Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-11. [Редактировать]

GPS-2R (Global Positioning System) или Navstar-2R (Navigation System using Timing And Ranging) – третье поколение космических аппаратов системы GPS. GPS-IIR должны по контракту от 19989 года осуществить замену второго поколения аппаратов группировки. Производителем аппаратов выступает Lockheed Martin, которая использует для производства космический аппаратов свою коммерческую платформу AS-4000. Космические аппараты имеют трех-осевую стабилизацию и работают на 1572.42 MHz, 1227.6 MHz и 2227.5 MHz. Lockheed также отвечает за запуски аппаратов и их эксплуатацию. По сравнению с предшествующими аппаратами новое поколение спутников позволяет значительно улучшить точность определения координат на Земле.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1USA 177НайтиНайти
228190НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, AS-40001

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град55.3
2Апогей, км20458.4
3Перигей, км19918.9
4Период, минут717.9
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26559

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2004-009A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2004-03-20 at 17:39:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-11
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 439 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-11». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Kennedy Space Center 12/05/11 2011 Joint Army Navy NASA... might behave when acted upon. 11 Model Candidates - Life-Cycle Cost... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... the entire planet with water 11 m deep. NASA’s Phoenix lander was... fourth stages and the JCSAT-11 payload, impacted about 50 km...) for a mid-2009 launch. JCSAT-11 and its launch were insured... low Earth orbit missions at 11 km/s, are significantly more stringent.... NASA then cancelled RpK’s COTS 11 agreement on 18 October, and... launch of two satellites, PAS-11 and Horizons-2, from Sea Launch... (OSC, USA): the 2.5-tonne Intelsat-11 (Bermuda) and the 2.35-tonne Optus D2 (Australia). Intelsat-11, covering the Americas and part... Satellites (France) on the company’s 11-kW Eurostar E3000 platform, carries... ESA’s Guiana Space Center on 11 March, along with the 4.7-tonne... Launch Services Proton-M rocket on 11 December 2006. The 4.7-tonne spacecraft... carry 24 standard C-band transponders, 11 extended C-band transponders, and 5 Ku... customers in the region. On 11 March, the Indian Space Research... their installation and use. On 11 June Telstra Corporation, an Australian... data-linked Global Positioning System (GPS) position reports from aircraft. Other... from the Global Positioning System (GPS). This feature, if implemented, would... the U.S. military to degrade civil GPS signals. The U.S. had stopped using... incorporated into the next-generation GPS-3 system. The Air Force completed... 14 September of the new GPS ground segment, which controls the..., which will apply to the U.S. GPS-3 L1C and Galileo L1F satellites... begin operations in 2012; the GPS-3 L1C spacecraft in 2013. Satamatics... Tracker, a device that uses the GPS navigation signal, relayed by Inmarsat... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... Olympic Games in Beijing. On 11 April China launched its new... International Space Station (ISS) on 11 December 2006 following its night... 10 October aboard a Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft, and arrived uneventfully on... Khalid, were selected from among 11,000 applicants. He returned safely... an upcoming Shuttle mission. On 11 April Bigelow Aerospace (USA) released...), announced on 28 February, is $11.3 million for “developing a fully autonomous... repairs and upgrades during an 11-day mission. That mission should... solar observations. NASA announced on 11 July that the agency’s Spitzer... 128-kg satellites, each carrying 11 instruments, 3 propellant tanks, and 8 deployable... Cosmos International (Germany), was for $11 million; it was ISRO’s first... previous GSLV missions. B. Power On 11 March a team led by General... conducted by the U.S. However, on 11 May a second attempt at rendezvous...) signed a Space Act agreement on 11 July covering development of a Kevlar... as the space elevator. On 11 April Japan’s Kobe Steel company... a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, stereo cameras, a three-dimensional... in orbit for years. On 11 January a medium-range ballistic missile...-1C debris fragment. Despite the 11 January weapons test, China is... for manned space stations. On 11 February Khrunichev invested over $190..., and especially Global Positioning System (GPS) applications. Space News’ annual “Launch...-10, and AAP-1, renamed NSS-11. Both are in a geostationary-orbit... $5.03 billion plus assumption of $11.4 billion of Intelsat’s debt. Former... intent to merge into a single $11.4-billion entity. Although they face... of $4.9 billion and a fleet of 11 satellites, with five more on... Ministry. Analex’s 1,100 employees at 11 U.S. locations provide high-technology professional... action delayed completion of Alcatel’s $11.8-billion merger with Lucent Technologies... in Washington DC, USA, on 11 December 2006. The symposium, held... the launch of its latest GPS-based vehicle security and tracking... owners. Based on the latest GPS, global information system (GIS), global... initial satellite of an augmented GPS system, the Quazi Zenith Satellite... launched in 2010, will provide GPS signals and broadcasting from a highly... 13.2 million Canadian dollars (US $11.2 million). 109 MacDonald, Dettwiler and... Defense plans to stop procuring GPS satellites that provide Pentagon with... halted the intentional degradation of GPS satellite signals in May 2000... no longer be present in GPS 3 satellites, the Pentagon said. According... strong commitment to users of GPS that this free global utility... enhance the operation of the GPS constellation. The distributed server-based..., increase efficiency and accommodate future GPS capabilities as they become available... operates the Global Positioning System (GPS). GPS provides 3-D position data in longitude... delivered to orbit a replenishment Block 2R satellite for the U.S. Air Force... of the GPS 2R satellites. The launch also marked the second GPS mission aboard a Boeing Delta II in less than two months. GPS 2R-16(M) is the third of the modernized GPS satellites that... facilities. The Committee consists of 11 representatives, appointed for a term of... growth for satellite radio and GPS positioning and tracking is being... assumption by Serafina of approximately $11.4 billion of debt, is $16...



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... to 29 payloads, a drop of 11 satellites. The Working Group attributed... crisis (the majority of the 11 payloads removed from the 1997... 222 17.1 52% HLV >9,000 5 7 11 9 12 13 13 15 15... based on the 0198266.doc 11 st per Table 1.0. assumptions of... about 29 payloads (a drop of 11 payloads). The Working Group attributed... economic crisis. A majority of the 11 payloads removed from the forecast... could weigh as much as 11,000 lb by 1998-2000... of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 0198266.doc A-11 Report of the COMSTAC Technology... 95 31.7 15 15 4 33 11.0 8 2.7 TOTAL = Arianespace HLV 1 1 1 1 1 1 Intelsat 801... ASkyB 1 5 1 Spain-Hispasat 1C 0 0 5 1.7 0 0 0 0 0.0 1 0 0 1 0.3 1 11 3.7 1 2 0.7 26 35 11.7 1 US-PAS Galaxy 10... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV... 1 1 1 Intelsat 901 0 1 US-PAS Galaxy 11 1 •US-Unnamed ILV TBD 0 HLV... •Celstar 1 •Celstar 2 • = No concensus 1 Chinasat 9 6/11/98 - Revision 6 Table B.2. 1998-2000...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF...-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 163 54.3 12 12 0 0 12 4.0 6/11/98 - Revision 6 Table B.3. 1998-2000... 1 US-NASA-Wire 4 1 1 1 1 Titan 2 1 Iridium 11 - 03 1 US-AF-EO-1/SAC... TBD 6 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 Taurus 1 US-AF-MLV 11 2 1 US-NASA-Deepspace 3 1 US-NASA...-NASA-MAP 1 US-NASA-Genesis 6/11/98 - Revision 6 Table B.4. 1998-2000... 2 Iridium 09 - 2 Iridium 10 - 2 Iridium 11 - 2 Russia-Baikonur Molniya MLV Tskylon... 112 97 99 308 102.7 6/11/98 - Revision 6 Report of the... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar... Gorizont 15 Gorizont 16 Raduga 11 Russia-Cosmos/Glonass 10 Russia...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 US...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar...-Fen Yun 2 13 1 GALS 2 1 Luch 1-1 11 Russia-Mil/Science 8 Russia-Express...-027 Atlantis US-DoD (Lacrosse) 11 11 11 1 US-STS-029 Discovery 1 US...-DoD (Jumpseat) US-DoD (DSP) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 US-STS-054 Endeavour US... US-STS-060 Discovery 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 US-STS-060 Discovery 1 US...-AF DMSP F09 1 US-NOAA 11 0 MLV Pegasus 1 0 0 1 1 US-NOAA 13... 3 HLV 2 US-AF T34D (KH-11) MLV 1 US-AF T2 (Ferrett... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 Russia-Domestic 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.1 2 0 0 4 0.4 0 0 1 0.1 8 113 11.3 20 2.0 0 2 0.2 1 17 1.7 111 11.1 62 6.2 121 12.1 1 Russia... 5 Russia-MIR Supply 5 Russia-Domestic 0 11 2 Russia-MIR Manned 5 Russia-MIR... 5 Russia-MIR Supply 3 Russia-Domestic 11 3 Russia-MIR Manned 5 Russia-MIR... Russia-Domestic 5 5 Russia-Domestic 12 11 Russia-Domestic 4 4 Russia-Domestic 8 8 Russia...



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...: GPS AND GLONASS SYSTEMS........................................................7 2.1 GPS System ...............................................................................................................7 2.2 GLONASS System ....................................................................................................9 2.3 GPS and GLONASS Modernizations......................................................................11 2.3.1 Modernization of GPS.....................................................................................11 2.3.2 Modernization of GLONASS..........................................................................14 2.4 Comparisons between GPS and... Observation Residuals in GPS/GLONASS Processing ...................... 85 Figure 5-11 Elevation Dependence of... ⋅ Φ 2r ) /( f r21 − f r22 ) r r = ρ r + ( cdt r + b IF , avg ) + d trop r r r + ( N IF + δ b IF / Φ ) + ε Φ IF where (4.4.11... − ⋅ (λ1r N1r 2 f 2r + δbLr1) − f 22r f12r − (4.4.32) ⋅ (λr2 N2r 2 f 2r GPS/GLONASS + δbLr... f12r r ′ ⋅ N − ⋅ N2′r + ε Φ′rIF 1 2 2 2 2 f1r − f 2r f1r − f 2r (4.4.38) where cdt ′ g is the...: GPS observations: σ P2IF 1 = 0.25σ P21 + 0.25σ Φ2 1 (4.5.10) σ P2IF 2 = 0.25σ P22 + 0.25σ Φ2 2 (4.5.11... Figure 5-11 and 5-12, respectively. The elevation angles of GPS and GLONASS... (m) East (m) 0 GPS GPS/GLO 0 1 Up (m) 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO... 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure 5-18 Processing Results at CONZ 11:30 12:00 94 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 3:30 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) 0 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) 1 Up (m) 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure 5-19 Processing Results at RCMN 11:30 12:00 95 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North... (m) East (m) 0 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 0 1 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 3:30 1 Up (m) Up (m) North (m) 1 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS... (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) 1 Up (m) 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure 5-20 Processing Results at UNBJ 11... GPS Only 0.300 GPS/GLONASS RMS (m) 0.250 0.200 0.150 0.100 0.050 0.000 1 6 11... 0.300 GPS Only 0.250 GPS/GLONASS 0.200 0.150 0.100 0.050 0.000 1 6 11 16... GPS Only 0.300 GPS/GLONASS RMS (m) 0.250 0.200 0.150 0.100 0.050 0.000 1 6 11.... 300 GPS/GLONASS Epochs 250 GPS Only 200 150 100 50 0 1 6 11 16... 300 GPS/GLONASS Epochs 250 GPS Only 200 150 100 50 0 1 6 11 16... 300 GPS/GLONASS Epochs 250 GPS Only 200 150 100 50 0 1 6 11 16..., collected on June 11, 2008 from the 30 GPS/GLONASS stations, are... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 4:00 0 1 Up (m) 3:30 1 North (m) 0 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS... (m) 0 -1 0 GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure A-1 Processing Results at ANKR 11:30 12:00 126 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 North (m) 0 0 -1 -1 1 1 0 -1 0:00 0:30 1:00 GPS... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO... 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure A-2 Processing Results at LHAZ 11:30 12:00 127 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North... 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) 1 Up (m) 0 0 -1 10:00 10:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure A-3 Processing Results at NTUS 11... GPS-only with GPS+GLONASS Positioning in a Regional Permanent GNSS Network. GPS Solution, 11:97-106, 2007. Cai, C. and Y. Gao (2008). Estimation of GPS... of ION GPS-2001, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, September 11-14... Optimal Filtering. GPS Solut (2007) 11:61-69. Leick, A. (2004). GPS Satellite Surveying...



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... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I SATELLITES ...............................8 4. RESULTS FROM THE... F LAUNCH VEHICLES USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES .............................12 5. RESULTS FROM... not enough. Figure 3 $83M Boeing GPS 2R-1 Satellite Launched in 2010 and... 100% certainty. Figure 3 is the GPS 2R-1 satellite that also failed prematurely... factory acceptance testing. After the GPS 2R-1 satellite payload power-on and... the other on-orbit GPS NUDET subsystems. The GPS 2R-1 satellite successfully completed... AEHF-1 satellite and the first GPS 2R-1 satellite (see Figure 3 and Figure.... The NUDET subsystem on the GPS 2R-1 satellite was not interoperable with... Spacecraft from 1990 to 20015 6 3 1 1 1 11 11 2 3 3 Figure 7 summarizes research conducted by... matches a Gaussian distribution. Six additional GPS Block I satellites were in different... of the six on-orbit GPS satellites. Figure 9 Proprietary Cumulative Distribution... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I TEST & EVALUATION SATELLITES [5] 16... 10 An Example of a (Unclassified) GPS-Like SGLS MEO Satellite TT... U.S. Air Force Global Positioning System (GPS) Block I on-orbit satellites between... access to 10 minutes of GPS satellite telemetry, every 6 hours. The... found. The venders of the GPS subsystem equipment with transient behavior... Space Mission s 8 The on-orbit GPS satellites, NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 6 suffered... to purchase over 100 additional GPS satellites and wanted to ensure... of GPS Block I Satellite TT&C Subsystem Design and Performance Parameters [11] Spacecraft... Orbit Period Orbit Inclination/Shape GPS Satellite 3-Axis 10,1000 miles... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 1 using Rubidium Atomic Clock... frequency standards used to generate GPS timing. An NRTE was also... filter data generated from the GPS satellite atomic clocks and other... 1983 (see Figure 14), the GPS NAVSTAR 5 satellite TT&C Motorola SGLS... #1 . Figure 12 $55M Air Force GPS NAVSTAR 1 Satellite in Factory Integration... have occurred. Table 6 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 1-3 Satellites [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT SUBSYSTEM EQUIPMENT... on the Telemetry from the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Reaction Wheel Assembly [17... did conclude that the Motorola GPS Satellite SGLS RF transmitter would... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Motorola SGLS TT&C RF... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS spacecraft subsystem equipment failures in... 7 were 10 completed during the GPS program’s test and evaluation (T&E) phase... information from the six Block 1 GPS satellites in production at the... this paper. Table 7 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Exhibited a Transient Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 4-6 Satellites Some of the... of the GPS space segment during test & evaluation (T&E). [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT... changes include: Identify that the GPS satellite thermal blankets were degrading... blankets were added on future GPS satellites; A redesign of the #3 NiCd...; Using four atomic clocks per GPS satellite instead of three. Internal design changes to the GPS space-qualified rubidium and cesium...’S ATLAS E AND F USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES TO MEO N/A: Not... in 1978, ten Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites were launched using... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS program by the contractor’s spacecraft subsystem engineering team on GPS spacecraft equipment failures that occurred... author’s position, he directed the GPS Atlas launch team at Vandenberg... E & F Launch Vehicle History on the GPS Program NAVSTAR # Figure 17 Air... F Launch Vehicle used to Launch GPS NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 10 between... satellites including the 100 proposed GPS Block II satellites be launched... first Atlas F launched the first GPS satellite in February 1978. It... the launch of the first 7 GPS launches for the contractor including the GPS engineering team at Vandenberg AFB... NAVSTAR 5. SV-12 was the GPs Block 1 qualification vehicle. SV-1`2 was... military payloads. Since so many GPS satellites were to be purchased... Air Force hoped that the GPS satellite Bus would become a standard... purchased the company that produced GPS satellites had already established a long... predictive algorithms pioneered on the GPS program allowed the identification of...) identified in Table 11. Table 10 Summary of GPS and EUVE Satellite... communications satellites and the military, GPS constellation of satellites. The Iridium... a minimum of redundant equipment. The GPS satellites subsystem equipment used a minimum... on Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites. On the GPS satellites, we demonstrated... for the Iridium, GLOBALSTAR and GPS satellites were obtained differently because....eoportal.org [17] Losik, Len, “GPS Quarterly Orbital Test Report,” 1983... launch vehicles. As the Boeing GPS Space and Ground Segment Manager...-orbit operations of over 52 GPS satellites. During the test & evaluation... predictive algorithms that demodulated the GPS spacecraft equipment telemetry to identify...



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... Mission Directorate For the past 11 years, NASA has applied the... October 10, 2007, Soyuz TMA-11 launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan... with Soyuz TMA-10, TMA-11 experienced a transition to a ballistic trajectory... coverings in Antarctica. On June 11, 2008, NASA’s GLAST launched. Scientists... commercial. Early in FY08 (November 11, 2007), the final Defense Support... Force launched a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite (GPSIIRM-19) on March... sharing the advanced technologies of GPS at no cost to all... in 2008. The agency licensed 11 orbital commercial space launches, including... of the Global Positioning System (GPS) by hosting the meetings and... activities included interagency coordination of GPS-related programs and budgets, guiding...), protecting the spectrum used by GPS, and outreach and education. OSC... fully compatible and interoperable with GPS. The agreement allows JAXA to..., providing satellite observations that enhance GPS-QZSS interoperability. OSC conducted a study... use of so-called “semicodeless” GPS equipment, which A c t i v i t i e s In FY08, the... Y e a r deparTmenT of CommerCe leverages military GPS signals to enable high-precision... P r e s i d e n t supporting semicodeless access to military GPS signals through December 31, 2020... which time the modernized civil GPS signals will be fully available... the second meeting of the GPS Galileo Working Group “B” on Trade... to promote the use of GPS for precision agriculture, landscape epidemiology... users the ability to use GPS to determine elevations relative to... will ensure the accuracy of GPS data. NGS acquired nearly 23... users to determine highly accurate GPS positions, which will improve the... satellites launched to modernize the GPS constellation. Once operational, this facility will improve the accuracy of GPS-derived elevations. Accurate elevations remain... Ethiopia in building a network of GPS CORSes and making the data... established a preliminary agenda for WRC-11. One of the preliminary agenda... frequency issues through the WRC-11 forum. Satellite products continued to... over minutes (flares) to years (11-year solar cycle). These measurements... information. in remote sensing and GPS technologies. Today, a wide range of... images to satellite radar, and GPS technology to support a wide variety... applications using remote sensing and GPS do not include the enormous... Midwest Region used aerial photography, GPS, and aerial surveillance to use... 123° west orbit location. • January 11, 2008: To EchoStar for a geostationary... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies. A c t i v i t i e s remained ongoing. NASS identified... Chile, now comprising a total of 11: 7 from the United States and... efforts in FY08 to promote GPS and its augmentation in accordance..., DC, at the first U.S.-EU GPS Plenary to explore coordination on issues of mutual interest. GPS public diplomacy efforts in Europe... International Subcommittee of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee meeting. The... on compatibility and interoperability with GPS also took place with Russia... that would be interoperable with GPS. With India, the DOS discussed... modern space geodetic technologies, including GPS. A c t i v i t i e s With regard to space issues... Success Failure 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b... Statesb 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 5 5 8 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 23 5 (through September 30... military communications October 17, 2007 GPS 2R-17 2007-047A Delta 2 Navigational... Shuttle International Space Station November 11, 2007 USA 197 2007-054A... Atlas 5 Military December 20, 2007 GPS 2R-18 2007-062A Delta 2 Navigational... km 91.4 min 51.6° A e r o n a u t i c s R e p o r t o f t h e October 11, 2007 WGS F1 (USA 195... and as USA 196 Replaced GPS 2A-14 in Plane F and... Reconnaissance Office Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199... 1 in Plane C to replace GPS 2A-24. GPS 2A-24 moved to replace GPS 2A-20 United Arab Emirates (... 2 Navigational March 19, 2008 DirecTV 11 2008-013A Zenit 3SL Unavailable... USA 201 and as GPS 2R-19(M) Standby GPS replacement satellite Geostationary communications... Shuttle International Space Station June 11, 2008 GLAST 2008-029A Delta... (EUMETSAT) July 16, 2008 Echostar 11 2008-035A Zenit 3SL Geostationary... 30, 2008 Spacecraft Soyuz TMA-11 (Expedition 16) Launch Date October... returned Daniel M. Tani 15:18:11 Delivered the Japanese Kibo (“Hope... Shuttle Endeavour (STS-123) March 11, 2008 Dominic Gorie Gregory H. Johnson...,106 13,166 10,644 11,514 11,727 12,359 13...,949 13,719 11,716 11,618 11,570 2,833 11,249 11,482 12... 10,246 10,678 11,476 11,254 11,351 12,161 12... GloVis GMSEC GNSS GOES GPM GPS GPSIIRM-19 GPSRO GRAV-D GRC... Measurement Global Positioning System specific GPS satellite Global Positioning System Radio...



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0.09/5
... the 1. President Barack Obama’s FY 11 budget request, announced in February... 20, 2008. For the past 11 years, NASA has applied the...-duration spaceflight beyond low-Earth 11 12 orbit where water resources... the HST, launched on May 11, 2009. The primary objective of... to the ISS in FY 11. In addition to these critical... Astrophysics Division mission. On May 11, 2009, the NASA Shuttle Atlantis.... The launch of the final GPS IIR satellite on August 17... enhanced the Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation, providing navigation and timing... Surveillance Spacecraft (STSS) program, two GPS satellites, and the commercial launch... A e r o n a u t i c s a n d R e p o r t space launch ranges that supported 11 NASA missions in FY 09..., to DOD capabilities, from the GPS signal utilized at no cost... year to geosynchronous orbit and 11 launches per year to non... concerning the Global Positioning System (GPS) and related systems. The Department... to educate the public about GPS. These included various conferences and... for a new science exhibit called “GPS Adventures Arkansas,” two new trade... on trade issues related to GPS and Europe’s Galileo system. OSC... highly compatible and interoperable with GPS for enhanced coverage over Japan... seafloor spreading. All maps, compasses, GPS units, and even iPhones rely... history inconsistent. NGS reanalyzed the GPS data collected from 1994 through... a variety of purposes, including precise GPS satellite positions, precise position of...) so that users can submit U.S. GPS or GLONASS data for precise.... Incorporating GLONASS satellites into traditional GPS solutions enhances their accuracy and... satellites to process a solution. For GPS receivers to provide accurate information... the attention of trade magazines. GPS World highlighted NGS in their... the Great Lakes in FY 11. Across the Pacific, derelict fishing... over minutes (flares) to years (11-year solar cycle). These measurements... investment in remote sensing and GPS technologies. A wide range of its.../im/inventory/veg/index.cfm.) GPS is also a critical tool in...) data and the National Differential GPS system maintained by the U.S. Coast... pronghorn. Archival Landsat imagery and GPS collar locations of bison were... savings over the use of GPS field devices on the ground... activities will continue in FY 11. In FY 09, USGS worked... to conduct geodetic investigations using GPS, LIDAR, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... USGS operated approximately 100 continuous GPS stations along the San Andreas...-of-the-art, continuously operating GPS stations operated by the Scripps... 14, 2009. Satellite InSAR and GPS are essential elements of the.... The USGS used InSAR and GPS data to track minute surface... used LIDAR data supplemented with GPS and ground survey data to... provided the locations of over 11,000 structures for fifty 1:24... payloads—the special space-based GPS radio occultation (RO) receivers, Tiny... produced from 1,500 to 2,000 GPS RO soundings per day. Ninety... Plenary meeting under the U.S.-EU GPS-Galileo Cooperation Agreement of 2004... Group C worked on characterizing a combined GPS-Galileo A c t i v i t i e s The Department of State... the U.S.-Japan Joint Statement on GPS S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 126 system, and Japan also.... frequency compatibility and interoperability between GPS and Russia’s GLONASS as well... the reliability and accuracy of GPS. State speakers supported this campaign... integration into the world economy. GPS applications to increase food security... synergy of Earth observation, GIS, GPS, and Webbased mapping tools with... Y e a r international section of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee, and the.... In FY 09, there were 11 jointly funded projects, including two... 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 lunar landing with astronaut appearances... Failure Success 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 Failure 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b.../ CIS 2,849 Israel Iran 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 8 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 4 2 5 3 1 2 5 1 3 1 5 2 3 6 6 4 5 1 4 6 8 5 3 13 11 1 73 116 1 3 2 10 1 1 A c t i v i t i e s 1,395 Japan... spacecraft.)a 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 5 5 8 7 5 1 1 187 a. This includes commercial... Equator (°) 320,000 7,000 8 days 11 Remarks October 19, 2008 Star... 20,093 718 55.1 GPS 2R-20 replaced GPS 2A-27 in the... Satellite A c t i v i t i e s Hubble Space Telescope 2 0 0 9 May 11, 2009 STS-125/Atlantis 2009... as USA 206 and as GPS 2R-21(M) Delivered and installed the... Shuttle Atlantis (STS-125) May 11, 2009 Scott D. Altman Gregory C. Johnson...,106 13,166 10,644 11,514 11,727 12,359 13...,281 14,046 11,995 11,895 11,846 2,901 11,517 11,755 12... 10,490 10,932 11,749 11,522 11,621 12,451 12... 1,432 7,276 7,927 8,236 9,660 11,143 14,041 17,746... GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPS Global Positioning System GRAV-D Gravity...



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0.06/5
... 24, 2005, replaced by Expedition 11. Russian Commander Sergei Krikalev and... on June 14, 2005. Expedition 11 returned to Earth in P r e s i d e n t Our... ISS—replaced a Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna, reboosted the orbit of... approximately four-mile wide comet 11 Despite near-record levels of...) built and operated the XSS-11 satellite, which is in the... December 2004. The AFRL XSS-11 spacecraft was launched successfully on a Minotaur I Launch Vehicle in 11 April 2005, while a second Minotaur... delivered for hostsatellite integration. The GPS Joint Program Office launched the... and the first modernized replacement GPS-II satellite (IIRM-1) in September... Boeing were exercised to procure GPS-II Follow-on (IIF) satellites..., Commission continued to ensure that GPS and Galileo are compatible with... and to increase support for GPS. t h e Service, and Milstar—continued to.... Delta II successfully launched two GPS II satellites. Titan IVB (launch... a key role on the Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB) and its... to promote global interoperability between GPS and other a n d satellite navigation systems... and new spectrum allocations for GPS. 49 F i s c a l 2004 earthquake in the... Wildlife Service (FWS) scientists use GPS technology and remotely sensed data.... The FWS has been using GPS and remote sensing data for... Refuge (NWR) in Minnesota used GPS units to acquire location data... the vegetation monitoring program. • Both GPS technology and satellite data were... Bird Program continues to use GPS technology and Geographic Information Systems... public lands. During FY 2005, GPS and GIS supplemented data from..., and Earth Observer-1. Use of GPS figured prominently during the research... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies by farmers through the... the use of remote sensing, GPS, and other precision farming technologies... on project designed to use GPS beacons for Earth weather and... with three instruments that include GPS radio occultation receivers, tiny ionospheric... also complement a variety of related GPS missions, including the Challenging Minisatellite... the Global Positioning System/Meteorology (GPS/MET) missions were completely reprocessed... on the civilian use of GPS. Among the topics discussed were... be supplementary and interoperable with GPS. QZSS is also expected to... with Russia on cooperation between GPS and its Russian counterpart, Global... to promote the use of GPS and its applications. DOS provided... 20 21 31 35 37 11 9 16 24 40 c 32 c 26... Success Failure 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 153 102... spacecraft).a 2 2 4 3 2 2 7 7 5 9 7 7 6 12 10 12 11 10 12 8 11 4 3 2 1 1 This includes commercial expendable... Navastar 56 2004-045A Delta 2 GPS/Navigational satellite 20412 km 19...-3SL Communications satellite Geosynchronous Mar. 11, 2005 Inmarsat 4 F-1 2005-009A Atlas...) Communications satellite Geosynchronous Apr. 11, 2005 XSS-11 2005-011A Minotaur (OS... known as USA 180 and GPS 2R-13 NASA gamma-ray burst... Navstar 57 2005-038A Delta 2 GPS/Navigation satellite 20,328 km... known as USA 183 and GPS 2R-M1 * U.N. Committee on Space Research... Krikalev John Phillips Roberto Vittori 11:00:23 Carried crew to... 7,165 9,809 8,322 10,097 11,460 13,046 13,199...,106 13,166 10,644 11,514 11,727 12,359 13... 10,236 10,448 11,081 11,692 11,320 11,293 12,023...,986 15,075 12,497 11,787 11,336 9,685 9,544 9,564... 10,241 10,329 11,066 11,486 11,185 11,209 14,996... 79 77 73 70 USDA 5 4 4 4 8 7 11 7 12 3 16 21 19 31... Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interagency GPS Executive Board Integrated High Payoff... GISD GLAS GLONASS GNSS GOES GPS GPS/MET GRACE GRC GRB GSFC...



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0.04/5
..., http://www.fcw.com (accessed 11 January 2001). 5 2 Aeronautics and Astronautics... launch of a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite, Major Nina M. Armagno became... (3.2 billion kilometers), NEAR had captured 11 million laser pulses; x-ray, gammaray..., Spacecraft,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution (GA), 11 February 2001; Reuters, “Space Probe...Obituary,” Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ), 11 March 2001. Vladimir Isachenkov, “Russia... Orbiting Outpost,” 14 March 2001. 11 Aeronautics and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001... would be able to access GPS data to locate points as... explore further the uses of GPS in farming. Scientists in NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise believed that GPS might prove especially useful in....gov/spacewarn/spx573.html (accessed 11 August 2008); William Harwood, “Atlantis... and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001-2005 11 September Terrorists hijacked four U.S. planes... understanding of the phenomenon.128 11 October NASA Administrator Daniel S. Goldin... Breathtaking Repair Trip,” Houston Chronicle, 11 December 2001. 160 NASA, “Shuttle... Earth’s gravity field, using the GPS and a microwave ranging system to... Aviation Administration’s R&D Review, Spring 2003, 2, 6, 11, http://www.airporttech.tc.faa... Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan, at 8:11 a.m., local time10:11 p.m. (EST). The launch... first three satellites for the GPS IIF satellite program. The U.S. Air Force had designed the GPS IIF program to provide new capabilities for civilian and military GPS users―a new civilian signal within... Force had also intended the GPS IIF to be compatible with... (EELV). Boeing had designed the GPS IIF to accommodate incremental technology... the immediate needs of the GPS IIF program and the long... planned next generation satellite system, GPS III.319 317 ESA, “XMM..., “Boeing Receives GPS IIF Production Approval,” news release, 11 November 2002, http... Positioning System,” http://www.gps.gov/ systems/gps/index.html (accessed 12... equipment that would eventually include 11 contiguous truss structures. This particular... satellite, acting like radar. The GPS would determine the ICESat’s location....360 A Delta 2 rocket launched, carrying a GPS-2R8 satellite and an Experimental... was launching the GPS-2R8 to replace the 22nd GPS satellite, which... of 26 operational GPS spacecraft. Although the military GPS created in the.... Jim Banke, “Delta 2 Rolls, Launches GPS and Experimental Satellites,” Space.com... and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001-2005 11 March NASA scientist Robert Michael....403 31 March An American GPS satellite, GPS 2R-9, launched atop a Delta 2 rocket... Force Station in Florida. The GPS 2R-9also known as NAVSTAR 52... USA 168replaced the aging GPS 2-5, which had been in orbit since 1989. The fleet of GPS satellites consisted of 28 spacecraft...; Kelly Young, “Delta 2 To Carry GPS Satellite into Space,” Florida Today... Docks with International Space Station,” 11 June 2003; Reuters, “Russian Rocket... an Iridium satellite phone and GPS equipment for the use of... added the satellite phone and GPS equipment to the supplies because... (2-kilogram) infrared spectrometer, and an 11-pound (5-kilogram) x-ray spectrometer. The... TMA-2 flight was equipped with a GPS and satellite phones, which NASA.../ history/personalities/rudolphi.html (accessed 11 January 2009); NASA, “Stennis Space.../history/ personalities/donaldson.html (accessed 11 January 2009). 579 ESA, “First..., experimental aircraft flew for approximately 11 seconds over the Pacific Ocean... system and the United States’ GPS. According to the agreement, the Galileo and GPS satellites would broadcast a common civil... left California’s Mojave Airport at 7:11 a.m. (PST), affixed to another aircraft.../2005/jan/HQ_05019_swift_blackhole.html (accessed 11 May 2009). 734 Northrop Grumman... mission. The crew also attached a GPS unit to the Zvezda module... engineers and scientists, having completed 11 months of extended activity beyond... Nanotechnology Laboratory (CNL) an US$11 million contract to produce a prototype.../SPECIALS/About_ESA/ SEMW16ARR1F_0.html (accessed 11 August 2009). 251 Aeronautics and... ISS, such as replacing a broken GPS antenna and installing a bracket designed... GPS satellite ever developed, the GPS IIR-14, on a Delta-2 rocket at 11... Force Station in Florida. The GPS IIR-14 was the first... satellites planned for the new GPS, which the Air Force had... to provide improved encryption and GPS antijamming capabilities for the 836..., as well as an improved GPS signal for civilian users. At... time of the launch, the GPS constellation consisted of 28 satellites... replace the crew of Expedition 11, comprising Russian cosmonaut Commander Sergei... 840 Lockheed Martin, “First Modernized GPS Satellite Built by Lockheed Martin... Kazakhstan. The members of Expedition 11 were Russian cosmonaut Commander Sergei... accurate civilian services than the GPS, a system that the U.S. military had... feet). Civilian services from the GPS were accurate to nearly 5 meters... GMD GPM GPRA GMI GMT GPS GRACE GRB GRC GSA GSAT... no. GAO04-097, Washington, DC, 11 August 2004. U.S. Government Accountability Office...



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0/5
... космической политики 2  2  2  2  3  3  3  3  4  4  4  5  5  5  6  6  6  7  8  8  8  9  9  10  10  10  11  11  11  12  12  13  13  13... на орбиту новый спутник системы GPS  23.03.2009  24  24... космических данных DigitalGlobe 29 марта в 11.00 по местному времени (17... подготовки реальной экспедиции к Красной планете. 11 В конце текущего года пройдет еще...». Договор заключен на сроком на 11 месяцев, общая страховая сумма составила... 18 секунд по московскому времени (11:49:18 GMT ) с космодрома Байконур... же года передан в эксплуатацию Нигерии. 11 ноября 2008 г. он вышел из... в 08:34:00.244 UTC (11:34:00.244 мск) с площадки...-9.5 № 340 с навигационным спутником USA-203 (GPS 2R-20) на борту. Космический аппарат... на орбиту новый спутник системы GPS  Через 9 минут после старта над... навигационный спутник GPS 2R-20 должен будет пополнить глобальную спутниковую группировку GPS и прийти на смену аппарату GPS 2А-27, запущенному... еще 6 спутников. GPS 2R-20 стал двадцатым навигационным спутником GPS, созданным компанией Lockheed Martin. Предыдущий вывод аппарата GPS состоялся в январе 2009 года. 23... http://www.rg.ru/2004/11/10/kosmos.html 6. На Марс...