Спутник ФКИ. Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration. [Редактировать]

КА IMAGE (Imager for Magnetopauseto Aurora Global Exploration) предназначен для исследования магнитосферы Земли и ее реакции на солнечный ветер. В качестве полезной нагрузки аппарата выступают:

  • Камера нейтральных атомов высоких энергий (HENA, High Energy Neutral Atom Imager) - предназначена для определения вектора скорости, энергии и массы нейтральных атомов в диапазоне 10–500 кэВ на нуклон.
  • Камера нейтральных атомов средних энергий (MENA, Medium Energy Neutral Atom Imager). Рассчитана на регистрацию атомов водорода и кислорода с энергиями 1–30 кэВ для наблюдения кольцевого тока, плазменного слоя, границы инжекции, а также ионов в каспе. 
  • Камера нейтральных атомов низких энергий (LENA, Low Energy Neutral Atom Imager). Рассчитана на энергии 10–500 эВ и предназначена для съемки потока ионов низких энергий из полярной ионосферы.
  • Камера крайнего УФдиапазона EUV (Extreme Ultraviolet Imager) разработана в Университете Аризоны в Таксоне для регистрации резонансного рассеяния солнечных фотонов на ионах гелия (длина волны 30.4 нм) в плазмосфере с разрешением 0.5°.
  • Сборка камер дальнего УФдиапазона FUV (Far Ultraviolet Imager) состоит из трех сенсоров который работают в диапазаонах 140–160, 121.82 и 121.6 нм. 
  • Радиозонд плазмы RPI (Radio Plasma Imager) - предназначенный для определения плотности и скорости плазменных облаков в пределах от внутренней границы плазмосферы до ударной волны по отраженному резонансному радиоизлучению.    

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1MIDEX/IMAGEНайтиНайти
2Explorer 78НайтиНайти
326113НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна производитель - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12005-12. Отказ системы энергоснабжения. Полностью потерянТэги: Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг536

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град92.9
2Апогей, км45170.3
3Перигей, км1715.0
4Период, минут853.9
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км29813

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2000-017A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость , млн. долл.154

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2000-03-25 at 20:34:43 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xImager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7326

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..., 2015 Key components of our global infrastructure and economy are at... breaks are flexible enough for you to enjoy one of the several... Space Weather Data from the Global-scale Observations of the Limb... at 5:45 pm for anyone who wishes to ride to UCAR Center Green... Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) Shafa Gadimova, Office for Outers.... However, that prediction was for solar maximum to occur in May, 2013..., National Solar Observatory GONG, the Global Oscillation Network Group, is a ground...-2 spacecraft bus. Dual Michelson Interferometers for Global High Resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI... Space Weather Data from the Global-scale Observations of the Limb... radio occultation measurements to reconstruct the threedimensional structures of global ionospheric electron... Galileo system signals to perform occultation observations. Slated for deployment starting in... for aircrew members due to galactic cosmic radiation (GCR) range from about 0.2 to... expected to evolve over the coming years to support the emerging global air... global centres (for solar radiation storms and solar flares, as well as for...). The Divisional Meeting agreed to the need for the further development of... of provisions, related to space weather information services for international air navigation, in Annex 3- Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation to... to extend the Solar Shield system project to enhance the forecast capability (for.... The first is the potential for damage to transmission system assets, primarily... reactive power support leading to the potential for a voltage collapse. This presentation... as a ground truth complement to firstprinciples approaches, for example, by adjusting the... its geo-effectiveness on the global and inner-magnetosphere. 11:40... 72 hour predictions of the global thermosphere-ionosphere system using the... Worldwide Fugro provides global GNSS augmentation services for the offshore industry using... areas (where significant offshore oil exploration activities are). After a brief introduction... index for GNSS users will be proposed. 3:40 International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG) Shafa Gadimova, Office for Outers Space Affairs (UN) The combination of multiple global navigation... used to improve existing global models of the ionosphere with relevance to earth... the regularly-updated regional and global terrestrial weather forecast, hurricane prediction... in the process of transitioning a global model of the Earth's magnetosphere... Research Laboratory Estimation of the global solar photospheric magnetic field distribution... period relative to Earth at approximately 27 days, these global maps include... signals. To help minimize these large discontinuities and to specify the global state... model predictions based on ADAPT global photospheric magnetic field maps as... carried out a study to investigate the possibilities for an operational space weather..., consisting of: a heliospheric imager, coronograph, magnetograph/EUV imager, magnetometer, solar wind analyser... aims to improve nowcasting of the local visibility of the aurora for the... rare events. The frequency of aurora-related tweets also shows characteristic... efforts to support a National priority project for monitoring and assessing induction hazards for electric-power grids. In addition to on-going responsibilities for maintaining... information for global aviation. In recognition of the increasing societal demand for space weather services, of the need for global coordination, and that WMO was in a position to facilitate... Capability Ground-to-top model of Atmosphere and Ionosphere for Aeronomy Global Assimilation of Ionospheric Measurements Geosynchronous Satellite / Group on Earth Observations Global Earth Observation System of Systems Geospace Environment Modeling Global Forecast System Geospace General Circulation Model Geomagnetically Induced Currents Global...-Markov Kalman Filter Model Global Navigation Satellite System Global Positioning System Gravity... Magnetic Imager Hermanus Magnetic Observatory International Civil Aviation Organization International Committee for Space Weather Impacts to Aviation Safety WMO... Geophysical Year International Heliophysical Year Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration International Maritime Organization International Real... Large Yield RAdiometer Michelson Doppler Imager Magneto Hydro-Dynamics Multidisciplinary University... Electron Content Solar Mass Ejection Imager Space Weather Operations Center, USAF... Technology and Research Program Ultraviolet Imager Versatile Electron Radiation Belt Whole... Interval World Meteorological Organization Integrated Global Observing System WMO Information System...



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... (SCOSTEP) of the International Council for Science (ICSU) implemented an international... weather; Geospace; Atmospheric coupling; Trends; Global warming; Paleoclimatology Introduction A. Coupled solar....kyoto-u.ac.jp 1 Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasyo... by anthropogenic activity will allow for greater precision and confidence in predicting a unified framework for future climate. Research over previous decades has provided solid explanations for many of the individual processes... were coordinated with those of a global network of ground-based and... its scientific community into a coordinated exploration of the previously largely ignored...) program. For example, an event-oriented, multi-regional study referred to as... both scientific motivation and applications for enhancing the understanding of variations... us to better understand the role of solar–terrestrial influences on global... for nowcasting and predictions of the conditions of Geospace in order to... global warming due to anthropogenic activities was taking place, and this led to the need for...) with associated objectives were developed for CAWSES II, as discussed below... consequences for space-related technologies and societal infrastructures. The TG2 questions to... the magnetosphere to the Earth’s surface. A systems approach is crucial for the... is to elucidate the dynamical coupling from the lower atmosphere to Geospace for... to each TG can be found in Seppälä et al. (2014) for...) for TG2, Gopalswamy et al. (2015) for TG3, Oberheide et al. (2015) for... Atmosphere (HEPPA) and Solar Influences for SPARC (SOLARIS). A-1 Solar irradiance Solar... from examining the global response to studying regional responses to variations in SSI..., global radiative forcing from TSI on a global mean basis has been estimated to be very small (0.05 Wm−2), so the effects on global temperature are very small and cannot account for the observed overall warming trend in global mean air... have led to more reliable solar cycle variation estimates. For example, the... have been conducted and global models have begun to include GCR ionization.... It is important to improve predictive skills for solar variability on decadal... the mesosphere–thermosphere– ionosphere system to global change Long-term trends in... by using the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) thermosphere– ionosphere..., there are now more opportunities for collisions between satellites and dangerous... on the ionospheric influence on global navigation satellite systems (GNSSs) (e.g., GPS...-GCM model results for zonal wind. (left) Data for the base CO2..., thereby implying a larger relative role for CO2 in radiative cooling, which... this has led to new findings on trends. For example, a 33-year... auroral patches in the diffuse aurora. The main driver of the... connectivity may be needed for an SEP event to be detected at... equatorial and mid-latitude ionosphere, for which the polarization electric field... et al. 2006), and the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite (Immel et al... regard to the data-related aspects of its international collaborations and for... the FMT and to show them how to use a spectroscope for solar observations... this multidisciplinary event was to give young scientists a global understanding of the... Polar Mesospheric Cloud Trends Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Boulder... interaction between various scientific communities. For that reason, the multidisciplinary program... is placed on the need for a global view of the system. As... atmospheric circulation, which are responsible for coupling with the lower atmosphere..., its impact needs to be further investigated by examining, for example, the enhanced wave effects due to the cooler..., there were attempts to promote E-science for easy access to solar terrestrial data.... The collaboration will also promote global cooperation in solar terrestrial research... Nucléaire, or European Council for Nuclear Research; CFC: chlorofluorocarbon; CHAIN...: greenhouse gas; GNSS: global navigation satellite system; GPS: global positioning system; HEPPA...: International Council for Science; IGY: International Geophysical Year; IMAGE: Imager for Magnetopause-toAurora Global Exploration; IMS... Space Administration; NCAR: National Center for Atmospheric Research; NLC: noctilucent cloud... Heliospheric Observatory; SOLARIS: Solar Influences for SPARC; SPARC: stratospheric processes and...; WIND: comprehensive solar wind laboratory for long-term solar wind measurements... acknowledged. Author details Research Institute for Sustainable Humanosphere, Kyoto University, Gokasyo... JM, Meier RR (2008) Thermospheric global average density trends, 1967–2007... P, Kozyra J (2015) E-Science and informatics for international science programs. Prog Earth... of the mesospherethermosphere-ionosphere system to global change–CAWSES II contribution. Prog...



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... Model for Lunar Dust”; and contributors, too numerous to list, in a Lunar Exploration... Related to Optimal Implementation of Science in the Vision for Space Exploration, 74... forward to the newly established Vision for Space Exploration (VSE), scientists are able to... exploration program providing global access is central to the next phase of scientific exploration of the Moon and is necessary both to prepare for the... underequipped to harvest these data and produce meaningful THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION... essential data for science and for human exploration. NASA should be prepared to recover data lost due to... robotic and human exploration, have the potential to be a cornerstone for lunar and... be selected for return to Earth. Nurturing a new approach to lunar exploration must be... CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION OF THE MOON Zircons (which are incredibly difficult to alter... the exploration of the Moon, it will be necessary to use global remote... night to day from about 100 K to 400 K. 32 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION... readily useful deposits. Exploration to determine the hydrogen distribution for resource purposes will... to the Moon’s thermal and compositional evolution. 38 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION... details close to the center. 40 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION OF THE... of the Vision for Space Exploration presents an opportunity to characterize the cratering... THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION OF THE MOON close to the total mass... necessarily easy to obtain. As has been the case for the exploration of... to study lunar origin and evolution and to develop technology for future lunar exploration. It carries an array of modern remote sensing instruments for the global... to the statement of task for the Committee on the Scientific Context for Exploration of the Moon (see Appendix A):   The current study is intended to... Vision for Space Exploration. . . . [T]he primary goals of the study are to:   1.  Identify... relate to the near-term implementation of the Vision for Space Exploration, which... to extremely small lunar seismic signals. 57 58 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION... essential data for science and for human exploration. NASA should be prepared to recover data lost due to... robotic and human exploration, have the potential to be a cornerstone for lunar and... Vision for Space Exploration The Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) and the returns to the... SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION OF THE MOON but they fail to provide phase... Since the launch of the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite in 2000, images..., as it would appear to a proposed second-generation Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE)-Extreme Ultraviolet..., not shown here.) Data from Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE)-far-ultraviolet instrument. SOURCE... keV to 50 keV from an equatorial perspective. Data from Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE)-high-energy neutral-atom imager instrument. SOURCE...) pertaining to the optimal implementation of science in the Vision for Space Exploration... RELATED TO OPTIMAL IMPLEMENTATION OF SCIENCE IN THE VISION FOR SPACE EXPLORATION Concept... “prepare for exploration.” Although a sortie capability is currently stated as continuing to be... a selected mode for early exploration missions (currently, sortie capability of up to 7 days... surface exploration tools provided to lunar crews. 80 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION OF... exploration program providing global access is central to the next phase of scientific exploration of the Moon and is necessary both to prepare for the... for Exploration of the Inner Planets: 1977-1987 (1978) Update to Strategy for Exploration of... to inform early decisions about system design and operations planning for human exploration... lunar exploration component of the Vision for Space Exploration should be compared to other... to support an exploration strategy drafting meeting being planned by ESMD for mid... to 100 astronomical units from the Sun 90 THE SCIENTIFIC CONTEXT FOR EXPLORATION... 23 to 27 July 2006 for the 8th ILEWG Conference on Exploration and.... For the subsequent phase of Lunar Global Robotic Village and preparation for human exploration, we further recommend:   9. To promote... their attention to the protection of the Moon for sustainable exploration, research and... propose to use milestones of lunar missions for public outreach events promoting exploration... as the PI for the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration mission, which provided global images of... rover navigation for planetary surface exploration to intelligent terrain assessment algorithms for landing on...



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... the Solar System: An Integrated Exploration Strategy (prepublication) (2002) Review of... ON THEORY, MODELING, AND DATA EXPLORATION GARY P. ZANK, University of California... on Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration addressed basic issues that transcend..., and theory, computation, and data exploration. Because it was charged with... on Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration) and the Virtual Sun initiative... aurora. 1 Frequency-Agile Solar Radiotelescope Wide-frequency-range (0.3-30 GHz) radiotelescope for... program to provide global-scale ionospheric and upper atmospheric measurements for input to global physicsbased... and power technologies required for the EXECUTIVE SUMMARY exploration of the outer... questions of global scope and inevitably require international participation for their success... strategies for mitigating the harmful effects of such disturbances. Second, global climate... been responsible for a large fraction of the changes in global mean surface..., the Moon). For example, Mars has no strong global magnetic field, and.... A current sheet known as the magnetopause separates the magnetospheric plasma from... Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) far-ultraviolet imaging team and NASA. MILESTONES: FROM STONEHENGE TO... the new era in the exploration of space was the startling... the existence of a boundary (the magnetopause) separating the magnetosphere from the... allow researchers to view for the first time the global structure of the...—and, in two cases, the exploration—of planetary environments has gone... the plasmasphere and transported to the dayside magnetopause, where it is lost... are the existence of the magnetopause, the existence of the extended... of heliospheric properties. Although direct exploration of interstellar space remains an... immediate goal for exploration. The complex solar 43 44 THE SUN TO THE... also begin to learn more about the next frontier of exploration, the... magnetic reconnection at the dayside magnetopause and in the magnetotail; particle... next decade will see extensive exploration of the magnetosphere of another... magnetopause? What processes are responsible for the rapid acceleration of charged particles to...? What process is responsible for the pulsating x-ray aurora at Jupiter? MILESTONES... the Vela satellites in the exploration of the magnetosphere and the... the Sun, making possible the exploration of the complete life cycle... field lines at the dayside magnetopause and reconnection of open field...) is designed to probe the reconnection process at the magnetopause and in... has become a standard tool for assessing the global activity of the magnetosphere... THE SUN TO THE EARTH—AND BEYOND magnetosphere (bow shock, magnetopause, magnetotail... the charged particles responsible for the Jovian aurora and determine how these... tools that have facilitated the exploration of the dynamics of complex... Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration is designed to fill this need. This... aurora. 1 Frequency-Agile Solar Radiotelescope Wide-frequency-range (0.3-30 GHz) radiotelescope for... program to provide global-scale ionospheric and upper atmospheric measurements for input to global physicsbased... Magnetospheric Imager (STP), and MagCon (STP) will provide opportunities for a coordinated approach to..., Modeling, and Data Exploration in the companion volume to this report ((2003... to the development of advanced propulsion and power technologies required for the exploration... and navigation (e.g., for the use of single-frequency global positioning devices in... of the excitement of space exploration, the beauty of auroral displays... the newest results from spacecraft exploration of the Sun and of... excitement of scientific exploration (Figure 6.2). At Augsburg College, for example, a student analyzed... Flight Center, for example, a summer intern analyzed Mars Global Surveyor magnetometer data... driven intellectual musings and scientific exploration over the millennia. The space... the space environment and space exploration. Efforts to expand understanding, driven initially... listening to a lecture). • It could harness the excitement of space exploration through... in considerable cost savings. The exploration of such possibilities is strongly... as aurora production. Finding: Suborbital flight opportunities are very important for advancing... early days of solar system exploration, large missions such as Pioneer... questions of global scope and inevitably require international participation for their success... panels: • theory, computation, and data exploration, and • education and society. APPENDIX... Satellite Global Oscillations Network Group Geospace IMAGE IMF IMP-8 ISAS ISM Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration... Explorer Stereo Magnetospheric Imager Solar Orbiter Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar... for the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) mission, which is providing the first-ever global... imager on the IMAGE spacecraft, with particular emphasis on the proton aurora...



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... exploration .....................................................................................35 Technology – implementation and advances...............................................................46 Space and society ........................................................................................................51 Global... to conduct research into global climate change. >> On 30 March, Space Exploration Technologies... Exploration of Tempel) spacecraft fired its engines for 22 minutes 53 seconds to... innovative path for human space exploration that strengthens its capability to extend human... a fundamental reference for future scientific and human exploration missions to the moon,” said.... MDA will develop solutions for future space exploration missions including a universal docking... Earth observation, astronomy and planetary exploration probes for the next decade. NASA... Panel on Exploration (PEX) published a report titled “Toward a Global Space Exploration Programme: A Stepping... eager for the agreement since the Israel Network for Lunar Science and Exploration... can meet the special requirements for exploration in outer space. China sent... responsible for space activities met in Brussels to discuss Europe's goals for space exploration... the exploration and use of the outer space for peaceful purposes for 2011... Exploration Vehicle and its Ares 1 launcher offered no compelling reason for NASA to... justification for its plan to substitute commercial space taxis for the Orion crew exploration vehicle and its Ares I launcher as a route to... believe the technology has application for planetary exploration. After a year of economic... O. Paine Award for the Advancement of Human Exploration of Mars to Steve Squyres... of the Moon, and to survey resources for future exploration. The SMART-1 mission... to undertake survey measurements of the lunar surface as a preparation for future exploration... history. II.3 Mars Exploration Recent missions MGS (Mars Global Surveyor), NASA’s mission... of radiation, a pre-requisite for future human exploration because of its potential... ever flown on a planetary exploration mission for homing in on details of... readied for testing before launch in 2011. For the MEJI (Mars Exploration Joint Initiative), ESA and NASA have agreed to a framework for joint exploration of... for future solar system exploration is currently under way with results expected to... priority for EJSM and identify the future targets for outer solar system exploration... planet. More ambitious plans for the exploration of the Jupiter system are... environment will have significant consequences for future exploration activities that utilize radio... X-ray imager for the diagnosis of plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million... produce a roadmap related to Advanced Life Support Systems for space exploration. 2. The 40th... Access to space opens up new frontiers for scientific research and human exploration... to be undertaken consequent to bilateral or multilateral agreements for joint solar-system exploration missions, and has been employed for agreements...-on workshop to develop foundational ethical principles applicable to planetary exploration. XIV.1 Significant Mission Events In general, events are reported for... the Moon, and to develop technology for future lunar exploration. Kaguya consists of... currently defining roadmaps and exploration architectures to plan ahead for future decades. At... a pillar to support a sustainable global space exploration programme. The COSPAR Panel on Exploration (PEX... is to provide independent science input to support a global space exploration programme while working to... June 2010 entitled: ‘Toward a Global Space Exploration Programme: A Stepping Stone Approach’, which... preparing for planetary exploration, an International Space Station (ISS) exploitation programme enabling exploration... of actors from the global space community. Space exploration is a multifaceted endeavour... years are leading to important decisions for a future global space exploration programme. In October... plan includes new destinations for human space exploration such as near-Earth... programmatic goals for Mars exploration. Launch opportunities during the 2016 to 2020 time...) is providing science directions for US space exploration in the next decade... in global space exploration programmes while enabling mature space actors to tap into a global robotics talent pool. COSPAR’s Exploration Panel will...-up approach to strengthen a longterm global space exploration programme, by offering opportunities to integrate... Global Ultraviolet Imager High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program Highly Advanced Laboratory for... a Star program Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Indian National Balloon Facility National Institute for Space Research...



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... Vision for Space Exploration. NASA's mission is to pioneer the future in space exploration... highpriority technology needs for lunar exploration; risk mitigation related to astronaut health and..., Global Earth Observation, the Oceans Action Plan, and the Vision for Space Exploration... of global change. It also supports exploration of the universe and search for.... In the FY 2007 PB, Imager for Magnetopauseto-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) was fully funded... solar system, and to prepare for future human exploration by making measurements and... Mars Exploration Program. Responsibility for implementation of the Mars Exploration Program is assigned to... program to focus on exploration," by providing frequent flight opportunities for solar system exploration... studies and is relevant to NASA's Vision for Space Exploration. Project Parameters Juno... Research Institute (SwRI) FUV spectral imager for auroral emissions Same Same Microwave... and coordinated a worldwide effort to establish a Global Exploration Strategy, including participants from 13... this area contributes to implementation of the emerging Global Exploration Strategy, which includes... Overview The Vision for Space Exploration calls for a human return to the Moon by... Relevance The Vision for Space Exploration calls for humans to return to the moon by... will carry crew to low Earth orbit (LEO) for exploration missions to the Moon... in this area contributes to implementation of the Global Exploration Strategy, which includes...) flight hardware in preparation for launch to ISS. Exploration Technology Development APG 8AC11... preparation for launch to ISS Exploration Technology Development ESMD-47 Mission Directorate: Theme: Exploration... Extinguishment Experiment in preparation for launch to ISS. Exploration Technology Development Strategic Goal... still needs to be done to implement the Vision for Space Exploration. The Program... lunar surface; * Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) to search for evidence of water... to address the high priority technology needs for lunar exploration identified by the Exploration... is not directly linked to the Vision for Space Exploration. This research focuses... to achieve the Vision for Space Exploration. To meet this demand, NASA will contribute to... to achieve the Vision for Space Exploration. To meet this demand, NASA will contribute to... to deliver exploration related content; implement a meta-tagging process for the Education Program to... responsible for providing mission critical space exploration services to both NASA customers and to... to be the cornerstone of human space exploration. The Vision for Space Exploration and... critical to the success of the Vision for Space Exploration. SOMD is responsible for... Vision for Space Exploration. The next step in the Vision for Space Exploration is to... capability for critical missions in support of the Vision for Space Exploration. Relevance to... for Space Exploration "to advance U.S. scientific, security, and economic interest through a robust space exploration... on-orbit resources for research to support U.S. human space exploration. APG 8ISS01 Based... on-orbit resources for research to support U.S. human space exploration," and Outcome 2.2, "By... NASA's Vision for Space Exploration to conduct NASA robotic and human exploration missions by... those deemed necessary to fulfill Agency goals for space exploration. A Technology Management Plan... access to space for missions is critical to achieving the Vision for Space Exploration. NASA has assigned responsibility for understanding... responsible for a wide range of activities critical to fulfilling the Vision for Space Exploration... to be funded. Established testing requirements for the exploration program will be used to... for construction projects required to conduct specific Exploration Capabilities or Science, Aeronautics and Exploration... is committed to developing significant contributions to the Vision for Space Exploration, and has realigned its workforce to accommodate... is not directly linked to the Vision for Space Exploration. This research focuses... on-orbit resources for research to support U.S. human space exploration. Outcome 2.2 By 2009... to lay the foundation for future exploration directions. Further, as NASA prepares for future exploration, it will be important to... on-orbit resources for research to support U.S. human space exploration. APG 8ISS01 Based...) flight hardware in preparation for launch to ISS. Exploration Technology Development Advanced Capabilities...) flight hardware in preparation for launch to ISS Exploration Technology Development Advanced Capabilities... in preparation for launch to ISS. Contributing Program (s) Contributing Theme (s) Exploration Technology Development... Pathfinder Satellite Observations instrument) IMAGE Imager for MagnetopausetoAurora Global Exploration GM–OO Geospace Missions of...



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... $8.15-billion contract for development of the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), now... programme for resuming its robotic exploration of the Moon in June. Planned for... first in a series planned to develop a global exploration strategy for the Moon, Mars, and... issued a “Call for Improvements” on proposals submitted for the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV... Vehicle (CaLV) planned for Moon and Mars exploration missions by the RS...-kg international Payload for Antimatter Exploration and Lightnuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) to study antimatter... GB/sec, are an optical imager for three-dimensional stereoscopic mapping at... -31- planned for launch in 2008. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA... laying the groundwork for human exploration beyond low Earth orbit, for long-duration lunar stays, and especially for... for an integrated plan for using the ISS to support NASA’s human space exploration... and Atmospheric Physics NASA’s Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite, launched to a highly elliptical Earth...’s future Mars exploration plan: a stationary lander called Phoenix, scheduled for launch in... Mars exploration funding through 2010 by over $2 billion, also calls for a competitively... ambitious programme for resuming its robotic exploration of the Moon. Planned for launch... 2020. Funding for Russia’s ambitious new lunar and planetary exploration programme, which...-lander exploration project. OHB is designing potential scenarios for German industry to play... the preparation for a sizable German contribution to a European or international lunar exploration programme. Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft, launched on 9 May 2003, was scheduled for... propellants. Originally planned for use with the Crew Exploration Vehicle Orion, the... for Space Exploration and Propulsion announced contract awards of $30,000 each to... universities for nuclear power and propulsion research applicable to lunar and planetary exploration... classrooms to inspire students’ interest in space exploration. The Universe Awareness Programme for... a panchromatic stereo imager; (3) Monitor-O: a mission with a high-resolution (1 m) imager for the operational -108... SYSTEM Lunar Exploration SMART-1, the first ESA Small Mission for Advanced Research... of the Moon, and to survey resources for future exploration. SMART-1 lunar science... studies in preparation for future steps of lunar exploration. The mission addressed... and a demonstration of technologies for future lunar exploration) is under discussion. The... 2008 for survey measurements of the lunar surface as preparation for future exploration... context of preparations for future human exploration. The International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILWEG) has coordinated a forum for... to Venus, concentrating on plasma and atmospheric studies. Mars Exploration NASA’s Mars Global... and continues to evolve with the Mars Exploration Programme. Principal goals for the... measurement of radiation, a prerequisite for future human exploration because of its potential... material for examination by instruments onboard. The findings from the Mars Exploration... ever flown on a planetary exploration mission for homing in on details of... scientifically worth-while landing sites for future exploration. Other science instruments on... Mars in preparation for robotic missions and then human exploration. Data from... maximum to solar minimum. The four TIMED instruments are the Global Ultraviolet Imager... X-ray imager for the diagnosis of plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million..., with good prospects for applications for Lunar and Mars exploration missions. Some tasks... as a test bed and springboard for exploration. The research programmes, such as... microgravity research programmes to NASA’s new Exploration Systems programmes (for example, cryogenic fluid... a significantly low ballistic coefficient for future planetary exploration. The capsule successfully separated... spacecraft continues to act as a communications relay for the Mars Exploration Rovers on..., is intended to dig on Mars. ESA’s Aurora programme for future Mars exploration envisages a series of missions to land on Mars and ascertain its suitability for future human exploration. ESA has undertaken payload selections for a ‘Pasteur’ instrument suite for... consequent to any bilateral or multilateral agreements for joint solar-system exploration missions, and all international parties to date... for space agencies conducting solar system exploration missions on understanding the potential for... Center Global Solutions in Science and Learning Global Scale Wave Model Global Ultraviolet Imager... Lunar Exploration Working Group International Living With a Star program Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Institute for Biomedical...



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0.09/5
... M-8 Makenzie Lystrup | Jupiter’s Infrared Aurora From 1995 to 2000 as Imaged by... Aspects of Pulsating Aurora Using the THEMIS All-sky Imager Array M-11... – 0950h Betty S. Lanchester | Imaging of aurora to estimate the energy and flux... boundary of the diffuse redline aurora to its magnetospheric counterpart F-19 Sungeun... Aurora: Magnetospheric Source Region 1605h – 1620h Marilia Samara | Ground-based Imager Observations..., Fairbanks, AK, USA Global morphological studies of the aurora became possible after... in the vicinity of the magnetopause during periods of strong penetration... to Martian aurora. I will close by discussing the possible generation mechanisms for Martian aurora, and the consequences of these observations for studies... implications for magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. Clarke, John T. Hubble Observations of Aurora at Jupiter and Saturn (Invited) Clarke, John T.1 1. Center for Space... currents linking the polar cap to the magnetopause region are associated with... (e.g. Kelvin-Helmholtz instability) at the magnetopause boundary that facilitate the transport... lengths. A cascade of energy from global to kinetic scales is additionally evident... applicable to global scale waves on open field lines). In addition to the..., from lowest to highest latitudes, satellite-driven aurora (spots), a corotation-driven aurora (the... the proton aurora. The location of proton aurora is thought to be a projection... to various different generation processes. Some of this localized aurora responds directly to... particles are likely to be related to the production of aurora. Gilson, Matthew... boundary of the diffuse redline aurora to its magnetospheric counterpart Gilson, Matthew...) aurora and equatorward boundary of the proton aurora which have been shown to be excellent proxies for the... of the diffuse redline aurora (onset arcs for example are frequently located... the redline aurora relative to that of the proton aurora leads us to the... electron beams responsible for the auroral hiss and the aurora. Gustavsson, Bjorn.... For the first time multi-monochromatic optical imaging of black aurora has... Aspects of Pulsating Aurora Using the THEMIS All-sky Imager Array Jones... pulsating aurora drifts or expands eastward, away from magnetic midnight, for pre... implications for the source mechanism. The most probable duration of a pulsating aurora... camera turnoff for daylight. These observations may suggest that pulsating aurora is... travel to poles of the earth, where they produce aurora. The aurora measured... events. Lanchester, Betty S. Imaging of aurora to estimate the energy and flux... pulsating aurora and show that, while substorms appear to enhance pulsating aurora, pulsating aurora... that the source region for pulsating aurora appears to evolve away from midnight... evidence of an equatorial source for pulsating aurora. THEMIS survey of electron... disturbances, and their relation to the aurora has remained poorly understood because... for Atmospheric and Space Physics, Boulder, CO, USA Jupiter’s H3+ infrared aurora... the infrared aurora as compared with the UV aurora and to compare simultaneous observations, where available. We also aim to... flows. For instance experimental evidence from the Viking satellite imager showed a relationship... Hz. Computing such relations for flickering aurora will enable direct comparisons between... Frey et al. (2004), of Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) auroral images, Super Dual... Research, Tokyo, Japan 5. Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Tokyo, Japan 6. Kyushu University...-offlight (TOF) analysis for 29 pulsating aurora events to understand the precise properties... times of pulsating aurora in the all-sky imager data, the THEMIS... pulsating aurora, and the boundary between black and pulsating aurora corresponds to the equatorward edge of ion plasmasheet. Interestingly, the black aurora... is possible to record the aurora over a large area for an extended period... L.1 1. Center for Space Physics, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA The aurora exhibits... the different physical processes responsible for the aurora. Specific topics that we... to search for ion beams we expect to be present during the Martian aurora... linked to different magnetospheric processes than those that drive the Earth’s aurora. For... order to obtain enhancements to the solar EUV conductance profile. Since global magnetospheric... active region maps to field lines beyond the dayside magnetopause that can... to generalize the hypothesis and to elucidate the fundamental mechanisms of flickering aurora... spacecraft footprints mapped very close to the aurora onset region were selected... February 1999 shock-aurora event, in addition to the diffuse aurora in both... km/s if assuming the flank magnetopause at 15 Re. Speculated mechanism... the flux tubes on the magnetopause were dragged tailward by the..., shock-aurora appears to have an onset near local noon; then to be...



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0.03/5
... references and indexes. Contents: v. 1. Organizing for exploration 1. Astronautics—United States—History. I. Logsdon... Administrator for Space Science and Applications, “ISEE-3: Obtain Approval for InSitu Exploration of... in those volumes [Volume I—Organizing for Exploration (1995); Volume II—External Relationships... involved in opening up space for exploration. Copies of the documents included...); Frontiers of Space Exploration (Greenwood Press, 1998); Organizing for the Use of... Sciences Strategic Working Group IMAGE . . . . . . . . .Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration **EU6 front matter 9/2/04 4:09... SSEC . . . . . . . . . . .Solar System Exploration Committee SSMI . . . . . . . . . . .Special Sensor Microwave Imager SSO . . . . . . . . . . . .Sortie... “golden age” for the space sciences (particularly planetary exploration), as the decade... would be a serious blow to the exploration of solar activity, leaving a conspicuous... Project are to extend scientific knowledge and understanding through exploration of the... the Solar System Exploration Committee (SSEC), which reported to Burton Edelson (who... and Applications (OSSA), to obtain approval for in situ exploration of Comet GZ... UNKNOWN 173 1998); and the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE, launched 2000). 8. Mission Operations... designed to give our scientists the opportunity for full-scale exploration of the... letter to Space Science Chief Homer Newell. Responding for Newell, Solar System Exploration... The Mars exploration program has developed somewhat differently due to different scientific... Administrator for Space Science and Applications, “ISEE-3: Obtain Approval for In-Situ Exploration... 205 PURPOSE OBTAIN APPROVAL FOR IN-SITU EXPLORATION OF COMET GIACOBINI-ZINNER... 10, 1982 • GEOTAIL EXPLORATION DURING 1983 • DEPART FOR COMET (BEGIN "CRUISE PHASE... COMET EXPLORATION 1. TO DETERMINE THE COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL STATE OF THE NUCLEUS 2. TO... EXPLORATION--TO INVESTIGATE NEW REGIMES OR NEW PHENOMENA FOR THE FIRST TIME. THE EXPLORATION OF A COMETARY ENVIRONMENT FOR THE... concerned with MO&DA for Solar System Exploration, Earth Sciences, Space Physics... works with the Red Team for "Robotic Exploration of the Solar System... U.S. Civil Space Program, Vol. I, “Organizing for Exploration,” NASA SP-4407, 1995, provide... exploration and a series of robotic missions to the Martian surface have raised to... planetary exploration is increasingly considered as the next logical step for humans... the Life Sciences Division to the Solar System Exploration Division and made... technologic advances related to manned space flight and exploration. The same reasons... for space science and exploration; however, it cannot be expected to take responsibility for... judgement that the exploration of space will prove to be one of... of March 7, 1970, reduce to three: exploration, scientific knowledge, and practical application... life support system(s) for future use in solar system exploration. **EU6 Chap... related to measures for avoiding forward and back contamination during solar system exploration... to return to Earth and/or its biosphere from extraterrestrial targets of exploration... bodies, and conduct exploration of them so as to avoid their harmful... space 2 habitation and/or exploration feasible.” To achieve these purposes, the Goldberg..., particularly as related to long-term human exploration of space. For this reason... strategies for human space exploration: Introduction. Chapter 1 in Shielding Strategies for Human Space Exploration... techniques and analytical approaches developed for planetary exploration also enriched Earth observations... a later section, the tie to the human exploration program soon proved problematic... U.S. Civil Space Program, Volume I: Organizing for Exploration, Document II-17 (Washington, DC... and the Planetary Exploration Program. It would require support for at least... Individual instruments for long-term global observations Program OCI: Ocean Color Imager ERB... system for global change research. To achieve these aspirations, EOSDIS will have to evolve to... four instruments, including the Microwave Imager for the spacecraft, and NASDA provided... to 1990. Dr. Huntress directed the Solar System Exploration Division from 1990 to 1992. In 1993, he became Associate Administrator for... for Lockheed. He was Assistant Administrator for the Office of Exploration from 1988 to 1989. Prior to that... space exploration. He was a tireless spokesman, for fifteen years after leaving NASA, for... “a pioneering mission for 21st-century America . . . to lead the exploration and development of.... He directed early planning for lunar exploration and the Apollo telescope mount..., Robert, 165 I Ichiki, Albert T., 420 Imager for MagnetopausetoAurora Global Exploration (IMAGE), 173 India, 530, 555... U.S. Civil Space Program, Volume I, Organizing for Exploration. NASA SP-4407, 1995. Logsdon...



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0.2/5
... NASA in the mid-60s to provide for the preservation and dissemination... responsibility for working with new projects to acquire and distribute data for community... access to the taxpaying public for certain data and information of interest to... formally split to provide separate funding and a more distinctive identity for the... this into requests to the Archival Storage function for the AIPs needed... of data providers and to prepare the contents for storage and management... System Connection, Solar System, and Exploration of the Universe). Figure 2: The... and Analyzer (MPGA) software to create AIPs for the preservation of science... AIPs for delivery to the NSSDC. These AIPs are delivered to DIOnAS for archival... a PDMP or equivalent; for example, we provided help to the future IBEX... documentation provided for the dataset, to ensure that it is sufficient for a researcher.... This is feasible for such missions as Mars Global Surveyor (1.2 TB total data expected), the Mars Exploration Rovers... at NSSDC has been sent to PDS for testing and evaluation. We... Permanent Archive: 16 missions Mars Global Surveyor Cassini-Huygens, MER Stardust.... This is a common practice –for a mission to convert their project-specific data... Legacy Archive for Microwave Background Data Analysis (LAMBDA). We continue to negotiate... also be sought to define the roles and responsibilities. For new sample... foreign sources; for example, Cluster and Interball data. To support the submissions... interest to space scientists). NSSDC generates a bi-monthly report for NASA HQ to identify the progress of archiving for the... to the permanent archive. NSSDC is tasked with responding to special projects for... is necessary to schedule tasks efficiently for the staff and allow for restoration... exploration initiative. This internal administration function forecasts the permanent archive needs to... and software for data storage. An ongoing task is to modernize the hardware/software system that we monitor monthly to look for... form. 11 In addition to holding data for which NSSDC has the..., a graphical user interface for NSSDC staff to facilitate access to existing NASS management... description to XML is planned for this year. 13 Provenance information for NSSDC... user community. NSSDC plans to develop a system for capture and preservation of.... 1.5 Data management The ability to search for NSSDC's data holdings based on..., and 14 about requests for data). Access to these interfaces is on... for additional support needed to fulfill the wide range of requests made to...-line query form allows users to query for spacecraft which meet several... the scientific request directed to NSSDC is for unique data archived before... charged to recoup the duplication costs. For our scientific colleagues searching for space... for NSSDC data from the international community. The core activities for access to..., are planned to continue into the foreseeable future. Requests for individual datasets... effort to define a dictionary for Space Physics terms as the basis for sharing... of the scientific information. To facilitate a community focus for standards, NSSDC created... external to the organization. It is important for a long term archive to stay... 06 for the Heliophysics discipline addressing documentation needs for datasets to be submitted to... a “Manual for Digital Curation.” NSSDC is developing Web pages to facilitate synergism....” Thus, the site continues to provide information for those interested in space... exposure to results from space exploration experiments that stimulates the interest to go... as a career. To quote from NASA’s Strategic Objective for Education and Public... a prime location for having educational information available since ready access to a wide... back to Earth. The seedlings were widely distributed to schools and organizations for... might play in future space exploration. Most of the trees are... will help to motivate people to learn more about lunar exploration. In recognition of this work, Dr. Willliams was invited to... community to ensure its space science data is adequately documented for understandability..., i.e. more work for lower cost. Optimistically, this is a way to lower costs... physics discipline scientists to evolve the Resident Archive concept for topical or... middleware developers to take advantage of the latest developments for registering datasets... with other archives to identify the problems and solution for handling complex... is imperative for NSSDC and the other archives to work more closely... International Council for Scientific and Technical Information Interactive Digital Archive Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Interplanetary... Standards Organization Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency Java-interface to Experiment, Dataset, and... Administration National Committee for Information Technology Standards Mars Exploration Rovers Memorandum of... Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager Research Libraries Group Solar Anomalous...