Спутник ФКИ. Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration. [Редактировать]

КА IMAGE (Imager for Magnetopauseto Aurora Global Exploration) предназначен для исследования магнитосферы Земли и ее реакции на солнечный ветер. В качестве полезной нагрузки аппарата выступают:

  • Камера нейтральных атомов высоких энергий (HENA, High Energy Neutral Atom Imager) - предназначена для определения вектора скорости, энергии и массы нейтральных атомов в диапазоне 10–500 кэВ на нуклон.
  • Камера нейтральных атомов средних энергий (MENA, Medium Energy Neutral Atom Imager). Рассчитана на регистрацию атомов водорода и кислорода с энергиями 1–30 кэВ для наблюдения кольцевого тока, плазменного слоя, границы инжекции, а также ионов в каспе. 
  • Камера нейтральных атомов низких энергий (LENA, Low Energy Neutral Atom Imager). Рассчитана на энергии 10–500 эВ и предназначена для съемки потока ионов низких энергий из полярной ионосферы.
  • Камера крайнего УФдиапазона EUV (Extreme Ultraviolet Imager) разработана в Университете Аризоны в Таксоне для регистрации резонансного рассеяния солнечных фотонов на ионах гелия (длина волны 30.4 нм) в плазмосфере с разрешением 0.5°.
  • Сборка камер дальнего УФдиапазона FUV (Far Ultraviolet Imager) состоит из трех сенсоров который работают в диапазаонах 140–160, 121.82 и 121.6 нм. 
  • Радиозонд плазмы RPI (Radio Plasma Imager) - предназначенный для определения плотности и скорости плазменных облаков в пределах от внутренней границы плазмосферы до ударной волны по отраженному резонансному радиоизлучению.    

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1MIDEX/IMAGEНайтиНайти
2Explorer 78НайтиНайти
326113НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна производитель - США
3Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12005-12. Отказ системы энергоснабжения. Полностью потерянТэги: Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг536

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град92.9
2Апогей, км45170.3
3Перигей, км1715.0
4Период, минут853.9
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км29813

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2000-017A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость , млн. долл.154

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2000-03-25 at 20:34:43 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xImager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration
3Ракета-носитель 1xДельта 2 7326

Найдено 181 документов по запросу «Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration». [Перейти к поиску]


Дата загрузки: 2017-04-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
... the Solar System: An Integrated Exploration Strategy (prepublication) (2002) Review of... ON THEORY, MODELING, AND DATA EXPLORATION GARY P. ZANK, University of California... on Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration addressed basic issues that transcend..., and theory, computation, and data exploration. Because it was charged with... on Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration) and the Virtual Sun initiative... aurora. 1 Frequency-Agile Solar Radiotelescope Wide-frequency-range (0.3-30 GHz) radiotelescope for... program to provide global-scale ionospheric and upper atmospheric measurements for input to global physicsbased... and power technologies required for the EXECUTIVE SUMMARY exploration of the outer... questions of global scope and inevitably require international participation for their success... strategies for mitigating the harmful effects of such disturbances. Second, global climate... been responsible for a large fraction of the changes in global mean surface..., the Moon). For example, Mars has no strong global magnetic field, and.... A current sheet known as the magnetopause separates the magnetospheric plasma from... Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) far-ultraviolet imaging team and NASA. MILESTONES: FROM STONEHENGE TO... the new era in the exploration of space was the startling... the existence of a boundary (the magnetopause) separating the magnetosphere from the... allow researchers to view for the first time the global structure of the...—and, in two cases, the exploration—of planetary environments has gone... the plasmasphere and transported to the dayside magnetopause, where it is lost... are the existence of the magnetopause, the existence of the extended... of heliospheric properties. Although direct exploration of interstellar space remains an... immediate goal for exploration. The complex solar 43 44 THE SUN TO THE... also begin to learn more about the next frontier of exploration, the... magnetic reconnection at the dayside magnetopause and in the magnetotail; particle... next decade will see extensive exploration of the magnetosphere of another... magnetopause? What processes are responsible for the rapid acceleration of charged particles to...? What process is responsible for the pulsating x-ray aurora at Jupiter? MILESTONES... the Vela satellites in the exploration of the magnetosphere and the... the Sun, making possible the exploration of the complete life cycle... field lines at the dayside magnetopause and reconnection of open field...) is designed to probe the reconnection process at the magnetopause and in... has become a standard tool for assessing the global activity of the magnetosphere... THE SUN TO THE EARTH—AND BEYOND magnetosphere (bow shock, magnetopause, magnetotail... the charged particles responsible for the Jovian aurora and determine how these... tools that have facilitated the exploration of the dynamics of complex... Theory, Modeling, and Data Exploration is designed to fill this need. This... aurora. 1 Frequency-Agile Solar Radiotelescope Wide-frequency-range (0.3-30 GHz) radiotelescope for... program to provide global-scale ionospheric and upper atmospheric measurements for input to global physicsbased... Magnetospheric Imager (STP), and MagCon (STP) will provide opportunities for a coordinated approach to..., Modeling, and Data Exploration in the companion volume to this report ((2003... to the development of advanced propulsion and power technologies required for the exploration... and navigation (e.g., for the use of single-frequency global positioning devices in... of the excitement of space exploration, the beauty of auroral displays... the newest results from spacecraft exploration of the Sun and of... excitement of scientific exploration (Figure 6.2). At Augsburg College, for example, a student analyzed... Flight Center, for example, a summer intern analyzed Mars Global Surveyor magnetometer data... driven intellectual musings and scientific exploration over the millennia. The space... the space environment and space exploration. Efforts to expand understanding, driven initially... listening to a lecture). • It could harness the excitement of space exploration through... in considerable cost savings. The exploration of such possibilities is strongly... as aurora production. Finding: Suborbital flight opportunities are very important for advancing... early days of solar system exploration, large missions such as Pioneer... questions of global scope and inevitably require international participation for their success... panels: • theory, computation, and data exploration, and • education and society. APPENDIX... Satellite Global Oscillations Network Group Geospace IMAGE IMF IMP-8 ISAS ISM Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration... Explorer Stereo Magnetospheric Imager Solar Orbiter Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy Solar... for the NASA Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) mission, which is providing the first-ever global... imager on the IMAGE spacecraft, with particular emphasis on the proton aurora...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-26
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
... $8.15-billion contract for development of the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), now... programme for resuming its robotic exploration of the Moon in June. Planned for... first in a series planned to develop a global exploration strategy for the Moon, Mars, and... issued a “Call for Improvements” on proposals submitted for the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV... Vehicle (CaLV) planned for Moon and Mars exploration missions by the RS...-kg international Payload for Antimatter Exploration and Lightnuclei Astrophysics (PAMELA) to study antimatter... GB/sec, are an optical imager for three-dimensional stereoscopic mapping at... -31- planned for launch in 2008. The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA... laying the groundwork for human exploration beyond low Earth orbit, for long-duration lunar stays, and especially for... for an integrated plan for using the ISS to support NASA’s human space exploration... and Atmospheric Physics NASA’s Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite, launched to a highly elliptical Earth...’s future Mars exploration plan: a stationary lander called Phoenix, scheduled for launch in... Mars exploration funding through 2010 by over $2 billion, also calls for a competitively... ambitious programme for resuming its robotic exploration of the Moon. Planned for launch... 2020. Funding for Russia’s ambitious new lunar and planetary exploration programme, which...-lander exploration project. OHB is designing potential scenarios for German industry to play... the preparation for a sizable German contribution to a European or international lunar exploration programme. Japan’s Hayabusa spacecraft, launched on 9 May 2003, was scheduled for... propellants. Originally planned for use with the Crew Exploration Vehicle Orion, the... for Space Exploration and Propulsion announced contract awards of $30,000 each to... universities for nuclear power and propulsion research applicable to lunar and planetary exploration... classrooms to inspire students’ interest in space exploration. The Universe Awareness Programme for... a panchromatic stereo imager; (3) Monitor-O: a mission with a high-resolution (1 m) imager for the operational -108... SYSTEM Lunar Exploration SMART-1, the first ESA Small Mission for Advanced Research... of the Moon, and to survey resources for future exploration. SMART-1 lunar science... studies in preparation for future steps of lunar exploration. The mission addressed... and a demonstration of technologies for future lunar exploration) is under discussion. The... 2008 for survey measurements of the lunar surface as preparation for future exploration... context of preparations for future human exploration. The International Lunar Exploration Working Group (ILWEG) has coordinated a forum for... to Venus, concentrating on plasma and atmospheric studies. Mars Exploration NASA’s Mars Global... and continues to evolve with the Mars Exploration Programme. Principal goals for the... measurement of radiation, a prerequisite for future human exploration because of its potential... material for examination by instruments onboard. The findings from the Mars Exploration... ever flown on a planetary exploration mission for homing in on details of... scientifically worth-while landing sites for future exploration. Other science instruments on... Mars in preparation for robotic missions and then human exploration. Data from... maximum to solar minimum. The four TIMED instruments are the Global Ultraviolet Imager... X-ray imager for the diagnosis of plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million..., with good prospects for applications for Lunar and Mars exploration missions. Some tasks... as a test bed and springboard for exploration. The research programmes, such as... microgravity research programmes to NASA’s new Exploration Systems programmes (for example, cryogenic fluid... a significantly low ballistic coefficient for future planetary exploration. The capsule successfully separated... spacecraft continues to act as a communications relay for the Mars Exploration Rovers on..., is intended to dig on Mars. ESA’s Aurora programme for future Mars exploration envisages a series of missions to land on Mars and ascertain its suitability for future human exploration. ESA has undertaken payload selections for a ‘Pasteur’ instrument suite for... consequent to any bilateral or multilateral agreements for joint solar-system exploration missions, and all international parties to date... for space agencies conducting solar system exploration missions on understanding the potential for... Center Global Solutions in Science and Learning Global Scale Wave Model Global Ultraviolet Imager... Lunar Exploration Working Group International Living With a Star program Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Institute for Biomedical...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-09
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... exploration .....................................................................................35 Technology – implementation and advances...............................................................46 Space and society ........................................................................................................51 Global... to conduct research into global climate change. >> On 30 March, Space Exploration Technologies... Exploration of Tempel) spacecraft fired its engines for 22 minutes 53 seconds to... innovative path for human space exploration that strengthens its capability to extend human... a fundamental reference for future scientific and human exploration missions to the moon,” said.... MDA will develop solutions for future space exploration missions including a universal docking... Earth observation, astronomy and planetary exploration probes for the next decade. NASA... Panel on Exploration (PEX) published a report titled “Toward a Global Space Exploration Programme: A Stepping... eager for the agreement since the Israel Network for Lunar Science and Exploration... can meet the special requirements for exploration in outer space. China sent... responsible for space activities met in Brussels to discuss Europe's goals for space exploration... the exploration and use of the outer space for peaceful purposes for 2011... Exploration Vehicle and its Ares 1 launcher offered no compelling reason for NASA to... justification for its plan to substitute commercial space taxis for the Orion crew exploration vehicle and its Ares I launcher as a route to... believe the technology has application for planetary exploration. After a year of economic... O. Paine Award for the Advancement of Human Exploration of Mars to Steve Squyres... of the Moon, and to survey resources for future exploration. The SMART-1 mission... to undertake survey measurements of the lunar surface as a preparation for future exploration... history. II.3 Mars Exploration Recent missions MGS (Mars Global Surveyor), NASA’s mission... of radiation, a pre-requisite for future human exploration because of its potential... ever flown on a planetary exploration mission for homing in on details of... readied for testing before launch in 2011. For the MEJI (Mars Exploration Joint Initiative), ESA and NASA have agreed to a framework for joint exploration of... for future solar system exploration is currently under way with results expected to... priority for EJSM and identify the future targets for outer solar system exploration... planet. More ambitious plans for the exploration of the Jupiter system are... environment will have significant consequences for future exploration activities that utilize radio... X-ray imager for the diagnosis of plasmas having temperatures of 0.5 to 10 million... produce a roadmap related to Advanced Life Support Systems for space exploration. 2. The 40th... Access to space opens up new frontiers for scientific research and human exploration... to be undertaken consequent to bilateral or multilateral agreements for joint solar-system exploration missions, and has been employed for agreements...-on workshop to develop foundational ethical principles applicable to planetary exploration. XIV.1 Significant Mission Events In general, events are reported for... the Moon, and to develop technology for future lunar exploration. Kaguya consists of... currently defining roadmaps and exploration architectures to plan ahead for future decades. At... a pillar to support a sustainable global space exploration programme. The COSPAR Panel on Exploration (PEX... is to provide independent science input to support a global space exploration programme while working to... June 2010 entitled: ‘Toward a Global Space Exploration Programme: A Stepping Stone Approach’, which... preparing for planetary exploration, an International Space Station (ISS) exploitation programme enabling exploration... of actors from the global space community. Space exploration is a multifaceted endeavour... years are leading to important decisions for a future global space exploration programme. In October... plan includes new destinations for human space exploration such as near-Earth... programmatic goals for Mars exploration. Launch opportunities during the 2016 to 2020 time...) is providing science directions for US space exploration in the next decade... in global space exploration programmes while enabling mature space actors to tap into a global robotics talent pool. COSPAR’s Exploration Panel will...-up approach to strengthen a longterm global space exploration programme, by offering opportunities to integrate... Global Ultraviolet Imager High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program Highly Advanced Laboratory for... a Star program Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration Indian National Balloon Facility National Institute for Space Research...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.06/5
... Energy Electron Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Electron Sources for Instrument Calibrations . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1.1 Ultraviolet Photocathode Electron... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.5.2 Calibration Runs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.6 How to use the Calibrations for Post-Launch Data Processing... Thermal Gas Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6.4 Gases Used for Thermal Gas Calibration . . . . . . . . . . 3.7 Low Energy... Use of Artificial Signal Injection for Instrument Performance Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relative and... . . . . . . . 4.4.2.2 Calculating Particle Moments and Correcting for Spacecraft Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.2.3 Charge Neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.2.4 Gyrotropy...-Flight Relative and Absolute Calibration for Energetic Particles . . . . 4.5.1 Absolute Energy Response...-Flight Relative and Absolute Calibration for ENA Instruments . . . . . Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300 303... Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5 New Techniques to Improve Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.5.1 Challenges for Small Series Production . . . . . . . . . 5.5.2 Instrument... Intelligence Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5.6 Machine Learning Methods for Automated Calibration . . . . . 5.6.1 Current State-of... Ray Tracing Program . . . . . . . . . . A.3 Display Programs for Characterizing Analyzers A.4 Raytracing Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bibliography... parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CEM relative detection efficiency for ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CEM relative detection efficiency... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Absolute detection efficiency of MCP for neutrals and ions . . . . . . Absolute MCP... a quadrupole mass spectrometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stability curve for a quadrupole mass spectrometer . . . . . . . . . . . . Bennett IMS... 3.23 3.24 3.25 Coordinate system for ion source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dead time effects... ELS . . . . . . . . ESA voltage-angle spectrograms for all azimuthal sectors . . . . . Lyman-α response... . . . . Calibration results for the SIS instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System used for the thermal gas... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thermal gas pressure system used for ROSINA/Rosetta calibration . . . . Gas mixture inlet system for CASYMIR calibration system . . . . . . . . Vacuum system used for testing NGIMS... setup for the Apollo Lunar Orbiter Mass Spectrometer . . . . System to produce an... system . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neutral beam velocity distribution for a metastable time-of-flight system... 4.38 4.39 Comparison of transmission for different analyzer surface treatments . . . MCP... dependence of Geotail CEM efficiency for electrons . . . . . . . Extracting final sensor corrections... electron to infer spacecraft potential . . . . . . . . . . Energy dependence of Wind MCP efficiency for electrons . . . . . . . . . Wind 3D electron spectra used to correct MCP... relative MCP efficiencies for CODIF . . . . . . . . . . Pressure balance check for CODIF on Cluster... accelerator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GSFC REF: Test chamber for the instrument Van de Graaff... 2.1 Background problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Key radioisotopes used for γ -ray calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204 4.1 List of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G.1 Atomic weights and isotopic compositions for all elements . . . . . . . . 545 H.1 H.2 H.3 H.4 Atmospheric gases... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NIST neutral gas fragmentation patterns for gases of aeronomic interest NIST... universe around us. However, for this to happen effectively, it is essential... always good intentions to set aside sufficient time for a thorough calibration, experience... available to check on-board calibration. This underscores the need for better... due to contamination (e.g. outgassing), environmental effects (e.g. atomic oxygen, radiation), or aging. For... particularly important for in situ autonomous systems that are intended to provide... space (e.g., for particular masses and energies) will become necessary to properly interpret... that are vital to progress in the field and, for that reason..., the material concentrates upon instruments for atomic and molecular particle measurements... is in space and to identify and compensate for instrument degradation that... available to support this project. We especially thank the ISSI staff for... case. Turning to neutral gas measurements, Figure 1.3 demonstrates, for the case of... either has to divide 1 2 1. I NTRODUCTION Figure 1.1: Typical oxygen spectra for different populations..., or provide a means to change geometric factors. For electrons the dynamic range... case for ions in the solar wind, particle velocities are constrained to...



Дата загрузки: 2017-04-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.1/5
... Energy Electron Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1 Electron Sources for Instrument Calibrations . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.1.1 Ultraviolet Photocathode Electron... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.5.2 Calibration Runs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.2.6 How to use the Calibrations for Post-Launch Data Processing... Thermal Gas Systems . . . . . . . . . . . 3.6.4 Gases Used for Thermal Gas Calibration . . . . . . . . . . Low Energy... Use of Artificial Signal Injection for Instrument Performance Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Relative and... . . . . . . . 4.4.2.2 Calculating Particle Moments and Correcting for Spacecraft Charging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.2.3 Charge Neutrality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4.4.2.4 Gyrotropy...-Flight Relative and Absolute Calibration for Energetic Particles . . . . 4.5.1 Absolute Energy Response...-Flight Relative and Absolute Calibration for ENA Instruments . . . . . Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Summary and... Ray Tracing Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A.1.3 Display Programs for Characterizing Analyzers . . . . . . . . A.2 Raytracing Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A.3 High... Standard . . . . . . . . . . New Techniques to Improve Calibration . . . . . . . . 5.5.1 Challenges for Small Series Production . . . . 5.5.2 Instrument... Intelligence Methods . . . . . . . . . Machine Learning Methods for Automated Calibration 5.6.1 Current State-of... parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CEM relative detection efficiency for ions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CEM relative detection efficiency... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Absolute detection efficiency of MCP for neutrals and ions . . . . . . Absolute MCP... a quadrupole mass spectrometer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Stability curve for a quadrupole mass spectrometer . . . . . . . . . . . . Bennett IMS... 3.24 3.25 3.26 Coordinate system for ion source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dead time effects... ELS . . . . . . . . ESA voltage-angle spectrograms for all azimuthal sectors . . . . . Lyman-α response... . . . . Calibration results for the SIS instrument . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System used for the thermal gas... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thermal gas pressure system used for ROSINA/Rosetta calibration . . . . Gas mixture inlet system for CASYMIR calibration system . . . . . . . . Vacuum system used for testing NGIMS... setup for the Apollo Lunar Orbiter Mass Spectrometer . . . . System to produce an... system . . . . . . . . . . . . . Neutral beam velocity distribution for a metastable time-of-flight system... 4.39 4.40 Comparison of transmission for different analyzer surface treatments . . . MCP... dependence of Geotail CEM efficiency for electrons . . . . . . . Extracting final sensor corrections... electron to infer spacecraft potential . . . . . . . . . . Energy dependence of Wind MCP efficiency for electrons . . . . . . . . . Wind 3D electron spectra used to correct MCP... relative MCP efficiencies for CODIF . . . . . . . . . . Pressure balance check for CODIF on Cluster... and flight spare instruments Framework for automated calibration using transfer learning... accelerator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GSFC REF: Test chamber for the instrument Van de Graaff... 2.1 Background problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1 Key radioisotopes used for γ -ray calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209 4.1 List of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Atomic weights and isotopic compositions for all elements . . . . . . . Atmospheric gases of... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NIST neutral gas fragmentation patterns for gases of aeronomic interest NIST... universe around us. However, for this to happen effectively, it is essential... always good intentions to set aside sufficient time for a thorough calibration, experience... available to check on-board calibration. This underscores the need for better... due to contamination (e.g. outgassing), environmental effects (e.g. atomic oxygen, radiation), or aging. For... particularly important for in situ autonomous systems that are intended to provide... space (e.g., for particular masses and energies) will become necessary to properly interpret... that are vital to progress in the field and, for that reason..., the material concentrates upon instruments for atomic and molecular particle measurements... is in space and to identify and compensate for instrument degradation that... available to support this project. We especially thank the ISSI staff for... case. Turning to neutral gas measurements, Figure 1.3 demonstrates, for the case of... a 1 2 1. I NTRODUCTION Figure 1.1: Typical oxygen spectra for different populations of particles in... al. [1995]. means to change geometric factors. For electrons the dynamic range... case for ions in the solar wind, particle velocities are constrained to...



Дата загрузки: 2017-02-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.05/5
... of the images, which NASA’s Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft had produced, appeared... interests in Russian space exploration continued to adjust to postcommunist operations. The Khrunichev... him to leave retirement to lead its effort to restructure its Mars Exploration Program... systems for propulsion, considered fundamental building blocks for sustained robotic and human exploration... that could “lead to revolutionary propulsion capabilities for space exploration missions throughout the... Scientists studying data from NASA’s Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite and ESA’s four...’s Magnetopause,” Nature 426, no. 6966 (4 December 2003): 533–537; Maggie Fox for... policy for the United States, which he called the Vision for Space Exploration. President Bush’s new policy called for the completion... for robotic exploration of the Moon by 2008, followed by crewed missions to... newspapers described the Vision for Space Exploration as a response to the Columbia disaster... to meet its new objectives under the Vision for Space Exploration, the blueprint for... Vision for Space Exploration, which formally changed the duration of operations for both... they expect to work together on President Bush’s exploration strategy for Mars and... W. Bush had established for NASA in his Vision for Space Exploration, announced in January 2004. Those objectives included human flights to... had established for NASA in his Vision for Space Exploration. According to major media... Jr., endorsed the Vision for Space Exploration’s goals―to explore Mars and the... to render it better able to implement President George W. Bush’s Vision for Space Exploration. Among many other announced changes, NASA planned to restructure... efforts to meet the objectives of President George W. Bush’s Vision for Space Exploration, NASA awarded contracts to 11 companies to provide research on human lunar exploration... to replace the Space Shuttle. The Vision for Space Exploration called for NASA to engage in human and robotic exploration of... NASA, “NASA Selects Contractors for Vision for Space Exploration Studies,” news release C04... Scientist for NASA’s lunar and Mars exploration programs. As Chief Scientist for all... about how to accomplish President George W. Bush’s Vision for Space Exploration. Experts and... toward the goals of global security and space exploration―China’s presence at... United States. According to analysts, Chinese contributions to space exploration could include expendable... released the Vision for Space Exploration, the new policy for transportation in space... a robust program for space exploration. The policy called for astronauts to return to the Moon by 2020, planned for... 2 phase, NASA intended to begin to expand human space exploration to the Moon and...’s Exploration Systems Mission Directorate issued a request for proposals (RFP) for the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) that NASA intended to use to... intended to apply for a FAA launch 752 NASA, “NASA Issues Solicitation for Crew Exploration... from the Radio Plasma Imager aboard the Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft, combining that... how to implement future aspects of the President’s Vision for Space Exploration.757... and postlaunch support for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Microwave Imager (GMI) instrument... to promote technical innovation in support of the Vision for Space Exploration and... Satellite (POES) and from the Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft had discovered that... W. Bush’s Vision for Space Exploration, which included returning humans to the Moon and... provide advice and recommendations to NASA’s Associate Administrator for Exploration Systems, including input... the Vision for Space Exploration does not address major obstacles to the United... NASA’s plans for human and robotic space exploration, the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV... Vision for Space Exploration, the U.S. space policy calling for human and robotic missions to... for meeting goals established under the Vision for Space Exploration, including transporting humans to...’s master plan for meeting the goals of the Vision for Space Exploration. Moreover, Congress also directed NASA to make more... for internal communications―to promote public knowledge about and interest in space exploration... the Vision for Space Exploration. Moreover, the law specifically authorized appropriations for only... Gathering Satellite International Launch Services Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration International Space Station Management and...



Дата загрузки: 2017-03-28
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.12/5
... Determination for Low Earth Orbiters Using the Global Positioning System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12.4 Center for...é n’a cessé d’être intimement liée avec l’exploration spatiale, que ça soit dans l’étude... domains of space exploration (italics in the text correspond to projects described... 2005, ESA intends to develop a next-generation imager called apex. Equipped with... university is inseparable from space exploration whether it be in the... shock, magnetopause, and cusp), including their surroundings (foreshock, magnetosheath and magnetopause boundary layers). The goal of the workshop publication is to... the exploration of Saturn by Cassini-Huygens, the second is dedicated to... the global effort, specific analysis has been done and published for the... to build a new generation airborne hyperspectral imager named APEX. APEX is a pushbroom imager... product uncertainty, a requirement for further use in regional to global ecological and climate... vegetation to climate variability is a major scientific question. Analyses of the global... interest for an improved assessment of the various components of the global carbon cycle. Studies of the Earth System processes at the global... this local description of processes to global modeling of the Earth System... ecosystem specific model parameterization when global models are assimilating remote sensing..., as well as subsidence related to exploration of the underground resources coal... carried out to measure ground control points (GCPs) using differential global positioning... Mapper Plus Ground Control Points Global Positioning Systems High Resolution Geometric... Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research) European Space Agency Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment, instrument on the ERS-2 satellite Institute for.... The project aims to compute and deliver global concentrations of tropospheric trace.... A service is established to compute and deliver global concentrations of tropospheric trace... (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research) Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment, instrument on the ERS-2 satellite Institute for Atmosphere... circulation that could be related to global change. Status: The instrument has... (stereo imager system, IR camera) remote-sensing instruments are used to validate... own ground-based multi-camera imager system, with stereo-photogrammetric techniques... CTW simultaneously. A ground-based sky imager system consisting of 3 digital cameras... and Infrared Imager A snow cover map in the Alps for assimilation in... ASPERA-3 instrument are to • Determine the instantaneous global distributions of plasma and... ASPERA-4 instrument are to • Determine the instantaneous global distributions of plasma and... Cornerstone Mission, named BepiColombo, for the detailed exploration of planet Mercury. Because... rovers (micro-rovers) forseen for in situ exploration of Mars, and possibly...-of-flight mass spectrometer for in situ planetary exploration,” Meas. Sci. Technol... the global ion outflow from the high-latitude ionosphere, its relationship to...: image: Low Energy Neutral Atom Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration – 83 – 10 Microgravity 10.1 Yeast... Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager (RHESSI) and the frequency-agile... Ramaty High-Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager SOHO/CELIAS: Solar Wind and... radiometers, sunphotmeters and a luminosity oscillation imager. Status: Running Experiment on operating... their accuracy). Establish relation diameter/global irradiance/differential rotation. Study their... is equipped with modern GPS (Global Positioning System) receivers, one of... Device Global Positioning System GLObal NAvigation Satellite System Precise Orbit Determination for Low Earth Orbiters Using the Global Positioning System...: Research based on existing instruments: Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking data... up to about 2000 km. Modern navigation satellite systems like the Global Positioning System (GPS) are at much higher altitudes, provide a global coverage and may, therefore, be used for determining orbits...: Astronomical Institute, University of Bern Global Positioning System International GPS Service... global tracking network. Purpose of research: In the framework of “global change... a global reference frame at the millimeter level are of crucial importance, e.g., for... w.r.t. GPS time. The coordinates of a global network of about 150 tracking... global map of the total free electron content in the atmosphere for... at CODE: Results from Global Solutions”. Submitted to Journal of Meteorological Society...: 12.5 Center for Orbit Determination in Europe Global Positioning System Global Navigation Satellite...âtel Space Passive Hydrogen Maser Global Positioning System European Space Agency... diode ebb: Elegant breadboard gps: Global positioning system hyper: Hyper-precision...



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.08/5
..., from January 1984 to September 1984.) Project Manager for the Space Physics...) project (October 1980 to March 1984). Project scientist for the Space Physics...) project (March 1984 to September 1990). U.S.A delegate for Commission H USNC/URSI General... Distribution Service Contract for the Space Telescope (August 1986 to December 1987... Distribution Service Contract for the Space Telescope (August 1988 to March 1993... of Solar-Terrestrial Research in Global Geoscience." Appointed member of the.... NASA delegate to the Inter-Agency Consultative Group for Space Science (IACG... to June 30, 1992 and reappointed member for a second term July 1, 1992 to... to April 1995). Appointment extended for a second three-year term (September 1995 to... Project Scientist for Mission Operations and Data Analysis for the Global Geospace Science... NASA Headquarters, for a one-year term (September 1993 to September 1994), recommended... Scientist for the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) by A. Diaz, Director GSFC, (March 2000 to present... (October 1987 to October 1989). NASA graduate research advisor for Denis Donohue, Stanford (April 1987 to December 1990... advisor for Dr. Constanze la Dous (October 1989 to October 1990). Sponsor for the Senior NRC research associateship awarded to Dr. Owen Storey (November 1989 to February 1992). Sponsor for the Senior NRC research associateship awarded to... (July 1991 to July 1992). NASA graduate research advisor for Leonard Garcia... (September 1994 to October 1996). NASA graduate research advisor for Daniel Moorer... to April 1999). NRC associate advisor for Dr. Anton Koekemoer (June 1999 to... graduate research advisor for David Berube, UCLA (July 2001 to July 2003... graduate research advisor for Erin Selser, Stanford (July 2005 to July 2007.... GSFC Certificate of Appreciation for "contributions leading to the success of the... Achievement Award for "sustained achievements that have contributed significantly to Goddard's mission... D/L Project team for which Dr. Green "… greatly contributed to enhance the international cooperative studies in the exploration of Earth... Group Achievement Award to the SPAN management team for "… dedicated service and... development of the GSFC proposal to OSSA for the full project management..., 2000. NASA Group Achievement Award, for Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) Mission Team, "in recognition..., Best Mission Data System for 2002, awarded to the IMAGE data system... over fifty recommendations for improvement “that will enable Goddard to win more... of the IMAGE Radio Plasma Imager Team, for pioneering advanced space-based... Outreach Team, for the outstanding education and outreach efforts to engage the... & Support, for exceptional management and execution of the global events for the Mars... Education Opportunity for K-12 grades," with W. W. L. Taylor. February 1995 to February 1998.... May 1996 to Present Co-Investigator on the "Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration." Launched on March... (PI). April 1997 to April 1998 Co-Investigator for the "Restoration of... waves generated at the dayside magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 15403-15410..., 1996. 45. Fung, S. F., and J. L. Green, Global Imaging and Radio Remote Sensing..., Application of magnetospheric imaging techniques to global substorm dynamics, Proceedings of the..., J. Perez, P. Reiff, J. Burch, and T. Moore, Global-scale imaging: New approaches in..., D. L. Gallagher, and P. Reiff, Radio Plasma Imager simulations and measurements, Space Science..., and P. Reiff, The Radio Plasma Imager investigation on the IMAGE spacecraft... model of the high latitude magnetopause, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23193-23220... Results from the Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, Geophys. Res. Lett... the IMAGE satellite radio plasma imager, Adv. Space Res., 30(10... plasmas by the radio plasma imager (RPI) on the IMAGE Mission... Magnetosphere: Observations by Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, Geophys. Res. Lett... B. Lopez-Swafford, A communications model for an ISAS to NASA SPAN link, NSSDC..., J. L., The use of SPAN for rapid access to International Ultraviolet Explorer Data.... 707-711, 1996. 45. Green, J. L., Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) Project Data Management Plan... J. L. Green, Automated Detection of the Magnetopause for Space Weather from the IMAGE... Traces from the Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, Ukrastro-2000 Conference... Z modes by the Radio Plasma Imager (RPI) instrument on the IMAGE.... Green, J. L., The Struggle to get the Radio Plasma Imager instrument on the..., The use of SPAN for rapid access to IUE data, Information Systems...), October 19-23 1998. 26. Global-Scale Imaging: New Approaches in..., Sapporo, Japan, The IMAGE Mission - Global Views of a Geomagnetic Storm, (invited... Observations from the Radio Plasma Imager on IMAGE, (invited) December 17...



Дата загрузки: 2016-12-29
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.1/5
... 3.3. Global imaging on KuaFu B1+B2 ..................................................................................44 3.3.1. Electron and proton aurora continuous... 4.2.1. Far Ultraviolet aurora monitoring cameras (UVAMC) .......................................92 4.2.2. Far Ultraviolet Spectro-Imager (FUVSI... geospace science and space-weather exploration. This component of the mission... FUV imager for LBL-L and S observations (UVAMC); z FUV Imaging Spectrograph (FUVSI) for global proton auroral imaging; z wide field of view FUV imager for nearly global perigee imaging (WFAI); z ENA imager for ring current observations (NAIK); z fluxgate magnetometer for...: z exploration of the consequences of solar variability on geospace, leading to understanding... are needed to carry out in-situ observations essential for the exploration of..., and will be used for space weather exploration and forecasting purposes. Most... component (i.e., opposite to the Earth's field at the magnetopause subsolar point) magnetic reconnection will occur leading to enhanced... measurements from SuperDARN and global magnetometer networks, allow for a global specification of the... as storms. The source/sink exploration by KuaFu enables quantitative assessment... continuous global aurora and ring current imaging, and an excellent platform for high... geospace processes in the global electron and proton aurora, and the ring... aurora cameras for LBH-long and short bands; z Far ultraviolet spectro-imager for proton aurora; z Wide field of view FUV aurora imager for perigee aurora; z Energetic Neutral Atom imager... will facilitate exploration of the response of geospace to varying solar and... global scale spatial resolution would be sustained for over 2 years. Also plotted for.... The aurora exhibits spatial structure on scales ranging from global down to tens...) KuaFu-B will provide global observations of the electron aurora with spatial resolution... aurora (typically 1keV or less). KuaFu-B will provide the first-ever global... the electron aurora, global time-evolving maps of the proton aurora, and the.... 38. McEntire, R.W. and Mitchell, D.G., Instrumentation for global magnetospheric imaging of energetic neutral..., F.R., High energy neutral atom HENA imager for the IMAGE mission, Space Sci..., C., Medium Energy Neutral Atom (MENA) imager for the IMAGE Mission, Space Sci... minute. 3.3. Global imaging on KuaFu B1+B2 3.3.1. Electron and proton aurora continuous imaging 3.3.1.1. FUV Auroral Monitoring Cameras (UVAMC) Global auroral... for the first time imaging of the aurora on the dayside. Global imagers... addition to VIS, Polar carries a UV imaging package (UVI for Ultraviolet Auroral Imager), which provides images of the entire auroral oval for... with a global imager. Fig. 3.2: Left: ISIS II image of the global aurora obtained in... the diffuse aurora. Global electron auroral images have been used to map the..., global auroral images are used for essential context for other studies. As global auroral... a global scale [motivates isolation of LBH-L and LBH-S]; 2. The need for global images with ~30 km spatial resolution to facilitate studies... admitting enough light for reasonable signal to noise for dim aurora (i.e., in the tens... the global auroral distribution. Furthermore, it will image even dim aurora (~20 Rayleigh features). 3.3.1.2. FUV Spectro-Imager (FUVSI) Scattering... Auroral Imager is to provide such systematic coverage. The science case for systematic... aurora during northward IMF, trans-polar arcs, and the global auroral response to... desirable to carry a light-weight wide FOV imager designed specifically for qualitative global imaging from near perigee. In other words, this imager...) aboard SOHO to measure ENAs (Hovestadt et al. 1995). (3) The Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE... the TBB for Doppler ranging can provide a scientific data source for a global map... (geocentric distances) proposed for KuaFu allows for continuous global imaging with excellent spatial... required for the flight software. Facilities exist at all photon imager institutions to... to the apogee cameras onboard KuaFu, to allow like-for-like comparison between aurora... to facilitate conjugate imaging with the wide field of view (FOV) imager. For... objectives is to study magnetic storms, we want to observe the global aurora even...: Far Ultraviolet Aurora Monitoring Camera FUVSI: Far Ultraviolet Spectro-Imager FWHM: Full...: International Living With a Star IMAGE: Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration 130 of 133 “KuaFu” mission...-Terrestrial Physics JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency KH: Kelvin-Helmholtz Ku...: Vacuum Ultraviolet WFAI: Wide Field Aurora Imager 133 of 133



Дата загрузки: 2017-01-23
Скачать документ
Скачать текст
0.15/5
... City, Iowa, USA T. J. Stubbs Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space... 2001 and 2002, when the Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) satellite had its apogee... opportunity to study the aurora in the conjugate hemispheres simultaneously. Owing to the... auroral features were imaged on a global scale in both hemispheres. We... of local time ($1500 km). For southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF...—inner; KEYWORDS: substorm onset, conjugate, aurora, IMF, asymmetry, nightside reconnection Citation... sometimes defined as nonconjugate phenomena. For example, in the study by... aurora seems to be conjugate, the discrete aurora seems to be nonconjugate. In order to account for... the term asymmetric geomagnetic locations for phenomena, like substorm onset, that... Viking also observed the nightside aurora simultaneously in the two hemispheres... IMF controls the dayside aurora and cusp aurora location [e.g., Sandholt et al... the location of the nightside aurora [Elphinstone et al., 1990; Liou... observations and studies are needed to resolve to what extent and how... Polar and Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) spacecraft offered a unique opportunity to study the aurora simultaneously in the conjugate hemispheres. Owing to the... auroral features were imaged on a global scale from the Southern (VIS... times, types, and IMF conditions for all the observations. 2.1. The 13... taken to be 130 km and apex magnetic coordinates are used for... 1. The 13 September 2001 event. (a) – (c) Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE) Wideband Imaging Camera (WIC... contour (thin) local time location for the substorm onset in the... times are 10 s and 32.5 s for IMAGE WIC and VIS Earth... 50% intensity contour (thin line). For the first 5 – 10 min after... the magnetopause during this event, we only have ACE data to determine... asymmetry. We have therefore looked for auroral features that can be.... In Figure 3a an S-shaped aurora is seen in the 2200... min dawnward displacement was found for the southern auroral breakup. One... by both Wind and ACE for hours, and we feel confident... the values we have used. For all the events we have... are used for the onsets and diamonds are used for the features.... ACE data (grey) were available for all the events, while data... the satellite is outside the magnetopause and not too far from... fits to the data versus clock angle give a 0.72 correlation coefficient for... Figure 2. Same as Figure 1 but for 15 November 2001. 5 of 10... the satellite is inside the magnetopause or far off the Sun... polar cap plasma convection patterns for different signs of By [e.g., Kelley... the highest correlation is found for DMLT versus clock angle. A similar... explain the difference in discrete aurora locations in the two hemispheres... (south) to south (north) for By < 0 (By > 0) that would add to (subtract from... By and Bz are important for the IMF control of the.... [12] The poor correlation found for DMLT versus dipole tilt angle... will not lead to a systematic displacement but only affect aurora with source...., 2001] and on longitudinal displacement for auroras with source regions on... (À0.1 nT) and could be responsible for an eastward (or dawnward) displacement... dusk sector. Consequently, the displacement for this event may be more... a dawnward displacement of the duskside aurora in the Southern Hemisphere [Tsyganenko... then become DMLT ¼ À0:017qC þ 3:44: ð2Þ For the event on 5 July 2001... AURORAL FEATURES merging, and cusp aurora location [Sandholt et al., 1998... importance of the IMF orientation for this coupling has been well... affects the location of the aurora [Elphinstone et al., 1990; Liou...., 2001]. Owing to the very few observations of conjugate aurora from space... the relative displacement of the aurora in the conjugate hemispheres. [16... from global scale images in both hemispheres. We have documented that for... of Iowa. We thank R. Lepping for the WIND magnetic field data, A. Lazarus for the WIND solar wind data, C. Smith for the ACE magnetic field data, and D. McComas for the ACE solar wind data... World Data Center for Geomagnetism (T. Kamei), Kyoto, Japan for providing the preliminary... Natsuo Sato and another reviewer for their assistance in evaluating this...), Optical auroral conjugacy: Viking UV imager-South Pole station ground data..., and K. Ogilvie (1998), Timing accuracy for the simple planar propagation magnetic... configuration of the auroral distribution for interplanetary magnetic field-Bz northward... (1999), Conjugate observation of optical aurora with Polar satellite and groundbased... (1999), On the dynamic cusp aurora and IMF By, J. Geophys. Res..., D. Sibeck, K. Liou, and C. I. Meng (2001), Aurora conjugacy during substorms: Coordinated Antarctic...@ssl.berkeley.edu) T. J. Stubbs, Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, NASA Goddard Space...