Спутник ДЗЗ. GOES-15. [Редактировать]

Американский спутник GOES, предназначен для сбора метеорологических данных и наблюдения за космической погодой. Аппарат в качестве полезной нагрузки несет на своем борту два главных прибора: инфракрасную камеру и инструмент для измерения температур атмосферы.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1GOES-PНайтиНайти
236411НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Длина, метра8.2
2Тяга (апогейный двигатель), ньютон490
3Тяга (коррекции), ньютон12х9
4Масса, кг3175
5Масса (сухая), кг2180
6Платформа 1xBSS-601
7Ширина, метра2.25 x 3.37
8Мощность (начало жизни), Вт2300
9Мощность (конец жизни), Вт2000

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35797.9
3Перигей, км35787.7
4Период, минут1436.0
5САС, год10
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42163

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2010-008A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат и пуск), млн. долл.2010-03-01499
2Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2010-03-01329
3Оператор NOAA/NASA
4Производитель BOEING COMPANY
5Производитель ITT Corporation

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Мыс Канаверал
2Дата пуска2010-03-04 at 23:57:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xGOES-15
4Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 4 средняя (4.2)

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «GOES-15». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Fires in the Western Hemisphere GOES-8 Wildfire ABBA Composite Fire Product... was generated from over 15,000 halfhourly GOES-8 images. The composite shows... Menzel started development of the GOES Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm (ABBA... then. Initially the WFABBA supported GOES-8/-10. • Support has been added for other GOES over time and now includes GOES-8 through GOES-15 and the next generation satellite GOES-R (GOES16 when... do we address that challenge? GOES-12 composite for 8 September 2010... the South American forest. All GOES WFABBA fire detects over Northern... or less Gaussian function (for GOES, at least) that creates unique..., using ABI as an example GOES-R ABI 3.9 µm pixels A fire cluster is... applied. Darker represents hotter pixels. GOES-R ABI 3.9 µm pixels A1 A2 A3..., 4 km footprint (similar to current GOES 4 µm band) FRP: Calculated using radiance... stabilized geostationary satellites, however on GOES it is minimized. For MTSAT... projection. WFABBA and GOES-R • GOES-R is the next generation GOES • The Advanced Baseline... Block-out Zone Processed Region GOES-11 2007 Oct. Southern California..., 2 km imagery • Fires initialized from GOES-12 WFABBA fire product • “Alphablended..., 2 km imagery • Fires initialized from GOES-12 WFABBA fire product • Fires... data The charts depict the GOES-R Fire Detection Algorithm fire detection... with clouds High Frequency GOES Data • Operational GOES satellites may be run... Super Rapid Scan Operations for GOES-R (SRSOR) • SRSOR is a special mode... continuously • It was employed with GOES-14, the Operational backup, in....wisc.edu/goes/srsor2013/800x1000_GOES_B1_RIM_FIRE_animated_2013234_150000_182_2013234_20 0000_182_X.mp4 Ex 1: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 22 August 2013 White dots: GOES-14... dots: GOES-15 per-pixel FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged... MW Ex 1: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 22 August 2013 • GOES-14 SRSOR... it was clear from the GOES-15 data (normal operational schedule) • Agreement... Blue Marble Next Generation with GOES visible (and in next version... 1) Ex 2: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 20 August 2013 White dots: GOES-14... dots: GOES-15 per-pixel FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged... assigned 1500 MW Ex 2: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 20 August 2013... between 22:30 AM PDT, GOES-15 misses an intensification event • Difference... Ex 3: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 19 August 2013 White dots: GOES-14... dots: GOES-15 per-pixel FRP; Yellow dots and trendline: GOES-15 FRP averaged... assigned 1500 MW Ex 3: GOES-14/-15 WFABBA FRP 19 August 2013... of intensification captured by GOES-14 that GOES-15 missed is likely due... areas on different schedules • Current GOES covers the full disk once...) every 15 minutes – how would you compare detection rates? Typical GOES-East coverage frequency. GOES-8 28 August 1995... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 1998 GOES-8 data. Central America had a busy... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 1999 GOES-8 data. Brazil had a busy year... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2000 GOES-8 data. Central America heats up... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2001 GOES-8 data. Large fires in the... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2002 GOES-8 and GOES-12 data. The arc... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2005 GOES-12 data. Increased activity in... Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2006 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2007 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2008 GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA... GOES-12 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2010 GOES-12 and GOES-13 data. Coverage Corrected WFABBA Fire Counts: 2011 GOES... at Equator (at 750 K) (hectares) GOES-E/-W Imager (75ºW / 135ºW) 1 visible 3.9 and...) 0.15 GOES-12 Imager (60ºW) 1 visible 3.9 and 10.7 m 1.0 4.0 0.57 2.3 3 hours (Full Disk) 15... Version 6.5 supports: • GOES-8/-9/-10/-11/-12/-13/-14/-15 (US; GOES-13 is stationed at 75W, GOES-15 at 135W, and • • • GOES...) Meteosat-8/-9 (Eumetsat) MTSAT-1R/-2 (Japan) GOES-R ABI (US) Version 6.5 support is... WFABBA fires GOES-West Positioned over the Pacific, GOES-West (GOES-11 in this image, currently GOES-15) sees the... September 2011 WFABBA fires GOES-East GOES-East (currently GOES-13) provides the... September 2011 WFABBA fires GOES-SA GOES-SA (currently GOES-12) provides additional... different, even within a series like GOES or Meteosat Second Generation. And... are more similar than others: – – – – – – – – – – GOES, INSAT-3D, COMS, MTSAT-2 are... aperture scanning imagers modeled after GOES-8 MSG (Met-8/-9) are spin-scan...-2D, and beyond (China) are GOES-like in apparent spectral coverage... to correct for high inclination. GOES-13 and beyond employ improved... than we see with current GOES. GOES-9/-10 and MTSAT-1R have... in mind for fire detection. GOES has 4 km resolution, 4 km N/S spacing... where we can compare GOES and MSG (specifically GOES-12/-13 and... a green visible band… Ozone from GOES and Potential Vorticity A tropopause fold...



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...] # . Ôîðìóëà J2 n ∼ 14rev/day , èç òàáëèöû 1, íàõîäèì (3.36) âçÿòà èç ñïðàâî÷íîãî , êîòîðîå ñîäåðæèò ñïðàâî÷íûé ìàòåðèàë ïî âñåì ïàðàìåòðàì äâèæåíèÿ ñïóòíèêà. Ìåæäó ôîðìóëàìè, ïðèâîäèìûìè â [16] è [15] èìååòñÿ íåçíà÷èòåëüíîå 2 −2 ðàçëè÷èå, ñîñòîÿùåå â îòñóòñòâèè è íàëè÷èè (ñîîòâåòñòâåííî) ìíîæèòåëÿ (1 − e ) äëÿ 2 −3/2 ïåðâûõ äâóõ ôîðìóë è ìíîæèòåëÿ (1−e ) äëÿ ñðåäíåé àíîìàëèè. Äëÿ ïî÷òè êðóãîâûõ îðáèò ýòè ìíîæèòåëè ïðàêòè÷åñêè íå îòëè÷àþòñÿ îò 1. Ïîäðîáíîñòè òåîðèè äâèæåíèÿ ñïóòíèêà â ñôåðîèäàëüíîì ïîëå Çåìëè ìîæíî íàéòè â [15] 2.2 % . Âëèÿíèå ñîïðîòèâëåíèÿ àòìîñôåðû íà äâèæåíèå ñïóòíèêà Öåëüþ ýòîé çàäà÷è ÿâëÿåòñÿ ïðîâåðêà ïðîñòîé ìîäåëè äåéñòâèÿ ñèëû ìîëåêóëÿðíîãî ñîïðîòèâëåíèÿ ñî ñòîðîíû àòìîñôåðû íà ñïóòíèêè, íàõîäÿùèåñÿ íà ñðàâíèòåëüíî íåâûñîêèõ è ïî÷òè êðóãîâûõ îðáèòàõ. Ïóñòü ñïóòíèê ìàññû èñïûòûâàÿ ëîáîâîå m σ è ïëîùàäüþ ïîïåðå÷íîãî ñå÷åíèÿ ñîïðîòèâëåíèå àòìîñôåðû. àòìîñôåðíûõ ãàçîâ íà âûñîòå îðáèòû ÷åðåç N. Îáîçíà÷èì äâèæåòñÿ ïî îðáèòå, êîíöåíòðàöèþ Òîãäà çà âðåìÿ dt ìîëåêóë ñïóòíèê ñòîëêíåòñÿ # Â.Â. Áåëåöêèé. Î÷åðêè î äâèæåíèè êîñìè÷åñêèõ òåë. Ì: Íàóêà ,1972, 320 ñ. $ Ñïðàâî÷íîå ðóêîâîäñòâî ïî íåáåñíîé ìåõàíèêå è àñòðîäèíàìèêå. ïîä. ðåä. Äóáîøèíà, Ì.:Èçä. Íàóêà, 1971, 584....7 GOES Ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûå âîêðóã Çåìëè ñïóòíèêè ïî íàáëþäåíèÿ ãåîñèíõðîííîé çà îðáèòå îêðóæàþùåé ñî ñðåäîé ñêîðîñòüþ, (GOES) âðàùàþòñÿ ñîîòâåòñòâóþùåé ñêîðîñòè âðàùåíèÿ Çåìëè. Ýòî ïîçâîëÿåò èì íåïðåðûâíî íàáëþäàòü çà îäíîé è òîé æå ïîçèöèåé íà ïîâåðõíîñòè Çåìëè. Íàõîäÿñü íà âûñîòå 35800 êèëîìåòðîâ (22,300 ìèëü) íàä Çåìëåé ñïóòíèêè GOES-8 è GOES-9 îáåñïå÷èâàþò 194 èíôîðìàöèåé î ñîñòîÿíèè ïîâåðõíîñòè Ôèçèêà îêîëîçåìíîãî êîñìè÷åñêîãî ïðîñòðàíñòâà Çåìëè è îêðóæàþùåé ñðåäû ÷åðåç êàæäûå ïîë÷àñà. Ñïóòíèêè GOES âûâîäÿòñÿ íà ãåîñòàöèîíàðíóþ îðáèòó ñ êîñìîäðîìà íà ìûñå Êàíàâåðàë.  äàííûé ìîìåíò ýêñïëóàòèðóþòñÿ äàííûå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè: GOES-11 (L) Çàïóñê: 07:07 03.05.2000 GOES-12 (M) Çàïóñê: 07:23 23.07.2001 GOES-13 (N) Çàïóñê: 22:11 24.05.2006 GOES-14 (O) Çàïóñê: 22:51 27.06.2009 GOES-15 (P) Çàïóñê: 23:57 04.03.2010 (òåñòèðóåòñÿ) Ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè GOES çàïóñêàþòñÿ NASA ñ 1975 ãîäà.  íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ ÑØÀ ïîääåðæèâàåò æèçíåäåÿòåëüíîñòü ñïóòíèêîâ GOES-10 è GOES-12. (GOES-9, ðàáîòàåò ëèøü ÷àñòè÷íî è èñïîëüçóåòñÿ Ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèì Àãåíñòâîì ßïîíèè â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû èõ ñïóòíèêà, êîòîðûé ïðåêðàòèë ñâîå ñóùåñòâîâàíèå). GOES-11 ñîõðàíÿåòñÿ íà îðáèòå â êà÷åñòâå çàìåíû äëÿ GOES-12 èëè GOES-10 â ñëó÷àå ñáîÿ â èõ ðàáîòå. 24 Ìàÿ 2006 íà îðáèòó çàïóùåí ñïóòíèê GOES-13, êîòîðûé â íàñòîÿùåå âðåìÿ íàõîäèòñÿ â ñòàäèè ïðîâåðîê è áóäåò çàêîíñåðâèðîâàí.. GOES-10 è GOES-12 Ðèñ. VI-13-7. Ìåòåîðîëîãè÷åñêèå ãåîñòàöèîíàðíûå ñïóòíèêè ñåðèè GOES (ÑØÀ) Êàæäûé èç ýòèõ ñïóòíèêîâ âèäèò ïî÷òè òðåòü ïîâåðõíîñòè Çåìëè: îäèí èç íèõ íàáëþäàåò çà Ñåâåðíîé è Þæíîé Àìåðèêîé è ïî÷òè âñåì Àòëàíòè÷åñêèì îêåàíîì, à äðóãîé çà îñòàâøåéñÿ ÷àñòüþ Ñåâåðíîé Àìåðèêè è Òèõèì îêåàíîì. 195 Êîñìè÷åñêèå ëàáîðàòîðèè Îñíîâíûìè èíñòðóìåíòàìè íàáëþäåíèÿ íà GOES ÿâëÿþòñÿ ïðèáîðû Imager è Sounder. Imager ïðåäñòàâëÿåò ñîáîé ìíîãîêàíàëüíûé èíñòðóìåíò, ðåãèñòðèðóþùèé îòðàæåííóþ àòìîñôåðîé è ïîâåðõíîñòüþ Çåìëè ñîëíå÷íóþ ðàäèàöèþ. Sounder ñîáèðàåò äàííûå äëÿ îïðåäåëåíèÿ âåðòèêàëüíûõ ïðîôèëåé òåìïåðàòóðû è âîäÿíîãî ïàðà (âëàæíîñòè) â àòìîñôåðå, à òàêæå òåìïåðàòóðû íà óðîâíå îáëàêîâ è ðàñïðåäåëåíèÿ îçîíà. Ñïóòíèê GOES-N (óñîâåðøåíñòâîâàííûé GOES) ðàçìåðàìè 4,2x4,2x6,2 ì è ñòàðòîâûì âåñîì 3300 êã ïðåäíàçíà÷åí äëÿ ðàáîòû íà ãåîñòàöèîíàðíîé îðáèòå âûñîòîé 35600 êì. Íà ñïóòíèêå, âûïîëíåííîì íà áàçå ïëàòôîðìû BSS-601, óñòàíîâëåíà îäíà ïàíåëü ñîëíå÷íûõ áàòàðåé íà îñíîâå àðñåíèäà ãàëëèÿ, ðàññ÷èòàííàÿ íà âûðàáîòêó 2,3 êÂò (2 êÂò ê êîíöó ðàñ÷åòíîãî ñðîêà ýêñïëóàòàöèè). Âûâåäåí íà îðáèòó ðàêåòîíîñèòåëåì Delta IV ïðîèçâîäñòâà Boeing. Çàïóñê ïîñëåäíåãî íà äàííûé ìîìåíò ñïóòíèêà ñåðèè GOES ñîñòîÿëñÿ 4 ìàðòà 2010...



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... IR data dropped out, starting 15 April 09:00 UTC, apparently... the IR fields only contained GOES-E and -W. MHS data started flowing... missed Eastern Hemisphere IR through 15 UTC 23 October. Subsequently, PPS... and the instrument is off. 15 February 2014 Snow accumulation on... 2014 to 1232 UTC on 15 February 2014. The data are... an input data source on 15 August 2013; the first time... 3B42RT the first time was 15 UTC. 28 January 2013 Processing... went out of service from 15:51 UTC 10 October to... 11 October. 25 September 2012 GOES-E (GOES-13) developed problems with the... mode and subsequently GOES-15 was programmed to take over GOES-E observational schedule... 3B41RT and 3B42RT, in the GOES-E sector, roughly the Americas. Recovery efforts for GOES-13 are on-going. Visual... when the data in the GOES-E sector aren't missing, the alternative... UTC and 3B42RT for 12, 15 and 18 UTC on 13... Archives 13. Documentation 14. Inventories 15. How to Order and Obtain... * ( v + 1 ) 16 April 2015 TRMM 3B4XRT_doc_V7 15 where p is the floating-point... (the Geosynchronous Operational Environmental Satellites [GOES], United States; the Geosynchronous Meteorological... coverage. GMS-5 was replaced by GOES-9 starting 01 UTC 22 May... images with start times within 15 minutes of the UTC hour.... Images with start times within 15 minutes of the UTC hour... 30 GOES-E (8, 12, now 13) 75W 45 15 GOES-W (10, 11, now 15) 135W.... The ocean latitude bands are 15° overlapping latitude bands centered on... with data from METEOSAT5 and GOES-W at very high zenith angles... contains 20 channels, the first 15 referred to as AMSU-A, and... Period of Record Status NOAA-15 1 January 2000 - 14 September 2010...-A 5 December 2006 – current active MetOp-B 15 August 2013 – current active ........................................................................ The... – the Geosynchronous Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES, United States); the Geosynchronous Meteorological... TRMM 3B4XRT_doc_V7 30 usually two GOES platforms active covering the eastern... record, GMS-5 was replaced by GOES-9 starting 01 UTC 22 May... well, GMS-5 was replaced by GOES-9 starting 01 UTC 22 May... Sep 2010 CICS; CLASS NOAA-15 1 June 2007 AMSU-B CICS archive... UTC 25 May 2014 MHS 15 Aug 2013 ongoing DDS MetOp... UTC on 21 March 2012 GOES-15 (WEST) suffered a “bad momentum unload... March 2012. In the interim GOES-13 (EAST) was shifted to.... Use of higher-zenith-angle GOES-13 and MTSat-1 data largely... the gap caused by the GOES-15 drop-outs. 4. The mix of... 2014 to 1232 UTC on 15 February 2014. The data are... February 2003 10 October 2003 15 April 2004 23 November 2004... Rev. 1.13 Rev. 1.14 Rev. 1.15 Rev. 1.16 Rev. 1.17 Rev... GJH 14 April 2011 Rev. 2.15 by GJH 6 May 2011 Rev... August 2013 Rev. 3.4 by GJH 15 February 2014 Rev. 3.5 by GJH...) sensor package. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 15(3), 809-817. 16 April 2015... 7 for Macroscale Hydrologic Prediction. J. Hydrometeor., 15(4), 1651–1660. doi: http://dx... FNMOC FTP GDAS GHz GMS GOES GPM GPROF GSFC GSMaP HQ... representative listed in section 12. .......................................................................... 15. How to Order Data and...



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..., позволяющий исследовать периоды колебаний в диапазоне 15  T  500 минут. По наблюдениям 45... из данных наземных радиоинаблюдений в последние 15 лет. Обращено внимание на динамику... во вспышках баллов В и С по классификации GOES. Некоторые из таких вспышек с излучением... (CSRH II с разрешением до 1.4’’ на 15 ГГц) диапазонах появится новая возможность... the NoRH, NoRP, RHESSI, and GOES observations. The spectral indexes of... Сибирского Солнечного Радиотелескопа и Радиогелиографа Нобеяма. 15 СТРУКТУРА СОЛНЕЧНОЙ НАБЛЮДЕНИЯМ СА ЦИКЛИЧНОСТИ....08–2.09. 1859 г. – 10 СЦ; 1 – 15.06.1991 г. – 22 СЦ; 28..., г. Троицк, Россия По данным телескопов GOES-12/SXI и SDO/AIA были... максимальна в вершине петли и может достигать (15 – 20)% для модели изотропной инжекции... зарегистрированного слабого пика γизлучения в диапазоне 15-21 МэВ как суммы ядерного излучения ядра 12С в линии 15.11 МэВ и слабой широкой линии... 0069 с помощью орбитальных станций КОРОНАС-Ф и GOES, а также наземной службы Солнца RSTN... HAARP (Аляска, США, 62,4° с.ш., 145,15° в.д., магнитное наклонение α = 75,8°) при пошаговом...) с отстройкой пика ΔfBUMs≈ f0 – nfce(d) + 15-20 кГц, традиционно существующей в этой... передатчика HAARP (62.39°N, 145.15°W, L = 4.9). КНЧ/ОНЧ сигналы были зарегистрированы... до пролета ИСЗ составляло 10-15 минут. На высоте спутника DEMETER... из серии от 12 до 15-ти электротермальных структур (ЭТС). При... величина Е-поля превысит порог ФБнеустойчивости (~15 мВ\м). 4) Типичная величина термо-аномалии..., ВЕНЕРА-9,-10, PIONEER-VENUS, ВЕНЕРА-15,-16, MAGELLAN, VENUSEXPRESS. Обсуждается эволюция... в указанном регионе приходится порядка 10 – 15 ситуаций, когда система приходит в «предтектоническое... СТРУКТУРЫ МЕЖПЛАНЕТНОГО МАГНИТНОГО ПОЛЯ В ТЕЧЕНИЕ 15 ЦИКЛОВ СОЛНЕЧНОЙ АКТИВНОСТИ М.В. Вохмянин, Д.И. Понявин... закономерности эволюции секторной структуры в течение 15 циклов солнечной активности (с 9-го по... г.: КА Метеор-М №1, Электро-Л1, GOES-13, GOES-15, ACE, SDO, каталоги геомагнитных индексов... излучения на американских метеорологических аппаратах GOES на протяжении последних 30 лет... СРЕДЕ 21-22.I.2005 и 14-15.XII.2006 УСЛОВИЯ В В.В. Калегаев, Н.А. Власова... бурь 21-22.I.2005 и 14-15.XII.2006. На базе параболоидной... солнечно-синхронными спутниками NOAA (POES 15, 16, 17). В главную фазу возмущений... мощности, 21-22.I.2005 и 14-15.XII.2006. Показано, что динамику... магнитосферы в отличие от бури 14-15.XII.2006, инициированной изменением ориентации..., в основном, развитием кольцевого тока, а 14-15.XII.2006 – сравнимыми по величине... примерно 2-3 минуты по данным спутников GOES, THEMIS, ETS. Данные пульсации возбуждались.... Кросс-корреляционный анализ между спутниками GOES-10, GOES-12 показывает, что данным... (проект 12-02-00367), программы 15 ОФН РАН, и программы 22 Президиума... проявления суббуревой интенсификации в интервале 13-15 UT 6 января 2008 г. Для анализа... CRRES и THEMIS. Показано, что за 15 минут до начала суббуревой интенсификации... СПОРАДИЧЕСКИХ МАГНИТОСФЕРНОГО ПРОИСХОЖДЕНИЯ В ЧАСТОТНОМ ДО 15 ГЦ ИЗЛУЧЕНИЙ ДИАПАЗОНЕ Е.Н. Ермакова1, Д.С. Котик1... верхнюю границу частотного интервала около 15 Гц. Эмиссии на частотах выше... обнаружила в нём узкий пояс электронов с Ее>15 МэВ, ранее наблюдавшийся группой НИИЯФ... периоды соответствуют данным с геосинхронной орбиты (GOES), а в некоторые – нет. Пользуясь соотношением Тверской... выполнена при поддержке программы ОФН-15 «Плазменные процессы в космосе и в лаборатории» и частичной... Президиума РАН № 22 и ОФН РАН №15, Научной школы НШ № 1041.2014..., и Программой фундаментальных исследований РАН ОФН-15 «Плазменные процессы в космосе и в лаборатории». [1]. Франк... плазмы с максимальной температурой Ti = (60 ± 15) эВ, а ионы Ar++ и Ar+++ - в более... Отделения физических наук РАН ОФН-15 «Плазменные процессы в космосе и в лаборатории». 153...



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... to remind you that October 15 is the last day to...’s GOES East also installed on geostationary satellites (GOES-13) and GOES West (GOES-15) (GEOs... two satellites in stand by (GOES-12, above the equator, orbiting the Earth at the GOES-14), India’s INSAT-A satellite, the... ideal for making When the GOES-R series of satellites uninterrupted observations... polar-orbiting satellites include NOAA-15, -16, -18 and -19 – all... and the Burmese king. (Wikipedia) 15 Spring 2013 BUDGETS, LAUNCHES, AND... to take place on May 15. Launch of three more Block... and L5 signals between June 15 to 29. No satellite outages...) will be held on May 15-17, 2013 in Wuhan, China... accuracy was between 10 and 15 meters — which reflects the limited... operation of the system for 15 years. Each satellite will transmit... longitude within 60 nautical miles, £15,000 for a method that could...



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Historical GOES AMV Reprocessing Steve Wanzong1, David ... reprocessing with the next generation (GOES-R) algorithms ⦿  New NWP reanalysis efforts... (ECMWF, JMA, NASA-GMAO) ⦿  Reprocessed GOES AMVs will be an important....” JMA: “The reprocessing of historical GOES AMVs data will surely bring... phase. 4   Processing Details (Data) ⦿  Period: GOES GVAR Era ->1995 to mid...) GOES East (1995 – mid 2013) •  Includes GOES-8/10/12/13/14 GOES West (1996 – mid 2013) •  Includes GOES-9/10/11/15 ⦿  Entire... Software Calibration and navigation of GOES data Post-processing: Recursive Filtering... assignment method 8   GOES East Scanning Metrics ⦿  ⦿  NHEM AMVs: 15-minute time steps... ⦿  9   GOES East NHEM Example AMVs 10   GOES East SHEM Example AMVs 11   GOES West Scanning Metrics ⦿  NHEM AMVs: ⦿  15... used 12   GOES West NHEM Example AMVs 13   GOES West SHEM Example... 15   Rawinsonde Collocations Look for anomalous signals Not much help in GOES... for datasets with low counts ⦿  GOES East NHEM – 2011 17   Dataset... scans called in 2011; curtails GOES-E SHEM coverage 18   Final Dataset... datasets have been reprocessed for GOES East/West from 1995 to... access ⦿  Phase 1a complete! ⦿  Future GOES AMV reprocessing plans (???>$$$) •  Phase 1b... latest methods being developed for GOES-R (tracking and cloud height algorithms... on archive at UW-SSEC GOES-1 GOES-2 GOES-3 GOES-4 GOES-5 GOES-6 GOES-7 SMS 1/2 21   Questions? The tar... 23   Historical GOES East (Data) Satellite Years of Service GOES-08 1 January... 25, 1997 GOES-10 5 December 2007 – 17 December 2007 GOES-12 1 April... 5 January 2009 – 14 April 2010 GOES-13 15 December 2008 – 4 January 2009... 2013 10 June 2013 - present GOES-14 24 September 2012 – 17... June 27, 2009 24   Historical GOES West (Data) Satellite Years of Service Launched May 23, 1995 GOES-09 1 January 1996 – 21 July 1998 Launched April 25, 1997 GOES-10 21 July 1998 – 21... 3, 2000 GOES-11 21 June 2006 – 6 December 2011 Launched March 4, 2010 GOES-15... file names are formatted [YYYYMM]-GOES-[E or W][NH or SH].tar... "E “or “W” use E for GOES-East or W for GOES-West. For "NH” or.../archive/data/goes_reprocess/wind_files/199501-GOES-E-NH.tar.gz curl http.../archive/data/goes_reprocess/wind_files/199501-GOES-E-NH.tar.gz -O 26   Pre GVAR Data Satellite Potential Archive GOES-01 [WestPac] 2 December 1978 – 1 December... 1985 GOES-02 [EastUSA] 18 February 1978 – 26 January 1979 GOES-03...] 20 December 1978 – 4 March 1981 GOES-04 [WestUSA] 5 January 1981 – 25 November 1982 GOES-05 [EastUSA] 6 August 1981 – 29 July 1985 GOES-06 [WestUSA and PrimeUSA] 1 June... October 1987 – 21 January 1989 GOES-07 [East USA and PrimeUSA...   GOES East NHEM Images ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  GOES-E NH/CONUS triplets: 00:15, 00:45, 01:15...:15 14:15, 14:45, 15:15 - 14:15, 14:32, 14:45 15:15, 15:45, 16:15 - 15...:15 23:15, 23:45, 00:15 - 23:15, 23:32, 23:45 GOES East SHEM Images ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  GOES-E SH (0-20S/20S-50S) triplets: 00:15, 00:45, 01:15 - 00..., 15:15 - 14:39, 14:45, 15:39(not G-13) 15:15, 15:45, 16:15 - 15:39..., 00:15 - 23:39, 23:45, 00:39(G-13 only) GOES West NHEM Images ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  GOES-W NH/CONUS triplets GOES-15 (GOES-9/10/11...:15, 01:30 (00:45, 01:00, 01:15 could use for GOES..., 02:15 (02:00, 02:15, 02:30 must use for GOES-9) 02..., 04:15 (04:00, 04:15, 04:30 must use for GOES-9/10..., 08:15 (08:00, 08:15, 08:30 must use for GOES-9) 08..., 10:00, 10:15 (10:00, 10:15, 10:30 GOES-9) 10:30...:15 (14:00, 14:15, 14:30 must use for GOES-9) 14:30, 15:00, 15:30 - 14:30, 14:45, 15:00 15..., 16:15 (16:00, 16:15, 16:30 must use for GOES-9/10...:15, 17:30 (16:45, 17:00, 17:15 could use for GOES..., 20:15 (20:00, 20:15, 20:30 must use for GOES-9) 20..., 21:00 must use for GOES-9/10/11) 21:30, 22..., 22:15 (22:00, 22:15, 22:30 must use for GOES-9/10..., 23:00, 23:15 GOES West SHEM Images ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  ⦿  GOES-W SH triplets GOES-W: 23:22...:52, 02:22 (unavailable for GOES-9) 02:22, 02:52, 03...:52, 04:22 (unavailable for GOES-10/11) 04:22, 04...:52, 08:22 (unavailable for GOES-9) 08:22, 08:52, 09... (unavailable for GOES-9) 14:22, 14:53, 15:00 15:00, 15:52, 16:22 (unavailable for GOES-10/11... for GOEs-9) 20:22, 20:52, 21:00 (unavailable for GOES-15) 21:00, 21:52, 22:22 (unavailable for GOES-10/11) 22:22, 22:52, 23:22 Vis t<9 or t>15...



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...: • Fluxes of E > 2 MeV electrons at GOES West factor of about 2.5 higher... at geosynchronous orbit: Analysis of GOES E > 2 MeV electrons Nigel P. Meredith1, Richard... at geosynchronous orbit: Analysis of GOES E > 2 MeV electrons, Space Weather, 13... the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) during the 19.5 year period...−1 , respectively. The corresponding fluxes at GOES East are 6.53 × 104 , 1.98... seen by satellites at GOES West and GOES East. The extreme value... (NOAA) Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES) to determine the number of... we use data from GOES 8–13 and 15 covering the interval from... Used in Study Dates GOES East GOES 8 GOES 12 GOES 13 18 Feb 1995... 1 May 2010 to date GOES West GOES 9 GOES 10 GOES 11 GOES 15 2 Apr 1996 to... of dome detectors on GOES 13 and 15, one set looking westward... E > 2 MeV electrons observed by the GOES satellites. However, at the highest... by the builder of the GOES 13–15 EPS [Hanser, 2011]. The..., the GOES 13–15 dead time correction is also valid for the GOES... real-time processing of the GOES 8–15 EPS data has not used... longitudes, referred to as GOES West and GOES East, located at 135...fferent magnetic latitudes with GOES West and GOES East located roughly 4◦ and... generally outward near geosynchronous orbit, GOES West will typically measure larger... for the satellites at GOES West and GOES East separately. For this... of E > 2 MeV electrons at GOES West and GOES East, are tabulated in... flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES West location as a function... points at GOES East, corresponding to approximately 16 and 15.5 years of... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES West location. MEREDITH... the exceedance probability measured at GOES West and illustrate that on... observed by satellites at GOES West and GOES East are tabulated in... flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES East location as a function... coded to denote the GOES the satellite at GOES West and the... largest three fluxes observed at GOES West occurred on three consecutive... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES East location (black... electrons measured by the GOES satellites at the GOES West location are... GOES East were made by GOES 12 and those at GOES West by GOES... interval were provided by GOES 10 and GOES 11 which was located... Fluxes Observed at GOES West and GOES East GOES West Flux (cm−2 s−1 sr... electron flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES West location. (a) Probability... electron flux measured by GOES satellites at the GOES East location. (a) Probability... time-corrected fluxes at GOES West and GOES East. The quantile plots... 17 and 29 at GOES West and GOES East, respectively, illustrating the....1002/2014SW001143 the exceedances at GOES West. The exceedance probability of... a function of N, for the declustered GOES West E > 2 MeV electron flux is... for modeling the exceedances at GOES East. The exceedance probability of... to the fact that GOES West and GOES East, which operate at... generally outward near geosynchronous orbit, GOES West will typically measure larger... averaged fluxes measured at GOES West and GOES East, with the larger... differences between GOES 5, 6, and 7 than those on GOES 8 and beyond [Su... and 0.16 ± 0.23 for GOES West and GOES East, respectively. The shape... years 1 in 150 years GOES West (cm−2 s−1 sr−1 ) GOES East (cm−2 s−1 sr... × 105 cm−2 s−1 sr−1 for GOES West and GOES East, respectively. The largest...−1 , was recorded by GOES 10 operating at the GOES West position on... return plots for the GOES West and GOES East data, shown in... flux levels experienced at GOES East and GOES West is about the... and 15.5 years of good quality operational data at GOES West and GOES... that measured at GOES East because the satellite at GOES West is... seen by satellites at GOES West and GOES East. The extreme value...]. Appendix A: Cross Comparisons of the GOES E > 2 MeV Relativistic Electron Channel The... observed ratios of the GOES West to the GOES East fluxes needs... al. [2004] to compare the GOES 8 and GOES 9 E > 2 MeV electron fluxes. This... of situations in which two GOES satellites are separated by approximately... of Cross Comparisons of the GOES E 2 (E > 2 MeV) Relativistic Electron Channel, for... a factor A1 . The comparison between GOES 8 and 9 is expanded from 3 days... for the GOES 12 versus 10 and GOES 13 versus 15 comparisons. In... approximately 1 h. In the case of GOES 15, both detectors look westward at... looking GOES 13 detector and both GOES 15 detectors. For the remaining GOES East... is possible from GOES 10 to 9 to 8 and from GOES 11 to... al. [2004]. Since GOES 10 was east of GOES 9 during June 1998....5% discrepancy (A1 = 0.6845) between GOES 10 and GOES 9, the largest observed in... a 29% underestimate (GOES 11 to 12) to a 23% overestimate (GOES 15 to 13... factor of ∼2.5 between the GOES West and GOES East fluxes. References Adams....ngdc.noaa.gov/stp/satellite/goes/documentation.html.] Heffernan, J. E., A. G. Stephenson... uses of the GOES energetic particle detectors, in GOES-8 and beyond, Proc..., and J. C. Green (2014), Intercalibration of GOES 8–15 solar proton detectors, Space Weather...



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..., Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite R-Series (GOES-R), is now scheduled for launch... may temporarily be without a backup GOES satellite in orbit for the... for these programs, including JPSS, GOES-R, and the Constellation Observing System..., the United States GOES-13 image. Credit: NASA/NOAA GOES Project, Dennis...-orbiting Operational Environmental The GOES-O satellite, later renamed GOES-14, is shown...-orbit backup for Environmental Satellite (GOES) systems. A new generation the U.S. geostationary... operates two GOES satellites at all times—GOES East and GOES West—to... fails. 16 FIGURE 1: Approximate GOES Geographic Coverage GOES-West Sources: GAO-10...), MapArt (map) GOES-East The primary function of the GOES system is... storms.17 The ability of GOES to continuously monitor one area... storms continuously over a large area. GOES is able to observe and... on the acquisition plan for GOES-R, the current programs are in... next-generation geostationary weather satellite, GOES-R, is now scheduled for launch... fails, or if a problem with GOES-R occurs, the United States may... FOUNDATION 12 Challenges in Development: GOES-R Like the polar-orbiting satellite... scope from early expectations. The GOES-R system was originally estimated to... removed completely, which significantly decreased GOES-R cost estimates and reduced the... challenges currently faced by the GOES-R program include gaps in data... This delayed launch schedule of GOES-R could leave NOAA without a backup... more than a decade. If GOES-14 or -15 were to fail prematurely... GOES-R Scope The GOES-R system represents the first major technological advance in GOES instrumentation since 1994.70 GOES-R series satellites will... the GOES-R satellite series, will improve every product the current GOES imager... every product that the current GOES imager produces as well as... weather-monitoring instrument on the GOES-R series is the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM). No previous GOES satellite has included a sensor to....72 Despite these impressive improvements, GOES-R does not include the full... atmospheric sounder instrument on the GOES satellites currently in orbit.73... the highest priority instrument on GOES, and studies showed that it... not essential to the traditional GOES weather-monitoring mission.75 NOAA... currently available products based on GOES data using the Advanced Baseline... mission of the GOES program. With respect to GOES-R, reductions occurred not... currently produced using the existing GOES system but will not be... for these programs, including JPSS, GOES-R, and the Constellation Observing System... capabilities, and later launch dates. GOES-R began as a $6 billion program in..., so this action to reduce GOES-R program costs would likely lead... Environment — SPACE FOUNDATION 15 FIGURE 5: NPOESS/JPSS, GOES and COSMIC-2 Budgets NPOESS... and property at risk.81 GOES-R has also repeatedly received lower... levels than requested, and the GOES-R program office lists program funding... (NOAA) GOES-12 NOAA-15 GOES-13 NOAA-16 GOES-14 NOAA-18 GOES-15 NOAA...; for example, Europe’s Meteosat-3 replaced GOES-7 in order to continue monitoring the Atlantic region, and GOES-9 was moved westwards over the... of the loss of a GOES-East or GOES-West satellite. The international... from commercial sources would supplement GOES-R and JPSS. After an initial... Environmental Suite (HES) removed from GOES-R, GeoMetWatch’s instrument would offer a valuable... originally planned for inclusion on GOES-R would have, in combination with... earlier, insistence by Congress that GOES-R keep costs down led to... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... System. Washington: n.p., 1998. Print. 8 “The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental... for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites (GOES): A Report to NOAA’s National Climatic... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27.... Web. 28 June 2013. . 16 “GOES Project.” Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites.... Web. 28 June 2013. . NOAA GOES-N,O,P – The Next Generation. N.p.: n.p., n.d. NASA, NOAA.... 28 June 2013. . 17 “ The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental.... 28 June 2013. . 19 “ The GOES Program History.” Geostationary Operational Environmental... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... Tapped for 2 More GOES Satellites.” Space News. N.p., 15 May 2013. Web. 03.... . 71 “Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI).” GOES-R. NOAA and NASA, n.d. Web. 28.... . 72 “Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM).” GOES-R. NOAA and NASA, n.d. Web. 28... Li, and Wayne F. Feltz. “The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager and the... Li, and Wayne F. Feltz. “The GOES-R Advanced Baseline Imager and the... – An Update on JPSS and GOES-R. By Kathryn D. Sullivan. NOAA, 27... Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite, Series R (GOES-R) Independent Review Team (IRT) Report...



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... the process of stars formation goes. The nearest alike area is... 5 Maximum apparent stellar magnitude 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 21.0 25.0 Approximate quantity... giants are concentrated, their evolution goes very fast. The lower the... a giant size. For example Betelgeuse goes with those stars; it is... constants  - Plank constant and c - speed 15 of light. The word ultrarelativistic... area where the thermonuclear reaction goes on, an area of radiative... in mind that the reaction goes on in some spheric layer... the reaction of helium synthesis goes on. In the deeper area... 21 Fig. I-2-8. Neutron star - pulsar. 15 Black holes As it was... to the same effect GTR 15 http://www.vokrugsveta.ru/vs... = 15 106 К). Transport of energy to the boundary of this area goes... gas burning. Then liberated heat goes through the whole star and... Energy release area (the core) 0 15 500 00 2.31016 0.1 13 100.... The temperature of core about 15106 К, density is about 160... in the core the reaction goes on continuously. A very high density... length of chromosphere is 10-15 thousand kilometers. The chromosphere temperature... canonical equation in polar coordinates: p (3.15) r= , 1  e cos where p is focal parameter... follows from ellipse canonical equation (3.15) : p p (3.18) rp = , ra = . 1 e 1 e Hence we... set of formulae see in [15] (pages 171-180) 32 . Movement...) is taken from reference guide [15](page 438) 34 containing reference... formulae given in [16] and [15]. The difference is in absence... Earth can be found in [15] 35. 3.2.2 Atmospheric resistance influence on... the Geodinamo. Scientific American Sp 15, 28 - 35 (2005) 69 Fig... the Geodinamo. Scientific American Sp 15, 28 - 35 (2005) 71 dr... of particles from the front goes on thanks to interaction with... the period of revolution, i.e : dH H T = T << H . (4.15) dt Suppose this condition to... in cosmic rays (85% and 15% respectively). The part of other... considerably and reaches the value  15 GV. Thus if one measures... "Meteor-3". Onboard SC ``Meteor-3'' N5 (15.08.91) as an additional... 0.8 x 1.5 Accuracy of the position linkage 15 of the received images, km... complex of the satellite included 15 tools so the satellite represented... surface with the resolution of 15 … 20 meters, and two long... series. 130 They are NOAA-15, NOAA-16, NOAA-17, NOAA... flood areas. Characteristics of NOAA-15 basic dimension, m 4.2 , 1.88 (diameter) Solar..., min 101.2 Inclination, grad 98.7 GOES 131 Geostationary satellites of the environmental observations (GOES) turn around the Earth along...) above the Earth the satellites GOES-8 and GOES-9 provide the information about... conditions every 30 minutes. Satellites GOES are launched to the geostationary... the following series are used: GOES-11 (L) Launch: 07:07 03.05.2000 GOES-12 (M) Launch: 07:23 23.07.2001 GOES-13 (N) Launch: 22:11 24.05.2006 GOES-14 (O) Launch: 22:51 27.06.2009 GOES-15 (P) Launch: 23:57 04.03.2010 (test operations) Satellites GOES... maintain functioning of satellites GOES-10 and GOES-12 (GOES-9 functions partially and... instead of their own satellite). GOES-11 is on the orbit as a replacement satellite for GOES-12 or GOES-10 in case of... 24th of May 2006 satellite GOES-13 was launched and now... and will be conserved. GOES-10 and GOES-12 Fig. VI-13-7. Meteorological geostationary satellites GOES (USA) Each of these satellites.... The basic instruments of the GOES onboard observation are Imager and... and ozone distribution. The satellite GOES-N (improved GOES) with the dimensions 4.2x4... present time the last satellite GOES was launched on the 4th... 36000 24 11 February 2010 15:23:00 UTC ``Canaveral'' Atlas... of J 2 is: 2 d 3 GM  RE  cos i  (7.15) = J 2  . 2 2 dt 2 a 3  p  (1  e ) Notice that directly measured... estimate parameter J 2 by the relation (7.15) the average values of the... should be substituted into (7.14) ). (7.15) also includes parameter Ranl of... Relativistic theory. M.: Vyshaya shkola, 1986. [15] Handbook of celestial mechanics and... // Astron. Astrophys. 1995. V. 304. P. 585. 15. [39] Harrison R.A. Coronal magnetic storms... Peter Olson. Scientific American Sp 15, 28 - 35 (2005) doi:10...



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... 00, 03, 06, 09, 12, 15, 18, 21 UTC 00, 03, 06, 09, 12, 15, 18, 21 UTC Early analysis...: (00,03,06,09,12,15,18,21 UTC) (00,03,06,09,12,15,18,21 UTC) 11h50m (00... 5 geostationary (GEO) satellites (Meteosat-7, -9, GOES-13, -15 and MTSAT-2) and 2 polar orbiting... Microwave Sounding Unit - A) onboard NOAA-15, -16, -18, -19, Metop-A and... from 5 GEO satellites (Meteosat-7, -9, GOES-13, -15 and MTSAT-2) are used. The... (Communications/Navigation Outage Forecasting System). 2.2.2.15 GNSS-PWV GNSS-PWV (GNSS... the report are also checked. 15 5. Vertical consistency check: The vertical... with the speed larger than 15 m/s are also rejected for ASCAT... the Meso-scale Analysis and 15 km for the Local Analysis... the inner-model grid box (15 km) and inputted into the... early analyses. 06UTC 09 12 15 High-resolution NL Model Interpolation... gas constant. 24 ˜ ∆φB = UDU T ∆φ˜B = UDWV T ∆ζ = L∆ζ (2.5.15) ˜ Note that the modified balance... the relative vorticity ∆ζ by Eq. (2.5.15). The temperature and the surface...) u, v(m/s) T (K) RH(%) level(hPa) 1000 2.3 1.7 6.4 850 2.4 1.2 15.9 700 2.5 1.0 19.8 500 2.5 0.8 31.5 300....6 (c) AMSU-A T B (K) satellite Aqua Metop-A NOAA-15 NOAA-16 NOAA-18 NOAA... 16 8 8 8 17 8.8 8.8 8.8 (g) CSR T B (K) satellite GOES-13 GOES-15 Meteosat-7 Meteosat-9 MTSAT-2 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 27 (f) TMI... (00, 03, 06, 09, 12, 15, 18 and 21UTC). Figure 2.6.1 shows... an eigenvalue decomposition Bφcol = VDVT , (2.6.15) v where columns of V are eigenvectors... and ADM with a lower resolution (15 km horizontal grid spacing and....4 200 2.7 2.6 1.1 13.7 150 2.6 2.6 1.1 16.6 100 3.2 3.0 1.5 15.1 70 3.7 3.1 1.9 13.6 50 3.2 2.8 1.9 12.1 30...(00,03,06,09,12,15,18,21 UTC) a day to... processes are accomplished in about 15 minutes. Figure 2.7.1: The domain of... of the Bφcol (see Eq. (2.6.15)), the square root matrix Bv...