Спутник ФКИ. INTEGRAL. [Редактировать]

Космический аппарат "INTEGRAL" является гамма-телескопом "INTEGRAL" (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory - "международная астрофизическая гамма-обсерватория"). Российская Федерация по соглашению с Европейским Космическим агентством произвела запуск этой международной астрофизической гамма-лаборатории, созданной совместными усилиями ряда европейских стран, в рамках Федеральной космической программы России в обмен на предоставляемое время наблюдения.

 "INTEGRAL" был выведен РКН "Протон-К" с РБ "ДМ-2" на переходную наклонную эллиптическую орбиту с параметрами Ha=152 тыс. км и Hn=687 км и наклонением 51.5 градусов. Перевод на рабочую орбиту, отличающуюся перигеем в 9000 км и периодом обращения в 72 часа, будет осуществлен собственной двигательной установкой КА.

Это ключевой проект следующего десятилетия в области гамма-астрономии и астрофизики высоких энергий, направленный на проведение сверхтонкой гамма-спектроскопии космических излучений и построение детальных изображений неба в диапазоне энергий от 15 кэВ до 10 МэВ с одновременным мониторингом космических источников в рентгеновском (3-35 кэВ) и оптическом (V-полоса, 550 нм) диапазонах.

"INTEGRAL" станет первой ядерной лабораторией в космосе, т.е. лабораторией, способной исследовать излучение в линиях аннигиляции электронов-позитронов и в ядерных гамма-линиях. Начальный перигей орбиты будет превышать 9000 км, что позволит проводить со спутника практически непрерывные наблюдения в условиях постоянного фона вне радиационных поясов Земли. Номинальное время жизни миссии - 2 года с возможным продлением до 5 лет. Комплекс научной аппаратуры включает охлаждаемый германиевый гамма-спектрометр (SPI), гамма-телескоп (IBIS) и рентгеновский телескоп (JEM-X), способные строить изображения неба с разрешением несколько минут дуги, а также небольшой оптический телескоп (OMC).

В 1993 г. проект ИНТЕГРАЛ был выбран для реализации как второй проект среднего класса в научной программе Европейского Космического Агентства (ЕКА). Проект разрабатывался ЕКА в кооперации с Российским Авиационно-Космическим Агентством (Росавиакосмос) и НАСА. Участие России в проекте было инициировано Российской Академией Наук (РАН) в 1991 г. и закреплено Соглашением между Росавиакосмосом и ЕКА, подписанным Генеральным Директором Росавиакосмоса Ю.Коптевым и Генеральным Директором ЕКА А.Родотой 18 ноября 1997 г. и введенным в действие распоряжением Правительства РФ от 17 сентября 1999 г., подписанным В.Путиным.

Российские ученые получат приблизительно 25% данных всех наблюдений (24% в Основной программе и 27% в Общей программе) через Российский Центр Научных Данных Проекта (РЦНД), организованный в Институте Космических Исследований РАН (ИКИ РАН).

"INTEGRAL" станет проектом типа "национальная обсерватория". Это значит, что любой ученый из любого российского научного института, университета или обсерватории сможет подать заявку на проведение конкретного наблюдения и в случае успеха (если заявка будет одобрена Российским и Европейским Комитетами по Распределению Наблюдательного Времени) - получить данные наблюдений для обработки и анализа. При этом ученый будет обладать исключительным правом на проведение анализа данных наблюдений и публикацию всех полученных научных результатов в течение года с момента поступления данных. По прошествии года данные будут переправлены в архив, где они станут доступными для всех.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics LaboratoryНайтиНайти
227540НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Европа
2Страна оператор(владелец) - США
3Страна оператор(владелец) - Россия
4Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
5Тип орбиты - Элиптическая
6Страна производитель - Италия
7Страна производитель - Международные

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12003-10-26. Один из инструментов перешел в режим безопасности поскольку датчики указали на повышенную радиациюТэги: INTEGRAL
22017-10-17. Обсерватории LIGO/Virgo, «Интеграл» и «Ферми» впервые зарегистрировали момент слияния двух нейтронных звёзд.
17 августа 2017 года исследователи на Земле впервые могли наблюдать момент слияния двух нейтронных звёзд. Решающую роль в этом открытии сыграла обсерватория ИНТЕГРАЛ Европейского космического агентства (ЕКА), которая вместе с гамма-обсерваторий Fermi (НАСА) наблюдала короткий гамма-всплеск, связанный с гравитационными волнами, излучёнными при столкновении двух нейтронных звёзд. Гравитационные колебания были зарегистрированы с помощью экспериментальной установки LIGO (CША). В последующей кампании по наблюдению послесвечения от этого источника участвовали сотни телескопов и тысячи исследователей. Её результаты изложены в нескольких статьях. Важнейшие из них публикуются 16 октября 2017 года, но исследование найденного источника продолжается. 16 октября в ИКИ РАН состоялась пресс-конференция, посвящённая открытию, в которой участвовали сотрудники физического факультета Московского государственного университета им. М.В. Ломоносова — соавторы открытия, участники коллаборации LIGO. Тэги: INTEGRALИКИ РАНFermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4100.0
2Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг2000
3Диаметр, метра3.7
4Высота, метра5

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град56.8
2Апогей, км155420.5
3Перигей, км7386.2
4Период, минут4313.3
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км87774

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2002-048A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.330
2Прогнозируемая стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.2003-01-0111.9
3Прогнозируемая стоимость (проекта), млн. долл.2003-01-0151.2

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Байконур
2Дата пуска2002-10-17 at 04:41:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xINTEGRAL
4Ракета-носитель 1xПротон-К с РБ «ДМ-5»

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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.7 Boundary Conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.8 The Defining Integral Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.9 Solution of the Biconical... a moving charge is: Aα (Xγ ) = Jα (r , t − R/c) dV (R − R · (v/c)) µ 4π (1.5.6) The integral is over all source-bearing... vanish. Working with the last integral, note that: cαβ Tσα = cλβ cσα cλγ Tαγ (1.8.10) Since cλβ cλγ = δβγ it... that purpose use the Fourier integral expansion: ∞ Ψ(r, t) = −∞ ψ(r, ω)eiωt dω (1.11.1) Substituting Eq... the k-space field, Eω (k, ω), consider the integral expression drawn from Eq. (1.14... field intensity, therefore, form a Fourier integral transform pair. It follows that... Light Inserting Eq. (2.2.4) into the integral of Eq. (2.2.3) and integrating over... θ) versus θ; Mν [cos(5◦ )] = 0. 2.8. The Defining Integral Equations In the preceding sections... of Eq. (2.8.6) using integral (A.23.1.5) with (A.23.1.1) and integral (A.23.1.7) with (A.23... field values and evaluating the integral gives: Pav 1 = 2 ηk ∞ =1 ( + 1) [F F∗ ] (2 + 1) (2.10.2) Since all.... The integral of Eq. (2.14.9) gives a null result. Evaluating the integral of... procedure of Eq. (2.9.6), evaluate the integral using Eq. (2.17.2): ψ −ψ dθHφ m=0 The result... θ dθ σ=ka+δ (2.18.7) Carrying out the integral operations of Eqs. (2.18.4) through... around a receiving antenna. Although the integral of products of Legendre functions... θ)e−iσ dθ F (A − iB ) d P (cos θ)e−iσ dθ =1 ∞ ˜φ = ση H =1 (3.17.1) The surface integral of the complex Poynting vector... these requirements is the Fourier integral transform pair: 1 2π 3/2 1 Γ(p) = 2π 3/2 U(r) = Γ(p) exp ir · p dVp... Theory 183 Integrating the second integral by parts gives: p = 1 2π 1/2 ∞ −∞ Γ∗ (p) i U(x) ∞ −∞ −i ∞ −∞ xp ∂U(x) exp....3) 0 Evaluation of the azimuth angle integral gives: 2π dφ cos φ cos(m − m)φ + i sin(m − m)φ = πδ(m , m ± 1) 0 (4.15... integral of Eq. (4.15.3) has the form: 1 2 +1 π 0 m+1 m+1 sin θ(Pm+1 dθ +1 − P −1 )P Consider the integral: π 2π Pm Pm sin2 θ dθ 0 cos φ ei(m −m)φ dφ 0 = 2πδ(m , m ± 1) ( + m + 2)! 1 δ( , + 1) (2 + 1) (2 + 3) ( − m)! ( + m)! 1 δ( , − 1) − (2 − 1) ( − m − 2)! (4.15.6) The integral is di... to be described, the Fourier integral transforms of Eq. (4.3.7) provide a general... delta function satisfies the integral Appendices 331 relationship: f(x)d(x − x )dx = f(x ) 0 (A.5.3) The... procedure begins with the quadruple integral: Aα ∂2G ∂2A −G ∂Xβ ∂Xβ ∂Xβ ∂Xβ dX1 dX2 dX3... by use of the Cauchy integral identity: 2πi f(z ) = f(z) dz z−z (A.5.18) Introducing p as... out from under the timedependent integral results in: G(Xγ , Xγ ) = ic (2π)4 dk e−ik.... The development requires three vector integral equations, the divergence theorem and... volume integral of Eq. (A.7.9) is equal to zero. The integral similar to..., contributions of the outer surface integral to E(r ) and B(r ) remain constant in... integral of Eq. (A.11.6) is equal to zero. Since the volume integral... Eq. (1.6.8), that: ∇ · E = ρ/ε (A.12.1) Evaluate the integral of Eq. (A.12.1) over the.... (1.6.11): ∇×E=− ∂B ∂t (A.12.4) Consider the surface integral of Eq. (A.12.4) over an... side of a smooth boundary. The integral is: E·d =− ∂B · dS ∂t (A.12.5) The symbol... Eq. (1.6.8): ∂E + µJ (A.12.9) ∂t Consider the surface integral of Eq. (A.12.9) over an... the surface integral to equal zero. Since the volume integral is equal...(nφ) dφ = 0 2π 1 2 dφ cos[(m − n)φ] + cos[(m + n)φ] 0 (A.16.4) Evaluating the integral on the right gives: sin... (χ) = d +m 2 1 (χ − 1) (1 − χ2 )m/2 (2 )!! dχ +m (A.19.7) Appendices 367 20. Orthogonality Integral relationships for products of Legendre... evaluate the integral with = n, put I1 equal to the integral: 1 I1 = [Pm... = −1 Pm (χ)Pm n (χ)dχ = ( + m)! 2 δ( , n) (2 + 1) ( − m)! (A.20.11) A similar integral, the value of which follows... relationship: (2 + 1)P (χ) = dP +1 (χ) dχ − dP −1 (χ) dχ (A.21.6) The integral expression of Eq. (A.21.7) follows... Legendre polynomials. One is the integral: π I3 = m 0 d m m (P Pn )dθ = 0 dθ (A.22.1) The equality... θ dθ Pm Pm n = 2 ( + 1)( + m)! δ( , n) (2 + 1)( − m)! (A.22.4) Consider the integral π I5 = cos θ sin θ dθ 0 dPm dPm... − 1)(n + m)! + δ( , n − 1) (2n − 1)(2n + 1)(n − m − 1)! (A.22.6) The next integral of interest is: π I6 = sin2... the integral sign and integrating gives: I7 = 2 ( + 2)( + m + 2)! δ(n, + 1) (2 + 1)(2 + 3)( − m)! 2( − 1)( + 1)( + m)! δ(n, − 1) − (2 − 1)(2 + 1)( − m − 2)! (A.22.10) The next integral... θ dθ = − 2 ( + m + 1)! δ( , n) (2 + 1) ( − m − 1)! sin θ dθ = − 2 ( + m)! δ( , n) (2 + 1) ( − m)! Appendices 379 Consider the integral π−ψ I9 = sin θ dθ ψ m m dMm m2 Mm... argument. Appendices 381 Consider the integral π−ψ I13 = sin θ dθ ψ m m m2 dLm dLm... i = (2 + 1) (2 + 1)!! sin θ dθ P (cos θ) cos θ (A.27.3) 0 The integral is listed in Table A.22... three, the volume integral is qz30 /4. The same integral over any even order is zero. The volume integral over order one is zero but the volume integral for... θ dθ (A.30.8) 0 A 2B − σ2 σ − 1 [A cos(2σ) − B sin(2σ)] σ2 The integral forms used includes: π cos(σ cos...



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... Integral . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 3.3.1 Transition from Fourier Series to Fourier Integral . . . 139 3.3.2 The Fourier Integral... Value Problem via Green’s Function: Integral Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 4.11.1 One-dimensional... 4.11.3 Eigenfunctions via Integral Equations . . . . . . . . . . 281 4.11.4 Types of Integral Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282... an integral averages to zero as N → ∞. The vanishing of such an integral...′ , (iii) sum over all the integral values of m = 0, ±1, ±2, · · · , ∞ 1 f (x + 2πm) = 2π m=−∞ ∞ −∞ (iv) and use... the given function f . Using Cauchy’s integral formula one finds that π F (k) = e−|k|a , a where... classical definition of a function and integral. Indeed, ε δ(x) = 0 ∀ x = 0 and lim −ε δ(x) dx = 0 violates... FOURIER INTEGRAL 3.3.1 139 Transition from Fourier Series to Fourier Integral We now..., a precursor (i.e. approximation) to the definite integral eikx dk √ 2π −R R f (x) ≈ lim R→∞ c −c e−ikt √ f (t)dt... result is Fourier’s Integral Theorem. 3.3.2 The Fourier Integral Theorem The mathematically more... a right derivative fR′ (x), 3.3. THE FOURIER INTEGRAL 141 (iii) f ∈ L1 (−∞, ∞), i.e. f is absolutely... a fundamental property of the convolution integral. Exercise 3.3.8 (PERIODIC FUNCTION AS A CONVOLUTION... be written as the convolution integral ∞ f (t) = e ∞ −(t−ξ)2 /2b2 iω0 (t−ξ) e n=−∞ −∞ ein∆φ δ(ξ − nT ) dξ ≡ pulse ∗ combT... lines ∞ δ m=−∞ (3.77) 1 ∆φ 1 ω (3.78) −m − 2π T 2π T 3.3. THE FOURIER INTEGRAL 167 This is a discrete spectrum... function f (∈ L2 (−∞, ∞)) consists of the integral ∞ eiωt fˆ(ω) √ dω , 2π −∞ f (t) = where ∞ e−iωt √ f (t)dt . 2π −∞ The virtue... the typical wavelet, the alternate integral expression ± Wkℓ (t) 1 = 2−k ε0 (±) 2−k (±) ε0 = √ ±21−k ε0 −k ε e−2πiℓω/2 ±2−k ε0 ±2ε0 −k t−2πℓ/ε eiΩ(2 0) ±ε0 0 ei... φ(2 u − ℓ), f (u) = −∞ = f (u) ∗ φ(−2−k u) (2k ℓ) , which is the convolution integral evaluated at the equally spaced... is expressed by the Fourier integral ∞ −∞ 3.6.6 e−iωu φ(−2−k u) √ du . 2π Multiscale Analysis vs Multiresolution... variables in the inner product integral one finds that ∞ 2−k φ(2−k u − ℓ), φ(2−(k+1) u − ℓ′ ) ≡ 2−k ∞ φ(2−k u − ℓ)φ(2−(k+1) u − ℓ′ )du −∞ φ(u − ℓ)φ(2−1 u − ℓ′ )du... A − λB, although in the context of integral equations the expression Gλ = (A − λI)−1 is sometimes... to the Dirac distribution, whose integral, the total force, ξ+ε/2 b a δε (x − ξ) dx = ξ−ε/2 δε (x − ξ) dx...’S FUNCTION THEORY forward. Consider the integral around the contour C, 1 2πi 1 Gλ dλ = 2πi C N C j=1 ξj ξjH dλ λj − λ (4.42... of Gλ . Apply Cauchy’s integral theorem to each integral. Its value equals the... follows that Gλ has a closed contour integral given by √ √ ∞ 1 1 cos λx< cos λ(x> − ℓ) Gλ (x; ξ) dλ = − − 2πi C ℓ n=1 c′ (λ) √ λ= nπ ℓ ∞ x cos... changes Eq.(4.60) into an integral along the real axis, 1 2πi −1 Gλ (x; ξ) dλ = 2π C √ R √ − R eik... ω 2 -term gets cancelled. u(t) = u(0) dg R (t; τ ) dτ τ =0 R − u(0)g ˙ (t; 0) . The integral has diappeared. One is left... this integral transform. It is a two step process: 1. Evaluate the contour integral... branch cut by G+ and G− . The integral is therefore 0 Gλ (x; ξ) dλ = ∞ G+ dλ + ∞ ∞ = 0 0 G− dλ [G− − G+ ] dλ . To evaluate the... square-integrable. (c) Consider the contour integral Demonstrate that lim R→∞ 1 2πi G(x|ξ; λ) dλ over a large...ω(x−ξ) dω for x < ξ and ξ < x . −∞ (d) Express u(x) as a Fourier integral in terms of f . √ λ, 4.13. SPECTRAL... as-yetunspecfied. (a) Express u(x) as a Fourier integral in terms of f . (b) Express G(x|ξ; λ) in... 5.3. Property 3 (No angular dependence) The integral representatives (1) Hν (2) Hν = e−iνπ/2 π α2 −θ eiρ cos α eiνα dα α1 −θ of... the integral has no effect on the value of the integral itself... a strip of convergence of the integral. α1 q 1 π 0 p α2 Figure 5.4: Integration contour for a Hankel... (Bessel function of integral order) The Bessel functions of integral order (ν = m = 0, 1, 2, . . . ) is... 5.2.1 (HANKEL AND NEUMANN FUNCTIONS OF INTEGRAL ORDER) Show that (1) H−n (ρ) = (−1)n Hn(1) (ρ) (2) H−n (ρ) = (−1)n Hn... normalization constant, follows from the integral representation Jν (ρ) = e−iνπ/2 2 eiρ cos α+iνα dα , C where C is... scheme: α = i∞ − z= ∞ π 2 | − π2 | | ρ2 | 0 | ρ 3πi exp 2 | 2 π 2 | ρ exp πi | 2 ρ 2 3π 2 exp πi 2 The integral becomes Jν (ρ) = − eiνπ 2πi ρ 2 ν ρ2 e−z+ 4z z −ν−1 dz . Z0... possible. One suspects that the integral B X(z)eρu(x,y)+iρv(x,y) dz A gets its major contribution..., the evaluation of the integral becomes straightforward. The integral, Eq.(5.61), is... all, use Lagrange’s identity ψ∇2 G − G∇2 ψ = ∇ · (ψ ∇G − G∇ψ) Its integral over the region R yields the... fields are equal for each integral. Thus ℓ ℓ Yℓm (θ, ϕ) Yℓm , g = m=−ℓ Yℓm (θ′ , ϕ′ ) Yℓm , g . m=−ℓ 408 CHAPTER 5. SPECIAL FUNCTION... vanishing of the closed line integral, Eq.(6.27), implies 1 1 ψ(Q) = φ(S)ψ(S) + φ(R)ψ(R) + 2 2 RS Pu... kernel of half-integral order, 111 Dirichelet kernel of integral order, 111..., 231 Fourier integral, 138–168 effectiveness of mathematics, i Fourier integral theorem, 140 eigenfunctions Fourier series, 122 via an integral equation...



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....000 (60%) estão em texto integral 198. F F F F F F Este projecto é parte integrante..., o acesso a bases de dados e texto integral, sem necessidade de deslocação física...óprio texto integral: da pesquisa bibliográfica ao texto integral, do sumário ao texto integral, de uma citação ao abstract e/ou ao texto integral (Hunter... revistas F científicas em texto integral F F F F 274 F F F F F . Os resultados obtidos têm de... biblioteca, para o documento em texto integral. 2. Support for Library Search: para... como o Citeseer e o Citebase indexam o texto integral dos artigos que podem ser... a maior probabilidade de fornecer o texto integral sem qualquer custo. Os recursos... seguintes factores: disponibilidade do texto integral versus abstract, acesso livre ou... termos de ETI (equivalente a tempo integral) representa apenas 0,1%, ou seja, cerca... (74,9%) e a disponibilidade imediata do texto integral (73,3%) constituem os factores principais... (actualidade e disponibilidade imediata do texto integral). A disponibilidade de uma versão electr... que a disponibilidade imediata do texto integral não é interpretada pelos inquiridos como acesso... (74,9) Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral 185 2,72 ,483 3 (1,6) 45 (24... continuar a garantir o acesso ao texto integral destes editores. 100 6,42 1,257... (8,6) (8,0) (8,0) (10,7) (7,0) (7,0) (18,2) A maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon...,3%). A questão ‘disponibilidade imediata do texto integral’, o factor que concentra o maior número... 0,289 0 Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral 14 2,79 0,579 1 (7,1) Disponibilidade de... texto integral destes editores 8 5,00 2,673 2 (14,3) 0 0 1 (7,1) 0 1 (7,1) 4 (28,6) A maioria do texto integral...,4) Tenho dificuldades no acesso texto integral 9 4,22 2,224 1 (7,1) 2 (14,3) 0 2 (14,3) 1 (7,1) 1 (7,1) 2 (14...%). A questão ‘disponibilidade imediata do texto integral’, o terceiro factor que concentra o maior... 2,72 Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral 50 O material é validado (peer reviewed... 3). Não têm dificuldades no acesso ao texto integral 20% dos inquiridos, sendo de... 4,91 1,245 0 1 (2,0) A maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon...,0) (6,0) Tenho dificuldades no acesso texto integral 35 3,26 1,975 10 5 4 6 4 (20..., 44% dos respondentes já colocaram o texto integral dos seus artigos numa página.... Assim, a disponibilidade imediata do texto integral (65,2%), o acesso por computador pessoal... 5 1 1 3 1 (4,3) (22,2) (4,3) (21,7) (4,3) A maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon... 1 (4,3) 2 (8,7) Tenho dificuldades no acesso texto integral 13 3,62 1,609 2 (8,7) 2 (8,7) Inclui todo.... Assim, a disponibilidade imediata do texto integral (78,3%), a disponibilidade de uma vers... (78,3) Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral 23 2,74 ,541 1 (4,3) 4 (17,4) 18... relação à afirmação, ‘a maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon... 1 (4,3) Tenho dificuldades no acesso texto integral 18 3,78 1,665 3 1 (13,0) (4,3) O material.... Assim, a disponibilidade imediata do texto integral (83,3%), com acesso ilimitado (24... 0,43 0 Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral 18 2,78 0,55 Disponibilidade de... dificuldades no acesso ao texto integral 22,2% dos inquiridos, e 33,3% referem... continuar a garantir o acesso ao texto integral destes editores 9 6,67 1,000 0 O acesso...,1) (27,8) (22,2) (0,0) A maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon...,6%). A questão ‘disponibilidade imediata do texto integral’, este tipo de factor que... sobre a afirmação: ‘a maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se encontra dispon... 0,99 garantir o acesso ao texto integral destes editores 1 N (%) 2 N (%) 3 N (%) 4 N (%) 5 N (%) 6 N (%) 7 N (%) 0 0 1 (1,8) 1 (1,8) 2 (3,6) 22 5 (8,9) (39,3) 0 0 11... acesso texto integral 40 3,93 1,92 6 5 (10,7) (8,9) A maioria do texto integral que... Desvio padrão Dificuldades acesso texto integral 1,732 Média Desvio padrão Total... relacionadas com o acesso ao texto integral. Avaliando a primeira afirmação, Artes e Humanidades... Material irrelevante Dificuldades acesso texto integral Acesso limitado (UC) 5,0 3,2 4,4 4,2 5,7 2,673 1,481... disponíveis, particularmente em texto integral. A seguir ao Reino Unido é a Alemanha... a F F F F F F F F F F evolução para a pesquisa em texto integral 663, mas envolve, igualmente, os... integral e a possibilidade de recuperação por registos similares. 663 A pesquisa em texto integral envolve a comparação do termo de pesquisa introduzido com o texto integral...ónica Disponibilidade imediata do texto integral Disponiblidade de acesso por computador... no acesso ao texto integral. A maioria do texto integral que pretendo não se... continuar a garantir o acesso ao texto integral destes editores. Comentário adicional... UC fossem disponibilizadas em texto integral qual seria a melhor forma? Deveriam... UC fossem disponibilizadas em texto integral qual seria a melhor forma? 1 Disponibilizadas... 2 Institute of Physics Conference Series 2 Integral Transforms and Special Functions 2 International...



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... Lower Willamette Group Prepared by Integral Consulting Inc. LWG Lower Willamette... and Integral 2006). Except where noted in the FSR (Windward and Integral... and Integral 2005), the Round 2 Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP; Integral and... Congener Analysis in Sediment Samples (Integral 2004), and the Round 2 QAPP... 6: Sampling of Benthic Invertebrate Tissue (Integral and Windward2005). Chemical analysis of... described in the Round 2 QAPP (Integral and Windward 2004). Data quality... limits specified in QAPP Addendum 6 (Integral and Windward 2005), followed by... in the Round 2 QAPP Addendum 6 (Integral and Windward 2005) and the... FSP (Windward and Integral 2005) and QAPP (Integral and Windward 2005). For... 3-2 of the FSR (Windward and Integral 2006). Split samples were subsequently... Quality Summary September 1, 2006 DRAFT Integral. 2004. Round 2 Quality Assurance Project..., Portland, OR. Integral Consulting Inc., Mercer Island, WA. Integral and Windward. 2004..., Portland, OR. Integral Consulting Inc., Mercer Island, WA. Integral and Windward. 2005... Lower Willamette Group, Portland, OR. Integral Consulting Inc., Mercer Island, WA... Team, Olympia, WA. Windward and Integral. 2005. Portland Harbor RI/FS... LLC, Seattle, WA. Windward and Integral. 2006. Portland Harbor RI/FS... Plan (QAPP) (Integral 2004); Addendum 6: Benthic Invertebrate Tissue (Integral 2005), and National... exported to the project database (Integral). jc 4/13/2006 10:12... the jar. The laboratory contacted Integral Consulting and was instructed to...



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... e finos. A avaliação dos valores do Integral-J foi feita para diferentes comprimentos... MODOS DE FALHA I, II, III INTEGRAL J PROVETE CT SOFTWARE ZENCRACK III... presents JI, JII and JIII integral functions, which were correlated with... MODES OF CRACKING I, II, III J-INTEGRAL COMPACT TENSION SPECIMEN ZENCRACK SOFTWARE... ( r ,θ ) f ij , Y Funções dependentes das J Integral de contorno J [Pa.m] condições...  2.7.  PRINCÍPIO DA SOBREPOSIÇÃO ........................................................................ 31  2.8.  INTEGRAL J ...................................................................................................... 32  2.9.  RELAÇÃO ENTRE K E J ..................................................................................... 35  2.10...  3.8.  CÁLCULO NUMÉRICO DE K E DO INTEGRAL J .................................................. 64  3.9.  MODELOS TRIDIMENSIONAIS .......................................................................... 67    3.9.1. ESTADO... NUMÉRICO DE K E INTEGRAL J ....................................... 137  A.2.  CÁLCULO NUMÉRICO DE K E INTEGRAL J ....................................... 141  A.3.  FICHEIROS.... ......................................... 32  XV FIG.  2.8‐1 ‐ REPRESENTAÇÃO DO INTEGRAL J NUMA EXTREMIDADE DE FENDA............................................................ 34....  2.8‐2 ‐ INDEPENDÊNCIA DO CONTORNO DO INTEGRAL J [13]. .......................................................................... 34  FIG.  2.10‐1 ‐ GR... EM  [N]. ..................................................................................................................................................... 77  FIG.  4.2.2‐3 ‐ RESULTADOS DO INTEGRAL‐J CALCULADOS PARA OS MODOS I,II... EM  [N]. ..................................................................................................................................................... 79  FIG.  4.3‐3 ‐ RESULTADOS DO INTEGRAL‐J CALCULADOS PARA OS MODOS I,II..., são o factor de intensidade de tensão K e o Integral J . 13 O factor de intensidade de...,26]. O outro parâmetro mencionado, o Integral J , baseia-se num método energ... não-linear elástica [27]. O Integral J representa um integral de contorno na extremidade...) e Cherepanov (1967) introduziram a noção de Integral J , um ntegral de linha, de... (1973) mostraram que o valor do Integral J era equivalente à taxa de liberta... procedimento standard para o teste do Integral J em metais 10 anos mais.... A simulação computacional dos valores de K e Integral J em componentes com geometrias extremamente.../axial e de flexão, respectivamente. 2.8. INTEGRAL J  O conceito de Integral J foi inicialmente introduzido por... elástico não-linear [45]. O Integral J é um integral de linha, ou de contorno... tracção. Uma das particularidades deste integral relaciona-se com a independência...ção do Integral J numa extremidade de fenda. A independência de contorno do integral é ilustrada através da fig.(2.8-2). Fig. 2.8-2 - Independência do contorno do integral... e linearmente elástico, o valor do integral J está associado ao valor de... maior detalhe, Dowling e Begley aplicaram o integral J à lei de Paris [13,35... que podem ser de natureza integral ou diferencial e podem representar uma... energia G (equivalente ao valor do integral J ) e o factor de intensidade de tens... e SOLID45 não são permitidos para a avaliação do Integral-J. Se forem detectados, são alterados para... 3.8. CÁLCULO NUMÉRICO DE K E DO INTEGRAL J  Quando se corre a simulação, pretendem... de intensidade de tensão K e do integral J nos nós que se encontram na... de contorno, ou seja, no integral J , considerando uma extensão virtual da...)[2.50205(a/W)2 - 2.17623(a/W) + 0.52575] R² = 1.00000 0.08 Integral J, JI,II,III (Pa.m) 0.07... 0.54 0.56 (a/W) Fig. 4.2.2-3 - Resultados do integral-J calculados para os modos I,II...(a/W) + 1504.9055] R² = 1.00000 180 160 Integral J, JI,II,III (Pa.m) 140... 0.54 0.56 (a/W) Fig. 4.3-3 - Resultados do integral-J calculados para os modos I,II... intensidade de tensão como para o integral , os valores relativos ao modo... de intensidade de tensão K e do integral J, que podem ser obtidos atrav...-488. [44] RICE, J. R.. A Path Independent Integral and The Approximate Analysis of...     136 A.1. CÁLCULO NUMÉRICO DE K E INTEGRAL J  Exemplo de informação apresentada no... e KIII. - J-integral values ! avaliação da energia de contorno ou do integral J considerando... is requested. Energy based (contour integral) results will be used for... magnitude predictions. Energy based (contour integral) results will be used for... integral data will use the mean of contours 2 and 3. The contour integral... 6089 6399 6447 ***INFORMATION : CONTOUR INTEGRAL PROCESSING FOR EACH CRACK FRONT.... J-integrals are requested from contour integral evaluation. … CURRENT COORDINATES OF CRACK... -9.60000E-03 -9.60000E-03 … CONTOUR INTEGRAL VALUES FROM ANSYS OUTPUT FILE...-02 2.11512E-02 PROCESSED CONTOUR INTEGRAL DATA FOR CRACK FRONT 1 *************************************************** Gmax... N = 1 3 140 A.2. CÁLCULO NUMÉRICO DE K E INTEGRAL J  Neste anexo são apresentados os constrangimentos...



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... Boundary Value Problems 1314 B18 Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1325... Boundary Value Problems 745 18 Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 779...-6_sp, UNLIKELY=-1.0e30_sp Returns the integral of the function func from...-6_sp, UNLIKELY=-1.0e30_sp Returns the integral of the function func from... the old integral end if to give a refined integral. END SUBROUTINE... qgaus returns as ss the integral of a user-supplied function func... is set so that the integral vanishes at a. INTEGER(I4B) :: n REAL... the Chebyshev coefficients of the integral of a function, you will see...=huge(x)*EPS Evaluates the exponential integral En (x). Parameters: MAXIT is the...=tiny(x)/EPS Computes the exponential integral Ei(x) for x > 0. Parameters: MAXIT is...) :: x REAL(SP) :: dawson_s Returns Dawson’s integral F (x) = exp(−x2 ) 0x exp(t2...=1.5_sp*C4 Computes Carlson’s elliptic integral of the second kind, RD....0_sp Computes Carlson’s degenerate elliptic integral, RC (x, y). x must be nonnegative and... REAL(SP) :: ellf_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 1st kind F (φ, k), evaluated... REAL(SP) :: ellpi_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 3rd kind Π(φ, n, k), evaluated... REAL(SP) :: elle_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 2nd kind E(φ, k), evaluated... (the best estimate of the integral), sd (its standard deviation), and...(/’ iteration no.’,I3,’: ’,’integral =’,g14.7,’ +/- ’,g9.2,& /’ all iterations: integral =’,g14.7,’ +/- ’,g9.2,& ’ chi...(:), INTENT(IN) :: endpts For an integral approximated by a discrete Fourier transform... array, it will normally contain integral values. REAL(SP), DIMENSION(size... B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1326 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and...(size(t)) :: g END FUNCTION g Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1327... SUBROUTINE voltra 1328 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory and...) weight function w(x) whose indefinite-integral moments Fn (y) are provided by... :: g allocate(g(2)) g(1)=... g(2)=... END FUNCTION g Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1329... FUNCTION wwghts 1330 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory df... kermom, which supplies indefinite-integral moments of the singular part... END FUNCTION kermom Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1331... 942 Asymptotic series 161 exponential integral 218 Attenuation factors 583, 1261... 513 gamma functions 236, 1118 integral of approximated function 189, 1078.... see Error function Complete elliptic integral see Elliptic integrals Complex arithmetic... part 249, 251 exponential integral 216 Fresnel integral 248f. incomplete beta function... Cosine function, recurrence 172 Cosine integral 248, 250ff., 1125f. continued fraction... algorithm 390, 418ff., 1215 Dawson’s integral 252ff., 600, 1127f. approximation for... 770ff., 1321ff. similarity to Volterra integral equations 786 singular points 718f... implicit shifts 472ff., 1228f. and integral equations 779, 785 invariance under... 632, 1276 relation to Dawson’s integral 252, 1127 relation to Fresnel... Exponential deviate 278, 1151f. Exponential integral 215ff., 1096f. asymptotic expansion 218... function 215 relation to cosine integral 250 routine for Ei(x) 218... 495, 569 approximation of Dawson’s integral 253 autocorrelation 492 basis functions... 492 correlation of 492 cosine integral 250f., 1123f. Coulomb wave 204... 222f. cumulative Poisson 209ff. Dawson’s integral 252ff., 600, 1127f. digamma 216... exponential integral 172, 215ff., 250, 1096f. F-distribution probability 222 Fresnel integral 248ff..., 1014f. fill-in 45, 64 integral equations 786, 1326 operation count... and abscissas 150, 1064 for integral equations 781, 783, 1325 from...) filter 552ff., 566 Ill-conditioned integral equations 780 Image processing 519..., 1149, 1156 Integer programming 436 Integral equations 779ff. adaptive stepsize control... 782 see also Inverse problems Integral operator, wavelet approximation of 597... incomplete Fourier coefficients 813 and integral equations 780 linear regularization 799ff... matters 1/xx, 2/xvii Legendre elliptic integral see Elliptic integrals Index to... Hotelling’s method 49, 598 and integral equations 779ff., 783, 1325 iterative.... Linear equations see Differential equations; Integral equations; Linear algebraic equations Linear...’s algorithm 36ff., 45, 1017 for integral equations 783, 786, 1325f. for... storage of 71f., 1030 and integral equations 779, 783, 1325 inverse... 340ff. Nonlinear instability 831 Nonlinear integral equations 781, 787 Nonlinear programming... 135ff., 789, 1055, 1328 for integral equations 781f., 786, 1325ff. Monte... Bessel functions 160, 223 cosine integral 250 divergent 161 economization 192f... 160f., 1070 exponential integral 216, 218 Fresnel integral 248 hypergeometric 202, 263... recurrence 172 series 160 Sine integral 248, 250ff., 1123, 1125f. continued... series 250 see also Cosine integral Sine transform see Fast Fourier... 203, 263 in integral equations 788ff., 1328 in integral equations, worked example..., 644ff., 1283f. of data in integral equations 781 importance in multigrid... 592f. image processing 596f. for integral equations 782 inverse 587 Lemarie...



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... Boundary Value Problems 1314 B18 Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1325... Boundary Value Problems 745 18 Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 779...-6_sp, UNLIKELY=-1.0e30_sp Returns the integral of the function func from...-6_sp, UNLIKELY=-1.0e30_sp Returns the integral of the function func from... the old integral end if to give a refined integral. END SUBROUTINE... qgaus returns as ss the integral of a user-supplied function func... is set so that the integral vanishes at a. INTEGER(I4B) :: n REAL... the Chebyshev coefficients of the integral of a function, you will see...=huge(x)*EPS Evaluates the exponential integral En (x). Parameters: MAXIT is the...=tiny(x)/EPS Computes the exponential integral Ei(x) for x > 0. Parameters: MAXIT is...) :: x REAL(SP) :: dawson_s Returns Dawson’s integral F (x) = exp(−x2 ) 0x exp(t2...=1.5_sp*C4 Computes Carlson’s elliptic integral of the second kind, RD....0_sp Computes Carlson’s degenerate elliptic integral, RC (x, y). x must be nonnegative and... REAL(SP) :: ellf_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 1st kind F (φ, k), evaluated... REAL(SP) :: ellpi_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 3rd kind Π(φ, n, k), evaluated... REAL(SP) :: elle_s Legendre elliptic integral of the 2nd kind E(φ, k), evaluated... (the best estimate of the integral), sd (its standard deviation), and...(/’ iteration no.’,I3,’: ’,’integral =’,g14.7,’ +/- ’,g9.2,& /’ all iterations: integral =’,g14.7,’ +/- ’,g9.2,& ’ chi...(:), INTENT(IN) :: endpts For an integral approximated by a discrete Fourier transform... array, it will normally contain integral values. REAL(SP), DIMENSION(size... B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1326 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and...(size(t)) :: g END FUNCTION g Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1327... SUBROUTINE voltra 1328 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory and...) weight function w(x) whose indefinite-integral moments Fn (y) are provided by... :: g allocate(g(2)) g(1)=... g(2)=... END FUNCTION g Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1329... FUNCTION wwghts 1330 Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory df... kermom, which supplies indefinite-integral moments of the singular part... END FUNCTION kermom Chapter B18. Integral Equations and Inverse Theory 1331... 942 Asymptotic series 161 exponential integral 218 Attenuation factors 583, 1261... 513 gamma functions 236, 1118 integral of approximated function 189, 1078.... see Error function Complete elliptic integral see Elliptic integrals Complex arithmetic... part 249, 251 exponential integral 216 Fresnel integral 248f. incomplete beta function... Cosine function, recurrence 172 Cosine integral 248, 250ff., 1125f. continued fraction... algorithm 390, 418ff., 1215 Dawson’s integral 252ff., 600, 1127f. approximation for... 770ff., 1321ff. similarity to Volterra integral equations 786 singular points 718f... implicit shifts 472ff., 1228f. and integral equations 779, 785 invariance under... 632, 1276 relation to Dawson’s integral 252, 1127 relation to Fresnel... Exponential deviate 278, 1151f. Exponential integral 215ff., 1096f. asymptotic expansion 218... function 215 relation to cosine integral 250 routine for Ei(x) 218... 495, 569 approximation of Dawson’s integral 253 autocorrelation 492 basis functions... 492 correlation of 492 cosine integral 250f., 1123f. Coulomb wave 204... 222f. cumulative Poisson 209ff. Dawson’s integral 252ff., 600, 1127f. digamma 216... exponential integral 172, 215ff., 250, 1096f. F-distribution probability 222 Fresnel integral 248ff..., 1014f. fill-in 45, 64 integral equations 786, 1326 operation count... and abscissas 150, 1064 for integral equations 781, 783, 1325 from...) filter 552ff., 566 Ill-conditioned integral equations 780 Image processing 519..., 1149, 1156 Integer programming 436 Integral equations 779ff. adaptive stepsize control... 782 see also Inverse problems Integral operator, wavelet approximation of 597... incomplete Fourier coefficients 813 and integral equations 780 linear regularization 799ff... matters 1/xx, 2/xvii Legendre elliptic integral see Elliptic integrals Index to... Hotelling’s method 49, 598 and integral equations 779ff., 783, 1325 iterative.... Linear equations see Differential equations; Integral equations; Linear algebraic equations Linear...’s algorithm 36ff., 45, 1017 for integral equations 783, 786, 1325f. for... storage of 71f., 1030 and integral equations 779, 783, 1325 inverse... 340ff. Nonlinear instability 831 Nonlinear integral equations 781, 787 Nonlinear programming... 135ff., 789, 1055, 1328 for integral equations 781f., 786, 1325ff. Monte... Bessel functions 160, 223 cosine integral 250 divergent 161 economization 192f... 160f., 1070 exponential integral 216, 218 Fresnel integral 248 hypergeometric 202, 263... recurrence 172 series 160 Sine integral 248, 250ff., 1123, 1125f. continued... series 250 see also Cosine integral Sine transform see Fast Fourier... 203, 263 in integral equations 788ff., 1328 in integral equations, worked example..., 644ff., 1283f. of data in integral equations 781 importance in multigrid... 592f. image processing 596f. for integral equations 782 inverse 587 Lemarie...



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... from Swift, HETE-II, and Integral experiments. No evidence for γ-ray... extractor searches for the maximum integral content among those obtained from... the window with the highest integral as t = ii=i si · i/ ii=i i, 0 0 where... slice position i. Cubic Spline with Integral or Amplitude Extraction : This extractor... Window 8 Spline Amplitude Spline Integral 1 Spline Integral 4 Spline Integral 6 Digital Filter 4 Digital Filter... different Size bins or different integral Size cuts, the selected optimal... Mart´ın, 2008 Quality Factor testMC_OFFs Integral Q factor Hadronness 14 10 -1 12... -4 0 0 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 fHadronness Quality Factor 25 Integral Q factor Acc Integral Acceptance vs. Hadronness 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 fHadronness... perform this correction in the integral flux in a day-by-day... days. Recently, and by folding INTEGRAL (IBIS/ISGRI) and ASM data... band with XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL [154] showed that the spectrum... 5.5 shows the dependence of the INTEGRAL (20-60 keV) and XMM... bottom: EGRET GeV data [155], INTEGRAL at 20-60 keV, XMMNewton... the XMM-Newton (left) and INTEGRAL (right) data, from [154]. LS...) these authors also presented an INTEGRAL map in the 22.1-63... from 2003-2005. As the INTEGRAL angular resolution is of several... the observation, orbital phase and integral flux values above 400 GeV... the observation, orbital phase and integral flux of LSI +61◦ 303... phase bin 0.6-0.7 yielding an average integral flux of F (E > 400GeV) = 5.7 ± 0.6stat ± 2.4syst... cm-2s-1] Figure 6.9: Left panel: Integral γ-ray flux of LSI +61... the legend. Right panel: Average integral γ-ray flux of LSI +61...-12 cm-2s-1] Figure 6.10: Integral flux above 400 GeV for... Time [MJD] Figure 6.11: Intranight integral flux curve above 400 GeV... HR as a function of the integral flux above 300 GeV. Only... GeV) as a function of the integral flux above 300 GeV. Only... is found. -10 BATSE COMPTEL INTEGRAL EGRET OSSE XMM -11 MAGIC... here. A physical variable xj (the integral γ-ray flux above 400 GeV... using as input xi the integral flux above ∆t 400 GeV, measured... complementary error function (from the integral of the Gaussian distribution) while... distributions do not follow the integral of a Gaussian distribution (erfc or... Lomb-Scargle test using the integral fluxes as input parameters, this... periodograms using LSI +61◦ 303 integral fluxes. We apply this method... the LSI +61◦ 303 TeV integral flux (above 400 GeV) from... Figure 6.35: LSI +61◦ 303 integral flux folded with period P = 26... the Lomb-Scargle test with integral fluxes. As in that case... (the Lomb-Scargle test using integral fluxes and the Rayleigh and... of excess and over the integral fluxes and also using the... IBIS Imager on board the INTEGRAL satellite IC Inverse Compton IceCub... Fourier spacing IGRI INTEGRAL soft gamma-ray imager INTEGRAL International gamma-ray... energy bands . . . . . . Phaseogram of EGRET, INTEGRAL, XMM-Newton, RXTE and ROSAT... radio maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . XMM-Newton and INTEGRAL contour maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chandra X-ray maps... . . . . . . . Integral flux above 400 GeV for two nights in campaign I . . . . . . . . . . . Integral flux... ratio as a function of the integral flux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hardness ratio as a function... campaign I+II . . . . . . . . . . LSI +61◦ 303 integral flux folded with the radio... 1997. [153] Hermsen, W. and Kuiper, L. INTEGRAL deep observation of LSI +61.... [154] Chernyakova, M., Neronov, A., and Walter, R. INTEGRAL and XMM-Newton observations of...



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... Introduction to Astroparticle Physics Figure 2.5: Integral cosmic ray energy spectrum as... R-band. INTEGRAL–OMC The Optical Monitoring Camera27 [M+ 03] aboard the INTEGRAL satellite28... International Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory, INTEGRAL, see http://sci.esa.int...–HXD-PIN, RXTE–PCA, and INTEGRAL–IBIS-ISGRI, and for the.... INTEGRAL–JEM-X The Joint European X-Ray Monitor52 [B+ 04e] aboard the INTEGRAL satellite... 4. INTEGRAL–IBIS-ISGRI The INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager58 [L+ 03] aboard the INTEGRAL... the Imager on-Board the INTEGRAL Satellite59 . This in turn is... Hegra CT system [MHZ10]. 58 INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager, ISGRI... 59 Imager on-Board the INTEGRAL Satellite, IBIS, see http://projects...-Comptel Integral-IBIS-ISGRI RXTE-HEXTE Swift-BAT RXTE-PCA Integral-JEM..., NMS, Tenagra-II, Perugia AIT, Integral-OMC, Palomar60 2MASS, NOT Spitzer... been acquired from [T+ 08a], and INTEGRAL–OMC data are retrieved via... V New Mexico Skies V Tenagra-II V INTEGRAL-OMC V Swift-UVOT V 0.010 0.005... Observations INTEGRAL–IBIS Although neither being listed in the second INTEGRAL AGN catalog [B+ 09e] nor in the INTEGRAL–IBIS 7-year catalog [KTR+ 10], an integral flux of...-wavelength SED modeling of this INTEGRAL high state of 1ES 1959...-II R GRT V NMSV Tenagra-II V INTEGRAL-OMCV Swift-UVOTV R-bandall V-bandall....4% 12.0% 5.1% 0.5% 0.4% GRT NMS Tenagra-II INTEGRAL–OMC Swift–UVOT all V-band... Table 7.7. For 2008, only an integral upper limit above 300 GeV..., Swift–BAT, RXTE–HEXTE, and INTEGRAL–IBIS-ISGRI, in the order... (2010) subm.] Integral-ISGRI [ApJL 719(2010)L162] Integral-ISGRI mean [ISDC... about these sensitivities. The minimum integral flux F is depicted against the... of observation time. Additionally, the integral fluxes of the blazars to.../starbase 115 8.7 Feasibility and Conclusions Integral Flux Sensitivity Γ=-2.6, 3σ in 6h Source...-11 0 F(E>E ) [cm-2 s-1] 10 10-12 Integral Sensitivities TACTIC Whipple HEGRA CT... [GeV] 2000 3000 10000 Figure 8.7: Integral spectra of the sources to... Table B.13: Lightcurve data from INTEGRAL–OMC V-band [W+ 11b]. Date [MJD....11.24–12.01 by Integral–IBISISGRI [B+ 10c]. 188 Appendix D Data...: Spectral energy distribution data from Integral–IBIS-ISGRI (mean) [W+ 11b]. ν [Hz... Telescope Imager on-Board the INTEGRAL Satellite Fraunhofer-Institut für Fertigungstechnik und... Radioastronomie Millimétrique InfraRed Spectrograph INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager Joint... Mexico Skies Nordic Optical Telescope INTEGRAL IRAM IRS ISGRI JEM-X KM3NeT... . . . . . . . . . . . NMS V-band . . . . . . . . . . Tenagra-II V-band . . . . . . . INTEGRAL–OMC V-band . . . Swift–UVOT V-band....24–12.01 by Integral–IBIS-ISGRI . . . . . . . . . . 187 Integral–IBIS-ISGRI (mean.... JEM-X: the x-ray monitor on INTEGRAL. In K. A. Flanagan & O. H. W. Siegmund, editor, Society...] V. Beckmann et al. Swift and INTEGRAL observation of 1ES 1959+650...] V. Beckmann et al. The second INTEGRAL AGN catalogue. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 505.... Fermi detected blazars seen by INTEGRAL. ArXiv e-prints, December 2009, 0912... 8th INTEGRAL Workshop “The Restless Gamma-ray Universe”, volume INTEGRAL 2010 of... [J+ 03] P. L. Jensen et al. The INTEGRAL spacecraft - in-orbit performance. Astronomy..., M. Revnivtsev, S. Grebenev, E. Churazov, and R. Sunyaev. INTEGRAL/IBIS 7-year All-Sky Hard...] F. Lebrun et al. ISGRI: The INTEGRAL Soft Gamma-Ray Imager. Astronomy...: An Optical Monitoring Camera for INTEGRAL. Instrument description and performance. Astronomy... X-ray instruments onboard the Chandra, INTEGRAL, RXTE, Suzaku, Swift, and XMM... [W+ 03] C. Winkler et al. The INTEGRAL mission. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 411:L1...] R. Walter et al. INTEGRAL in HEAVENS. In 8th INTEGRAL Workshop “The Restless Gamma-ray Universe”, volume INTEGRAL 2010 of..., Swift–UVOT, Swift–XRT, and INTEGRAL–IBIS-ISGRI, – Francesco Longo, Francesco...



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... la educación superior y la reforma integral de la ems, que comenz... se hiciera con un enfoque integral, gradual y de largo aliento (Bonilla... secundaria, para abordar de manera integral el área que deberían... como eje vertebral la Reforma Integral de la Educación Básica (rieb... nuevo ciclo de educación básica integral, consistente y adecuado a las necesidades del... se apostó por un enfoque integral de la reforma, se estim... Consulta Nacional sobre la Reforma Integral de la Educación Secundaria. La... y Proyectos, en . seb, 2007a. Reforma integral de la educación básica. Acciones... . 60  EDUCACIÓN sebyn, 2002. Reforma Integral de la Educación Secundaria. Documento... la importancia de la formación integral o con sentido social, su pr..., a fin de estimular la formación integral de sus alumnos” (Argüelles... del humanismo asociado a la formación integral y el rasgo laboral-técnico tienen...íticos no atienden de forma integral las necesidades de los jóvenes...íticas educativas, evaluar de manera integral 84  EDUCACIÓN la calidad de...ón Pública, en . sep, 2008c. Programa Integral de Formación Cívica y Ética. México...ón Media Superior, 2008. La reforma integral de la educación media superior... en cuenta que una evaluación integral del sistema educativo supone atender... educativas, bienestar y desarrollo integral de los alumnos y formación integral de los alumnos... El momento actual. La Reforma Integral del Bachillerato: hacia un sistema... puesto en marcha la reforma integral del bachillerato. Los orígenes... profesionales. • Es uniforme, gratuita, laica e integral (Velásquez, 1992: 49). aprobaci... objetivo es contribuir al desarrollo integral del joven, se encuentran: el.... El momento actual. La Reforma Integral del Bachillerato: hacia un Sistema... se ha propuesto una Reforma Integral de la Educación Media Superior... marco de diversidad. La reforma integral gira en torno a cuatro ejes... Profesionales básicas Profesionales extendidas Evaluación integral Disciplinares extendidas Criterios comunes de..., y f] implementar un proceso de evaluación integral. 4] Un modelo de certificación nacional... de 2009. sep, 2008b. Reforma Integral de la Educación Media Superior... nivel medio superior La reforma integral de la educación media superior..., se ha instituido una Reforma Integral de la Educación Media Superior... diagnóstico de la Reforma Integral de la Educación Media Superior... desarrollo de capacidades. LA REFORMA INTEGRAL DE LA EDUCACIÓN MEDIA SUPERIOR... ems se requiere un proyecto integral en el que participen los... consiste en iniciar una Reforma Integral para la creación del snb... que facilita el desarrollo sano e integral de los estudiantes. h] Participa en... al aprendizaje y al desarrollo sano e integral de los estudiantes. e] Ejerce el... es la creación del Sistema Integral de Evaluación de la oferta...ública, en . sep, 2007a. Reforma Integral de la Educación Media Superior... rotación de personal. El Plan Integral de Formación y Desarrollo Docente 1995...) se propuso la formación intensiva e integral de los profesores, mediante cursos... el marco de la reforma integral del nivel medio superior”. Pareciera... educación superior requería una reforma integral si se deseaba cumplir con... región, no instrumentó una reforma integral de la educación superior como... antes que por una reforma integral del sistema, pero a diferencia de... lograron convertirse en un programa integral. Sin embargo, en ellas se... del Profesorado) o el pifi (Programa Integral de Fortalecimiento Institucional) inauguraron una... programa en 1986: el Programa Integral para el Desarrollo de la... Educación Superior. Conpes, 1986. Programa Integral para el Desarrollo de la... “retratar” bien en el Programa Integral de Fortalecimiento Institucional (pifi). d] Por... las ut y mantener su formación integral (cgut-uthh, 2004). La continuidad... dice formar personas de manera integral; además, estas universidades fueron creadas... década de 19902 y el Programa Integral de Fortalecimiento del Posgrado (Pifop...ólogos, así como el Programa Integral de Fortalecimiento del Posgrado. 3  Seg... promueve un modelo de atención integral en lengua indígena, representado... impulsó una perspectiva de atención integral orientada por el Instituto Nacional... discriminatorias, así como el desarrollo integral de sus pueblos y comunidades mediante... se deben desarrollar de manera integral, es decir, incluyendo la comprensi... Solidaridad (1992) atendía de manera integral a 100 escuelas por cada entidad... Desarrollo y se creó el Programa Integral para Abatir el Rezago Educativo... Educación Pública. sep, 2004. Reforma Integral de la Educación Secundaria. ¿Por... exitoso, para atender de manera integral a 100 escuelas por cada entidad... regiones, poblaciones y grupos de manera integral, y que den paso a procesos de...