Спутник связи. Innovation 1. [Редактировать]

Микроспутник CX-1 (Chuangxin-1, Innovation 1) является первый китайский экспериментальный телекоммуникационный микроспутник. Его задача – отработка технологии передачи данных на низкой орбите. В состав аппарата входят следующие системы: телекоммуникационный транспондер, бортовой компьютер, система управления, СЭП, система терморегулирования.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Chuangxin 1НайтиНайти
229058НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг100

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (сведения с орбиты)2006-04-26

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-049B

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-10-21 at 00:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xCBERS-2A
3Полезная нагрузка 1xInnovation 1
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4B

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Innovation 1». [Перейти к поиску]


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... overarching strategy for innovation. In most economies, innovation policy is limited to... and adopting a comprehensive innovation strategy, based on an innovation policy analysis that... innovation policy 3.0 2.0 3.0 1.5 2.5 2.0 3.5 4.0 3 Budget provision for SME innovation 2.5 1.5 3.5 1.0 2.0 1.5 3.0 3.0 2 Establishment of innovation and technology centres 2.5 2.0 3.5 1.0 1.5 1.5 2.5 4.0 1 Innovation... forms of innovation 8a. 8b. 2.96 1 2.60 Policy framework for innovation IX... forms of innovation 8a. Enterprise skills ● Enterprise skills. 8b. Innovation policy for SMEs ● Policy framework for innovation IX) Enable... 8a. Enterprise skills of innovation 8b. Innovation policy for SMEs Legal/regulatory... X Policy co-ordination X Innovation support measures X Financial innovation support measures Intellectual property... a strategic approach to innovation policy, the establishment of innovation and technology centres... overarching strategy for innovation. In most economies, innovation policy is limited to... AND INNOVATION number of vocational areas suggest moves towards greater innovation in... 2012. DIMENSION 8b: INNOVATION POLICY FOR SMEs Introduction Innovation is defined by... propensity to innovation than larger ones. As such, innovation practices in SMEs... 8b 8b. Innovation Innovation policy for SMEs Policy framework for innovation Support services... Establishment of innovation and technology centres Strategic approach to broad innovation Innovation support services Budget provision for SME innovation Financial support... and non-technological innovation activities. Developing a strategic approach to innovation policy is..., and innovation support services for SMEs. Successful development of innovation policy may... policy actions to promote innovation and entrepreneurship. Innovation policy is at an... overarching strategy for innovation. In most economies, innovation policy is limited to... 8. ENTERPRISE SKILLS AND INNOVATION for the National Innovation System and Turkey the... and adopting a comprehensive innovation strategy, based on an innovation policy analysis that... measures to support innovation in SMEs. With regards to innovation and technology... build or strengthen innovation capacities and promote demand for innovation services and... 8b.2: Innovation support measures for SMEs ALB Establishment of innovation and technology... SKILLS AND INNOVATION Table 8.6. Scores for Sub-dimension 8b.3: Financial innovation support... national innovation systems and drafting an overarching policy document for innovation, in... 2012. Innovation Albania has recently established a foundation for innovation policies. An Innovation Steering... assign a score for this indicator. Innovation Innovation policy in Bosnia and Herzegovina... efforts to establish innovation incubators and competitive clusters. An innovation incubator has... late payments. Innovation Croatia has among the most advanced innovation policies in... national innovation system, in order to design a new innovation strategy. A range of innovation-related policy initiatives are operational, including three innovation... and innovation support to new, science-based companies. Support for innovation should... regard to combating late payment. Innovation Innovation policy in Kosovo is in... document structuring innovation policy. There are plans to conduct a comprehensive innovation policy assessment and to draft an innovation strategy in... foundation for innovation by conducting a comprehensive evaluation of its national innovation system and drafting an innovation strategy and action... specific provisions combating late payment. Innovation Innovation policy remains one of Montenegro... policy framework for innovation and has implemented few specific innovation support measures... Association. Innovation According to the OECD assessment framework Serbia’s innovation policy is... and all forms of innovation (cont.) 8.1.5. Enterprise growth 8.2. Innovation Level 1 Level 2 Level... for SME innovation Delegation of competencies and tasks Measures concerning innovation policy.... 2 8.2.2. Strategic approach to innovation policy for SMEs Innovation policy is not covered... allocation SME innovation of funding for the promotion of enterprise innovation. No... on innovation in budget structure. Funds have been earmarked for innovation (public sector). Some innovation funding comes from... in place. Implementation of innovation promotion schemes. Innovation and technology centres in... level in R&D, innovation and development. Network of high level Innovation and technology.... 1 8.2.5. Information on innovation support services No database of innovation service providers available... to participate in innovation support programmes. Updated database(s) on innovation support service... products, while the innovation strategy directs measures toward eco-innovation. 3 SME support...



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... a more systemic approach across research, innovation and industrial policy. Immediate priorities... 24 low PROCESS-EMBEDDED INNOVATION PURE PRODUCT INNOVATION Process technologies, though mature, are still highly integral to product innovation..., commodity semiconductors. PROCESS-DRIVEN INNOVATION PURE PROCESS INNOVATION Major process innovations are...-wide understanding of science, technology, innovation and industrial policies; and  a dapt.... 4 (7) 4 Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (2012c) Community Innovation Survey, 2011. London... R&D expenditure was associated with manufacturing19.  Innovation: Manufacturers are more likely to... 2.1.3 Trends in future business model innovation 2011 Figure 2.6: Manufacturers offering services... example, proximity to manufacturing creates innovation spillovers across industries, supporting the... innovation (less than 14% for non-manufacturers) and 44% undertaking product innovation...: Calculations based on (weighted) Community Innovation Survey (CIS) data (approach developed... competitiveness of UK manufacturing, supporting innovation, driving product development and providing... validation in relevant environment 8 9 Commercialisation Innovation Analytical & experimental critical function & characteristic... play a critical part in enabling innovation and technology commercialisation. The innovative... Source: EUKLEMS 2.0 1.5 1.0 4.1.6 Investment in R&D and innovation A central factor in determining the... firms is their innovation and productivity performance. Investment in innovation via R&D will... Theft of intellectual property Product innovation, process innovation less easy to copy... PROCESS-EMBEDDED INNOVATION PURE PRODUCT INNOVATION PROCESS-DRIVEN INNOVATION PURE PROCESS INNOVATION Process technologies, though mature, are still highly integral to product innovation... long-term customer relationships. Incremental innovation is defined as ‘competence-preserving... costs. Incremental innovation is often contrasted with ‘radical’ innovation pursued by many... novel or radical innovation as well as incremental innovation with the latter... favours shareholders, acts negatively on innovation, with particularly unfavourable impact on... innovation is much more inter-organisational in nature than product innovation and, especially, process innovation. This suggests that... service innovation and investment, need to be removed. Business model innovation through... alter the nature of innovation by inhibiting incremental innovation. Impatient capital markets..., technology, innovation and industrial policy Science policy, technology policy and innovation policy... Manufacturing Services, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills Frances O’Grady General... Scientific Adviser, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills Jeremy Pocklington Director... Centre for Process Innovation Keith Hodgkinson Department for Business, Innovation and Skills... & Innovation Network, British Embassy in Berlin Ulf Holmgren VINNOVA - Sweden’s Innovation Agency... Wittenstein AG Jeremy Schlickenrieder Science & Innovation Network, British Embassy in Berlin... Edquist, C. (ed.) (1997) Systems of Innovation: Technologies, Institutions and Organisations, London... Policy Intervention in the Innovation Process: Systems of Innovation Approach in Smits...: A New Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Adminstritive Science Quarterly. Available from... Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (2011) Innovation and Research Strategy for Growth, London: BIS. Department for Business Innovation... Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (2012c) Community Innovation Survey, 2011. London.../policies/science/science-innovation-analysis/cis Department of Business, Innovation and Skills... for Innovation, Universities and Skills (2008) Innovation Nation, London: Department for Innovation, University.../eddingtonstudy/ Edquist, C. (2005), “Systems of Innovation: Perspective and Challenges’ in J. Fagerberg... Handbook of Innovation, Oxford: Oxford University Press; Lundvall, B.-A. (2007), “National Innovation Systems – Analytical Concept and Development Tool” Industry and Innovation, 14... Bets: UK National Innovation Policy and the Globalisation of Innovation Systems, in... Innovation. [Online] Available from: http://www.loadhoglids.com/services/ ideas-and-innovation... Vocational Qualifications. Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, London. (BIS Research...), National Innovation Systems – Analytical Concept and Development Tool. Industry and Innovation, 14... Case for Innovation Policy. in Llerena, P. and Matt, M. (eds) (2005) Innovation Policy...-operation and Development (2010b) Business Innovation Policies: Selected Country Comparisons, Paris... of Apprenticeships. Department for Business Innovation and Skills, London. Ridgway, K., Clegg... competency in additive manufacturing: A technology innovation needs analysis conducted by the...



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... globalizing SMEs, including export promotion, innovation policy, and economic development, to... of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies. Albornoz, F., H.F. Calvo Pardo, G. Corcos... and improved management decision making.3 Innovation: Exporting can increase firms’ propensity... developing country exporters achieve greater innovation gains from exporting. Firm’s export... INTERNATIONALIZATION • 79 Innovation. Exporting can unlock SMEs’ full innovation potential. In particular... economic growth, employment, productivity, and innovation. Thus it is hardly surprising... to absorb and benefit from innovation and enhanced managerial capabilities. Export...-Market Participation, Productivity Growth, and Innovation,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy...: ExportMarket Participation, Productivity Growth, and Innovation,” Oxford Review of Economic Policy.... “In Search of Complementarity in Innovation Strategy: Internal R& D and External Knowledge..., see Kuncoro, A. 2012. “Globalization and Innovation in Indonesia: Evidence from Micro.... 2012. “Direction of Causality in Innovation-exporting Linkage: Evidence on Korean...-Exporting Effects: Does Exporting Promote Innovation?” ERIA Discussion Paper 2012-06..., Y. Zhao, and F. Zhen. 2012. “Globalization, Innovation, and Productivity in Manufacturing Firms... • • • • Standards support the dissemination of innovation by codifying cutting-edge knowledge... to support growth, competitiveness and innovation.” European Commission Guidebook Series Nr... on price, quality, schedule Technology & innovation • Adapts, particularizes, improves upon codifiable...íguez-Clare, A., Innovation and Technology Adoption in Central America (“Innovation and Technology... 2002/2003 (“UNIDO Report”). c. Ibid. d. Innovation and Technology Adoption; UNIDO Report..., especially relationship development and technology/innovation. The firm must be able... been well researched. #5: Technology and Innovation Holding size constant, it appears... more successful exporters have stronger innovation and technological capabilities. This is... across sectors showed that process innovation, product innovation , and modification of existing... positively influenced by indices of innovation capability.58 For Spain, regression... given year) suggested that product innovation activities positively affect the decision... for the link between technologyrelated innovation and exporting. First, strong technological... 179 leads to process innovation and/or product innovation, which allows SMEs.... In other words, successful technological innovation is a process that is iterative... Miracle: A Gradual Confluence of Increasing Innovation and Export Expansion T2, a diversified... Lines between Process and Product Innovation (continued) in particular are increasingly... lines between process innovation (how to deliver) and product innovation (what to...-driven innovation has promoted green and organic products; supplier driven innovation has... that make possible effective services innovation. These cases cover several countries... emerged include the following: 1. 2. 3. Service innovation often addresses a crisis of some... of pro-innovation cultures and of innovation management programs. Service innovation may require... of clients via continuous product innovation and skillful reputation management. The... organize processes and product innovation. Technology and innovation: A body of work substantiates... indicates that interventions related to innovation have an enormous contribution to...; differences between product and process innovation; an inability to differentiate between..., B. and E. Martinez-Ros (2007). Product Innovation and Exports: Evidence from Spanish.... Crespi, G. and P. Zuniga, (October 2010). “Innovation and Productivity: Evidence from Six... despite their exceptional potential for innovation and growth, prospective “bornglobal” companies... barriers. Increasing SME internationalization through innovation capacity building. Internationalizing the SME..., and exit a business. Additionally, marketing, innovation, and finance/ Going Global 11... through Innovation Capacity Building Strong organizational capabilities in product and technology innovation... the innovation capability needed to compete globally. 9 By linking innovation programs with... included county and community councils, Innovation Norway (Norway’s central economic development... market and technology innovation; project planning for the chosen innovation; and customized... large customer. To simulate innovation-oriented collaboration, Innovation Norway provided both a legal... and overseas. Business strategy and innovation. Workshops on management approaches, models...-building program designed to foster innovation, branding, and customer insights. Systems... Capability Towards Partnered with Callaghan innovation Internationalization SERVICES DESIGNED TO MEET... improve their quality, communications, and innovation capabilities in order to regularly... friends, family, government funds and innovation programs, incubators, and small business..., access to technology, absorption of innovation, availability of financing, as well...



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... • S&T and innovation trends and indicators • S&T and innovation policies • Strategic programmes of innovation development... H. (2005) Innovation strengths and weaknesses. European Trend Chart on Innovation. Brussels: European... Industrial Innovation. London, Washington: Continuum. Godin B. (2006) The Linear Model of Innovation... T., Roud V., Zaichenko S. (2013) Monitoring innovation activities of innovation process participants (2011: R&D organisations... E., Kinkel S., Jäger A. (2009) Innovation Paths and the Innovation Performance of Low-Technology... Innovation Data (3rd edition). Paris: OECD, Eurostat. OECD (2010) The OECD Innovation... of Innovation Stanislav Zaichenko Senior Research Fellow, Laboratory for Economics of Innovation... S&T, Innovation and Information Policy, and Deputy Head, Laboratory for Economics of Innovation... sectors. Keywords: innovation activities; innovative enterprises; scientific organisations; R&D transfer; innovation; co-operation. References Arundel A., Hollanders H. (2005) Innovation strengths and weaknesses (European Trend Chart on Innovation), Brussels: European... 1 FORESIGHT-RUSSIA 21 Innovation and Economy Drucker P. (1985) Innovation and Entrepreneurship. New... Industrial Innovation, London, Washington: Continuum. Godin B. (2006) The Linear Model of Innovation... T., Roud V., Zaichenko S. (2013) Monitoring innovation activities of innovation process participants (2011: R&D organisations... A. (2012) Innovatsionnoe povedenie rossiiskikh predpriyatii [Innovation Behaviour of Russian Enterprises] (ed... E., Kinkel S., Jäger A. (2009) Innovation Paths and the Innovation Performance of Low-Technology... Innovation Data (3rd edition), Paris: OECD, Eurostat. OECD (2010) The OECD Innovation... ИКТ усиливается «демократизация» инноваций (democratizing innovation), затрагивающая не только те или... knowledge flows in biotechnology innovation // Industry and Innovation. Vol. 12. № 4. Р. 487–507.... Hyysalo S. (2009) User innovation and everyday practices: Micro-innovation in sports industry.... Kretschmer T., Bolliger K., Koob C. (2010) LIFE 2 – Innovation through Collaboration. Bonn: D–Telekom. Kristensson...) Visualizing Invisible Innovation Content: Evidence from Global User Innovation Surveys. SSRN Working... innovation // Management Science. Vol. 40. № 4. Р. 429–439. Von Hippel E. (2005) Democratizing Innovation... Product Innovation Management. Vol. 28. P. 485–502. 30 Форсайт Т. 8. № 1 2014 Innovation and Economy User Communities — Drivers for Open Innovation Gunnar Prause... knowledge to harvest for future innovation. Therefore, innovation in a number of sectors... generation of inputs from innovation particular, for innovation communities linking users with... innovations. Keywords: open innovation; user innovation; lead users; innovation communities; information and communication... and Innovation, vol. 14, no 2, pp. 177–199. Chesbrough H. (2003) Open Innovation... knowledge flows in biotechnology innovation. Industry and Innovation, vol. 12, no 4, pp.... Hyysalo S. (2009) User innovation and everyday practices: Micro-innovation in sports industry.... Kretschmer T., Bolliger K., Koob C. (2010) LIFE 2 – Innovation through Collaboration, Bonn: D–Telekom. Kristensson...) Visualizing Invisible Innovation Content: Evidence from Global User Innovation Surveys (SSRN Working...) Regional innovation: In search of an enabling strategy // Regional Innovation, Knowledge and... country innovation systems in R&D internationalisation: A patent citation analysis // Economics of Innovation and... and European Regional Systems of Innovation. London: Routledge. Cantwell J.A., Kosmopoulou E. (2002... // International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development. Vol. 1. № 1. Р. 87–111... internationalisation of innovation? Evidence from European patent data // Economics of Innovation and... № 9/2010. Berlin: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation. 2014 Т. 8. № 1 Форсайт 47 Наука Gauselmann.... Р. 1857–1876. Nelson R.R. (1993) National Innovation Systems: A Comparative Analysis. Oxford: Oxford... of Innovation in Europe: Impact on Firms and the Implications for Innovation... Systems and Innovation Research. Soete L. (1987) The impact of technological innovation on...) Regional innovation: In search of an enabling strategy. Regional Innovation, Knowledge and... country innovation systems in R&D internationalisation: A patent citation analysis. Economics of Innovation and... internationalisation of innovation? Evidence from European patent data. Economics of Innovation and... 9/2010, Berlin: Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation. Gauselmann A., Marek P. (2012) Regional Determinants... of Innovation in Europe: Impact on Firms and the Implications for Innovation... Systems and Innovation Research. Soete L. (1987) The impact of technological innovation on... and Innovation Research. Schmoch U., Rammer C., Legler H. (eds.) (2006) National Systems of Innovation... and Innovation Research. Schmoch U., Rammer C., Legler H. (eds.) (2006) National Systems of Innovation...



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... анализах интегральных индексов (Global Innovation Index, European Innovation Scoreboard, Knowledge Economy Index... и  стратегического выбора. Некоторые исследователи [National Innovation Leadership Network, ] утверждают, что будущий... проведено три раунда обследований (Community Innovation Servey) в  Европе в  ,  и   гг. Дополнительные семинары... (Business R&D and Innovation Survey). • Анкета, используемая в ЕС (Community Innovation Survey). • Сравнение данных... ЕС Business R&D and Innovation Survey, Форма Форма BRDIS Community Innovation Survey, CIS... R&D and Innovation Survey, BRDIS в США, Инновационный обзор Европейского сообщества (Community Innovation Survey... расчета показателей тарифных барьеров. ... М   Global Innovation Index (GII) был разработан бизнес.... .  И                                    Таблица 17. Составляющие индекса Global Innovation Index Инновационный вход Институты Политическая... экономических субъектов на микроуровне. ... Е   European Innovation Scoreboard был одним основным источником...: Innovation Union Scoreboard 2013, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/files...: Innovation Union Scoreboard 2013, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/files...: Innovation Union Scoreboard 2011, http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/files..., например Global Innovation Index, Knowledge Effectiveness Index, Knowledge Index, European Innovation Scoreboard... R&D and Innovation Survey (BRDIS)» Форма статистического наблюдения США «Community Innovation Survey — CIS... Innovation Diffusion in Italy, STI Review, , . Archibugi D., Cesaratto S., Sirilli G. Sources of Innovation...) National System of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Pinter... innovation; Technologies, Institutions, and Organizations. Pinter. . Edquist C. Leif Hommen. Systems of innovation... . , p. –. Edquist C. The Systems of Innovation Approach and Innovation Policy: An account of... University, section III. .  С             Fagerberg, J. Srholec, M. Innovation Systems, Technology and Development: Unpacking..., Edward Elgar, –. . Fagerberg, J., Srholec, M. National Innovation Systems, Capabilities and Economic Development.... World Development, , –. . Fagerberg, J., Srholec, M. Verspagen, B. Innovation and Economic Development. // Hall, B. and... Economics of Innovation, North Holland, –, TIK Working Paper on Innovation Studies . . Federation... B. Innovation Surveys: Lessons From OECD Countries’ Experience, op. cit., p. –. . Hansen J. A. Innovation Indicators: Summary of an International Survey, OECD Workshop on Innovation Statistics, Paris, December –;  Hansen J. A. International Comparisons of Innovation Indicator Development, Washington: NSF; . Hansen J. A. New Indicators of Industrial Innovation.../STP/NESTI/RD () ; .  И                                    Hansen J. A. Technology Innovation Indicator Surveys, in J. E. Jankowski, A. N. Link.... . Hansen J. A. Technology Innovation Indicator Surveys. OECD. . Hansen J. A. Technology Innovation Indicators: A Survey of... Innovation: Overview and Basic concepts in Charles Edquist (ed.) Systems of Innovation...; H. Stead (), The Costs of Technological Innovation, Research Policy, , . Р. –.  С             McGraw-Hill. Business... S, Marquis D. G. Successful Industrial Innovation: A Study of Factors Underlying Innovation in Selected Firms... E. B., Quinn J. F. Technology Transfer and Industrial Innovation, Washington: National Planning Association. . National... Innovation Leadership Network, Egils Milbergs, . National Systems of Innovation. Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. London: Pinter Publishers, . Nordic Industrial Fund. Innovation... an Innovation Test for the Federal Republic of Germany, STIC/.; . Scholz L. Innovation... the OECD Workshop on Innovation Statistics; . Scholz L. Innovation Surveys and the Changing... Innovation Indicators: Basic and Practical Problems, DSTI/IP/.. . Statistics Canada. Innovation Analysis Bulletin, –,  (), . p. . Statistics Canada. Selected Statistics on Technological Innovation in.../ European innovation scoreboard . http://www.proinno-europe.eu Eurostat, Community Innovation Survey. http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu Eurostat, Community Innovation Survey....cfm Innovation Union Scoreboard . http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ policies/innovation/files/ius-_en.pdf Innovation Union Scoreboard . http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ policies/innovation/files... между Global Innovation Index BCG, Innovation Capacity Index и Global Innovation Index INSEAD.  http...



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... Limited Business, Innovation and Skills Committee The Business, Innovation and Skills Committee...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... different and fresh perspectives, foster innovation and creativity, and ensure independence...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w16 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence — — — — — — If... achieving this is by encouraging innovation and enterprise through the promotion...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w18 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence opportunity...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... of “Professional Engineer” your “Business, Innovation and Skills Committee” made a request...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w36 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence — — — — — — All...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev..., Marissa Mayer, who is encouraging innovation throughout the organisation by tackling...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w42 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 1. Against...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w48 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence guidance...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w50 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 3.2 Women...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w52 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 5.6 Employers...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w54 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence commercial...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w74 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Comments...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w76 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 1.7 Whereas...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev...] Job: 030031 Unit: PG01 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Ev... Unit: PG01 Ev w80 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 3. Personal... Unit: PG01 Ev w84 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Membership... Unit: PG01 Ev w88 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 4. Factual... Centre for Educational Research and Innovation at OECD, the international thinktank... Unit: PG01 Ev w94 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence 7. Flexibility... Unit: PG01 Ev w106 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Virginia... Unit: PG01 Ev w112 Business, Innovation and Skills Committee: Evidence Virtuous...



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.... (2012). "Innovation contests: A review, classification and outlook." Creativity and Innovation Management 21... to engage externals in open innovation." Research Policy Forthcoming. Doll, B. B., D. A. Simon... ................................................................................................................................................ 13 Innovation as search ............................................................................................................................... 13 1.1.Organization-level search ................................................................................................................. 14 1.2.Innovation contests .......................................................................................................................... 15... ....................................................................................................... 17 2.1. Overview of literature on innovation contests ................................................................................ 18 3. Research approach.............................................................................................................................. 27... 11 12 Introduction Innovation as search Modern definitions of innovation are intrinsically and explicitly linked to search. Drucker defines systematic innovation... of innovation, and Dosi (1988) argues that “In an essential sense, innovation... the umbrella term open innovation (Chesbrough 2003), i.e. distributed innovation systems. In this... innovation contests. A search on Web of Science for “repeated entries AND innovation... with the overall category of “innovation contests”. 1 Similar searches (e.g. replacing “contests... thus distinguish between innovation contests and community-directed innovation. The first approach... participants. 2.1. Overview of literature on innovation contests This literature review serves... found predominantly under “innovation contests”. Indeed, a search for “innovation AND contests” as... innovation contests identified in the literature Overall, although the literature on innovation... framework, I investigate implications for the innovation as search literature. More specifically... research. Fortunately, unlike more traditional innovation contexts, innovation contests provide a rich and...) References Abernathy, W. J. and K. B. Clark (1985). "Innovation: Mapping the winds of creative.... (2012). "Innovation contests: A review, classification and outlook." Creativity and Innovation Management 21... shift: From producer innovation to user and open collaborative innovation." Organization Science... distributed innovation: Strategic utilization of open and user innovation." Creativity and Innovation Management...). "Incentives and problem uncertainty in innovation contests: An empirical analysis." Management...-based innovation contests: Where competition meets cooperation." Creativity and Innovation Management 19... economics, 4(3), 153-172. Drucker, P. (2014). Innovation and entrepreneurship, Routledge, London Ebner... for innovation contests”. In Research Policy Special Issue Conference" Open Innovation: New..., F., S. Stern, et al. (2012). "Grand innovation prizes: A theoretical, normative, and empirical.... Terwiesch, C. and Y. Xu (2008). "Innovation contests, open innovation, and multiagent problem solving.... Villarroel, A. J., J. E. Taylor, et al. (2013). "Innovation and learning performance implications of..., S. K. and D. Levinthal (2004). "Modularity and innovation in complex systems." Management Science...) Goldberg, D. (2002). The Design of Innovation (Genetic Algorithms and Evolutionary Computation... R. I. Sutton (1997). "Technology Brokering and Innovation in a Product Development Firm." Administrative... Shift: From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation." Organization Science...). "Incentives and problem uncertainty in innovation contests: An empirical analysis." Management..., S. K. and D. Levinthal (2004). "Modularity and innovation in complex systems." Management Science.... Holmstrom, B. (1989). "Agency costs and innovation." Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization...). "Managerial challenges in open innovation: a study of innovation intermediation in the chemical.... Terwiesch, C. and Y. Xu (2008). "Innovation contests, open innovation, and multiagent problem solving... taking, experimentation, play, flexibility, discovery, innovation. Exploitation includes such things as... styles have been developed, e.g., adaption–innovation (Kirton 1976), analytic–intuitive (Allinson.... Ethiraj, S. K., & Levinthal, D. (2004). “Modularity and innovation in complex systems”. Management Science... performance feedback: A behavioral perspective on innovation and change”. Cambridge University Press... for innovation contests”. In Research Policy Special Issue Conference" Open Innovation: New...-detail members on team innovation: Reconciling the innovation paradox." Academy of Management... organization, industrial structure, and technological innovation." Journal of Economic Behaviour & Organization...



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... differences between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations; and explanations... and Stalker’s The Management of Innovation 4.1 Summary 46 4.2 Introduction 46 4.3 Interpretations... Stalker’s text The Management of Innovation 60 4.9.1 Derrida’s deconstruction 60 4.9.2 Eco... and Stalker’s The Management of Innovation 5.1 Summary 64 5.2 Introduction 65 5.3 Issues... Management of Innovation 69 5.5.1 Mainstream representations of The Management of Innovation in... applications of The Management of Innovation in management accounting academic journals... representations of The Management of Innovation 75 5.9 Critiques of mainstream contingency... analyses of The Management of Innovation in comparison with mainstream representations... 6.3 Themes in The Management of Innovation 85 6.3.1 Theme 1: Independent variable (i) - different... Management of Innovation 91 6.5 Comparisons of The Management of Innovation with the... textbooks and The Management of Innovation 103 6.6.4 Identities through texts: identities... commensurabilities between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations in the... differences between The Management of Innovation and textbook representations 113 7.4.1 Ontological... renovation, economic expansion and technological innovation 6 (Burns 1994). With the more... discrepancies between The Management of Innovation and various representations of that... interpretations of The Management of Innovation. 2.3.4 Representations in textbooks Galbraith (1973... interpretations of The Management of Innovation. Personal preferences merged with professional... representations with The Management of Innovation. The examination of textbooks, research...: comparisons of The Management of Innovation with representations in academic journal...: differences between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations in textbooks... representations of The Management of Innovation in mainstream academic literature in... differences between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations; and explanations... differences between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations. 41 The... interpretations of The Management of Innovation are necessarily much shorter versions... Stalker’s text The Management of Innovation 4.9.1 Derrida’s deconstruction There must be... The Management of Innovation Representations of The Management of Innovation have been... representations of The Management of Innovation in organisation/management academic journals... applications of The Management of Innovation in management accounting academic journals... ideas from The Management of Innovation. 5.7 Alternative ontological, epistemological and methodological... representations of The Management of Innovation Mainstream representations outlined here from... representations of The Management of Innovation. Some emphasised the authors’ caveats... edition of The Management of Innovation complemented exclusively objectivist approaches. The... necessary for administration to induce innovation as a continuous process are suggested... interpretations of The Management of Innovation, contributing to mimetic representations of... analyses of The Management of Innovation in comparison with mainstream representations... acknowledging that The Management of Innovation was partially about suggesting specific... nominalisation in The Management of Innovation (‘management system’ and ‘the organization... uncertainty. From The Management of Innovation itself, the overlap between mechanistic... commensurabilities between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations in the... differences between The Management of Innovation and textbook representations The first... texts about The Management of Innovation.139 Chapter 5, section 5.7. These ontological... of comparing The Management of Innovation with textbook writers’ interpretations. Management... differences between The Management of Innovation and its mainstream representations.165... original text The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations in academic... noted between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations. Difficulties with... undertaken of The Management of Innovation and textbook representations. Further comparisons... differences between The Management of Innovation and its interpretations and representations... differences between The Management of Innovation and its mainstream representations in... representations of The Management of Innovation. Hitherto explanations for objectivist representations... differences between The Management of Innovation and mainstream representations; and the... representations of The Management of Innovation, which are generalisable to scholarship... organizations’ p xiii The Management of Innovation was both about alternative systems... order – alongside organisational communications, social Innovation: and political controls, financial and... in electronics industry: avoidance and Innovation of specification of individual tasks... then economic expansion and technological innovation. Consensus as important factor in...



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... strengthening innovation for low-carbon development are provided. Table of Contents 1. Innovation and low carbon development ................................................................................ 1 2. Innovation ecosystem in India ................................................................................................ 3 3. Low carbon technology innovation... ................................................................................................ 13 5. Understanding Science, Technology and Innovation for LCD Sectors ................................ 15 5.1 Renewable... Annexures ..................................................................................................................................... 58 Annexure A: Technologies and innovation stages for sectors .................................................. 58 Annexure... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Science, Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development: Insights from India 1. Innovation and low carbon development Innovation nowadays is understood... improved (process innovation), implementation of a new marketing method (marketing innovation), and implementation... (organizational innovation) (OECD and Eurostat 2005). A key feature of innovation that emerges... in the context of innovation in general and innovation for low carbon... their innovation stage for the selected sectors and science, technology and innovation..., Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India 2. Innovation ecosystem in... (Ramani, 2014) 2. 2 Ramani, S.V. (ed.) (2014). Innovation in India: Combining Economic Growth... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India While discussing the innovation... Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India The Science, Technology and Innovation... for the innovation mission. 9|Page Discussion Paper Science, Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India 3. Low carbon technology innovation... innovation inputs, an average entrepreneurial culture, and an average clean technology innovation although its performance in clean technology-specific innovation drivers... | P a g e Discussion Paper Science, Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in... in Global Cleantech Innovation, 2014 Commercialised innovation Cleantech drivers Emerging innovation Mean General drivers India WWF-India launched the cleantech innovation... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India for Innovation Incubation and... | P a g e Discussion Paper Science, Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in... Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India 5. Understanding Science, Technology and Innovation... industries to encourage R&D and promote innovation. 5.4 Buildings Innovation and R&D Smart cities is... three thrust areas:  Focus on innovation  Strengthening the R&D institution and facilitating... research into agricultural practices. 5.7 Industry Innovation and R&D Given that the industrial...); Available from Policies promoting industrial innovation There have been several initiatives... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India The Global innovation and... larger ecosystem to foster innovation. 5.8 Forestry Innovation and R&D Innovation and development of eco... Management Innovation and R&D Greening of the waste sector requires innovation and technology... Research Institute (CBRI) Policies promoting innovation in waste management Systematic collection... 8: Co-benefits Framework for Technology Innovation Carbon mitigation Local environment Inclusion... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India In summary, R&D and innovation... innovation and diffusion might be extended to India and vice versa. Innovation... innovation in low carbon technology. 56 | P a g e Discussion Paper Science, Technology and Innovation... Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Annexures Annexure A: Technologies and innovation stages for sectors Table A.1: Technologies and innovation stage: Power... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.2: Technologies and innovation... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.3: Technologies and innovation... | P a g e X X Discussion Paper Science, Technology and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.4: Technologies and innovation... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.5: Technologies and innovation... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.6: Technologies and innovation... and Innovation for Low Carbon Development in India Table A.7: Technologies and innovation... the type of innovation activity undertaken Type of innovation activity RE Transport Buildings Agriculture Industry Waste Non-RE Product innovation (e.g.; new product) 25 14 29 43 52 29 46 Process innovation...



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... UK’s path to innovation leadership Policy position paper Innovation underpins prosperity. It... move from being an innovation follower to an innovation leader. This would... an ‘innovation follower’ to an ‘innovation leader’, underpinned by a vibrant innovation ecosystem. Upping... move from being an innovation follower to an innovation leader. This would... should:  Prioritise investment in R&D, recognising innovation as a vital driver of future... to drive a culture which supports innovation throughout the business  Develop further... asset Moving from an innovation follower to an innovation leader is a big...: The UK’s path to innovation leadership Boosting innovation is crucial for growth... innovation leader RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION Policymakers and commentators all agree that Innovation... world on innovation. That has to change. To become an innovation leader... economic growth Building a first-class ‘innovation ecosystem’ to support the creation... terminology is conflated, with R&D and innovation used interchangeably. The definitions below... government’s productivity plan rightly links innovation and R&D with enhanced productivity.1 The... activities like testing and prototyping. Innovation Implementation of a new or significantly... business practices, workplace Science and Innovation Budgets Academic research is mainly.... Funding through Innovate UK (the ‘innovation budget’ of a project’s commercial potential... UK’s innovation ecosystem. 3 Ingenuity, productivity, prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership....3 Not only does innovation impact positively on productivity – innovation accounted for over... performance across the board. A successful innovation ecosystem is multi-faceted. Businesses... a day. Exhibit 1: Rating the UK’s innovation ecosystem Business investment We can... and original thinking that sustain innovation. Despite representing only 0.9% of the... for the UK’s innovation environment to match global innovation leaders, we must... – driving innovation and supporting our bid to becoming an innovation leader. The..., prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership Exhibit 2: Business and government... funding for research, development and innovation is a catalyst for business investment... R&D and innovation, we must tackle our underinvestment. To achieve innovation leader status we must raise our game across the entire innovation... to spur innovation in partnership with the businesses who drive innovation The benefits of business innovation are not restricted... become an innovation 6 Ingenuity, productivity, prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership... a crucial part in supporting business innovation Fiscal incentives for R&D are highly... remains competitive. Embarking on R&D and innovation activity for individual businesses is... inherent in innovation. their own R&D incentives encompass the full innovation process e.g. the... innovation activities benefit the wider economy and that government support for innovation crowds in investment from the private and third sectors. But innovation... an innovation follower to an innovation leader. In recent years the UK’s innovation... have brought to our innovation ecosystem, the UK’s innovation budget overall remains... UK’s path to innovation leadership BOX 5: QUADRALENE – TRANSFORMATION THROUGH INNOVATION Quadralene, based... and local awards for product innovation, business transformation and export growth... a clear strength in the UK’s innovation ecosystem and collaborative relationships between..., prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership Meanwhile, universities are changing.... The government should BOX 7: MECHATHERM – INNOVATION THROUGH BUSINESS COLLABORATION Business to... of industry – can produce great innovation and technical enhancements. Mechatherm in... sectors have identified their own innovation agendas. Some have developed technology... becoming an innovation leader. For the UK to be an innovation leader... culture of adoption and successful innovation within companies. Evidence suggests that... a culture which is supportive of innovation throughout the business Alongside improvements... technologies which can enable further innovation and improve productivity. Business investment..., prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership Encouraging business investment in... investment in productive technologies. Disseminating innovation is pivotal to boosting productivity... to raise the UK’s innovation credentials. Innovation in this sector is much... productivity through the adoption of innovation. Recommendation: Business leaders and government..., prosperity: The UK’s path to innovation leadership 1 Fixing the foundations: Creating...: Science and Innovation, Evidence Paper, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, December... productive firms. See Frontier Innovation Report 2014: Innovation, Research and Growth, Firms...: Micro Evidence Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. March 2014 5 Global... and employment – a cross country 2014 8 Innovation Union Scoreboard 2015, European Commission...