Спутник связи. Iridium NEXT 118. [Редактировать]

Компания Iridium Communications Inc. анонсировала в июне 2010 что она собирается полностью обновить свою орбитальную группировку космических аппаратов связи. В этой связи она заключила контракт с Thales Alenia Space относительно разработки и производства космических аппаратов нового поколения. При этом, компания Orbital ATK была выбрана в качестве подрядчика по работам связанным со сборкой и испытаниями изделий. Согласно планам компании, будущая группировка должна будет включать 72 космических аппарата на орбите и девять которые будут находиться в резерве на Земле. Стоимость работ по обновлению не разглашалась, однако, исходя из данных производителей можно ориентировочно определить стоимость работ в размере 2.9 млрд. долл. 
С технической точки зрения каждый из аппаратов в качестве основной полезной нагрузки должен будет иметь на своем борту фазированную L диапазонную антенну, которая будет способна генерировать около 48 лучей, которые будут покрывать круг диаметром около 4700 км. Также на аппаратах установлен Ка диапазонный ретрансляционный комплекс который будет осуществлять как сброс информации на Землю, так и осуществлять передачу информации между аппаратами на орбите. 
Помимо основной задачи связанной с передачей информации аппараты компании позволяют устанавливать на борт дополнительную полезную нагрузку общей массой до 50 кг и потребляемой мощностью до 90 ватт. К настоящему времени известно, что на борт аппарата планируется устанавливать:

  • Полезную нагрузку компании Aireon LLC, которая предназначена для организации контроля за воздушным трафиком.
  • 58 аппаратов должны будут оснащены системами AIS которые должны будут позволить отслеживать суда в режиме реального времени.  

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
2Страна производитель - США
3Страна производитель - Европа
4Страна оператор(владелец) - США

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (аппарат), кг860
2Масса (топлива), кг141
3Масса (дополнительной полезной нагрузки аппарата), кг50
4Габариты (аппарат), метра3.1х2.4х1.5
5Скорость (передачи данных предоставляемая дополнительной полезной нагрузке), кбит в секунду1024
6Количество (аппаратов в группировке), шт.66
7Мощность, Вт2200
8Мощность (потребляемая дополнительной полезной нагрузкой), Вт90 (пиковая 200)

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2017-06-25
3Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 113
4Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 115
5Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 117
6Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 118
7Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 120
8Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 121
9Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 123
10Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 124
11Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 126
12Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 128
13Ракета-носитель 1xФалькон 9 (вер 1.2)

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... used today by our competitors, Iridium and Globalstar, and O3b Networks... March 2014, we launched our next generation satellite phone, the IsatPhone... were entitled to receive US$118.8m for the Phase 1 transition... will fall due on the next 31 March, 30 June, 30... competition from two MSS operators: Iridium, which provides satellite services on... on a multi-regional basis. Both Iridium and Globalstar operate in different.... After commencing operations in 1998, Iridium filed for U.S. bankruptcy protection in..., we have faced competition from Iridium in voice and lower speed.... Iridium has also launched higher rate data 21 services, OpenPort and Iridium... FleetBroadband capability. Iridium is building a constellation of new satellites, called Iridium NEXT, with... data services. In June 2010, Iridium announced a contract for new satellites... 2015. As a result, competition from Iridium in our MSS sectors could... after the deployment of the Iridium NEXT satellites. Globalstar, which operates a multi... the fact that, unlike the Iridium fleet, its satellites do not... be substantially global within the next few years. Technological innovation in... comment. On 11 February 2013, Iridium filed a separate rulemaking seeking to.../Iridium spectrum to Iridium and to proceed with licence modifications to allow Iridium exclusive use of the entire reallocated spectrum. Iridium has.... The FCC declined to combine Iridium’s petition with the Globalstar Notice... will fall due on the next 31 March, 30 June, 30....1 86.0 762.4 44.6 807.0 14.3 118.1 132.4 100.8 93.6 738.0 97... from satellite network operators. Iridium Communications Inc. (“Iridium”), a global MSS operator, is... level of competition we face. Iridium already provides a maritime service that... on our business. 58 Our next generation services are being developed... subject to implementation risk. Our next generation service, Global Xpress, which... year in orbit for the next two of our Inmarsat-5 satellites... and Chief Financial Officer at Iridium. Mr Mondale holds a Bachelor of... our ability to provide services. Next generation services and satellites We... in operating expenses for the next 12 months and up to a maximum of 100% for the next three years on a rolling basis... forecast net debt for the next two years on a rolling basis... are paid in addition. The next statutory funding valuation of the... be annexed to the Company’s next annual return to be filed... our ability to provide services. Next generation services and satellites We... in operating expenses for the next 12 months and up to a maximum of 100% for the next three years on a rolling basis... forecast net debt for the next two years on a rolling basis....4 26.9 – 194.3 14.0 – – 14.0 – – 14.0 118.5 5.7 – 124.2 5.9 – 130.1 341.1 – 38.0 379... 312,771 126,402 4,545,118 – nil – (a) – (a) – (b) – 989,802 834,710... be annexed to the Company’s next annual return to be filed...



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.... Further launches included Japan's of a next-generation spy satellite as part... in the Southern Hemisphere. The next day, on 2 December, a fisherman found... 10 minutes after liftoff. >> The next day, China successfully launched two... conducted a complicated manoeuvre. Over the next six months, Mango - a 150-kg... of the Nigerian territory. >> The next-generation of Europe´s polar orbiting... Systems, and 72 satellites for Iridium NEXT. Orbital Sciences announced contracts to... long after the shuttles' retirement next year. >> >> Atlantis landed at Kennedy... this mysterious moon. >> NASA’s Stardust-NExT (New Exploration of Tempel) spacecraft... contract will further develop MDA´s next generation Wireless Synthetic Aperture Radar... Station - a $5.8 billion enterprise over the next five years. >> U.S. President Barack Obama...’s suborbital vehicle could do research next year., according to NASA's Office... race in Morocco. The enhanced next generation SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger... 2010 and replace Intelsat 709. Iridium Iridium Communications received interest rate commitments... construction of the company’s next-generation satellite constellation, Iridium Next. The facility will... term from 2017 through 2024. Iridium expected to sign the credit... for Iridium, which is pleased with the interest and support for Iridium. The development of Iridium Next is in full... target to launch the first Iridium Next satellites in early 2015. Having... rate on its Coface loan. Iridium’s financing issue is now effectively... the financial feasibility of the Iridium Next constellation were answered by the... facility from Coface on June 2. Iridium communication satellites are being used... vessels. Iridium Communications announced in June that it set up Iridium South Africa, an entity that will allow Iridium to... export operations in South Africa, Iridium anticipates opportunities for more than... deliver services in the country. Iridium ordered 81 spacecraft to upgrade... Iridium Next venture the biggest commercial space project in the world today. >> Iridium... maintenance, operations and support of Iridium's satellite - 69 - network. >> Lockheed Martin..., Inc. to build the company's next-generation, high-resolution Earth imaging... company to launch a fleet of next-generation commercial satellites aboard its... March. This work could start next year. Energia currently manufactures four... Florida launch location for the next generation of Athena rockets. >> - 76... prospects for cooperation over the next decade.They expressed their strong... investment for the construction of next-generation broadband infrastructure. The firm... of communications satellites, such as Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, which are intended... of indigenously-developed RISAT-1 early next year. The launch was mentioned... successful space launches within the next five years. Singapore can leverage... in charge. The controversies over a next-generation meteorological satellite contract award... the second satellite in France’s next-generation space-based observation system... services, including Inmarsat FleetBroadband and Iridium OpenPort. Vizada will also introduce... agencies to map a strategy for a next-generation Ariane rocket, with recommendations... the strengths of SES and - 118 - EchoStar in extending the reach... at whether to combine their next-generation military satellite telecommunications programmes... provision, maintenance and operation of Iridium satellite services and terminal equipment... changes of the U.S. government's troubled next-generation weather satellites, cutting the... legislation continues indemnification for the next three years. While the measure...'s studies. The finalists for the next New Frontiers Program mission include... Commercial Spaceflight Federation selected its next Chairman of the Board, Eric... the second round of NASA’s next New Frontiers competition. Science Highlights... essential opportunities to train the next generation of experimental space scientists... vivo endpoints. To train the next generation of space radiation scientists... Sun’s luminosity increases over the next 2-3 billion years. The study (Proc... video use. The development of next generation pointed antenna systems able... in the world, using the Iridium satellite system for communications. This..., using two redundant links to Iridium and Inmarsat satellites. ISAS/JAXA... 2009, the active US satellite Iridium 33 collided with the retired... 860 km altitude) and the Iridium 33/Cosmos 2251 collision (at... cycle. Apart from the major Iridium/Cosmos collision, there were three... Chinese ASAT test and the Iridium/Cosmos collision. Within one year... Parasol satellite. The collision between Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 and... New Exploration of Tempel-1 (Stardust NExT) (Category V) mission will visit, in... after a round-trip journey. NASA’s next Discovery-class mission, the Gravity... sample return mission within the next decade. Europe’s space exploration environment... Project X-ray observation satellite, formerly NeXT/SXS (Japan) Planned multiwavelength astronomy...



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.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Figure 15. Publicly Reported Iridium Annual Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Figure 16... to be Introduced During the Next 5 Years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 23. Payload and... for the next 10 years. The launches in the next 10 years... satellites to be launched as Iridium, Globalstar, ORBCOMM, O3b, Planet Labs... U.S.) launch service procurement—over the next ten years. The Report provides... expected to increase over the next decade. The outlook for satellite... operator O3b, which touts its next-generation global network as combining... a few hundred milliseconds in a negative • 118 • 2014 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... Committee members include Boeing, Intelsat, Iridium, Lockheed Martin, Orbital, SES, and... loss of financing support for Iridium’s next generation satellite system secured by... commercial launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as... to the continued deployment of Iridium constellation, Skybox Imaging planning for... 2018, when telecommunication constellations, including Iridium, finish deployment. From 2014 to... satellites to be launched as Iridium, O3b, Planet Labs, Skybox all... will be introduced in the next few years. Historically, the relatively... the major NGSO telecommunications constellations, Iridium, Globalstar, ORBCOMM, and O3b, are... 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (2) - Dnepr Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium... in 2016 and 2017, as Iridium replaces its satellites and Globalstar... Guiana, respectively. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... 2015. Two ORBCOMM and seven Iridium NEXT launches are planned for the... 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (2) - Dnepr Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium... two wideband systems Globalstar and Iridium are on orbit and operational... System/ Operator Globalstar/ Globalstar, Inc. Iridium/ Iridium Communications Inc. Prime Contractor Satellites... Gen.) 68/54 Motorola (Iridium) Thales Alenia Space (Iridium NEXT) Mass kg (lb... additional spares launched June 2002. Next generation system under development by... Alenia Space. Multiple launches of Iridium NEXT constellation are projected to begin....) LEO 680 (1,500) Iridium 90/72 800 (1,763) Iridium NEXT LEO Broadband NGSO... the 1990s, ORBCOMM, Globalstar, and Iridium, are in different stages of... in 1994. Remarks Iridium Satellite LLC 2001 Authorized Iridium to operate feeder....25 Mobile-Satellite Service (MSS). Iridium Satellite LLC 2002 Granted assignment... to the operation of the Iridium Mobile Satellite Service System. ORBCOMM... constellation. Iridium Iridium Communications Inc. is the successor to the original Iridium LLC that built and launched the Iridium satellite constellation in the late 1990s. Iridium Communications Inc... at least 2015. In 2010, Iridium selected TAS as the prime... Space Transportation named Iridium NEXT. Figure 15. Publicly Reported Iridium Annual Revenue Each... to the primary communications payload. Iridium is marketing this opportunity to.... Iridium announced that SpaceX will be the primary launch provider for Iridium NEXT. Iridium... provider of launch services for Iridium NEXT. The company reportedly plans to... in 2015. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... 2015. The rest of the Iridium NEXT constellation will launch on approximately... each. Nine Iridium NEXT satellites will remain ground spares. Iridium revenues are presented... of the first generation Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM constellations have exceeded... Satellite Design Life 15 years Iridium 5 years Most of the satellites... of SAR satellites called TerraSAR-X Next Generation. The launch is planned... and Airbus are also discussing a next generation of satellites beyond the... life. Though planning for the next generation of satellites is underway.... In 2012, NASA announced the next phase of commercial crew development... from 2015 to 2017 as Iridium replaces its satellites. No telecommunications... 2 percent of launches over the next 10 years, including 2 launches of... micro (ORBCOMM) to small (Globalstar, Iridium, O3b), none over 800 kilograms... the three major systems, Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM, launched. The 2013... its major launch campaign. The Iridium NEXT deployment schedule does not fully...



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.... Iridium Completes Billing and Revenue Management System Consolidation to Support Iridium NEXT July 10, 2014 - Iridium Communications and Oracle announced Iridium has... legacy systems and will enable Iridium to streamline billing processes, easily... satellite that will be launched next year. In advance of the... Space. Iridium and SpaceX Complete Dispenser Qualification Tests July 3, 2014 - Iridium Communications... dispenser qualification testing for the Iridium NEXT constellation. The dispenser is the... program, a key milestone in the Iridium NEXT constellation build, included four types... majority of satellites for the Iridium NEXT constellation into their low Earth... for the Iridium NEXT constellation over a planned period of two years. Iridium is... investment of $453.1 million, the Iridium deal represents the largest single... build the Intelsat 35e Epic Next Generation satellite for Intelsat. This... Proton launch vehicles. Angara, Russia’s Next Generation Launch Vehicle, Successfully Launched... it has successfully launched six next generation OG2 satellites aboard a SpaceX... of 2014 to complete its next generation constellation. Aniara Selects Dauria... to hold a Phase II competition next year for the follow-on... than 100 in backlog. Spaceflight’s next launch is scheduled for mid... from its orbital position at 118 degrees East, and will also... Launch of 1,155 Satellites over Next Decade July 31, 2014 - According... on average yearly over the next decade (2014-2023). In comparison...



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... transparent. _________________________________________________________________ Node:The -P convention, Next:[91]Overgeneralization, Previous:[92]Soundalike...-p soup?" -- GLS] _________________________________________________________________ Node:Overgeneralization, Next:[97]Spoken Inarticulations, Previous:[98... clarity. _________________________________________________________________ Node:Spoken Inarticulations, Next:[107]Anthropomorphization, Previous:[108]Overgeneralization... "I have a complaint!" _________________________________________________________________ Node:Anthropomorphization, Next:[110]Comparatives, Previous:[111]Spoken... 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0.09/5
... used today by our competitors, Iridium and Globalstar, and those planned... were entitled to receive US$118.8m for the Phase 1 transition... competition from two MSS operators: Iridium, which provides satellite services on... on a multi-regional basis. Both Iridium and Globalstar operate in different.... After commencing operations in 1998, Iridium filed for U.S. bankruptcy protection in..., we have faced competition from Iridium in voice and lower speed.... Iridium has also launched higher rate data services, OpenPort and Iridium Pilot.... Iridium has announced plans to deploy a constellation of new satellites, called Iridium NEXT... data services. In June 2010, Iridium announced a contract for new satellites... 2015. As a result, competition from Iridium in our MSS sectors could... after the deployment of the Iridium NEXT satellites. 18 Globalstar, which operates... the fact that, unlike the Iridium fleet, its satellites do not... be substantially global within the next few years. Technological innovation in... comment. On 11 February 2013, Iridium filed a separate rulemaking seeking to.../Iridium spectrum to Iridium and to proceed with licence modifications to allow Iridium exclusive use of the entire reallocated spectrum. Iridium has....7 358.9 (11.6%) 23.4% 14.6% 14.3 118.1 132.4 100.8 93.6 738.0 97....3 15.4 364.8 2011 Increase 186.9 118.3 13.5 318.7 0.6% 36.3% 14.1% 14... sector during 2012 were US$118.1m, a decrease of US$25... defence spending outlays over the next two years. While the US... from Iridium Communications Inc. (“Iridium”), a global MSS operator, has been increasing. Iridium provides... level of competition we face. Iridium has plans to bring a new... and results of operations. Our next generation services are being developed... subject to implementation risk. Our next generation service, Global Xpress, which... and Chief Financial Officer at Iridium. Mr Mondale holds a Bachelor of... our ability to provide services. Next generation services and satellites We... in operating expenses for the next 12 months and up to a maximum of 100% for the next three years on a rolling basis... forecast net debt for the next two years on a rolling basis....4 26.9 – 194.3 14.0 – – 14.0 – – 14.0 118.5 5.7 – 124.2 5.9 – 130.1 341.1 – 38.0 379... 312,771 126,402 4,545,118 – nil – (a) – (a) – (b) – 989,802 834,710... be annexed to the Company’s next annual return to be filed... Principal risks and uncertainties (continued) Next generation services and satellites Our... in operating expenses for the next 12 months and up to a maximum of 100% for the next three years on a rolling basis... forecast net debt for the next two years on a rolling basis... will receive payments totalling US$118.8m in respect of its....4 14.0 – – 14.0 – – 14.0 106.9 11.6 – 118.5 5.7 – 124.2 232.2 – 108.9 341.1 – 38... will be incurred during the next two years during which the... be annexed to the Company’s next annual return to be filed...



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... from satellite network operators. Iridium Communications Inc. (“Iridium”), a global MSS operator, is... level of competition we face. Iridium already provides a maritime service that... subject to implementation risk. Our next generation service, Global Xpress, which... year in orbit for the next two of our Inmarsat-5 satellites... March 2014, we launched our next generation satellite phone, the IsatPhone... across their fleets. In the next decade, we expect a significant increase... were entitled to receive US$118.8 million for the Phase 1 transition... will fall due on the next 31 March, 30 June, 30... competition from two MSS operators, Iridium, which provides satellite services on... on a multi-regional basis. Both Iridium and Globalstar operate in different.... After commencing operations in 1998, Iridium filed for U.S. bankruptcy protection in..., we have faced competition from Iridium in voice and lower speed.... Iridium has also launched higher rate data services, OpenPort and Iridium Pilot... FleetBroadband capability. Iridium is building a constellation of new satellites, called Iridium NEXT, with... data services. In June 2010, Iridium announced a contract for new satellites... 2015. As a result, competition from Iridium in our MSS sectors could... after the deployment of the Iridium NEXT satellites. Globalstar, which operates a multi... the fact that, unlike the Iridium fleet, its satellites do not... be substantially global within the next few years. Technological innovation in...



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... company for Iridium (3U) [2015?] and Elise platform for Next and O3B...-2B GÖKTURK-1 HELLASAT-3/ EUROPASAT INDOSAT IRIDIUM NEXT /IRIDIUM PRIME? KAZEOSAT-1/MRES KAZEOSAT-2/HRES... broadcasts (2017) Inmarsat (United Kingdom) Iridium Satellite (USA) Mobile comsat constellation... Africa) INTELSAT EPIC-1/-29E & -2/33E/NEXT GENERATION (Intelsat/Luxembourg) 68.3°East... DTH broadcasts) INTELSAT EPIC-3/-35E/NEXT GENERATION (Intelsat/Luxembourg) 35°East... technology) IRIDIUM NEXT (Iridium Communications/USA) LEO constellation (L- band, with interlinks) IRIDIUM PRIME (Iridium Communications... 66-satellite constellation) Expansion of Iridium Prime to offer LEO missions... for innovative research and applications. Iridium Next satellites, based upon EliteBus platform... launching per year. Use of Iridium Next ground infrastructure (after 2017). Australian... America. RFP in progress. (2016) 118°East (C- & Ku-bands) 3.5 t Spacebus 4000B2...



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... (10,868) (687) (1,558) (118) (1,558) (118) (112) 816 112 112 927... progressive ramp-up of the Iridium Next and O3b constellation programmes, Meteosat... from one year to the next. A significant reduction in defence budgets... is dealt with in the next paragraph. Goodwill can be adjusted...,158.1 – 14,158.1 927.2 437.3 118.2 46.1 179.8 – 344.1 25.4 369....7 571.8 11.7 4.9 1.7 74.6 92.9 3,598.8 (118.6) 3,480.2 806.0 465.1 (41.8) 1,229... and other 31/12/2012 (118.6) (41.8) (7.0) – 39.7 1.2 (25.3) 34.0 (111... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance.../12/2011 1,056.1 768.3 1,824.4 1,118.8 806.4 1,925.2 31/12/2012... of transactions described in the next paragraph, foreign currency payables and... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance... (a) For all Group companies combined. 118 2012 Registration Document | Exercise price... more than 5 years 615.9 27.5 118.5 0.0 319.7 27.5 177.7 0.0 31/12... COMMUNICATIONS S.A.S THALES INTERNATIONAL S.A.S. 27,124 118,103 EUR USD 9,428 37... 79     1,000 26,000 27,118   2,487   179,800 Data derived...: Value Programme More than €600m Iridium (United States) Rafale (France) Mirage... first phase of the NGD (Next Generation Desktop) programme for the...-orbit civilian constellation market (Globalstar, Iridium NEXT and O3b). In the defence... modern signalling system over the next ten years. In Denmark, Thales... the French forces’ platforms with next-generation tactical radios incorporating innovative... produced and submitted at the next Board meeting. Pursuant to the... to the minutes of the next Board meeting and is approved... to all members at the next Board meeting. In addition, the... meeting is submitted to the next meeting of the Board of... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance...,892 225.58 4,823,098 118.13 21,412,214 540... terms of organisation of the next Commission were presented to the... can be provided in the next registration document. At this stage... part develop technologies for the next generation of commercial aircraft, halving... Thales’ commitment to green technologies, next-generation radar incorporates innovative principles... life cycle analyses: particularly the next-generation Reality H helicopter simulator, the... 13.9 107 373 % 70% 15% 118 75% 124 85% ◊ ◊ ◊ 2010-2012... 65 to 70, 116 to 118, 201 to 210, 211 211...



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... satellites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 5.4.6 Soft handover procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 5.4.7 One degree ISL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 5.4.8 Two.../MDR [1] stated that in the next …ve years, there will be... should be implemented in the next generation of GEO satellites. The... of this technology in the next paragraph. 38 3.2 Wireless Environment 3.2.1 History... the success of low tolerance next generation technologies. Therefore, design technologies.... This was when Globalstar and IRIDIUM systems were launched. They forecast... using radio or laser ISLs. IRIDIUM, Teledesic, Hughes Spaceway and Astrolink...). LEO provides services for voice (e.g. IRIDIUM, Globalstar), messaging (e.g. Orbcomm) and proposed... (e.g. Teledesic, Skybridge, and the next generation of IRIDIUM-IRIDIUM Next/INX). 4. Highly Elliptical Orbits... of this circular orbit are IRIDIUM and Teledesic. Both orbits have... orbit is called a polar orbit (IRIDIUM and Teledesic are polar circular... been fully deployed to date: IRIDIUM (66 satellites and 14 spares... SATELLITE SYSTEM OPERATOR GLOBALSTAR IRIDIUM Globalstar LP IRIDIUM Satellite LLC Constellation Communications Mobile Com. Holding (MCHI) Globalstar LP IRIDIUM Satellite LLC ECCO II Ellipso 2G Globalstar GS-2 IRIDIUM / Macrocell... Big LEOs are listed below: 1. IRIDIUM uses Time Division Multiple Access... Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA). 2. IRIDIUM has on-board processing and... to Wood, till now only IRIDIUM and Teledesic belong to satellite.... This network is used by IRIDIUM and Teledesic. This type of... is called cross-seam ISL. IRIDIUM does not provide this type... determined by the system. The IRIDIUM satellite has a footprint with a diameter... separated) to limit interference. In IRIDIUM, each footprint consists of 48... orbital plane 1 are intraplane ISL.IRIDIUM is the …rst satellite communication... media for their direct communication. IRIDIUM uses a GSM based telephony architecture... their ISLs. Connections between the IRIDIUM network and the Public Switched... be handed over to the next satellite. We can say that..., the Gateway will contact the next available satellite in the same... portable unit) and to the next available satellite (prepare to accept... used in the adjacent beams, IRIDIUM uses a 12beam reuse pattern. An... and send them to the next satellite, which is closer to... a current call has to follow. IRIDIUM is the …rst satellite constellation... network through any ES. The IRIDIUM system is based on GSM... functions that are special to IRIDIUM system and not to GSM.... When a MT originates a call, the IRIDIUM system will calculate the user... destination of the particular call. IRIDIUM uses a mixture of Time Division... be put in a queue. The next fundamental performance parameter is the... LEO satellite systems, as in IRIDIUM satellite system, which uses ISLs...-architecture. In this thesis, an IRIDIUM-like satellite constellation with ISLs... be handed over to the next available satellite before t2 . Figure... issues is discussed in the next section. 109 5.4 Methodology LEO satellites... the time period. In the next time interval’s transition, the same... be explained further in the next paragraphs. We use Auto Regressive.../minute. For example for an IRIDIUM constellation OLEO =102 minutes, Rsatellite... allocate the connection to the next available satellite, Sat1. In the... interference. In the case of IRIDIUM intraplane ISLs will only be... satellites, but also with the next neighbor satellites as shown in... the ongoing connection to the next visible satellite on the same... next visible satellite for s will be satellite1 , and the next visible 118 Figure... the speed so that the next LP processing time needs to... available links’table for the next two time intervals (see …gure....NNNNNNNNNNNNNN As an example for IRIDIUM satellites, we should have for... following two line elements [120]: IRIDIUM 8 1 24792U 97020A 02034.35939857 -.00000134... the best solution for the next time interval. A di¤erent type... new initial population for the next periodical problem, after upgrading the... (SPP). This will be the next step in future research. Since... to the time of the next event. In this approach, we... can be used for the next request when there is an... the arrival time of the next request depending on the tra...-limit Node degree In the next simulation, our model does not... will be given to the next satellite in the same plane... Various Arrival Rates In the next experiment, we consider a simulation of... GALPEDA with GALP1 In the next case, we compared the performance... of low / high in the next paragraphs. We consider a single link... can be reserved for the next incoming high priority tra¢ c. The... a frame. It de…nes the next variety in the sequence as... Broadband Multimedia and IP Applications. Next Generation Wireless Networks. S. Tekinay. New....html. [126] Motorola, IRIDIUM, available: http://www.iridium.com/. [127] Teledesic, Technical...-57. [130] P. Chitre and F. Yegenoglu, "Next-Generation Satellite Networks: Architectures and...