Спутник ДЗЗ. Ikonos. [Редактировать]

24 сентября 1999 года с космодрома Ванденберг (США, штат Калифорния) был успешно запущен первый в истории человечества коммерческий спутник для съемки Земли со сверхвысоким (лучше 1 м) разрешением – IKONOS. Инициатором использования высокодетальных снимков в гражданских целях выступила компания Space Imaging (с января 2006 г., после слияния с компанией OrbImage, GeoEye). IKONOS передает информацию в панхроматическом режиме с разрешением от 0.8 м и в мультиспектральном (4 канала, аналогичные по спектральным характеристикам Landsat 4&5 TM) с разрешением от 3.2 м. Имеется возможность получения продуктов на основе снимков IKONOS в следующих комбинациях каналов: ч/б, «естественные цвета» (красный, зеленый, голубой каналы), «искусственные цвета» (ближний инфракрасный, красный, зеленый каналы) или все четыре канала. Облетая Землю со скоростью примерно 7 км в секунду, спутник IKONOS собирает данные с площади более 2000 км2 в минуту. C одного витка может быть отснята площадь до 10000 км2. Столь высокая производительность спутника позволяет снимать и получать достаточно точные снимки с высоким разрешением за короткий срок. 

Режимы съемки:

  • кадровый;
  • площадной (мозаичный) до 10 тыс. квадратных километров;
  • маршрутный 11х100 ... 11х1000 квадратных километров;
  • стерео 22х130 км.

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Все спутники ДЗЗ

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12015-05-19. Космический аппарат IKONOS выведен из эксплуатации после 15 летнего срока пребывания на орбите.
Коммерческий космический аппарат IKONOS был выведен спутниковым оператором DigitalGlobe из состава своей орбитальной группировки через 15 лет активного существования на орбите. С момента своего запуска космический аппарат предоставил данные о более чем 400 млн. квадратных километрах поверхности Земли. Тэги: IkonosDigitalGlobe

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (полезная нагрузка), кг171
2Масса КА, кг720
3Расчетный срок функционирования, год5-7
4Фокусное расстояние, метра10
5Разрешение оптической спецаппаратуры (панхроматический), метра0.83
6Разрешение оптической спецаппаратуры (мультиспектральный), метра3.2
7Полоса захвата, км11
8Диаметр апертуры зеркала, сантиметров70
9Число каналов (мультиспектральный), шт.4
10Радиометрическое разрешение, бит11
11Производительность, тыс. квадратных км в сутки166
12Ширина полосы обзора (при 26 градусах отклонения от надир), км700
13Ширина полосы обзора (при 51 градусах отклонения от надир), км1860
14Отклонение (от надир), градус45 (макс. 51)
15Спектральные каналы, мкм0.45-0.52, 0.52-0.6, 0.63-0.69, 0.76-0.9
16Тип телескопазеркальный, F=10 м, f/14.3
17Размер кадра (при съемке надир), км11х11
18Возможность (одновитковой съемки)есть

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Высота орбиты, км681

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Год запуска, год1999

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Страна США
2Стоимость (разработки), млн. долл.240

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Ikonos». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 CHARGED... Radius – 69 MODULATION TRANSFER FUNCTION IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... High Resolution Satellite Imagery – 57 IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 SATELLITE... Ultrasonic Non- Destructive Testing – 102 IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 SOI... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 Ball... Complex Databases – 106 Holekamp, Kara IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 Lee... Cancer Gene(s) – 76 Pagnutti, Mary IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 The... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 The... Characterization Approach – 50 Ryan, Robert IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 Sadler... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 The... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 Starr... Satellite Application – 14 Zanoni, Vicki IKONOS Signal-to-Noise Ratio Estimation... Evaluation (JACIE) Team: Overview and IKONOS Joint Characterization Approach – 55 The...



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... tree mapping and tree grouping. Ikonos data can identify an individual... Recognition using Very-High Resolution Ikonos data....................98 4.2.1 Tree-Shadow Pair... 5.3.3 Very-High Resolution Systems.............................................................133 5.3.3.1 Ikonos Stereo for 3D Tree Mapping... optical data (i.e. interferometric SAR and Ikonos data) will be used to... Photography 2. Airborne Dornier SAR (Research) 3. Ikonos 4. Quickbird ALOS-PALSAR 70 m 30... resolution data of a specific location, e.g. Ikonos of 1 m resolution or Quickbird of... resolution RS data (e.g. Airborne SAR, Ikonos). This extracted tree information can... will be validated by 1 m or 4 m Ikonos maps). Sometimes, field measurements are... resolution remotely sensed data (e.g. 1 m resolution Ikonos or 1.5 m Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar... with Validation with Ground Truth Ikonos Classification Texture or NDVI as... JERS, ERS, Landsat Validation with Ikonos Digital ERS River Figure 3.1. Flowchart... classification were validated using an Ikonos forest cover classification (Figures 3.28... (2 %) and grass “alang-alang” (1 %) in Ikonos. This validation using object segmentation... features in 1 m resolution pan-sharpened Ikonos data. The future point of... classified image on Ikonos classifications. Figure 3.29. Proportion of Ikonos (3 June 2003... System Figure 3.30. Proportion of Ikonos (3 June 2003) derived land cover... remotely sensed data such as Ikonos, Aerial Photography and Airborne Dornier... commercial satellite photography such as Ikonos (Table 1.2). This new development is... a very-high resolution optical sensor (e.g. Ikonos), the optimal tree-shadow pair...-high resolution remotely sensed data (i.e. Ikonos, Aerial Photography and Dornier SAR... this study is applied to Ikonos imagery using eCognition software. The... the 7.2 ha Plot or using Ikonos data (Figure 4.7; Figure 1.3 in Chapter... Techniques 2D-Tree Ikonos 3D-Tree Do-SAR Ikonos Object Segmentation Tree... of Forest Structure Analysis using Ikonos, Aerial Photography and Do-SAR... Recognition using Very-High Resolution Ikonos data 4.2.1 Tree-Shadow Pair Concept... an Ikonos image can be a good point of departure because Ikonos has.... The weighting factors of the Ikonos bands, e.g. PAN=0.5; BLUE=1, GREEN=1, RED... Pair Concept works well on Ikonos images using the Object Segmentation... aerial photographs (scale 1: 20,000), Ikonos data, AirSAR data and fieldwork... in 2002 (middle right); Pansharpened Ikonos of 2001 (bottom) 110 4. Forest... a slight difference between radar and Ikonos results (Figure 4.16). The method... Anaglyph of Aerial Photographs 1996 Ikonos 2001 1. Intact Secondary Forest Number... difference in tree height; Pansharpened Ikonos (top left). 3D Anaglyph View... high-resolution remotely sensed data (e.g. Ikonos, Airborne Interferometric SAR) were used...) - Formline map (Contour lines: 25 m) - Ikonos Forest Cover Map (Chapter 3) - Aggregation... % cruising) - 2D Tree Mapping from Ikonos object segmentation approach (Chapter 4) - 3D... (Figure 5.2). Moreover, very high-resolution Ikonos imagery could be used to... of Multi-scale Forestry Information A. Ikonos PAN B. Tree and Adjacency C. Tree... quality information using Ikonos data (4 m) and pansharpened Ikonos data (1 m). (A) Ikonos pan-sharpened data... by the object segmentation of Ikonos multi-spectral data. (E) Transparent Forest... very-high resolution spaceborne sensors (e.g. Ikonos with 1 m resolution Panchromatic and 4 m Multi... forest class The availability of Ikonos data will provide the capability...; Chapter 4). Moreover, very high-resolution Ikonos imagery could be used to... of multi-spectral and panchromatic Ikonos data can enable automated individual... of Multi-scale Forestry Information 5.3.3.1 Ikonos Stereo for 3D Tree Mapping.../burnt-deforestation processes”, the available Ikonos stereo is a good basis for... University 138 Do-SAR TreeMap + Ikonos Biophysical Validation (Object Classification) (Forest... Landsat TM (30 m resolution) and Ikonos (1-4 m resolution) data showed that object... retrieved Tree Point Objects (C) from Ikonos (2001) (A) and Previous False Colour..., tree point and class polygon IKONOS (R=Red;G=Green;B=Blue) Landsat 5 (R=NIR... between tree-object segmentation of Ikonos (2001) and Forest cover types... of Multi-scale Forestry Information Ikonos 1m PAN and 4 m MSS Interferometric... from interferometric SAR data or Ikonos. The SPOT-Vegetation national observation... high-resolution remotely sensed data (e.g. Ikonos and Interferometric SAR of INDREX... from interferometric SAR data or Ikonos. The SPOT-Vegetation national observation... resolutie remote sensing data (bijv. Ikonos en Interferometric SAR van INDREX... met interferonmetrische SAR data of Ikonos. Het SPOT-Vegetation nationaal observatie... and vegetation communities using multitemporal Ikonos imagery in southern Saskatchewan. Can..., G. And J. Grodecki., 2003. Applications of Ikonos Imagery. ASPRS 2003 Annual Conference... Spatial Structure using SAR and Ikonos Data. Proceedings ForestSAT Symposium, 5-9 August... Spatial Structure using SAR and Ikonos Data. The ForestSAT Symposium, 5-9 August...



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..., Bay Saint Louis, MS, USA IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... the spatial performance of the IKONOS commercial imaging sensor. The end... the spatial image quality of IKONOS data prodicts in terms of... the application-specific capabilities of IKONOS imagery. Both panchromatic and multispectral... sharpening the imagery, and that IKONOS panchromatic imagery achieves an average... in Xpatch ISAR Images – 133 IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... James Webb Telescope Observatory – 328 IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Companies – 102 Inspection of PHOTOINTERPRETATION IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... DYCOSS Failure Prediction Tool – 148 IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Astronomy in a Multiwavelength Context – 126 IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Reduced Gravity – 121 Baldridge, Braxton IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Record Files – 209 Blonski, Slawomir IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Field Campaign – 159 Choi, Taeyoung IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Propulsion Studies – 44 Helder, Dennis L. IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Spacecraft Water – 229 Ryan, Robert IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability... Porous Biomaterials – 85 Schowengerdt, Robert A. IKONOS Spatial Resolution and Image Interpretability...



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... 76,1% and 81,4%, respectively. The IKONOS XS image provided the highest... to the postpolygon classification, the IKONOS image provided the highest overall..., Agricultural crop mapping, SPOT4, SPOT5, IKONOS, QuickBird, Turkey. v ÖZ PARSEL TABANLI ÜRÜN HAR... tarihte çekilen renkli SPOT 4, SPOT 5, IKONOS, QuickBird uydu görüntüleri ile...ük, Tarımsal ürün hatitalama, SPOT4, SPOT5, IKONOS, QuickBird, Türkiye. vii To My... .................................................17 3.4 The spectral bands of IKONOS XS image ...............................................18 3.5 The spectral... The error matrix of the IKONOS XS image ............................................45 3.13 The... error matrix of the (3*3) filtered IKONOS XS image........................49 3.18 The... error matrix of the (5*5) filtered IKONOS XS image........................52 3.23 The... error matrix of the (7*7) filtered IKONOS XS image........................55 3.28 The... The error matrix of the IKONOS XS image ............................................58 3.33 The... 4.3 The error matrix of the IKONOS XS image ............................................69 4.4 The error... error matrix of the (3*3) filtered IKONOS XS image........................72 4.9 The error... error matrix of the (5*5) filtered IKONOS XS image........................75 4.14 The... error matrix of the (7*7) filtered IKONOS XS image........................79 4.19 The... The error matrix of the IKONOS XS image ..........................................86 4.24 The... The error matrix of the IKONOS XS image ..........................................89 4.29 The... statistics of the subclasses for IKONOS XS image.................115 C.4 Training statistics... the (a) SPOT4 XS, (b) SPOT5 XS, (c) IKONOS XS, (d) QuickBird XS, (e) QuickBird PS... training areas selected from the IKONOS XS (4m) image ................37 3.10... post - polygon classification for the IKONOS XS image using common bands... mean bands (G, R, NIR) of the IKONOS image................................65 4.3 the output of... image ...............................................................107 A.3 The TDI of IKONOS XS image ..............................................................108 A.4 The TDI... ........................................111 B.3 Coincidence spectral plots of IKONOS image .......................................112 B.4 Coincidence spectral plots... post-polygon classification for the IKONOS PS image using common bands... images collected by the SPOT 5, IKONOS and QuickBird satellites have become... the high spatial resolution of IKONOS multispectral image gives more accurate...) compared the classification accuracies of IKONOS and QuickBird images. Two images... the multispectral bands were examined, IKONOS showed better accuracy than the... provides more accurate results for IKONOS (pachromatic band) imagery than the... different satellite images that include IKONOS XS (15 July 2004), SPOT4... level while the level of IKONOS image was standard geometrically corrected... Band 4 (SWIR) 1.58-1.75 20 IKONOS satellite is capable of simultaneously... Table 3.4 The spectral bands of IKONOS XS image Spectral band Wavelength... the (a) SPOT4 XS, (b) SPOT5 XS, (c) IKONOS XS, (d) QuickBird XS and (e) QuickBird... samples were selected from the IKONOS image using the colour composite... from the 4m IKONOS XS image was that the IKONOS data provides... the visual inspection. Therefore, the 4 m IKONOS data was considered to be... the checking locations collected from IKONOS were transfered to other images... value was 1.9593. For the IKONOS image, the minimum separability value... training areas selected from the IKONOS XS (4m) image 3.5.2. Post-Polygon... post-polygon classification for the IKONOS XS image using common bands... classified output. Similar to the IKONOS image, the overall accuracies of... pre-polyon classification of the IKONOS image provided an overall accuracy... 1021 For the classified filtered IKONOS image, the overall accuracy and... bands were classified. For the IKONOS image, both the overall accuracy... high spatial resolution images. The IKONOS image provided the best results... selected from the 4m resolution IKONOS image. Then, the training areas... the IKONOS and QuickBird images. However, in this study, the IKONOS and...,2 (%) 76,1 (%) SPOT5 5.50 69,8 (%) 81,4 (%) IKONOS 28.00 81,8 (%) 88,6 (%) QuickBird... post-polygon classification of the IKONOS and QuickBird images provides better... post-polygon classification approaches, the IKONOS image provided the best results... that high spatial resolution images (IKONOS, QuickBird XS and QuickBird PS... A. J. 2002, “Mapping marine environments with IKONOS imagery: enhanced spatial resolution can... classification for mapping mangroves with IKONOS imagery, International Journal of Remote... W. P., Gong, P., Biging, G. S. 2004, “Comparison of IKONOS and Quickbird images for mapping... the (3*3) filtered bands SPOT4 SPOT5 IKONOS QUICKBIRD XS QUICKBIRD PS OA... the (5*5) filtered bands SPOT4 SPOT5 IKONOS QUICKBIRD XS QUICKBIRD PS OA... the (7*7) filtered bands SPOT4 SPOT5 IKONOS QUICKBIRD XS QUICKBIRD PS OA...



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... Islands: Sub-meter Imaging from IKONOS in the Context of RADARSAT... (time series) • RADARSAT (+Landsat-7) focuses IKONOS on where the “action” is... Ocean Island Monitoring Examples of IKONOS Monitoring Sites Tristan da Cunha... Ocean Island Monitoring Examples of IKONOS Monitoring Sites Fogo Island Tristan... Index Islands under study with IKONOS, RADARSAT, etc. Comments Island Name... Surtsey, Iceland Time-Series Analysis IKONOS: 1~m pan Blue: 8/14/00 Red... Photos (May 2001) 6/12/2001 (IKONOS) Surtur I Ocean Island Monitoring Capelhinos... Monitoring IKONOS DEM of Capelhinos, Western Faial, Azores Ocean Island Monitoring IKONOS... Monitoring IKONOS DEM of Tristan da Cunha Ocean Island Monitoring IKONOS DEM... 567 Ocean Island Monitoring Deception IKONOS Context Image Ocean Island Monitoring.....) Landsat-7 Ocean Island Monitoring Kerguelen IKONOS Context Image Ocean Island Monitoring..., West Indies IKONOS: 9/9/00 Ocean Island Monitoring Navassa Island - IKONOS Pan SW... Island Monitoring IKONOS DEM of Nauru Island Ocean Island Monitoring IKONOS DEM... Jan Mayen Island, North Atlantic IKONOS (Approved for Summer ‘02) Jan... Island Monitoring • Bouvet Island (S. Atlantic): IKONOS data coming soon. • Jan Mayen... in 2001, awaiting illumination – Expect IKONOS to resume attempts May 2002... Detection of Key indicators in IKONOS Images: – Roches Champignons – Drowned Coastlines...-Cover Retreat at Deception Island • IKONOS DEM’s Potentially Valuable for Volumetric... SAR time series to Direct IKONOS submeter Imaging Demonstrated • Need to... Islands Ocean Island Monitoring Future IKONOS Island Monitoring Sites? Aldabra Island... Island Ocean Island Monitoring Future IKONOS Island Monitoring: Fernando de Norohna...



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... Toutin, IKONOS, EROS, High Resolution ABSTRACT: The latest additions of IKONOS and... satellite data. In this paper, IKONOS and EROS-A1 data were... for the same area. Furthermore, a IKONOS stereo pair was acquired on... of the land covers. 1. INTRODUCTION IKONOS, the commercial satellite with the.... The high-resolution imagery that IKONOS and EROS-A1 provide theoretically... IKONOS and EROS-A1 imagery are limited only by the imagination. 1.1 IKONOS IKONOS... of the basic panchromatic product. IKONOS is distributed in 8-bit or... is quite common for the IKONOS data. Hence, the product will... preferred by the photogrammetrist community, IKONOS stereo images are distributed in... along-track stereoscopy with the IKONOS orbit, it approximately corresponds to... achievable for IKONOS, even for flat terrain. The new IKONOS product, Geo... Geo image derived from the IKONOS satellite and an Image Geometry... complex sensor geometry of the IKONOS camera, which is necessary to... on the geometric correction of IKONOS Geo product. 1.2 EROS-A1 EROS... a slightly lower resolution than the IKONOS (1.8-m verses 1-m), the price of EROS... IKONOS. 2. GEOMETRIC PROCESSING Three methods can be used to correct the IKONOS... detailed sensor information for the IKONOS satellite has not yet been..., 2001) have successfully developed a rigorous IKONOS model using basic information from... of the rigorous model for IKONOS Geo product, different applications were... to both IKONOS and EROS-A1 data and to stereo IKONOS data... different ortho-rectification methods, an IKONOS Geo data and an EROS... were collected uniformly on the IKONOS and EROS-A1 images, respectively... of the orthorectified image of IKONOS and EROS-A1 resampled at... rigorous method. CCRS ordered an IKONOS stereo product in Autumn 2000... and editing. 4. RESULTS AND ANALYSIS 4.1 IKONOS Table 2 shows the root mean... the three different methods for IKONOS data. Second order polynomial transformations... polynomial, and rigorous model for IKONOS data. Correction Method Simple Polynomial... polynomial, and rigorous model for IKONOS data. Correction Method Simple Polynomial... polynomial, and rigorous model for IKONOS data. Correction Method Simple Polynomial... within the accuracy of the IKONOS Precision product. Table 5 shows the... results extracted from the stereo IKONOS data. As seen in the... not representative of the general IKONOS stereo potential for DEM generation... methods. Similar to the previous IKONOS example, the rational polynomial method....0 2.1 Errors (m) Y 2.2 2.4 2.1 Maximum Errors (m) X Y 8.1 4.1 36.8 5.9 4.1 3.9 5. CONCLUSIONS IKONOS Geo products have an accuracy... and are otherwise expensive. Although IKONOS Geo Ortho Kit product allows... than the IKONOS, it is much cheaper than the IKONOS data. Stereoscopic of EROS data is also under evaluation. Both IKONOS... 1. 2. 3. 4. Toutin & Cheng, 2000. Demystification of IKONOS, July EOM 2000, pp 17... & Wang, 2001, Planimetric Accuracy of Ikonos 1-m Panchromatic Image Products, Proceedings of... Stereo IKONOS: a Reality if…, July EOM 2001,4 pages. Figure 1: Orthoimage of IKONOS...



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..., Space Imaging, GeoEye, NOAA, GSD, Ikonos, QuickBird, Orbview, imagery, USGS, Landsat... involved using Indian IRS1C and U.S. Ikonos satellite imagery to study the... KVR-1000, French SPOT, and U.S. Ikonos systems, have been used for...-resolution U.S. CRS satellite (i.e., Space Imaging's Ikonos-2) was successfully placed into orbit... launching its Ikonos satellite on April 27, 1999, but Ikonos also failed... by successfully launching a second satellite, Ikonos-2, on September 24, 1999. Two... in Washington, DC. 27. For Ikonos imagery of Brazilian deforestation activities... 22, 1994 for its 1-meter Ikonos satellites, Orbimage (then part of... high-resolution satellites [e.g., Space Imaging’s Ikonos-2], makes an inappropriate and misdirected... first high-resolution CRS satellite (Ikonos-2) was successfully placed into orbit... the operations of Space Imaging’s Ikonos-2 satellite (capable of 1-meter panchromatic... potential shutter control restrictions was Ikonos-2 (launched 1999, 5 years after PDD... in the case of the Ikonos imagery purchase from Space Imaging... a high-resolution imaging satellite, following Ikonos-2’s launch by the U.S.’s Space Imaging..., 175 such as Space Imaging’s Ikonos 2 (1-meter), Orbimage’s Orbview 3 (1-meter), and.... Jason Bates, “NIMA Locks Up Ikonos Time Over Afghanistan,” (October 15... 31, 2005. Also see ______, “IKONOS Data Guide” (Durham, NH: University... and thus slightly exceeds the U.S.’s Ikonos-2 satellite, which provides imagery at... (1-meter GSD) earth observation satellite – Ikonos 2. Space Imaging International was established... and operate a CRS system called Ikonos.17 In that same year... digital camera for Space Imaging’s Ikonos satellites, which were still in... pushed to 1999).18 The Ikonos satellites were originally to be... April 28, 1999, Space Imaging’s Ikonos-1 satellite failed to reach orbit..., though, by successfully launching its Ikonos-2 satellite on September 24, 1999... company was formed). Still operating, Ikonos-2 carries a 1-meter panchromatic and 4-meter... (anticipating the successful launch of Ikonos system the following year). Moreover... the soon-to-be-launched Ikonos satellite for NASA’s research community... two high-resolution CRS satellites (Ikonos-2 and Orbview-3) and would soon... from three U.S. cities – Thorton, Colorado (Ikonos operations center), St. Louis, Missouri... than a decade considering the 1-meter Ikonos system that was launched in... Space Imaging’s 1meter GSD-capable Ikonos satellite was about to be... the quality of Space Imaging’s Ikonos satellite as being 1-meter (panchromatic... best quality available up until Ikonos 1B [launched in 1999] was... of Camera Payload Component for IKONOS 1 Satellite System,” August 12, 1997...’s first high-resolution CRS satellite, Ikonos. Although highly informative, the article.... Bates, Jason. “NIMA Locks Up Ikonos Time Over Afghanistan,” October 15.... 4, April 1999, 34-38. ______, “IKONOS Data Guide,” Durham, NH: University... of Camera Payload Component for IKONOS 1 Satellite System,” August 12, 1997... the case of Orbview-3 and Ikonos-2, respectively). Thus, one might assume... from CRS operators. First, since Ikonos-2 is a high-resolution land-imaging... late 1990s. After introducing the Ikonos-2 CRS satellite operated by Space..., “Orbital, the operator of the Ikonos, have [sic] applied to the...) that was the operator of Ikonos; instead, it was Space Imaging... one satellite and that was Ikonos. Since then, Space Imaging has... Imaging pursued development of the Ikonos satellite, not the EarlyBird. Still... USA Pan Resolution (m) MS Resolution (m) 0.6 2.4 Ikonos 1 Orbview-3 (currently 1 malfunctioning) Current Systems...-1 n/a Agency (ASI) KARI KOMPSAT-2 1 GeoEye Ikonos 1 Best Radar Resolution (m) 4 4 1.8 2.4 2.4~3.5 1 n/a n/a ≤1 4 4 Table I: Rankings...



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... la Terre (SPOT), QuickBird, and IKONOS products are used to support... scanned to digital format. Landsat, IKONOS, QuickBird, and WorldView satellite imagery... flights, and satellite imagery from IKONOS, SPOT and DigitalGlobe. Fire Burn... 24 hours, GeoEye provided one IKONOS image strip that was captured... to crews entering the field, IKONOS and GeoEye-1 commercial orthorectified satellite... National Parks. RadarSat, Landsat TM, IKONOS, and high and low altitude... use of IKONOS imagery to evaluate field study sites. Where IKONOS imagery...) and the NHD in Alaska, IKONOS imagery was used to correct... was orthorectified using the 2005 IKONOS imagery. The program made extensive... 2003 as well as current IKONOS satellite imagery. The project is... Alaska region received high-resolution IKONOS generated elevation data for the... suppression activities. Additionally, Landsat and IKONOS satellite imagery of Denali National... photos (1955–1993) registered to IKONOS imagery (2005) to examine fine... the image time series. Using IKONOS satellite imagery, the USGS Alaska... Preserve. Also, the I&M program used IKONOS satellite imagery for preliminary field...-the-air flight progress. Commercial IKONOS satellite imagery, Landsat satellite imagery... Space (GLIMS) program will utilize IKONOS imagery to identify and monitor... for many GIS based studies. IKONOS imagery was utilized whenever it... for the I&M Arctic Network used IKONOS imagery to map thermokarst disturbance... was performed in 2010, utilizing IKONOS satellite data collected in 2006... & Monitoring IDP imagery derived products IKONOS Comes from the Greek word...



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... to IKONOS-scenes having the same nominal GSD. But nevertheless IKONOS usually..., so the image quality of IKONOS may be better like for... just one OrbView-3 image with IKONOS has only a limited meaning because... a map scale 1 : 10 000 for IKONOS having 1m GSD and up.... right: IKONOS A comparison of image details of OrbView-3 and IKONOS in figure... a very similar structure. In the IKONOS-image more details can be... the lower part of the IKONOS-images shows a blooming effect – an... of the grey values like IKONOS. The histograms are not identical... resolution is important - OrbView-3 like IKONOS and QuickBird nominally have a radiometric... required details. Fig. 3: histogram of IKONOS (above), OrbView-3 (below) satellite azimuth... so long like in the IKONOS image having a sun elevation angle... 9). Fig. 7: OrbView-3 with 63° (above), IKONOS with 41° sun elevation (below... the object interpretation. Pan-sharpened IKONOS images based on red, green... like IKONOS and QuickBird, so no direct pan-sharpening was possible. IKONOS... OrbView-3 panchromatic in relation to IKONOS panchromatic and also pan-sharpened... a comparison with mapping the same IKONOS image in panchromatic showed only... IKONOS is still based on the slightly better image quality of IKONOS. Fig. 13: unplanned build up area in OrbView-3 (left) and IKONOS... in OrbView-3 (left) and IKONOS panchromatic (right) IKONOS pan-sharpened Fig. 11... the differences between OrbView-3 and IKONOS panchromatic in difficult unplanned areas... have been mapped in the IKONOS image. In the planned build... the images as 2002 for IKONOS and Mapping results based on... as cross 2005 for OrbView-3, IKONOS has more vectorized details than...) can be recognized in the IKONOS image. Some roads can not... shadow effect in the pansharpened IKONOS image. A summary of object identification... for mapping with OrbView-3 and IKONOS pansharpened images. But nevertheless, the... on IKONOS panchromatic image Mapping results based on pan-sharpened IKONOS image...-3 and panchromatic and pan-sharpened IKONOS images detection Object Image *** Large... Ankara Jacobsen, K., 2002: Mapping with IKONOS Images, EARSeL Symposium, Prague. √ √ Jacobsen... with OrbView-3 images, but also IKONOS images do have some limitations... Resolution Images: Examples with QuickBird, IKONOS and EROS, Proceedings of Joint... recognition using OrbView-3 panchromatic and IKONOS pan-sharpened images 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Parts... have a quality slightly below IKONOS panchromatic scenes. IKONOS has the advantage of... identification. But nevertheless OrbView-3 and IKONOS



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... to IKONOS-scenes having the same nominal GSD. But nevertheless IKONOS usually..., so the image quality of IKONOS may be better like for... just one OrbView-3 image with IKONOS has only a limited meaning because... a map scale 1 : 10 000 for IKONOS having 1m GSD and up.... right: IKONOS A comparison of image details of OrbView-3 and IKONOS in figure... a very similar structure. In the IKONOS-image more details can be... the lower part of the IKONOS-images shows a blooming effect – an... of the grey values like IKONOS. The histograms are not identical... resolution is important - OrbView-3 like IKONOS and QuickBird nominally have a radiometric... required details. Fig. 3: histogram of IKONOS (above), OrbView-3 (below) satellite azimuth... so long like in the IKONOS image having a sun elevation angle... 9). Fig. 7: OrbView-3 with 63° (above), IKONOS with 41° sun elevation (below... the object interpretation. Pan-sharpened IKONOS images based on red, green... like IKONOS and QuickBird, so no direct pan-sharpening was possible. IKONOS... OrbView-3 panchromatic in relation to IKONOS panchromatic and also pan-sharpened... a comparison with mapping the same IKONOS image in panchromatic showed only... IKONOS is still based on the slightly better image quality of IKONOS. Fig. 13: unplanned build up area in OrbView-3 (left) and IKONOS... in OrbView-3 (left) and IKONOS panchromatic (right) IKONOS pan-sharpened Fig. 11... the differences between OrbView-3 and IKONOS panchromatic in difficult unplanned areas... have been mapped in the IKONOS image. In the planned build... the images as 2002 for IKONOS and Mapping results based on... as cross 2005 for OrbView-3, IKONOS has more vectorized details than...) can be recognized in the IKONOS image. Some roads can not... shadow effect in the pansharpened IKONOS image. A summary of object identification... for mapping with OrbView-3 and IKONOS pansharpened images. But nevertheless, the... on IKONOS panchromatic image Mapping results based on pan-sharpened IKONOS image...-3 and panchromatic and pan-sharpened IKONOS images detection Object Image *** Large... Resolution Images: Examples with QuickBird, IKONOS and EROS, Proceedings of Joint.... √ √ OV Jacobsen, K., 2002: Mapping with IKONOS Images, EARSeL Symposium, Prague. √ √ IKO... with OrbView-3 images, but also IKONOS images do have some limitations... recognition using OrbView-3 panchromatic and IKONOS pan-sharpened images *** = without problems... have a quality slightly below IKONOS panchromatic scenes. IKONOS has the advantage of... identification. But nevertheless OrbView-3 and IKONOS 6. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Parts of the presented...