Спутник связи. JCSAT 12. [Редактировать]

Спутник имеет 30 активных Ku и 12 транспондеров С-диапазона для охвата Японии, Азиатско-Тихоокеанского региона и Гавайских островов. Точка стояния 150Е, запуск намечен на 18 августа, ракетоносителем "Ariane 5" с космодрома Куру во французской Гвиане, совместно с Австралийским спутником Optus D3. Спутник запускается взамен утраченного в результате аварии ракеты-носителя "Протон-М" спутника "JCSAT-11". Российская ракета-носитель "Протон-М" с японским телекоммуникационным спутником "JCSAT-11" стартовала с космодрома "Байконур" 6 сентября 2007 г в 02:43 мск. На 135 секунде полета на высоте 76 км произошло аварийное выключение двигателя 2-й ступени, и остатки РН "Протон" упали в безлюдном районе в 50 км юго-западнее Джезказгана (Казахстан).

Дополнительные наименования

#НаименованияПоиск в новостяхПоиск в документах
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Дополнительная классификация

#Наименования
1Страна оператор(владелец) - Япония
2Тип оператора(владельца) - коммерческий
3Тип орбиты - ГСО
4Страна производитель - США
5Все спутники связи

Технические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Масса, кг4000
2Платформа 1xA2100AXS
3Количество (Ku-стволов), шт.30
4Количество (C стволов), шт.12
5Мощность, Вт8400

Характеристики орбиты

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Наклонение, град0.1
2Апогей, км35799.0
3Перигей, км35789.5
4Период, минут1436.1
5САС, год15
6Длинный диаметр эллипса, км42165

Пусковые характеристики

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Код NSSDC2009-044A

Экономические характеристики

#ХарактеристикаДата измеренияЗначение
1Оператор SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation
2Производитель Lockheed Martin
3Срок (производства), месяц23

Информация об удачном запуске

#ХарактеристикаЗначение
1Космодром Космодром Куру
2Дата пуска2009-08-21 at 22:09:00 UTC
3Полезная нагрузка 1xJCSAT 12
4Полезная нагрузка 1xOptus D3
5Ракета-носитель 1xАриан 5 ECA

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... Identified Primary Payloads. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch Demand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Figure 9. Comparison of Annual Forecasts... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... Forecast GSO Launch Actual •2• 55.8 12.4 30.1 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... (including dual-manifested addressable + unaddressable) • 12 • Satellites 2014 Commercial Space Transportation... 8 JCSAT 15 JCSAT 16 Palapa E Intelsat 36 8 DM Sicral 2 DM Thor 7 Amos 6 JCSAT... Model Apstar 6 APT Long March 4/12/2005 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat.../2012 TAS Spacebus 4000 Chinasat 12 China Satcom Long March 11... classes, with an average of 12.4 medium-toheavy vehicle launches per... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation; emerging commercial... annually. Number of Launches Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne ORBCOMM... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at freqencies below 1GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems System/ Operator ORBCOMM... and its crewmembers. 2002 Planned 12- to 30-satellite system, with... 9 vehicles in 2014. Between 8 and 12 satellites will be launched in... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... LauncherOne SkySat-14 LauncherOne SkySat-12 LauncherOne SkySat-15 LauncherOne • 47... Development CICERO GeoOptics TBD CICERO 1-12 TBD TBD TBD 2017 Deimos... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD OmniEarth OmniEarth... support its initial constellation of 12 satellites, and the successful launch... a service life of up to 12 years. DigitalGlobe’s two other satellites... current plan is to launch 12 satellites by • 53 • Federal Aviation... Space Station (ISS) on January 12. Once attached to the ISS... also planned before the company’s 12-satellite polarorbiting constellation begins deploying... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... application of a forecasting method projects 12 launches for an average of... 3 (3%) PSLV 10 (11%) M-V Atlas V 11 (12%) 3 (3%) Taurus 1 (2%) 201 1 (2%) Delta II Cubesats... 19 20 17 13 12 10 12 10 12 14 1.4 Total Satellites Total... place on small vehicles and 12.4 launches on medium-to-heavy... Atlas II AMC 1 Atlas II JCSat 3 Atlas II Hot Bird 2 Atlas... Ariane 4 PAS 7 Ariane 4 Orion 2 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 Satmex 5 Ariane 4 Telkom Ariane... II Intelsat 806 Atlas II JCSat 6 Atlas II DirecTV 6 Atlas II... 4 Proton K/DM LMI 1 Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Atlas II PAS 8 Proton K/DM... 2001 2002 Total Launches 20 12 20 Total Satellites 24 14... Ariane 4 DM1 Insat 3C Ariane 4 JCSat 8 Ariane 4 Europe*Star 1 Ariane 4 DM2...) 2003 200 4 2005 Total Launches 12 13 15 Total Satellites 15... 5 Intelsat 907 4 4 Amazonas Proton M AMC 12 Proton M Ariane 5 Eutelsat W3A Proton... Galaxy 15 Ariane 5 DM1 Galaxy 12 Ariane 5 Amos 2 Galaxy 14 Soyuz... 2007 2008 Total Launches 15 12 18 Total Satellites 19 18... 4 Proton M Galaxy 18 Sea Launch JCSat 9 Sea Launch Galaxy 19 Sea... 5 DM1 Turksat 3A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10 Ariane 5 DM1 Insat 4B... Vinasat Arabsat 4B Proton M Proton M JCSat 11 Ariane 5 DM4 StarOne C2... Eutelsat W3B Ariane 5 DM2 NSS 12 Ariane 5 Arabsat 5B Proton M Quetzsat... Atlas V Echostar 15 Proton M DirecTV 12 Proton M KA-Sat Proton M Eutelsat... kg (5,510 - 9,260 lbm) 6 DM4 JCSat 12 Ariane 5 DM5 Hylas Ariane 5 DM2...) (Continued) 2012 2013 Total Launches 12 13 Total Satellites 21 16...) 5 1 DM4 Eutelsat 21B Ariane 5 DM1 JCSAT 13 Ariane 5 Skynet 5D Ariane... Chinasat 1A LM-3B Chinasat 12 Express MD2 Luch 5B Telkom... Express AM4 DMA Kazsat 2 GSAT 12 LM-3B Proton M Proton M Proton... 51 Payloads Commercial Telecommunication 2 0 0 8 6 2 6 14 1 12 Commercial Remote Sensing 0 1 1 3 8 1 1 2 0 8 25 Commercial... Vehicles 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 8 41 Small Vehicles 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 2 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 10 Total Satellites Total...) Summary Market Segment 28 Satellites 12 Telecommunication 8 Remote Sensing 2 Transportation 6 Other... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium...-to-Heavy Telecommunication 7/13/11 12/28/11 Remote Sensing Other Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2013) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other... Sensing 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 TerraSAR-X WorldView 1 RADARSAT.../07 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Test and Demo 5 Satellites... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...-Heavy Small Test and Demo 7/12/06 Genesis 1 Soyuz 2 1B Medium... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Mass Classes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Dual-Manifesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term Demand Forecast. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14... Identified Primary Payloads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Table 13... in Satellite Mass Class Distribution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Figure 8. Dual Manifesting and Launch... and Vehicle Size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Figure 12. Commercial NGSO Launch History and... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... NGSO launches per year. Only 12 percent (approximately 5 launches per year... 2019 2020 2021 2022 6 2 3 5 8 7 3 10 12 11 12 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 91 9.1 40% 4 4 10 5 8 2 4 6 5 1 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 46... satellites for ABS and Satmex. • 12 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation Forecasts... 5 Falcon 9 Falcon 9 Amos 6 Eutelsat 8WB JCSAT 14 Satellite TBD* 11 DTV... NGSO launchers per year. Only 12 percent of these launches (approximately... Test and Demo 2% Commercial Telecommunications 12% • 35 • Medium-to-Heavy Launch... launch market. Telecommunications satellites comprise 12 percent of the launch market... the previous decade (see Figure 12). Commercial space transportation and telecommunications... 18! 16! 14! 10! 16! 8! 12! 6! 4! 2! 0! 4! 2! 3! 5! 10! 8! 5! 3! 17! 14! 16! 13... ! 20 21 ! 20 22 ! Launches! 12! • 36 • 2013 Commercial Space Transportation... Plans 5! 3! 4! 2! 4! 3! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2! 2! 1! 2013 0! 20 11 ! 20 12 ! 20 13 ! 20 14 ! 20... Narrowband LEO systems (see Table 12) operate at frequencies below 1 GHz... satellites currently on orbit. Table 12. Narrowband Systems Satellites System/ Operator... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system, depending on funding... satellites before 2019 to maintain a 12-satellite constellation. This includes two... 16 communications satellites for O3b; 12 are currently under construction. O3b...” with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a/ GeoEye) 8/12/2004 License originally issued to.... for OrbView-5, now GeoEye-1. Technica 12/8/2005 License issued for four... Dove-4. California Polytechnic State University 12/4/2012 License issued for operation... 1999 PlanetIQ PlanetIQ TBD PlanetIQ 1-12 75 (165) N/A N/A TBD QuickBird DigitalGlobe... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... CRS 2008 $1.6 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... near term (2013-2016) includes 12 manifested basic and applied scientific... application of a forecasting method projects 12 basic and applied scientific research... Projected Launch Plans 7! 6! Launches! 5! 4! 3! 6! 6! 6! 5! 3! 1! 1! 11 ! 12 2! 2! 2! 2! ! 3! 2! 22 3! 21 3! 2! ! 3! 1! 4! 20 4! ! 2! 2! ASNARO 1 - Dnepr...: 5% Minotaur 1: 4% Long March: 6% NANOSATELLITES Cosmos: 12% • 68 • M-V: 2% Minotaur IV: 2% Minotaur 1: 4% Long... and Demonstration 16! 14! Launches! 12! 10! 8! 6! 4! 2! 0! 2013! 2014! 2015! 2016... 15 28 32 20 0 0 0 0 0 120 12.0 Commercial Remote Sensing 1 2 3 2 5 3 0 1 0 0 17 1.7 Commercial... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 Asiasat 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... 803 Ariane 4 Intelsat 804 Ariane 4 JCSat 5 Ariane 4 PAS 6 Ariane 4 DM4 Sirius... 3B Galaxy 8i Proton K/DM JCSat 4 Superbird C Agila II APStar 2R... 2 Telkom Telstar 7 Echostar 5 Eutelsat W3 JCSat 6 Asiasat 3S Astra 1H LMI... Galaxy 3C 11 Insat 3C JCSat 8 Atlantic Bird 1 Hotbird 7 Stellat 5 Hispasat... Ariane 5 DM3 e-Bird 1 DM1 Galaxy 12 Amos 2 Ariane 4 Ariane 5 Atlas V Sea... 16 JCSat 9 Koreasat 5 XM 4 6 Ariane 5 DM1 Hotbird 7A Ariane 5 DMU JCSat 10... 5 DM5 Star One C1 Proton M JCSat 11 Proton M 4 Ariane 5 DM3 Bsat... Amazonas 2 DM2 NSS 12 Terrestar 1 Intelsat 14 DirecTV 12 Eutelsat W2A Eutelsat... 2 DM3 Hotbird 10 Nimiq 5 9 DM4 JCSat 12 DM1 Satcom BW1 DM2 Thor...) (Continued) 2011 2012 Total Launches 12 12 Total Satellites 15 21 Over... 21 5 DM4 Eutelsat 21B DM1 JCSAT 13 DM5 Skynet 5D Nimiq... 1 1 3 6 3 1 2 0 18 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 8 7 7 3 13 6 7 6 4 1 62 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 4 9 9 8 5 25 19 12 15 20 4 126 Medium-to... Vehicles 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 3 3 33 Small Vehicles 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 0 0 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 3 3 Payloads Total Satellites Total... ORBCOMM OG2-011 Transportation 5/22/12 10/7/12 Dragon COTS Demo 2/3 Dragon...-Heavy Medium-to-Heavy Other 12/19/12 Gökturk 2 LM 2D Medium... Remote Sensing Globalstar 2nd Gen. 7-12 AprizeStar 5-62 Globalstar 2nd Gen... Falcon 9 Medium-to-Heavy Transportation 12/8/10 Dragon COTS Demo 1 Falcon...-2012) (Continued) Summary Market Segment 12 Satellites 2 Telecommunication 3 Remote Sensing 7 Other...-Heavy 6/7/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Egyptsat SaudiComsat 3-7 Saudisat 3 AGILE... 1 Small Other 7/28/06 12/27/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot...



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... F F F F G 11.50 E I 11.80 E RUS 12.00 E RUS RUS RUS RUS...-KU2-E-13E GENESIS-11 GENESIS-12 EUTELSAT-KA-13E F-SAT-KA... STATSIONAR-23 VOLNA 23 GALS-12 COSPAR Int. Satellite Name Designation....0 E 13.0 E 13.0 E 13.2 E 14.5 E C1.12 C1.13 C1.14 C1....8 E 31.2 E 31.0 E 31.4 E 31.5 E C2.12 C2.13 C1.38 C2... 2C2.10 2009-058A NSS 12 57.0 E C1.66 1997-049B... 2C2.11 C1.77 2C2.12 2013-062A Raduga-1M 70... 6, i=0.4 GSAT-10 Insat 4A GSAT-12 IRNSS-R1C 81.9 E 83.0 E 83...-035B 2012-067A Kazsat-2 Zhongxing 12 86.5 E 87.5 E C1.98 C1....5 MEASAT-1R MEASAT-1R USMB-12 USCID-A5 SINOSAT-92.2E... 1, i=1.1 122.9 E C2.45 2012-023A JCSAT 13 124.0 E C1.137 2010... (Adv. Orion 1), i=12.6 126.9 E 2C2.21 2008-044A JCSAT-12(JCSAT-RA) 127.9 E C1.140 2006-033A JCSAT 3A 128...-2 FY-2C FY-2CS JCSAT-FO-124E JCSAT-3B SJC-1 N-SAT-124E... J JCSAT-T-127.5E N-SAT-128 TOR-6M JCSAT-FO-128E VOLNA 9 TOR-6 JCSAT... N-STAR-F VINASAT-TTC VINASAT-4A3 JCSAT-FO-132E N-SAT-M-132E APSTAR... D-STAR-2 N-STAR-B N-STAR-B2 N-STAR-E JCSAT-FO-136E APSTAR-5-KU CHINASAT... MEASAT-2 JCSAT-1 USGCSS PH3B W PAC-3 JCSAT-FO-150E N-SAT-M-150E JCSAT-1R COSPAR... 131.9 E C1.145 2006-010A JCSAT 9 132.0 E C1.146 2005-012A...-075A 2000-001A Measat 2, i=6.0 148.1 E JCSAT 5, i=3.9 150.0 E USA 148 (DSCS III... USGAE-9R AUSSAT B 152E JCSAT-2 JCSAT-FO-154E JCSAT-2R AUSSAT B 156E MOB... W PAC USGCSS PH3B W PAC USGOVSAT-12 CTDRS-2-176.8E INTELSAT7 177E... 1 Spaceway 1 AMSC-1, i=8.8 DirecTV-10 DirecTV-12 SkyTerra 1 DirecTV-4S DirecTV 9S... 1C 2003-021A AMC-9 (GE-12) 84.0 W 84.0 W 83.0 W C1.239... Radio 3 (Rhytm) AMC-16 Page 12 Nominal Admin. Longitude 55.50... 1994-084A 1998-014A TDRS 12, i=6.8 USA 107 (DSP F17), i=13... 2005-003A Telstar 11N AMC-12 37.6 W 37.4 W C1.274 C1... W 13.50 W 13.00 W 12.50 W 12.00 W 11.00 W 10.00...-077A USA 46 (FLTSATCOM F8)i=12.4 15.6 W 2C2.53 1996-053A....54 2002-040A Atlantic Bird 1 12.5 W C1.289 2009-068A USA 211 (WGS SV-3),i=0.1 12.0 W 2C1.9 2009-007A Ekspress AM...-E2 USLL-ATL2 EUTELSAT 3-12.5W F-SAT-KU2-E-12.5 USGCSS PH3B ATL...



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... and fourth stages and the JCSAT-11 payload, impacted about 50.... JSAT Corporation’s (Japan) $200-million JCSAT-11spacecraft, lost as a result of... carried 40 Ku-band and 12 C-band transponders for AsiaPacific service... Lockheed Martin for a replacement satellite, JCSAT-12, and on 19 September contracted... (France) for a mid-2009 launch. JCSAT-11 and its launch were... last year’s GSLV failure. Its 12 Ku-band transponders are delivering... Sweden will also negotiate the 12 technology-export approvals for exporting...-yet undisclosed spaceport, climb to 12 km altitude on jet-engine.... The replacement satellite, named NSS-12 and being built on SS... Industry granted provisional licenses for 12 new geostationary-orbit slots. Three... an extended Ku-band and a 12-GHz band. The first services... and Italy) for payloads requiring 12 – 18 kW. ESA’s telecommunications budget... (ISRO), Insat-4B carries 12 C-band and 12 Ku-band transponders, and... 350 per month, and has 12 BGAN distributors worldwide, including the... river basins worldwide, released on 12 December 2006, showed significant drying... the network no more than $12-$25 million each, not only... Word and Excel, spent his 12-day ISS tour participating in... spacecraft, and arrived uneventfully on 12 October. The vehicle carried new... Administrator Michael Griffin stated on 12 April that this agreement with... and recovered in January after 12 days in orbit (see below... NASA’s Extreme Environment Mission Operations 12 (NEEMO-12) took place on 7–18..., is Cross-Scale, a constellation of 12 satellites to measure plasma characteristics... a 30bar cesium-iodine mini-calorimeter, a 12-layer silicon-tungsten tracker, an... rovers, so Phoenix will use 12 hydrazine-powered rocket engines, built... capability from 10 tonnes to 12 60 tonnes. Funding is being... ramjet (scramjet) engine mounted atop a 12.7-m long Terrier-Orion sounding rocket...-oxygen prototype rocket engine from 12 to 21 December 2006. Technology... ASTRO on 4 April, and on 12 April ASTRO transferred a battery to..., and Astro will follow in 12 to 15 years. The success... UK satellite test facilities on 12 October following an 18-month.... The mission, which lasted for 12 days and was recovered on... rocket detected only the normal 12-piece ejection of graphite-epoxy... auxiliary engine on a Russian SL-12 missile exploded over Finland, and... manufacturing sales in 2006 were $12 billion, up over 50%, and... closed on 30 March. On 12 March SES also transferred to...) two of its spacecraft, AMC-12/Astra-4A, now renamed NSS... Satellite Systems AB (Sweden) on 12 July for $56 million in... of dwindling revenues more than 12,500 employees worldwide were let... a lunar orbiter that will fire 12 penetrators across diverse regions of..., and others) will grow at 12 percent in 2007, contributing a combined... satellites orbit the Earth every 12 hours, emitting continuous navigation signals...



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... DEMAND FORECAST RESULTS . . . . . . . 12 Near-Term Demand Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Satellite Launch Forecast... 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term Manifest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Table 5. Trends in GSO Satellite... NGSO Payload Manifest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Table 12. Narrowband Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 Table 13... Launch Industry Components. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Figure 12. Number of Payloads Seeking Launch... AMOS 6 Astra 5B Intelsat-28 JCSAT 13 Measat 3B Sicral 2 Skynet... Proton M Ariane 5 Proton M Proton M Proton M • 12 • ABS-2 Amazonas 3 DTV 14 Eurobird... 15 10 5 20 11 20 12 20 13 20 14 20..., Arianespace launched 6 Ariane 5 vehicles, orbiting 12 commercial satellites destined for GSO... capable of placing a 5,850-kilogram (12,897-pound) satellite into GTO... lift capacity of 5,500 kilograms (12,125 pounds) to GTO. The... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 ASIASAT 2 EchoStar 1 4 DM1 Brazilsat... Launches 24 19 18 20 12 Total Satellites 28 23 19... JCSat 5 PAS 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i JCSat... IIAS Intelsat 806A Atlas IIAS JCSat 6 Atlas IIAS Eutelsat W4 Atlas... 2005 2006 Total Launches 20 12 13 15 15 Total Satellites... 1 DMN Hotbird 7 Insat 3C DM1 JCSat 8 DM2 Stellat 5 Echostar 7 Hispasat 1D... 44L Eutelsat W3A Proton M/M AMC-12 Ariane 5G Amazonas Proton M/M Anik... Measat 3 Proton M/M Echostar X Sea Launch JCSat 9 Sea Launch Galaxy 16 Sea... M/M DM2 Thaicom 5 Ariane 5ECA DMN JCSat 10 Ariane 5ECA Arabsat 4A... 2008 2009 2010 Total Launches 12 18 18 14 Total Satellites... DM1 Amazonas 2 Proton M DM2 NSS-12 Intelsat 14 Eutelsat W7 DirecTV 12 4,200 - 5,400 kg 6 8 2 (9,260 - 11,... Vinasat Ariane 5G Sicral 1B JCSat 11 Proton M/M DM2 Protostar 1 Ariane... Turksat 3A Ariane 5G DM4 JCSat 12 DM4 StarOne C2 Ariane 5G... small launches remains unchanged. Figure 12 depicts the distribution of the... Other Payloads Launched Commercially Figure 12. Number of Payloads Seeking Launch... 18   Forecast 16   Launches   14   12   10   8   6   4   2020   2019   2018   2017... - Dnepr Total Payloads 37 33 12 11 Total Launches 11 13 16 12 FAA Launch Realization Factor 6-8 8-10... segment. Narrowband LEO systems (Table 12) operate at frequencies below 1 GHz..., AprizeStar (LatinSat), under deployment. Table 12. Narrowband Systems Satellites System/ Operator... (22) LEO • 47 • 2002 Planned 12-satellite system, with intermittent launches... Satellite, Inc. plans to deploy a 12-satellite system depending on funding... for commercial SAR system. DigitalGlobe 12/6/00 First licenses issued to... operators for 0.5-meter resolution. DigitalGlobe 12/14/00 QuickBird follow-on... with 0.5-meter resolution. ORBIMAGE (d/b/a GeoEye) 8/12/04 Originally issued to ORBIMAGE... GeoEye-1 (907 kg). Remarks Technica 12/8/05 Planned four-satellite EagleEye... CRS 2008 $1.5 billion SpaceX Dragon (12 flights) CRS 2008 $1.9 billion Orbital... a contract valued at $1.6 billion for 12 flights through 2015, and Orbital... 2020. 18 16 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2011 2012 2013 2014....1 Small Vehicles 0 2 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 19 1.9 11 13 12 11 17 17 15 11 12 11 130 13.0 Total Launches • ... LEO) 18 16 Launches 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2011 2012 2013 2014... 2 2 1 1 0 2 10 4 2 7 31 Small Vehicles 2 2 3 1 3 3 2 6 3 1 26 4 4 4 2 3 5 12 10 5 8 57 Total Launches *Includes...-to-Heavy 11/5/10 Transportation 12/8/10 2009 11 Satellites 2 Telecommunication... 3 Remote Sensing 14 Science & Engineering 12 Launches 10 Medium-to-Heavy... Sensing 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 TerraSAR-X WorldView 1 RADARSAT... 6/28/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 F Launch Failure 1 Picard deployed... & Engineering 7/28/06 12/27/06 7/12/06 12/19/06 Kompsat 2 Corot... Small Science & Engineering 3/17/02 12/20/02 GRACE (2 Sats) SaudiSat...



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... Demand Forecast Results . . . . . . . .12 Near-Term Demand Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Satellite Launch Forecast... 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term Manifest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12 Table 5. Trends in GSO Satellite... Remote Sensing Licenses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Table 12. Commercial Satellite Remote Sensing Systems... Mass per Satellite . . . . . . . . . . 28 Figure 12. NGSO Launch Industry Map. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36... 50 19 14 33 19 12 31 19 11 30 207... 15.7 9.1 2.8 27.6 LAUNCH DEMAND 16 12 2 30 14 11 2 27 Table... 4. Commercial GSO Near-Term Manifest • 12 • 11 TBD Falcon 9 TBD TBD... 3R Intelsat 704 Intelsat 705 JCSat 3 APStar 2 ASIASAT 2 EchoStar 1 9 Ariane 44L... JCSat 5 PAS 6 DM4 Sirius 2 DM2 Thaicom 3 AMC 3 DirecTV 6 EchoStar 3 Galaxy 8i JCSat... IIAS Eutelsat W3 Atlas IIAS JCSat 6 Delta III Asiasat 3S Proton... 2002 2003 2004 2005 12 14 0 20 22 0 12 15 0 13 13... Proton K/DM Hotbird 7 Insat 3C JCSat 8 Stellat 5 Echostar 7 Hispasat 1D Hotbird... been competitively bid. • 32 • AMC-12 Anik F1R AMC-23 XM... 2007 2008 2009 15 19 2 12 18 3 18 23 5 18 22... Astra 1KR Hotbird 8 Measat 3 Echostar X JCSat 9 Galaxy 16 Koreasat 5 XM-4 Atlas...) DM1 Spainsat DM2 Thaicom 5 DMN JCSat 10 Arabsat 4A Arabsat 4B... 17 Star One C1 RASCOM 1 JCSat 11 DM3 DM4 DM4 DM6... 1B Protostar II Asiasat 5 DM4 JCSat 12 Palapa D Intelsat 15 5ECA 5G... Terrestar 1 DM1 Amazonas 2 DM2 NSS-12 Intelsat 14 Eutelsat W7 DirecTV 12 8 Ariane 5ECA DM1 Skynet 5C ... industry is depicted in Figure 12. Demand for commercial space launch... • Orbital Sciences • Sea Launch Figure 12. NGSO Launch Industry Map S at... Forecasts: FAA NGSO Forecast Figure 12 does not depict government regulators... Telecommunications Big LEO Telecommunications 17 6% 4 3% 12 10% 6 5% Broadband Telecommunications 13 11... systems. Historical 16 Forecast 14 12 10 8 6 4 Figure 14. Commercial NGSO... 1/23/1995 11/21/2000 12/6/2000 12/14/2000 6/17/2003... 9/29/2003 2/20/2004 8/12/2004 12/8/2005 1/10/2006 8/24/2009... systems is provided in Table 12. System Operator Manufacturer Satellites Mass... RapidEye 1-5 150 (330) 6.5 2008 Table 12. Commercial Satellite Remote Sensing Systems... ISS. The SpaceX contract includes 12 flights that will contain a combination... Forecast 2009 Forecast 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2010 2011 2012 2013... 7 6 0 27 0 4 44 6 2 0 18 0 4 30 7 3 0 0 0 4 14 8 0 0 0 0 4 12 7 0 0 0 0 4 11 74 17 18 96 16 41 262 7.4 1.7 1.8 9.6 1.6 4.1 26.2 12 2 14 11 2 13 8 3 11 6 2 8 6 2 8 95 28 123 9.5 2.8 12.3 LAUNCH DEMAND Medium-to-Heavy... Vehicles Total Launches 11 3 14 8 4 12 9 4 13 11 4 15 13 2 15... LEO Telecommunications Big LEO Telecommunications 4 3% 12 10% 6 5% 13 11% Broadband Telecommunications... kg LEO) 16 14 Launches 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2010 2011 2012 2013... Total 20 2 6 0 0 0 28 23 11 0 12 4 41 91 Table 18. Distribution... Market Sectors • 66 • 43 13 6 12 4 41 119 2018 2019 2010... 24 22 Total Launches 14 12 11 14 FAA Launch Realization... Launches 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 2 8 5 13 9 10 19 2 2 4 2 2 4 1 3 4 1 1 2 0 3 3 2 3 5 10 2 12 4 6 10 2 3 5 59 53 112 SATELLITES... Remote Sensing Int’l Science Other 12 Launches Big LEO Remote Sensing.../07 6/15/07 9/18/07 12/14/07 4/17/07 4/23... 6/28/07 7/2/07 11/1/07 12/8/07 Remote Sensing 4/25/06 International Science 7/28/06 Kompsat 2 12/27/06 Corot Rockot Soyuz... Medium-to-Heavy Other 7/12/06 Genesis 1 12/19/06 SAR Lupe.../02 6/20/02 Little LEO 12/20/02 LatinSat (2 sats)** Dnepr... 3/17/02 GRACE (2 sats) Rockot 12/20/02 SaudiSat 1C Dnepr...-Heavy 11/21/00 QuickBird 1 12/5/00 EROS A1 CosmosF START...-to-Heavy Big LEO 2/8/00 3/12/00 Remote Sensing International Science... Soyuz Soyuz Soyuz Little LEO 12/4/99 ORBCOMM (7 sats) Pegasus Remote...-Heavy 7 Small Formosat 1 UoSat 12 Abrixas MegSat 0 12/21/99 Kompsat Small... 9/8/98 9/10/98 11/6/98 12/19/98 Iridium (5 sats) Iridium (2 sats) Iridium (5 sats) Globalstar (12 sats) Iridium (5 sats) Iridium (2 sats.../97 9/26/97 11/8/97 12/8/97 12/20/97 Little LEO 12/23/97 ORBCOMM (8 sats) Pegasus Small Remote Sensing 8/1/97 OrbView 2 12/24/97 EarlyBird 1 Pegasus START...



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... 1-8, i=1.60 11.84E 11.53E 12.15E Dec 2011 Dec 2011... E 9.00 E 10.00 E 11.80 E 12.00 E Adm F USA RUS RUS...-KU2-E-13E TOR-12M GALS-12 VOLNA-23 STATSIONAR-23 EUTELSAT....09E 13.11E 13.19E 12.80E Dec 2011 Dec 2011... 1993-076A AMC 14, i=15.12 NATO IV B, USA98, i=8.97 33... Jan 2012 2009-058A NSS 12 57.04E Dec 2011 1997... Insat 4A Insat 3B GSat-12 Insat 2E 2010-024A Beidou... Dec 2011 1995-035B TDRS 7, i=12.82 5 drifting in L 80.02E... 91.5 MEASAT-91.2E USMB-12 USCSID-A5 CHNBSAT-92.2E...-042A USA 20,(FLTSATC. F7)i=12.73 Asiasat 5 99.41E Jan...-021A 2011-026A Sinosat 1 Beidou 3, i=1.12 ZX-10 110.32E 110...-2 FY-2C FY-2CS JCSAT-FO-124E JCSAT-3B SJC-1 STW-1 DFH...-49 CHINASAT-MSB5 THAICOM-C2 JCSAT-T-127.5E STATSIONAR-D6 GALS...-6M STATSIONAR-15 JCSAT-FO-128E VOLNA -9 TOR-6 JCSAT-3A COMS-128...-5 DFH-3A-OD CHINASAT-4 APSTAR-1 JCSAT-FO-132E D-STAR-1 N-STAR-A N-STAR...-134E TONGASAT C/KU-2 TONGASAT AP-2 JCSAT-FO-136E D-STAR-2 N-STAR-B N-STAR...-033A JCSAT 10 (JCSat 3A) 128.01E Dec 2011 2009-044A JCSAT 12 (JCSAT-RA....09E Dec 2011 2006-010A JCSAT 9 132.08E Dec 2011 2008... MEASAT-2 MEASAT 148E JCSAT-1 USGCSS PH3B W PAC-3 JCSAT-1R JCSAT-FO-150E PALAPA... USGAE-9R INTERSPUTNIK-153.5EO JCSAT-2 JCSAT-2R JCSAT-FO-154E AUSSAT B 156E... W PAC USGCSS PH3B W PAC USGOVSAT-12 INTELSAT7 177E MILSTAR 14 USGAE....14 USA 39(DSP F14), i=12.52 1991-018A 1990-093A... 2003-013B 2005-041A Galaxy 12 moving to 129W from 133W...-031B Ciel 2 128.85W Galaxy 12 moving to 129W from 133W... AMC-18 GOES 14 Gstar 1, i=12.52 USA 114(UFO F6), i=6.35 GE 1 Spaceway 1 DirecTV 12 DirecTV 10 AMSC-1, i=5.85 Solar...-024A Brasilsat B4 AMC-9 (GE-12) 83.97W 83.02W Dec... Bolivar 77.99W Dec 2011 12 77.00 W USA USASAT-24O...-006A 2000-043A Amazonas GOES 12. i=1.02 Intelsat IS-16 PAS...-009A 2005-003A Telstar11N AMC 12 37.57W 37.38W Dec... W USA USA USA USA 12.50 W USA F F 12.00 W USA USA USA...-4 USLL-ATL2 EUTELSAT 3-12.5W F-SAT-KU2-E-12.5W USGCSS PH3B ATL... F3) Atlantic Bird 1 11.96W 12.44W Jan 2012 Dec 2011...



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... For FSS earth stations with 12.5m diameter (57 dBi)  and... of values ............................................................................................................... 10  4  COMPATIBILITY STUDIES...................................................................................................................... 12  4.1  Compatibility between UWB airborne and Radars in 3.1-3.4 GHz ................................................. 12  4.1.1  Radar characteristics ............................................................................................................. 12  4.1.2  UWB characteristics .............................................................................................................. 12  4.1.3  Methodology .......................................................................................................................... 13  4.1.4  Results... the amended ECC Decision (06)12 [7] (or in the new ECC... information from the Boeing report [12], and the ECC Report 093... seat. A report developed by Boeing [12] provides a mean value of +17... on 1.8 GHz in Boeing report [12] where transmitters were placed at... pattern from the Boeing report [12] cannot be used for any... considered. ECC REPORT 175 – Page 12 4 COMPATIBILITY STUDIES 4.1 COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN UWB...) 1.2 120 RR Appendix-8 (WRC-07) 12.5 150 31.5 10.7 FSS in....736 57.61 -136.8 -149 12.1 27.52 - 4.5 43 20 27....323 20 -137.8 -151.3 13.5 12.55 - 1.2 31.5 40 11.924... 17.323 20 -140.1 -127.6 -12.5 0.81 1.7 9 49.2 40 11.924... 8.384 13.05 -140.1 -127.6 -12.5 0.53 1.1 6 45.5 60 5.772 11... of interference exceedance in seconds 12.5 57.0 10 56.64 57.52 -136.8 -140.8 3.9 ― ― 12.5 57.0 20 27.44 29.20 -136.8 -134.9 -1.9 1.41 1.13 12.5 57.0 30 17.30 19.98 -136.8 -131.6 -5.2 0.66 0.87 12.5 57.0 40 11.90 15.54 -136.8 -129.4 -7.4 0.40 0.63 12.5 57.0 50 8.38 13.04 -136.8 -127.9 -8.9 0.28 0.48 12.5 57.0 60 5.77 11.53... of interference exceedance in seconds 12.5 57.0 10 28.72 28.72 -136.8 -134.8 -2.1 2.73 2.29 12.5 57.0 20 14.58 14.58 -136.8 -128.9 -8.0 0.70 1.14 12.5 57.0 30 9.98 9.98 -136.8 -125.6 -11.3 0.33 0.64 12.5 57.0 40 7.76 7.76 -136.8 -123.4 -13.5 0.20 0.42 12.5 57.0 50 6.51 6.51 -136.8 -121.9 -15.0 0.14 0.32 12.5 57.0 60 5.76 5.76 -136... from 16dB to 2.1dB for 12.5 m FSS earth station antenna at... given in Tables 12 and 13 respectively. Table 12: Aggregate interference duration... from 16dB to 2.1dB for 12.5 m FSS earth station antenna at... 57.52 -136.8 -147.8 10.9 12.70 ― 5 50.0 20 27.44... For FSS earth stations with 12.5m diameter (57 dBi)  and... report The Boeing measurement campaign [12] took place in 2004. The... figure 3.4 - annex 2 of the report [12]) appears to range from 13dB... MIN 6,8dB AVERAGE 14dB Figure 12: Attenuation depending on the locations...] and the report from Boeing [12] provide empirical evidence that the... which gives a 17.3dB value [12]. It can be concluded from... 90E Yamal 201 133W Galaxy 12 47W NSS 703 17E Asiasat... 2 128E JCsat 3A 97W Galaxy 19 55E Intelsat 709 128E JCsat 12 95W Galaxy 3C 55E Insat 3E 132E JCsat 5A 93W Galaxy 25 57E NSS 12 132E Vinasat... 2 68.5E Intelsat 10 154E JCsat 2A 79W Satcom C3 2 *(Additionally... 6: LIST OF REFERENCES [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17... to 8.5 GHz ECC Decision (06)12: UWB devices using mitigation techniques...



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... Simons Dr. Ray Williamson 11 12 Executive Summary Trend 1.1: Amount of... of the Iridium communications constellation.12 This LEO constellation provides global... ullage motor from a Russian SL-12 rocket, object 1991-025F, which... the Minotaur IV launch rocket.12 The Canadian military’s Sapphire 47... or to aircraft in flight.”12 When a launching state causes damage... introduced to the CD on 12 February 2008. China’s Foreign Minister... the Conference on Disarmament on 12 August 2009 and also called... successfully tested a missile interceptor on 12 January 2010.86 The Chinese... CD, launches consultation process On 12 February 2009, the European Union... ESA’s 18th Member State on 12 November 2008. Civil space activities... Security 2010 Human spaceflight On 12 April 1961 Yuri Gagarin became... 24 provide commercial services and 12 perform civil government or military missions.12 The shape of the commercial... generally quote premiums more than 12 months prior to a scheduled launch...’s Internet and other computer networks,12 as discussed below. In response... orbit and conducting inspections through a 12-km telescope. It will also... USSR 1963-1972, 1976-1982 12? Conventional explosives launched into orbit... for Laser Space Technology development.12 Other larger classified budgetary programs...; visibility near apogee can exceed 12 hours. These elliptical orbits are...,360 (M+) 22,560 (H) 4,300 (M) 8,670 (M+) 12,980 (H) Falcon-1 2008 2/5 Omelek Island... 6/9 VAFB 1,275 445 Dnepr 1999 12/13 3,700 N/A Russia 1 Baikonur, Dombarovskiy... 21,000 5,500 Rockot 1994 12/14 Baikonur, Plesetsk 1,850 N/A Soyuz... Sites LEO kg GTO kg 12,030 N/A ? ? 100 N/A 100? N/A N/A 6,100 N/A 3,750...-044A 8/21/2009 JCSat RA (JCSat 12, Japan Commercial Communications Satellite 12) Communications Japan... 9/17/2009 Sterkh-2 (KOSPAS-12, COSPAS-12) Government Rescue Soyuz 2-1b LEO...-058A 10/29/2009 NSS-12 Commercial Communications Netherlands Ariane 5 GEO... Zenit 3SLB GEO 2009-068A 12/6/2009 Wideband Global Satcom Military... USA Delta 4 GEO 2009-069A 12/9/2009 Yaogan 7 (Remote Sensing Satellite... Positioning Proton M MEO 2009-070B 12/14/2009 Glonass 733 (Glonass... Positioning Proton M MEO 2009-070C 12/14/2009 Glonass 734 (Glonass.../Greece LEO 2009-075A 12/29/2009 DirecTV-12 Commercial Communications USA.../assets/documents/nwgs/ SatelliteCollision-2-12-09.pdf. 12 Orbital Debris Quarterly News... Quarterly News (January 2010) at 12, online: NASA Orbital Debris Program... Orbital Debris,” 70 Federal Register (12 October 2005). 34 Orbital Debris... – Crew egress Soyuz,” NASASpaceflight.com (12 March 2009), online: http://www..., Classification of Geosynchronous Objects, Issue 12 (February 2010), European Space Agency..., Classification of Geosynchronous Objects, Issue 12 (February 2010), European Space Agency..., Classification of Geosynchronous Objects, Issue 12 (February 2010), European Space Agency... to Action,” Newswise Press Release (12 May 2009), online: http://www... Enhances Spacecraft Monitoring Network,” Xinhua (12 December 2006), online: http://news3.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-12/12/content_5473204.htm; Zhour Honghsun & Liu....com/s/ap/20100706/ap_on_hi_te/us_space_traffic_cam_delay. 12 P. Maskell & L. Oram, “Sapphire: Canada’s Answer...-1088R, US Government Accountability Office (12 September 2007). 89 “SBIRS Payload... Not Break Rules,” SpaceWar.com (12 February 2007), online: http://www... Canada (February 2005) at 11. 12 “Convention on International Liability for... in Outer Space,’” Associated Press (12 August 2009), online: http://www... International Organizations in Switzerland, Geneva (12 August 2009), online: http://www... International Organizations in Switzerland, Geneva (12 August 2009), online: http://www.../eng/xwdt/t578020.htm. 81 “12 August 2009: China’s Foreign Minister... the CD,” CD Report 2009, (12 August 2009), online: Reaching Critical... test after Taiwan sales,” Reuters (12 January 2010), online: http://www...-of-work-first-movement-in-12-years&catid=139:disarmamenttimes-summer...-of-work-first-movement-in-12-years&catid=139:disarmamenttimes-summer... space code,” Agence-France Presse (12 February 2009), online: http://www..., Conference on Disarmament 1st Part (12 February 2009), at 4, online: http..., Conference on Disarmament 1st Part (12 February 2009), at 3, online: http... Report 2009, Reaching Critical Will (12 February 2009), online: http://www..., Conference on Disarmament 1st Part (12 February 2009), at 5, online: http... Subcommittee Forty-Sixth Session, Vienna (3-12 June 2009), A/AC.105/L.274... urges export control reform,” Reuters (12 May 2008), online: http://www... on the agenda,” Asia Times (12 November 2009), online: http:// www.../news/2009/space-090319rianovosti01.htm. 12 Barbara Opall-Rome, “Iranian Sat... Program,” The Sunday Morning Herald (12 December 2002), online: http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2002/12/11/1039379887168.html; Olga Zhdanovich... budget on space activities,” Xinhua (12 October 2006), online: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-10/12/ content_5194441.htm. In 2006 Lou.../news.html. 101 WISE mission (12 January 2010), online: http://wise...



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... Tbk Thales Alenia Space Communications 2/12/2009 Ariane 5 ECA Kourou * * 7/1/2009... 2 TerreStar 1 Optus D3 JCSAT 12 Amazonas 2 COMSATBw 1 NSS 12 Thor 6 Eutelsat SES World... Baikonur Plesetsk * * 11/23/2009 12/29/2009 Proton M Proton M Baikonur... 5 SMOS Proba 2 Eutelsat W7 DirecTV 12 European Space Agency Eutelsat Protostar.../2009 4/20/2009 6/21/2009 12/1/2009 \/ Russia * * * * * * Commercial prices are...