Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-15. [Редактировать]

Навигационный космический аппарат изготовленный специалистами компании Lockheed Martin Space Systems. Выйдя на расчетную орбиту высотой около 18 тыс. км, спутник присоединится к уже развернутой группировке из 28 спутников GPS, дающих пользователям системы возможность мгновенно определять собственные 3D-координаты с точностью до единиц метров. Спутники серии 2R, особенно в сочетании с принципиально новыми пользовательскими приемниками, позволят существенно превзойти уже достигнутые показатели. Это станет возможным благодаря возросшей мощности передатчика, а также перехода к использованию трех принципиально новых сигналов. Как сообщает New Scientist, их использование не только повысит точность и надежность определения координат, но и позволит применять высокоточное оружие с GPS-наведением в условиях активного радиопротиводействия со стороны противника. Сполна оценить новые возможности навигационной спутниковой системы смогут не только военные, но и простые пользователи один из новых сигналов позволит гражданским пользователям принимать сигналы не на одной, а на двух частотах, что позволит эффективнее бороться с искажениями, вносимыми ионосферой Земли, и, в конечном итоге, улучшит точность определения местоположения.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Navstar 58НайтиНайти
2USA 190НайтиНайти
329486НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, LM-40001
3Габариты, см190х190х150

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град56.1
2Апогей, км20405.4
3Перигей, км19970.5
4Период, минут717.9
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26558

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2006-042A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2006-09-25 at 18:50:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-15
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 441 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-15». [Перейти к поиску]


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... 67 и мониторинга будет спо ГЛОНАСС, GPS) собствовать достижению одной из основных... технологий – систем гло бального позиционирования GPS или мобильных телефо нов. Но..., продолжают светить. ГЛОНАССмаяка Три космических GPS Galileo Чтобы не сбиться с пути... крупным планом Фокус наводил Л.М. НЕВДЯЕВ GPS на подъеме. Система разработана по... е годы был открыт доступ к сервисам GPS и гражданским поль зователям. Поначалу главный... точностью считаются 15 м. В результате улучшения этой характеристики резко вырос рынок GPS устройств... цию в сентябре 1993 г. (Главное – опередить GPS!) И лишь в самом конце 1995 г. количе...: американская глобаль ная система позиционирования GPS (Global Positioning System) (ее прежнее... земного шара. Услуги с разной «субординацией» В GPS есть две службы позиционирования с разной... Galileo ноябрь 2006, ИКС Сотрудники GPS Laboratory Корнел лского университета (США... системы Galileo. Один из руководителей GPS Laboratory М. Псияки в январе 2006 г. запросил... финальная версия. В отличие от системы GPS, по строенной на деньги американских..., чем в раз рабатываемой Boeing системе GPS III, которая будет совместима с Galileo... и наземного сегментов (табл. 2). фокус номера GPS. Космический сегмент на июль 2006... авиабазе Фалькон (США). Ис тория GPS насчитывает уже четыре поколения спутников... рынках. 9 Новый этап обновления ОГ GPS 9 ноябрь 2006, ИКС бальное многократное... полярные районы, причем с большей, чем у GPS, точностью навигации в вы соких широтах... мы GPS2R 15. Это второй по счету КА модернизированной се рии GPS 2R (запуск... предполагалось, что спутники сис темы GPS будут работать в космо се 6–7,5 лет..., ИКС Дикие животные под надзором GPS 62 Компания H.A.B.I.T. Research Ltd. выпустила.... 3). Определяем координаты. Гло бальное позиционирование в GPS, GPS. Среди факторов, ограничи вающих точность... ми потребителей. В этом грешности в системе GPS, существенно увеличивает точность. то и заключается... Частоты навигации ноябрь 2006, ИКС GPS, ГЛОНАСС и Galileo работают в близко расположенных... соответственно L, G и E (см. рисунок). Все КА GPS передают два навигационных сигнала на...). Управляющая и служебная информация поступает на GPS спут ники с наземных станций по... обеспечивать электромагнитную совместимость с существующими системами GPS и ГЛОНАСС. 63 фокус номера Вести... от американской системы GPS, с 15–20 м до 2 м. Сигналы навигации В GPS используются два основных... (1,2/1,6 ГГц) точности. Первый (аналогичен C/A коду в GPS) доступен всем потре бителям на... требования, обессмысливающие точ ность координат GPS. Европейская геостационарная сис тема навигационного... концептуальном уровне сигна лы Galileo, GPS и ГЛОНАСС совмести мы друг с другом... навигационных приемников. Требование совместимости систем GPS и Galileo стало ключевым при разработке... сигналов без ухудшения характеристик M кода в GPS (или PRS – в Galileo), излучаемых на... у КА Galileo и ГЛОНАСС выше, чем у GPS, следовательно, аппаратура потребите лей будет... были недос тупны для пользователей GPS. Интеграция двух независимо функ ционирующих... с Земли Alcatel примет участие в разработке GPS III зарубежные поставщики навигаци онной... определений в ГЛО НАСС выше, нежели в GPS, и составля ет в годы максимальной солнечной... и 50 м. Погрешности (с ве роятностью 0,95) в GPS при макси мальной солнечной активности...» сигналы чески удваивается число приемных GPS каналов. Комбинированные приемники способны проводить... и «отсеивать» неисправ ные спутники. В системе GPS авто номный мониторинг целостности ограничен... высокая помехоустойчи вость (так как GPS и ГЛОНАСС рабо тают в разных диапазонах... к ПК или иному оборудованию. Основа GPS приемника – миниатюрный специ альный процессор... питания) либо встраиваемой платы. В современных GPS приемниках обычно 6–12 каналов (табл... спутни ковой системы нового поколения GPS III. По условиям соглашения Alcatel Space определит архитектуру системы GPS III и обеспечит ее сов местимость... номера Вести с Земли Самый маленький GPS приемник В сентябре 2005 г. компания MMT... MN1010 – самого миниатюрного приемника системы GPS. Это пол нофункциональный 12 канальный... х 10 х 1,8 мм, внутри которого находится GPS чипсет производ ства u Nav microelectronics... и цена их намного выше, чем GPS устройств. Список коммерческих навигационных из..., Inmarsat или Thuraya). Карманный спутниковый GPS навигатор стоит за рубежом $50... щий суммарный рабочий диапазон совместимо с GPS (приемники должны «Оборонительные системы» разрабо... рефракции, Европейцы ставили перед них GPS антенн прием невозможен. Такой недостаток... ционный приемник с высо транспортных средствах GPS приемник должен быть осна нако... значительно выше, чем Такие двухмодовые GPS/Galileo при местоположения на электронной «просто GPS» (по сведениям автора, емники создать... приемники работают в ос трехмодовых приемников GPS/ГЛО Есть индивидуальные и мобильные новном... позиционирование. ностью, устойчивостью к вибрациям рованную GPS/ГЛОНАСС аппаратуру и другим внешним воздействиям... подготовила Галина БОЛЬШОВА 9 В полосе частот GPS это прежде всего узкополос ный...



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... very few (if any) impact 15 A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 16 the Ocean Color Time... to Basics strategy initiative. The GPS III, National Polar-orbiting Operational... (GPSW) successfully launched the second GPS IIR(M2) satellite in FY06... on the follow-on system, GPS IIF, which will provide IIR... services, and the next-generation GPS III, which will further enhance... with Back to Basics, the GPS III program was restructured into... (MiTEx) and the GPS II-R15(M2) modernized GPS satellite. In April... of which are associated with GPS latitude and longitude impact coordinates... and agencies on matters concerning GPS and related systems. Deputy Secretary... availability of civilian upgrades to GPS. DOC completed an economic study... limits. In the area of GPS data services, NOAA continued to... highly accurate positional coordinates to GPS users through Web-based utilities... professional surveyors, to submit their GPS observations via the Internet to..., anyone with a single geodetic quality GPS receiver may position themselves in... and refractive index measurements from GPS satellites in the Global Forecast... (GFS) model. The signals from GPS satellites are used to probe... for international cooperation related to GPS, promote the U.S. message at international... in Y e a r tations with Russia on GPS and the Global Orbiting Navigation... Ministry of Civil Aviation o f P r e s i d e n t 54 15 years, which has been in... Wildlife Service (FWS) scientists use GPS technology and remotely sensed data.... The FWS has been using GPS and remote sensing data for... is using real-time submeter GPS coast in coordination with the..., used infrared photo imagery and GPS units to create a digital vegetation... applications. Refuge personnel also used GPS units to document location data... map, which used MODIS and GPS field data to locate saltcedar..., prevention, and USGS scientists obtained GPS locations from satellite transmitters on... 24 American White Pelicans. The GPS data allow scientists to determine.... Investigators were able to plot GPS locations on NAIP images or... increased by 0.9 percent over the 15-year period. The net decrease... format digital camera imagery, and GPS to monitor and assess the... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies by farmers. In 2006... bending of radio signals from GPS as the signals pass through... vapor profiles derived from the GPS data by COSMIC not only... interagency efforts to ensure that GPS remains an essen­ tial component.... In January 2006, DOS led GPS consultations with Japan on the... on the civilian use of GPS. Among the topics the Quasi... both supplementary and interoperable with GPS. QZSS is expected to strengthen... U.S.-EU Agreement on cooperation between GPS and Europe’s planned Galileo satellite for GPS. Significant progress has been made... pursuit of greater interoperability between GPS and the Russian GLONASS satellite... to promote the use of GPS and its applications, and provided... on the U.S. spacebased PNT policy, GPS modernization, Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) applications, and GPS international cooperation activities. Promoting U.S. Exports... 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 1 153 103 Failure 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b... 23 18 26 19 16 15 France c 2 0 0 6 TOTAL USSR/ CIS Y e a r 1957...-001A Atlas 5 Interplanetary probe Feb. 15, 2006 Echostar 10 2006-003A... Zenit-3SL Communications satellite Apr. 15, 2006 Formosat 3A, 3B, 3C... Sep. 25, 2006 GPS-2R-15 2006-042A Delta 2 GPS/Navigational satellite 20,414...,601 14,230 14,868 15,364 15,379 16,198 16...,871 14,360 14,322 15,234 15,765 490 561 814... 17,679 17,906 15,616 14,181 15,023 14,106...,203 12,941 14,326 15,740 19,388 19,115... 82 USDA 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 8 8 14 16 15 20 19 15 23 19 18 21... 8,759 10,054 12,520 15,674 17,448 20,277...,946 16,417 16,064 15,877 15,612 16,010 16...,699 21,057 17,544 15,571 12,908 12,175... 11,553 11,577 15,489 12,807 15,064 16,459...,616 17,008 16,577 15,632 15,341 14,918 14...,372 14,968 15,246 15,487 15,140 15,699 15,765 2,698 3,042...,053 14,044 14,547 15,354 14,854 16,118... 236 245 DOC 269 225 15 61 135 142 133 92... est. 2005 actual 2006 actual 15,568 16,755 14,747... program budget within its totals. A c t i v i t i e s 15,765 2 0 0 6 15,234 Y e a r NASA 1 F i s c a l federal spaCe... GLONASS GloVis GNSS GOES-N GOFC GPS GPSW GRC GRP GSFC Gamma...



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... in Long Range Imaging..75 GPS Metric Tracking for the ARES... Flight Safety Systems course with 15 students. The Range Safety Operations... in September of 2006 with 15 students in attendance. The course... Bethesda, Maryland in September 2006. 15 Lunar Surface Access Module The... Air Force Base, California (May 15-19). The audit team at... rocket, receiving data from the GPS constellation and maintaining links with... attitude data from an onboard GPS and inertial measurement unit sensors... 5, 2006. A singlechassis, dual-processor, dual-GPS system was used. The primary.... 58 The test incorporated redundant GPS sensors and used two independently... transmit autonomous flight safety system GPS metric tracking and flight termination... the Melbourne area and covers 15 square miles, was able to... customers for this product. 76 GPS Metric Tracking For the ARES... will require the use of GPS metric tracking for all vehicles... operational radars by relying on GPS metric tracking data from the... Weapons X X X X X X Functional Support ASC (FPQ-15) X X FPQ-14 FPQ-14 91... 91.14 ARC ARC FPQ-15 Ascension Ascension Kaena Point KSC...) (MPS-39) (MPS-39) X X X X The GPS metric tracking requirement was accepted... approach for GPS metric tracking, NASA plans to include GPS metric tracking... the Air Force will make GPS metric tracking a standard part of...’s ARES launch vehicles will use GPS metric tracking for ascent flight... link commands Receive and process GPS data Send return link data... processing functions. The commercially available GPS receiver is the third board... and telemetry processor receives GPS data via the GPS board interface and... data, command status data, and GPS data. One Ethernet and several... the serial interface, Ethernet interface, GPS interface, configuration EPROM functions and... command and telemetry processor and GPS boards have been tested together... necessary. The unit also contains a GPS sensor/receiver that will provide accurate GPS tracking for range ground stations... 2006, the panel had met 15 times, plus supported multiple splinter... feet in radial position and 15 feet/second in radial velocity... Mission 1/19/06 3/22/06 4/15/06 4/20/06 4/28/06... NRO L-22 Shuttle Shuttle GPS 2R-15 STEREO DMSP F17 GPS Shuttle NRO L-21... Name Autonomous Soaring UAV Altair 8/15/2006 Altair 8/16/2006 Altair...



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... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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.............................................................................. 9 III. ROBOTIC EARTH ORBITAL ACTIVITIES ......................................... 15 A. Telecommunications ........................................................................... 15 B. Remote Sensing .................................................................................. 29 IV... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... TacSat-2’s downlinks were resolved on 15 March by some software changes... is $3,500 (+tax), which includes 15 flight parabolas over a period of... U.S. retailer “The Sharper Image”, effective 15 May, selling them through its... Canaveral Air Force Station on 15 June, leaving its two U.S. reconnaissance... initial long Centaur firing (about 15 minutes). ULA had enough of... (Germany) signed an agreement on 15 February to increase production of... vehicle was estimated to have a 15% performance margin over the planned... a potential mass growth reserve of 15% for several components whose final... space agency Roskosmos announced on 15 November 2006 that an initial... during November (see below). On 15 June EADS space division Astrium... by Boeing Satellite Systems International 15 (BSSI) under a unique contract that... and communications services over its 15-year design lifetime. In contrast.... Its design service life is 15 years. 18 Eutelsat (France) ordered...’s existing mobile satellite service. On 15 May ESA selected Inmarsat, and... Communication Systems Inmarsat announced on 15 November 2006 that its first... data-linked Global Positioning System (GPS) position reports from aircraft. Other... the first part of a planned $15-billion overhaul of U.S. air-traffic... from the Global Positioning System (GPS). This feature, if implemented, would... the U.S. military to degrade civil GPS signals. The U.S. had stopped using... incorporated into the next-generation GPS-3 system. The Air Force completed... 14 September of the new GPS ground segment, which controls the..., which will apply to the U.S. GPS-3 L1C and Galileo L1F satellites... begin operations in 2012; the GPS-3 L1C spacecraft in 2013. Satamatics... Tracker, a device that uses the GPS navigation signal, relayed by Inmarsat... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... where Buddha received enlightenment. On 15 January the U.S. National Academy of... and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) on 15 December 2006 that will allow... in April. On 7 April Expedition-15 cosmonaut crewmembers Fyodor Yurchikhin, commander... Shuttle’s robotic Canadarm and the 15-m Orbiter Boom Sensor System extension... blanket was successfully repaired during a 15 June spacewalk by Shuttle astronauts... 23 July the ISS Expedition-15 crewmembers Clay Anderson and Fyodor... on 21 October with Expedition-15 crewmembers Yurchikhin and Kotov, although... Russian helicopters. The third Expedition-15 crewmember, Clayton Anderson, remained aboard... fully deployed. The ISS Expedition-15 crewmember Clayton Anderson joined Discovery... the agreement, Europe will fund 15% - 20% of the Webb’s $4.5-billion... it would descend to about 15-km altitude. A throttleable engine would... which the prize drops to $15 million for missions completed before... previous 2-dimensional inlets), conducted on 15 June, reached Mach 10 and... Delta-V Experiment (HiDVE) will utilize a 15-kg satellite platform, to be... a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, stereo cameras, a three-dimensional... sensor technologies. The Centre’s initial 15 months of operation were co..., and especially Global Positioning System (GPS) applications. Space News’ annual “Launch... million; competitor DirecTV (USA) had 15 million subscribers at the end... France Presse holds the remaining 15 percent of the company. Tuscany... the launch of its latest GPS-based vehicle security and tracking... owners. Based on the latest GPS, global information system (GIS), global... initial satellite of an augmented GPS system, the Quazi Zenith Satellite... launched in 2010, will provide GPS signals and broadcasting from a highly... a combined 16.1 percent of the $15.6 billion IT market estimated among... Defense plans to stop procuring GPS satellites that provide Pentagon with... halted the intentional degradation of GPS satellite signals in May 2000... no longer be present in GPS 3 satellites, the Pentagon said. According... strong commitment to users of GPS that this free global utility... enhance the operation of the GPS constellation. The distributed server-based..., increase efficiency and accommodate future GPS capabilities as they become available... operates the Global Positioning System (GPS). GPS provides 3-D position data in longitude... delivered to orbit a replenishment Block 2R satellite for the U.S. Air Force... of the GPS 2R satellites. The launch also marked the second GPS mission aboard a Boeing Delta II in less than two months. GPS 2R-16(M) is the third of the modernized GPS satellites that... growth for satellite radio and GPS positioning and tracking is being... April); complete thermal vacuum test (15 June); satellite launch (30 November...



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... 25 Vehicle Launch Forecast 20 15 Actual Number of Vehicles Launched... 18 17 14 15 14 14 14 14 15 222 17.1 52... >9,000 5 7 11 9 12 13 13 15 15 17 18 20 20 175... category (4000-8000 lb), with 15% each in the Medium (2000...-2000, and as much as 15,000 lb or more in... 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 15 4 33 11.0 8 2.7 TOTAL = Arianespace HLV... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV... (May 1998) 1997 1998 1999 15 20 25 TOTAL = Ariane 1 1 Eumetsat...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF...-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 1 US-NOAA K 1 US-AF (DMSP 15) 1 US-NOAA L 1 US-AF (DMSP... 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 20 25 23 68 22... 26 28 166 16.6 9 14 15 100 10.0 25 2.5 18 1.8 0 0 0.0 2 13... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar 05 Long March 2 Ekran 18 Ekran 19 Gorizont Gorizont 15...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 US...-NOAA Goes 8 6 1 China-DFH 204 15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 4 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Japan-BS 3B 2 1 Eumetsat-Meteosat...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar... (Chatlet)1 US-AF Titan 4 (DSP 15) 1 1 1 1 1 US-NASA T3 Mars Observer...-Domestic 13 13 Russia-Domestic 0 0 0 15 Russia-Domestic 18 18 Russia... 1 Czech-Magion 3 Legend: 1 0 1 Russia-Domestic 15 MLV 4 4 Russia-Domestic 4 4 Russia-Domestic... after achieving operating status 15 15 Russia-Domestic 15 15 Russia-Domestic 1 5 4 Russia-Domestic...



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... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I SATELLITES ...............................8 4. RESULTS FROM THE... F LAUNCH VEHICLES USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES .............................12 5. RESULTS FROM... not enough. Figure 3 $83M Boeing GPS 2R-1 Satellite Launched in 2010 and... 100% certainty. Figure 3 is the GPS 2R-1 satellite that also failed prematurely... factory acceptance testing. After the GPS 2R-1 satellite payload power-on and... the other on-orbit GPS NUDET subsystems. The GPS 2R-1 satellite successfully completed... AEHF-1 satellite and the first GPS 2R-1 satellite (see Figure 3 and Figure.... The NUDET subsystem on the GPS 2R-1 satellite was not interoperable with... H1 0.5 0.6 1.0 --0.5 1.5 --1.0 4.3** -- ---0.4 0.7 -- 0 1.2 3.8 0.4 1.3 5.5 ------- ------- H2a H2b C 2.0 0.5 1.1 ---- ---- 2.0 3 3.0 6.0 9.0 -- ---- Total: 7.4 15.7 1.1 28.3 15.0 0.5 The results showed that at... matches a Gaussian distribution. Six additional GPS Block I satellites were in different... of the six on-orbit GPS satellites. Figure 9 Proprietary Cumulative Distribution... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I TEST & EVALUATION SATELLITES [5] 16... U.S. Air Force Global Positioning System (GPS) Block I on-orbit satellites between... access to 10 minutes of GPS satellite telemetry, every 6 hours. The... found. The venders of the GPS subsystem equipment with transient behavior... Space Mission s 8 The on-orbit GPS satellites, NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 6 suffered... to purchase over 100 additional GPS satellites and wanted to ensure... the purchase. Table 5 Summary of GPS Block I Satellite TT&C Subsystem Design... Orbit Period Orbit Inclination/Shape GPS Satellite 3-Axis 10,1000 miles... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 1 using Rubidium Atomic Clock... frequency standards used to generate GPS timing. An NRTE was also... filter data generated from the GPS satellite atomic clocks and other... 1983 (see Figure 14), the GPS NAVSTAR 5 satellite TT&C Motorola SGLS... #1 . Figure 12 $55M Air Force GPS NAVSTAR 1 Satellite in Factory Integration... have occurred. Table 6 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 1-3 Satellites [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT SUBSYSTEM EQUIPMENT... on the Telemetry from the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Reaction Wheel Assembly [17... Applicable Figure 15 An Artist Concept of the $85M GPS Block II... did conclude that the Motorola GPS Satellite SGLS RF transmitter would... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Motorola SGLS TT&C RF... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS spacecraft subsystem equipment failures in... 7 were 10 completed during the GPS program’s test and evaluation (T&E) phase... information from the six Block 1 GPS satellites in production at the... this paper. Table 7 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Exhibited a Transient Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 4-6 Satellites Some of the... of the GPS space segment during test & evaluation (T&E). [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT... changes include: Identify that the GPS satellite thermal blankets were degrading... blankets were added on future GPS satellites; A redesign of the #3 NiCd...; Using four atomic clocks per GPS satellite instead of three. Internal design changes to the GPS space-qualified rubidium and cesium...’S ATLAS E AND F USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES TO MEO N/A: Not... in 1978, ten Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites were launched using... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS program by the contractor’s spacecraft subsystem engineering team on GPS spacecraft equipment failures that occurred... author’s position, he directed the GPS Atlas launch team at Vandenberg... E & F Launch Vehicle History on the GPS Program NAVSTAR # Figure 17 Air... F Launch Vehicle used to Launch GPS NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 10 between... satellites including the 100 proposed GPS Block II satellites be launched... first Atlas F launched the first GPS satellite in February 1978. It... the launch of the first 7 GPS launches for the contractor including the GPS engineering team at Vandenberg AFB... NAVSTAR 5. SV-12 was the GPs Block 1 qualification vehicle. SV-1`2 was... military payloads. Since so many GPS satellites were to be purchased... Air Force hoped that the GPS satellite Bus would become a standard... purchased the company that produced GPS satellites had already established a long... predictive algorithms pioneered on the GPS program allowed the identification of... communications satellites and the military, GPS constellation of satellites. The Iridium... a minimum of redundant equipment. The GPS satellites subsystem equipment used a minimum... on Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites. On the GPS satellites, we demonstrated... for the Iridium, GLOBALSTAR and GPS satellites were obtained differently because....eoportal.org [17] Losik, Len, “GPS Quarterly Orbital Test Report,” 1983... launch vehicles. As the Boeing GPS Space and Ground Segment Manager...-orbit operations of over 52 GPS satellites. During the test & evaluation... predictive algorithms that demodulated the GPS spacecraft equipment telemetry to identify...



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... continuous presence, 167 people from 15 countries visited the ISS. On... 21, 2007, carrying returning Expedition 15 crewmembers Oleg Kotov and Fyodor... the lineup. Nearly filling Discovery’s 15-by-60-foot cargo bay... and successfully conducted 4 missions, supported 15 spacewalks, spent over 57 days... actively funding new launch vehicles. 15 16 and a CNES mission called... Positioning System (GPS) satellite (GPSIIRM-19) on March 15 from Cape Canaveral.... The Jumpstart mission realized a record 15-day timeline from final payload... sharing the advanced technologies of GPS at no cost to all... of the Global Positioning System (GPS) by hosting the meetings and... activities included interagency coordination of GPS-related programs and budgets, guiding...), protecting the spectrum used by GPS, and outreach and education. OSC... fully compatible and interoperable with GPS. The agreement allows JAXA to..., providing satellite observations that enhance GPS-QZSS interoperability. OSC conducted a study... use of so-called “semicodeless” GPS equipment, which A c t i v i t i e s In FY08, the... Y e a r deparTmenT of CommerCe leverages military GPS signals to enable high-precision... P r e s i d e n t supporting semicodeless access to military GPS signals through December 31, 2020... which time the modernized civil GPS signals will be fully available... the second meeting of the GPS Galileo Working Group “B” on Trade... to promote the use of GPS for precision agriculture, landscape epidemiology... users the ability to use GPS to determine elevations relative to... will ensure the accuracy of GPS data. NGS acquired nearly 23... users to determine highly accurate GPS positions, which will improve the... satellites launched to modernize the GPS constellation. Once operational, this facility will improve the accuracy of GPS-derived elevations. Accurate elevations remain... Ethiopia in building a network of GPS CORSes and making the data... American land mass. On April 15, Landsat 7 completed its 9th year... information. in remote sensing and GPS technologies. Today, a wide range of... images to satellite radar, and GPS technology to support a wide variety... applications using remote sensing and GPS do not include the enormous... Midwest Region used aerial photography, GPS, and aerial surveillance to use... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies. A c t i v i t i e s remained ongoing. NASS identified... efforts in FY08 to promote GPS and its augmentation in accordance..., DC, at the first U.S.-EU GPS Plenary to explore coordination on issues of mutual interest. GPS public diplomacy efforts in Europe... International Subcommittee of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee meeting. The... on compatibility and interoperability with GPS also took place with Russia... that would be interoperable with GPS. With India, the DOS discussed... 100 geospatial experts from over 15 countries presented papers about geoinformation... modern space geodetic technologies, including GPS. A c t i v i t i e s With regard to space issues... 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 155 106... 23 18 26 19 16 15 25 16 USSR/ CIS Y e a r 1957... military communications October 17, 2007 GPS 2R-17 2007-047A Delta 2 Navigational... 20, 2007 GPS 2R-18 2007-062A Delta 2 Navigational January 15, 2008 Thuraya... and as USA 196 Replaced GPS 2A-14 in Plane F and... Reconnaissance Office Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199... 1 in Plane C to replace GPS 2A-24. GPS 2A-24 moved to replace GPS 2A-20 United Arab Emirates (... 30, 2008 Mission Objectives March 15, 2008 Navstar 62 2008-012A... USA 201 and as GPS 2R-19(M) Standby GPS replacement satellite Geostationary communications... Eyharts and returned Daniel M. Tani 15:18:11 Delivered the Japanese... Scott E. Parazynski Douglas H. Wheelock Highlights 15:2:24 George D. Zamka o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 144 Leland...,601 14,230 14,868 15,364 15,379 16,198 16... 14,360 14,322 15,234 15,765 15,568 16,502 490... 17,679 17,906 15,616 14,181 15,023 14,106...,203 12,941 14,326 15,740 19,388 19,115... 90 USDA 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 8 8 14 16 15 20 19 15 23 19 18 21... 8,759 10,054 12,520 15,674 17,448 20,277...,632 16,323 15,873 15,430 15,416 15,292 15,926 16,222...,109 16,700 16,746 15,994 16,502 DOD 2,871... 14,953 14,942 15,478 16,336 15,805 17,150... 232 218 162 108 75 15 65 96 156 98 92... P r e s i d e n t 2007 actual 2008 actual NASA1, 2 15,568 DOD DOE 3 A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f Federal Agencies... 17,282 852 18,179 15,247 17,231 22,487... 603 DOI 87 90 87 15 88 87 86 USDA 65... 46 DOT 12 13 14 0 15 11 12 NSF 404 479... GloVis GMSEC GNSS GOES GPM GPS GPSIIRM-19 GPSRO GRAV-D GRC... Measurement Global Positioning System specific GPS satellite Global Positioning System Radio...



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... and optimal guidance laws. Missile GPS/INS sensor technology. Assessments included low cost INS and GPS/INS integration. Missile design technology... optimal. Les technologies des capteurs GPS/INS avec une e´ valuation de... Control Technology by E. Berglund 3 INS/GPS for Strike Warfare Beyond the... and optimal guidance laws. Missile GPS/INS sensor technology. Assessments included... (INS) and Global Positioning System (GPS)/INS integration. Missile design technology... technology, guidance & control technology, missile GPS/INS technology, and missile design... and control, seeker, missile design, GPS/INS sensors, missile/aircraft integration... cost. G&C. Guidance & control technologies include GPS/INS, in-flight guidance optimization... 3 meters circular error probable (CEP). GPS/INS precision accuracy permits a low... MEMS gyros/accelerometers. Benefits of GPS/INS integration include higher precision... at high altitude with a modern GPS receiver will have lower susceptibility to jamming. The availability of GPS to continuously update the inertial... of the sensors (e.g., SAR, GPS receiver, INS). GPS/INS Kalman filters with... a clutter environment. GPS accuracy in the Wide Area GPS Enhancement (WAGE), differential...-sideslip, dynamic pressure) from the GPS/INS, the missile can continuously... Guidance & Control Seeker Missile Design GPS / INS Sensor Missile / Aircraft Integration... / Window Multi-spectral Multi-lens GPS / INS In-flight Optimize α / β Feedback... hard kill systems, e.g.: • Jamming of GPS signals • Jamming of radar seekers... weapons, it is obvious that GPS countermeasures become more interesting. An... on inertial navigation and GPS. If the GPS receiver is jammed in... of affordable navigational systems (integrated GPS/INS) offers precision in the... the continuous improvement of the GPS system. • Integration between guidance and... blank Page intentionnellement blanche 4-1 INS/GPS for Strike Warfare Beyond the...) and the Global Positioning System (GPS) as a key technology for Strike... reviews the functionality that INS/GPS provides the Missile Guidance, Navigation... likely future uses of INS/GPS in precision strike missiles. Applications... the inherent accuracy of the GPS system (15 Meter CEP). These inexpensive... requiring a terminal seeker. These INS/GPS guided weapon are only useful... a very valuable operational capability. INS/GPS also provides accurate midcourse guidance... attacking fixed targets. The INS/GPS midcourse guidance system can guide... target location uncertainty. However, INS/GPS can help reduce the complexity... to accomplish. An integrated INS/GPS can, therefore, become a limiting factor... the aircraft INS/GPS and the weapon INS/GPS. Since GPS acts as... trend is towards integrated INS/GPS systems. GPS requires a complete navigation system... of a typical aircraft integrated INS/GPS system and a typical tactical missile... requirement for the integrated INS/GPS. Balancing these different design requirements... Performance Metrics Impacted by INS/GPS Performance Metrics The performance of the integrated INS/GPS system impacts several important missile... is limited by a combination of GPS accuracy and target location accuracy... INS/GPS guided weapon is on the order of 15 meters. INS/GPS... of adverse weather performance. INS/GPS weapons can attack fixed targets... are very compatible with INS/GPS guidance. Relocatable or moving targets... search area. Therefore, the INS/GPS performance will impact the performance... total mission target set. 4-5 INS/GPS performance impacts warhead effectiveness. The... Conclusion In summary, integrated INS/GPS systems are a key technology for... K F A I L L MT A E N R uidance To Autopilot Accelerometer GPS Altimeter 4-9 Navigation - Low Sampling Rate... / Longbow – – LOCAAS – – (1) - Large warhead desired. GPS / INS provides precision ( 3 meter) accuracy.... Some military planners hoped that GPS would reduce seeker requirements, and... voting public. Attempts to destroy GPS satellites could also raise a conflict.../GPS Complexity of ATA Problem INS/GPS Steers Weapon Weapon Autopilot Pre-GPS GPS... Bombs IMU Only Or Gyro GPS INS/GPS For Certain Target & Warhead... - Good Enough Commercial Systems Figure 3. GPS Impact on Seeker Operation • Military... Kill Autonomy Reduced Dependence on GPS AntiStealth Impact Confirmation High Impact...-Kill SAR I 2R LADAR Reduced Dependence on GPS – • MMW I 2R Laser LADAR Autonomoy.... Required Missile Maneuverability 6-11 INS GPS Generic SAR Seeker Long Range... 7-9 Guidance and Control Flight Control GPS / INS Trajectory Optimization ATR Seeker... / Yield ) ∆ Castings ( 1.25 / 1.25 ) ∆ Fittings ( 1.15 / 1.15 ) .0 Thermal Loads ( 1.00 / 1.00 ) Note... Planning Variability S ta tio n a r y T a r g e ts GPS F ix 9-14 F ra tric id... c t T a rg e t L o o k A L ik e R e c o n n a is s a n c e A ccu racy GPS A ccu racy M o v ers H id e rs... Fusion Systems Adverse Weather Countermeasures GPS Jammig Sensor Jamming Deception High... and optimal guidance laws. • Missile GPS/INS sensor technology. Assessments included low cost INS and GPS/INS integration. • Missile design technology...



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... Kibo airlock. Launched on July 15, 2009, Space Shuttle Endeavour also... internal and external to NASA. 15 16 SCaN achieved major progress... effects were gathered using the F-15 research aircraft and large-wing.... The launch of the final GPS IIR satellite on August 17... enhanced the Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation, providing navigation and timing... Surveillance Spacecraft (STSS) program, two GPS satellites, and the commercial launch..., to DOD capabilities, from the GPS signal utilized at no cost... concerning the Global Positioning System (GPS) and related systems. The Department... to educate the public about GPS. These included various conferences and... for a new science exhibit called “GPS Adventures Arkansas,” two new trade... on trade issues related to GPS and Europe’s Galileo system. OSC... highly compatible and interoperable with GPS for enhanced coverage over Japan... seafloor spreading. All maps, compasses, GPS units, and even iPhones rely... history inconsistent. NGS reanalyzed the GPS data collected from 1994 through... a variety of purposes, including precise GPS satellite positions, precise position of...) so that users can submit U.S. GPS or GLONASS data for precise.... Incorporating GLONASS satellites into traditional GPS solutions enhances their accuracy and... satellites to process a solution. For GPS receivers to provide accurate information... the attention of trade magazines. GPS World highlighted NGS in their... investment in remote sensing and GPS technologies. A wide range of its.../im/inventory/veg/index.cfm.) GPS is also a critical tool in...) data and the National Differential GPS system maintained by the U.S. Coast... pronghorn. Archival Landsat imagery and GPS collar locations of bison were... savings over the use of GPS field devices on the ground... to conduct geodetic investigations using GPS, LIDAR, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... USGS operated approximately 100 continuous GPS stations along the San Andreas...-of-the-art, continuously operating GPS stations operated by the Scripps... 14, 2009. Satellite InSAR and GPS are essential elements of the.... The USGS used InSAR and GPS data to track minute surface... used LIDAR data supplemented with GPS and ground survey data to... color composites. The BIA processed 15 Landsat 7 ETM+ scenes per mosaic... planned for the longitude 95.15° west orbit location. Intelsat relinquished... submitting a required performance bond. • June 15, 2009: to Intelsat for a geostationary.... Acreage estimates were created for 15 different crops, up from 5 the... payloads—the special space-based GPS radio occultation (RO) receivers, Tiny... produced from 1,500 to 2,000 GPS RO soundings per day. Ninety... Plenary meeting under the U.S.-EU GPS-Galileo Cooperation Agreement of 2004... Group C worked on characterizing a combined GPS-Galileo A c t i v i t i e s The Department of State... the U.S.-Japan Joint Statement on GPS S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 126 system, and Japan also.... frequency compatibility and interoperability between GPS and Russia’s GLONASS as well... the reliability and accuracy of GPS. State speakers supported this campaign... integration into the world economy. GPS applications to increase food security... synergy of Earth observation, GIS, GPS, and Webbased mapping tools with... Y e a r international section of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee, and the... 1 8 9 12 12 12 11 8 7 12 4 15 1 1 2 2 2 2 4 0 2 2 0 4 1 0 0 3 1 4 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 1 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 4 4 7 10 3 8 3 8 8 3 1 4 1 2 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 0 3 0 2 1 2 2 2 0 0 Failure 0 4 2 2 2 1 0 0 1 1b 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1b 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 156... military surveillance radar satellite November 15, 2008 STS-126/Endeavour 2008...-011A Kepler Delta 2 Astrophysics March 15, 2009 STS-119/Discovery 2009... 20,093 718 55.1 GPS 2R-20 replaced GPS 2A-27 in the... payload aboard a Falcon rocket July 15, 2009 STS-127/Endeavour 2009... as USA 206 and as GPS 2R-21(M) Delivered and installed the... Shuttle Endeavour (STS-126) November 15, 2008 Space Shuttle Discovery (STS... R. Pettit Sandra H. Magnus Gregory E. Chamitoff 15:20:29 Primary payload: Multi... Flight Engineer Gregory E. Chamitoff March 15, 2009 Lee J. Archambault Dominic A. “Tony... Telescope Servicing Mission 4 Soyuz TMA-15 (Expedition 20) May 27, 2009... Shuttle Endeavour (STS-127) July 15, 2009 Mark L. Polansky Douglas G. Hurley... H. Marshburn Timothy L. Kopra Koichi Wakata 15:16:45 Primary payload: Kibo...,601 14,230 14,868 15,364 15,379 16,198 16... 14,360 14,322 15,234 15,765 15,568 16,502 17... 64 USDA 1 1 1 1 2 2 3 2 4 1 6 8 8 14 16 15 20 19 15 23 19 18 21... 16,711 16,250 15,797 15,783 15,656 16,305 16... 18,258 14,450 15,309 15,298 15,846 16,725 16....6 22.6 21.6 21.6 12 14 15 361 310 515 217 A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 158 USDA 15 146 (1) The 2008 Consolidated Appropriations... GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPS Global Positioning System GRAV-D Gravity...