and GOES-7. c NOAA... this satellite. Five GOES satellites—GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-13, GOES-14, and GOES15—are currently in orbit. Both GOES-11 and GOES-13 are operational satellites, with GOES-11 covering the west and GOES-13 the east. GOES-14... final satellite in the series, GOES-15, is undergoing a post-launch test... Satellites Figure 2: Generic GOES Data Relay Pattern GOES satellite Raw environmental data.... Overview of the GOES-R Program NOAA plans for the GOES-R program to... Environmental Satellites Table 2: Originally Planned GOES-R Series Instruments, as of August... to the GOES-R program. Table 3: Key Changes to the GOES-R Program Baseline... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Figure 3: GOES-R Program Office Structure and Staffing... Space Flight Center Management Council GOES-R Program System Program Director: NOAA... Satellites Figure 4: Planned Schedule for GOES-R Program and Key Development Efforts... 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 GOES-R launch GOES-S launch 2015 2016 2017... 2012—a 3month delay. 9 According to GOES-R program officials, contingency funds are... problems with GOES-12, but was able to use GOES-13 as... operational satellites in orbit (GOES-14 and GOES-15), but it will not have a backup satellite in place until GOES... of Satellite Operations GOES-11 GOES-12 GOES-13 GOES-14 GOES-15 GOES-R GOES-S 2000 2001 2002... of NOAA data. Note: GOES-11 and GOES-12 are currently operating... Geographic Coverage in a Single GOES Configuration Single GOES Lost coverage area Single..., after the failure of GOES-6, NOAA repositioned GOES-7 to the middle of... in defining and prioritizing the GOES-R program requirements, but lacks a comprehensive... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites Key GOES Data Users Have Been Identified... each tier of GOES data users. Table 9: Key GOES Data Users Tier... • 2 • • • • • • • 3 All other users who receive GOES data • • • • • • NWS NESDIS Other NOAA... Environmental Satellites In formulating the GOES-R program, NOAA primarily involved internal... of prioritized GOES-R requirements (known as the Level 1 Requirements). 15 Efforts to... not adequately involved in the GOES-R requirements definition or prioritization process... 193 million acres of the 15 The GOES-R Level 1 requirements were later... requirements were established by the GOES-R requirements working group. However, this... other federal agencies. According to GOES-R program officials, the Level 1 Requirements... prioritization of GOES-R requirements is critical to ensure that GOES-R will meet... involvement by federal agencies in GOES-R requirements definition and prioritization is... and changes to GOES data users. For example, the GOES-R requirements working... obtain input from any prospective GOES users, including other agencies, universities, and industry. However, the GOES-R program has undergone significant changes... Satellite Products Removed from the GOES-R Program Baseline Product Description Cloud.... If this occurs, GOES-R program officials stated that GOES data users may... Environmental Satellites federal agencies of GOES-R program status and significant changes... the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R) series acquisition, including cost, schedule... the program’s status. To determine GOES-R acquisition status, we evaluated various...



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... the Time of the Galaxy 15 Spacecraft Anomaly Report of the... 20-24 Albuquerque, NM Galaxy 15 satellite. Photo Credit: Orbital Sciences Galaxy 15 NOAA Tiger Team At the... conditions experienced by the Galaxy 15 spacecraft prior to and at... sun to near the Galaxy 15 location showing: 1. Events that occurred... environment 3. Local changes near Galaxy 15 in the energetic charged particles... moderate  Local measurements near Galaxy 15 show that a large geomagnetic substorm... satellite charging 3 Background (1 of 2) Galaxy 15 Satellite Anomaly - Impacts 08 Apr... – Intelsat reports that the Galaxy 15 stopped responding to ground commands... WAAS capability due to Galaxy 15 failure 20 Apr 2010 – Orbital attributes the loss of G l Galaxy 15 to t space weather th 30 Apr 2010 – Intel reports Galaxy 15 still adrift and threatens nearby...: K=5 Alert issued: K=5 Alert issued: K=6 G l Galaxy 15 anomaly l Alert issued: K=7 5 Space Weather... activity prior to the Galaxy 15 anomaly on April 05 at... was observed by the NOAA GOES-14 X-Ray Sensor (XRS) – – – – Flares... Environment At Earth (1 of 2) Galaxy 15 anomaly April 05 07:56... only once previously during Galaxy 15 lifetime (launched: 13 Oct 05... once previously during the Galaxy 15 lifetime Dst index reached -32... observed levels during the Galaxy 15 lifetime Data Source: Kyoto World... At Galaxy 15 (1 of 4) April 05 @ 09:00 UT: GOES magnetometers and..., near-earth space environment Galaxy 15 (133 W) Anomaly 09:48 UT... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (2 of 4) Surface Charging: Electron Environment... 15 anomaly the 40-to-475 keV electron flux increased at GOES 14 and 15 – 75-to-475 keV... since GOES 14 was turned on in July 2009 and since GOES 15... satellite surface materials – Note: Future GOES-R instruments will measure low energy... Galaxy 15 anomaly GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----- Satellite Locations Note: Multiple curves for each GOES... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (3 of 4) Internal Charging: Electron Environment... electron flux increased at GOES 14 and 15 – Flux of 275-475... since GOES 14 was turned on in July 2009 and GOES 15 since April 2010 (GOES 11 does not... electrons measured by GOES 11, 14 and 15 did not increase above... satellites prior to GOES 13 Galaxy 15 anomaly GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----GOES 11 ----- Satellite Locations... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (4 of 4) Single Event Upsets / Latchups...  April 05 @ 9:00 – GOES 11, 14 and 15 measured increased proton flux... – Flux increase was notable although GOES 11 measured numerous events with... over the lifetime of Galaxy 15 – Protons with energies >5 MeV required... spacecraft shielding (3 mils Al) – GOES 11,, 14 & 15 measured no increase in the 6.5 MeV and 11.5 MeV channels GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----GOES 11 ----Satellite Locations 11.5 MeV 6.5 MeV 2.5 5 MeV Galaxy 15... 14 Space Weather Conditions Galaxy 15 Anomaly (05 Apr 2010 0948... Distribution of Spacecraft Anomalies GALAXY 15 anomaly occurred in the midnight... likely to be observed. GALAXY 15 anomaly occurred near equinox which... periods and elevated geomagnetic activity 15 Summary SWx Conditions for Galaxy 15 – 05 Apr 10 Conclusions:  Energetic ... available for use in Galaxy 15 anomaly investigations  Measured electron fluxes... the USGS and NRC). The GOES spacecraft are part of the...



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... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R Series (GOES-R) acquisition and development effort. Our... necessary to maintain the first GOES-R satellite's launch readiness date. • Program... the geostationary operational environmental satellites (GOES)—which orbit approximately 22,300... of GOES satellites known as the GOES-R Series of four satellites (GOES-R, -S, -T and... necessary to maintain the first GOES-R satellite’s launch readiness date. Schedule... Testing Activities Raise Concerns About GOES-R Readiness to Launch........................................................................................................................................... 6 B. Cost Increases and Budget Shortfalls May Delay GOES-R Development and Launch ...................... 6 C. Scope Reductions and Delays Are Diminishing GOES-R Operational Capabilities ........................... 7 D. A Comprehensive Set of..., Scope, and Methodology ................................................................................................. 28 Appendix B: GOES-R Suite of Instruments ............................................................................................................... 29 Appendix... States: geostationary operational environmental satellites (GOES) and polar-orbiting operational environmental satellites (POES). GOES satellites are in geosynchronous orbit... simultaneously operates two primary GOES satellites, GOES-East and GOES-West. As part... GOES Fleet Source: NOAA, GOES-R program documentation On September 23, 2012, the GOES-East satellite (GOES-13)2 was placed on... by numbers. For example, GOES-R will be GOES-16 once it is... of GOES satellites known as the GOES-R Series of four satellites (GOES-R, -S, -T and..., and auxiliary communication payloads. The GOES-R series will deploy advanced instruments...                                                              3 The spacecraft, the platform for GOES-R’s instruments, is designed for 10... April 4, 2013. GOES-R. Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) [Online]. www.goes-r.gov/spacesegment... operations acquisition experts that assess GOES-R (and other NOAA satellite programs... the highest potential for maintaining GOES constellation availability.                                                                7 In its FY... 2 satellites (GOES-T and -U) to the program’s existing two GOES-R satellites (GOES-R and -S), which... audit objectives for reviewing the GOES-R acquisition and development effort were... necessary to maintain the first GOES-R satellite’s launch readiness date. Program... about a potential GOES-R launch delay, increasing the likelihood of a GOES two-imager10... If GOES-R launches on time, the GOES constellation (currently GOES-13, -14, -15) will... in operation. However, even if GOES-R and GOES-S launch as planned, there...-launch testing (based on GOES-13 and GOES-15 operational design lives; see... Budget Shortfalls May Delay GOES-R Development and Launch GOES-R funding stability is...,860 Source: OIG, adapted from GOES-R program documentation C. Scope Reductions and Delays Are Diminishing GOES-R Operational Capabilities Due to development... GOES-13, -14, and -15. 19 The partial set of products that GOES... alleviate schedule pressure—consulting the GOES-R user community about relaxing operational... until after launch.22 Although GOES-R program management has identified approaches... data in the event of a GOES coverage gap.                                                              20 Examples of... in delaying the launch of GOES-R by 15 months (from October 2015... resolving project conflicts. Initially, the GOES-R program systems engineering organization only... headquarters—which, according to the GOES-R Management Control Plan, should provide... Cost Overrunf  Source: Adapted from GOES-R program and NASA contract documentation... for the GOES-R and -S flight models; b includes instruments for GOES-R and -S flight models; c includes instruments for GOES-R, -S, and -T flight...) Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) GOES-R Spacecraft Totals GOES-R Program Office Estimate (POE... estimates for GOES-R through GOES-U flight models; b includes bids for GOES-R through GOES-U flight... rather than operational missions like GOES-R. Thus, the contractor underestimated the....6 million (see table 3, below). Table 3. GOES-R Core Ground System Contract Action... authorized work. Recommendations To mitigate GOES two-imager coverage gap threats... findings and recommendations. However, the GOES-R program focused these discussions only... and attendance information for upcoming GOES-R contractor and technical reviews in... program. However, later that month, GOES-R program management presented a briefing slide... U.S. OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL Appendix B: GOES-R Suite of Instruments Instrument Advanced... utilities. Source: OIG adapted from GOES-R program documentation   FINAL REPORT NO... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satcllitc-R Series (GOES-R) acquisit ion and dcvelor>ment...



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... the Time of the Galaxy 15 Anomaly NOAA Tiger Team • • • • • • • • W. F. Denig... April 2011 Boulder, CO Galaxy 15 Satellite Photo Credit: Orbital Sciences... sun to near the Galaxy 15 location showing: 1. Events that occurred... environment 3. Local changes near Galaxy 15 in the energetic charged particles... moderate  Local measurements near Galaxy 15 show that a large geomagnetic substorm... satellite charging 3 Background (1 of 2) Galaxy 15 Satellite Anomaly - Impacts 08 Apr... – Intelsat reports that the Galaxy 15 stopped responding to ground commands... WAAS capability due to Galaxy 15 failure 20 Apr 2010 – Orbital attributes the loss of Galaxy 15 to space weather 30 Apr 2010 – Intel reports Galaxy 15 still adrift and threatens nearby...: K=5 Alert issued: K=5 Alert issued: K=6 Galaxy 15 anomaly Alert issued: K=7 5 Space Weather... activity prior to the Galaxy 15 anomaly on April 05 at... was observed by the NOAA GOES-14 X-Ray Sensor (XRS) – – – – Flares... Environment At Earth (1 of 2) Galaxy 15 anomaly April 05 07:56... only once previously during Galaxy 15 lifetime (launched: 13 Oct 05... once previously during the Galaxy 15 lifetime Dst index reached -32... observed levels during the Galaxy 15 lifetime Data Source: Kyoto World... At Galaxy 15 (1 of 4) April 05 @ 09:00 UT: GOES magnetometers and... nightside, geosynchronous orbit location Galaxy 15 (133 W) Anomaly 09:48 UT... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (2 of 4) Surface Charging: Electron Environment... 15 anomaly the 40-to-475 keV electron flux increased at GOES 14 and 15 – 75-to-475 keV... since GOES 14 was turned on in July 2009 and since GOES 15... Galaxy 15 anomaly GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----- Satellite Locations Note: Multiple curves for each GOES... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (3 of 4) Internal Charging: Electron Environment... electron flux increased at GOES 14 and 15 – Flux of 275-475... since GOES 14 was turned on in July 2009 and GOES 15 since April 2010 (GOES 11 does not... GOES 11, 14 and 15 did not increase above prior levels Galaxy 15 anomaly GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----GOES... Conditions 3. Local Environment At Galaxy 15 (4 of 4) Single Event Upsets / Latchups...  April 05 @ 9:00 – GOES 11, 14 and 15 measured increased proton flux... – Flux increase was notable although GOES 11 measured numerous events with... over the lifetime of Galaxy 15 – Protons with energies >5 MeV required... spacecraft shielding (3 mils Al) – GOES 11, 14 & 15 measured no increase in the 6.5 MeV and 11.5 MeV channels GOES 14 ----GOES 15 ----GOES 11 ----Satellite Locations 11.5 MeV 6.5 MeV 2.5 MeV Galaxy 15... 13 Space Weather Conditions Galaxy 15 Anomaly (05 Apr 2010 0948... Distribution of Spacecraft Anomalies GALAXY 15 anomaly occurred in the midnight... – 26-29 April 2011 GALAXY 15 anomaly occurred near equinox which... 14 Spacecraft Charge Modeling Galaxy 15 Anomaly (05 Apr 2010 0948... (interior) charging placed the Galaxy-15 at increased risk of electrostatic.... Geometric representation of the Galaxy 15 satellite modeled using the NASA...), Plasma Conditions During the Galaxy 15 Anomaly and the Possibility of.... SWW – 26-29 April 2011 15 Summary SWx Conditions for Galaxy 15 – 05 Apr 10 Conclusions:  Energetic ... available for use in Galaxy 15 anomaly investigations  Measured electron fluxes... root cause of the Galaxy 15 anomaly was electro-static discharge... the USGS and NRC). The GOES spacecraft are part of the...