Спутник связи. GSAT 12. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат GSAT-12 весит 1,41 тонны, оснащен 12 приемопередатчиками в расширенном С-диапазоне. Разработан ISRO.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1GramSat 12НайтиНайти
237746НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Индия
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - Индия
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1410
2Масса (сухая), кг559
3Платформа 1xI-1K (I-1000)
4Количество (C стволов), шт.12

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС, год8

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2011-034A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2011-07-1545
2Оператор Indian National Satellite (INSAT)
3Производитель Космическое агентство Индии

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2011-07-15 at 11:18:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGSAT 12
3Ракета-носитель 1xPSLV

Найдено 716 документов по запросу «GSAT 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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... России по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 74 КА... орбите по состоянию на 31.12.2010 Весь мир 1957 - 2010... США по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 440 КА... Китая по состоянию на 31.12.2010 года включала 69 КА... покинула рынок пусковых услуг на 12 лет. В конце первого десятилетия 21... February 2001 to February 2011 [12] и Orbital launch log by Ed... Гонец-Д1 №11 Гонец-Д1 №12 Рефлектор Экспресс-А1Р Надежда Фотон... М-65 Прогресс М01М Союз ТМА-12 Союз ТМА-13 Прогресс М-66... 29=9/3/9/8 27=1/9/10/7 7 На 31.12.2010 в ОГ РФ 70=17... них утрачены при запуске 05.12.2010 года). Однако номинальный состав... будут произведены компанией Lockheed Martin и 12 - компанией Boeing. Это позволяет заказчику... автора, основанному на приводимых в [10,12,13] сведениях, по целевому назначению... спутников, млрд USD 9.5 11.0 9.8 10.2 7.8 12.0 11.6 10.5 13.5 10.8 Доходы... десяти лет при запусках погибло 12 КА: 2001 год - Artemis и Bsat... 2M; 2010 год - Eutelsat W3B и GSAT-5P. Повторю, что общее число... Гонец-Д1 №11 Гонец-Д1 №12 Экспресс-А1Р Дата запуска 07.04.01 28.12.01 Дата вывода из ОГ... и вещания Индии 2001-2010 28.12.03 Экспресс-АМ11 26.04... 24.07.05 Гонец-М №1 21.12.05 март 2006 1г 11м... Apstar-6 (Spacebus 4000С1) 12.04.05 Дата запуска GSAT-1 18.04.01 INSAT-3C 24.01.02 KALPANA-1 12.09.02 INSAT-3A 10.04.03 GSAT-2 08.05.03 INSAT-3E 28.09.03 GSAT-3/Edusat....05.05 INSAT-4A 22.12.05 INSAT–4C 10.07...-3) 01.06.07 INSAT-4B 12.03.07 ChinaSat-6B (Spacebus... XiWang-1 (микроспутник-60 кг) 15.12.09 ChinaSat-6A/SinoSat-6 (DFN....04.09 GSAT-4 15.04.10 GSAT-5P 25.12.10 Запущено 15... из них в эксплуатации 11 КА 12 1.1. Российская орбитальная группировка спутниковой связи...-М №18, «Гонец-Д1» №10, №11 и №12 прекратили свое существование на орбите... по созданию системы на базе 12 КА «Гонец-Д1М» с повышенной энергетикой... спутника «Луч-4». КА с заявленным САС 12 лет и массой порядка трех тонн..., в утвержденной Постановлением Правительства от 03.12.2009 года №985 ФЦП «Развитие... должна построить и вывести на орбиту 12 спутников связи и вещания. К середине 2011... INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, ANUSAT, GSAT-8 и GSAT-12 успешно) запущены на орбиту и эксплуатируются...ё два спутника связи и вещания GSAT-11 и GSAT-14 [27]. Из данных, приведенных... функцию выполняли 10 КА. Спутники GSAT-1, GSAT-4, GSAT-5R и INSAT-4R 21 утрачены... нагрузку. Находящийся в производстве спутник связи GSAT-11 будет иметь мощность системы... платформы в конце САС не менее 12 кВт; 3) срок активного существования спутников... GSAT-8, а 15 июля 2011 года – спутник связи GSAT-12. В стадии производства находятся спутники GSAT-6, GSAT-7, GSAT-9, GSAT-9, GSAT-10, GSAT-9 и GSAT-14 со сроками... через спутник INSAT-3C и КА GSAT-3 с 2003 года развёрнута мобильная... орбите в лучшем случае будет 10-12 спутников связи и вещания гражданского назначения....02.02 25.07.02 12.08.03 10.10.01....06.02 июль 2003 09.12.03 4м 4м 1г 4м...) Yaogan Weixing-4 01.12.08 Yaogan Weixing-5 15.12.08 Yaogan Weixing... Yaogan Weixing-7 09.12.09 Yaogan Weixing-8 15.12.09 YaoGan Weixing... 23.09.09 CARTOSAT-2B 12.07.10 StudSat Запущено 10... КА), Китая (15 КА), Германии (12 КА), Индии (11 КА), но... год планирует запустить на орбиту 12 спутников ДЗЗ, то есть по... КА IRS-1D проработал в системе 12 лет до января 2010 года... КА), Китаю (17 спутников) и Германии (12 КА). Такая внушительная по составу... ДЗЗ; 6) создать группу экспертов из 7-12 квалифицированных специалистов человек в области спутниковых... спутниками США: GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-13, GOES-14 и GOES... Дата запуска Метеор-3М №1 10.12.01 Метеор-М №1 Дата вывода из...-2Е 19.10.04 08.12.06 27.05.08 23.12.08 MetSat-1 (Kalpana) INSAT-3C INSAT-3A январь 2011 12.09.02 24.01.02... (платформ); 5) создать группу экспертов из 7-12 квалифицированных специалистов человек в области космических....07.01 06.12.05 4г 4м 01.12.01 не включился... 2009 10м 16.09.09 12.02.09 4м 16.09... 2м 16 сут 0 6 сут 0 12 сут Запущено 12 КА из них работающих...-6B Tansuo-2 Shi Jian-7 29.12.03 18.04.04 25... Chang'e-2 01.10.10 Запущено 12 КА из них в эксплуатации 8 КА...-2010 годов на орбиту запущено 12 спутников научного назначения. На орбите...-2010 годов на орбиту запущено 12 спутников научного назначения. На орбите... группировка научного космоса потеряла все 12 из 12 запущенных в этот период спутников... законом №308-ФЗ от 15.12.2009 года «О федеральном бюджете на.... 1. Федеральный закон № 231 от 18.12.2006 года, статья 2. 2. А.Крылов. Сравнительный..., №2; 2007, №2; 2008, №2; 2009, №2; 2010, №2; 2011, №2. 12. The UCS Satellite Database is.... И.Маринин, И.Лисов. // Новости космонавтики, 2003, №12,. «Луч-5А» – аппарат многофункциональной системы..., 23. Постановление Правительства от 03.12.2009 г. №985.: Федеральная целевая программа... руководителя Росгидромета. // ИТАР-ТАСС – интервью 12 сентября 2011 года. 38. Стратегии.... Федеральный закон № 308 от 15.12.2009 года. 65 50. С.Шамсутдинов...



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...; • Launch of GSAT-7 which is a user funded communication satellite. GSAT-7 was initially... services; • Launch of communication satellite GSAT-14 onboard GSLV-D5. The..., INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-12. Among these satellites, INAT.... 8 Remarks 28 1 15 3 Objective / Outcome GSAT-11: Advanced Communication Satellite. Development... delivery and fabrication activities for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission... launch. (IRNSS-R1A, GSAT-14, INSAT3D and GSAT-7) Technology Development initiatives Robotic... of sensors for GSAT-14, IRNSS-R1A, ASTROSAT, GSAT-7 and INSAT-3D... operations support for INSAT-3D, GSAT-7, GSAT14 and IRNSS-1 Missions. Providing..., INSAT4A to 4G and GSAT-9, GSAT-10 & GSAT-12, GSAT14 and GSAT6A have been... and mainframe subsystem realisation of GSAT-9, GSAT-6 satellites. Assembly, Integration and Testing... 6 Projected Outcome 59 GSAT-15 Satellite. 55 56 GSAT-16 Satellite. INSAT... Charges for Leasing of INSAT/GSAT Transponders. 1 GSAT-15 Satellite - Launch Services... and 12 Ku-band transponders. To secure Launch Slot for GSAT-15... of transponder capacity of INSAT/ GSAT system. 3 Objective / Outcome Total Sanctioned...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-16 is GSAT-16 project. expected during...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-15 is GSAT-15 project. expected during... Outcome GSAT-16 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system with 24 C-band, 12 Upper Ext-C band and 12 Ku-band transponders. GSAT-15 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system... GSAT-7 Launch Services. GSAT-17 Satellite and follow-on missions. 59 62 GSAT-16 Satellite - Launch Services. 1 GSAT-17 Satellite and... Provider. 5 Quantifiable Deliverables Approval of GSAT-17 & 18 satellites is expected... satellite using procured launch Services. GSAT-7 is expected to be launched... secure a launch slot for launching GSAT-17 & 18 satellites. 7 Processes / Timelines... 2 tonne class of operational INSAT/GSAT satellites, the GSLV-Operational Project... carrying an exclusive communication satellite GSAT-12, launched successfully on July 15... crores to carry 12 Ku band transponders. INSAT-4D/GSAT-5 was configured... for Assembly and Integration. 10.4 GSAT-8/INSAT-4G Communication Satellite is... (VSAT) applications. GSAT-9 is identical to INSAT-4C with 12 high power... GSAT-10 is `735.00 crores. The spacecraft carries 12 Ku-Band, 12... to users is underway. 10.7 GSAT-12, the communication satellite built by... at lift-off. GSAT-12 is configured to carry 12 Extended C-band transponders...-around-time. The 12 Extended C-band transponders of GSAT-12, will augment the... sanctioned cost of GSAT-12 is `80.00 crores. GSAT-12 was launched successfully... NCS-8 series and STRaND. 16. GSAT-11 (Advanced Communication Satellite) (` in... viz., GSLV-D5/GSAT 14 Mission and GSLV-D6 / GSAT-6 Mission; • The..., Wheels and SADA) for GSAT-6, GSAT-15, ASTROSAT, GSAT-16, Mars Orbiter Mission... Mechanism for GSAT-11; • In-house realization of low cost 12-channel... system is made ready for GSAT-7 & GSAT-14 Spacecrafts. RISAT-1 satellite propulsion... development tested and delivered for GSAT-7 & 14 missions. Sea level qualification... • Completed integration and Testing of GSAT-10 Spacecraft, which was launched... 29th September, 2012; • Realization of GSAT-7 & INSAT-3D spacecraft is under... of IRNSS-R1B/R1C, GSAT-6, FSAT-7, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission and... complete sub-system fabrication for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-16, Resourcesat-2A, Chandrayaan... Optics for RISAT-1, GSAT-10, SARAL, INSAT-3D, GSAT-7 and GSAT14 with... for Astrosat, SRE-2, Resourcesat-2A, GSAT-6, GSAT-11, Chandrayaan-2 and IRNSS-1 are... level Integration and for GSAT-7, INSAT-3D and GSAT-14 payloads; • Planned... payload level integration & testing of GSAT-9 & IRNSS-1B payloads; • Completed PDR for Mars Orbiter Mission, GISAT, GSAT-15 & GSAT-16; • Planned to realize... • Delivery of INSAT-3DR, GSAT-15, GSAT-16 and IRNSS-1C payloads... be completed for GSAT-17, GSAT-18, GSAT-11 and GSAT-7A communication payloads... other ground systems developed for GSAT-6 Applications; • Planned to complete development... like IRNSS Signal monitoring Facility, GSAT-11 ground segment, Integration and..., migration of 165 Nodes from GSAT-3 to GSAT-12, up-gradation of Telemedicine... nodes from INSAT-3A to GSAT-12; • Planned to assess the performance... Telecast; • With the launch of GSAT-12, it is planned to re... SCES # 1; • Provided LEOP operations of GSAT-10 mission; • Augmentation of Automated... VPN network using a transponder onboard GSAT-12; • Supported International disaster management activities... Oceansat-2 & 3 Resourcesat-2 & 3 G.SAT-4/GSAT-4R/GSAT-11 EM II 12 13 14 Sub... 410.00 Advanced Communication Satellite (GSAT 11 including Launch Services) 16... of Transponders) INSAT-4 Launch Services GSAT-7 Satellites (Launch Services) Master Control... INSAT-3D Launch Services GSAT-15 Satellite GSAT-15 Satellites-Launch Services... TOTAL : GROSS 0.00 GSAT-17 & Follow on Missions 12 0.04 4432.00... 2011-2012 0.00 Revised Budget GSAT-16 Satellites Programmes/Projects/Centres...



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... SATELLITES MISSIONS C19 Commercial C21 GSAT-10 SARAL RISAT-1 2012-13 C20 C22 Mars Orbiter GSAT-7 C25 INSAT-3D GSAT-14 IRNSS-1A... Mk III-X CARE Commercial ASTROSAT GSAT-15 GSAT-6 IRNSS-1G IRNSS-1F... HEX-01 C38 GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-11 GSAT– 19 E GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR SCATSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 carrying communication transponders and..., 2015, successfully launched 2117 kg GSAT-6 communication satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer... inclination on September 28, 2015. 5 • GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... Navigation activities. The 2117 kg GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite providing... of its own propulsion system. GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... GSAT-9 and GSAT-6A communication satellites to be launched by GSLV-MkII, GSAT-19 by GSLV-MkIII (LVM3), GSAT-17, GSAT-18 and GSAT-11... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of...-4CR, INSAT-3D, Kalpana-1, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, IRNSS-1A, IRNSS-1B..., IRNSS-1D, IRNSS-1E, GSAT-6, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. To carry out...-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. The overall... data communication services. GEOSAT Series GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... the country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around 1000... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... 3400 kg at lift-off, GSAT-10 commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 spacecraft was envisaged to... GSLV with indigenous Cryogenic stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... communication services in the country. GSAT-6 GSAT-6 is a high power S-band communication... applications. In-Orbit Deployed View GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite... already operational GAGAN payloads on GSAT-8 and GSAT-10. The satellite was..., 2015. GSAT-15 Satellite 26 SATELLITES UNDER DEVELOPMENT GSAT-6A GSAT-6A will be a follow-on satellite after GSAT-6 and... of 12th Five Year Plan. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... onboard GSLV-Mk II. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is an advanced communication... of completion. The satellite is GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication satellite... onboard Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-17 is a communication satellite... Ariane-5 launch vehicle. 27 GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... on spacecraft and electronic components. GSAT-19 satellite will employ advanced... Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites - GSAT-8 and GSAT-10 - covering whole Indian Flight... GAGAN transponder is flown on GSAT-15. The certification will enable...-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-15 and GSAT-16 are operating... the required transponders through INSAT/GSAT satellites and through leased capacity... Museums (NCSM) was migrated to GSAT-12. The tele-education network of... is planned for migration to GSAT-12, during Dec 2015. Technical support... provided using INSAT-3C and GSAT-6 satellites. MSS Services through INSAT... end 2016. MSS Services through GSAT-6 GSAT-6 launched on Aug 27, 2015... Payloads are operational through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15 satellites. Some of... Upper Stage (CUS), successfully launched GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite of..., the first developmental flight carrying GSAT-19E satellite of mass 3200... system was developed to link GSAT-6/INSAT-4E satellites for railway... applications. ISRO through its INSAT/GSAT satellites, is providing satellite based... use in transponder onboard INSAT/ GSAT satellites to be launched by... IRNSS-1F, IRNSS-1G, GSAT-18 and GSAT-19 spacecraft. Industry has...-1E/1F/1G, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT, Resourcesat-2A and GSAT-15 were developed... sensors and optics for Scatsat, GSAT-18, GSAT-11, Aditiya-1 and Chandrayaan... number of transponders from INSAT/ GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of IRNSS-1D, ASTROSAT, GSAT-6 and GSAT-15 were also certified by... performance of IRNSS-1D, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT and GSAT-15 satellites was meticulously... the 6 m Unfurlable Antenna used in GSAT-6, for the first time. Qualification... PSLV-C29/TELEOS, GSLV-D6/GSAT-6 with indigenous cryogenic upper stage... GSAT-15 satellite, vibration test of GSAT-9 propellant tank, vibration test of GSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 by European Ariane 5 VA227..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 on board • Successful launch of... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July 15..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...



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... to space and orbiting INSAT / GSAT, IRS and IRNSS satellites and... Orbiter Spacecraft GSAT-7 INSAT-3D COMMUNICATION IRNSS-1A & NAVIGATION GSAT-14 SATELLITES... C24 C27 C26 Commercial CARE GSAT-16 IRNSS-1D IRNSS-1C... C39C40 C41 Chandrayaan-II GSAT-17 GSAT-11 GSAT-20 IRNSS-1I IRNSS... F09 Mk III comm SCRAMJET GSAT-18 C33 C34 C35 C36... D6 AstroSat GSAT-15 GSAT-6 GSAT– 19 IRNSS-1F IRNSS-1G GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR... navigation satellites. India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was also successfully launched... 28, 2016. • India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was launched into a GTO... launched satellites, the 3,404 kg GSAT-18, India’s communication satellite carrying... be launched onboard PSLV, GSAT-9 and GSAT-19 communication satellites to be... and GSLV-MkIII respectively and GSAT-17 & GSAT-11 communication satellites planned... societal services offered by INSAT / GSAT satellites in the area of... (INSAT) and Geo Synchronous Satellite (GSAT) series of satellites are used... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of..., INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16, GSAT-15 and GSAT-18. The overall... and other data communication services. GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... the country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around 1,000... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... Guyana on September 29, 2012. GSAT-10's commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 payload is envisaged to...-off mass of 1,982 kg. GSAT-14 was successfully launched on... with indigenous Cryogenic Upper Stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... Guyana on December 06, 2014. GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite... on November 11, 2015. GSAT-15 GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication satellite... ground antennas towards the satellite. GSAT-18 is aimed at providing... Guiana. 26 GSAT-18 Satellites Under Development GSAT-17 GSAT-17 is a communication... by Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... be launched during early 2017. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is a multi beam... the first half of 2017. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... of 2017. Satellite Navigation Programme GSAT-9 Structure Satellite Navigation (SATNAV) has... available through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15. GSAT-8 (PRN 127) and GSAT-10 (PRN..., 700 km swath 5 MeghaTropiques October 12, 2011 (PSLV-C18) Low Inclination... the required transponders through INSAT / GSAT satellites and through leased capacity...., are also working with INSAT / GSAT satellites. Telemedicine The Telemedicine programme... in progress. GSLV-F09 carrying GSAT-9 satellite, is targeted for launch... with the successful accomplishment of 12 tests, which validated the structural... (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram, during February 09-12, 2016. NSSS sponsored by ISRO... number of transponders from INSAT / GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of GSAT-18, INSAT-3DR, IRNSS-1G and 1F, SCATSAT-1, GSAT 17... 1 0 0 0 1 17 IPRC 638 12 0 0 0 12 15881 358 52 12 20 274 TOTAL 105..., LVM3-X / CARE, GSLV-F05, NavIC, GSAT-6, etc, were brought out in... propagation experiment using signals from GSAT-14 satellite and ground instruments... launch of India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 by European Ariane 5 VA231..., IRNSS, GSLV-F05 / INSAT-3DR, GSAT-18, Cartosat-2 Series Satellite, SCATSAT... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.1 titled “Computerisation... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.2 titled “Implementation... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.3 titled “Wasteful... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.4 titled “Loss... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.5 titled “Unfruitful... Government, Scientific Departments Report No. 12 of 2016 Para 5.6 titled “Non..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 onboard • Successful launch of PSLV... test flight of GSLV with GSAT-2 onboard from SDSC SHAR (May... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... seventh launch of GSLV with GSAT-5P satellite onboard, could not... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July 15..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... Stage, GSLV-D5 successfully places GSAT-14 into GTO on January... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27... PSLV flight • The 3164 kg GSAT-15 carrying Ku-band transponders... communication satellite, GSAT-18 was inducted into the INSAT / GSAT system on... 3,404 kg at lift-off, GSAT-18 carries 48 communication transponders... Telescope GRBs : Gamma Ray Bursts GSAT : Geo Synchronous Satellite GSLV : Geosynchronous...



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... Directions 4. ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR P U N 2007-12 PROPOSALS Approach and formulation process... system with INSAT-3A, 3E, GSAT-2, EDUSAT and INSAT-4A satellites... with indigenous cryo stage carrying GSAT-4 into orbit. With this, the... missions viz., INSAT-4D/GSAT-5 and INSAT-4E/GSAT-6 have also begun... recently, while the proposal for GSAT-8/INSAT-4G is under process... system augmented with FIVE satellites (GSAT-2,3, INSAT-3A, 3E and 4A...(P) INSAT TECHNOLOGY/ EXPERIMENTAL GSAT-3 GSAT-2 HAMSAT SRE-1 SRE-2 GSAT-4 METSAT INSAT-3D KALPANA... segment capacity augmentation in INSAT / GSAT system for national needs in... network and mobile communications. INSAT / GSAT System in 10th plan: 4. There... financial self-sustenance of INSAT/GSAT system and corporatise the services... VRC pilot projects. Table: INSAT/GSAT Transponders Bands Existing Transponders (Equi... of 11th plan period. INSAT / GSAT Planning: 8. Besides the additional transponder..., five satellites viz., INSAT-2E, GSAT-2, INSAT-3B, INSAT-3C and... services. With the INSAT and GSAT missions planned during 11th plan... and higher FEC coding, INSAT/GSAT system would be able to... INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 11. Government have approved INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 satellite being... antenna. Advanced Communication Technology Satellite 12. The Advanced Communication Technology Satellite... frequency bands 13. The ongoing GSAT-4 will be the first satellite..., the total capacity available from GSAT-4 is 1.2 GHz. It is planned... 11th Five Year Plan. INSAT/GSAT system in 11th plan will... Q2 2007 GSLV Mk-II 2 GSAT-4 / I-2K 3 4 5 6 GSAT-8 / Reliance (DTH / 3300Kg ) 82... MkII Q4 2007 Procured Launch GSAT-5/ INSAT-4D (Nor.C, Ext.C In... indgn. cryo-stage / 2250Kg) 82.0 GSAT-9 (Stand –By, Spare/ 2500Kg) Initially... be shifted to 48 after GSAT-10 Launch Q2 2008 GSLV....0 Q3 ,2008 GSLV-Mk-II GSAT-6/INSAT-4E (S-DMB, dedicated Sband... Procured Launch Ku-band: 52 8 GSAT-10 (Replacement to 2E & 3B... C Upper Cx Lower Cx 29 : 12 : 12 : 12 : 06 India coverage 8 spot beams... Normal C : 24 Upper Ext.C :12 Ku-Band :12 Coverage Characteristics similar to...-4A 9 GSAT-11 (Replace. To 3C & Edusat/ I-4K) 10 GSAT-12 Replace. To... with National beam Healthsat requirements GSAT-13 (Replacement to INSAT-3A... Ku-Band : 6 Normal C :12 Upper Ext.C : 6 13 GSAT-14 Q2, 2011 GSLV... Multiple beam India coverage 14 GSAT-15 ( I-4K) 55.0 or any... INSAT-4A for DTH application. 12 30 : 12 :36 India coverage with... mapping with improved accuracy. 2. 2011-12 RESOURCESAT-3 ~ 500kg (Copassanger with Cartosat...-13 OCEANSAT-3 (PSLV dedicated launch) 12 Channel OCM, Scatterometer and Altimeter.... Communication Support for Disaster Management 12. Development and deployment of fail..., IRS-P3, SROSS C2 and GSAT-2. Global Scenario 3. From a global perspective... wave-length bands 0.4-1.2 μ, 2- 4 μ and 10.5 – 12.5 μ b. MAVELI : measurement of vertical distribution... Eastern Region include Satellite (INSAT/GSAT) based communications including developmental communications... the number of spacecraft (IRS, GSAT & INSATs) and launch vehicles (PSLV... Bulgaria as payloads of opportunity. GSAT-4 and Oceansat-2 satellites are carrying... AND COMPLETED IN 11th PLAN (GSAT 9-15, ACTS, Resourcesat-3, Cartosat-3, DMSAR...-3, HyS-Op, TES-Atm, ACTS-3, GSAT 16-18, Astrosat-2, Mars-O, RLV... INITIATIVES %ge wrt Total Outlay 12% 5. TDPs / R & D / FACILITY REPLACMENT / AUG. / PRODUCTIONISATION / INDIGENISATION / ETC., Rs 4,760 cr 12% 6. ORGANISATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE MAINTENANCE, GRANT... incommensurable benefit of satellite technology. 12. In remote sensing, benefits are... ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN 2007-12 TABLE 5.2: BUDGETARY PROJECTIONS (PLAN + NONPLAN... Services 1.3 GSAT-4 1.4 GSAT-5 / INSAT - 4D 124 50 1.5 GSAT-6 / INSAT - 4E 269 200 1.6 GSAT-8 / INSAT... Initiatives of 11th plan 1.8 GSAT-9, 12 & 13 (2 T bus) 1.9 GSAT-10, 11, 14 & 15... ISTAG Subtotal Other Ongoing Programmes - 8.12 SPACE SCIENCE INSTRUMENTATION 30 15... Systems, Satellite Communications & Meteorology (INSAT, GSAT & METSAT), Space Science Programme and... V DZ on #' May 2003 launchhg GSAT-2 satellite into orbit fo//owedby... been lnlthd. INSAT System (including GSAT & METSAT): ldhPlan Targets 6. 7. The major... this, low cost experimental GSAT satellites viz., GSAT-2,3 & 4 for the developmental flights..., 2005 and operationalised The INSA T/ GSAT system currently have 175 transponders... ldhplan target. (0 771e INSAF4C, wrrylng 12 C band transponders was launc/~edur... appliwtions) has also been hitiated (d) GSAT-4, incorporating advanced commudmf;lon technologies... have already been incorporated in GSAT-4mission. Space Science Programme: ldhPlan... flares have been flown onboard GSAT-2 satellite launched on ghMay 2003... consideration for approvaL Mission Profile 12. The Mission profile envisaged for... 1. PIETSAT-1 2. INSAT-3A Procured Launch - 3. GSAT-2 4. Resourcesat-1 2. GSLV-D2 -- 3. PSLV-C5...-04 5. INSAT-3E --...------- Procured Launch -. ,..,, ,. 6. GSAT-3 (Edusat) - 7. Cartosat-1 (P5) 4. GSLV-FO1... scale expansion of Tcle-medicine. 12. Semicryogenic development proposed in llM....Gen. C B Vijan , HQ IDS (M/o. Defense) 12 18. Shri C M Pandey, DAC, Ministry...



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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term Demand Forecast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14... Identified Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... from last year’s average of 12.8 launches. Figure 3 shows the projected... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... NGSO launches per year. Only 12 percent (approximately 5 launches per year... 2019 2020 2021 2022 6 2 3 5 8 7 3 10 12 11 12 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 91 9.1 40% 4 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 46... satellites for ABS and Satmex. • 12 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... DM DM 6 DM Azersat 1 DM GSAT 7 DM Optus 10 SES 8 Thaicom... DM Amazonas 4A ARSAT 1 GSAT 11 GSAT 16 Hispasat AG1 Thor 7 Turksat... Turksat 5A DM Arsat 2 DM GSAT 18 Amazonas 4B Bulsatcom Satellite... TBD Launch TBD Launch TBD 12 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane 5 Ariane... NGSO launchers per year. Only 12 percent of these launches (approximately... Test and Demo 2% Commercial Telecommunications 12% • 35 • Medium-to-Heavy Launch... launch market. Telecommunications satellites comprise 12 percent of the launch market... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation and telecommunications... to drive this increase. Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13... ! 20 21 ! 20 22 ! Launches! 12! • 36 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation... Plans 5! 3! 4! 2! 4! 3! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2013 0! 20 11 ! 20 12 ! 20 13 ! 20 14 ! 20... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at frequencies below 1 GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems Satellites System/ Operator... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... satellites before 2019 to maintain a 12-satellite constellation. This includes two... 16 communications satellites for O3b; 12 are currently under construction. O3b... for a commercial SAR system. DigitalGlobe 12/14/2000 License issued for...” with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 8/12/2004 License originally issued to.... for OrbView-5, now GeoEye-1. Technica 12/8/2005 License issued for four... Dove-4. California Polytechnic State University 12/4/2012 License issued for operation... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD QuickBird DigitalGlobe... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... near term (2013-2016) includes 12 manifested basic and applied scientific... application of a forecasting method projects 12 basic and applied scientific research... Projected Launch Plans 7! 6! Launches! 5! 4! 3! 6! 6! 6! 5! 3! 1! 1! 11 ! 12 2! 2! 2! 2! ! 3! 2! 22 3! 21 3! 2! ! 3! 1! 4! 20 4! ! 2! 2! ASNARO 1 - Dnepr...: 5% Minotaur 1: 4% Long March: 6% NANOSATELLITES Cosmos: 12% • 68 • M-V: 2% Minotaur IV: 2% Minotaur 1: 4% Long... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... 15 28 32 20 0 0 0 0 0 120 12.0 Commercial Remote Sensing 1 2 3 2 5 3 0 1 0 0 17 1.7 Commercial... Ariane 5 DM3 e-Bird 1 DM1 Galaxy 12 Amos 2 Ariane 4 Ariane 5 Atlas V Sea... Amazonas 2 DM2 NSS 12 Terrestar 1 Intelsat 14 DirecTV 12 Eutelsat W2A Eutelsat...) (Continued) 2011 2012 Total Launches 12 12 Total Satellites 15 21 Over... DM3 DM2 DM5 DM4 DM1 6 GSAT 10 Hylas 2 Mexsat 3 Star One... Nigcomsat 1 Insat 4CR 2011 10 GSAT 8 Chinasat 10 Chinasat 1A Nigcomsat... 5A Express AM4 DMA Kazsat 2 GSAT 12 2 Express AM11 Express AM1 Proton... 1 1 3 6 3 1 2 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 8 7 7 3 13 6 7 6 4 1 62 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 4 9 9 8 5 25 19 12 15 20 4 126 Medium-to... Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites Total... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium... Remote Sensing Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2012) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other...-Heavy 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Egyptsat SaudiComsat 3-7 Saudisat 3 AGILE... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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...: Legal Issues 151 Malay Adhikari 12. Exploring Space as an Instrument... launch frequency of rockets to 12-18 annually. Therefore, Space 1.5 is... demand which dictates about 10-12 satellites be flown every year... 1 - Evolution of India’s Space Budget1 12 Space Commerce 1. Traditional Space in... FDI in the space sector,12 there is an opportunity for... Science 80(3) (2001): 343– 48. 12. Make In India, Government of..., ISRO is planning to launch 12 to 18 PSLVs per year... will come from rural areas.12 Recognising the socio-economic dividends...-white-paper-c11-481360.html. 12. Ibid, [1]. 13. Bharat Broadband Network... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an... space agencies to encourage entrepreneurship.12 India can learn from the.... 2. “ISRO To Double Missions To 12 Per Year,” NDTV, February 18...,” http://www.deccanchronicle.com/, April 12, 2016, http:// www.deccanchronicle.com... Way To Go,” Swarajya, December 12, 2016, http://swarajyamag.com/politics... Perspective”, International Astronautical Congress 2015. 12. European Space Agency, “ESA Business... Small Satellite Market Observations 2015 12. Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts 2015... law and the UN Charter,12 limited military use,13 international... Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17... Pvt Firms”In Deccan Herald, 12 November. 59. Ray, Kalyan. 2016... of domestic capabilities at ISRO.12 Furthermore, initiatives like the Digital... (TRAI), TRAI viaits report dated 12 May 2014 recommended that a separate...-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine Curcio,”Putting.../SATCOM-norms.pdf 47. Paragraph 1.12, “Recommendations on Provisioning of INMARSAT... the majority shareholder of ILS.12 The European-Russian Organization, Strasem.../(Accessed on 15 July, 2016). 12. International Launch Services. http://www... Disputes, Journal of Space Law, 12 (2). p. 136. 37. Article XIV of...’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy 165 12 Exploring Space as an Instrument..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also launched... communications services in the region.12 The costs associated with building.../Portal/ForeignRelation/ India-France_Relations.pdf 12. Srivastava, Vanita. “India to launch.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched.../GSAT6IndiasSecond MilitarySatelliteLaunched_alele_310815, accessed on August 12, 2016 7. http://www.unoosa.org... illustration of this growing trend.12 Even as these are perceived... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with... of Cold War Studies, Vol. 12, No. 3, Summer 2010, p.77. 6. Cited.../policy_issues/the-missile-defensespace.html 12. Dwayne Day, “Blunt arrows: The.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... provided the PSLV launch on 12 October 2011, the platform and... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... increase the launch frequency to 12-18 annually during this period.../ irp/offdocs/nspd/nspd41.pdf 12. Franz-Stefan Gady, “India and... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight... five mini-satellites in 2014.12 Russia, for its part, used.../bibl/nehamkin/sssrindia/01.html 12. With 13 deg. North against... operates in Ku-band with a 12.2 m dia antenna. The FGAN radar... object with Apparent Magnitude of 12. The Apparent Magnitude of the... 2016; no report was issued).12 This particular provision will play... Committee, 114th Congress (2015-2016). 12. §51302(b), An Act to facilitate... the Registration Convention, Article VIII;12 and the Moon Agreement, inter... March 1972) 961 UNTS 187 12. Convention on Registration of Objects... Space Activities (London: Springer, 2010) 1, 12-21; Accord, I. Marboe & F. Hafner, “Brief... space, UNGA Resolution 1472 (XIV) (12 December 1959). 20. Resolution Adopted.... 1 (Cologne: Wolters Kluwer Deutschland, 2009) 12-13. 81. Galloway, supra, note... participating states, the UNCOPUOS adopted 12 best practice guidelines in 2016...



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... layer ls dksbZ ugha (2) 14.12% (4) buesa ls dksbZ ugha (2) 49... la[;k D;k gS\ (1) 485 (3) 420 (2) 14.12% (4) None of these To move... studied both German & French? (1) 0 (3) 4 10. 12. 13. 14. (4) E yksxksa ds ,d leqnk.../kkjh vad (4) nks n”kfed vad 12. Mksaxjh Hkk’kk fuEu jkT... ;fn u;k deZpkjh iqjkus deZpkjh ls 12 o’kZ NksVk gS\ (1) 5 (3) 6 ASSERTION (A):- The... if the new worker is 12 years younger than the older... power windows but no radios, 12 had radio, 6 had air conditioning... dksbZ jsfM;ks ugha Fkk] 12 esa jsfM;ks Fks] 6 esa... ij foyqIr la[;k crk,a\ (1) 10 (3) 12 40. 41. (2) ESA (4) FKA & RKA... place of question mark? (1) 10 (3) 12 (2) ` 64,000 (4) ` 32,000 f=Hkqt... 71. The value of 1 x2 (1) 12 (3) 14 72. (1) VNOCERONIS (3) VNOCRENOIS 73... Hkkjr dk igyk mixzg gS\ (1) (2) (3) (4) GSAT12 GSAT–7 GSAT–1 GSAT–8 funsZ”k% fn;s x, funsZ”kksa ds... gS 75. STATEMENT: M@J, J$T, T*N CONCLUSION: N#J 1 + 2 y 73. GSAT12 GSAT–7 GSAT–1 GSAT–8 A$B means A is not smaller than... dedicated military satellite? (1) (2) (3) (4) (2) 23 (4) 50 (1) 12 (3) 14 Recently which ministry has... A. Tamilnadu B. Maharastra C. Odisha D. Gujarat 1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C 1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A 1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A 1-B, 2-A, 3-D, 4-C (1) (2) (3) (4) SFCX5 [A–12] 1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C 1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A 1-D, 2-C, 3-B, 4-A 1-B, 2-A, 3-D, 4-C PAPER – I [ 0 3 4 5 7 8 ] 87. Anusuya, who gave...