Спутник ДЗЗ. IGS-Optical 5. [Редактировать]

IGS-Optical 5 это первый из третьего поколения японских оптических спутников дистанционного зондирования Земли. Спутник управляется из Cabinet Satellite Information Center. Спутник работает в интересах военного ведомства.

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип орбиты - НОО
2Страна производитель - Япония
3Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
4Тип оператора(владельца) - военные
5Все спутники ДЗЗ

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.272.41

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Танегасима
2Дата пуска2015-03-26
3Полезная нагрузка 1xIGS-Optical 5
4Ракета-носитель 1xH2A202

Найдено 418 документов по запросу «IGS-Optical 5». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
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... sensors, in the area of optical sensors, which is implemented commercially... as using 4 to 8 units of optical and radar satellites, are targeted... future, it is aimed that optical and radar sensors using a series... quality with enhanced resolution of optical stereo vision sensor by more.... Specifically, enhancement of resolution on optical sensors will allow not only... and improve the abilities of optical sensors (including hyper spectral sensor... aimed to improve resolution of optical, radar sensor and small-sized...-sized demonstration satellite equipped with optical sensors. ・ A data relay satellite "Kodama... enhancement of the resolution of optical and radar satellites which exceeds... "image data" 34 (acquired by optical sensors and radar sensors of... 2020 ALOS"Daichi"(optical/radar゙) ALOS-2(L band tadar) ALOS-3(optical) Terra(U.S.)(sensor... areas, etc. Data Relay Satellites 2-4 optical and L band radar satellites for... of ALOS continuously ASNARO(Small Optical Demonstration Satellite/tentative name) ASNARO... by optical and radar sensor, working together with private companies  2-4 optical and... and private sectors IGS(Optical-1) IGS(Optical-2) IGS(Optical-3) Satellite System for National Security IGS(Optical-4) ●National Security... disasters IGS(Optical-5) IGS(Optical) IGS(Radar-1) E Satellite System for National Security IGS(Radar-2) IGS(Radar-3) IGS(Radar... and enhancing the resolution Certification IGS(Radar) Certification research of sensors... Surface Contamination Sensor, refractor type optical sensor, uncooled infrared detector, high...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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... on the U.S. high-resolution electro-optical firms. The reader should  note... have mature commercial programs for optical, sub-meter imagery. Operators in... one-meter or better electro-optical imagery due to large U.S. defense...  sensors,  in  the  area  of  optical  sensors,  which  is  implemented commercially... that could provide 0.5m resolution  optical  imagery.    The  decision  fulfilled  the... Gaudin-Delrieu, The High Resolution Optical Instruments for the Pleiades HR... a fleet of three 0.5 meter resolution optical satellites called HiROS and was... with Industry for Its Own Optical Satellite System, SpaceNews, 19 October... with the pace for licensing optical systems (see text box below... the Next Generation of Electro-Optical Satellites, 7 April 2009. 192 Peter...  to  manufacture  a   new generation of optical sensors and instruments.” Experts at..., The CMOS Breakthrough For Space Optical Detection: Recent Advances and Short... EO small satellite platform and optical sensor suite, 27 May 2010... year through 2015. The ORS-1 optical satellite does not prove its..., Very High Resolution and 3D optical remote sensing solutions, 27-28... in collaboration with Israel, from optical to radar, is not a near... operate next-generation, national electro-optical satellites as agreed in 2009... the Next Generation of Electro-Optical Satellites, 7 April 2009. 372 Robert..., David Flynn, Charles Cox, Goodrich Optical and Space Systems Division, Reconnaissance... sources, other than high-resolution optical from DigitalGlobe and GeoEye, become..., about 15 percent of the optical market.400 The value of... intelligence need for high-resolution optical satellite imagery in this period... sales programs for sub-meter optical imagery. Competition  and  more  satellites... succeed448; Korea flies a 3rd generation optical Kompsat; Germany flies for itself...  NRO’s  so-called Next Generation Optical system includes a different optics supplier... B. deSelding, Germany Eyes High-Resolution Optical Imaging Satellites, SpaceNews, 10 June..., Very High Resolution and 3D Optical Remote Sensing Solutions, May 2008... intelligence use of high-resolution optical commercial imagery remains paramount. This... For example, licensing of 1 meter optical systems could be done by...  that  the  “sum  of  the  optical  and  radar   space-based and... example, in isolation as an optical alternative is not likely to... 2 and SAR Lupe. Both the optical and radar components of MUSIS... market share for high-resolution optical imagery. Morph  the  Pixel  Factory... capability, including optical, multispectral, and radar sensors. Fielding an optical system was... observation system with one-meter optical, and five-meter SAR satellites... joint effort to build an optical satellite imaging system.576 The... industry continued to work on optical satellite technology. German technology has... with Industry for Its Own Optical Satellite System, SpaceNews, 16 October...  is  considering  buying  a  Lockheed  Martin  optical  spy  satellite,  and later joining....612 A second U.S. company offered two optical satellites for about $300-350... competition, however, was limited to optical  sensing,  not  radar  imaging  systems...  an  indication  that   combinations of optical and radar imagery can service... on a common military satellite-supported optical and radar reconnaissance system; “The... images. 670 The satellite produced optical images claimed by the French...  is  “…huge  potential  for  combining   optical and radar data in many... 2015, assuming that a future commercial optical satellite known as ASNARO by.... Meanwhile, the Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) program focus of satellite imagery... of Japan’s  Information  Gathering  Satellite  (IGS)  system  first  launched  in  2003.... The satellite, which included both optical and radar sensors, was launched.... Page 100 Information Gathering Satellites (IGS), 2003-Present Japan’s  spy  satellite... due to available technology. The optical imagery would be about 1-meter... should launch four satellites (two optical and two radar), to obtain...).750 Moreover, the optical and radar sensors for IGS are mounted on... to distribute funds for the  IGS.    Moreover,  an  organization  of  “middlemen... launched the third IGS satellite. The satellite had an optical sensor. Someone... and one with an  experimental  optical  “apparatus”  to  test  an  improved... failed. 777 Moreover, the newest IGS optical satellite launched on 28 November... indicated that it used commercial optical imagery from the U.S. satellites Ikonos... Highly Classified Information Gathering Satellite IGS-5 Has Failed. http://forum.nasaspaceflight...  to  move  ahead  on  future  IGS   satellites with improved resolution.788... CSICE plans to launch an optical satellite with 0.4 meter resolution capability... ALOS-3 would have a 1 meter resolution optical sensor, and be launched later... al, A Conceptual Design of the Optical Satellite for the Post-ALOS... estimate of $1 billion for two optical and two radar satellites provided....”    This suggests that advancing the IGS system for national security, and...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-30
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0.03/5
... Agency CSO Composante spatiale optique (Optical Space Component) DARPA Defense Advanced... Organization ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile IGS Information Gathering Satellite (Japan) IIRS... Satellite System ISON International Scientific Optical Network ISR Intelligence, Surveillance and... Observer Research Foundation (India) ORFEO Optical and Radar Federated Earth Observation... system consisting of radar and optical sensors to allow the international... Surveillance (SBSS) system, “a constellation of optical sensing satellites to track and...,6 using satellites equipped with “an optical telescope that is highly responsive..., is a network of radar and optical sensors strategically located at more... as more than 20 optical and electro-optical facilities at various locations on Earth.34 The main optical... Space Situational Awareness Telescope, a 1-m Zeiss optical telescope, focuses on observations in... U.S. space surveillance catalog.48 Other optical sensors in Europe, including three... objects at once.54 Two optical telescopes at the Bisei Astronomical....165 The joint French-Italian Optical and Radar Federated Earth Observation... and affordable. In addition to optical photo images, synthetic aperture radar...: 1957-201111 Intelligence The first U.S. optical Corona satellites for imagery intelligence... imagery intelligence satellites through two optical systems known as Crystal and...-generation reconnaissance capabilities through electro-optical and radar remote sensing, was... USSR began using film-based optical imagery satellites in 1962 and... a film-based system.120 Russia’s optical imaging capabilities have declined since... two ZY-2 series transmitting-type optical imagery satellites in LEO that... France’s Pléiades dual-use optical remote sensing satellites.217 Austria... also been working on the optical and 122 Space Support for... optical component of MUSIS was expected to replace the French Helios-2 optical... gathering” remote sensing satellites—two optical and two radar—that were... called the Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) series and under the control... the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office, IGS 3A and 3B provide 123... the Korean Peninsula, but the IGS system provides a scan of the... program, operates the civilian Formosa-2 optical imaging satellite, which has a resolution... operates the dedicated military Ofeq optical imaging system, which provides both...-1A high resolution civil-military optical remote sensing satellite was launched... developed by EADS-Astrium; the optical system developer was Thales Alenia... two satellites for the CSO (Optical Space Component) Constellation, one Belgian... Japan launched two reconnaissance satellites: Optical-4 on a Japanese H-2A rocket on... satellites are part of the IGS system308 established in response to... already in orbit.310 The IGS system is designed to function... consisting of two satellites with optical sensors and two with radar... telescopes to rapidly adjust their optical components to compensate for distortions... capability. Similarly the USAF Starfire Optical Range at Kirtland Air Force... 5 ECA GEO 2011050A 9/23/2011 IGS-6A Government Reconnaissance Japan H2A... M GEO 2011075A 12/12/2011 IGS-7A Government Reconnaissance Japan H2A...,” Presentation given at Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference... articles. They are most likely optical imaging satellites. 200 158 John... Space To Deliver Very-HighResolution Optical Imaging Instrument To Astrium,” 11... 14. 234 Gunter Dirk Krebs, “IGS-Optical 1, 2,” Gunter’s Space Page, 4 January 2005....de/space/doc_sdat/igs-optical-1.htm. 235 Mark Wade, “IGS,” Astronautix, 2008, online: www.astronautix.com/craft/igs.htm. 236 Space Flight, “Japanese..., “Japanese H-2A Launches with New IGS Military Satellite,” NASA Spaceflight. com... Chris Bergin, “Japanese H-2A Lofts IGS (Radar-3) Satellite into Orbit,” NASA.../2011/12/japanese-h-2a-lofts-igs-radar-3satellite-into-orbit; Stephen... Paul Kallender-Umezu, “Japan Launches IGS Radar Reconnaissance Satellite,” Space News...: Review and Prospects for China’s Optical Instruments and Laser Weapons,” Defense...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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... Agency CSO Composante spatiale optique (Optical Space Component) DARPA Defense Advanced... Organization ICBM Intercontinental Ballistic Missile IGS Information Gathering Satellite (Japan) IIRS... Satellite System ISON International Scientific Optical Network ISR Intelligence, Surveillance and... Observer Research Foundation (India) ORFEO Optical and Radar Federated Earth Observation... system consisting of radar and optical sensors to allow the international... Surveillance (SBSS) system, “a constellation of optical sensing satellites to track and...,6 using satellites equipped with “an optical telescope that is highly responsive..., is a network of radar and optical sensors strategically located at more... as more than 20 optical and electro-optical facilities at various locations on Earth.34 The main optical... Space Situational Awareness Telescope, a 1-m Zeiss optical telescope, focuses on observations in... U.S. space surveillance catalog.48 Other optical sensors in Europe, including three... objects at once.54 Two optical telescopes at the Bisei Astronomical....165 The joint French-Italian Optical and Radar Federated Earth Observation... and affordable. In addition to optical photo images, synthetic aperture radar...: 1957-201111 Intelligence The first U.S. optical Corona satellites for imagery intelligence... imagery intelligence satellites through two optical systems known as Crystal and...-generation reconnaissance capabilities through electro-optical and radar remote sensing, was... USSR began using film-based optical imagery satellites in 1962 and... a film-based system.120 Russia’s optical imaging capabilities have declined since... two ZY-2 series transmitting-type optical imagery satellites in LEO that... France’s Pléiades dual-use optical remote sensing satellites.217 Austria... also been working on the optical and 122 Space Support for... optical component of MUSIS was expected to replace the French Helios-2 optical... gathering” remote sensing satellites—two optical and two radar—that were... called the Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) series and under the control... the Prime Minister’s Cabinet Office, IGS 3A and 3B provide 123... the Korean Peninsula, but the IGS system provides a scan of the... program, operates the civilian Formosa-2 optical imaging satellite, which has a resolution... operates the dedicated military Ofeq optical imaging system, which provides both...-1A high resolution civil-military optical remote sensing satellite was launched... developed by EADS-Astrium; the optical system developer was Thales Alenia... two satellites for the CSO (Optical Space Component) Constellation, one Belgian... Japan launched two reconnaissance satellites: Optical-4 on a Japanese H-2A rocket on... satellites are part of the IGS system308 established in response to... already in orbit.310 The IGS system is designed to function... consisting of two satellites with optical sensors and two with radar... telescopes to rapidly adjust their optical components to compensate for distortions... capability. Similarly the USAF Starfire Optical Range at Kirtland Air Force... 5 ECA GEO 2011050A 9/23/2011 IGS-6A Government Reconnaissance Japan H2A... M GEO 2011075A 12/12/2011 IGS-7A Government Reconnaissance Japan H2A...,” Presentation given at Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference... articles. They are most likely optical imaging satellites. 200 158 John... Space To Deliver Very-HighResolution Optical Imaging Instrument To Astrium,” 11... 14. 234 Gunter Dirk Krebs, “IGS-Optical 1, 2,” Gunter’s Space Page, 4 January 2005....de/space/doc_sdat/igs-optical-1.htm. 235 Mark Wade, “IGS,” Astronautix, 2008, online: www.astronautix.com/craft/igs.htm. 236 Space Flight, “Japanese..., “Japanese H-2A Launches with New IGS Military Satellite,” NASA Spaceflight. com... Chris Bergin, “Japanese H-2A Lofts IGS (Radar-3) Satellite into Orbit,” NASA.../2011/12/japanese-h-2a-lofts-igs-radar-3satellite-into-orbit; Stephen... Paul Kallender-Umezu, “Japan Launches IGS Radar Reconnaissance Satellite,” Space News...: Review and Prospects for China’s Optical Instruments and Laser Weapons,” Defense...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
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... Orbit GEODSS Ground-based Electro Optical Deep Space Surveillance GEOSS Global... Satellite System ISON International Scientific Optical Network ISRO Indian Space Research... system consisting of radar and optical sensors to allow the international... been described as “a constellation of optical sensing satellites to track and...,9 using satellites equipped with “an optical telescope that is highly responsive..., is a network of radar and optical sensors strategically located at more... systems – the Ground-based Electro Optical Deep Space Surveillance (GEODSS) system... and more than 20 optical and electro-optical facilities at 14 locations on Earth.33 The main optical... sky quickly and has existing optical telescope capabilities.41 The European... The Space Debris Telescope, a 1-m Zeiss optical telescope, focuses on observations in... space surveillance catalog.”45 Other optical sensors in Europe, including three... capabilities48 Country Amateur observers Bolivia* Optical Sensors n Radar Sensors Orbital Sensors... * Part of the International Scientific Optical Network (ISON) Since joining the..., which announced new investments in optical telescopes for debris monitoring in... loss of a data stream from optical or microwave instrumentation or by... number would include several new optical and radar satellites as part... its first space asset, an optical earth observation (EO) satellite called... Asian countries from their joint optical remote sensing satellite CBERS-2B... and affordable. In addition to optical photo images, synthetic aperture radar... President Obama approved a new electro-optical satellite imaging plan; the US... EROS A Optical 1.5 EROS B Optical 0.7 EROS C Optical 0.7 0.8 IKONOS GeoEye IKONOS-2 Optical OrbView GeoEye OrbView-2 Optical 1,000 GeoEye GeoEye GeoEye-1 Optical 0.41 QuickBird DigitalGlobe EarlyBird Optical 3 QuickBird-1 Optical 1 QuickBird Optical 0.6 Radarsat MDA Radarsat-1 Radar 8 Radarsat-2 Radar 3 SPOT Spot Image SPOT 2 Optical 10 SPOT 4 Optical 10 SPOT 5 Optical 2.5 WorldView DigitalGlobe Disaster Monitoring DMC International Imaging Constellation 112 WorldView-1 Optical 0.5 AlSAT-1 (Algeria) Optical 32 NigeriaSAT-1 (Nigeria) Optical 32 UK-DMC (United Kingdom) Optical 32 Beijing-1 (China) Optical 4 TerraSar   TerraSar-X Radar 1 RapidEye RapidEye RapidEye-1 Optical 6 RapidEye-2 Optical 6 RapidEye-3 Optical 6 RapidEye-4 Optical 6 RapidEye-5 Optical... responses. Intelligence The first US optical Corona satellites for imagery intelligence... imagery intelligence satellites through two optical systems known as Crystal and...-generation reconnaisance capabilities through electro-optical and radar remote sensing, was... a film-based system.44 Russia’s optical imaging capabilities have declined since... with France’s Pleiades dual-use optical remote sensing satellites.115 Austria... optical component of MUSIS is expected to replace the French Helios-2 optical... maintains two ZY-2 series transmittingtype optical imagery satellites in LEO that... gathering” remote sensing satellites – two optical and two radar – that were... program, operates the civilian Formosa-2 optical imaging satellite, which has a resolution... operates the dedicated military Ofeq optical imaging system, which provides both... contract for its first military optical imaging satellite, the GOKTURK. It...] 1962 USSR Cosmos-4 Remote sensing (optical) 1969 UK Skynet-1A Communications.... 1 Remote sensing (optical) 1988 Israel Ofeq-1 Remote sensing (optical) 1995 France253 Helios-1A Remote sensing (optical) 1995 Chile Fasat-Alfa Communications and remote sensing (optical) 1998...-1 Communications 2003 Japan IGS-1A and IGS-1B Remote sensing (optical) 2006 Spain... for terrestrial radars, leaving only optical systems capable of tracking satellites... dazzle or disrupt sensitive optics. Optical imaging systems on a remote sensing... telescopes to rapidly adjust their optical components to compensate for distortions... capability. Similarly the USAF Starfire Optical Range at Kirtland Air Force... D X124 123 Space tracking (uncooperative) Optical (passive) X125 Radar X131 Laser... 11/28/2009 IGS-5A (Information Gathering Satellite 5A, IGS Optical 3) Government Reconnaissance... 2251 Collision,” 2009 Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Conference Proceedings... of Characteristics,” 2009 Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Conference Proceedings... 2251 Collision,” 2009 Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Conference Proceedings...., Proceedings of the Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference...



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... jointly use the Helios-1 military optical observation satellite system in LEO... gathering” remote sensing satellites — two optical and two radar. Thailand operates... “demonstrate an advanced ground-based optical system to enable detection and... and more than 20 optical and electro-optical facilities at 14 locations on Earth.73 The main optical... Debris Telescope, a one-meter Zeiss optical telescope, focuses on observations in..., which announced new investments in optical telescopes for debris monitoring in... space situational awareness capability96 Country Optical Sensors Amateur observers n Bolivia* n Canada... system consisting of radar and optical sensors for the international community... remote sensing spacecraft, with both optical and radar capabilities launched, as... 2007 respectively. Yaogan-2 is an optical imaging satellite while Yaogan-3 uses... and affordable. In addition to optical photo images, synthetic aperture radar... EROS A Optical 1.5 EROS B Optical 0.7 EROS C Optical 0.7 IKONOS GeoEye IKONOS-2 Optical 0.8 OrbView GeoEye OrbView-1 Optical 10,000 OrbView-2 Optical 1,000 OrbView-3 Optical 1 OrbView-4 Optical 1 EarlyBird Optical 3 QuickBird-1 Optical 1 QuickBird Optical 0.6 Radarsat-1 Radar 8 Radarsat-2 Radar 3 SPOT 2 Optical 10 SPOT 4 Optical 10 SPOT 5 Optical 2.5 QuickBird Radarsat SPOT DigitalGlobe MDA Spot Image WorldView DigitalGlobe WorldView-1 Optical 0.5 Disaster Monitoring Constellation DMC International Imaging AlSAT-1 (Algeria) Optical 32 NigeriaSAT-1 (Nigeria) Optical 32 UK-DMC (United Kingdom) Optical 32 Beijing-1 (China) Optical 4 TerraSar... WorldView-1 US DigitalGlobe Remote sensing (optical) Ball SSO 2007-032A 7/7/07... Negation Trend 7.2). The first US optical reconnaissance Corona satellites were launched... is generally thought to have optical satellites with resolutions as precise... imagery intelligence satellites through two optical systems known as Crystal and...-generation reconnaisance capabilities through electro-optical and radar remote sensing. Following... support. Its current early warning, optical reconnaissance, communications, navigation, and SIGINT... system of photoreconnaissance.48 Russia’s optical remote sensing capabilities have declined... 1-7.101 Cosmos-2427, a Kobalt-M military optical remote sensing satellite for imaging... Meanwhile, launch of a new Persona optical remote sensing satellite was delayed...’s Pleiades high-resolution dual-use optical remote sensing satellites (2008).118... gathering” remote sensing satellites — two optical and two radar — that were... 1962 USSR Cosmos-4 Remote sensing (optical) 1969 UK Skynet-1A Communications.... 1 Remote sensing (optical) 1988 Israel Ofeq-1 Remote sensing (optical) 1995 Francec181 Helios-1A Remote sensing (optical) 1995 Chile Fasat-Alfa Communications and remote sensing (optical) 1998...-1 Communications 2003 Japan IGS-1A and IGS-1B Remote sensing (optical) 2006 Spain... military purposes. Yaogan-3 and an optical imaging satellite, Yaogan-2, were both... 2007 Israel launched the military optical remote sensing Ofeq-7 satellite, which... contract for its first military optical reconnaissance satellite GOKTURK in 2007... (IGS) program on 24 February 2007, along with an experimental optical satellite... upgrade Taiwan’s civilian-classified Formosat-2 optical remote sensing satellite was blocked... sensing (Optical) IAI LEO 2007-005A 2/24/07 H-IIA 2024 IGS 4A Japan Japan Remote sensing (Optical) MELCO SSO 2007-005B 2/24/07 H-IIA 2024 IGS 4B... for terrestrial radars, leaving only optical systems capable of tracking satellites... dazzle or disrupt sensitive optics. Optical imaging systems on a reconnaissance satellite... instruments, including a one-meter-resolution optical telescope and a signals intelligence package... telescopes to rapidly adjust their optical components to compensate for distortions... D128 X129 Space tracking (uncooperative) Optical (passive) X130 Radar X136 Laser142... orbits. These technologies include lightweight optical space situation awareness sensors, lightweight.../2001 IGS Radar-2 H-IIA 2024 Japan Imaging LEO 24/02/2007 IGS Optical-3 Verification H-IIA 2024 Japan Imaging LEO 24/02/2007 IGS...



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... jointly use the Helios- 1 military optical observation satellite system in LEO... has three reconnaissance satellites – two optical and one radar. Thailand operates... in LEO from the Starfire Optical Range were initially revoked, then... system consisting of radar and optical sensors allowing the international community... comprised of 30 radars and optical sensors at 16 sites worldwide... “demonstrate an advanced ground-based optical system to enable detection and... space and more than 20 optical and electrooptical facilities at 14... on Earth.36 The main optical observation system, Okno, located at... Debris Telescope, a one-meter Zeiss optical telescope, focuses on observations in... in that orbit.43 Other optical sensors, including 27 Space Security..., which announced new investments in optical telescopes for debris monitoring in... objects at once.51 Two optical telescopes at the Bisei Astronomical... system consisting of radar and optical sensors for the international community... Trend 7.2). Corona, the first US optical reconnaissance satellites, were launched as... is generally thought to have optical satellites with resolutions as precise... imagery intelligence satellites through two optical systems known as Crystal and... support. Its current early warning, optical reconnaissance, communications, navigation, and SIGINT....34 The USSR began using optical reconnaissance satellites in 1962 and... system of photoreconnaissance.35 Russia’s optical imaging capabilities have declined since... two high-resolution dual-use optical imaging satellites, known as Pleiades... has two reconnaissance satellites – one optical and one radar – that were... intended to provide more advanced optical and radar imaging and secure... (optical) 1969 UK Telecommunications 1970 nATO Telecommunications 1975 China reconnaissance (optical) 1988 Israel Telecommunications 1995 France98 reconnaissance (optical) 1995 Chile Telecommunications and reconnaissance (optical) 1998 Thailand... Australia Telecommunications 2003 Japan reconnaissance (optical) 2006 Spain Telecommunications 2006 Germany.... On 4 May a Kobalt-M (Yantar) type optical reconnaissance satellite, Cosmos 2420, was... reports that Cosmos 2423, a military optical reconnaissance satellite of the Don..., Japan launched a one-meter resolution optical reconnaissance satellite on 11 September... called the Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) 3A, it joins two other... the Korean Peninsula, but the IGS 3A provides a scan of the... that includes France’s high-resolution optical Helios-2A and Helios-2B... buy and launch an electro-optical reconnaissance satellite with a resolution of...-037A 9/11/06 H-IIA 202 IGS Optical-2 Japan Japan Imaging MELCO LEO... loss of a data stream from optical or microwave instrumentation or by... for terrestrial radars, leaving only optical systems capable of tracking satellites... dazzle, or disrupt, sensitive optics. Optical imaging systems on a reconnaissance satellite... to degrade or damage sensitive optical or thermal imaging sensors requires... Defense procurement agency’s airborne laser optical link program.77 On 7 June... Flight Plan as “a constellation of optical sensing satellites to track and... capability. Similarly, the USAF Starfire Optical Range at Kirtland Air Force... d63 X64 Space tracking (uncooperative) Optical (passive) X65 radar X71 Laser77... in LEO from the Starfire Optical Range.120 These funds were... orbits. These technologies include lightweight optical space situation awareness sensors, lightweight... source to power the laser, optical systems to generate the laser... Communications GEO 07/02/2001 IGS Opitcal-2 H-IIA 202 Japan Imaging LEO 11/09/2006 IGS-1b H-IIA 2024 Japan Imaging LEO 28/03/2003 IGS-1a H-IIA 2024 Japan Imaging... 2005). 77 Gunter Dirk Krebs, “IGS-Optical 1, 2” (4 January 2005), online: Gunter’s Space...: 9 February 2007); Gunter Dirk Krebs, “IGS-Radarl 1, 2” (4 January 2005), online: Gunter... DLR Conduct Orbit to Ground Optical Communication Experiment” Spacemart.com (12... et al, “Status of CNES Optical Observations of Space Debris in...-1149. 67 “Status of CNES Optical Observations” at 1143-1149. 68... Agency of Japan, “Space Debris Optical Observation and Orbit Determination Experiment...



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... of Astronomy, Planetary Sciences and Optical Sciences, University of Arizona “In... has two reconnaissance satellites, one optical and one radar, which it... slots. 1 0 0 1 A number of radar and 0 1 optical tracking systems 0 0 operate on Earth... GEO are tracked 1 1 by optical and 1 1 0 electro-optical telescopes. 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 To help deal... is comprised of radars and optical sensors at 25 sites worldwide... “demonstrate an advanced ground-based optical system to enable detection and... space and more than 20 optical and electrooptical facilities at 14... on Earth.75 The main optical observation system, Okno, allows detection... munitions. A number of radar and optical tracking systems operate on Earth... Systems Protection). The first US optical reconnaissance satellites were launched as... of 10 meters to current optical resolution of less than a meter... is generally thought to have optical satellites with resolutions down to... functions. Its current early warning, optical reconnaissance, communications, navigation, and signals...)36 The USSR began using optical reconnaissance satellites in 1962.37... transmission of images.38 Russia’s optical imaging satellite capabilities have declined... has two reconnaissance satellites, one optical and one radar, which it....105 The manufacturer of the optical reconnaissance satellite, Mitsubishi, is also... that its Pleiades high-resolution optical imaging satellites are to be... satellites were said to be optical, while the third is to... loss of a data stream from optical or microwave instrumentation, or in... the key laser frequencies or optical powers. Such capabilities could trigger... ray/X-ray/neutron flux or optical flash detectors in Earth orbit... for terrestrial radars, leaving only optical systems capable of tracking satellites... disrupt, sensitive optics, such as optical imaging systems on a reconnaissance satellite... to degrade or damage sensitive optical or thermal imaging sensors requires... Flight Plan as “a constellation of optical sensing satellites to track and... continue development of a ground-based optical system designed to identify faint... Sea Air X L68 L74 X L75 Optical (passive) Radar Laser92 X82 X83... source to power the laser, optical systems to generate the laser... University Press, 2003), p. 292. 104“IGS-Optical 1, 2,” Gunther’s Space Page, 4 January, 2005...://www.skyrocket.de/space/doc_sdat/igs-optical-1.htm; “IGS-Radarl 1, 2,” Gunther’s Space Page...://www.skyrocket.de/space/doc_sdat/igs-radar-1.htm. 105“Information Gathering... includes a variety of laser and optical programs. “Multi-Disciplinary Space Tech... et al., “Status of CNES Optical Observations of Space Debris in...,” COSPAR (2002). 84“Space Debris Optical Observation and Orbit Determination Experiment... of Astronomy, Planetary Sciences and Optical Sciences, University of Arizona “In...



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... on the U.S. high-resolution electro-optical firms. The reader should note... have mature commercial programs for optical, sub-meter imagery. Operators in... one-meter or better electro-optical imagery due to large U.S. defense... sensors, in the area of optical sensors, which is implemented commercially... that could provide 0.5m resolution optical imagery. The decision fulfilled the... Gaudin-Delrieu, The High Resolution Optical Instruments for the Pleiades HR... a fleet of three 0.5 meter resolution optical satellites called HiROS and was... with Industry for Its Own Optical Satellite System, SpaceNews, 19 October... with the pace for licensing optical systems (see text box below... the Next Generation of Electro-Optical Satellites, 7 April 2009. 192 Peter... to manufacture a new generation of optical sensors and instruments.” Experts at..., The CMOS Breakthrough For Space Optical Detection: Recent Advances and Short... EO small satellite platform and optical sensor suite, 27 May 2010... year through 2015. The ORS-1 optical satellite does not prove its..., Very High Resolution and 3D optical remote sensing solutions, 27-28... in collaboration with Israel, from optical to radar, is not a near... operate next-generation, national electro-optical satellites as agreed in 2009... the Next Generation of Electro-Optical Satellites, 7 April 2009. 372 Robert..., David Flynn, Charles Cox, Goodrich Optical and Space Systems Division, Reconnaissance... sources, other than high-resolution optical from DigitalGlobe and GeoEye, become..., about 15 percent of the optical market.400 The value of... intelligence need for high-resolution optical satellite imagery in this period... sales programs for sub-meter optical imagery. Competition and more satellites... succeed448; Korea flies a 3rd generation optical Kompsat; Germany flies for itself... NRO’s so-called Next Generation Optical system includes a different optics supplier... B. deSelding, Germany Eyes High-Resolution Optical Imaging Satellites, SpaceNews, 10 June..., Very High Resolution and 3D Optical Remote Sensing Solutions, May 2008... intelligence use of high-resolution optical commercial imagery remains paramount. This... For example, licensing of 1 meter optical systems could be done by... that the “sum of the optical and radar space-based and... example, in isolation as an optical alternative is not likely to... 2 and SAR Lupe. Both the optical and radar components of MUSIS... market share for high-resolution optical imagery.  Morph the Pixel Factory... capability, including optical, multispectral, and radar sensors. Fielding an optical system was... observation system with one-meter optical, and five-meter SAR satellites... joint effort to build an optical satellite imaging system.576 The... industry continued to work on optical satellite technology. German technology has... with Industry for Its Own Optical Satellite System, SpaceNews, 16 October... is considering buying a Lockheed Martin optical spy satellite, and later joining....612 A second U.S. company offered two optical satellites for about $300-350... competition, however, was limited to optical sensing, not radar imaging systems... an indication that combinations of optical and radar imagery can service... on a common military satellite-supported optical and radar reconnaissance system; “The... images. 670 The satellite produced optical images claimed by the French... is “…huge potential for combining optical and radar data in many... 2015, assuming that a future commercial optical satellite known as ASNARO by.... Meanwhile, the Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) program focus of satellite imagery... of Japan’s Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) system first launched in 2003.... The satellite, which included both optical and radar sensors, was launched.... Page 100 Information Gathering Satellites (IGS), 2003-Present Japan’s spy satellite...’s SEM for the IGS -- resulting in a less than 2,000kg IGS versus 4,000kg... lifespan in space. Sensors for IGS, however, were probably based sensors... due to available technology. The optical imagery would be about 1-meter... should launch four satellites (two optical and two radar), to obtain...).750 Moreover, the optical and radar sensors for IGS are mounted on... to contract directly with the IGS manufacturers. The first ALOS satellite... inferior.”768 Technical barriers regarding IGS did not slow down Japanese... launched the third IGS satellite. The satellite had an optical sensor. Someone... and one with an experimental optical “apparatus” to test an improved... failed. 777 Moreover, the newest IGS optical satellite launched on 28 November... indicated that it used commercial optical imagery from the U.S. satellites Ikonos... Highly Classified Information Gathering Satellite IGS-5 Has Failed. http://forum.nasaspaceflight... CSICE plans to launch an optical satellite with 0.4 meter resolution capability... ALOS-3 would have a 1 meter resolution optical sensor, and be launched later... the desired capability of the IGS national security program when conceived... al, A Conceptual Design of the Optical Satellite for the Post-ALOS... estimate of $1 billion for two optical and two radar satellites provided...



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... sensors, in the area of optical sensors, which is implemented commercially... as using 4 to 8 units of optical and radar satellites, are targeted... future, it is aimed that optical and radar sensors using a series... quality with enhanced resolution of optical stereo vision sensor by more.... Specifically, enhancement of resolution on optical sensors will allow not only... and improve the abilities of optical sensors (including hyper spectral sensor... aimed to improve resolution of optical, radar sensor and small-sized...-sized demonstration satellite equipped with optical sensors. ・ A data relay satellite "Kodama... enhancement of the resolution of optical and radar satellites which exceeds..., vol. 1 NCRSASL - 147 (acquired by optical sensors and radar sensors of... 2020 ALOS"Daichi"(optical/radar゙) ALOS-2(L band tadar) ALOS-3(optical) Terra(U.S.)(sensor... areas, etc. Data Relay Satellites 2-4 optical and L band radar satellites for... of ALOS continuously ASNARO(Small Optical Demonstration Satellite/tentative name) ASNARO... by optical and radar sensor, working together with private companies  2-4 optical and... and private sectors IGS(Optical-1) IGS(Optical-2) IGS(Optical-3) Satellite System for National Security IGS(Optical-4) ●National Security... disasters IGS(Optical-5) IGS(Optical) IGS(Radar-1) E Satellite System for National Security IGS(Radar-2) IGS(Radar-3) IGS(Radar... and enhancing the resolution Certification IGS(Radar) Certification research of sensors... Surface Contamination Sensor, refractor type optical sensor, uncooled infrared detector, high... suggests that it may use optical inter-satellite links on its... and 400 GHz. 47 C.F.R. § 2.102. Optical frequencies are above 400 GHz...