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#Новостная лента.
12006-07-30. Отказ электроники инструмента ACSТэги: Hubble Space Telescope
22007-01-27. Перешел в режим безопасности после отказов инструмента ACS. ВосстановленТэги: Hubble Space Telescope
32008-09-28. Отказ Hubble Control Unit/Science Data Formatter (Side A)Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
42008-10-30. Востановленна работаТэги: Hubble Space Telescope
52015-01-26. Полярное кольцо галактики Arp 230.
Полярное кольцо галактики Arp 230 Галактика Arp 230 является звездным образованием необычной формы. Исследования объекта Arp 230 показали, что выглядящая одиноко эта спиральная галактика является результатом столкновения двух спиральных галактик. Это медленное столкновение длится уже более 100 миллионов лет.
В результате взаимодействия галактик произошла вспышка звездообразования, которая теперь начала стихать.
Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
62015-01-30. Представлены снимки сталкивающейся галактики NGC 7714.
NGC 7714Астрономы, работающие с данными космического телескопа "Хаббл", опубликовали снимок галактики NGC 7714.
NGC 7714 является спиральной галактикой, расположенной на расстоянии около 100 миллионов световых лет от нашей планеты. Однако, она выглядит не так, как другие галактики подобного типа
Это объясняется тем, что в процессе своего движения галактика подошла слишком близко к галактике NGC 7715. Это привело к взаимодействию и последующему столкновению галактик.
По расчетам астрономов столкновение галактик началось около 100-200 миллионов лет назад. В результате этого сформировалось кольцо и два длинных рукава, которые вышли из общей структуры NGC 7714. Также между галактиками образовался поток вещества которое перетекает от более легкой NGC 7715 к более тяжелой галактике. Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
72015-02-02. Представлены снимки галактики NGC 7814.
NGC 7814НАСА предоставила съемки спиральной галактики NGC 7814.
Спиральная галактика NGC 7814 находится на расстоянии около 40 миллионов световых лет от Земли в созвездии Пегас.
C Земли эта спиральная галактика видна с ребра. Таким образом внешне она похожа на сомбреро. По сравнению с уже заснятыми галактиками подобного типа она выглядит меньшей, однако это не так, видимые размеры объясняются ее удаленностью от Земли. Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
82015-02-09. Телескоп Хабл сфотографировал галактический кластер SDSS J1038+4849.
Кластер галактик SDSS J1038+4849 Космический телескоп Хабл сфотографировал искривления светового потока, возникшие в результате сильного гравитационного воздействия со стороны массивного тела.
В данном случае объектом, искривляющим своим гравитационным полем направление распространения проходящего мимо него излучения является галактической. Этот эффект тяготения называют «гравитационной линзой» по той причине, что параллельный пучек излучения, пройдя мимо массивного тела, концентрируется позади него, подобно тому, как концентрируется световой луч, проходя сквозь стеклянную положительную линзу. В принципе, роль гравитационной линзы может играть любое тело, но на практике заметное искривление лучей способно вызвать лишь очень массивное тело, например, крупная планета или звезда, а также крупная система тел, такая как галактика или скопление галактик. Гравитационная линза одинаково влияет на все виды электромагнитного излучения и потоки релятивистских частиц.
Эффект гравитационной линзы был предсказан А.Эйнштейном, который в 1915 в рамках общей теории относительности впервые правильно вычислил угол отклонения луча света в гравитационном поле компактного объекта. Во время полного солнечного затмения 29 мая 1919 года английские астрономы измерили отклонение света звезд, проходящего вблизи поверхности Солнца: смещение изображений звезд составило 1,75І в полном согласии с предсказанием Эйнштейна.
Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
92015-02-16. НАСА опубликовало изображение скопления звезд Palomar 12.
Palomar 12 Звездное скопление "Паломар 12" представляет собой шаровое скопление звезд, которое расположено на расстоянии около 60 тысяч световых лет от Земли в созвездии Козерога. Данное скопление Было обнаружено астрономами Робертом Дж. Харрингтоном и Фрицом Цвикки в 1953 году. Несмотря на то, что сейчас "Паломар 12" находится на окраине нашей галактики, "родился" он совершенно в другом месте. После проведения первых измерений было установлено, что скопление на 30% моложе, чем многие шаровые скопления Млечного Пути: его возраст составляет всего 6,5 млрд. лет. Более подробные наблюдения показали, что местом рождения скопления является карликовая галактика в Стрельце. Около 1,7 млрд. лет в ходе взаимодействия Млечного пути и карликовой галактики скопление было захвачено нашей галактикой. В настоящее время наша галактика медленно меняет структуру "Паломар 12".
Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
102015-03-04. Телескоп Хаббл снял звезду, окутанную облаком пыли.
С помощью космического телескопа "Хаббл" ученые получили изображение окутанной облаком космической пыли звезды в созвездии Лебедь.
Звезда известна под наименованием V1331 Лебедя. Она образовалась в темном облаке LDN 981. V1331 Лебедя является сравнительно молодой, по меркам вселенной, звездой. Температура в ее центре недостаточна для реализации термоядерных реакций. Интересной особенностью снимка является то, что мы смотрим на нее сверху.
Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
112015-03-12. На Ганимеде может быть больше воды, чем на Земле.
Полученные космическим телескопом Hubble данные, свидетельствуют о том, что на Ганимеде (самый большой спутник Юпитера) существует подводный соленый океан. Спрятанный под поверхностью он может содержать больше воды, чем все океаны и моря на Земле. Ганимед – единственный из известных спутников, имеющий магнитное поле. Даная особенность вызывает сияния в регионах рядом с северным и южным полюсами. Наблюдая за изменениями сияний на спутнике Юпитера, ученые смогли выявить наличие большого количества соленой воды под корой Ганимеда, оказывающей воздействие на магнитное поле. Ученые подсчитали, что глубина океана на Ганимеде составляет 100 км, в 10 раз больше максимальной глубины земного океана. Океан на спутнике Юпитера скрыт под 150-километровой корой, состоящей, в основном из льда. Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
122015-03-16. Карликовая голубая галактика PGC 51017.
НАСА предоставила новые изображения полученные с помощью телескопа Хабл. В новых данных от космического спутника, представлена карликовая галактика PGC 51017.
Галактика PGC 51017 (SBSG 1415 + 437) относится к классу голубых компактных карликовых галактик. Такой тип галактик достаточно хорошо известен и изучен астрономами. Отличительной чертой таких галактик являются идущие в них активные процессы звездообразования. На это указывает цвет галактики, основной вклад в цвет который вносят массивные голубые звезды.
Подробнее...Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope
132016-06-24. Космический телескоп "Хаббл" будет работать еще в течении пяти лет .
Согласно сообщению НАСА, контракт на продолжение работ с телескопом получила Ассоциация университетов для астрономических исследований. При этом, дополнительные пять лет работы обсерватории обойдутся в 196.3 млн. долл. Таким образом, с учетом запуска в середине 2020-х годов космического аппарата WFIRST НАСА обеспечит непрерывность наблюдений за космосом. Тэги: Hubble Space Telescope

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг11600
2Масса (сухая), кг10683
3Диаметр (зеркала телескопа), метра2.4
4Энергия, Вт2400
5Границы спектрального диапазона (нижняя), мкм115
6Границы спектрального диапазона (верхняя), мкм1000

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, градусов28.5
2Тип орбитыНОО
3Расчетный срок функционирования, год10
4Апогей, км599
5Перигей, км555
6Период, минут95.8

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Средство выведения 1xСпейс Шатл
2Дата пуска1990-04-25

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна (производитель)США
2Стоимость , млн. долл.2500
3Стоимость программы (начальная), млн. долл.2000-01-01657
4Стоимость программы (утвержденная), млн. долл.2001-01-01767
5Стоимость КА , млн. долл.968
6Заказчик Европейское космическое агентство
7Заказчик Космическое агентство США

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... Southwest Research Institute 409 Space Science Institute 521 Space Telescope Science Institute 200... Large Webb Space Telescope Maryland 2 National Harbor 10 Synoptic Survey Telescope, and Transient... Town Hall: The Hubble and James Webb Space Telescope Town Hall Meeting , 12... Space Mission, 6:30pm-8:00pm, National Harbor 10 341 Wide Field InfraRed Space Telescope... ‘El Gordo’ with a Precision Scale: Hubble Space Telescope Weak-lensing Analysis of the... Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH) will complete their 3-year Hubble Space Telescope observations in..., Jennifer2; Koekemoer, Anton M.1; Salvato, Mara3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Los...’s University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom. 5. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 6.National... of 16 Galaxies from the Hubble Space Telescope WFC3/IR Surface Brightness Fluctuation.... 2.Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 3.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 4.Pennsylvania..., Pierre1; Green, Elizabeth M.2; Fontaine, Gilles3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Steward... C.2, 4 1 .Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 3.Steward... Observatory, Charlottesville, VA. 209.06 Hubble Space Telescope: The Real ‘First Light’ Observation..., Roeland P.1; Norman, Colin A.2, 1; Nakamura, Masanori3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Johns... NASA missions, in particular the Hubble Space Telescope and the Kepler Observatory, continues... the Keck Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope. They are the least luminous... (both favorite targets of the Hubble Space Telescope). We’ll also have a great... Galaxies Tumlinson, Jason1; Bordoloi, Rongmon1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. Contributing.... 3.Univeristy of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA. 4. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 5.University..., Canada. 3.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 4.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore... G.1, 2 1.Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. Contributing... Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC. 3.Space Telescope...(s): Susana Deustua, Space Telescope Science Institute Organizer(s): Susana Deustua, Space Telescope Science Institute 304...(s): Jason Kalirai, Space Telescope Science Institute Organizer(s): Jason Kalirai, Space Telescope Science Institute 314..., NM. 5.NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 6.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore...-Günter2; Steffen, Matthias3; Freytag, Bernd4 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Zentrum..., Maurizio3; Ferraro, Ivan4; Valenti, Jeff A.1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Osservatorio... A The Hubble Space Telescope is more powerful and productive than ever. Hubble is pressing.... Beyond Hubble, the James Webb Space Telescope will be the most powerful telescope that...) - The Hubble Constant and Dark Energy 230 Chair(s): Jason Kalirai, Space Telescope Science... Webb Space Telescope Batalha, Natasha1, 3; Kalirai, Jason S.1; Lunine, Jonathan I.2; Mandell, Avi4 1. Space Telescope Science..., Tracy L.1; Furlan, Elise4; Gutermuth, Robert A.5 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Wesleyan..., John T.1 1. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore..., Sasha3; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand1; Veicht, Aaron2 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.AMNH... Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 2.UC Berkeley, Berkeley, CA. 3. Space Telescope Science... Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. 4.California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA. 5.Space Telescope..., Korea, Republic of. 353.09 A Hubble Space Telescope Measurement of the Forward Shock... of the SHIELD Galaxies From Hubble Space Telescope Images Hagen, Cedric1; Cannon, John... Observatory, Meudon, France. 409.07 Hubble Space Telescope STIS Coronagraphy of WISE Debris..., Andrea1, 2; Meyer, Michael2; Pontoppidan, Klaus1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.ETH..., Germany. 8. Sterrewacht Leiden, Leiden, Netherlands. 9.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 10... binary systems discovered in archived Hubble Space Telescope images. Lepine, Sebastien1, 2; Lee, Fred3..., Anthony1; Wallace, Geoff1; White, Richard L.1 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Million..., Saida M.2; Walborn, Nolan R.1; Crowther, Paul A.2 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.University..., Bradley C.1; Chandar, Rupali2; Larsen, Soeren S.3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.University..., Susana E.1; Ros, Rosa M.2; Garcia, Beatriz3 1. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 2.Universitat... - Curtin University, Bentley, WA, Australia. 7.Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD. 8.Northrop...; Sabbi, Elena2 1. Space Science Dept, European Space Agency, Noordwijk, Netherlands. 2.Space Telescope Science Institute...



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... support agency goals in space transportation, Space Station, and Space Science and Applications... upcoming missions such as the Hubble Space Telescope. In the Network Control Center... emergency backup support for Space Shuttle, TDRSS and Hubble Space Telescope. Aeronautics. Balloons and... data capture system for the Hubble Space TelParope nnd (21 missinn 01... such as the Shuttle, Hubble Space Telescope, and Space Station management information system. In... under development to control the Hubble Space Telescope scheduled for launch in late... funding requirements will provide for Hubble Space Telescope prelaunch systems testing and software... the accurate pointing of the telescope and the on-orbit power.... In FY 1988, the new Hubble Space Telescope POCC will be in the... Imaging Radar-B experiment; and (4) the Hubble Space Telescope Data Capture Facility (HSTDCF) which... packetized teiemetry data from the Hubble Space Telescope spacecraft. Significant activities in this... the Hubble Space Telescope Data Capture Facility (HSTDCF) have been established a t the Goddard Space... ................................................................ Goddard Space Flight Center .............................................................. J e t Propulsion Laboratory ......................................................................... Johnson Space Center ......................................................................... Kennedy Space Center ........................................................................ Langley............................................................................. Johnson Space Center .................................................................................... Kennedy Space Center................................................................................... Lewis Research Center ................................................................................. Marshall Space Flight Center... the Hubble Space Telescope; conduct and development of experiments in materials processing in space... Orbital maneuvering vehicle 3 Space science A Physics and astronomy Hubble space telescope development Gamma ray... development ................................................................................ 1. Space station .............................................................................................. 2. Space transportation capability development ..................................... 3. Space science ..................................................................................... A. Physics and astronomy ...................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... 4. Space applications... is the reboost of the Hubble Space Telescope scheduled for November 1991. Spacela... during this year include Htibble Space Telescope, Galileo, Ulysses, Magellan, Astro, the... its availability to reboost the Hubble Space Telescope in 1991 and (2) the procurement... and astronomy $98,400,000 Hubble Space Teleseope............................................................................... Gamma Ray Observatory............................................................................ 49... scienriiic itnowiedge, educaiiuii and ~ e d ~ ~ d o g - y . Hubble Space Telescope derlelopment The Hubble Space Telescope wili make a major contribution... the universe. The Hubble Space Telescope will operate in space above the atmospheric veil... and in wavelength coverage, the Hubble Space Telescope will permit scientists to conduct... of the Earth's atmosphere. The Hubble Space Telescope will enhance the ability of... years t o reach the Earth. The Hubble Space Telescope will also contribute significantly to... white dwarf stars. With the Hubble Space Telescope, we may be able to... Hubble Space Telescope will be an automated observatory, delivered into orbit by the Space... Data Relay Satellite System. The Hubble Space Telescope design will permit on-orbit....--$3.721 billion for space station, space science and applications, space transportation capability development... use of the space shuttle, the space station, and other space vehicles to... of space resources; (2) research and development of space science, space technology, and space commercialization... relating to space, in cooperation with appropriate space grant colleges, space grant programs... vehicle (OMV). - $5,000,000 from space telescope development. The Committee is recommending... the telescope while it awaits launch. +$5,000,000 for spacelab/space station... Maneuvering Vehicle-$55,000,000. 2. Hubble Space Telescope-$93,400,000. 3. Gamma Ray... minimum cost. -$5.000,000 from Hubble space telescope development, leaving a budget of $93... prelaunch costs of maintaining the telescope. $1O,OOO,OOO from the... space telescope develop actual "hardware" component of station opment and M l n g of early space... Commlttces on ApproprlatloM (3) Bubble apace telescope. 1B3.408.008 ( 4 ) Gamma Ray...



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.... Using NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility and the W. M. Keck telescope at Mauna Kea... were Prism, an expandable refracting telescope designed to observe Earth as... measurements collected by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), to determine the amount..., a mission that required maintaining the telescope’s three instruments at -456°F (-271... coolant had finally depleted. The telescope would remain cold, at -404...); NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Spitzer Space Telescope Mission Status,” JPL news release... 1609, when Galileo first used a telescope to view the heavens. As... from its Great Observatories—Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Spitzer Space Telescope (SST), and Chandra X-ray... that its Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had captured the first gamma... speed. The Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had detected the blast on... aboard the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope had recorded the event. Thirty...) on the 2.2-meter (7.22-foot) telescope at the European Southern Observatory..., and 23 NASA, “NASA’s Fermi Telescope Sees Most Extreme Gamma-Ray... Off, on Age-Old Quest: Space Telescope Seeks To Find Other Earths... sent an ultraviolet-detecting telescope to orbit aboard Space Shuttle Columbia; the... content using the WorldWide Telescope, Microsoft’s online virtual telescope for exploring the universe. Online since 2008, WorldWide Telescope combined images from ground- and space-based telescopes to... terabytes of data, which WorldWide Telescope would incorporate later in 2009... those images in the WorldWide Telescope project. The agreement built on...-067_Microsoft_WorldWide_ Telescope.html (accessed 4 May 2011); Agence France-Presse, “Microsoft’s WorldWide Telescope... NASA announced that the Kepler telescope, which NASA had launched in... afterglow using the Gemini South telescope in Chili, the event marked... ESA launched its far-infrared space telescope Herschel and its cosmic background...-5 rocket carried the largest telescope ever launched into space. The two spacecraft... Final Hubble Mission,” Los Angeles Times, 12 May 2009. 65 European Space... arm, K. Megan McArthur captured the telescope at 1:14 p.m. (EDT), on her... arm, McArthur successfully secured the telescope in its berth at the..., a mission that required maintaining the telescope’s three instruments at -456°F (-271... coolant had finally depleted. The telescope would remain cold, at -404...); NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, “Spitzer Space Telescope Mission Status,” JPL news release... the gyroscopes that kept the telescope pointed in the correct direction... batteries. Working from inside the telescope, Good and Massimino had difficulty... replace worn insulation on the telescope. To fix the spectrograph, Massimino... telescope’s batteries, which provide 69 Dennis Overbye, “Astronauts Work on Replacing Hubble... Hubble,” 19 May 2009; Tariq Malik, “Astronauts Give Hubble Telescope One Last Hug,” Space.com, 18 May 2009, http://www.space.com/6714-astronauts-give-hubble-telescope... HST’s successor, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), 1.5 million kilometers (0.93 million... NASA, “NASA’s Space Shuttle Returns to Earth After Hubble Mission,” news release... Fly: Hubble Repair Mission Showcases the Value of the Manned Space Program... IRIS mission would use a solar telescope and spectrograph to explore the...-secrets-space-blobs-revealed.html (accessed 8 August 2011); Seth Borenstein, “Telescope Finds Space... NASA announced that its Kepler space telescope had detected the atmosphere of... analysis showed that Kepler’s onboard telescope and light-detecting instruments were...-built 2.5-meter (100-inch) infrared telescope. Mounted in a cavity in the... modified Boeing-747SP jetliner, the telescope had scientific instruments capable of... flight-test support for the telescope-cavity-door-open flight tests... Rodger E. Doxsey, head of the Space Telescope Science Institute’s (STScI’s) HST Mission... the daily operations of the telescope. He had been responsible for... Hubble” at the Institute, saying that Doxsey “knew everything about the space telescope... extraordinary science delivered by the telescope.” Doxsey had worked with HST... D. Roylance, “Rodger Doxsey, One of Space Telescope Team’s First Leaders, Dies at...) infrared telescope. During one test in a series of four, the telescope’s doors... of the plane carrying the telescope and allowing engineers to observe... flowed in and around the telescope. NASA had conducted flight tests... Unique Jumbo Jet; Plane’s Airborne Telescope Will Be Used To Unlock... Ionospheric Detection System Experiment Payload Hubble Space Telescope High Thrust H-2 Transfer Vehicle Hypersonic... Jet Propulsion Laboratory Johnson Space Center James Webb Space Telescope 74 Aeronautics and... Space Exploration Technologies Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver Stennis Space Center Spitzer Space Telescope Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory Space Transportation System (Space Shuttle) Space Telescope...



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... the Space Shuttle in building and servicing the Hubble Space Telescope and the International Space Station; science on the Space Shuttle... 7—THE SPACE SHUTTLE AND THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE ............. 34 CHAPTER 8—SCIENCE ON THE SPACE SHUTTLE... and Climate Experiment Goddard Space Flight Center Hubble Space Telescope International Microgravity Laboratory Inflatable Re-entry Vehicle Experiment Indian Space... Space Center James Webb Space Telescope Korea Aerospace Research Institute Kennedy Space Center Korea Space... Space Radar Laboratory Stennis Space Center Space Shuttle main engine Spitzer Space Telescope Space Transportation System Space Telescope... missions. Volume 3, “Space Shuttle: Training, Facilities, Space Station,” follows a Space Shuttle mission crew... on the Space Shuttle and International Space Station programs. The Space Shuttle chapter... program. Green, Andrew. “STS-125: Hubble’s Final Refit in Orbit.” Spaceflight... ultraviolet telescopes: the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope, the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter... Instead of Robot for Hubble Servicing.” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 13 December... a robotic mission to extend the Hubble’s life. In the wake of... planned Shuttle mission to the Hubble out of concern for the... Division Space Shuttle Annotated Bibliography CHAPTER 7—THE SPACE SHUTTLE AND THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE “A Black..., Joel. “Hubble Mission Opens Shuttle’s Last Act; Aging, Flawed Space Vehicle Still..., Craig. “Hubble Mission Scrambles To Make Surprise Repairs.” Aviation Week & Space Technology.... “End of the Line for Hubble?” Science News, July 24, 2004... orbiting observatory. DiChristina, Mariette. “Fixing Hubble.” Popular Science, December 1993. This... the troubled HST. “Double, Double, Hubble Trouble.” Economist, 27 November 1999... HST. Green, Andrew. “STS-125: Hubble’s Final Refit in Orbit.” Spaceflight..., Guy. “Use Shuttle To Fix Hubble, NASA Is Told; Risks to... unacceptable risks to the astronauts. “Hubble Repair Mission: STS-61.” Spaceflight... Space Shuttle Annotated Bibliography Jenkins, Dennis R., and Jorge R. Frank. Servicing the Hubble Space Telescope: Space... of Space Shuttle Atlantis made repairs and upgrades to the telescope, leaving... more of research. Macilwain, Colin. “Hubble Stakes Are High for NASA..., Frank, Jr. “One More Time; Hubble Program Planning Final Shuttle Mission... Instead of Robot for Hubble Servicing.” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 13 December...; Hubble Repair Mission Recast for a New Age of Exploration.” Aviation Week & Space... for a Space Shuttle mission to service the HST. Morgan, Daniel. “Hubble Space Telescope: NASA... with a mission to replace key telescope components. Without the mission, the... Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope; Final Report. Washington, DC: The... Extending the Life of the Hubble Space Telescope assesses the scientific value of... the HST’s science capability. Pickrell, J. “Telescope Tuned Up.” Science News, 16... Fix Hubble.” Spaceflight, March 2000. This article describes STS-103, Space Shuttle... Upgrades Hubble.” Spaceflight, June 2002. This article describes STS-109, Space Shuttle... Urban Development, and Independent Agencies. Hubble Space Telescope: Special Hearing. 103rd Cong., 2nd.... U.S. Government Accountability Office. “Space Shuttle: Costs for Hubble Servicing Mission and Implementation... about potential alternatives to prolonging Hubble’s mission. The GAO addresses the...). Zubrin, Robert. “Ditching Hubble Bodes Poorly for Future Space Exploration.” Ad Astra... results from the Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope, observations obtained on the Astro... Telescope, the Wisconsin Ultraviolet Photo-Polarimeter Experiment, and the Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope.... Life into Space: Space Life Sciences Experiments; Ames Research Center, Kennedy Space Center... Science. Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics. Space Shuttle and Space Launch Initiative. 107th.... “Rising Cost of Shuttle and Hubble Could Break NASA Budget.” Science... on Science, Technology, and Space. Space Station and Space Shuttle Programs. 104th Cong... Research Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, Johnson Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, Langley... in space. The author includes sections on Space Shuttles, space stations, living in space, spacewalks, spacesuits, training for space, and science in space... conditions for astronauts aboard Space Shuttles, space stations, and space capsules, explaining how..., Frank, Jr. “One More Time; Hubble Program Planning Final Shuttle Mission.... Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics. NASA’s Space Shuttle and International Space Station Programs... NASA’s Kennedy Space Center between Space Shuttle launches. Once the Space Shuttle retires... Science. Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics. Space Shuttle and Space Launch Initiative. 107th...



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... Page 1 The Space Shuttle Atlantis/Carrier (Photo) Page 3 Space Shuttle Orbiter Page...) Page 7 Shuttle-Mir Program Page 8 Hubble Servicing Mission 4 Page 10 Shuttle... space science experiments, and servicing and construction of space stations. Five space-worthy... large satellites such as the Hubble Space Telescope, and also the capture and... type of space transportation system designed to help transform the space frontier... Space Shuttle — the Spacelab program. Spacelab would provide a multi-disciplinary orbital space laboratory and additional space equipment for the Shuttle... Kennedy Space Centre after a ten month refurbishment. Space Shuttle Orbiter The Space Shuttle orbiter is the orbital spacecraft of the Space Shuttle program operated by NASA, the space agency of... winged "space-plane", a mixture of rockets, spacecraft, and aircraft. This space-plane... orbital space flights, launched vertically as part of the full Space Shuttle... first Orbiter to launch into space as a Space Shuttle, in 1981. The..., the reusable Space Shuttle Orbiter carries most of the Space Shuttle System... ascent into outer space. Attitude control system The Space Shuttle Orbiter resembles... the International Space Station, or formerly with the Russian Mir space station... Unit (EMU) space suits, to depressurize before a walk in space (EVA), and... number of crewmen. Space Shuttle Engine Cutaway Crew Compartment Space: 2,325 cu... Astronomical Society Page 7 expertise in space station construction Shuttle–Mir science..., which involved American Space Shuttles visiting the Russian space station Mir, Russian... and their space agencies, the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roskosmos... first unmanned spaceflight. Visiting US Space Shuttles used a Androgynous Peripheral Attach... with the American Space Station Freedom. With the Space Shuttle docked to... of the US Space Shuttle Atlantis and the Russian Space Station Mir.... Manchester Astronomical Society Page 9 Hubble - Servicing Mission 4 Hubble floats free from Atlantis... mission (STS-125) for the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission was first planned... batteries used to provide all Hubble's electrical power to support operations... released the Hubble Space Telescope on May 19, 2009 back into space after all repairs were successfully made. After testing and calibration, Hubble... the telescope fully functioning at least into 2014, and perhaps longer. Hubble... Spectrograph (COS). WFC3 will increase Hubble's observational capabilities in the ultraviolet... Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR) that was installed in 1993 to correct Hubble... for Surveys (ACS) and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS). The astronauts... accuracy and increase platform stability; Hubble’s aft bulkhead during SM4, which..., capture, and safe disposal of Hubble by either a crewed or robotic... deorbit Hubble at the end of its service life. To consummate Hubble Telescope's 20th Birthday, NASA, along with ESA and M. Livio and the Hubble...-31 Discovery 5 05d 01h Edwards Hubble Space Telescope deployment 36 October 6, 1990 STS...-61 Endeavour 7 10d 19h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing 60 February 3, 1994 STS...-82 Discovery 7 09d 23h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing 83 April 4, 1997 STS...-103 Discovery 7 07d 23h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing 97 February 11, 2000...-109 Columbia 7 10d 22h Kennedy Hubble Space Telescope servicing, last successful mission for... Atlantis 7 12d 21h Edwards Last Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission (HST SM-04... of the International Space Station and the docked space shuttle Endeavour (STS... to the International Space Station on the final space shuttle mission. The... International Space Station. Space shuttle Atlantis’ crew began their third day in space... final docking of a space shuttle with the International Space Station. Docking with... to robotically refuel satellites in space. The space shuttle Atlantis crew received... hatches between the International Space Station and a space shuttle for the last... space – have been delivered, space shuttle Atlantis will pull away from the space... shuttle crew Space shuttle Atlantis is seen from the International Space Station... as the NASA space shuttle is – will celebrate the Space Shuttle Program... use in space. It was the 180th payload deployed by a space shuttle...-year, 135-flight Space Shuttle Program. Kennedy Space Centre weather was near... in space. This was the 78th shuttle landing at Kennedy Space Centre... Society Page 31 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster The Space Shuttle Challenger disaster... and workplace ethics. Space Shuttle Columbia disaster The Space Shuttle Columbia disaster..., 2010, at a major space policy speech at Kennedy Space Centre. He committed... help Space Coast workers affected by the cancellation of the Space Shuttle program and Constellation program. The Obama administration's space policy...



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... of Vol. 02 Apr-Jun Space Atomic Energy Environment and Ecology... Designed by: Anupam Rastogi Contents Space.........................................4 Atomic Energy..........................9 Environment and Ecology... News of Apr-Jun 15 SPACE Vol. 02 Apr-Jun Penguin... of Hubble Telescope Vol. 02 Apr-Jun 25 years of the Hubble Space Telescope The Hubble Space Telescope — a joint venture between NASA and the European Space Agency... April 24, 1990 by the space shuttle Discovery . It has provided... our understanding of the universe. Hubble has unlocked the wonders of....” If the spotting of the Hubble variable number one, or V1... astronomy, the Hubble Telescope has done it even more dramatically. The Hubble, which.... The primary mirror of the telescope had a flaw called spherical aberration... in front of the original Hubble instruments, much like placing eyeglasses... shuttle Endeavour to fix the telescope in space, a mission that was never... first image from the corrected telescope could tell if the problem... of Hubble space was nailed. And months after it was repaired, the Hubble... camera were added to the telescope. In 1999, an emergency mission... six gyroscopes. Gyroscopes keep the telescope pointing correctly. The 2002 mission... the telescope greater power to image the Universe. Today, the Hubble Telescope has... of the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, a snapshot of the famous Pillars... was snapped was in 1995. Hubble’s instruments that have been upgraded.... Hubble: towards resolving the age of the universe Accurately measuring the Hubble... the key projects of the Hubble Space Telescope’s (HST) was the determination of... two. The role of the Hubble Space Telescope was to resolve this difference... galaxies to compare. When the Hubble Space Telescope came into the picture, the... calibrate secondary distance indicators. The Hubble Telescope has been able to narrow...-based telescopes. Major achievements by Hubble Telescope Vol. 02 Apr-Jun The... wished they could place a telescope in space, in order to gaze upon... achievement was brought by launching Hubble Space Telescope (HST) twenty five years ago... of the telescope, and it was aptly named after Edwin Hubble, the... now used ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) to peer back into... been applauded as a milestone in space exploration. It comprises an orbiter... installed at the 6.5-m Magellan Clay telescope in Chile recently can reveal... the sun’s heat back into space and cause a cooling effect. The... as scientists at the BICEP2 telescope at the South Pole claimed... ripples in the fabric of space-time produced by violent events... to be weeded. The furrow space is used for daily harvest... productivity through the optimization of space and time. The institute was... grown in 18 sq. metre space inside the rain shelter in... fluid to fill the increased space. As a result, there is a drop... of the Sun’s energy into space and restore sea ice. But...



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... resolution is better than the Hubble Space Telescope images of this source, and... Stars 1 nsala Space Observatory, Dept. of O Radio and Space Science, Chalmers University... instrument on the ESO 3.6metre telescope. The observations show the distribution... instrument on the ESO 3.6-metre telescope (González Delgado et al... in fine images with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and is shown in... instrument on the ESO 3.6-metre telescope. PolCor observed the CSE around... instrument on the ESO 3.6-metre telescope. PolCor is a user instrument developed... instrument on the ESO 3.6-metre telescope and the feasibility of observing... dust-scattered light (Figure 2). The Hubble field only c ­ overs part of... imaging with the VLT Survey Telescope; the field of view of... AAOmega on the Australian Astronomical Telescope. OmegaWINGS will ­provide an extremely... telescope and the Wide Field Camera (WFC) on the Isaac Newton Telescope... the United Kingdom Infra-Red Telescope (UKIRT) and u-band photometry obtained... the INT, the Large Binocular Telescope and Bok telescopes. More than... (WYFFOS) on the William Herschel Telescope (WHT), both multi-fibre spectro... F475W, F625W, F814W) from the Hubble Heritage project. The right panel... high-resolution imaging with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), which revealed a system of... field unit, on any large telescope, with sufficient contiguous field of... on the European Extremely Large Telescope, it should be possible to... (FORS1 V, R and I filters and H ­ ubble Space Telescope B, V, I) of the galaxy cluster Abell... (redshift 0.31), one of the Hubble Frontier Fields clusters. Abell 2744... 2, the trend of the physical space density, ρg, measured from DLAs/sub... EFOSC2 on the New Technology Telescope (NTT). The active galactic nucleus... of the European Extremely Large Telescope. ESO/G.Hüdepohl (atacamaphoto.com) Astronomical... surveys, both from ground and space, our knowledge of stellar halos... Figure 1), who discussed results from space- and ground-based surveys of.... For example, the projected phase-space diagrams and plots of the..., using the ­Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT). The metal-poor halo... European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) and the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will... the spiral galaxies in the ­Hubble Space Telescope GHOSTS (Galaxy Halos The Messenger... high angular resolution of the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) allows the detection of... cluster galaxies from VLT Survey Telescope and OmegaCAM guaranteed time observation... of telescopes, including ALMA, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Herschel, Spitzer, the Wide... Array (JVLA), the Very Large Telescope (VLT), Combined Array for Research... South Pole Telescope, the Atacama Pathfinder EXperiment (APEX), Australia Telescope Compact Array... Array (NOEMA), the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), the Square Kilo­meter... from the IRAM 30-metre telescope. right). He also presented plans... the Coma Cluster, with impressive Hubble Space Telescope imaging at 30 pc resolution... ALMA archival science. The Herschel Space Observatory has produced high quality... directing a state-of-the-art telescope at a galaxy far from the... from using a little 40-centimetre telescope as a scared student at PUC... astronomer. Using a 90-centimetre Schmidt telescope, Jin and his team discovered... Impact mission, using the Keck Telescope. I was overwhelmed and super stressed... the ­Martian ­rovers, spacecraft, the Hubble Space Tele­scope and major groundbased... kilometres. Right: The Very Large Telescope on Cerro Paranal, which has... of the European Extremely Large Telescope on Cerro Armazones. The road..., site of the Very Large Telescope, and at Llano de Chajnantor...); NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope; Y. Tamura; A. Angelich (NRAO/AUI/NSF); NASA Chandra Space ­Telescope; A. Russell...



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NASAFacts National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland... (01)-003-GSFC NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center The First Forty... Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. has played a major role in space... the universe through observations from space. Goddard has been instrumental in... accomplishments from the Goddard Space Flight Center. Space Science Orbiting Astronomical Observatory... project between NASA, the European Space Agency and the British Science... directions in space. HEAO-2 carried the first large X-ray telescope with focusing... line ever detected from interstellar space. A gamma ray emission line is... star. IUE became the first space observatory to be used regularly... to observing with an orbiting telescope just as they do with... one of the most successful space science missions ever launched. An... designed to be repaired in space. After fuses blew on board..., took it on board the Space Shuttle where they repaired it... dropped it safely back in space. Besides mapping the locations of... changes in climate on Earth. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) Goddard is responsible for... became the largest telescope ever to be placed in space. HST was.... It was discovered that the telescope’s primary mirror had been ground... images to blur. Until the telescope could be serviced, astronomers had... the operational program of the telescope to concentrate on bright objects.... NASA scientists designed Hubble for servicing in space. The telescope’s instruments were created... replaced. Designers also equipped the telescope with handholds and other special... for astronauts wearing bulky spacesuits. Hubble was Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE... at least five years. The Hubble Space Telescope has given us new insights... install new equipment on the Hubble Space Telescope, the first observatory designed for... the largest satellite launched from a Space Shuttle. Since then, CGRO has... fitted with the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR) and the... the Hubble Deep Field and Hubble Deep Field South. The Hubble Deep Fields...) and the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS). NICMOS enabled the telescope to peer... project of Japan’s Institute of Space and Astronautical Science and NASA... international cooperation between the European Space Agency and NASA. SOHO has... the Sun, traveled through interplanetary space, and struck the Earth’s magnetosphere... collecting area ever flown in space, so that it can make... reference frame of time and space by rapidly rotating massive compact... their isotopes) of particles in space, including subatomic particles from the... conditions that affect them in space. ACE has made measurements of... present in many clouds in space where it could not previously... instrument to be released into space, ending its scientific mission. EXPLORER... the areas of astrophysics and space physics. Since the program embodies...-class Explorers or MIDEX are space science and astrophysics missions pioneering... throughout the Milky Way. 7 Area Space Telescope, the Galaxy Evolution Explorer, and... Explorer 2. Sun-Earth Connection, formerly space physics, observes and interprets the.... Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST) The successor to the Hubble Space Telescope is the NGST... in infrared light, this new telescope will peer into the very... even Hubble possesses. The Future of Space Science The Office of Space Science... theme are HST, FUSE, WIRE, Space Interferometry Mission, NGST, Terrestrial Planet... today, managed by a commercial firm, Space Imaging EOSAT, eight years beyond... control, ship navigation, agriculture, and space services sectors. Data from TOMS... of life on Earth. UARS, a Space Shuttle-launched, Earth-orbiting observatory... studying the world’s oceans from space was launched in 1997 on... between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA... missions, such as the International Space Station, NASA established the TDRS...-Earth orbiting satellites, Space Shuttle missions and the Hubble Space Telescope. The TDRSS consists... is an important component in space exploration, utilization and research by... benefit of humankind. Applications of Space Technology NASTRAN (NASA Structural Analysis... to help design more efficient space vehicles. The commercial use of... communication link with the Space Shuttle, International Space Station and satellites in... and other structures at Kennedy Space Center from corrosion and heat... from user satellites. The TDRSS Space Network requires a minimum of three... uses technology developed for the Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. 15 ously available... developed for the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph installed on the Hubble Space Telescope in 1997...



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.... With the invention of the telescope, and cameras to fit onto... several quintillion cubic miles of space in a volume resembling a flattened doughnut... men. Heroically they launch into space, heroically face down the monstrous... decades. In this artist’s work, Space Shuttle astronauts see a comet nucleus... Sun. STANFORD-LOCKHEED INSTITUTE FOR SPACE RESEARCH AND BIG BEAR OBSERVATORY... subatomic particles both upward into space and downward onto the surface... Sun, astronauts on the International Space Station retreat to a section that...’s surface and reaches out into space, forming a region called the magnetosphere.... This ultraviolet image from the Hubble Space Telescope shows an aurora at Saturn... before the invention of the telescope. But once telescopes were trained... power is off too. Her telescope is useless. She stares upward... a star. A small telescope can back up this observation. A big telescope—especially one... current dubious resemblance in a small telescope to a crustacean—is the expanding... an otherwise stable star explode. Hubble snapped this picture of Supernova... quite safe—Space Shuttle astronauts, for example, who stay in space for... the most destructive yet. Interstellar space is filled with subatomic particles... were massive, and exploded, seeding space again with iron, carbon, calcium...; beyond its limits, including outer space; or under water, including territorial.... This height is essentially in space; the Earth’s atmosphere is extremely... effects made atmospheric and near-space nuclear tests extremely unwise. The... prayer of using an optical telescope to find it. However, the... aligned lenses or mirrors inside a telescope bend or reflect the light... objects detectable by a big optical telescope. Eventually, technology started catching up... February 28). Within a month, the Hubble Space Telescope was pointed at the location..., the mammoth ten-meter Keck telescope in Hawaii obtained spectra31 of... his automated telescope, but the computer consistently points the telescope in the... circles in space, surrounded by a funnel-shaped distortion of space. But that... not water, but space itself. Outside the horizon, space is falling at... hole as a region of space-time where space falls faster than light... event horizon, the variables representing space are constricted. Outside a black hole... through space, it would just be, well, a black hole in space, invisible... around like snowflakes in a blizzard. Space itself was folded like origami.... Still, this early pelting from space created an immensely hostile environment... meteorites were themselves launched into space by impacts from much larger... scientists. It’s entirely possible that space is simply buzzing with life... a subsurface ocean-dwelling microbe into space would also be powerful enough... technologically advanced, and we are a space-faring species. Where will we.... Communicating across the vastness of space is easier than actually going... oxygen emit light. Through a small telescope the greenish disk will resemble... glows, forming eerie shapes. This Hubble picture is of the famous...-wearing Inuit in ground-based telescope images. NASA, ESA, ANDREW FRUCHTER..., Galileo turned his newly fashioned telescope to the Milky Way and... took this idea further: using a telescope, they counted up stars in..., while simultaneously blowing it into space.95 In sufficient quantities dust... on a fuzzy appearance. Through a moderate telescope you can see that it..., M. ROBBERTO (STSCI/ESA), AND THE HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE ORION TREASURY PROJECT TEAM Such... speed of light. NASA AND HUBBLE HERITAGE TEAM (STSCI/AURA) Only... tiny shift as seen by a telescope. However, it’s safe enough to... can understand. Matter, energy, even space and time are destroyed, transformed... conditions, this herniated region of space and time would quickly collapse... stars, literally, with no apparent space whatsoever between them, then the... a century later, the astronomer Edwin Hubble, together with other astronomers such... the behavior of time and space when Hubble and his team discovered... happening. Somehow, all matter, energy, space, and time were generated in... float around in this extradimensional space. Called branes, short for membranes... information sought for distribution in space effects from and hypernovae luminosity..., Ann Hodgson, Richard hope Hubble, Edwin Hubble Space Telescope, and GRBs hydrogen: fusion of... cosmic rays intergalactic medium International Space Station interstellar medium (ISM) ionization... red giant Kapteyn, Jacobus Keck telescope, Hawaii Kepler, Johannes keyhole kinetic... the Sun through binoculars or a telescope is in fact incredibly dangerous... interplanetary travelers. NASA and other space agencies are busy trying to... the material disperses into interstellar space. It’s likely that when the... the naked eye; you’d need a telescope to see it at all... dealing with relativity, time, and space—the situation is more complicated.... Eventually, all of space will stretch, including space in between bound gravitational... continue to move in while space stretches. Eventually, everything will stretch...



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... than 200 bookings for our telescope viewing nights the following week...’ through the Old High School Telescope. The 12.5 inch Newtonian Reflector... is it to find by telescope (refractor and dobsonian) or binoculars... suggested target is rated using telescope symbols - the more symbols the... well as that through a small telescope and also a dobsonian. All types...’ in - Shropshire Once again NASA.s Space Place has acknowledged our work... possible a chance to look through a telescope and just being there to... with us, moving from telescope to telescope as Richard Chilvers called out...” factor from people looking through a telescope for the first time and... Lottery funding to purchase a Meade telescope and IT equipment and was... society to use the Faulkes telescope. In 2009, to celebrate the... decided to apply for a professional telescope. Said Noel Clark of the... sucked into space by this baby!” The half-metre aperture telescope will..., two-ton ROE Grubb Parsons telescope will be a window on the... have big plans for this telescope; to provide views of our... they offered to transport the telescope all the way from Edinburgh... who are interested in the telescope should contact them through their....uk. The professional grade 0.5m telescope will be coming to the... and public viewing sessions. The telescope, which has helped educate two... the MidKent Astronomical Society! The telescope, used by the University of... secure storage facility whilst the telescope is being refurbished prior to... to invite bids for the telescope, based on an active plan.... The superb optics of this telescope are capable of enhancing the..., the plan to install the telescope into the James Irwin Observatory... absolutely no way of financing a telescope. When young people lose interest... and the Medway Towns. This telescope will enhance that programme and... said, “Being awarded this incredible telescope is a real privilege, our members... the images captured by this telescope will take place. WindowsOnTheCosmos2 © 2012... excellent case for acquiring the telescope, and we are glad that... researching the history of the telescope with a view to refurbishing it... University who refurbished the sister telescope last year. Matt Swain Director... the planets” , “Tonight’s sky & buying a telescope”, “Constellations & myths”, “Astrophotography” and finally... cut-out models of the Space Shuttle or a planisphere available for... near-earth objects in ESA's Space Situational Awareness (SSA) office. Astronomers... effects on it. (Credit: Deimos-Space) Half a million undiscovered objects The... developing. Together with information on space weather and debris, its information... is continuing under the Agency's Space Situational Awareness Preparatory Programme. Spring... of Messier 9 The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has produced the so far... with the naked eye, yet Hubble can see over 250 000... of today's astronomers is stark. Hubble's F.A.S. Newsletter 99 image, the highest... focused on the detector of Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys, in... as showing the individual stars, Hubble's image clearly shows the different... palette of colours visible in Hubble's image of Messier 9. Messier 9's neighbourhood... the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope shows the globular cluster Messier 9. Hubble’s image resolves...'s Cassini spacecraft. CREDIT: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute Astronomers hoping to... have declining emissions," Ries told SPACE.com. But Ries' observations of... differently compared to ice in space, particularly as it melts into...-Rocket Motor Tests Material for Space ScienceDaily Launch System A sub-scale... motor designed to mimic NASA's Space Launch System, or SLS, booster... by engineers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala... Motor-1 (QM-1), is targeted for Space Flight Center tested a small solid...-segment designed to mimic NASA's Space Launch System boostsolid rocket motors... is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md... instrument was built by the Space Dynamics Laboratory in Logan, Utah..." in space, University of Chicago scientists working with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have obtained... describes how gravity can warp space and time, including bending the...-years from Earth. This "gravitational telescope" creates a vast arc of light... astronomers used the Very Large Telescope in Chile to measure the..., Jane Rigby of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md... the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3. Using this gravitational lens as a telescope offers... NASA; ESA; J. Rigby (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center); K. Sharon (Kavli Institute...'e-2 will continue tests on the space environment and engineering technology experiments... of detail." 25 Staff Writers , Space-Travel.com Spring 2012 Alien... L. Gronstal, Astrobiology Magazine Contributor www.space.com Everyone knows that we..." — that can be seen from space. Therefore, photosynthetic biosignatures are a priority... the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) explained, "Chl d extends... the controls of the European Space Agency's Rosetta spacecraft, which is...