Спутник связи. Innovation 1. [Редактировать]

Микроспутник CX-1 (Chuangxin-1, Innovation 1) является первый китайский экспериментальный телекоммуникационный микроспутник. Его задача – отработка технологии передачи данных на низкой орбите. В состав аппарата входят следующие системы: телекоммуникационный транспондер, бортовой компьютер, система управления, СЭП, система терморегулирования.

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1Chuangxin 1НайтиНайти
229058НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Китай
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - Китай
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг100

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата (сведения с орбиты)2006-04-26

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2003-049B

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2003-10-21 at 00:00:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xCBERS-2A
3Полезная нагрузка 1xInnovation 1
4Ракета-носитель 1xВеликий поход 4B

Найдено 1000 документов по запросу «Innovation 1». [Перейти к поиску]


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... Questionnaire .................................................................................................................................. 534 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 06/07... Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Prison. Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave... 6 of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Joinyear. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Rising16. Responsible... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestintro. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestrt_b. Investments... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestc3rt. Investments... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestsprt. Investments... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestamtrt. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestljrt. Investment... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestlsprt. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Hsctax_b. Investments... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Cdepdoa2. Celebrations... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Netuse_a. Respondent... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Qfhigh_b. Citizenship...-UK qualification Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Qfvoc_b. 06... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Locserap_a. Religion... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Servaccy_b. Difficulties..., SC, branching Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nbrcoh4_c3. 06... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Envhabit3_a. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Envhabit7_a. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Envhabit11_a. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Envhabit4_b. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Envhabit8_b. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Opecl30. Environmental... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_g. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat2_h1. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsato_h1. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_i. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsato_j. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Fasctctw. F-A-S test... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Hconda_b2m. Decimals... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Plnowy4_b3. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Brfedend. Birthweight... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Ftedstarty4. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Trqual. Qualifications... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Empstendy4. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Matlvsty4. Maternity... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Jbhas_a1. Employment... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Wrkch2a_b. Childcare... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Wrkch3code. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Masee_b. Relationship... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Chtaxcred. Decimals.../investments, NSC Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Svackb1. 06... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Nvestamt. Investments... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Ccbillsole. Repayment... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Poldisc2_a. Political... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Colbens1_a. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Colbens3_a. Collective... of 569 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Voteintent_a. Decimals... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Poleff2_c2. Qualified... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_a. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_b. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_c. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat2_d1. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsato_d1. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsat7_e. Satisfaction... 13:52 Ip03. Understanding Society - Innovation Panel Wave 03 Lfsato_f. Satisfaction...



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Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on cultural tradition. September 2015  Innovation based on cultural... R&D) .................... 55  4.1.2  4.2  Publications ................................................................................................................... 62  The Innovation Space ............................................................................................................ 64  4.2.1  Innovation actors (companies, business support... of the Innovation Space ............... 71  4.2.1.5  Hybrid Innovation Actors ........................................................................................... 74  4.2.1.6  Demand for Innovation ............................................................................................. 76... of the innovation system for the  development of a Regional Innovation System and how could the impact of the innovation culture... of knowledge into innovation.  Mozart 4.0 Page 10 Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on cultural tradition. September 2015      Mozart 4.0: Innovation based...  to  design  its  regional  innovation  system  for  an  innovation‐driven future.        The... Systems approach.  Regional innovation models entered the innovation policy debate in the... Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on cultural tradition. September 2015  Innovation  Strategies  (RIS),  Regional  Innovation...  regional  innovation  dimension  of  the  EC’s  Green  Paper  on  Innovation  (Route of...  clusters  of  innovation  from  Enright  (1999)  an,  regional  innovation  systems  in  Edquist...  regional  innovation  systems,  all  regions  have  some  kind  of  regional  innovation,  albeit...  in  innovation  infrastructures,  institutionalised  learning  Mozart 4.0   Page 18 Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on...  influence  innovation  (Gee  and  Miles,  2008).  In  changing  an  innovation culture, much...  open  innovation  environments  (Todtling  et  al.  2011).  Regional  cultures  of  innovation  are...  research and innovation system, or society and the research and innovation system...´s population“.    Innovation Culture: The impact of cultural framework conditions on innovation has... Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on cultural tradition. September 2015  creativity and innovation, are...  societal  climate  of  innovation  in  a  country consisting of innovation culture, attitudes towards...  and  individual  innovation  actors  encompassed  by  the  Knowledge, Innovation and Consensus Spaces... and innovation activities, (ii) assess how the existing research and  innovation performance...  of  the  innovation  system  for  the  development  of  a  Regional  Innovation  System  and  how  could  the  impact  of  the  innovation  culture... 63 Mozart 4.0: Innovation based on cultural tradition. September 2015    4.2 The Innovation Space... two key features of the Innovation Space:    a. 4.2.1 Innovation actors (companies, business support... as a measure of innovation diffusion in the economy    4.2.1 Innovation actors (companies, business... Salzburg.       4.2.1.6 Demand for Innovation   The demand side of innovation was brought into... and  innovation       4.3.1 Key governance actors   The governance of research and innovation in... of the innovation system  for the development of a Regional Innovation System and how could the impact of  the innovation culture... of the innovation system for the development of a Regional Innovation System and how could the impact of the innovation culture..., research and innovation.    It has already been stated that innovation culture is...  consequences of innovation culture on a national or regional innovation system. Now we... important driver of radical innovation“. This sort of innovation is crucial for...  radical  innovation in the region.    The  discussion  regarding  demand  and  innovation  culture...  an  „Academy  for  Innovation  and  Entrepreneurship“  (http://innovation.umd.edu/).  In  the... support innovation out of the knowledge  One important part of innovation diffusion... the Innovation Space: Quality in Entrepreneurship The  ability  of  a  regional  innovation  system  to  evolve  the  Knowledge  into  Innovation  (or  in..., A., 1997. Location, Agglomeration and Innovation: Towards Regional  Innovation Systems in Norway? European... for Successful Innovation: A System’s  Review of UK and International Innovation Data. Nesta... of Consumers to Drive Innovation.  Carlsson, B., 2003. Innovation Systems: A Survey of the... and Innovation Policy 2 (3‐4): 327‐44.   Department for Innovation Universities and Skills, 2008. Innovation..., 823–833.  Etzkowitz, H., 2003. Innovation in innovation: the triple helix of university... of institutional innovation in higher education ‐ Findings of the “Innovation  in Higher..., S.J., Menzer, J., 2008.  Innovation Measurement: Tracking the State of Innovation in the American...



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... innovative space bringing together research, innovation and education activities...............................................................................................................118   7.7   Key... Co-location Centre ................................................................................129   9.3   Regional Innovation Structure....................................................................................................130   9.4   Education initiatives inspired...   12.2   Teaching and research for innovation and the knowledge society ..........................................156... Institution of Innovation and Technology: The European Institute of Innovation and Technology... development have been established; ■ For ‘innovationinnovation support projects are being co...  in  the  knowledge  triangle                                         Open innovation extends its reach into education... delivering research, innovation and training – – – Measures to develop an innovation culture in... Qatar) Governance EPFL: Innovation Square Science park supporting open innovation – – – – – – Links – – – Mondragon..., innovation and education activities together (GIANT campus. Grenoble University of Innovation’ Project) Trento: Portal for innovation Mondragon: flexibility, cooperative... creative industries Chalmers: Innovation Office West, Chalmers Invest / Innovation, Science parks Aarhus: AU centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation UAL: Innovation Centre...’s open innovation model, now taking shape in the recently-launched Innovation Square...’ approach to regional innovation. It is an ICT innovation network that brings... and Innovation Community (KIC). A specific initiative is Trento RISE, an open innovation...  knowledge  triangle                                           quality of research, innovation and education activities and assessed... ‘open innovation’ paradigm and are based on the idea that innovation and... the MedTech Innovation Centre (MTI C) creating one of Europe's strongest innovation environments... for Entrepreneurship and Innovation dedicated to development an innovation culture at the... Director AU Centre for Entrepreneurship & Innovation 2.8.2     Recommendations:   ▪ 2.7.3                     References   ■ Development contract 2012... in practice. 3.2.2 Innovation  support     Chalmers has a well-developed innovation support system, which.... Innovationskontor Väst (Innovation Office West), part of the Chalmers innovation system, provides... Innovation Office West, there are many other elements of the Chalmers innovation system, such as Chalmers Invest and Chalmers Innovation, all...  the  knowledge  triangle                                         The ’Academic Innovation Management‘ is used as point... and innovation, such as through Chalmers’s hosting of Innovationskontor Väst (Innovation Office... necessarily put special emphasis on innovation. Innovation can manifest in many different...-Presidency for Innovation and Technology Transfer (Vice-Présidence pour l’Innovation et... of a complex network which supports innovation at a different !"#$%&'(&)%*%$+,-%./&+0&1..+*"/1+.&23,,+4/&"/&5678& level... Confederation’s Commission for Technology and Innovation, R',)D.8)9'=)<"-S78H7>=-E>:/0/++'(-F!)-?)/8-IJ2J-6/9-/-<)6-:'+)9"7<)-*78-T.EUSwiss National... became an ‘Innovation Square’ in 2010, confirming the open innovation model promoted... open innovation model and the recent launch of the Innovation Square have... vocational tertiary education. 5.3.2 Bringing   research,   innovation   and   education   activities   together:   the...                                           Research and Innovation postgraduate programmes The Research and Innovation postgraduate programme (Diplôme de Recherche et d'Innovation, DRI... Knowledge and Innovation Communities (KIC) of the European Institute of Innovation and... from the local innovation ecosystem. The Mondragon Corporation’s Garaia Innovation Pole brings... IDeO-Innovation City, a new innovation space fostering collaboration and creativity. The innovation city concept is a step further in the innovation network set... local innovation strategy and acknowledging the place of students in the innovation... affiliates. Uminova Innovation AB and Uminova Invest AB Uminova Innovation AB is... of Uminova Innovation. 8.2.3 Building  for  meetings   In addition to innovation support systems... Development. Innovation Office North Within Umeå University’s innovation system, the Innovation Office operates in the interface between Uminova Innovation, the...’ approach to regional innovation. It is an ICT innovation network that brings... portal for collaborative innovation. Collaborative Environments for Sustainable Innovation (ICE 2010), Lugano... innovation in accordance with a broader concept which also extends to social innovation, and to innovation inside the institution itself...



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... technology that require national attention. Innovation, the process by which fundamental... speed the innovation process by which basic research leads to innovation. The... for Structured Innovation Allen Clamen (ExxonMobil, retired) 18 3 The Chemistry Innovation Process... California, Los Angeles) 56 7 Industrial Innovation with External R&D Programs Francis A. Via... of innovation from basic research, but there is no obvious pathway. Innovation... innovation but also to pose questions and discuss their own pressing, innovation... TO INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES Company, emphasized the importance of innovation to industrial success, quoting Peter Drucker by stating: “Innovation is... innovation in the chemical industry. He identified three key macrotrends in innovation... from the belief that a structured innovation program, including a well-organized business... the effectiveness of innovation. Rapid innovation requires a corporate commitment to innovation, a culture that... multidisciplinary skills to SUMMARY 3 accelerate innovation. Fuel cell development was discussed... intermediate phase of the innovation process, where innovation is transformed into a product... IN INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL INDUSTRY 7 1 Overview of Trends in Innovation in... role of innovation. Everyone would agree with Peter Drucker’s statement: “Innovation is... the speed of innovation. OVERVIEW OF TRENDS IN INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL... critical innovation success factors were important in driving this rapid innovation time... is critical for rapid innovation. The heart of innovation is ideas. To... the innovation process. 14 REDUCING THE TIME FROM BASIC RESEARCH TO INNOVATION... RESEARCH TO INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES 2 Techniques for Structured Innovation Allen... of innovation. Some of our best practices will be shared. The innovation.... 18 19 TECHNIQUES FOR STRUCTURED INNOVATION Strategic Planning Integrated Improvement Planning... Product Successes Product Innovation Process (PIP/CIMP) FIGURE 2.1 The innovation process can... early stages of the innovation process. Rapid innovation works best when dedicated... responsible for growth and innovation. This makes the innovation process more binding... the innovation process be in the same place together. The innovation process... products, number of patents, and innovation climate. External participation in projects... ensure long-term success in innovation. DISCUSSION Robert W.R. Humphreys, National Starch.... I recognize that. TECHNIQUES FOR STRUCTURED INNOVATION 25 That’s just recognition that... RESEARCH TO INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES 3 The Chemistry Innovation Process: Breakthroughs... leading semiconductor industries. THE CHEMISTRY INNOVATION PROCESS 33 SEMATECH was started... innovation, such as targeted innovation sessions? Elsa Reichmanis: We don’t use formal innovation... engineers to define THE CHEMISTRY INNOVATION PROCESS 35 reproducible fabrication processes... TO INNOVATION AND ITS REFLECTION IN INDUSTRY 37 4 DARPA’s Approach to Innovation... RESEARCH TO INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES specific mission: innovation in the... type of innovation required by any healthy organization is innovation with a goal... function of radical innovation is carried out by DARPA. Innovation is more... TO INNOVATION AND ITS REFLECTION IN INDUSTRY World-class technical innovation Compelling... INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES eventually large businesses. The Small Business Innovation... BASIC RESEARCH TO INNOVATION IN THE CHEMICAL SCIENCES 7 Industrial Innovation with External... for accelerating research progress, sparking innovation, fostering the renewal of research... this corporate research. 64 INDUSTRIAL INNOVATION WITH EXTERNAL R&D PROGRAMS 65 industry... chemical research and 67 INDUSTRIAL INNOVATION WITH EXTERNAL R&D PROGRAMS TECHNOLOGY VALUE...: Practice of R&D Processes to Support Innovation Chemicals FIGURE 7.1 The Industrial Research... the students to graduation. INDUSTRIAL INNOVATION WITH EXTERNAL R&D PROGRAMS 69 Metrics... to facilitate communication of innovation and management of innovation within organizations? The.... SUCCESSFUL INNOVATION STARTING IN AN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT 99 11 Successful Innovation Starting... intermediate phase of the innovation process, where innovation is transformed into a product... the innovation process. The third factor that affects the rate of innovation... successful, will result in technological innovation of biotechnology and a leveraging of... also a problem for management. SUCCESSFUL INNOVATION STARTING IN AN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT... innovation simply a means of generating revenue for the institution, or is innovation... the institution’s ability to promote innovation technology development. DISCUSSION Nancy L. Parenteau... and the traditional university. SUCCESSFUL INNOVATION STARTING IN AN ACADEMIC ENVIRONMENT... the 2Paul C. Light. 1998. Sustaining Innovation: Creating Nonprofit and Government Organizations... disproportionately investing in one incremental innovation? Breakthrough innovation has become even riskier..., that innovation gets rewarded, and that people will pay a premium for innovation...



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... Enterprise Capital Funds ........................................................................................................... 35 UK Innovation Investment Fund (UKIIF).................................................................................... 36 Business... Business Research Initiative (SBRI) ............................................................................... 73 Innovation Vouchers .................................................................................................................. 74 Niche Vehicle CR... South East..............................................................................................................................118 Low Carbon Innovation Fund (LCIF) ....................................................................................... 118 London ESF... Touch Digital ............................................................................................................................ 130 Technology and Innovation Future West Midlands ................................................................. 131 Coventry... Region Growth Hub ........................................................................................... 139 Yorkshire Innovation Fund ....................................................................................................... 140 Closed Regional Schemes... Growth and Innovation Fund (GIF) .......................................................................................... 158 Motorsport Valley Launchpad .................................................................................................. 159 Innovation Vouchers... Tranche .............................................. 161 Business Incubator .................................................................................................................. 162 Innovation Advice & Guidance ................................................................................................ 163 Disruptive technologies... Business ....................................................................................... 187 Innovation funding and support search (East Midlands Innovation) ....................................... 188 Global... Business Development Programme ........................................................................................ 205 Business Innovation Programme............................................................................................. 206 Express and Star...) Growth and Innovation Fund (GIF) Motorsport Valley Launchpad Innovation Vouchers for Cyber.... East Midlands: Innovation funding and support search (East Midlands Innovation) Global Derbyshire... Business Innovation Programme Express and Star Green Shoots Fund (Black Country) Innovation... transnational networking in the innovation process; eco-innovation pilots and market replication... for an Innovation Voucher, you must register via the Innovation Vouchers portal... 162 Innovation Advice & Guidance Solutions for Business Department for Business Innovation and... in developing innovation. Subsequently, the program can offer:  Help building Innovation into... for Innovation challenges developing or adapting tools and techniques for restructuring innovation....aspx Description METRC Innovation Awards support new research and innovation projects between.... Page 187 Innovation funding and support search (East Midlands Innovation)  Minimum award...         Growth and Innovation Fund (GIF): UKCES Motorsport Valley Launchpad         Innovation Vouchers for... for Business  Innovation funding and support search (East Midlands Innovation)     Global Derbyshire... Innovation Programme   Express and Star Green Shoots Fund (Black Country)    Innovation Networks... Growth Accelerator .................................................................................................................. 86 Growth and Innovation Fund (GIF) ........................................................................................ 158 Horizon 2020... ......................................................................................................... 16 Innovation 4 Growth (South West England) .......................................................................... 201 Innovation Advice & Guidance .............................................................................................. 163 Innovation funding and support search (East Midlands Innovation) ..................................... 188 Innovation Vouchers ................................................................................................................ 74 Innovation Vouchers... Mentorsme.co.uk ..................................................................................................................... 56 METRC Innovation Awards ................................................................................................... 182 Motorsport Valley Launchpad...



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... Findings, and Conclusions ..................12 2.1 Regional Innovation Profile for Screen-based Industries... Areas and Enablers ...................................................24 3.2.3 R&D and Innovation ......................................................................25 3.3 International Competitive Evaluation - Games... Chain, Business Models, Enablers, and Innovation..............................................................................................40 4.2.1 Existing Business Models and... (see fig. 3.1)........40 4.2.2 Enablers and Innovation in the Value Chain..................................41... GTA ................................137 Comparative Positioning in Innovation and World Competitiveness....137 Comparative... Enablers in Screen-Based Industry Innovation ..............................................................................139 10.3.1 Software ......................................................................................140 10... the Regional Innovation Indicators introduced in the October Regional Innovation Profile; ƒ We... a centre of innovation. ƒ Innovation: Canada appears to be slipping in innovation; alarmingly, this...: ƒ Comparative positioning of Canada in innovation and global competitiveness; ƒ Comparative positioning... promising for the GTA. 2.1 Regional Innovation Profile for Screen-based Industries... creative clusters: ƒ Comparative Positioning in Innovation and World Competitiveness: This comparison... certain expertise that may facilitate innovation in a particular sector. Figure 3.2: Enablers... development, current trends in gaming innovation can be identified. Generally speaking... Design Electrical Engineering Industrial Design b) Innovation in the Business Model: As... of interesting wireless applications, driving innovation in underlying software and new... Chain, Business Models, Enablers, and Innovation 4.2.1 Existing Business Models and the... – have been driving significant R&D and innovation in open standard operating systems... handset manufacturers, aims to “accelerate innovation in mobile and offer consumers... increase involvement, and hence funding; ƒ Innovation does not need a carrier’s participation... and Intermediate Term R&D/Innovation Potential Sub-Category R&D and Innovation Near Term 1-3 yrs... wearable computing, other wireless devices, 3) Innovation in the Business Model Open... and innovation in the business models. In the on-deck environment, innovation... ƒ Low penetration and mobile service innovation; strong wireless middleware and infrastructure.... Other potential drivers of component innovation include 3D environments and embedded... processes. The key areas of innovation include: ƒ Production Technologies: New technologies... producing related products that enable innovation. Finally, we suggest some potential... of interesting wireless applications, driving innovation in underlying CONCERT – Areas of... only partly addressed through technological innovation. It takes a growing and accessible... in innovation overall, although perhaps more so in the more R&D-intensive innovation; it is not clear that the broader innovation across screen... innovation should be promoted where it is intricately linked to the innovation... GTA 10.1 Comparative Positioning in Innovation and World Competitiveness Canada’s rank... Board of Canada Table 10.2: Innovation Domain Report Card Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10... in Screen-Based Industry Innovation Both the Regional Innovation Profile submitted by... lead to improved commercialization and innovation in products and content. Therefore... credits (Ministry of Economic Development, Innovation and Export Trade’s tax credit..., Advancing design as a Vehicle for Innovation and Economic Development, 2006 CONCERT... their linkage to specific regional innovation indicators. Measurable variables for each... innovation in product lines/services, by both carriers and companies No innovation... access to gov’t funding for innovation, Various forms of collaboration, e.g. CONCERT... profile and strong reputation for innovation National or internationally attended conference... or start-up companies demonstrate innovation and entrepreneurship in a sector. ƒ Sophistication... mobile applications are developed, fostering innovation. ƒ Innovative Companies - Presence of R&D Centres... a number of large carriers driving innovation, particularly Vodafone, O2, and Orange... Cinema and Digital TV Relevant Innovation Indicator Demanding consumer market Rating... Canada 203 . 200 CONCERT Regional Innovation Profile Presentation, September 2007, slide... innovation. The Los Angeles area has particularly become a hotbed for technical innovation... owns the City of Stockholm innovation strategy organization (STING). Currently more... the overall Scandinavian history of innovation in that sector. ƒ Government Support... location for content and technological innovation. ƒ High Profile Companies: In 2007.../digital creation industries, though advertising innovation is considered to be within... Queensland Government, State Development and Innovation initiative, through the Department of...



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... a strong culture of entrepreneurship and innovation, driving success across generations. I hope... evaluating entrepreneurship and innovation 10 2 Embedding entrepreneurship and innovation 12 Entrepreneurial orientation... 12 Effects of innovation 17 3 Enabling entrepreneurship and innovation 21 Family decision... performance consequences of entrepreneurship and innovation 35 Entrepreneurial orientation and business... to examine their entrepreneurial orientation, innovation and performance. The study questionnaire... adopt an incremental approach to innovation. Most innovation activity is oriented toward... aggressive competition. n P ut entrepreneurship and innovation front and centre. New products... important in sparking entrepreneurship and innovation. For family businesses, the traditional... can support increased entrepreneurship and innovation. n C onsider establishing an operations board... entrepreneurship and innovation in family firms. Understanding entrepreneurship and innovation in the... family involvement, governance, entrepreneurial orientation, innovation, the family’s influence on the... and innovation into the firm, the extent to which entrepreneurship and innovation... their commitment towards entrepreneurship and innovation goals. Family owners’ decision-making... innovation, all fuelled by a continuous pursuit of new opportunities. Entrepreneurship and innovation... evaluating entrepreneurship and innovation Building a culture of entrepreneurship and innovation in the... and innovation in family firms: mbedding concerns how entrepreneurship and innovation activities are established n E in family businesses. Entrepreneurship and innovation within... and innovation in the family firm Embedding Enabling Evaluating entrepreneurship and innovation entrepreneurship and innovation entrepreneurship and innovation Entrepreneurial orientation Decision... encourage entrepreneurship and innovation to take place. Entrepreneurship and innovation depend on... innovation to take place in the family firm. However, entrepreneurship and innovation... innovation: How does family firms’ decision-making authority and commitment influence innovation... performance outcomes of entrepreneurship and innovation: Does entrepreneurial orientation at both... entrepreneurship and innovation Embedding concerns how entrepreneurship and innovation strategies are formulated.... Howarth Timber has adopted a follower innovation strategy involving reverse engineering – the... typically “safe” innovation strategies. Sandwiched between these are innovation objectives concerned with... breakthrough innovation activities over and above more gradual and safe incremental innovation... of innovation. Case study 1 HMG Paints Specialist product and process innovation while... involved in developing innovation activities. The company’s approach to innovation and entrepreneurship... firm’s existence there was little innovation. Innovation only began about 50 years... innovation The family firms surveyed report very positive results from their innovation activities, suggesting that their distinctive approach to innovation is... from innovation (see Figure 6). The survey indicates a tendency towards incremental innovation practices... Research Foundation 3 Enabling entrepreneurship and innovation Enabling concerns the ways in... their strategies regarding entrepreneurship and innovation. Family decision-making authority, commitment... 4 E valuating and managing entrepreneurship and innovation: The role of governance Evaluating... and innovation. These mechanisms can be crucial in supporting entrepreneurship and innovation... Case study 5 Bibby Line Group Innovation and entrepreneurship through diversification accompanied... performance consequences of entrepreneurship and innovation To examine business performance, the... entrepreneurship and innovation: n D o you give enough priority to entrepreneurship and innovation? ow can you embed entrepreneurship and innovation in your... and innovation strategies: ho needs to be involved in entrepreneurship and innovation? n W n D o you have sufficient family commitment to support entrepreneurship and innovation...-family employees in entrepreneurship and innovation? Family Business Entrepreneurship 41 n D o you... associated with entrepreneurship and innovation: oes entrepreneurship and innovation align with the... over time. InnovationInnovation generally comes in two forms: radical innovation, which is... paradox in family firm innovation”. Journal of Product Innovation Management, Vol. 32... family business boards, survival and innovation, serial entrepreneurs, private equity, academic... Management Review, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice... about family business, entrepreneurship and innovation management at undergraduate, master and... Entrepreneurship Journal, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Journal of Small Business...



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... (continued) 2.2 2.3 Knowledge as a source of Innovation 61 Knowledge as competitive advantage... Framework Generalisability HEI Implicit Knowledge Innovation Incremental Innovation xv Maximising the outcome... Patent Phenomena Phenomenologist Positivist Radical Innovation Reliability A type of reasoning that... Industry Knowledge Transfer Chapter 1 – Introduction Innovation is the effective harnessing of... fuel their innovation processes has been a focus of extensive research. Innovation theory... Knowledge Knowledge as a source of Innovation Managing Knowledge Figure 1.1 – Inductive theory... Performance Assessment Processes Technology Partnerships Innovation Managing Using these words singly... absorptive capacity research undertaken in innovation research, where absorptive capacity is... Chapter 2.3 - Knowledge as a source of innovation Knowledge as competitive advantage “Economic... innovation. 65 Maximising the outcome of University to Industry Knowledge Transfer Innovation defined Innovation has been defined as... of innovation activity) and also to the actual process of innovation. The... the innovation projects are applied and developed. Similarly the model of Innovation... Knowledge Transfer Knowledge Creation Continuous Innovation Competitive Advantage Figure 2.12 – The... Innovation. Abernathy & Utterback (1978) discuss patterns of industrial innovation and relate industrial innovation... that most innovation results from a conscious, purposeful search for innovation opportunities, arising... a source of innovation. Bommer and Jalajas (2004) identify that innovation potential can.... Internal Sources of Innovation External Sources of Innovation Co-workers Acquisition of... literature, open innovation presents a process of collaborative knowledge acquisition, innovation and competitive advantage. The open innovation model can be..., 2005) and open-innovation theories (Chesbrough 2003). Open Innovation has become “one of the hottest topics in innovation management... industry- university relations positively affects innovation performance” (OECD 2002 p.8). The research... models of innovation to “open” models then the terms ‘open innovation knowledge... innovation can be sought from customers and suppliers across a supply chain (innovation... innovation confirmed the position of technology and knowledge transfer in the innovation... innovation (this time in terms of TKI and resulting financial or innovation performance). From reviewing other innovation literature comes a contradictory claim, that innovation... people). • New concepts in Innovation (particularly ‘open innovation’) rely on the ‘flow...: a science park; a competitiveness cluster; the innovation department of a local authority; a membership... indicate the appropriateness of open innovation intermediaries’ strategy and service offerings... new paradigm for innovation is open or collaborative innovation. This moves the focus away from linear innovation models... of innovation performance, and a causality link between knowledge transfer and innovation performance... links between channel classification and Innovation Management Capability and a further £80... Industrial Innovation. Business Administration, 80, 40-47. ADAMS, R., BESSANT, J. & PHELPS, R. 2006. Innovation..., Prentice Hall. ALEXANDER, A., T & CHILDE, S., J. 2010. Innovation: A Knowledge Transfer Perspective. In: GARETTI.... Innovation: A Knowledge Transfer Perspective. Production Planning & Control, Special Edition on Collaborative Innovation ALEXANDER, A., T & MARTIN, D., M. 2012. Intermediaries for Open Innovation: A competence-based..., J. 2011. Which intermediaries for Open Innovation? Toward a conceptual platform of strategy..., S. R, FIELDING, S., N & BESSANT, J., R. 2012. The Open Innovation Era: Are University Services up.... Transferring Innovation across Groups in Organisations. National Science Foundation Innovation Workshop. ARGOTE... Management Research BESSANT, J. & TIDD, J. 2011. Innovation & Entrepreneurship, Chichester, John Wiley & Sons... Building in Management Research. Innosight Innovation Resources [Online]. Available: www.innosight... of innovation policy and knowledge transfer: An Anglo-French perspective, Innovation: Management.... JOHANNESSEN, J. A., DOLVA, J. O. & OLSEN, B. 1997. Organizing innovation: Integrating knowledge systems. European Planning..., L., ROBINSON, S. & LOCKETT, N. 2010. Recognising “open innovation” in HEI-industry interaction for... - University Collaboration. In: DEPARTMENT OF INNOVATION, U. A. S. (ed.). HM Stationery Office. LANE..., A. 2004. Ivory Tower and Industrial Innovation - University Industry Technology Transfer before.... University-industry relationships and open innovation: Towards a research agenda. International Journal... Innovation Measure (inc Channel) 51. Can you describe the project/innovation in... Improvements Project Innovation & Success Measures(Qu.43-56) Statements about innovation and...



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... innovation intensive industry. For a high degree of firm heterogeneity, a merger reduces innovation...,G34,O31 Keywords: mergers & acquisitions, innovation, R&D incentives, merger policy. 1 Justus Haucap... relationship between market structure and innovation, the effects of single mergers...’s innovation incentives, especially in high-tech industries, impacts on rivals’ innovation incentives... merged entity’s prices, quantities and innovation incentives change (i.e., the direct effects... the relationship between mergers and innovation for several reasons. First, according... and innovation, they do not specifically address how single mergers change innovation... affects innovation incentives. As he shows, the benefit of a small process innovation... analyse innovation outcomes. Empirical studies that investigate the role of innovation as.... 3 A model of mergers and product innovation Consider a Cournot oligopoly with three... its innovative efforts, facing an innovation cost of I3 = k+b 2 2 α3 . Regarding the... best response functions in the innovation stage of the game: αi = 3 − 3αj − 3α3 3 − 3α1 − 3α2 for...’ individual innovation levels are strategic substitutes. Whenever firm i increases its innovation efforts this induces firm j to reduce its innovation activities. Given.... Innovation costs are relatively high and, as a consequence, relatively little innovation activity.... Hence, savings in R&D expenditures (the innovation cost efficiency gain) outweigh the... rival’s innovation incentives. For that purpose, note that both the innovation expenditures... outside firm always increases its innovation expenditures after the merger, i.e. I2P... its innovation expenditures compared to the two merged firms’ pre-merger innovation... reduce its innovation efforts compared to the joint pre-merger innovation expenditures... of investment into innovation is increasing. Furthermore, when comparing innovation expenditures we... together, the removal of firm 3’s innovation expenditures, the reduced business stealing... convexity of the innovation cost function dominate the increased innovation incentives resulting from the cost savings (induced by the superior innovation... of innovation is relatively high. As an increase in k makes the innovation...’s innovation expenditures. From a competition policy perspective, the effects of mergers on innovation... on innovation in the discovery stage. Using patent applications as an innovation... entire relevant history of a firm’s innovation activities. Patent applications are also... of the innovation process in the pharmaceutical industry. 13 of innovation which... control for permanent differences in innovation activities between the different groups... affect the growth path of innovation activity. Introducing lagged dependent variables... have a separate effect on current innovation output. Following Blundell, Griffith, and... unobserved heterogeneity and feedback from innovation to future decisions about M&As... on innovation output and is also uncorrelated with unobservables affecting innovation. To... rivals’ innovation outcomes can be informative about changes in innovation in the... table shows considerable differences in innovation activities across the various groups... conventional levels of significance. All innovation indicators suggest that target firms... be associated with changes in innovation activities that substantially outweigh this... the econometric analysis. 6.2 Post merger innovation outcomes Table 3 shows results from... decline in innovation activity on average. In post-merger periods, innovation output... variable is negatively correlated with innovation activity during the sample period... that technological distance only affects innovation activities through its effect on... outsiders only reduce innovation if both the market’s innovation intensity is high... a market’s research intensity on postmerger innovation in the merged entity. A possible... Peter Howitt. 2005. “Competition and innovation: An inverted U relationship.” Quarterly Journal... Frederic M Scherer. 2013. “Mergers and innovation in the pharmaceutical industry.” Journal... Emmanuel Duguet. 1997. “Estimating the innovation function from patent numbers: GMM... we in the competition-innovation debate?” In Innovation Policy and the Economy... Garey Ramey. 1998. “Market structure, innovation and vertical product differentiation.” International.... Innovation and Its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System is Endangering Innovation.... Ornaghi, Carmine. 2009a. “Mergers and innovation in big pharma.” International Journal... through mergers and acquisitions on innovation in target firms.” International Journal... R&D.” In Mergers and Acquisitions – The Innovation Impact, edited by B. Cassiman and.... Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press. ———. 2008. “Innovation and competitive pressure.” Journal of... × industry-innovation N Panel D: Competitors M Acomp M Acomp × ∆(acq − target) M Acomp × industry-innovation N Notes.... Forthcoming in: Journal of Product Innovation Management. 153 Hottenrott, Hanna and...



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... specifically in biopharmaceutical and biotechnological innovation. 4) The key findings discussed in... the international debate on biopharmaceutical innovation focuses on downstream issues: whether... in upstream innovation (or the relationship of IPRs and biotechnology innovation in... access to biotechnological research and innovation. Still, there is a relative paucity... a positive and sustained impact on innovation, economic development and growth, biopharmaceutical... sciences and biomedical and biopharmaceutical innovation, biotechnology also has grown significantly... Innovation Strategies for the Biomedical Field, Stockholm Network, London. 8 biotechnological innovation. In... IPRs in biopharmaceutical and biotechnological innovation. These include organizations such as... as their specific effects on innovation, technology transfer, and international trade... on downstream aspects of biotechnological innovation, i.e., commercialization, manufacturing and market access... innovation and access; and patents and access to biotechnological research and innovation:   IPRs, FDI, trade and economic development; IPRs and innovation; 10    IPRs and biopharmaceutical innovation; IPRs and access... patents); relationships between patents, R&D and innovation; and inter-industry differences.15... mostly by genuine increases in innovation productivity rather than strategic patenting..., 217-226 14 IPRs and innovation Although innovation is inherently a difficult process to define and quantify, rates of innovation..., T. (2004), “Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in Developing Countries”, Journal of... foreign technologies and encouraging domestic innovation in a developing country’s choice to..., A. (2006), “Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in Developing Countries: Evidence from..., S. (2008), Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in Developing Countries: Evidence from... and biopharmaceutical innovation The relationship between IPRs and biopharmaceutical innovation is together... essential to pharmaceutical and biotechnological innovation and provide innovators with the... Countries, Commission on Intellectual Property, Innovation and Public Health, WHO 34...) examined the importance of incremental innovation in the fields of pharmaceuticals... National Patent Laws Stimulate Domestic Innovation in a Global Patenting Environment? A CrossCountry... access to biotechnological research and innovation Scientific breakthroughs in biotechnology and... – has not contributed to biotechnological innovation and should be discouraged. More... future biotechnological innovation will be dependent on collaborative models of innovation rather... Genomic and Protein Research and Innovation, National Research Council, (2006), Reaping... Proteomic Research: Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation, and Public Health, National Academic... biopharmacutical innovation focuses on downstream issues: whether IPRs promote or hinder innovation... in upstream innovation (or the relationship of IPRs and biotechnology innovation in... access to biotechnological research and innovation. Still, there is a relative paucity... development) IPRs and innovation IPRs and biopharmaceutical innovation IPRs and access to... access to biotechnological research and innovation - Much of the economic, econometric... have a positive impact on biopharmaceutical innovation. - Studies of patenting in developing... access to biotechnological research and innovation. - Still, there is a relative paucity... in stimulating biotech research and innovation Source: Pugatch Consilium analysis (2012... how IPRs are impacting biotechnological innovation. Specifically, it examines how biotech... an essential component of the innovation process. Biotech companies, universities and...-related reforms aimed at encouraging innovation and technology transfer (including a Bayh... Korea”, conference paper, Opening Up Innovation: Strategy, Organization and Technology, Imperial...: Technology licensing, knowledge transfer and innovation based on public research”, Papers... through its Centers for Therapeutic Innovation. Illustrating both the globalization of... IPRs are central to biotech innovation. Increased biotechnology patenting, licensing and... of hectares 105 Lo, S. (2010), “Innovation and Patenting Activities at Universities... Innovation, WIPO Geneva p. 151. 48 under cultivation.109 Since the 1970s, innovation... Souza, R. (2008), “Intellectual property and innovation in agriculture and health”, RECIIS...., p. 60. 113 Teixeira, F., (Head, Technology Innovation Office, EMBRAPA), (2010), “Use of... Universities in Science and Technological Innovation”.123 Combined with the substantial... Management in Health and Agricultural Innovation: A Handbook of Best Practices, (eds... economic growth and rates of innovation. A significant factor contributing to these... accompanying increases in rates of innovation as measured by patenting (biotechnological... economic reforms) have for increasing innovation (biotechnological and otherwise), technology transfer...