Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-15. [Редактировать]

Навигационный космический аппарат изготовленный специалистами компании Lockheed Martin Space Systems. Выйдя на расчетную орбиту высотой около 18 тыс. км, спутник присоединится к уже развернутой группировке из 28 спутников GPS, дающих пользователям системы возможность мгновенно определять собственные 3D-координаты с точностью до единиц метров. Спутники серии 2R, особенно в сочетании с принципиально новыми пользовательскими приемниками, позволят существенно превзойти уже достигнутые показатели. Это станет возможным благодаря возросшей мощности передатчика, а также перехода к использованию трех принципиально новых сигналов. Как сообщает New Scientist, их использование не только повысит точность и надежность определения координат, но и позволит применять высокоточное оружие с GPS-наведением в условиях активного радиопротиводействия со стороны противника. Сполна оценить новые возможности навигационной спутниковой системы смогут не только военные, но и простые пользователи один из новых сигналов позволит гражданским пользователям принимать сигналы не на одной, а на двух частотах, что позволит эффективнее бороться с искажениями, вносимыми ионосферой Земли, и, в конечном итоге, улучшит точность определения местоположения.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Navstar 58НайтиНайти
2USA 190НайтиНайти
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, LM-40001
3Габариты, см190х190х150

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град56.1
2Апогей, км20405.4
3Перигей, км19970.5
4Период, минут717.9
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26558

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2006-042A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2006-09-25 at 18:50:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-15
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 509 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-15». [Перейти к поиску]


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... 67 и мониторинга будет спо ГЛОНАСС, GPS) собствовать достижению одной из основных... технологий – систем гло бального позиционирования GPS или мобильных телефо нов. Но..., продолжают светить. ГЛОНАССмаяка Три космических GPS Galileo Чтобы не сбиться с пути... крупным планом Фокус наводил Л.М. НЕВДЯЕВ GPS на подъеме. Система разработана по... е годы был открыт доступ к сервисам GPS и гражданским поль зователям. Поначалу главный... точностью считаются 15 м. В результате улучшения этой характеристики резко вырос рынок GPS устройств... цию в сентябре 1993 г. (Главное – опередить GPS!) И лишь в самом конце 1995 г. количе...: американская глобаль ная система позиционирования GPS (Global Positioning System) (ее прежнее... земного шара. Услуги с разной «субординацией» В GPS есть две службы позиционирования с разной... Galileo ноябрь 2006, ИКС Сотрудники GPS Laboratory Корнел лского университета (США... системы Galileo. Один из руководителей GPS Laboratory М. Псияки в январе 2006 г. запросил... финальная версия. В отличие от системы GPS, по строенной на деньги американских..., чем в раз рабатываемой Boeing системе GPS III, которая будет совместима с Galileo... и наземного сегментов (табл. 2). фокус номера GPS. Космический сегмент на июль 2006... авиабазе Фалькон (США). Ис тория GPS насчитывает уже четыре поколения спутников... рынках. 9 Новый этап обновления ОГ GPS 9 ноябрь 2006, ИКС бальное многократное... полярные районы, причем с большей, чем у GPS, точностью навигации в вы соких широтах... мы GPS2R 15. Это второй по счету КА модернизированной се рии GPS 2R (запуск... предполагалось, что спутники сис темы GPS будут работать в космо се 6–7,5 лет..., ИКС Дикие животные под надзором GPS 62 Компания H.A.B.I.T. Research Ltd. выпустила.... 3). Определяем координаты. Гло бальное позиционирование в GPS, GPS. Среди факторов, ограничи вающих точность... ми потребителей. В этом грешности в системе GPS, существенно увеличивает точность. то и заключается... Частоты навигации ноябрь 2006, ИКС GPS, ГЛОНАСС и Galileo работают в близко расположенных... соответственно L, G и E (см. рисунок). Все КА GPS передают два навигационных сигнала на...). Управляющая и служебная информация поступает на GPS спут ники с наземных станций по... обеспечивать электромагнитную совместимость с существующими системами GPS и ГЛОНАСС. 63 фокус номера Вести... от американской системы GPS, с 15–20 м до 2 м. Сигналы навигации В GPS используются два основных... (1,2/1,6 ГГц) точности. Первый (аналогичен C/A коду в GPS) доступен всем потре бителям на... требования, обессмысливающие точ ность координат GPS. Европейская геостационарная сис тема навигационного... концептуальном уровне сигна лы Galileo, GPS и ГЛОНАСС совмести мы друг с другом... навигационных приемников. Требование совместимости систем GPS и Galileo стало ключевым при разработке... сигналов без ухудшения характеристик M кода в GPS (или PRS – в Galileo), излучаемых на... у КА Galileo и ГЛОНАСС выше, чем у GPS, следовательно, аппаратура потребите лей будет... были недос тупны для пользователей GPS. Интеграция двух независимо функ ционирующих... с Земли Alcatel примет участие в разработке GPS III зарубежные поставщики навигаци онной... определений в ГЛО НАСС выше, нежели в GPS, и составля ет в годы максимальной солнечной... и 50 м. Погрешности (с ве роятностью 0,95) в GPS при макси мальной солнечной активности...» сигналы чески удваивается число приемных GPS каналов. Комбинированные приемники способны проводить... и «отсеивать» неисправ ные спутники. В системе GPS авто номный мониторинг целостности ограничен... высокая помехоустойчи вость (так как GPS и ГЛОНАСС рабо тают в разных диапазонах... к ПК или иному оборудованию. Основа GPS приемника – миниатюрный специ альный процессор... питания) либо встраиваемой платы. В современных GPS приемниках обычно 6–12 каналов (табл... спутни ковой системы нового поколения GPS III. По условиям соглашения Alcatel Space определит архитектуру системы GPS III и обеспечит ее сов местимость... номера Вести с Земли Самый маленький GPS приемник В сентябре 2005 г. компания MMT... MN1010 – самого миниатюрного приемника системы GPS. Это пол нофункциональный 12 канальный... х 10 х 1,8 мм, внутри которого находится GPS чипсет производ ства u Nav microelectronics... и цена их намного выше, чем GPS устройств. Список коммерческих навигационных из..., Inmarsat или Thuraya). Карманный спутниковый GPS навигатор стоит за рубежом $50... щий суммарный рабочий диапазон совместимо с GPS (приемники должны «Оборонительные системы» разрабо... рефракции, Европейцы ставили перед них GPS антенн прием невозможен. Такой недостаток... ционный приемник с высо транспортных средствах GPS приемник должен быть осна нако... значительно выше, чем Такие двухмодовые GPS/Galileo при местоположения на электронной «просто GPS» (по сведениям автора, емники создать... приемники работают в ос трехмодовых приемников GPS/ГЛО Есть индивидуальные и мобильные новном... позиционирование. ностью, устойчивостью к вибрациям рованную GPS/ГЛОНАСС аппаратуру и другим внешним воздействиям... подготовила Галина БОЛЬШОВА 9 В полосе частот GPS это прежде всего узкополос ный...



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... very few (if any) impact 15 A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 16 the Ocean Color Time... to Basics strategy initiative. The GPS III, National Polar-orbiting Operational... (GPSW) successfully launched the second GPS IIR(M2) satellite in FY06... on the follow-on system, GPS IIF, which will provide IIR... services, and the next-generation GPS III, which will further enhance... with Back to Basics, the GPS III program was restructured into... (MiTEx) and the GPS II-R15(M2) modernized GPS satellite. In April... of which are associated with GPS latitude and longitude impact coordinates... and agencies on matters concerning GPS and related systems. Deputy Secretary... availability of civilian upgrades to GPS. DOC completed an economic study... limits. In the area of GPS data services, NOAA continued to... highly accurate positional coordinates to GPS users through Web-based utilities... professional surveyors, to submit their GPS observations via the Internet to..., anyone with a single geodetic quality GPS receiver may position themselves in... and refractive index measurements from GPS satellites in the Global Forecast... (GFS) model. The signals from GPS satellites are used to probe... for international cooperation related to GPS, promote the U.S. message at international... in Y e a r tations with Russia on GPS and the Global Orbiting Navigation... Ministry of Civil Aviation o f P r e s i d e n t 54 15 years, which has been in... Wildlife Service (FWS) scientists use GPS technology and remotely sensed data.... The FWS has been using GPS and remote sensing data for... is using real-time submeter GPS coast in coordination with the..., used infrared photo imagery and GPS units to create a digital vegetation... applications. Refuge personnel also used GPS units to document location data... map, which used MODIS and GPS field data to locate saltcedar..., prevention, and USGS scientists obtained GPS locations from satellite transmitters on... 24 American White Pelicans. The GPS data allow scientists to determine.... Investigators were able to plot GPS locations on NAIP images or... increased by 0.9 percent over the 15-year period. The net decrease... format digital camera imagery, and GPS to monitor and assess the... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies by farmers. In 2006... bending of radio signals from GPS as the signals pass through... vapor profiles derived from the GPS data by COSMIC not only... interagency efforts to ensure that GPS remains an essen­ tial component.... In January 2006, DOS led GPS consultations with Japan on the... on the civilian use of GPS. Among the topics the Quasi... both supplementary and interoperable with GPS. QZSS is expected to strengthen... U.S.-EU Agreement on cooperation between GPS and Europe’s planned Galileo satellite for GPS. Significant progress has been made... pursuit of greater interoperability between GPS and the Russian GLONASS satellite... to promote the use of GPS and its applications, and provided... on the U.S. spacebased PNT policy, GPS modernization, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) applications, and GPS international cooperation activities. Promoting U.S. Exports... 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 1 153 103 Failure 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b... 23 18 26 19 16 15 France c 2 0 0 6 TOTAL USSR/ CIS Y e a r 1957...-001A Atlas 5 Interplanetary probe Feb. 15, 2006 Echostar 10 2006-003A... Zenit-3SL Communications satellite Apr. 15, 2006 Formosat 3A, 3B, 3C... Sep. 25, 2006 GPS-2R-15 2006-042A Delta 2 GPS/Navigational satellite 20,414...,601 14,230 14,868 15,364 15,379 16,198 16...,871 14,360 14,322 15,234 15,765 490 561 814... 17,679 17,906 15,616 14,181 15,023 14,106...,203 12,941 14,326 15,740 19,388 19,115... 82 USDA 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 8 8 14 16 15 20 19 15 23 19 18 21... 8,759 10,054 12,520 15,674 17,448 20,277...,946 16,417 16,064 15,877 15,612 16,010 16...,699 21,057 17,544 15,571 12,908 12,175... 11,553 11,577 15,489 12,807 15,064 16,459...,616 17,008 16,577 15,632 15,341 14,918 14...,372 14,968 15,246 15,487 15,140 15,699 15,765 2,698 3,042...,053 14,044 14,547 15,354 14,854 16,118... 236 245 DOC 269 225 15 61 135 142 133 92... est. 2005 actual 2006 actual 15,568 16,755 14,747... program budget within its totals. A c t i v i t i e s 15,765 2 0 0 6 15,234 Y e a r NASA 1 F i s c a l federal spaCe... GLONASS GloVis GNSS GOES-N GOFC GPS GPSW GRC GRP GSFC Gamma...



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... in Long Range Imaging..75 GPS Metric Tracking for the ARES... Flight Safety Systems course with 15 students. The Range Safety Operations... in September of 2006 with 15 students in attendance. The course... Bethesda, Maryland in September 2006. 15 Lunar Surface Access Module The... Air Force Base, California (May 15-19). The audit team at... rocket, receiving data from the GPS constellation and maintaining links with... attitude data from an onboard GPS and inertial measurement unit sensors... 5, 2006. A singlechassis, dual-processor, dual-GPS system was used. The primary.... 58 The test incorporated redundant GPS sensors and used two independently... transmit autonomous flight safety system GPS metric tracking and flight termination... the Melbourne area and covers 15 square miles, was able to... customers for this product. 76 GPS Metric Tracking For the ARES... will require the use of GPS metric tracking for all vehicles... operational radars by relying on GPS metric tracking data from the... Weapons X X X X X X Functional Support ASC (FPQ-15) X X FPQ-14 FPQ-14 91... 91.14 ARC ARC FPQ-15 Ascension Ascension Kaena Point KSC...) (MPS-39) (MPS-39) X X X X The GPS metric tracking requirement was accepted... approach for GPS metric tracking, NASA plans to include GPS metric tracking... the Air Force will make GPS metric tracking a standard part of...’s ARES launch vehicles will use GPS metric tracking for ascent flight... link commands Receive and process GPS data Send return link data... processing functions. The commercially available GPS receiver is the third board... and telemetry processor receives GPS data via the GPS board interface and... data, command status data, and GPS data. One Ethernet and several... the serial interface, Ethernet interface, GPS interface, configuration EPROM functions and... command and telemetry processor and GPS boards have been tested together... necessary. The unit also contains a GPS sensor/receiver that will provide accurate GPS tracking for range ground stations... 2006, the panel had met 15 times, plus supported multiple splinter... feet in radial position and 15 feet/second in radial velocity... Mission 1/19/06 3/22/06 4/15/06 4/20/06 4/28/06... NRO L-22 Shuttle Shuttle GPS 2R-15 STEREO DMSP F17 GPS Shuttle NRO L-21... Name Autonomous Soaring UAV Altair 8/15/2006 Altair 8/16/2006 Altair...



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... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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... Commercial Purchase Lisence 0% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% Commercial Commercial Responses: 570.... & Associates, 2002. 23 ASPRS Forecast. GPS GEO-REFERENCED INFORMATION GIS & Visualization... a business perspective, the increased accuracy • GPS-enabled timing devices, used to... U.S. State Intelligence released a report entitled “GPS World by U.S. suppliers (see particular... satellite navigation systems (GPS, an increasing role for GPS in what they... the post 9/11 market realities. GPS Markets” (© 2002). Department indicates a weakening... important emerging GPS initiatives is marketplace: in 1998, the GPS receiver market.... 7 “Terrorism Attacks Accelerate Interest in GPS Applications”, ibid. August 10, 1990... also well “positioned” to bring GPS-enabled techno- and communications industries... CHARACTERISTICS MARKET CHARACTERISTICS FIGURE C FIGURE D GPS MARKET TRENDS: 1996-2002 GLOBAL...”, 17 see “GPS and Aviation Safety” in GPS North American GPS Market Share... < 1% Land 72% Timing 6% Space Transportation 8% GPS 9% Aviation 7% Military 8% Marine 7% Source: U.S. Dept... motorists have trouble • Miniaturization of GPS technologies getting lost. So they... terrestrial or satellite transmitters) board GPS-based autolanding system17. SATELLITE NAVIGATION... spur growth development • Demand for GPS technologies to address aviation particularly... expansion ensures availability and accuracy • GPS-enabled navigation initiatives spur product... recreational marine markets that use GPS technologies • Hydrographic survey/mapping in... our • Falling prices Restraints: • Gradual GPS data integration into avionic support... a • Low adoption rates for new GPS technologies stopwatch20.” The testimonial was.... tion of time. GPS-enabled navigational initiatives GPS General Aviation market grew... of state-of-the-art GPS receivers. GPS World, July 2002, The... 23 A comprehensive Current and future GPS-related applications 23 • Synchronization/orientation of communication/ GPS satellites continuously communicate position Drivers... increasingly require precise overview of GPS include : relative navigation networks (EPLRS.... Positions military products and • Assisted-GPS for tactical indoor applications, JTIDS... Observatory’s Master • Escalating reliance on GPS-enabled technologies Clock which is... • Increased rate of integration of GPS into battlefield managemenflt systems Block... glide- signals from a formation of GPS satellites (ideally Restraints: the precise... options for timing: GPS-aided timing operating GPS data not always the... of the Transportation Infrastructure. Canadian GPS community. Global Space Sector Market..., U.S. Congress approves US$173 M for GPS satellite PriceWaterhouseCooper release business case... Communication & Surveillance Systems) to supply GPS CSI Wireless unveils Asset-Link...- services for the U.S. Nationwide Differential GPS, Shenzhen Shenyuan Trading Company for...$1.3 M. (UWB) yet protects GPS signals from intentional GPS 2F Modernization program. version....redherring and specialized GPS. radio companies, and the GPS community, reiterate CSI... to Mobile Knowledge. the entire GPS infrastructure. cranes manipulating shipping containers... disruption, U.S. Depar- new, cost-effective GPS technology to monitor the generation... planning, execution, and analysis of GPS surveys. other. Standard mechanisms currently..., the operational GPS constellation consists of 28 Block 2/2A/2R satellites. Replenish... OPPORTUNITIES MARKET TRENDS AND OPPORTUNITIES GPS Modernization be upgraded by 2006... the GPS-2R satellites may reach modernization, World, September 2001; of the GPS... funding from the GPS-3 budget to cover non-GPS to bring the... building the satellites, modifying the GPS resistance31. Ground controllers will also... dubbed 2R/M for Modernized. Under power surges ten fold. Under GPS-3, the... fold. SATELLITE NAVIGATION GPS-3, see FIGURE F FIGURE E GPS Modernization Opportunities for Canada... OPPORTUNITIES FIGURE E FIGURE F EVOLUTION OF GPS GPS DEPLOYMENT: 2002-2015+ 32 Further... phase Boeing and LM GPS-2RM Launch GPS-2F Launch L2 L2... GPS 2015 and GLONASS network specifications. GPS-3 Planned launch GPS-3 Contract to begin GPS... three orbital planes Block 1 and 2 GPS satellites became fully operational. Conceived..., resulting in a replenishing of GPS funding rcial GPS equipment manufacturers are in.../backup to the GPS system yet continually Block 2R and 2F modernization... inclination 64.8° 55° Spacecraft”, GPS World, augmenting GPS. GLONASS is monitored by... a cautious GPS 2001 Conference, energy_transport/library/ some US$71 B over 15 years... its own internal wrangling, the U.S. GPS/military lobby maintained a less-thansubtle... service and manufacturing industry as GPS technologies encounter more acute integration... Deployment and Long-term Operations GPS to improve intelligence, surveillance, deployment... utilities). Ongoing Turbulence: FAA’s dual GPS-based navigational systems: WAAS and... monitoring and atmospheric science. Securing GPS Modernization Funding: Despite the The...- and the role of GPS therein, GPS modernization sing developments over the...



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... launches in 1999. 17 20 15 17 11 10 10 5 0 1996... Non-Commercial 25 Commercial 20 15 10 5 0 United States Russia Europe... Sirius Radio 1 Success ELI July 15 Cosmos Champ Success LEO Success... NSat 110 Success GEO Oct 15 Soyuz Progress M1-3 Success LEO... Europe Star 1 Success GEO Nov 15 Ariane 5 PAS 1R Success GEO... and had expected to launch 15 flights for the year. China... 100.0% 141/144 97.9% 2 2/2 100.0% 15/19 78.9% 14 14/14....) 3,100 9,020 9,700 3,970 1,393 15,400 30,300 44,200...) 4,000 GTO (lb.) 10,900 15,000 3,300 5,700 3,315 2,680... $90-105 M Communications S S S S Development $12-15 M Communications S S S S Meteorological S S 3/12/00 3/12... * * Kosmos 2370 DSP 20 Navstar GPS 2R- 4 Simsat 1 Simsat 2 ISS 2A.2a... 2AS CCAFS Baikonur Baikonur CCAFS 7/15/00 ü Cosmos Plesetsk 7/16/00... Agency (ASI) RUBIN Germany Navstar GPS DoD 2R- 5 Salsa ESA Samba ESA... Baikonur Xichang 11/15/00 ü Ariane 5 Kourou 10/15/00 10/20... 1 * Europe Star 1 ISS 2R Beidou 1A Navstar GPS 2R- 6 ProSEDS * PAS 1R AMSAT... Communications $80-100 M Scientific $12-15 M Supply S S S S S S NASA NASA Russian MoD...



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... 25 Vehicle Launch Forecast 20 15 Actual Number of Vehicles Launched... 18 17 14 15 14 14 14 14 15 222 17.1 52... >9,000 5 7 11 9 12 13 13 15 15 17 18 20 20 175... category (4000-8000 lb), with 15% each in the Medium (2000...-2000, and as much as 15,000 lb or more in... 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 15 4 33 11.0 8 2.7 TOTAL = Arianespace HLV... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV... (May 1998) 1997 1998 1999 15 20 25 TOTAL = Ariane 1 1 Eumetsat...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF...-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 1 US-NOAA K 1 US-AF (DMSP 15) 1 US-NOAA L 1 US-AF (DMSP... 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 20 25 23 68 22... 26 28 166 16.6 9 14 15 100 10.0 25 2.5 18 1.8 0 0 0.0 2 13... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar 05 Long March 2 Ekran 18 Ekran 19 Gorizont Gorizont 15...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 US...-NOAA Goes 8 6 1 China-DFH 204 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 4 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Japan-BS 3B 2 1 Eumetsat-Meteosat...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar... (Chatlet)1 US-AF Titan 4 (DSP 15) 1 1 1 1 1 US-NASA T3 Mars Observer...-Domestic 13 13 Russia-Domestic 0 0 0 15 Russia-Domestic 18 18 Russia... 1 Czech-Magion 3 Legend: 1 0 1 Russia-Domestic 15 MLV 4 4 Russia-Domestic 4 4 Russia-Domestic... after achieving operating status 15 15 Russia-Domestic 15 15 Russia-Domestic 1 5 4 Russia-Domestic...



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.............................................................................. 9 III. ROBOTIC EARTH ORBITAL ACTIVITIES ......................................... 15 A. Telecommunications ........................................................................... 15 B. Remote Sensing .................................................................................. 29 IV... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... TacSat-2’s downlinks were resolved on 15 March by some software changes... is $3,500 (+tax), which includes 15 flight parabolas over a period of... U.S. retailer “The Sharper Image”, effective 15 May, selling them through its... Canaveral Air Force Station on 15 June, leaving its two U.S. reconnaissance... initial long Centaur firing (about 15 minutes). ULA had enough of... (Germany) signed an agreement on 15 February to increase production of... vehicle was estimated to have a 15% performance margin over the planned... a potential mass growth reserve of 15% for several components whose final... space agency Roskosmos announced on 15 November 2006 that an initial... during November (see below). On 15 June EADS space division Astrium... by Boeing Satellite Systems International 15 (BSSI) under a unique contract that... and communications services over its 15-year design lifetime. In contrast.... Its design service life is 15 years. 18 Eutelsat (France) ordered...’s existing mobile satellite service. On 15 May ESA selected Inmarsat, and... Communication Systems Inmarsat announced on 15 November 2006 that its first... data-linked Global Positioning System (GPS) position reports from aircraft. Other... the first part of a planned $15-billion overhaul of U.S. air-traffic... from the Global Positioning System (GPS). This feature, if implemented, would... the U.S. military to degrade civil GPS signals. The U.S. had stopped using... incorporated into the next-generation GPS-3 system. The Air Force completed... 14 September of the new GPS ground segment, which controls the..., which will apply to the U.S. GPS-3 L1C and Galileo L1F satellites... begin operations in 2012; the GPS-3 L1C spacecraft in 2013. Satamatics... Tracker, a device that uses the GPS navigation signal, relayed by Inmarsat... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... where Buddha received enlightenment. On 15 January the U.S. National Academy of... and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on 15 December 2006 that will allow... in April. On 7 April Expedition-15 cosmonaut crewmembers Fyodor Yurchikhin, commander... Shuttle’s robotic Canadarm and the 15-m Orbiter Boom Sensor System extension... blanket was successfully repaired during a 15 June spacewalk by Shuttle astronauts... 23 July the ISS Expedition-15 crewmembers Clay Anderson and Fyodor... on 21 October with Expedition-15 crewmembers Yurchikhin and Kotov, although... Russian helicopters. The third Expedition-15 crewmember, Clayton Anderson, remained aboard... fully deployed. The ISS Expedition-15 crewmember Clayton Anderson joined Discovery... the agreement, Europe will fund 15% - 20% of the Webb’s $4.5-billion... it would descend to about 15-km altitude. A throttleable engine would... which the prize drops to $15 million for missions completed before... previous 2-dimensional inlets), conducted on 15 June, reached Mach 10 and... Delta-V Experiment (HiDVE) will utilize a 15-kg satellite platform, to be... a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, stereo cameras, a three-dimensional... sensor technologies. The Centre’s initial 15 months of operation were co..., and especially Global Positioning System (GPS) applications. Space News’ annual “Launch... million; competitor DirecTV (USA) had 15 million subscribers at the end... France Presse holds the remaining 15 percent of the company. Tuscany... the launch of its latest GPS-based vehicle security and tracking... owners. Based on the latest GPS, global information system (GIS), global... initial satellite of an augmented GPS system, the Quazi Zenith Satellite... launched in 2010, will provide GPS signals and broadcasting from a highly... a combined 16.1 percent of the $15.6 billion IT market estimated among... Defense plans to stop procuring GPS satellites that provide Pentagon with... halted the intentional degradation of GPS satellite signals in May 2000... no longer be present in GPS 3 satellites, the Pentagon said. According... strong commitment to users of GPS that this free global utility... enhance the operation of the GPS constellation. The distributed server-based..., increase efficiency and accommodate future GPS capabilities as they become available... operates the Global Positioning System (GPS). GPS provides 3-D position data in longitude... delivered to orbit a replenishment Block 2R satellite for the U.S. Air Force... of the GPS 2R satellites. The launch also marked the second GPS mission aboard a Boeing Delta II in less than two months. GPS 2R-16(M) is the third of the modernized GPS satellites that... growth for satellite radio and GPS positioning and tracking is being... April); complete thermal vacuum test (15 June); satellite launch (30 November...



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... determination of individual spacecraft using GPS receivers; • developed simplified equations of... U.S. remote sensing, Global Positioning System (GPS), satellite communications, and launch industries..., scientific, and governmental users of GPS technology during meetings of the... to host the offices Y e a r Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB), representing the... Center. In the area of GPS data services, NOAA acquired and... 2003, NOAA continued to use GPS and remote sensing technologies to... European Community toward cooperation between GPS and Europe’s planned Galileo satellite... and the end users of GPS technology, particularly with respect to... of the U.S. Government regarding the GPS-Galileo relationship. OSC also participated... ongoing bilateral cooperation related to GPS. These talks, held in October... cooperation to ensure interoperability between GPS and Japan’s planned Quasi-Zenith... of time signals received from GPS for the most demanding military... time scale. Using the microwave GPS carrier a n d frequency as the timing source instead of the GPS time code, NIST and its... interference between UWB devices and GPS, radar, and communications systems. NIST... 2003. The spectrum allocations for GPS. 2 0 0 3 results included updating satellite regulations.... These properties include high-precision GPS reference data, complete meteorological microclimate..., 2) the NOAA Forecast Systems a n d Laboratory GPS Surface Observation System Network, 3) the..., most tied to the aircraft GPS navigation log. These images are.... Satellite data were supplemented with GPS and geographic information system (GIS... being used in conjunction with GPS data for endangered species habitat...-resolution satellite remote sensing and GPS to support BIA and tribal... Action Plans sonnel also collected GPS data on high-priority dams... reporting period. BIA used commercial GPS receivers to collect data for... addition, digital aerial photographs with GPS coordinates were collected for all... the data using high-accuracy GPS ground control. They also generated.... AML specialists and contractors used GPS receivers to map subsidence complaints... use both the DOD Navstar GPS Precise Positioning Service (PPS) and augmented differential GPS for real-time positioning in... available. Over 1,500 Precise Lightweight GPS Receiver (PLGR) units have been... events. The demand for trained GPS technical specialists to conduct fire... the United States. In response, GPS training courses were taught in... NPS staff used approximately 400 GPS receivers for mapping and navigation... A c t i v i t i e s mation designs. Mine inspectors employed GPS to verify jurisdictional boundaries of... to expand its use of GPS for surface mine reclamation Y e a r a coal... a camera. The instrument 71 with GPS databases to provide a visual presentation... for New England wildlife species. GPS was invasive plant species at... at a scale of 1:12000, with GPS center points, then digitally scanned... area. All plots have associated GPS coordinates, and most have detailed... Lakes Science Center regularly used GPS technologies to supplement scientific research conducted in 2003. GPS receivers and aerial photographs were... in the Detroit River required GPS technology to locate sample sites... studies in Lake Erie used GPS to guide sampling procedures and simplify navigation in open water. GPS was also used during native... parks in Michigan. A mapping-grade GPS receiver was used to determine... included helicopters for aerial and GPS equipment, food caterers, and showers... of Nationwide Differential GPS (NDGPS) receivers from a USDA GPS contract. At the... the fiscal year, over 4,100 GPS receivers were being used in... represented on Federal remote sensing, GPS, and geodata coordinating committees. NRCS... would not directly overlay the U.S. GPS military code. Other issues remained... U.S. leadership in geospatial technologies, including GPS, remote sensing, and Web-based... GPS Executive Board, the GPS outreach team developed an exhibit to promote GPS... 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 153 99 16 1,548... known as USA 166 and GPS 2R-8. Geosynchronous 20,228.8 km 187... known as USA 168 and GPS 2R-9. Also known as Milstar 6. Carries....cfm on the Web. A c t i v i t i e s DOD GPS satellite 2 0 0 3 Jan. 29, 2003 Navstar...:1:52 6:0:32 8:7:22 144:15:22 9:2:15 8:21:21 5:8:28 Thirty-eighth...) 90:16:00 6:22:51 8:1:15 145:15:11 8:22:9 8:21:18... 74 USDA 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 8 8 14 16 15 20 19 15 23 19 18 21... 17,284 17,187 15,996 15,692 15,190 14,833 14,632 14,384 14,765 15,058 15,364 NASA Spaceb 1,344... 14,009 15,312 16,798 16,359 15,779 15,361 14...,077 17,205 15,863 15,699 15,405 3,618 15,683 16,397... and Land Elevation Satellite Interagency GPS Executive Board Integrated Global Observing... HST 2 0 0 3 H Y e a r GloVis GNSS GOES GP GPS GRACE GRC GSFC GSO GTE... Crop Assessment Division Precise Lightweight GPS Receiver Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory...



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... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I SATELLITES ...............................8 4. RESULTS FROM THE... F LAUNCH VEHICLES USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES .............................12 5. RESULTS FROM... not enough. Figure 3 $83M Boeing GPS 2R-1 Satellite Launched in 2010 and... 100% certainty. Figure 3 is the GPS 2R-1 satellite that also failed prematurely... factory acceptance testing. After the GPS 2R-1 satellite payload power-on and... the other on-orbit GPS NUDET subsystems. The GPS 2R-1 satellite successfully completed... AEHF-1 satellite and the first GPS 2R-1 satellite (see Figure 3 and Figure.... The NUDET subsystem on the GPS 2R-1 satellite was not interoperable with... H1 0.5 0.6 1.0 --0.5 1.5 --1.0 4.3** -- ---0.4 0.7 -- 0 1.2 3.8 0.4 1.3 5.5 ------- ------- H2a H2b C 2.0 0.5 1.1 ---- ---- 2.0 3 3.0 6.0 9.0 -- ---- Total: 7.4 15.7 1.1 28.3 15.0 0.5 The results showed that at... matches a Gaussian distribution. Six additional GPS Block I satellites were in different... of the six on-orbit GPS satellites. Figure 9 Proprietary Cumulative Distribution... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I TEST & EVALUATION SATELLITES [5] 16... U.S. Air Force Global Positioning System (GPS) Block I on-orbit satellites between... access to 10 minutes of GPS satellite telemetry, every 6 hours. The... found. The venders of the GPS subsystem equipment with transient behavior... Space Mission s 8 The on-orbit GPS satellites, NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 6 suffered... to purchase over 100 additional GPS satellites and wanted to ensure... the purchase. Table 5 Summary of GPS Block I Satellite TT&C Subsystem Design... Orbit Period Orbit Inclination/Shape GPS Satellite 3-Axis 10,1000 miles... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 1 using Rubidium Atomic Clock... frequency standards used to generate GPS timing. An NRTE was also... filter data generated from the GPS satellite atomic clocks and other... 1983 (see Figure 14), the GPS NAVSTAR 5 satellite TT&C Motorola SGLS... #1 . Figure 12 $55M Air Force GPS NAVSTAR 1 Satellite in Factory Integration... have occurred. Table 6 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 1-3 Satellites [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT SUBSYSTEM EQUIPMENT... on the Telemetry from the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Reaction Wheel Assembly [17... Applicable Figure 15 An Artist Concept of the $85M GPS Block II... did conclude that the Motorola GPS Satellite SGLS RF transmitter would... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Motorola SGLS TT&C RF... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS spacecraft subsystem equipment failures in... 7 were 10 completed during the GPS program’s test and evaluation (T&E) phase... information from the six Block 1 GPS satellites in production at the... this paper. Table 7 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Exhibited a Transient Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 4-6 Satellites Some of the... of the GPS space segment during test & evaluation (T&E). [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT... changes include: Identify that the GPS satellite thermal blankets were degrading... blankets were added on future GPS satellites; A redesign of the #3 NiCd...; Using four atomic clocks per GPS satellite instead of three. Internal design changes to the GPS space-qualified rubidium and cesium...’S ATLAS E AND F USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES TO MEO N/A: Not... in 1978, ten Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites were launched using... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS program by the contractor’s spacecraft subsystem engineering team on GPS spacecraft equipment failures that occurred... author’s position, he directed the GPS Atlas launch team at Vandenberg... E & F Launch Vehicle History on the GPS Program NAVSTAR # Figure 17 Air... F Launch Vehicle used to Launch GPS NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 10 between... satellites including the 100 proposed GPS Block II satellites be launched... first Atlas F launched the first GPS satellite in February 1978. It... the launch of the first 7 GPS launches for the contractor including the GPS engineering team at Vandenberg AFB... NAVSTAR 5. SV-12 was the GPs Block 1 qualification vehicle. SV-1`2 was... military payloads. Since so many GPS satellites were to be purchased... Air Force hoped that the GPS satellite Bus would become a standard... purchased the company that produced GPS satellites had already established a long... predictive algorithms pioneered on the GPS program allowed the identification of... communications satellites and the military, GPS constellation of satellites. The Iridium... a minimum of redundant equipment. The GPS satellites subsystem equipment used a minimum... on Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites. On the GPS satellites, we demonstrated... for the Iridium, GLOBALSTAR and GPS satellites were obtained differently because....eoportal.org [17] Losik, Len, “GPS Quarterly Orbital Test Report,” 1983... launch vehicles. As the Boeing GPS Space and Ground Segment Manager...-orbit operations of over 52 GPS satellites. During the test & evaluation... predictive algorithms that demodulated the GPS spacecraft equipment telemetry to identify...