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Технические характеристики

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1Масса, кг657

Характеристики орбиты

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1Расчетный срок функционирования, год2-3

Экономические характеристики

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1Стоимость системы , млн. долл.80

Найдено 972 документов по запросу «ITM». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-04-08
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...   explored   most   of   the   country’s   ITM’s   technical   expertise   and   modern   management...ção   em   Participação   Chitotolo   of   which   ITM   is   the   investor.   It   produced...   do   Cuango   (38%   owned   by   ITM,   41%   by   ENDIAMA   and   21...   the   Luembe   river   (north   of   ITM’s   Chitotolo   alluvial   concession).   It   was...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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... as the product It = ItU × ItM . Let us further assume that... information regarding such models, ItM . Let It = ItU × ItM . Once we have... learning implies that the set ItM decreases during the learning process..., the set of models Mt (ItM ) can only shrink over time... each element ω M ∈ Ω M , that is, Mt = ItM . It is immediate to see... (3), we have Rta (It ) = Rta (I U × ItM ) = maxm∈ Mt π a,m (I U ) − minm∈ Mt π a,m (I U ), where... taken over the set Mt = ItM , which ‘shrinks’ over time. Let... set of models g g remains constant, ItM = ItM −1 = M, and any collection of information... set of models, that is, ItMItM −1 with strict inclusion. (ii) Moreover... two consecutive dates with fixed ItM = ItM −1 and each g, It ⊂ It−1 , we have a,g g a,g Rt (ItU × ItM )dht (ItU ) = Rt−1 (ItU−1 × ItM −1 ). 47 The monotonicity...∈I M π a,m,g (ItU ) det t crease in ItM and ItM decreases with t. B Additional Tables Table...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
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... mOddu ;Rn’Cz⁄ı.;v" atIv s'D;yte D;itm?ye mh;m…,j;RTy îv p[s•" 101 y a;Tmn...;nI prSy …m]{ohI not nIcopsevI n c;itm;nI n c hInvOˇo Â=;' v;c' ®xtI' vjRyIt 6 mm...;cn 32 ≈ıy; pry; r;j•upnIt;…n sT’itm( p[vˇO ;…n mh;p[;D /…mR,;' pu yoånu...,Iy" x]U,;' twvtRO STv' .…v„y…s 24 ≈ImNt' D;itm;s;¥ yo D;itrvsIdit idG/hSt' mOg...| i√W∞mU' mOTyu…mv;ptNtm( s*.{…mN{p[itm' ’t;S]' td; yuı' /;tRr;∑^oåNvtPSyt( 29... COLLECTION ¨¥ogpvR [MahŒbhŒrata] y' c;itm;nuW' vIyeR ’Tòo loko VyvSyit dev... c m;nv;" 17 yuı;y;v‚Sqt' p;q| p;…qRvrw itm;nuW"w axKy' rqx;dUl R ' pr... te sen;' p;<@veyihte rt" 7 y" pun" p[itm;nen ]ILlo\k;nit·rCyte 1809... ];ih r;j…•m' lok˘ n nXyey·u rm;" p[j;" Tv…y p[’itm;p•e xeW' Sy;Tk⁄®nNdn 33....Uto h·r,…íNt;xokpr;y," xocm;noåitm;]' s dÁm;ní mNyun; 2 k⁄t" pu∑;…n …m];…, k⁄toåq; s'cy" k⁄t" hy...‚Sqt" ¨ps'gMy cov;c hyRê' p[Itm;nsm( 18 j;to nOp sutSte..." k⁄NtIpu]o /nÔy" 15 a;…êney* nrVy;`[* Âpe,;p[itm* .u…v t* c Tv;' gu®vTp[Me ,; pUjy...¥q;Tq Tv' n …mQy;StIit …k'cn 7 r,e r,eåitm;nI c …vmu%íwv ÎXyte `O,I k,R" p[m;dI...$;" jve p[h;re sMmdeR svR Ev;itm;nuW;" sveR …jtmhIp;l; idGjye .rtWR... itß" kNy;" Svy'vre Âpe,;p[itm;" sv;R" k;…xr;jsut;Std; aMb...; r;m mh;hve pXy me b;¸vIy| c …v£m' c;itm;nuWm( 30 Ev' gteå…p tu...<@lm( ymun;tIrm;…≈Ty tpStepåe itm;nuWm( 18 …nr;h;r; ’x; Â=; j…$l; mlpi˚nI...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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... ketetapan Anggaran Dasar, kebijakan dividen ITM adalah menyesuaikan perolehan keuntungan operasional... Eksekutif Kontraktor Penambangan dengan Manajemen ITM yang diadakan di Yogyakarta. 8 Laporan... CADANGAN 20 STRUKTUR ORGANISASI ITM P rofil P erusahaan PROFIL ITM ITM merupakan perusahaan produsen... perusahaan publik. Kini, lingkup usaha ITM terdiri dari pertambangan batubara terintegrasi... yang secara berkesinambungan memperkuat posisi ITM. Untuk mendorong dan berkontribusi bagi... kinerja keuangan, manajemen maupun karyawan ITM juga berupaya meningkatkan perbaikan secara... kinerja keuangan, manajemen maupun karyawan ITM juga berupaya meningkatkan perbaikan secara... kepentingan atas dukungannya terhadap ITM selama ini. ITM akan terus melangkah untuk..., sehingga secara keseluruhan target produksi ITM dapat dicapai. Implementasi Strategi Perusahaan... meningkatkan efisiensi dan produktifitas operasi ITM melalui upaya menyeluruh yang diberlakukan... kerja yang dibina oleh ITM. Program pengembangan masyarakat ITM pada tahun 2011... sebagai pelanggan terbesar ITM. Di waktu yang sama, ITM memelihara hubungan baik... terhadap sistem dan prosedur ITM untuk kinerja terbaik. ITM juga membuat prioritas... kemudin dipolakan supaya memenuhi kebutuhan ITM dengan mengadopsi dan mengintegrasikan Tujuan... Kontraktor. Sistem CMS juga memungkinkan ITM menyeleksi Kontraktor dengan kinerja terbaiknya...) dari Departemen Pemasaran ITM. Pada tahun 2011 ini ITM memfokuskan diri untuk... (processing facilities). Terkait dengan Blending, ITM didukung dengan kemampuan untuk mencampurkan... kegiatankegiatan yang menciptakan nilai. Pendekatan ITM terhadap manajemen krisis adalah untuk... PROPER untuk lingkungan, yang mengindikasikan ITM dalam ketentuan standar Kementrian Lingkungan... penghargaan pada seluruh anak perusahaan ITM untuk Pengelolaan Lingkungan Pertambangan. Sejalan... menjadi karyawan tetap di ITM atau anak perusahaannya. ITM juga memberi beasiswa..., dan Implementation roadmap Pelatihan ITM. Sepanjang 2011, ITM terus berinvestasi untuk memperbaiki... hubungan yang lancar dan positif. ITM berkomitmen untuk memperhatikan kesejahteraan karyawan... Manajemen Pembagian T I N J AUA N B I S N I S JUMLAH KARYAWAN ITM DAN ANAK PERUSAHAAN Per 31... terakhir, hal yang mencerminkan komitmen ITM untuk mengurangi dampak lingkungan, departemen... dan PEMBONGKARAN, PEMINDAHAN dan Restorasi ITM mencatat penyisihan untuk memenuhi kewajiban... (PKB) yang dimiliki ITM. Diluar kewajiban manfaat pensiun, ITM juga mengakui adanya... Profitabilitas Rasio profitabilitas menunjukkan bagaimana ITM mendayagunakan sumber daya yang dimiliki... berkembang. Manajemen Risiko Permodalan Tujuan ITM dalam pengelolaan permodalan adalah untuk... mempertahankan atau menyesuaikan struktur modal, ITM menyesuaikan jumlah dividen yang dibayar... pada hasil operasi dan perijinan ITM. ITM juga menghadapi risiko harga bahan... pengendali utama ITM, entitas sepengendali dengan ITM, dan entitas induk ITM. Bentuk dari... • hubungan batubara dan lokasi pengiriman. ITM mendapatkan persetujuan dari pejabat pemerintah... sedang dianalisa pemegang PKP2B, termasuk ITM. Beberapa diantaranya termasuk: • ketentuan peralihan... saat dikeluarkannya laporan keuangan ITM, anak-anak perusahaan ITM (PT Indominco Mandiri... Self Regulatory Organization (SRO). Selanjutnya, ITM berupaya untuk mencapai standar internasional... terhadap peraturan. Benturan Kepentingan Karyawan ITM tidak diperbolehkan memanfaatkan posisinya di... melakukan suatu tindakan penipuan. 3. Karyawan ITM menjalankan bisnis dengan integritas. Kami... pelanggan adalah penting bagi ITM; oleh karenanya, ITM senantiasa berupaya tanggap memenuhi... Kesehatan, Keselamatan Kerja dan Lingkungan ITM mengungkapkan seluruh informasi terkait aktivitas... memastikan independensi Direksi. Kepemilikan saham ITM oleh masingmasing Direktur dan Komisaris... ulang terhadap sistem laporan keuangan ITM, pengendalian internal (internal control), pengelolaan... hubungan dengan pemangku kepentingan eksternal. ITM berkomitmen untuk memberi semua laporan... ITM, sekaligus risiko pada kondisi financial ITM, operasionalnya dan hal relevan lainnya. ITM... dari 80% aktivitas penambangan batubara ITM dilakukan oleh kontraktor penambangan independen... DAN PENGEMBANGAN MASYARKAT Hubungan Masyarakat ITM menyadari bahwa keberadaannya sebagai perusahaan... dari tanggung jawab ITM kepada masyarakat dan bangsa, ITM menjalankan program-program... akan menguntungkan semua pemangku kepentingan ITM sendiri. Selain untuk mengkomunikasikan fungsi..., untuk mengkomunikasikan tujuan dan tindakan ITM. TATA K E LO L A D A N TA N G G U N G J AWA B SOSIAL... memberdaya. Program “Mining for Children” ITM bertujuan memperkenalkan dan menjelaskan industri... Children Programme) Program Smart Teaching ITM bertujuan untuk memperbaiki kualitas pengajaran... bagi masyarakat. 84 Pengembangan Masyarakat ITM melaksanakan kegiatan Pengembangan Masyarakat bukan... target dan tujuan ITM dengan cara yang holistik, ITM memiliki empat jenis... Development Management Information System (CDMIS) ITM, yang merupakan sistem informasi data...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
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0.1/5
... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... 8x5x4 Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... 24x7x4 Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... 8x5xNBD Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... AR Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... AR Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... AR Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... AR Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... Onsite Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep... RTF Svc, CSOHO76,50 pk itm-ordr qt50 rdr dcs sep...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-20
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0.11/5
... 747-400BCF converted freighters. HAECO ITM Limited • In September 2012, Hong.... It is conducted through HAECO ITM Limited, a company incorporated in Hong..., offer themselves for re-election. “ITM Joint Venture Agreement”) on 24th... with HAECO and HAECO ITM Limited (the “ITM Joint Venture Company”) for... technical management services. Under the ITM Joint Venture Agreement, the Company... HK$90 million to the ITM Joint Venture Company in respect... its 30% shareholding in the ITM Joint Venture Company. As HAECO and the ITM Joint Venture Company are subsidiaries... the Company’s substantial shareholders, the ITM Joint Venture Agreement constituted a connected... and equipment maintenance 50* HAECO ITM Limited Hong Kong Inventory technical...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.22/5
... ................................................ C1-19 Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) support ............................. C1-27 Data Watchpoint... E Deprecated Features in ARMv7-M Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.1 E.2 Appendix... Control Register – (0xE000EDFC) .............. C1-24 ITM registers ................................................................................................ C1-29 Stimulus Port...-3 Pre-UAL assembly syntax ........................................................................ AppxC-2 ITM and DWT general packet formats... the ARM architecture. Appendix E Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol The... packet protocol used to export ITM and DWT sourced information. Appendix... C1-19 • Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) support on page C1-27... to the Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM), a very low level of intrusion... using the Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM). This uses a fixed low-intrusion... map: C1-2 • Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) for profiling software. • Debug Watchpoint... Range(s) Notes Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) 0xE0000000-0xE0000FFF profiling and performance... a requirement for writes to the ITM stimulus ports not to cause... is described in Appendix E Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol. • The.... • For debug related resources (DWT, ITM, FPB, ETM and TPIU blocks... support • if neither DWT nor ITM is supported, DEMCR.TRCENA is... a DAP and halting debug • no ITM support - ROMITM[0] == ’0’, see ARMv7-M DAP... a requirement for writes to the ITM stimulus ports not to cause... the DWT unit are ignored. • ITM registers return UNKNOWN values on....7 Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) support The Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) provides a memory... Port Interface Unit (TPIU). The ITM also supports control and generation... protocol described in Appendix E Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol. C1.7.1 Theory of operation The ITM consists of: • stimulus (Stimulus Port... packets (see below) plus the ITM and Data Watchpoint and Trace... ARMv7-M Debug Table C1-13 ITM registers (continued) Address offset Type... enable unprivileged (User) access to ITM stimulus ports. Bit [N] of PRIVMASK... and control transfers through the ITM interface. Table C1-17 Trace... Power-up reset. [0] R/W ITMENA Enable ITM. This is the master enable... to allow writes to all ITM registers, including the control register... avoid trace stream corruption, the ITM must be disabled (ITMENA clear... protocol described in Appendix E Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol. Note... transmission is enabled in the ITM block (Trace Control Register), which... support. For timestamp provision, the ITM stimulus ports can be disabled... as an input to the ITM block to generate synchronization packets... a hardware source packet through the ITM - see Hardware Source Packet on... from the ETM and DWT/ITM packet sources. An ETM implementation... and software events from the ITM block are multiplexed with timestamp... an output path for a DWT/ITM generated packet stream of hardware... ARMv7-M programming requirements for DWT, ITM, FPB and TPIU. Additional functionality... Appendix E Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol The ITM emits packets to... reserved. Non-Confidential AppxE-1 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.1 Packet... encodings are shown below: Table E-1 ITM and DWT general packet formats... CDDD1S00 0 to 4 bytes Protocol S = source (ITM / DWT) D = data – page info C = continuation... DDI 0403C Restricted Access Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.1.1 Sync... reserved. Non-Confidential 0 0 AppxE-3 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.1.3 Timestamp... that correlates with the previous ITM/DWT packet is UNKNOWN, however... values. 2 The emission of the ITM/DWT packet that is associated.... This encoding indicates that the ITM/DWT packet was delayed with... output packets. 3 AppxE-4 The associated ITM/DWT packet is delayed with... DDI 0403C Restricted Access Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol Note... to a stimulus port of the ITM. Table E-6 Software instrumentation packet format... reserved. Non-Confidential AppxE-5 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol A[4:0] = the... DDI 0403C Restricted Access Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol Table... are generated from three sources – ITM derived software events, timestamps (TS... with the following priority assignments. ITM (Highest) Priority Level 0 DWT Priority... ensures a quality of service for ITM output over hardware generated DWT... reserved. Non-Confidential AppxE-7 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.2 DWT... DDI 0403C Restricted Access Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol E.2.2 Exception... reserved. Non-Confidential 1 1 AppxE-9 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol The... DDI 0403C Restricted Access Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol Packet.... Non-Confidential 1 0 AppxE-11 Debug ITM and DWT packet protocol AppxE...) on page C1-24 STIMx (ITM support) Stimulus Portx Register - ITM_STIM...) on page C1-30 TERx (ITM support) Trace Enable Register - ITM_TER...) on page C1-30 TPR (ITM support) Trace Privilege Register - ITM_TPR...) on page C1-31 TCR (ITM support) Trace Control Register – ITM_TCR... A6-78 for additional information. ITM Instrumentation Trace Macrocell - part of...



Дата загрузки: 2017-05-21
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... N G G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) A N GO L A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $90.1M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA... U R E G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) A N GO L A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $10 M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA L 31... H C A R E G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) A N GO L A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $16.6M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA... G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) INDIA CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $14. 2M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA... N G G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) GHANA CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $25M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA L 2 M AY... U R E G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) U G A N DA CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $9M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA L 2 M AY... G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) P ER U CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $20 M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA L 29... G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) A N GO L A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $31.7M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA... G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) A N GO L A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $21.9M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA... G EOG R A P H Y (CO U N T RY ) I N D I A & W E S T A FR I C A CO M M ITM EN T A M O U N T U S $10 M DAT E O F I C A P P ROVA L 9 S EP...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-18
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0.38/5
... ICE IDE IRQ ISA ISR ITM JTAG JTAG-DP LR LSB...-M3 An Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) provides a new way for developers... to register memory in the ITM, a debugger can collect the data... operations, make debugging much easier • ITM provides an easy-to-use... 0xE0002000 FPB 0xE0001000 DWT 0xE0000000 ITM External device 1 GB 0xA0000000 0x9FFFFFFF... Maps • • • • 81 Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) Embedded Trace Macrocell (ETM) Trace... includes NVIC, FPB, DWT, and ITM • Advance Peripheral Bus (APB) PPB...–0xE003FFFF 0xE000E000–0xE000EFFF FPB DWT ITM 0xE0002000–0xE0003FFF 0xE0001000–0xE0001FFF 0xE0000000.../ SW-DP interface AHB-AP ITM MPU ROM Table FPB Connection... information AHB-AP ETM DWT ITM TPIU FPB ROM table • • • • control..., or activate the ETM. • ITM: The ITM can be used in several... generate data trace packets through ITM for output into a trace data... data output from Cortex-M3’s ITM, which is connected to the...) Endian input (ENDIAN) ETM interface ITM’s ATB interface 2 More information on... via the Instrumentation Trace Module (ITM). Note that in some cases... messages, we can use the ITM. The trace port works much...). This interface allows outputs from ITM to be captured using low...), DWT, and Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM). The NVIC contains a number of... unit • Debug message: Generated by ITM, provides message output such as... System bus AHB-AP FPB ITM Memory AHB to APB External... enable; to use DWT, ETM, ITM, and TPIU, T this bit must..., whereas the semihosting solution using ITM does not have this limitation... Components: DWT........................................................................................................................ 256 Trace Components: ITM ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������258 Trace Components: ETM �������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������260... in the Instrumentation Trace Macrocell [ITM]) because this could interfere with... and software trace DWT ATB ITM ATB Trace port analyzer Debug... processor: Embedded Trace Macrocell (ETM), ITM, and Data Watchpoint and Trace... in the DWT and the ITM, it is not practical to... enabled. 16.3  Trace Components: ITM The ITM has the following functionalities, as... directly write console messages to ITM stimulus ports and output them... and output them through the ITM. • The ITM can generate timestamp packets... timing of events. Because the ITM uses a trace port to output... you use the ITM. In the Software trace ITM DWT TPIU Timestamp... of Trace Packets on the ITM and TPIU. Merged packets Trace... Trace unit) 16.3  Trace Components: ITM 259 worst case, if these... console messages. To use the ITM, the TRCENA bit in the... to 1. Otherwise, the ITM will be ­disabled and ITM registers cannot be... also a lock register in the ITM. You need to write the... programming the ITM. Otherwise, all write operations to the ITM will be ignored. Finally, the ITM itself is... an ID value for the ITM in the ATB. This ID... trace packet can separate the ITM’s trace packets from other trace.... 16.3.1  Software Trace with the ITM One of the main uses of the ITM is to support debug message output (such as printf ). The ITM contains 32 stimulus ports, allowing...-based text output, using the ITM to output does not cause... buffer is used inside the ITM, so writing output messages can... control bit is low, the ITM will be inactive and debug... Trace Enable register in the ITM to limit which ports are... the text output using the ITM viewer shown in Figure 16.4. Figure 16.4 μVision ITM Viewer Display Shows the Software Generated ITM Text Output. 260 CHAPTER 16....3.2  Hardware Trace with ITM and DWT The ITM is used in output... from the DWT, and the ITM acts as a trace packet merging... the DWTEN bit in the ITM control register; the rest of... programmed at the DWT. 16.3.3  ITM Timestamp ITM has a timestamp feature that... enters the FIFO inside the ITM. The timestamp packet is also... trace functionality of DWT and ITM, we can collect a lot of... output trace packets from the ITM, DWT, and ETM to the... 0xE00FF00C 0xE00FF010 NVIC DWT FPB ITM TPIU Points to the NVIC... at 0xE0002000 Points to the ITM base address at 0xE0000000 Points... NVIC / SCS NVIC DWT FPB ITM ID registers Debugger can then... (DWT) and Instrumentation Trace Macrocell (ITM) 17.2  Development Tools 271 modules... any trace feature (no ETM, ITM). When compared with the Cortex... enable; to use DWT, ETM, ITM, and TPIU, this bit must... function is defined to use ITM for message output. Function Name...) Description Output a character through the ITM output channel 0. When no debugger... the character to ITM and stalls if the ITM is still busy...–258 and ETM, 260 and ITM, 260 E Embedded Assembler, 163–164...–66 Thumb-2 instructions, 70–72 ITM (Instrumentation Trace Macrocell) ATB interface...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-06
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0.13/5
... we call Internet Traffic Managers (ITM)—to use an adaptive number... maintain a target bandwidth. An origin ITM would then schedule incoming packets... also outline our kernel-level ITM prototype implementation. The IntServ architecture...-scale. S1 R1 S2 R2 ITM ITM Elastic Tunnel of m Flows Sn... edge routers Internet Traffic Managers (ITM). We refer to the set... making up an ITM-to-ITM elastic tunnel as the ITM-TCP connections... the ITM-to-ITM tunnel as elastic. Note that the source ITM can... the issues involved, consider an ITM-to-ITM tunnel going through a single... collectively the elastic ITM-to-ITM tunCm . As the source ITM increases m nel... TCP connections to the destination ITM, the tunnel can grab more... to note that the source ITM should refrain from unnecessarily increasing... and unfairness [10]. The source ITM also has the responsibility of... connections over the tunnel, i.e. the ITM-TCP connections. The main goals... creation and termination of the ITM-TCP connections that constitute the... increase in the number of ITM-TCP connections, however, this reaction... preventing any creation of new ITM-TCP connection if existing ones... timeouts from occurring to the ITM-TCP flows that constitute the... also outline our kernel-level ITM prototype implementation. The rest of... be implemented at the origin ITM: Monitor: The monitor component tracks... established between the origin ITM and the destination ITM. This is calculated... of received bytes for all m ITM-TCP connections. The monitor measures... application running on the destination ITM. The elastic-tunnel application then... bandwidth allocation grabbed by the m ITM-TCP flows and the desired bandwidth target B ∗ , the origin ITM invokes a controller which adjusts the... open connections, by closing existing ITM-TCP connections or opening new... report on the performance of ITM kernellevel implementations in another paper... for the elasticity of the ITM-to-ITM tunnel and its effectiveness... the degree of elasticity of ITM-to-ITM TCP-based tunnels, thus... bandwidth b grabbed by the current m ITM-TCP connections. Then, it directly... flows (constituting the elastic ITM-to-ITM tunnel) can be described as... a user’s packet crosses the origin ITM, it first passes through the... established elastic tunnel, the origin ITM removes the IP packet from... scheduled over the m ITM-TCP flows.4 The origin ITM elastic-tunnel application... out over one of the m ITM-TCP connections. To do so... is that of the origin ITM and the destination IP address is that of the destination ITM. ˙ b(t) = α[(C − B ∗ )m(t) − B ∗ x(t)] (2) Thus, b(t) increases with m(t) and decreases... packet destined to the destination ITM, the packet passes normally through... values for the number of ITM-TCP and cross-traffic flows... Sender’s ITM Application Receiver’s ITM Application Sender’s ITM TCP/IP stack Receiver’s ITM TCP... control. For example, when a new ITM-TCP connection is opened, it... by: • Stability in Number of ITM-TCP Flows: The variability in number of ITM-TCP flows reflects the overhead... setting up and tearing down ITM-TCP connections within the elastic... start our experiment with 10 ITM-TCP connections sharing the bottleneck... aggregate bandwidth acquired by the ITM-TCP connections. We plot both... total bandwidth allocated to the ITM-TCP connections. This is exactly... system where the number of ITM-TCP connections is not adapted... details on our kernel-level ITM prototype implementation. 4.1. Simulation Experiments Topology... bottleneck link is shared between ITM-TCP connections and cross-traffic... aggregate bandwidth acquired by the ITM-TCP connections. One can see... to adapt the number of ITM-TCP connections. Figure 8(a) shows the aggregate bandwidth acquired by the ITM-TCP connections when subjected to... to adjust the number of ITM-TCP connec- Experiment 1: Our first... control over the number of ITM-TCP connections between the 5 We... of our next experiment. constituent ITM-TCP connections) to a step increase... terms of the number of ITM-TCP connections to open or... 9(b) shows the number of open ITM-TCP connections at any instant... stabilize the number of open ITM-TCP connections which is one... open and close a large number ITM-TCP connections at every control... see that it opens less ITM-TCP flows than the naive.... The maximum number of open ITM-TCP connections at any time... bandwidth acquired by the elastic ITM-to-ITM tunnel tends to oscillate... experiments, we subject the elastic ITM-to-ITM tunnel (i.e. the Experiment 6: In... acquired Bandwidth (c) Number of open ITM-TCP flows Figure 11: Results... (naive) controller to create new ITM-TCP management connections to reach...-tunnel application within this generalized ITM-API in a future paper. We... to erratically open and close ITM-TCP connections and therefore this... event-driven API to our ITM architecture. Applications (both kernel and... level) wishing to use the ITM need to register with a core... the number of tunnel’s constituent ITM-TCP connections as determined by... of the system is an ITM kernel module, which communicates with...