Спутник связи. Iridium NEXT 133. [Редактировать]

Компания Iridium Communications Inc. анонсировала в июне 2010 что она собирается полностью обновить свою орбитальную группировку космических аппаратов связи. В этой связи она заключила контракт с Thales Alenia Space относительно разработки и производства космических аппаратов нового поколения. При этом, компания Orbital ATK была выбрана в качестве подрядчика по работам связанным со сборкой и испытаниями изделий. Согласно планам компании, будущая группировка должна будет включать 72 космических аппарата на орбите и девять которые будут находиться в резерве на Земле. Стоимость работ по обновлению не разглашалась, однако, исходя из данных производителей можно ориентировочно определить стоимость работ в размере 2.9 млрд. долл. 
С технической точки зрения каждый из аппаратов в качестве основной полезной нагрузки должен будет иметь на своем борту фазированную L диапазонную антенну, которая будет способна генерировать около 48 лучей, которые будут покрывать круг диаметром около 4700 км. Также на аппаратах установлен Ка диапазонный ретрансляционный комплекс который будет осуществлять как сброс информации на Землю, так и осуществлять передачу информации между аппаратами на орбите. 
Помимо основной задачи связанной с передачей информации аппараты компании позволяют устанавливать на борт дополнительную полезную нагрузку общей массой до 50 кг и потребляемой мощностью до 90 ватт. К настоящему времени известно, что на борт аппарата планируется устанавливать:

  • Полезную нагрузку компании Aireon LLC, которая предназначена для организации контроля за воздушным трафиком.
  • 58 аппаратов должны будут оснащены системами AIS которые должны будут позволить отслеживать суда в режиме реального времени.  

 

Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - США
2Страна производитель - Европа
3Страна производитель - США
4Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса (аппарат), кг860
2Масса (топлива), кг141
3Масса (дополнительной полезной нагрузки аппарата), кг50
4Габариты (аппарат), метра3.1х2.4х1.5
5Скорость (передачи данных предоставляемая дополнительной полезной нагрузке), кбит в секунду1024
6Количество (аппаратов в группировке), шт.66
7Мощность, Вт2200
8Мощность (потребляемая дополнительной полезной нагрузкой), Вт90 (пиковая 200)

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Стоимость (аппарат), млн. долл.2010-01-0131

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром База Ванденберг
2Дата пуска2017-10-09
3Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 107
4Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 119
5Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 122
6Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 125
7Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 127
8Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 129
9Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 132
10Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 133
11Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 136
12Полезная нагрузка 1xIridium NEXT 139
13Ракета-носитель 1xФалькон 9 (вер 1.2)

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... S.A. ............................................................................................................................................... 60 EUTELSAT ............................................................................................................................................. 64 INMARSAT ............................................................................................................................................. 67 IRIDIUM ................................................................................................................................................. 70 SINGTEL OPTUS ..................................................................................................................................... 71 STAR..., ПРИМЕНЯЕМЫЕ ПРИ ЗАПУСКЕ КОСМИЧЕСКИХ АППАРАТОВ .............................................................................................................................................133 ЗАКЛЮЧЕНИЕ ..................................................................................................................................................136 СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗОВАННЫХ ИСТОЧНИКОВ... проектов подвижной спутниковой службы типа Iridium, Globalstar и Orbcom. Неудачи подвижной спутниковой... системы подвижной спутниковой связи (НСПСС) Iridium, Globalstar и Orbcomm Inc. и российская НСПСС... десятков миллионов абонентов компаниям Iridium Communications Inc (Iridium) и Globalstar Inc (Globalstar) удалось.... После процедуры банкротства компании Globalstar и Iridium – основные поставщики услуг, переориентировали свой... действий обеспечивалось коммерческими спутниковыми системами (Iridium, Intelsat и др.). Около трети из... используют коммерческие спутниковые системы операторов Iridium, Intelsat, Eutelsat, SES и другие. Продолжают... спутники системы глобальной мобильной связи IRIDIUM NEXT и операторов спутниковых систем связи и вещания... – Iridium. Компания Iridium Satellite Communication эксплуатирует низкоорбитальную систему подвижной спутниковой связи (НСПСС) Iridium, состоящую из 70 спутников. На развертывание системы Iridium было потрачено... 15 лет.[23] 3.8 Iridium До 2008 года система Iridium обеспечивала передачу данных...). В 2008 году компания Iridium объявила о старте высокоскоростной системы Iridium OpenPort, ориентированной на... за короткий промежуток времени. Терминалы Iridium OpenPort вполне пригодны для эксплуатации... антенны. В июне 2010 года корпорация Iridium Communications Inc подписала контракт с европейской... орбитальной группировки. В спутниках нового поколения Iridium Next скорость передачи данных возрастет с 2,4 Кбит... Iridium Next запланирован на первый квартал 2015 года. Стоимость обновления орбитальной группировки Iridium оценивает в $2,9 млрд. По состоянию на декабрь 2013 года Iridium Communications... судно и т.д.). В подавляющем большинстве подписчиками системы Iridium являются сотрудники правительственных организаций США.... Одним из ключевых пользователей системы Iridium являются государственные структуры США. По... Iridium Holding и компании GHL Aсquisition, образованной независимым инвестиционным фондом Greenhill, позволившее Iridium... году Iridium планирует развертывание системы на базе спутников второго поколения Iridium-NEXT. Потребности..., что система на базе спутников Iridium-NEXT позволит предоставлять базовые услуги передачи... стран. Iridium считает, если 20% от всего трафика в сети Iridium генерируется в полярной... (многие подписчики GlobalStar перешли в сеть Iridium, а «Гонец» никогда не имел более... дает определенные преференции Iridium в России. Российский рынок MSS Iridium оценивает в 30 000... тренд при нынешнем проектировании и развертывании 133 Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение «Отраслевой... неудачу проектов подвижной спутниковой службы Iridium, Globalstar и Orbcom. Однако эти два...



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.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Figure 15. Publicly Reported Iridium Annual Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Figure 16..., due to the deployment of Iridium, Globalstar, and DMCii payloads, frequent... 2017, when telecommunication constellations, including Iridium, finish deployment, while commercial remote... U.S.) launch service procurement—over the next 10 years. The Report provides... 2013 have a mass of 99,133 kilograms, for an expected average... expected to increase over the next decade. The outlook for satellite... loss of financing support for Iridium’s next generation satellite system secured by... commercial launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as... the remote sensing segment and Iridium and ORBCOMM in the telecommunications..., due to the deployment of Iridium, Globalstar, and DMCii payloads; frequent... 2017, when telecommunication constellations, including Iridium, finish deployment. This average is... the major NGSO telecommunications constellations, Iridium, Globalstar, ORBCOMM, and O3b, are... (9) - Falcon 9 Iridium (2) - Dnepr O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (9) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Commercial Remote Sensing Satellites Worldview-3 - Atlas V 2016 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 DMC3... between 2015 and 2017 as Iridium replaces its satellites and Globalstar... Guiana, respectively. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... 2015. Two ORBCOMM and seven Iridium NEXT launches are planned for the... Soyuz 2 Iridium Falcon 9 Iridium Falcon 9 O3b Soyuz 2 ORBCOMM Falcon 9 Iridium Dnepr Iridium Falcon 9 Iridium Falcon 9 O3b Soyuz 2 Iridium Falcon 9 Iridium Falcon 9 ORBCOMM Falcon 9 Iridium Falcon... two wideband systems Globalstar and Iridium are on orbit and operational... (2nd Gen.) Iridium/ Iridium Communications Inc. Motorola (Iridium); Thales Alenia Space (Iridium NEXT) Mass kg....) 68/54 680 (1,500) Iridium; 800 (1,763) Iridium NEXT 90/72 Orbit Type... additional spares launched June 2002. Next generation system under development by... Alenia Space. Multiple launches of Iridium NEXT constellation are projected to begin... the 1990s, ORBCOMM, Globalstar, and Iridium, are in different stages of... in 1994. Iridium Satellite LLC 7/17/2001 Authorized Iridium to operate feeder... geosynchronous satellite orbit (GSO) satellites. Iridium Satellite LLC 2/8/2002 Granted assignment... to the operation of the Iridium Mobile Satellite Service System. Globalstar....” Iridium Satellite LLC 6/24/2003 Modified the authorization currently held by Iridium... of Iridium Constellation, LLC and Iridium, US LP (collectively “Iridium”) and authorized Iridium to..., LP. Iridium Satellite LLC 9/3/2004 Modified the authorizations of Iridium to operate... “Big LEO” MSS. AprizeStar 2010 Iridium Satellite LLC FCC license issued... Transportation Iridium Iridium Communications Inc. is the successor to the original Iridium LLC that built and launched the Iridium satellite constellation in the late 1990s. Iridium Communications Inc... at least 2015. In 2010, Iridium selected Thales Alenia Space as... a second generation satellite constellation, named Iridium NEXT. Each satellite in the new... to the primary communications payload. Iridium is marketing this opportunity to...! Iridium announced that SpaceX will be the primary launch provider for Iridium NEXT. Iridium... provider of launch services for Iridium NEXT. The company reportedly plans to... in 2015. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... Iridium Annual Revenue Dnepr rocket in 2015. The rest of the Iridium $500! NEXT constellation will $400! launch...! each. Nine Iridium NEXT satellites will remain $100! ground spares. Iridium revenues are... of the first generation Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM constellations have exceeded... orbit, partially operational 15 years Iridium 5 years Most of the satellites... and Astrium are also discussing a next generation of satellites beyond the... years. Though planning for the next generation of satellites is underway.... In 2012, NASA announced the next phase of commercial crew development... totaling over $1.1 billion. For the next step, in December 2012, NASA... from 2015 to 2017 as Iridium replaces its satellites. No telecommunications... 2 percent of launches over the next 10 years, including 3 launches of... micro (ORBCOMM) to small (Globalstar, Iridium, O3b), none over 800 kilograms... known manifested payloads over the next two years. • 72 • 2013 Commercial... 15 multiplemanifested launches in the next 10 years. The projected number... the three major systems, Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM, launched. The 2013... its major launch campaign. The Iridium NEXT deployment schedule does not fully...



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...-Skymed, Exomars) and in Telecom (Iridium, Eutelsat and Arabsat programmes). Sales... from one year to the next. A significant reduction in defence... amortised cost 70.4 69.4 76.6 133.8 119.7 149.3 (8.8) (11.1) (10.7) 125..., asset Current financial assets 233.0 133.9 -- -- -- 366.9 2,456.8 567.0 -- -- -- 3,023.8 990... 31 DECEMBER 2,553.9 958.0 3,511.9 133.7 134.7 268.4 3,780.3 (778.8) (23... of transactions described in the next paragraph, foreign currency payables and... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance...,261 Sales excluding tax 139.0 133.0 143.9 174.9 205.9 Earnings before... 8,489 4,482 19,700 (25,133) 659 46,154 70,664... company and its subsidiaries 132 133 133 2.4 INFORMATION ABOUT MAJOR OPERATIONAL SUBSIDIARIES... Value Programme More than €600m Iridium (United States) Mirage 2000 upgrade... majority control. REGISTRATION DOCUMENT 2013 133 2 BUSINESS REVIEW Information about major... Size (m2) Bordeaux (South-west) 2,133 Leased (Le Haillan), and Owned... unveiled the Avionics 2020 demonstrator, a next generation cockpit built around interaction... 117 satellites on order (81 Iridium NEXT, 12 O3b and 24 Globalstar... the Iridium NEXT programme successfully passed system CDR(1). Iridium also launched its Iridium PRIME... WITH CAC 40 AND CAC NEXT 20 Prices in euros Volume... to all directors at the next Board meeting. Pursuant to the... to the minutes of the next Board meeting and is approved... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance... (%) +22.23% +15.25% CAC Next 20 performance over the period... part develop technologies for the next generation of commercial aircraft, halving... Thales’ commitment to green technologies, next-generation radar incorporates innovative principles... 129 130 131 132 132 133 133 134 134 2.4.1.1 Fully consolidated companies... 137 to 147 3, 132 and 133 134 and 135 www.thalesgroup...



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.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 Figure 15. Publicly Reported Iridium Annual Revenue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Figure 16... to be Introduced During the Next 5 Years . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 23. Payload and... for the next 10 years. The launches in the next 10 years... satellites to be launched as Iridium, Globalstar, ORBCOMM, O3b, Planet Labs... U.S.) launch service procurement—over the next ten years. The Report provides... expected to increase over the next decade. The outlook for satellite... operator O3b, which touts its next-generation global network as combining... Committee members include Boeing, Intelsat, Iridium, Lockheed Martin, Orbital, SES, and... loss of financing support for Iridium’s next generation satellite system secured by... commercial launch services during the next 10 years. Commercial launches, as... to the continued deployment of Iridium constellation, Skybox Imaging planning for... 2018, when telecommunication constellations, including Iridium, finish deployment. From 2014 to... satellites to be launched as Iridium, O3b, Planet Labs, Skybox all... 2023. The launches in the next 10 years are predominantly commercial... will be introduced in the next few years. Historically, the relatively... the major NGSO telecommunications constellations, Iridium, Globalstar, ORBCOMM, and O3b, are... for cargo and human spaceflight. • 133 • Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of... 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (2) - Dnepr Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium... in 2016 and 2017, as Iridium replaces its satellites and Globalstar... Guiana, respectively. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... 2015. Two ORBCOMM and seven Iridium NEXT launches are planned for the... 2 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 O3b (4) - Soyuz 2 Iridium (2) - Dnepr Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 ORBCOMM (8) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium (10) - Falcon 9 Iridium... two wideband systems Globalstar and Iridium are on orbit and operational... System/ Operator Globalstar/ Globalstar, Inc. Iridium/ Iridium Communications Inc. Prime Contractor Satellites... Gen.) 68/54 Motorola (Iridium) Thales Alenia Space (Iridium NEXT) Mass kg (lb... additional spares launched June 2002. Next generation system under development by... Alenia Space. Multiple launches of Iridium NEXT constellation are projected to begin....) LEO 680 (1,500) Iridium 90/72 800 (1,763) Iridium NEXT LEO Broadband NGSO... the 1990s, ORBCOMM, Globalstar, and Iridium, are in different stages of... in 1994. Remarks Iridium Satellite LLC 2001 Authorized Iridium to operate feeder....25 Mobile-Satellite Service (MSS). Iridium Satellite LLC 2002 Granted assignment... to the operation of the Iridium Mobile Satellite Service System. ORBCOMM... constellation. Iridium Iridium Communications Inc. is the successor to the original Iridium LLC that built and launched the Iridium satellite constellation in the late 1990s. Iridium Communications Inc... at least 2015. In 2010, Iridium selected TAS as the prime... Space Transportation named Iridium NEXT. Figure 15. Publicly Reported Iridium Annual Revenue Each... to the primary communications payload. Iridium is marketing this opportunity to.... Iridium announced that SpaceX will be the primary launch provider for Iridium NEXT. Iridium... provider of launch services for Iridium NEXT. The company reportedly plans to... in 2015. The first two Iridium NEXT satellites are currently planned to... 2015. The rest of the Iridium NEXT constellation will launch on approximately... each. Nine Iridium NEXT satellites will remain ground spares. Iridium revenues are presented... of the first generation Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM constellations have exceeded... Satellite Design Life 15 years Iridium 5 years Most of the satellites... of SAR satellites called TerraSAR-X Next Generation. The launch is planned... and Airbus are also discussing a next generation of satellites beyond the... life. Though planning for the next generation of satellites is underway.... In 2012, NASA announced the next phase of commercial crew development... from 2015 to 2017 as Iridium replaces its satellites. No telecommunications... 2 percent of launches over the next 10 years, including 2 launches of... micro (ORBCOMM) to small (Globalstar, Iridium, O3b), none over 800 kilograms... the three major systems, Globalstar, Iridium, and ORBCOMM, launched. The 2013... its major launch campaign. The Iridium NEXT deployment schedule does not fully...



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... of 81 satellites for the Iridium NEXT constellation in the amount of... (with the order for the Iridium NEXT satellite constellation). In contrast, orders... the ramp-up of the Iridium NEXT project. In contrast, Transport Systems... year to the next. A significant reduction over the next few years in... is dealt with in the next paragraph. • Goodwill can be adjusted... to the new schedule. The next major milestones are planned in... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance... 14.3 13.8 Total revenues 143.9 133.0 - Royalties 179.1 161.8 - Re-billing... of transactions described in the next paragraph, foreign currency payables and....7 Europe 0.3 0.7 Middle East Total – 0.6 143.9 133.0 Registration Document 2011 • THALES 95... tax 31/12/2010 232.4 – 133.5 0.7 Deferred tax on results of... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance... excluding tax 148.1 147.9 139.0 133.0 143.9 Earnings before taxes, employee... for the year (EUR) 9,595 3,133,876 9,595 15,875 15... Mirage 2000 (India) Rafale (France) Iridium (United States) Fremm Frigates (France...-orbit civilian constellation market (Globalstar, Iridium NEXT, O3b). In the defence and... subsystems. Registration Document 2011 • THALES 133 2 BUSINESS REVIEW Business sectors and... and was selected to provide Next Generation Desktop secure IT services..., CAC 40 AND NEXT 20(1) 20% 10% Thales -8,9% Next 20 -5,7% 0% -10% CAC... date of this report, the next terms to expire are at... produced and submitted at the next Board meeting. Pursuant to the... to the minutes of the next Board meeting and is approved... to all members at the next Board meeting. In addition, the... meeting is submitted to the next meeting of the Board of... report on it in the next report from the Chairman on... internal performance targets over the next three financial years. The performance... in % CAC 40 (*) -19% CAC Next 20 (*) -5.7% Thales -8.9% 3m 110 100... and rounded up to the next euro cent. The option for... sector 132 2.5.2.1 Space 132 2.5.2.2 Avionics 133 2.5.2.3 Transportation systems 134 2.5.3 Area A 135...



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.... Further launches included Japan's of a next-generation spy satellite as part... in the Southern Hemisphere. The next day, on 2 December, a fisherman found... 10 minutes after liftoff. >> The next day, China successfully launched two... conducted a complicated manoeuvre. Over the next six months, Mango - a 150-kg... of the Nigerian territory. >> The next-generation of Europe´s polar orbiting... Systems, and 72 satellites for Iridium NEXT. Orbital Sciences announced contracts to... long after the shuttles' retirement next year. >> >> Atlantis landed at Kennedy... this mysterious moon. >> NASA’s Stardust-NExT (New Exploration of Tempel) spacecraft... contract will further develop MDA´s next generation Wireless Synthetic Aperture Radar... Station - a $5.8 billion enterprise over the next five years. >> U.S. President Barack Obama...’s suborbital vehicle could do research next year., according to NASA's Office... race in Morocco. The enhanced next generation SPOT Satellite GPS Messenger... 2010 and replace Intelsat 709. Iridium Iridium Communications received interest rate commitments... construction of the company’s next-generation satellite constellation, Iridium Next. The facility will... term from 2017 through 2024. Iridium expected to sign the credit... for Iridium, which is pleased with the interest and support for Iridium. The development of Iridium Next is in full... target to launch the first Iridium Next satellites in early 2015. Having... rate on its Coface loan. Iridium’s financing issue is now effectively... the financial feasibility of the Iridium Next constellation were answered by the... facility from Coface on June 2. Iridium communication satellites are being used... vessels. Iridium Communications announced in June that it set up Iridium South Africa, an entity that will allow Iridium to... export operations in South Africa, Iridium anticipates opportunities for more than... deliver services in the country. Iridium ordered 81 spacecraft to upgrade... Iridium Next venture the biggest commercial space project in the world today. >> Iridium... maintenance, operations and support of Iridium's satellite - 69 - network. >> Lockheed Martin..., Inc. to build the company's next-generation, high-resolution Earth imaging... company to launch a fleet of next-generation commercial satellites aboard its... March. This work could start next year. Energia currently manufactures four... Florida launch location for the next generation of Athena rockets. >> - 76... prospects for cooperation over the next decade.They expressed their strong... investment for the construction of next-generation broadband infrastructure. The firm... of communications satellites, such as Iridium, Globalstar, Inmarsat, which are intended... of indigenously-developed RISAT-1 early next year. The launch was mentioned... successful space launches within the next five years. Singapore can leverage... in charge. The controversies over a next-generation meteorological satellite contract award... the second satellite in France’s next-generation space-based observation system... services, including Inmarsat FleetBroadband and Iridium OpenPort. Vizada will also introduce... agencies to map a strategy for a next-generation Ariane rocket, with recommendations... at whether to combine their next-generation military satellite telecommunications programmes... provision, maintenance and operation of Iridium satellite services and terminal equipment... changes of the U.S. government's troubled next-generation weather satellites, cutting the... legislation continues indemnification for the next three years. While the measure...'s studies. The finalists for the next New Frontiers Program mission include... Commercial Spaceflight Federation selected its next Chairman of the Board, Eric... the second round of NASA’s next New Frontiers competition. Science Highlights... essential opportunities to train the next generation of experimental space scientists... vivo endpoints. To train the next generation of space radiation scientists... Sun’s luminosity increases over the next 2-3 billion years. The study (Proc... video use. The development of next generation pointed antenna systems able... microwavebased trans-receiver system weighing 133 kg and radiating 17 watts... in the world, using the Iridium satellite system for communications. This..., using two redundant links to Iridium and Inmarsat satellites. ISAS/JAXA... 2009, the active US satellite Iridium 33 collided with the retired... 860 km altitude) and the Iridium 33/Cosmos 2251 collision (at... cycle. Apart from the major Iridium/Cosmos collision, there were three... Chinese ASAT test and the Iridium/Cosmos collision. Within one year... Parasol satellite. The collision between Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 and... New Exploration of Tempel-1 (Stardust NExT) (Category V) mission will visit, in... after a round-trip journey. NASA’s next Discovery-class mission, the Gravity... sample return mission within the next decade. Europe’s space exploration environment... Project X-ray observation satellite, formerly NeXT/SXS (Japan) Planned multiwavelength astronomy...



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... of these attacks to the next level regarding how they impact... Netwar failure that drove the next stage in Russian thinking. By... a limited amount of Internet traffic. Next is the protocol layer, which... internally on Google’s servers.” The Next Web. Mar. 20. ; Armasu, Lucian... Robert Knake, ‘Cyber War: The Next Threat to National Security and... threats nations could face. It next looks at existing concepts of... ROBERT K. KNAKE, CYBER WAR: THE NEXT THREAT TO NATIONAL SECURITY AND... this foundation, this paper will next overlay these principles within the... totality of the circumstances.47 Next, proportionality addresses the level of... of responsibility or accountability. The next section examines a similar historical example... with then-prevailing international law. Next, the difficulties of applying the... on Internet Governance, 3 August 2005 133 134 2015 7th International Conference... warfare and A2/AD strategies. Next, it will examine the elements... in orbit. In 2009, the U.S. Iridium 33 communications satellite collided with... server farms would be the next targets. The decision to stop... and resistance to attacks. The next recommendation for policy makers is...-acess area denial, network breakdown, next-generation military networks, robust NCW... 5 addresses upcoming advances in ICT. Next to this, Section 6 outlines requirements... of the operative communication satellite Iridium 33, which had been hit...]. Beforehand, the closest approach of Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 was... Regions); with the deployment of Iridium NEXT beginning this year, Ku- and... [24] T. S. Kelso, “Analysis of the iridium 33 - cosmos 2251 collision,” 2009....htm [35] O. Gupta and C. Fish, “Iridium NEXT: A Global access for your sensor... of Kharkiv government buildings the next day. 6 Ukraine's acting President, Olexander... greater detail, and finally, the next section introduces a method of integrating... map is proposed in the next section. Step 2: Design. The design... country code (MCC), while the next two or three bytes represent... and downloads a popular mobile application. Next, he/she re-package the..., cyber defence, intrusion detection and next generation internet. He has many...



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... for 2010 appearing on pages 133 to 134 of the document.... These large orders include the Iridium and O3b satellite constellations, France... to the €1.1 billion1 contract with Iridium in the United States for... and the start of the Iridium project. By contrast, solid revenues... years, the rollout of the Iridium contract will increase the portion... at 31 December 2009. The Iridium contract is the main reason... year to the next. A significant reduction over the next few years in... is dealt with in the next section. • Financial statements of consolidated... 89.5 42.8 132.3 99.3 33.9 133.2 Change in exchange rate and....3 30.3 38.2 (121.8) (83.6) 19.6 (133.4) (113.8) Obligations at 1 January Current....2 116.7 13.8 16.3 0.0 6.0 Total revenues 133.0 139.0 – Royalties 161.8 158.8 – Re... of transactions described in the next paragraph, foreign currency payables and... and southern Europe 0.7 0.5 Middle East 0.6 4.1 133.0 139.0 France Total 1 108 This... Asset Liability 6.5 64.7 14.7 78.4 133.5 0.7 147.3 13.0 Deferred tax on... tax 180.9 148.1 147.9 139.0 133.0 Earnings before taxes, employee profit... financial statements. Registration document 2010 133 1 FINANCIAL INFORMATION 2010 PARENT COMPANY... Value Programme More than €600m Iridium (United States) Rafale aircraft (France... earth orbit constellation market (Globalstar, Iridium NEXT, O3b). In defence and security... operator Iridium to supply 81 low-orbit satellites for the Iridium NEXT constellation... holding their Thales shares), the next appointments due to expire are... produced and submitted at the next Board meeting. In addition, the... meeting is submitted to the next meeting of the Board of... produced and submitted at the next Board meeting. In addition, the... included in a report during the next assessment of the Board’s performance... 130 128,246 5m CAC Next 20 relative to Thales 120...’ REPORT ON THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 91 Registration document 2010 213... to 90 91 and 92, 133 and 134 172 and 173... the parent company financial statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133 Statutory auditors’ report on the...



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.... Orbital Debris. A low-Earth-orbit Iridium-33 communications satellite collided with..., Iridium Satellite LLC judged the risk sufficiently low to place their next... and receivers for satellites and next-generation data processing systems. The... base in Mojave, California the next day (construction on the spaceport... TransLabrador Highway. The system uses Iridium 9555 satellite telephones, available to... called SkyHawk, which employs the Iridium satellite network’s Short Burst Data... Commercial Service, will be deployed next year, along with a freely accessible... its maritime surveillance with the next-generation Radarsat system, the Radarsat... first two spacecraft of the next generation of geostationary weather satellites... basis. Contract recipients were GeoEye, Iridium (2 contracts), ITT Space Systems (2 contracts... constellations and eventually adding NOAA’s next-generation systems, the Geostationary Operational... three during this mission. The next two were employed unfurling and... with the ISS uneventfully the next day, delivering the Leonardo logistics... Fuglesang during a second spacewalk the next day. On a third spacewalk the..., where they were installed the next day. Prime contractor Thales Alenia... he was to be the next spaceflight participant (heretofore called “space... (USA) to begin work on next-generation spacesuits. The previous $745million... and Multi-Object Spectrometer. The next day astronomers using Spitzer found... to restore communications during the next two days failed, and ISRO... in a Russian spacecraft within the next five years. India will redesign... engine demonstrator for the European Next Generation Launcher first stage, the... the NASA Evolutionary Xenon Thruster (NEXT) programme led by the Glenn... Antenna (Lisa) planned for launch next year, has a thrust range of... pre-combustor design with an iridium-lined rhenium combustion chamber. It.... A low-Earth-orbit 690-kg Iridium-33 communications satellite collided with... years, drifted down into the Iridium orbit. The collision, which took..., estimated at 194 from the Iridium satellite and 505 from the... low-orbit operational satellites, especially Iridium’s remaining constellation of 66 satellites... expected from the collision. The Iridium spacecraft was under-represented in... that something projecting from the Iridium smashed into the Cosmos. By... it had been a year earlier. Iridium Satellite LLC replaced the lost...-orbit spare, Iridium 91. In June Iridium ordered their next-generation constellation and..., recruit, retain, and inspire the next generation of explorers. University faculty... that will launch over the next decade should generate $27.4 billion... (FCC) approved the purchase of Iridium Satellite LLC by GHL Acquisition... the MEJI agreement. As the next step, NASA signed a cooperative framework... Shenzhou-8 will rendezvous and dock next year (see above), and the... agreement, which will cover the next five years, targets five key... satellite collided with an operational Iridium satellite, causing a great deal of... and the COMSATBw 1 spacecraft. The next Ariane 5 has been stacked atop... mobile communications purposes in the next five years. Separately, China Satcom... 5 will be completed over the next few weeks, according to AsiaSat... contracts to commercial imagery providers next spring under its Enhanced View... that will fund the company’s next-generation satellite system. The total... facilitate the introduction of Globalstar's next-generation satellite interface chipsets being... of its competitors. Iridium On 11 February, one of Iridium‘s operational satellites... event has minimal impact on Iridium’s service, the company is taking... form of brief, occasional outages. Iridium has been working to determine... the United Nations General Assembly. Iridium Satellite has partnered with mobile... and Tracking Systems (ProTECTS) alliance, Iridium announced in September. The alliance... signal before deploying rescue resources. Iridium also is launching an initiative.... In preparation for hurricane season, Iridium Satellite in May commenced its...-Safety Communications Officials (APCO) International. Iridium said the goal of the...,” according to APCO International. 128 Iridium Satellite reported a 41.9 percent decline... related to Iridium Next, the company's next-generation satellite constellation. According to Iridium, net... quarter of 2008, driven by Iridium Next development expenses. The report also... strengths in the company’s performance. Iridium’s subscriber base grew 31.2 percent... year quarter to 328,000. Iridium expects its operational EBITDA to...-digit revenue growth during 2009. Iridium Satellite was granted approval by... helps advance Iridium’s plans to build its next-generation satellite constellation, Iridium Next. The combination, announced in September 2008, will result in Iridium becoming... restructured upon closing of its Iridium acquisition —reducing the number of... outstanding following completion of the Iridium acquisition. Stockholder approval of the.../or omissions it may contain. 133 International Astronautical Federation 94 bis...



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... measurements on a number of phosphorescent iridium complexes and establishes relationships between... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers 5.1 Introduction 109 .................................. 5.2 Dendrimers: A Modular... . . . . . . . . . . . 114 xviii 5.4 Photophysical Properties of Iridium Cored Dendrimers 114 5.5 Ultrafast Luminescence... Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex 133 6.1 Introduction 133 .................................. 6.2 Intersystem Crossing in Transition... 6.3 Photophysical Properties of a Red Emitting Iridium 6.4 Ultrafast Luminescence Dynamics of Ir... Controls Internal Conversion in an Iridium Complex 159 7.1 Introduction 159 .................................. 7.2 Internal... Properties of a Deep Red Emitting Iridium Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165 7.3.1 The Material Under... iridium based materials that show very efficient emission of light.20 Iridium... this PhD. A number of phosphorescent iridium based organometallic transition metal complexes... on the prototypical iridium complex fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium(III) (denoted Ir... Chapter 6 a red emitting iridium complex tris(1-phenylisoquinoline)iridium(III) (denoted as Ir... red emitting heteroleptic iridium complex bis(2-(9,9-dibutylfluorenyl)-1- isoquinoline(acetylacetonate) iridium (III), (denoted... reported.9 The prototypical iridium complex fac-tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium(III) [Ir(ppy... tris(2phenylpyridine) iridium(III) and b) meridional tris(2-phenylpyridine) iridium(III). The complex... at all times (i.e. when the next excitation pulse arrives luminescence derived... measurements of iridium complexes and dendrimers. Emission from the prototypical iridium complex... dendrimers are numerous. Small molecule iridium complexes traditionally used in phosphorescent... phosphorescent iridium dendrimers, the general chemical structure of a first generation iridium dendrimer... Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.3. Assignment of iridium cored dendrimer components... in iridium complexes this precluded any ability to look < 480 nm. Iridium... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers 5.3 Intramolecular Vibrational Redistribution An... observed in iridium complexes. Observation of the ultrafast luminescence in iridium complexes... Properties of Iridium Cored Dendrimers Two first generation iridium cored dendrimers were... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.5. Comparison of ultrafast... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.7. Normalised optical absorption... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.8. Ultrafast luminescence measurements... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.9. Ultrafast luminescence recorded... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers Figure 5.10. Ultrafast luminescence... of ultrafast luminescence measurements with iridium complexes can therefore provide a straight... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers 5.8 Conclusions The results presented... Modification on Ultrafast Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers 5.9 References [1] W. Bentley, http://commons... Dynamics in Iridium Dendrimers 132 6 Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex... piece of work. 133 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex 6.2 Intersystem... Iridium Complex The material chosen for the study of ISC in iridium complexes was the homoleptic compound tris(1-phenylisoquinoline)iridium(III... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.4. Ultrafast luminescence measurement... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.5. Ultrafast luminescence kinetics... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.6. Ultrafast luminescence at... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.7. Ultrafast luminescence kinetics... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.8. Ultrafast luminescence kinetics... in iridium complexes comprises a mixture of the 5d orbital from the iridium... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex Figure 6.14. Schematic representation... Iridium Complex 6.7 Conclusions Observation of the ultrafast photophysical processes in the iridium... 6. Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in an Iridium Complex 6.8 References [1] L.S. Forster, Coordination Chemistry... Iridium Complex 158 7 Intramolecular Vibrational Redistribution Controls Internal Conversion in an Iridium... red emitting heteroleptic iridium complex bis(2-(9,9-dibutylfluorenyl)-1- isoquinoline(acetylacetonate) iridium (III), denoted... an Iridium Complex Figure 7.4. Chemical structure of bis(2-(9,9-dibutylfluorenyl)-1isoquinoline(acetylacetonate) iridium... Controls Internal Conversion in an Iridium Complex 7.5.3 Decay Associated Fluorescence Spectra... Controls Internal Conversion in an Iridium Complex 7.8 References [1] R. Englman and J. Jortner... of iridium complexes. In the ultrafast dynamics observed in different iridium complexes...