Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-10. [Редактировать]

GPS-2R (Global Positioning System) или Navstar-2R (Navigation System using Timing And Ranging) – третье поколение космических аппаратов системы GPS. GPS-IIR должны по контракту от 19989 года осуществить замену второго поколения аппаратов группировки. Производителем аппаратов выступает Lockheed Martin, которая использует для производства космический аппаратов свою коммерческую платформу AS-4000. Космические аппараты имеют трех-осевую стабилизацию и работают на 1572.42 MHz, 1227.6 MHz и 2227.5 MHz. Lockheed также отвечает за запуски аппаратов и их эксплуатацию. По сравнению с предшествующими аппаратами новое поколение спутников позволяет значительно улучшить точность определения координат на Земле.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1USA 175НайтиНайти
2SVN-47НайтиНайти
328129НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, AS-40001

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град52.9
2Апогей, км20384.2
3Перигей, км19995.8
4Период, минут718.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26560

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-058A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-12-21 at 07:50:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-10
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 445 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-10». [Перейти к поиску]


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..., once your simulation is working. 10 Modeling • Why Models? • A model is...) Confidence on LLEGO Baseline $ 341M 10.0% Total Contractor Costs (50%) Total... vs Number of Launches for 10 years 560 532 504 476... 19 20 21 22 23 10 Year Flight Rate Left/Dow n Annual contractor costs: $409.4M 10 year flight rate: 17.7 Right... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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... .........................................................................................................A-9 A.6.2 Method and Assumptions ..............................................................................A-9 A.6.3 Results ........................................................................................................A-10 A.7 References ............................................................................................................ A-10 APPENDIX B – 1998-2000 NEAR-TERM... 20 Range of Lowest Inputs 10 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006... Average 30 1997 Average 20 10 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006...) 20 Intermediate (4,000-9,000 lb) 10 0 1998 Medium (2,000-4,000 lb... 40 Heavy 30 20 Medium 10 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002... Actual Number of Vehicles Launched 10 5 Launch Year Figure 4.0. COMSTAC Launch... obtain overall averages. 0198266.doc 10 Table 3.0 COMSTAC Launch Demand Forecast... 429 33 Assumed Dual Launches 6 6 6 6 6 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 110 8 27 23 27 29... from 1998 – 2002, and ten (10) per year from 2003 – 2010.... Annual forecast demand averaged about 10.5 payloads per year. 1994: Beginning... would occur through 2002, and 10 per year from 2003 – 2010..., an attrition rate factor of 10% of annual launch demand was... constant at about 2-3 a year (or 10% of the market) as small... are: − Pushing satellites into the 10-20 kW range, thus increasing...-manifested commercial payloads, or about 10 dual commercial launches per year... of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 0198266.doc A-10 A4. COMSTAC Report, “Commercial Spacecraft... 35 11.7 1 US-PAS Galaxy 10 1 US-Loral Orion 3 AP 1 Norway... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF... 10 ICO 12 US-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 8 5 US-AF-Call UP MLV-10 US-AF-DSCS 3-07 US... - 05 Iridium 09 - 05 Iridium 10 - 03 US-AF-Argos P91... - 2 1 1 1 1 Brazil-CBERS 2 Iridium 09 - 2 Iridium 10 - 2 Iridium 11 - 2 Russia-Baikonur Molniya... 166 16.6 9 14 15 100 10.0 25 2.5 18 1.8 0 0 0.0 2 13 1.3 6 0.6 1991 1992... 1994 1995 9 8 18 14 17 10 18 9 7 9 8 9 8 12 1 Intelsat 602 1 Japan... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US... 25.2 3 3 2 4 2 2 0 4 5 1 26 2.6 20 2.0 44 4.4 13 1.3 10 1.0 139 13.9 1 ESA-Meteosat 3 1 France...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar... Raduga 11 Russia-Cosmos/Glonass 10 Russia-Mil/Science Legend: 16... Raduga 1-1 Raduga 23 Raduga 24 10 Russia-Mil/Science Ekran Gorizont...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar 10... 22 61 251 25.1 8 100 10.0 0 0 0.0 10 14 1.4 United States Ranges TOTAL... Columbia US-STS-060 Discovery 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 US-STS-060 Discovery... Columbia US-STS-074 Atlantis 0 0 0 2 0 0 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 US-STS-072 Endeavour US...-Cosmos 2082 1 Russia-Cosmos xxxx 10 2 Russia-MIR Manned 5 Russia-MIR... 7 7 Russia-Domestic 10 10 Russia-Domestic 1 Russia-Domestic Molniya 10 MLV 10 Russia-Domestic... 1 Russia-Cosmos 2342 1 Russia-Molniya 10 9 Russia-Cosmos 2337-9/3 Gonets 1 Russia...



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... измерений двухчастотных приемников GPS. На рис.  1 показано положение GPS-станций, данные которых... GPS, наблюдавшихся на всех использованных в данной работе станциях в период 02:00—10...  м/с. Использование метода разнесенного приема D1-GPS [1; 10] позволило Вариации полного электронного содержания... в данной работе GPS-станций наблюдались интенсивные колебания ПЭС с периодами 10—15  мин....  36.  — L15106, doi  :10. 1029/2009GL039803. 36. 10. Afraimovich, E. L. GPS radio interferometry of....  114.  — A10307, doi  :10. 1029/2008JA013853. 13. Calais, E. GPS detection of ionospheric... где4Δp(L)≈2,4 кПа; L≈ r s 3 3 3 4 4 4 лент 865 3,1·10 5,9·10 9,3·10 1,6·10 1,8·10 2,3·10 Δp(z)0,53 2,9·10 высотной зависимости с использо1,8 1,3 1 0,9 0,66 0,59... τt по = мере = увеличе≈ 10−2 − 10−1 сαi(0),vD, с–11v6,5·10 10–3 1,1·10 4,6·10–32,9·10 2,2·10–27,5·10 0,1 1,9·10 0,3 5,1·10 1 tм м2α –3 22 6 4,3·1021 4 1,2·1021 4 3·1020 3 7,5·1019 3 2·1019 2 N(0), м 1,1·10 v v α личеt , с 7,4·1010 1,5·10 3,2·10 1,1·10 3,2·10... 9,1·10 8,3·10 3,3·10 1,3·1010–2 движения. 1 2,3·10 (см., например, [19]). Обычно полагают α6,5·10 –5 –3 –2 1≈0,1 tN10е. , с процесс 3,2·10–6турбулизации 1,4·10был 3,2·10... 3,3·10 7,2·1021 6,5·10–5 1,4·10–3 2,3·10–4 8,3·10—4 60 4,4·10–4 15 6,7 33,5 0,20 7,5·1022 3·1020 0,1 3,2·103 1,5·1021 3,2·10–2 3,3·10–3 70 1,1·10... –10 R dt –2 атмосфере, –3 –3 –4 -4 –5 Rs dt –6 –6 –8 –9 ной а также параметры ионизации s 6·10 6,3·10 1,7·10 4,4·10 1,1·10 Поскольку 3·1010 2,1·10 время 2,1·10 2,1·10 метео2,1·10 d (tбулентн ) = 2 Rs характерное..., что 2,1·10 роида3·10 (28) Rравно 18·10 e+=H/ 10 6,3·10 4,4·10 1,1·10 2,1·10 2,1·10 2,1·10 s =r τ (28) 2,7·10–4 5,5·10–4 720 220 1,7·10 18 6,7 2,7 1,1 0,5 0,2 1,2·10–2 ту... 8,8 22 2,3 21 sin 1,6·10 1,6·10 1,6·10 учб 5·10 1,1·10 2,9·10 7,5·10 1,9·10 5,1·10 1,4·1021τesin 3,5·10 3,5·10 3,5·1017 что 3,5·1016булентной =H/ v sin... 18 характерное 1,25 7,5 16,9 34,4 1·10 4,3·10 1,2·1010 7,5·1010 5,4·10 1,4·10 1,4·10 1,4·10 1,4·10 значение r=80 м, H=7,5 км и α=20°, При... Hd 10–325 1,1·10 2,9·10 7,5·10 1,9·10 5,1·10 1,4·10 3,5·10 3,5·10 =H/ sinα, из (28)3,5·10 следует, что роида равно τe 3,5·10 где... . 15 14 m s 18 e)≈1 4 –2 s 19 2 e ≈5,4·10 10 4,3·10 1,2·1010 7,5·1010 1,4·10 1,4·10 1,4·101010 1,5·10 3,2·10 1,1·10 3,2·10 93 27sin α 4,3 0,2 2·10 sin α –3 23 –3 –2 314 413... 18 18 15 0 4,6·10 0,1 0,3 1R ( τ ) 8,2·10 3,5 12 1,6·1010 3,3·10 2,2·10 7,2·10 1,5·10 4,2·10 6,2·10 1,9·10 5,9·10 2,7·10 m = ρ S (t ) . 1,7·10 ≈z=z =76 м,Ld . 7,2·10 Rs (3 τe ) ≈3,2·10 ==27 Ld...–6 7·104 –5 1,5·10 3,2·10 1,1·10 93 sin 4,3 9 H=7,5 0,2 11км и2·10 2 R16ssin (При τe α ) 1,1·1010 6,5·10 1,4·10–3 3,2·10–2 0,4 2·10 10 sin r=80 α 2·10 α 1,4·10 α газа... 14 133 –5 –4 –4 –3 –2 = 6,2·10 –2 –1 –1 2 t , 10 3,3·10 7,2·10 1,5·10 4,2·10 8,2·10 1,9·10 7,2·10 5,9·10 2,7·10 тогда имеем R (τ )≈1 880 м. Характерное время 1·10 2,3·10 8,3·10 3,3·10 1,3·10 d 5·10 1,9·10 7,1·10 7,1 7,1·10 7,1·10 s e r=80 км и1014... тогда имеем R (τ )≈1 880 м. Характерное время 10–5 2,3·10–4 При 8,3·10 1,3·1010 1,9·10 7,1·10 7,1 7,1·10 7,1·10 s e s e звука. При v =270 м/с на... 1,3·1011 31,2 1011 1011 41 2,4·10–7 2,3·10–7 2,2·10–7 9,6·10–8 4,5·10–8 3,3·10–8 2,9·10–8 2,7·10–8 3,2·10–8 4,2·10–8 4,9·10–8 7,4·10–8 9,7·10–8 2·1011 2·1011 18 tTe, с 14... вид: менного SРешение м , Асиплюмеследа I≈2,5·10 …2,5·10 соответp ≈2,5·10 м 3,8·10,вид: 2,9·10 2,3·10 2,0·10 1,4·10 9,7·10 (41) имеет N = N , Решение N (0) N c t /tN 1 е I≈2,5·105…2,5·103 А соответ= , ( N (0) + NN ) e − N (0) c N (0) N c4,4·10 t / t N 13,5·10 N(0), 10( N (0) + N )e , − N (0) 2,8·10 8,1·10 1,4·10 1,7·10... кг, βизi≈1,54⋅10 [9]. Результаv , с с как 1,4·10 1,2·10 1,1·10 9,7·10 так8,5·10 6,3·10 ойm=5⋅10 концентрации ется как... соотношениями ,, с 2,4·10 2,3·10 2,2·10 9,6·10 4,5·10 3,3·10 2,9·10 N 1 = ся мвблизи , а Nвысоты ≈1,8⋅10 +22 м–3. max26 –1 –3 t N 1 = β−a 1 , высоты максимального энергоα ≈4⋅10 м , а N ≈1,8⋅10 +22... – концентрация, температура, mi=5⋅10–26 кг 1010 4,3·10 3,7·10 3,3·10 2,5·10 1,7·10 1,3·10 8,7·10 6,7·10 196,3·10 205,7·10 21 22 23... 8,3·10 7,3·10 6,3·10 5,7·10 масса 5·10 и тепловая 4,3·10 3,7·10 3,3·10 электронов; 2,5·10 1,7·10 1,3·10 8,7·10 скорость k – постоное6,7·10 значени 10 7,3·101,3·10 6,3·10 1,2·10 5,7·10 1,1·1010 9,1·10 янная 7,7·10Больцмана; 6,9·10 3,3·10 5,3·10 3,6·10 2,7·10 1,8·10 1,4·10 4,3·10 3,7·10 2,5·10 1,7·10 1,3·10 8,7·10 6,7·10 Nn... частотаэлектромагэлектромагvсительно где излучателя; Земли: (47) 2R .. (47) нитного поля. Мощность излучения... плотность потока 5 4 3 равны: 2,8·10 2 У поверхности Земли плотность акустической 2,8·10 2,8·10 2,8·10 10 2,8·10 2,8·10 2,8·10 Δp длительность ее плотность...



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... 2011 г СОДЕРЖАНИЕ 1 ГЛОБАЛЬНЫЕ СИСТЕМЫ ПОЗИЦИОНИРОВАНИЯ GPS 1.1 GPS для геодезии ..………………………………………………………………….……....3 1.3 Контроллеры …………………………………………....…….…………….……................4 1.4 Приемники для референсных станций………………………..…………………….……..5 1.5 GPS для картографии и ГИС 1.4.1 Серия Pathfinder…………….……………………………………………………...…..6 1.4.2 Серия GeoExplorer……………….………………………………………………….….6 1.6 GPS для сельского хозяйства. Серия AgGPS …………………….………………............6 1.7 GPS для гидрографии и строительства... и зарядные устройства…………………………………………………..21 6.3 Кабели……………………………………………………………………………………...22 6.4 GPS антенны……………………………………………………………………………….23 6.5 Аксессуары Omni Surveying... Внешний вид 1 Глобальные системы позиционирования GPS GPS для геодезии R8 GNSS RTK.... 7 520 9 220 9 400 5700L1 GPS L1 GPS 5700L1 Модернизация до L1\L2 Модернизация... 2 480 GPS R3 L1 GPS R3 12 каналов для приема сигналов: – GPS: L1.... 4 187 GPS Epoch 10 L1 GPS Epoch 10 12 каналов для приема сигналов: – GPS: L1... система: Microsoft Windows Mobile 6.5 Встроенный GPS приемник, компас и GSM/GPRS модем... система: Microsoft Windows Mobile 6.5 Встроенный GPS приемник и компас. Модель XC – со... система: Microsoft Windows Mobile 6.5 Встроенный GPS приемник и компас. Модель XC – со... Windows Mobile, порт Bluetooth, WLAN, GPS модуль, сотовый модем. П/О: Survey Pro..., слоты Express Card, SDIO, встроенные GPS, Bluetooth, WLAN, 2 цифровые фотокамеры, порты... канала для приема сигналов – GPS: L1/ L2 GPS Plus, ГЛОНАСС: L1/ L2... 1 м PDA (цифровая камера, Bluetooth, WLAN) GPS приемник с антенной 12 каналов: L1..., слоты Express Card, SDIO, встроенные GPS, Bluetooth, WLAN, 2 цифровые фотокамеры, порты... Одночастотный, GNSS, 220 каналов Системы: GPS, ГЛОНАСС, SBAS Точность (в плане), с поправками... Двухчастотный, GNSS, 220 каналов Системы: GPS, ГЛОНАСС, SBAS Точность (в плане), с поправками... Система точного вождения со встроенным GPS приемником Поддержка SBAS (WAAS/EGNOS... Система точного вождения с двумя встроенными GPS/ГЛОНАСС приемниками Поддержка SBAS (WAAS... трактора или комбайна. Включает в себя GPS антенну и технологию компенсации T3. 21 300 GPS для гидрографии и строительства Серия SPS... (в плане): 10 мм + 1 ppm 72 канала для приема сигналов: GPS: L1 C/A код...: на призму - 2 мм + 2 ppm, S3-2R DR 34 914 без отражателя... 188 Аккумуляторный комплект для одночастотных GPS базовых приемников (аккумулятор 6 В \ 4 Aч, зарядное... 1.55 м антенный кабель к GPS приемнику R3 50 1.5 м кабель GPS приемник 5700/R7... Loc Lock 3022 Веха GPS Веха для GPS Aнтены 2 m, Диаметр резьбы 5/8-11, 2-х коленная. 3019 Веха GPS Веха для GPS Aнтены 2 m, Диаметр резьбы 5/8-11... \ R6 GNSS Survey System Rover GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Кабель.... язык) Сумка для транспортировки Base GPS приемник Кабель интерфейсный для передачи....) Сумка для транспортировки Base+RTK GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Кабель... GNSS RTK Survey System Rover GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Антенна... (рус. язык) Сумка для GPS приемника. Base GPS приемник Скоба для крепления... противоударный для транспортировки. Base+RTK GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Скоба... Trimble Business Center Survey Advanced GPS веха разборная 2 м для роверного приемника... для транспортировки R5 GPS/ GNSS RTK Survey System Rover GPS приемник с встроенным... (рус. язык) Сумка для GPS приемника. Base GPS приемник Скоба для крепления... противоударный для транспортировки. Base+RTK GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Скоба... Антенный кабель 10 м Веха складная для измерения высоты антенны R4 GPS/ GNSS.... язык) Сумка для транспортировки Base GPS приемник Кабель интерфейсный для передачи....) Сумка для транспортировки Base+RTK GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Кабель... - 30 - 5700 L1/L2 GPS Total Station Rover GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником... (рус. язык) Сумка для GPS приемника. Base GPS приемник Скоба для крепления... противоударный для транспортировки. Base+RTK GPS приемник с встроенным радиоприемником и радиоантенной Скоба... Base + комплект Rover + комплект TSC2 GPS веха разборная 2 м для роверного приемника... на CD Сумка для GPS приемника. Base GPS приемник Скоба для крепления....org.ua - 31 - 5700L1 GPS Total Station GPS приемник Антенна A3 Антенный... радиоприемник с радиоантенной GPS 5700L1 (Base\Rover с контроллером Recon) Base\Rover GPS приемник 5700 L1... транспортировки Комплект+аксессуары 2 Комплекта Base\Rover GPS веха разборная 2 м для роверного приемника... установки антенны на штативе GPS R3 и Epoch 10 Base\Rover GPS приемник Контроллер Recon... CD (рус. язык) Сумка для GPS приемника. Комплект+аксессуары 2 Комплекта Base\Rover....ua - 32 - Контроллеры для геодезических GPS приемников TSC2 Контроллер-накопитель TSC2... Интерфейсный кабель для подключения контроллера к GPS Кабель интерфейсный для подключения контроллера...



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... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I SATELLITES ...............................8 4. RESULTS FROM THE... F LAUNCH VEHICLES USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES .............................12 5. RESULTS FROM... not enough. Figure 3 $83M Boeing GPS 2R-1 Satellite Launched in 2010 and... 100% certainty. Figure 3 is the GPS 2R-1 satellite that also failed prematurely... factory acceptance testing. After the GPS 2R-1 satellite payload power-on and... the other on-orbit GPS NUDET subsystems. The GPS 2R-1 satellite successfully completed... AEHF-1 satellite and the first GPS 2R-1 satellite (see Figure 3 and Figure.... The NUDET subsystem on the GPS 2R-1 satellite was not interoperable with... matches a Gaussian distribution. Six additional GPS Block I satellites were in different... of the six on-orbit GPS satellites. Figure 9 Proprietary Cumulative Distribution... GPS BLOCK I TEST & EVALUATION SATELLITES [5] 16 Figure 10 An Example of a (Unclassified) GPS... U.S. Air Force Global Positioning System (GPS) Block I on-orbit satellites between.... We had access to 10 minutes of GPS satellite telemetry, every 6 hours... found. The venders of the GPS subsystem equipment with transient behavior... Space Mission s 8 The on-orbit GPS satellites, NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 6 suffered... to purchase over 100 additional GPS satellites and wanted to ensure... the purchase. Table 5 Summary of GPS Block I Satellite TT&C Subsystem Design... Period Orbit Inclination/Shape GPS Satellite 3-Axis 10,1000 miles 12 hours... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 1 using Rubidium Atomic Clock... frequency standards used to generate GPS timing. An NRTE was also identified in the GPS Kalman filter data generated from the GPS satellite atomic clocks and other... 1983 (see Figure 14), the GPS NAVSTAR 5 satellite TT&C Motorola SGLS... #1 . Figure 12 $55M Air Force GPS NAVSTAR 1 Satellite in Factory Integration... have occurred. Table 6 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 1-3 Satellites [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT SUBSYSTEM EQUIPMENT... on the Telemetry from the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Reaction Wheel Assembly [17... did conclude that the Motorola GPS Satellite SGLS RF transmitter would... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Motorola SGLS TT&C RF... the GPS spacecraft subsystem equipment failures in Table 6 and Table 7 were 10 completed during the GPS program’s test and evaluation... information from the six Block 1 GPS satellites in production at the... this paper. Table 7 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Exhibited a Transient Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 4-6 Satellites Some of the... of the GPS space segment during test & evaluation (T&E). [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT... changes include: Identify that the GPS satellite thermal blankets were degrading... blankets were added on future GPS satellites; A redesign of the #3 NiCd...; Using four atomic clocks per GPS satellite instead of three. Internal design changes to the GPS space-qualified rubidium and cesium...’S ATLAS E AND F USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES TO MEO N/A: Not... in 1978, ten Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites were launched using... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS program by the contractor’s spacecraft subsystem engineering team on GPS spacecraft equipment failures that occurred... author’s position, he directed the GPS Atlas launch team at Vandenberg... E & F Launch Vehicle History on the GPS Program NAVSTAR # Figure 17 Air... Vehicle used to Launch GPS NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 10 between 1978 and... satellites including the 100 proposed GPS Block II satellites be launched... first Atlas F launched the first GPS satellite in February 1978. It... the launch of the first 7 GPS launches for the contractor including the GPS engineering team at Vandenberg AFB... NAVSTAR 5. SV-12 was the GPs Block 1 qualification vehicle. SV-1`2 was... military payloads. Since so many GPS satellites were to be purchased... Air Force hoped that the GPS satellite Bus would become a standard... purchased the company that produced GPS satellites had already established a long... predictive algorithms pioneered on the GPS program allowed the identification of... in Table 11. Table 10 Summary of GPS and EUVE Satellite Satellite... 5 5 9 2 11/94 9/95 5/03 1998 K 1, 2 L 1, 2 M 1,2 10% 10% 10% many many many 5 5 5 11 11... communications satellites and the military, GPS constellation of satellites. The Iridium... a minimum of redundant equipment. The GPS satellites subsystem equipment used a minimum... on Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites. On the GPS satellites, we demonstrated... for the Iridium, GLOBALSTAR and GPS satellites were obtained differently because....eoportal.org [17] Losik, Len, “GPS Quarterly Orbital Test Report,” 1983... launch vehicles. As the Boeing GPS Space and Ground Segment Manager...-orbit operations of over 52 GPS satellites. During the test & evaluation... predictive algorithms that demodulated the GPS spacecraft equipment telemetry to identify...



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... participant Shukor. During reentry, TMA-10 transitioned to 9 again that a well... activities to integrate the European A e r o n a u t i c s S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e 10 first Station research module, commanded... outfitting the module and its 10 racks of experiment space. Crewmembers... of the continent at a resolution 10 times greater than ever before... ended its mission on November 10, 2008, after successfully returnof SMD... called Fomalhaut b, which measures approximately 10 times as far from Fomalhaut... negative rates of less than 10 percent. Improved robustness of the... resulted in the Agency’s signing 10 software licenses and usage agreements... 2008, the RTTs have held 10 workshops to synchronize research roadmaps... Force launched a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite (GPSIIRM-19) on March... sharing the advanced technologies of GPS at no cost to all... aircraft configurations were investigated, and 10 pilots flew over 2,000 data... of the Global Positioning System (GPS) by hosting the meetings and... activities included interagency coordination of GPS-related programs and budgets, guiding...), protecting the spectrum used by GPS, and outreach and education. OSC... fully compatible and interoperable with GPS. The agreement allows JAXA to..., providing satellite observations that enhance GPS-QZSS interoperability. OSC conducted a study... use of so-called “semicodeless” GPS equipment, which A c t i v i t i e s In FY08, the... Y e a r deparTmenT of CommerCe leverages military GPS signals to enable high-precision... P r e s i d e n t supporting semicodeless access to military GPS signals through December 31, 2020... which time the modernized civil GPS signals will be fully available... the second meeting of the GPS Galileo Working Group “B” on Trade... to promote the use of GPS for precision agriculture, landscape epidemiology... users the ability to use GPS to determine elevations relative to... will ensure the accuracy of GPS data. NGS acquired nearly 23... users to determine highly accurate GPS positions, which will improve the... satellites launched to modernize the GPS constellation. Once operational, this facility will improve the accuracy of GPS-derived elevations. Accurate elevations remain... Ethiopia in building a network of GPS CORSes and making the data... fielding even larger detector arrays (>10,000 pixels) in NASA missions... information. in remote sensing and GPS technologies. Today, a wide range of... images to satellite radar, and GPS technology to support a wide variety... applications using remote sensing and GPS do not include the enormous... Midwest Region used aerial photography, GPS, and aerial surveillance to use... varied in duration from 6 to 10 hours. These flights resulted from... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies. A c t i v i t i e s remained ongoing. NASS identified... and potentially hazardous asteroids. Over a 10-year lifetime, the LSST would... the GV’s expected lifetime of 10 to 25 years, A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e 114 ues... efforts in FY08 to promote GPS and its augmentation in accordance..., DC, at the first U.S.-EU GPS Plenary to explore coordination on issues of mutual interest. GPS public diplomacy efforts in Europe... International Subcommittee of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee meeting. The... on compatibility and interoperability with GPS also took place with Russia... that would be interoperable with GPS. With India, the DOS discussed... modern space geodetic technologies, including GPS. A c t i v i t i e s With regard to space issues... radiation. In FY08 there were 10 jointly funded projects, including two... 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 155 106 16... 2008 United Statesb 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 5 5 8 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 23 5 (through... TOTAL 1,374 2,820 F i s c a l Calendar Year 10 8 1 1 180 a. This includes commercial expendable... military communications October 17, 2007 GPS 2R-17 2007-047A Delta 2 Navigational... 10, 2007 USA 198 2007-060A Atlas 5 Military December 20, 2007 GPS 2R... and as USA 196 Replaced GPS 2A-14 in Plane F and... Reconnaissance Office Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199... 1 in Plane C to replace GPS 2A-24. GPS 2A-24 moved to replace GPS 2A-20 United Arab Emirates (... USA 201 and as GPS 2R-19(M) Standby GPS replacement satellite Geostationary communications... (Expedition 16) Launch Date October 10, 2007 Crew Flight Time (d:h:min... 6,875 7,458 7,573 7,807 10,923 9,062 10,969 12,324 14... 807 860 912 862 DOI 0.2 0.2 1 2 6 10 9 8 10 3 10 10 10 12 12 12 5 3 2 2 8 14 17... 12,458 10,644 10,489 10,511 2,581 10,135 10,246 10,678 11... 14,253 52 14,664 10,640 10,994 DOT 2,632 2,646... GloVis GMSEC GNSS GOES GPM GPS GPSIIRM-19 GPSRO GRAV-D GRC... Measurement Global Positioning System specific GPS satellite Global Positioning System Radio...



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... National Aeronautics and Space Administration 1 10 • Science Mission Directorate 18 • Aeronautics... Constellation Program. However, the FY 10 Consolidated Appropriations Act prohibited the... early fiscal year 2010 (FY 10). 9 10 SpaceX plans to conduct orbital... Facility can accommodate up to 10 research experiments exposed to the... crewmember Tim Kopra. On September 10, 2009, JAXA launched its first... the operational parameters are within 10 percent of the measured parameters... estimation results, significantly exceeding the 10 percent estimation accuracy improvement metric.... The launch of the final GPS IIR satellite on August 17... enhanced the Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation, providing navigation and timing... Surveillance Spacecraft (STSS) program, two GPS satellites, and the commercial launch..., to DOD capabilities, from the GPS signal utilized at no cost... concerning the Global Positioning System (GPS) and related systems. The Department... to educate the public about GPS. These included various conferences and... for a new science exhibit called “GPS Adventures Arkansas,” two new trade... on trade issues related to GPS and Europe’s Galileo system. OSC... highly compatible and interoperable with GPS for enhanced coverage over Japan... seafloor spreading. All maps, compasses, GPS units, and even iPhones rely... history inconsistent. NGS reanalyzed the GPS data collected from 1994 through... a variety of purposes, including precise GPS satellite positions, precise position of...) so that users can submit U.S. GPS or GLONASS data for precise.... Incorporating GLONASS satellites into traditional GPS solutions enhances their accuracy and... satellites to process a solution. For GPS receivers to provide accurate information... the attention of trade magazines. GPS World highlighted NGS in their... larger detector arrays (greater than 10,000 pixels) in NASA missions... investment in remote sensing and GPS technologies. A wide range of its.../im/inventory/veg/index.cfm.) GPS is also a critical tool in...) data and the National Differential GPS system maintained by the U.S. Coast... pronghorn. Archival Landsat imagery and GPS collar locations of bison were... savings over the use of GPS field devices on the ground... to conduct geodetic investigations using GPS, LIDAR, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... USGS operated approximately 100 continuous GPS stations along the San Andreas...-of-the-art, continuously operating GPS stations operated by the Scripps... 14, 2009. Satellite InSAR and GPS are essential elements of the.... The USGS used InSAR and GPS data to track minute surface... used LIDAR data supplemented with GPS and ground survey data to... and parameters. Specifically, on February 10, 2009, the FCC added the... and potentially hazardous asteroids. Over a 10-year lifetime, the LSST should... payloads—the special space-based GPS radio occultation (RO) receivers, Tiny... produced from 1,500 to 2,000 GPS RO soundings per day. Ninety... Plenary meeting under the U.S.-EU GPS-Galileo Cooperation Agreement of 2004... Group C worked on characterizing a combined GPS-Galileo A c t i v i t i e s The Department of State... the U.S.-Japan Joint Statement on GPS S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 126 system, and Japan also.... frequency compatibility and interoperability between GPS and Russia’s GLONASS as well... the reliability and accuracy of GPS. State speakers supported this campaign... integration into the world economy. GPS applications to increase food security... synergy of Earth observation, GIS, GPS, and Webbased mapping tools with... Y e a r international section of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee, and the... track for completion in FY 10. NASA contributed approximately 25 percent... examination of star-forming galaxies 10 billion light-years away; and... 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 Failure 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 156 106... Iran 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 8 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 4 2 5 3 1 2 5 1 3 1 5 2 3 6 6 4 5 1 4 6 8 5 3 13 11 1 73 116 1 3 2 10 1 1 A c t i v i t i e s 1,395 Japan 2 0 0 9 TOTAL Italyc Y e a r 1957 2 1958 5 1 1959 10 3 1960 16 3 1961 29 6 1962... orbited multiple spacecraft.)a 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 5 5 8 7 5 1 1 187 a. This... 20,093 718 55.1 GPS 2R-20 replaced GPS 2A-27 in the... 35,788 35,786 1,436.10 .5000 Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite... as USA 206 and as GPS 2R-21(M) Delivered and installed the... 6,875 7,458 7,573 7,807 10,923 9,062 10,969 12,324 14... 860 912 862 1,078 DOI 0.2 0.2 1 2 6 10 9 8 10 3 10 10 10 12 12 12 5 3 2 2 8 14 17... 12,755 10,897 10,738 10,761 2,642 10,377 10,490 10,932 11... outlays. (5) $146 million in FY 10 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act... GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPS Global Positioning System GRAV-D Gravity...



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... a Station crew exchange. The Expedition 10 crew, U.S. Commander Leroy Chiao and... inside the Station. The Expedition 10 crew returned to Earth on... ISS—replaced a Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna, reboosted the orbit of... and samples since December 2002. 9 10 Spectrum Long Range Forecast as...’s effort to reduce aviation noise 10 decibels by 2009. NASA also... the propulsion activities, NASA completed 10 test flights that produced 45... that have operated for nearly 10 years. The Advanced Air Transportation... delivered for hostsatellite integration. The GPS Joint Program Office launched the... and the first modernized replacement GPS-II satellite (IIRM-1) in September... Boeing were exercised to procure GPS-II Follow-on (IIF) satellites...-lead parts for IIF satellites 10-12. The Modernized User Equipment..., Commission continued to ensure that GPS and Galileo are compatible with... and to increase support for GPS. t h e Service, and Milstar—continued to.... Delta II successfully launched two GPS II satellites. Titan IVB (launch... private passenger launches. With the $10 million prize, the total value... their intent to execute the 10-Year Implementation Plan, which outlines... a key role on the Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB) and its... to promote global interoperability between GPS and other a n d satellite navigation systems... with satellite programs. A c t i v i t i e s nessmen and 10 foreign delegations. Tim Thompson, Executive... and new spectrum allocations for GPS. 49 F i s c a l 2004 earthquake in the... Volcano, Alaska, revealed that its 10 km wide caldera subsided about... Wildlife Service (FWS) scientists use GPS technology and remotely sensed data.... The FWS has been using GPS and remote sensing data for... Refuge (NWR) in Minnesota used GPS units to acquire location data... the vegetation monitoring program. • Both GPS technology and satellite data were... Bird Program continues to use GPS technology and Geographic Information Systems... public lands. During FY 2005, GPS and GIS supplemented data from... and land cover change for 10 U.S. ecoregions and initiated analysis on... authorizations are as follows: •January 10, 2005: Mobile Satellite Venture Subsidiary..., and Earth Observer-1. Use of GPS figured prominently during the research... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies by farmers through the... the use of remote sensing, GPS, and other precision farming technologies... large scale operation, collecting over 10.5 terabytes of one and two... to exploit space technologies, includ- F i s c a l 10-day global composites from the... the 2002 crop year for a 10-state mid-Atlantic region; 3) a continuing... FSA and resolution orthoimagery for 10 states and parts of Alaska...). The aircraft’s expected lifetime is 10–25 years, during which time... on project designed to use GPS beacons for Earth weather and... with three instruments that include GPS radio occultation receivers, tiny ionospheric... also complement a variety of related GPS missions, including the Challenging Minisatellite... the Global Positioning System/Meteorology (GPS/MET) missions were completely reprocessed... on the civilian use of GPS. Among the topics discussed were... be supplementary and interoperable with GPS. QZSS is also expected to... with Russia on cooperation between GPS and its Russian counterpart, Global... to promote the use of GPS and its applications. DOS provided.... A c t i v i t i e s 100 Watts-electric for over 10 years. DOE also supported fabrication... a collection of galaxies more than 10 billion the early universe was... 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 153 102 16 b b The criterion... Agency India Israel 2 0 0 5 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 8 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 4 2 5 1 3 1 5 2 3 6 6 4 5 1 4 6 8 4 62 87 1 3 2 10 A c t i v i t i e s a. b. c. Italyc United Australia Kingdomc Y e a r 1957 2 1958 5 1 1959 10 3 1960 16 3 1961 29 6 1962... orbited multiple spacecraft).a 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 2 1 1 This includes... Navastar 56 2004-045A Delta 2 GPS/Navigational satellite 20412 km 19... known as USA 180 and GPS 2R-13 NASA gamma-ray burst... Navstar 57 2005-038A Delta 2 GPS/Navigation satellite 20,328 km... known as USA 183 and GPS 2R-M1 * U.N. Committee on Space Research... Launch Date Soyuz TMA 5 (Expedition 10) Oct. 13, 2004 Leroy Chiao... scientific experiments. Soyuz TMA 6 (Expedition 10) Apr. 15, 2005 Sergei Krikalev... 6,875 7,458 7,573 7,807 10,923 9,062 10,969 12,324 14... 644 649 745 807 DOI 0.2 0.2 1 2 6 10 9 8 10 3 10 10 10 12 12 12 5 3 2 2 8 14 17...,693 12,484 10,661 10,572 10,528 2,578 10,236 10,448 11... 2,348 9,223 9,323 9,716 10,442 10,241 10,329 11,066 11... Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interagency GPS Executive Board Integrated High Payoff... GISD GLAS GLONASS GNSS GOES GPS GPS/MET GRACE GRC GRB GSFC...



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............ 2-263 A2-265 SINGLE STRING GPS OPERATIONS................ 2-266 A2-266 SUBSONIC... TAEM interface (M3.2). ®[052401-4524A] D. GPS NAVIGATION UPDATES WHEN PERFORMED AS...: 1 LCH L RHC 2L AND 2R [3] RPTA: 2L OR 2R GNC 2 AA’S (LAT... [22] [53] [21] 10. LOSS OF 1 IMU, 2 TACAN/GPS, OR 1 MLS [56...-1}, GROUND AND NETWORK DEFINITIONS), UNLESS GPS IS AVAILABLE AND FUNCTIONING PROPERLY... DOPPLER, ONBOARD INERTIAL NAVIGATION, ONBOARD GPS) AND IN REAL TIME COMPUTE... FUNCTIONALITY) (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). ®[092602-5641 ] c. ONBOARD... {A8-52B}.2, SENSOR FAILURES) WITH A GPS LRU FUNCTIONING PROPERLY (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). FAA/USAF SPECIFICATIONS... conditions in Rule {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT, are satisfied. ®[092602...-STRING (SS) TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY AND A GPS LRU FUNCTIONING PROPERLY (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). ®[020196-1807B] ®[092602... ALTERNATE TACAN SELECTION PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) GPS provides acceptable redundancy to a TACAN... transponder becomes unavailable, the onboard GPS LRU will provide a means to... contingent upon GPS functioning properly (ref. Rule {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT... CRITERIA ARE SATISFIED: ®[062702-5439 ] 1. GPS VERSUS GROUND FILTER UVW POSITION... COMPONENT BELOW 130 KFT ALTITUDE. 2. GPS COMPUTED VERSUS ACTUAL TACAN RANGE... ENTRY NAVIGATION UPDATE PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) A GPS update or a delta state update... altitudes. Once the criteria for GPS versus ground filter position differences... been satisfied, a direct verification that GPS is acceptable for the update... crosscheck on GPS position accuracy is the difference between GPS computed and... not required before a GPS navigation update. Once GPS state vector accuracy has... confirmed with ground filter solutions, a GPS update would provide a more accurate... B. ENTRY NAVIGATION UPDATE PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) GPS OR VELOCITY DELTA STATE UPDATES... TRANSIENT MANEUVERS. ®[072601-4530B] If a GPS update is incorporated with metering... UPDATES FOR POSITION COMPONENT EXCEEDANCE, A GPS OR THREE-COMPONENT (POSITION ONLY... System Requirements Document for Orbiter GPS Navigation System (SSD94D0096). Postflight analyses... inhibits are not required before a GPS navigation update. ®[072601-4532 ] VOLUME... FILTER SELECTION.......... 8-60 A8-115 GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT ....................... 8-60a VOLUME A 11... (3) & SINGLE STRING GPS (1).............................. [10] [14] 3 ? [16] 2 ? [21] ? [10] 2 [15] 4 ? [16] 3 ? [21] 10. TACAN MODE...] [21] REFERENCE RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT. ®[092602-5718 ] Reference............ 2-263 A2-265 SINGLE STRING GPS OPERATIONS................ 2-266 A2-266 SUBSONIC... TAEM interface (M3.2). ®[052401-4524A] D. GPS NAVIGATION UPDATES WHEN PERFORMED AS... [22] [53] [21] 10. LOSS OF 1 IMU, 2 TACAN/GPS, OR 1 MLS [56...-1}, GROUND AND NETWORK DEFINITIONS), UNLESS GPS IS AVAILABLE AND FUNCTIONING PROPERLY... FUNCTIONALITY) (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). ®[092602-5641 ] c. ONBOARD... PROPERLY (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). FAA/USAF SPECIFICATIONS...-STRING (SS) TRANSPONDER CAPABILITY AND A GPS LRU FUNCTIONING PROPERLY (REF. RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT). ®[020196-1807B] ®[092602... ALTERNATE TACAN SELECTION PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) GPS provides acceptable redundancy to a TACAN... transponder becomes unavailable, the onboard GPS LRU will provide a means to... contingent upon GPS functioning properly (ref. Rule {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT... UPDATE (EITHER GROUND FILTER OR GPS). ®[072601-4528 ] A navigation update will... tracking solution during powered ascent. GPS provides additional insight into ground... source after the OMS-1 maneuver. GPS provides several navigation solutions between... deorbit maneuver computation. ®[072601-4529 ] GPS provides an accurate state vector... CRITERIA ARE SATISFIED: ®[062702-5439 ] 1. GPS VERSUS GROUND FILTER UVW POSITION... ENTRY NAVIGATION UPDATE PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) A GPS update or a delta state update... altitudes. Once the criteria for GPS versus ground filter position differences... crosscheck on GPS position accuracy is the difference between GPS computed and... not required before a GPS navigation update. Once GPS state vector accuracy has... confirmed with ground filter solutions, a GPS update would provide a more accurate... B. ENTRY NAVIGATION UPDATE PHILOSOPHY (CONTINUED) GPS OR VELOCITY DELTA STATE UPDATES... TRANSIENT MANEUVERS. ®[072601-4530B] If a GPS update is incorporated with metering... UPDATES FOR POSITION COMPONENT EXCEEDANCE, A GPS OR THREE-COMPONENT (POSITION ONLY... System Requirements Document for Orbiter GPS Navigation System (SSD94D0096). Postflight analyses... inhibits are not required before a GPS navigation update. ®[072601-4532 ] VOLUME... FILTER SELECTION.......... 8-60 A8-115 GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT ....................... 8-60a VOLUME A 11... (3) & SINGLE STRING GPS (1).............................. [10] [14] 3 ? [16] 2 ? [21] ? [10] 2 [15] 4 ? [16] 3 ? [21] 10. TACAN MODE...] [21] REFERENCE RULE {A8-115}, GPS SYSTEM MANAGEMENT. ®[092602-5718 ] Reference...



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... 10 primary code periods without bit sign transition in case of GPS....doi.org/10.5772/55235 10.5772/55235 [2] Interface specification NAVSTAR GPS space... and the modernized GPS, München, 2008, PhD thesis. [10] C. Rost, Phasenmehrwegereduzierung basierend... observations of reflected GPS signals, Scientific Technical report STR08/10,GFZ Potsdam...-GPS-200c 10-10-1993 to 12-4-2000". [77] "GPS-701-GG and GPS-702... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 2.1. The solar radio emission power at GPS/GLONASS... GPS ones. Ae(θ), m2 θ, º λ L1=0.1903 m λ L2= 0.2442 m 0º< θ <5º 5.099·10-4 ≤ Аe(θ) ≤ 9.077·10... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... these units as Ln ,GPS(GLN ) = 10 × lg( Pn ,GPS(GLN ) ) (7) If we... (ICD-GPS-200c, 1993) we get L n1,GPS (GLN ) = 10 ⋅ lg(Pn1,GPS (GLN )) − 2 − 3.4 and L n2,GPS (GLN ) = 10 ⋅ lg(Pn2,GPS (GLN... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... code and 10.23 MHz for the P(Y) code of GPS, or 0.511... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 the CNthr values of GPS and GLONASS... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 Figure 2. An equivalent signal-to-noise ratio for GPS... θ > 10° and Effects of Solar Radio Emission and Ionospheric Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 Figure 5. GPS... only in 5–10 times. Unfortu‐ nately the combined GPS/GLONASS data set... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 2.7. Comparative analysis of GPS and GLONASS... 4000 sfu at the GPS frequency L2 and 10.000 sfu at... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... that for over 10–15 minutes the high-precision GPS posi‐ tioning... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 Figure 10... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... jumps at GEONET GPS stations before the bubble appearance (10:00 UT... on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 For GPS... bubble's appearance, 33% of GPS receivers experienced GPS positioning jumps with σ(t) > 500... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 [2] Afraimovich, E. L, & Perevalova, N. P. (2006). GPS monitoring of..., V. V, & Gamayunov, I. F. Amplitude Scintillation of GPS Signals and GPS Performance Slips // Adv. Space... GPS oc‐ cultation observations of equatorial scintillation // Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10... on GPS/WAAS Carrier-to-Noise Ration. // Space Weather, doi:10.1029... tracking within International GPS Service network // Radio Sci, doi: 10.1029/2004RS003066... on GPS/satellite-based augmentation system availability // Radio Sci., N 1, P. P. 1001, doi:10... Irregularities on GPS/GLONASS Performance http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/54568 [27] Kaplan, E. D. ed) ((1996). Understanding GPS: Principles... duration of GPS equatorial anomaly scintillations // Radio Sci., doi: 10.1029/2003RS002878... intense GPS LI amplitude scintillations at midlatitudes // Radio Sci., doi: 10.1029... magnetic storms on GPS receiver performance // Geodesy, N 9-10, doi:10.1007/S001900100198,., 75..., A05308, doi: 10.1029/2004JA010797. [50] Jin, S. G, & Park, J. U. GPS ionospheric tomography: acomparison... were about 10 mm/yr. [29] used only four GPS sites in... 10 perma‐ nent IGS sites located in East Asia. These GPS sites....org/10.5772/51536 GPS time series at SUWNsite Latitude (cm) 10 5 0 Longitude... 2005 2006 5 0 -5 -10 -15 1998 Vertical (cm) 5 0 -5 1998 Figure 3. GPS time series... from GPS velocities and block modeling. Geophys. Res, 33, L11303, 10.1029... GPS analysis program, version 10.0, Mass. Inst. of Technol., Cambridge Mass, USA. [10... of GPS observations. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett, 257(3-4), 486-496, 10.1016...‐ fornia constrained by GPS measurements. J. Geophys. Res, 110, B03403, 10.1029/2004JB003209... years of continuous GPS observations. J. Geophys. Res, 109, B08405, 10.1029/2003JB002944... revealed by GPS. Geophys. Res. Lett, 30(18), 1924, 10.1029/2003GL017805... increase dE is given as 2(M + M ) 2r 295 296 Geodetic Sciences - Observations....doi.org/10.5772/54649 Figure 7. a) Differences between the GPS/leveling geoid...