Спутник связи. Galaxy 12. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат Galaxy 12 был заказан компанией PanAmSat Corp. у Orbital Sciences в 2000 году. Космический аппарат создавался на базе платформы GEOStar-2 Bus. Спутник обеспечит вещание на территории континентальных Соединенных Штатов, а также штатов Аляска и Гавайи. Но в случае необходимости Galaxy XII может быть перемещен в любую другую точку, принадлежащую PanAmSat.

Дополнительные наименования

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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг1800
2Масса (сухая), кг800
3Платформа 1xGEOStar-2 Bus
4Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.24
5Мощность, Вт3600

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.0
2Апогей, км35802.2
3Перигей, км35784.3
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42164

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-013B

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор Intelsat
2Производитель Orbital ATK

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Космодром Куру
2Дата пуска2003-04-09 at 22:52:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xInsat 3A
4Полезная нагрузка 1xGalaxy 12
5Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5G

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Galaxy 12». [Перейти к поиску]


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...’s Mace Weapons ........................................................... 11 Space Warfare................................................................................................................................ 12 Space-based C4ISR ......................................................................................................................... 14 Counterspace...’ Communication Satellite, Express Tribune, August 12, 2011, http://tribune.com.pk...,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 12, 2001. 227 Zhang Ke, “’北斗’今起照耀亚太区 中国版 GPS...,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, November 12, 2001. 46 Table 4. Comparison of... Moment], 中国航天报 [China Space News], November 12, 2003, 2. 267 “Shenzhou Expert Reveals..., http://mil.gmw.cn/2012-12/27/content_6162317.htm. 382 “走近我国首颗传输型立体测绘卫星天绘一号” [Taking... Satellites (Part 1)], 中国航天 [Aerospace China], 2008/12, 15. 388 “我国成功发射’资源’三号卫星” [Our Country Successfully...], 航 天返回与遥感 [Spacecraft Recovery & Remote Sensing], 2012/6, 12. 68 Fengyun Meteorological Satellites China... China’s Meteorological Satellites (Part 1),” 11‒12. 396 “FY-2 Program,” National Satellite....gov.cn/english/official/2011-12/29/content_2033200.htm. 491 “中国代表在联合国外空委法律小组委员会第 52... a series of maneuvers the Shijian-12 (SJ-12) satellite had most likely.../10-18/1416679.shtml. 598 “俄媒评中国鹰击 12 导弹:配冲压发动机速度极快” [Russian Media Comments on China... UNK 7/21/94 7/3/96 4/12/05 3/31/12 3/21/99 Communications Communications... GEO 3 Fengyun 2F (FY-2F) 1/12/12 Earth Science GEO 3 Fengyun 3A...-11-05) 7/15/13 Shijian 12 (SJ-12) 6/15/10 Shijian 15... 3 (TL-1-03, CTDRS) 7/25/12 Tiantuo 1 5/10/12 Xinyan 1 (XY-1) 11/18... (XZ-10, Chinasat 10) 12/1/08 12/15/08 People's Liberation Army... (C41) Remote Sensing LEO UNK 12/9/09 12/15/09 3/5/10 3/5/10... GEO 15 Zhongxing 12 (Chinasat 12, ZX-12) 11/27/12 Communications GEO 15... Earth Observation LEO 3 Ziyuan 3 (ZY-3) 1/9/12 People's Liberation Army (C41) People... (CONT.) Compass M3 (Beidou 2-12) 4/28/12 Chinese Defense Ministry Compass M4... Sensing Satellite 11) Yaogan 12 (Remote Sensing Satellite 12) Yaogan 13 (Remote.../29/11 5/10/12 5/29/12 11/25/12 Chinese Academy of Space... Remote Sensing 11/25/12 11/25/12 9/1/13 People's Liberation Army... Zhongxing 2A (Chinasat 2A) 5/26/12 People's Liberation Army (C41) Communications... University of New York Satellite-1) 12/6/2013 CUSat-1 (Cornell University Satellite... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 Firebird-B (Focused Investigations of... Burst, Intensity, Range, and Dynamics) 12/6/2013 O/OREOS (Organism/Organic Exposure... Elliptical Galaxy-13 (Horizons 1, Galaxy 13L) 10/1/2003 Communications GEO Horizons 2 12/21... Communications GEO AMC-9 (Americom 9, GE-12) 6/7/2003 Communications GEO AsiaStar 3/21... DirecTV, Inc. Communications GEO DirecTV-12 12/29/2009 DirecTV, Inc. Communications... Technologies, LLC Communications GEO Echostar 12 (Rainbow-1) 7/17/2003 Echostar Technologies... Technologies, LLC Communications GEO Echostar 9/Galaxy 23 (G-23, Intelsat 1A-13... GEO Galaxy-11 1/21/1999 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-12 4/9/2003 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-14 8/13/2005 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-15 10/13/2005 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-16 6/18/2006 PanAmSat (Intelsat, Ltd.) Communications GEO Galaxy-17 5/4/2007 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-18 5/21/2008 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-19 9/24/2008 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-25.../1997 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-26 (G-26, Intelsat 1A-6, Telstar.../1999 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-27 (G-27, Intelsat IA-7, Telstar.../1999 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-28 (G-28, Intelsat IA-8, Telstar.../2005 Intelsat, Ltd. Communications GEO Galaxy-3C 6/15/2002 PanAmSat (Intelsat... Purpose Orbit COMMERCIAL (CONT.) WildBlue 1 12/8/2006 WildBlue Communications Communications GEO... Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5A 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development LEO Aerocube 5B 12/6/2013 Aerospace Corporation Technology Development..., Inc. Technology Development LEO Genesis-1 7/12/2006 Bigelow Aerospace Technology Development... Globalstar M089 (Globalstar 89, Globalstar 2-12) 7/13/2011 Globalstar Communications LEO.... Communications LEO ORBCOMM FM-12 (ORBCOMM A4) 12/23/1997 ORBCOMM Inc... IPEX (Intelligent Payload Experiment, CalPoly 8) 12/6/2013 IRIS (Interface Region Imaging... • Energetics and Dynamics) GOVERNMENT/COMMERCIAL 12/7/2001 Astrophysics LEO TDRS-5 (Tracking... 3/13/2008 8/31/2004 12/10/2007 5/12/1996 9/27/2011 1/9/1990... Air Force Early Warning GEO 12/6/2000 Electronic Surveillance GEO Communications.../NOAA LEO 4/4/1997 DoD/NOAA 12/12/1999 DoD/NOAA 10/18... Technology Development LEO SMDC-ONE 2.4 12/6/2013 Technology Development LEO SNaP... Force Technology Development LEO 9/8/2001 12/2/2003 12/2/2003 2/3/2005 2/3/2005 6/15...



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... realistic steering behaviour. It simulates 12 actuators, six for steering and... potential to increase users’ motivation [12]. Participants may end the simulated... Space Science Conference, 2013 Page 9 12. Ozcelik, E., Cagiltay, N.E. and Ozcelik, N.S., “The... & Education, vol. 67, 2013, pp. 12–20. [Online]. Available: http://www... School of Electrical Engineering. Page 12 Proceedings from 13th Australian Space...-related activities amounts to AUD $12.2 billion, globally the economic footprint... security law, New York: Springer. [12] Department of Prime Minister and... interests of all countries.  Principle 12: Sensed state shall have access... interests of all countries.  Principle 12: Sensed state shall have access...]), the variety of exoplanet orbits (e.g. [12][13]) and the complexity of... Astrophysics, Vol. 48, p.631-672 12. Fossey, S. J., Waldmann, I. P. and Kipping, D. M., 2009... planets remains complicated, and only 12 super-Earth planets are currently... K 4.63 ± 0.03 0.24 ± 0.06 a From [12] From [13], maximum likelihood estimate... [14] a (AU) e ω (o ) M(o ) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9a 10 11 12 13a 3.90 3.93 3.93 3.98... 4.01 4.01 4.07 0.41 0.12 0.3 0.05 0.05 0.12 0.12 0.30 0.05 0.05 0.24.... 108, 1994, pages 18-36 [12] Kharchenko, N. V. and Roeser, S., “All-sky... anomalies, such as Kozai resonances [12], secular chaos [13], and planet... = 10) at 0.5" and ∼ 105 (∆Ks = 12.5) at 1.0" (private communication L. Close) in... include disk migration [9], Kozai resonances [12], secular chaos [13], planet-planet.... 631, 2005, pp. 1215-1226. [12] Naoz, S., Farr, W. M., Lithwick, Y., Rasio, F. A., and... Archaean ocean. Geobiology 1(2), 91–108. 12. McKay, C. P. and Stoker, C. R. 1989. The..., Pilbara, Western Australia. Astrobiology. 13(12): 1103-1124 Page 94 Proceedings... transition in the atmospheric column [12]. Observing these two features in..., J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 2367-2384. 12. Yeomans, J. M. (1992), Statistical Mechanics of... Astronomical Society, 392, 641-654 12. Malhotra, R., 1995, “The Origin of... Astrophysical Journal Letters 728: L27. 12. Oberoi, D. and C. J. Lonsdale (2012). "Media... (1) the diurnal transit of the galaxy over the recording site, and... MHz Flux (Jy) Hydra A Galaxy -12.1 441 Pictor A Galaxy -45.8 410 Milne 23 SNR -53.2 182 J1935-4620 Galaxy -46.3 147 Kepler’s SN SNR -21.5 100 Centaurus A Galaxy -43... hence the transit of the galaxy and other astronomical features over... two riometers are 6 degrees and 12.8 degrees respectively. A discrete cosmic radio... Certificate of Performance," ed, 2011. [12] T. Ogawa, et al., "Simultaneous ground... 1 e−j �2c +afields 1 2 port 12 and output port 1 [12]. respectively, and ε is the... Physics B, 2010, 98(4): p. 723-727. 12. Hui, R. and M. O'Sullivan, Basic Instrumentation... 600 27 55 19.4 24 12 12 24 10825 3600 1320 324..., Noordwijk, The Netherlands, December 10-12, 2008, Session 11, Paper 2. 3. Choudhury... at least 5×10×0.032×2 or 5.12 s (excluding processor FFT and integration... usage subject to weighting matrices: 1 𝑱𝑱 = 2 ! !! [𝒙𝒙𝑻𝑻 𝑸𝑸𝒙𝒙 + 𝒖𝒖𝑻𝑻 𝑷𝑷𝑷𝑷]𝑑𝑑𝑑𝑑 (12) where 𝑥𝑥 is the deviation from... weighting matrices 𝑃𝑃 and 𝑄𝑄 in Equation (12) are given as 1 Δ𝑥𝑥! 1 𝑝𝑝!! = Δ𝑢𝑢! 𝑞𝑞!! = ! (15) (16... minimization problem: arg min{|| u || 2 +λ || SHu − g || 2 }, u (12) (13) where λ is Lagrange multiplier... be simulated by using Eq. (12), resampling matrix S, blur kernel H and... 6 1.5m Ortho Bundle, Barcelona, Spain, 12/07/2012. Available from: http... Dynamic Disturbances”, Acta Astronautica, Vol. 12, No. 7, 1985, pp. 485-503... VII, 2004, pp. 550-559. 12. Janschek, K., Tchernykh, V. and Dyblenko, S., “SMARTSCAN...-Espla, T. Martinez-Martin et al. [12] 2010, Heping Zhong, Jinsong Tang.... 15, 2008, pp.665-668. 12. J. J. Martinez-Espla, T. Martinez-Marin, and... interferometry: persistent scatterer technique vol. 12: Springer, 2006. 31. D. Zhiyang and... instability of the plug nozzle [12] justify further investigation into the...-6924, AIAA, Honolulu, HI, 2008. 12. Hagemann, G., Immicht, H., Terhardt, M., Dumnov, G., “Critical... II [10] (e) MESR [11] (f) SHERPA [12] (g) ATHLETE [6] (h) SpaceClimber [13] Fig. 2: The....4 V, which is converted to 24 V, 12 V, 5 V and 3.3 V busses. Each of the... control electronics run off the 12 V, 5 V and 3.3 V busses. The control of... and Automation in Space., 2012. [12] J. Hidalgo and F. Cordes, “Kinematics Modeling.... 3(d). Contour validation: A border following contour [12] is applied to the result... determining the residual in equation (12) then the state correction is... the equations (13) and (14). rˆR = θ − θˆ (12) G B R am dtU vˆk = B θˆk = θˆk−1 + αR rˆR (15) (13) ω ˆk = ω ˆ k−1 + βR rˆR dtU.... 9, No. 1, pp. 62−66, 1979 [12] Suzuki, S and Abe, K, “Topological Structural... electrically connecting the charging mechanism [12]. This paper details the development... to x2 given by equation (12) and c(x) = [CH (x), CSX (x), CSY (x), CR... and the current node respectively. (12) u = px1 − px2 The heuristic chosen.... IEEE, 2002, Vol. V, pp.5-2025, [12] Silverman, M. C., Nies, D., Boyoon, J. and Sukhatme... gas in the Milky Way Galaxy Mazher Choudhury Mazher Choudhury, Eamonn...



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...♣✿✴✴❡t❤❡s❡s✳❞✉r✳❛❝✳✉❦ Globular Clusters as Probes of Galaxy Formation Michael Andrew Beasley A thesis... 13 1.4 Correlations with the Host Galaxy 14 1.4.1 Specific Frequency 14 1.4.2 A Metallicity... universal and independent of host galaxy morphology, a phenomenon suggested by previous... correlation with parent galaxy magnitude and velocity dispersion (i.e. galaxy mass), and had... increasing luminosity. Beyond issues of galaxy formation, this result has important... Seeing 2-3 " Exposure Time 5 X 3000s per galaxy A 2.2.3 Data Reduction In Chapter 4 we... 12 00 46 02.22 -25 15 54.7 LAc 19.4 galaxy 10... 22 02.2 B5 20.8 galaxy 12 266 12 00 44 50.23 -25....8 galaxy 30 44961 90 00 43 51.17 -25 30 12.4 LA51 18.1 galaxy 31 41919 102 00... 00 12 43.09 -39 16 42.3 n galaxy 3 68 45 00 12 40... 49 00 12 26.54 -39 22 12.1 k star (mag) 19.0 galaxy Globular... 43.8 LA5 19.8 galaxy 8 -58 80 00 12 43.35 -39 14....6 galaxy 13 34933 84 00 11 05.77 -39 20 49.3 h - galaxy....8 LA58 20.7 galaxy 16 38076 123 00 11 09.12 -39 23 50.0 LA47 18.2 galaxy 17 19941 194 00 12 10.22 -39 26 17.8 g - galaxy 21....3 galaxy 23 96708 24 001151.76 -39 32 44.5 LA36 20.6 galaxy 24 52935 24 00 11 12.27 -39 34 55.6 LA25 20.1 galaxy 25 17282... 32.8 LA21 20.2 galaxy 27 -60 72 00 12 03.76 -39... 56.6 LA32 18.9 galaxy 30 30855 94 00 12 28.05 -39 42 33.8 LAll 18.3 galaxy 31 26016 179 00 12 25.96 -39 42 50.8 LA9 20.5 galaxy 32 35060 14 00 12 38.50 -39 39 20.7 LA30 19.3 galaxy 33 47568 90 00 12 37.40 -39 40 28.2 LA26 19.5 galaxy 35 48265 18 00 12 09.95 -39 39 53.0 LA18 19.7 galaxy 36 71400 200 00 12 21.16 -39 42 38.3 LA8 20.2 galaxy 38 49814 108 00 12 19.71 -39 40 39.9 LA16 18.6 galaxy 39 30811 70 00 12 55.13 -39 41 44.8 t - galaxy 41 75000 144 00 12 57.40 -39 42 10.0 LA22 19.6 galaxy 42 74215 24 00 12 46.90 -39 44 50.0 LAd - galaxy... -39 46 19.8 a - galaxy 51 5089 122 00 12 52.95 -39 33 55.0 LA42 20.3 galaxy 52 52710 177 00 12 46.37 -39 35 20.7 LA39 19.2 galaxy 53... 118 00 12 57.89 -39 36 43.5 LA37 20.4 galaxy 55 75407 27 00 12 24.29 -39 35 37.7 LA34 19.8 galaxy 56... 23.7 LA59 20.3 galaxy 57 -142 70 00 12 28.78 -39....3 galaxy 60 31305 18 00 13 12.09 -39 37 15.9 f - galaxy 61... 56585 12 00 12 44.39 -39 35 03.3 LA40 20.6 galaxy (mag... galaxy, Vh = 19830 ± 7 kms~^ and a foreground galactic star, tih = 5 ± 45 k m s ~ ^ The galaxy... the galaxy rest-frame in the SW part of the galaxy and... 11 12 log ( M / M J Figure 2.14: The specific mass frequency versus galaxy mass for spiral galaxies. Galaxy luminosities have been... to eventually form the host galaxy. The galaxy stars and GCs form... of high density (i.e. galaxies and galaxy clusters), their spatial distribution and... 4-m and M D M 2.4-m VRI photometry for this galaxy, resulting in the identification of... the galaxy, which may not necessarily be the case if the galaxy... angular momentum of the proto-galaxy (e.g. Forbes, Brodie, & Grillmair 1997). A major... region to region and indeed, galaxy to galaxy. W i t h these considerations in mind... dark matter halo surrounding this galaxy. 5.7.5 Globular Clusters in the Hierarchical... the galaxy will infall and merge with the central dominant galaxy. We... galaxy at a given epoch, in the case of Figure 5.1, this elliptical galaxy... of the satellite galaxy Mgat to the central galaxy, Mcen- If Mgat... galaxy composed of its original stellar content, material from the satellite^ galaxy... galaxy happened fairly quickly, yielding burst GCs with mean ages of ~ 12... of his elliptical galaxy sample for all parent galaxy luminosities, and subsequently... known to increase with increasing galaxy luminosity (e.g. Brodie & Huchra 1991; Durrell... 12 27 09.108 08 16 36.67 45000 Galaxy 2597 12 27 12.905 08 14 34.16 20000 Galaxy 2431 12 27 19.222 08 14 20.44 14800 Galaxy 1746 12... 7790 12 26 47.971 08 20 34.73 11334 Galaxy 8113 12 27 06.929 08 21 02.14 10982 Galaxy 7569 12 27 35.790 08 20 16.31 10706 Galaxy 7039 12 27 43.904 08 19 34.18 34686 Galaxy 8062 12... 3900 12 27 16.980 08 16 00.03 10600 Galaxy 3217 12 27 36.547 08 15 16.30 28868 Galaxy 1922 12 27 37.078 08 13 36.65 32278 Galaxy 1024 12 27 14.180 08 12 12.53 200 Star 1621 12... 1955 12 27 11.629 08 13 39.38 31000 Galaxy 8224 12 27 17.371 08 21 11.44 11700 Galaxy 6302 12 27 33.741 08 18 38.24 12000 Galaxy.... Ser. 48: The Globular Cluster-Galaxy Connection, p. 131 Buonanno R., Corsi C. E., Castellani...



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... released the Galaxy 15 4. defendant phones inoperable 2010, consumers against Galaxy 14... with ineffective and 23 replacement Galaxy 24 response has 25 members..., press releases, purchased a defective Samsung Galaxy standby mode, rendering 13 21... 3 defective 4 Defendant or unwilling Samsung Galaxy Defendant 7. the defect phone S 3 of... the defect to 8. 10 Samsung Galaxy the placing phones into the... or harm, and Samsung defective Galaxy S THE PARTIES 9. 18 Plaintiff Amira... COMPLAINT her as Anderson Samsung's Galaxy Samsung disclosed S purchased individual and... citizen, Diego county, California. a Samsung Galaxy S Vibrant or about T- through authorized... warn or the defect Galaxy S, alleged she Page 12 of disclose the... products, including the defective Samsung Galaxy S phones. Whenever this 11. complaint... the Court's in this District Galaxy Samsung to S phones 1391(b)(1) personal... Samsung Galaxy S mobile phones in California and 4 throughout the United Samsung's Galaxy... the cellular are Each 18. Galaxy S AT&T, the Vibrant for T-Mobile... related to any phone Samsung Galaxy lodged complaints line is operating... S an S product features, including a on Galaxy 19 26 line of operating... phones. phones called the "Samsung Galaxy line of cellular and the... randomly while in standby Samsung Galaxy 10 suffer from phones defect... powers itself phone is that Galaxy S the experiences phone, reinsert is... is not on operating Samsung Galaxy 15 identify mode. Non-defective... 14 C. 17 18 paying Samsung Galaxy prior 28. Plaintiff purchased experience... way to obtain full S Samsung Galaxy S Vibrant on or phone about... time, purchase consumers phones. Samsung Galaxy Like other class 2011. any... members, purchased the defective Samsung Galaxy known of the 10 15... do "master resets" of her Galaxy S phone, replaced, or Samsung's authorized... a 28 a Galaxy S third S Galaxy replacement Galaxy S in phone January to phone replacement Galaxy Samsung...'s Warranty for 2013. Anderson's third Galaxy S similarly experienced the Defect. CLASS... 30. 2 April 3 phone 4 inability 5 Galaxy 6 provide a working Galaxy Samsung's Warranty, obtaining 2013... $60.00. Galaxy Plaintiffs S S and gave up S fourth Galaxy phone to the... experienced the defect Galaxy 15 for the 16 Galaxy as Exhibit A.1 34.... 14 phone. S Samsung Galaxy SIII, selling her a 12 33. to T-mobile in..., Plaintiffupgraded 8 In S Galaxy a 8 of 36 Page Plaintiff became working Galaxy a beyond repair... at all. Samsung knows its Galaxy phones that a manner phones even... 2 amounts 3 Samsung has failed with 4 Galaxy 5 under federal and state law... willful. non-defective a consumers complain Galaxy Page that does not suffer... E. 15 phone S despite 18 Galaxy Samsung thousands of Galaxy S product Samsung's evidenced.... defective viable a has denied its Galaxy public complaints with another but.... policy fails to offer replacement Galaxy 11 to their ID #:10... 20 21 22 23 "Samsung Galaxy phone randomly shuts off. Battery... fully charged but my Samsung Galaxy phone randomly shuts off. Battery... California since January 1, 2010, Samsung Galaxy S mobile phones from Samsung or... failed 8 Samsung Galaxy 9 facts; to disclose Samsung Galaxy 11 Samsung Galaxy 13 to its sale of 15 whether f) 17 Galaxy... the phones; any express Samsung Galaxy was S or implied warranties enriched... fact include: a) whether defendant Samsung's Galaxy 12 as Page questions predominate individual... its expressly promised representations Samsung Galaxy Page Class to ID #:16... intended 8 phones expressly promised Samsung's Galaxy 9 material and 10 Page were...'s Galaxy S phones failed to comply with defendant's express 11 60. 12 representations... with a phone representations by failing Galaxy S phones with to non- and... 1 accompanying 2 reference. 3 71. its Samsung Galaxy expressly Defendant Filed 07/10... 5 their intended 6 expressly represented Samsung's Galaxy 7 material and 8 purchase, covering defects... hardware and software. Exhibit A. Samsung's Galaxy S phones failed to suffer from... the Galaxy S phones members, from repairs and replacements of the Samsung Galaxy... Samsung breached replace during Samsung Galaxy the warranty response to the... and Class members, to issue, Galaxy S period, only perpetuated with no... not of merchantable quality (i.e. to Galaxy of business. Plaintiff and broken... which Plaintiff and Class members S Galaxy 87. 21 of 36 phones... periods. The defect renders the Galaxy S phones unfit for their ordinary..., 11 refund the Samsung Galaxy Samsung Samsung Galaxy Defendant 88. 13 service... and and its authorized replace Galaxy Samsung's 91. replace, or or... Samsung Galaxy objection Samsung has breached both Samsung Galaxy one Samsung Galaxy ordinary... the 19 impliedly warranted Samsung Galaxy 111. Magnuson-Moss Act, Samsung... phones Magnuson-Moss Act, 12 20 S mobile Galaxy 15 U.S.C. Defendant is 107...-JVS-RNB defect, the Samsung Galaxy as S phones exceeds the 7 the... market; immoral, unethical, oppressive, Samsung Galaxy S phones or in "unfair" business... repair or Samsung engaged Samsung Galaxy in the products that in...



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...-100 II FH-100 III Galaxy I Galaxy II Galaxy III Изучаемые показатели Убойные... французской селекции 5 Galaxy - подсвинки, полученные в результате скрещивания трехпородных свиноматок Galaxy с хряками синтетической... над животными нейтральной и чувствительной группами Galaxy на 12,8% и 9,3% соответственно. Через 10 дней... 5,3%. Живая масса молодняка стрессустойчивой группы Galaxy также была повышенной, однако достоверной... Показатель устойчивые Galaxy FH-100 Группа нейтральные Galaxy FH-100 чувствительные Galaxy FH...) Galaxy FH-100 257,0± 6,8 259,1± 8,21 Группа нейтральные (II группа) Galaxy FH...) Galaxy FH-100 227,3± 5,9 231,4± 7,4 ** ** 340,2± 16,1 216,3± 10,1 220,32±12... как приросты животных стрессчувствительной группы Galaxy составляли 709,9г (р ≤ 0,01). Устойчивое... стрессчувствительной Galaxy, что составило 23,3% (р ≤ 0,01). Между животными устойчивой и нейтральной групп Galaxy... (Т3), нМ/л Группа Galaxy за 2 суток до отъема Galaxy 25,1 ± 0,22‫٭٭٭‬ 71... между показателями стрессустойчивых и стрессчувствительных подсвинков Galaxy и FH-100. Таким образом, судя... до 0,7 и 0,8 нМ/л в группах стрессчувствительных животных Galaxy и FH-100. Показатели уровня этого... к стрессу животных группы FH-100 и Galaxy составили 1,1 и 1,0 нМ/л соответственно. Более низкая... стрессчувствительных и стрессустойчивых животных FH-100 и Galaxy по массе парной туши в пользу... парной туши молодняка стрессчувствительной группы Galaxy превышала показатели сверстников стрессустойчивой группы... были более высокими в стрессчувствительных группах Galaxy (1,6%) и FH-100 (1,32%). Таблица 4 Убойные... подсвинков устойчивых групп FH-100 и Galaxy (1,7-1,5 кг соответственно) оказалось наибольшим (табл... 5 Убойные качества свиней подопытной группы Galaxy Показатель Группа Устойчивая Нейтральная Чувствительная... наблюдались между устойчивой и чувствительной группой Galaxy (р ≤ 0,05). 11 Наибольшую убойную массу... подсвинки, полученные от трехпородных свиноматок Galaxy, причем животные чувствительной группы выгодно... достоверно ниже показателей трехпородных свиноматок Galaxy (р ≤ 0,01). Фактор породной принадлежности оказал... Между животными устойчивых и чувствительных групп Galaxy и FH-100 наблюдалась достоверная разность... групп, полученных от двухпородных свиноматок Galaxy (3,5 и 3,1% соответственно). Разность между показателями устойчивой... достоверной (р ≤ 0,01) и составила 1,2%. Среди подсвинков Galaxy устойчивой и чувствительной групп стрессчувствительности разность... показателями отмечались животные в стрессчувствительных группах Galaxy (100,7 см) и FH-100 (99...). Подсвинки, полученные от трехпородных свиноматок Galaxy, обладали более высокой мясностью по... группы FH-100 и стрессчувствительной группой Galaxy наблюдалась достоверная разность (р ≤ 0,05) в пользу.... Между показателями устойчивой и чувствительной групп Galaxy также прослеживались достоверная разность (р ≤ 0,01... групп FH100 и Galaxy (5,1 и 5,3 соответственно). Разность между показателями устойчивых и чувствительных групп Galaxy и FH... группы Galaxy (12,5 кг). Этот показатель достоверно превосходил значения устойчивых (I) групп на 12... группам, 12 что свидетельствует о достоверном снижении толщины шпика у стрессчувствительных животных Galaxy по...,5±0,31‫٭‬ 11,0±0,13 12,0±0,10‫٭‬ ‫٭‬р ≤ 0,0 5 4,8±0,12 ‫٭٭‬ 1,7±0,11 ‫٭٭‬ 10,9±0,10 ‫٭‬ Galaxy II 98,3±0,26 III 100,7±0,35 ‫٭٭‬ 4,9±0,14 1,6±0,06 11,5±0,22 5,3±0,12... Galaxy (8,8%), менее значительная - с устойчивой Galaxy (2,2 кг или 7,3%). Подсвинки устойчивых групп FH-100 и Galaxy... от трехпородных свиноматок стрессчувствительной группы Galaxy имели больший выход мышечной ткани... подсвинки, полученные от трехпородных животных Galaxy. В соответствии с результатами исследования можем сделать... составили 12,7 и 14% соответственно (р ≤ 0,01). Таблица 8 Морфологический состав полутуш свиней Galaxy Показатель... животных Galaxy и FH-100. При этом мясо, полученное от чувствительных животных Galaxy..., полученное от стрессчувствительных животных группы Galaxy (55%). Также низкие показатели наблюдались... Чувствительная 5,5±0,04‫٭٭‬ 5,5±0,03‫٭٭‬ 57,6±0,62‫٭٭‬ Galaxy Устойчивая 6,1±0,04 6,0±0,06‫٭٭‬ 63,5±0,45...-100 и Galaxy (17,4 и 17,9%). Потери в чувствительных группах FH-100 и Galaxy были достоверно... имело мясо животных чувствительной группы Galaxy. Деликатесные изделия, полученные из мяса... сырья, полученного от стрессчувствительных животных Galaxy. ВЫВОДЫ 1. Во все периоды выращивания... сравнению со стрессчувствительными животными группы Galaxy. Подсвинки устойчивой группы FH-100... Galaxy (1,6%) и FH-100 (1,32%)(р≤0,01). 3. По сравнению с показателями подсвинков стрессчувствительной группы Galaxy... от трехпородных свиноматок стрессчувствительной группы Galaxy имели больший выход мышечной ткани... него. У стрессустойчивых животных FH-100 и Galaxy концентрация тироксина и трийодтиронина оказалась выше... сырья, полученного от стрессчувствительных животных Galaxy в размере 255 рублей. ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЯ ПРОИЗВОДСТВУ..., полученным в результате скрещивания трехпородных свиноматок Galaxy с хряками синтетической линии Макстер на...



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...NGS data analysis with Galaxy EMBO Global Exchange Lecture Course – ...:45-12:30 Lecture 9: Fundamentals of NGS data analysis using Galaxy 12:30...:45 Tutorial 4: Creating a DNA-seq Galaxy workflow 15:45-16:15... an RNA-seq Galaxy workflow 1h45 1h45 1h45 Introduction Galaxy Rationale The...  and  hence  reproducible  is  challenging.  Galaxy  helps  to  address  this   crisis...   instance   of   the   Galaxy  platform.   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy     1                                                                   Lecture Outline This  lecture  is  about  the  Galaxy  platform  and...  an  administrator  for  set  up   ! Galaxy  and  nanoPORE  will  bring  high...  and  workflows   Galaxy  community:   o Overview  of  Galaxy  public  servers   o Galaxy  is  developed  by  an  active  community   Galaxy  admin...  and  cons  for  deploying  a  local  Galaxy   o Fast  overview  of  installation  process...  the  local  Galaxy  genome  browser   Demo  of  NGS  in  Galaxy  on  a  RNA...-­‐seq   NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                     Virtual Machine We   use   for...   for   the   tutorials   of   the   Galaxy   Community   Conference   GCC2014.   After   you...   and  log  as  user  “galaxy”  with  password  “galaxy”.   • • • Image  (5Gb):  http://public....ova   User:  galaxy   Password:  galaxy   Starting the server and open Galaxy Once  started...:   1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Right-­‐click  on  the  folder  “galaxy”  situated  in  your  Desktop  and...  Desktop)   Click  on  the  “galaxy”  bookmark   Galaxy  user  name  is  admin@pasteur.rns.tn  and  password  is  “galaxy... 1. Go  to  the  directory  “Desktop/galaxy”   2. Open  the  file  “universe_wsgi.ini....20.4.1       NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy     3                                                                     Tutorial 4 – DNA-seq Introduction This... files.”     4       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                   Variant Prediction calling - Text extracted...”  and  the  column  “FASTQ  files  (galaxy)”   e. In  the  history  panel  (H),  a  new...  pre-­‐loaded  into  Galaxy.   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy     5                                                                     a. In  the  header...  format   6       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                       Input data quality check and...  with   paired-­‐end  reads  in  Galaxy   a. (T)  Go  to  “NGS:  QC  and...”   e. (D)  Execute   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy     7                                                                     f. (H)  Click  on    of  the  new...  name   NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                             f.                                       (H)  For  all  datasets,  click  on... the reads to a reference genome 12. Align  single  end  reads  to...  to  4?   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy     9                                                                     j. (H+D)  Display  content  of  “Filter  SAM...  files.   Visualize reads in the Galaxy genom e browser (Trackster) 17. Visualize...  and  turn  to  yellow  while  Galaxy  is  converting  the  BAM  file...   10       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                   d. (H)  Rename  the  interval  files  to...  snpEFF.     NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy   11                                                                       Tutorial 5 –RNA seq Introduction...  with  the  Galaxy  genome  browser  Trackster   12       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                   Step...”  and  the  column  “FASTQ  files  (galaxy)”   e. In  the  history  panel  (H),  a  new...  generated   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy   13                                                                     vi. We  will  see...   14       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                     a. (T)  Go  to  “NGS:  QC  and...  aligned  reads  on  IronPlus  Rep1?   12. Align  the  reads  onto  the...  with     Visualize reads in the Galaxy genom e browser (Trackster) 13. Visualize...  lmex   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy   15                                                                       q. (D)  Click  on  “Add  Datasets...  and  turn  to  yellow  while  Galaxy  is  converting  the  BAM  file...   16       NGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy                                                                   c. (D)  Type  “c14=='yes'”  in  the...   log2(FC)article   log2(FC)galaxy   2.6   2.55634   2.15   2.13183   LmxM.19...-­‐172710   NNGS  data  analysis  with  Galaxy   17    



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... 60.07 (galaxy pair), 2:24 6dFGS (Six Degree Field Galaxy Survey), 8:18 21-centimeter (neutral hydrogen) tomography, 12:10... (Coma galaxy cluster), 3:8–9, 6:16 Allen Telescope Array (ATA) radio telescope, 12:10...:18, 11:48–53, 12:19, 56 Andromeda Galaxy (M31) merging with Milky Way, 3:51 midpoint between Milky Way Galaxy and, 1:62–63 ultraviolet images of, 12:22 Antarctic... A., 2:20 Arp 147 (galaxy pair), 2:20 Arp 194 (galaxy group), 8:21 art... Beagle2 lander, 4:24 Bear Claw Galaxy (NGC 2537), 10:79 Beehive...–53 supermassive, 9:19, 12:19, 44 Blackeye Galaxy (M64), 3:71 Block, Adam... (feature on mars), 12:23 Boattini (comet), 1:91 Bode's Galaxy (M81), 2:60... within, 5:75 Centaurus A (NGC 5128) (galaxy), 11:80 Cepheid variables, 9:48..., 4:24 space program, 1:22 Cigar Galaxy (M82), 2:60–63 Cluster mission... spiral galaxy), 3:70 Coma Berenices (star cluster), 4:68 Coma galaxy cluster (Abell...:18–19 galaxy clusters. See also names of specific galaxy clusters collisions between, 8:19 dark flow, 1:31 observing, 3:52–55 galaxy pairs 4C 60.07, 2:24 Arp 147, 2:20 Galaxy Zoo..., 2:23 gas molecules in host galaxy, 5:28 7 Astronomy Magazine 2009 Index... Arp 147 galaxy pair, 2:20 images captures since refurbishment, 12:24–29... nebula), 12:69 IC 1396 (emission nebula), 5:12–13 IC 1459 (galaxy cluster... telescope, 2:23 Keenan's System (double galaxy [NGC 5216 and NGC 5218... Lederman, Russ, 6:69 Leo I (dwarf galaxy), 8:71 LER. See Lunar Electric... Nebula), 12:70 M27 (Dumbbell Nebula), 4:76 M31. See Andromeda Galaxy (M31) M33 (Triangulum Galaxy), 11:54 M37 (Salt... cluster), 12:69 M51 (Whirlpool Galaxy), 10:21 M61 (spiral galaxy), 11:79 M64 (Blackeye Galaxy), 3:71 M74 (spiral galaxy), 11:10–11 M78 (reflection nebula), 4:77 M81 (Bode's Galaxy), 2:60–63 M82 (Cigar Galaxy), 2:60–63 M83 (Southern Pinwheel Galaxy), 9:79 M87 (galaxy) size...:27 M88 (spiral galaxy), 11:78 M101 (spiral galaxy), 8:70 M136 (open cluster), 4:79 Ma, Clara, 9:19 Maffei 1 (elliptical galaxy), 4:79 Maffei 2 (barred spiral galaxy), 4:79 magnetars discovery... Way Galaxy cold dust, 11:26 evolution of understanding of, 12:14... Andromeda, 3:51 midpoint between Andromeda Galaxy and, 1:62–63 movement of... hydrogen (21-centimeter) tomography, 12:10 neutrinos, 12:30–35 New Horizons... NGC 147 (elliptical galaxy), 11:76 NGC 253 (Sculptor Galaxy), 2:75, 11... 1023 (spiral galaxy), 12:68 NGC 1316 (galaxy), 4:78 NGC 1317 (galaxy), 4:78 NGC...), 8:70 NGC 2537 (Bear Claw Galaxy), 10:79 NGC 2548 (M48... nebula), 5:20 NGC 2841 (spiral galaxy), 10:77 NGC 3324 (Gabriela... NGC 3938 (spiral galaxy), 5:87 NGC 4214 (irregular galaxy), 10:78 NGC... NGC 4921 (spiral galaxy), 6:16 NGC 5128 (Centaurus A) galaxy, 11:80 NGC..., 2:10–11 NGC 5216 (galaxy), 1:88 NGC 5218 (galaxy), 1:88 14 Astronomy... (spiral galaxy), 2:80 NGC 5921 (spiral galaxy), 10:77 NGC 5985 (spiral galaxy... (IC 5067-70), 1:89 Perseus galaxy cluster, 4:79 Phobos (moon of... Scorpius (constellation), 10:80 Sculptor Galaxy (NGC 253), 2:75, 11:76... 2177), 11:79 Segue 1 (dwarf galaxy), 1:22 shadow bands, 3:14–15... 2009 Index Six Degree Field Galaxy Survey (6dFGS), 8:18 SkyQuest XX12... with NASA, 2:23 Southern Pinwheel Galaxy (M83), 9:79 space junk collision...–53 Stellarvue, 9:74 Stephan's Quintet (galaxy group), 11:23 STEREO satellites...), 5:86 Triangulum Galaxy (M33), 11:54 Trifid Nebula (M20), 12:70 Triton... Westerlund 2 star cluster, 2:24 Whirlpool Galaxy (M51), 10:21 WhiteKnightTwo (jet... Infrared Survey Explorer) program, 10:12, 12:20 W.M. Keck Observatory, 11:13... Mars, 7:18 Astronomers measure giant galaxy, 10:21 Astronomers report first... Celestron revives a classic scope, 12:54–12:55 Chandra peers deep into..., 4:24 Dimmest galaxy has a huge mass, 1:23 Discover galaxy groups and clusters... and NGC 253, 11:76 Galaxy's dark secret exposed, 1:20 Galileo... eye and views the Whirlpool Galaxy, 10:21 High-altitude telescope... Hubble's grand new vistas., 12:24–12:29 Huge impact basin discovered... a kind?, 4:34–4:39 Is our galaxy running out of gas?, 1:38...–9:39 New debris found near galaxy collisions, 10:20 New evidence...?, 1:23 What revved up the galaxy's hyperfast stars?, 9:30–9:35 Who... Sisters, 12:16 Swarm of stars, A, 4:66 Coe, Steve Discover galaxy groups...–68 Dorminey, Bruce Is our galaxy running out of gas?, 1:38..., Ray What revved up the galaxy's hyperfast stars?, 9:30–35 K Kinoshita... Mars, 7:18 Astronomers measure giant galaxy, 10:21 Astronomers report first... brown dwarfs found, 4:24 Dimmest galaxy has a huge mass, 1:23 Discovery... eye and views the Whirlpool Galaxy, 10:21 How asteroids get..., 3:16 New debris found near galaxy collisions, 10:20 New evidence... asteroid tracked into atmosphere, 1:24 Galaxy's dark secret exposed, 1:20 High...



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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 1.4.6 Diffuse Gas in Spiral Galaxy Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Overview of the... Disks 36 38 3.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 3.2 Galaxy Sample and Observations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 3.3 Data... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 X-ray properties of the galaxy sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 3.4.1 The contribution of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.5.2 Spectra of the residual-galaxy regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 3.5.3 Physical properties of... 4.3 Point source populations in each galaxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 4.3.1 M101 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 4.3.2 M83 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 5.4.2 Spectra of the residual-galaxy regions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 5.5 Connection with star... X-ray source population in each galaxy. . . . . . . . . . . 46 3.4 Contribution of point sources... diffuse gas present in each galaxy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 3.7 Derived properties of the... diffuse gas present in each galaxy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 A.1 Bright X-ray sources detected... hot gas present in interstellar galaxy disks. 8 Chapter 1. Introduction 1.2. X-ray Emission... the majority of our galaxy sample, the galaxy is the target of... each galaxy used for extraction of the “bright source” and “residual galaxy... the galaxy into two areas: a “bright source” region and a “residual galaxy” region... extent of the galaxy. wider range of energies chosen (0.2-12 keV). The... each galaxy. The starting point was a preliminary source-list for each galaxy... galaxy extraction region (as defined above). A master source-list for each galaxy... the galaxy, including the bulk of the spillover into the residual galaxy... 12.9 . Table 3.3: Characteristics of the bright X-ray source population in each galaxy. Galaxy... Sources [0.5] [0.4] [0.8] Residual Galaxy 1.4 0.7 - 2.1 Total Measured 2.8 2.0 3.0 7.8 Bright Sources 1.2 1.4 3.4 6.0 Unresolved Sources [0.6] [0.5] [0.9] Residual Galaxy 2.0 0.5 - 2.5 Total Measured 3.2 1.9 3.4 8.5 Bright Sources 6.8 3.8 6.5 17.1 Unresolved Sources [0.5] [0.4] [0.8] Residual Galaxy 6.3 0.9 - 7.2 Total Measured 13.1 4.7 6.5 22.3 Bright Sources 2.5 2.0 3.1 7.6 Unresolved Sources [0.5] [0.4] [0.9] Residual Galaxy... foreground absorption in our Galaxy. For the residual galaxy we use the... the galaxy sample for this, we have scaled up the residual galaxy... the galaxy sample tion of unresolved sources to the residual galaxy signal...” summarises the results on a galaxy by galaxy basis. In the soft band... individual galaxies Figures 3.1 - 3.3 compare the galaxy morphology observed in soft X-rays... throughout the galaxy, and there is evidence that the galaxy has experienced... of the residual-galaxy regions Previously we estimated that 9-12 per cent... 4.41 × 63 Residual Galaxy - - Bright Sources 2.65 × Residual Galaxy Bright Sources 10... diffuse gas present in each galaxy. Galaxy Radiusa Component Electron Density Thermal... spectral variations towards the inner galaxy regions, thus confirming that intrinsic... X-ray luminosity of the entire galaxy, which includes a very substantial contribution... of the total galaxy luminosity to the residual galaxy luminosity over the... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Table 4.1: Classification of sources by... the galaxy are detected as candidate ULXs in the broad band (0.3-12...-arm” regions of the galaxy, with the remaining 12 in “off-arm... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Figure 4.3: Top panel: Hardness ratios... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Figure 4.5: Top panel: Hardness ratios... within the D 25 of the galaxy, 12 of which passed our criteria... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Figure 4.7: Top panel: Hardness ratios... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Figure 4.9: Top panel: Hardness ratios... 4.3. Point source populations in each galaxy Figure 4.12: The locations of the... 12 found in the vicinity of the spiral arms of the galaxy... 5. Extended X-ray emission from M33 Galaxy Chapter 5. Extended X-ray emission from... the galaxy. Assuming that the extended X-ray emission from the galaxy is... Sourcesa [0.04] [0.03] [0.05] Residual Galaxy 1.1 0.1 - 1.2 Total Measured 6.7 4.1 6.2 17.0 a 5.2.3 - Extrapolated to... source. 5.4.2 Spectra of the residual-galaxy regions The simultaneously fit spectra... 0141980801 Combined Bright Sources Residual Galaxy 8.5 × 1020 - a - Cool component in residual... diffuse gas present in each galaxy. Galaxy M33 Radiusa Component Electron Density... discrete sources in the target galaxy. These sources contribute a comparable luminosity...



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... nebula), 12:54 Abell 222 (galaxy cluster), 11:18 Abell 223 (galaxy cluster), 11:18 Abell 520 (galaxy cluster), 10:52 ACT-CL J0102-4915 (El Gordo) (galaxy cluster... Astronomical Society (AAS), 5:17 Andromeda Galaxy (M31) aging Sun-like stars... stars formed from, 12:17 black holes in Andromeda Galaxy, 6:17 changes... buckyballs, 6:17 Bullet Cluster, 8:12 BX442 (spiral galaxy), 11:16 C Caenorhabditis elegans... Caldwell 43 (NGC 7814) (spiral galaxy), 4:69 California Institute of Technology..., 12:64–65 cellphone digiscoping, 10:12 Centaurus A (NGC 5128) (radio galaxy), 9:15... Sun, 8:15, 12:22 research into, 2:13 between two galaxy clusters, 11..., 1:24, 11:22 orbiting Andromeda Galaxy, 3:20 ultra-compact, 4:16 E Eagle... Gordo (ACT-CL J0102-4915) (galaxy cluster), 10:33 electromagnetism, 5:45... halos, 3:22 galaxy clusters See also names of specific galaxy clusters arc..., 5:22 mergers of, 8:12 most distant, 7:15 Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), 9:15...–47 surrounding Milky Way Galaxy, 6:17 GN-108036 (galaxy), 4:20 GOE (Great... (IBEX) IC 10 (irregular galaxy), 1:17, 12:52 IC 405 (Flaming Star... 2163 (spiral galaxy), 12:55 IC 2395 (open cluster), 12:55 IC 5146..., 12:55 IDCS J1426.5+3508 (galaxy cluster), 10:18 Index Catalogue objects, 12:52–55 infrared galaxies, 12... kinetic energy, 1:12 King Hamlet's Ghost (NGC 3628) (starburst galaxy), 7:71 KjPn..., 35, 12:73 M31. See Andromeda Galaxy (M31) M33 (Pinwheel [Triangulum] Galaxy), 3:16... (star burst galaxy), 9:64 M90 (spiral galaxy), 4:70 M91 (barred spiral galaxy), 1:82 M92 (globular cluster), 6:71 M101 (spiral galaxy), 4:51... of molecular clouds in Pinwheel Galaxy, 3:16 magnetism Sun's magnetic ropes... Way Galaxy collision with Andromeda, 5:47 discovery of system analogous to, 12...:30 interaction with Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy, 1:24 interstellar gas, 2:15 mosaic..., 1:12 Mount Wilson Observatory, 1:52–57 Mrk 509 (Markarian 509) (galaxy), 1:18... NGC 613 (spiral galaxy), 2:70 NGC 772 (galaxy), 10:70 NGC 869... spiral galaxy), 4:68 NGC 1073 (barred spiral galaxy), 6:17 NGC 1156 (galaxy), 10:70 NGC 1232 (barred spiral galaxy), 2:67 NGC 1300 (galaxy), 2:67 NGC 1499 (California Nebula), 3:70–71 NGC 1566 (spiral galaxy), 12...), 2:69 NGC 2775 (galaxy), 4:64 NGC 3226 (elliptical galaxy), 5:67–71 15 Astronomy Magazine 2012 Index NGC 3227 (spiral galaxy), 5:67–71 NGC 3239 (irregular galaxy), 6:73 NGC 3242 (planetary nebula), 6:64 NGC 3314 (galaxy pair), 10:19 NGC 3344 (Sliced Onion Galaxy), 5:67... NGC 3393 (spiral galaxy), 10:49 NGC 3521 (spiral galaxy), 10:54 NGC 3628 (King Hamlet's Ghost) (starburst galaxy), 7:71... spiral galaxy), 2:68 NGC 4372 (globular cluster), 10:23 NGC 4435 (galaxy), 10:61 NGC 4438 (galaxy), 10:61 NGC 4536 (spiral galaxy), 3:70 NGC 4565 (Needle Galaxy), 8:73 NGC 5128 (Centaurus A) (radio galaxy... (galaxy), 3:64 NGC 5426 (spiral galaxy), 10:58 NGC 5427 (spiral galaxy), 10:58 NGC 5448 (spiral galaxy... 6339 (barred spiral galaxy), 6:71 NGC 6384 (spiral galaxy), 11:72 NGC... Phoenix galaxy cluster (SPT-CLJ2344-4243), 12:17 photons, movement of, 1:12 physics... Prize in (2011), 1:19 Pinwheel Galaxy (Triangulum Galaxy; M33), 3:16, 4:51, 10... Belt Storm Probes), 12:18 RCSGA 032727-132609 (background galaxy), 6:21 RCW... Cygni) (star), 2:71 Sagittarius Dwarf galaxy, interaction with Milky Way, 1:24...–65 SkyProdigy 6 telescope, 12:64–65 Sliced Onion Galaxy (NGC 3344), 5:67... SPT-CLJ2344-4243 (Phoenix galaxy cluster), 12:17 Square Kilometre Array project...–220 (radio galaxy), 2:18 Tombaugh, Patricia, 4:17 Triangulum Galaxy (Pinwheel Galaxy; M33), 3:16..., 11:18 Astronomers find rectangular galaxy, 7:14 Astronomers find two star..., 4:18 Astronomers spot earliest spiral galaxy, 11:16 Astronomy announces 2011... formed stars differently, 8:14 Early galaxy shows odd complexity, 2:18 Earth... Medium black hole once a dwarf galaxy's heart., 6:20 Mercury's newest surface... water surround protoplanetary cloud, 2:12 Odd galaxy from an early cosmic era... P Particle hunt, 4:22 Peering past a galaxy's dark dust, 9:16 The Pioneer... the microwave galaxy, 6:17 Planetary dating, 7:20 Poetry of motion, 1:12 Portrait... spot, 5:16 Unusual galaxy cluster furiously forms stars, 12:17 Up close..., 11:18 Astronomers find rectangular galaxy, 7:14 Astronomers find two star..., 4:18 Astronomers spot earliest spiral galaxy, 11:16 Astronomy announces 2011..., 12:24–29 Doomed gas cloud approaches black hole, 4:16 Early galaxy... spot, 5:16 Unusual galaxy cluster furiously forms stars, 12:17 Up close... Dino-killer mystery, 1:24 A distant galaxy, magnified, 6:21 Dozens of extrasolar...:20 Planck studies the microwave galaxy, 6:17 Planetary dating, 7:20 Probing...



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... in IRAF 2.3.2 Photometric Calibration . . . 2.3.3 Host-Galaxy Magnitudes . . . .................. .................. .................. .................. 2.4 Image Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.1 Image Statistics... Fitting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.4 Cornpanion Galaxy Searching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.5 Unsharp Masking and Morphology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.4.6 Galaxy Parameters and Statistics... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 The Galaxies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.3 Summary of Seyfert Galaxy Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2 4 Discussion of Control Galaxies... Galaxies 5.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2 Distribution of Host Galaxy Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.1 Host Galaxies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.2.2 Distribution of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 5.3.1 Properties Derived from Cornpanion Galaxy Data . . . . . . . 121 5.3.2 Host Gdaxy Morphologicd... . . . . . . . . . . . . Basic properties of Seyfert galaxy dataset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Seyfert galaxy image statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ellipse parameters... properties of control galaxy dataset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 continued . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Control galaxy image statistics... of Figures 1.1 1.2 1.3 An Elliptical galaxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Spiral galaxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Seyfert galaxy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sample Seyfert spectra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AGN... magnitudes . . . . . . . . . . . . Cornpanion galaxy luminosities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - . Cornpanion galaxy tidal parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Host galaxy tidal parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ellipticity... active galaxy: Figure 1.1 shows a fairly typicd elliptical galaxy, M84, which is a member galaxy... in the galaxy. Figure 1.2 shows a face-on normal spiral galaxy, M74, found... studied active galaxy, the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151, which is a spiral galaxy that... M84 Elliptical Figure 1.2: Spiral galaxy M74 Figure 1.3: Seyfert Galaxy NGC 4151 1.2.1 Spiral... Seyfert activity is caused by galaxy-galaxy interactions involving two galaxies of... the galaxy's integrated magnitude if the star was within the galaxy's aperture..., the host galaxy is very close to a large companion galaxy. When this... companion galaxy by rotating the image 180" around the host galaxy's center... on the companion galaxy in image B1, and a model galaxy B V would be... the host galaxy (Figure 2.4 shows the first-order isolated host galaxy of... galaxy), and a broad Gaussian with a narrower Gaussian superposed (representing a large galaxy with... confirmed the featilres observed visually. Galaxy Parameters and Statistics 2 A.6 Distances, magnitudes... is a disturbed galaxy that contains a tidal bridge to a cornpanion galaxy 57'' to... varies across the galaxy (Figure B .4). Mrk 0817 This galaxy appears as a normal spiral, with a close companion galaxy 11... acceptable (Figure 3.12). The ellipticity profile shows the galaxy to be very... large companion galaxy 4.3' to the SW (UGC 05371, an interesting galaxy in... of the galaxy (Figure 3.25). NGC 3786 This spiral galaxy has a faint ring present, as well as a large companion galaxy... of the galaxy. Nearly 50 stars were removed in the galaxy's vicinity in order to fit isophotes to the galaxy. The... looking galaxy with no noticeable spiral a m s . There is a moderate sized spiral galaxy... This spiral galaxy has a partial bar and partial ring. The galaxy image... the galaxy; columns 2-3, the Right Ascension and Dechation of they galaxy (Erom... the galaxy contour images, surfacebrightness profiles, and a description of each galaxy in... and fit of UGC 07064. X: = 2.12 Galaxy profiie for UCCOQ295 P 5 10 15... a normal looking spiral galaxy, with a close small cornpanion galaxy 40" to the... throughout the galaxy, and the ellipticity appears well behaved (Figure B.12). An alternative name for this galaxy is 1554+480... IC 875 This galaxy is a very ordinary looking galaxy. There is a small... in Figure 4.12. IC 1141 This is a normal spiral galaxy. The surface... a spiral galaxy with prominent dust lanes, and a very large companion galaxy(NGC... galaxy with two nuclei present, as well as a very close cornpanion galaxy (12" SW, 12 kpc projected distance). The SW... spiral galaxy is undergoing an interaction with a very close cornpanion galaxy 15... 11.2 & 1.0 companions/Seyfert galaxy and 10.6 f 0.9 cornpanions/control galaxy when a maximum search... environments this could indicate that galaxy-galaxy interactions do not necessarily initiate...