Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-17. [Редактировать]

Навигационный космический аппарат изготовленный специалистами компании Lockheed Martin Space Systems. Выйдя на расчетную орбиту высотой около 18 тыс. км, спутник присоединится к уже развернутой группировке из 28 спутников GPS, дающих пользователям системы возможность мгновенно определять собственные 3D-координаты с точностью до единиц метров. Спутники серии 2R, особенно в сочетании с принципиально новыми пользовательскими приемниками, позволят существенно превзойти уже достигнутые показатели. Это станет возможным благодаря возросшей мощности передатчика, а также перехода к использованию трех принципиально новых сигналов. Как сообщает New Scientist, их использование не только повысит точность и надежность определения координат, но и позволит применять высокоточное оружие с GPS-наведением в условиях активного радиопротиводействия со стороны противника. Сполна оценить новые возможности навигационной спутниковой системы смогут не только военные, но и простые пользователи один из новых сигналов позволит гражданским пользователям принимать сигналы не на одной, а на двух частотах, что позволит эффективнее бороться с искажениями, вносимыми ионосферой Земли, и, в конечном итоге, улучшит точность определения местоположения.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Navstar 60НайтиНайти
2USA 196НайтиНайти
332260НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Тип орбиты - ГПО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2032
2Платформа, LM-40001
3Габариты, см190х190х150

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град53.7
2Апогей, км20354.1
3Перигей, км20024.8
4Период, минут718.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26560

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2007-047A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2007-10-17 at 12:23:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-17
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2

Найдено 820 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-17». [Перейти к поиску]


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... launched from Kazakhstan carrying Expedition 17 crewmembers Sergei Volkov and Oleg... Ulysses mission, after more than 17 years in space, or almost...-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers 17 the poles of the Sun... Force launched a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite (GPSIIRM-19) on March... sharing the advanced technologies of GPS at no cost to all... Certification Office’s certification of the C-17 and B-1 aircraft to use a 50... 40 safety inspections on over 17 different types of licensed and... of the Global Positioning System (GPS) by hosting the meetings and... activities included interagency coordination of GPS-related programs and budgets, guiding...), protecting the spectrum used by GPS, and outreach and education. OSC... fully compatible and interoperable with GPS. The agreement allows JAXA to..., providing satellite observations that enhance GPS-QZSS interoperability. OSC conducted a study... use of so-called “semicodeless” GPS equipment, which A c t i v i t i e s In FY08, the... Y e a r deparTmenT of CommerCe leverages military GPS signals to enable high-precision... P r e s i d e n t supporting semicodeless access to military GPS signals through December 31, 2020... which time the modernized civil GPS signals will be fully available... the second meeting of the GPS Galileo Working Group “B” on Trade... to promote the use of GPS for precision agriculture, landscape epidemiology... users the ability to use GPS to determine elevations relative to... will ensure the accuracy of GPS data. NGS acquired nearly 23... users to determine highly accurate GPS positions, which will improve the... satellites launched to modernize the GPS constellation. Once operational, this facility will improve the accuracy of GPS-derived elevations. Accurate elevations remain... Ethiopia in building a network of GPS CORSes and making the data... (BIS) o f latory interpretation of section 17(c) of the Export Administration Act... and predictability for exporters S p a c e t h e 80 17(c) sets certain criteria for determining... information. in remote sensing and GPS technologies. Today, a wide range of... images to satellite radar, and GPS technology to support a wide variety... applications using remote sensing and GPS do not include the enormous... Midwest Region used aerial photography, GPS, and aerial surveillance to use... Program acquired aerial photographs for 17 National Wildlife Refuges (NWRs) and... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies. A c t i v i t i e s remained ongoing. NASS identified... correlator inside the high-site (17,000-foot) technical building. The... Y e a r telescope located at 5,200 meters (17,000 feet) on Cerro Toco... efforts in FY08 to promote GPS and its augmentation in accordance..., DC, at the first U.S.-EU GPS Plenary to explore coordination on issues of mutual interest. GPS public diplomacy efforts in Europe... International Subcommittee of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee meeting. The... on compatibility and interoperability with GPS also took place with Russia... that would be interoperable with GPS. With India, the DOS discussed... Capetown hosted a conference during March 17–19, 2008, where over 100... modern space geodetic technologies, including GPS. A c t i v i t i e s With regard to space issues... Israel 1 1 2 2 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 4 2 5 3 1 5 1 3 1 5 2 3 6 6 4 5 1 4 6 8 5 3 13 5 71 109 1 3 2 A c t i v i t i e s 2 1 3 3 6 20 17 30 48 44 66 74... 13 18 18 22 22 17 6 8 12 17 27 20 31 24... (°) Unavailable Geostationary military communications October 17, 2007 GPS 2R-17 2007-047A Delta 2 Navigational... Atlas 5 Military December 20, 2007 GPS 2R-18 2007-062A Delta 2 Navigational... and as USA 196 Replaced GPS 2A-14 in Plane F and... Reconnaissance Office Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199... 1 in Plane C to replace GPS 2A-24. GPS 2A-24 moved to replace GPS 2A-20 United Arab Emirates (... USA 201 and as GPS 2R-19(M) Standby GPS replacement satellite Geostationary communications..., 2008 Soyuz TMA-12 (Expedition 17) Launch Date April 8, 2008 198...,198 16,623 16,285 17,117 261 462 926 1,797...,768 14,126 16,287 17,679 17,906 15,616 14... 10 12 12 12 5 3 2 2 8 14 17 31 29 34 33 31...,054 12,520 15,674 17,448 20,277 21,768...,926 23,199 19,493 17,496 14,664 13,949...,422 18,352 14,838 17,413 18,832 20,651... 17,468 17,092 16,893 16,611 17,035 17,388 17,631 17,298 17,757 17,657 16,731 17,117...,480 13,626 16,029 17,512 19,221 18,743 18,096 17,638 16,632 16,323... 9,436 10,884 13,714 17,333 18,765 22,664...,894 21,333 19,540 17,833 14,114 14,953...,478 16,336 15,805 17,150 18,408 22,248... 19,589 18,067 17,864 17,522 4,110 17,812 18,628... actual 2008 actual 16,502 17,282 852 18,179 15,247 17,231 22,487 24,795... GloVis GMSEC GNSS GOES GPM GPS GPSIIRM-19 GPSRO GRAV-D GRC... Measurement Global Positioning System specific GPS satellite Global Positioning System Radio...



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... 392 364 336 308 280 17 18 19 20 21 22....4M 10 year flight rate: 17.7 Right/Up Annual Contractor Costs... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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.... & Associates, 2002. 23 ASPRS Forecast. GPS GEO-REFERENCED INFORMATION GIS & Visualization... a business perspective, the increased accuracy • GPS-enabled timing devices, used to... U.S. State Intelligence released a report entitled “GPS World by U.S. suppliers (see particular... satellite navigation systems (GPS, an increasing role for GPS in what they... the post 9/11 market realities. GPS Markets” (© 2002). Department indicates a weakening... important emerging GPS initiatives is marketplace: in 1998, the GPS receiver market.... 7 “Terrorism Attacks Accelerate Interest in GPS Applications”, ibid. August 10, 1990... also well “positioned” to bring GPS-enabled techno- and communications industries... CHARACTERISTICS MARKET CHARACTERISTICS FIGURE C FIGURE D GPS MARKET TRENDS: 1996-2002 GLOBAL... telematics”, 17 see “GPS and Aviation Safety” in GPS North American GPS Market Share... < 1% Land 72% Timing 6% Space Transportation 8% GPS 9% Aviation 7% Military 8% Marine 7% Source: U.S. Dept... motorists have trouble • Miniaturization of GPS technologies getting lost. So they... terrestrial or satellite transmitters) board GPS-based autolanding system17. SATELLITE NAVIGATION... spur growth development • Demand for GPS technologies to address aviation particularly... expansion ensures availability and accuracy • GPS-enabled navigation initiatives spur product... recreational marine markets that use GPS technologies • Hydrographic survey/mapping in... our • Falling prices Restraints: • Gradual GPS data integration into avionic support... a • Low adoption rates for new GPS technologies stopwatch20.” The testimonial was.... tion of time. GPS-enabled navigational initiatives GPS General Aviation market grew... of state-of-the-art GPS receivers. GPS World, July 2002, The... 23 A comprehensive Current and future GPS-related applications 23 • Synchronization/orientation of communication/ GPS satellites continuously communicate position Drivers... increasingly require precise overview of GPS include : relative navigation networks (EPLRS.... Positions military products and • Assisted-GPS for tactical indoor applications, JTIDS... Observatory’s Master • Escalating reliance on GPS-enabled technologies Clock which is... official time-keeper for the U.S. • GPS increasingly meeting military demands for... • Increased rate of integration of GPS into battlefield managemenflt systems Block... glide- signals from a formation of GPS satellites (ideally Restraints: the precise... options for timing: GPS-aided timing operating GPS data not always the... of the Transportation Infrastructure. Canadian GPS community. Global Space Sector Market..., U.S. Congress approves US$173 M for GPS satellite PriceWaterhouseCooper release business case... Communication & Surveillance Systems) to supply GPS CSI Wireless unveils Asset-Link...- services for the U.S. Nationwide Differential GPS, Shenzhen Shenyuan Trading Company for...$1.3 M. (UWB) yet protects GPS signals from intentional GPS 2F Modernization program. version....redherring and specialized GPS. radio companies, and the GPS community, reiterate CSI... to Mobile Knowledge. the entire GPS infrastructure. cranes manipulating shipping containers... disruption, U.S. Depar- new, cost-effective GPS technology to monitor the generation... planning, execution, and analysis of GPS surveys. other. Standard mechanisms currently..., the operational GPS constellation consists of 28 Block 2/2A/2R satellites. Replenish... OPPORTUNITIES MARKET TRENDS AND OPPORTUNITIES GPS Modernization be upgraded by 2006... the GPS-2R satellites may reach modernization, World, September 2001; of the GPS... funding from the GPS-3 budget to cover non-GPS to bring the... building the satellites, modifying the GPS resistance31. Ground controllers will also... dubbed 2R/M for Modernized. Under power surges ten fold. Under GPS-3, the... fold. SATELLITE NAVIGATION GPS-3, see FIGURE F FIGURE E GPS Modernization Opportunities for Canada... OPPORTUNITIES FIGURE E FIGURE F EVOLUTION OF GPS GPS DEPLOYMENT: 2002-2015+ 32 Further... phase Boeing and LM GPS-2RM Launch GPS-2F Launch L2 L2... GPS 2015 and GLONASS network specifications. GPS-3 Planned launch GPS-3 Contract to begin GPS... three orbital planes Block 1 and 2 GPS satellites became fully operational. Conceived..., resulting in a replenishing of GPS funding rcial GPS equipment manufacturers are in.../backup to the GPS system yet continually Block 2R and 2F modernization... inclination 64.8° 55° Spacecraft”, GPS World, augmenting GPS. GLONASS is monitored by... hand, EU officials maintained a cautious GPS 2001 Conference, energy_transport/library/ some... its own internal wrangling, the U.S. GPS/military lobby maintained a less-thansubtle... service and manufacturing industry as GPS technologies encounter more acute integration... Deployment and Long-term Operations GPS to improve intelligence, surveillance, deployment... utilities). Ongoing Turbulence: FAA’s dual GPS-based navigational systems: WAAS and... monitoring and atmospheric science. Securing GPS Modernization Funding: Despite the The...- and the role of GPS therein, GPS modernization sing developments over the...



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... (MRI) ................. RNAV (GPS)-A NA when local weather not available. 17 AUG 2017.../DME Rwy 2923 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 114 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 292 1 ILS... (7AK)........................... RNAV (GPS)-A12 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 92 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 273 1 NA... closed. ANVIK (ANV)....................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 17 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 35 NA when... AMBLER, AK ATKA (AKA) .................................. RNAV (GPS)-A Categories A, B, 1300-2; Category C, 1300-3. AMBLER (AFM)..................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 1 Category D, 800-2¼. ATQASUK, AK... (ATK) .............................. NDB Rwy 6 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 6 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 24 NA when... (GPS)-A Categories A, B, 4000-2; Categories C, D, 4000-3. AK ALTERNATE MINS 17229 M1 17 AUG... BC Rwy 25 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 7 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 25 VOR Rwy... EMMONAK (ENM) .............. RNAV (GPS) Rwy 16 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 34 VOR Rwy.../DME Rwy 29 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 11 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 29 NA when local weather not available. 17 AUG 2017 to 12 OCT 2017 CHEVAK (VAK) ..................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 2 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 20 NA when... G PITKA SR (GAL) ................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 7 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 25 NA when... NDB Rwy 162 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 1634 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 3445 1 Categories... LOC/DME Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 23 VOR/DME...) ................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 3 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 21 RNAV (GPS) Rwy... CROSS (HCA) .......... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 11 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 192 NA when...) ........................LOC Rwy 191 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 1 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 191 VOR Rwy... BC Rwy 22 RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 4 RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 22 Category D, 800... BAY (HPB) ......... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 13 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 31 VOR/DME..., AK IGIUGIG (IGG) ...................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 23 NA when... BC Rwy 30124 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 123 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 303 VOR... KIVALINA (KVL) .................. RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 30 NA when..., AK KALSKAG (KLG) ........................... RNAV (GPS)-A RNAV (GPS) Rwy 6 NA when local weather... KALTAG (KAL) ..................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 31 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 212 1 Category A, 1100... LOC Rwy 20R1 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 2L RNAV (GPS) Rwy 20R VOR..., AK KOLIGANEK (JZZ)................ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 9 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 27 NA when.../DME Rwy 91 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 92 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 272 VOR...-2¼. MOUNTAIN VILLAGE (MOU) ................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 2 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 20 NA when... STUYAHOK (KNW) ... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 14 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 32 NA when... (KKA) ................................... NDB Rwy 11 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 1 Categories A, B, 900-2; Category..., AK MANOKOTAK (MBA) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 3 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 21 NA when local weather not available. NOME, AK 17... SR (MDM) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 71 RNAV (GPS)-A2 NA when local..., AK NUIQSUT (AQT) .................. RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 23 NA when... PALMER MUNI (PAQ) ......... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 9 RNAV (GPS)-A Category D, 800-2¼. NA when... MEKORYUK (MYU) ................................... NDB-B RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 23 Category D, 800...)....................... NDB Rwy 31 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 32 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 213 1 Categories... PILOT POINT (PNP) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 7 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 25 NA when... BC Rwy 182 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 182 3 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 36 1 ILS... PORT HEIDEN (PTH) .......... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 13 NA when... QUINHAGAK (AQH) ........... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 30 NA when..., AK RUBY (RBY) ......................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 3 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 21 NA when local weather not available. SAVOONGA, AK 17 AUG 2017 to 12 OCT 2017 SAVOONGA (SVA) ............... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 23 VOR Rwy... RUSSIAN MISSION (RSH) .................. RNAV (GPS) Rwy 17 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 351 NA when... (SCM)..... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 101 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 281 RNAV (GPS)-B2 NA...) .................. LOC/DME Rwy 17 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 17 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 35 NA when...) ................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 4 RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 22 RNAV (GPS) Z Rwy 22 RNAV (GPS) Rwy... ST. MICHAEL (SMK) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 2 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 20 NA when.... SEWARD, AK SEWARD (SWD) .......................... RNAV (GPS)-A Categories A, B, 2700-2. SHAKTOOLIK, AK SHAKTOOLIK..., AK SHUNGNAK (SHG) .............. RNAV (GPS) Rwy 9 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 27 NA when... Rwy 15 RNAV (GPS)-A RNAV (GPS) Y Rwy 33 RNAV (GPS) Z Rwy 33 VOR..., AK WAINWRIGHT (AWI) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 5 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 23 NA when..., AK WASILLA (IYS) ..................... RNAV (GPS) Rwy 4 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 22 NA when... NR 2 (WSN) ........................ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 13 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 31 NA when... MOUNTAIN (WMO) ............ RNAV (GPS) Rwy 15 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 33 NA when...) ........................... NDB Rwy RNAV (GPS) Rwy 12 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 192 VOR Rwy...)...................................LDA-C1 LDA-D2 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 103 1 Categories A, B, 1600-3; Category... 292 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 22 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 112 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 292... NDB Rwy 253 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 72 RNAV (GPS) Rwy 252 VOR... before proceeding on course. Rwy 2R, climb heading 035° to 2100...



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... (Küresel Uydu Seyir Sistemi) ..................................................................................................... 14 2.3.1.1 GPS-Global Positioning System (Küresel Konumland... System................................................ 25 2.3.1.6 GAGAN- GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GPS Destekli Yer Takviyeli... GNSS : Global Navigation Satellite System GPS : Global Positioning System IALA : International... GNSS’lerin minimum gereksinimleri (GNSS2)……………………………………………… 17 Çizelge 2.5 : Galileo Can Emniyeti Hizmeti... ve kâğıt harita gösterimi .................................................................. 11 Şekil 2.9: GPS uyduları, yer istasyonu ve al... Şekil 2.16: B Sınıf AIS .............................................................................................. 29 Şekil 2.17: A Sınıf AIS.............................................................................................. 29 Şekil 2.18: İstanbul... percepted by the user.  Recently GPS has vital important for the.... GNSS-1 mevcut sistemlere (GPS, GLONASS) verilen isimdir. GPS Yer Tabanlı Takviye Sistemleri... düzeltmelerle kullanıldığında Diferansiyel GPS (Differential GPS-DGPS) olarak bilinir. GNSS... Uydu Sistemi (IRNSS) vb.) içerecektir. GPS’in geliştirilmesi 1973 yılında... “Uzay Yarışı” Sovyet sistemi GLONASS’ın GPS’e paralel olarak gelişmesi ile... az uydunun yerleştirilmesi nedeniyle GPS’e nazaran 1980 ve 1990’larda...ıştır. Kullanım kolaylığı ve doğruluğu GPS’i dünya çapında her türden... Avrupa Birliği ülkeleri konsept olarak GPS’e benzeyen fakat öncelikle sivil kullan... değildir. Sabit aralık* (s) 1 1 1 1 1 Mevcut GPS ve GLONASS Sistemleri gibi birinci... kullanıcıdan kaynaklanabilecek hatalardan etkilenmektedir. 17 GNSS verisine ihtiyaç duyan en... bir hedef haline gelmiştir. 2.3.1.1 GPS-Global Positioning System (Küresel Konumlandırma Sistemi) GPS’in tarihsel gelişimine bak... NAVSTAR Küresel Konumlandırma Sistemi (GPS-Global Positioning System) adını alm... 1 uyduları olarak bilinmekte olup, ilk GPS uydu sinyali 1977 yılında al... düşürülmesi olayından sonra ABD GPS’i sivil kullanıma da açmıştır. Ancak...ştir. Haziran 1989’da Blok 2R uyduları General Electric’e (daha sonra... da gruptaki diğer Blok 2R uydularıyla karşılıklı ba... sistemini hemen kabul etmemiştir. GPS’in askerî kullanımı, 1990 yılında...ım ihtilaf süresince kapatılmıştır. 19 GPS 8 Aralık 1993’te, 6 yörüngesel düzlemde... almış olup, söz konusu politika ile; a. GPS’in ve ABD tarafından... güvenlik için ABD ve müttefiklerinin GPS’e erişimini korumak ve has... 2 roketi ile birinci Lockheed Martin GPS 2R-M uydusu yörüngeye atılmıştır. Modernize... ikinci sivil sinyale sahip olup, GPS’i sadece müdahaleye karşı güçlü kılmamış, ayn... olduğunda ulaşılacaktır. 8 Blok 2R-M 2006 ve 2009 yılları aras... Blok 2A ve 12 Blok 2R uyduyla beraber grup, 31 uyduya... atılmıştır. GPS 2F-1 61’inci GPS uydusu olup, GPS 2F-2 16 Temmuz... atılmıştır. 20 Bununla beraber GPS 3A olarak bilinen gelecek nesil GPS bakım programı 2006 yılında Lockheed Martin’e ihale edilmiştir. Planlı 8 GPS 3A uydularından ilkinin 2014 yılında atılması planlanmaktadır.[9] Şekil 2.9 : GPS uyduları, yer istasyonu ve al... noktası gibi kullanılmaktadır. Herbir GPS uydusu hassas konum ve zaman...ır. Sistemin uzun vadeli hedefi ise GPS ve GLONASS gibi küresel bir...ı verilmiştir. 2.3.1.6 GAGAN- GPS Aided GEO Augmented Navigation (GPS Destekli Yer Takviyeli...şten kaynaklı çevresel etkilerin de GPS alıcılarını etkilediği bilinmektedir. 26...çli müdahalenin bir yolu zayıf GPS sinyalini karıştırma iken, di...ırlar. Şekil 2.16: B Sınıf AIS Şekil 2.17: A Sınıf AIS. 29 Seyir Durumu ile... Bilgiler; Cayro Pusuladan gelen pruva, GPS’ten gelen konum, yere göre... uzunluğundaki Marmara Denizi ve 17 deniz mil uzunluğundaki İstanbul.... Ayrıca IMO kararı A.694(17)’de açıklanan GMDSS’in bir... olarak çalışılan ortalama sure 17 yıldır. Çizelge 3.5 : Denizci olarak çal...’i mevcut Küresel Konumlandırma Sistemi (GPS)’nin yedeği olarak farklı bir...ı sisteme olan güveni artıracaktır. (5) GPS halihazırda gemiler için hayati... RADAR tercih edilmekte ve konum GPS’ten teyit edilmektedir. 3.3.4.2 Gemi trafik... kullanıcı tarafından seçilebilmelidir. (8) GPS halihazırda gemiler için hayati... Navigation Satellite System-GNSS) GPS’tir. GNSS (GPS)’in yedeği olarak hangi...



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... 23 21 21 22 18 17 14 15 14 14 14 14 15 222 17.1 52% HLV >9,000 5 7 11 9 12 13 13 15 15 17 18 20 20 175 13...) projected an average demand of 17 payloads per year over the... in Figure 4. Arianespace also conducted 17 “hybrid” launches of one commercial... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF...-Service Module 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 8 2.7 4.0 12 8 20 20 6.7 2 5 1.7 2 6 2.0 5 17 5.7 1 ESA-Artimis 1 Japan-DRTS 1A...-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 1993 1994 1995 9 8 18 14 17 10 18 9 7 9 8 9 8 12 1 Intelsat 602... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar...-Mil/Science Legend: 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 Gorizont 17 Gorizont 18 Gorizont 19 Raduga...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar 17...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 US...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar... 3 Russia-Mil/Science 1 Mars Mission 1 1 1 1 17 7 7 1 1 1 Iridium 01 - 7 Iridium 02 - 7 Russia... (DSCS)1 US-AF Titan 4 (DSP 17) US-AF Titan 34D (DSCS... (DoD) 1 US-AF T4 (DSP 17) 1 US-AF T4 (Milstar 1) 1 US... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 Russia-Domestic 0 0 0 0 0 1 0.1 2 0 0 4 0.4 0 0 1 0.1 8 113 11.3 20 2.0 0 2 0.2 1 17 1.7 111 11.1 62 6.2 121 12...-Domestic 16 16 Russia-Domestic 17 17 Russia-Domestic 20 19 Russia... 1 Russia-Domestic 0 1 Israel-Gurwin 18 17 Russia-Domestic 1 Russia-Domestic 0 2 1 Russia...



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0.03/5
...’s Astra-1L and Intelsat’s Galaxy-17, whose total payload mass of... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo...-nation European Union and the 17-nation European Space Agency, after... load dropped from a U.S. Air Force C-17 flying at an altitude of.... The U.S. Air Force announced on 17 November that it would launch... Europe’s French Guiana spaceport on 17 July to prepare for its...-1L and Intelsat’s 4.1-tonne Galaxy-17 into their geostationary-orbit slots... Europe on 10 July. Galaxy-17, built on a Spacebus platform by... to Telesat Canada for the 17-GHz section of the radio... two were awarded to Ciel 17 for service in an extended... American market. ESA announced on 17 January that it will fund...’s total 2007 budget, released on 17 January. ESA and the French... data-linked Global Positioning System (GPS) position reports from aircraft. Other... from the Global Positioning System (GPS). This feature, if implemented, would... the U.S. military to degrade civil GPS signals. The U.S. had stopped using... incorporated into the next-generation GPS-3 system. The Air Force completed... 14 September of the new GPS ground segment, which controls the..., which will apply to the U.S. GPS-3 L1C and Galileo L1F satellites... begin operations in 2012; the GPS-3 L1C spacecraft in 2013. Satamatics... Tracker, a device that uses the GPS navigation signal, relayed by Inmarsat... of other navigational satellite systems GPS, Glonass, and the future Galileo... suggests that the U.S. government funds 17 Earth observing satellites between 2010... with undertaking two of the 17 new missions identified by the... taken over by the U.S. NOAA-17. Operation of the French/U.S. Jason... astronaut (Sunita Williams): 29 hours, 17 minutes, and the longest space... to complete the installation of 17 aluminum panels designed to protect... which six “astronauts” will spend 17 months in an isolation tank... Canaveral Air Force Station on 17 February into a 2,000 x 187,000... of the mission began on 17 April with separation of the... a combination of Global Positioning System (GPS) data, stereo cameras, a three-dimensional... a U.S. Air Force meteorological satellite (DMSP-17) by a Boeing Delta-4 rocket on... between release of the DMSP-17 spacecraft into its 850-km... and scientific workforce. Budgeted at $17 million for the fiscal year..., and especially Global Positioning System (GPS) applications. Space News’ annual “Launch... the launch of its latest GPS-based vehicle security and tracking... owners. Based on the latest GPS, global information system (GIS), global... initial satellite of an augmented GPS system, the Quazi Zenith Satellite... launched in 2010, will provide GPS signals and broadcasting from a highly... Defense plans to stop procuring GPS satellites that provide Pentagon with... halted the intentional degradation of GPS satellite signals in May 2000... no longer be present in GPS 3 satellites, the Pentagon said. According... strong commitment to users of GPS that this free global utility... enhance the operation of the GPS constellation. The distributed server-based..., increase efficiency and accommodate future GPS capabilities as they become available... operates the Global Positioning System (GPS). GPS provides 3-D position data in longitude... delivered to orbit a replenishment Block 2R satellite for the U.S. Air Force... of the GPS 2R satellites. The launch also marked the second GPS mission aboard a Boeing Delta II in less than two months. GPS 2R-16(M) is the third of the modernized GPS satellites that... growth for satellite radio and GPS positioning and tracking is being...



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... safety, environmental protection, air transportation 17 exist in the Boston ARTCC... determination of individual spacecraft using GPS receivers; • developed simplified equations of... U.S. remote sensing, Global Positioning System (GPS), satellite communications, and launch industries..., scientific, and governmental users of GPS technology during meetings of the... to host the offices Y e a r Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB), representing the... polar-orbiting environmental satellite, NOAA 17, pro- 49 During FY 2003... Center. In the area of GPS data services, NOAA acquired and... 2003, NOAA continued to use GPS and remote sensing technologies to... European Community toward cooperation between GPS and Europe’s planned Galileo satellite... and the end users of GPS technology, particularly with respect to... of the U.S. Government regarding the GPS-Galileo relationship. OSC also participated... ongoing bilateral cooperation related to GPS. These talks, held in October... cooperation to ensure interoperability between GPS and Japan’s planned Quasi-Zenith... of time signals received from GPS for the most demanding military... time scale. Using the microwave GPS carrier a n d frequency as the timing source instead of the GPS time code, NIST and its... interference between UWB devices and GPS, radar, and communications systems. NIST... 2003. The spectrum allocations for GPS. 2 0 0 3 results included updating satellite regulations.... These properties include high-precision GPS reference data, complete meteorological microclimate..., 2) the NOAA Forecast Systems a n d Laboratory GPS Surface Observation System Network, 3) the..., most tied to the aircraft GPS navigation log. These images are.... Satellite data were supplemented with GPS and geographic information system (GIS... being used in conjunction with GPS data for endangered species habitat...-resolution satellite remote sensing and GPS to support BIA and tribal... Action Plans sonnel also collected GPS data on high-priority dams... reporting period. BIA used commercial GPS receivers to collect data for... addition, digital aerial photographs with GPS coordinates were collected for all... the data using high-accuracy GPS ground control. They also generated.... AML specialists and contractors used GPS receivers to map subsidence complaints... use both the DOD Navstar GPS Precise Positioning Service (PPS) and augmented differential GPS for real-time positioning in... available. Over 1,500 Precise Lightweight GPS Receiver (PLGR) units have been... events. The demand for trained GPS technical specialists to conduct fire... the United States. In response, GPS training courses were taught in... NPS staff used approximately 400 GPS receivers for mapping and navigation... A c t i v i t i e s mation designs. Mine inspectors employed GPS to verify jurisdictional boundaries of... to expand its use of GPS for surface mine reclamation Y e a r a coal... a camera. The instrument 71 with GPS databases to provide a visual presentation... for New England wildlife species. GPS was invasive plant species at... at a scale of 1:12000, with GPS center points, then digitally scanned... area. All plots have associated GPS coordinates, and most have detailed... Lakes Science Center regularly used GPS technologies to supplement scientific research conducted in 2003. GPS receivers and aerial photographs were... in the Detroit River required GPS technology to locate sample sites... studies in Lake Erie used GPS to guide sampling procedures and simplify navigation in open water. GPS was also used during native... parks in Michigan. A mapping-grade GPS receiver was used to determine... included helicopters for aerial and GPS equipment, food caterers, and showers... of Nationwide Differential GPS (NDGPS) receivers from a USDA GPS contract. At the... the fiscal year, over 4,100 GPS receivers were being used in... represented on Federal remote sensing, GPS, and geodata coordinating committees. NRCS... would not directly overlay the U.S. GPS military code. Other issues remained... U.S. leadership in geospatial technologies, including GPS, remote sensing, and Web-based... GPS Executive Board, the GPS outreach team developed an exhibit to promote GPS... known as USA 166 and GPS 2R-8. Geosynchronous 20,228.8 km 187... known as USA 168 and GPS 2R-9. Also known as Milstar 6. Carries....cfm on the Web. A c t i v i t i e s DOD GPS satellite 2 0 0 3 Jan. 29, 2003 Navstar.... Failed to dock with Salyut 5. 2:0:6 17:17:23 2:0:46 37:10:6 64... Shuttle Discovery (STS 51-G) June 17, 1985 Space Shuttle Challenger (STS... A. Musabayev Flight Time (d:h:min) 196:17:45 9:20:11 Highlights Docked...’s history. ISS assembly mission. 136:17:9 Launch of first resident crew...,768 14,126 16,287 17,679 17,906 15,616 14... 16,466 18,047 17,744 17,284 17,187 15,996 15...,750 22,012 18,570 17,077 17,205 15,863 15... and Land Elevation Satellite Interagency GPS Executive Board Integrated Global Observing... HST 2 0 0 3 H Y e a r GloVis GNSS GOES GP GPS GRACE GRC GSFC GSO GTE... Crop Assessment Division Precise Lightweight GPS Receiver Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory...



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... represented a decrease from prior years (17 in 1999 and 22 in... a decline from 17 licensed launches in 1999. 17 20 15 17 11 10... Proton Garuda 1 Success GEO Feb 17 Ariane 44LP Superbird 4 Success GEO... Success GEO RUBIN Mita Aug 17 Ariane 44LP Brazilsat B4 Nilesat... 1% 3% China 4% United States 29% Europe 17% Launch Activities by Country Russia... Soyuz ü Ariane 5 3/25/00 4/3/00 4/17/00 Delta 2 7326 VAFB ü Soyuz.../00 2/11/00 2/12/00 2/17/00 Atlas 2A ü Ariane 42L... * * Kosmos 2370 DSP 20 Navstar GPS 2R- 4 Simsat 1 Simsat 2 ISS 2A.2a... Baikonur 8/9/00 Soyuz Baikonur 8/17/00 8/17/00 Titan 4B VAFB ü Ariane... Agency (ASI) RUBIN Germany Navstar GPS DoD 2R- 5 Salsa ESA Samba ESA... 1 * Europe Star 1 ISS 2R Beidou 1A Navstar GPS 2R- 6 ProSEDS * PAS 1R AMSAT...



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... II – MILITARY MISSIONS……………………………………………………… 17 Early NAVSTAR II GPS Missions……………………………………………….……. 17 Completing the Initial NAVSTAR II Constellation…………………………….……. 20 The NAVSTAR GPS IIR-1 Mission, 17 January 1997………………………………. 24 Later NAVSTAR GPS IIR...), the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS), and various ground surveillance, satellite... the NAVSTAR Global Positioning Satellite (GPS II-1) mission. It was launched..., satellite-based Global Positioning System (GPS). The technology necessary to field the GPS was confirmed, and a total of... successful. Following up on the GPS‟ initial success, the Air Force... a constellation of 24 Block II GPS satellites via the Space Shuttle... disaster in January 1986, the GPS Program Office diverted the first eight Block II GPS satellites from the Shuttle program... as a launch vehicle for later GPS missions, but its prospects dwindled... increased pressure to replenish the GPS constellation to meet user needs... for the upcoming NAVSTAR II GPS mission. Following final prelaunch tests... GPS payload in the proper transfer orbit. The mission was a success.17... the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System (GPS) missions that placed spacecraft in... Typically, the DELTA IIs carrying GPS payloads lifted off the launch... the launch vehicle. For GPS II and early GPS IIR (Replenishment) satellite... for about 90 seconds. For GPS IIR Modernized payloads, the vehicle...-sponsored DELTA II mission – NAVSTAR GPS IIR-21 – is expected to... – 48 – featured Global Positioning System (GPS) payloads. Three military DELTA II... flights were successful. Only one GPS IIR satellite mission failed, just... the various missions. The first GPS mission was summarized in Chapter... NAVSTAR II GPS Missions Following the first NAVSTAR II GPS launch on... were used for the GPS II-1 through GPS II-9 orbital missions. Later... original plan of a 24-satellite GPS constellation. On 27 February 1989... Command to establish and maintain a GPS constellation of 21 primary satellites... be needed to give the GPS constellation its first worldwide twodimensional... fact, five more NAVSTAR II GPS spacecraft were launched from Pad... finally removed from the operational GPS constellation in August 1989. 12..., 1971 – 1992,” p 172. 13 The GPS constellation consisted of six Block... II-10 in operation, the GPS network provided two-dimensional coordinates... 1994, McDonnell Douglas launched seven GPS missions (NAVSTAR II-18 through... more Block IIA missions (GPS II-25 through GPS II-28) were... two satellites in the new GPS IIR spacecraft series were launched... become part of the existing GPS navigational satellite network. The first... launch.39 The NAVSTAR GPS IIR-1 Mission, 17 January 1997 The object... satellites were fully compatible with GPS satellites already on-orbit. In... spacecraft to replenish the aging GPS constellation between 1997 and 2006..., 97/01/17, DBEH 001A, DELTA Launch Vehicle with GPS 2R Exploded In... GPS spacecraft (NAVSTAR II-28) 52 Special Order, HQ AFSPC, “SO M-1,” 17... 1999. As events unfolded, the GPS IIR-3 satellite remained in the... the rain shield protecting the GPS IIR-3 spacecraft. The rain shield... the spacecraft, and the original GPS IIR-3 satellite (SV-10) had... and engineers separated the original GPS IIR-3 spacecraft from the launch... their wheels for stability. The GPS IIR-3 spacecraft was stored in.... Technicians and engineers mated the GPS IIR-3 spacecraft to the vehicle... eventually as intended – to place a GPS spacecraft on-orbit. 54 45... II booster for the GPS IIR-5 mission between 17 May and 10... those missions, beginning with the GPS IIR-7 launch on 30 January... for the “non-ADS modified GPS IIR-8 mission” which was scheduled... SMC Commander approved resumption of GPS IIR-8 processing a few days later... January 2003 for the GPS IIR-8 mission. The GPS IIR-8 Star 48... to the constellation to enhance GPS capabilities.70 The seventh in the series – GPS IIR-20 (M) – was launched successfully... Martin and ITT built 21 GPS IIR spacecraft, they subsequently modified... Mar 2009; “Wing launches 20th GPS satellite,” 45th Space Wing Missileer, 27 Mar 2009; “Seventh Modernized GPS Satellite Built by Lockheed Martin...; Lockheed Martin, “Global Positioning System (GPS) – from Improved Accuracy to Knowing... carrying the GPS IIR-1 spacecraft explodes seconds after lift-off, 17 Jan 1997... the GPS IIR-21 mission might be launched from Complex 17 sometime... launched within weeks of the GPS IIR-21 mission. 7 Discussion, M. Cleary... Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS II-1 – 1ST GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS) SATELLITE LAUNCH... NAVSTAR II-17 3 February 1993 DELTA II Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS II... MARS PATHFINDER 17 January 1997 DELTA II Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS IIR...) 17 November 2006 DELTA II Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS IIR-16 (M) 17 February... PROBE) 17 October 2007 DELTA II Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS IIR-17 (M) 20 December 2007 DELTA II Pad 17A NAVSTAR GPS... 17A NAVSTAR GPS IIR-20 (M) 90 DELTA II NAVSTAR GPS MISSION PATCHES...