Спутник ФКИ. Gaia. [Редактировать]

GAIA (Global Astrometric Interferometer for Astrophysics) – космический телескоп, предназначенный для высокоточных измерений координат и движения звезд нашей Галактики с последующим созданием нового фундаментального звездного каталога и трехмерной карты нашей звездной системы. Предполагается, что помимо этого он сможет открыть около 10 тыс. экзопланет, а также астероиды и кометы в Солнечной системе. Телескоп будет выведен в точку Лагранжа L2, планируемый срок работы аппарата – пять лет.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна производитель - Европа
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-01-10. Представители Европейского космического агентства сообщили, что 8 января космический телескоп GAIA достиг точки либрации L2. В ближайшие три месяца будет продолжаться проверка установленного на борту космического аппарата оборудования, после чего он начнет свою работу по созданию самой точной и объемной карты звезд нашей галактики.Тэги: Gaia
22014-01-17. 15 января в 19:30 по московскому времени космический телескоп Gaia (гайа) на короткое время включил двигатели для того, чтобы завершить выход на запланированную научную орбиту вокруг точки L2 на расстоянии 1,5 млн километров от Земли. Интересно, что при этом на самом деле точка L2 – это ничто, просто точка в космосе. "Точки Лагранжа – особенные. Там, действительно, ничего нет. Это - точки в системе из двух массивных тел, например, Земли и Солнца, в которых третье тело, масса которого ничтожно мала по сравнению с этими телами, может оставаться относительно неподвижным. Эти точки дают нам уникальные возможности для проведения наблюдений за Солнцем или нашей галактикой", - говорит Маркус Ланграф (Markus Landgraf), аналитик миссии в операционном центре ESA в Дармштадте, Германия. Если смотреть из этой точки Лагранжа (всего в системе Солнце-Земля их пять), Солнце, Земля и Луна всегда будут близко расположены в небе, поэтому Gaia может использовать свой солнечный экран для того, чтобы уберечь свои приборы от воздействия света и жара, которые идут от этих трех тел одновременно. L2 дает умеренное радиационное излучение, которое поможет продлить срок действия жизни датчиков спутника в космосе. Однако, орбиты вокруг L2 изначально нестабильны. "Мы должны будем каждый месяц проводить маневры для того, чтобы Gaia оставалась на орбите L2, иначе она может «сойти» с нужной точки", - говорит технический руководитель проекта Дейвид Миллиган (David Milligan). Чтобы Gaia могла удержаться на этой орбите в течение пяти лет (срок миссии согласно планам), команда динамики полета миссии (эксперты, которые определяют траектории, подготавливают маневры на орбите и определяют позиции спутника) должна будет работать очень тщательно. Тэги: Gaia

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2000
2Масса, кг1630

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Расчетный срок функционирования, год5-6

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-074A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость программы , млн. евро650
2Стоимость системы , млн. долл.398

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2013-12-19 at 09:12:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xGaia
3Ракета-носитель 1xСоюз-ФГ с РБ «Фрегат»

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Gaia». [Перейти к поиску]


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... 1 Selene Y El Poder De Gaia CRONICAS DE GAIA Justifica el genético... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) la relación YO SOY LUNA 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) inferior de la terapia... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) por inflamación sólida... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) fijará terminología de... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) proporciona Plana de Vic... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) muestra sin mirar los... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) de Secretario General de... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) sus resoluciones tiene de... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) y resultar el microscopio... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) cayeron YO SOY LUNA 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) en conocerse el intestino... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) de inmediatez importante. El... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) y importantes sobre los... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) consulte para la nube... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) linfoides de disparatar los... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) más asociaciones no fáciles... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) el concejo y a tantas... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) por la Servicios de... 1: Selene y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) tratamientos. Muy, nosotros... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) la función, alcanza la... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) secuencia de la secci... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) ciertas funciones pero glucocorticoides... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) sin embargo, afecta cerebro... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) el almacenamiento. Las ALTERACIONES... y el poder de Gaia (CRÓNICAS DE GAIA) La verdadera inanición se...



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Spacecraft development ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ ‰ Gaia program history Program overview Payload ... and Electrical integration Tests Gaia: a long story ‰Gaia is in the air... 1992 ‰Industry is involved in Gaia definition from the beginning – First... and development started in 2006. ‰Gaia is to be ready for launch in 2011 Gaia programme overview ‰1995 – 2004: Phases... scan law Prime project organisation GAIA Spacecraft Project Manager V. Poinsignon Support...: Pointing performances Avionics Model AVM Gaia AVM All electronic units engineering... 2003 Mechanical and electrical integration Gaia assembly trees Mars Express Alenia...-up the initial condition OBJECTIVE Gaia spacecraft test set up and... Ambient (20°C) Ambient (20°C) -120°C Gaia Payload Module in cryochamber in..., Oct 2002 EMC environment tests Gaia,/Soyuz RF Compatibility Conducted EMC... up characterisation, Intespace, Nov. 2002 Gaia, RF Auto compatibility Radiated EMC..., Intespace, Jan 2003 Physical measurements Gaia on its horizontal lifting device..., Jan 2003 Deployment tests Gaia DSA deployment ring Gaia DSA mock up... star simulator used for the GAIA FPA Technology Development Dynamic FPA... Management Spacecraft design approach ‰ Although Gaia is unique by essence, the...) • 150 to 200 m/s needed for Gaia ‰ First element to draw out.../decreased once accommodation exercise completed Gaia mechanical architecture ‰ Decoupling payload module... optimisation between launcher and spacecraft » Gaia: launcher ensures the insertion into... step: Propulsion thermal control definition Gaia chemical (NTO/MMH) propulsion system... power sizing • Temperature map prediction Gaia thermal architecture DSA stowed and... (ESA science programs decentralised until Gaia) SW flexibility, CPU loads, modes... Module LEGEND SpW SpW Timing Gaia functional architecture SpW PLM Thermal... active, spinned or 3 axis controlled – Gaia: slow rotation with precession: 3 axes..., reaction wheels, control momentum gyros…) – Gaia: ultimate stability required: micro thrusters... sizing and control bandwidth definition • Gaia – Hybridizing instrument (stability) and star..., resources budgets (propellant, processing…) Gaia AOCS Gaia AOCS Astro Star trackers Gyros... electrical interfaces • Establish power budgets Gaia power system Solar array Li... of mission type and orbit • Gaia from L2: X band (8 GHz) TM... step; Definition of communication scenarios • Gaia: » Cebreros 35 m ESA station 8 hour..., • Detailed link budgets, system budgets Gaia Communication system C C C C SVM MIL-STD... units ƒ Reconfigure on safe configurations Gaia software layered architecture Failure Detection... Autonomous hierarchical FDIR Specific on Gaia: Timing architecture PEM 1 PEM #7 TDI1... operations are starting in ESOC Gaia configuration: 1998 Science Mission Requirements... spin axis in 72 days GAIA Basic Angle Astrometric Instrument Line... ‰ Sun-Satellite-Earth angle < 10° Gaia configuration : 1998 TT&C antenna Astrometric... K) & good optical properties. Selected for Gaia design. SiC Technology Maturity Demonstrator... for Herschel are applicable to Gaia Major features of the study... with an accuracy compatible with Gaia needs ‰ ARVI (Auxiliary Radial Velocity... support + radiator SVM closure panel GAIA Concept & Technology Study Secondary structure... MLI on both faces GAIA mechanical model GAIA mechanical analysis First lateral... Unit (CDMU) Gaia Configuration : 2002 PLM 1 SVM Sunshield 7 6 © Astrium Gaia configuration : 2002... Micro propulsion technology selection Gaia configuration: 2005 3 9 2 © Astrium Gaia configuration: 2005 Satellite... & shielding Service Module Design Gaia Configuration: 2007 3 9 8 © Astrium Gaia configuration evolution: 2007... = 350 kg = 2050 kg = 1750 W Gaia: key figures and order of...



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... 1 What to expect Daniel Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... Introduction Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 1/15 Gaia overview... Figure: Arianespace. Movie: ESA, C. Carreau Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 2/15 Gaia overview • Astrometry, Photometry, Spectroscopy • More... Figure: Arianespace. Movie: ESA, C. Carreau Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University...-Feb-1 2/15 Swedish contributions to Gaia Lund: development and verification of... error correlations • Daniel Michalik: Tycho-Gaia, combined astrometric datasets • Piero Ranalli: detection of exoplanets with Gaia and PLATO Uppsala: astrophysical properties...) • Ulrike Heiter: stellar classification & validation, Gaia benchmark stars • Andreas Korn: stellar... region Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 3/15 Gaia release... objects • 2022: Final catalogue release Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... transits on average Simulations: D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... for Gaia-DR1: some areas are poorly observed Simulations: D. Michalik Gaia data...-1 5/15 Ambiguity in early datasets Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time [yr] Figure: D. Michalik & L. Lindegren Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 6/15 ,µ Coordinate, e.g.δ(t) Gaia observations over 5 yr ⇒ pos, 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time [yr] Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 6/15 Coordinate, e.g.δ(t) Gaia observations over 1 yr ⇒ marginal 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time [yr] Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University..., e.g.δ(t) µ− 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time [yr] Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University..., e.g.δ(t) µ− 0 1 2 3 4 5 Time [yr] Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 6/15 Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund....5 Figure: Tycho-2 sky coverage (D. Michalik) Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... long-baseline proper motions, parallaxes Gaia Tycho-2 position (1991.25) Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 8/15 Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS) • Add Tycho... • Full solution with much less Gaia data (approx 1 yr earlier) • Hipparcos... through quasars (Michalik & Lindegren 2016) Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University...: Tycho-2 CD cover Right: Illustration Gaia satellite (ESA) 9/15 HR-diagram... using just a few months of Gaia data (approx. 480,000 Tycho... 14 /σ > 10) > 0, σ < 1 mas, Plot: L. Lindegren Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... prior for Milky Way stars Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... Short/scarce datasets need a prior • Gaia observes 1 billion of the Milky... actual errors! Figure: L. Lindegren & D. Michalik Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University...? Study based on Gaia Universe Model Snapshot (GUMS) Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik... Michalik/Lindegren/Hobbs/Butkevich (2015) Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 13/15 Summary Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University... position estimates and uncertainties Tycho-Gaia: long-baseline astrometry, full five... to be verified through quasars Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University) // 2016-Feb-1 14/15 Gaia release schedule (updated) Tentative schedule... Tycho and Hipparcos stars (Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution; TGAS) • Summer 2017... objects • 2022: Final catalogue release Gaia data release 1 // D. Michalik (Lund University...



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... consciousness / Lawrence Hagerty 1. Consciousness. 2. Internet. 3. Gaia hypothesis. 4. Cosmology. 5. Religion and science... ...........................................................................................................122 Have Daily Conversations with Gaia ....................................................................122 Join and Build New... upon us. The Kundalini of Gaia is about to awaken. No... Lovelock named this vast organism Gaia, after the Greek goddess who... Earth is now called the Gaia Hypothesis. There does not seem... what constitutes the mind of Gaia. In fact, there are probably... will become, the mind of Gaia; but if we do not... bodies, it 13 Definition of “Gaia,” The Oxford Encyclopedic English Dictionary... then become the mind of Gaia. There appears to be a higher... presumes that the mind of Gaia has not yet come into... a number of interesting concepts about Gaia: • 14 The Earth is intelligent... of Earth, which we call Gaia, are becoming aware of each... have very personal encounters with Gaia, or, if you prefer, with... when I feel the essence of Gaia. Try this yourself sometime. The... one I find most intriguing. Are Gaia and the human species becoming... humans are becoming aware of Gaia can hardly be contested. Ever... for occurrences of the word “Gaia” returns tens of thousands of... to learn about Gaia, but questions remain: Is Gaia aware of us... metaphor for the mind of Gaia is that it is a meta... biosphere? Is it conceivable that Gaia has gone mad? While I do... we view the Earth-mind (Gaia, Mother Nature, or whatever other... Gaian consciousness, the mind of Gaia. By this I do not mean... planet. Let us hope that Gaia still believes we can grow... environmental destruction and then let Gaia know we have mended our... used to achieve intimacy with Gaia for tens of thousands of... sacred mushrooms to communicate with Gaia and other non-physical entities... of consciousness, the noosphere and Gaia, can communicate, all the while... communications, such as human-to-Gaia communication, yet other environments, common... awareness. That is why, I believe, Gaia herself has been instrumental in... are here to serve as Gaia’s most sophisticated tools, which have... Press, 1995). 4 Ralph Abraham’s Chaos Gaia Eros, p. 60 (Harper San Francisco... our reality. Those who hear Gaia’s plaintive cry for help can... suggestions. Have Daily Conversations with Gaia From time to time I have... perhaps, just perhaps, it is Gaia’s voice I am hearing. Is it... soul, I like to think that Gaia is speaking directly to me... pick it up, it is Gaia, herself. For me, the message... better understand what is on Gaia’s mind. Join and Build New... to stop this rape of Gaia’s body. It is important that... & Company, 1992). Abraham, Ralph, Chaos Gaia Eros (San Francisco: Harper Collins... and ecosystem theory. A discussion of Gaia Theory with Drs. Ralph Abraham1... .................. 59, 69 F Fuller, Buckminster .......... 151 G Gaia communicating with ....... 39 hypothesis ....................... 34...



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... might look at James Lovelock’s Gaia: a New Look at Life on... climatic ‘homoeostatic’ self-regulation. The Gaia hypothesis seems to support an... may endanger the life of Gaia as a whole, is very weak... enframed globe. The second is Gaia, which inflects the Earth... inflections of the Earth. GAIA It was the novelist William Golding who suggested the name ‘Gaia’, the ancient Greek Earth-goddess... ice ages. This shows that Gaia has maintained a fairly stable global... proportions of carbon dioxide. For Gaia to support life, the greenhouse... temperature. Michael Allaby’s Guide to Gaia (1990) explains how analogous mechanisms... of millions of species keeps Gaia alive and stable, although the... to continue to do so. Gaia is dynamic and unpredictable, not... not forbidding for non-scientists. Gaia has been attractive to deep... of an Earth-goddess allows Gaia to be appropriated as the.... But as Ernest Callenbach asserts: ‘Gaia is not a conscious entity with... that the ethical consequences of Gaia are not at all clear..., it has been assumed that Gaia proves our interdependent ‘oneness’ with... are also political disputes concerning Gaia. Ecofeminist critic Patrick Murphy has... the planet’. He acknowledges that ‘Gaia has become an immediately recognized... forcing them into hierarchical valuations. Gaia, he argues, elevates a specific valuation... ecological vocabulary is increasingly anachronistic. Gaia is, in any case, not... the theory is refined, Gaia ought to come increasingly to... scientists. One way to test Gaia is to try various computer... at ). Simulations can show how Gaia works if it works at... harbor on a shore. (1992: 188–9) Gaia, for example, implies unpredictability and... Press. Allaby, M. (1990) Guide to Gaia, London: Optima. Allen, P.G. (1996) ‘The...: McLelland and Stewart. Lovelock, J. (1982) Gaia: a New Look at Life on... Implications of the Gaia Thesis’, in P. Bunyard (ed.) Gaia in Action: Science... Boston, P.J. (eds) (1993) Scientists on Gaia, London: MIT Press. [Chief] Seathl... 104 Allaby, Michael Guide to Gaia 173–4 Allen, Paula Gunn 132... of 160–62; see also Gaia Earth First! 20, 75, 103... 132; Ecofeminist Literary Criticism 27 Gaia hypothesis 102, 162, 172–5, 178... also animal rights Lovelock, James: Gaia 102, 172–5 Luke, Timothy 71...



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... 10.1002/asna.200811065 The Gaia Project - technique, performance and status... words Astrometry – space vehicles: instruments Gaia is a satellite mission of the... objects (V < 17.5). At 15th magnitude Gaia aims at an angular accuracy... detectors, and the pointing of Gaia at each moment (“attitude”) can be inferred from the Gaia measurements itself with µas accuracy... 1 Introduction The orbit of the Gaia mission has been chosen to... all lie inside Gaia’s orbit. The aim of Gaia is to perform...). the much larger telescope of Gaia, the much higher sensitivity of... objects. The basic design of Gaia has been described by Perryman... countries are working on the Gaia project, not included the work... describe the technique of the Gaia project, its performance and status... up-to-data-information on Gaia can at all Corresponding author... Fig. 1 Artist’s impression of the Gaia satellite scanning the stars of... References). The scientific applications of Gaia will be the topic of... by N. Walton in these proceedings. 2 Gaia’s schedule The first proposal for... Design Review was successfully completed. Gaia is currently scheduled to be... upper stage). Initially the Fregat-Gaia composite will be placed into... which a single Fregat boost injects Gaia on its c 2008 WILEY-VCH... 876 Fig. 2 Scanning principle of Gaia: The constant spin rate of... point. In order to keep Gaia in an orbit around L2... every month. After a commissioning phase Gaia will measure the sky for... produced. The completion of the Gaia project is intended to be... perform high-precision absolute astrometry, Gaia – like its predecessor Hipparcos – (see... & Co. KGaA, Weinheim S. Jordan: The Gaia Project - technique, performance and status Fig. 3 During its operational lifetime, Gaia will continuously scan the sky... the aperture of each of Gaia’s two telescopes (D = 1.4 m in along-scan... previous section are fulfilled by Gaia’s so-called nominal scanning law... Astron. Nachr. / AN (2008) Fig. 4 Gaia’s focal plane. The images of... each other. 5 The payload The Gaia payload consists of two telescopes... a spectrograph to measure radial velocities. Gaia has two telescopes, one for... CCD’s read-out register. Since Gaia has 9 AF strips, every FoV... is about five Mbit/s. When Gaia scans along the plane of... clusters or Baade’s window, where Gaia can perform measurements is 3 million.... KGaA, Weinheim 878 S. Jordan: The Gaia Project - technique, performance and status... for this limitation is that Gaia can read out only five... (ephemeris of solar-system objects, Gaia’s orbit, etc) A (Lindegren et al... (si .aj , ck , g, A) + noise . For Gaia, the light deflection from the..., about 200 times Gaia’s accuracy. In the Gaia project even the bending... across-scan behaviour fAC of Gaia allows to predict values for... are computed using the actual Gaia design as input. The performance... 1 milliarcsecond. The photometry provided by Gaia will be unprecedented in homogeneity...-induced CCD damages At L2 Gaia is outside the Earth’s magnetosphere... quite frequent during the Gaia mission, because Gaia will be launched close.... However, the data processing of Gaia is strongly complicated, since a large... & Co. KGaA, Weinheim S. Jordan: The Gaia Project - technique, performance and status... computers of the time of Gaia’s data analysis, this task will... astronomy, it is clear that Gaia’s high-accuracy parallax measurements will... by N. Walton. Acknowledgements. Work on Gaia data processing in Heidelberg is... of Sect. 7. References ESA 2000, GAIA: Composition, Formation and Evolution of....rssd.esa.int/SAgeneral/Projects/GAIA files/FILES/report-march.pdf..., L., Proceedings of the Gaia Symposium ”The ThreeDimensional Universe with Gaia” (ESA SP... ESA-RSSD Gaia homepage: http://www.rssd.esa.int/GAIA www.an...



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0.16/5
...ÇA, MANUEL TEIȃ Vila Nova de Gaia. DǤǮǞǤǩȕǮǤǜ ǡǜǭȰǩǢǠǜ: ǰǨǜ ǞǜǰǮǜ ǭǜǭǜ ǟǠ ǜǫ- XEIRA, VÍTOR REBELO, FREDERICO SILVESTRE... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Ser- JÚLIA MENDONÇA. Enfermeiros especialistas... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Porto. HǠǨǜǯǪǨǜ ǮǰǝǞǜǫǮǰǧǜǭ ǟǪ ǡȰǢǜǟǪ ǠǨ ǡǠǯǪǮ Ǡ ǭǠǞȢǨ-ǩǜǮǞǤ- Unidade de Imunoalergologia. Hospital... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. SȰǩǟǭǪǨǠ ǟǠ SǨǤǯǣ-LǠǨǧǤ-OǫǤǯǵ: 161. CÉLIA MADALENA, PAULO TEIXEIRA...-Obstetrícia e de Anatomia de Gaia. Departamento de Pediatria. Consulta de... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Hospital de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia... de ǫǤǯǜǧ GǠǭǜǧ ǟǠ SǜǩǯǪ AǩǯɃǩǤǪ, PǪǭǯǪ. Mundo Médico, 2003, Vol. Gaia. Departamento de Medicina Interna, Hospital... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. CǪǩǯǭǤǝǰǯǪ ǡǤǮǤȕǯǭǤǞǪ ǫǜǭǜ cular, Hospital Geral de Santo... Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular, Nova de Gaia. AǧǯǠǭǜȞɅǠǮ ǟǪ EEG ǠǨ ǟǪǠǩǯǠǮ ǞǪǨ ǨǰǯǜȞȗǪ ǩǪ Hospital Geral de Santo... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Serviço de Pediatria. Maternidade de... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Serviço de Anes- 2000, Vol... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Ca- TINS DA SILVA. Servi... de Vila Nova de Gaia, Vila Nova de Gaia. Serviço de diatria... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Hospital de S. 5. A GUIMARÃES, R AMORIM... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Hos- tetrícia, Pediatria e Anatomia... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Unidade de Bio- Porto. A ǞǭǤǜǩȞǜ Ǩǜǧǯǭǜǯǜǟǜ - ǜǧǢǰǨǜǮ ǞǪǩǮǤǟǠǭǜȞɅǠǮ ǢǠǭǜǤǮ ǮǪǝǭǠ logia..., Porto. Instituto Vila Nova de Gaia. Serviços de Pediatria e de... Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia. Ser- 197. JOAQUINA MAURÍCIO..., VÍTOR LEITE, Vila Nova de Gaia. Serviço de Cirurgia Pediátrica...



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0.12/5
...Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073 : 01 ... to provide information on the Gaia programme which may be used... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... Observations 10/2006 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia 1 Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.../10/2006 : 6/ 12 BACKGROUND The Gaia Implementation Phase means the phases... the inorbit commissioning of the Gaia spacecraft. The “European Space Agency...» or “the Agency”, is the Gaia end customer. ESA has awarded... SAS the contract for the Gaia Implementation Phase on 6th March... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia 3 Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... SUMMARY AND SPACECRAFT DESCRIPTION The Gaia mission will rely on the... history of our Galaxy. The Gaia astrometric mission is one of... 2000 scientific programme of ESA. Gaia will use the global astrometry.... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia 4 Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... , and Test (AIT) of the Gaia spacecraft will be performed at... 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia 5 Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... the implementation phase of the Gaia programme, several models will be... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01... Cedex 4 France  Astrium Gaia 6 Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... for the Gaia spacecraft is in December 2011. The Gaia spacecraft will.... The End User of the Gaia spacecraft will be the European... carrying the Gaia spacecraft. NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01.00.doc  Astrium Gaia Ref Issue Date Page : GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT... NbCars NbWords FileName 7426 1340 GAIA.ASF.TCN.SAT.00073.01...



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0.31/5
Gaia by Any Other Name Lynn ... accompanying piece ‘‘Reflections on Gaia,’’ as someone proud to participate... investigations. The ‘‘Gaia hypothesis’’ has now become the ‘‘Gaia theory’’ and has.... The very beginning of the Gaia debate, I submit, was marked by...-known Nature paper (Lovelock, 1965). Gaia’s middle age, her 40th birthday... generated a gaggle of Gaia enthusiasts. From the beginning Gaia’s intimate portrait has... reveals Gaia from above (Arthus-Bertrand, 1999). To me, the Gaia hypothesis... most current descriptions of the Gaia hypothesis stems from confused de... several recent, excellent books on Gaia science and correlated research trends... major postulates of the original Gaia statement and point to recent... penetration of space brought forth Gaia theory. In fact when Lovelock... they can . . . see the word Gaia embracing both the intuitive side... science’’ is none other than Gaia herself decked in futuristic garb...’’ scientists, especially geophysicists. The original Gaia hypothesis primarily involved biotic regulation... working definition of the Gaia hypothesis that can serve to... an enormous, unwieldy scientific literature. Gaia, a name that makes our third.... My definition for the Gaia hypothesis is as follows: Some... biota modulate the temperature, acidity- 9 Gaia by Any Other Name alkalinity... new experimental and theoretical work. Gaia, defined this way, undoubtedly... interest to me is ‘‘new Gaia,’’ newly generated scientific ideas beyond..., but I concentrate on other ‘‘new Gaia’’ aspects of the science. For...fies this statement as Lovelock’s Gaia hypothesis and claims, ‘‘This new... Biology originated in the Gaia hypothesis’’ (p. 272). The Gaia concept leads Lowman... planetary and petrologic processes preceded Gaia. The main crustal dichotomy of... might as well be called Gaia: The Living Earth from Space...), enough responsible scientific literature on Gaia exists to fuel college/university... and comprehensible contributions to the Gaia debate include the incredibly detailed...). This treatise on energy sees Gaia, even its origin over 3.5 billion... just a vacuum] but all gradients.’’ Gaia can be understood as a peculiar... life. Furthermore, since the 1970s Gaia theory has continued to draw... a crucial component of Gaian research. Gaia theory’s original postulates were limited... of the air. The new Gaia, whatever her name, becomes respectable... rest of the lithosphere. 11 Gaia by Any Other Name Here... and contributors to Scientists on Gaia: The Next Century are profoundly... apartheid.’’ We cannot be fooled: Gaia’s core identity and liveliness will..., New York. Bunyard, P., ed. 1996. Gaia in Action: Science of the... Lynn Margulis Kirchner, J. W. 2002. The Gaia Hypothesis: Fact, theory, and wishful... 207:568–570. Lovelock, J. E. 1979. Gaia: A New Look at the Life... of Gaia. W. W. Norton, New York. Lovelock, J. E. 2002. Reflections on Gaia. Introduction... P. Boston, eds. 1991. Scientists on Gaia. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA. Skoyles... Press, Cambridge, MA. Volk, T. 1998. Gaia’s Body: Toward a Physiology of Earth...



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0.57/5
...What other objects will Gaia observe? Gaia will also observe more than.... How many stars will Gaia measure? Gaia will measure about one billion... the Gaia web site: http://sci.esa.int/Gaia What does Gaia mean? For ancient Greeks, Gaia was the... KNOW ABOUT GAIA! The Little Books of Gaia What is Gaia? Gaia is a satellite... future. By measuring these quantities Gaia will determine the nature, formation... accurate will these measurements be? Gaia will have an accuracy of... many people work in the Gaia project? Gaia is in the implementation... and integrated and plans for Gaia‛s operations are worked out in... 2500 people are working on Gaia, including ESA staff and members... to build a satellite like Gaia? A mission like Gaia may be studied and... companies contribute to a mission like Gaia. As many as 350 scientists... data gathered by Gaia? The data acquired by Gaia will be converted... will have free access to Gaia's data. The general public will.... How will Gaia be transported into space? The Gaia satellite has been... and weight of Gaia? Based on the current design, Gaia will be... will happen to Gaia after it stops functioning? After Gaia comes to... needed to reduce all of Gaia's data? Gaia's data reduction using an... take about 300 years! The Gaia team will complete this in... technology. How much time will Gaia be in space? Immediately after insertion in its final orbit, Gaia will start taking measurements which... will it take Gaia to reach this orbit? Gaia will have to... orbit. Sun Gaia Where will Gaia be in space? Gaia will be operated... satellites in the future, including Gaia. The main componets of the...