Двигательная установка. IES. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Тяга, мН20
2Удельный импульс, метра в секунду22000
3Мощность, Вт800

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... krwauNdy hn[ gurU pwqSwh jI ies ivc AiDAwqm mwrg ’qy qurnw...-iesqrI ƒ mwlk prmwqmw ƒ Xwd kridAW ies ivc suK-AnMd mwxidAW, bnspqI...`K gurU swihbwn ny ihMdusqwn dI ies durdSw ƒ byhqr bxwaux leI Awpxw...^ AMdr nvW ieiqhws isrijAw[ ies leI ies dy idn-iqauhwr, rsmW, joV... loV ƒ mu`K r`K ky, AMdr vwpry ies AiDAwqmk pirvrqn dw pRgtwA bwhr... ivKy iklHw holgVH ivKy qorI[ ies smyN sSqr gurmiq pRkwS 10... huMdy[ dyS-dySWqrW dIAW sMgqW ies smyN sRI AnMdpur swihb juVdIAW... aus nUM AgnI swVdI nhIN[ ies leI hrnwKS ny pRihlwd nUM... sV jwx dy pRqIk vjoN ies idn A`g bwlI jWdI hY[ gurbwxI... qoN v`fw lok iek`T hovy[ ies smyN ivSyS dIvwn s`jdy hn... nwl juVdI sI[ A`j loV hY ies prMprw nUM sQweI bxwieAw jwvy... dy jIvW ƒ r`bI igAwn dyvygI[ ies qrHW sRI gurU hirrwie swihb... ƒ koeI bwhrI ^qrw nhIN sI[ ies auprMq Bwrq dI rwjnIqI ivc... Dwrn kIqI swmrwjI nIqI qy ies audyS leI gurmiq pRkwS 22... drdnwk siQqI ƒ ibAwn krdy hn[ ies qoN is`D huMdw hY ik... blik hryk vrg dIAW iesqrIAW ƒ ies dw iSkwr bxwieAw igAw[ gurU... dUjy SkqISwlI mnu`K ƒ mwry qW ies dw koeI ros nhIN huMdw... nhIN hoieAw[ gurU swihb Anuswr ies sMkt iv`coN auBirAw jw skdw sI jykr ies bwry pihloN koeI ivauNqbMdI kr... hukm Anuswr ivcrdw drswieAw hY[ ies dw dYvI-ienswP nwl bVw... nhIN blik ies ƒ Kqm krn leI pRyrnw idMdw hY[ ies leI zrUrI... sRI kysgVH swihb qoN phuMcy[ ies mOky SRomxI gurduAwrw pRbMDk kmytI... dw ivsQwrpUrvk vrxn ies pRkwr hY: prmwqmw: prmwqmw ƒ ies jgq ivc keI... qoN pryH hY[ prmwqmw dy ies srUp (AvsQw) bwry sRI gurU... 290) fw. suirMdr isMG (kohlI) ies bwry ilKdy hn ik: “jgq... gurmiq pRkwS 29 mwrc 2016 ies bwry ivcwr krdy ilKdy hn...[”7 suKmnI ivc Akwl purK dI ies AvsQw bwry gurU jI PurmwauNdy... dyv jI dI Awpxy ies slok rwhIN ies ƒ hor sp`St krdy... Aqy smsq jIvn pYdw kIqy[ ies sMswr ivc bRihmMf jW pqwl... eykqw ƒ vI bl imldw hY[ ies rwhIN hI zrUrqmMdW dIAW zrUrqW... mukqI dI g`l kIqI geI hY[ ies mukqI dw muK ` mksd lokW... pRwpq hY[ suKmnI swihb ivc ies mhwn AvsQw bwry Purmwn hY... kau sdw nmskwru] (pMnw 295) ies qrHW suKmnI swihb iek AijhI... legal commitments, religious ceremonies etc.” ies qoN sp`St hY ik... dI aulMGxw Aqy Apmwn hY[ ies qrHW dy JukwA ƒ pRvwngI dyx...`K hY, loV hY[ ies ƒ mnu`K dbw nhIN skdw[ ies ƒ loV qoN v`D iKMfwauxw...[ prvwr ivc rihMidAW ies SkqI ƒ inXMqrn ivc r`K ky ies dw swrQk Aqy... Aqy sMqoK t`utygw audoN hI ies dy nqIjy nukswndwiek hoxgy[Awp... AwSrm bRhmcrX, vwnpRsQ Aqy sMinAws ies au~qy inrBr krdy hn... rvwieq kYnyfw qoN SurU hoeI[ ies nwmurwd gurmiq pRkwS 38 mwrc... sMigAw id`qI geI hY[ ies isDWq ivc duinAwvI Aqy AiDAwqmk... dw AinKVHvW AMg vI hY[ ies leI igRhsQI jIvn ƒ AwdrS rUp dyx leI ies ƒ mrXwdw-b`D kIqw igAw hY[ guris...[ BwrqI smwj ivc A`j qk kdy ies qrHW dI koeI ivcwrDwrw nhIN... pRsiQqIAW sQwipq ho geIAW qW ies qoN bhuq ivrly mnu`K hI... mwnXog idlI hweI kort dy ies PYsly ivru`D suryS kOsl Aqy... And Others) v`loN pweI isvl ies PYsly ivru`D pweI ApIl nM... Aqy ivrwsq ƒ bcwieAw jw sky[ ies ivcwr-crcw dy snmu`K Bwrq... h`d drjy qk vD cukw sI[ ies smyN ivc iek kRWqIkwrI lihr... nW nwl jwixAw jWdw hY[ ies lihr ivc Xogdwn pwaux vwilAW...`K vI ie`k hY[ pRoihq jmwq ies g`l nwl sihmq nhIN sI[ bRwhmx... sMq smwinAw] (pMnw 487) AwpxI ies mwnisk Btkxw nMU ibAwn krdy... jo krqwr krygw, auhI hovygw[ ies Sbd ivc idRStWq dy ky...!” dy jYkwry gjwieAw krdy sn, ies krky aunHW ƒ AkwlI ikhw jwx... m`sw rMGV mMifAwly vwly dw ies pwvn gurDwm dI byhr u mqI... bhwduro, isMGn pr kIE zor[ ies mulK`Xn bulwiekY iliKE ivc...) ivc igAwnI igAwn isMG ny ies bwry iliKAw hY: BweI bulwkw...[ nvwb jkrIAw Kwn isMGW dI ies hrkq qoN A`gy hI boKlwieAw... lMGdI iek kMboien isskIAW lYNdy ies bwl ƒ tokrI ivc lukw ky... ny aunHW dI SnwKq kIqI[ ies kwrvweI qoN bwAd zkrIAw Kwn...[ BweI rqn isMG (BMgU) ny ies ShIdI bwry ieauN iliKAw hY... Gor smW keI dhwky c`ilAw[ ies smyN ‘Cotw G`lG U wrw’ Aqy...’ dw muKI QwipAw igAw[ auh ies ibKVy smyN ivc mhwn nwiek... Aqy isdk dw ieiqhws isrijAw, ies Gor smyN ivc kOm ƒ sucj... aupr Awpxw h`k jqwieAw ikauNik auh ies Kyqr ivc qygW mwrdy rhy... iek au~Gw AMg hY[ ies ƒ nmUny mwqr isKwaux leI gurduAwrw... r`Kdw hY[ rihq mrXwdw ivc ies pRQwie AMikq hY: “Kwlsw swry... ky gurbwxI qoN lwB auTwvy[ ies qrHW smwijk imlvrqn dw ivkws... smUh ƒ ‘gurU pMQ’ AwKdy hn[ ies dI iqAwrI ds gurU swihbwn...[ gurU swihb ny pihlI vwr ies Brm ƒ qoVidAW hoieAW ikhw ik... ƒ pRsMn krn vwly huMdy ny ies leI gurmuK ƒ prmwqmw dI Srn... isMG kvISr ny srkwr dI ies kwrvweI ivruD ` Avwz auTweI qy... kdy iksy ƒ nhIN b^Sdw, so ies smyN vI pMQ-ivroDI AMgryz... lgwqwr nwm Aw rhy sn[ ies ivSyS mIitMg dI AgvweI s. srdUl... pRovYNSIAl dy pRDwn bx gey[ ies qrHW kOmI lihr ivc aunHW... Awid bhuq mShUr hoeIAW[ AMq ies mhwn dyS-Bgq, ivdvwn, infr... purwxI s`iBAqw vwlw dyS hY[ ies ƒ plyTI s`iBAqw dw jnm-dwqw... irhw hY, ijs dw Anumwn ies dIAW hoeIAW pRiqilpIAW qoN lwieAw... imlwp dIAW BwvnwvW pRgt hoxgIAW[ ies dy leI igAwn jW cyqMnqw... ‘cyq’ AwauNdw hY[ hux jykr ies dy nwmkrx bwry jwxIey qW... ƒ cMdRmw dI iesqrI iliKAw hY[” ies dy hor ivSlySx ivc jweIey... hY[ nwirHAW qy ieSiqhwrbwzI dy ies X`ug ny iesqrI ƒ snmwn nwloN... v`K-v`K AMimRq-sMcwr smwgmW dw vyrvw ies pRkwr hY:1. imqI 10 AkqUbr... qk gurmiq smwgm krvwieAw igAw[ ies smwgm ivc pMQ dy mhwn... ƒ gur-ieiqhws srvx krvwieAw igAw[ ies dOrwn 25 nvMbr, 2015 ƒ pMj...



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... kwlj luiDAwxw qoN pRkwSq kIqw[ ies mhIny dy gurpurb qy ieiqhwsk... socx leI suDwr krnw ArMiBAw[ ies smyN SRomxI mzbUr hoieAw ik... r`Kx isDWiqk vIcwr nhIN hoeI, ies leI ieh gurmiq pRcwr qoN... leI ivSrwm Gr ho gey[ ies dw nqIjw, nOjvwn pIVHI qMmwkU... AwpsI sWJ dI iek audwhrx ies qrHW hY ik iek gurduAwry...`KW srdwrW dI ies AxgihlI kwrn, gurduAwirAW krky ies gurduAwry ƒ gurduAwrw AMdr... bxn iv`c bhuq shweI hoey[ ies dy AwpxI ingrwnI ADIn huMdw...[ bwbw dIp isMG jI Awid[ ies smyN gurduAwrw pRbMD iv`c koeI...`c gurduAwrw nnkwxw swihb dw pRbMD ies Gor sMkt smyN is`KI... Awid igirAw hoieAw sI ik ies ny Agsq 1917 iv`c gurduAwry... drvwzy KolH id`qy gey[ ies qoN bwAd gurduAwrw suDwr lihr...: aufIk krnI dUr dI g`l hY[ ies qoN pihlW hI swƒ gurduAwry... ƒ nnkwxw swihb vl cl ipAw ies hY[ eyQoN gurU gRMQ swihb... auswrI hoxI cwhIdI hY[ jdoN ies kyNdr dw pRbMD, kmytI ƒ mhMq..., (pMnw-1266) 1. smwpq jW AMq, ies dy ielwvw mhwn koS ivc... bhu ibMjn imstwey ] ies ƒ KweI jw rhI hY[ ies qoN ielwvw AKOqI... dYvI qIsry bMd dw pwT ies qrHW hY-----dust ibdwry swjn...`c-sPweI nwl rsoeI igAw hY[ ies FMg ƒ vrqoN ivc ilAWidAW swfy... iqAwr kIqw hY, imhr krky ies ƒ prvwn kr[ brsy-myG AauNdI... imrqk kau ibstw mwih rulweI] ies leI rsiqAW iv``c GVw BMn... mridAW qy sihkidAW C`f Awey sn[ ies qrHW ihMdU qy is``K nhIN..., musIbqrUp ivc gurduAwrw pRbMD sMBwlx[ ies nwl cODrW dy JgVy vyly...`q hY[” (pMnw-22, 1983 AYfISn)[ ies auprokq Brm pYdw kr idMdy... qoN vrjdw (pMnw-619) hY[ ies bwry nvyN aupwE jW ivDIAW... nwl svrg jW mukqI imlygI, ies q`Q ik ieMj krn nwl koeI... imrqk pRwxI ƒ koeI lwB hovygw, ies ivc koeI s`cweI nhIN[ gurbwxI...``KI dy pRcwr somy ijhVy ies vkq qkrIbn (ijhVy b``cy nhIN... dyNdy hn, ie``QoN q``k bKSx ies Xqn vwsqy auhnW gurduAwry vI... lokW dy idhwiVAW ƒ sn? pr ies bwry swfy Dwrimk muKI ku... ikauN v`fw DoKw krdy hn ies bwbq swrI sMgq ƒ sucyq hox...[ fyry ivc rihx vwly syvwdwrW ƒ ies DrqI'qy, DwVvIAW dw mUMh... vY~bsweIt www.gurmatgian.com ies vY~bsweIt qoN Awn-lweIn... kwcy ]7] pRo.swihb isMG jI ies dy ArQ smJwauNdy hoey 'sRI... gurbwxI bxIAY”304 D` ies purb ƒ jW ies iqauhwr ƒ, jW ies AwdyS ƒ Sbd jIAw... hn; ijvyN swihb jI ny ies ƒ sRI hirmMdr swihb ivKy sQwipq...`qI qy 'gurbwxI bxIAY' dy ies purb ƒ mnwaux r`Kx dI loV... iprq ApxweI qurdw ipAw hY ies idhwVy ƒ ArQwq “Awid scu jugwid... siqgurU ny ieh siBAqw dy ies gurmiq sMklp iv`c jnm idhwVy... iv`c ieh glq iprq ies leI hY ik ies idn ƒ siqgurU sRI... ƒ “gurU g``dI” pRdwn kIqI hY[ ies qoN bwAd bqOr sRI sRI... dw zrIAw mMndw hY, auh ies jIvnkwieidAW dI gulwmI dIAW zMjIrW...[ BweI gurdws jI Anuswr gurU ies AMimRq jl nUM mnOqW dIAW... proihq jmwq SurU hoeI sI[ ies jwimAW ivc pRgt hoxw ipAw... hzwrW sUrj pRgt hox, pr ies ijhy mirAwdw pRSoqm qy inAwiekwrI... GVw aunHwˆ ny mMgvwieAw hY, iesƒ BMn pMifq jI (pRoVqw krdy... !) ausI qrwˆ krdy rhy! cwhy ies swl 'mY N tl AY k t 2013... v``l pYr Dry ikhVw hY, jo ies v`l kOVI nzr kry, myrI r`q ivc... v``l pYr Dry, ikhVw hY, jo ies v`l kOVI nzr kry[ 21 pMQ... hI hY[ gurduAwrw pRbMD nUM ies p`KoN pUrw swvDwn dy iksy... Swied ieko hI Drm hY[ies qrW gurduAwrw pRbMD dI inAwrI... ilAWdw jwvy sMgq ivc pRvwn (e) 'ies dy auprMq sMgq nUM vrqwaux... jwxw isAwxp nhIN AKvweygI[so ies leI jy pRqIinDqw krdy hox...[hryk pRwxI mwqr nUM ibnw ies qoN auprMq gRMQI isMG leI..., Drm mzhb, ilMg inBwauxI hY ies leI iGau vwly h`Q syvw kridAW... gurmiq igAwn nwl sWJ lgxgy,ies krky qwibAw bYTy isMG dw... lok aunHW dI ies mjbUrI dw bhuq skxgy[ ies vwr ieQy CotI... krky Byjo[ jykr Aglw bMdw ies kMm qoN kMnIN kqrwauNdw nhIN... lwfly huMdy hn Aqy jdoN ies qrHW dIAW musIbqW swhmxy -025...: hrcMd isMG srihMdI 92178-45812 ies smyN pMjwbI dunIAW dy G`to... &kIrW Aqy sU&I drvySW ny ies dy isr qy Aijhw h`QivAkqI... Zzl hY ikauNik smyN ny ies ƒ KUb cMifAw Aqy mWijAw-sMvwirAw...`q Apxy Awp ƒ ijqx ivc hY[” ies dy jwrI rIport ivc ikhw... nwl g`l krdw hY[ g`l kI,pMjwbI ƒ ies smyN jy koeI ^qrw drpyS... dy guryz kIqw jwvy ikauNik ies nwl pMjwbI dI rUh ƒ Tys...' hY Aqy srkwrI ik pMjwbI ies smyN 'c`k dy' qy 'b`ly-b`ly... hY[ ieMglYNf Aqy kYnyfw ivc ies smyN pMjwbI zubwn dw auQy... iehigxqI GtdI jw rhI hY[ ies smyN pMjwbI ƒ sB qoN v`fw... ik ieh gurdyv ipqw jIau ies ƒ qusIN Bog lgwau iPr sMgq... hoey rwhW'qyAMqm Ardws hY[ ies ipCoN koeI brsI, vrHIxw Awid... nwl srIr AMdrly bImwrIAW nwl ies dI vrqoN bwry pqw hoxw... sUp rwhIN pUrw &wiedw geI[ ies bwry ienswnW iv`c hwly ilAw... jwxw &wiedymMd zrUr hY ikauNik ies ƒ cwhIdw[ ie`k cOQweI ieMc cOVy..., ijs bwry jwxkwrI hyTW pwau[ ies qoN ielwvw 75 iklo isMgl... supr PwsPyt ƒ qrjIh idau, ikauNik ies ivc lgBg 12 pRqISq sl... pRqI eykV pweI hovy qW ies ƒ isrP 25 iklo AYgrIklcrl XUnIvristI... hY ikauNik CyqI p`kx krky iesƒ dUsrIAW doglIAW isMcweI: bhwr ru... leI zordwr sMGrS iv`Fx[ ies mOky ividAwrQxW v`loN smwijk kurIqIAW... dw ft ky ivroD krngy[ ies mOky SoRmxI kmytI mYNbr inrml... pwieAw[ lgwqwr pMj GMty q`k c`ly ies smwgm dy AKIr 'c gurduAwrw swihb... vloN kivqwvW qy jWdI hY[ ies qoN ielwvw gurUu goibMd isMG...-vIcwr vI kIqI jWdI hY[ ies mhIny ipMf Kurd (brnwlw) ivKy... klwsW Xqn kIqw jWdw hY[ ies qoN ielwvw gurduAwrw sRI Arwmsr...-vIcwr, ieiqhws dI kIqy gey[ ies auprMq gurmiq vIcwrW kIqIAW geIAW... dI syvw inBweI jWdI hY[ ies qoN ielwvw 4 skUlW isMG jI...`k rihx dI pRyrnw idqI geI[ ies 33.nMgl (94658-25101) - pRcwrk...



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... pMjwb nUM qoirAw sI qW ies jrnYl dI AgvweI hyT dyKidAW... srkwr smyN Aijhw SWqmeI ilAWdw[ ies mqy nUM Bwrq dy hor... nhIN C`fI jweygI[ huMdw iblkul ies dy ault hY, ijhVy puils... AwieAw 'bld' vwlw hvwlw qy ies dy h`l ivc (mirXwdw) dy rUp... ivc sB qoN sRySt hY[ ies qrHW dy gurbwxI idRStIkox nUM... ivAwkrx iqAwr kIqI hY, Anuswr ies dy ArQ su`c hn[ nhwieAW... kI suiD] (pMnw-8) ies pauVI dy AKrIN ArQ ies pRkwr hn-igAwn...) igAwn hI blvwn huMdw hY[ ies AvsQw iv`c (mwno) sB rwgW... gurU ny bKiSS kIqI hY[ ies AvsQw iv`c mnu`K AnMd mwxdw...`k bwdSwh ƒ nINd nhIN AwauNdI sI[ ies dy h`l leI ie`k isAwxy purS... iv`c i^Awl Awvy ik mYN ies vwrI pihlI pujISn pRwpq krnI... muSiklW dI swjnw kIqI sI[ ies rwhIN dunIAW swhmxy sB qoN... ƒ smJxw bhuq zrUrI hY ikauNik ies nwl AgvweI hyT srbsMmqI nwl... sn[ iehI Kwlsw mrXwdw sI[ ies qrHW Kwlsy dI swibq hovygI... smUh ƒ 'gurU pMQ' krdw hY[ ies smyN jQydwr rUV isMG srbrwh... kIqI Aqy dsm gurU ny ies isMG rwmgVHIAw ƒ nvW srbrwh lwieAw... swihb m`Qw tykx, kVwh ipAw[ ies ibKm mOky lIfr rihq gurmqw... dI ifaUtI C`f ky dOV gey[ ies mOky hwzr sMgq ny PYzlpurIAw... ƒ kwiem r`Kx bwbq[ pujwrIAW dI ies kwrvweI ƒ Akwl q^q swihb kIqw igAw... rOxI ArQwq rwmgVH r`iKAw igAw[ ies qoN bwAd vI v`K-v`K simAW 'qy...`q Kwlsw swfI AgvweI krdw hY[ ies smyN jQydwr rUV isMG srbrwh... dOV gey[ ies mOky hwzr sMgq ny pujwrIAW dI ies kwrvweI ƒ Akwl... dI ADIngI hyT ies ƒ Aml iv`c ilAWdw igAw[ ies mOky Awpxy Awp... dw Xu`g hY Aqy ies rwhIN ies dw Xog h`l kIqw jw skdw...`q Kwlsw v`fy/Coty grdwny jwxgy[ ies nwl srb`q Kwlsw dI sMsQw... sMsQwvW iv`c bhwl ho sky[ ies leI srb`q Kwlsw bulwaux qoN... hY[ sYNtrW sYNtr c`l irhw hY[ ies sYNtr iv`c suswietI AMimRqsr dw... hn[ l`K dy krIb slwnw hY[ ies iv`coN mwieAw SRomxI kmytI... vwrf, nSw snmwinq kIqw hY[ ies qoN ielwvw pMjwb AsmrQ ivAkqI... pyt Brnw muSkl ho igAw[ ies qoN aupr do BYxW ivAwhuxXog..., rwjsI jUly hyT n`pI hoeI, ies DrmIAW dI kmytI koloN kOmI... vY~bsweIt www.gurmatgian.com ies vY~bsweIt qoN Awn-lweIn...[ pMifq ny ausy idn qoN ies s`c dy dIvy ƒ buJwaux dw pRx... pMj sdIAw qoN jwrI hY[ ies s`c dI Smw ƒ jgdw r`Kx vwsqy... iv`c rihxw muSkl ho igAw[ ies A`q dy muSkl smyN ƒ rqn isMG... myrw pu`qr is`K nhIN, ies ƒ C~f idau[ jd nOjvwn ƒ pqw l`gw... sMktW dw f`t ky mukwblw krnw, ies mukwbly nMU iksy inrxwiek mOV... mrY kbhU n CwfY Kyqu ] (pMnw1105) ies qrHW ShId dI Awqmw inrml... nMU bdilAw nhIN jw skdw[ ies AnMdpur swihb ivKy swihb gurU...`qI sI[ bwbw jI v`loN ies jMg i`v`c inBweI geI Aihm BUimkw... lokW dy swhmxy Awauxgy, pr ies iv`c koeI S`k nhIN ik AijhIAW... s`c swhmxy nhIN Awaux idMdI, ikauNik ies dy AiDkwrI srkwrI dbwA hyT... n`c rhI hY[ dUjy ieh sMsQw ies dI jWc kdoN mukMml krygI... iksy ƒ ku`J nhIN pqw[ hW, ies nwl pMjwb srkwr ƒ ku`J rwhq... iv`c A`j jo sMGrS c`l irhw hY ies iv`c mu`K cMigAwVI, brgwVI kWF... geI byloVI PwieirMg qoN l`gI[ ies PwieirMg kwrn do inrdoSW dIAW...[ pr keI pwrtIAW jW jQybMdIAW ies sMGrS ƒ Kwilsqwn v`l moVn dw Xqn... iBRSt mMdBwgw kWf ikauN vwpirAw, ies dy Asl kwrn qW hwlIN... lokW dy swhmxy Awauxgy, pr ies iv`c koeI S`k nhIN ik AijhIAW... s`c swhmxy nhIN Awaux idMdI, ikauNik ies dy AiDkwrI srkwrI dbwA hyT... Aw bYTy iSkwrI ny iv`c ies g`l dw h`l k`F ilAw jwvygw[ r`sI iK... Awidk dw pRBwv nhIN pvygw[ ies qrIky nwl gurU gRMQ swihb... vwlqw dw Drm hY ikauNik ies dy isDWq vIcwrDwrw srv ivAwpI... dy sPr nUM inBwauNdy hn? ies p`K nUM vI vIcwrnw pvygw[ is... sgoN AgWh vDU hY[ ies leI ies dy Awpxy inXm bVy srl... b`icAW leI bixAw ‘snyhw skUl’ ies b`cI leI Awsrw bx igAw... g`py vycx leI mzbUr kOx ies mMdbu`D dw iDAwn r`Kygw? kOx... pnIrI ishqmMd bxwauxI hY, qW ies p`K au`qy qurMq iDAwn dyx... tUrnwmYNt iekbwl isMG ny KyifAw[ ies mukwbly ivc sRIlMkw, Bwrq, pwiksqwn... ky KyifAw hY[ loV hY ies sMGrSSIl, pRyrxwmeI iKfwrI dI v`D qoN... pMjwb p`Dr qy huMdy hn[ ies nwl 1 sqMbr qoN 1 nvMbr q`k hyTly... qW smW hI d`sygw? ikauNik ies rYlI ƒ pRdrSnkwrIAW dy ros qoN... icVI' vjoN jwixAw jWdw sI, A`j ies dI siQqI iblkul pltI hoeI... krn dI Xojnw bxwauNdw hY[ ies qoN bwAd pdaunqIAW leI irSvqW... iv`c pweIAW 80&I sdI kurbwnIAW, ies g`l dI gvwhI BrdIAW hn[ dyS... A`g lwauxI pY rhI hY[ ikswn ies g`l qoN Axjwx hn ik prwlI... v`D kwrgr swbq ho rhI hY[ ies bwry keI ikswnW ny s&l qjrby... dI Awmdn 'qy huMdw hY[ ies leI ikswnW ƒ ienHW dI rokQwm... Gol ky iCVkxw cwhIdw hY[ ies qoN ielwvw bwzwr ivc AnykW... qrH W dyKBwl kIqI jwxI cwhIdI ies ibmwrI dw SurUAwqI l`Cx hY... nwl Anuswr pUrI dunIAW iv`c ies jWdI hY[ idn 'c aunHW dy... ielwj pRxwlI kol nhIN hY[ ies ieh ibmwrI ikauN huMdI hY... jwhrw vjHw nhIN hY ikauNik ies Aijhy mrIzW ƒ lMby Arsy qk... G`t inrwSw drswauNdy hn[ aunHW muqwbk ies ies leI mMinAw jWdw hY ik... hY ik lokW ƒ keI vwrI ies g`l ibmwrI krky cwlI l`K qoN v`D lok... jWdI hY[ ibmwrI dw SurUAwqI ies ibmwrI qoN pIVq hY[ l`Cx... 'c Aijhw ids nhIN irhw hY[ ies kwrn swfy pRySwnI hox lgdI... byh`d cOksI nwl dyKBwl sbMDIAW ƒ ies bwry jwgrUk krn Aqy ƒ gMBIr...[ bdiksmqI nwl q`Q ieh hY ik ies swieMisz (eymz) 'c ie`k sYNtr bxwieAw... jwxUM krvwieAw jw irhw hY[ ies mhIny duAwbw is`K nYSnl sInI... FukvyN FMg Apnwaux dI loV ies qoN ielwvw rswiexk KwdW dI... ƒ Awpxy duAwly lpyt lYNdI hY[ ies v`loN AMdro AMdr p`qy dy... dI vrqoN krnI cwhIdI hY[ ies mksd leI 40 imlIlItr kOnPIfor... pUrw jwV vI nhIN mwrdy[ ies suMfI dIAW l`qW nhIN huMdIAW...



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... bcx leI pRyrq kIqw igAw[ ies dOrwn coxvW gurmiq swihq gurbwxI... gurmiq dIAW klwsW lgwauNdw hY[ ies kMm leI kwlj ivKy iek... dy ruJyvyN vI G`t huMdy hn[ ies smyN ƒ hor lwBkwrI bxwaux leI... ivc ividAwrQI Bwg lYNdy hn[ ies vwr pMjwb Aqy dUjy pRWqW... ivSyS pRogrwm id`qw jwey[ ies qihq swry pRcwrk gurbcn isMG... pusqkW Awm sMgq ny leIAW[ ies dy ielwvw sMgqW ny gurmiq... is`K gurduAwrw AYkt bxwaux Aqy ies qihq mulk dy ieiqhwsk gurduAwirAW... kwbz SRomxI AkwlI dl vI ies g`loN K&w hY[ kyNdr dI AYnfIey... hox nwqy AkwlI dl ny ies mwmly iv`c kyNdr srkwr ƒ d^l dyx... hY[ isAwsI mu`dw jwpdy ies msly iv`c d^l dyx kwrn jQydwr... Agsq 2014 AsQwnW dw pRbMD ies smyN AYsjIpIsI dy h`QW iv... dy is`K AwgUAW muqwbk Awmdn ies qoN ikqy izAwdw hY[ hirAwxw... SRomxI AkwlI dl Aqy AYsjIpIsI ies g`l 'qy zor dy rhy hn...`c v`fI igxqI is`K votr hn[ ies q`Q ƒ JuTlwieAw nhIN jw skdw ik... kIqw igAw sUbweI kwƒn hY[ ies qoN ielwvw pMjwb ivDwn sBw.... 2 (sUbweI sUcI) qihq AwauNdI hY[ ies qoN ielwvw pMjwb punrgTn kw... AYsjIpIsI Aqy SRomxI AkwlI dl ies g`l 'qy zor dy rhy hn... sbMDI AMqrrwjI mu`dw hY[ ies leI ies ib`l ƒ mnzUrI leI kyNdr... ny keI vwr ies iv`c soDW kIqIAW hn[ ies iv`c sihjDwrIAW ƒ vot... AYsjIpIsI ny suprIm kort iv`c ies bwry ApIl dw^l kIqI hoeI... isr& pwiksqwn siQq gurduAwry hI ies dI zd qoN bwhr nhIN... srkwr ƒ ByijAw igAw, ijs ny ies ƒ muV sUibAW dIAW it`pxIAW... kwrn AwpxI qwkq KuMJdI jwpI[ ies qoN ielwvw keI hor cuxOqIAW... kwlj ny pwieAw v`fw Xogdwn ies sMswr ivc bhu - igxqI au... iek nvW ieiqhws isrijAw igAw[ ies ieiqhwsk kwrj ƒ suc`jy FMg... Awpxy nwl KVoqw vyiKAw[ BwvyN ies kwrj ƒ nypry cwVHn q`k bVIAW muSklW... ny ieh bUty lgwey hn[ ies qoN ielwvw v`K-v`K srkwrI/gYr srkwrI... dw pUrw-pUrw iKAwl rKxgIAW[ ies ieiqhwsk muihMm ƒ ignIz bu`k Aw...[ gurmiq igAwn imSnrI kwlj ivKy ies muihMm dI SurUAwq s: hirMdr isMG..., sihXogIAW, AiDAwpkW Aqy ividAwrQIAW vloN ies kwrj ƒ nypry cwVHn leI iek...& hvw jo AwksIjn BrpUr hovy, ies dw bdl bnspqI ibnW koeI... ho rhI hY jW nhIN? ies swl smwj syvI 8 jQybMdIAW, Dwrimk... Aqy vwqwvrx ihqYSI lokW ny ies pwsy iDAwn dyxw SurU kIqw... lw ky dyiKAw[ b`s im`qrw ies ƒ dvweI G`t qy tUtIAW dI izAwdw... swƒ gur aupdyS ies Sbd ivcoˆ kI imldw hY? ies leI A`j zrUrq... vrgI iBAwnk ibmwrI dy iktwxUM ies dy idmwg ivcoˆ inkl jwx qW ies r`b dy bMdy ƒ cwr cuPyry Awpxy... mhwrwj!' rxjIq isMG sYnwpqI ƒ boly-ies ƒ kuJ ASrPIAW dy ky C`f idau... jWdIAW hn, aunHW nwloN v`D myry ies dyS ivc bolIAW jWdIAW hn... dw h`k mMigAw qW ^brdwr ! ikauNik ies leI PWsI vI ho skdI... nhIN krdw? isiKAw mMqrI qy ies mihkmy dy ikhVy A&sr nUM...ƒn Aqy dwj rokU kwƒn Awid[ ies qoN ielwvw AOrqW ƒ mihlw pulIs... qy ienHW dySW dIAW srkwrW ies qoN kroVW rupey kmw rhIAW... rihxw SurU kr idMdIAW hn[ ies ƒ 'ilivMg irlySniSp' dw nW id... 'c AMdoln SurU kr id`qw[ ies sdkw pIplz ilbrySn AwrmI (pIAY... dI AwpxI srkwr sQwipq kIqI[ ies srkwr Aqy kR W qIkwrIAW dI... rswilAW Awid ƒ nwl joiVAw igAw[ ies lok lihr dw mu`K kwrj... dI Awdq pwauxI cwhIdI hY[ ies qrHW AsIN Awpxy Awaux vwly... iek nvW ieiqhws isrijAw igAw[ ies ieiqhwsk kwrj ƒ suc`jy FMg... rsgu`lw nw cu`k skI[ ies pRkwr vwrIvwrI swrIAW auNglW ƒ AwiKAw... BwvnwvW Anuswr kIqI jWdI hY [ies dI vrqoN sB qoN izAwdw... gurbwxI vIcwrn dw ivDwn hY ies leI Aijhy krmkWfW qoN bcxw... kQwvW nUM s`c mMnx vwly lok ies ivc drsweIAW krmkWfI rIqW nUM... mMinAW jWdw hY[AwXUrvYd ivc ies nUM mh`qvpUrn mMinAW jWdw... dIAW lMgVIAW pMcwieqW bxdIAW hn[ ies qoN ielwvw ADUry kormw dw... pMcwieqW, srpMcW jW sYktrIAW ny ies skIm ƒ kwPI smW, ipMfW ivc... vycxw qy m`CI pwlxw Awid[ ies qoN ielwvw bImwrIAW Awid qoN...`K jwqI ƒ bImwrIAW qoN bcwauxw[ so ies pRkwr AsIN toiBAW qoN v`fy... krn dI iejwzq nhIN hY[ ies leI Dwrimk sQwnW, smwgmW Aqy... jnqk sQwnW 'qy v`jdy hox[ ies leI Dwrimk sQwnW dy pRbMDkW... dy mwlkW Aqy Awm lokW ƒ ies sbMDI jwgrUk kIqw jwxw cwhIdw... kol iSkwieq drj krvwey, pr ies bwry irport drj krvwaux vwly... iSkwieq nhIN krdw, BwvyN auh ies qoN ikMnw vI duKI ikauN... pRdUSn ƒ rokx bwry socx Aqy ies sbMDI Tos h`l krn dw hY... dI Awmdn 'qy huMdw hY[ ies leI ikswnW ƒ ienHW dI rokQwm... AMifAW ƒ nSt kr idMdy hn[ ies qoN ielwvw rswiexk KwdW dI... ƒ Awpxy duAwly lpyt lYNdI hY[ ies v`loN AMdro AMdr p`qy dy... dI vrqoN krnI cwhIdI hY[ ies mksd leI 40 imlIlItr kOnPIfor... pUrw jwV vI nhIN mwrdy[ ies suMfI dIAW l`qW nhIN huMdIAW... pYdw huMdIAW hn ies lyK 'c motwpy dy qW ies g``l dI bhuq sMBwvnw... jy ieh splweI loV qoN ies mrz ƒ vDwaux 'c v`D ho jwvy Bwv... bwry pihlW g`l kr leIey[ ivgwV[ ies nwl ivsyS iksm dw blik... kMtrol dw Aihm Xogdwn hY[ ies ibnW swrI koiSS bykwr jWdI... pr iksy ƒ idKwauxw nhIN pYNdw[ ies dwiery AMdr mwx-snmwn vI... bVy auqSwh nwl hwzrI BrI[ ies mhIny do AYlImYNtrI kors krvwey... dy dwKlw Pwrm Bry gey[ ies mhIny ipMf swaunw ivKy gurmiq... klwsW lgweIAW jw rhIAW hn[ ies qoN ielwvw pRbMDk jnW vloN... nUM smripq smwgm kIqw igAw[ ies smwgm iv`c BweI suKijMdr isMG... gurmiq vIcwrW kIqIAW jWdIAW hn[ ies qo ielwvw 24 b`cy gurmiq... ilKweI dw mukwblw krvwieAw igAw[ ies kYNp dy mukwbilAW ivc jyqU... qy kIrqn rwhIN inhwl kIqw[ ies kYNp iv`c jQy. inmwn isMG... nwl sMbMiDq jwxkwrI idqI geI[ ies qoN ielwvw b`icAW dy dsqwr... qy ieiqhws dI jwxkwrI idqI[ ies kYNp ivc s: pRBSrn isMG, ipRM... Av`l krwr id`qw igAw[ ies smwgm ivc s: AmnpRIq isMG, ipRM...



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... iv`c mnwieAw jw irhw hY[ies sMdrB iv`c is`K Drm dy... ivc EAMkwir Sbd ƒ prIBwSq kridAW ies ƒ AYsI srbivAwipk hsqI (Sole Supreme... 'pr ieSt mMnidAW hoieAW vI ies Sbd dy mUlk sMklipq-ArQW... nwl in`q vsqU kih ky ies ƒ srv-pRkwSmeI d`isAw igAw hY... mwqR pwT-pUjw AwiKAw hY[ ies qrHW Drm isRStI dw ivsqwr...[ AKr BweI gurdws jI ny ies srUp dI ivAwiKAw ieM\kIqI hY... huMdw hY ik gurbwxI hY [ ies qrHW '¡ ' sMpUrx eykqÍ qy AKMf...) inrgunu Awip srgunu BI EhI] ies qrHW, gurbwxI-AdÍYqvwd dy...[ 4. v`D qoN v`D bIbIAW Aqy nOjvwnW nMU ies kwrjihq lwmbMd krIey[ gurmiq igAwn... mMqvW ivc ivc AwieAw[ byS`k ies kwlj ivcoN bhuq hI au... kuJ msly Awey auhnW ny ies igAwnI hrBjn isMG jI XU... l`gdIAW[ aulU ƒ idn b`icAW nwl ies kwlj dI ArMBqw v`K v`K QwvW dI... ik gurduAwirAW ƒ Azwd igAw[ ies smyN ies kwlj ivc 125 dy krIb... ƒ ieh mhMq swh dyNdy sn ies leI srkwrI qMqr r`iKAw hY... pwsy mhMq ƒ ies swry kuJ dw pqw sI ies gurduAwrw bMglw swihb...~qr AwieAw[ isM dyKidAW dyKidAW ies j``Qy ƒ mhMq nrwiex dws dy... isMG jI ƒ vI bldIleI gey[ ies qoN ielwvw kwlj dI vYbsweIt... FMg nwl smJwieAw jWdw hY[ ies kwlj dy pVHy ilKy dI..., ijMnHW sbMDI hr roz bwhrly ies kwlj ivc ij`Qy pMjwb... ku hzwr rupieAw bxdw hY[ ies leI ikRpw krky Awpxw ddyhr... hI kYstW suxdw irhw hW[ ies g`l dw mYN bhuq mwx bxdw...[ mYN mihsUs kIqw hY ik ies kwlj vloN slok m: 5 pMnw 522... ikvyˆ? loV qwˆ hY ik ies srUp ieko ie`k sdIvI gurU... hI imlwvy hn[ AwE ivcwrIey! # ies dw pRgt sbUq hY ik...ˆ rukwvtwˆ vI in`q AweIAwˆ, pr ies r`bI qy ielwhI pRogrwm `c au... dyxgIAwˆ[ auTidAwˆ bYTidAwˆ mwr peygI ies mwr qoˆ bcx leI isr...ˆ pRym iv`c iBj ky mn ies nvyˆ ivAwh iv`c quirAw jw... sMgqW nUM sboDn huMidAW kIqw[ies smyN auhnW dy nwl BweI... gurmiq pRcwr kyNdr sQwipq krvwey ies vkq gurmiq pRcwr kyNdr lM... isMG jI nUM lgwieAw igAw ies smyN srpMc sR: hrcrn isMG... mnu`K dI qvIq Awid[ jy ies ƒ bwrIkI nwl soicAw jwvy qW... du`K su`K nwl sWJ bxdI ies ielwz bwry d`s jWdy qW gurU... imldI ik auhnW ny vI ies qrIky dw ielwz kIqw hovygw... nhIN ihldw) [ies kIqy krwey pr gurbwxI dw ies bwry kI bwry... pRmwqmw dI bKSI Amolk dwq ies srIr rUpI suMdr hMsu clsI... hY[ AigAwnqw dw iSkwr mnu`K ies q`Q mnu`KI irSiqAW dy p`KoN... dy srIr ƒ hMs C`f jwvy qW ies AMdrly srUp ƒ pRmwqmw ny ie... vI Awpxy pqI ƒ bxwieAw hoeygw[ ies srIr rUpI GVy dI pRpkqw... iv`c smoeI gurU nwnk i&lws&I ies q`Q ƒ Srwb swfy smwj iv`c kohV Aqy nSw ie`k lwhnq hY[ ies aujwgr krdI hY ik kwieAw... ikvyN T`ilHAw phuMcwauNdw hY, ikauNik ies DUMeyN iv`c lgBg 4000 kYmIklz... swƒ kI h`k hY? tYgor ny ies srIr dI sMBwl bwry smwj... nUM gur ieiqhws nwl joiVAw[ies mOky swry hI pRbMDkW ny... ny invyklI sUJ b^S id`qI[ ies qrHwˆ Sbd nUM gurU mnu... izMdgI qy CwieAw rihMdw hY[ ies mMinAw igAw Aqy Sbd dI...ˆ DrmI jIvn vI Afol rhygw[ ies leI is`K ny hmySwˆ muh... iv`c ierSwd Purmwey gey hn: ies jgq iv`c Awey[ ijnHwˆ Awpxy... soc vwilAwˆ ny hmySwˆ s`c nUM k`c ies pRBqw bwry jd is`Dw... AMdroˆ kIqw jwˆdw hY[ ies dIAwˆ izMdgIAwˆ vI pYisAwˆ nwl... DRoh zrUr kmw sI[ iPr ies suAwrQwˆ mwrI dunIAwˆ iv`c ikqny...`c brbwd krn qy l`gI rihMdI[ ies dOr iv`c is`K Gr-Gwt...ˆ[ JUT gRsy lok sdw hI ies mUl q`q nUM iBRSt Aqy nSt... > ividAw pRwpq kr rhy hn[ies mhIny 6 ipMfW iv`c 8 Dwrimk 1. mwhxy... Aqy slweIf So ivKwey gey[ies dOrwn b`icAW qy sMgq nwl... dI sMiQAw lY rhy hn[ies mhIny kyNdr ivrsw mYgjIn dy... gurmiq vIcwrW kIqIAW jWdIAW hn[ies qoN ielwvw ipMf r`kVW FwhW... jWdI hY jw irhw hY ,ies qoN ielwvw 5 v`fy qy 5 b`cy... dw pRcwr kIqw jWdw hY[ ies mhIny c 5 dr`Kq lgvwey gey... igAw[13 julweI ƒ gurduArw swihb [ies mOky gurmiq igAwn imSnrI kwlj...[ gurmiq vIcwrW dI sWJ kIqI[ies mOky iehnW mukwbilAW coN 17... 6 ipMfW Aqy 4 skUlW iv`c igAw[ies smwgm iv`c ngr dIAW smUMh... id`qI jw rhI hY [ies mhIny kyNdr v`loN 30066) v`loN... kvISrI,lYkcr mukwbly krvwey gey [ies mOky prbMDkW v`loN 31984) Aqy... vI idKweIAW jWdIAW hn[ies mhIny krdy hn[ ies hPqy b`icAW ƒ Dwrimk... sbMD c gurmiq vIcwrW kIqIAW geIAW[ies qoN ielwvw gurmiq smwgm dOrwn... hn[ gurmiq vIcwrW kIqIAW geIAW[ies mOky gurbwxI dI sMiQAw pRwpq... qwrU isMG jI” ivKweI geI[ies dOrwn sMgqW ipMfW c 17 Aqyy... dI jwxkwrI id`qI geI[ies kIqIAW[Ardws BweI gurjIq isMG ny kIqI[ ies smyN swbkw kYNp iv``c125... isMG ArBMqw dI Ardws kIqI [ ies mOky pRbMDk j`Qydwr hrmIq isMG... dI jwxkwrI id`qI geI[ ies hr hPqy 3 ipMfW c klwsW lgw... 250 b`cIAW ny Bwg ilAw[ ies mOky vwlw ivKy gurbwxI Sbd... hn[ipMf kwlK dy b`icAW ƒ ies mhIny Dwrimk iPlm 'ShId BweI... idvs dy SbMD Ardws kIqI [ies mOky b`icAW nUM ienwm vI... Dwrimk iPlm vI idKweI geI [ ies kYNp c 60 b`icAW qy 200... ijs iv`c hY[kyNdr iv`c ies mhIny 3 pRwxIAW ny KMfy dI... kys r`Kx dw pRx kIqw [ ies mOky dsqwr,lYkcr,kivqw b`icAW... kuiej mukwbly vI krvwey gey ies kYNp iv``c frwieMg kMpItISn,b``icAW dIAW gymW vI krvweIAW geIAW[ies kYNp c dI sMiQAw pRwpq kr...[ 250 b`icAW ny Bwg ilAw [ ies mOky vIr pRBSrn isMG, 30... pRbMDkW ny ivSyS SmULIAq kIqI ies mOky pihly ,dUjy ,qIjy nMbrW... lgBg 300 dy krIb sI [ ies mOky pRcwrk BweI prmjIq isMG... sMgqW nUM sboDn hMuidAW kIqw ies vkq sodru rihrws swihb dy... sn[auhnW ikhw ik AwE A``j ies Ku` l rhy gurmiq pRcwr kyNdr... ipMf c gurmiq pRcwr kyNdr Kulvwey [ies vkq kyNdr ivKy BweI crnjIq... ausy qrHW hI cly gey[ ies mOky gurduAwrw swihb dy pRDwn... mihmwnW nUM jI AwieAW ikhw[ ies smyN BweI dljIq isMG ib...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-24
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0.53/5
..., ~~ les po,lv”ir~ ~~e f}kire ~ies ~tablissements et Inissions Pour les... pr~coces qui firent jeter Ies yeux sur lui pour le... mission aux PP. J&suites; mais Ies sanvages se sent oppos6s & ce... difficult~s, en ce qui rcgarde Ies nlissionnaires des sauvages : “ J’ai regu... vous mandez :i M. Petit, ton chant Ies missions de 1’ Acadie; il serait... rivi&re Saint-Jean et Ies Micmacs, afin que l’on y ait... llrouillau, “ dent il requt toutes Ies ho}ln~tet4s possibles, et... ce qu’il a fait contre Ies Anglais cette :,nn~e, iI falldrait... de toute la rivibre, oh Ies sauvages sent souvent cabauds. “ Les..., ce qui choqua extr~mernent ies auciens, lesquels sent fort fervents... et leurs femmes itaient tous Ies jcurs toutes seules. 11s s’assembl... rester A la mer ou avec Ies autres Frangais, ajoutant qu’ils... peur et j’ai appr6hend6 que Ies Franqais qui m’ont alltrefois donn6... juger du trafic que font Ies missionnaires. Je ne puis dire... souffranees d’uu missionuaire pour tons Ies revenus de Ieur compagnie. t~ pour... lui au rninistbre des colol]ies. Afiu de mieux le perdre... le devoir et ils prenaielit Ies moyens de le remplir. M. de..., n’4tant pas autrement b~tie que Ies autres maisons, et que j’aurais... Croix, de la Rochelle. Jusque-l& Ies missiounaires et les cur6s de...; c’6tait suffisant ; mais avant de Ies faire partir, le SUp4 rie..., si on 4tait soutenu par Ies puissances. si j’avais une ann4e... disastre rctombait avant tout sur Ies cllnernis du bieu public. IIS... s6mi11aire de Saint-Sulpiee pour Ies l~csoills des missions et ]ui... ~ leurs missions. L~ gouverneur et l’intendaut Ies en ont tant press~s de... Portland des notes int6ressantes sur Ies Ab&nakis. qu’on retrouve...’il envisage les peiues et Ies d4penses qu’il lui faudra..., l’6v@que de Qu6bec 6tendit Ies pouvoirs de vicaire g6n6ral d6jh... roi lui ,eflt seulement euvoy~ (Ies armes et des munitions avec..., en forma divers partis et Ies lan~a sur les ennemis, dent... des Anglo-Anl&ricaills, puis Ies forcbrellt & lever le si&ge... cit4e, cinq cents 4CUS ponr Ies missions de l’Acadie. Les missionnaires... & faire une d~pense considerable clans Ies 266 LES SUI,PICIENS ET... voya.ges qu’ilfaitdans tous Ies lieux de sa mission. “ 11... munitions de toutes sortes, et Ies fon(ls n6cessaires pour lever... repreildre ce poste, avant qlle Ies ennernis y soient solidement. &tablis. La... plus les souteuir, l’abb6 ~aulin Ies rnaintenait attachds au catholicisme et...-Ecosse. On a trop &crit sur Ies premiers gouverneurs auglais de la... LES SULPICIESS ET LES PRfiTRES Ies hT6pissings qni en couql~rellt...-JoachiIn-de-lapointe-Claire. Dnrant Ies prerni~res ann~es qui... bizarrcs, bariol~s de toutes couleurs, Ies hommes v$tus, les uus & moitid & l’curop~enne, Ies autres de peaux de bates, Ies femmes enveloppdes en...,jourd’hui, le contact avec Ies blancs rendait. ce bien peu... de faire perdre aux Acadiens Ies droits et privil~ges qui... Breslay contre Its. violences et Ies accusations d’Armstrong. 11 u’est peut... ,. vie, de la culture et (Ies produits du SO1. Mais ce... /t un coup de main, si Ies Acadiens se soulevaieut, eeux de... de jardin, des 14gumes et Ies plus beaux choux qu’on... et au commerce quo ceux (Ies autres dtablissemellts, ce qui est... bestiaux, etc., et en rapportent (Ies draps et autrcs efiets, au... rien chez elle. Les Auglais, Ies Am4ricains, trouvent cela tout naturel... bien tautres qui rappellent A s’y ni4prendre Ies liabitudes et les m~urs simples...,usquet, oh s’~lbvent aujourd’hpi Ies jolis villages acadiens de Belleville... se ~rOire trausport~ i 31alpec parmi Ies bons .Micmacs de Ylle Saint... de lloyer, ressenlblaient ~ cellcs que Ies paysal~s norrnands coustruisaiellt Sou~ le... lucarnes, &taient couverts en chaurne ; Ies pignous, f:~isant sai]lie sur... rues du viilage et dora.i t Ies pirouettes des cheminges, c’est IA... document est sigll~ par tous Ies habitants de 1’ort-Ro~-al... vieillarcls les plLls ~g~s. Or sur Ies deux cent trois nonls que... poftaient sur la main, mais Ies officiers de la garnison avaient... deuil qui se r4pandit parmi Ies habitants de la paroisse quand... &tait and se d4fendre contre Ies accusations port6es coutre lui particulibrement... qui lui Ces promesses, on Ies .assurbrellt l’appui da clerg~. trouve... le rnonde 1. 11 porte que Ies Acadiens seraient “ exempls du fait... juge, ni qu’il soulev~t Ies sauvages ; 1— Arova Scotia” Avc?live... l’esprit de ses confrbres et h Ies prdjuger eontre instant. lui. Ses... de la marine h Paris ; mais Ies temps &taient bien chang4s. J,e grand... clans toutes les eirconstances et Ies grandes peines qu’il a souffertes... Louis ~KIlr avait r;ussi h regagller Ies bonnes. gr$ces (1u ministre... dignit~ de pr~tre clevant Ies pnissanees, ne sacrifia.nt jamais...



Дата загрузки: 2017-11-08
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0.1/5
... las instituciones de educación superior (ies), la creciente demanda social para... gestión, operación y resultados de las ies, así como una serie de...ías y problemas estructurales de las ies (como son los fondos de... los presupuestos ordinarios de las ies. No obstante, el Ejecutivo federal... dinámica de las propias ies. Los autores señalan que... académico de las propias ies. En la década de los... académico de las propias ies) y el menor peso que tienen... de instituciones de educación superior (ies) según sostenimiento, subsistema y año de fundaci... Nota: la información sobre las ies privadas de 1980 en adelante... la matrícula de las ies según tipo de sostenimiento, 1970...ÓN SUPERIOR 369 Normales particulares Otras IES públicas Universidades 37 990 (192... 105 (143) federales 398 063 (4) IES particulares 962 884 (1 485) Universidades...án incluidas en la categoría “Otras ies públicas”. La matrícula total...ón superior, 2008-2009 (número de ies por modalidad). nera muy pronunciada... en México. Reporte iesalc-unesco ies/2005/ed/pi/47, en... las instituciones de educación superior (ies), del Conacyt y los centros públicos...ón de los recursos públicos a las ies públicas. Durante este periodo se... superior a superior b investigación en ies c superior b investigación en ies c 1993 d 2003 d Cuadro... en educación superior más investigación en ies, en Salinas de Gortari, 2006... una década el número de ies se multiplicó por 2.4 para aproximarse...ícula: mientras en 1970 las ies del Distrito Federal atendían...ón de los recursos públicos a las ies, tras varios años de crecimiento... la situación financiera de las ies, vincular el financiamiento con la... los ingresos reales de las ies; también se planteaba mejorar los... sociedad”, la vinculación de las ies con la sociedad y el fortalecimiento..., productividad, eficiencia y calidad” de las ies. Pero el principal cambio consisti...ón política bilateral entre las ies y las autoridades gubernamentales. Tras las... calidad sometidos a concurso entre las ies (sep, 1995). En 1990 se...ó el financiamiento federal para las ies en términos absolutos, pero ante... sociedad civil, entre ellos las ies públicas y sus asociaciones, entraron en... aprobarse ampliaciones tanto para las ies como para el desarrollo de... gasto de investigación en las ies. Otra meta de financiamiento de.... Ha sido reclamo de las ies públicas eliminar la incertidumbre anual... e instituciones de educación superior mexicanas (ies). Las condiciones para el desempe... que casi llegaba a las 60 ies. En ese entonces, la tasa... millones: 9 800 623 individuos. Las ies ya se cuentan por miles... decenas (quizá 58) a millares:6 2 120 ies en 2006. 3]  Las plazas de... del tiempo (en ocasiones una ies es un campus, en otras...— e incluso se han contado las ies de acuerdo con el número... su texto (Mendoza, 2005), las ies eran, en 2008, 2 120, de... trabajo académico en las ies. Las instituciones pasan de 50... tocó las puertas de las ies. Por otro lado, una consecuencia... al salario dentro de las ies, que se podían acumular... caso a los patrones externos, las ies obtienen dinero adicional —una especie... realizan los doctores de las ies, que no es considerado del..., las instituciones de educación superior (ies) comenzaron a poner énfasis en el... para CyT Mundo académico IES Formación de recursos humanos Mundo... la poca vinculación entre las ies y el sistema de centros públicos... los programas educativos de las ies, así como el uso compartido... una vinculación más efectiva entre las ies y el sistema de centros públicos...ón e intercambio académico entre las ies y los centros públicos de investigaci... ampliar la capacidad de las ies a fin de que pudiesen generar... cuerpos académicos de las ies y centros de investigación. Por último... Distrito Cuarta etapa SEP Conacyt IES Mundo del trabajo (público y privado... las instituciones de educación superior (ies) en asamblea de la anuies...



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0.35/5
... persons within the appropriate party(ies) from whom the practitioner determines... assistance. Engaging party. The party(ies) that engages the practitioner to...’s report. Responsible party. The party(ies) responsible for the subject matter... standards, references to appropriate party(ies) should be read hereafter as... persons within the appropriate party(ies) from whom the practitioner determines... matter with the appropriate party(ies) and should determine a. whether the... basis by the appropriate party(ies)’s internal control (control risk) b. Risk... another third party. Appropriate Party(ies) (Ref: par. .11) .A18 Management... matter with the appropriate party(ies); b. reevaluate the integrity of those... partner for the appropriate party(ies) is relevant  The engagement process...’s understanding of the appropriate party(ies) and its (their) environment, including... planning with the appropriate party(ies) to facilitate the conduct and... matter with the appropriate party(ies).  request that the responsible party...  inquire of the appropriate party(ies) about any known interests or relationships that the appropriate party(ies) has with the practitioner’s external... relationships with the appropriate party(ies) of which that specialist is... and outside the appropriate party(ies). Also, information that may be... engaged by the appropriate party(ies). Evidence comprises both information that..., refusal by the appropriate party(ies) to provide a requested representation) is... sources outside the appropriate party(ies).  Evidence that is generated internally... matter with the appropriate party(ies) and requesting the appropriate party(ies)’s cooperation in whatever investigation or ... case by the appropriate party(ies) and the practitioner may vary... situation by the appropriate party(ies) to persons who would attach... imminent. If the appropriate party(ies) failed to take the necessary... structure of the responsible party(ies), which may vary by entity... following:  Requesting the appropriate party(ies) to consult with a qualified third..., such as the appropriate party(ies)’s legal counsel  Obtaining legal advice... contained on the appropriate party(ies)’s website. Websites are a means of... control of the appropriate party(ies). For example, documentation that the... matter with the appropriate party(ies), b. reevaluate the integrity of those... partner for the appropriate party(ies) is relevant  The engagement process...’s understanding of the appropriate party(ies) and its (their) environment, including... planning with the appropriate party(ies) to facilitate the conduct and... matter with the appropriate party(ies).  request that the responsible party... matter with the appropriate party(ies) and requesting the appropriate party(ies)’s cooperation in whatever investigation or ... case by the appropriate party(ies) and the practitioner may vary... situation by the appropriate party(ies) to persons who would attach... imminent. If the appropriate party(ies) failed to take the necessary... structure of the responsible party(ies), which may vary by entity... following:  Requesting the appropriate party(ies) to consult with a qualified third..., such as the appropriate party(ies)’s legal counsel  Obtaining legal advice... contained on the appropriate party(ies)’s website. Websites are a means of... imposed by the appropriate party(ies) after a review engagement has been... matter with the appropriate party(ies); b. reevaluate the integrity of those... structure of the responsible party(ies), which may vary by entity... by [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the audit committees... of [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the audit committees... by [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the boards of... of [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the boards of... by [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the Trustee of... of [identify the specified party(ies), for example, the Trustee of...



Дата загрузки: 2017-12-10
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0/5
... Poeta Julia García Felipe 21 IES Algarb | España Corazón de héroe... 50 Claudia Álvarez Pujol 51 IES Sandoval y Rojas | España Emigrantes David... Laura Florit González 70 IES Josep Pla | Espanya Egoista casualitat.... Paul’s School | Spain Warsaw suite IES Laguna de Joatzel | Spain October... i empresa | Espanya Nits de soledat IES Juan Manuel Zafra | Espanya Conte... de seda IES Josep Serrat i Bonastre | Espanya Boirina d’estiu IES de Torredembarra... PARTICIPANTES ESCUELAS PARTICIPANTES Seseña España IES Margarita Salas 20 Casp-Sagrat...ña 71 I.E.S. Valdebernardo Madrid España 72 IES Alba del Vallès Sant Fost de Ca España 73 Ies Algarb Rosario Argentina 74 56... Salines España IES Antoni de Martí i Franquès Tarragona España IES Arxiduc Llu...ón 14 ESCUELAS PARTICIPANTES a Edición 76 IES As Telleiras  Naron (San Xulian... 94 IES Josep Pla Barcelona España 77 IES Bisbe Sivilla 95 IES Josep Serrat i Bonastre 78 IES de Castellbisbal 96 IES Juan Manuel Zafra 79 IES de Sabadell 97 IES...ña Castellbisbal España Sabadell España 80 IES de Torredembarra Torredembarra España Barcelona...ña Barcelona España Olot España 98 IES La Vall de Tenes Santa... Ronçana España 81 IES de Vilalonga  99 IES Llagostera Vilalonga (San Pedro p.) España Llagostera España 82 IES El Cairat 100 IES Lluís de Peguera 83 IES Emperador Carles 101 IES...ña ‘Sant Sadurní d’Anoia España 85 IES Francesc Ribalta Lleida España 86... Martí i Carreras Palafrugell España 87 IES Gabriel Ferrater i Soler Reus España 88 IES Guillem de Berguedà Berga España 89 IES Infanta Isabel d’Aragó Barcelona Espa...ís Vic España 91 IES Jaume I Salou España 92 IES Jaume Salvador i Pedrol Sant Joan d’Espi España 93 IES Joan Puig i Ferreter 154 La... España Artés España 102 IES Montsoriu 84 IES Escola Intermunicipal del Pened...úcies España 103 IES Penyagolosa Castellón España 104 IES Politécnico Las... de Gran Canaria España 105 IES Ribeira do Louro  Porriño (Santa Maria p.) España 106 IES Sandoval y Rojas Aranda de Duero España 107 IES Vila de Gràcia Barcelona España 112 IES La Senia Villanueva de Castellon... España 130 Las Adoratrices 115 IES Alto Palancia 125 La Purisima... de Cassà Paiporta España 113 IES Vicente Gandia 14 Las Palmas...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.11/5
..., NCIP-DCPEM – (ÁGG) Ármann Höskuldsson, IES – (ÁH) Árni Sigurðsson, IMO – (ÁS) Benedikt...óttir, IES – (ESE) Eyjólfur Magnússon, IES – (EM) Freysteinn Sigmundsson, IES – (FS) Guðrún Larsen, IES – (GL) Gu... Ólafsdóttir, IES – (RÓ) Rikke Pedersen, IES – (RP) Sigrún Hreinsdóttir, IES – (SHr) Sigr..., IMO – (TFH) Þórdís Högnadóttir, IES – (ÞH) Þórður Arason, IMO – (ÞA) © Icelandic Meteorological.............................................................................................................13
 1.1 GEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW........................................................................................14
 2
 IMO, IES AND NCIP-DCPEM – A SHORT OVERVIEW... lava runout...............62
 4.3.4
 Response of IES ........................................................................................62
 4.3.5
 Response of the NCIP... of IMO ......................................................................................92
 4.4.5
 Response of IES ........................................................................................93
 4.4.6
 Response of the NCIP... model ....................................................................................118
 5.2.3
 Communication between IMO, IES and NCIP-DCPEM........................120
 5.2.4
 Communication between IES and other institutes ..................................120
 5.2.5
 Other... status reports from IMO and IES ......................................................159
 6.10
 Observations made by... 21 March Civil Protection contacted IES requesting that a volcanologist with knowledge... Guard Dash 9 aircraft (see chapter 6). IES volcanologists manned these flights. The... from IMO and IES. Scientists at IMO and IES conferred continuously with... of the eruption. 5.2.4 Communication between IES and other institutes The Institute... mainly occurred through collaboration between IES, Icelandic Civil Aviation Authority (now....3.2010 IES ÞJ Fimmvörðuháls 23.3.2010 IES ÞJ Fimmvörðuháls IES SRG... measurements Sampling Crater observations 1.4.2010 IES ÁH, OLS, SS ÞÞ Fimmvörðuháls... 13.4.2010 IES ÁH, ÞJ ÞÞ and others IES ESE, IWG, MH, SS IES SS IES HN... of lavastreams IES BO IES BVÓ, BÓ, GMS, TJ 14.4.2010 IES SRG, HAA Markarfljót 15.4.2010 IES...íð Jökulhlaup monitoring IES HK EI journalist Markarfljót River sampling IES ÁH, GL, MH....4.2010 IES ERG, HN, ÍÖB and others IES AST, ÁKS, EI, HSK IES ÞJ Dyrh... temperature River sampling Conductivity IES ÁH, SS, MH IES ALE, ESE, IWG South... 24.4.2010 IES GÖB, GL, GSV, SNG IES ÁH, OLS ÞÞ Mýrdalssandur Tephra sampling IES IMO... GPS station serviced Seismometers serviced IES SHR Steinsholt GPS station serviced... sampling Conductivity 4.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ and others 5.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ Fimmvörðuh... Doppler-radar measurements of plume IES ÞÞ Vík Aerosol measurements with The Environment Agency of Iceland 6.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ Around Eyjafjallajökull Tephra... stations serviced IES ÞJ Sólheimaheiði Skógaheiði-Rvík IES AA journalist IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ 26... including bombs Thermal camera observations IES AA journalist Hamragarðaheiði Þorvaldseyri... Lahar mapping Risk assessment IES GL, GSV IES MH and others South... Risk assessment 27.5.2010 IES ÁH, SS 28.5.2010 IES ÁH, SS 26.5.2010... station installed Seismometers installed 3.6.2010 IES GSV, ÞÁ Svaðbælisá Lahar and... Lahar mapping 28.6.2010 IES SS 8.7.2010 IES BO, EM, GMS, ÞÁ Eyjafjallaj... IES SS Tephra sampling 10.8.2010 IES SS Tephra sampling 11.8.2010 IES SS Tephra sampling 12.8.2010 IES... IES IMO EM, MTG, ÞH GBG 26.3.2010 IES 31.3.2010 IES IMO 7.4.2010 IES 19.3.2010 IES 21.3.2010 IES IES IES IMO 22.3.2010 IES IMO IES 14.4.2010 IES IES... IMO JH, ÁS, MJR IES IMO BGÓ, ÞJ JH, KV IES IMO BO, EM...æðisheiði with ICG helicopter IES IMO IMO IES IMO IJ, MTG, ÞH ÓSA..., TF-SIF 20.4.2010 IES IMO IES IMO IES IMO Observation flight with... with Eagle Air Iceland IES IMO 17.4.2010 IES IES IMO 18.4.2010... Iceland 26.4.2010 IES IMO 27.4.2010 IES IMO IES IMO BO, MTG... flight with ICG, TF-SIF IES IMO IES IMO BO, EM MJR....5.2010 IES 25.5.2010 11.6.2010 IES IMO IES 17.6.2010 IES IMO IES IMO IES... Guard IES Institute of Earth Sciences IMO Icelandic Met Office IES IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IES IES AA ALE... GÖB IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IES... Martin Hensch IMO IES IMO IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IES IMO IMO MJR... SRG SHJ SÁ IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IMO IES Matthew James Roberts...