Спутник ФКИ. Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS). [Редактировать]

IRIS (Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph) — космический аппарат NASA для исследования Солнца. Миссия в рамках программы Small Explorer program (SMEX) по исследованию физических свойств солнечного лимба — видимого края диска Солнца, солнечной хромосферы. Построен аппарат для лаборатории Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory (LMSAL). На космическом аппарате установлен спектрометр, который создан лабораторией LMSAL, и телескоп Смитсоновской астрофизической обсерватории. Управлять аппаратом на орбите будут лаборатория LMSAL и Исследовательский центр Эймса NASA. Исследовательским инструментом аппарата является высокочастотный ультрафиолетный спектрометр, с частотой один кадр в секунду, с пространственным разрешением 0,3 угловой секунды, и со спектральным разрешением в долях ангстрема. NASA объявило 19 июня 2009 года, что проект IRIS был выбран для финансирования из шести кандидатур исследовательских миссий программы Small Explorer program (SMEX), наряду с проектом Gravity and Extreme Magnetism SMEX (GEMS). Космический корабль прибыл на военно-воздушную базу Ванденберг в штате Калифорния 16 апреля 2013 и был успешно запущен 27 июня 2013 года ракетой «Пегас XL».

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
1SMEX/IRISНайтиНайти
2IRISНайтиНайти
3Small Explorer/IRISНайтиНайти
4Explorer 94НайтиНайти
539197НайтиНайти

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Тип оператора(владельца) - государственный
3Тип орбиты - НОО
4Страна производитель - США

Новостная лента[Найти информацию в новостях] [Найти информацию в документах]

#Новостная лента.
12016-09-20. Космическое агентство США расширило контракт с Lockheed Martin на $19 млн.
НАСА расширила участие компании Lockheed Martin в проекте IRIS и теперь компания будет заниматься этим проектом до конца 2018 года (с возможностью продления работ до 2019). К настоящему времени обсерватория сделала более 24 миллионов снимков и спектральных измерений Солнца. По результатам наблюдений опубликовано более 115 статей.Тэги: Lockheed MartinКосмическое агентство СШАInterface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS)

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг200

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град97.9
2Апогей, км666.2
3Перигей, км627.4
4Период, минут97.5
5Длинный диаметр эллипса, км7017

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2013-033A

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Дата пуска2013-06-28 at 02:27:00 UTC
2Полезная нагрузка 1xInterface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS)
3Ракета-носитель 1xПегас XL

Найдено 203 документов по запросу «Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS)». [Перейти к поиску]


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...- 48 HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER ………………………..……… HELIO- 51 Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) [Development] HELIO- 53 Other Missions... lower thermosphere in the polar region. Nitric oxide is believed to... has been measured in the region of space around the moon... discovery, traveling through a vast unknown region of the heliosphere on their... of the least well-understood region of the Earth’s atmosphere, the...-lower thermosphere-ionosphere system. This region of interest, located between altitudes... surface of Earth, is the interface between the Earth’s lower atmosphere... flight software, and developing draft interface control documents for the instruments... and plasma observations in the region of the Sun that carries... flight software, and developing draft interface control documents for the instruments..., waves, and energetic particles and imaging/spectroscopic observations will be made... through the dayside magnetic interaction region where the Sun’s and Earth... Active Region 11263 on August 4, 2011, five days before the active region....2 46.1 88.4 117.5 84.8 84.8 IRIS 63.5 39.1 12.1 7.3 1.2 0.0 0.0 Other M issions.... The Explorers program selected IRIS in 2009. IRIS is a small explorer mission... ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 IRIS is expected to complete Pre... 2012 estimate ($60.2 million). The IRIS project workforce will decrease as.... HELIO -52 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   FY 2013... FY 2013 None. PROJECT PURPOSE   IRIS will contribute to our fundamental... 2013 during solar maximum places IRIS in a unique configuration of supporting... dynamics of the solar atmosphere. IRIS explorer will help scientists understand... IRIS investigation combines advanced numerical modeling with a high resolution UV imaging spectrograph. IRIS will... chromosphere and transition region of the Sun, a complex interface region between the photosphere and corona. In this region, all but..., resulting in a dynamic region whose understanding remains a challenge. IRIS fills a crucial gap... in knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... HELIO -53 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   extend the...://science.nasa.gov/missions/iris/. PROJECT PARAMETERS IRIS is a three-axis stabilized...). IRIS consists of a 20 centimeter aperture telescope assembly that feeds an imaging spectrograph and a separate imaging camera system with wavelengths... IRIS project held a successful Critical Design Review in December 2010. The spectrograph structure for IRIS was ready and the... FY 2013 Upon successful review, IRIS expects to enter Phase D (design... May 2012. During FY 2013, IRIS is expected to complete Pre.... HELIO -54 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE COMMITMENTS...: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   Project Management & Commitments IRIS is a principal... implementation of the project. The IRIS science investigation includes scientists and... of instrument: science telescope and spectrograph Project M anagement: GSFC NASA Center... HELIO -56 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   Project Risks... single string design of the IRIS spacecraft, Consistent with higher risks... and testing of the complete IRIS satellite system through on-orbit... that move very quickly. This region emits no light that can... Development Operations   TWO WIDE-ANGLE IMAGING NEUTRAL ATOM SPECTROMETERS (TWINS) TWINS... provides stereo imaging of the Earth’s magnetosphere, the region surrounding the planet...-dimensional global visualization of this region, which has led to a greatly...



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...- 48 HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER ………………………..……… HELIO- 51 Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) [Development] HELIO- 53 Other Missions... lower thermosphere in the polar region. Nitric oxide is believed to... has been measured in the region of space around the moon... discovery, traveling through a vast unknown region of the heliosphere on their... of the least well-understood region of the Earth’s atmosphere, the...-lower thermosphere-ionosphere system. This region of interest, located between altitudes... surface of Earth, is the interface between the Earth’s lower atmosphere... flight software, and developing draft interface control documents for the instruments... and plasma observations in the region of the Sun that carries... flight software, and developing draft interface control documents for the instruments..., waves, and energetic particles and imaging/spectroscopic observations will be made... through the dayside magnetic interaction region where the Sun’s and Earth... Active Region 11263 on August 4, 2011, five days before the active region....2 46.1 88.4 117.5 84.8 84.8 IRIS 63.5 39.1 12.1 7.3 1.2 0.0 0.0 Other M issions.... The Explorers program selected IRIS in 2009. IRIS is a small explorer mission... ACHIEVEMENTS PLANNED FOR FY 2013 IRIS is expected to complete Pre... 2012 estimate ($60.2 million). The IRIS project workforce will decrease as.... HELIO -52 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   FY 2013... FY 2013 None. PROJECT PURPOSE   IRIS will contribute to our fundamental... 2013 during solar maximum places IRIS in a unique configuration of supporting... dynamics of the solar atmosphere. IRIS explorer will help scientists understand... IRIS investigation combines advanced numerical modeling with a high resolution UV imaging spectrograph. IRIS will... chromosphere and transition region of the Sun, a complex interface region between the photosphere and corona. In this region, all but..., resulting in a dynamic region whose understanding remains a challenge. IRIS fills a crucial gap... in knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... HELIO -53 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   extend the...://science.nasa.gov/missions/iris/. PROJECT PARAMETERS IRIS is a three-axis stabilized...). IRIS consists of a 20 centimeter aperture telescope assembly that feeds an imaging spectrograph and a separate imaging camera system with wavelengths... IRIS project held a successful Critical Design Review in December 2010. The spectrograph structure for IRIS was ready and the... FY 2013 Upon successful review, IRIS expects to enter Phase D (design... May 2012. During FY 2013, IRIS is expected to complete Pre.... HELIO -54 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   SCHEDULE COMMITMENTS...: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   Project Management & Commitments IRIS is a principal... implementation of the project. The IRIS science investigation includes scientists and... of instrument: science telescope and spectrograph Project M anagement: GSFC NASA Center... HELIO -56 HELIOPHYSICS: HELIOPHYSICS EXPLORER INTERFACE REGION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH (IRIS) Formulation Development Operations   Project Risks... single string design of the IRIS spacecraft, Consistent with higher risks... and testing of the complete IRIS satellite system through on-orbit... that move very quickly. This region emits no light that can... Development Operations   TWO WIDE-ANGLE IMAGING NEUTRAL ATOM SPECTROMETERS (TWINS) TWINS... provides stereo imaging of the Earth’s magnetosphere, the region surrounding the planet...-dimensional global visualization of this region, which has led to a greatly...



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... the solar system, and the interface to interstellar space. Heliophysics flight... STP mission. Heliophysics Explorer Program IRIS, a Small Explorers (SMEX) selected in... Explorer (SMEX) missions was announced: Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and Gravity and Extreme Magnetism... in the heliosphere; and the interface of solar influence with the..., in-situ measurements of the region where some of the most... (XRT), and the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) and provides operations... 1 is the dayside magnetopause reconnection region. Phase 2 will focus on the....4 97.7 99.2 116.1 126.8 167.8 IRIS 15.0 0.0 69.0 37.6 9.2 7.3 1.2 Other Missions...) competition during FY 2009. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) is a Heliophysics small explorer mission... (CINDI), and Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers B (TWINS) were... The newly selected SMEX mission, IRIS will progress towards its development... Descriptions and Explanation of Changes IRIS The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) is a Small-Class Explorer... the chromosphere and transition region into the corona. IRIS will revolutionize our... our knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... winds from other stars. This region is a breeding ground for anomalous... 17, 2007. Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers (TWINS): TWINS... second half of the stereo imaging capability of Earth's magnetosphere in... with the TWINS-A mission. The region surrounding the planet is controlled...-dimensional global visualization of this region, which will lead to a greatly... AIM IBEX THEMIS CINDI TWINS-B IRIS Tech & Adv Concepts (Tech) Formulation... DoD TWINS-B GSFC None DoD IRIS GSFC AMES N/A Acquisition Strategy The... has been made for development: IRIS: Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company.... Written evaluations were provided and IRIS mission was selected for development...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectograph (IRIS) FY 2011 Budget Request... ($ millions) Project Purpose Understanding the interface between the photosphere and corona... science. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph mission will use a solar telescope and spectrograph to explore... of discovery into this crucial region by tracing the flow of... and transition region into the corona using spectrometry and imaging. Recent discoveries... and structured than previously thought. IRIS will revolutionize our understanding of... our knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... to Earth. Project Preliminary Parameters IRIS is a sun-pointed mission that...) up to corona (<= 10 MK). IRIS has a 20-cm UV telescope... pixels, a multi-channel spectrograph and a slit-jaw imaging. Estimated Project Deliverables Project... Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectograph (IRIS) Estimated Project Schedule The IRIS Confirmation review is planned for June 2010. IRIS launch is planned for December... GSFC None. Acquisition Strategy The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS)awarded in June 2009, is...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectograph (IRIS) Project Risk Management Title...



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... Satellite-K, Landsat Data Continuity Mission, Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile... capability agreement with CCP. NASA’s Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) satellite arrived at VAFB to... 2 49. June 27, 2013: NASA’s IRIS Spacecraft Launches 50. June 28..., launched from VAFB carrying NASA’s Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft. The spacecraft was placed...: Boeing Completes Mission Control Center Interface Test 62. Sept. 19, 2013... spacecraft, as Boeing conducted an interface test between the control center..., business, science chromosphere and transition region into improved communication between LSP.... provides repetitive acquisition of high- imaging. The satellite also is designed... the IRIS mission. major dynamic events, such as liftoff. The Interface Region Imaging The analysis helps to minimize risk and Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft... also run in- of discovery. IRIS will trace the flow the... The Pegasus rocket carrying the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) satellite ignites its engine following... assembly method of the PFRAM interface. to support launch on SpaceX.... CCAFS for SpaceX-3 launch integration. interface verification test that included checks... space the space station, a payload interface unit of a new space station... caps, wing leading edges Avionics, Interface Development and and control surfaces... Space Center website Mission and Interface Region Imaging D.C., in support of NASA’s Office... continued to draw a worldwide audience Spectrograph, along with a SpaceX Legislative and... Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) and Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) from Vandenberg Air Force Base...



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... the solar system, and the interface with interstellar space. Heliophysics flight... operations. Heliophysics Explorer Program The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), a Small Explorers mission, held a successful... 2011 and is continuing implementation. IRIS System Integration Review is scheduled... of the interface between the solar system and the galaxy. IRIS CDR... in the heliosphere; and the interface of solar influence with the..., in-situ measurements of the region where some of the most... (XRT), and the Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) and provides operations... 1 is the dayside magnetopause reconnection region. Phase 2 will focus on the....1 - 65.2 70.8 90.2 91.1 84.9 IRIS 41.1 - 37.5 11.2 6.8 1.1 0.0 Other Missions... SMEX competition during FY 2009. IRIS is a heliophysics small explorer mission... (CINDI), and Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral-atom Spectrometers B (TWINS) were... the future. The newly selected IRIS mission will continue to progress... Descriptions and Explanation of Changes IRIS IRIS is a SMEX mission selected in... expected to launch June 2013. IRIS is currently in the development...'s chromosphere and transition region into the corona. IRIS will revolutionize understanding of... the knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... winds from other stars. This region is a breeding ground for anomalous... second half of the stereo imaging capability of Earth's magnetosphere in... with the TWINS-A mission. The region surrounding the planet is controlled...-dimensional global visualization of this region, which will lead to a greatly... 20 IBEX THEMIS CINDI TWINS-B IRIS Tech & Adv Concepts (Tech) Formulation... DOD TWINS-B GSFC None DOD IRIS GSFC ARC N/A Acquisition Strategy The... GSFC/ARC for development of IRIS. Independent Reviews Review Type Performer... evaluations were provided and the IRIS mission was selected for development...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) FY 2012 Budget Request Budget... cost. Project Purpose Understanding the interface between the photosphere and corona... science. The IRIS mission will use a solar telescope and spectrograph to explore.... The IRIS mission opens a window of discovery into this crucial region by... and transition region into the corona by using spectrometry and imaging. IRIS will... in knowledge of this dynamic region of the solar atmosphere. The... Sun to Earth. Project Parameters IRIS is a 3-axis stabilized, sun-pointed...). IRIS consists of a 20cm aperture telescope assembly that feeds an imaging spectrograph and a separate imaging camera system with wavelengths...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Project Commitments Project Element Provider... orbit N/A NEW Schedule Commitments The IRIS held a confirmation review in June...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Project Management Lockheed Martin Space... GSFC, ARC None. Acquisition Strategy IRIS, awarded in June 2009, is...: Science Heliophysics Heliophysics Explorer Program Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Independent Reviews Review Type Performer... SRB 07/2010 Confirmation Review - IRIS design was deemed N/A sufficiently mature... Plan Single String Spacecraft The IRIS spacecraft uses a single string design... of these units, then the IRIS schedule will be impacted. Additional...



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...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) E.6 SCIENCE IMPLEMENTATION E.6.1 INSTRUMENTATION IRIS achieves the... Compress Spectrograph CCD CEB1 CEB I/F 28V CEB2 Power P80133_060 Fig. E-6 The IRIS... solar image across the spectrograph slit. The IRIS telescope uses the optomechanical... done within the spectrograph and slitjaw imager assembly. The IRIS primary mirror....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) % Reflectance... stop (in front of spectrograph) Incident on spectrograph slit jaws 36 W <3W... Box) w/ titanium mounts Table FO3-2 Spectrograph (SG) Properties Properties Optics Dual... view of the IRIS instrument NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study... 3.9 23% 4.8 Mounts 2.7 22% 3.3 Other 2 20% 2.4 Spectrograph SG Optics 4 16% 4.6 Detector assy... 5 25% 6.3 Op Htrs- SG 4 25% 5 Spectrograph 1.8 23% 2.2 Gegenschein 3.3 21% 4 Total 85... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) LMSSC... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) 1400... illuminates the spectrograph CCDs for in-flight flat fielding. Spectrograph Performance. The efficiency of the spectrograph and its elements... spectral and spatial dimensions. The spectrograph spatial resolution is essentially pixel... = 26 µm = 2 pixel P80133_047 Fig. E-9 Telescope/Spectrograph system ray trace results. Results... modeling (see §F.3.8) indicates that the spectrograph temperature is maintained to ±1.1ºC throughout....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) LMSSC....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Meadowlark... predicted ±1.1ºC temperature control of the spectrograph results in less than 1 Å wavelength... Structure The IRIS instrument spectrograph and telescope assembly (Fig. FO3-1) kinematically interface to... use lower outgassing materials. E.6.1.5 Spectrograph Alignment The spectrograph and slit-jaw imager... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) 1.0 QE...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) P80133_063 Fig. E-15 The IRIS Guide... arcsec provides scanning across the spectrograph entrance slit. Closed-loop operation... The IRIS instrument is calibrated at the component level, the spectrograph/slit....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Table... LMSAL Telescope Resolution Interferometer SAO Spectrograph & slit-jaw imager Stray light...; MSU throughput, resol. Instrument (telescope + spectrograph) Stray light Sunlight LMSAL End... monochromator LMSAL throughput & collimator UV spectrograph (on-orbit) Spectral calibration Star... sequences and spectrograph modes for a range of observational objectives. The IRIS science... IRIS UV telescope/spectrograph system is specifically designed for rapid, time-resolved imaging....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) resources....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) philosophy... Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) F. TECHNICAL APPROACH F.1 TECHNICAL APPROACH OVERVIEW IRIS collects... spectrograph. This allows spectroscopy with co-aligned, high-resolution context imaging. Four... is responsible for the spectrograph. Data from the IRIS mission will be...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) F.2 MISSION DESIGN The IRIS mission measures... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) The... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Telemetry...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Month/Year P80133_108 Fig. F.2-4 IRIS Eclipse... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Table....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) therefore....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) The... star tracker roll reference data • Spectrograph rastering linearity. Staffing. During the... discovery. As IRIS will be the first UV spectrograph to observe the....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) regions... Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) LMSSC-P080148P 16 December 2008 Table F.2-3 IRIS...



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... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) E.2 SCIENTIFIC... E.2.1 NEED FOR SIMULTANEOUS, HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGING AND SPECTROSCOPY No spectroscopic observations..., are known almost exclusively from imaging. To learn the underlying physics... co-aligned, high-resolution context imaging; such observations enable the measurement... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) of... of imaging and spectroscopy at high resolution will enable the IRIS team... resolution of IRIS. Consequently, IRIS will be the first orbiting UV spectrograph to... know to exist from chromospheric imaging systems[2, 77] while drastically reducing....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) waves... the physics of this magnetic interface region: we will be able to... studied by combining spectroscopy with imaging. Numerical experiments and observations both... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) -20... emission of a network region as observable with IRIS spectral raster maps; intensity....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) by... the spectrograph’s slit-jaw images or maps made by stepping the spectrograph... wavelength windows selected for the IRIS UV spectrograph contain relatively strong spectral... widths with the IRIS spectrograph pixel size. The dispersion for IRIS spreads thermally... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Detailed... the waves. Imaging with a ~10s cadence, and repeating spectrograph maps of areas....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) showing... constrain wave energy fluxes, while imaging of chromosphere and photosphere combined....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) corona... range of the chromosphere; the IRIS imaging cadence of seconds and spectral... displacements by combining spectroscopy and imaging, thus providing information on the...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) entire active region (120 arcsec for IRIS....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) 2. Temporal... 0.16#, the maximum allowed active-region exposure time is ~1s. Anticipated... one arcsecond, suggest that the spectrograph must raster an area of... photospheric signal. 5. Effective area. The spectrograph effective area should enable acquiring... Active Spectrum Å mÅ K Quiet Sun Flare Region UV Spectra (effective area of... Mg II k & wing: 512x512/10s Spectrograph: 8 Å+5 Å / 1s Study the evolution of..., waves Spectrograph: 8 Å+4 Å / 2s C C Study the formation and impact on transition region of... Mg II k & wing: 256x512/15s Spectrograph: 4 Å+2.5 Å / 1s Minimum: 0.7 Mbit/s 90% (if... and corona Spectrograph: 7 Å+4 Å / 1s 15 s raster cadence / 5 hours A Observing details Spectrograph mode...! 90% (if no passes missed) Spectrograph: 4 Å+2 Å / 1s 20 s raster cadence / continuous... objective A Theme (FO1-1) Fig. FO2-1 IRIS spectrograph Table FO2-1 Count rates for... IRIS observing sequences and modes. IRIS’s design enables flexible sequences, moving the spectrograph... sequences NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) Magnetoconvection... design Spacecraft design, construction, integration Spectrograph Student Collaboration lead; Plasma physics... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) aperture... per week to rotate the spectrograph slit relative to the target... which can obtain filter- and spectrograph-based vector-magnetograms at 0.2 arcsec....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) LMSSC.... E.5). Option Common camera Reduced telemetry 1 imaging channel Shortened mission Estimated savings... goal of IRIS is understanding the physics of the chromospheric region around... within this region. The substantial numerical component of the IRIS investigation will....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) convection... transition region, including jets[7, 10, 84, 89]. Members of the IRIS team... to the physics of the interface region. This model allows for larger... field configurations on the transition region and corona. This parallel approach... more realistic simulations of the interface region, the anticipated increase in computational....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) camera... flexibility of spectral rastering and imaging lowers raster repeat frequencies and...



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... February 3, obtained with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on... IRIS and the gradual decay phase with both IRIS and EIS. The IRIS Slit-Jaw Imager and Atmospheric Imaging Assembly... thermal. Emission measure estimates from IRIS/EIS/AIA observations during the... allowed measurements of chromospheric, transition-region and coronal lines, as well.... The launch of the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS; Culhane et al... emission lines typical of transition region (e.g., O V 192.90˚ A, 248.46 ˚ A formed... broadenings. Since July 2013, the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS, De Pontieu et al. (2014...) and spatial (0.33”-0.4”) resolution. The IRIS Slit Jaw Imager (SJI) provides... ˚ A ). At the same time, the IRIS spectrograph (SP) observes continua and emission... and temporal resolution capabilities of IRIS. The IRIS observation of a X1 class... observations of flares with both IRIS and Hinode/EIS. Combining observations... for flares observed by both IRIS and EIS. We specifically searched... of the flare. The Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA; Lemen et al... Dynamics Observatory (SDO) and the IRIS Slit Jaw Imager provide context... the context of the AIA, IRIS and EIS observations. The evolution..., the white box encloses the region over which the AIA light... been calculated (see Sect.2.1). The IRIS spectrograph scans from east to west... location inside the same active region 11698 (see caption in fig...-flare peaks in the same region are visible in the GOES... of the EIS and IRIS observations, respectively. IRIS follows the whole evolution... about 3 minutes after the peak. IRIS (pink) and EIS (yellow) fields... the region where the AIA light curves have been calculated. The IRIS spectrograph... in Sect.2.1 (SDO/AIA), Sect.2.2 (IRIS) and Sect.2.3 (EIS). The images... 1 Study details of the joint IRIS EIS observation Study details Start... has been averaged over the region enclosed by the white box... going at those times. 2.2. IRIS observation The IRIS level 2 data were retrieved from the instrument website http : //iris.lmsal.com/search. Level 2 images.... On 3rd February 2014 the IRIS spectrograph was running a sparse 8-steps raster... on the Sun. For each spectrograph exposure, one context SJI image... and IRIS SJI images IRIS and EIS were observing the same active region..., formed at about T ∼ 3 MK. The IRIS SJI 1330 ˚ A filter mainly includes... emission line observed by the IRIS spectrograph. In the last two top... left is taken while the IRIS spectrograph was scanning the raster no... 5. First row: IRIS SJI C II 1330 ˚ A images with IRIS Fe XXI (pink.... The pink box indicates the IRIS spectrograph field of view. Second row... and Fe XXIV spectral lines. 4. IRIS Fe XXI OBSERVATION AND RESULTS... temperature emission line observed by IRIS. During solar flares, the intensity... are given 7 in sect. 4.2. Figure 7. IRIS Spectrograph FUVS detector images of the... figure (raster 14, exp.5) 4.1. The IRIS O I 1356 ˚ A spectral window As a result..., the wavelength scale of the IRIS detectors drifts by about 8 km... the correction factors calculated by iris orbitvar corr l2.pro routine... the solar-Y direction (i.e along the IRIS slit) from pixels 720 to....8 shows a spectrum (black) of the IRIS O I 1356 window in one of... acFigure 8. Spectrum (black) of the IRIS O I 1356 A quired along the northern... with Gaussian profiles (blue). 2 http://iris.lmsal.com/documents.html We... O I 1355.60 ˚ A line in a plage region (Sandlin et al. 1986; Cohen... different exposures contained in each IRIS raster (fig. 7). Similar features are... the quadratic sum of the IRIS instrumental FWHM (0.026 ˚ A; De Pontieu... 6.1 and 6.2. 5. EM AND DENSITIES FROM IRIS/EIS/AIA OBSERVATIONS The intensity... ratio Iobs (λ)/G(Ne , T ) for the IRIS Fe XXI1354.08 ˚ A, EIS Fe... calibration of the IRIS data is detailed in the IRIS software note... ( 10 MK) to the observed IRIS (Fe XXI) and a similar temperature... to the absolute calibration of IRIS, EIS and AIA. The radiometric...-flight stellar calibration of the IRIS throughput (IRIS software note no. 24... wavelength spectrograph channel compared to the pre-launch values. The IRIS team... values obtained with the routine iris get response. It is interesting... the sensitivity of the FUVS spectrograph channel would provide higher values... define the position of the IRIS spectrograph slit corresponding to the raster... presented the analysis of a joint IRIS/EIS observation of a small C6... the 3rd February 2014. Simultaneous IRIS Slit Jaw Imager (SJI) and... a filling factor equal to 1. The IRIS spectrograph provides instrumental capabilities to study... shifted but very weak. Also, IRIS has a much better spatial resolution... not be observed within the IRIS spectral window; however, the high... method of spatially co-aligning IRIS/EIS and SDO. Future coordinated observations between IRIS, EIS and AIA (and also... terms of solar flare models. IRIS is a NASA small explorer mission..., the Cambridge Trust, and the IRIS team at Harvard-Smithsonian Centre...



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... Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) C. FACTSHEET IRISInterface Region Imaging Spectrograph • All but... within the chromosphere and transition region (TR). Here, magnetic field and..., dynamic interface region between photosphere and corona whose understanding remains a challenge. • IRIS fills... no suitable observations exist. • The IRIS investigation combines advanced numerical modeling with a uniquely capable observatory: IRIS obtains UV spectra and images.... 1. Science and Mission Objectives The IRIS science investigation is centered on... and magnetic field within this interface region require instrument and modeling capabilities...-physical processes in the interface region. 3. Mission Overview UV spectrograph and imager 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. X-band... telescope: 1/6 arcsec pixels multi-channel spectrograph far-UV: 1332-1358 Å, 1390..., effective area 0.3 cm2 slit-jaw imaging 1335 Å & 1400 Å with 40 Å bandpass... 2008 NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) 5. Anticipated....8 13.5 104.6 IRIS MOC (Ames) User ATC Palo Alto IRIS with deployed... G. Kushner; Overall mission responsibility; UV spectrograph; CCDs & cameras; Instrument electronics; Science....; E/PO Montana State University UV spectrograph; Science analysis; E/PO; Student collaboration... Phase Reviews Deliveries UV Telescope Spectrograph IRIS Electronics Box Software Instrument I&T Spacecraft... Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) D. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) opens... solar chromosphere and transition region. In this interface region, all but a few percent... the heliosphere, IRIS combines highthroughput spectroscopy and high-resolution imaging in ultraviolet... of the chromosphere and transition region that is currently veiled within... from the original proposal. # Requirement 1 IRIS shall obtain images and spectra... the solar chromosphere and transition region up to the low corona... with a 1s cadence and the spectrograph shall raster 3.3 arcseconds on the... less in active regions. 4 The IRIS spectrograph shall have a spectral dispersion with... exposure. 5 The IRIS design shall enable rolls of the spectrograph slit by... precedence. D.1 SCIENTIFIC OBJECTIVES The central IRIS science objective is to understand... the Sun’s chromosphere and transition region (TR) in which the magnetic... temperature exhibit dramatic gradients—a critical interface through which all non-thermal....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) drives... formed in the chromosphere, transition region and corona at cadences as... 3D MHD models P80133_081 Fig. D-1 IRIS provides simultaneous images and spectra... APPROACH The IRIS mission science objectives require a high resolution imaging spectrometer observing... observe the chromosphere and transition region between 5,000K and 1.5×106K. The... require eight-hour observing periods. IRIS achieves these requirements with a 20cm.... The telescope feeds a stigmatic UV spectrograph and a slit-jaw imager that... by chromospheric and transition region plasma. The spectrograph has a Czerny-Turner design....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) gratings... simplifies fabrication and assembly. The spectrograph mechanical design uses techniques employed..., integration, and testing of the IRIS instrument leverages previous flight program... 60 Gbits/day of IRIS data. The IRIS data volume over the... accurate physics of the interface region. Comparisons of IRIS data with numerical simulations... plasma-physical processes. D.3 MANAGEMENT PLAN IRIS will be managed from within... responsibility for the IRIS program and is the formal interface with NASA... which IRIS derives a significant portion of its technical approach. The IRIS management... the telescope that feeds the spectrograph. SAO had this D-3 Use or...: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) The modeling component of IRIS will..., Science, E/PO Montana State Univ Spectrograph Design Science, E/PO, Student Collaboration..., Science P80133_083 Fig. D-3 IRIS management structure provides clear interface responsibilities of tasks... State University (MSU) leads the spectrograph design activity. MSU is well... resolution EUV spectrograph. Stanford University is responsible for the IRIS data archive... and spacecraft development teams. # Requirement 1 IRIS shall obtain images with an....doc NASA Contract Number: NNG08FD61C Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) Concept Study Report (CSR) D.4 COST... an undergraduate-level National Solar Spectrograph Student Competition. The competition requires... design, fabricate, and operate a solar spectrograph. The competition will judge the... into models of the IRIS spacecraft and paper spectrograph kits. These will... development schedule. Table D-3 Summary of IRIS Costs. $M % Phase A 0.75 Program management...



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... coordination No single nation or region of the world has the... of one operator over the region normally covered by another operator.... Sentinel-2A is a complementary optical imaging satellite that will likewise be...) provided by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on two... satellites and the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument on... column measurements from the SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY... climates The instrumental record for a region of the world will always... to changes vary greatly from region to region. Identifying such changes and... even if they are for a region that already has a relatively high... large model errors in this region when assimilated. Temperature profiles derived... satelliteborne instruments such as the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS), Pressure Modulator Radiometer (PMR), Scanning..., except for stations in WMO Region IV (North America, Central America... (a) the southern polar region and (c) the northern polar region, and for (b) in... transport and mixing across the region or because of localized photochemical...-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR), OMI and the Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imaging System... bringing many changes to the region and its communities. Ocean currents... being piloted in the equatorial region and in the nearcoastal regions... sampling through the air–sea interface is still avoided. Sampling in... variability and predictability of the region. Meanwhile, NOAA has honoured a commitment... Sensor (SeaWiFS), the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS), MODISAqua, the Ocean... research cruises planned for the region. The modelling component of SOCCOM... of 30 m (section 6.3.10), current imaging does not provide direct monitoring... (http://www.usbr.gov/lc/region/g4000/hourly/mead-elv.html... et al. (2015). Country or region Russian Federation USA (Alaska) Canada... coverage in the European/Nordic region, within the Russian Federation and... solid, convex objects, the material interface between the ground and the... determine land cover over a wide region has been provided to date... reflectance observations from a wider spectral region than PAR because NIR and... the edge of the PAR region, are important to help assess... and condition of vegetation in a region. Changes in soil moisture can... sense SST in the MW region, and over absence of planning... fluxes across the air–sea interface. Surface vector stress has been... per day) 2014–2015 Africa – Region I Greece US$ 33 000 Contract... work on projects in the region, scoping visits to priority countries... beginning of instrumental observations in a region and submit to International Data... of holdings for each WMO region. Although completeness of CLIMAT records... WMO region are also shown. Region I All stations Africa Stations Region IV Region II Region III N America Region V Region VI... WMO regions and for each region separately. Numbers are shown from.... Counts are separated by WMO region. They show marked regional variations..., extending well beyond the equatorial region where surface-pressure data are... planned to provide passive MW imaging; long-term continuity is not... (section 3.4.4) satellites: Aqua, carrying a MODIS imaging spectroradiometer, launched in 2002; PARASOL... of CO and improved aerosol imaging for estimation of fine particulate... from general-purpose VIS/IR imaging from geostationary orbit, AOD and... parts of the Asia–Pacific region and over much of North... is being made. The tropical region is covered by TAO/TRITON... planned by OceanSITES. The Kuroshio region is one of the few... methodologies are maintained  Providing an interface for plankton biodiversity with other... in the marginal seas, equatorial region and boundary currents), as well... the observation and monitoring of region-by-region absorption and GHG emissions... map from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and the Geoscience Laser... rainfall data for the Indian region: analysis of break and active... IPAB IPCC IPWG IQuOD IR IRIS ISCCP ISD ISMN ISO ISPD....org/ infrared Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (NASA) http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/iris/spacecraft/index... Climate Data System Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (on Envisat) https://earth.../envisat/instruments/mipas Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (NASA) https://www-misr....mlml.calstate.edu/ Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (NASA) http://modis.gsfc.../keywords/oscat OSIRIS Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imaging System (Canada) http://osirus.../ Scanner for Radiation Budget SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY....inra.fr/valeri/ Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (NASA/NOAA) http...