Спутник связи. GSAT-11. [Редактировать]

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - Израиль
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Израиль
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Все спутники связи

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-09-14. ISRO решило заключть контракт с Arianespace.
Космическое агентство Индии решило заключить контракт с Arianespace на запуск космического аппарата GSAT 11. Запуск должен будет состояться в 2017 году с космодрома Куру при помощи РН Ариан 5 ЕСА. Космический аппарат GSAT-11 разработан, собран и протестирован ISRO. Его масса составляет около 5,725 кг. космический аппарат будет предоставлять потребителям около 12 гбит емкости. Тэги: ArianespaceКосмическое агентство ИндииАриан 5 ECAGSAT-11

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг5725
2Емкость, гБит в секунду12

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Заказчик Космическое агентство Индии
2Прогнозная стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2010-01-01104

Найдено 695 документов по запросу «GSAT-11». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... в составе 13 космических аппаратов. В действительности 11 КА; - система подвижной спутниковой связи... НК №2 за 2005-2011 годы [11]. Результаты этой долгой и кропотливой работы...-1 Гонец-Д1 №10 Гонец-Д1 №11 Гонец-Д1 №12 Рефлектор Экспресс... ТМА-2 Союз ТМА Прогресс М1-11 Прогресс М-49 Прогресс М-50 Прогресс... Союз ТМА-10 Союз ТМА-11 Глонасс-796 Глонасс-797 Глонасс... производства спутников, млрд USD 9.5 11.0 9.8 10.2 7.8 12.0 11.6 10.5 13.5 10.8 Доходы...-4С; 2007 год - NSS-8 и JSAT-11; 2008 год - АМС-14; 2009... 2M; 2010 год - Eutelsat W3B и GSAT-5P. Повторю, что общее число... с 2001 года по 2010 год. 11 Таблица 4. Гражданские спутники связи России... Гонец-Д1 №10 Гонец-Д1 №11 Гонец-Д1 №12 Экспресс-А1Р...) 12.04.05 Дата запуска GSAT-1 18.04.01 INSAT-3C....03 GSAT-2 08.05.03 INSAT-3E 28.09.03 GSAT-3/Edusat....06 0 лет 28.01.08 11.02.09 Apstar-5/Telstar-18.../L FS-1300) КА САС 24.11.03 Экспресс-АМ22 Экспресс-АМ33... ChuangXin-2 (миниспутник-200 кг) 05.11.08 XiWang-1 (микроспутник-60 кг... 17 КА из них в эксплуатации 11 нояб 2006 0 лет SinoSat-2 (DFN-4) 04.09.10 Запущено 11 КА из них в эксплуатации 10...) 20.04.09 GSAT-4 15.04.10 GSAT-5P 25.12.10 Запущено 15 КА из них в эксплуатации 11... 2011 года целевую функцию выполняли 11 КА. Только три спутника «Экспресс... «Экран-М №18, «Гонец-Д1» №10, №11 и №12 прекратили свое существование на... Народная Республика запустила на орбиту 11 спутников связи и вещания гражданского назначения... системы электропитания в конце САС до 11 кВт, из них до 8.5 кВт....06.2011) и Tian Lian-1В (11.07.2011); 5) CAST построила космическую..., как ненужное советское наследие. В текущей 11-й пятилетке (2007-2012) по утвержд... INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, ANUSAT, GSAT-8 и GSAT-12 успешно) запущены на орбиту... ещё два спутника связи и вещания GSAT-11 и GSAT-14 [27]. Из данных, приведенных... функцию выполняли 10 КА. Спутники GSAT-1, GSAT-4, GSAT-5R и INSAT-4R 21 утрачены... на начало 2011 года насчитывала 11 работающих спутников, столько же в ОГ... нагрузку. Находящийся в производстве спутник связи GSAT-11 будет иметь мощность системы электропитания... спутник связи GSAT-8, а 15 июля 2011 года – спутник связи GSAT-12. В стадии производства находятся спутники GSAT-6, GSAT-7, GSAT-9, GSAT-9, GSAT-10, GSAT-9 и GSAT-14 со... через спутник INSAT-3C и КА GSAT-3 с 2003 года развёрнута мобильная... создания спутников для третьих стран; 11) Индия пока не имеет своего... системы электропитания в конце САС до 11 кВт, из них до 8.5 кВт....07.08 0 Кобальт-М Кобальт-М 14.11.08 29.04.09 23...-18 (Jian Bing) 02.11.03 20.11.03 Zi Yuan-2C 06.11.04 март 2008 ShiyanWeixing-1 (300 кг) 18.11.04 дек 2007 ShiyanWeixing-2 (300....06 март 2010 Hai Yang-2 11.04.07 Yaogan Weixing-2 25....07 окт 2010 Yaogan Weixing-3 11.11.07 Huan Jing-1A (470...) Chuang Xin-2 (88 кг) 05.11.08 ShiyanWeixing-2 (300 кг) Yaogan...-1 24.08.10 YaoGan Weixing-11 22.09.10 Запущено 27... КА), Германии (12 КА), Индии (11 КА), но и от Франции, Канады... развивается в соответствии с пятилетними планами. На 11-ю пятилетку (2007-2012 годы) правительственная... планы изготовления и вывода на орбиту 11 спутников ДЗЗ. К середине 2011 года... Oceansat-1 проработал на орбите почти 11 лет до марта 2011 года... насчитывала на начало 2011 года 11 спутников и уступала по количеству аппаратов... по составу национальная группировка из 11 спутников обеспечивает решение широкого круга... на начало 2011 года насчитывала 11 работающих спутников. Космическая деятельность Индии... ярус поддерживается спутниками США: GOES-11, GOES-12, GOES-13, GOES....09 Feng Yun-3B 04.11.10 Запущено 2 КА из них....04 08.09.04 18.11.04 05.07.05 сентябрь....07 24.10.07 05.11.08 24.09.2006 октябрь... типа Shi Jian (Shi Jian-11-03, запущен 06.07.2011 года; Shi Jian-11-02, запущен 29.07.2011 года; Shi Jian-11-04, который в результате аварийного запуска... 2004 Млрд рублей 8.84 9.768 11.482 Млрд $ USA 0.303 0.311... долларов США и выросло в 11.5 раз в рублёвом и в 11 раз в долларовом исчислении с уч... гражданской космической деятельности составило почти 11 млрд долларов США. Это означает... руководителя Роскосмоса В.Поповкина газете "Коммерсантъ", 11.08.2011. 64 9. Роскосмос. Официальный..., №3; 2007, №3; 2008, №3; 2009, №3; 2010, №3; 2011, №3. 11. Новости космонавтики. // 2006, №2; 2007, №2; 2008...



Дата загрузки: 2017-10-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
... : Semaine liégeoise de météo spatiale 11. Tourisme spatial : 2015, année décisive... (*) E L E C T R A E G E P (**) E O E P 4 M E T O P 2G A R T E S 33 (*) AUSTRIA BELGIUM 1 4 0.23 4 11.2 3 0.48 6.2 0.77 4.63 3.07 5.73... - 34 18 0.14 3 2.11 0.56 1.49 3.80 0.98 - 11.8 10.6 59.43... 1.2 15.96 30.32 0.49 11.19 0.4 2.09 2.23 1.6 0.5 2.01 0.7 1.6 3.49... 1.10 0.38 0.64 0.9 27 27 11.96 1.92 2.39 0.64 0.26... European Union WEI n°77 2014-6 - 11 (no P R O B A 3) P R O B A 3 S M I (**) (**) 2.32 2.66 Abbreviations: G S T P 4.04... 8.55 2.35 1.34 4.2 1.01 2.69 11.78 - 1.29 0.82 6.46 51... MKII avec le comsat militaire Gsat-6. Et le calendrier 2016 est... Singapour), deux GSLV MkII (Gsat-9, GISAT ou Gsat-6A). 2.6. Transport sur orbite..., SABCA au 7ème ciel Le 11 février – le Centre Spatial Guyanais... de météo spatiale à Liège L’ESSW11 (11ème European Space Weather Week... transmet toujours des données. 11. Tourisme spatial/véhicules suborbitaux L’ann... que le satellite de télécommunications Gsat-16 (ISRO) pour ISRO & Antrix... de Vega, prévu le 11 février, avec le planeur exp... résulats obtenus dans le monde. (*) 7-11 septembre : World Satellite Business Week... (satellites de télécommunications, de télédétection). 8-11 septembre : Cubesat Workshop organisé par... sur la Lune (mission Apollo 11). Annexes-tableaux (en anglais) A.1. Calendrier... FOC 9-10 2015 GALILEO FOC 11-14 2015 SENTINEL-3A 2015... n°77 novembre-décembre 2014 /SES-11 EXPRESS AM-7 EXPRESS AM-8 EXPRESS... Indonesia) comsat to connect the 11,000 bank branches of Babk... CorpEchostar/USA) ECHOSTAR-105/SES-11 (Echostar/USA & SES/Luxembourg) TBD... and launch in 2015 (2017). GSAT-6/6A (ISRO/India) TBD (C- & S-bands... by GSLV MkII. (2016, 2017) GSAT-7A (ISRO/India) 74°E (UHF... on I-2K platform, identical to GSAT-7 bands) launched in August 2013 by Ariane 5. (2017) GSAT-9 (ISRO/India) TBD (Ku-band...-décembre 2014 GSAT-11 (ISRO/India) TBD (Ku- & Ka-bands) GSAT-15 (ISRO/India) 93.5°E (Ku-band) GSAT-16 (ISRO... (C- & Ku-bands) GSAT-17 (ISRO/India) TBD (C-, Ku & S-bands) GSAT-18 (ISRO/India) TBD (C- & Ku-bands) GSAT-19 (ISRO... I-3K Extended bus. colocated with GSAT-8 after Ariane 5 launch (December 2014.... (2017) Luxor/SmallGEO bus (ARTES 11 programme) with payload developed by...) SES-10 (SES/Luxembourg) SES-11 (SES/Luxembourg) SES-12 (SES...



Дата загрузки: 2017-09-24
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.07/5
...; • Launch of GSAT-7 which is a user funded communication satellite. GSAT-7 was initially... made for the launch of GSAT-7 satellite through procured launch services; • Launch of communication satellite GSAT-14 onboard GSLV-D5. The..., INSAT-4B, INSAT-4CR, GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-12. Among these satellites.... 8 Remarks 28 1 15 3 Objective / Outcome GSAT-11: Advanced Communication Satellite. Development and... delivery and fabrication activities for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission, IRNSS... launch. (IRNSS-R1A, GSAT-14, INSAT3D and GSAT-7) Technology Development initiatives Robotic... of sensors for GSAT-14, IRNSS-R1A, ASTROSAT, GSAT-7 and INSAT-3D... operations support for INSAT-3D, GSAT-7, GSAT14 and IRNSS-1 Missions. Providing..., INSAT4A to 4G and GSAT-9, GSAT-10 & GSAT-12, GSAT14 and GSAT6A have... and mainframe subsystem realisation of GSAT-9, GSAT-6 satellites. Assembly, Integration and Testing... Band and 6 extended C Band transponders. GSAT-14 satellite is targeted for... 6 Projected Outcome 59 GSAT-15 Satellite. 55 56 GSAT-16 Satellite. INSAT... Charges for Leasing of INSAT/GSAT Transponders. 1 GSAT-15 Satellite - Launch Services... of transponder capacity of INSAT/ GSAT system. 3 Objective / Outcome Total Sanctioned...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-16 is GSAT-16 project. expected during...: Approval of Approval of GSAT-15 is GSAT-15 project. expected during... Services. 6 Projected Outcome GSAT-16 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system with... Ku-band transponders. GSAT-15 will further augment GSAT/INSAT system with... GSAT-7 Launch Services. GSAT-17 Satellite and follow-on missions. 59 62 GSAT-16 Satellite - Launch Services. 1 GSAT-17 Satellite and... the Scheme / Program To Launch GSAT-7 Spacecraft by using procured launch... Provider. 5 Quantifiable Deliverables Approval of GSAT-17 & 18 satellites is expected... satellite using procured launch Services. GSAT-7 is expected to be launched... secure a launch slot for launching GSAT-17 & 18 satellites. 7 Processes / Timelines... 2 tonne class of operational INSAT/GSAT satellites, the GSLV-Operational Project... on September 20, 2004 with GSAT-3 (Edusat) onboard. The second operational... carrying an exclusive communication satellite GSAT-12, launched successfully on July... 10.1 The fourth generation INSAT-4/GSAT Satellite series has been planned... for Assembly and Integration. 10.4 GSAT-8/INSAT-4G Communication Satellite is... service. The sanctioned cost of GSAT-8/INSAT-4G Communication Satellite is... Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) applications. GSAT-9 is identical to INSAT-4C... sanctioned cost of GSAT-12 is `80.00 crores. GSAT-12 was... NCS-8 series and STRaND. 16. GSAT-11 (Advanced Communication Satellite) (` in crores... viz., GSLV-D5/GSAT 14 Mission and GSLV-D6 / GSAT-6 Mission; • The..., Wheels and SADA) for GSAT-6, GSAT-15, ASTROSAT, GSAT-16, Mars Orbiter Mission... of I-6K SADA Mechanism for GSAT-11; • In-house realization of low... system is made ready for GSAT-7 & GSAT-14 Spacecrafts. RISAT-1 satellite propulsion... development tested and delivered for GSAT-7 & 14 missions. Sea level qualification... • Completed integration and Testing of GSAT-10 Spacecraft, which was launched... 29th September, 2012; • Realization of GSAT-7 & INSAT-3D spacecraft is under... Preliminary Design Review (PDR) of GSAT-11 spacecraft and development of qualification... of IRNSS-R1B/R1C, GSAT-6, FSAT-7, GSAT-15, Mars Orbiter Mission and... complete sub-system fabrication for GSAT-9, GSAT-11, GSAT-16, Resourcesat-2A, Chandrayaan-2 and... Optics for RISAT-1, GSAT-10, SARAL, INSAT-3D, GSAT-7 and GSAT14 with... for Astrosat, SRE-2, Resourcesat-2A, GSAT-6, GSAT-11, Chandrayaan-2 and IRNSS-1 are under... develop Sensors and Optics for GSAT-11, Cartosat-3, Chandrayaan-2 and MARS Orbiter... level Integration and for GSAT-7, INSAT-3D and GSAT-14 payloads; • Planned... payload level integration & testing of GSAT-9 & IRNSS-1B payloads; • Completed PDR for Mars Orbiter Mission, GISAT, GSAT-15 & GSAT-16; • Planned to realize... • Delivery of INSAT-3DR, GSAT-15, GSAT-16 and IRNSS-1C payloads... to be completed for GSAT-17, GSAT-18, GSAT-11 and GSAT-7A communication payloads... other ground systems developed for GSAT-6 Applications; • Planned to complete development... like IRNSS Signal monitoring Facility, GSAT-11 ground segment, Integration and test..., migration of 165 Nodes from GSAT-3 to GSAT-12, up-gradation of... SCES # 1; • Provided LEOP operations of GSAT-10 mission; • Augmentation of Automated... VPN network using a transponder onboard GSAT-12; • Supported International disaster management... Development 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Satellite Technology Oceansat-2 & 3 Resourcesat-2 & 3 G.SAT-4/GSAT-4R/GSAT-11 EM II... 410.00 Advanced Communication Satellite (GSAT 11 including Launch Services) 16 2744... of Transponders) INSAT-4 Launch Services GSAT-7 Satellites (Launch Services) Master Control... INSAT-3D Launch Services GSAT-15 Satellite GSAT-15 Satellites-Launch Services... 6626.04 0.00 GSAT-16 Satellites-Launch Services 11 0.00 2011-2012 2011-2012 0.00 Revised Budget GSAT-16...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... SATELLITES MISSIONS C19 Commercial C21 GSAT-10 SARAL RISAT-1 2012-13 C20 C22 Mars Orbiter GSAT-7 C25 INSAT-3D GSAT-14 IRNSS-1A... Mk III-X CARE Commercial ASTROSAT GSAT-15 GSAT-6 IRNSS-1G IRNSS-1F...-TD HEX-01 C38 GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-11 GSAT– 19 E GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR SCATSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 carrying communication transponders and..., 2015, successfully launched 2117 kg GSAT-6 communication satellite into a Geosynchronous Transfer... inclination on September 28, 2015. 5 • GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... Navigation activities. The 2117 kg GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite providing... of its own propulsion system. GSAT-15, India’s latest communication satellite... GSAT-9 and GSAT-6A communication satellites to be launched by GSLV-MkII, GSAT-19 by GSLV-MkIII (LVM3), GSAT-17, GSAT-18 and GSAT-11 communication... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of...-4CR, INSAT-3D, Kalpana-1, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, IRNSS-1A, IRNSS..., IRNSS-1D, IRNSS-1E, GSAT-6, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. To carry out..., INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16 and GSAT-15. The overall... data communication services. GEOSAT Series GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... 3400 kg at lift-off, GSAT-10 commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 spacecraft was envisaged to... GSLV with indigenous Cryogenic stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... communication services in the country. GSAT-6 GSAT-6 is a high power S-band communication... applications. In-Orbit Deployed View GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite... already operational GAGAN payloads on GSAT-8 and GSAT-10. The satellite was... November 11, 2015. GSAT-15 Satellite 26 SATELLITES UNDER DEVELOPMENT GSAT-6A GSAT-6A will be a follow-on satellite after GSAT-6 and... of 12th Five Year Plan. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... launched onboard GSLV-Mk II. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is an advanced communication satellite... of completion. The satellite is GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication satellite... onboard Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-17 GSAT-18 GSAT-17 is a communication satellite... Ariane-5 launch vehicle. 27 GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... on spacecraft and electronic components. GSAT-19 satellite will employ advanced... Earth Orbit (GEO) satellites - GSAT-8 and GSAT-10 - covering whole Indian Flight... GAGAN transponder is flown on GSAT-15. The certification will enable..., INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-15 and GSAT-16 are operating... the required transponders through INSAT/GSAT satellites and through leased capacity... Museums (NCSM) was migrated to GSAT-12. The tele-education network... provided using INSAT-3C and GSAT-6 satellites. MSS Services through INSAT... end 2016. MSS Services through GSAT-6 GSAT-6 launched on Aug 27, 2015... Payloads are operational through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15 satellites. Some of... Upper Stage (CUS), successfully launched GSAT-6, an advanced communication satellite of..., the first developmental flight carrying GSAT-19E satellite of mass 3200... system was developed to link GSAT-6/INSAT-4E satellites for railway... applications. ISRO through its INSAT/GSAT satellites, is providing satellite based... use in transponder onboard INSAT/ GSAT satellites to be launched by... IRNSS-1F, IRNSS-1G, GSAT-18 and GSAT-19 spacecraft. Industry has...-1E/1F/1G, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT, Resourcesat-2A and GSAT-15 were developed... sensors and optics for Scatsat, GSAT-18, GSAT-11, Aditiya-1 and Chandrayaan-2 are... number of transponders from INSAT/ GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of IRNSS-1D, ASTROSAT, GSAT-6 and GSAT-15 were also certified by... performance of IRNSS-1D, GSAT-6, ASTROSAT and GSAT-15 satellites was meticulously... the 6 m Unfurlable Antenna used in GSAT-6, for the first time. Qualification... PSLV-C29/TELEOS, GSLV-D6/GSAT-6 with indigenous cryogenic upper stage... GSAT-15 satellite, vibration test of GSAT-9 propellant tank, vibration test of GSAT... of India’s latest communication satellite GSAT-15 by European Ariane 5 VA227... MOM, GSLV-D6, IRNSS, ASTROSAT, GSAT-15 and PSLV commercial missions..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 on board • Successful launch of... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
Скачать перевод
Посмотреть билингву
0.06/5
... and Perspectives for the Future 11 Narayan Prasad 3. A Review of India...’s Geospatial Policy 141 Ranjana Kaul 11. Formation of PSLV Joint Venture... and NewSpace Industry in India 11 2 Traditional Space and NewSpace Industry... scale in capabilities and capacity.11 Provided that India has a very...,” http://www.satsure.in/#aboutUs. 11. V. P. Kharbanda, “Facilitating Innovation in Indian....6 exabytes from 3.7 exabytes in 2015.11 Figure: Internet’s growing demand The....com/ internet-users-by-country/. 11. Cisco, “White Paper: Cisco VNI...,” Mashable, http://mashable.com/2016/11/15/ whatsapp-160-million-monthly... and chilli, covering180 districts in 11 states. The programme will also... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an advanced communication... fruits as shown in Figure 1.11 Space agencies such as the....com/story.php?number=1949325975. 11. Prateep Basu, Rachana Reddy, Umang.../Microsatellite Market Assessment January 2014 11. SpaceWorks Small Satellite Market Observations... UN Doc. A/AC.105/C.2/L.13 (11 July 1966) with reference to... the Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16..., driven by DTH TV broadcasting.11 It is thus anticipated that... Analyses, IDSA Press Release, November 11, 2014, http://www.idsa.in...-the-indian-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine... the world,” Your Story, August 11, 2016, https://yourstory.com/2016.... Department of Space, Sections 3.6.8 and 3.6.11 SATCOM Norms, http://www.vssc... Joint Venture: Legal Issues 151 11 Formation of PSLV Joint Venture... 15 July, 2016). 10. Ibid. 11. International Launch Services. http://www..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also... allowed the company to lease 11 transponders onboard India’s INSAT-2E... Megha-Tropiques and SARAL satellites.11 These two satellites, along with.... https://www.asianscientist.com/2012/11/topnews/ india-isro-oceansat-2-oscat...-nasa-seeks-earth-science-savings/ 11. “India-France Relations.” Ministry of... in response to the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack of2008, and.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication... the number of satellites to 11 to increase the expanse of..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched... seen as weaponising outer space.11 Exploring the use of YAL... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with...-a-junk-collector-or-a-weapon.html 11. “The Missile Defense Space Test.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu... turned to Arianespace. Arianespace launched 11 out of the 22 Insat.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... last of them on 10/11/ 2015. But India had become... launched by Ariane-5 on 26/11/ 2010. PSLV placed Spot 6 on... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... signed SSA sharing agreements with 11 countries which are intended to... Dynamism in Old Partnership 243 11. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD... Rakesh Sharma boarded the Soyuz T-11 rocket together with the Soviet... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight..., at four-five percent a year,11 the new commercial segments of... of India-Russia Partnership 263 11. Available on-line at http... Fixed Capital Investments, $ Billion, 2010/11 Prices As these fledgling companies... MOTR is shown in Figure 5.11 Figure 5: Schematic of sub-systems... Space Sustainability and Global Governance 11. Papers and presentations on MOTR... resources free from harmful interference.11 • 316 Space Sustainability and Global... Law, Washington, DC, 9 December 2015. 11. §51302(a), An Act to facilitate... the Liability Convention, Article VII;11 the Registration Convention, Article VIII... as described in Articles 5 to 11 of the draft ASR.64... Department of State at the 11 Galloway Symposium described the US... April 1968) 672 UNTS 119 11. Convention on International Liability for... Bodies (opened for signature on 11 July 1984) 1363 UNTS 3 14..., UN Doc A/Res/68/74 (11 December 2013). 16. See, e.g.: Principles... Problems,” The Space Review, August 11, 2014, http://www.thespacereview.com...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... and Perspectives for the Future 11 Narayan Prasad 3. A Review of India...’s Geospatial Policy 141 Ranjana Kaul 11. Formation of PSLV Joint Venture... and NewSpace Industry in India 11 2 Traditional Space and NewSpace Industry... scale in capabilities and capacity.11 Provided that India has a very...,” http://www.satsure.in/#aboutUs. 11. V. P. Kharbanda, “Facilitating Innovation in Indian....6 exabytes from 3.7 exabytes in 2015.11 Figure: Internet’s growing demand The....com/ internet-users-by-country/. 11. Cisco, “White Paper: Cisco VNI...,” Mashable, http://mashable.com/2016/11/15/ whatsapp-160-million-monthly... and chilli, covering180 districts in 11 states. The programme will also... and launch of the GSAT-11 communication satellite. GSAT-11 is an advanced communication... fruits as shown in Figure 1.11 Space agencies such as the....com/story.php?number=1949325975. 11. Prateep Basu, Rachana Reddy, Umang.../Microsatellite Market Assessment January 2014 11. SpaceWorks Small Satellite Market Observations... UN Doc. A/AC.105/C.2/L.13 (11 July 1966) with reference to... the Need for A Law 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16..., driven by DTH TV broadcasting.11 It is thus anticipated that... Analyses, IDSA Press Release, November 11, 2014, http://www.idsa.in...-the-indian-satcommarket/ 10. Ibid 11. Ibid 12. Ibid 13. Blaine... the world,” Your Story, August 11, 2016, https://yourstory.com/2016.... Department of Space, Sections 3.6.8 and 3.6.11 SATCOM Norms, http://www.vssc... Joint Venture: Legal Issues 151 11 Formation of PSLV Joint Venture... 15 July, 2016). 10. Ibid. 11. International Launch Services. http://www..., weather, remote sensing and communications (GSAT-12) satellites. The PSLV also... allowed the company to lease 11 transponders onboard India’s INSAT-2E... Megha-Tropiques and SARAL satellites.11 These two satellites, along with.... https://www.asianscientist.com/2012/11/topnews/ india-isro-oceansat-2-oscat...-nasa-seeks-earth-science-savings/ 11. “India-France Relations.” Ministry of... in response to the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack of2008, and.... On 30 August 2013, India’s GSAT-7 communications satellite was successfully launched... Kourou spaceport in French Guiana. GSAT-7 can be called as India’s first strategic satellite. GSAT-7 has been designed and developed... using the Arabian Sea route. GSAT-7 is useful for gathering communications..., particularly through its UHF facility. GSAT-7 also helps the Navy monitor... strategic satellite for India called GSAT-6 was launched by ISRO in August 2015. GSAT-6 is a 2,117 kg satellite mainly... occasions encounter breaks in communications. GSAT-6 provides quality and secure communication... the number of satellites to 11 to increase the expanse of..., June 23, 2016 5. Ajey Lele, “GSAT-7: India’s Strategic Satellite”, September 9, 2013... on September 15, 2016 6. AjeyLele, “GSAT-6: India’s Second Military Satellite Launched... seen as weaponising outer space.11 Exploring the use of YAL... military communications, the launch of GSAT-7 or /INSAT-4F in August 201316 and GSAT-6 or INSAT-4E in August 2015 remain important achievements. The GSAT-7 for the Indian Navy, with...-a-junk-collector-or-a-weapon.html 11. “The Missile Defense Space Test.... Madhumati DS, “Navy’s First Satellite GSAT-7 Now in Space,” The Hindu... turned to Arianespace. Arianespace launched 11 out of the 22 Insat.... Also,six out of 16 GSAT have been placed in orbit... last of them on 10/11/ 2015. But India had become... launched by Ariane-5 on 26/11/ 2010. PSLV placed Spot 6 on... the military: 2013 launch of GSAT-7, devoted to Navy communication; 2015 launch of GSAT-6 for Army communication. In November... signed SSA sharing agreements with 11 countries which are intended to... Dynamism in Old Partnership 243 11. National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD... Rakesh Sharma boarded the Soyuz T-11 rocket together with the Soviet... failure was with the satellite GSAT-1. Two fully successful missions followed in 2003 and 2004, delivering GSAT-2 and GSAT-3 (each with the weight..., at four-five percent a year,11 the new commercial segments of... of India-Russia Partnership 263 11. Available on-line at http... Fixed Capital Investments, $ Billion, 2010/11 Prices As these fledgling companies... MOTR is shown in Figure 5.11 Figure 5: Schematic of sub-systems... Space Sustainability and Global Governance 11. Papers and presentations on MOTR... resources free from harmful interference.11 • 316 Space Sustainability and Global... Law, Washington, DC, 9 December 2015. 11. §51302(a), An Act to facilitate... the Liability Convention, Article VII;11 the Registration Convention, Article VIII... as described in Articles 5 to 11 of the draft ASR.64... Department of State at the 11 Galloway Symposium described the US... April 1968) 672 UNTS 119 11. Convention on International Liability for... Bodies (opened for signature on 11 July 1984) 1363 UNTS 3 14..., UN Doc A/Res/68/74 (11 December 2013). 16. See, e.g.: Principles... Problems,” The Space Review, August 11, 2014, http://www.thespacereview.com...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.04/5
... to space and orbiting INSAT / GSAT, IRS and IRNSS satellites and... Contents 1. Mission Profile 4 2. Highlights 5 3. Organisation 11 4. Communication and Navigation Satellite System... Orbiter Spacecraft GSAT-7 INSAT-3D COMMUNICATION IRNSS-1A & NAVIGATION GSAT-14 SATELLITES... C24 C27 C26 Commercial CARE GSAT-16 IRNSS-1D IRNSS-1C... Comm C39C40 C41 Chandrayaan-II GSAT-17 GSAT-11 GSAT-20 IRNSS-1I IRNSS... F09 Mk III comm SCRAMJET GSAT-18 C33 C34 C35 C36... D6 AstroSat GSAT-15 GSAT-6 GSAT– 19 IRNSS-1F IRNSS-1G GSAT-9 INSAT-3DR... navigation satellites. India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was also successfully launched... 28, 2016. • India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 was launched into a GTO... launched satellites, the 3,404 kg GSAT-18, India’s communication satellite carrying... be launched onboard PSLV, GSAT-9 and GSAT-19 communication satellites to be... and GSLV-MkIII respectively and GSAT-17 & GSAT-11 communication satellites planned to... societal services offered by INSAT / GSAT satellites in the area of... sustained by activities towards programme 11 Entrance to Veli Complex, VSSC... (INSAT) and Geo Synchronous Satellite (GSAT) series of satellites are used... satellites of ISRO, namely, INSAT, GSAT, Kalpana and IRNSS series of..., INSAT-4CR, GSAT-6, GSAT-8, GSAT-10, GSAT-12, GSAT-14, GSAT-16, GSAT-15 and GSAT-18. The... and other data communication services. GSAT-8 GSAT-8 is a communication satellite configured around... country through geostationary satellites. GSAT-12 GSAT-12 satellite is configured around... a mission life of 8 years. GSAT-10 GSAT-10, India’s advanced communication satellite... Guyana on September 29, 2012. GSAT-10's commercial payload includes communication... to carry GAGAN payload after GSAT-8. GSAT-10 also carries a Ku-band... towards the satellite. 25 GSAT-14 GSAT–14 payload is envisaged to...-off mass of 1,982 kg. GSAT-14 was successfully launched on... with indigenous Cryogenic Upper Stage. GSAT-16 GSAT-16 is a communication satellite... Guyana on December 06, 2014. GSAT-15 GSAT-15 is a communication satellite..., French Guyana on November 11, 2015. GSAT-15 GSAT-18 GSAT-18 is a communication... ground antennas towards the satellite. GSAT-18 is aimed at providing... Guiana. 26 GSAT-18 Satellites Under Development GSAT-17 GSAT-17 is a communication... by Ariane-5 launch vehicle. GSAT-19 GSAT-19 is planned as the... be launched during early 2017. GSAT-11 GSAT-11 is a multi beam high throughput... the first half of 2017. GSAT-9 GSAT-9 satellite is configured to augment... of 2017. Satellite Navigation Programme GSAT-9 Structure Satellite Navigation (SATNAV) has... available through GSAT-8, GSAT-10 and GSAT-15. GSAT-8 (PRN 127) and GSAT-10 (PRN... acquires Earth Observation data from 11 Indian Remote-Sensing satellites Resourcesat... since its inception and a total 11,756 products were downloaded by... the required transponders through INSAT / GSAT satellites and through leased capacity...., are also working with INSAT / GSAT satellites. Telemedicine The Telemedicine programme... in 2020s and 2080s by 9% & 11%, respectively. Tree height assessment using...-rectification of VHR Satellite Data (11), RS & GIS Applications in Working... SAC / DECU Training & Development program, 11 in-house programs were conducted... in progress. GSLV-F09 carrying GSAT-9 satellite, is targeted for launch... number of transponders from INSAT / GSAT fleet are provisioned to Indian... of GSAT-18, INSAT-3DR, IRNSS-1G and 1F, SCATSAT-1, GSAT 17... 853 19 2 0 0 17 8 ISTRAC 433 11 1 0 0 10 9 MCF 331 4 1 0 0 3 10 ADRIN 169 3 0 0 0 3 11 IIRS 118 4 0 1 0 3 12 PRL 221... 9 MCF 331 30 11 10 ADRIN 169 29 11 11 IIRS 118 18..., LVM3-X / CARE, GSLV-F05, NavIC, GSAT-6, etc, were brought out in... propagation experiment using signals from GSAT-14 satellite and ground instruments... launch of India’s communication satellite GSAT-18 by European Ariane 5 VA231..., IRNSS, GSLV-F05 / INSAT-3DR, GSAT-18, Cartosat-2 Series Satellite, SCATSAT..., 2001 with an experimental satellite GSAT-1 onboard • Successful launch of PSLV... test flight of GSLV with GSAT-2 onboard from SDSC SHAR (May... Cryogenic Upper Stage and GSAT-4 satellite onboard. GSAT-4 could not be placed... seventh launch of GSLV with GSAT-5P satellite onboard, could not... Singapore on April 20, 2011 • GSAT-8 Communication Satellite launched by Ariane..., 2011 • PSLV-C17 successfully launches GSAT-12 Communication Satellite on July..., 2012 • India’s heaviest communication satellite, GSAT-10, successfully launched by Ariane..., 2013 • India’s advanced communication satellite GSAT-7 successfully launched by Ariane-5 VA... Stage, GSLV-D5 successfully places GSAT-14 into GTO on January... 16, 2014 • India’s communication satellite, GSAT-16 successfully launched by the... (CUS), successfully launches 2117 kg GSAT-6, into a GTO on August 27... PSLV flight • The 3164 kg GSAT-15 carrying Ku-band transponders... communication satellite, GSAT-18 was inducted into the INSAT / GSAT system on... 3,404 kg at lift-off, GSAT-18 carries 48 communication transponders... Telescope GRBs : Gamma Ray Bursts GSAT : Geo Synchronous Satellite GSLV : Geosynchronous...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... buildup of INSATIGSAT system During 11' plan period. 28 Table 4.2.2 : Satellite... system with INSAT-3A, 3E, GSAT-2, EDUSAT and INSAT-4A satellites... with indigenous cryo stage carrying GSAT-4 into orbit. With this, the... missions viz., INSAT-4D/GSAT-5 and INSAT-4E/GSAT-6 have also begun... recently, while the proposal for GSAT-8/INSAT-4G is under process... system augmented with FIVE satellites (GSAT-2,3, INSAT-3A, 3E and 4A...(P) INSAT TECHNOLOGY/ EXPERIMENTAL GSAT-3 GSAT-2 HAMSAT SRE-1 SRE-2 GSAT-4 METSAT INSAT-3D KALPANA... segment capacity augmentation in INSAT / GSAT system for national needs in... come. Therefore, taking initiatives to 11 develop capability of manned mission... network and mobile communications. INSAT / GSAT System in 10th plan: 4. There... of Satellite th communications for 11 five year plan include: (a) Build... financial self-sustenance of INSAT/GSAT system and corporatise the services... VRC pilot projects. Table: INSAT/GSAT Transponders Bands Existing Transponders (Equi... of 11th plan period. INSAT / GSAT Planning: 8. Besides the additional transponder..., five satellites viz., INSAT-2E, GSAT-2, INSAT-3B, INSAT-3C and... services. With the INSAT and GSAT missions planned during 11th plan... and higher FEC coding, INSAT/GSAT system would be able to... INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 11. Government have approved INSAT-4E / GSAT-6 satellite being built... frequency bands 13. The ongoing GSAT-4 will be the first satellite..., the total capacity available from GSAT-4 is 1.2 GHz. It is planned... 11th Five Year Plan. INSAT/GSAT system in 11th plan will... Q2 2007 GSLV Mk-II 2 GSAT-4 / I-2K 3 4 5 6 GSAT-8 / Reliance (DTH / 3300Kg ) 82... MkII Q4 2007 Procured Launch GSAT-5/ INSAT-4D (Nor.C, Ext.C In... indgn. cryo-stage / 2250Kg) 82.0 GSAT-9 (Stand –By, Spare/ 2500Kg) Initially... be shifted to 48 after GSAT-10 Launch Q2 2008 GSLV....0 Q3 ,2008 GSLV-Mk-II GSAT-6/INSAT-4E (S-DMB, dedicated Sband... Procured Launch Ku-band: 52 8 GSAT-10 (Replacement to 2E & 3B... INSAT-4A 9 GSAT-11 (Replace. To 3C & Edusat/ I-4K) 10 GSAT-12 Replace... : 02 11 ACTS-2 Second ACTS with National beam Healthsat requirements GSAT-13... : 6 Normal C :12 Upper Ext.C : 6 13 GSAT-14 Q2, 2011 GSLV MkIII... Multiple beam India coverage 14 GSAT-15 ( I-4K) 55.0 or any... on cryosphere, land surface, etc.) 11. It is recognised that there... with Ocean and Atmosphere series 11. 2007-08 OCEANSAT-2 (Approved and... for 11th FYP No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16... taking necessary pro-active measures. 11. Near real-time damage assessment... Next Generation Launcher - GSLV MKIII : 11. While the GSLV Mark-I and..., IRS-P3, SROSS C2 and GSAT-2. Global Scenario 3. From a global perspective... economic benefits to the mankind. 11. In terms of technological capability... the launch of Chandrayaan-1 in 11 plan. . Initiatives at PRL, NARL... Eastern Region include Satellite (INSAT/GSAT) based communications including developmental communications... connectivity assessment. 89 Sl No. 11. 12. 13. Tasks planned Application... vehicles and ground systems. During 11 plan, special thrust will be... the number of spacecraft (IRS, GSAT & INSATs) and launch vehicles (PSLV... in the space programme. Commercialisation 11. The tenth five year plan... Bulgaria as payloads of opportunity. GSAT-4 and Oceansat-2 satellites are carrying... AND COMPLETED IN 11th PLAN (GSAT 9-15, ACTS, Resourcesat-3, Cartosat-3, DMSAR..., I-STAG, IMM & Application missions) Rs 11,040 Cr 28% 3. NEW MISSIONS...-3, HyS-Op, TES-Atm, ACTS-3, GSAT 16-18, Astrosat-2, Mars-O, RLV... technology in a cost effective manner. 11. Satellites have made significant contributions... Cost plan Cashflow (Projects) I I I Total I I 11. SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Ongoing carried forward... Services 1.3 GSAT-4 1.4 GSAT-5 / INSAT - 4D 124 50 1.5 GSAT-6 / INSAT - 4E 269 200 1.6 GSAT-8 / INSAT... of 11th plan 1.8 GSAT-9, 12 & 13 (2 T bus) 1.9 GSAT-10, 11, 14 & 15 (4T... 8.16 PLANETAFIY SCIEIdCE - 25 80 ~ .-... ... . 11 (RUPESS IN CRORES) 1 ITHPLAN BUDGET.... SMALL SATELLITE SYSTEMS 220 190 11. TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME 693 120... Systems, Satellite Communications & Meteorology (INSAT, GSAT & METSAT), Space Science Programme and... V DZ on #' May 2003 launchhg GSAT-2 satellite into orbit fo//owedby... been lnlthd. INSAT System (including GSAT & METSAT): ldhPlan Targets 6. 7. The major... this, low cost experimental GSAT satellites viz., GSAT-2,3 & 4 for the developmental flights..., 2005 and operationalised The INSA T/ GSAT system currently have 175 transponders... appliwtions) has also been hitiated (d) GSAT-4, incorporating advanced commudmf;lon technologies... have already been incorporated in GSAT-4mission. Space Science Programme: ldhPlan... flares have been flown onboard GSAT-2 satellite launched on ghMay 2003... 1. PIETSAT-1 2. INSAT-3A Procured Launch - 3. GSAT-2 4. Resourcesat-1 2. GSLV-D2 -- 3. PSLV-C5...-04 5. INSAT-3E --...------- Procured Launch -. ,..,, ,. 6. GSAT-3 (Edusat) - 7. Cartosat-1 (P5) 4. GSLV-FO1... 6. GSLV-C 10. Cartosat-2 7. PSLV-C7 11. INSAT-4B Procured Launch Current... initiatives have been planned during 11" plan inch~dingPlanetary exploration and...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
....00 7238.00 3451 ... 10.11 10.11 ... 10.48 10.48... of Rupees) Major Head 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Space Capsule....27 21. Advanced Communication Satellite (GSAT-11 including Launch Services) 3402 5.22....46 10.00 ... 10.00 11.00 ... 11.00 ... ... ... 3402 2.14 ... 2.14....79 27.80 ... 27.80 11.81 ... 11.81 28.08 ... 28....14 14.61 46.75 11.02 8.26 19.28 31... 20.08 ... 20.08 11.58 ... 11.58 15.77 ... 15.77....29 4.29 ... 4.29 26.11 ... 26.11 Total 3.37 ... 3.37 20.00... 7.06 35.94 43.00 11.58 33.86 8.02 30... 59.35 ... 59.35 29.11 ... 29.11 Total 192.37 ... 192... INSAT/GSAT Transponders INSAT-3D Launch Services GSAT-7 Launch Services GSAT-15 Satellite GSAT-15 Satellite - Launch Services GSAT-16 Satellite GSAT-16 Satellite - Launch Services GSAT-17 Satellite GSAT-17.... GSAT-18 Satellite GSAT-18 Satellite - Launch Services GSAT-19 Satellite 75. GSAT follow...-2015 21. Advanced Communication Satellite (GSAT-11 - including Launch GSLV, the Cryogenic...-French joint mission for INSAT/GSAT satellites. oceanographic applications. Two payloads... the re-entry technologies. orbit. 11. Manned Mission Initiatives/Human Space... on foreign 71. GSAT-17 Satellite - Launch Services:..GSAT-17 satellite - launch... securing procured launch services for GSAT-17 satellite. 58. Advance Ordering... Transponders):..The fourth generation INSAT-4/GSAT Satellite series has been planned.... Service Charges for Leasing INSAT/GSAT Transponders:..This is envisaged for... charges for Leasing of INSAT/GSAT Transponders. 64. INSAT-3D Launch... INSAT-3D satellite. 72. GSAT-18 Satellite:..GSAT-18 communication satellite will... transponders. Weighing about 3500 Kgs, GSAT-18 is intended to be... Beacon transmitter. 73. GSAT-18 Satellite - Launch Services:..GSAT-18 satellite - launch... launch services for GSAT-18 satellite. 74. GSAT-19 Satellite:..GSAT-19 is... of GSLV Mk III vehicle. GSAT-19 will carry 3 Ka-band.... 75. GSAT follow-on Satellites including Launch Services:..INSAT/GSAT follow-on... during the 12th Plan period. GSAT follow-on missions - Launch Services... short term augmentation of INSAT/GSAT transponder capacity by leasing of.... 65. GSAT-7 Launch Services:..GSAT-7 is a user funded communication satellite. GSAT-7 was initially... to the schedule criticality of GSAT-7 satellite, provision is made for... of GSAT-7 satellite through procured launch services. 66. GSAT-15 Satellite:..GSAT-15... a GAGAN payload. 67. GSAT-15 Satellite - Launch Services:..GSAT-15 satellite - launch... launch services for GSAT-15 satellite. 68. GSAT-16 Satellite:..GSAT-16 is...-band transponders. 69. GSAT-16 Satellite - Launch Services:..GSAT-16 satellite - launch... launch services for GSAT-16 satellite. 70. GSAT-17 Satellite:..GSAT-17 communication... transponders. Weighing about 3500 Kgs, GSAT-17 is intended to be...



Дата загрузки: 2017-06-15
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.11/5
... satis ability have been proposed 4, 3, 11]. Propositional satis ability (or SAT... such procedures is GSAT 11], a greedy random hill-climbing procedure. GSAT starts with... 3] we investigated some features of GSAT. In particular, we focused on... show considerably improved performance over GSAT on certain classes of problems... is nothing particularly special about GSAT or the other procedures we... investigations, we use a generalisation of GSAT called \GenSAT" rst introduced in.... 1 Hill-climbing Procedures for SAT 3 GSAT is a particular instance of GenSAT... random. An important feature of GSAT's hill-climbing is sideways ips... does not change the score. GSAT's performance degrades greatly without sideways... performed signi cantly worse than GSAT, we conjectured that greediness is... in an earlier study of GSAT 11] and in 3]. Note that because... Procedure GSAT TSAT ISAT Random GSAT 70 vars TSAT ISAT Random GSAT 100 vars TSAT ISAT 6-queens GSAT TSAT ISAT 8-queens GSAT TSAT ISAT 16-queens GSAT TSAT ISAT 4 Tries 5.87 5.32 6.35 10.7 10.2 11.9 25... 365 226 Table 1: Comparison of GSAT, TSAT, and ISAT to allow...-climbing. The di erences between GSAT and TSAT in table 1 are..., perform signi cantly worse than GSAT. ISAT's performance falls o much more... can give improved performance over GSAT. As well as SSAT, we... to GSAT in all other respects. A comparison of OSAT and GSAT is... gure for GSAT.) Problem Procedure Tries Flips Total Flips (% GSAT) s.d. Random 50... (57%) 211 Table 2: Comparison of GSAT and OSAT OSAT always takes less ips on average than GSAT on a successful try. OSAT also... or slightly more tries as GSAT. The total number of ips... therefore be slightly less than GSAT on the same problems. However... is nearly always slower than GSAT. To conclude, our results con... moves) appears to work. 3 Randomness GSAT uses randomness in generating the... but is otherwise identical to GSAT. DSAT picks between equally good..., however, performed considerably better than GSAT. We therefore concluded that there... the randomness of picking in GSAT (although fairness is important) and... and VSAT are identical to GSAT in all other respects. VDSAT...'s performance is very close to GSAT's. VDSAT performs very similarly to DSAT, and better than GSAT. Note that the results for... Procedure Tries Flips Total ips (% GSAT) VSAT 6.18 91.6 1390 (110... 1.17 77.5 132 (94%) DSAT 1.11 45.8 80.7 (57%) VDSAT 1 30... VSAT, DSAT, VDSAT, NSAT and GSAT 4 Memory Information gathered during a run... 10] have introduced a variant of GSAT in which a failed try is... report that this technique enables GSAT to solve problems that it... introduced MSAT, which is like GSAT except that it uses memory.... MSAT showed improved performance over GSAT particularly on the nqueens problem... them. HSAT is otherwise like GSAT. IHSAT uses the same pick... 8.11 6.95 1.11 1.08 1.09 1.08 1.02 1.02 Flips Total Flips (% GSAT) 58... IHSAT perform considerably better than GSAT. Indeed, both perform better than... number of satis ed clauses. GSAT, for example, on random 3-SAT... 2: HSAT, Max- ips = 75, 150 GSAT. The total number of ips... in turn takes fewer than GSAT. The type of picking performed... Var / 215 Clause problems 1600 GSAT 1200 HSAT 2000 Av. L/N = 4.3 N = 70... Hill-climbing Procedures for SAT 11 have plotted the average total... supports the claim made in 11] and 3] that these hill-climbing... number of ips used by GSAT, DSAT and HSAT on random... DSAT, and by DSAT over GSAT increases greatly with N. One cause... a log scale. The performances of GSAT, DSAT and HSAT in Figure... have Selman, Kautz and Mitchell 11]) that these hill-climbing procedures... DSAT, and by DSAT over GSAT increases with N. Procedures like HSAT therefore o er real advantages over GSAT and DSAT, not just constant... Flips 10000 (log scale) 10000 GSAT DSAT GSAT L/N = 4.3 8000 HSAT 1000 DSAT... ed clauses were proposed in 4]. GSAT also hill-climbs on the... and was rst presented in 11]. Unfortunately, it is di cult... satis ability have been proposed 11, 3]. In 3], we conjectured that neither... supports the conjecture made in 11] that such procedures scale well... H. Kautz. Domain-independent extensions to GSAT: Solving large structured satis ability... Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, 1993. 11] B. Selman, H. Levesque, and D. Mitchell. A New...