Двигательная установка. IES. [Редактировать]

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Тяга, мН20
2Удельный импульс, метра в секунду22000
3Мощность, Вт800

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «IES». [Перейти к поиску]


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0.45/5
JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 HR Image .../11/2015 Int. ref: http://ies-intranet/h04/apps/Chrono/21450... file://S:\FMPArchive\C\16083.doc EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... the CAP checks .................................................................................................. 18 JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 2 HR profile-based technical specifications EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data.../2015 5.3 21/11/2015 JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 Final review...-based technical specifications EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... IDQA Input Data Quality Assessment IES Institute for Environment and Sustainability..., NG-LIO.NET, G4CAP JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 Image Provider... of image acquisition 4 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS Unit, JRC IES MS MS Administration ( or its... MS Contractor JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 5 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... [ref. 4]. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 6 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and... performing the CAP Checks). JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 7 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data ... from 2015 campaign on. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 8 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data ... zone definition parameters are: JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 9 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data ... DVD. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 10 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... close and open again JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 11 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... window. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 12 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... window). JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 13 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... excess. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 14 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... 11]. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 15 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... name. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 16 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... DS, all rights reserved JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 Commented [PA1... to check 17 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... within the CAP checks JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 18 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... responsibles and e-mail addresses 15.1 IES / image acquisition: par-johan.astrand@jrc.ec.europa.eu 15.2 IES / CAP related issues: philippe.loudjani... Administration. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 19 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... purchase administered by the JRC IES: a. FWC for supply of SRS.../eula. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 20 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth...-Checking-of-Ortho-Imagery JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 21 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... 18.1) JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 22 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... in G4CAP/NGLio/G-Lio JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 Comment 23...-based technical specifications EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data.../Located_G eometric_Values[LOCATION_TYPE='Cent JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 90 //Dataset_Sources...-based technical specifications EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... 2 BAND INDEX 3 BAND DESCRIPTION 3 JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 Number of...-based technical specifications EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... Ortho WKT IMAGE FORMAT JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 SPOT6/7 Dimap... processing the imagery? EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth and Reference Data... product. JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 27 EC-JRC-IES- Digital Earth... CwRS 80x80. (end document) JRC/IES/H06/2015/21450 28



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0/5
... Abstract A microwave Ion Engine System (IES) has been developed in the... well as bus interfaces. This IES constitutes 4 ion thrusters on a radiation.... The MUSES-C mission requires the IES to generate thrust of about...) discharge type Ion Engine System (IES).1,2 It will be launched by.... 1, will be propelled by this IES from the Earth escape until... at least about 1 week. The IES baking will begin in order... of the round-trip the IES is operated between 3 engines at... spacecraft will coast with the IES deactivated while the spacecraft encounters... of MUSES-C orbit planning ( IES thrusting,, IES coasting, Earth swing-by, Middle... after the design fixation. The IES will carry out a mission ∆V of... (NEUT) each installed on the IES. At the Fig. 3 MUSES-C Spacecraft... W at 1.0 AU. The IES is mounted on an IES plate which has... installed on the gymbal plate (IES plate) with their neutralizer. This... in ± 5°. During the flight the IES thrust vector is controlled so... by this gymbal mechanism. The IES is installed on the spacecraft... chamber. Table 1 Weight breakdown of IES components. (As of Jan. 2003). Item Quantity ITCU (IES Thruster Control Unit) OSC (Oscillator... Amplifier) CPBX (Coupler Box) IPPU (IES Power Processing Unit) RLBX (Relay...) ITR (Ion Thruster) IES-PLT (IES Plate) IPM (IES Pointing Mechanism) ITA-MINT...) ITA-EINT (ITA Electrical Interface) IES-EINT (IES Electrical Interface) 1 1 4 4 3 1 1 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 kg 3.50... at least 100 MHz. The IES dry weight is 59.19... HCE : Heater Control Unit IPU : IES Power Unit ITA : Ion Thruster... Fig. 5 IES system block diagram. 3. IES Operation 3.1 IES On-Orbit Operation The IES operation... (Data Handling Unit) and ITCU (IES Thruster Control Unit). The former... turn-on or -off the IES without any feedback while the... will begin to activate IPPU (IES Power Processing Unit). If the... mode. To turn-off the IES or an individual ITR, the... packet, the DHU makes the IES reconfigure for backup so that... the temperature somewhere in the IES exceeds the upper limit, the... and the IPPU namely the IES ceases its operation. Usually the.... The monitor data of the IES from the ITCU via the... used for the notification of IES operation records to the orbit... 4 s partition is always overwritten. Fig. 6 IES operational command sequence and hardware... is generated to reconfigure the IES and the overwrite is inhibited... than the reconfiguration of IES are the IES hold for unloading of.... The communication links during the IES cruising constitutes 1 week routine period... bps command link, and the IES operation is completely hold because... (Medium Gain Antenna), and the IES does not accelerate the beam... the above periods during the IES operation, co-operations of the... out. In this test the IES provided a mechanical test model (MTM... Control Unit) which is the IES control unit was tested to...) microwave amplifiers and PM IPPU (IES Power Processing Unit) are hooked... system and the subsystems including IES. In this test it was... possibility of noise interference of IES with the star tracker and... (Propellant Management Unit) for the IES were constructed into the spacecraft.... As for the IES individual tests, the IPPUs (IES Power Processing Unit... on a gymbal end test of IES firing inside a thermal vacuum plate.... for their cooperative work in IES development. References 1. Toki, K., Kuninaka, H., Nishiyama...



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0.91/5
... of many human activ it ies, it also impinges on the... organiz ation, sports fac ilit ies and equipment, logistics and spons... ease of sports activ it ies in time and place (w here... a matter of principle (all s pec ies hav e the r ight to ex... and micro-or ganism communit ies, and their non-living environment... patterns. The composition of spec ies of trees in forests, for... world") Spor ts activ it ies c an be classified by the... the natural s etting. Large facilit ies implying a general tr ansfor mation... , e.g. jogging in s mog-polluted cit ies or canoeing in bacter iologic... CULTURAL HERITAGE Loc al communit ies have a vital role to play... ENVIRO NM ENT Most countr ies have enacted spec ific legis... ernments set up environmental ministr ies and agencies entr usted w ith... International Trade in Endangered Spec ies of Wild Fauna and Flor... law , and all the countr ies w ho hav e ratified s uc h c onv... the objec tiv es, polic ies and mechanis ms agr eed... e the envir onment. Collective responsibilit ies Organizat ional responsibilities Being aw... prov id ed by ministr ies of the envir onment, national... al authorities and public utilit ies dealing w ith w ater, electric ity... main concepts. Below are a ser ies of potential c onc epts: - strengthen... reques ted by author it ies befor e they iss ue a building... ent: - legal and physical boundar ies, priv ate holdin gs and... r estor e exis ting fac ilit ies • siz ing of the fac... e nois e and disturbanc e d) Special f acilit ies Fac ilities ar e different and... the ISO 14,000 ser ies of envir onmental management standar.... The ISO 14,000 ser ies of standar ds ar e developed... of some 120 c ountr ies. This ser ies of standards aims to... pow er for our industr ies. In most parts of the... management ensures that w aste quantit ies are kept to a strict minimum... of exis ting fac ilit ies • use prov isional and module... regional, national envir onmental agenc ies , local author ities and public... paper, glass, PET bottles, batter ies, aluminium, iron, electric cables and... otected ar eas and s pec ies, w etlands , fragile mountain ar eas... olves the reuse of facilit ies w herev er applicable, the res... w ithin species, betw een spec ies and ec osystems, and the... var iability of eac h s pec ies. Biological resources: inc ludes genetic... and micr oor ganism communit ies and their non- liv ing.... Wastew ater: w ater that carr ies w astes from homes , business es...



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... characteristic 2 2way Doppler(O-C)[mm/s] IES OFF IES Triple thrusters operation testing Jan... represents the IES thrust of 28.0mN IES Propulsive operation start IES All... TCMs in EDVEGA Phase Event IES ΔV #1 IES ΔV #2 IES-TCM Period Mar.3-9, 2015 Jun... which the ion engine system (IES) was turned on for the... December 2326. The four thrusters (IES Thruster-A/B/C/D) were turned on one... inter-subsystem testing was the IES/AOCS-coordinated operation, in which the two-axis IES gimbal should be controlled so... rotation speed, compensating for fluctuating IES thrust level. The multiple thruster... successfully (Fig.4). As the final IES test in the commissioning phase... phase. Major Ion Engine System (IES) operation was conducted in March... small trajectory correction maneuver using IES was done in September. Total... has been evolved by the IES operation since launch toward EGA... orbital plane. Then a high-duty IES-powered cruise will be started... deterministic trajectory correction maneuver by IES (IES-TCM) is added 3 months before.... It is expected that the IES-TCM can reduce the guidance error produced in the prior IES ΔVs. Unlike the RCS thrusters... degree-of-freedom motion), the IES of the Hayabusa2 spacecraft provides... the trajectory error. Moreover, the IES operation requires high speed communication... potential guidance error with using IES, a trajectory de-optimization strategy was... at the IES ΔV #2 could be compensated by limited-directional IES-TCM with... required additional 1.3m/s acceleration by IES, which was conducted on September 1-2, 2015. This IES-TCM operation has successfully reduced... on Earth B-Plane (a) B-plane based IES-TCM design, showing efficient ΔV direction... B-plane, showing that adding the IES-TCM results in shrinking the... to the insertion of the IES-TCM as described above, the...



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... Carlton 2002). The frugivorous butterflies, in particular, have been bene... mashed, fermented banana, and butterflies were collected the following day...fication. Species identifications Butterflies were identified using a variety... internationally recognized authority on butterflies of West Africa and elsewhere...% of the fruit-feeding butterflies known from these two forest... resident community of fruitfeeding butterflies attracted to our traps had... of these large, robust butterflies, or sacred groves facilitate dispersal... 4: 35–55. D’Abrera B. 1981. Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region. Landsdowne Press, Melbourne. D’Abrera B. 1997. Butterflies of the Afrotropical Region, Part.... The Concise Atlas of Butterflies of the World. Hill House... of fruit-feeding nymphalid butterflies in a Cost Rican rainforest. Journal... dimensions of fruit-feeding butterflies from two Ecuadorian rainforests. Biological... of fruit-feeding Nymphalid butterflies in south-eastern Cote d’Ivoire... stratification of fruitfeeding butterflies in a managed West African rainforest... Chey V.K. 2003. Ecology of butterflies in natural and selectively logged...: Bauer E. and Frankenbach T. (eds), Butterflies of the World, Part 4, Nymphalidae...: Bauer E. and Frankenbach T. (eds), Butterflies of the World, Part 9, Nymphalidae...: Bauer E. and Frankenbach T. (eds), Butterflies of the World, Part 15.... Henning S.F. 1988. The Charaxinae Butterflies of Africa. Aloe Books, Capetown... M. 2001. Ecology of tropical butterflies in rainforest gaps. Oecologia 128...–1469. Larsen T.B. 1994. The Butterflies of Ghana – Their Implications for..., Ghana. Larsen T.B. 2001. The Butterflies of Ankasa/Nini-Suhien and... Northumbrian Ltd. Larsen T.B. 2005. Butterflies of West Africa. Apollo Books... Ecology and Behaviour of Butterflies in the Tropics with Special... G. and Terborgh J.W. 1999. Frugivorous butterflies in Venezuelan forest fragments: abundance... selective logging on the butterflies of a Bornean rainforest. Conservation Biology...



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0.36/5
... (ASTM) 5.2.2 Institute of Environmental Sciences (IES) 5.3 Selected Public Domain References 5.3.1 Molecular... FPA GC GN2 HDBK HEPA IES IR JSC MIL MLI MWIR..., 1993. 5.2.2 Institute of Environmental Sciences (IES) IES-RP-CC001.3, Recommended Practice, HEPA and ULPA Filters, 1995. IES-RP-CC002-86, Recommended Practice... Flow Clean Air Devices, 1986. IES-RP-CC003.2, Garment System Consdierations... and Other Controlled Environments, 1993. IES-RP-CC004.2, Evaluating Wiping Materials... and Other Controlled Environments, 1992. IES-RP-CC005.2, Cleanroom Gloves and Finger Cots, 1994. IES-RP-CC006.2, Testing Cleanrooms, 1993...-CC007.1, Testing ULPA Filters, 1992. IES-RP-CC008-84, Recommended Practice, Gas-Phase Adsorber Cells, 1984. IES-RP-CC009.2, Compendium of Standards... Relating to Contamination Control, 1993. IES-RP-CC011.2, A Glossary of Terms... Relating to Contamination Control, 1995. IES-RP-CC012.1, Considerations in Cleanroom Design, 1992 IES-RP-CC013-86-T, Recommended Practice... Calibration or Validation Procedures, 1986. IES-RP-CC015-87-T, Recommended Practice... Guidelines for the Aerospace Community IES-RP-CC016.1, The Rate of... Nonvolatile Residue in Cleanrooms, 1992. IES-RP-CC018.2, Cleanroom Housekeeping - Operating and Monitoring Procedures, 1992. IES-RP-CC020-88-T, Recommended Practice... for Documentation in Cleanrooms, 1988. IES-RP-CC021.1, Testing HEPA and ULPA Filter Media, 1994. IES-RP-CC022.1, Electrostatic Charging in... and Other Controlled Environments, 1992. IES-RP-CC023.1, Microorganisms in Cleanrooms, 1993. IES-RP-CC024.1, Measuring and Reporting Vibration in Microelectronic Facilities, 1993. IES-RP-CC025, Swabs in Cleanrooms, 1994. IES-RP-CC026, Cleanroom Operations, 1994...



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0.41/5
.... Sa publication sur papier a ferme Ies portes a l'utilisation electronique d'une information... ce corpus de reference a pousse Ies historiens du livre a interroger les.... Sa publication sur papier a ferme Ies portes a l'utilisation electronique d'une information... ce corpus de reference a pousse Ies historiens du livre a interroger les... entourant les dates d'activite et Ies adresses successives des personnages repertories... entourant les dates d'activite et Ies adresses successives des personnages repertories... l'un a l'autre et en conformant Ies donnees ainsi versees a la structure... phase de chargement qui a suivi, Ies notices du service devenaient accessibles... l'un a l'autre et en conformant Ies donnees ainsi versees a la structure... phase de chargement qui a suivi, Ies notices du service devenaient accessibles...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.13/5
..., NCIP-DCPEM – (ÁGG) Ármann Höskuldsson, IES – (ÁH) Árni Sigurðsson, IMO – (ÁS) Benedikt...óttir, IES – (ESE) Eyjólfur Magnússon, IES – (EM) Freysteinn Sigmundsson, IES – (FS) Guðrún Larsen, IES – (GL) Gu... Ólafsdóttir, IES – (RÓ) Rikke Pedersen, IES – (RP) Sigrún Hreinsdóttir, IES – (SHr) Sigr..., IMO – (TFH) Þórdís Högnadóttir, IES – (ÞH) Þórður Arason, IMO – (ÞA) © Icelandic Meteorological.............................................................................................................13
 1.1 GEOLOGICAL OVERVIEW........................................................................................14
 2
 IMO, IES AND NCIP-DCPEM – A SHORT OVERVIEW... lava runout...............62
 4.3.4
 Response of IES ........................................................................................62
 4.3.5
 Response of the NCIP... of IMO ......................................................................................92
 4.4.5
 Response of IES ........................................................................................93
 4.4.6
 Response of the NCIP... model ....................................................................................118
 5.2.3
 Communication between IMO, IES and NCIP-DCPEM........................120
 5.2.4
 Communication between IES and other institutes ..................................120
 5.2.5
 Other... status reports from IMO and IES ......................................................159
 6.10
 Observations made by... 21 March Civil Protection contacted IES requesting that a volcanologist with knowledge... Guard Dash 9 aircraft (see chapter 6). IES volcanologists manned these flights. The... from IMO and IES. Scientists at IMO and IES conferred continuously with... of the eruption. 5.2.4 Communication between IES and other institutes The Institute... mainly occurred through collaboration between IES, Icelandic Civil Aviation Authority (now....3.2010 IES ÞJ Fimmvörðuháls 23.3.2010 IES ÞJ Fimmvörðuháls IES SRG... measurements Sampling Crater observations 1.4.2010 IES ÁH, OLS, SS ÞÞ Fimmvörðuháls... 13.4.2010 IES ÁH, ÞJ ÞÞ and others IES ESE, IWG, MH, SS IES SS IES HN... of lavastreams IES BO IES BVÓ, BÓ, GMS, TJ 14.4.2010 IES SRG, HAA Markarfljót 15.4.2010 IES...íð Jökulhlaup monitoring IES HK EI journalist Markarfljót River sampling IES ÁH, GL, MH....4.2010 IES ERG, HN, ÍÖB and others IES AST, ÁKS, EI, HSK IES ÞJ Dyrh... temperature River sampling Conductivity IES ÁH, SS, MH IES ALE, ESE, IWG South... 24.4.2010 IES GÖB, GL, GSV, SNG IES ÁH, OLS ÞÞ Mýrdalssandur Tephra sampling IES IMO... GPS station serviced Seismometers serviced IES SHR Steinsholt GPS station serviced... sampling Conductivity 4.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ and others 5.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ Fimmvörðuh... Doppler-radar measurements of plume IES ÞÞ Vík Aerosol measurements with The Environment Agency of Iceland 6.5.2010 IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ Around Eyjafjallajökull Tephra... stations serviced IES ÞJ Sólheimaheiði Skógaheiði-Rvík IES AA journalist IES ÁH, MH, ÞJ 26... including bombs Thermal camera observations IES AA journalist Hamragarðaheiði Þorvaldseyri... Lahar mapping Risk assessment IES GL, GSV IES MH and others South... Risk assessment 27.5.2010 IES ÁH, SS 28.5.2010 IES ÁH, SS 26.5.2010... station installed Seismometers installed 3.6.2010 IES GSV, ÞÁ Svaðbælisá Lahar and... Lahar mapping 28.6.2010 IES SS 8.7.2010 IES BO, EM, GMS, ÞÁ Eyjafjallaj... IES SS Tephra sampling 10.8.2010 IES SS Tephra sampling 11.8.2010 IES SS Tephra sampling 12.8.2010 IES... IES IMO EM, MTG, ÞH GBG 26.3.2010 IES 31.3.2010 IES IMO 7.4.2010 IES 19.3.2010 IES 21.3.2010 IES IES IES IMO 22.3.2010 IES IMO IES 14.4.2010 IES IES... IMO JH, ÁS, MJR IES IMO BGÓ, ÞJ JH, KV IES IMO BO, EM...æðisheiði with ICG helicopter IES IMO IMO IES IMO IJ, MTG, ÞH ÓSA..., TF-SIF 20.4.2010 IES IMO IES IMO IES IMO Observation flight with... with Eagle Air Iceland IES IMO 17.4.2010 IES IES IMO 18.4.2010... Iceland 26.4.2010 IES IMO 27.4.2010 IES IMO IES IMO BO, MTG... flight with ICG, TF-SIF IES IMO IES IMO BO, EM MJR....5.2010 IES 25.5.2010 11.6.2010 IES IMO IES 17.6.2010 IES IMO IES IMO IES... Guard IES Institute of Earth Sciences IMO Icelandic Met Office IES IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IES IES AA ALE... GÖB IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IMO IMO IES IES... Martin Hensch IMO IES IMO IMO IMO IES IES IES IES IES IMO IES IES IMO IMO MJR... SRG SHJ SÁ IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IES IES IES IES IMO IES IMO IMO IES Matthew James Roberts...



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0.12/5
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... the fou r different control strateg ies 77 Ta ble 5 . 2 N u mber o f badgers... i n fection u nder d i fferent control strateg ies Ta ble 53. Patterns of... 7.8 B adger management and control strateg ies 12 6 7.9 D i agnos tic tests 13... for MA F F. Other w i l d l ife spec ies a l so ca rry t h e d i sease, and.... Both of the c u l l i n g pol ic ies should i ncl ude l actating sows... d i sti n guish the two spec ies. In the U K, h u m a n d i sease caused by...; (iv) a focus on transmission stud ies; (v) research on badger d i sturbance to... out a l l t h i s work itse l f and rel ies on Crown i m m u n i ty u nder the... 1 . 5 . 2). 1 .9.4 Badgers are not a n endangered spec ies and the badger protection legislation..., u n iversities and other fu n d i n g agenc ies to deve lop a better co... cattle and from other spec ies to cattle. Sections 2 .4 and 2 . 5 respect... potential i m portance of these spec ies in transm ittin g infection to... acco u nt for each spec ies i n c l u d i n g : (i) prevalence of M. bovis i nfection; (ii... o n infectivity ; ( i i i ) abunda nce of t h e spec ies; and (i v) the extent of contact... ities for potential reservoi r spec ies shou l d be obta i ned i n the... the risk 2.2.1 0 C lea rly, spec ies with h igher i n fection preva lences... the same spec ies and of d i fferent spec ies. A ti me series... (assu m i ng that a l l w i l d l ife spec ies present were suffic ientl y sampled... adequate l y cover other w i l d l ife spec ies. N everthe less, the strength of... study (paragraphs 2 .4 .4 and 2 .4 . 5 ) . ( i i) I ntervention stud ies should have control as we... 2 . 5 . 1 1 and Cha pter 5 ) . ( i i i ) A l l w i l d l ife spec ies shou ld be assessed in... M i d l a nds (Table 3 . 1 ). Deta i led stud ies i n parti c u l a r sites su pport the... based largely upon n i ne stu d ies (see Table 3 . 2 ) . More i nfo rmation... safe from predatio n . 3.3.7 I ntensive stud ies show that badger po pulation... (Cheeseman et al. 1 98 1 ). 3.4. 1 0 Stud ies at Woodchester Park show a s i m i lar... 1 9 7 3 , M A F F has adopted a n u m ber of strateg ies to atte mpt to red... l y general effects of these strateg ies upon badger pop u l ations. Large... gass i n g a nd clean ring strateg ies (see paragraphs 5 .4. 1 1 and 5 . 4 . 1 2 and Table... reactivation of infection. Analogous strateg ies can be used for M. bovis... which mycobacterial stra i n s c ross spec ies barriers. Molecular typing tools 4.4.2 Cu... rinting (see Append i x 12), rel ies o n detecting variations in the n u m ber... because only a low n u m be r o f cop ies o f t h e D N A i n sert a re fo und in... i n biological properties (v iru lence, spec ies-spec ificity, etc .) between stra... wo u l d accord w i t h a reservo i r i n a w i l d l ife spec ies s u c h as t h e badger, which rare l y makes... of herd breakdowns. 4.6.1 2 I n itial stud ies of the assoc iation between... chapter assesses previous control strateg ies a n d reco mmends a scientifi ca l l y based... for removal? 5.2.2 Different control strateg ies ta rgeted different groups of... i ng or clean ring strateg ies ( 1 km2 compared to 9 k m 2 ) . How long.... 5.4.2 None of the contro l strateg ies h ave been assessed in a properly.... We propose that three strateg ies s h o u l d b e compared : (i) a reactive strategy, which i nc... t h e c l ea n ring and i nteri m strateg ies suggest that no more than... different cu 11 i ng strateg ies (section 5 . 2 and paragraphs 5 .4.2 a nd 5 . 6 . 1 ) . 5.8.2 The... section 6.5 consid ers other strateg ies for biological control of M . bovis... vis in nasal secretions. 6.2.2 Stud ies of expe rimenta l l y infected cattle...). 6.3 TB diagnosis 6.3.1 Two general strateg ies are ava i l able for d i agnosis.... Prospects for improved tests 6.3. 1 6 Strateg ies for deve lopme nt of... eva l uated i n experimental c h a l l enge stu d ies i n t h e target host t o esta b l i s h appropri ate... a rad ical a l teration i n prospects o r strateg ies for control of TB i n cattle... or d i agnosis of this spec ies (paragraphs 6 . 4 . 2 3 and 6 . 4 . 3 7 ) . 6.6.9 Effective l i a i son between... fol lows. (i) L i m ited l aboratory stud ies h ave demonstrated that badgers c a n transmit... and transmission from w i l d l ife spec ies other than badgers. The present... of the w i l d l ife . 3.3 7.4 F ield stud ies of badgers 7.4.1 There is a cons... proactive a nd reactive c u l l ing strateg ies referred to in paragra ph... gassi n g and clea n ring strateg ies, in effect, e l i m i nated o r severe ly... cost-effectiveness) of d i fferent strateg ies a n d to prov ide a sound basis... block experiment of three strateg ies: a reactive c u l l ing strategy, a proactive c u l l i ng... lysis of the d i fferent strateg ies, i n c l u d i n g ' n o cu l l i ng'. Through appropri ate... best s u i ted for testing c u l l i n g strateg ies. The costs of exte n d i n g the... testing various proactive husbandry strateg ies should be explored with the... control than i n the other strateg ies (about 1 2 km2). Appe n d ix 4 • MAF... i n 1 993 a n d 1 99 5 . Other interested bod ies have been briefed, i n c l u d i n g the National...