Спутник связи. GSAT 12. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат GSAT-12 весит 1,41 тонны, оснащен 12 приемопередатчиками в расширенном С-диапазоне. Разработан ISRO.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1GramSat 12НайтиНайти
237746НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Индия
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - Индия
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1410
2Масса (сухая), кг559
3Платформа 1xI-1K (I-1000)
4Количество (C стволов), шт.12

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год8

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-034A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2011-07-1545
2Оператор Indian National Satellite (INSAT)
3Производитель Космическое агентство Индии

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2011-07-15 at 11:18:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGSAT 12
3Ракета-носитель 1xPSLV

Найдено 896 документов по запросу «GSAT 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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...-board PSLV-C16. The INSAT/GSAT system was further augmented with... (on-board PSLV-C17) and GSAT-8 (Procured Launch). Two satellites for... such as INSAT4/GSAT-series, INSAT-3D/3DR, GSAT-11, GISAT, CHANDRAYAAN... capacity of 198 from INSAT/GSAT satellites at the end of.... Cartosat-2C, Cartosat-2D and GSAT-7 are to be funded by... the transponder capacity of INSAT/GSAT system and the availability of... space segment augmentation in INSAT/GSAT system; ensuring continuity of data...-board PSLV-C16. The INSAT/GSAT system was further augmented with...-4CR (on-board GSLV-F04), GSAT-12 (on-board PSLV-C17) and... OF SPACE WG-14: REPORT GSAT-8 (Procured Launch). Two satellites for... such as INSAT-4/GSAT-series, INSAT-3D, INSAT-3DR, GSAT-11, GISAT... Mission Initiative, Chandrayaan-2, Resourcesat-3, Cartosat-3, GSAT-13 & 14, IRNSS etc. have... Remote Sensing Satellites added • INSAT/GSAT System - 3 communication satellites added – present... Data collection etc. through INSAT, GSAT and METSAT Missions and shall... programme programme • • • • Augment the INSAT/GSAT capacity to ~400 Transponders in... operational transponder capacity from INSAT/GSAT satellites at the end of... operational services. Users meet on GSAT-11 held in Aug 2010... Launch Vehicle GSAT-10 (I-3K) 2012-13 Procured Launch GSAT-14 (I-2K) 2012-13 GSLV GSAT-6 (I-2K) 2013-14 GSLV GSAT-15 (I-3K) 2013-14 Procured launch GSAT-16 (I-3K) 2014-15 Procured launch GSAT-11: (ACTS-1)* (I-4K) 2014-15 Procured Launch GSAT-9 (I-2K) GSAT-17 (I-3K) GSAT... over India TBD India Coverage GSAT-19E (I-3K) 2016-17 GSLV... India Coverage with 10Gbps throughput GSAT-Ka* (I-6K) 2016-17 Procured... of the following satellites viz GSAT-20, GSAT-21 will also be..., GSAT-4, GSAT-5P, GSAT-8, GSAT-12, W2M & Hylas). Work on realization of 5 satellites (GSAT-10, GSAT-14, GSAT-6, GSAT... of ACTS-1 (GSAT-11) has also been initiated. GSAT-11 satellite is... GAGAN payload is available on GSAT-8 launched in 2011 and in... class satellites such as INSAT, GSAT etc into GTO. The GSLV... in 70V and delivery to GSAT -11E. (s) Solar power Satellite -Proof... of Ground segment commensurate with GSAT-6, 6A, & GSAT-11 satellites. (b) User terminals.... Cartosat-2C, Cartosat-2D and GSAT-7 are to be funded by... the transponder capacity of INSAT/GSAT system and the availability of... operational, INSAT-3/4 series, SARAL, GISAT, GSAT-11, Astrosat, Chandrayaan-2, Aditya-1 and... COMPLETED DURING 12TH PLAN (GSAT-15-21, GSAT-24, Resourcesat-2A/3, RISAT... IRNSS-1 IRNSS-2 IRNSS-3 GSAT-14 GSAT-6 INSAT-3D GSAT-10 SPACE SCIENCE & PLANETARY...-6 IRNSS-7 GSAT-7A GSAT-9 GSAT-7 GSAT-15 GSAT-16 GSAT-11 ASTROSAT CHANDYAAN-2 GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-6A INSAT-3DR GSAT– 19E GSAT– 20 GSAT-11S GSAT-Ka GSAT-21... space segment augmentation in INSAT/GSAT system; ensuring continuity of data... X-SAT onboard PSLVC16. The INSAT/GSAT system was further augmented with... INSAT-4CR (onboard GSLV-F04), GSAT-12 (onboard PSLV-C17) and GSAT8... Systems, Satellite Communications & Navigation (INSAT, GSAT & IRNSS), Space Science Programme, Atmospheric... April 2011), PSLV C17 carrying GSAT-12 (on 15th July 2011), GSLV... experimental low cost communication satellite GSAT-4 and GSAT-5P were also completed.../GSAT system were further augmented with the launch of GSAT-8 (procured) and GSAT-12... Emergency Communications. GSAT-10 satellite with 12 Ku-band, 12 C-band, 12 extended C-Band... approved four INSAT/GSAT followon satellites viz., GSAT-9 configured with 12 high power... crores approved in Jan 2008), GSAT-10 configured with 24 Transponders... crores approved in August 2009); GSAT-11 configured as an advanced... in Aug 2009); GSAT-12 configured around 1K bus with 12 C band transponders... INSAT/GSAT projects viz. INSAT-4D/GSAT-5, INSAT-4E/GSAT-6, INSAT-4G / GSAT-8 is... 2-channel GAGAN payload on-board GSAT-8. g) With a view to establish a regional... on GSLV/GSLV-Mk III 3.1 GSAT-14 (Ku-6, Ext-C-6, Ka-1) - ongoing.../GSLV-Mk III GSAT-9 (Ku-12) 140.00 30.00 3.4 GSAT-6 (BSS-5 spot... 3.5 GSAT-6A (BSS-5 spot, MSS-5 spot) 147.00 100.00 3.6 GSAT-12 (C-12; Launched by PSLV) 80.00 0.10 3.7 GSAT-17 (C-36...) 300.00 300.00 3.8 GSAT-26/GSAT-19E (C-36; GSLV Mk III... GSAT-25 (Ku-12; GSLV) 160.00 60.00 3.12 GSAT-18 (3 Ton; Ku-12... Operational Satellites - Procured Launch 3.13 GSAT-11 -Adv Communication Satellite (4 Ton... 3.14 GSAT-8 (3 Ton; Ku-24, GAGAN) 300.00 2.40 3.15 GSAT-10 (3 Ton; C-18, Ku-12, GAGAN) 321.00 150.00 3.16 GSAT... GSAT-16 (3 Ton; C-36, Ku-12) 284.00 240.00 3.18 GSAT-21... Projected Outlay (at 2011-12 prices) 3.19 GSAT-24/GSAT-11S (S multi band...-Band Satellites - Procured Launch 3.20 GSAT-20 (Ka) 1000.00 1000... Service Charges for Leasing INSAT/GSAT Transponders 3.24 3.25 6000.00...



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...; • Launch of GSAT-7 which is a user funded communication satellite. GSAT-7 was initially... services; • Launch of communication satellite GSAT-14 onboard GSLV-D5. The..., INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-12. Among these satellites, INAT.... 8 Remarks 28 1 15 3 Objective / Outcome GSAT-11: Advanced Communication Satellite. Development... delivery and fabrication activities for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission... launch. (IRNSS-R1A, GSAT-14, INSAT3D and GSAT-7) Technology Development initiatives Robotic... of sensors for GSAT-14, IRNSS-R1A, ASTROSAT, GSAT-7 and INSAT-3D... operations support for INSAT-3D, GSAT-7, GSAT14 and IRNSS-1 Missions. Providing..., INSAT4A to 4G and GSAT-9, GSAT-10 & GSAT-12, GSAT14 and GSAT6A have been... and mainframe subsystem realisation of GSAT-9, GSAT-6 satellites. Assembly, Integration and Testing... 6 Projected Outcome 59 GSAT-15 Satellite. 55 56 GSAT-16 Satellite. INSAT... Charges for Leasing of INSAT/GSAT Transponders. 1 GSAT-15 Satellite - Launch Services... and 12 Ku-band transponders. To secure Launch Slot for GSAT-15... of transponder capacity of INSAT/ GSAT system. 3 Objective / Outcome Total Sanctioned...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-16 is GSAT-16 project. expected during...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-15 is GSAT-15 project. expected during... Outcome GSAT-16 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system with 24 C-band, 12 Upper Ext-C band and 12 Ku-band transponders. GSAT-15 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system... GSAT-7 Launch Services. GSAT-17 Satellite and follow-on missions. 59 62 GSAT-16 Satellite - Launch Services. 1 GSAT-17 Satellite and... Provider. 5 Quantifiable Deliverables Approval of GSAT-17 & 18 satellites is expected... satellite using procured launch Services. GSAT-7 is expected to be launched... secure a launch slot for launching GSAT-17 & 18 satellites. 7 Processes / Timelines... 2 tonne class of operational INSAT/GSAT satellites, the GSLV-Operational Project... carrying an exclusive communication satellite GSAT-12, launched successfully on July 15... crores to carry 12 Ku band transponders. INSAT-4D/GSAT-5 was configured... for Assembly and Integration. 10.4 GSAT-8/INSAT-4G Communication Satellite is... (VSAT) applications. GSAT-9 is identical to INSAT-4C with 12 high power... GSAT-10 is `735.00 crores. The spacecraft carries 12 Ku-Band, 12... to users is underway. 10.7 GSAT-12, the communication satellite built by... at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 Extended C-band transponders...-around-time. The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12, will augment the... sanctioned cost of GSAT-12 is `80.00 crores. GSAT-12 was launched successfully... NCS-8 series and STRaND. 16. GSAT-11 (Advanced Communication Satellite) (` in... viz., GSLV-D5/GSAT 14 Mission and GSLV-D6 / GSAT-6 Mission; • The..., Wheels and SADA) for GSAT-6, GSAT-15, ASTROSAT, GSAT-16, Mars Orbiter Mission... Mechanism for GSAT-11; • In-house realization of low cost 12-channel... system is made ready for GSAT-7 & GSAT-14 Spacecrafts. RISAT-1 satellite propulsion... development tested and delivered for GSAT-7 & 14 missions. Sea level qualification... • Completed integration and Testing of GSAT-10 Spacecraft, which was launched... 29th September, 2012; • Realization of GSAT-7 & INSAT-3D spacecraft is under... of IRNSS-R1B/R1C, GSAT-6, FSAT-7, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission and... complete sub-system fabrication for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-16, Resourcesat-2A, Chandrayaan... Optics for RISAT-1, GSAT-10, SARAL, INSAT-3D, GSAT-7 and GSAT14 with... for Astrosat, SRE-2, Resourcesat-2A, GSAT-6, GSAT-11, Chandrayaan-2 and IRNSS-1 are... level Integration and for GSAT-7, INSAT-3D and GSAT-14 payloads; • Planned... payload level integration & testing of GSAT-9 & IRNSS-1B payloads; • Completed PDR for Mars Orbiter Mission, GISAT, GSAT-15 & GSAT-16; • Planned to realize... • Delivery of INSAT-3DR, GSAT-15, GSAT-16 and IRNSS-1C payloads... be completed for GSAT-17, GSAT-18, GSAT-11 and GSAT-7A communication payloads... other ground systems developed for GSAT-6 Applications; • Planned to complete development... like IRNSS Signal monitoring Facility, GSAT-11 ground segment, Integration and..., migration of 165 Nodes from GSAT-3 to GSAT-12, up-gradation of Telemedicine... nodes from INSAT-3A to GSAT-12; • Planned to assess the performance... Telecast; • With the launch of GSAT-12, it is planned to re... SCES # 1; • Provided LEOP operations of GSAT-10 mission; • Augmentation of Automated... VPN network using a transponder onboard GSAT-12; • Supported International disaster management activities... Oceansat-2 & 3 Resourcesat-2 & 3 G.SAT-4/GSAT-4R/GSAT-11 EM II 12 13 14 Sub... 410.00 Advanced Communication Satellite (GSAT 11 including Launch Services) 16... of Transponders) INSAT-4 Launch Services GSAT-7 Satellites (Launch Services) Master Control... INSAT-3D Launch Services GSAT-15 Satellite GSAT-15 Satellites-Launch Services... TOTAL : GROSS 0.00 GSAT-17 & Follow on Missions 12 0.04 4432.00... 2011-2012 0.00 Revised Budget GSAT-16 Satellites Programmes/Projects/Centres...



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... SATELLITES MISSIONS C19 Commercial C21 GSAT-10 SARAL RISAT-1 2012-13 C20 C22 Mars Orbiter GSAT-7 C25 INSAT-3D GSAT-14 IRNSS-1A... Mk III-X CARE Commercial ASTROSAT GSAT-15 GSAT-6 IRNSS-1G IRNSS-1F... HEX-01 C38 GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-11 GSAT– 19 E GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR SCATSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 carrying communication transponders and..., 2015, successfully launched 2117 kg GSAT-6 communication satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer... inclination on September 28, 2015. 5 • GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... Navigation activities. The 2117 kg GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite providing... of its own propulsion system. GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... GSAT-9 and GSAT-6A communication satellites to be launched by GSLV-MkII, GSAT-19 by GSLV-MkIII (LVM3), GSAT-17, GSAT-18 and GSAT-11... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of...-4CR, INSAT-3D, Kalpana-1, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, IRNSS-1A, IRNSS-1B..., IRNSS-1D, IRNSS-1E, GSAT-6, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. To carry out...-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. The overall... data communication services. GEOSAT Series GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... the country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around 1000... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... 3400 kg at lift-off, GSAT-10 commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 spacecraft was envisaged to... GSLV with indigenous Cryogenic stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... communication services in the country. GSAT-6 GSAT-6 is a high power S-band communication... applications. In-Orbit Deployed View GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite... already operational GAGAN payloads on GSAT-8 and GSAT-10. The satellite was..., 2015. GSAT-15 Satellite 26 SATELLITES UNDER DEVELOPMENT GSAT-6A GSAT-6A will be a follow-on satellite after GSAT-6 and... of 12th Five Year Plan. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... onboard GSLV-Mk II. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is an advanced communication... of completion. The satellite is GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication satellite... onboard Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-17 is a communication satellite... Ariane-5 launch vehicle. 27 GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... on spacecraft and electronic components. GSAT-19 satellite will employ advanced... Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites - GSAT-8 and GSAT-10 - covering whole Indian Flight... GAGAN transponder is flown on GSAT-15. The certification will enable...-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-15 and GSAT-16 are operating... the required transponders through INSAT/GSAT satellites and through leased capacity... Museums (NCSM) was migrated to GSAT-12. The tele-education network of... is planned for migration to GSAT-12, during Dec 2015. Technical support... provided using INSAT-3C and GSAT-6 satellites. MSS Services through INSAT... end 2016. MSS Services through GSAT-6 GSAT-6 launched on Aug 27, 2015... Payloads are operational through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15 satellites. Some of... Upper Stage (CUS), successfully launched GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite of..., the first developmental flight carrying GSAT-19E satellite of mass 3200... system was developed to link GSAT-6/INSAT-4E satellites for railway... applications. ISRO through its INSAT/GSAT satellites, is providing satellite based... use in transponder onboard INSAT/ GSAT satellites to be launched by... IRNSS-1F, IRNSS-1G, GSAT-18 and GSAT-19 spacecraft. Industry has...-1E/1F/1G, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT, Resourcesat-2A and GSAT-15 were developed... sensors and optics for Scatsat, GSAT-18, GSAT-11, Aditiya-1 and Chandrayaan... number of transponders from INSAT/ GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of IRNSS-1D, ASTROSAT, GSAT-6 and GSAT-15 were also certified by... performance of IRNSS-1D, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT and GSAT-15 satellites was meticulously... the 6 m Unfurlable Antenna used in GSAT-6, for the first time. Qualification... PSLV-C29/TELEOS, GSLV-D6/GSAT-6 with indigenous cryogenic upper stage... GSAT-15 satellite, vibration test of GSAT-9 propellant tank, vibration test of GSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 by European Ariane 5 VA227..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 on board • Successful launch of... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July 15..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...



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... to space and orbiting INSAT / GSAT, IRS and IRNSS satellites and... Orbiter Spacecraft GSAT-7 INSAT-3D COMMUNICATION IRNSS-1A & NAVIGATION GSAT-14 SATELLITES... C24 C27 C26 Commercial CARE GSAT-16 IRNSS-1D IRNSS-1C... C39C40 C41 Chandrayaan-II GSAT-17 GSAT-11 GSAT-20 IRNSS-1I IRNSS... F09 Mk III comm SCRAMJET GSAT-18 C33 C34 C35 C36... D6 AstroSat GSAT-15 GSAT-6 GSAT– 19 IRNSS-1F IRNSS-1G GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR... navigation satellites. India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was also successfully launched... 28, 2016. • India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was launched into a GTO... launched satellites, the 3,404 kg GSAT-18, India’s communication satellite carrying... be launched onboard PSLV, GSAT-9 and GSAT-19 communication satellites to be... and GSLV-MkIII respectively and GSAT-17 & GSAT-11 communication satellites planned... societal services offered by INSAT / GSAT satellites in the area of... (INSAT) and Geo Synchronous Satellite (GSAT) series of satellites are used... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of..., INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16, GSAT-15 and GSAT-18. The overall... and other data communication services. GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... the country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around 1,000... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... Guyana on September 29, 2012. GSAT-10's commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 payload is envisaged to...-off mass of 1,982 kg. GSAT-14 was successfully launched on... with indigenous Cryogenic Upper Stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... Guyana on December 06, 2014. GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite... on November 11, 2015. GSAT-15 GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication satellite... ground antennas towards the satellite. GSAT-18 is aimed at providing... Guiana. 26 GSAT-18 Satellites Under Development GSAT-17 GSAT-17 is a communication... by Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... be launched during early 2017. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is a multi beam... the first half of 2017. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... of 2017. Satellite Navigation Programme GSAT-9 Structure Satellite Navigation (SATNAV) has... available through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15. GSAT-8 (PRN 127) and GSAT-10 (PRN..., 700 km swath 5 MeghaTropiques October 12, 2011 (PSLV-C18) Low Inclination... the required transponders through INSAT / GSAT satellites and through leased capacity...., are also working with INSAT / GSAT satellites. Telemedicine The Telemedicine programme... in progress. GSLV-F09 carrying GSAT-9 satellite, is targeted for launch... with the successful accomplishment of 12 tests, which validated the structural... (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram, during February 09-12, 2016. NSSS sponsored by ISRO... number of transponders from INSAT / GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of GSAT-18, INSAT-3DR, IRNSS-1G and 1F, SCATSAT-1, GSAT 17... 1 0 0 0 1 17 IPRC 638 12 0 0 0 12 15881 358 52 12 20 274 TOTAL 105..., LVM3-X / CARE, GSLV-F05, NavIC, GSAT-6, etc, were brought out in... propagation experiment using signals from GSAT-14 satellite and ground instruments... launch of India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 by European Ariane 5 VA231..., IRNSS, GSLV-F05 / INSAT-3DR, GSAT-18, Cartosat-2 Series Satellite, SCATSAT... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.1 titled “Computerisation... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.2 titled “Implementation... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.3 titled “Wasteful... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.4 titled “Loss... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.5 titled “Unfruitful... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.6 titled “Non..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 onboard • Successful launch of PSLV... test flight of GSLV with GSAT-2 onboard from SDSC SHAR (May... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... seventh launch of GSLV with GSAT-5P satellite onboard, could not... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July 15..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... Stage, GSLV-D5 successfully places GSAT-14 into GTO on January... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27... PSLV flight • The 3164 kg GSAT-15 carrying Ku-band transponders... communication satellite, GSAT-18 was inducted into the INSAT / GSAT system on... 3,404 kg at lift-off, GSAT-18 carries 48 communication transponders... Telescope GRBs : Gamma Ray Bursts GSAT : Geo Synchronous Satellite GSLV : Geosynchronous...



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... Directions 4. ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR P U N 2007-12 PROPOSALS Approach and formulation process... system with INSAT-3A, 3E, GSAT-2, EDUSAT and INSAT-4A satellites... with indigenous cryo stage carrying GSAT-4 into orbit. With this, the... missions viz., INSAT-4D/GSAT-5 and INSAT-4E/GSAT-6 have also begun... recently, while the proposal for GSAT-8/INSAT-4G is under process... system augmented with FIVE satellites (GSAT-2,3, INSAT-3A, 3E and 4A...(P) INSAT TECHNOLOGY/ EXPERIMENTAL GSAT-3 GSAT-2 HAMSAT SRE-1 SRE-2 GSAT-4 METSAT INSAT-3D KALPANA... segment capacity augmentation in INSAT / GSAT system for national needs in... network and mobile communications. INSAT / GSAT System in 10th plan: 4. There... financial self-sustenance of INSAT/GSAT system and corporatise the services... VRC pilot projects. Table: INSAT/GSAT Transponders Bands Existing Transponders (Equi... of 11th plan period. INSAT / GSAT Planning: 8. Besides the additional transponder..., five satellites viz., INSAT-2E, GSAT-2, INSAT-3B, INSAT-3C and... services. With the INSAT and GSAT missions planned during 11th plan... and higher FEC coding, INSAT/GSAT system would be able to... INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 11. Government have approved INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 satellite being... antenna. Advanced Communication Technology Satellite 12. The Advanced Communication Technology Satellite... frequency bands 13. The ongoing GSAT-4 will be the first satellite..., the total capacity available from GSAT-4 is 1.2 GHz. It is planned... 11th Five Year Plan. INSAT/GSAT system in 11th plan will... Q2 2007 GSLV Mk-II 2 GSAT-4 / I-2K 3 4 5 6 GSAT-8 / Reliance (DTH / 3300Kg ) 82... MkII Q4 2007 Procured Launch GSAT-5/ INSAT-4D (Nor.C, Ext.C In... indgn. cryo-stage / 2250Kg) 82.0 GSAT-9 (Stand –By, Spare/ 2500Kg) Initially... be shifted to 48 after GSAT-10 Launch Q2 2008 GSLV....0 Q3 ,2008 GSLV-Mk-II GSAT-6/INSAT-4E (S-DMB, dedicated Sband... Procured Launch Ku-band: 52 8 GSAT-10 (Replacement to 2E & 3B... C Upper Cx Lower Cx 29 : 12 : 12 : 12 : 06 India coverage 8 spot beams... Normal C : 24 Upper Ext.C :12 Ku-Band :12 Coverage Characteristics similar to...-4A 9 GSAT-11 (Replace. To 3C & Edusat/ I-4K) 10 GSAT-12 Replace. To... with National beam Healthsat requirements GSAT-13 (Replacement to INSAT-3A... Ku-Band : 6 Normal C :12 Upper Ext.C : 6 13 GSAT-14 Q2, 2011 GSLV... Multiple beam India coverage 14 GSAT-15 ( I-4K) 55.0 or any... INSAT-4A for DTH application. 12 30 : 12 :36 India coverage with... mapping with improved accuracy. 2. 2011-12 RESOURCESAT-3 ~ 500kg (Copassanger with Cartosat...-13 OCEANSAT-3 (PSLV dedicated launch) 12 Channel OCM, Scatterometer and Altimeter.... Communication Support for Disaster Management 12. Development and deployment of fail..., IRS-P3, SROSS C2 and GSAT-2. Global Scenario 3. From a global perspective... wave-length bands 0.4-1.2 μ, 2- 4 μ and 10.5 – 12.5 μ b. MAVELI : measurement of vertical distribution... Eastern Region include Satellite (INSAT/GSAT) based communications including developmental communications... the number of spacecraft (IRS, GSAT & INSATs) and launch vehicles (PSLV... Bulgaria as payloads of opportunity. GSAT-4 and Oceansat-2 satellites are carrying... AND COMPLETED IN 11th PLAN (GSAT 9-15, ACTS, Resourcesat-3, Cartosat-3, DMSAR...-3, HyS-Op, TES-Atm, ACTS-3, GSAT 16-18, Astrosat-2, Mars-O, RLV... INITIATIVES %ge wrt Total Outlay 12% 5. TDPs / R & D / FACILITY REPLACMENT / AUG. / PRODUCTIONISATION / INDIGENISATION / ETC., Rs 4,760 cr 12% 6. ORGANISATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE, GRANT... incommensurable benefit of satellite technology. 12. In remote sensing, benefits are... ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN 2007-12 TABLE 5.2: BUDGETARY PROJECTIONS (PLAN + NONPLAN... Services 1.3 GSAT-4 1.4 GSAT-5 / INSAT - 4D 124 50 1.5 GSAT-6 / INSAT - 4E 269 200 1.6 GSAT-8 / INSAT... Initiatives of 11th plan 1.8 GSAT-9, 12 & 13 (2 T bus) 1.9 GSAT-10, 11, 14 & 15... ISTAG Subtotal Other Ongoing Programmes - 8.12 SPACE SCIENCE INSTRUMENTATION 30 15... Systems, Satellite Communications & Meteorology (INSAT, GSAT & METSAT), Space Science Programme and... V DZ on #' May 2003 launchhg GSAT-2 satellite into orbit fo//owedby... been lnlthd. INSAT System (including GSAT & METSAT): ldhPlan Targets 6. 7. The major... this, low cost experimental GSAT satellites viz., GSAT-2,3 & 4 for the developmental flights..., 2005 and operationalised The INSA T/ GSAT system currently have 175 transponders... ldhplan target. (0 771e INSAF4C, wrrylng 12 C band transponders was launc/~edur... appliwtions) has also been hitiated (d) GSAT-4, incorporating advanced commudmf;lon technologies... have already been incorporated in GSAT-4mission. Space Science Programme: ldhPlan... flares have been flown onboard GSAT-2 satellite launched on ghMay 2003... consideration for approvaL Mission Profile 12. The Mission profile envisaged for... 1. PIETSAT-1 2. INSAT-3A Procured Launch - 3. GSAT-2 4. Resourcesat-1 2. GSLV-D2 -- 3. PSLV-C5...-04 5. INSAT-3E --...------- Procured Launch -. ,..,, ,. 6. GSAT-3 (Edusat) - 7. Cartosat-1 (P5) 4. GSLV-FO1... scale expansion of Tcle-medicine. 12. Semicryogenic development proposed in llM....Gen. C B Vijan , HQ IDS (M/o. Defense) 12 18. Shri C M Pandey, DAC, Ministry...



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... GAGAN payload is on the GSAT-8 communication satellite. The reference stations... Indian geostationary satellites GSAT-8P, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15. The GSAT-8P was... E longitude. After the launch of GSAT-8, In-Orbit Test and Test... certification became available for users. GSAT-10 was launched on September... with Bangalore INLUS-East. Also, GSAT-8 was integrated with New Delhi... transponder will be flown on GSAT-15. GAGAN can function with... crore two-ton communication satellite GSAT-14 precisely in the intended... 4), May 2014, pp.41-49 GSAT-14 is the twenty third... ISRO. The main objectives of GSAT-14 mission are: i) To augment... new experiments. The payloads of GSAT-14 are:  Six extended C-band... new technologies being tested on GSAT-14 are:  Ka band beacon... experiments. TABLE 1 - SALIENT FEATURES OF GSAT-14 SATELLITE Mass at Lift..., 74 deg E longitude Mission life 12 years Launch site SHAR Momentum...-and-a-half years. INSAT-1D 12 June 1990 Identical to INSAT..., developmental communication, and mobile communication. GSAT-1 18 April 2001 Experimental satellite... October 2001 24 January 2002 12 Multipurpose communication and meteorological satellite... with INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1. GSAT-2 8 May 2003 Experimental satellite for... 20 October 2004 Also designated GSAT-3. India’s first exclusive educational satellite...-orbited and recovered successfully after 12 days over Bay of Bengal... services and other INSAT-4B 12 March 2007 communications. On the... to INSAT-4C. It carried 12 high-power Ku-band transponders... applications. Continues mission of Oceansat-1. GSAT-4 15 April 2010 Communications satellite... GSLV-D3 failure. CARTOSAT-2B 12 July 2010 Earth observation/remote... to CARTOSAT-2A. StudSat 12 July 2010 GSAT-5P /INSAT-4D 25... students. It weighed 92 kg GSAT-8 / INSAT-4G 21 May 2011... in L1 and L5 band. GSAT-12 communication satellite built by ISRO... at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 GSAT-12 15 July 2011...-around-time.The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12 will augment the... Centre National d'Études Megha-Tropiques 12 October 2011 Spatiales(CNES). PSLV... fourth is from Luxembourg. Jugnu 12 October 2011 RISAT-1 26 April... SRMSAT 26 April 2012 29 GSAT-10 RISAT-1, first indigenous all... developed by SRM University. September GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... advanced weather monitoring payloads. GSAT-7 30 August 2013 GSAT-7 is the advanced... segment. November Mission (MOM) 2013 GSAT-14 5 Jan’ 14 The Mars... is India's first Mars orbiter. GSAT-14 is the twenty third...



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... Summary 8 5 Overview of the Space 12 6 Role of Department of Space... Regulatory framework in India 63 12 Conclusion and Way Forward 70... 11th five year plan (2007-12) is to sustain and strengthen... Indian University onboard India’s PSLV C 12. • Successful launch and operationalisation of... Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007-12) proposals of the ISRO highlighted... towards self sustenance of INSAT/GSAT system Leadership in Earth Observations... and thematic applications; • Launch of GSAT-4 Satellite onboard third development flight... employing indigenously developed Cryogenic Stage. GSAT-4 is a low cost experimental communication... and operationalisation of GSAT-8 satellite by Ariane launch vehicle GSAT-8 will augment..., Integration and Testing of Resourcesat-2, GSAT-5/INSAT-4D and RISAT-1 satellites... data hitherto provided by Resourcesat-1. GSAT-5/ INSAT-4D will augment the... for national space activity are 12 | Overview of Indian Space Sector... 11th five year proposal 2007-12 for Indian Space Programme, ISRO... 17,681 out of which 12,231 are in scientific categories... Sector 2010 7. The Space Economy 12 The space report 2010, space...% of the total market value.12 research, technology development, and social..., INSAT-4A to 4G and GSAT-9 and GSAT-12 have been approved). Source... five year plan proposals 2007-12 for Indian Space Programme, ISRO... five year plan proposals 2007-12 for Indian Space Programme, ISRO... 20 -15 -14 -13 -12 14 13 12 11 20 20 20..., INSAT-3A, 3B, 3C, 3E, GSAT-2, Edusat (GSAT-3), INSAT-4A, 4 B and Kalpana..., current science, vol. 93, no. 12, 25 December 2007, http://www... five Year Plan Proposals, 2007-12 for Indian Space programme, Satellite...,1982 Delta 1150 GSO 74°E 12-C, 1-S, VHRR, IR 8 km., 2.5 km Failed... Space shuttle 1190 GSO 74°E 12-C, 1-S, VHRR, IR 8 km, 2.5 km Mission..., 1988 Ariane-4 1190 GSO 93.5°E 12-C, 1-S, VHRR, IR 8 km, 2.5 km Failed after 2.5 Years 5 INSAT-1D* June 12,1990 Delta 1292 GSO 83° E 12-C, 1-S, VHRR, IR 8 km, 2.5 km Mission ...,1992 Ariane-4 1905 GSO 76˚ E 12-C, 6-Ext.C, 2-S, VHRR, DRT, SASR Mission...,1993 Ariane-4 1932 GSO 93.5° E 12-C, 6-Ext.C, 2-S, VHRR, DRT, SASR Mission... 7,1995 Ariane-4 2020 GSO 93.5° E 12-C, 6-Ext.C, 1-S, MSS, 3-Ku Mission Completed... 4,1997 Ariane-4 2070 GSO 74° E 12-C, 6-Ext.C, 1-S, MSS, 3-Ku Failed after... 3,1999 Ariane-4 2550 GSO 83˚ E-12-C, 5-Ext.C,VHRR, CCD In Operation... GSO 83˚ E 12-Ext.C, 3-Ku, MSS In operation 12 GSAT-1 Apri 18,2001... In operation 14 KALPANA-1 September 12,2002 PSLV-C4 1060 GSO... GSO 12-C, 6-Ku, VHRR, CCD, DRT, SASR In operation 16 GSAT-2 September...,2003 Ariane-5 2775 GSO 24 -C, 12-Ext.C In operation 18 EDUSAT...° E 6-Ku, 6-Ext.C In operation 12-Ku, 12-C In operation 19 HAMSAT May... INSAT-4B March 12,2007 Ariane-5 3025 GSO 12-Ku, 12-C In operation... GSO 74°E 12-Ku To be declared operational 24 GSAT-4 April 15,2010 GSLV-D3 2220 - GSAT-4 was not..., current science, vol. 93, no. 12, 25 December 2007, http://www... financial self-sustenance of INSAT/GSAT system and corporatise the services... 2005 PSLV-C6 In Service 12 Cartosat 2 (IRS P7) 10 January... In Service 17 Cartosat-2B 12 July 2010 PSLV-C15 In... to be launched during 2011-12. CARTOSAT-3: A continuation of Cartosat series... to be launched during 2011-12. OCEANSAT-3: Oceasat-3 would carry Thermal IR Sensor, 12 channel Ocean Color Monitor, Overview... Metro Coaches, Defence andAerospace Products 12. Bharat Electronics Limited* Bangalore Radars... satellite launches. The satellites GSAT-5P and GSAT-8 would be launched by.... ISRO crossed a new milestone on 12 July, 2010 in launching third... 6.5 28-04-2008 PSLV-C9 12 AAUSAT-II Denmark 3 28-04... 23 ALSAT-2A Algeria 116 12-07-2010 PSLV-C15 24 NLS-6.1 (AISSAT-1) Canada 6.5 12-07-2010 PSLV-C15 25 NLS-6.2 (TISAT–1) Switzerland 1 12-07-2010 PSLV-C15 65..., viz, 20% (effective rate 21.12%). Under Tax Treaties, generally, the... Indian Space Sector 2010 | 69 12. Conclusion and Way Forward Over... five year plan (FYP) 2007-12 The major emphasis of the... Korea Aerospace Research Institute INSAT/GSAT Indian National Satellite/Geo - Synchronus... space agencies of the world 12 2 Civil space spending as a percentage... Phone : +91 (040) 40312600 Mumbai 12, Dr. Annie Besant Road, Opp...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...