Спутник связи. Gorizont 33. [Редактировать]

«Горизонт» — спутники связи на геостационарной орбите, которые предназначались для обеспечения телефонно-телеграфной связи, передачи программ центрального, республиканского и регионального телевидения, а также связи морских судов с береговыми станциями. Разработаны и производились в НПО ПМ начиная с середины 70-х годов прошлого столетия. Всего были запущены 33 аппарата (первый запуск 19.12.1978 г, последний запуск 06.06.2000 г). Ещё два запуска были неудачными.

КА «Горизонт» были спроектированы для расширения возможностей космического аппарата двойного назначения «Радуга», так как одного гражданского транспондера этого спутника Министерству связи СССР не хватало. Кроме того, нужен был КА работающий в Ku-диапазоне (14/11 ГГц) для приёма на небольшие земные антенны. Четыре новых спутника были выведены на орбиту в 1978—1980 годов к открытию Олимпиады 1980 года в Москве и реализовали в сочетании с «Экранами» схему «пятизонового вещания»: территория СССР была разделена на пять зон и на каждую зону транслировался свой (с учетом местного времени) вариант программы Центрального телевидения. Кроме того, с 1988 г. через «Горизонт» действовала система «Океан» (1.5/1.6 ГГц) для обеспечения связи с подвижными средствами. В постсоветское время, спутники использовались для распределения программ ОРТ и РТР в России от 14 з. д. до 145 градусов в. д. Самый мощный транспондер C-диапазона использовался ОРТ. Еще один транспондер на большинстве спутников обслуживал РТР. Спутники использовались также для вещания радиостанций «Радио России» и «Маяк». Региональные ретрансляционные центры принимали эти сигналы с помощью антенны диаметром 7-12 метров.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
126372НайтиНайти
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
2Страна производитель - Россия
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг2300
2Платформа 1xKAUR-3
3Количество (C стволов), шт.10
4Мощность, Вт1280

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град10.4
2Апогей, км35803.3
3Перигей, км35771.0
4Период, минут1435.8
5САС (планируемый ), год3
6САС (достигнутый), год8
7Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42158

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2000-029A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор ФГУП Космическая связь
2Производитель АО ИСС

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2000-06-06 at 02:59:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xGorizont 33
4Ракета-носитель 1xПротон-К с РБ «Бриз-М»

Найдено 106 документов по запросу «Gorizont 33». [Перейти к поиску]


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... and manufactured satellites of the Gorizont series and in 1980, during... PM embarked on the Gorizont program. Gorizont satellites were intended for telephone... December 19, 1978 the first Gorizont satellite was launched. In spite... that the implementation of the Gorizont program was supervised by Sergey... of work on the Gorizont program. The second Gorizont satellite was launched.... Abreast of the times The Gorizont series embodied many technical innovations... Ekran spacecraft. When commissioned the Gorizont satellites allowed the country to... and international cooperation. The first Gorizont satellites’ repeaters had 6 versatile C‑band... the USSR started launching modernized Gorizont satellites. The new satellites differed... a result, satellites of the modernized Gorizont series had improved functional and... period of work on the Gorizont program was quite intensive for..., the repeater subsystem for the Gorizont series was developed by RNII... specialist assembling Gorizont 25 26 Information Satellite Systems HISTORY Gorizont program was... implemented project. Satellites of the Gorizont series embodied the best technical... Ekran. The launch of the Gorizont spacecraft enabled the USSR to... important to note that the Gorizont satellites were commercia‑ lized in... to foreign satellite operators. The Gorizont satellite was the first spacecraft.... The satellite system that included 4 Gorizont spacecraft allowed 98 % of the... to watch Central TV programs. Gorizont spacecraft carried out their missions...” and “Intersputnik”. In fact, the Gorizont family proved to be one... average Gorizont satellites functioned for about 6.7 years. It is noteworthy that Gorizont... instead of the projected 5 years. Gorizont33, the last satellite of the... orbit on June 6, 2000. The Gorizont series is Russia’s biggest geostationary... possibilities than satellites of the Gorizont series. vladimir ShILov, engineering Department...



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... DISCOVERER 32 MIDAS 04 DISCOVERER 33 DS-1 COSMOS Fallido DISCOVERER 34... o tecnológico 12 KH 7-33 KH 7-33 COSMOS 0129 MOLNIYA-1-04 COSMOS... ASTEX COSMOS 0453 ITOS B KH 8-33 PROSPEROUS COSMOS 0454 DSCS-2-01... 0805 ISS 1 COSMOS 0806 MOLNIYA 1-33 COSMOS 0807 LES 8 LES 9 SOLRAD... Militar Militar Comunicaciones Militar Militar 33 COSMOS 0827 COSMOS 0828 COSMOS... 1061 ANIK B1 COSMOS 1062 GORIZONT 01 COSMOS 1063 COSMOS 1064... 1110 PROGRESS 07 COSMOS 1111 GORIZONT 02 COSMOS 1112 COSMOS 1113... aplicaciones Experimental o tecnológico 41 GORIZONT 03 COSMOS 1148 COSMOS 1149... 1185 COSMOS 1186 COSMOS 1187 GORIZONT 04 COSMOS 1188 KH 9-16... INTELSAT 5 F-4 COSMOS 1342 IMEWS 13 GORIZONT 05 COSMOS 1343 MOLNIYA 3-18... 1415 COSMOS 1416 COSMOS 1417 GORIZONT 06 COSMOS 1418 RCA SATCOM... HILAT GALAXY 01 COSMOS 1471 GORIZONT 07 PROGNOZ 09 COSMOS 1472... D2-2 MOLNIYA 1-59 COSMOS 1510 GORIZONT 08 COSMOS 1511 COSMOS 1512... 20 KH 8-51 COSMOS 1549 GORIZONT 09 PROGRESS 21 COSMOS 1550... 1583 COSMOS 1584 COSMOS 1585 GORIZONT 10 COSMOS 1586 GMS-3 EUTELSAT... 3-23 COSMOS 1623 COSMOS 1624 GORIZONT 11 COSMOS 1625 COSMOS 1626... 1754 COSMOS 1755 COSMOS 1756 GORIZONT 12 COSMOS 1757 COSMOS 1758... 1792 POLAR BEAR MOLNIYA 1-69 GORIZONT 13 COSMOS 1793 COSMOS 1794... 1841 COSMOS 1842 COSMOS 1843 GORIZONT 14 COSMOS 1844 COSMOS 1845... COSMOS 1895 COSMOS 1896 PROGRESS 33 TV SAT 1 USA 28 COSMOS... 1912 COSMOS 1913 COSMOS 1914 GORIZONT 14a PROGRESS 34 COSMOS 1915... 1935 SAN MARCO D/L COSMOS 1936 GORIZONT 15 COSMOS 1937 COSMOS 1938... 1962 MOLNIYA 1-73 COSMOS 1963 GORIZONT 16 COSMOS 1964 COSMOS 1965...-1 COSMOS 1973 NOAA 11 MOLNIYA 3-33 COSMOS 1974 COSMOS 1975 COSMOS... 1977 COSMOS 1978 TDF 1 USA 33 BURAN 1 COSMOS 1979 COSMOS 1980... 1989 COSMOS 1990 COSMOS 1991 GORIZONT 17 COSMOS 1992 INTELSAT 5A... RESURS F-02 NADEZHDA 1 COSMOS 2029 GORIZONT 18 OLYMPUS-1 COSMOS 2030 PION... FLTSATCOM 8 MOLNIYA 1-76 COSMOS 2046 GORIZONT 19 INTERCOSMOS 24 MAGION 2 COSMOS... 1D MOLNIYA 3-38 COSMOS 2083 GORIZONT 20 COSMOS 2084 INTELSAT 6 F-4 METEOR... 65 COSMOS 2102 INMARSAT 2 F1 GORIZONT 21 USA 65 COSMOS 2103... GSTAR 4 SATCOM C1 COSMOS 2105 GORIZONT 22 MOLNIYA 1-79 NAVSTAR BIIA... MOLNIYA 1-81 RESURS F-11 REX 1 GORIZONT 23 LOSAT-X NAVSTAR BIIA-11... 2163 COSMOS 2164 PROGRESS M-10 GORIZONT 24 INTELSAT 6A F-1 NOSS 10... 2181 GALAXY 05 COSMOS 2182 GORIZONT 25 COSMOS 2183 NAVSTAR BIIA... 2200 COSMOS 2201 COSMOS 2202 GORIZONT 26 GEOTAIL COSMOS 2203 COSMOS...-16 COSMOS 2221 COSMOS 2222 GORIZONT 27 USA 86 SUPERBIRD A1... F-17 PROGRESS M-18 MOLNIYA 1-86 GORIZONT 27a COSMOS 2251 17.11...-23 COSMOS 2265 GORIZONT 28 COSMOS 2266 COSMOS 2267 GORIZONT 29 METEOSAT... USA 103 SROSS C2 MSTI-2 GORIZONT 30 STEP-2 PROGRESS M-23 COSMOS... 2327 GORIZONT 31 PALAPA C1 N-STAR B INTELSAT 708 GONETS-D1 RADUGA 33... COSMOS 2331 IRS-P3 GPS 33 INMARSAT 3 F1 ASTRA 1F MSAT... 1 PALAPA C2 MSTI-3 GALAXY 09 GORIZONT 32 CLUSTER F1 a F4 INTELSAT... 1 SAC-B ARABSAT 2B MEASAT 2 PROGRESS M-33 HOT BIRD 02 COSMOS 2335... IRIDIUM 31 IRIDIUM 32 IRIDIUM 33 FAISAT 2 INTELSAT 803 COSMOS 2346... 2R4 SIMSAT 1 SIMSAT 2 EUTELSAT W4 GORIZONT 33 TSX 5 EKSPRESS A3 04.12... 2413 COSMOS 2414 TATIANA NRO-L-33 AMC-12 MAQSAT-B2 SLOSHSAT... 2437 THURAYA 3 POLARIS EKSPRESS AM-33 PROGRESS M-63 THOR 5 WINDS ATV... AM-4R GPS 2F-6 NRO-L-33 COSMOS 2496 COSMOS 2497 COSMOS...



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...) 2 satellites were not properly disposed: - Gorizont 28 (93069A, Russia, 43 x 310...: - Echostar 2 (96055A, US) around L2 - Gorizont 33 (00029A, Russia) around L1 and...



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... EUTELSAT 35730 35737 0.1 1 0 2000-029A GORIZONT 33 RUSSIA 35783 35785 1.4 1 1 2000-030A...



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... one millimeter, and the first 33 Shuttle flights sustained debris damage... Defense Satellite Communications System satellite.33 While crowded orbits can result... to the ITU Council.54 33 Space Security 2 0 0 6 TREND 1.5: Space surveillance... in 200584 Japan (55) ESA (33) The ConeXpress Orbital Life Extension..., as well as verification measures.33 Space Security, Laws, Policies, and... cost a total of $129-billion.33 Space-based global utilities, discussed... Observation Summit, which brought together 33 states plus the European Commission... or commitments to the ISS.33 Insurance Governments play an equally... missile fields with reduced reliability.33 In 1991, Russia began launching... dedicated military satellites, of which 33 have outlasted their usefulness.105... from a nuclear detonation penetrate a satellite.33 Technical measures to protect satellites... active long-range missile program.33 Directed energy weapons The ASAT... the deployable NFIRE Kill Vehicle.”33 Critics, however, suggest NFIRE is... no effect Somewhat reduced Reduced 1 33 55 16 5 0.91% 30% 50.../1996 Gorizont Proton-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO 25/05/1996 Gorizont Proton... Navigation MEO 01/12/2001 Gorizont Proton-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO... Navigation MEO 13/10/2000 Gorizont Proton-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO... Navigation MEO 13/10/2000 Gorizont Proton-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO... Navigation MEO 13/10/2000 Gorizont Proton-K/DM-2 Russia Communications GEO...* 24/11/1991 Navstar GPS 33 Delta 7925 US Navigation MEO....mil/SMC/MC/dscs.htm. 33 34 Theresa Hitchens, Future Security... Conference, Geneva: ITU, 1993, Article 33 (2). 46 Col. John E. Hyten, USAF... Research, UNIDIR/2005/29, p 132. 33 34 Wolter, pp 131-136....int/export/esaHS/ESAQHA0VMOC_iss_0.html. 33 “Global Earth Observation System of....cdi.org/russia/224-7.cfm. 33 “Satellite Insurance Rates On the... 10 (2002), pp. 21-60. 33 Podvig, “History and the current....com/chemtrails/Papadopoulos-chemtrails.pdf. 33 Michael Krepon and Christopher Clary.../2005/87, 18 November 2005. 33 34 S. Karamow, “Army scores a hit....org/spp/eprint/article05.html#33. 19 121 2 Bob Preston et.../descriptivesum/Y2005/MDA/0603886C.pdf. 33 11 12 216 Endnotes capabilities...



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... 118 ............... 29 443 ............... 31 694 ............... 33 919 ............... 35 1093 ............. 37 1270... MOTOR GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR ARIANE 2 R/B COSMOS 2022-2024 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT...-057A 2002-037E 2002-037F GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR USA 68... COSMOS 2204-2206 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2224... 2243 COSMOS 2259 COSMOS 2262 GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR CLEMENTINE R/B STEP... 2316-2318 ULLAGE MOTOR RADUGA 33 R/B GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2343... 97 PRC 61 37 India 33 8 Japan 103 35 ESRO/ESA... 1 403 1 26 0 76 0 34 0 43 0 4 0 33 17 786 decayed or beyond...-Jan-75 9-Feb-76 207 33 19-Jun-76 915 740....4 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR INTELSAT 515... COSMOS 2022-24 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2030... 195 64.8 DELIBERATE SELF-DESTRUCT GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR USA 68... COSMOS 2204-2206 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2224... 170 64.9 DELIBERATE SELF-DESTRUCT GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR CLEMINTINE R/B 1993...’D) NAME INTERNATIONAL DESIGNATOR RADUGA 33 R/B 1996-010D GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS...-Jan-75 9-Feb-76 207 33 915 740 97.8 PROPULSION DELTA... (DEG) COSMOS 1603 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2227...-Jan-93 2 0 ASSESSED CAUSE COMMENT GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2225... 2282 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR RADUGA 33 R/B 1994-069E 23338... R/B COSMOS 2347 GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR CBERS-1/SACI-1 R/B GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR... R/B COSMOS 2139-41 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2367... BXN63-521, 27 December 1963. 33 SSN 694 2000 Apogee 1800...: ARG. OF PERIGEE: 69087.21308063 33.3926 81.1687 .0276787 184... SOURCES: Rocket Body US 16.33 Mar 1974 50 Box; 1 m long...) Cosmos 839 debris cloud of 33 fragments about 5 weeks after the... DATA MAXIMUM ΔP: MAXIMUM ΔI: 6.60 min* 0.33 deg* * Based on uncataloged debris... to construct a Gabbard diagram. 276 GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-004E... the US SSN database. 282 GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-052F... from the cited reference. 300 GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR 1990-102E...-2206 debris fragmentation. 334 345 GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR 1992-082F... provided by the NAVSPOC. 352 GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR 1993-072E... construct a Gabbard diagram. 370 RADUGA 33 R/B 1996-010D 23797 SATELLITE DATA... diagram from Raduga 33 from NAVSPOC elements. 372 660 GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE... the breakup of the Raduga 33 upper stage on 19 Feb...: H-II Second Stage Japan 21.33 Feb 1998 3000 Spheroid + cylinder... DEBRIS CLOUD DATA MAXIMUM ΔP: MAXIMUM ΔI: 33.4 min 5.0 deg COMMENTS The debris...: ENERGY SOURCES: Payload CIS 26.33 Dec 1999 ~3000 Cylinder; 1.3 m diameter...: ALTITUDE: 9 Dec 2003 0129Z 189.33 km LOCATION: ASSESSED CAUSE: 64... PERIGEE (KM) 510 INCLINATION (DEG) 33.4 TRANSIT 5B-2 1963-049B 704... 14-Feb-06 1 2 2 3310 510 33.4 ISIS 1 1969-009A 3669 30... INCLINATION 510 125.14 min 33.4 deg COMMENTS At the time...



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...-1989 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR ARIANE 2 R/B GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR... ULLAGE MOTOR FENGYUN 1-2 R/B COSMOS 2101 GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR USA 68... R/B COSMOS 2204-2206 ULLAGE MOTOR GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2225... 2243 COSMOS 2259 COSMOS 2262 GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR CLEMENTINE R/B STEP... 2316- 2318 ULLAGE MOTOR RADUGA 33 R/B GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR COSMOS 2343... 525 CIS 1313 815 France 33 92 PRC 38 22 India... 6 Japan 84 29 ESRO/ESA 33 6 Other 327 14 totals 2836...-Jan-75 9-Feb-76 207 33 19-Jun-76 APOGEE (KM....9 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-004E....4 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-052F... 195 64.8 DELIBERATE SELF-DESTRUCT GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR 1990-102E....8 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR 1992-082F... 170 64.9 DELIBERATE SELF-DESTRUCT GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR 1993-072E... PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ RADUGA 33 R/B 1996-010D 23797 19-Feb... 48.7 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR 1996-034F...-Jan-75 9-Feb-76 207 33 915 740 97.8 PROPULSION DELTA....6 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-004E... 46.8 PROPULSION 30-Dec-92 GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-052F....0 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR 1990-102E... 699 CLASS 64.8 UNKNOWN RADUGA 33 R/B 1996-010D 23797 19-Feb... 65.0 UNKNOWN COSMOS 699 CLASS GORIZONT 32 ULLAGE MOTOR 1996-034F...-Oct-99 11-Mar-00 GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR 1993-072E....5 PROPULSION PROTON-K BLOCK DM SOZ GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR 1992-082F... reconstructed from US SSN database. 33 JSC 62530 COSMOS 61-63...: ARG. OF PERIGEE: 69087.21308063 33.3926 81.1687 .0276787 184...) Cosmos 839 debris cloud of 33 fragments about five weeks after... DATA MAXIMUM ∆P: MAXIMUM ∆I: 6.60 min* 0.33 deg* * Based on uncataloged debris... a Gabbard diagram. 265 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 17 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-004E... and before). 269 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 18 ULLAGE MOTOR 1989-052F... cited reference. 285 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 22 ULLAGE MOTOR 1990-102E... fragmentation. 315 345 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 27 ULLAGE MOTOR 1992-082F... the NAVSPOC. 331 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 29 ULLAGE MOTOR 1993-072E... diagram. 349 JSC 62530 RADUGA 33 R/B 1996-010D 23797 SATELLITE DATA... from Raduga 33 from NAVSPOC elements. 351 660 JSC 62530 GORIZONT 32... the breakup of the Raduga 33 upper stage on 19 Feb...: H-II Second Stage Japan 21.33 Feb 1998 3000 Spheroid + cylinder...: ENERGY SOURCES: Payload CIS 26.33 Dec 1999 ~3000 Cylinder; 1.3 m diameter...: ALTITUDE: 9 Dec 2003 0129Z 189.33 km LOCATION: ASSESSED CAUSE: 64...



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... useability of the major systems (Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya, and Raduga) from.... SUBJECT TERMS Satellite, communications, Russian, Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya, Raduga. 15. NUMBER... usability of the major systems (Gorizont, Ekran, Molniya and Raduga) from... TV. THE GORIZONT SYSTEM .............................................. A. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION ............................................ B. ORBITAL ANALYSIS ................................................. 25 25 33 V. THE..., analysis of the major constellations (Gorizont, Raduga, Molniya, and Ekran) will... in the near term. The Gorizont system began its service with... orbit in December 1978. The Gorizont satellites provide not only domestic..., began life as a transponder aboard Gorizont 5 in 1982. The purpose of... is still funneled through the Gorizont system. Table 2.1 is a listing of... design and development of the Gorizont system. The first of the... .53 .35 .52 0 0 1 1 Shemya 0 1 0 .22 .33 1 0 0 0 0 South Pole 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Tekeli, Russia 0 0 .36... GORIZONT SYSTEM A. SYSTEM DESCRIPTION The first of thirty satellites in the Gorizont... Statsionar (Russian for "stationary"), the Gorizont satellite was not considered a part... Far from its humble origins, Gorizont currently carries the US/Russian... Moskva system, inter Figure 4.1 The Gorizont spacecraft ..1.,f . 46) national Intersputnik telecommunications... heart of the Intersputnik network, Gorizont connects major ground stations in....50, 1030, 1400, and 1450 E. Gorizont satellites carry three transponder payloads... Statsionar, operate TABLE 4.1 GORIZONT CONSTELLATION GENERAL DESCRIPTION Gorizont 11 #12 13 14... Network (SDRN). The Statsionar (or Gorizont) transponders utilize five 15-watt...). The Volna transponders are to Gorizont what the INMARSAT package is... of the Volna system utilizes Gorizont as a host, "special" UHF transponders... were flown as transponders on Gorizont satellites and were used for... be discussed in a later chapter. Gorizont spacecraft and communications services are... (11 and 13-29), two Gorizont vehicles were to be launched.... The commercial expansion of the Gorizont system is a proof of concept...? The basic bus for the Gorizont and the follow-on Express... Gorizont). (Nep, 1993. p. 26) Increased reliability and life- time for the Gorizont... of high reliability of the Gorizont bus runs counter to reports... can be linked to the Gorizont space vehicle by virtue of... service and television via the Gorizont system. More than fifty percent... endless. Gorizont pricing is considered mid-range by market standards. Gorizont spacecraft... upon specific service details. Unlaunched Gorizont spacecraft can also be leased... the first of seven leased Gorizont spacecraft, designed to provide communications... number of satellites in the Gorizont constellation, the same unit of... of this analysis, a CWU below 33 75% would be considered below... observations. The results of the Gorizont analysis is contained in Table... data in Table 4.2, that the Gorizont constellation is primarily designed to... this. 34 As a whole, the Gorizont constellation appears to be usable... disaster communication system. 35 TABLE 4.2 GORIZONT SYSTEM ANALYSIS Bacolod Cape Town... .4 1 .42 .43 14 .5M .33 .55 .3 .58 .33 .58 .32 .36 .4 1 .56... .3N 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 18 .5M 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 TABLE 4.2 GORIZONT SYSTEM ANALYSIS(Continued) Bacolod Cape... 24 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 36 25 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 26 .58 .33 .36 .22 .1 .42 .43 .45... as a satellite service on the Gorizont and Raduga "host" satellites. This... orbit. The Luch transponders on Gorizont spacecraft continue to operate normally... with peak antenna gain of 33.5 dB and edge EIRP of... .58 .35 .6 .52 .55 .36 .33 1 .35 .43 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 44 APOGEE (Km... satellites comprise the Intersputnik network? Gorizont spacecraft primarily. However with the... in re- sponse to the Gorizont's mobile communications limitations. The satellite... as the Gorizont. While it is true that the Gorizont bus has...



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... payload launch services will be 33 spacecraft per year in the... is the same average value (33 payloads per year) obtained in... 2008 2009 2010 Highest Input 33 29 35 40 36 36... 42 43 48 Average Rate 33 29 33 35 32 32 30 32 31 33 34 37 38 Lowest Input 33 29 33 31 26... Total 19982010 Avg 19982010 429 33 Notes: 1) The “Highest”and “Lowest... 13.5 41% Total Market 33 29 33 35 32 32 30 32 31 33 34 37 38 429 33.0 100% Payload Mass... Total 19982010 Payload Launch Demand 33 29 33 35 32 32 30 32 31 33 34 37 38 429 33 Assumed Dual Launches... average annual spacecraft demand of 33 payloads per year from 1997... predicts an average demand of 33 payloads per year over the... shows that the demand of 33 launches in 1998 drops to... 1999, then increases again to 33 in 2000. Demand remains relatively... model predicts an average of 33 satellites per year will be... predicted an average demand of 33 payloads per year over the... the Working Group forecast that 33 addressable commercial satellites would be... launches. The estimates varied between 33 and 35 payloads. The variation... TOTAL 3 Year Average Rate 28 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 15 4 33 11.0 8 2.7 TOTAL = Arianespace HLV 1 1 1 1 1 1 Intelsat ... TM 32 1 Russia-Soyuz TM 33 1 Russia-Cosmos 1 GlobalStar 01 - 12... GTO Ranges = TOTAL = 28 33 29 33 95 31.7 15 20 25... 2 Ekran 18 Ekran 19 Gorizont Gorizont 15 Gorizont 16 Raduga 11 Russia-Cosmos...-Mil/Science Legend: 16 1 1 1 1 1 1 Gorizont 17 Gorizont 18 Gorizont 19 Raduga 1-1 Raduga 23... Russia-Mil/Science Ekran Gorizont 20 Gorizont 21 Gorizont 22 Raduga 1-2 Raduga 25...-AF GPS Navstar 18 1 Gorizont 23 Gorizont 24 Raduga 27 Raduga 28... DSCS 3-05 Ekran 20 Gorizont 25 Gorizont 26 Gorizont 27 Russia-Mil/Science... 2 06 1 US-AF SEDS 3 6 8 Gorizont Gorizont 28 Gorizont 29-Rimsat Raduga 29 Raduga.../Science 19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Express 01 GALS 1 Gorizont 30-Rimsat Luch 1 Raduga 1-3 Raduga...-Express 02 Russia-Gorizont 31 Russia-Gorizont 32 Russia-Raduga 33 3 Russia-Mil... 89 75 67 56 49 33 28 34 609 60.9 0 2 0 2 1 1 0 1 5 14...



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... DSCS 14 Gorizont 4 Intelsat 5 F-2 (502) Intelsat 5 F-1 (501) Meteosat 2 Fleetsatcom 5 Marecs 1 Gorizont 5 DSCS 15 Raduga 11 Ekran 10 ECS 1 Gorizont 7 Sakura 2B (CS-2B) Raduga 13 Gorizont 8 Intelsat 5 F-8 (508... 16.04 15.52 17.33 14.36 13.22 15... Gorizont 13 Raduga 20 Gorizont 14 Ekran 16 Ekran 17 Sakura 3A Gorizont... (BS-3A) Gorizont 23 Yuri 3B (BS-3B) Gorizont 24 Perigee Apogee... Gorizont 16 Sakura 3B TDF 1 Skynet 4B Gorizont 17 JCSAT 1 TELE-X Superbird A Gorizont....43 L2.7 L1.46 D.L1.33 L1.12 L1.17 L1.25 L1.44 L2.33 L1.41 1964-047A 1965...-21 (OV 5-4) LES 6 OV 5-4 Intelsat 3 F-3 (33) Tactical Comsat 1 Skynet 1A NATO... 1 (BSE 1) GOES 3 Raduga 4 Gorizont 1 Ekran 3 Raduga 5 Gorizont 2 Ekran 4 Gorizont 3 Fleetsatcom 3 Raduga 6 Perigee Apogee... 14.55 25.10 14.33 14.29 13.99 14...-041A 1983-059C 1.39 11.33 13.57 13.50 13... 149 km Kosmos 1366 Ekran 9 Gorizont 6 RCA Satcom 5 Raduga 12 GOES... Kosmos 1546 China 15 Gorizont 9 Raduga 15 Gorizont 10 Gorizont 11 Kosmos 1629... km China 18 Kosmos 1738 Gorizont 12 Kosmos 1888 Kosmos 1894... 1961 Raduga 22 Raduga 23 Gorizont 19 Raduga 24 Kosmos 2054... 26 (STTW-2A) Raduga 25 Gorizont 20 Kosmos 2085 Raduga 26...