Спутник ФКИ. Herschel Space Observatory. [Редактировать]

Астрономический спутник, созданный ЕКА. Первоначально предложен консорциумом европейских учёных в 1982 году. Запуск состоялся 14 мая 2009 года, в 13:12 по UTC с космодрома Куру с помощью ракеты-носителя «Ариан-5». Миссия названа в честь сэра Уильяма Гершеля, первого исследователя инфракрасного спектра. Спутник размещён на гелиоцентрической орбите вблизи второй точки Лагранжа (L2) системы Земля — Солнце. 
Телескоп «Гершель» — первая космическая обсерватория для полномасштабного изучения инфракрасного излучения в космосе. Телескоп с зеркалом диаметром 3,5 метра — самый крупный космический телескоп, работающий в инфракрасном спектре, из когда-либо запущенных (на 2014 год). Зеркало отполировано в мастерской обсерватории Туорла в Финляндии фирмой Opteon. Материалом для зеркала послужил карбид кремния — благодаря этому его вес составил лишь 300 кг при толщине 20 см (зеркало из традиционных материалов весило бы 1,5 тонны). Кроме того, физические свойства карбида кремния позволяют контролировать форму зеркала с точностью до 10 мкм. Зеркало «склеено» из 12 элементов. Излучение фокусируется на три прибора с датчиками, имеющими температуру ниже 2 K. Датчики охлаждаются жидким гелием при низком давлении, что позволяет понизить его температуру кипения до 1,4 K (по сравнению с 4,2 K при атмосферном давлении). Время работы спутника на орбите ограничено количеством гелия на его борту (2300 литров).

Датчики телескопа:

  • Фотокамера со спектрометром низкого разрешения. Диапазон спектрометра по длине волны — от 55 до 210 микрометров; спектральное разрешение R — от 1000 до 5000; чувствительность — на уровне −63 дБ. Фотокамера способна давать одновременно изображения в двух диапазонах: 60—85/85—130 мкм и 130—210 мкм при спектральной плотности потока излучения в несколько миллиянских.
  • Приёмник спектральных и фотометрических изображений. Спектрометр низкого разрешения на диапазон длин волн 194—672 мкм. Спектральное разрешение R — от 40 до 1000 (на длине волны 250 мкм). Спектрометр способен фиксировать объекты со спектральной плотностью потока 100 мЯн для точечных источников и 500 мЯн — для протяжённых. Фотокамера имеет три элемента на длины волн 250, 350 и 500 мкм, с числом точек (пикселей) 139, 88 и 43, соответственно. Она способна фиксировать точечные объекты с плотностью потока 2 мЯн и протяжённые объекты с плотностью потока 4—9 мЯн. Прототип этого устройства прошёл проверку на высотном стратостате «BLAST».
  • Гетеродинный датчик для излучения в дальнем инфракрасном диапазоне. Этот спектрограф имеет очень высокое спектральное разрешение — на уровне R=107. Имеет два рабочих диапазона: от 157 до 212 мкм и от 240 до 625 мкм.

 

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Far Infrared and Submillimetre Telescope (FIRST)НайтиНайти
234937НайтиНайти
3HerschelНайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
2Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа
3Страна производитель - Европа

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12009-09-03. Аномалии в полезной нагрузкеТэги: Herschel Space Observatory
22010-01-18 - 2010-01-01. Крупнейший орбитальный телескоп "Гершель" (Herschel) вновь заработал в полную силу. Ученые смогли починить спектрометр HIFI, вышедший из строя более пяти месяцев назад, сообщает BBC News. Окончательно инструменты теле-скопа начали функционировать в штатном режиме 14 января. Ученые заметили, что телескоп работает не так, как обычно, 3 августа 2009 года, уточняется в пресс-релизе института космических исследований Нидерландов, сотрудники которого задействованы в миссии "Гершеля". Спектрометр HIFI находился в состоянии, не предусмотренном в руководстве по эксплуатации. Сбой произошел из-за разряда, который возник после того, как телескоп вы-полнил сложную последовательность операций. Изначальной причиной неполадок, по мнению специалистов, стало воздействие космических лучей. Определение природы поломки заняло несколько месяцев. Затем ученые разработали алгоритм, призванный наладить работу спектрометра. Все команды телескопу посылали дистанционно. Чтобы полностью восстановить функциональность HIFI, специалисты задействовали резервную электронику (космические приборы часто снабжаются дублирующими комплектами техники, так как обслуживание в космосе либо невозможно, либо связано со множеством трудностей). "Гершель" был запущен на орбиту 14 мая 2009 года. Диаметр главного зеркала телескопа составляет 3,5 метра (почти на метр шире, чем зеркало знаменитого "Хаббла"). "Гершель" работает в инфракрасном диапазоне - это означает, что он может "видеть" сквозь пыль, заполняющую космическое пространство. Для телескопов, работающих в оптическом диапазоне, пыль является непреодолимым препятствием. Тэги: Herschel Space Observatory

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3300
2Диаметр (зеркала телескопа), метра3.5
3Граница спекртального диапазона (нижняя), мкм55
4Граница спекртального диапазона (верхняя), мкм672
5Угловое разрешение, угл. сек.1
6Охлаждение (приемников), кельвинов0.3

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-026A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна (оператора)Европа
2Стоимость , млн. долл.1540
3Оператор Европейское космическое агентство
4Оператор Космическое агентство США
5Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-0172.7
6Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-01277.6
7Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-01325.4
8Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2007-01-0110.4
9Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2007-01-01117.0
10Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2007-01-01198.0
11Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-01276.8
12Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2008-12-0110.4
13Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2008-12-01131.7
14Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2008-12-01134.7
15Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-01277.0
16Прогнозируемая стоимость (формулировки проекта), млн. долл.2009-10-0110.4
17Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2009-10-01126.7
18Прогнозируемая стоимость (работы с аппаратом), млн. долл.2009-10-01139.9

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2009-05-14 at 13:12:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xHerschel Space Observatory
3Полезная нагрузка 1xPlank
4Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5 ECA

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Herschel Space Observatory». [Перейти к поиску]


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... exploration of deep space. Space Operations Space Shuttle/International Space Station The Space Shuttle flew... 11 was the Glory climate observatory mission launching on an Orbital... use of space observatories and space probes that view Earth from space, observe..., 2011, NASA’s Aquarius/SAC-D observatory rocketed into space from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. The SAC-D observatory is a collaboration between NASA and Argentina’s space agency, Comisi.... In addition to Aquarius, the observatory carries seven instrudata. Other mission... NASA’s twin Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) spacecraft, launched in 2006... September 7, 2011, NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) provided scientists with new..., astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory found evidence of the youngest... of our universe. Similarly, the Herschel Space Observatory, on February 6, 2011, revealed how.... Herschel is also an ESA mission supported with important NASA contributions. Herschel... is the world’s largest airborne observatory. It is a joint program between... German Aerospace Center (DLR). The observatory is a heavily modified Boeing 747SP... Space Telescope first detected the outburst, A c t i v i t i e s On April 6, 2011, NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory... with a microscopically thin layer the observatory’s science instruments. The coating will...- and space-based missions, including the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer, and the Spitzer Infrared Observatory...), and the second Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO II). NIST F i s c a l climate variable... (EVE) aboard NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and others. NIST performed... observed by the Chandra X-ray Observatory and other x-ray missions. NIST... HobbyEberly Telescope at the MacDonald Observatory in Texas. The initial prototype... together again at the MacDonald Observatory to begin a systematic search for... satellites, the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory can forecast the descent path... Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), the Arecibo Observatory (AO), the National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), and the National Solar Observatory... executive agency for the Gemini Observatory—an international partnership operating optical... private funding was Arizona’s Steward Observatory Mirror Lab started preliminary figuring... neutrinos with the IceCube Neutrino Observatory (ICNO), fully completed and commissioned... space debris, meteorology, astronomy and astrophysics, space transportation, nuclear power sources in space... European Space Agency (ESA) on space weather as part of ESA’s space situational... second ARM Mobile Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) Science/Validation Team has..., together with the Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, 2 0 1 1 The Smithsonian Institution...’s Great Observatories, the Chandra X-ray Observatory studies the high-energy universe... made by the Chandra X-ray Observatory in FY 11. For example... and the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory. SAO continued to play a leading... 10 seconds. Y e a r The Solar Dynamics Observatory provides better-than-HD-quality.... The Submillimeter Array (SMA), a pioneering observatory for radio astronomy, continued to... popular monthly Observatory Night lectures and observing sessions. Begun by observatory director...  11, attendees routinely filled the observatory auditorium and a nearby overflow room... 2 Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 Arecibo Observatory Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Animal... Navigation Satellite Systems IceCube Neutrino Observatory International Production Assessment Division Integrated... Atmospheric Administration National Optical Astronomy Observatory nitrogen oxides nanophase iron National... Research Announcement National Radio Astronomy Observatory Natural Resources Conservation Service National... Boom Sensor System Orbiting Carbon Observatory Organization for Economic Cooperation and... Solar Observatory National Space Organization (Taiwan) NASA Space Radiation Laboratory National Security Space National Science and Technology Council National Space... Observatory standard and recommended practices Space Based Infrared System Geosynchronous Earth Orbit Space-Based Space Surveillance Office of Science (DOE) Space Communications and Navigation Solar Dynamics Observatory... Space Network Sandia National Laboratory superconducting nanowire single photon detector Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Exploration Technologies Special..., and mathematics Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory Space Test Program Super Dual Auroral...



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... the detailed analysis ...................................................... 3  2.2  Space Based Earth Observation ......................................................... 4  2.3  Space Science and Exploration ........................................................25... in space meets the needs of Canadians for scientific knowledge, space technology and information. Space Based Earth Observation (EO) Space Science and Exploration (SE) Satellite Communications (SC) Space Awareness and... (1 Program) Space Mission Development EO (1 Program) Space Mission Development SE (1 Program) Space Mission Development SC (1 Program) Space Mission Development GTA (1 Program) Learning (1 Program) Space Mission Operations EO (1 Program) Space Mission Operations SE (2 Programs) Space Mission Operations SC (0 Program) Space Mission... by Strategic Outcome -3- 2.2 SPACE BASED EARTH OBSERVATION SPACE BASED EARTH OBSERVATION 2009...-Activities: Enabling Research, Space Mission Development and Space Mission Operations. Program Sub... and early operations of space systems. Expected Result #1 Space mission proposals that... 36.9 25.0 SPACE MISSION DEVELOPMENT – EARTH OBSERVATION One EO Space Miss ion... Outcome - 21 - SPACE MISSION OPERATIONS – EARTH OBSERVATION One EO Space Miss ion... by Strategic Outcome 2.3 SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION 2009... Ja mes Webb and Indian Space Agency space telescopes. This participation has... in Section 2.8 – List of Space Missions. Space Science and Exploration (SE) missions... * PRET In development Space Medicine * Radi-N In development Space Medicine * SPIDER In..., Space Mission Development and Space Mission Operations. Program Sub-Activity: Enabling Research – Space... w as travelling to space on a vehicle o ther than th e U.S space shuttle. During... - 41 - Program Sub-Activity: Space Mission Development - Space Science and Exploration Objective... develop ment of Space Scien ce and Exploration (SE) space m issions in... and early operations of space systems. Expected Result #1 Space mission proposals that....2 SPACE MISSION DEVELOPMENT – SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION One Science and Exploration Space Mission... W ebb Space Telesco pe (JW ST), a m ajor facility-class space obs ervatory... docking of the space shuttle to the Intern ational Space Station. Du... Eu ropean Space Agency's Fluid Science Laboratory on the International Space Station. Program Sub-Activity: Space Mission Operations – Space Science and... Outcome SPACE MISSION OPERATIONS – SPACE SCIENCE AND EXPLORATION Three Science and Exploration Space... and Human Space Flight Mission Operations – Objective: Operate th e space and ground segment for SE missions and human space flight missions. EXPECTED RESULT #1 SE Space Mission Operations... Far Infrared (HIFI) on ESA's Herschel satellite was launched in 2009... Research, Space Mission Development and Space Mission Operations. However, no Space Mission Operations... and early operations of space systems. Expected Result #1 Space mission proposals that... 14.2 8.1 SPACE MISSION DEVELOPMENT – SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS One Satellite Communications Space Mission Development... Research, Space Mission Development and Space Mission Operations. However, no Space Mission Operations... the Canadian Space Plan – Objective: Provide world-class space qualification services on.... ed including o James Webb Space Telescop e Space Teles cope (JW ST): The... ace and n on-space programs and projects including: o Space Systems Loral and... Strategic Outcome - 77 - 2.6 SPACE AWARENESS AND LEARNING SPACE AWARENESS AND LEARNING 2009... access to space science and technology -focused educational resources.  Targeted space-focused... Exp loration Agenc y (JAXA) X-ray Space Observatory spacecraft. The satellite will be... these 13 days in space, the crew of Space Shuttle Discovery continued... and expensive space and ground communication and navigation assets from space weather... and surveying. ESA - Herschel-HIFI/Spire The Herschel Space Observato ry will help... xies formed and evolved. The observatory has three instruments and Canada... Space Agency medium-sized mission that will be launched with the Herschel Space... X-ray Observatory (IXO) is aimed as the next generation large X-ray observatory...-class space observ atory will be a successo r to the Hubble Space Teles... th space is also essential to support long-duration human space flights... an improvement in sensitivity over Herschel Space Observatory by two orders of magnitude... International Space Station (ISS) and to track it while the Space Shuttle... is a Multi-wave length Space Borne Observatory for carrying out as tronomical...



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... Commercial Space Transportation The Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST) licenses and regulates U.S. commercial space launch... promote commercial space launches and reentries. Additional information concerning commercial space transportation... Administration. •i• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Table of Content Introduction... Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Five-Year Worldwide Space Transportation Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2009 FAA... Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST) licensed five... 2009. •1• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation 2009 FAA-Licensed Orbital... non-commercial U.S. launches, five were Space Shuttle missions, two carried classified..., four were National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) civil government missions.... •3• 2008 Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation UNITED STATES SEA LAUNCH... launch of NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory failed when the payload fairing... 11 •5• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation bankruptcy protection and began... partners included S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia of Russia (25... the company is still undecided. SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (SPACEX) SpaceX... the International Space Station and to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. •6• 2009... market. •7• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation • China conducted one commercial... V vehicle. •9• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Worldwide Orbital Payload Summary... launch with NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory. • April 5: North Korea’s launch of... U.S. payloads: NOAA N Prime, Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Kepler, STS 119, STS 125... payloads: Planck Surveyor and the Herschel Space Observatory; • Three Japanese payloads: SDS-1, GOSAT.... • 11 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Twenty-six payloads were... • 13 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation • A final mission in November... that sent ESA’s Planck and Herschel observatories into orbit beyond the... the commercial launches and the Herschel/Planck mission. An Ariane 5 GS..., orbiting the ESA Planck and Herschel telescopes. • On July 1, the third... • 15 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation CHINA China conducted six...-synchronous orbit. INDIA The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) performed two... Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Five-Year Worldwide Space Transportation Trends Between... / Commercial Space Transportation COMMERCIAL SATELLITE AND LAUNCH TRENDS The commercial space transportation.... INTERNATIONALLY COMPETED LAUNCHES As commercial space business increases and replaces various.... • 21 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation 2009 FAA Experimental Permit... State Research Communications and Production Space Center S S S S 12-Feb-09 V Ariane... V Zenit 3SLB GEO Loral Skynet Space Systems/Loral Communications $60 M S S Vandenberg... Crewed Space Station Space Station S S S S S S Plesetsk GOCE SSO European Space Agency Thales Alenia Space Scientific S S 17-Mar-09 V Rockot Baikonur Orbiting Carbon Observatory $15... International Crewed S S LEO NASA Hubble Space Telescope Project Other S S V Denotes commercial.... • 23 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Appendix I (Cont’d) Date 14... Herschel Space Observatory EXT EXT European Space Agency European Space Agency Thales Alenia Space Thales Alenia Space... ISS 19S LEO Russian Space Agency Russian Space Agency Supply S S 18-Jun... * TerreStar 1 GEO TerreStar Networks Inc. Space Systems/Loral Communications $140 M S S 01... Island RazakSAT LEO Malaysia National Space Agency Astronautic Technology (M) Development Sdn... Satellite SpaceQuest, Ltd. British National Space Surrey Satellite Technology Centre Ltd... S S Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. (Asiasat) Space Systems/Loral Communications $100 M S S U.S. Air Force Lockheed Martin Navigation Commercial Space Systems S S $15 M * Optus D3 * JCSAT... $220 M Lockheed Martin Communications Commercial Space Systems S S S S STSAT 2A LEO KARI... Comm'l Price L M Crewed S S Thales Alenia Space Communications $70 M P P Lockheed Martin Corp... Stellenbosch Development S S GEO Telesat Canada Space Systems/Loral Communications $100 M S S BeeSat... Space Center Cape Canaveral AFS Baikonur * Nimiq 5 ISS 20S S S S S LEO Russian Space... A.S. SES New Skies Thales Alenia Space Space Systems/Loral Communications $220 M Communications... 2 SMOS SSO SSO European Space Agency European Space Agency Alcatel Espace Verhaert... Space Administration China - TBA Scientific S S 16-Nov-09 Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy Space... $60 M Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Appendix I (Cont’d) Date Vehicle...



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... Commercial Space Transportation The Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST) licenses and regulates U.S. commercial space launch... promote commercial space launches and reentries. Additional information concerning commercial space transportation... Administration. •i• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Table of Content Introduction... Country . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 Five-Year Worldwide Space Transportation Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2009 FAA... Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation (FAA/AST) licensed five... 2009. •1• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation 2009 FAA-Licensed Orbital... non-commercial U.S. launches, five were Space Shuttle missions, two carried classified..., four were National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) civil government missions.... •3• 2008 Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation UNITED STATES SEA LAUNCH... launch of NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory failed when the payload fairing... 11 •5• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation bankruptcy protection and began... partners included S. P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia of Russia (25... the company is still undecided. SPACE EXPLORATION TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (SPACEX) SpaceX... the International Space Station and to repair the Hubble Space Telescope. •6• 2009... market. •7• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation • China conducted one commercial... V vehicle. •9• Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Worldwide Orbital Payload Summary... launch with NASA’s Orbiting Carbon Observatory. • April 5: North Korea’s launch of... U.S. payloads: NOAA N Prime, Orbiting Carbon Observatory, Kepler, STS 119, STS 125... payloads: Planck Surveyor and the Herschel Space Observatory; • Three Japanese payloads: SDS-1, GOSAT.... • 11 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Twenty-six payloads were... • 13 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation • A final mission in November... that sent ESA’s Planck and Herschel observatories into orbit beyond the... the commercial launches and the Herschel/Planck mission. An Ariane 5 GS..., orbiting the ESA Planck and Herschel telescopes. • On July 1, the third... • 15 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation CHINA China conducted six...-synchronous orbit. INDIA The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) performed two... Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Five-Year Worldwide Space Transportation Trends Between... / Commercial Space Transportation COMMERCIAL SATELLITE AND LAUNCH TRENDS The commercial space transportation.... INTERNATIONALLY COMPETED LAUNCHES As commercial space business increases and replaces various.... • 21 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation 2009 FAA Experimental Permit... State Research Communications and Production Space Center S S S S 12-Feb-09 V Ariane... V Zenit 3SLB GEO Loral Skynet Space Systems/Loral Communications $60 M S S Vandenberg... Crewed Space Station Space Station S S S S S S Plesetsk GOCE SSO European Space Agency Thales Alenia Space Scientific S S 17-Mar-09 V Rockot Baikonur Orbiting Carbon Observatory $15... International Crewed S S LEO NASA Hubble Space Telescope Project Other S S V Denotes commercial.... • 23 • Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Appendix I (Cont’d) Date 14... Herschel Space Observatory EXT EXT European Space Agency European Space Agency Thales Alenia Space Thales Alenia Space... ISS 19S LEO Russian Space Agency Russian Space Agency Supply S S 18-Jun... * TerreStar 1 GEO TerreStar Networks Inc. Space Systems/Loral Communications $140 M S S 01... Island RazakSAT LEO Malaysia National Space Agency Astronautic Technology (M) Development Sdn... Satellite SpaceQuest, Ltd. British National Space Surrey Satellite Technology Centre Ltd... S S Asia Satellite Telecommunications Co. (Asiasat) Space Systems/Loral Communications $100 M S S U.S. Air Force Lockheed Martin Navigation Commercial Space Systems S S $15 M * Optus D3 * JCSAT... $220 M Lockheed Martin Communications Commercial Space Systems S S S S STSAT 2A LEO KARI... Comm'l Price L M Crewed S S Thales Alenia Space Communications $70 M P P Lockheed Martin Corp... Stellenbosch Development S S GEO Telesat Canada Space Systems/Loral Communications $100 M S S BeeSat... Space Center Cape Canaveral AFS Baikonur * Nimiq 5 ISS 20S S S S S LEO Russian Space... A.S. SES New Skies Thales Alenia Space Space Systems/Loral Communications $220 M Communications... 2 SMOS SSO SSO European Space Agency European Space Agency Alcatel Espace Verhaert... Space Administration China - TBA Scientific S S 16-Nov-09 Shuttle Atlantis Kennedy Space... $60 M Federal Aviation Administration / Commercial Space Transportation Appendix I (Cont’d) Date Vehicle...



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... 118 Universities Space Research Association - USRA 120 Arecibo Observatory 122 Stratospheric Observatory for... 409 Space Science Institute 412 Submillimeter Array 414 Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope - LCOGT 415 Millennium Space Systems 417... The National Optical Astronomy Observatory - NOAO 521 Space Telescope Science Institute 526... Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Director of the Space Telescope Science Institute... H.10 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.UCO/Lick Observatory, University of... Kingdom. 3.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 4.UCO/Lick Observatory, University of... (RFI) and Space Debris; IAU’s Commission 50 on Observatory Site Protection; and..., Netherlands Institute for Space Research, Utrecht, Netherlands. 7.European Southern Observatory, Garching bei... Vleck Observatory, Wesleyan University, Middletown, CT. 2.Naval Research Laboratory, Space Science Division... Kingdom. 5. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 6.National Solar Observatory, Sunspot, NM... Astronomical Observatory, Observatory, 7935,South Africa. 4.The Southern African Large Telescope, Observatory, 7935... M.2; Fontaine, Gilles3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Steward Observatory, Tucson, AZ..., Baltimore, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 3.Steward Observatory, University of... Observatory Smith, Sierra1 1. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 209.06 Hubble Space... particular the Hubble Space Telescope and the Kepler Observatory, continues to be... Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ. 4.Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD. 5.Space... scrutiny by the Keck Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope. They are... E.2 1. Quito Astronomical Observatory of National Polytechnic School, Quito, Ecuador. 2.Space Telescope Sciences...: National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Montana Space Grant Consortium, West Virginia Space Grant Consortium... Observatory, Cape Town, Western Cape Province, South Africa. Contributing teams: The Herschel... California Observatories - Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA. 3.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore... Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 3.Univeristy of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. 4. Space Telescope... J.2 1. NASA Herschel Science Center/IPAC, Pasadena, CA. 2.Chandra X-Ray Observatory, Cambridge, MA.... 2.National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 3.European Southern Observatory, Santiago, RM, Chile... discovery space in time-domain astrophysics. Organizer(s): Zaven Arzoumanian, Arecibo Observatory 301... James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will be a general purpose observatory that will..., AZ. 2.Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. 3.Arizona Space Grant Consortium... for Space Research, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa. 10. Astronomical Observatory... from Herschel Wednesday, 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM; Maryland Ballroom C WEDNESDAY The 3.5-m Herschel Space..., WA. 5.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 6. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville... for a Space-Based Gravitational-Wave Observatory Livas, Jeffrey C.1 1. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center... 1. Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO. 2.USRA-SOFIA, Moffett Field, CA. 3.W. M. Keck Observatory, Kamuela, HI. 4.Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, CU.... 13.Besancon Observatory, Besancon, Franche-Comte, France. 14.Space Telescope Science Institute... Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM. 3.University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. 4.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. POSTERS WEDNESDAY 353.07 Herschel Constraints.... 2.Space Science Laboratory, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. 3.GEPI - Paris Observatory..., PA. 3.Paris Observatory, Meudon, France. 409.07 Hubble Space Telescope STIS Coronagraphy..., Tucson, AZ. 4.Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 5.Vatican Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 6.Planetary... Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 10.U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ. 11.National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson, AZ. 12.MMT Observatory.... 7.European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany. 8. Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands. 9.Space Telescope Science.... 2.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt , MD. 3.Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA...-Space Science Department, Noordwijk, Netherlands. 7. Carnegie Observatories, Pasadena, CA. 8.Royal Observatory Edinburgh... ALMA Observatory, Santiago, Chile. 4. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 5.National Astronomical Observatory...’s Nest Radio Observatory, Industry, PA. 8.AJ4CO Observatory, High Springs, FL. 9.Heliotown Observatory, Heliotown, NM. 10.Mountain Rest Astronomical Observatory..., Diego1, 5 1. Joint ALMA Observatory, Santiago, Chile. 2.European Southern Observatory, Garching, Germany. 3.Institut...



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... AM The Spitzer Space Telescope is NASA’s Great Observatory for infrared astronomy... terrestrial planets form. Recently, the Herschel Space Observatory has completed a survey of over... James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will be a general purpose observatory that will...:15 PM The Spitzer Space Telescope and Herschel Space Observatory have surveyed the Magellanic... the outstanding stability offered by a space observatory and the availability of several... its unsurpassed spatial resolution, the Herschel Space Observatory is now resolving numerous debris...; P. Guhathakurta, UCO/Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA; J.S. Kalirai, Space Telescope Science Institute... FIR photometry collected by the Herschel Space sample will be instructive in...; S.E. Deustua, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD; T. Davis, European Southern Observatory, Garching... at shocked H2 from the Herschel Space Telescope on galaxies in compact..., I. Labbe, S. Patel, Leiden Observatory, Leiden, NETHERLANDS; K.E. Whitaker, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt... Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; R. Kandori, M. Tamura, National Astronomical Observatory of... at 250 μm measured by the Herschel Space Observatory. We introduce a redshift dependent duty... Architecture Study Results for a Space-Based Gravitational-Wave Observatory (SGO) 153.04... demonstration mission for a future space-based observatory of gravitational waves in the... Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA; A. Ptak, R. Petre, N.E. White, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center... Astronomical Observatory, Astronomy Data Shanghai, CHINA; Y.T. Tanaka, Institute of Space and Astronautical... the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory (CXO), along... the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Telescope. The Great Observatories All..., Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA; K. Muglach, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt...-10:10 AM We present Herschel Space Observatory far-IR imaging and spectroscopy... photometry and spectroscopy from the Herschel Space Observatory of the Galactic remnants Tycho... obtained with the Infrared Space Observatory and the Spitzer Space Observatory. By observing objects... Tools of the Virtual Astronomical Observatory R.J. Hanisch, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore... Aeronautics and Space Administration. 240.22 – The Virtual Astronomical Observatory Users Forum... Data in the Virtual Observatory T. Donaldson, A. Rogers, G. Wallace, Space Telescope Science Institute... Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) and the Virtual Astronomical Observatory (VAO). MAST... and Space Administration. 240.24 – Desktop Tools for the Virtual Observatory M.J. Fitzpatrick... (NuSTAR) is the first space-based observatory capable of focusing X-rays in... Aeronautics and Space Administration Grant NNX08AJ66G to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory. 250... between our results, the Herschel Space Observatory and the Spitzer Space Telescope. The combination..., National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, NM; D. Bock, CSIRO Astronomy & Space Sciences, Epping..., Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD; K.R. Covey, Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ... S. Mathur, High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, CO; S. Mathur, T.S. Metcalfe, Space Science Institute, Boulder...; T.S. Metcalfe, Space Science Institute, Boulder, CO; S. Mathur, High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, CO..., European Southern Observatory, Santiago, Region Metropolitana, CHILE; K.E. Whitaker, Goddard Space Flight Center... identified by Spitzer and the Herschel Space Telescope to 02:00 PM... the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory, the SHARCII array at the.../Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA; J. Tumlinson, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD; B.D. Oppenheimer, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University... Alenia Space and integrated in Paris Observatory. This bench simulates the entire space... 70um to 670um) of the Herschel Space Observatory to investigate a sample of 11...-ray Space Telescope, Lick Observatory's Nickel Telescope, and Kitt Peak National Observatory's 2.1 m Telescope... CCD telescope of Maria Mitchell Observatory with space- and ground-based observations... – Status of the James Webb Space Telescope Observatory C.W. Bowers, M. Clampin, NASA's GSFC... with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Observatory is expected to observe..., Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD; E. Furlan, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Tucson..., Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA; J. Lee, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute... sub-kpc resolution with the Herschel Space Observatory. 434.08 – Multiwavelength Diagnostics of..., J.A. Valenti, Space Telescope Science Insitute, BALTIMORE, MD; T. Hinse, Armagh Observatory, ARMAGH, IRELAND; T. Hinse, Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute... instrument (Poglitsch, 2010) onboard the Herschel Space Observatory (Pilbratt et al, 2010). We...



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... Space Interferometer (SIM) - Planetquest SMD-228 SMD-233 SMD-239 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SMD-243 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared... Infrared Survey Explorer International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Beyond Einstein EXPLORATION SYSTEMS... form the Aquarius/SAC-D observatory. This observatory will be launched into a polar... Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) Schedule Commitments The Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) will provide the first space-based measurements... 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with a Star Performance Achievement Highlights New Millennium Space... next STP mission in space. Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO) Launched on... Chandra X-Ray Observatory in 1999 and the Spitzer Space Telescope in 2003...: the Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-Ray Observatory, the Spitzer Space Telescope, and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (1991... Chandra X-ray Observatory explores the hot, turbulent regions in space in the...-Newton Observatory is an X-ray astrophysics observatory developed by the European Space Agency, with U.S. participation. This facility-class observatory...--is a large, deployable, space-based infrared astronomical observatory. JWST conducted a replan in... target Canadian Space Agency pointing information to the (CSA) observatory's attitude control..., Virginia, and the U.S. Naval Observatory. Northrop Grumman Space Technology is responsible for... ($ millions) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... FY 2008 Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared... Partners SOFIA Observatory Aircraft and Operations DFRC L3 German Space Agency (DLR... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... Astrophysics Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... 2007 PB Request International Space Science Collaboration Herschel FY 2008 PB Request... inaccessible. Herschel and Planck, two projects in the International Space Science Collaboration... of the Herschel and Planck instruments with the European Space Agency will... inaccessible. Herschel and Planck, two projects in the International Space Science Collaboration... of the Herschel and Planck instruments with the European Space Agency will... Development: Science Astrophysics International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Budget / Life Cycle Cost... Astrophysics International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Project Purpose The Herschel project is an astrophysics mission in the International Space Science... Parameters The Herschel Space observatory is a collaboration between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA). It will be the first space observatory covering... largest mirror deployed in space to date. The observatory will operate for...: Science Astrophysics International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Project Commitments Herschel will launch in... International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Development Cost Summary Base Year Project Herschel Base... Performer Partners Herschel HIFI JPL Netherlands Institute for Space Research ESA Herschel SPIRE... Development: Science Astrophysics International Space Science Collaboration Herschel Project Risk Management Title... Space Antenna (LISA) would be the first dedicated space-based gravitational wave observatory... (OSTM), Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO), and Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). STSS, GLAST... Area Space Telescope (GLAST), Kepler, Herschel, Mars Phoenix, the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO... 8HE06 Complete Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) Integrated Observatory Performance Test. Living with... DSN Deep Space Network Extreme-ultraviolet Variability Experiment (Solar Dynamics Observatory instrument... Integrated Space Transportation Plan HMI Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (Solar Dynamic Observatory... instrument) SAO Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory ST Space Technology SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar... Terrestrial Relations Observatory SBT Space-Based Technology STIS SC Shared Capabilities Space Telescope... Space Transportation System Space Communications Program STScI Space Telescope Science Institute Solar Dynamics Observatory STSS Space...



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... Institution(s): 1. Columbia University, 2. European Southern Observatory, 3. Space Telescope Science Institute, 4. University of...(s): 1. IRAM, 2. Joint ALMA Observatory, 3. KASI, 4. NAOJ, 5. National Aeronautics & Space Administration (NASA), 6. STScI..., Galileo, and Herschel. We visited Stonehenge, the Royal Greenwich Observatory, the London..., 4. Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 5. Penn State University, 6. Space Telescope Science... Observatory, 2. florida state university, 3. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 4. Quest University Canada, 5. Space... University, 3. RECONS Institute, 4. U.S. Naval Observatory, 5. U.S. Naval Observatory, 6. University of Washington Author(s): Todd... Inter-American Observatory, 5. European Space Research and Technology Centre, 6. Gunma Astronomical Observatory, 7. University...(s): 1. Goddard Space Flight Center, 2. Institute for Advanced Studies, 3. National Astronomical Observatory of... team(s): Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer team 147 – Instrumentation: Space Missions Poster Session... Framework SPICA is a cryogenic space-borne observatory designed for optimal sensitivity in... for a Future Large-Aperture UVOIR Space Observatory From the 2010 NRC Decadal... development of a large-aperture UVOIR space observatory capable of achieving a broad range... largeaperture, non-cryogenic UVOIR space observatory. The ATLAST observatory is designed to operate... survey. This study uses new Herschel Space Observatory and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter.../Caltech in association with Herschel, which is a European Space Agency Cornerstone Mission... of phase-space environment. Specifically, we use 5-band Herschel photometry to estimate... of Technology, 3. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 4. Space Telescope Science Institute 219.05... Haystack Observatory, 2. Univ. of North Dakota 235.08 – Using Herschel Far-Infrared..., the far-IR by the Herschel Space Observatory PACS and SPIRE, and in... P. Madrid2 Institution(s): 1. Australian Astronomical Observatory, 2. Gemini Observatory, 3. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State... complement data from infrared space telescopes like Herschel, scientists have been able... Radio Astronomy Observatory, 3. National Radio Astronomy Observatory 247.01 – The Lowell Observatory Predoctoral Scholar Program Lowell Observatory is... WestRock Observatory (WRO), located in Columbus State University's Coca-Cola Space Science...(s): 1. Gemini Observatory, 2. Max Planck Institut fur Radioastronomie, 3. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center... to be observed with the Herschel Space Observatory and study their star forming..., 2. CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, 3. Leiden Observatory, 4. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 5. Universidad... Goddard Space Flight Center, 3. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 4. National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 5. Space Telescope..., Andrew Ptak2 Institution(s): 1. Geneva Observatory, 2. Goddard Space Flight Center, 3. Johns Hopkins University... and Space Science Institute (KASI), 4. Kwansei Gakuin University, 5. National Astronomical Observatory of... last decade, the Spitzer Space Telescope and Herschel Space Telescope enabled large infrared... T. Beltrán1 Institution(s): 1. Arcetri Observatory, 2. SOFIA/USRA, 3. Space Science Institute, 4. University of... Development Results for a Space-Based Gravitational-Wave Observatory Space-based Gravitational-wave Observatories... and Astrophysics , 2. European Southern Observatory, 3. European Southern Observatory, 4. Harvard-Smithsonian, CfA, 5. Macquarie... the SPIRE FTS onboard the Herschel Space Observatory. Much attention has been paid...) and galaxy properties The Herschel and Spitzer space telescopes have been crucial... identified at 250 μm by the Herschel Space Observatory. In particular, for galaxies in... Observatory observations and a catalog of star clusters based on Hubble Space Telescope... and SPIRE photometers on the Herschel Space Observatory, bands 3 and 4 of WISE, and..., temperature, and radiation field. The Herschel Space Observatory has enabled the observation of... field within the PDR. Using Herschel Space Observatory data, we create a dust temperature... and Technology, 9. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 10. Space Telescope Science Institute, 11. University..., 12. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 13. Observatory of Bologna, 14. University..., 2. Goddard Space Flight Center, 3. Infrared Science Archive (IRSA), 4. UCO/Lick Observatory Contributing... Distribution with Hi-GAL The Herschel Space Observatory’s submillimeter dust continuum survey Hi... for Space Research, 2. CNRS, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris , 3. European Southern Observatory, 4. University College London, Space and Climate Physics, Mullard Space Science Laboratory... sensitivity observations taken with the Herschel Space Observatory to measure the cold dust... Hubble Space Telescope time, exceeding the available time with the observatory by... Whipple Observatory in southern Arizona. 445 – Instrumentation on Earth and in Space...



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... themes for which an observatory-class X-ray space mission will be necessary.../infrared observatory in the world, as well as the sub-millimeter observatory... surveyed by the ESA INTEGRAL Space Observatory providing the community with deep..., M. Y. Piotrovich, T. M. Natsvlishvili, S. D. Buliga Central Astronomical Observatory at Pulkovo of Russian Academy..., M. A. Pogodin, I. S. Guseva, S. E. Pavlovskiy, N. Rusomarov Pulkovo Observatory E-mail: beskrovnaya@yahoo.com Results... programme currently underway using the Herschel Space Observatory to search for cold dust... of the “Rosetta” space mission Klim Churyumov Astronomical observatory of Kyiv Shevchenko... 050020 Almaty, Observatory E-mail: alibekkarimov 2@hotmail.com The space-time variations of... Melnikov, J. E. R. Costa, P. J. A. Simoes Pulkovo Astronomical Observatory Pulkovskoe Chaussey, 65/1 E-mail: vic... Space debris and near-Earth objects observations made by Nikolaev astronomical observatory Alexander Shulga, Eugene Kozyryev, Eugenia Sybiryakova Nikolaev Astronomical Observatory 1 Observatornaya...” observatory participated in the IVS-CONT05 and IVS-CONT08, “Zelenchukskaya” observatory participated... Special Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) and 1.8-m telescope of Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy Observatory (Korea... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail..., V. N. Frolov, J. K. Ananjevskaja Central (Pulkovo) astronomical observatory E-mail: poliakow@homelink.ru The... Space Orbital Program). Data were transferred from NRAO (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, USA) archive and processed with the software titled Astro Space... be discussed. Space-borne Far Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy: Herschel-SPIRE and... described. The next generation FIR space observatory, the Japanese-led SPICA mission... be explored in astrophysics. The Herschel Space Observatory has now been in orbit... Regions with Herschel Frank Helmich SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research E-mail... is a key program on the Herschel Space Observatory designed to probe the physical... has been observed with the Herschel Space Observatory as part of the Key... complex environment. The Herschel mission G¨ oran Pilbratt European Space Agency E-mail: gpilbratt@rssd.esa.int The ESA Herschel Space Observatory was... SPIRE spectrographs on board the Herschel Space Observatory. The superior spectral resolution and... Khovritchev, E. V. Khrutskaya, I. S. Izmailov, A. A. Berezhnoj Pulkovo Observatory 65/1 Pulkovskoye chaussee, Saint Petersburg... Barway South African Astronomical Observatory PO Box 9, Observatory, 7935 Cape Town E-mail... Astrophysical Institute, Observatory, 050020, Almaty, Kazakhstan 050020 Kazakhstan Almaty Observatory E-mail: eddenis... observatory 196140 St. Petersburg Pulkovo, St. Petersburg branch of Special Astrophysical observatory... Gibiec, M. Balucinska-Church, M. J. Church Astronomical Observatory / Jagiellonian University Orla 171, 30... telescope at Las Campanas Observatory (Chile), and HIGAL Herschel PACS and SPIRE... the US Virtual Astronomical Observatory Robert Hanisch Space Telescope Science Institute 3700... Observatory program is the operational facility successor to the National Virtual Observatory... Areg Mickaelian Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO) Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (BAO), Byurakan 0213..., S. D. Tsekmeister, L. N. Zvonareva Central (Pulkovo) astronomical observatory E-mail: poliakow@homelink.ru Pulkovo... Alexei Kniazev South African Astronomical Observatory P.O. Box 9, Observatory, 7935, South Africa E-mail... James Webb Space Telescope, targeted for launch in a few years. Herschel: mission status, science highlights, and future G¨ oran Pilbratt European Space Agency...@rssd.esa.int The ESA Herschel Space Observatory was launched on 14 May... the HST and coming World Space Observatory-Ultraviolet (WSO-UV) with 1.7 m Uvtelescope....sci-nnov.ru The Millimetron space observatory is designed for the exploration... orientation in space and on Earth-Sun relationships. The observatory — in addition... Observatory and Pulkovo Observatory of RAS Veselka Trajkovska, G. Damljanovi´ c, V. Protitch-Benishek Astronomical Observatory... Astronomical Observatory with Pulkovo Observatory of RAS. Many astronomers of the Belgrade Observatory..., Andrei Tlatov. SDO in Pulkovo Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . S3-3. Vladimir Bogod. New opportunities.... Space debris and near-Earth objects observations made by Nikolaev astronomical observatory... . . Matt Griffin. Space-borne Far Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy: Herschel-SPIRE and... Hubble Space Telescope and the evolution of space astronomy . . . . . . . . . G¨ oran Pilbratt. Herschel: mission...fic collaboration between Belgrade Astronomical Observatory and Pulkovo Observatory of RAS . . . . . . 213 213...



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... X-ray Observatory (IXO), Large Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) and the Space Infrared Telescope... 3.4.1. IXO: International X-ray Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.4.2. LISA: Laser Interferometer Space Antenna. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.4.3. EJSM... Space Telescope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 4.3.2. Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 4.3.3. Chandra X-ray Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 4.3.4. The XMM-Newton Observatory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 4.3.5. INTEGRAL: International... James Webb Space Telescope: Launch 2018 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 4.4.9. Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy... by science requirements for future observatory-class missions. Technology development: national... be the only new large space astronomy Observatory to be possibly operational... X-ray space observatory, operative in the next decade. Large Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA... loss of scientific capability. Space Infrared Observatory for Cosmology and Astrophysics (SPICA..., complexity and cost of large space-based observatory missions leads to a growing... observatory South: http://www.auger.org/. 9 8 P. Ubertini et al. / Advances in Space... Spitzer Space Telescope, http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/. 21 The X-ray Observatory... by science requirements for future observatory-class missions. Technology development: national... potential of space astronomy in the future. Next generation c ray Observatory. Large... be the only approved large space observatory to be possibly operational in... etc.). Vigorously pursue a large X-ray space observatory, operative in the next decade... 2008 Planck 2009 Herschel 2009 MAXI 2009 (NASA/ESA) Observatory mission: 2.4 m telescope... MW cosmic background radiation (ESA) Observatory, 3 m Cassegrain telescope, high throughput heterodyne... (China Space Agency) Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (1–250 keV) (NASA/ESA) Observatory... satellites and observatory class missions which are operating in space and have... Observatory NASA’s Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility, (AXAF), renamed the Chandra X-ray Observatory... X-Ray Observatory artist’s concept. P. Ubertini et al. / Advances in Space Research 50... in Space Research 50 (2012) 1–55 4.3.4. The XMM-Newton Observatory XMM-Newton observatory... NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Fermi is a multiagency and international observatory-class.... 4.3.13. The Herschel mission The Herschel Space Observatory is the largest infrared space observatory launched to... of space observatories is shown in Figs. 26–28. The Herschel image... in Space Research 50 (2012) 1–55 Fig. 27. IR-Herschel image of...) Observatory, IR 6.5 m mirror telescope sensitive from 0.6 to 27 lm Stratospheric Observatory for... the Canadian Space Agency. The observatory consists ofa large, infrared-optimised space telescope... infrared observatory (see Fig. 41) that will complement the Hubble, Spitzer, Herschel and Webb space telescopes and major Earth... Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA).LISA is a low-frequency gravitational wave observatory that... the first dedicated space-based gravitational wave observatory, LISA will detect waves... a new X-ray observatory class mission was designed: the International X-ray Observatory (IXO... 5.2.2.7. M3: Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory (EChO). The Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory (EChO) would be.... 5.2.2.8. M3: Large Observatory For X-ray Timing (LOFT). The Large Observatory For X-ray..., two “ground based” observatories and 1 space observatory, to be promoted on the... matter and cosmic ray observatory on board China’s Space Station with a projected... international space observatory designed for observations in the ultraviolet domain. The observatory includes... this project is to construct a space observatory operating in millimetre, sub-millimetre... of the second identical space telescope). The observatory will provide the possibility... Webb Space Telescope Laser Interferometer Space Antenna Low Frequency Array Large Observatory For... X-ray Timing Explorer Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Supergiant Fast X-ray Transients Square... Kilometer Array Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Space Programme Committee Space Infrared Telescope.... XMM-Newton observatory. I. The spacecraft and operations, XMM-Newton observatory. Astron. Astrophys...