Спутник навигационных систем. GPS 2R-18. [Редактировать]

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1GPS 57НайтиНайти
2GPS 2R-MНайтиНайти
3Navstar 61НайтиНайти
4USA 199НайтиНайти
532384НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - военно-коммерческие
3Тип орбиты - ГПО
4Страна производитель - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2059

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град55.5
2Апогей, км20238.3
3Перигей, км20141.3
4Период, минут718.0
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км26560

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2007-062A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2007-12-20 at 20:04:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGPS 2R-18
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7925

Найдено 427 документов по запросу «GPS 2R-18». [Перейти к поиску]


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... human bed-rest campaigns with 18 subjects for 2 different intensities of... Van Allen radiation F i s c a l On March 18, 2008, the Two Wide-angle... cause sudden brightening and rapid A e r o n a u t i c s S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e 18 nection, a common process that occurs... Force launched a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite (GPSIIRM-19) on March... sharing the advanced technologies of GPS at no cost to all... 2008, flight tests demonstrated an 18-hour endurance without refueling, a world... of the Global Positioning System (GPS) by hosting the meetings and... activities included interagency coordination of GPS-related programs and budgets, guiding...), protecting the spectrum used by GPS, and outreach and education. OSC... fully compatible and interoperable with GPS. The agreement allows JAXA to..., providing satellite observations that enhance GPS-QZSS interoperability. OSC conducted a study... use of so-called “semicodeless” GPS equipment, which A c t i v i t i e s In FY08, the... Y e a r deparTmenT of CommerCe leverages military GPS signals to enable high-precision... P r e s i d e n t supporting semicodeless access to military GPS signals through December 31, 2020... which time the modernized civil GPS signals will be fully available... the second meeting of the GPS Galileo Working Group “B” on Trade... to promote the use of GPS for precision agriculture, landscape epidemiology... Radiometer instrument on the NOAA-18 satellite malfunctioned, rendering it unable... users the ability to use GPS to determine elevations relative to... will ensure the accuracy of GPS data. NGS acquired nearly 23... users to determine highly accurate GPS positions, which will improve the... satellites launched to modernize the GPS constellation. Once operational, this facility will improve the accuracy of GPS-derived elevations. Accurate elevations remain... Ethiopia in building a network of GPS CORSes and making the data... reef experts and managers from 18 countries around the world. In... information. in remote sensing and GPS technologies. Today, a wide range of... products from Landsat data for 18 fires that occurred between 2005... images to satellite radar, and GPS technology to support a wide variety... applications using remote sensing and GPS do not include the enormous... Midwest Region used aerial photography, GPS, and aerial surveillance to use... a nongeostationary remote sensing satellite. • October 18, 2007: To PanAmSat for a geostationary... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies. A c t i v i t i e s remained ongoing. NASS identified... Neutrino Observatory gained a total of 18 strings of new optical photodetectors... efforts in FY08 to promote GPS and its augmentation in accordance..., DC, at the first U.S.-EU GPS Plenary to explore coordination on issues of mutual interest. GPS public diplomacy efforts in Europe... International Subcommittee of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee meeting. The... on compatibility and interoperability with GPS also took place with Russia... that would be interoperable with GPS. With India, the DOS discussed... modern space geodetic technologies, including GPS. A c t i v i t i e s With regard to space issues... Research (OASCR). Simulations Y e a r used approximately 18,283,737 XT4-equivalent processor... 27 30 33 27 34 18 16 20 21 31 35... 22e 23 35 31f 23 18 28c, f 8c 10 20d 16... 26 24 32 16 13 18 18 22 22 17 6 8 12 17... 37 34 32 30 23 18 26 19 16 15 25... military communications October 17, 2007 GPS 2R-17 2007-047A Delta 2 Navigational... Atlas 5 Military December 20, 2007 GPS 2R-18 2007-062A Delta 2 Navigational January... and as USA 196 Replaced GPS 2A-14 in Plane F and... Reconnaissance Office Also known as GPS 2R-M, Navstar 61, and USA 199... 1 in Plane C to replace GPS 2A-24. GPS 2A-24 moved to replace GPS 2A-20 United Arab Emirates (... USA 201 and as GPS 2R-19(M) Standby GPS replacement satellite Geostationary communications... Objectives May 21, 2008 Galaxy 18 2008-024A Zenit 3SL Geostationary... Pamela A. Melroy R e p o r t S p a c e Clayton Anderson 12:18:21 Installed ESA’s Columbus laboratory... and returned Daniel M. Tani 15:18:11 Delivered the Japanese Kibo... Kononenko, and Richard Garriott 13:18:13 Delivered the Japanese Kibo... 20 19 15 23 19 18 21 25 26 29 25...,727 13,443 13,422 18,352 14,838 17,413...,331 19,822 19,735 18,370 18,031 17,468 17...,008 25,216 22,405 18,667 16,567 13,734...,029 17,512 19,221 18,743 18,096 17,638 16...,884 13,714 17,333 18,765 22,664 24,286...,336 15,805 17,150 18,408 22,248 21,500... 89 90 USDA 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 5 4 8 8 12 7 13 3 18 23 21 34 36 31... Space 4,600 6,150 10,306 18,513 30,194 37,477...,147 19,451 19,589 18,067 17,864 17,522 4,110 17,812 18,628 19,379 21,478... 16,502 17,282 852 18,179 15,247 17,231... GloVis GMSEC GNSS GOES GPM GPS GPSIIRM-19 GPSRO GRAV-D GRC... Measurement Global Positioning System specific GPS satellite Global Positioning System Radio...



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... 364 336 308 280 17 18 19 20 21 22 23... Engine NREC $ 810 Unknown GEO GPS, 55 deg GEO Polar LEO LEO 41 deg GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 58 deg Polar LEO GEO LEO GPS, 55 deg GEO LEO, 123...



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... lb 23 21 21 22 18 17 14 15 14 14... 13 13 15 15 17 18 20 20 175 13.5 41... 2002 there will be exactly 18 intermediate and 12 heavy-class... could see as many as 18 intermediate and 12 heavy-class..., “Commercial Spacecraft Mission Model Update - 18 May 1995,” Office of Commercial... times are striving for 12-18 month delivery cycles, while launch... 1 Philippine-Mabuhay 1 ILV 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-Chinasat 8 MLV Proton 4 HLV...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 1 US... ICO 05 US-AF-GPS 2R-03 US-AF-GPS 2R-04 US-AF...-AF-GPS 2R-05 US-AF-GPS 2R-06 US-AF-GPS 2R-07 US-AF-GPS 2R-08 US-AF-GPS 2R... 3 Year Average Rate 28 32 18 27 77 25.7 9 24 8.0 TOTAL... 3 HLV 1 US-AF T4 DSP 18 1 US-NASA T4 Cassini 1 US... 23 68 22.7 28 32 18 27 77 25.7 24 27... TOTAL = Arianespace Atlas Average Rate 18 26 28 166 16.6 9 14 15 100 10.0 25 2.5 18 1.8 0 0 0.0 2 13 1.3 6 0.6 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 9 8 18 14 17 10 18 9 7 9 8 9 8 12 1 Intelsat 602... 1A 1 China-Chinasat 7 1 China-APStar 2R 1 China-APStar 2 1 China-Asiasat 2 1 US...-AF GPS Navstar 01 US-AF GPS Navstar 02 US-AF GPS Navstar 03 US-AF GPS Navstar 04 US-AF GPS Navstar 05 Long March 2 Ekran 18... Legend: 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 Gorizont 17 Gorizont 18 Gorizont 19 Raduga 1-1 Raduga 23...-AF GPS Navstar 12 US-AF GPS Navstar 13 US-AF GPS Navstar 14 US-AF GPS Navstar 15 US-AF GPS Navstar 16 US-AF GPS Navstar...-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 01 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 02 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 03 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 04 US-AF GPS 2 Blk 2 05 US-AF GPS Navstar 18.../Science 3 0 1 NASA-Wind 1 US-AF GPS 2 Block 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS...-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-07 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-28 1 1 1 1 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-08 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-01 US-AF-GPS 2-Block 2-10 1 US-AF-GPS 2R-02 US...-X Ray 1 US-AF GPS-Navstar 11 US-AF GPS Navstar 06 1 US-AF LOSAT (SDI) US-AF GPS Navstar 07 US-AF GPS Navstar 08 US-AF GPS Navstar 09 US-AF GPS Navstar... 1997 TOTAL Average Rate 18 25 26 18 19 23 23 22... Jumpseat)1 US-AF T4 DSP 18 US-AF T4 (DoD) 1 US...-Domestic 3 Russia-Domestic Start 0 20 18 Russia-Domestic 12 12 Russia...-Domestic 0 0 0 15 Russia-Domestic 18 18 Russia-Domestic 18 18 Russia-Domestic 24 23...-Domestic 1 Russia-Domestic 0 1 Israel-Gurwin 18 17 Russia-Domestic 1 Russia-Domestic...



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... ............................................................................................................5 CHAPTER TWO: GPS AND GLONASS SYSTEMS........................................................7 2.1 GPS System ...............................................................................................................7 2.2 GLONASS System ....................................................................................................9 2.3 GPS and GLONASS... GPS and GLONASS......................................................15 2.4.2 Time System ....................................................................................................17 2.4.2.1 GLONASS Time....................................................................................17 2.4.2.2 GPS Time...............................................................................................18 2.4.2.3 Time Transformation .............................................................................18 2.4.3 Coordinate System...........................................................................................19 2.4.3.1 GLONASS Coordinate System .............................................................19 2.4.3.2 GPS... 5-17 Estimated GPS-GLONASS System Time Difference .................................. 91 Figure 5-18 Processing Results... two weeks. 2.3 GPS and GLONASS Modernizations 2.3.1 Modernization of GPS GPS reached Full Operational... (4.4.16) denotes the GPS system time t GPS for GPS observations but for GLONASS... offset as follows: dt r = t − t GLONASS = t − t GPS + t GPS − t GLONASS (4.4.17) g = dt + dt sys... ,avg ) (4.4.18) 62 ′ is a single sum of the real GPS-GLONASS system... − ⋅ (λ1r N1r 2 f 2r + δbLr1) − f 22r f12r − (4.4.32) ⋅ (λr2 N2r 2 f 2r GPS/GLONASS + δbLr... the GPS-GLONASS system time difference, as shown in Equation (4.4.18).Equations... f12r r ′ ⋅ N − ⋅ N2′r + ε Φ′rIF 1 2 2 2 2 f1r − f 2r f1r − f 2r (4.4.38) where cdt ′ g is the... provided in the following. East (m) 1 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 1 0 -1 Up (m) 1 0 -1 0:00 0:30... 30 seconds. 93 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 0 0 1 1 Up (m) -1 Up (m) -1 0 -1 0:00 0:30... (m) East (m) 0 GPS GPS/GLO 0 1 Up (m) 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO 0 -1 Up (m) 0 -1 6:00 6:00 6:30 7:00 GPS... 0 -1 1 0 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 0 0 -1 1 1 Up (m) -1 0 8:30 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS...:30 11:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) Figure 5-18 Processing Results at... 12:00 94 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 0 0 -1 -1 1 1 0 -1 0:00 0:30 1:00... (m) 0 -1 North (m) 1 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO 0 -1 0 -1 6:00 6:00... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 3:30 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) 0 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up... 12:00 95 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 0 0 -1 -1 1 1 0 -1 0:00 0:30 1:00... (m) East (m) 0 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 0 1 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO 0 -1 0 -1 6:00 6:00 6:30 7:00 GPS Time... 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 3:30 1 Up (m) Up (m) North (m) 1 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS... the RMS statistics. 106 East (m) 1 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLONASS North (m) 1 0 -1 Up (m) 1 0 -1 1800 1900... (m) GPS GPS/GLO 0 -1 0 -1 0 -1 1 1 Up (m) -1 0 8:30 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 4:00 0 1 Up (m) 3:30 1 North (m) 0 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 -1 North (m) 0 -1 2:00 2:00 1 Up (m) 0 -1 0 GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 0 0 -1 10:00... GPS GPS/GLO 1 1 0 -1 0 -1 1 1 Up (m) -1 0 8:30 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 0 0 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 North (m) 3:30 0 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) 0 -1 8:00 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up (m) North (m) Up (m) -1 GPS GPS/GLO... 12:00 127 1 East (m) East (m) 1 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO North (m) 0 0 -1 -1 1 1 0 -1 0:00 0:30 1:00... (m) 0 -1 North (m) -1 1 0 4:30 5:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 5:30 GPS GPS/GLO 0 1 0 -1 6:00 6:00... 0 -1 1 0 0 -1 -1 GPS GPS/GLO 0 0 -1 1 1 Up (m) -1 0 8:30 9:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) 9:30 10:00 GPS GPS... 3:00 GPS Time (HH:MM) -1 GPS GPS/GLO 1 -1 4:00 2:30 1 1 Up (m) GPS GPS/GLO 1 Up... Sypm. on GIS/GPS,Istanbul/Turkey,September 15-18,1997,pp.156... Antenna Orientation on GPS Carrier Phase, Manuscripta Geodaetica, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1993, pp. 91-98. Yang, Y., R. R. Hatch and R.T. Sharpe (2004). GPS...



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... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I SATELLITES ...............................8 4. RESULTS FROM THE... F LAUNCH VEHICLES USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES .............................12 5. RESULTS FROM... not enough. Figure 3 $83M Boeing GPS 2R-1 Satellite Launched in 2010 and... 100% certainty. Figure 3 is the GPS 2R-1 satellite that also failed prematurely... factory acceptance testing. After the GPS 2R-1 satellite payload power-on and... the other on-orbit GPS NUDET subsystems. The GPS 2R-1 satellite successfully completed... AEHF-1 satellite and the first GPS 2R-1 satellite (see Figure 3 and Figure.... The NUDET subsystem on the GPS 2R-1 satellite was not interoperable with... H2a H2b C 5 3 2 1 2 8 4 1 2 1 2 7 0.3 0 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.5 Total: 60 47 18 Weighted 4.0 0.7 Average *Spacecraft only, ** Pre... matches a Gaussian distribution. Six additional GPS Block I satellites were in different... of the six on-orbit GPS satellites. Figure 9 Proprietary Cumulative Distribution... COMPLETED ON 12 U.S. AIR FORCE GPS BLOCK I TEST & EVALUATION SATELLITES [5] 16... 10 An Example of a (Unclassified) GPS-Like SGLS MEO Satellite TT... U.S. Air Force Global Positioning System (GPS) Block I on-orbit satellites between... access to 10 minutes of GPS satellite telemetry, every 6 hours. The... found. The venders of the GPS subsystem equipment with transient behavior... Space Mission s 8 The on-orbit GPS satellites, NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 6 suffered... to purchase over 100 additional GPS satellites and wanted to ensure... the purchase. Table 5 Summary of GPS Block I Satellite TT&C Subsystem Design... Orbit Period Orbit Inclination/Shape GPS Satellite 3-Axis 10,1000 miles... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 1 using Rubidium Atomic Clock... frequency standards used to generate GPS timing. An NRTE was also identified in the GPS Kalman filter data generated from the GPS satellite atomic clocks and other... 1983 (see Figure 14), the GPS NAVSTAR 5 satellite TT&C Motorola SGLS... #1 . Figure 12 $55M Air Force GPS NAVSTAR 1 Satellite in Factory Integration... have occurred. Table 6 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 1-3 Satellites [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT SUBSYSTEM EQUIPMENT... on the Telemetry from the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Reaction Wheel Assembly [17... did conclude that the Motorola GPS Satellite SGLS RF transmitter would... Prognostic Analysis Completed on the GPS NAVSTAR 5 Motorola SGLS TT&C RF... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS spacecraft subsystem equipment failures in... 7 were 10 completed during the GPS program’s test and evaluation (T&E) phase... information from the six Block 1 GPS satellites in production at the... this paper. Table 7 Summary of GPS Satellite Subsystem Equipment Premature Failures... Exhibited a Transient Event (TE) on GPS NAVSTAR 4-6 Satellites Some of the... of the GPS space segment during test & evaluation (T&E). [17] GPS SATELLITE ONORBIT... changes include: Identify that the GPS satellite thermal blankets were degrading... blankets were added on future GPS satellites; A redesign of the #3 NiCd...; Using four atomic clocks per GPS satellite instead of three. Internal design changes to the GPS space-qualified rubidium and cesium...’S ATLAS E AND F USED TO LAUNCH GPS BLOCK 1 SATELLITES TO MEO N/A: Not... in 1978, ten Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites were launched using... prognostic analysis completed on the GPS program by the contractor’s spacecraft subsystem engineering team on GPS spacecraft equipment failures that occurred... author’s position, he directed the GPS Atlas launch team at Vandenberg... E & F Launch Vehicle History on the GPS Program NAVSTAR # Figure 17 Air... F Launch Vehicle used to Launch GPS NAVSTAR 1 through NAVSTAR 10 between... satellites including the 100 proposed GPS Block II satellites be launched... first Atlas F launched the first GPS satellite in February 1978. It... the launch of the first 7 GPS launches for the contractor including the GPS engineering team at Vandenberg AFB... NAVSTAR 5. SV-12 was the GPs Block 1 qualification vehicle. SV-1`2 was... military payloads. Since so many GPS satellites were to be purchased... Air Force hoped that the GPS satellite Bus would become a standard... purchased the company that produced GPS satellites had already established a long... predictive algorithms pioneered on the GPS program allowed the identification of... communications satellites and the military, GPS constellation of satellites. The Iridium... a minimum of redundant equipment. The GPS satellites subsystem equipment used a minimum... on Air Force GPS Block 1 satellites. On the GPS satellites, we demonstrated... for the Iridium, GLOBALSTAR and GPS satellites were obtained differently because....eoportal.org [17] Losik, Len, “GPS Quarterly Orbital Test Report,” 1983... launch vehicles. As the Boeing GPS Space and Ground Segment Manager...-orbit operations of over 52 GPS satellites. During the test & evaluation... predictive algorithms that demodulated the GPS spacecraft equipment telemetry to identify...



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... Administration 1 10 • Science Mission Directorate 18 • Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate 25... October, 12, 2008, carrying Expedition 18 crewmembers Mike Fincke and Yuri... ISS and returning Expedition 17/18 flight engineer Greg Chamitoff back... the ISS to relieve Expedition 18 flight engineer Sandra Magnus. On March 26, 2009, 18 Soyuz TMA-14 was launched... spaceflight participant Charles Simonyi. Expedition 18 crewmembers Mike Fincke and Yuri... on an Atlas V on June 18, 2009; and the Space Tracking.... To assure the accuracy 17 18 of the requirements, the RPT.... The launch of the final GPS IIR satellite on August 17... enhanced the Global Positioning System (GPS) constellation, providing navigation and timing... Surveillance Spacecraft (STSS) program, two GPS satellites, and the commercial launch..., to DOD capabilities, from the GPS signal utilized at no cost... concerning the Global Positioning System (GPS) and related systems. The Department... to educate the public about GPS. These included various conferences and... for a new science exhibit called “GPS Adventures Arkansas,” two new trade... on trade issues related to GPS and Europe’s Galileo system. OSC... highly compatible and interoperable with GPS for enhanced coverage over Japan... 2 0 0 9 NOAA’s polar-orbiting satellites—NOAA-18 and NOAA-19, both in... was rescued from a crashed helicopter 18 miles north-northeast of Santa... seafloor spreading. All maps, compasses, GPS units, and even iPhones rely... history inconsistent. NGS reanalyzed the GPS data collected from 1994 through... a variety of purposes, including precise GPS satellite positions, precise position of...) so that users can submit U.S. GPS or GLONASS data for precise.... Incorporating GLONASS satellites into traditional GPS solutions enhances their accuracy and... satellites to process a solution. For GPS receivers to provide accurate information... the attention of trade magazines. GPS World highlighted NGS in their... general aviation imports and an 18.5 percent duty on general aviation... investment in remote sensing and GPS technologies. A wide range of its.../im/inventory/veg/index.cfm.) GPS is also a critical tool in...) data and the National Differential GPS system maintained by the U.S. Coast... products from Landsat data for 18 fires that occurred between 2005... pronghorn. Archival Landsat imagery and GPS collar locations of bison were... savings over the use of GPS field devices on the ground... to conduct geodetic investigations using GPS, LIDAR, Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... USGS operated approximately 100 continuous GPS stations along the San Andreas...-of-the-art, continuously operating GPS stations operated by the Scripps... 14, 2009. Satellite InSAR and GPS are essential elements of the.... The USGS used InSAR and GPS data to track minute surface... used LIDAR data supplemented with GPS and ground survey data to....15° west orbit location. • March 18, 2009: to EchoStar for a geostationary... 129° west orbit location. • August 18, 2009: ViaSat reserved Ka-band... payloads—the special space-based GPS radio occultation (RO) receivers, Tiny... produced from 1,500 to 2,000 GPS RO soundings per day. Ninety... Plenary meeting under the U.S.-EU GPS-Galileo Cooperation Agreement of 2004... Group C worked on characterizing a combined GPS-Galileo A c t i v i t i e s The Department of State... the U.S.-Japan Joint Statement on GPS S p a c e o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 126 system, and Japan also.... frequency compatibility and interoperability between GPS and Russia’s GLONASS as well... the reliability and accuracy of GPS. State speakers supported this campaign... integration into the world economy. GPS applications to increase food security... synergy of Earth observation, GIS, GPS, and Webbased mapping tools with... Y e a r international section of the Civil GPS Service Interface Committee, and the... 22e 23 35 31f 23 18 28c,f 8c 10 20d 16... 1980 13 89 98 1981 18 1982 18 101 1983 22 98... 2001 23 23 23 2002 18 2003 26 21 2004 19... 33 2008 19 26 2009* 18 22 *(through September 30, 2009... Solar Array Rotary Joint January 18, 2009 USA 202 (NROL 26... 20,093 718 55.1 GPS 2R-20 replaced GPS 2A-27 in the... Minotaur 1 CubeSats and TacSat June 18, 2009 LRO/LCROSS 2009-031A... as USA 206 and as GPS 2R-21(M) Delivered and installed the... the Station, replacing Expedition 17/18 Flight Engineer Gregory E. Chamitoff March... on the Station, replacing Expedition 18 Flight Engineer Sandra Magnus Soyuz... (d:h:min) 2 0 0 9 Soyuz TMA-13 (Expedition 18) Crew Y e a r Launch Date F i s c a l Spacecraft Appendix...,054 13,763 13,742 18,789 15,191 17,827...,815 20,294 20,205 18,808 18,460 17,884 17...,440 17,802 18,050 17,710 18,180 18,077 17,129...,929 19,679 19,189 18,527 18,058 17,028 16...,391 21,841 20,005 18,258 14,450 15,309...,725 16,181 17,558 18,846 22,778 22,012... 92 64 USDA 5 5 5 5 9 8 12 7 13 3 18 23 22 35 37 32... 485 4,709 6,296 10,552 18,954 30,913 38,370...,651 19,914 20,056 18,497 18,289 17,940 4,208... actual 2010 actual 18,228 17,231 18,389 18,362 26,463... GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GPS Global Positioning System GRAV-D Gravity...



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... ISS—replaced a Global Positioning System (GPS) antenna, reboosted the orbit of... turbulence encounter reports to other A e r o n a u t i c s S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e 18 In support of a National airspace... delivered for hostsatellite integration. The GPS Joint Program Office launched the... and the first modernized replacement GPS-II satellite (IIRM-1) in September... Boeing were exercised to procure GPS-II Follow-on (IIF) satellites..., Commission continued to ensure that GPS and Galileo are compatible with... and to increase support for GPS. t h e Service, and Milstar—continued to.... Delta II successfully launched two GPS II satellites. Titan IVB (launch... a key role on the Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB) and its... to promote global interoperability between GPS and other a n d satellite navigation systems... in August 2005. Renamed NOAA-18, it replaced NOAA-16 and... imaging and sounding capabilities. NOAA-18 started a new era of cooperation... of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT). NOAA-18 and its follow-on, NOAA... and new spectrum allocations for GPS. 49 F i s c a l 2004 earthquake in the... Wildlife Service (FWS) scientists use GPS technology and remotely sensed data.... The FWS has been using GPS and remote sensing data for... Refuge (NWR) in Minnesota used GPS units to acquire location data... the vegetation monitoring program. • Both GPS technology and satellite data were... Bird Program continues to use GPS technology and Geographic Information Systems... public lands. During FY 2005, GPS and GIS supplemented data from... to transoceanic aircraft flights. •July 18, 2005: Skybridge LLC to launch..., and Earth Observer-1. Use of GPS figured prominently during the research... usage of remote sensing and GPS technologies by farmers through the... the use of remote sensing, GPS, and other precision farming technologies... on project designed to use GPS beacons for Earth weather and... with three instruments that include GPS radio occultation receivers, tiny ionospheric... also complement a variety of related GPS missions, including the Challenging Minisatellite... the Global Positioning System/Meteorology (GPS/MET) missions were completely reprocessed... on the civilian use of GPS. Among the topics discussed were... be supplementary and interoperable with GPS. QZSS is also expected to... with Russia on cooperation between GPS and its Russian counterpart, Global... to promote the use of GPS and its applications. DOS provided... 27 30 33 27 34 18 16 20 21 31 35... e 22 23 35 f 31 23 18 28 c, g 8c 8 1,568 Failure Earth... 1980 13 89 1981 18 98 1982 18 101 1983 22 98... 34 2001 23 23 2002 18 23 2003 26 21 2004 19 22 2005 14 18 (through September 30, 2005) TOTAL... are listed under ESA. 159 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 18 1 4 APPENDIX B A e r o n a u t i c s a n d S p a c e R e p o r t o f t h e P r e s i d e n t 98 Successful Launches to... Navastar 56 2004-045A Delta 2 GPS/Navigational satellite 20412 km 19... known as USA 180 and GPS 2R-13 NASA gamma-ray burst... Office 2 0 0 5 May 20, 2005 NOAA 18 2005-018A Delta 2 Weather satellite... Navstar 57 2005-038A Delta 2 GPS/Navigation satellite 20,328 km... known as USA 183 and GPS 2R-M1 * U.N. Committee on Space Research... 20 19 15 23 19 18 21 25 26 29 25... 1.0000 1,765 2,751 5,000 9,333 18,575 25,472 25,912... 15,845 17,136 18,791 18,500 18,037 17,958 16...,198 1,392 2,425 4,803 9,190 18,337 25,052 25,359... Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar Interagency GPS Executive Board Integrated High Payoff... GISD GLAS GLONASS GNSS GOES GPS GPS/MET GRACE GRC GRB GSFC...



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... ................................................................................................................................. 9 APRIL 2001 .................................................................................................................................. 14 MAY 2001 .................................................................................................................................... 18 JUNE 2001 .................................................................................................................................... 22 JULY 2001... launch of a Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite, Major Nina M. Armagno became... on Station,” 12 February 2001. 18 6 Aeronautics and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001..., “GSLV Launched Successfully,” news release, 18 April 2001, http://www.indianembassy... Relations,” Houston Chronicle, 2 May 2001. 18 Aeronautics and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001... would be able to access GPS data to locate points as... explore further the uses of GPS in farming. Scientists in NASA’s Earth Science Enterprise believed that GPS might prove especially useful in... Planet Information,” Christian Science Monitor, 18 May 2001. 65 Spacewarn Bulletin... I. Malenchenko, and Sergei I. Moschenko.105 18 August During the second spacewalk... Earth’s gravity field, using the GPS and a microwave ranging system to.../reports/sts111/STS-111-18.html (accessed 18 August 2008). 249 NASA....gov/ rawmedia_repository/4ff02489171c66d9a66ae29824384025.pdf (accessed 18 August 2008). 255 NASA, “NASA... Holes Are Discovered,” Washington Post, 18 September 2002. 294 U.S. General Accounting... first three satellites for the GPS IIF satellite program. The U.S. Air Force had designed the GPS IIF program to provide new capabilities for civilian and military GPS users―a new civilian signal within... Force had also intended the GPS IIF to be compatible with... (EELV). Boeing had designed the GPS IIF to accommodate incremental technology... the immediate needs of the GPS IIF program and the long... planned next generation satellite system, GPS III.319 317 ESA, “XMM... The Boeing Company, “Boeing Receives GPS IIF Production Approval,” news release... Positioning System,” http://www.gps.gov/ systems/gps/index.html (accessed 12... of U.S. Aerospace Commission,” news release, 18 November 2002, http://www.boeing... satellite, acting like radar. The GPS would determine the ICESat’s location....360 A Delta 2 rocket launched, carrying a GPS-2R8 satellite and an Experimental... was launching the GPS-2R8 to replace the 22nd GPS satellite, which... of 26 operational GPS spacecraft. Although the military GPS created in the.... Jim Banke, “Delta 2 Rolls, Launches GPS and Experimental Satellites,” Space.com....403 31 March An American GPS satellite, GPS 2R-9, launched atop a Delta 2 rocket... Force Station in Florida. The GPS 2R-9also known as NAVSTAR 52... USA 168replaced the aging GPS 2-5, which had been in orbit since 1989. The fleet of GPS satellites consisted of 28 spacecraft...; Kelly Young, “Delta 2 To Carry GPS Satellite into Space,” Florida Today... an Iridium satellite phone and GPS equipment for the use of... added the satellite phone and GPS equipment to the supplies because... TMA-2 flight was equipped with a GPS and satellite phones, which NASA... system and the United States’ GPS. According to the agreement, the Galileo and GPS satellites would broadcast a common civil... the crew of Expedition 9.694 18 October Scientists announced research demonstrating....com/missionlaunches/exp10_elektron_050104.html (accessed 18 August 2009); William Harwood, “Space....com/environment/050118_tiger_flash.html (accessed 18 August 2009). 733 NASA, “Swift....com/missionlaunches/exp10_eva1_050126.html (accessed 18 August 2009); Reuters, “Station Crew... Officials about Budget,” Chicago Tribune, 18 February 2005; Jim Abrams, “Lawmakers... and Astronautics: A Chronology, 2001-2005 18 February NASA officially refuted news... mission. The crew also attached a GPS unit to the Zvezda module...-119_05-020-e_dart_report_final_dec_27.pdf (accessed 18 November 2009); Chris Kridler, “Failed... ISS, such as replacing a broken GPS antenna and installing a bracket designed... most technologically advanced GPS satellite ever developed, the GPS IIR-14, on... Force Station in Florida. The GPS IIR-14 was the first... satellites planned for the new GPS, which the Air Force had... to provide improved encryption and GPS antijamming capabilities for the 836..., as well as an improved GPS signal for civilian users. At... time of the launch, the GPS constellation consisted of 28 satellites... 840 Lockheed Martin, “First Modernized GPS Satellite Built by Lockheed Martin... accurate civilian services than the GPS, a system that the U.S. military had... feet). Civilian services from the GPS were accurate to nearly 5 meters... GMD GPM GPRA GMI GMT GPS GRACE GRB GRC GSA GSAT...-119_05-020-e_dart_report_final_dec_27.pdf (accessed 18 November 2009). NASA and Space....gov/rawmedia_repository/ 4ff02489171c66d9a66ae29824384025.pdf (accessed 18 August 2008). Veillet, Christian. “The...



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...  17  17  17  17  17  18  19  19  1 27.03.2009... на орбиту новый спутник системы GPS  23.03.2009  24  24... с. Магнус пробыла в космосе 133 сут. 18 час. 17 мин. 39 с. Корабль... дозиметра, а также серию биологических экспериментов. 18 Россия создает космический щит и меч... раз. Окончательные итоги станут известны 18 апреля. В настоящее время предсказать будущего... года в 14 часов 49 минут 18 секунд по московскому времени (11:49:18 GMT ) с космодрома Байконур осуществлён запуск...-9.5 № 340 с навигационным спутником USA-203 (GPS 2R-20) на борту. Космический аппарат... на орбиту новый спутник системы GPS  Через 9 минут после старта над... навигационный спутник GPS 2R-20 должен будет пополнить глобальную спутниковую группировку GPS и прийти на смену аппарату GPS 2А-27, запущенному... еще 6 спутников. GPS 2R-20 стал двадцатым навигационным спутником GPS, созданным компанией Lockheed Martin. Предыдущий вывод аппарата GPS состоялся в январе 2009 года. 23...



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... report, there was a series of 18 Chinese orbital missions (15 in... navigation systems – Compass, Glonass and GPS – with a series of launches during... first of a new class of GPS satellite, the IIF series. This launch sustains the GPS constellation at over 30 operational... to providing all the legacy GPS civil and military signals such..., L1 P(Y), L2(P(Y), the GPS IIF also provides the GPS modernized signals (L1... Limited delivered eighteen SGR-10 GPS receivers to Sierra Nevada Corporation... and be a homegrown version of GPS system. >> The United States launched... first of a new class of GPS satellite, the IIF series. This launch sustains the GPS constellation at over 30 operational... to providing all the legacy GPS civil and military signals such..., L1 P(Y), L2(P(Y), the GPS IIF also provides the GPS modernized signals (L1... September 2010, JAXA launched its GPS technology MICHIBIKI satellite. Michibiki, which... Bresnik conducted three EVAs totalling 18 hours and 27 minutes to... Patrick completed three EVAs totalling 18 hours and 14 minutes. During... Soyuz TMA-16 undocking on 18 March 2010. Crewmembers Williams and... the Soyuz TMA-18 spacecraft. Soyuz TMA- - 31 - 18 was originally planned... its Mercury Orbit Insertion on 18 March 2011. The latest release... surveying in infrared light. >> >> On 18 February 2010 NASA published these... composition of the ionosphere, preventing GPS and communications satellites from operating... early 2010, 70 teams from 18 U.S. states, Puerto Rico, Canada, Germany... COSPAR meeting in Bremen, German (18-25 July 2010). Students presented...; (b) The Boeing Company to receive $18 million; (c) Paragon Space Development Corporation... distribution of Globalstar's Spot Satellite GPS Messenger in Argentina, Chile and... high-quality consumer Simplex satellite GPS and messaging products and also... data services, including Spot Satellite GPS Messenger products and services, to... enhanced next generation SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger(tm) will be carried.... The new handheld SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger is the 2G in... size. New features include advanced GPS, a new Custom Message mode and a dedicated button for GPS Tracking. Additionally, the new SPOT comes equipped with GPS acquisition and message sending LED... Center with the SPOT owner's GPS location updated every five minutes... the accuracy of information from GPS satellites. The contract represents the... run the current GPS block 2 and all future GPS satellites, and will...'s first passenger flight in some 18 months accompanied by his family... the first passenger in about 18 months. >> >> Virgin Galactic has announced... adds to the value of GPS and EGNOS and raises the... procurement law, discussing Directives 2004/18 and 2004/17 as applicable... raise national awareness of the GPS augmentation programme. The system is... Asia. Orbitnet began using Telstar 18 in 2008, and the customers... a contract for the operation of 18 Galileo satellites. Spaceopal is a joint... will fund only the necessary 18 satellites, which would provide limited... clear, since the existing US GPS and Russian Glonass systems, and... or both the Glonass and GPS systems. SkyWave said the dual... supported by a 12 million pound ($18 million) investment from the BIS... develop alternatives to GPS. The USAF confirmed that GPS has been jammed... the U.S. scrap building five more GPS satellites. The U.S. Air Force launched an upgraded Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite aboard a Delta 2 rocket on... greater performance and power for GPS receivers for users to determine...’s GPS constellation currently comprises 27 satellites, including nine new-generation GPS 2R spacecraft... accelerometers, a 12-channel dual-frequency GPS receiver of geodetic quality, and...’s latest lunar mission, was launched 18 June 2009 and is designed... scheduled for 12:48 UTC 18 March 2011. Planned missions BepiColombo... sectors and in northern Europe. GPS radio receivers are compact instruments... and understand ionospheric variations. New GPS receivers are being installed in... the continents are covered by a GPS network. Rocket Systems, Results and...-latitude satellites, Formosat-2/COSMIC makes GPS occultation measurements of the total... and GRACE provide accelerometer and GPS data for neutral density specification...) from ground and space-based GPS receivers, and data from orbiting... TEC measurement variability based on GPS data; Sheffield model that provides..., events that can disrupt telecommunications, GPS and power lines. The Reuven... m antenna for orbiting VLBI imaging 1.3, 6, 18 (Sweden/Finland/Canada/France) 1.1 m telescope.... 55 experimental runs, each of 18 hours durations, were successfully conducted... (ERS-1/2, Envisat) and navigation satellites (GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, including GIOVE-A and... determination from a complement of gradiometer, GPS satellite-tosatellite tracking and star... to maintain and upgrade its GPS network and is working to... orbit the planet Mercury, on 18 March 2011. MESSENGER is designated... GODAE GOES GOES GP-B GPID GPS GR GRACE GRAIL electron volts...