Спутник ДЗЗ. Himawari 8. [Редактировать]

В июле 2009, JMA заключила контракт с Mitsubishi Electric Corporation на разработку двух идентичных КА Himawari-8 и -9. Cтруктура аппарата следующая:

Система ориентации и стабилизации, в составе:

  • Сенсоры: Солнечный датчики, звездные датчики, IRU (инерционные датчики), гироскопы
  • Система коррекции: на основе маховиков

Электрическая подсистема КА:

  • генерирует энергию в объеме 2.6 киловатт, с 100 вольтами, использует литиево-ионные батареи.

Система управления:

соединяется с основным инструментом КА (AHI) используя SpaceWire I/F и обрабатывает данные от инструмента, затем данные посылаются на Землю через Ka систему передачи. Система управления также соединена с системами ориентации и стабилизации и посылает им команды.

Система связи:

- Ku диапазон для передачи телеметрии и команд TT&C services. 

- Ka диапазон передачи информации от инструментов.

SEDA: 

система измерения радиации, идентичная европейской системе, установленной на аппаратах навигационной системы Галилео.

DCS: 

система хранения данных.

AHI: 

AHI это ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager) инструмент, сконструированный и разработанный компанией Exelis Inc. of Rochester, N.Y., и похожий на тот, который установлен на аппараты серии GOES-R (заказчики NASA и NOAA). В ноябре 2009, Mitsubishi выбрала Exelis (бывшую ITT Space Systems) of Rochester, N.Y. для построения системы получения информации для двух КА, Himawari-8 and -9, of JMA. ABI и AHI оба имеют 16 спектральных каналов в видимом и инфракрасном диапазоне спектра. Отличием между ABI и AHI являются:

ABI включает в состав 1.38 µm канал для определения пылевых частиц, а в AHI он заменен на 0.51 µm канал (для получения изображения).

Основные характеристики прибора:

Центр
диапазона, нм
Ширина
диапазона, нм
SNR или NEΔT
@ спецификация входов
Разрешение, км Основные решаемые задачи

1

455

50

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

1.0

Daytime aerosol over land, coastal water mapping

2

510

20

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

1.0

Green band – to produce color composite imagery

3

645

30

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

0.5

Daytime vegetation/burn scar and aerosols over water, winds

4

860

20

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

1.0

Daytime cirrus cloud

5

1610

20

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

2.0

Daytime cloud-top phase and particle size, snow

6

2260

20

≤ 300 @ 100 % альбедо

2.0

Daytime land/cloud properties, particle size, vegetation, snow

7

3.85 µm

0.22 µm

≤ 0.16 @ 300 K

2.0

Surface and cloud, fog at night, fire, winds

8

6.25 µm

0.37 µm

≤ 0.40 @ 240 K

2.0

High-level atmospheric water vapor, winds, rainfall

9

6.95 µm

0.12 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Mid-level atmospheric water vapor, winds, rainfall

10

7.35 µm

0.17 µm

≤ 0.32 @ 240 K

2.0

Lower-level water vapor, winds and SO2

11

8.60 µm

0.32 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Total water for stability, cloud phase, dust, SO2, rainfall

12

9.63 µm

0.18 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Total ozone, turbulence, winds

13

10.45 µm

0.30 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Surface and cloud

14

11.20 µm

0.20 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Imagery, SST, clouds, rainfall

15

12.35 µm

0.30 µm

≤ 0.10 @ 300 K

2.0

Total water, ash, SST

16

13.30 µm

0.20 µm

≤ 0.30 @ 300 K

2.0

Air temperature, cloud heights and amounts

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - ГСО
2Страна производитель - США
3Страна производитель - Япония
4Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
5Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
6Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12014-12-30. Himawari 8 произвел первую съемку Земли. Данное мероприятие ознаменовало завершение операций по тестированию аппарата на орбите.Тэги: Himawari 8

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг3500
2Масса (сухая), кг1300
3Скорость передачи данных на наземный сегмент (телеметрия и комманды), кБит в секунду15.36
4Скорость передачи данных на наземный сегмент (AHI), мБит в секунду66
5Скорость передачи данных на наземный сегмент (DCS), бит в секунду100-300
6Платформа 1xDS-2000
7Скорость передачи данных на космичский сегмент (телеметрия и комманды), бит в секунду500
8Габариты, метра2.3х8.0х5.3

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1САС (AHI), год8
2САС (платформы), год15

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.145

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Танегасима
2Дата пуска2014-10-06
3Полезная нагрузка 1xHimawari 8
4Ракета-носитель 1xH2A202

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... Generation Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellites Himawari-8/9 and Their Products Masaya Takahashi.../JMA) Himawari-8/9 schedule and operation JMA plans to launch Himawari-8 in summer... Agency also plans to launch Himawari-9 in 2016. In July 2009... arrangements for the manufacture of Himawari-8 and -9, which have identical specifications... in the production phase. Himawari-8/9 carry Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) units comparable.... The development of products for Himawari-8/9 is ongoing. JMA makes a strong... aviation users and weather forecasters. Himawari-8/9 schedule 2010 2011 2012 2013...-orbit standby) Launch AHI (Advanced Himawari Imager) DS-2000 UHF-band.../Enhanced Products from Himawari-8/9 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2 4 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● 2 1 ● ● ● 2 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Spatial resolution (km) Sketch of Himawari-8/9 Full Disk....  To support the development of Himawari-8/9 products, simulated images are necessary...  Develop AMV derivation algorithm for Himawari-8/9 by using EUMETSAT NWC SAF... radiative transfer simulated images for Himawari-8/9’s 16 AHI bands Land-mark... to support solar channel calibration Himawari-8/9: Small-scale observations are planned... MTG ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● HOPE: HOPE in Tokyo Himawari Operation Enterprise Corp.  Satellites controlled...) networks equipped redundantly Imager channels Himawari- MTSATGOES-R MSG 8/9 1R/2 1 ● ● 1 1 ● ● 0.5 ● 1 ● 0.5 ● ● ● 1 ● A Transition Plan...-1R/2 MDUS/SDUS Users to Himawari-8/9  Direct dissemination from MTSAT-1R... summer 2015 after Himawari-8 will be in operation  Integrated Himawari-8/9 imagery data... center)  Himawari-8 : Launch in 2014, Start of operation in 2015  Himawari-9: Launch in 2016  Himawari-8/9 will be in operation...) HOPE in Saitama Himawari-8 (Operational) Launch Mission of Himawari-8/9 Himawari-8/9 (140degE) (In-orbit standby) Specification of AHI on board Himawari... in-orbit period Himawari-8/9 ground sub-system 2023 Himawari-8/9 imagery data dissemination...



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... of AHI simulation data on HIMAWARI-8 4 ² Members of the Coordinating Group... simulation data on HIMAWARI-8 Introduction JMA plans to launch Himawari-8 in 2014... in 2015. The launch of Himawari-9 is also scheduled for 2016... system. Himawari-8 and -9 will carry a new unit called the Advanced Himawari Imager... of imagers on board Himawari-8/9 and MTSAT-1R/2 Himawari-8/9 MTSAT-1R/2 # of... coverage - 5 small minutes sector observations Himawari-8 and -9 will offer high observation... derived from AHI observation on Himawari-8, simulation-based proxy data have... Functions (SRFs) of AHI on Himawari-8 and Imager on MTSAT-2. The... GSM Figure 2: Simulated images for Himawari Himawari-8’s 16 AHI bands based on... system. AMV derivation from simulated Himawari imagery JMA has started to... from simulated AHI data for a Himawari Himawari-8 AMV algorithm study. As discussed... 4 shows AMVs derived from simulated Himawari-8 8 data. Although the spatial resolution... data on Himawari-8. To o support research and development for Himawari--8 satellite products... computed from 60 minute interval Himawari-8 simulated imagery (yellow arrows) and...



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...  user readiness  activities,  primarily  for Himawari‐8 and GOES‐R. Preliminary content is... training material on aspects  of Himawari‐8 and GOES‐R has been made... share experience from GOES‐R and Himawari‐8. SATURN  is  a  valuable  tool  for... successfully launched the next‐generation Himawari‐8 satellite on 7 October 2014, and... 2015 as a replacement for MTSAT‐2.   Himawari‐8 is the world’s first next...  the  HimawariCast/Cloud  services.  The  Himawari‐8  results  will  be  presented  at... availability for Himawari‐8, stressing the importance of the Advanced  Himawari  Imager  for....   F.1.7  First results and products from Himawari‐8   In  CGMS‐43‐JMA‐WP...  first  results  and  products  from  HImawari‐8.  The  next‐ generation  geostationary  meteorological...  the  Japan  Meteorological  Agency  (JMA),  Himawari‐8,  was  successfully  launched  on  7  October...  July  2015.  Himawari‐8  features  the  new  16‐band  Advanced  Himawari  Imager  (AHI...  noted  the  fact  that  the  Himawari‐8  imager  employs  detector  arrays  and...‐R+ series, and the recently launched Himawari‐8 satellite.  ‐ 41 ‐  CGMS‐43 | Boulder... MTSAT‐1R and MTSAT‐2  units,  Himawari‐8  and  Himawari‐9  are  scheduled  to  become...  will  also  be  changed  to  Himawari‐DCS  with  the  operational  satellite...  will  be  able  to  use  Himawari‐DCS  with  no  change in... use of MTSAT‐DCS and Himawari‐DCS  JMA  is  receiving  more... May 2015  Himawari‐DCS data flow  JMA’s  new  satellite,  Himawari‐8,  will  assume... observation in July 2015. As Himawari‐8 is located at 140.7°E, which...  will  be  able  to  use  Himawari‐DCS  with  no  change in... and no reapplication to JMA. Himawari‐8 and ‐9 will  use the Ka... transmitted from DCP  stations to Himawari‐8  are  relayed to the  Tokyo...  data  distribution to users.    Figure 8 Himawari‐DCS data flow  CGMS‐43... in the evolved system  using  Himawari  8  and  9. JMA  confirmed that currently..., and support to commissioning of  Himawari‐8  and  characterisation  of  INSAT‐3D...  for  the  Advanced  Himawari  Imager  (AHI)  on  board  Himawari‐8 as described in...: First results and products from Himawari‐8   The  next‐generation  geostationary  meteorological...  the  Japan  Meteorological  Agency  (JMA),  Himawari‐8,  was  successfully  launched  on  7  October...  July  2015.  Himawari‐8  features  the  new  16‐band  Advanced  Himawari  Imager  (AHI...  navigation  and  calibration  issues  of  Himawari‐8.  Image  navigation  accuracy  is  less...  shown  in  the  paper  regarding  Himawari‐8,  which  are very promising.  CGMS...  from  the  newest  satellite  series  (Himawari  8/9  or  GOES‐R),  with  higher  spatial...  from  the  newest  satellite series (Himawari 8/9 or GOES‐R) on AMV derivation...  of  Himawari‐8  AMVs.  Many  improvements  can  be  seen  in  using  Himawari‐8  for  deriving  AMVs.  The  paper  showed  radiosonde  statistics  for  Himawari‐8  and... level over the Southern Hemisphere.   Himawari‐8 gives the prospect of better... the new‐generations instruments  on Himawari‐8 and GOES‐R for the retrieval... the new‐generations instruments  on Himawari‐8 and if available GOES‐R  for...  Himawari‐8  are  expected  to  contribute  to  all  projects.  RGB composites from Himawari... is applied to RGBs from Himawari‐8, and polar imagery has been... the new‐generations instruments  on Himawari‐8 and if available GOES‐R  for... document for  the format of "Himawari standard data" and it  adopts...‐WP‐08 JMA presented the Himawari‐8/9 data distribution/dissemination plan.  The...  data  with  high‐ resolution from Himawari‐8 via the HimawariCast service and... on 29 January 2015.  Once  Himawari‐8  becomes  operational,  imagery  from  the...  of  Himawari‐8  in‐orbit‐test  imagery.  NMHSs  in  the  Himawari‐8/9  coverage area...  Himawari‐8,  which  rely  on  SEDA‐P  and  SEDA‐E.  These  observations  from  Himawari‐8  are...



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Himawari‐8: Experiences and  Lessons Learned Daisaku ...  1 Himawari-8 operation initiated at 02:00 UTC on 7th July 2015. 2 Himawari‐8/9 Geostationary position Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) communication antennas... ‐ 14.5 GHz (uplink) solar panel  Himawari‐8 began operation on 7 July 2015... to Himawari‐8 will terminate on 24 March 2016 at 00 UTC.  Himawari... backup. 2005 MTSAT‐1R MTSAT‐2 Himawari‐8 Himawari‐9 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010... standby operation standby 3 Himawari‐8/9 Data Dissemination/Distribution Himawari‐8/9 HimawariCast users will need....go.jp/mscweb/en/himawari89/himawari _cast/himawari_cast.html Communication Satellite... after spring equinox) Time (min) Himawari-8 Observation/ Raw Image Processing at... before spring equinox) Time (min) Himawari‐8 Observation 50 00 level 0 Raw... Navigation for band 13 (10.4µm) Himawari‐8 Image Navigation accuracy  estimated from... details. 8 Himawari Operation Status and  Imagery Calibration/Navigation Monitoring Himawari‐8  Operation Status....html Imagery  Navigation 9 RGBs from Himawari‐8 AHI Natural Color Day Microphysics....jma.go.jp/mscweb/data/himawari/sat_img.php?area=fd_ 10... offering a technical  training course for Himawari‐8  data utilization to NMHSs with... and high‐resolution  observations of Himawari‐8 results a dramatic increase  in data... NMHSs have difficulties to obtain  Himawari‐8 full‐spec data in real...‐2 has been a backup satellite since  Himawari‐8 became operational on 7 July 2015...  data/product distribution parallel to Himawari‐8  until 24 March 2016. The... the  transition from MTSAT‐2 to Himawari‐8. • A long time parallel distribution would...  willingness to develop products from  Himawari‐8 data by themselves. • It would... satellite  operators and users. 19 Himawari Publication  by JMA/MSC staff... R.  Yoshida, 2016: An introduction to Himawari‐8/9 ‐ Japan's new‐ generation geostationary meteorological..., K. Bessho, 2015:  Preliminary validation of Himawari‐8/AHI navigation and  calibration, Proc...); doi: 10.1117/12.2188978 • Himawari‐8 product ATBDs (MSC Technical Note...



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... of welcome. The start of Himawari-8's operations in 2015 marked the... accelerate the advanced utilization of Himawari-8 and other new-generation satellites... future meteorological satellite programs  Session 2: Himawari-8, related status and application  Session... geostationary meteorological satellites such as Himawari-8 and applications for RGB satellite... on PCs and interpreted actual Himawari-8 observation data using the software... successful launch and operation of Himawari-8 in 2014 inaugurated and new... pleased that the success of Himawari-8 gave the conference a new focus... geostationary satellite imagers, the Advanced Himawari Imager, is providing unprecedented new... and EPS-SG by EUMETSAT; Himawari-9 by JMA, GEO-KOMPSAT-2A... Principal Component de-construction. Session 2, “Himawari-8, related status and application,” was... Kurino (JMA). The Advanced Himawari Imager on board Himawari-8 (AHI-8), its performance... with comparable imagers include Japans Himawari-9, the US GOES-R, and Koreas... and wildfire detection improvements with Himawari-8. It was noted that these... the applications and benefits from Himawari data was given. Three sessions..., particularly new products emerging from Himawari-8. Participants also highlighted the need... new applications with data from Himawari-8; utilization of the geo lightning.... Multiband, frequent observations by the Himawari-8/AHI, GEO-KOMPSAT-2A/AMI... MSG/SEVIRI (over Africa) and Himawari/AHI (over East Asia) have... applied to COMS/MI and Himawari-8/AHI satellite data showed improvement... tropical cyclone intensity adjusted for Himawari-8 data was presented; when supplemented... generation satellites. AuBoM has launched “Himawari-8 Training Campaign” in January 2015... for the effective use of Himawari-8 data. AuBoM has been providing... three days. The NWS Guam Himawari training was outlined with the... online Users Forum for the Himawari-8 Real-time Web Application” to...



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... satellite Himawari, and the satellites around it. The image of Himawari, which... hidden in the image of Himawari, Himawari may be difficult to be... Chinasat-6A, Himawari-6, Express-AM5, Express-AT2, Chinasat-6A, Himawari-6, FY-2F... 7(a) is the light curve of Himawari-6 after subtracting background. The blue... magnitude and Color index Target Himawari-6 Express-AM5 Express-AT2 Chinasat....com 6 6 HIMAWARI−6 CHINASAT 6A EX−AM5 8 8 EX−AM5 CHINASAT 6A HIMAWARI−6 HIMAWARI−6 10.... 20 0 CHINASAT 6A 5−6 7 EX−AM5 8 HIMAWARI−6 CHINASAT 6A CHINASAT 6A 10... EX−AM5 12 10 12 HIMAWARI−6 14 −0.1 0 0.1 Time [d] Start from 8/23.../2014 0:00:00.00 (JST) (a) Himawari-6 6 (b) Express-AM5 4 eclipse 10 6 5−6 7 9/27... index is about ∼ 0.5 magnitude for Himawari-6, and about ∼ 1 magnitude for Express... bright satellites are Express-AM5, Himawari-6, and Express-AT2, and the... (AMOS) – www.amostech.com Himawari-8 CHINASAT-6A Himawari-6 Kiku-8 Sun Express-AM5.... We chose the weather satellite Himawari and the satellites around it...



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... role in the programme. The Himawari geostationary meteorological satellite is an... future missions) MTSAT-1R: MTSAT-2: Himawari-8: Himawari-9: Precipitation Improved estimates of precipitation... (2010 to 2015 ) Himawari-8: (2015 to 2022) Himawari-9: (2022 to 2029) GOSAT... (2010 to 2015 ) Himawari-8: (2015 to 2022) Himawari-9: (2022 to 2029) Atmospheric... to 2015) MTSAT-1R, MTSAT-2: Himawari-8 Himawari-9 (2005 to 2010 ) (2010 to... future missions) MTSAT-1R MTSAT-2 Himawari-8 Himawari-9 Albedo Directional hemispherical (black sky...



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... graphical TCAs in 2015. 12. Himawari-8/9 – the next-generation geostationary meteorological... geostationary meteorological satellite of JMA, Himawari-8, was successfully launched on 7 October... for MTSAT-2. Himawari-8, together with its backup and successor satellite Himawari-9, will... for a period of 15 years. Himawari-8 is the world’s first next... of methods to distribute/disseminate Himawari-8/9 imagery. JMA will distribute all... (JDDS)) will be continued for Himawari-8/9. Figure 4 shows the transition schedule...) E very 30 minutes (Northern hemisphere) Himawari-8 E very 10 minutes (Full-disk... Himawari-8 taken at 02:40 UTC on 18 December 2014 Figure 3: Himawari-8/9 data distribution/dissemination plan Figure 4: Transition schedule of Himawari-8/9 and...



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... Page  Himawari-8 utilization training 1  Himawari-8 Volcanic Ash Product 2  Quality improvement of Himawari-8 observation... the Co-editors 11 Himawari-8 utilization training The Himawari-8 geostationary meteorological satellite... satellite. In order to deliver Himawari-8 imagery, JMA established two new... and Pacific regions currently incorporate Himawari-8 data from these services into... weather monitoring and forecasting activities. -1- Himawari-8’s observation capability is far superior... presentations on the utilization of Himawari-8 imagery. Over 50 trainees from... on Himawari-8 utilization. The trainers check on the NMHS’s status of Himawari... based on the use of Himawari-8 imagery. JMA believes these training... strengthen partnerships with Himawari-8 users. (Yukihiro KUMAGAI, JMA) Himawari-8 Volcanic Ash Product... frequent multispectral observation by the Himawari-8 satellite, JMA has introduced a volcanic...-infrared and infrared bands of Himawari-8 to detect volcanic ash clouds.... 2013). Figure 1 shows examples of Himawari-8 volcanic ash products for eruptions..., JMA/MSC) Figure 1. Examples of Himawari-8 volcanic ash products. Left: estimated....4 μm observation bands of Himawari-8. -2- Quality improvement observation data of Himawari-8 On 9 March 2016, JMA updated the Himawari-8 ground processing system to improve the quality of Himawari-8 image in Himawari... major update in the Himawari-8 ground system since Himawari-8 has begun its... 2015 before the start of Himawari-8 operation (02:00 UTC on...



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...) Direct Broadcast via HRIT/LRIT Himawari-6 (B) (MTSAT-1R) JAPAN/JMA 140...-2 for direct broadcast from 140°E Himawari-7 (Op) (MTSAT-2) JAPAN/JMA 145... a report on JMA’s plans for Himawari-8 and Himawari-9 – the follow-on satellites... period: JMA plans to launch Himawari-8 in summer 2014 and commence... Agency also plans to launch Himawari-9 in 2016. • A major anomaly was... arrangements for the manufacture of Himawari-8 and 9, which have identical specifications... in the design phase. Himawari-8 and 9 carry Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) units... the AHI imagers on board Himawari-8/9 will have a higher level of... ash. To support these developments, Himawari-8/9 simulated images are generated in... the provisional response functions of Himawari-8/9. KMA-WP-04 reported on...) Himawari-8 (MTSAT followon) JAPAN/JMA 140.7°E or 143.3°E 2014 -Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI), DCS, SEM Himawari-9 JAPAN/JMA 140.7°E or 143.3°E 2016 -Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI.... The AHI imagers on board Himawari-8/9 (JMA’s followon satellites to MTSAT... ash. To support these developments, Himawari-8/9 simulated images are generated in... the provisional response functions of Himawari-8/9. WG II expressed interest in... baseline, noting that the forthcoming Himawari generation planned as of 2015... Assembly Integration and Test Advanced Himawari Imager (JMA) Advanced High Rate...